Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 23, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 23, 1847 Page 1
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Vol. XX. 1V0. Itf. Whole 1V0. lOJM miKMNUTO-V, FRIDAY 31011X1X0, A I It 1 1. 3, 1817. iKW series,...ivo. 4Ji Burlington Free Press. Published at nurlington, Vl., D y U . . V. UliAHKC, JZttttor and Proprietor. Tcrmsi To Villfifffi subscribers who receive the miner bv the carrier If paid iii advance . . . ",50 Mail subscriber ami those who take it at the Office, Inarinb1y 2,00 ADVERrisEMcvrs inserted on tin: customary terms. I'or the Free Picas. " What the iraec tccre always e-ayins" " Why will it never flop, Floy"! he would pome, times risk her. "It Is bcnring me nwny, I think!'' " How fast the river run, between itsirri'i'ii hanks nnJ the rutlu'sl limit's very near the sea. I hear ill uraves! '1'liey alM)s sjiJ so."Vnbcy J$ Sin. Ife tohl us not ! that gentle boy, What the restless waves were paying, Whose rnpid motion bore him on, Novcr, ch! never slaying. Hut to their wild, unearthly moon, Ilia ppirit a)e. was listening ; And the golden light vpon the wall To his dreamy eye was glistening. He told us not ! but we may hear Them sounding, sounding ever, As the fragile baik of life glides on, Adown Tune's rapid river. Voice of the deep ! (by cadence bring Words nc'i r by mot tnl spoken, Deep In the soul an echo lief, A mjslic tone, a token. Ppccch of unseen realities, Willi every wave is blending i And thrilling low ihe f ii response, From th' ocean u here they 're tending. IJjt.ohhow fist therher runs ! Through th' till reeds how it gushes ! Which stand like way-marks in ihellocd Where it says the tlmder lu-lics. 'Tisbearingm away, away, Utciiiuy is looming, And deeper yet the ocean's roar O'er theMatcry waste is booming. Put hark 1 methinks lorever more, Fore er, and fore cr, And immoitnlily,and life, And never, never.iiever, ' The waves on that eternal shore Are saying ever, ever. aziix. Our hilt la ml lit the ennnty nf WVIilntrttm, ' still n yond house, though on a somewhat rcdu yiclds excellent pasture for sheep, nml upon the. ccd fchIc. bottom lands wo sillier the j;r.tss to grow upon1 Dublin is a very delightful city, nndnnyono the meadows without pasturing until winter, as can kill a week in it in a very sa'flsf ictory mnn this aftcrmatli alVords the liet u inter feed In our tier. I'made nway with pretty nearly two ; and milil climate. Hhccparo cry iicamiy nore, aim oiwnaii saw during mat extended period, some Ibis winter, thus far. have done well. 1). 11. Gardner, Marietta, O. Prom the X. 1". Parmer anil Mechanic. The culture of Hie Cranberry. becomim? more than ever a Uvorito amonj our citicn-. and the demand fur it is constantly in thing may possibly bo said t oma other time. The , tiling i iiuio at present to talk about is Lord House's telescope, though wc must go through jsomo preliminary chit before coming to it. This I woiiiiderliil machine Is a rood w ay Iroin Dublin, I. . .n.i ' . , .. . ,. I , i. I i"iuih euveniy-cigni nines nut iiirccuon This valuable fruit, eare pleased to learn, is towards the centre of Ircland.and, as 1 can prove, it Is finite a feat celtm" to it. It is situated at K.,n.,.ln .T.:i a ... . .. . . , ... ., , . "ii-n,, n. ii ii.iiiiu winisil nil niiiiui n ,n IH.-1" creasing. e perceive tiiai muci. nucniion is )m fim, (lirncnlUo tii.Covor iti any ordinary also hcing atlractol U. its culture, and soils hit ,,oi ,iat 1Wnslmvn j, onyidesigna- erto considuod unlit fur i s cu Una inn, can be ,iml ,,, ,,, fmm tho pnrll.imo of ,,u il()4 fa. very easily and perfectly adapted to its use. ,, ,at Ul0 0,j auti10rizcj ;UI10 of tle A practical farmer savs : 'The cllorts of sci- ,,.1Q js iijrr ci.tlfie. gardeners and fruit raisers, hayc of late , 'j,irr or VnnnKn is a, nno . tll0 nc,inn abundantly demonstrated the important fact, that , .,.. ... ,,. , . . .. ., m,1l. it the Cranliorry is susceptible of easy and prohta- due j,,,,,,;,. , )carncj- iat t,,0 ,)ust us hie cultivation on soils of :,l,no-t every i le-cnp- U) ula rM trji t() ,ain ,ow,f froln lion, not even cxcepling-the highest lands", ll.e i f)rtv .cs orr. alld lllpro ... s,,011ia yield, nor acre, m many instances, has exc-eeded ' cort. inU. ,-. . ,. ..,. cam. , fnv;.rj. three liumlral ImyUls! a crop which, in Hnton market) would, ut lecent prices, be worth from lour to live Hundred dollars. A writer, w no pro fosses to h ive had no Inconsiderable experience in the cultivation of the cranberry, says; 'the method of preparing the ground is the same ns fur grain. The w ild cranberryf is transplanted in rows twenty inches apart ;"a little hoeing is .11 .1.... : . i.-.l .. l...'.i..... .. til l ..:.!. an mai i-s luijiinuu, tiui'ii ine win spiuiui wiui out care. the cudgel. It was a sorrowful spectable nl conlcst of tyranny and suflcring. I tell von, sirran, tins wont do : wo must turn hick. No nnswer. HVijA thwack. Stop, I say stop ; wo slnnt go an inch farther; tho horse is utterly incapable of the journey.' H'h'si thwack. 'Stop lliis instant, I sny,orIwill makoyoit: I command you to turn hack 1' -" There was no littte grumbling at this order, for Paddy was evidently unwilling to relinquish the job ; but there being no use in temporising, tho machine was turned round, nnd hack wo all came to the place of starting, greatly, I have no doubt, to tho satisfaction of the horse, hut not less to thealhjctcd surprise of tho proprietor, Air. O'llnilagan. ' What did you mean by sending out such an npology for a Imrsc as this : the creature can scarcely stand !' ' Why, it went five-and-thirty miles yesterdav.' ' Well, I shall t.ot dispute tho point. Had M. O'llralagm no b.-ttcr horse than this ? surely he had ?' ' N'o yes ; that is to say, certainly lie had another horse, but it was not a car house : it was a hunter, kent for coursiiiir. and he could not pos ibly semi it out to-day, lor no intended tu iano Son;; of tin; Soil. n v i. ii, a. ciu.i.v. excursion to the shores of 1 which I visited and luvio-ated all the principal stieams disemboguing their waters into its bed, I pased several days in I'ubing and gunning on a striam known by the appellation of 'Muddy l!V' wlmr' I nw many acres literally coven d wi n the cranberry vine, wiiinh, atthit -e.on of tin- i. ii wa-biiiili'iicd witii the richest Iruit. t 'ii" ' I i'i inru, utl-iehud toiun b'rge. "athercd all i'Iu I'm hue breuhfa-t, and sneli a the .ibun,' of fruit, that hundreds of bushels rould ii U' lie-en obtained in the ciicuit of u few acres. One of the iiwii obt.ined several of the mots, which he transplanted, and from w Inch he has since gathered excellent fruit." I suppose that Miidy soils require merely