Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 18, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 18, 1847 Page 2
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BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 18, 1847. Where may learn what has wn done at other timei and in other entwines', an. may ac quire habits ol investigation and reflection, with an aptitude for observing and describing. I have thought tliat the three great practical brandies to which a scicntlc education Is to be applied amongst us. are, 1st, engineering', 2d. mining, in Its extended sense, Including metal; iurgy ; 3d, the invention nnd manufacture of machinery. These mut bo deemed kindred l....,.l.., tnttitirr frnm the ,3mn noitlt. tleUCnd ing in many repccton the same principles, and gradually diverging to their more special appli cations.' Mathematics, especially I" their ap plication to the construction of machinery ;and Chemistry, lire foundation of knowledge anil an all Important study for the mining Engineer, and tlie key to the processes bv which the ritdo ore becomes the tenacious anil ductile metal, geol- ogv, mineralogy, and the oilier sciences, inves- BURLINGTON, Vt. FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 18, 1847. " In TIIC DAItK AMD TROUBLED NIOItT THAT IS llrOS US, THERE IS NO STAR ABOVE THE HORIZON TOUIVE USA ULEAM OF LIOHT, EXCEPTING THE STELLIHF.NT, PATRIOTIC WllIO TARTV Or THE United States." Daniel Webster. u);ti iiiin.ii" . , " . . . . iirini il.o nmnortii's anil uses of materials employed in the arts, carpentry, masonry, archi tecture and drawing, arc all studies which should be pursued to a greater or less extent In one or all of these principal division. To establish such a school as I have endea vored to describe, in connection with the Univer sity, and under the care and general guidance of its Government, requires buildings w'lth suita ble Lecture Kooms and l'hilosophical Apparatus with models and nlans. and a place for their dc posit and safe keeping, together with a Cabinet, where every description of wood, ores, metals, ic. Slc. may be deposited for the use of the stu dents. Without the above appliances the Pro fessors would bo workmen without tools. The University has already appointed Mr. Horslord, Romford' Professor, w ho proposes to civo ins truction upon an enlarged plan in tlie science of Chemistry. I have olten liearci rrotcssor nors ford spoken of in terms of high commendation, and as in all respects competent to take charge of this important department of science, and to tiring out tlie mosi iitvorauie restnis, i no timnnv rendered nl home to Mr. Horsford's Ca naeitv has been very atrreable to me, and had satisfied me that tlie selection made bv the Gov nmcnt of the College was furtunato : but I have lately learned in addition to the lAtyi character given him by his friends here, that tlie great pmc n-ai cnem ai oi ineoge, iijieuig.; i.. his most unqualified testimony to tlie ability and fidelity or l'rotessor Horslord, wno was uie pupii of Baron Liebig for two years. I deem it of the highest importance, and in fact essential, that none but first rale men should oirmiir tho nmfessora' chairs in this school. Its success depends upon the character of the ins tructcrs. Tlicy should be men of comprehen sive vicws.nnd acknowledged talents, possessing industry and integrity, willi an enthusiastic de votion to the great iiiterests of science. They Iiould love their profession, and work in it day by day. Such teachers will soon gather around them a large number of pupils. To carry out this course of education in its practical branches, there should be tlie most thorough instruction in Engineering, Geology. Chemistry, Mineralogy, Natural Philosophy, and Natural History. Chemistry is proidcd for, and in the last two" branches, instruction might per haps be given by the present College Professors. In addition to these, it would be necessary to ob tain the services, at stated periods, of eminent men in the practical walks of life. The law School is taught by distinguished lawyers of the hiehest reputation. Tlie Medical School by distinguished physicians. Ill like manner, this School of Science should number among its teachers men who have practised and are prac tising the arts thev arc called to teach. Let theurv be proved bv practical results. To defray the expenditures, meins must be procured for the erection of suitalile buildings, (not including dwelling house-,) the purchase of apparatus, furniture, &c. etc., and provision must be made for the comfortable support of the professors and other teachers employed. For WHIG STATE CUXVEXTIOX. The Whigs ol Vermont are invited to meet in State Convention by delegates, at McvrrtUEB on Wednes day, tiis 7th dav or July next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., lor the purpose of nominating a ticket fur State officers, and taking all other lneasurcs.ucccssary, preparatory for the next election. HARRY BRADLEY, 1 ANDREW TRACY, E. P. WALTON, Ja., State SOLOMON FOOT, Central A. L. MINER, Committee. GEO. W. COLLAMER, KLIJAII CLEVELAND, June 3, 1847. cte of his party, and the admiration of the whole people, If he had, manfully and in obedience to the dictates of his knowledge and his conscience, stood up against and effectually resisted what he himself deems to bo the Texas Iniquity. But he neglected the golden moment when the tide or public favor was " at the flood" ho was not true to himself and his conviction of duty and the receding wave has washed him away, tarther than ever, from the great haven of Ins hopes the presidency. To oar Subscribers. this purpose, let the students be invited freely from all quarters, at a moderate charge for tui tion. Iet tlie numbers be only limited by the size of the lecture rooms, and 1 cannot entertain a doubt that a larce revenue would be derived from tuition fees. I would sueecst three nenna' nent Professors, viz ; One of Chemistry (al ready appointed,) one of bnginccnng, in its va rious branches, nnd one of Geoloey. Tlie sup port of the first is for the present time provided for. For the other two a moderate fund mtmt be obtained, as a nucleus of u farther sum which should be added to it, to make the capital equal to that of the It um ford Professorship. The pro fessors in this school should depend, to a consi derable extent, upon fees: it is the best guaranty to exertion and fidelity, and the permanent pros perity of the in-titntioit. I will therefore further suggest that each of the above professors shall receive, after all ordinary expenses shall have been paid, one half of the tuition fees, till