Vol. XX. Whole No. 1043 BURLINGTON, FRIDAY MORNINC, JUNE 1847. NEW SERIES, No. Burlington Free Press, Published at Burlington, Vt., II y I. W. C. CI.AKKE, ii(or and Proprietor. Termtt r urn.. aMiarihr vvhn receive the nancr bv the carrier, . If paid In advance, ........ Se0 Mall subscribers and those who take it at the Olfiie, Invariably, 2,00 AnvEanscMCNrs inserted on the customary terms. t-'rnntvivn Funnm hath, the vounff Doct. had his writings translated into every lansuaBc in Kurope, and was banished for his nationality by the Kiiin of Prussia. He is now in England, ami nas wrnien t poem about Ireland, which is printed in the last How. ill's Journal. These arc sonic of the German's vcr ret : The landlord cares for ox and hound, Their worth a peasant's worth surpasses ! Instead ol'draiuiuii innrish ground Old Ireland's wild and drear morasses He tenics Ibe land a bogey fen, With sedge and useless moss grown over J He leaves itfor the waler-hcn, The rabbit, and the screaming plover. Yes, 'neath the curse oflleaven ! Of waste And wilderness four million acres ! Toyou, corrupt, outworn, debased, No wakening peals prove slumber-breakers! Oh, Irish land is landlord's land ! And llicrefurc by the wayside dreary The famished mothers wet-pins Mand, And beg for means their dead to bury. Kriii I she kneels ini stricken grief, Tali-, ngonued, with wild hiir Hying, And strewsthe shamrock's withered leaf Upon her children, dend and dying. She kneels beside the sea, the stream. And by her ancient hills' foundations Her. more than liyron's Home, beseems The title " Niobcof nations." JTarm. LETTERS ON THE WOOL TRADE. BY J. 1). NOTT, Esq., Staetary of the X. I'. 5. Asrieul. Society. To AVool-firowcrs--No. 3. Ar.rticULTUttAt, Rooms, ) Amiaxv, June 4, 1816. J. M. Siiekwood, E-q., President of the X. Y. S. Agricultural Sockty: Dear Sir From the facts and arguments of my last letter, it would seem certain that there must he creatcd.either by arrangement or by the force of circumstance, a set of men who will fulfill 111 this country the duties that are perform ed in England by the Wool Broker. Either the farmer alone, or in conjunction with the fnannfictiircrx, must appoint agents who sell exclusively on commission. Will such an agent fulfill all these requirements which I hac mentioned as necessary to success 1 I,et tis examine the point according to the immutable searching laws of business. Such an agent must he responsible to the manufacturer for the character of the wool he rolls him, and of course ho will be compelled to know the exact condition of every fleece that comes into his warehouse, and at once point out tn the farmer its excellences and its defects. So far then the scheme works. The manufac turer is sure of the condition ol the wool, and the farmer rewarded for his care. Will ho be rewarded for his skill ? Unless fleeces arts sor ted it cannot ho done ; if sorted with skill and judgment, it can. No ono is fool enough to believe that althontrli a manufacturer may be satisfied that the condition of the wool is all right, and can al-o see with his own eyes that very fleece in the lot offered him by the agent has the very quality or fineness, length ot sta tile, and strength of fibre that he requires, that lie will, nevertheless, pay no more lor such a lot than for one of which he knows either 110th ing, or knows that it will not suit Ins manufac tory. It is useless to wate words to show, that from the very circumstances enumerated, that smy.tlnt all manufacturers will pay, under these circumstances, a fair discriminating price. Allowing that manufacturers arc sharp and tel full, they are not fools and mad men. I am allowed to state, that a factory of high character and large capital, have resolved no longer to buy wool unless it is presented to them exac tly under tho circumstances I have mention ed, for they havo been compelled fur a long pe riod to manufacture a kind of wool they do not want, to their great injury, with machinery that is tilted tor superior wuul. out they had accu inulateu under tUe ola si-stem a larire stock ol 111 ferior wool, and it had Ui be got rid of. I feel uite sure, if ray inquiries were further extend ed, I would be able to state the same facts of a good many others.- It is very certain.tbat without a free and frank intercourse between theugeiitanil the mmul itC- I fci Hirer, no son The agent n ter wants, and under ever so many numbers, unless lm knows how Ins numbers run among the sorts of the wool stapler, Ins sorting will do but little good, I lip f.,et la til., acttm.. ...... .1. .....11 I... cause it is for the interest of both tho farmer and 1 . iiiiin V.I.