plowing mm inuiiumig. oui me manure uoti snniiiii o' a com ! po-t loinieil in pealy soil or muck. It is eutoniiry, I believe, with iho-e who eullivalc the cranberry, on light soils, to set the plants four feet asunder, each way ! I.irire lulls are made, and the rook, are nlaced in tht-in. and rnvered with bog-cartb. t The wild ciiiuberry is a beautiful plant, growing, Usually, to the hciidi! nf two or three leet. Its habits ol growth are straggling, so that it soon completely cot crs the soil. Vcrv reasonable looking information tlii, coni dering that it was given by a clerk in a coach office, who inioiit bo nrcsiimcd to know all about it : and. to show our conlic'cncc in the wKdnm it out with tho crevliounds tn-morrow.' of this So'omoii we, th it is in ulamc andmyself! Thiswas.Mr. Hyacinth O'llralngan's notion procured tickets lor the promised coach. ' of things. If ho had a better linr-e, ho resolved Next morning, accordingly, wo were oil". It , it should not be forthcoming, and that was to me was as line a day as anv we had seen in Ireland. I trio same thing as his having no horse at all. " i Supposing that the noble proprietor ol the teles- 1 Wore there no other horses for hire in the c ... . . ., . , Ll IU IV III UVI III 1 1 113 HI ll'll tlllU 11, , Nil .1 Cil puiii , ii few months since, while on an autumnal ..!.! r.i. . i.n i - ... , , v, i ke NMiugo, during ,..:.. ... ... i,,ln r,.,i,i., min,l nnd I ' When iloos the train to hack to Dublin ?' dispoTd i s to hi.ik iiidiiltrcntiv on the neat inos-! 1 Five o'clock.' indigenous embellishments of the Then get dinner, ready, 1 1 irru'il aloniron ourioiirnev. I he have a look at the town. r" illy a wonderful work " 1' -h 'u either enn-tructiou sjon was Its being carried on in an tinnccessa. rily high key admonitions, accusations, opi nions, all being delivered in n loud, angry tone of voice, as if directed to some ono over the beads of the audience. The wrancle was main- Uincd long and loughly ; so long, that we be came uneasy as to the progress of time, nnd were compelled to leave tho court before the question was settled. And this was a court of justice 7 Tho whole affair more rejcinblcd a scene in Tom and Jcrrv than tho proceedings of a regularly-appointed tribunal. , On retiring from tho court lions3 wo went back to the hotel.considcringitfully time to have some little experience of Mrs. Bralagan's cook cry. How tho dinner was served by a waiter about three-quarters drunk, who had been enga ged that morning only on tho distinct under standing that bo was a teetotaller how this waiter catno into tho room every five minutes, thinking, in the conglomeration of his ideas, that tho bell had rung, and how, on discovering his mistake, he always went to a largo basket stand ing in a corner of the apartment and therefrom abstracted a turf which lie placed carefully on the lire ; and how at I ist we had to Insist on his dis continuing these acts of attention, as we hud no wish to bo roasted, or loee the house on firo how Mr. O'llrabigin was very much scand ili sjd with tho waiter's eccentricities, and would have dismissed him on the spot, but for the consi derate interpossition of Mr. O'llralagau how .Mr. Hyacinth U Hralagan, who was nn obliging by tho goood folk of t'arsonslown, to llio cfTect of his lordship having on one occasion visited nn engineering establishment in Indon, nnd there ly together, with the edges uppermost. BytliW means the iron conducted the heat away thro1 the bottom, so as to cool the metal toWanls tho liown such a knowledge of mechanics, that top, wllllo the interstices between the hoop i I.. .:. l i- ...i i ' ,!.;. i. .t. ... ,i ,.i r ..!.., tho proprietor in hi". Ignorance of whom he was auuressingjoiiercu nun a smiuiion oi some Hun dreds. per annum a compliment, one cm fancy, which is not likely to bo paid to many other meinlicrs of the peerage. Devoted to pursuits Involving mathematical calculations, ho has been pretty constantly engaged, since 182(5, in erfectlng the means or telescopic observation; nnd on this interesting branch of science alone ho is understood to have spent, tilt the present tune, as much as J.du,oou. Ijtig-continueu nnd costly as h ive been these labors, they could not have realized their pro-cut ucc.psfil re sult", unless they had been conducted with tnot Impoittirbablc palie-ice and gm d-liumor, togeth er with a readiness to hale recourse to new and hazardous expedients on all occasions of diffi culty and defeat. On this account, the opra tinns of his !ord"hlp more resemble tho long nnd studious exercises of the old alchemists in their laboratories, than the proceedings of a modern man of science and letter". It would be a very long story to tell all that Iird Hosse has done since he commenced his labors twenty years ngo, and I need therefore reler only to the more important steps in Ins op erations, a slight popular sketch being alone de sirable in these pages. His lordship began by altcinptini: to make a telescoiie, with glass len- fellow in the main, by way of compliment, sat in so", of the old and usual kind. A short course tho room during our meal, and entertained us ' of experiments proved that little good could a with a full and particular account of his grey-1 rise from this effort, nnd ho then adopted tho hounds how Mr. O'llralagau gave it as his principle of the rellecting telescope, an intrii well-weighed opinion, that it would bo uliard inentdilluring considerably from a refracting or case, vcrv hard indeed, if a man in business like lens telescope and nf later invention. Sir Isaac and we shall go and him were not to get one day out of every four Newton was the first who constructed a tele ' fur nmn-inmont lime Mr. ( 'ltr:iln inn was of Rcono of this kind. inHin.,! and ono which ho pi's and oih scenes -lailwny, ' art not sit nnniL'cmcn! : the u iud-o was iu-t the h ill' way between the narrow and the bronl : I on t'leif own account. From the ri.ins of nn ' been the ruin of Irish industry must all bo left simple. At the bottom of an open tube is plac what ni ,i piirriairps .-1 tin linion-s nf abinnt : bow old relioioiis house, which for sometime enL'nircd I to t in nlilirtinir imamnatioo of the reader. A oil a niece of nolished metal, of a slichtlv hob easy one cifn sit ; room for four ana sidesliour attention, wo went to look for a modern slight stretch furtller of this accommodating 1 lowed or sepherical form, called a speculum ; ; mast the dial plato of a watch is fixed, forming in-j cli ipel, said to oe worthy oi ine inspection m quality will see us leaving .Mr. U Hralagan s a work of We accordingly proceeded to view the most j kdief that every gentleman should keep a good , made in 107i is still preserved as a curiosity in lis performed ot ictioti or interesting objects of the town, someof which riding horse and how it was Mr. O'llralugan's the library of the Hoyal Society. The princi- j joining witha thing ' are of great antiquity, nnd deserving of a visit inlelibiy fixed impression that tho Union hid pie of the reflecting telescope is exceedinqly tho top of this I....T.I . ! ..! ..,,, I.', Il.o ,.;. nrn I .1.1 -f I.