they amount to a sum annually, not exceeding three thousand dollars, including their stated salaries ; and that the Government of tlie colleco tay such sums to other teachers, whether temporaty or permanent, as they may deem expedient, and that the other half of the said tuition fees bo re served and added to any fund that may be liere- after contributed to establish and found the two professorship before mentioned. I have now, my dear sir, given yon a brief and very imperfect sketch of such a school of science as I believe the condition of our exten sive and crowiiii! country require, and vnu will ask how the means arc to be obtained to carry out the plan, when we shall soon have an ap peal made to our liberality, as well as to the sense of our bet interests, to contribute a larire um of money for the purpose of finishing the astronomical department so auspiciously com mended in Cambridge. This department o science has already emraseil the public sympathy. and will, I doubt not, be taken upat an early day, and placed in an independent and useful million. I cherish a wish to see the observatory, the telescope, and every instrument required to prosecute the heavenly science, rcaay lor use and tio not imeuu to iinerii-re win. mo untni' the world has upon our community to accom nlish this trreat and important object. Nor do I mean to occupy tlie "round of another branch ol science that will. 1 suppose, at a future time nresent stroncr claims upon tlie public bounty i allude to Natural History, now in charge of that accomplished naturalist, Dr. Gray. I wish to see all these brandies of science prosecuted with vigor, and moving forward in perfect har mony at Cambridge. I therefore propose to offer, throuirh vou. for the acceptance of the President anif Fellows of Harvard College, the sum ol titty thousand dol lars, to be appropriated as I have indicated in the foregoing remarks. The buildings, I have supposed, without having made estimates, could be erected, including an extensive Laboratory, for about thirty thousand dollars. If so. there will remain the sum of twenty thousand dol lars , and I suggest, that whatever sum may re main, after the erection and furnishing of the hnildinL's. should form the basis of a fund, which. together with one-half of tlie tuition fees, till tlie mount shall vield the sum of three thousand dollars annually, shall be equally divided be tween the Professor or engineering and the Pro nt neolocv. and be made a permanent foundation for these Professorships. The object is, to place the three Professors in this School in the same pecuniary situations. I bed to sue. The next number of the Free Press will make the full complement of 62 that have been issued under the superintendence of the present editor, and he desires to take tlie occasion to express his cordial acknowledgments for the kind and generous support that tho paper has received, We close the year with a subscription list fifty per cent, larger than it was on the 1st of July, 184G, and may be permitted to say that this increase is not the result of tho solicitation of ourselves or of an agent for us a considera tion, we need hardly add, that materially height ens both our gratitude, and our sense of rcspon sibility to our patrons. But the purpose of this notice is not wholly to convey our acknowledg ments for past favors. We are deeply sensible to how great an extent we arc indebted for them to personal good-will on the part of very many of our subscribers, and how far short of their expectations we are likely to have come in the management of the Free Press. Wc, therefore, most gladly avail ourselves of the increased patronage that has been bestowed upon all the business departments of tho office, to testify our sense of indebtedness to our patrons by reducing our price, while wo shall steadily aim not to reduce the degrco of our endeavors in their behalf. For the coming year, the price of the Free Press will be : To village subscribers who pay in advance, 82, and, at tho end of the year, $2,50; to mail subscribers 81,50 in advance, and 82,00 ut the end of the year. A corres ponding reduction will of course be made to those who receive their papers at the office. Our arrangements for executing Job Wotk have been made at very considerable expense, and are such as to enable us to promise good work to those who may favor us with their business. A new and very perfect Rotary Press, the manufacture of Mr. Kneki.and, of Troy, N. Y., has been recently added to our other facilities, by means of which we are able to execute ordinary job work with mucii greater despatch, and in better style, than heretofore. In the gentlest form of suggestion, wo will only add, that an agent will shortly call upon those of our subscribers who are in arrears for the past twelvemonth, upon whom we allow ourselves to hope they will uso the "fork" Instead of the knife ! ITVVe have received a number of what is called a Phonotypic newspaper, entitled "Tho Anglo Sacsun," printed in an unknown tongue that appears as though it might he a cross be tween the Hebrew and the High Dutch, and that ought to be intolcrab1c,as it is unintelligible, 'to gods and men.' This nondescript paper is the appropriate organ and exemplar of a body call ing itself " tho N. Y. Phronographlc Society," and devoted to " the great and glorious " object ot so metamorphosing our good old Saxon lan guage that it cannot be distinguished I rum the pi in a printer s office ! These gentry ask us to print at least a column of "Resolutions,' adopted by their "Society," on tho assumption that the promulgation of their "nolcj," (as they write " knowledge ") will " directly and indi rectly benefit mankind''! When we conclude, Mr. Anelo Sacsun, to aid in a 'great and glori ous reform' that will render it necessary to translate Shaksteare and Burns before a man speaking English can read them, we will write and let you know. So don't agitate yourself in the ieaBt, hereafter, on our account. The chap that exhibited " rattil snaix for sick-spunts a site, spells a notch worse than you are up to yet, and hasn t done any damage to our mother tongue that we have heard of! So go ahead ith your " nolej !" Mr. Benedict's School. Wo give place with much pleasure to the fol lowing commendatory notice of Mr. J. T. Bene dicts proposed School. We judge, from tho initials, that the writer stands in such a relation to our Common Schools and tho Interests of Education, in our vicinity, sL Entitles his opin ions to peculiar consideration ; and are happy to unite with him in commending this School to public fo, and in expressing the hopo that it