Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 18, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 18, 1847 Page 1
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s .- , I s - ' .IV, Tol. XX. Whole No. 1013 BURLINGTON, FRIDAY MORjV'IIYG, JUNE 18, 1817. NEW SERIES, No..H Burlington Free Press. Published nt Darlington, Vt., Br I. W. C. CI.AKKE, Editor and Proprietor. Termtt T Vitlaee subscribers who receive the paper liy te carrier $3,00 If paid in advance, B,5u Ma, subscribers and those who take It at the Oft, invariably, 2,00 UTIKTI3E.1E.1I3 inserted on ine customary terms. For the Free Press.) COJTSOlTATIOjrf If the dark eyes that we're adoring, To Love and Faith shall prove untrue ; And our own Images no more in Their lovely liquid depths wc view: What can relieve our desolation, Or what the spring of life renew, Like you, our dearest consolation, Sweet eye of blue ! sweet eyes of blue ! II. If the blue eyes, whose smiles entrancing, Thrilled through our hearts in days of yore, Lose that sweet meaning in their glancing Which Love enraptured marked before, We'll find the heart's emancipation From raptures old, or tortures new, Its best, its truest consolation, Dark eyes, In you ! dark eyes, in you ! LETTERS 0 THE WOOL TRADE. BY J. B. NOTT, Esq., Secretary the N. Y. S. Agricul. Society. To Wool.Growers N'o. 2. Agricultural Rooms, J Albany, June 1, 1846. M. Sherwood, Esq., Vresulenl of the X. Y. . ' . . , Dear S-In my last'l stated that many!f-v ",y J ,v y.i 7 ', ' ar?,5oomc,to farmer. " were in hot haste to change the chat- f?ei a C"';'PC""! that will compel them mate Lctcr of their flocks. Inquiries much extended r,all' t0. low?r 'eir demands. A gentleman nce that letter was written, show that the T," W',0IV 'T"' as8Hrc?,n,f rl..n i. fcin on otiito as ranidlv as bad l,nn I hat men who have been several years resident anticipated. r. v - -b i v Allow me, therefore, to utter a word of cau tion on that subject. It is surely evident that the manufacturers require varieties of wool for their purpose ; fine as well as coarse, long sta pled as well as short. Absurd then it is for farmers to disregard this fact, and rush hurriedly Into the production of ! only one kind of wool. Thev must exercise a wise foresight in determining what are likelv to be the future demands of the wool market, and cautiously pursue a corresponding course. Hasty and inconsiderate changes will work evils both to the individual and the community that cannot be rapidly or easily corrected. Men who have been fur years patiently and carefully Improving their flocks, can at a single blow do stroy that which time, care and toil only nan re store. II nl let them prudently exhaust the subject by investigation before taking an almost irretrievable step. 1 find that the owners of the largest flocks arc mainly the growers of fine wool ; any material eadv constitutes the bulk of the clip ket. Mid a further augmentation will inevitably be followed by a depreciation in price. It is stated by Mr. Gay, and the money arti cles of various newspapers, that the incoming clip will exceed that of last year. These writers differ widely in their estimates of the increase; some placing it very low, others making it ex cessive. They all, however, agree that in con- puence of tiic increase there must be a reduc , denv they are right or wrong, I am quite convinced, from extcinirc. inquiries, that there was no ex cess of fine wool produced list year, nor is there likely to ue any excess mis year, The price of wool la.t ye.V was from eight to ' ten cents per pound less than the year previous, and was purchased at an average of alwut 33 I .... . V . ronta nor DOUIIll. Vet C in nf hnn n-nol frnm per pounu, yet cups ol line wool from Ohio were sold as high as C8 1-2 cents nerlh.: vere sold as high as 08 1-2 cents per lb. ; and from actual inquiry 1 find that numerous r.Iina from this State were sod at 45. 50. 51 and 57 cents per pound; while it is well known that thousands of pounds of fine wool were imported, which cost the importer much more than the highest price named. Washington county, Pa., and the neighboring portions of Virginia, abound in line wool of an excellent character ; yet tho proprietors of tliesu flocks had been in the habit of getting only 35 to 40 cents per pound. A manufacturer of groat eminence sent bis wool sorter into that county to become acquainted with the character of the different clips, and last year, notwithstanding the depressed state of the market, this wool told for an enormous advance from the prices of pre iou years, enhancing materially the price of Pennsyluania sheep, and producing for them uddenly an active demand. In these cases, it is true, the condition ofthe fleeces and the anal. Itjr of the wool was carefully attended to in sorting; had it been otherwise, the parties would have felt as severely and as unnecessarily the consequences of a glutted and depreciated mar ket at did their neighbors, who wcro less dis creet or less fortunate, as the case may be. More than this, manufacturers are now say ing that wool must again recede in price, not withstanding which many of them are making inquiries for fine wool from those very agents whom they are instructing to buy at prices re duced from last year. There can be no doubt then that the market for fine wool is not yet overstocked. Those growers of fine wool who have been led by hit ter experience to different conclusions, would do well to inquire whether their losses are not rather attributable to tho mode in which their clips were told, than to the market in which they were sold, and direct their efforts rather to remedying the palpaplo absurdities of the wool trade, than to irretrievably destroying the char acter of their flocks. It is certain that the urice for m,linm has been enhanced by the quiet lubmUsinn of tne grower oi nne wool in the dicUtion of tho wool speculator. His object is to buy wool without regard to quality, as cheap as possible, and if he can bring fiuo and medium wool to nearly the same standard, he is a gainer oven though he pay a 'iu' ,n,,r for medium wool I han he otherwise would, to accomplish hi nr. pose for he saves largely on tho prico of lino wool, which he thus depreciates. To the farm r this is not very apparent, but is