- I. !...!.. ll l. ll', A, .!. !. f.. .. In!,,, ,,li,P. ...1. ..I ...1.1.1. 1 tho' close enough to prevent the metal from run' tiing out, were sufficiently open to allow the air to escape. At my visit I had an opportunity ct seeing this singular mould ; it was a largo disk of mailable Iron, the layers of which were about half an inch thick.nid tojall appearance so closi ly welded, that water could not filter through them. The first large speculum tints ttiatio in a sin !ile niece was a round nlato nf mptal llirce fed in diameter, nine inches thick, and upwards nf a ton In weight. On becoming solid, it was re moved, to U3 annealed, to a brick oven, inn month of which is level with Iho ground, al the di-lancc of a few feet. The oven was nearly red-hot when the speculum wa shut nn within it, and from this temperature it was aliowid tn become gradually cool, when the annealing was completed. The time required for annealing a plato of this large size U, t believe, about thrfe weeks ; and yet, with all this attention, so brit tle is the metal, from sudden variations of tem perature, that a warm hand laid upon it in a cold night will maku it fly in pieces. Follow nig the mass to the next stage in iu progress, we find it placed, with the face up wards, upon a turning apparatus. Hero it is seen moving round slowly, immersed partially in water, in order to be kept cool, while a grind ing or rubbing tool works on its surface. By means of this grinder, with emery nnd water, and tho adjusted rotative motions, tho proper parabolic curve, along with a certain degree of siiioothnc.-s, is produced; after which the sur face is similarly polished with resin, and some other substances. The required curve is ascer tained in the following manner. The grinding on the ground floor of a house, ad- tower several stones ingn. un tower is erected a mast, the sum mit of which is ninety feet fiotn the speculum on the grinding machine, lo the top oi me hope in eo'icmi pays ; it deserve to be cncoii ragpil ; with such railways Ireland will yet ho a great country, ouch benevolent communings l.i-ted all through tho cultivated and hog region, and brought as to that great Hat expanse of na tured sward called tho Curragh of Kildurc, through which tho railway has been remorse lessly cut. The Curragh was of course very much admired, not because it forms a first-rate raco course, ot which tact a tellow traveller and on thi". as on a concave mirror, the object ia small round obiert relieved airainst the sky. strangers, biuntpriivr, therefore, through, the. hospitable mansion, on our return by tram to is reflected. 1 ho reflection may ho scc.i direct- When the workmen wish to try the capacity of town in quest of this phce of public, devotion, Dublin dicomlilted no doubt, with but an un- ly by looking in at tho upper end oftiie tube; but i the speculum, it is cleared of its grinder, trap we thought wc bad at length louiid n out. a daunted resolution to renew on Saturday, our as this would partly intercept the rays ironi toe doors overheat! are opened, the figures on too Isfirt the bint nf the beautiful (lower. And leed lb bloom of the wild wood bower ; I rear llie,blnde ot the lender herb, And tlie trunk of the stalwart nak I curb j I force the sap of Lie mountain pine, And curb the tendrils of ihe vine ; 1 robe the forest, and eloihe the plain With the ripcat o fruits and the richest of grain. The cheek of the peasant I clothe with health, AnJiu-lJ the sturdy veonrin wealth j 1 give the spirit of commerce winirs, And nrou the toiieriui' llirone of kin The gorgeous pihce and the humble cot Ovve every atoui'touie they've got And the prince at the banquet, and the hind al his uoaru. Alike must depend on the fare I afford. Min miv boast of his creaturely inieht His talents ill pence, and nrow,-s ill light ; And lord it over the ben-t and bird, Jiy Ihe charm of bis touch and the spell of his word . Ihit 1 am the bole and iiinzliiy source ' Whence (lows the tide nl his boasted force Whatever his rigid, and w hoever lie be, His pomp and dominion must come from Mr.! I nm ihe giver of all that's good, And have been since the world has stood ; Where's there wealth on ocean, or beauty on land, Hut sprung from the warmth of my fostering hand I Or where the object fair and free, That claims a being, bin's traced lo me I Cherish, then cherish, ye sons ol toil, The wonderful might of the fruitlul soil! And whence, says the ChrMian, dost thou obtain This power so iiiulity, ol which thou art vain I Thou buaMc"! of thai, which is furnished to ibee, Ily I Inn, who is l.oid, both of laud nnd of s, a. I'or know that the treasures w Inch come from tin sod , ' Are only thine own, as the gift of thy God. riiiiitingOrchnrds. Apple trees should bo planted aliotit 30 feet distant from each other; pears and cherries, 20 feet; plums, poaches, nectarine, apricots, and almonds, 'j feet. The large intervening space between the rows of apple and pear trees may be filled up with rows of pears on quince at 8 or 10 feit apart, or with jieaches, plums, &c , and thus all portions of thu land will bo productive of Iruit crops during the period th apples nnd the IlOurs on thp mor stock tiro n tin itii mr t linir I full developeinent. Quinces should be planted I about 8 to 10 feet apart, nnd as thev flourish mo-t in a damp soil, they may be planted in lo cations that are too mo'ist for tnot other fruits. Tile frapp ilolirrht.s in :s dppn, friablo soil, and althuugh usually found growing in a wild state 111 moist location", it accommod ttes itself to nil spoke with national pride, hut for its lively green j sound of voices over which one, in a higher key, tin st ore. on which lots nf lipaiili fill shpon white-1 sharply prevailed. faced cheiiotswero comfortably grazing. ' How ridiculous lo take this for a chapel ! it Having passed the i.urragli, nothing iiinner attracted ouriitteiUion till we arrived at our des tined station but where was the coach 1 No thill!' of the wheel genus was visible but a building stood a short wav back from tho "trcct, Travels in Search uf Iinl Uoss0'.s Telescope. object, it is customary to cati-e Ihe reflection of and in front of it were loitering a number of men I Our second attempt to reach Ixird Hoo' the s ecultttn to fall on a small flat mirror, pin- nnd women who had come to market, while' telescope was more successful, and attended ced ib!i piely at the proper focal distance in tho others stood h ilf-lilling up the doorway. A witli fuwer adventures, than tint of which I tube, and then look in upon that by an eye wc approached theedilic'e, a strange noisescem- have presented an account. First by railway glassatthc side. The power of a reflecting ed to como from the inside ; it was a confused 1 to Kildare. nnd thence by coach, the iourne'v speculum depends like that of a lens, on its dt- ' f an..'