will ultimate bo seen to be, (as it assuredly is,) for tho common interest to nilopt it ns the basis of a " Public High School." Mr. Bene- dict is admirably qualified, both by his superior attainments and experience, to bo the Head of such an Institution of Learning, to be estab lished on a permanent foundation, and modeled, as " H. I. P.'v suggests, upon tlie thorough and successful plan that has been adopted in .Massa chusetts or, which would be preferable, upon the better features of the "time-honored'' schools of Eton and Westminster, in England. Every successful effort of this character, to elevate the degree of education to ho obtained In our pri mary schools, must exert a good influence on our Universities and Colleges. The superstruc ture goes up with the-Toundation. As long as education is practically commenced in college, it is idle to expect that it can be decently finished, or even greatly advanced, in the four years that are allotted to the collegiate course. Give us High Schools in the scnc intended by the wri ter below, for preparation, and you will give us young men capable of bearing " the heat and burden of tlie day " in a University to some purpose.. For the Free Press.) A NEW LAW DICTIONARY, or Jacobs Illustrated. By Godhiey Grant, attorney. A desperate chance. The Washington Union hopes Polk's Admi nistration may escape the universal execration that awaits it because, as it swears, the charges brought against it " are too extravagant and too monstrous to admit of any reasonable belief The Organ need nt hug tins comfort. Less than bO per cent, of the actual corruptions and wickednesses of this administration would lie enough, for all practical purposes. We never knew of a case where there was so little needi or so little room, for exaggeration. Major General Pillow Addison County. The Whigs nf Addison County held their Convention at Middlebury, on the 10th inst., and nominated WILLIAM NASH, and IRA STEWART as their candidates for State Senators. This ticket is an excellent one, and will command the hearty support of tho Whigs of that staunch Whiff County. Wo are glad to perceive that but one of the old Senators (Gen. Rich,) retires, The practice that so extensively prevails in our State of nominating an entirely new ticket eve ry two years, is one " more honored in the breach than in the observance ,' and wc hope to see it remedied by the retention of at least one senator who can bring experience, as well as judgment and ability, to tlie discharge of his responsible duties. Old Rutland, always " foremost in good works," set the example some years ago, of nominating each year, but one new Senator thus securing to herself, and the State, the unquestionable benefit of legisla tivu experience in ber representative, and creasing the dignity and the influence of the Senate. When this practice shall become uni versa), with both parties, its effect upon legis- lation will, in our judgment, be found to be moat salutary. Our readers will fin-J, on the first page, a feeble testimonial to the rare accomplishments of lhe Tennessee Attorncy-at-Ltw whom Mr. Polk, passing by our Wools, our Worths, and our Twiggs', has made a Major General in the Army of the United States! Major General Pillow! In Tennessee, while Polk was prac tising law "in defence of injured innocence," lie was associated in business with this same Coke-npon-Littlcton Major General, and the firm was ' Polk tfr Pillow." Now, like Saul and Jonathan, though translated to a higher sphere of action, these " Tennessee Attorneys are not divided. Polk is Commander-in-Chief, and Pillow is his Major General ! It is " Polk &. Pillow" yet. Polk sends Pillow to construct fortifications in an enemy's country; and be hold! trench and parapet arc constructed, as the blundering Mrs. Ooosoborry remarked, " oat- ide wrongvvards '." Tlie Xisi-Prius Brigadier makes a practical blunder in military science that would knock a respectablo Field Officer out of a cocked hat in double-quick time ! How ever, people only laugh and let it pass. In due ime, Esquiro Pillow finds himself at Ccrro Gordo, and in command of a Brigade. General Scott orders him to attack a position that he, Pillow, had previously thoroughly reconnoitered, and of whose strength and weakness he assumed to know. But, alas! the military Blackstone was again at fault ! Wliero he raid there was but one cannon to oppose him there turned out to be two, nnd where he discovered but two there were half-a-dozen! The "assault and battery" of the poor law-partner of Mr. Polk upon the Mexican redoubts did not go even the justifiable length of the " mvlliter manus im- posuit" of the books, and tho brave and gallant 'reiinessceans went down like leaves in autumn, before tlie murderous batteries of the foe ! Pil low, however, was safe in the rear. He found, soon after the fight began, as the simple Yankee did at Bunker Hill, that "the infarnal critters were shootin' bullets !" and not such " paper Ma. Benedict propose! to open a School in the vil lage of Burlington, on tli first of September, in which shall be thoroughly taught the elementary branches of an English education His wish is to establish a permanent school for Lats and Misses, that shall oc cupy a place now unoccipied by any school in the town. It is designed tt possess the character of an English High School, anl to be open to the public on the most liberal terms. It is felt by many that such a school is loudly called .'or in this town. Those ac quainted with the systen of public schools, as adapted to the more populous -owns of Massachusetts, will readily conceive what tie plan of this school is to be ; when informed that, as far as circumstances will ad mit, it is to be modeled after their upper schools ; not of an aristocratical but of a popular character. The hope is entertaned that niter Mr. Benedict has made a brief experiment on this plan, the citizens of the town wilt see it It be for the interest of our pub lic schools, and of the lown, to constitute this school, to all intents and purposes, a Public High School. We speak advisedly wien we say that Sir. Benedict has already earned a refutation in teaching in our vil lage which secures to tim the confidence of those ac quainted with him. W; know, from actual observa tion, that be is "apt to teach," methodical and thorough. We feel deeply lircrrsted in the experiment, from the influence it is calcctatrd to havs, with the public favor, to elevate alt our public schools, and infuse into them a commendable spirit of emulation. e solicit early am earnest attention to this mat ter, on the behalf of al concerned : and