well under stood by the stapler. In stapling wool bo makes inn sorts, to each of which a price is affixed. In the threo or four lower numbers tho difference in price between any ono number and one next above la barely three or four cents but in the three or four higher numbers of the scale, the diffe fence is ten cents, and with some it is as high fifteen cent. Nor is this all a difference of a few cents nor pound is tnado by the manufacturer between lots of wool, according to the rate, ir I may so speak, of the stapling One lot of wool, upon stapling, yield an unusual quantity which runs Into tho liighcr numbers of the stapler s sea c, and little or none in the lowest number of the scale. In another lot of apparently equal value this may bo exactly reversed, and it would be appraised by the same manufacturers at several cents less per pound than the former, although the groat bulk of both lots run through pre cisely thn samn intermediate numbers. It so happens, therefore, in a vast number of cases, that where the wool ouycr inanes nuiu or no difference between clips of wool, the manu facturcr makes a difference amounting to one fourth, and often onc-tliird, of tho cost of the wool. It would not, therefore, be hazarding too much to say, that tho clips of fine wool have hitherto tended to preserve the tone of the wool market to the manifest injury of tho fine wool growers. Thus much as to the present state of our fine wool market. Hut what are the prospects for the future? Tho flocks of fino wool are not probably largely on tho increase J yet it is prob able that changes are being made in tho ma chinery of the woolen factories that will ulti mately require an increased supply of fino wool. Manufacturer have prospered during the last few years, and the accumulation of capital which results from prosperity necessarily tends to thoe alterations and improvements in ma chinery which enable the manufacturer of wool en fabrics to produce articles of superior style and finish, which must tend to an increased consumption of fine wool. It is well known mat tnc generality ot urajiers prefer foreign broadcloths to those of American workmanship. Yet the course of improvement is onward, and fabrics every way equal to the foreign will in the end be produced. Indeed in stances arc not wanting to show that foreign broadcloths have been so successfully imitated as to deceive even the agent of the foreign man ufacturer. Success in one case tends to the re newal of the attempt by others. It is safe, therefore, to conclude, that the market for fine wool is steadily and constantly enlarging. Again : it is not too much to say, that tarmcrs T"""S u" ,Tt "5" 1'" , . i i iv lm irmiv Hint bitnf nf urnnl wlitrh run !w rniKPii in Ilrazit, arc now selecting sites in the far west, where wool can be raised wholly by pas turing, and witli no additional expense beyond that of the shepherd and bis dog, and who will ultimately pour into the market immense quan tities of low priced wool, which, while it will compete with our medium wools, cannot for a long time materially affect that kind of wool' c;i" bo Produced by close attention 11 . . .. .. ..... . "," lc " m mat sooner or , j . . ; ., "i"""-" ; If this is so, while one can easily imagine that tho New York firmer may be able to compete with tho European grower of line wool who is not burthened with high rents and heavy taxes; it is not so easy to see how he can compote with those who grow an inferior wool on cheap lands, and with little cost. The period for ex porting wool may bo nearer at hand than most of U4 imagine. I am satisfied from inquiries, Uiat under the present system wool Is received into the stapling room of the manufacturer at an can be placed on information said to be accn-1 rate, nrobahly not. The freight of wool from i New ork to Boston is within a fraction of a I ecntof its freight to huropo; and if fleece wool is properly put up, and as properly sorted, all the charges upon the nb in , m European mar- ket, freight included, w. l not exceed four cents per pound 1 his may all be so, and vet the rela- tive state of the two markets be such as not to , . b U e fa lum n( in hoinir ' " , " , w m i.,.nC ui-pi-nui: a icmuic, uui .- I! . . i , . ... ,. I self can determine. ,..,..... ...c-u i.,i,eiuciuuu-, it ... " " t Z ";'X! ' Z Z I , f i . ' , ' ' " , , ; . ,, , ... In inakinir a r.!ianw in tho wool tradrt. it is t. ::"p,t: " " : ,;ilra. I . f . ' .. . 2 A i . j "rr , .2 7 . r. : ..""Av " . v ' """ .. ... .. - . m ike tho fanner personally responsible for the I charact.-r and rondition of his wool : any thing hnrt of this will be wholly inoperative. I am we I awaro that these men who profit , l.rgely by tl- present system, and can sell fnbs and Ir.lh for wool, will neither advocate nor ac- quiese arrangement ; but those who have characters to sustain as r lock Masters, are under the- imperious necessity of protecting their own interest. , I They should, therefore, give a cordial and will secure so desirable an event. But tho farm or will not accede to any plan, however well it . ' ... wv., may ciicct mis purpose, unless it also secures to film prompt pay, and also a fair and discrimi nating price. Nor can any plan bo effective that does not secure the cordial co-oncratinn of tl.n I I ,M 1 ' r M,u mum uiiiixiiieneti mm noerai maiiuiaciurers. It is folly to suppose that any systematic war fare can be carried on successfully between tho tanner and the manufacturer; either the ono or the other may bo occasionally tho victors in tho fight, but any content is, in tho end, injurious to IKJIII, Tho fanner must bo insnrml ., r, ; , it 11(1 L.tAQ(1tr market fur his wool, inlluciiccil (will 1 sir tlirt etirv. ply and the demand, or ho wilt nvetltllflllv nhnn. dou the butiness for some other more sure in its returns. Nor can the manufacturer be coerced by any combination of farmers to babituallv givo more for his wool than its fair price in a market uninfluenced by extraneous and ficti tious means. Yours, respectfully. J. B. Norr. Ifow Jcdcdiah was Sucked In. "Is the Siuiro tu hum )" inquired an clonga ted individual yctcrday, who pushed his head inln thn Itprnrtler's flllicc. It bein" about tho dinner hour, none of the officials liapiieuod to bo u ,., l.nni Mnit q .in