...-nil, .nllrta fmtn DnMiii u-na cntifi. n motor n nit dnirron rtf snbprieilv ! or. ItrOOCrlV factorily perlonncd ; and early ill tlie alternonn speamng, us capacity ior conecung mo ijj' wheelbarrow, and tbo wheelbarrow was declared to be engaged. ' Where,' said I to the tickel-taking man, is the coach to Farsonstown ? I don't spo it, un-le-s, to be sure, it is that barrow there with the turf b.i-kct ?' 'Ah. vour honor, tho coach is gone three of an October day we found ourselves comforta- which stream from any object. In employing blv seated in a hotel in I'arson-town. . tlie exact spnerieai concawiv,, men: c.i . ' r..-! ..f .1... I.. The appearance oi ine town somcwim sur-' isaiwaysn siigni coiiin-iun oi mo ,-,i., m i"ed us. In travelling towards it Irom Dublin, sequence of tho centre of the speculum giving . . " .i. , o...:.... e.t . n,,it is an auction room ; let us go In and seo what is going on.' Wn min ,, itifrttltn limtGP 1 nn expecting to enTov the fun of an' Irish auction;! we have occasion to cross various extensive the imago or reflection of the object at a ditluront and let our nirnriso hi, indeed, whpn Invention tracks of bo'. useful no doubt to the adiacct.t focal distance from the parts at and near the cir that it was no moio an auction room mat n chapel it was a county court bar, bench, and all the rcslol tlie apparatus ot juslicc. ' The judges all ranged, a terrible thow,' consisted of three ju-lices of peace, gentlemen ol the iieioliborlioicl, as l understood them to be; inhiMfnnts. but oiberwiso unnrodiictive. and cumfrencc. This confusion, winch is called too large and unsightly to inspire plea-tug eino- sp'iericnl aberration, can be avoided only by tions. "There is also "seen not a little wayside forming the speculum with a parabolic curve; n.enrii- mod linvpls. a noor state of I insh.i mlrv that is. a concav it v sliirhtlv elintical or oval; ,1 .. .tm.r.rliiwr llmitirl, f.t r frnm dplisp Orttlllla- (jilt tllf! PXCPPllinrf ditlidlltV Of tirodllc'ing tllis Immniliatplv beiniid ono of the drearv bog liguro wit h mathematical accuracy, may ue region", we come suddenly upon rarsonsiown, juogeu irom uu laci, mai n iu rvm as neat and hri-k a town as can be found in hug- hx feet iti diameter, the one spherical, and the d al la e are reflected on the speculum, and this reflection is seen at the regulated local distance by means of a small eye piece, in other words, a temporary telescope is formed without a tube ; and by this ingenious yet simple device the spe culum in wrought to that nice parabolic figure

which brings the incident rays to an exact focus. Oflhc extreme accuracy required, we may ob tain some notion from a statement of Lord Rosso, tint an error of a "mall fraction of a hair's breadth would destroy all hnpp ol correct ac tion ; and Dr. Robinson nunti 'ns thaf the "inill ust inequality of local pressure during tV po lishing process, would be attended with t'.e re sult of changing a well defin.l -i lr into a blot or comet The speculum, nevertheless, was po lished in the shortspace of six hours. The speculum, "o fortunately completed, was fixed orbedded on three iron plates, which gave it support, and then transferred to the splendid situation in the tube. Th'n, as I have already noticed, is three feet in diameter and twenty- lion. hours sin': that was the wrong train entirely i and the culprit at the bar, in custody of half-a you came by; C:ttc will be no coach now till dozen armed con-labulary, had all the appear Saturday. , unco ol being a small tanner, a run ' 1 Men what a clever person mat was who enough, mil a Iliougin more decent in apparel l""'1- s. " , .. , , 7.1 1,1. r,,,, inch 1 ... 1 .1.. .. .,... ,i. i.,;. sold me tho tickets ! Are there no sort of cars than the bulk of the assembly w ho looked on this "reel" ; pre ty nearly mo wnoio Mog ., o . , , . u o 1 ,, ."j" '.n, Z" 7" "X" 7. " l n I 'I'l.p nbloe. ' .:. : I .1 , : 1, la f.l n.l 1.,. lirjil I -seuiy ii o niif-.t. any where to bu had .' Where in all the world 1 curious array of power. h ''J, ' j J land environs consisting of numerous villas, other parabolic, were pressed into contact at rx ftvt long, and attached to an npparatus on i,?.,,,,v',rr.l a souare of "ond houses, and several regular the centre, the edges would not diverge from t,p awn) l,y which it can be brought to bear on in apparLi i . , ...... .1 i.t. ...... r., ,, m i . . i-.t , -i . .. .u..... .1. i.:- streets; pretty nearly mo wnoio ming vviuu washed, and possessing an air of substantiality Tho snhprical form, therefore. ... ........ . . , . , i. . , i . , i i ... ,nni.-...n., -i-nrt rtiiipr is th." town?' - ; The caso wa. pretty nearlv over when ween- cninion. in nccouni ior iiip-o ngroia.,,,.. .--.u,,. u.v ....... .-'- -"J" WI,v. sir. there His un vnnder fornekt you,' I tercd and therefom wo could not gither its pre-1 features, I was informed that l'arsoiistown has lion, which equally applies to spherical lenses pointing to a collection of mud hovels and ci-o merits ; but it amounted to something like i uecomo a Uvonto resort lor lamiues seeuing a iimv oe unninisneu ur rem neu "t r.. ..!.. ..iv ... , i... ,i.:.. . ,i. ..I .i.. I....I I,.,.,., r. i ....ii,..' nncn o n-pn on rot remnnt. t loim i tie nature acerration oi a concave ien. yviuioogn me , , . ., , " . . , I liuu-e-, ilinilll Ulll'I'-UllillieiS Ul a iiiuki un, ii uiv un- , t v-i...-.u ik. 1 1 , nuu uttii .unniu uhhi, i , . - : . ' u " . . . , . . . . . .i , soils that will admit of its roots penetrating deep , (l( ri,jn,,.,,rollmt 0f drivin" his cow across Iho railwav, and was ' "f climate is by no means favorable to tho-e snhprical aberration may in tins manner !w rem- ' t. ' .I.!...- n .... ..r.K-.l.l.. ti..., .if ,l,i. n, PltlP. 11, P,,4 tf ..tPnilPK. T llPTP IS OnP SIlll TllOri! ingiy uaiiiu to piinisiimeni iinucr too sta- i"""h "i " . , V 7 ,.',.,., . y,r, , lute. The discussion now going on respected uiospucrc. remaps noi me least irresisuu e oi -c-i,w . m,pv. im ,. . .n. . .. ....... . the degree of punishment, mTxcU With the s,,e. ts attractions are the easy terms on winch avoid A ray of white light, a is well known, netic. remarkson the hcii ousnes of theofie ice, hui ding-ground is obtained from I.ord o?c, h resolvable several rays ol colors nnd tho enlnrlt's odiieite l rballPi,,riorrtl,o and the not less remurKaule ot inai n.pas-iog iimmgu a gm-s hi.