would request those out of the villae, and in all parts of the town, to send in their sons and daughters, from twelve to eighteen years old, a id upward, and make trial of Mr. B.'s expertness as a teacher ; and when the town is next convened for the transaction of public business, be prepared to say whether they will establish, for the whole town, to be supported from the public fund, one school ofthis higher order. II. I. P. The War. Since our last no news of special interest has been received from the theatre nf the existing odious and abominable and tndcfeusiblo war. General Twiggs entered Puebla on the 21)th of May, with his division, and Gen. Scott, at the latest dates, had left Jala pa for the same city, at the head of 6000 troops. It was sup posed that ho would immediately advance upon Mexico with his present force. Ol Gen. Tavlob, the same old story has to be repeated : The Telegraphic Report of the N, Y. paper says: "a speedy movement by Gen, laylor on fcan Luis was spoken of and daily ex nected." ' t rom the City of Mexico tho news is of an interesting character. Santa Anna has signed tlie Presidency, " in consequence of op position to his views of the defence of tho capi tal and defamatory articles in the public prints, It was believed that Ins resignation would be ac ccpted and Ilerrera nominated." Hcrrera, our readers will recollect, is the President whom Mr. Polk superceded by tho appointment of San ta Anna so it seems that Polk's military ap pointments in Mexico are no more satisfactory than they are in other countries nearer home. Should Hcrrera be elected, wc confeey we shall regard it as tlie best omen of peace that we liav Breach or close a personal grievance for which the usual remedy is by action on the case, in order to close the breach. If this process fail, the party will be compelled to resort to a new suit. Legal costs are, in general, " rather expenivc" a wholesome provision for the State since there can be no doubt if that prime luxury, the law, were made " dog-cheap," that every thing would " go to the dogs." But the expense of repairing breeches, espe cially in the " Empire Sinte where the point is now settled by precedent, is cuceedingly trivial. Vide Marey r. JPeoie. IV. 1'. Reports. Bxeacii of Promise of Marriage. Every breach of a lawful promise is an offence against the law, and an insult upon its dignity ; but tlie violation of a mar riage-promise is an " imminent deadly breach," and is alike odious to to the law and the ladies. What constitutes a promise of marriage isa junli'o tezata, which can only be" settled" by " walking up to the Captains office" (Hall of Justice) ; but it may be set down as a general rule that half-a-dozen visits from "a promising young man " to a young lady " ol large expectations," amount to an engagement to marry; or at least as the learned Chief Justice Dogberry hath it" will go nigh to be thought so." Indeed, " young ladies" of advanced age, and diminished prospects, to whom a visit from a single gentleman is in the nature of a providential visiiation have been known to insist on the third or fourth call as equivalent to a promise ; and in one case (nuony mous) a trifling gilt was held to have the same import A gentleman having presented a lady with a neatly printed copy of" Baxter's Saint's Rest," received in return not long after, by the hand of an official go- between, a manuscript-copy of" Law's Serious Call curiously inscribed in legal hieroglyphics. Whatconsiitutesa breach ot Marriage contract is a matter of easy illustration thus: if a gentleman in tentionally or otherwise .give to a lady a promise of the " breeches," and fail therein, it is a breach of prom ise. Actions for breach of marriage contract have nota bly increased in frequency since it has been discovered by " the doctors " that heart-aches, like head-aches, may be cured by " drafts" and " shin-plasters." Briee " a written statement of a clients case." It is called " brief" from ' brtsis "by the rule " lueut anon lucendo" on account of the extreme tedious- ness and prolixity w hich usually characterizes this kind I ofdocument. Burglary breaking and entering another's dwell-' ing house, store or the like, in the night time, with a felonious intent. Burglary being a deed of darkness and violence seems very properly restricted to the black do main of 2ox. In the matter of "entering" and breaking thing's " (points which are indispensible the commission of this offence) the famous case of the bull ill a china-shop, appears to have been" flat

burglary." Buu.dinos. By the law regulating buildings in London and Westminster, the form, materials and foundation are minutely prescribed. And analogous regulations are said to exist in all the Continental towns, except those ol " Spain where it is proverbi al that one may, " build castles " ol any form tlie im- ginalion may suggest, and without any foundation whatever. Buttons. By Stat. 10. W. 3. r.2., no person shall make, sell, or set-on any buttons made of wood only. under a penalty of 40 shillings. This statute which was repealed soon after it was enacted, is of no conse quence except as showing that the British Parliament, in all its majesty, is not " above buttons" ; and as be ing in conflict with a well-known maxim of the civil law ; de minimis lex nan curat which means that the law can't attend to little things," such as pins and buttons Canon an ordinance of the church a term which should be distinguished from cannon, which is a very linlficcnt public nnd private donalions, sec ur Ing to himself the glorious reputation of a Bene factor of his fellow-men. Tho latest of tho many noble contributions of this clear-headed and high-minded Now Eng ender to tho public welfare and improvement, will be found recorded in our columns to day. Wo refer our readers to tho letter on our first '0. in which Mr. I.amt.ence makes known the motives and the purposes with which he bo stows Fifty-thousand dollaus upon Harvard University. They will find, in the letter, abun dant cause to admire tho elevated patriotism that knows so well how to direct the generous impulses rf tho heart. The Ogdcnsbnrgh Hond. Thomas II, flenton. For the Free Press. Mil. Clarke : In my last communication I referred nnrtinilnrlv to some of the more important errors of Mr. Hayward when he decided upon a rouic so iar 10 the north. Leaving that route lor tlie present out oi the nueslioii. it is proposed to speak of another, which, in the oninion ol some, is far more desirable, and which, ir investigated Impartially, will be found to harmonize much better with public interest, however much it may seem