-U, iiu- ino mani.i.iciurer cordially to co-operate. Hot li-lll tlin mnnnliii- urn. 1.1.1 n lnA- '.""'," - course w - in li e agent Ol uie tanner I Will lie do any thing that is for his own interesM It is aosiird to answer the question. Will the farmer receive prompt pay 7 In one cense, which I will explain by and by, I hope iiot ; in another sense, I answer, not only as prompt, but far more prompt than under the old ystem. To a small extent lama wool grower my self, and unfortunately a very needy one. I am eiror puzzled to know what to do with my wool. . , - ---.. hope deferred maketh he heart sick, and w hen lie did call, I have so d for whatever he chose to give. Afterwirds I found he had given a price that sustained his interest better, far bet- 'riflT-ji M.mtnM fnp IIia unl Hon ur In rail lint er, uiaii niuit.. 01 neeees can lie satisuctory. ' .rie.it inainiity, however, only accumulate sor- Norlolk, with his mission to Lalilornia announ- nst know what stylo of wool the. lat- r,m- ami ilisannmiitnimit ui 1,-ast siw-h I ih. cod from his quarter-deck ; and vet later, to the thouli he iinv arrange, his lleec.i-s 1 i,.:iiichnK- lestimonu of ilu eommnrri-il siaiU. 1 intention of the President to make war upon i then undertook to sell my ivool to the liber- hear the farmers complaining of the unfairness al wool merchant in Albany. .Sometimes it ar- and illiberality of the manufacturer ; can it be rived before the market was formed-of course explained, then, how it is that by some he is thee it bad U be warehoused; and however .1,1- deemed worthy of unlimited confidence, and by Sgcnt I might afterwards have been, I never I others complained of for his want or liberality I could find the right time to sell in order to se- Farmers will not like to be told they are not cure the highest market price ; and I am sorry competent to sell their own wool; il ls never to add, that when sold at last, warehouse char- thele.s the experience ot business men, that tin ges, and those et ccteras which aro appended to 1 less they aro constantly j the market thev had the account of sales, convinced me that I would far better consign their wool to sell to an ex have done better to have sold even before the rienccd and competent agent, than to under market price was formed. However it may take to bo their own'salesman. have been with others, I have never been able Yours, respectfully to count upon the same fair prices and prompt j, jj N'OTT. ,otr.. , r ... v.",,., ..at. .u, -u .u. it. for my other farm products. 'I'liu iv mtr ti'rvil ia ramhtml In m n annnt who charges mo one cent per pound commission ForsalebyTino. A. i'tcx, Apothecary dr entllnrr U'lilel, rnvura tl nyiinnum nvsnnl. " "v bl '"I . ...Ir.v of ono per cent each three months : ho at once vltatwf vnur nntlnnrn liv tin ntwnnl nrmitnont to show that I am a gainer. I will simply say to tlio fanner, that no argument is necessary to sh this point. VoJ are no better than the establi cotton grower, and that is precisely Ihe condi - 1 1 on uuuer which his cotton n uispuseu oi , nc Insurance, and for which I pay him !'ne-quarter.sSarMp,ri,a ,nd WiId Ch.rrv ,, gave me an advance oi two-thirds oi (ho value oi ine .listeria .iiniica, com of Uie wool, for which advance I nay him seven tlf.K,;nled.'"! Acenu, furnish per cent interest. Am I a gainer or loser fflffSSffl thn ni-horatiMii ? Nh 1 1 I urneC viuir limn nnilL. i i . i 'j.:. .:t.ti 1 t ' iuu i"viii.''.i " '-. j" -- niirj biiiiuhi I IlurMLTIIUl niP fVlllin AIIlt ships Ills cotton and draws tils bills against it lor two-thirds ol its vnluc. These arc the very terms under which the miimifacturcr that, buys your wool disposes of hit wares at tlio commission house lie employs. Nay it is the usage of the commercial world, settled by common experience, and therefore mnt in the end be confirmed by the experience of the farmer. I have stated my own ctse, snl wll'e I am writing an instance ha occurred almost under my eyo which equally illustrates the. position I have taken. A farmer sold his wool in a neighboring city latt year for thirty cents a pound. He hai this moment carried his wool to the samo place, clipped from the same sheep, and every way a lot of wool similar to the wool of last year. Ho has driven from one end of the street to the other and lias been offered only twenty-four cents per pound. Tho market Is not formed. What will he do ? he needs the money: must ha submit to the sacrifice, or had he not better do as I have done and employ a commission merchant 1 Will this sy'cin give to the farmer tho high est market price for his wool ? Does tho old one secure to the farmer the highest market price? Let the farmers of Western N. Y. who rcfu-cd thirty-fnnr cents for their wool, and af terward took thirty-one, or have their clip yet 0:1 hind, answer this question. 