Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 16, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 16, 1847 Page 2
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BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNINGIPRIL 1(, 1847. tinny, when a destructive fire ffom Braga's battery ap pealed to open vlinle streets llmnitli flit jolfcl mosses 111 front, 'f-i.d tn liij 1lcli.1nretnf.l15- nearer npprottch. In thc-ficanlline, I In ii"fi'"rn"niln,i'iW the enemy passed mir lelt ll.tnk, while tlutt artillery cndeov orecl n maintain a rokhic position upon ns from the font the mountain. cWlc l.VUvt their cavalry, hi1' shirs Infantry, had got cr.surkl tn lint direction, rind tr aintniui'd n rvep.'(.viiiict lof a time. General Tay lor directed Lieut. C-;! May, with four companies to charge this Inrn- I'my of cavalry; but when lie not v iihin about 0110 haiulreil yards, the cnr-inv (led, and the infniitty in llwirrauncrvNosiuinn after s'cert in full te treat. '1 Ida was iW two o'clock, nnd Gen. Tay I. r di (patched Mr.Ciittrnden iih a tbc ot truce, tn fnj-M the cemmtndfroi these rcJre.1tiiislorees,Tf they would f I'rrWider, he Vrjuld not fire on them. Mr. C. on horscl'Sk, with hislutcrplcter, won overtook the rear oltlieieOeftiiiicjYiny, and alter piv'mf many of the travelers, A"rs requued to stop, winch order wos en forced t.y W presentation of gun, until the Intrrprc t.rcxphiiuod. They ere then blindfolded, nnd carried forward, Mr C wcasion.illy inquiring for the ollieer in coin snuKd of ijiat corps, Tli"J as often said, "a little fur ther nn ;" nnd at one linrc w hen he refued to proceed, n flieer lttd liim lie could not lie onvveroblc for the consequences fro'n'fclsvjw'ii men iflie did not go 011 to !?inta Anna, Wticrhc leached the latter, iunsort of ravin, below the fire 011 the plain, Mr. C. soon in formed him tl.k.tij errand was to the officer in com ln.irtd of lh retreatini: boily, and not to himself. Af Hera while a. tremendous flourish of trumpets nnd in stn'.mCiHs was the nupial tor the bandage to lie wiih ira'n from their eyit, when Sunn Anna demanded e-Sjartendcr of General Taylor'sanny. With a smi'e Mr. C. replied, "General Taylor never surrenders.'' A :i ntficer present who understood llnglish, explained to Santa Anna the mi hire ol the answer, w hen he said, "then both'uiniie ore in a like condition," or words to that effect. Mr. C. then asked fora conductor that he might re turn. When he reached the plain again thetwoar mies seemed encaged in a tremendous struggle, nnd after taking leave of his conductor lie made his way hnck,ns best lie could, in greater peril from the fire of our own tftins l'm,t rom those of the Mexicans. It is net triii', ns heretofore rcpoitcd, that Lieut Col. .May, in his rccminoi'alicis.had lost Lieut Wood and ten men. They became separated, but all got back pifely to camp. Lieut. Slurges was taken prisoner, but was released under the subsequent arrangement lor an exchange, ol prisoners. Mr. C. thinks tlu Mexican infantry behaved much better th'in tlicir c.ivalr) the laner would not wait for n charge tii.iu even one-filth of their number. He does not know exactly how the time pieces of nrtilleiy weie taken, He heard Co! Davis say he rould have spiked them, but supposed they would be retaken. The miner that Gen. Taj lor's drpatclie.hnd been cut off was unfounded. Home of them had been dc lajed at Monterey, lor want of an iscoit. These Mr. C. obtained when lie came tlirottidi, and nil kmc been Htily delivered to the Adjutant (ienernl in this city. e are glad to lenin I10111 Mr. 0. that Lieut. Col. May, who is repoited as having received "a severe contusion," was out and coimjcrcd well again, before Mr. C. left the nrniy. HWtLIXGTON, t. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 10, HI7. " In the dark and troi'si.ku mciitthat is upoi us, Titi:nn is so Star above tiiu horizon Toatvn us a gleam of i.iuttr, excepting the intelligent, I'ATiuonc Whig party or the United States." Daniel Webster. ( encrnl Taylor. It is imposibletorcad the official Despatches of Gen. Tavi.or, without at nice perceiving that llieyare the work of an extraordinary man a larco-mindcd, Lr.ive, humane and educated man. They arc in very marked contrast, for their comprehensive brevity, their dignified sim p'icity, tliair wonderful clearness and perspicui ty, and for tho admirable english in which they lire written, with all the public documents which this Presidential War has called forth. We look upontlicm a.-linn models of what official papers should be brief without being obscure: nnd digulfltd without the flloldest tliadow of bombast or affectation. Wo would like to sec n President's .Message in these days of small men, when Presidents' messages overwhelm us with their column after column of pompous vcr lesity and prandilr.qiient pettifogging -we would like to see a I'lcsiJent's Message from the clear bead and honest heart of such a man as General Taylor a man with no partisan or selfish views to sub-crve,aiid with no great end to gain excepting those which respect the true glory and honor and welfare of the Country. Such a man would bring back the Administra tion of the Government to the Republican stand ard of a Washington. We are opposed to the principle of rewarding mere niillitary men by be'-towing upon them called civic office. We think tho practice is full of fanger to the Re public. History abounds with mournful exam ples of the f.ttal ronsfnticnrrt. of such a prac tice, and our own Republic luu no elements of coherence or stability powerful enough to pre vent hcrfiirnis-liing another to the sad list, if she fills to profit by those examples. Hut when the qualities that shine in tho field ara joined with tlii that are required in tho Cabinet, (a uni.n a rare ai it 1 d slr.ibla), th 1 successful oidierih precisely the one to impart vigor and ( inciency to the councils and the purposes of peace. Should General TAVt.on, (a the cvi riencm of the popular will now appear tn indi cate, Le elevated to the Presidency ol the Lint ted Stite, we should feel the utmo-t confidence that the uncommon ability, thu solid judgment, the keen penel ration and fnrc-ight, tho impurt. urbablo coolnoes, and the patriotic nnd humane nrtiies, that havo so strongly limited his char. ectcr in the prosecution nf this miserable war, would beneficently illu.trate hik administration of the government. Genernl Wool, This gallant and. acuomplii-hri) officer who, thirty-five years ago, won an honorable name fur the unnals nf his country in tho storming of QctJt.vsTON Heights, has acquired fresh laurels by Ids admirable conduct on tho bloody field of Bueni Vuta. Hi steady and inflexible tour Se together nith his consummafe skill asatac- licixn, contributed very jreatly to the triumphant euccctsof (he American Arms in that desperate conflict. Ho vca.. In our judgment, frrci-ethe man to fff nnd General Taylor in a contest against tach apprcntly