to clash with the local or individ ual interests. It is too often the case in the construc tion of any public work of this kind, that the local and private interest of some small section, or of certain individuals, has more than its proportion of influence, to tlie detriment of the common interests of the com munity. It will not be our object to meddle in the petty strifes that have arisen, or may arise, between the villages upon Lake Chainplain, which are quarrel ling for the terminus of the rwad : for the interests of Port Kent, Pittsburgh or Rouse's Point arc of but lit tie importance to the public. It is now some yean since this rail-road lias been before the public. It has been discussed in every form, and every thing has been obtained which seemed necessary to set le the question, except actual inforiliation in regard to the geography and resources of the country. It is aston ishing to see how little is known by most upon these points j and this not only by people in general, but by the engineers w ho have been sent out to explore these routes. They have in most cases been sent on to the ground from abroad, and been forced to collect infor mation from those who know little or nothing of the country they w Mi to explore. An engineer, before he can decide wn the location of this road, mut be well acquainted wilh lhe gpneral features of the coun try j then by his explorations he can make himself familiar with all the particular features requisite to set tle the point of feasibility. So Iar as I can learn, I nm not aware that a single engineer, who lias been em- slope of CO feet per mile, nnd on Its western slope they exceed 7S feet per mile. It seems then from this Inst survey that a road may be run through with grndes not exceeding 50 feet pr mile. This will be as short as any other route sur veyed, and very lunch shorter than the one proposed by Mr. Hayward; it will reach the interior without any side cuts j it avoids all the contingencies that may arise from running so near foreign territory j it will not interrupt by a bridge one of the most important lines of navigation in the United States- Sonic of the same arguments hold against its terminating at Plaits burgh, wilh this additional one, thot there will b--double the ditance to ferry when compared with i-r, Kent os the terminus of the road. There is aiir'.'e , consideration in favor of fixing upon n point a- f.i south ns Port Kent o the tcrminu, which lies ii il lact, that between this place ond Burlington tin- Is,;, is open much longer than between any other plac Iaking all these things into consideration, .i. many more which might be mentioned, it would rlX that sound policy dictates to the company which . to build this rail-road, to make explorations njinh,, route sutlicient to thoroughly test its feosibility ,t is to be hoped, too, that the gentleman, who nine tho last survey of the most difficult portion, will give he results in full of his survey to the public. 'IV re is bin little doubt that were this done, and the fac- lai ' be fore the Directors, it would be decisive in c-suibli-lim t the route oi the rail. road. ' Melancholy Accident. Drowned. In Colchester, on the l'-Jth inst., Robert William, son of Robert and Iluldah Scott, of Bur- liugtuu, aged 3 years. Tlie circumstances were these. On the Hth, after school, Robert went to his grand- lather's in Colchester, a distance of 7 miles. Early on the morning of the lSth he accompanied his grand father and his cousin Edgar, where they wcut to mend the bridge, about a dozen rods from the wiuse. Robert was in high spirits, this being ids birthday. He say's to his cousin, " Edgar, whot a fine time wo have lo day." These were his last words. v hilo at play he fell from a slick on the upper side of tho bridge. He was not observed at the moment of "ai ling, nor indeed was he seen afterwards, tlie water was so muddy. Tlie first indication was given by a plali and gurgling in the water. Assistance was ob mined in a very few minutes and every effut made for his rescue. The body was found 4 hours ofter tho accident, alraut two rods below the bridge m a depth of C or 7 feet of water. What seems peculiarly "provi dential in this case is the coincidence of the lime of his death with that of his birth, both being the samo hour. Com. When the brave ond rnllant Cant. Wnlker. who was hi, uiitu!i!! ieu ill the .Mexican battles, was on a viit to Washington city revtral months ogo, Daniel vv ettster asked hiui, Well, captain, when do you think ue. shall have iiesee l" To which Walker re- ployed to explore this region, has ever extended his j plied, " JuAtichtn you trhigs learn to act like men. exnlnralions thrnuffli the interior In h, ,.A,i"a'mriyurlcouniry. ,L.7C0J0C0papers. . I t. : . f a 1. Ml! si a.. there lie found. II a digression like Mr. Hayward's is I ins amusing to see now wining ""' tolerated, ond that out of the country which il is organs arc to convict " the bravo nnd gallant wished to have traversed, why would it not be the Capt. Walker," of blackguardism in order, to in port of wisdom to moke further invesiigation in this dul,re their haired of Daniel Webster! There i unexplored region, and see if by any possibility, by curving as far lo the south as he did to the north, the road could not be made to penetrate the centre of the State, and thus open from a state of nature a region rich in treasures of timber and iron I It has been the general impression that the whole surface of Northern New i ork , south of the route sur veyed by Mr. Hayward, is broken by ranges of moun tains which render the construction of a or canal impossible. So far is this from being tlie case that no mountains of any magnitude are found north of a line Jrawn from Oswego on Lake Ontario to Port Kent on Lake Chainplain. The whole interior of the State consists of a table-land, which is from 1000 to 1MK) feet above the lakes, and which contains the greatest amount of its natural resources. The descent from this to the west, north and cast into the valley of the St. Lawrence ond Chaniplain is very moderate not the least possible likelihood that Captain Walker ever said nny such thing. If he did ht is even a disgrace to James A. rotk. onxi iCalcnimr. Windsor Cou.vtv. Supreme Court, .March 18 17. Reported (or the Free Press. Dowser & Washburn r. Dan i S Sorrow. Debt on Jail bond Pica, non eU factum, and no tit e that Da na, v.ho was principal in the bond, did not trans cres thpjail litnitst, nmi did no net, by which the hrr ill was damnified, and that he was admitted to Ok poor Uebtorsi'atn. iy uiesiaime oi i ty was mane uie tuny oicoan ty courts tuftetoutjnil )ards, so that none tlioold rx ccet) four square milen. In 1313 the county court in um ii nv "null , nnc i.uj.i us com im lira, thori7t'tl a committee to lay ont ..