-, c.u. and to ab-tract the reqiiis'.to noiiiislnnent, and tjiciu is perhaps no other plant which is suscep tible of such universal adaptation to climate nnd soil by proper management. W. R. 1'r.ixcu. lb. During this colloquy a crew of voting tat-1 accordingly liablu to puiiis ter oemalions, any one of whom would have From the Cultiialor, Hreeiling Sheep. From the Rochester (N. Y ) American. The .llilk lliishipss ol' Itochester. We were iiifornn .1 ,. nay or two since by a gentleman who took tho trouble to make him self acquainted with tho amount of .Mil!; sold it. this city in the year 18 15, that the total receipt" for that article were sixtv seven TiiorsAn dollars ! Incredible us this statement may seem, wo were nevertheless assured that it is true. Athertitcr. Few duly apprcciatetho comparative value of good milk as an article ol food. The best pieces of beef now cost in tlu city eight cents a pound, and milk four cunts a quart, which will weigh a little over two pounds. By taking a quart of milk as furnished by the Ro served as a ready-made scarecrow, were at gaze on ll.e luggage, eager to act the part of porters ; and selecting a couple of these obliging gos soons, wo trudged on behind them towards the venerable city beforo us. Tlie approach by which we ascended is through a suburb of mud built cottage", the more aristocratic of which pos-ess chimney and windows ; a middle order dispense with the windows ; and an inferior grade seem to be sa tisfied with havingonly 11 door a common exit for men. women, children, pigs, and smoke. The Celts of Caul h id not n very difi'erent older of architect. On di-cnt.ingliug ourselves fiom this suburban approach, in which, as travellers, we were objects of considerable interest, we made our in the grand Place nf the town a widish kind of street, crowded at tin tim will. country people, carts, cattle, and olher materials of a market-day, in which were included several 1 I Chester City Milk Compinv,and evaporating it to , stalls lor the sale of men and women's apparel 1 nerlcct drwiess ; and drviug at the samo time at haviiurnll the appearance of an inn otlation Whatever may be the diversity of opinion in an equal temperature (g.')!) degress) a pound of from b't. (iiles. Through thisgiy melange our regard to in-and-in breeding, to a limited extent, lean beefsteak, we find that the four cents worth ' two faithful gossoons conducted "us to Ihe prin there is no doubt of its injurious tendency when of milk yield more dry inittcr than the eight j cip.l hotel in the place, a lio.ise witli a tolerably carried to any considerable length ; and it is a cents worth of meat. On analysis, the mill; hri-k exterior, and a seductive promise of cars matter of some moment to be able to discover, by t vields more sugar and oil fliutter)'than the flesh, 1 on tho sign-board. visible signs, those animals whose constitutions but less fibrin. Tho ea.-eni (cheese) is not quite I N'or was the promise altogether a sham. The have been thus injured. In swine, it is a com-' equal to the nitrogenous matter in flesh wo , lm-tle of the landlord, 11 young man, whom I monly received opinion, that a hollow, back of speak of a given weight of the dry 111 alter of , shall introduce. a Mr. Hyacinth O'llralagau, tlie shoulders, is a pretty sure indication of this each, free from water. The excess of sugar vvas Inspiriting. 1 He had acir, which would course of breeding. I (100 grains of milk contain I grains of sugar as he at our service in a moment ; ho would "end My principal object in this nrticlo, is tn start it comes from the cow) and tlie excess of oil for it immediately ; it had only gone to bring tbo IllO.llrV. what Is iho indnv (.r ......1... . .,f IV -.I r ..-i .1 ...., . , . . ' -ii'i.iiii,iiiie.ii,.miu ,i ijiiaii. , mo .onip.iu nun; worm noinu a can oi inn wen, sioco nu uamm i'i ing among sheep 1 It isan oniiuoti ol thoso who more than a pound of steak, for the sustenance ' it, ho would go and fetch it himself.' And u he pcak with the voico of oracles, that the falling ) (if ono tliat docs not perform much . did, and the horse was forthwith trotted up to of the wool upon tho shoulders, a lifeless ap-1 labor. door, nnd yoked to a car by a variety of rope nnd pcarance ol the wool iu that part of tho fleece, Repeated nnalyes of mill; after cows have leather fastenings. The iaith of an Irishman is is the unerring evidence of it, I, this true ? been variously fed, show that the quality and in- boundles". O'llralagau, in producing this elo It is doubtless true that this trait is found in triiisic valuo ofthis article of liiinian mod, can gu.t eiiuipa-'e, had doubtless a sincere lelief iu manyiiocKs ttuero i us pernicious syst,.,,, has ; bo materially deteriuratedor improved bv chang- it powers of locomotion. ' llotii horso an I car, been practised. If there was originally any of , ing the forage of the aiiim il. ' I h id been over the road fifty limes, and they had this barrenness upon the shoulders, iii-and-iii We find that 100 lbs. of carrots contain 8!) lbs. never vet failed, thank (od !' .So. taking his justice of the decision. What a burlesque on nobleman in opening his extensive pleasure. the solemnity of justice ! All the judges were, grounds for several hours daily to all who spiaking at once, as if trying to tall; each other, choose to visit them. down. The line of defence or cxte itionur- A walk along a terrace of houses, forming, gedhy the poor leilow nt the bar struck ine as' with the trees opposite, a species of boulevard, remarkably reas m.ible ; and what an cxeniplifi- conducts us to the. gate of his lordship's domain; cition was it of the prescriptive mistisago of and, uninterrupted, we soon reach the lawn Inland! lie did not deny having crossed the in front of the casllc a large and cotnmodius -i .-....,..- r- . ..1 ... 1. I :..:.. ... I . r.nnv.iv, imu i. io railway was ii. inu nisi ii.iLo ii, uiinuiog oi soiuo uiiiiiiium , wini.ii iiimhuii blame. He bad always been in the habit of dri- seigo during the wars of the Revolution. are refracted differently, and consequently pre sent a confusion to tlie eye. II. is coulii"ioii, which is called chromatic aberration, has linen attempted to be remedied by making lenses part ly of flint and partly i f crown gla-s, so as to accommodate the refraction of the different Dol- raisii.L' and depressing it is anu in genious ; and notwithstanding its size, it may be adjusted with the greatest ease, i wo step ladders form a part of the apparatus, and by these we mount to a gallery, which can be raised or lowered to any required height. In order to pincure an observation, tho tube is first brought to bear on the star or other object, and the gal lery being raised, we ascend to it by ono of the ladders. On reaching the gallery, which is a small railed platform sufficient to hold several I er.