ovevvhelming odds No officer in tlic service understands more thor oughly tho morale o llionrmy Ihfl various ele ments that go to constitute Its strength ; nnd no one more readily cn;irejiejids and coolly calcu lates the diffrrrnre between mere num'rica! force on one ride, and Ihe cciendfk disiosition and combination of a disciplined and intelligent sci diery on the other. It wan tl dtffirencu that snide Santa Anna's twenty thousand debased and stml-barharous followers but little hinro formida ble to the small but wcil organized fnree of Gen. Tateoh, thtn were the rabble thousands of the qcient Aitees in the Valley of Mexico, to Cor tz jind hisdespe!' but trained warriors, Gnral Wool is well known In Vermont. He vi as in Ilur Jintiui and partook of its hospitalities, a few years iiiir.n, on the occasion of tho ''bor dor difficulties,"; and our readers will bo pleased to-read tho brief history of his distinguished ver tices in the war in W2 which will ho found in threlrict we give below trum a ri'nt ditcu,- sion In the Now York Senate, nnd w hich we cut from tiro Albany Argus. TI10 resolution of Sen ator Clarkc pased the Senato on the 13th of .March, 18 Jays after the battle of Bur.SA Vista. The Intelligence I1111I not, of course, reached Albany at that time, hut it Is somewhat amusing to read tho rather hair-splitting objection of Sen ator Tolsum, that (ion. Wool, "hail nut been m pagej in any battle''! Wo rather flatter our selves ho had ! Mr. CLARK cnlW 111 n the rrfohitlnn of thanks to Gcncroli TAYLOR, WOOL and WORTH, as fol- low 9 Resolved, (if the Assembly concur.) That in the iliflllcnt of this leirisln ture the thanks of the Peolile of Jill tne united states nrc due to .Major Uenerni .aciiary Taylor, Major General William J. Worth, nnd llrignilier (encrnl John 1J. Wool, nnd the officers and soldiers under their command, for the fortitude, skill nnd bravery they have di.p!ayed in the discharf-e ot their responsible duties, nnd by their brilliant achievements in the w ar with Mexico. The reolntions having been read, Mr. CLARKsnid ', Air. President, I nm not call ed upon nt this time to make a speech on this resolu tion. When the resolutions of the assembly were re ferred 10 the military committee ol the Senate, we pro posed amendments to them in detail, upon the suppo sition that the committee could not propose n aiiusii tute like this, without u seeming discourtesy to the House. When they were brought up here for consid eration, 1 then proposed this substitute; ns in my opinion, good taste required that we should say In & few plain nnd emphatic words, what we meant, That substitute is now before the Senate. In reference to Generals Tayljb and Worth, it is obvious t once, why these resolutions have, been introduced. They have become conspicuous infthf achievements of our arms in Mexico, and thus 'attained a prominence which has called the public attention to them. Gen. Wool, hns not been so foitimate as to pirticipatc in those achievements which have rendered the other gentlemen so personally prominent. Hut 1 desire to iwy that in my estimaiiou Gen. Wool is as fully enti tled to receive the thanks of this people as the other gentlemen named. General Wool was in the army ol HI4, and isa native citizen of this State. He enter ed the army quite young, uneducated as n soldier and inevperienced invvur, as all the younger officers at that time were- He vvasnrdered on the northern fron tier, nnd as will be recollected by every person whose memory runs back to that period, our operations pre viously toOoctobcr, HI'.!, had been a continued suc cession, almost of disgrace to our arms. Gen. Hull bad ingloriously surrendered one army, and General Smyth, who commanded a portion of the north-west-cm army, had not fulfilled the public expectation, and 0:1 our immediate northern frontier reverses constant ly ntteuded every effort. Ill this condition ol aflairsit wndeenied absolutely necessary in order to stop the im 01 euvwiiuicc nun (reason upon our ouicers and .oldier, and to induce o proper teeling to prose cute the war, that Borne brilliant tflort should be made to raise the character ol the army in the estima tion of the people, nn I in sotis degree to wide out the national dishonor of that campaign. Accordingly General Stephen van Rensselaer, who bad been ordered to take command ol the New York militia, on its noith-vvestirn frontier, and who had tstablihcd his bead quarters at Levviston, proposed to storm 1'ort George and Quernsion Heights; and after some delay, on the 13lh ol October. 1814, orders were given tncurry this proposition into effect solar os to make an attack 011 Qiieenstou Heights, and Lt. Col. Van Renslaer, aid-de.cainp to the General, and Lt. Col. Crjstie, were to have commanded the first de tachment of six hundred regulars nnd militia, who were detailed for this service. When this detach ment lenehed the Niagara river they found boats suffi cient lor about one. half the number only, and Col. Van Iteiw.'laer.with about one hundred ol his detach ment and three companies of Chrvstie's command, Capts. Wool, Malcolm and Armstrong, embarked, and soon landed on the British side of the river un der a heavy lire from the enemy. Col. Christie not having crossed with his part of the detachment, the command of the three companies of the 13th regiment devolved on Capt. Wool, and never did young officers mid men more bravely and gallant ly bear themselves than did this command. The at tack was most desperate and severe. In the w ing commanded by Capt. Wool, almost every commiss ionedofiijer was wounded, ond a large proportion of the men were killed or wounded. Capt Wool was shot through both thighs, and Captains Malcolm and Armstrong were both wounded. Col Van Rensselaer who personally led the the oth er win;;, was several times wounded, and only four officers in the 13th escaped injury ; but the enemy were driven back to the lieiirhts bv the determined nnrt obstinate bravery oi this gallant l :amL At-l!iig iioint I the enemy mode a stand which they were determined 1 to maintain, 111 thi lnltion our unllmtl l.'flU bnn.1 wera coin nellpil. ill nr.tpr In aunn n ,,,t,r.l-nii, t.r llint .tn. I cutting them down, to descend dip bank nn ihc beach oftheiivcr. Here Cant. Wool sought for Van Rens selaer, whom be found exhausted from the loss of blood and tiroMraic on the eround. The cxnecied reinforce. ! incuts did not arrive, an 1 to remain any tune where1 they were, was certain destiuction tn nil. The only. hope was in an elfin to storm the "heights," and of ter a little hesitation on the nait of Col V, It. to en trust so hazardous an enterprise to so young an officer, he give the order to Capt Wool to undeitake It, al though Capt W and must ofhis officers were severe ly wounded. The excitement ol the occasion, nnd e importance of the obiect. cave themstrennlh. and most bravely did they execute it. The British forces were driven from the battcrv