-rem kind oi ordnance. 1 lie lortiier constitutes the . r..,i , H, nu.r. .liiTirntt A rpmnrknMr prime rule of Bishops and the inferior clergy. The valley extends ruite over tlie State from the mouth of IflfttTia th ii If .... ... . .1 .. 1 ' . ... in ium oyuiuv .1.. a Snl.l -r lo Mack lliir. terming, ihrouli olking,. Aviolatiunoftheformeris punisli-d with ,mt 10le exient. the loei IrnrpKsi.m fnr n rail cciesiasncai censure ; but a breacli ol tlie latter is us- i r,,i ; ,1,., ,!rrt!f,ii ThU n.ll..i-,n K- n.. I-- uany luuoweu ay me most pnintui corporeal uisooiu lies such as the loss of a let or an arm. lail van). .9 thev and uniform, when token oloiig the course of any of its shuuld think proper, not to exceed lour t.fKite mile, streams. When approached upon courses at riKht The committee made a report, . with a plan, which wap angles to the streams, the grades of a rail-road will be The Ogdcnsburgh Itnilrond. Our readers will find in our columns to dav another communication from our intelligent cor respondent, " ", respecting tlie e.xtraordi. nary location ol the line of this Road. Wo in sert it in exclusion of certain observations that we had proposed to make, editorially, on the came topic. favorable for a road on this account than for its uni formity of direction ond lis central pu-ilioii. This, therefore, may be looked upon as the natural passage through the country, and the only one which will reach the almost uiiliounded natural products of the interior. This, too, w ill len satisfy both public ond private interest, for the way business ot tlie road will made by a surveyor under their direction. To this was appended a paper, signed by the surveyor, pvrr IMirtiii to le certain nlteratii ns Irom the survey, aa lirsl made, and including the Douglass house, so call ed, and a small souarc piece ot ground, on wuiUi dint Ibium: sIihhI, ond excluding about ill, fwime- amount from the other side, ns first urveed. The county court accepted lhe reor!, os first mode; "un til June Term next." Xofartheraction wasc-ver had upon the subject. It was conceded by live deteiKhuL, that no oilier record existed, or can be shown to have everexited. It was sliuwn that Dana, whilein com mitment, went to the Douglass house. 'Hie defend ants otlered to prove, lhat the additional piecr had. rv er since mrburtry, oeiug nuout lllirty Veors, been regarded in lhe vicinity as wiilun the jail liuiiu, and hiui iiijiici uau ueeii occusiuuiru lo go lucre. 1 Ills wns auiiuiieu oy inc coiiuiy court, i tie county court i. ., i. ;.,..,.,t.l ui.ii, ,l,., ,, ,,,,,,,, ,,r uunimcii oy uie county court. i" ' 'Mt"- . charced the lurv. that, it the sminre i; l.a.l through business will be secured, and in addition a acquiesced in tor thirty years, etc. it would be rr gar- large tract ol tcrtilc land orougnt into market tor agn- as wiiuui me iinius. cultural purposes. On lhe trial lhe plaintilT gave in evidence the dep- ' 1 ' 1 nsitlnn ofnne Ifiitler. nnd th. .IC.n.ln. r 1 ... , ... . . , i.l -- - --- , . ..v .iuuiii viit-iru lit It is plain that this interior portion mu-t be rendered prove, as impeaching tcsnmony,.the declarations of accessible to the roil-road in some way, either by ivnuer, mcoiiM.ient Willi Ins deposition. Ttiedepoiii- ...... ...r.., ...... Ui m(- ueieuuanis . uni mil ntttmt thH InLiiK. 'I I... ... I.l... -.-..- , ......I. .. ,,i, c,r,i,r .,. i. .i . .i:. " "i . - ;r.i .. ;r vuv", t . , , , ,. ll 11 UUIUU P..IUV l...l .......V. ...V truu... u,... , U ,UU l Ol jClll.-U IU UV UK pamtUlS. Vl'MlC! BIlJ heretofore been deemed impracticable), which . , of lht. ula.k Ki ur judgment lor the defendants, fcxeeptiona by S t'lan,- penetratea the great business region of Northern in ogdensborgh to pursue a course considerobly ,m.pi, r,,,, , ... . . I i .i.i ...ii . : .... i . i .... v . , miu, mat ine acrep- It will ha seen that nur rnrresnnndont olludi-s I ..... , . i- . i . : . i t .. to a recent Survey of the direct line, (which had ' s""".nS "" .-.. r, ., u a, o New York, and a Railroad upon which would J ,0 ,he souih until the volley is tapped at someodvaii. ta lice by the 'court of the report' by the conurmire be wholly independent, as a profitable invest-, tageous point upon the summit where it will intersect could have no ellect, ar to establishing the limits, De ment, of the numerous and probable contingen cies that might occur to render a line of road depending exclusively upon the " through busi ness," almost" a dead letter and a sealed book." ; : . . , i , .i.i. fairiiiRr. I ibl uio jniw ,.,.. ..... 1L..JL. k tfovntPd tn the aennisition. illustration and dianemlnation of tho practical tciencea, for ever The dotails, however, and conditions of thia j '.I Im hereafter arranccd between the corporation and mpel . I now leave the whole subject In the hands of the gent lemcn composing the Corporation, in the hope and fa h ....Ik. -Tan mav ha adontcd. and executed with m much expedition as may be consistent with Monorny , nd that it may prove to he honorable to the University, and uselul to we uouniry. I pray you, dear Bir, to believe I remain, r ' ' m faithfu v. vour friend. firmed) ABBOTT LAWRENCE Turor of Harvard College We hope those anxious Locofocos who dis quiet themselves fo frequently about Mr. Clay's alleged propensity to write letters," will ho so good as to take notice of the extreme fertility in such matters of Mr. Benton. If that distin guished egotist happens to be nominated for tlie Presidency at at a Barn-raising, or a School Meeting, he is forthwith aejzcd with " oratorio pangs," and a letter to his respectable and re- pected friends who have been engaged in the penny-a-line" transaction, is the inevitable consequence. Uregon and texaa are ins pecu ar children, according to his averment, and very body who has gone counter tn his sugges. lions in reference to the proper method of ac quiring both, Is, la his mature judgment, as much of an" ass" as the unfortunate and deiu. ded Mr. Bumble, the Parish Beadle, pronounc. ed " the law" to be The simple truth is that Mr. Benton's posi tion does not at all correspond with his intcn lions, as was said of a creater man. lie had it it in his power alone to arrest the unconstitu tional annexation of Texas and he himself holds it so and to avert tlie odious and aboinina ble war that now afflicts the country. He ha always maintained, and does now, that tho Rio tirande was not the western boundary of Texas, and that tlie claim of Texaa to that limit were only paper claims, airy and unsubstantial as a dream. It Is altogether loo late for him, now, when the mischief that he might hart averted is done, to attempt to set himself upon anti-slavC' ry capita). He is a " used-up man " because he bad not stamina enough to avail himself of hit opportunities. He might al this very mo ment, hiv bven the undisputed Wader and ora vet seen. Hn a known In lu. at tl, 1 1 nrl L.H.!.1' . I,. ,i i.;. ...i c. . I-.. . . "" " ..