-ons, we find ourselves close to the telescope, near its upper extremity ; and here, on looking through a small eye-piece fixed to the tube, we at once recognize in the obliquely-placed mirror within, the object of our observation. The tube is of wood hooped with iron, and the focal dis- ' his cattle to the fields by a road in this di- whatever manner tho edifice was surrounded . .... ..... . ...... ... .. .. ... nr. ravs. and bring I . em to l ie same locus. huds achromatic telescopes, con-trucled on tins t nice of the speculum is twenty-seven feet. I nlni. have been the most successful in this re-iu-is rather Koriirisnd to find that thn month of ij, sped : but they do not perfectly meet the dillictil- j the tulie remained permanently open, the natu- atid hence tho probability of insuring tlie ral idea rising in my mind being that the rain and rectum, and thi" iiath had been blocked up by with defences in those troublesome times, it is greater in tho reflecting than m the vapors would cuter thereby, and injure tlie s. tho railway without his consent. He was, iu now open to the park-line lawn that bounds it on rcl.ri,ic'lnff ',r ,'e e rc0'- .. n,,m,tono,t ,1C. ' f "l"m at ! IP l""'" extremity. I was informed, tact. done out ol a road for his cows ; and in his the north, and in which are situated the various ; Hn-C at the outset, al indoned the , however, that the telcsco, is lowered in wet minim It was a very hard case. Instead ol be-; telescope" of its ingenious proprietor, l'revious 7""-'"-;" .,..i,,l.,.. . i .er, nuu inai u.o soecun. . . , ... u ing. guilty of injuring the railway, the railway to the arrival of the steward, who was kindly lie- rZrn'ZCZ ' A , Z im, ion o he ! " "Z " " T ?r Z'. puted to a ore lis every ue-iraiiie iiiiorm uion, . ,. . , V 1 , '.: ...i.. r ......,......... wolnd an opportunity or taking a general r;nil,c in sniall specula had preu o us lj I en lle kept constantly in tho case for the gl inco at the np .ratus,a'nd of lookiu"r around the atl.iii.ed l.y certain tele-cope maker, b inc. 0f the inm-ture and acid va- j por. uy which ll.e speculum uiigiii ue uiriiisiieu. alld j 'I'lin nnwnr of tin. Inlpseoop ilpopllds on tho had lo n guilty of iniuring liim Here was exactly a cums for tho merciful ex ercise of authority ; hut Irish justice-of-peace courts are not remarkable for discrimination. Tlie judges were in fall cry on the enormity of tho crime. One of them, on the left, auoldUli little man, with thin white hair, and a very red face, the lower part of which unpleasantly pro jected, was the loudest in his objurgations, mix ing his severity, however, with pretended advice and commiseration. ' Vou have been font d gtiilty.'jaid this person age, of a very great crime a very great crime indeed. You had no business, neither you nor vour cow, on the railway. Not, mind you, that 1 am, or ever h ive been, a friend to railways. I always opposed tho railway coming this way ; bill then that was before the railway was the law of thu land. Now that the railway is esta blished by act of parliament, it is a very different thing. It is our duty to respect everything es tablished ; and though, as I said, 1 am no friend lo railwav s a railways, yet when tho railways are established railways, and have tho law on opportunity or taking a general I?.1"1'0, ' "? 1 T, ' 1 v- n . ,rat..s,and of hHiki.v around the altaincU l.y certain tele-cope mikets 1, nc .ugh which flows, in. nunv a me- ?f hard laW. II, lordship at en.pted os , the pretty little river Lower Bros- m.perlect ,.r.K-ess : he invented u ' e.L Sh iiiiioii ' P'dislung machine, by winch, alter repeated trui breeding would doubtless perpetuate, perhaps in- of water, which Is a larger percentage than ' word for it.olfw'o set, ha- and bigguge,, I their side, that give them quite n new character ; a i, t...nj n. ll'.ic i irn.ln.t I. I.. 1 I ...Ml. I , .... . . . . . ' ' " S- .IS ' i, minj I mm In.r-i. .I.lllr llli. 11.1 ,1' 1'lfi.l I. crease it, unless an effort vvas directed to breed it out. Upon what evidence is this opinion ba sed ? If the theory is established, unquestiona bly many facts may be adduced, seeming to cor roborate it; but the question is, upon what facts Is it established 1 Now I havo the experience of the best shep herd of my acquaintance, and who has nn supe rior in Ohio, upon this subject, i lo does not de ny that tliis may be Ihe true sign and rpsult of breeding in-and-in, but say ho has no siillicient evidence; on tho contrary, his own observ it. on contradicts it. His flock is oneof tho oldest . 1 1 the state. About fifteen years ago, this jk c 1. ily provailed to a considci able extent in his floe,, there had never been any in-and-in breeding whatever; but now he attempted lo breed it nut, and used for this purpose rams from his own ewes, but of foreign rams. In a few years thi fault disapiicarcd, in consequence of his breeding in refetence to it. It is an opinion that breeding In, has a ten dency to render the wool harsh. This is belie ved by many excellent shepherds. Now, is it not true that to a great extent, animals aro iu the caro of the breeder as clay in tho hands of the potter ? Vou may breed horns on your flock, or you may breed them off woolly legs or bare legs long wool or short close or oen. May not this peculiarity in the shoulders bo a similar trait, which may ho bred in or out at pleasure? And is not Iho above instance a pretty clear evi dence that the result o( Interbreeding tiny bo ob literated by tho very course which is said to pro duce it ? In agriculture, emphatically, experience 6l.ould he thu lamp to direct our path, and it is facts we want. Just now tlie growing of lino wool is engrossing f tie attention of the people of eastern and northern Ohio, and whatever relates to the iubject is of vital importanco. milk should h u e. Thev yield u good sugar, nut lack the elements fair portion of cheese. dd a good deal of by w ly of precaution, against the jolts, holding !' nc'i "lcm 11 ,el required to form a firmly on by my right arm ; while the seat im , leS '.' mUst ,u wli'i j tho, to keep the vessel iu trim, was I lM' )'cir ! I occupied bv as oncer a specimen of the Jehu u?"r broke in an From Clnnibers' Journal. TRAVELS l. SIM IK'llor M)KI)UOSSi:,.S Ti:i, I wanted to see I,ord Rosu's telescope. I hid he .rd a good deal nhniit it, and, liko every It.' Up Ii id a n ason ible sh ire of curiixity on ' III lug, f irl'tn it.'y i fuv wenks i'i i ill Oetolior I took the op iorluniiy pnorted by law irs' imprisonment, with hard la bour,' broke in another member of tho bench ; here is the statute. v tlany person or person. and no went on reading aloud Ironia book, while tho red-faced man continued his lecture. 