clown the hemhts. and the ri'ing sun shone, upon the Aiueiican flag on the heights ot Queenston, proclaiming victory. This gallant ond biove act ledtemed our young officeis olid soldiers from thechnrecs which hail been profusely made ofcowordice and treachery ; but they weie 100 lew 111 nuiiiuer 10 itium 111c auvamngca lltey had so brilliantly gained. Sir Isaac iiiock, one 01 tne ni.iest and tire vest ot tne Iiritish geneials, heard nt Fort George the thunder of the cannon at Uiieenston, and oskembliii'- the com bined forces of regulars, militia and Indians at that pot, immediately marelwd tO( Qiieenston, and made an attack with such impetuosily, that for a few mo ments our little band wavered and receded. In this moment of icril, some band raised a while llag.wluch meeting the eye ofCupt Wool, was by him torn down and trampled on the ground : and by u desHn te effort our lorces again rained, ouu again drove Hie lintisii forces down the heights. In this conjuncture, lien Brock rushed among bis men, sav ing to them "This is the first time 1 have seen the rjib turn their bocks to the enemy." He succeeded in rail) ing them, and 111 leaning inein personally 10 me cnarge, tins Druvc and accomplished officer, was shot dead at the head of his forces. This produced panic un.l confusion in his ranks, and a precipitate retreat followed. It is not necessary for me, Mr. President, to follow ibis lunher ; it is a matter of history. Suffice it to say thnt this was the coinmrncunent ol those brilliant achievements that nfteiwoii'i gave to cur country he ro?s an 1 honor, and to our government confidence and succers. 1 have rcfened to these matters, Mr. President merely to show, the commencement of Cap tain (now General) Wool's military life. It has con tinued an honor to hinisell, ond un ornament 10 bis country. There ore other biove Jinnies that should be mentioned in this connection, but 1 cannot do, so wilhuut, perhapi being charged Willi departing trom the particular object 1 had in reference to it ; but 1 beg to say, that the names of Lieutenant (since Col. of dragoons) Kearney, Ogilvie, llugunin.Carr, Sam- mons, Itriil Gdnsevoorl, Randolph, Lent, Valleau end Morris deserve a place 011 the roll of fame, fur for (heir gallantry and bravery in this splendid achieve ment. Gen. Wool was afterwards t the battle of Plain, burg, where with his small detachment ot regulais be did great service in thtckiugand rctoiding the march ol Ihe Uiilish lurces, until. the Americans were prepi red to receive them anl he there fully sustained the laurels fie had wo.l at Oueelliton. He Ills been ill the army I10111 that time to this, and has become one of 1 nc lliosi accoiiiuiiMicu ouicers in mc service, ocuinps .1 1 ... . ttfi.:... :.. .A ' the best tactician in t He nnny. wmiein rranceiori m ;, it- t.. 1 mt. 1 1 the purpose of obioiniiigiheiniprovementsthereinode0i'' e ,lse,J ,0 11,0 d,rcau responsibility he has in military science, his rharacter as a gentleman and a soldier secutrd liim tne attention 01 tne 111051 ac complished military men of the notion. He has been hr nbnnt 'JO years Inspector General of the Army ol the United States, and in the various positions which he haslilled he hasacquitted himself withcredit. And when ordered by the government from his post at Troy to enter otonce into seiviee ot the west, he re quued no weeks of preparation, but a lew hours sulli- v.u nun ircciteu Ills Uluris tuwuiuc i-.i.ui and siarted on his way the next morning. !n pursu ance of orders he moved from state to slate, to orga- inte rne volunteer troops, and in n weeks lie bad or ganised 13,000 men. He lliem led a large force through a march of neatly 900 miles, wilh 0 despatch undsuccs bevond any inarch in the Mexican war. It may be said that he w as ill no severe action, but it was probably owing in u greot degree to the skill Incline possessed, and the ability which ho exerci- aedltlthal Ion:! march. I".:K1 m.U. ,,f il ilimn.dinn rncmy's country, and through large towns, that this result was attained. An.l Li. l r,n,IK-,H,.,..,.I n junction with lien, Worth, alter this very march, so vided foroll Ihe wonts o tucl, oii'orniy, that not only during the whole of Ins march liad he everything ne iimu'cl wrir tin ilia arraiiiTt'innia m u u .id ii urn. cessary tu support sucn on army, but was able to lur nish supplies to lien. Worth, then in a suffering stole. This tboived the perfect system ond accurate Miovvl. edge with which he had carried out his ojieraiioiis. I am nor now going into ine particulars 01 liumove meiits in .Mexico, for several reo&ons. 1 am tint nnrii cularly acquainted with them myself but 1 mention these general tacts, as sufficient reasons. why, in mv mind. lien. Wool iLould be mentioned with Gene rals') a) lor and Worth. Wilh these observations,! submit Hie question cneengiiy to tne senate. Mr. FOI.SOM uid that he should have preferred, w l h a little omendinent, the original resolution to ihe ubs'ilute, AtaU events, be proposed ihal the last twoirtluticii-vne if themopiroin; out trgretat the loss of those officers and soldiers who have fallen in bottle, and the other authorizing the governor to transmit the resolutions to General Taj lor should be added. With a slight verbal amendment In the subs titute and the two resolutions, to which he had refer red, he should lie in favor of the substitute, though he must confess that he preferred the original resolutions. The object of the resolutions originally was to give due credit to our generals nnd their associates for their feats of arms, and for their gallant conduct ann brilliant achievements in battle'. The name of Gen. Wool has been added to the others, although he has not been en gaged in any battle, but there Is no doubt that he de serves greot credit ns a commander, and being a na tive of this stale, would not object to the addition of his name. Hut the names of Taylor ami Worth, are prominent among the heroes of the Mexican war. They are prominent becousc they have performed feats of gallantry in arms, and in the case of the com mander in chicfiGcn. Taylor, there has been evinced a wisdom in council, as well as efficiency ill action, possibly not at all surpassed nt any period In the his tory of this country nr any other. He was not one of those disposed to exaggerate tlieservkes of his own countrymen, but he would give them lliejust palm due for those services, lie thought that hi the present we should be guilty of no exaggriation, for he did not be lieve the page ol historv supplied any instance surpas. sing in heroism, under difficulties and embarrassments, the conduct and achievements of our officers nnd sol diers, in the present wnr. With comparatively a hand ful of men they have met vvhh superior numbers under circumstances ol every disadvantage. With but an imperfect supply of the materials lor aggressive war, they met the enemy, and. by on nn-urpnssed nlor, achieved the most brilliant victories' The