- " ..O .... . m(.0 party j,, McXjCOi mVB mcrud iweive onest juron, .,. iee, out right- tll0 War, j tle commencement, if our Dipl. u urn-.......-, ..,.. . u..u copper malic Agent, Mr. Slidell, had consented to be anu teauen oui.ets, mai m.gnr, cnance to spoil receive.! in Af.vler. . . r:, :... : . , ,f. .... , . w v.,r.i(ft(anrirr. iusit"U , MW,C. . "i .use ma case, or insisting on tho u.V.i tu of a full (fooll) Min So Pillow (what delightful visions of a " home istcr. U ' 1 " bivouac" on the sunny bido of the "old familiar" T'ie kta'e of things in New Mexico (Santa the very name siicecst to the 'e) '8 lo lhe last degree deplorable and disgrace. " war-broken soldier ! ) so Pillow, not knowing "" 10 " American Name. A complete state of how to countermarch, " backed out !" Oh, most I anarchy and ' confusion worse confounded " ap. iii'guiy uuu iu.iyimii.riii iuajor ucnerii t niow : i ! caii ..ere, unuer me reign of Colonel Polk is a fool to you, and you are a fool to every j I'rice. All lhe promises and guarantees con- body else. tamed in ben. Kearney's Proclamation of An- Reader, we beseech you to look on the outer I ncxation are utterly disregarded and violated, natre. and see what the rjallant Tennesseeans ami murder. Kiot. Illonl.hnd r:n.i.u.,.. ... i say of Major General Pillow, tho successor of Vice in every other Infamous shape, attend the Major Uencral JJenton. supremacy of the Ammicas Arms and Laws (!) In banta r e ! The accounts arc well calculated arc well calculated " Reports from all quarters show that the to sicken the heart of averv true natrint ,.d in ..- .r. i' . .i-: rn.. iMrxicuni prrirr inr ruirr. lu iwir uu-i,. uur eld him lir.1.1 I il.. JnAu.D n- .: . . ( . . . n . " . in mo umwai VAVI.I.UUU (1.. e ' . I miserable Mtlfl ftantar.llw War. .ml tta niitlm If our amiable and sweet-temnered friend I meant that the Mexicans prefer Santa Anna, "J lne m" National Intelligencer contains ti. u .,.!.. il.t il...m u,. hnrw hJ very lonB but very Powerful and clowins ar- will say so. If that is 110 what he meant, we . ""ew1B "ie course ot tlie Administration meekly suggest that the assertion can hardly be !" re","n tho War. We shall give it entire said to b precisely in accordance with all the m "f next ' number, and we now take facts. Wo believe "the Mexicans" showed ULt"'"o 10 ucspeak for it the most earnest at their preferencs for the American "ruler" of le'"-n 01 every reader of tho reo Press. It is New Hex to ( Gov. Bent 1 not one ainee. bv "T1"0 n sound patriotism, truo wisdom, and - I 1 .ii . rtuaiiinaliiitf him and some 20 others ! innisputaDie lacts, and Is eminently worthy the ti. u u ,t nntvpr .nit almnit cmracter of tho able, calm, uicnincu " " " I ' " .-J ...:..!. . . . . .. edited to death. CouU'nt tho Genius who ma- ""u l'"m journal in whose columns 11 ap- naccs tho prophetical department tell us a little l1""' "" w,'osa high reputation is deservedly more about tlie way them Indians receded De fore their own ancestors ? the route of the contemplated rail-ruad and slack-wa. ter navigation from the mouth ol Moo-h- ltiverto l,a! Chainplain at Tort Kent. 1 he necessity ol cutvinj to the south to form this junction instead of followinj . . .1 . t 11:. ... ... .1. . r 1 t .1 . 1 aown me ci. i-iawrciiic urn-i iu me iinn i'i i,.ih.e III behalf of tlie great public interest concerned Chainplain, will be seen without argument. A'-um- in the judicious location of this road, we would ins, then, in the first place, (a seems to have hern ask for a raiiicaion of the Report of that stir-' d'"1"1) ,h,it Oidensburgh is to be the western terminus, vey, which, we understand, was conducted ' onl' ,"e"ssa,r' w a"" ,,lw ia" .spoken of , , ,, . , . , belore. To do this, the old route can Ik billowed lo under the able superintendence of Professor ,,olB,,mi ,romwhich take 1. southeasterly direction Benedict. If Boston is inclined to depart from u.,.. .1,- nn!, r,,i, rni.. n. r,nnr..iv her hitherto sound and successful policy in such eyed, bat nearer to the latter, and enier the valley of matters, and construct a Railroad for through ' Saranac at or near Union Foils, thence cro.s the business alone, in the face of all experience of somewhat elevated land 10 the Forks of the Au Sable, the unprofitableness of such roads, let it bo ' ""d fow '' river lo Lake Chainplain. This, with . i , .1 . .. . , . 1 t some variation, corresponds with the south route as made known that it is not because nhe is driven . , L.k.v, r i- t.r-1 into such a course by the want of a better ' banJonri 01l nm,UIU 0file high grades encountered ROUTE. un(m that noition ol it Ivine between the Saranac and Au Salle Rivers. The grode of nearly 100 feet per mile, which Mr. Casey found in attaining his summit between those streams, was a formidable obstacle, and of course at the time decided the impracticability of that route. This route at that tiine, was acknowledged to have a impugn the patriotism, of such men as Abbott 1 decided sdvantoge over all others in ever)1 thing but They have certain parrot-liko Her-1 j'8 B"' J1"8 ou!;' without doubt have eotype phrases, such Abbott Lawrence. It is the fashion with the small-fry of Iico- focoism, the anti-education " democratic" Chip manv of the press, to assail tho character, and New York Judicial Election co-extensive wilh tho civilized world. What a contrast does the organ of the American People tno INational Intelligencer present to tho or. gau 01 the Administration, the Union in all I those Qualities nf Ilia Intnltpet .nil Ihfl llpflrt This election has resulted, we believe, In the which render the Press the verv safeguard of choice of the " democratic" nominees for the Liberty, In tho dignity and moderation of its High Court of Appeals or, as tlie small Loco-1 tone, in the elevation and purity of its love of foco papers ay, "in a democratic triumph country, and in its influence and respectability Tba vote waa quite small, " the masses" not ap- at home and abroad I The abject servility to pariug to be duly sensible of tlie immense pri-1 Power, and the toadyism, f tlie one, are as vilags, given them by the New Constitution, of I marked characteristics, as are the independence ahoosinc tusir own Judges, ou "uo maimncis 01 tnc other, parrot as " tho Lords of the Loom," the purse-proud Manufacturers," " tho Manufacturing Aristocracy," &c., that they are much in the custom of using, about tho time of an annual or a Presidential election, with tho design and tho expectation or exciting prejudice and ill-Wood especially .gainst those whose business energy and enterprise have met the true republican reward of success. l'erhaps no man has been mn ih. this species ol izuerrlha att.eV n.. .1.