1 h market price of wool like that of any oth er commodity, is constantly varying. The far mer is the U-t man, speaking of them general Iv, to keep hiuiclt well advised of the fluctua ti ins ofthe wool market. But allowing that he does, i his position such and his" wool such a commodity that he can with promptness avail hiin-cll'of every favorable change in the mar ket 1 In ninetv-nine cases out of a hundred cer tainly not. But if his wool is lying in the ware house of a man who knows all about the fine- tu itions of the market, and who contributes his full quota of influence in fixing prices, and who is daily rcceivintr orders for wool : there it is in a positior. most favorable for receiving the full nt'iiciu 01 any suuuen impulse given to prices. I If fanners have been injured by the old system manufacturers have not always been "benefitted. I enquired the other day of a wool stapler when a certain factory would buy their wool ? The answer was " thev will lav in their stock when- ever tliov can buy it best f:.,;.i, i, i.:. ..... ry wise saie, a factory laid in two vcara' stock ' of wool, and by the shrewd operation lost 8-J5.-1 000. 1 presume they are not alone in their mis- I cry, for, as the wool market has been generally branch of industry was prosperous beyond ex , a recetlinu one. everv factory that has been I amnle: tho sails of our shins whitened every equally sharp liatt met with a similar rebuke. It 1 is, ineremre, to tlio mutual advantage or the farmer and manufacturer, that wool should re- main in first hands. The one, that lie may buy ' , The one, that lie may buv ' only as lie wants, tho other that lie may be lienelitcd by any increased demand. Neither the farmer nor the manufacturer lias any right to lay aside their legitimate business and become speculators. I do not mean that they have no moral right, hut that if they do so, they will violate laws which I am sorry to say many of them obev which 1 am sorry to say mani more rigidly than they do moral' 1 . . - .. . . - r laws, the laws of legitimate business, and yet it is done by until. 1 no one who uuys, not 10 supply the ac tual demand of his factory, but in obedience to principles of buying when he can buy best. x ui; oilier wnun no secKs noi merely lor lair nnu remunerating, but for exorbitant prices. In a small way it is a wise maxim, that ho who buys a thing not because ho wai.ts it, but because it is cheap, is apt to find in tho end that it is dear at any price. If it docs not apply to tho largo operations of men of business it must be very strange. At all events, both farmers and ma nufacturers may be assured that we live in times when it may be safely averred that he will thrive bc-t who best understands the theory ofthe nimble iiinepeiice. The farmer will feel skittish at the idea of a- dnpting such an arrangement, so completely at variance with the usual mode in which he dis- poses of his other f.um product", but he must War v. ilh Mexico. Though, foreseen , and fore remember that his hay, 'grain, -butter, cheese, told, the People were deaf and would not hear &c, are consumed everywhere and by every blind and would not see whilst tho President body, and therefore he mav well dn his men ' was stealthily lavin" tilans. and actually taking marketing. But wool is a commodity used only bv the manufacturer, and both arc so situated that they cannot come together at the ri"ht time, . ,1 .1 " .. .. . . ' 11 at an ; uence me necessity 01 a third man lie- tween them, who-e business it should be to do for each what neither can do so well themselves, of Congress under this Administration, we cull Perhaps a sound and Fcarchiucr analysis of ed the attention of the Public to the probability 1 1 this subject would show that it would be much that the Executive would yield to the solicita 1 fur the interest of the community if all Business tions of Texas (just "annexed") so far as to oc- t wa earned on iion this principle ; un ndcr a lease, ,r. ho better slate ol security such would be the 1 111? merchant is ol necessity a speculator ; I runs risks, although in theory lie on v recrulati although in theory he only regulates the exchanges between tho producers and con - sumer. 