circum stances under which the troops advanced were such ns 10 lean 10 great distrust in tne communii); ns 10 me re sult. Mr. F. reviewed the acts of Mexico, nfter the advance of the American forces from Corpus Christ! sketching the achievements of the American forces under Gen. Tuvlor. He then briefly sketched the career ol'Geu. Taylor from 1808, when lie first entered the army os lieutenant alluding to his gallant defence Fort Harrison against an almost overwhelming force of Miami Indians to his services in the other Indian Wnrs and his participation in the fierce contest at OkechubliecinFlorid'i with the 1-Vminoles. On three or lour diiltreut occasions he had bun indebted for his promotion simply to his brave valor ond the clli ciency of his services Mr. F. concluded by expressing the hope that the resolution would pass unanimously trusting that there would be but one sentiment per vadiugboili branches ol the legislature in regard to the servicesof the nicnwhohadengaged in this war. Mr. SI'IINCKR : I am gratified nt this mention of Gen. Wool. At on hour's w-arnini be left his head quarters at Troy to take the command of a division of lliefuiiivoi inc soum, unucr orders irom ncaa quar ters. A few days after, he was found in the great valley of the Mississippi at its upper waters, where in a short time, he organized a force with w hich he en tered Texas, ond marching through that state he cros sed the Rio Grande, far up, on his way to Chihuahua. With undisciplined troops, almost nil of them vo lunteers, with very lew reculars.he entered the conn- try at the head ol 3,000 men, with some sixty days provisions, ana maoc a tuareii tn a snort time 01 some 1000 miles, when he joined another division of the ormv. ot Saltillo. And then, ofiera short time, when the gallant Worth was ordered south, bo perfect had been hi9 discipline and management of his army, that he was able to fit out Gen. Worth with lorty dajs provisions from the v cry supplies with which he enter, ed the country. It was a service much less gloriuus in the eve r ot the world, but as ilifTicnlt of nertormance as any other, and so long as the retreat of the 10,000 Greeks shall rctlect honor 011 their comniandcro long will the manner in which tbc American forces were lead without bloodshed through an enemy's country wiih brilliant success, reflect honor upon its com mander. Further American triumphs 1 " Peace, too, hath its Vilt6ries 1" While General Taylor, gallanVand invinci ble, is sustaining American Valor on the bloody battle-fields cf. Mexico, the Whigs are sustain ing in triumph American principles and policy at home ! A like fate awaits both the foreign and domestic enemies of the Country. Locofoco newspapers may enjoy the exquisite joke of call ing us " Mexicans," and w e hope the icit of the thing will enable them to relish tho somewhat left-handed fun of being whipped by the Mexi cans they call us! If wo arc political Mexi. cans, it is quite certain that tho political battle", fields on which thev encounter us bear but sbab- . .... 1. . . . u' 'l''""y 'c'f alor r : c dont precisely recollect any political Palo Altos, . fnnirtn... Ttnn Vt t!ll,!n ttm limit " of the Union where these self-vaunting "Amcri cans" have done anything flattering to their self-love, or to the founding pretences of their exclusive patriotism. Even of Hil!-deludcd,-ind 1 Jill-Humbugged, and" blank-pa per-and-tvv inc-" ridden ;Vcki Hampshire they havo managed to repossess themselves " by the skin of their teeth," and their dear-bought supremacy there will prove " A barren scepter in their grasp)" We beseech them to think of these things especially the yorlhcrn division of the great Party, those who, breathing the air, and nur tured in the principles of Freedom, aro ever willing to bend their knees in humble subservi ency to Southern pro-slavery dictation, when they are satisfied that thrift will follow fawning. We implore them to observe the popular indica tions of the day, and prepare themselves to re ceive, with what philosophy they can muster, tho overwhelming verdict which, while it will render well-deserved anil most cordial homage to the bravery nnd skill, the brilliant ability and the generous humanity that have been exem plified in getting us ot( of an unnecessary and odious War, will be equally emphatic in its con demnation of the debasing policy, and the pet tifogging politicians, who plunged us into it. But our special purpose, in this article, is tn announce tho triumphant result of tho election in tho good old " land of steady habits," Con necticut. The gallant Whigs of that gallant State, have achieved a complete and glorious victory in every department of their Government. This result, in the existing crisis of national af fairs, is cpcciully gratifying. It shows that the I'EorLE, those who constitute the "King ma kers," the truo Warwicks, in a Republic, un derstand wcli the difference between the glory of the achievements of tho Army, nnd tho true merits of the war in which that army is com pelled to fight. It shows that nt the proper time they will hold James . K. i'jj&J'fesident of Unite! Sutoi through such m:ans as Mr. Calhoun has intimated in his place in tho Sen ate, have tended to throw disrepute upon the dared to assume. It is on these accounts that wohtiltha decisive result in Connecticut with particular graification. Wolmil it as an cvi- denco of a healthy public t entimcnt on the most - exciting of topics War. Last year, as our readers know, tho Govern ment of Connecticut was In tho hands of the Locofocos tho Governor and both branches of tho Legislature. This year, tho Whig rtorix havo elected their Governor, and a decided ma jority in the two Houses, and returned to the next Congress their present able and faithful representatives in every district in the State. The Senate stands, Whig 13 Ijcos 8 ; last year Whigs 10, Icos 11, In the House, Whigs 107, Uicos 72 j last year Whigs 93 Locos 102. The triumph is complete I 1 U. V. M. We understand that tho semi annual election of officers, in the Literary Societies of tho Uni versity took place on the 31st tilt. In the "Uni versity Institute," Gr.oncE Howaru Paul, of Danville, was chosen President, and Alvah Watts, Vico President. In tho "Phi Sigma Nn Society" Cabouh Novri, of Hyde Park, Prcsl dent, and O. B. Euton, Vice Prctidcnt. The Agricultural Society. Tho whole of "Chittenden County" nnd a couple of tho letters of the alphabet, os our read ers will see below; aro down upon our good-natured nnd Intelligent correspondent, "J." It is not our purpose to mix in the debate, though wo cannot help saying that In our judgment there is sound wisdom In the caution for which "O." np pears to have so little respect "mako haste slow ly." Wc think benefit will result from tho dis cussion, If it is managed In good temper, and so wo are glad to give it a place in our column. Bat "no gouging, gentlemen!" Treat each other, and each other's