lib, (if .trf ll'lu, ivpre lnlinir.l in inside, invited liim in, and inquired lus nuai - ness. "Well." said ho in a beautiful nasal, "my business mn t much, but tell mo winch is the Squire ?" " lie is at dinner, sir," said ono ot mo pair ' but if you have anything vcry urgent, wo will .send for him." " Well, I ain t got much in particular," an swered tho Kastern man, " but jest this morniii' a feller from the 'jinin Statu of Illinois played mo ono of tho all-firudcst mean tricks I've hucrn on lately." " What was it liko ?" inquired the listener. " Well, it wan't much like auythin'," said ho, " but ail all crpateil suc-k In. Wlmru ,' Hint Squire," heburxt out again: "I'll hev tho mean critter jerked intu a jail ef it costs mo " What did he do ?" persisted tho questioner. " Well, 'twant much of anything except a fell" said ho : and then, breaking out ngain, he exclaimed : Oh, Jcdcdiah Dexter ! that anything cute as you're allowed tube Blind bo drawed Intu scch a scrape by a yallcr lookin,' agcr Ehakin', corn raisin' earpintas that fellar I" " Was ho a Sucker J" inquired the gent. " Well, he wan't much else," said the afflict ed mourner, " and the fullest grown one I've seed lately cuss his plctur." " Jlut you have not told us what his offence was," continued the other. " No," said he, " I ain't ; and what's wnsscr a darned sight, I'm ashamed tu ; all cre-a-tion I that I shud a been so tee-totally green. I swow, said he, starting " I believe I won t tell it ; I II jest let the mean varmint slide. It won t bear tellin' on. Why, ef they shud heer it down in Connecticut, I couldn't never show myself at any fntur' Thanks-givin' in them latitudes ; they'd holler at mo jest as quick as they'd clap eyes on mo." " Oh, come !" shouted both listeners, " you are not going to leave without enlightening us, now that vou have raised our curiosity 1" " Well, I guess It won't hurt you much cf yon don't heer it," and he was almut to movo when one of his auditors informed him that it was ab solutely necessary that ho should stop and lodgo his complaint, for that evidently some wrong had been committed,nnd if ho kcptlsilent, and allowed it to pass unpunished, ho would be conniving at the evil, and thereby lay himself liable. " Is that the law with you ?" inquired the bit ten complainant. Roth listeners signified the affirmative to his qiterv. '' Well, I don't want to go agin law much" said Jed, " so you kin hev the hull upshot to this in a minit, and you'll allow it is mighty mean. A Illinois feller this mornin' walked intu my shop, where I'm merchandiziu' along side on tho market, and got tu dickcrin' some butter with me for groceries and other notions. His pots of cow s grcaso were drcadlul nice on top, and tasted liko now milk arter spring grass. It just tuck mo all of a heap and I bargained for all the critter had, and got tu scllin' him the little fixins in exchange, lie looked so eternal soft, and swanyed round so allfircd green, that I didn't once hev a drcamin' of the critter's being tricky ; so tho trade was did up mighty short, and he travelled. Well, just a minit sence, I turned out a pot to sell a customer, and I swan tu man cf two thirds on it wasn't an Injin tneal dump in'.'" A burst of laughter here broke from his audi tors, and as they appeared to keep on at it, in stead of sympathising with Jcd.hc raised himself proudly up under his load of surprise, and moved to the door. " Ah ! ha, ha, ha ! Injin dumplins, ha ! ha !" shouted one of the convulsed listeners as Jed was retreating. " You necd'nt take on so," says Jed, " for ef nc uon t linn K oi ins sins wlien lie swallcrs that tea I sold him, then I'm mistaken in tho yarb. It's perfectly awful on a man's bowels ; 'speci ally when ho ain't used to it ." and, amid a shout of laughter, Jed disappeared, congratulating himself at least on being cic. Reville. Oeserai. Pillow Tho officers of the 2nd regiment of Tenncssco volunteers have publish ed an address to the public, which wo give below, relative to tho conduct of Major General l'illow, at tho battle of Cerro Gordo. I'lin factedptuUcd in this publication wcro fa miliar to me community oi tins cilv, lor somo time past, as they have been tho subject of re- one returning trom tho Ipccii constantly alluded letters from Gen. Scott's armv. terms than are employed in Uio J pree m. ut address lie statement now given by these officers, is ,lrau. , itll ercat moderation oflangua"e,and collflll0s' itsef preUy ,,.,, to a gta70m5n't of ftict from xvIic, orrcct llforencM ,,m asl0 whom the responsibility attaches, f()rtie ropulo of this gallant regiment, and tho sevcre lliU it BU,tainoi, in fim wan(nn r:fir- nf ..,... vol,,..!,!,, i:... . .... . i t..n . '.' .' ie must elapse, b repi)rtig that he had carefully reconnoiter uffer, before ho ' fi ,,.? ,i, s, ,i,. 'i I, mat. uencrai ruiowue . ly " ignorant of the ground," and equally ' the strength of the enemy, as he dcclarei i.m ..tu iiiivii . t .irit.ii . iii.ii iiu as uiiiirf: ,., . i,,orant ofthe ground," and cnnallv so of red that irnm"Ai5 oirn rrconnoisancet. there wero "no S"'". "W." -. No. 2," wiipreasnio tnree uauenes were all armed with cannon, and defended by 3000 men. .. i , . ' BU ng me assault, ll. 1.1, oincers now state, that Ho did not even 17'''''"'' ll 811,1 83 as tney are advised, i" never was lie never was nuarcr uiu eiieiuy s nne, man the ,vhcro t10 a8Silu,t commenced." Tins does not oxacly tay wit, the oft rcprat0ll nar. mon, by(ien. l'illow, whilst in this city, of ,,, fuarfll eiructi among his staff, from the first fircoftie cnemv's bittcry. 3l)i That ,i8-w100 proceedings, orders, nnd tio ilisiKwilion ho made-ol the troops under his commJn& sh0Wcd the most lamentable ignorance of , vcry first principles of military sciencu, even by the gros error of" cWm?" one of the as,all(il);, regiments, attho very moment of mv king ins arrangements lor an immediate at tack 1th. That ho ordered tho assault at a timc.and under circumstances which rendered success hopeless, and where, after sustaining a dread ful slaughter, there was no alternative but to retire, which they, however, did not do, ujitil every field officer (except the colonel) four cap tains, and many lieutenants had fallen. 