1 Vou see it i" a very serious affiir. Hun- set Iheiii n-going, 1 1. id dreds miglit h ive been killed ; the conequcnces I M'plica ion of a red hot might Ii ive been fearful. Don't speak tome, occupied bv as oncer a specimen of the Jehu species as eier ' driiv'a klsh from a hog. I have been told, for I haven't much personal know ledge of tn- subject, that tl.eio is no learof Irish horsi-, r iiiiis;, prmided yougctlheui lair- Iv miller '. villi little warm in harness. Ihe gr.-u! t' foniewheio I poker rluil on tin i r n nt rcc.isirn there was I know what you nro going to say. No doubt fortiimiteli i.o in rd , f this iiiieb'nt.iind 1 boon, vou have lost vour ordinary road for vour cows ; j. Ireland, mainly witu the design (if di.u-e 1, inientivo to locomotion. The b!o l of but the statute does not say aiiithing about that. riMii irk-ibleuppir.ittis, I ho voyage tho poor luck was a little up, and, to do it jus. The railway has stopped up the road legally ; ,a i.herHHil was not pirlicul irly bad : iu lice, it di I it, wry best to get on ; the Place was anJ all I can say is, that as law can only bo met twelve hours wo were safely 1 inded at King-ton, cleared, in not h i'd style, and ut a rough p ice wo by law, 1 would ndviso you to raise an action and just iu time for tlie railway train which was wound our way through tho western Hiiburd of ajaiiist tho law that Ins wrongfully, us you about to start for Dublin, lo half an bioir wn tlx, fine,, ,f. ; : t .L-.,.. hi.,, imh, ,iv,.l Ii. : T.... . ---- - - ...u . ....... .. .....i.v mijj un ,i jinn iii-j , 1 1, i L. , i , , 'iiiiiiv, u.ii.j j ,... mm i iiu.tnie, wero at the lireshatn .Nackvill btreet,and comfor-, the auiin il began to seo what was meditated ; 1 however, for one munient that I ndviso vou to , ,1.1.. .I..,ieilpil !,, lr,.l.,,.l ..,..;....... it r , ". t I. ......... !. r. ... "i a n ss u suige oi iiiieeu or sixteen in law. iiy tnnicuo, you is mai Having I I have now been three limes in Dublin, and miles. This was a deception. On Imlni, rn.iveil mpan as vou think vou have sull'erpil Ininrv have always gone to (iresham : the first time i into tho journey, it had labored under the natural 1 from the railway, you should tako advico as to from necessity, and the last two times from gra-'' impression that an excursion for turf to tlie1 your being advised that is, legally advised as titiido. Many years ago, in crossing from Holy- nearest Isig was all that was contemplated, lo the projr recourse in tho premises, by which, i iuni n.j .., tu.Mu I.UOI-IIIV, u.,y , . wnercan il w.n n i.-iuur i;ur, wiiu a couple oi I mean ino laKing a way oi your road. i. cu II n Cirpsham sympathised with, alld was kind to ine I Iravellprs a whole dav'n work, withnit th,. .I,,isiti,ml I ilmi'i ndviso vm, tn . n ...... I under my deprivation. Could I do less than ul-j slightest prospect of dinner. Tho more the 'only adiiseyou to tuko advice yes, advice, w j s uuei n aiu ;u w u , v. in,n, i,iui;ii . , leiu in ii ,i Bi" ecciiien in ,1-111.-1.1 11,1 ini5 Bimiiiuiiii usago, gooo legal liuvico iruill SOII1U gelHleilliiU, 6IIC1I has years ago retired, and left his good hotel to tho blower it trotted ; and tho trot bv and bv do-1 us. for instance, this gentleman hero' tmlnlimr others? (iresham deserved lo maku a fortune, clined into u spasmodic, kind of walk. I to an attorney, as I presumed him to be. sittiii" 1... .:,.. ......, ....... 1 11.11.... i. .1.1.. 1 .1.: ... ,.i .i...n 1 , I..' 1. ' ' its is pruiiy l; v-i u , u, mu ia- nn iim-u , uu tunvj.,, , auu ii, m . ,,i 11 , ni- onaii nu, or ueiow ino iiu nc 11. eniov this kind of luck. Originally a foundling, get to our journey's end at this rate.' 1 This Imrrungiie finished, the little red.facpd nicked un on the stops of the Hoyal llxchange, ' Never fare, ycr honor.' unan engaged in u couteiition about tbo Inmrthi Instruction nf the Irish character. It will nroba London whence, 1 believe, his adoptionof a H'AbA, and down went a thwack on Ihe ribs of imprisonment for tho otlence. Onoofthejus- bly appear not less that the instructor name reared ursi as a ouois, mm men uuvi ccd to tho position of waiter, he rose, by perse ring industry and unconquerable politeness, be the proprietor of the largest hotel in Dublin grounds, tlirou nndering turn na, a tributary of the Shannon. Tho telescopes on which of course our atten tion was mainly riveted, are three ill number, liko the degrees of comparison great, greater, greatest ; and are all situated near to each oth er, so as to coinnimd a fair view of the heavens over the tops of Ihe trees which bound the I ho surille-t is contained in a domc-rnoieu ed ifice, resembling an ordinary observatory, and ited trials ..,SiP piimlneml in the pen niece. This re in realised the means of in iking perfect specula onires a little explanation. The ravs collected of any dimen-ions, from ono to six feet in di iin- by the speculum arc directed on ll.e mirror at eter. A difficulty not less formidable impeded tno .,r(),er f,)C,, distance, ami there reflected hi" operations the e.i-ling of a speculum of clearly, or bniu"!it within telescope reach. A siillicient sizo and strength. Her-chel uscm- mii-t he emplovid to magnify tho I I'. .,,,,.- .. til, .,..,.....,1,1,,, nf r.,rtv.pinit in. 11 1 . , - i"'.".,, - .,: , i i ..... . . ... cues uianieier ; uni u oei.m.e i-iun-nv.. h.m., , telescope UK delects ol coiniKisition, and was ahindoned lor i.nige, or draw it nut; ami accordingly a -mall a pocKct pro-peci gias.ieciuucaiiy p ece. is used lor tins pur aiso. uui nils lhnr..r.,r., nrn entj iw.ll.ii,,. PYlprinrly rpoi irkall e 1,1 'B""-C llli nrs. n.n .- ...... eve. liece requires in uu us "eiinmii i T , ss a 'ce adjustment of metallic j,-, ,'! b,j shiaed according to circum- o, eVto the we t la ? " b "cH ul ' .1 1,,! e ! compounds, w Inch, while' aflording a durable s.JiCcs. Unless ,1,0 atn.osnhere Exceedingly on, cln ns like ue fun 1 1"hlrp- wouU Bll ,l,ilt dereu ,"f ! '"i1''" ' fl(,'lr "' llr'. l"erf.,l teescope will magnify '""V c'laiiw ifcethel ""inthtots ,jod,.' ,".1 i,v which Ihe speciiluin could bo handled and I ,,artielcs. an.l these will seemingly forma ground without liability to fracture. After nu- hazeinterceptive of lucid ob-ervation. Different the.c is twenty-six feet long and three feet in merons trial", it was found that the he-t con. hi , . ,- . . , i iiau.cier, ami is uuji ,-ieo .. as io , , moo, f . j . th0pro,K,rtions In iioint in am- rpotnreil direction. 