opinions, fairly and res pectfully, and you will all feel the better for It. To th Editor of the Free Press t In your paper of the 9th Inst., your correspondent iinusmucniauit with the conditions annexed to me nsi 01 rrcmiums ollered by the Chittenden l-ounty Agricultural Sodety, particularly on Horses ond farm implements. He says he has neither "horse nor hizzic t moir," but I strongly supert he has his eye on some ; old marc that never had cither dam or sire, and that he Is afraid in consequence, her colts moy not tokc premiums. The custom in making reports heretofore, has been to merely say, to "John Smith for the best colt$5." What possible use can this; be in determining the best breeds of horses for fanners to raise .which is the main object of the faocicty in offerinjg premiums at all. As to "iiedicree" lie odniits tfcircs con olwovshave one, and mares generally none, I cannot learn how he means to use the term whether he intends to do like the Arabians who trace a regular line of descent, for their favorite animals, from the stables of Solomon, who was the first importer ol horses we have any ac count of or whether he, intends to use it as is done in the present rail road age, where 110 man is supposed to have ever had a Grandfather, and all things are reck oned only by looking ahead. The following is the condition of which he com plains: "Uvery one exhibiting any horse mare or gelding of any ugt,wni oe requireu 10 iurmsn 10 me commiuee a written statement of tbeir jiedigrec and age, which the committee arc expected to notice in their report, in every case where the animal is a successful competitor for a premium ; nlso w helbcr best for heavy draught for a roadster or the Jloisefor all icork." I have attended every exhibition of the Sociery from its organization, and am fully persuaded that in every cas the letter and spirit of llr? requisition could, and had it been required would, have been complied with. W liether It may be proper or not can only be tested by its practical operation, ond possibly "J" may be sur prised next Sept. to find that the farmers of Chittenden County really know tome thing of the breed of their fa vorite horses. The condition for fann implements which is so ob jectionable is as follows: "All fann implements must be manufactured 111 the County and be made to the order of, and for the uvi of, the man who exhibits them, or must be exhibited by the manufacturer. In 110 case can a premium be awarded loony one who merely purchases any farm ing implement and has it fur ssJc." Now "J" ounht to understand tint the Society is a County Society, and that the rules in this ore ss in oil others. Why should the mechanics in the County combine and oficr prcmluets if pot for emulation and improvement among themselves,) Why should far mcrs or any other class of our citizens, for the purpose of encouraging a foreign manufacturer, lose sight of the only object of the Society, which is to improve all among ourselves. If I rightiy understand him, he would have an association formed and premiums of fered for the best articles, without any restriction and adoptree trotfe,wbicii Vcrinontcrsarenot jet prepar ed for houfd tfie'y allow this we may have wheat froTfi California, Corn from Illinois, Flax from Ireland, Peaches from Delaware, Grant's from Palestine, Silk from China, Woollens from France, and so with every article of Domestic mnmufacture. Would this be a show for produetinlMi i-l lhf isuny t And if we have any rules mii't they not apply tn all classes alike! The proprietors of the Agricultural Warehouse have the best wishes of the inauagers cf the Society, but they cannot so far mistake its objects as to offer to pay them premiums for every improved article they may offer for sale. They hope to see it prosperous ainlsoon be able to do a profitable business, in being a commis sion Warehouse for articles manufactured in the Coun ty, and that it may be done they have no doubt. The follow ing is the last rule which he think" im practicable : "In no case shall the names of the owners of the sev -eral articles or oniinalsofrercd for premium on the day of the show and fair be attached to said articles or ani mals but the Secretary shall luruish printed numbers to the several competitors to be attached to animals or articles shown by theiti,and in a book prepared for that purpose, he hnll keepa register of the corresponding numbers wilh thenainesol the competitors annexed, and 0 brief description ol the articles or animals offered, to which book no one shall have access until alter the uwardsore made. The object being to have os much impartiality as pos-rble in the award of premiums. Neither shall the ow ner be present at the time the Com mittee are making their examinations." Whatever may be In his theory, practice demands such a rule to prevent complaints of partiality if noth ing more Similar rules it is believed ore adopted by most Societies and 110 difficulty occurs in their practi cal application. It requires an architect to build,but any one can tear such of our citizens as may be disposed to fa down, liclore the regulat wis of the Society ore en- vor lim wi(i, .lllir patronage. Wc have had tirely demolished, the Manager, hope some may be tf f w . hu St((li j ofcx!im. furnished 111 their stead, which shall receive a careful . . . -, . 1.1. . . comparison with those already adopted, and substituted i,n,"gsomt' lcimcns of his work that appear to lor them, if in their opinion they are belter, provided, s, with our slight knowledge of the principles they ore of the produce andjnnnufatture of the Coun- CHIT TKNDEN COUNTY. For ihe Free Press. Chittenden County Agricultural Society. Mr Hditor. I differ wilh "J" altogether in bis arti- cle of last week, in regard to the above named Society's rules and regulations for the present jeor. Itisini- possible to be perfect in anything, in this world ol im- perlection, and for this reason I am satisfied with pro gress. Our Society is os high as the highest in the State, and we wish to keep a little notch above. Two things ore to be aimed at by an Agricultural Society things excellent, and the reasons of things excellent ; or merit and the basis of it. It is not enough to have a good animal, I wont to know how to obtain lnm by breeding" Tedtgreefarc valuable only as a means to thu last end, An animal, the horse for exaniple,'may have grcot Apparent value, but having no good blood in him is worthless v liut assure me he not only appears well, but is descended from a long line of noble and invaluable horses, and the community has something to rely upon. I can exiect to roise some thing like the sire by judicious crossing. "J'Miassup. J P5-a 0 c" 1,01 llk,'1r MCur in nZ'ui to ,he llorM- In , .... .: 1 . .u man wouiu ouyavaiuauie aunuai 1 imoui secur ing all the evidence of his value in his power. The worth of an animal does not consist in his Pedigree. But a highly valuable animal ran be no