5. That inotcad of assaulting batteries Nns. 1 and 2, simultaneously, agrcablo to the plan, ho ordered the assault of No. 2 only, the order in which lie moved tho "regiments to action" prevented the supporting regiment from acting. And Col. Wyucoop's regiment, which was to have assaulted No. I, was halted until it should receive orders to advance, which orders ho iiey- Irctrdto gfre, leaving Col. Haskel's regiment exposed to the fire of all threo of the works, from thirteen pieces of cannon in front and flank, and fifteen hundred muskets at the same time, playing upon this devoted and gallant corps, while the other threo regimonts.alTcager for the fray, were condemned to inactivity. It is really painful to dwell on such clrcnm. stances, and wo do not wonder at tho anxiety of I!,. lR:.nn..l I:. I J...II.... .... J - M. it-giiuiii. iu muni.- u tun statement oi me in fair, where in a batllo so gloriously successful ii no m.-iit-r.u mums, mis corps was tho only on?"'t experienced any serious repulse, M 0 liaVC lor the present Confined ntir rnmarlra i lu - "kii.-ii ujt mo present publication Ion tho part of this regiment, but wo havo varl- " communications ourselves, from first rate sources in tho army, that wo received sometimo since, on me saino point, to which wc may havo occasion to refer. Tho proceedings of Gen. Pillow lias led to very injurious reflections on tho Pennsylvania Regiment under Col. Wyncoop, not only in smnti. iiui nisn in inn nun ic. tiros. but also in mo puiiiic press, lino of these publications is now before us, in which it is said " tho Pennsylvania regiment could not bo brought up to the scratch " Nothing can bo moro unjust, ungenerous oi false than this! charge, and the honor and character oi tiiairog- iment will iu due time, bo fully auu iriumpi antly vindicated. Neither tho regiment itself a' or itsgallant Colonel will quietly rest under sue A Court Martial must be tho cons'enuonce of I thispublication. Indeed wo presume (icn. I'il- low, will, as a matter of course, immediately demand one, as it would bo useless for him to over remain in the army, much lift to return to Mexico, with such gross charges against him, uninvestigated. A'. O. llulletin. , . Letter from n I'ntriot nnd Statesman. The linston Alln publishes tho following wise and thoughtful letter which wo commend to the serious consideration of our readers. The Atlas says : We nre permitted to lay before our readers, which wo do with pleasnte, the following letter from the venerable and distinguished John W. Taylor, of Cleveland, Ohio, to a friend in Massachusetts. Mr. Taylor has been long anil favorably known to tho public, having served for many years in tho Logislaturoof New York, and in the Congress of the United States in the popular branch of which bo was Speaker. He was a leading member of the old Republican party ; was a firm supporter of the war of 1812, and a sustaincr of Mr. Mtdison and his admin istration. From age and infirmity ho has now retired from public life, but this letter will clear ly show that the fires of patriotism are not quenched in his bosom ; and that tho welfare, the interest and honor of his country are still near his heart. We alwiys read with deep In terest the views of such aged statesmen ; the opportunities they have enjoyed for obtaining correct information, giv?s authority to what they utter, and having reiircd from public life, they cannot be suspected of any sinister views or ambitious ends. We tlink that many of our new-fledged politicians, atd half year patriots, may be instructed by tliu teachings of such men. If wo were to believe nany of our modern patriots, who arc ready to lustain tiio Adminis tration ' right or wrong," low we are engaged in war, wc should cor.clidc that every man who expressed any opinion againt the present war of aggression was an eld Fi Jeralist. a Hart ford Contention man, and an opposer of the war oi ir-'. jlut Hero is an oil Republican, a sus taincr of tho last war, and who, from observa tion, is fully competent tt judge, pronouncing the present war aggressive, and its authors vio lators of the Constitution. But wc will detain our "caders no longer. Let them read the letter, atd ponder its contents. It is the voice ot wisdom speaking to her chil dren. Cleavelasd, Ohio, April 15th, 1817. Hon. Chaiiles Hudson Dear Sir : Continued infirmity has delay ed thanks for the considcrilc kindness which has relieved my solitude, by your speech on the 83,000,000 bill, read and rer-ad with entire ap probation and pleasure. Int'ic 15th and lGth Congresses, when my efforts to arrcut tdavery in Missouri and Arkaiifas wcro defeated by dough-faces, the result was deeply deplored ; but none then anticipated the present fearful declcn-ion, when the heart's Hood of freemen is poured out in foreign lands, to enlarge and perpetuate human bondage. Tho axiom you announce, " A conquering republic is a wliti cal solecism," lays at the foundation of our Union. Its disregard must lead to dissolution. We havo gono far in a downward course, when Congress, instoad of impejhinu; mul removing a President who wantonly usurps Its preroga tive of making war, tamely assumes the war, with a lie on its front, and authorizes its prose cution for obiects too base to h avowed. Thn dninrh-faces of tho 15th Cnmrross urn iu.tlv chargeable wit h thotriiininh ofslaverv : for al. though Mr. Scott, the delegate of Missouri, and the slave-owners in Kentucky, opposed tho re- nincuui! upiinsi slavery, yei, auer it lassen mc House of Representatives, they implored their friends to acquiesce, which would havo liceu the peaceful result, had not slavery found Sen ators from free States, then tho majority, false to their constituents. From this fatal begin ning, the course of freedom has been downward. Tho attempt to make Missouri a free Stato has been falsely attributed to unworthy ambition. Bear with me, while I relate mmo facts not generally known of its oriuin. One day. early in reuruary, ii;i, lien. Tallimdge, men oi PoughkeepsiOjin Congress from Dutchess cnun ty, was sitting with me in ilioroom ofthe Com o"f n- mitteo of Flections, of which I was Chairman, We discoursed ofthe petition of Missouri to be come a state, then beforo the llone, of its no ble rivers, fertile hoil, and position by the sido of tho Northwest Territory, and to which would, doubtless, have