1 he 11 ifr,". 1 11 .' ' . ''..,.. nki!i,. irmn ronipiio of sic a lis oi warn ana cold uir, will havo a similar result ; and it' ; X' n f et In e n .1 bv prj ,rt t m - fused together, ami cast in a wintl!r, )lo;lti, ,pickrr ice, invisible to ,WlZ',t , i n, L J is it I ' 'IJ- VU em metal. 1 lere 1 lho lukcii cve, w ill bo m ignilied so as equally to h-h , s & J ' U ,n!,y P"'Wy "w,y ot ,naV? 'TC-1 it"rnPt perfect astronon.icalobservation. Sucl, Smlmlo vstruio'of mo'heavs" 1 ' f, B';6 "! "'"rU on ones dohke. ' eo,,tinge.,cies present serious drnwhacksto the mirror.' J ins was, in reaiuy, iiono n, increase ol power in icipscoih's, anu in mu ui- sotith to noi th an nriaiigeinent which however imperative from the bull; ol the machine, i was sorry to think must somewhat lessen its uselul-fulness. Ho much lor a lirst glance at these wonuer-1 till astronomical instruments. Beforo we had an eminent telescono maker about a century ago: the plan, however, which is open to some objections, has never succeeded well since. Beside", it must Ik) lecollected that it is not the glass of a mirror which reflects, but the metal oil its luck; und llierelore, Il a mirror ran uu I made without a I icing oi-gias, us mn uinu n- I 1 ....... . ,l !.!... nf l.l nujt'i on ii i, i large metal walked round them, the steward, an intelligent and obliging young man, placed hiuisell nt our mtm, lietv to b; correct. Th service; and. by way of beginning nt the be-, iu- then, was to construe' ginning, conducted us to tho work hops where ,,jrror neither ton Mift nor tiHi hardin substance, the whole apparatus was made. Our road pro-1 anj nfiinpotlmble brilliancy of surface, ceeded Ihroiigli a clump of tree", and emerged, Vith a knowledge of the proper wirtions to on n court yard on the right of Ihe r.i.tle, wl.eni , llseii )ru 0". commenced making a spe an entire disclosed it-1 otiltitn, which should l three feet in diameter, self, It was certainly something new to find n uV oat-ti ii sixteen separate portion, to be sold smelting furnaco in active operation, blow n by I prcj (oyotlicr alterwnrils. Alter repeated trials, a, within a dozen feet ol the draw-1 j10 ()uu ( j), compound kind, and it was ing-room window of a nobleman's, castle ! The , uy ,1U eXK.rjcnoo ju. acquired in doing so that furnace was pulling away ut a great rate ; and . lu 0i;i.ame acquainted with tho inethodof cast a neat little engine, was diligently occupied not j n a ar(;e H,K.c,,lntn in a single niece. Several only in blowing tho bellows, but in giving mo- tormenting dilliculties attended his lirst cftorts. tion to sundry shafts, belts, and pulleys. A ... .u ir.mes were funned in the metal, and large complex pieco of machinery, designed to t10 ,lvcujum cracked in cooling. A mould of turn and smooth tho specula ol the telescopes, gdM nnj 8eriuently a mould of cast-iron, was at rest ; and about a dozen men were hero fojipj jn givin freed im from press. The dci and there occupiinl with sundry minor opera- (mini wl, ,,,1 0f ,u0ia which should re tion. All the workmen who have from first to ,! ,lu mlitclk n,,ta tui vct How the air plo- last, beencngigea in preparing ino ieicscos, t buei Ut eS(. Suc, ,Va at length disc-over- V"'-"; ;, ...,liA ,raver.-sir, ke iw.- t.-o:i or the apparatus connected with them, havol,.Ui I1( jt ,,, w,jc, l,.Mdesericdly l:?1lKHltir, on.l to.u -7 of ihe wim- di . ite ..triiment we havo been describing, they are at tempted to lx overcome by employing variou eyo pieces, wlioso niagnilying vowcrs range from 180 to 2000 that it to say. taking tbo nowerof the naked eyo ns 1, an artificial power is applied to give an appearance from ISO to 2J0O times greater. Tho performances of Ibis m igiiificient twenty-six feet te!escoo were loiind to be farbeyond those or any prei iou-ly constructed instrument. Certain pas'sages of light or nebulous matter in tbo heavens were resolved into clusters nf seja rate stars; star" hitherto seen but dimly, appear ed round and well defined; and on the surface. of the moon, valleys, mountain-tops, and craters or volcanoes were plainly vi-ible. Gratifying as were these results, Lord Rosse considered something sI'H grander c11,u achieved ; and beforo the twenty-six feet telescope was well I have lcn indebted for win of ihfse facts lo an eicrllent artk-1 on lxrd Ro'. Tflcccpe in ihe Dub hii Review i likewise to an equ-lly sble article on th same subject in ihe Nonh Utilish Review. In ihe lat lor ihe following leihmcal enplanolion is given ol ihe in,xle in which ihe iwnilsihe hiure is nnnaiied by ihe lumin - apparstus. "Th.-owrnlions lor ilu punose carries lb polisher nloug one -thinl of he dinin. ter of iinirn leter, 11," lUIU lVOsf I, HllllU Willi iiii"JI - 1 , T , -r, it does the ca-ting of specula, to a certainty.-! ireof ; he no hsher 3d, A The simplicity of the c'ontrivance causes Mo appeur a matter of no Brent womlcr , uui, Jireciion nhout vc-j PaJJ)' h whip was a cudgel, and witlitliia forml- years ; a aecoad though that two weeka would multifarious dutien has been no other than -Liordlpj 0lyClh it is easy onlv when It is known, to dable iiitruiueiit he proceeded to execute are befeurtieicnt; and the littlo red-faced man con.' Rosse. whose accomplishments in practical Fci- tu mfr.v.inrn ronit.ted fn making the bottom . "ill ir lattery m the rwor animal. At every su niaereii mat soniewlicre ubtmt a month mlyht enee. indencudeutlv ol In rank, would place him rtr T -n.., l.Ait. int-f tnn'li trii-l- ii lit lli., criml k.trn mill Utlli il UrU nf I Im rtIll. U'ilri lit flllsWlT nil tllll Ittl riirw.,t nf i liiii;.).;,,,. (, I .... ; ir t:.,,.,.!-!..! a illn.lrl!fit !' magnificence of the concern in 18J7, and it is tercd the premonitory wMsh, and then down cimo Not the leitt amusing tliinj about th discu,- his skill iu this respect, an anocdote is relitcd n f.t ft it'll I tli (till koriin &lrumri f ii i i u . v.hlitcintr Ild , .... . .!,. if ih iniitf . nr 1 .7 tiri'i)'iil ihn it'll i'cvii nam vst mvt v ioru lvoie b n lino Willi ceie. nil) n - f euri-u ii m- " those whnaro unacquainted with the aptituiTo for it joes the f ,liecnU , a certainty; .-j jrrri "ihe p..; 3d & -'ZtaZ ',i; rotation ol Hie polisher in the six ter n iim? bluwrr. If het . . I t.-. tliri iiiuz-Kiiik will mrp ihfi Irtit hnrnliohc fiiure t tlietivculum ; wheiher It be ir incite or three feet in diaimrUT. Ill ihe tlm'C lect i i l ... .)... ii ,nr w q,i rnt.ith t ie uholcaivrture. tho mould of layers of hoop iron, iwun.i cioo-,'h,o rToui ol focus by a nwtion of le Uwn rrecly, ICM r-ri. ofcoppcr to 53.9 of ,in, .h. .taturfl, e. . men.