less valuable because it can be shown that he is well descended. On the other hand clear proyf of this must greatly enhance the volue of a valuable animal, Tokc for example Sir Henry or Black Hawk. Who would place the same value upon Sir Henry if he wos a "chance" colt as now, though his apparent value might be the same. Certainly no one who knows any lliing of the laws of animal physiology. The Society is taking right ground 1 ill requiring prool, and the community will appreciate their efforts. Save ua from the errors of the past say 1 i and let us know where we are. Ilut more than all I am surprised at his ground in re. gard to farm implements. The farmer may buy hi" implements where he pleases, but what have this So ciety to do wilh encouraging the manufacture of these Implements in Massachusetts or New Yotk 1 We en courage what) the machine shops ol Buggies, Nourse and Mason in Worcesicr, Mass. 1 No! The shops of ourown County. But on the principle laid down by your correspondent, Chittenden Co. pair should be open to competition (a ad (Ac teorld in farming tools, and if in this, why not in every thing else. Bring on your farming implements and animals from (II rrr- ion I, Is that the docttine I I tro not. K. For the Free I'ress. 'J on Agricultural Soclctlcii Truly we arc a great and enlightened people. "J" advocates advance by all means, but not "loo far nor too last." Go slowly is his pica. ivir. Lditor, I have been reading over his article in the "Press" of last week, and I suppose be read only Ho ' '.? 'Til'1:,' I'rir"'"' on one exhibiting any horse, mare or gelding of any nge ni.iucn.fimu 10 iurmsn tne committee a written statement of their pedigree and ogc, which the com mittce ore expected to notice in their report, in every cose where the animal is a successful competitor for premium ; also whether best for heavy draught, for a roadster or a horse for all icmk." I suppose the whole meaning ofthis reinoik is that the Committee shall have all the information they can, nnd make as full a report as possible. If a man shows a horse that he sup poses never had a dam or sire, let him say so. It he suppovs he has 0 dam and sire let him tell what they were lMic knows, ond if he don't know let him say that. There is nothing that cuts off the best horse from a premium if he "cannot tell who his father wos." Hut if he can tell, It might be well on some accounts to know. I do not see ant-thins very alarming as to fairness or justice "for the Society to bring oil jiorses, marcs and geldings under this rule ot once." I think we arc pre pared to abide by just such an odvancc as this. It cuts ofTno one, or if it does I am not able to cypher out tjie meaning of the quotation. And if no one is injured by the rule some good may perhaps come of it. If any competitor is injured by it, why then that is another matter. That however remains for"J.'" showing. I think he has mistaken the rule. O, lITWe understand that Mr. Polk has hardly left his bed since the news of the total defeat of his Mexican Lieutenant General, Santa Anna. Ho naturally thinks it rather hard, after giving that distinguished gentleman a "Free Pass," that he should bo defeated and his army cut to pieces by a man whom ho has long been anxious to supercede by the appointment of Gen. Tom Thumb Benton. The N. Y. Tribuno says it is understood that Santa Anna presented his Pass to old Rough and Ready and demanded the right to go unmolested to Monterey. Old Rough and Ready treated it as a forgery, and thus saved Mr, Polk's reputation again, besides putting Santa Anna to n good deal of nrinccc'Sdri trouble. Tom Thumb Denton would not have treated an executive document so cavalierly. EW Are such men os Senator Corvvin craiy, or has their malignity and .hatred for theircountry so besot ted, ond benumbed ndrbenighted their intellects os that they liave.becoineerfectly abandoned to iniquity, blinded tn sin and lest to virtue and patriotism I Hav c they no eyes that theY cannot see the pit in which the oiu icueraiists 01 tne last war, were cast oy tne indig nant voice cl the people, where they drag out a misera ble tiolit icnl existence 1 Have thev no ears that thev cannot hear the deep execrations and damning epithets that ore slill showered upon the hoary heads of these u.iiorgivcii, ueei-iu-L.eiurEieii intiiorous sinners 1 Have the never heard of Judas, of Benedict Arnold ! The foregoing interrogatories occur in an ar ticle in the 17. Patriot headed "Traitors and Senator Corwin," and setting lorth that all men who oppose Polk's war on Mexico for the cxten- sion and perpetuation of Slavery in this Repub lic, and who think proper to express their hearty ablrorrence of it and its end and aim, are consid erably worse than the anti-war federalists of 1812. The Patriot is bound to hold this opin ion; because pretty much all the old flaming blue light federalists of 1312 aro now in the locofocn party, and are patent "democrats" without blem ish ! Ilut what will Unci Williams, and James Buchanan, and Henry Hubbard, and Ingersoll, and Woodbury, and Taney, and Wall, and Gil pin, and Walker, to say nothing about our friends and neighbor, Ilaswcll and John ehiiilli, say about tho "deep execrations and damning epi thets that arc still shou-ercd upon the hoary beads of these unfurguen and nexer-to-be-forgucn trait orous sinners J" This is tho drcadfullcst exam ple of interrogative denunciation of one's friends that w e remember to havo seen. Tho Patriot ought to be ashamed of itself. ITTI10 N. Y. Journal of Commerce, speak ing of the nomination, by tho Tammany Hall Locofocos of that city, of one UrotcncU, for May or, says : " If democracy runs much lower in this city, it will be lost in the gutter." It will bo easily found again, for that's the first placcin which the "anxious enquirer" would I l. n..t tn lnL' t t "V. "I" ' Crayon Drawing. A young Artist, Mr. Badger, lias opened rooms in Hamnpton' Building, where he is prepared to execute likenesses, in crayon, of and rules of the art, to possess very considera ble merit, and to entitle their author to warm encouragement. Mr. IIadgkr is a native of Vermont, is quite young, and has chosen his profession with the genuine instinct of.gcnius, becaiisr- hn Inves It. Wo trust our citizens will j rous, aiJ in for that artUlic " ' , i excellence at which he aims, and of which his present proficiency gives good promise. 