been applied tho free ordinance of 1787, confirmed by the first Congress, had Missotirijlien belonged to tho Union. The ricli fruits of that ordinance were brought forward. Wc both felt the solo-nn duty of ap plying its principles to the young giant, destin ed to lie tho empire Slate of tho West ; wo set tled the form of restriction to be moved, so mild as to impair no vested right, and we indulged the hopo that our brethren of tho South, liko their predecessors of 1787, would cheerfully co-operate. With the great South we had zealously! supported the war of 1812, and considered its representatives our political friends, together representatives our poiiuca cordially supporting the adm son. Saturday, February bill being reached, Gen. Ta g the administration ot Alain- 13th, Uio Missouri 'allmadge, as agreed moved the restriction, after boundaries mid other matters wcro settled. The hour being late tho House adjourned. Monday, Feb. 15th, Gen. Tallmadgo was too ill to coma to the lIousc,aud I opened tho deb ite, in a speech widely circula ted. On another day, Gen. T. came In, and ably sustained tho restriction. The bill passed thus, 93 to 5(3. The Senate, by the nid uf dough-faces, struck out the restriction of slave ry, Kach House adhered, and the bill failed. During the next Congress Gen. Tallmadgo was in the service ofthe Stato of New York, in an other department. The duty of bringing for ward ana supporting mo restriction uovoivcu on me. My speech on the occasion was fuller and more widely circulated. Able supporters were not wantiiirr. Tho IIoiiso again passed the bill restricting slavery. Tho dough-faces in tho Senate persevered in misrepresenting tho free States, somo against iiositlve instructions, all abusing confidence, '1 he Committee of Confar- cuco reported tlio compromise, which Blavery and dongh-faces enforced, against the votes of freedom s sons. On tho passage of this com promise, Randolph said of these tlough-fuces, as ho called them, " wo got all we wanted ; had wo needed more they wcro in the market ." Slavery then triumphed inn. victory which now it pretends deprived it of inherent rights north of 3G 30. Noveinlier, 1820, Mr. Clay sont his resigna tion as speaker, uud tho contest of freedom and slavery was renewed in choice of a successor, which, after three days balloting, fell on ino. Dec. 1821, Van Buren camo Senator from New York, with 14 Now York bucklalls in the House, having, in opposition to my efforts, turned Clinton out of Uio management of his own ra nal, breathing slaughter to any ono that refused to cry, Down with Clinton'. Tha day Con- gross met, seven liallots showed no election, lliougli thrice I li id a plurality, me seventh with' i-, iu lour of a majority over tho four other candi If dates. Tha bucktails voting for C. A. Rodney, :h nf Delaware. The South steadily voting for u slaveholder. Tho South finding the New York hucklails resided me, fearing another ballot would elect, effected an adjournment to hold caucus, in caucus mo tiuctaiis were ncatcn by tho South, as nt Baltimore since ; nnd II ir- hour, who liko I'olk was unexpected, and who nau not reccivcii a vmo in ine iiouse, was nom- inatcd, whether by the two third rule I know not ; uutoniiieiwciiiiiuaiioi no was ciectcu. Not a week passed beforo double tho number nf new York bucklalls required to secure my cleC' tion, expressed regret at meir ncing inauo met tools of " the Northern man with Southern prin-1 oiplcs. nut it was wo late, i mention mis tion to slavery. Others said they voted against mo with regret, but they could not go home, if they voted for mo against a Virginian. Gen. Mercer alone, of a slave State, representing the'district still Whig, gavo mc publickly his open ballot. May I hope that, taught by experience, the free States will insist on the truo bounds of Tex as on the Nueces, South of Red River, and that no territory now free shall ever bo subject to slavery, i no spirit ot slavery in all time is nt war with free labor. It was evinced in the un- constitutional vote of Texas to repeal tho Tariff, of '-12. If the North continue to submit to usur pation, it deserves to breed white slaves. On tho verge of tho grave I shall not live to sec tho evil, but my children must bear it; for slavery, liko avrice, sharpens its appetite by the food it devours. Some men have been republicans in spite of slavery, but its tendency is evil, only evil, and that continually. Tho Fathers of the Revolution looked upon itas a temporary evil, to bu removed at the earliest day ; a generation lias arisen striving to make it eternal. In great i n firmity I write from day to day to a kindred spir it, I tear to long, but am truly Your friend. JOHtf W. TAYIXMt. From the National Intelligencer. Administration nnd its Orgnn once The We had much desired not shortly to havo oc casion again to trouble our readers with the Ad ministration or its Organ ; but an article in the " Union of Saturday leaves us hardly any choice in the matter. There aro three points in the article to which wc refer that seem to deserve some attention.and which, iu their order, we shall dispose of as briefly as wc can. 1'irtt. The application of the term "Feder al press and I'eileral partti" to that great Coi- stitutioval Party, now undoubtedly the ma jority oi mo I'eoplo ol this country, whoso pres ent acknowledged designation is Whig. Wc notice tins deliberate misrepresentation now, mo raiiiermat mis same term " f ederal has been so frequently of late applied by the organs of the Kxecutivc to the opponents of their high Tory doctrino nnd practice, that it is perhaps time that it received some serious notice, instead of the contemptuous silence with which it has heretofore for the most part been treated by the Whig press. The Tory doctrine and practice which are peculiar characteristics ofthe present auiniiiintraiion and its organs, to sucli an ex tent ns that without them its whole existence would be a vacuum its entire history a blank leaf are those which refer every essential kw. erof Government to tho Presidential authority which claim for it nearly all the Prerogative", iiowcrs that iu .Monarchical UovcrilinenM be long to King? including tho Warmaking pow er, arrogated to the President, ami exerci.