1 Ins occupation Is a lottery, in which tiCli f evcry metropolis of business. yu may sav to mo that you deal directly with the manufacturer, and therefore tho plan pro. ... rt. 1 1 . pusi-u win not auect von. 1 answer vou. anil tinn, the manufacturers with whom you deal .. .. . . uro -an honorable men;' nevertheless thcsi all honorable men ;" nevertheless these men who arc rm.snminrr their 15 n, ln I.,,,, drcd thousand pounds of wool annually, would not be troubled even witli your insignificant clip of eight hundred or a thousand pounds, if they woro noi gainers uy it. nevertheless they would much rather purchase even your superior clin of the commission agent. He will he better pleas ed and you a gainer by the change. You may have been fortunate aro well pleas cd with the prices the manufacturer has laid VOU! still Ilium dm 1.. ..c . I !..t. ...... .w . n ... i iiu iuu 41111a a Qiuerent story, and will not send their wool to the manufacturer direct under any circumstance. Besides, yon may not think me 'very flattering, but I could convince you, if I e1,oo,c, that manufacturers sometimes boast of uie bargains thev have made. Kvert, iel,r.. 1 ;knowlf d Qwf - ton 1 with the d to this invaluable medidriw. share of ih nuine unlM timrl I. ItlTT-TQ . !. ' ; j .... 111 the sanative qualities of ihose most val- doih appoint luned with hearing I the safest Kegisterof ,w.t,n r tTA substance liir.eu. vv tTvuilinrv in th nrait turn i tti Um linart variable Pimples on the lace, which ime draw prizes, a few magnificent ones. Tho ol Lcunmoilore htockton, in a steam-ingate irom said Burling!? ' 1 Fp1".;0" "o-Tk d ih" nsi.hl1)' Wr! cite $"& Dreviotu Given datr ol Jan? fad wholesale Ptuggiit, ' 5J3 ' June . From the National Intelligencer, What we are Fighting for... New Grounds ofthe War. There Is no consequence of tho pending War, either actual or probablo not the effusion of blood nor the waste of treasure which is more to bo dreaded by ns as a Nation than our losing In its progress tlio sympathy and esteem of the civilized and Christian world. Until the un happy series of measures began which led to the existing attempt to trample a neighboring Re public Into the dust, wo stood, tho gaze nnd the delight of thoso who love human happiness, tho contrast of tyrannies, tho fairest civil spectacle that the world had seen that of a great coun try, not more just, wise, vigorous, and yet mod erate in alt Its foreign policy, than liberal, equal, and beneficent in its domestic. All eyes were turned upon us those of the good to admire, and of despots themselves to regard with respect the example of a rising splendor so blameless. Hither the oppressed, even in distant hemis pheres, sent forth their thoughts and their hopes whenever they dreamed that, with courage, vir tue, and prudence, all may bo free. The phi lanthropist beheld in us the arrival of a new era In human affairs, an era of humanity and pca:e ; and the philosophic student of social institutions hailed In the workings of our public order the realization of almost Utopian theories. To all this bright reputation, this admiration, and this expectation abroad, a severe blow has been dealt ; and even at home, where patriotism for bids that men should so easily despair, the warm confidence of a few years since in tho solidity of our institutions is fearfully shaken. Never, in short, has tho Government of any country undergone a change of position more strange, or more alarming : never was any country, to such a point, more the favorite and the hope of mankind J nor ever before did pernicious rulers contrive, in so brief a space, so deeply to mort gage the national character as ours have done. When this Administration came into exist ence, by tlicri7 of (Jen. Jackson, registered in tho Baltimore Convention, we were at peace with the foreign world, and in the enjoyment of perfect tranquility at home. The Annexation question had been settled by Congress; in a form not warranted by the Constitution, it is true, but yet acquiesced in rather than resort to a violent remedy : and care had been taken by Uongrcss, 111 tlio act ol annexation, lor 1110 pa- cific adjustment of anv question concerning it which micht arise between tho United States and Mexico. Within our own lordcrs every ocean in the pursuit of a profitable commerce, winch, besides ncn treigiits 10 1110 merciiams in exchange for our surplus products, poured into tho national coffers a copious and abundant tho national coffers a copious and abundar stream of revenue. 1 tie 1'rcsnienl nail notiun ir o do but to take things as he found them, and leave them so, to have secured to his country, during the whole of his oflicial term, a tranquil prosperity, and to himself the enviable renown of a wise and paternal Magistrate. But tran quility was not the element for him. In proper- Llion as Nature had apparently fitted him for it, lie disdained 11. Arrived at uiu rresiui-ncy, . ... .-.. . 