- j, gtilshed, intelligent, liberal-minded and liberal hearted gentleman whose name stands at the nead 01 mis article. Locofocoi.m in Vfrwom-, particularly, has rung the chances on tho slant? wc nave quoica aoove, with peculiar bitterness and venom, and vented its feeble spite against Mr. Lawrexce, for no reason that it could cither imagine or assign, than that he is an eminently successful Merchant and Manu fscturcr, and a Wliio, Mr. Lawkexce, never theless, heedless of Uie small malice of these seven-by-nino calumniators, (whose minds are scarcely up to the task of distinguishing be tween honest accumulation and stealing,) has gone on in what he believed to bo the path of honor and duty,llluatrating and enforcing, by his pen and tongue.the practical excellence of Whig principle, and by hit well-directed, timely, and been decided upon had il not been for these grades. Without stopping to call 111 question .Mr. Casey's co pa bilily to detect the features of a region, wbetl er suita ble or not for the construction of a rail. road, we will only remark, that when lhat survey ves made, there were persons residing m that section ution whose judgment we could rely, who were not satisfied with the hurried manner in which it was prosecuted over that important, but difhcult tiortion of lhe route. 1 li objections of those gentlemen were treoled with but little respect, and the fale of that route w as considered as settled. These remarks are not made to depreciate Mr- r.B-v'a rhsrnrlrr B ml elldliecr, for Iroin any h;m m. 10 r.mimrv. he .lauds high in his profession. Msny circumstance, might have rendered il necessary to go over that section 11. me nia...iv. ire did. that survey several attempts have lieen made to explore again that portion ol the route where these high grades occurred, but nothing decisive was done till last May, when a new survey wua made, os I un demand, by a gentleman Irom your village, 1 hav e learned from good authority that he found by a slight deviation from Air. Casey a line a much mure favora ble route for a road. Tlie summit w as found 2H0 feet lower than Mr. Casey's, which reduced his grades of about 91 feet per mile to within 50 leet per mile, 1 grade that is practicable for doing an immense busi nesa. A grade no higher than this should form 110 olwiacle when the advantages lo lie secured are so great. Some of the most important rail-roads in the country have grades higher than this. The Western Rail-lload, in Msssachusetts, notwiihstsndine the mount of busincs il dots, has ;radcs upon in eaMctn LMm uie tueii nrx. June term, hut ti, ......t.. court correctly assumed, lhat a jail yord tit taelo might cxim, w Inch should hav c oil lhe incidents ot a jail yanl established by statute : lhat it has been seltted, lhat usuage will dispenw with the necessity oi provinetUe la mi' out of a school district , so with highways, as to the duty ol towns to repair them ; lhat private rights ot way and tub s toland may be acquired by oc cupolion, wiihoul deed; that 11 is .upon the some principle, thai the appointment uf oiiicers and lhe -islenc e ot corporations, towns, counties and nates u. ptcMiiusd, and national governments ore recognised .isexi'-tiiigiOarf?, although it may be shown, that there are none such de jure ; lhat the true principle is, that the nresumotiitii it law i .ni. .... - .1... lhe concession will not overthrow the presumption ; but thai, 111 this cose, the court would not say what leriod, short of thirty years, would lay the foundotioi. The court also held, thot the general rule, that im peaching evidence cannot be received, unless prece ded by inierrogoloiics to the witness, has never been app ied lo depositions, ond should not be; tliai the ev tdence os to the declarations of the deponent, Kulte r wascorrertly received j and lhat it would have made no diirercnce, il lhe deleudanishad attended at the ta king of lhe deposition, Judgment affirmed. ySooDBiav ri. l'lRKiK. Trover for oien. The plaintiff claimed title to the oien by virtue of a sole on execution, by himself, as deputy sheritf; at Which sale he was the highest bidder. 1. i.,i,i ., ,v debtor turned out theprowrly, to be sold upon the execution, ond that he was present at the sale, and that tlie planum had since paid the full amount of the execution to the execution creditor. The-dt fendant uttered no evulermr. 'I'lu. rftnn.v rat. mslmil judgment lor the dficndani, Kxceptions by pUmliff. -rguineni oy j. itantu snu J. Lonrersc lor plain till, and by A. 1. Ilunton for defendant. The Court. Vtr Itouc, J., held, that an execution does not, ol itself, ruiiower lhe officer lev) ing it )a make sale ol lhe property to himselt j that, if uch B sale is relied um, ll should apiear to have been at 1 ... .... mvivii j aim iiia. it is not 111 the power ufa sheriff, 111 uch case a. it would ! ot o private agent, to acquire even a'drfe. s.ble title to the property. ueiea- Ik mvis v. Maav l-ATRtDGE , Adm'x. In this ; the court. Per Kllluki I L.1.1 ... . ." iron, lhe e's.a.e for tl ei ,ah, enince ,n.''T'nr' their situation in life, i.iu. e J?n K siruclion. and that an admin iirati? , n 1 . lowed,, in the settlement if l eVaVcln. LV U - made for the college exiH-nse. ,u . P'n'M for payment, lo, brUdcTe X and ,".k:. 1" into cloihe., for ,ch so , o?fp T.1" ,hc ame academical educati, 1, ""r.SL,h' " I"'"" cJ that the statute, cannot refer -,;.i lUa ons' "d lenses, on the rt of ,,, i,,u, f "f'i "ntracu. or ex himself fcr.ifh'e Ztt'o'lili " biU' tThe lilclimond Enonirer ed !-".t i'r Adnuuistratioi, ?n Virginia editors air m last hch bT oYllveMXiate"0" Jm wVrCadiE:;-? w m influence upon lhe Yindom i..:;;.. "..V. n immenso edited by the sons im, ascribe, lhe H.. v, . " ' """"on m Virginia 10 lhe AleV.v.- ..l.:. i- 1. ill iruim in Tilllel fciivsthat prominent l..r. f "?,Klc mon4 ought never lo immediately alier" .he elUKmJd inVir''' 71 jinioouceu mto tne canvaai w. Vi,.i, that, ere long, thev will com. .7.1? ' 'n. td conclude that it ought never to beeri 'tiuiic (A17UIK, senses ai introduced into .Mexico

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