13" Wo havo received an interesting pam phlet of 31 pages, entitled "Statistics of the Rutland County Bar, with Biographical notices of the most distinguished of its deceased mem bers: also a lit of tho County Ofiicers from j I"8I to 1817, Compiled and prepared by Chas. L. W11.UA.Ms, Counsellor at I-aiv." Mr. Wit-L' iams, who is a son of the late eminent Chief Justice of the Supremo Court of our State, has brought together a largo amount of information, respecting tho Bar of Rutland County, and the early organization of the Judiciary in Vermont, and is entitled to great credit for the industry displayed in collecting these Statistics, and for the interesting manner in which ho has disposed of them. We shall tako occasion to transfer portions of the pamphlet to our colums. Jlnjor General Thomas Humbug Ilcuton. Wo understand that it is tho opinion of Mr. nMr that, if ho only ronW havo been permitted to givo tho command if the Army in Mexico to Benton, a great many valuable lives would luvo been saved it being well understood tn have been tho determination of Benton, in rase ho had received the appointment, to fight the Mexican Army on tho Bob Acres plan of challenging them and killing them" ten at a tunc General Taylor and the Presidency Tho Philadelphia U. S. Gazette, tho Albany livening Journal, theN. Y. Courier Si Enquirer, and tho Evening Mirror, and other influential papers havo signified their preference for Gen, Taylor, is the Ing Candidate for President. Official intelligence from the Comet. The Union, the organ of tho Administration, docs not limit Its concern for the nflUtri of the universe to the small planet 011 which wo live. It keeps one eye, nt least, open to the revela tlons of Astronomy, nnd performs its ' mission ' notifying tis less favored mortal, when It I. expected that wo shall past through the tails nf things. We acknowledge our obligation to the official paper, for the following "observations " with which it prefaces certain other observa tions recently made at the National Observatory. We aro informed by Dr Cobb, that no d.inger need be apprehended, " on the 2'Jlk instant," if people will only keep still. Tho Comet wo be lieve, unlike tho whale, never 'whiski his tail :' " The following communication from the efficient superintendent of the Notional Observatrry, in rela tion to the new idnnet and the comet which lias re cently been observed, hns been banded to us for nub- lication, iVr understand thnt the earth icillvro- bablypass through the tail of thisromet on thcJUth instant. Wctlannt rememoer tn Aiee heard before of a similar occurrence." The Union docs not " remember to have heard before of a similar occurrence" ! We suppose the proceedings on the interesting occasion will bo strictly analagous to thoso which occur when tho tail of any other of tho heavenly bodie3 goes through the earth ; and as " tho wonderous tale" that "the moon takes un." as the official Editor well knows, fias gone through the earth a great many times, no sort of difficulty Is look ed for now that our planet is about to " recipro cate tho compliment, with the Comet. We aro inclined to look upon the affair as on the whole nothing more than a fort of planetary sa lute. Liberty at n discount. At tho recent election in Connecticut the Whig vote was largely increased, while the Locofoco, and the " Liberty" vote, (especially the latter) "rather fell ofT." "Liberty," as measured and guaged by the " third party," is at a discount of some 33 1-3 per cent, from last year's quotations ! As sister Briggs of the (iaxetlc rather shines in argument, wo hope she will try her hand at explaining this phenomenon. We always supposed that Connecticut was the last state in the Union that would bo likely to turn tho cold shoulder upon " Liberty." 13 Colonel Caleb dishing, on his inglorious way from Massachusetts to Mexico, made a speech, the other day, in Now Orleans, in which he took occasion to pay a tribute to the memory of tho gallant officers who fell at Iiuena Vista. Ho omitted, however, to mention the name of Lieut. Col. Clav, and the omission, as might bo expected, caused a deep feeling of indignation in the meeting. The next day Col. Caleb Cushing published a note saying that the omission was entirely accidental! Wc think Colonel Caleb Citshing is a icry great man, and wo congratulate the country that the late news renders it probable that ho will not bo subjected to the pain of making a fool of himself in Mexico. " Tho School Journal and Vermont Agricul tttrUt" is the title of a new publication just commenced by Messrs. Bishop and Tracy, the proprietors of the Vermont Chronicle, Windsor. The title of the work-aufficcntly explains its design, and the reputation of Messrs. B. and T. is a guaranty that nothing will be wanting on their part to ensure the successful and profitable prosecution of that design. It will bo Usued monthly, lti largo octavo pages, at 50 cts. per annum. Ithode Island, Election. Tho Whigsof" Little Rhody," havo settled the accounts of Governor Dorr in a summary and satisfactory manner. Mr. Pulh's War has received another New England poke, which it is possible will be less aereab!e to Aim than it is ,n. ,, ., , , ,v , 1 tie result is tne election ol Khsha Harris, Law and Order, for Governor, by a majority of IMC over Olney Ballon, and a clear majority of 11S3; thcelec tiou of Ihe entire Law and Order i.eUer for tit.,, nn: eels ; me eieciif.ii 01 iioocn i. iransion, toCon-ress by a majority of 8sS over Fenner Brown, mlnir. ' " ". ,,, , Y " T a"nl"Cr CPl' ity of3o over all; an increased LawandOrdrnnjor- ' that tl,e -""erican forces under tho com ity in IkjiIi branches of the General Aw-,.,i.i . man.l nf Cnn K-,. 1 , , ... choice in the Western Congressional int",.' The result is so eiosei n tne listen! Longies.-ii.nal UiMriet that ihe official returns will be looked for with ouxiety.' Our returns have been collected with great care and we have confidence in their accuracy, bui there may be an error in the scattering. The lollowiinr am th - - - Recapitulation. Harris, Ballow Lib. IC1 9 CI 11 1 Providence, Newport, Washington, Kent, Bristol, Scat. 33 1G3 id 3323 H'G3 812 71B 111 519 SV ITS 62G3 3115 Twenty Law ond Order Senators, and sfx 1). 2 It) 509 Dorr, 10 Lute Arrivals from Dngland. Two or three arrivals from England have been hronicled fcinco our last. Tho political now- , , - is 01 no importance : represented ns tncrrnsiiinotwithstanding the immense amount ot nreadstuiis tint lias been abroad. imported from Dngticrrotypet .Mr. 1, .u. t arker, has opened rooms In Thomas' Building, for a short time, and is en - gaged in transferring the lineaments of the hu - man face, in some instances with most fright - ful accuracy, to tho exquisitely polished surla- ccs of his metallic plates. Fromtho specimens m 1113 w.nn uiai wo nave uau an opportunity to sec, it is manifest that he has apparatus of very superior excellence. He ins been able to make such favorable arrangements with ).; , , " - "' agent, the sun, that he affords his flnK- ..- ....... v.ttU- .l,;l . ieu 11 Keiiesscsai 1110 very low price of a doll; and half, Those who have a fanev tn SOA limn. selves or their Iricnds pretty much as they arc, will .bo able to do so by calling on Mr Parker Mr .1.. J!7B"' " our'"- " ho have seen mo spvtimciis ui me -American and tho Post wuice win rcauuy perceive ! That "Three .Millions Willsominbl!m.,.i t..ii! . . ,,m, ,,. ? : IT 1,1 . 