-ed by min iu every particular, only partially except ing that of raising and paying armies and navies but which in the Constitution of tho Uuitcd States aie so effectively denied to tho Execu tive branch of the Government, that Judge Tucker, of Virginia, in his Notes mi Bl.ickstoue, when he comes to review the Prerogatives of the lung of hiiglaud, sets it down as a matter of course that the vcry idea of Prerogative power h is so far as concerns this Republic, no existence. Honest in in ! Could ho but have lived to this ilav, to witness tho exertion of this supposed extinct power, in tho exercise by the President, of tho Prerogative of establish ing Governments in loreign countries, and not only laying taxes in them, but annropri.tting the proceeds of such taxation to paying his Army and his Navy, what would have been his sensa'- II.MU ..i ,;...l: .1... I, 1. ..!.,.. 1 -11 !. . !...,.. iiwu- llliuill uiu Ih-vtUIUUUII UIIU Ul IIS 1IU1U- onces swept away, and himself again living under a right Roal Government ! , But to come to this term "Federal," and to show how ridiculously inapplicable, in the actu al rel itioiH of parties to each other, it is to the great Whig pirty of tho United States, or to ourselves as tho humblest of tho as-orter.s uf its principles against the Toryism which reigns in thn palace nnd radiates from its precincts: Wh it was the true distinction between the Fed eral parly and tho Republican party, as they respectively termed themselves, when tint dis" tiuction existed and marked tho lino of division between the two great parties in this Govern ment I Instead of undertaking ourselves to define it. wo will take the definition as wo find it laid down by an authority to which, however it may conloiind him, tho veteran of the " Union " must defer and submit. Wo bring Thomas Jefferson into court. Iu a letter nf Mr. Jefferson to John Adams. dated Juno 27, 1813, wc hive the following brief accountof the origin and principles of the Federal party and its antagonist : "The terms of H'ifg and Torn belong to ' natural as well in to civil history. They de 1 unto the temper and constitution of mind of dif ' fercnt individuals. To coino toonrown conn 'try, and to the times when you anl I became ' first acquainted : wo well remember the violent ' pirties whicli agitated tho old Congress, and 'their bitter contests. There you audi were 1 together, and the Jays and the Dickinsons and ' other anti-independents were arrayed against ' us. They cherished the Monarchy of ling 'land, and wo tho rights of our countrymen. ' When our present Government was in the 'mew, pissing from Confederation to Union, ' how bitter was tho schism between the Feds and Antie, Here you and I were together ntlTr '..i..!..!. : V... i i. J V'" iniiy lor uio iostoii n cnuuiu leatn uiu inriuuu i uecn our lortuiie, as u lias oecn our priuo anil North. The South on slavery being a Mace-1 our !xiat, to have opposed tho mad attempt ofn donian phalanx. Gen. Alex. Smytlie told me I j former President to get our country into a war was rejected ns Sneaker, only 'for my opnosi- with Franco, and to have boon, wo trust, some- 'again." " lint as it tho Government! wasi coHtradictorv V turc and stateinei, i w 11 l, i i ' . t,Ul0'. a ' put into motion, the lino of division was again , h t Tto largo Inxly of young men who have revived a 'drawn. Wo broke into two p.rties; ach, . 1 rfec .tier U" ' education , many i.f whom find it dim. ' wishing to giv e the Government a dilftn-nt di-L ul lo "ll a,a hvchhood iu wh.u are Uvuioil reetlon tho ono ta tren'lh-n the in mJ lJ 11 "v " 10 conceal their the learned profussious. I believe the tune has nil br'J-1 to her Mc more Z L nZ''""' '" 0r,1-'r Si!'". thm U n"'" ' w "1'"IJ 0M "' Ji"'' mar nr,r;i, mo inner me more permiwiit the more success. Tlio Government ditor. lie- sifv the uccunuionj of our neonlo and doiclonn 'branches, and to eetend tietr perm inenee. inn the ronlid.-nti ii friend -iinl .. .. 1 i ' . J J wciipuioiu oi our prapiu, ami mvciupo Hero you and 1 separated for ho first time; KM ' '"r0 '""a' Um ft 'n'"-1"1 au.J..i,11''":al r'" i .,i,:,, i,,. i i.,.,. i ,i wm-' V "r "l,""1'W "as a part to perlonn sources, throughout tlio 1'uiou. Ue have, nor- ' ;m he pimiic theatre, au3m,r , n " thereto ' uZ Urn sta"e Twit. hdtr! 'm 'JW'1,:"-,a,lJ ,h"' ! were more familiar to our countrymen, i to M any other par of our country. Ui cucourago , c(- ' n irtv which considered vou as thiol- uVti,1 1 I '"o confidante," out I c lUMU" from tho ha t,ut wo uUst 'tCudicX ba'S' " tVdi'1 l d0 w,wt ''or mistress here.ilte'r look for our ma ., support U, ,Ua put- for tlK 'U'1' WCCl' W ,C'! he ,welM' """lo when fl.e1 suit of commerce, manufactures, and the mo- lor mi sa ne ruisun, sL.ccitd inino. smiles, go uud when Me goes mad " So thu'chaiiic arts; to vv h c h t Iwcouu-s our duty, iu nnt , nor r . lers l , " 1 ho pretty much in the mood of the Go vcrniucnt ' of '.cienco vv ithin our power. Wo inherit, and wltoi'to bounds Sfttri -ro"oU,;arefi,ccdtoc,dtivas iV u.,1 1,0 '""' Hi in last Tuesday for oner On that dtv tho 1 cultural science. whUA o he U no ' P'"'0", W Uuverninent " went mad" 1, n the streng.h of We need then a school not for Iioys, but fr tl W not his ,.?rV L vTl , ta" article in that .noring! Intelligence?, and young men whose ear y odnoalmn U rimi),elC(, ce r'Wehfffi . tcl gen-' th same night the "U,uo,." rayed like any either in college or eK.wher.M,nd wlfiLe,,. cu, wniui f lands Inrtho authority of fun- bedlamite. to enter upon an active life as engineers or ftr-U'b,,i'ii!r, ' .fl.T,, t,rC"S i'c a,"l "Minlai I To 1h) serious, however: We havo supposed chemisls, or, In general, ns men of science, up. it, buttlio Union, the ampliher of the Ux-1 tt ca.-e, above, iu which it may havo been the pli"'o' their attainments to practical purpose. ; i rr.utivo nower. and the organ of tho President in all nttcmpts to dragoon Congress and force it to submission lo tno r.xccutivc will. If there bo such a thing in this country as a Fnleral party, as the ro Is certainly a party ac- ung upon lory principles, mo l J Union is its representative nnd organ. S'rnmllu. Of tho Tory principles to which wc hero refer, perhaps tho most incompatible I viiu piiouc uoeriv is wai which rcprcsrnis as "moral treason every uitlcrcncc ol opinion from the President nnd hi minions on any nuc- jtion concerning our f oreign Relations. what instrumental in dofeatin!T that stunendous folly, of which no man who professes any re spect for tho memory of (Jen. Jackson ought ever to revivo the recollection. More recently, it has been a source of present joy, as it will bo of life-long happiness to us, to know that we arc identified with the body of the Nation, in disapprobation of the hectoring and bullying tone of the " Union " and Its party during the Oregon disnutn. sn lnilicrnusiy contrasted with their subsequent gratulations and glorifications at havintr obtainml In- nrreiselv tho line which wo minted out to them as that which comported equally with the public honor nnd the public interest. 'With regard to tho Texas An nexation, it Is equally our pride to oppose that, until, In defiance of all wc could do, it came to bo consummated ; and we are now more than ever confirmed in our antipathy to that unhappy measure, when we find the country, bb a con sequence, engaged in this Mexican War, so jjiuriousioourarins, so oisgraceuu to our poli cy, and so dishonoring to those who have involv ed us in it. The " Union" will perceive that it is right in its inference right for once that we do not mean to " deny the facts in regard to our course upon the .Mexican war," &c. any more than it is our practice to Aeny farts in any case. As to the " Union's" doctrine of " moral trea son," long lieforo the .Mexican War was dreamed of, ivc wero going to say, but happily remember in time that tho march to the Rio Grande, the shedding of blood.the war, theinva- sion, mo" second conquest nt .tlexico aim an, were dreawd of by the Editor of thn Govern- nium i;iper in inmost mc nrst nap no uwi, in his editorial chair but vcry soon after the Mex ican War was dreamed of, and before the Pres ident had taken the initial step towards it, wo ireaicu mo government pajicr and us " moral treason " doctrine in terms that arc so Darticu - larly suitable at this moment, when a practical application is attempted to be given to it, that wc cannot do better than to transcrilie it, as we now do, trom the National Intelligencer of the litli of May, 1815, requesting tho Administration aim its organ to receive it as our reply to any thing they havo to say now, or may have to say hereafter, on tho subject of this nmiablo, toler ant, and very Republican doctrine ofrtheirs: From the 2'utional Intclligcntcr of May 17, 1315. " Treason (thank Heaven ! ) is defined by the ' Constitution, or, under tho rule of such men ' ns those who profess and sustain the doctrines 'of the Democratic Review, the office of ex ' cciitioner for the offence of treason might lie ' made one ofthe most lucrative in the Govern ' mcnt. Treason against the United States,' ' says the Constitution, ' shall consist only in ' 'levying war against them, or in adhering to ' 'thWr ennemies, giving them aid and comfort.' ' Yes, thank Heaven a?ain ! Treason is defined ' by tho Constitution ; and when the makers of ' that Constitution so defined it, well they knew ' what they wero about. They knew what ' crimes against liberty ambitious ' Democrats' ' or ignorant demagogues would bo too prone to ' perwtrate under tho pretence of punishing ' crime ; they knew, and they gave it as a reason ' for opposing to this peculiar danger the barrier 1 of the definition of treason, that ' new-fangled "and artificial treasons havo boon the greaten "gines by which violent factions, the natural "offspring of free governments, havo usually ' ' wreaked their alternate malignity on each ' ' other.' What wisdom, and what forecast, ' guided all the deliberations and all the actions of that band of sages who framed the Const! ' tiitinn ! With wli it a prophetic eye they look ' ed into the future, how powerfully attests this ' infamous pretension ofthe organ of ' the De ' ' inocracy' to brand all difference of opinion ' from it as ' traitorous and anti-Auierican !' " ' Moral treason,' truly ! Did we ever think ' to live to hear this abominable heresy in free ' government again broiched ! Twico before in 'our lii-tory has its horrid croik been heard; ' erst during tho iuati war of 17DS, and last in uio cpocn oi irj, when though in the midt of the excitement of a raging war oven then it was fairly hooted out ol thu Houeof Repre - ' sentatives, the author of it llvin" beforo tilt! 'storm which ho himself had raised. In a freo ' government, the term 'TreiW can have no application whatever, as we have shown, rxceptt nilrtlirf ! nnr Aunn , I. .......... 1, 1, ...... ' "f. ..... , .i.ii ,it,-ii ii ii un, i.' i,ii nt. war ; nor even then can it havo am- n ' tional application to tho freest u-o of speech or ' printing. If such an epithet us ' Moral Trea- sou coul.I ever apply, when could it apply with! more propriety that to those Democratic Ro- ' viewers, and tlicir chorus of echoes, proclaim - 'ing deadly war against the most sacred prin - ' ciples of tho Constitution those which protect more propriety that to those Democratic H.i. protect ' the freedom of speech or of tho press ? These ' are principles which none but an anti - Republic - 'an, or a zealot intoxicated with tho fumes of 'power, would over think of openly assailing." i airmy. in uiu course oi some rcmarus upon the liability of a paper managed by many lands to mUlcud tho Public, wu salJ, the other day as quoted by tho " Union" iu its fast number, what lollows : " We havo no sort of doubt, further, that hi- novor piiminipj any thing concerning the Ore it uas i . . i ' gun dispute which the Cabinet did not at tho relations or tho world. U neoiui tu ina that we 'tune approve; that there was, in a word, a per-! havo been somewhat uogloclful Iu tho culliva ' feet understanding between them on that point."' tion and curouragemeut of llui sclouUfus porUou Our meaning might havo been moro distinctly of our national economy, expressed, wo admit, than it is iu this quotation, ( Our country is rapidly incroaEiu" in doduU which it has pleased tho government editor to 'tion and wealth, uud is probably de'tiucd in an represent .as " conceding tho whole point in dis- other quarter of a century to contaiu nearly aa piito. o must, wc fim., be moro explicit, many inhabitants as uow ciint iu Franco and hat we meant to say