1'0C0l0C0 what is ,0 bo one vithT , .1 . .. ... millions 01 1 uua, wnic, was given to President Polk to " purchase a peace" with Mexico ? Have we got to fight Santa Anna, and (log him, and then purchase a peacf with him after ill J .I..II .. . sales w"?e much rXed "nR ,lb' nd , Particular juncture is it proposed to hand ntluhxepfio'rof'a d'echn'iSn com" ! T ' M ,,lat th to "pur The distresses in Ireland are renresnntnd nJ f0 a P" " 'll:' r ies appear to bo in CAPTURE OF VERA CRUZ AND Till! Cnstlcorsun Juan do 1llon. rourTlionsnnd.tlexirnm tnken Prisoners. .Sixty Five Amcrlcnn Killed run! Wounded. Immense Mexican Loss on Shore. The United States war steamer Princeton,b;ar ing the broad pennant of Commodore Conner, arrived at Pensacola on the -1th instant, and came to anchor off the wharf at half-past nine o'clock in the Morning, exchanging salutes with the Navy Yard as she passed. Her news was brought on by mail to Phila delphia, and tho following particulars forwarded by Telegraph to tho morning papers of this City. Wo ropy from the Pensacola Gazette of the dthin.-tatit. The Princton sailed from Vera Cruz on the 29lh tilt., and brings the glorious Intelligence of the reduction of that city, with tho Castle of San JuatiUlloa, and their unconditional surren der tn our arms. We are indebted to one of the officers of tho P rortho following summary of the proceed ing in this most brilliant achievement, an achicvcinentthat will redound more to tho glo ry of our army and marine among the nations nbroad than Iia9yet had place in our annals. So says tho Gaxette. Wherois Buena Vista ? The following is tho narrative of the brilliant achievement ; March 9 Disembarkation of troops com menced. 13th Investment of the city completed. 18th Trenches opened at night. 22d City summoned to surrender : on refu sal seven mortars opened a fire of bomb-shells. 21th Navy battery of threo ion 32-poiindera and three GS-pounders, Paixhati guns, opened a tiro in the morning distance, "00 yards. 25th Another battery of four 21-poutider.i and three mortars opened this dav ; the naval Iwttery opened a breach in the walls of tho city. The fire was destructive to the town. 2flth Karly in the morning the enemy pro posed for a surrender. Commissioners on the American side, Gen erals Worth and and Pillow, nnd Col. Totlcn. 29th Negotiations completed ; city and castle surrendered Mexican troops inarched out, and laid down their arms, American troops occupied the city and batteries of the town and castle. At noon on that day tho American en sign was hoisted over both, and was saluted by our vessels; the garrison, of about -1,000 men, laying down their arms as prisoners of war, and being sent to their homes on parole, five gener als, 00 superior officers, and 270 company offi cers, being amongst the prisoners. The total los of the American army, from tho dav of landint'. March 9. is sixtv five per sons killed and wounded. Officers killed : Cant John T. Vinton, 2d artillery ; Capt. Albiirtis, 2d infantry ; Midshipman T. B. Shubrick ; wounded, Lt. Col. Dickenson, of South Caro linia Volunteers, severely ; Lieut. Delazin, 2d infantry, slightly; Lieut. Lewis Neill, 2.1 Drag oons, severely. All tho wounded aro doing well. Of the Mexicans tho slaughter is said to bo immense. The commanding general was stationed in the city, while his second in command held tho castle. Their regular force was almut 3,000, and they had about the atne number of irregulars. Outside the city was Gen. La Vega, with a force of from six to ten thousand cavalry. Col. Harnev, with between two and three hundred United States dragoons, charged on and repuls ed this immense force, with terrible carnage, scattering them in all directions. They had barricaded a bridge to defend themselves, but our artillery soon knocked away this obstacle, and gave 1 larnej's command a chance at tham. In tho attack on the town and Castle , only 11 ,.-,i .1 1 . - . . ' 3 uiu oin.iiii'i it-, waning not, over nine feet, were available ; but few shot and shells were ! ln v ' 1 0 . ' 1110 "ck bvnrg mainly None of the enemy's mMes tmck nnr rp. sols. Mid-hipm-in Shubrick, who was killed wa sorvingover a battery on shore. With the loss of the city, tho hopes of the nnnmv foil, nathn.. In,l ..,. t. , in tho castleto sustain a nrntrart.vUei b I The Prnceton is commanded by Cant. r.n"Ie. A 5,10 s;ll,e'' 'rnn v-''i Cruz, Coin. Conner's S as sa uteu trotn tne La-Ho San Join d' V"S' l,V"-d?r(;.N,!; Ier-goron boanl, .....,..s utv.. ii-.ich'u "V v..ommo( ore ferry u- .u.i- un.- kuniiiienccmenr. 01 operations. Another Great Victory. It W'lll I10 snnn I... ,1... . ., ,, 1 . ' Z ceueu, will, but ...,.,., ,Ue, in capturing Vera I rnz and tho Castle of St. Jimh D'PIIni V 1 1. , " 1.110a. no ""P' ,0e' ur readers fuller details of this brilliant nehiovnmon, 1. .1.1. . ... . - " " ' " '"is writing I 'Vi 1-.. , ... . ...... s Viiiursuay j-jo clock .M.j the Boston nnd Y. mails duo last (Wednesday) evening havo not arrived! We sttnnoscd that e.-,.. J ors vvero under obligations to get tho Math ! through, even if obliged to send them in a.I- vance of their stages ; but it seems we are mis. I taken. Tho mails for the last two nr th nrv,trirntrCjUSt Wl'n "' PIcascJ'aJ ' Touching this last victory of Gen. S.oiT.and the acquisition of another I .rr,,, Ki:. r ,... ' c? Territory, wo desiro respectfully to enquire 1 What n-xt is in order, in r r... I'tuvifcCaut tVlllTl ing tho " bbnlless a i.ur way to obtain by making a " solitude " of -Mexico? e don t liko to bo impatient, but a great many of our readers would like to know how much longer, and "particularly for iriluf purpose, this war is to bo carried on ? Wo EllOllId StinDOSP that Wn bn.l r.n. enough of Mexican T.-rrlmrv tr. ,.. .1 ! penses of tho war,", and probably leave 1 ance for "Mexican indemnities." 1 Now then, gentlemen Iicofocs nf ,b .!.... j holding South and of the Slavery-abetting North 'permit us to put 11 fl;a in your ear! Just keen keep ; aiiuie territory you havo wntn from Meici by this pro-slavery war, and frvt ' single foot of it into shichoUuL tn convert 0110 mi- .i m .... A '"rnory, ana - IU come 01 11 ! Yerbum nn "V- IT Vv e believe it is indispntable that the vi sion of 110 man discovers more of ihe actual and the true, either in the wordv roenr.1. r num,v ' or the n',,,1 ' y Ke lellect i, powerful i "n Lu .1 ' :-' lements of passing lvle. His in- powerful in analysis, and powerful In di. ISCOVCrine; and n-mnninr. lnnnlhAr tbn inflxn. ' S I'l-i .,,.... -w..- ces that havo given character and direction to human conduct in all ages. He sccj things in- msiuioio ordinary comprehension, and brings 1 them into satisfactory and intelligible light. Ho s! - "an whose speech, a, he himself says of Burns, was "distinguished by always haiing something in it." "They aro sincere words, tlioto of his; ho means things by them." Well j our neighbor of thu Vt. Patriot con clude a singularly slip-shod and free-and-ixr

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