was. that, though th r.,,nn,i,.,r government paper undo representations f ,v AiluiinU.ratioi.U.pp.ied 'art. We im,t nuke Mter farrno. a" i us nr-mii. wo need ?j no further uck policy of the Government to mislead the public, mind, in order to conceal lt game. A very re markable instance of this policy just now occurs to our mind, with a statement of which wc will conclude what wo have to say to-day. At the commencement of the session of Con gress in ISIS, when the country was astounded by tho belligerent aspect of the President's .Mes sage on the Oregon question, wo endeavored to I ureas: its force, ami in some ilegrco to cairn mo punnc mind, by extracting from the " Onnstiiu tion" a paper recently removed from this city to Baltimore, whoso Hditor was known to bo in thn confidence nf tho F.xecutlvc evidence sat isfactory to us, that Mr. McLanc, then our Min ister at lindon, was authorized to suggest (in formally) to tho British Government, or to assent lo if proposed by it, a boundary-lino far short of fifty-four-forty, and indeed the very line after wards agrcrif njion in the treaty. The disclos ure of tho fact of such an authority having been given to .Mr. Mcl.ann was, from some reason or other, much deprecated by the President and his Cabinet, nnd of cnurso by tho government pa per. The Kditor of that paper, representing the dignity ofthe Executive, offended at having Its course found out or even guos-ed at, took high ground on the occasion in expressing astonish ment at our presumption. H-j assnred his read ers that we had " sadly blundered;'' that onr In terpretation of the article was " certainly Incor rect;" that "no such instructions had been transmitted tIxindon;" that "no sneh propo sition had been made ;'' that there was " no la tcntion entertained of transferring the negotia tion to London ;" tkat " no expectation, no idna, was formed here of renewing at London the proposition of our Government which had been declined at Washington ;" and, finally, that all our " ingenious speculation " and " diplomatic subtlety"' fell profitless to tho ground. Than, pitching his tone yet higher, he further iaformcd us that, " vhal'ver bt t'w elhks of the iiplomatie school to tchtch U the .Viirjriiil inwfigrncerj lit- longs, the rr.EsF.iT ADMt.itsTr.ATios FORKED T050UE." We havo not time now to tell tho whole h , rv, but the upshot of it is, that a Treaty having the forty-ninth parallel for its basis tear arranged in London; subsequently to and cn- i tertained b trio nxecutivc, and, tinder the ad- vice of the Senate, accepted and ratified; and, upon the return homo of .Mr. McLanc, the Pub lic uora informed, substantially, by a letter from his own hand, that he had tieen influenced to enter upon tho mission on account of the iden tity of his views with those ofthe President and ! his Cabinet, nnnn nf whom hail expected or de- sired a settlement of the question on any other basis than tho ono adopted, and for advocoting which tins press had been denounced as guilty of moral treason ! The following is Mr. AIc Lane's language on this subject : ' Having somo knowledge, from my official ' position at that time, of tho policy and objects ' ofthe convention of 1828, 1 am quite persuaded ' that its main design was to lead, in a future 'partition of the territory, to the recognition of 1 our claim to tho country, not north, but south 'of the -lillli parallel, and between that and tho ' Columbia river. A division of the country ' upon that principle, with a reasonable regard ' to rights grown up under the joint possession, ' alicayi appeared ta me to afford a just and prac ' tical basis fur an amicablo and honorable ad ' justmcnt of the subject. Such, also, I teas sal ' isml, leere the i if ics if our (lorernm'nt a tit ' time I engaged in my recent viiision ; ajid m ' EARNESTLY AVD STEAPILY LABORING TO EVFRCT A SETTLEMENT ITOtt THAT DASH, 1 1C(I but re- ' presenting the policy of my own (inrernmetil, ' AND 1-AiritFCLLY 1'ltoMOTlSO THE MTEMIOXSJ ' AND WISHES OF THE PRESIDENT." Munificent Uonntiou. Wc find the following lettor of Abbott Law rence, of Massachusetts, in tho Uoslon Atlas of tho Oth inst. Boston, Juno 7, 1817. Mv Dear Sjr : I have rnoro than once con versed with you upon the subject of establishing a school for tho purpose ol teaching tho practi cal sciences, in this city or neighborhood; and was gratified when I learned from you that the government of Harvard University had deter mined to establish such a school in Cambridge, and that a Professor had been appointed who is eminent in the science of Chemi-try, nnd who is to bo supported on tho foundation created by the munificence of tho late Count Rumford. For several years I have seen and felt tho pressing want in our community, (and in fact in the whole country,) of an incrcas-cd number nf men educated in tho practical sciences. Elo mentary education appears tu bo well provided fur in M:iA',rhl!SPtt. 'l'hnrn Is. hmv-ni-nr n .1. liciency in tho means for higher education iu 1 eertain branches of knowledge. For an early I ilnCTitimi ur li.ivt, mir m-lim-ild ntnl colleges. From thcuco the special schools of Theology, Law, Medicine and Surgery, receive young men destined to tliuo professions, and Ii I - i. .1. ... i iiiiii will, iiiiik li , I'liiiimeri!!! uiiTir .ni,ji,v meut, pass to tho counting hniiso or the nccau. But whore can we seud those who intend to de- vote themselves to the practical'annlicalioua of setence 1 How oducatu our Kimintw. nnr science ? How oducata 0111 ! Minors, .Machinists and .Much' 1 try abound iu men of action. ready to work upon our liar .Much imcs I Onr coun- Hard hands aro reailir in worK upon our Jiard materials , nn.l . where shall sagacious hcadlio taught to direct ; those hands ? Inventive men laboriously reinvent what hu been produced before. Ignorant men (Hit ugauisi me laws oi nature wim a vain enerirv and purchase their experience, ut great cost. Why should not all tliose start where ihVir nn. deccssors cuded, and not where they began 1 Education cau enable tliciu tu do to. Tlio ap plication of scionca to ttia u.elul arts has cliaug- il. in lliil last h;ilf ri,ntiiv. lli'. .....l?.tn.. 2j7 1 'e already, in tha United Suio. tiirou-'ii n o yin-a ......... m,hu UI"1

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