11 -i Wau. Conquest and Dominion seem to have filled his thoughts and haunted his repose. His waking thought was "the whole of Urcgon or none," and his earliest dream was of trumiet calls to tho bold spirits of the West, of a march to the Hall nf tho Montczumas, of war and bloodshed, and finally of a second " Conquest of Mexico." Such were the indications, not to be mistaken, of tho Presidential intents and aspira tions, as reflected by the mirror which it was his first act to set up hero as the organ of his Administration. The practical results of these early promptings of a misguided ambition soon iliselnspil tlieniM-lvo.s in substantial acts. The patriotism and wisdom of tho Senate, and the cood seine of the Britisli Government, saved us ? ..... it. , ... . .1 i. 1 Irom the threatened collision in the distant wild I of Oregon. But no wisdom or patriotism ofthe Senate, or of Congress, could save us from tho measures which must necessarily lead to the concussion that followed. Time and again we directed tho public attention to these things; but ' . 1 our remonstrances anu ueprecauuns tveru un- 1 heeded. Four mouths before the first meeting cupy territory to the line of the Hio Grande which occupation, we then said, was " nothing short of an invasion of Mexico," and would Iw a acl of the President " maUii war, in the full , ense of the word, on Ins own authority ; and, a coupio 01 monins uuerwurus, 10 1110 uepanure Mexico;f an intention averted at the moment It has been publicly averred, and not contradicted, t The circumstance to which allusion is here made the disclosure, in a letter from Washiniilnn to the Journal of Conimerce, dated October J), 1815, of the, fact that the President's furthcoming Message lo Con i'1-t-Ka unnld rnntai.i recommendations of a hostile na lure towards .Mexico; me precise cuantt.-.t-r ui vi..eu the writer icagsithly described as " TUt way the Fbenth took" that is, bombarding the maritime cit ies of Mexico. This, the reader will remember, was full six months before the " shedding of blood" on the banks ofthe Hio Grande. To vindicate our own con. aisle ncy, and to show that our opinion ol the l'resi- oeni a ueiucose nuu conquering ucs.kus upwi. .,ic.l-u was I he same before as since he put them m execution, we transcribe from the National Intelligencer of Nov. fi. 1845, the following remarks, elicited by the informa tion ol the intended recomineudalioii by the President to Congress of" the way the French took" wilh Mex ico, which ira to hare keen contained in ihe forth coming Menage: " We can imagine nothing more revolting to com mon sense, as well as to any idea of justice and public faith, than what is now intimated to be the 1 probable, purpose of the Executive. country have the heart to trample any tunher on the is mere 10 jje no mercy, no si.mi.e i vyn.. uus uvir mi, i.u u irim ,,a iron, mem HUH mirnuv reiuiprpii mi nilialile n siiei-tnrle of fiublic humiliation I " Again and again have we notoriously offered, as to Texas, to compensate Mexico ill money for the injury we were bent on committing. That such was the tolr purpose for which Mr. Thompson was de soalchcJ lhiiber last vear. while the 'lMertrcaiv was iso lar as we urc luiuriuvu.i ma, rim mc umiaui ,1,1(5 jiessage, said that "the war naa created a h'uuftX'iS a,yd aAT-Me, ?"cmA( i;il,1,,cc" WT inB!on, by Uen. Jatksou, whose ruling passion thus mo-e Han all its (tho war's) charges." Die displayed itself in the latest inouienis ol his life. system lure meant is incontestablythetu.EE 1 HADE nenunu. is ueiieveu: mat air. rjuaiiniui maue. uuuerioi creciinrr vaiiianio svsienis oi rinaneo nn.i instructions, a like overture, is too uoiorious lo be de- elalious (Mr. ts J. Ingersoll) went so tar as assure the nation, in the name of the Cabinet, that not only would we make, but lliat .ilexlcu would ac-1 oviim lll(Min nn tnltti nnla hv Irrntv . ;10,ia We lime hta O f "- ,'r.',f a '', "0, ? '" f1"' aurons upon nor roati itSt'lffl!) ilHlllt, war, ciiuuiiitt n iiouuu aiwuys iu mru iioi'J ii tiny can oe tnaue in money, ai uus in- r Mani. we talk laintllarlvnt California os rm-scntlv oiirM.l Mant.we talk familiarly of California as presently ours,) of vw .iiejico " a pearl lt-any npa o laii lmo our, I i . . ii - liailUS. , Helpless, distracted, corned wilh the dis of sulferini! such thinpi, Mexico lies a iclim lo tl IICCII'1, ur mercy, with noihuig to hope but to see uJncr province! lorn Irom her, one by one, at Ihe first mat tiictin win. .tumuli; m nu b mi, iu ncc ilw. (nr.. Urn l.. nn- t... .1 ll,. II..I Pre'" ' oar first convenience. What! Is snneia l M Ktw"" wu Hum, w patuH-i iwu iiKiitrvuK i yw ''"run hflD ouwlvrs without rcwtanc : w not that enough! Does the Al;lA-:n?plnl, hutififf no cent, atuiieinenl in money for her wulattd honor and In.., c (,(. km ihlm fnr hln...l r, t t... .I.,, and . titled to uid rti.,. , -, . . we can indict u;ioii Mexico with impunity what we ' ' the orouoni , "c ''."Tr "J11".1- without compensation, upon please; bul if we are to dismember her, piece by piece, .r.vrv.,, what we then nlrer.-il to buv ! We have pone on to l. . .. -...T... tl.a..sr,. r... 1 I.. I anu to DDO i V c I " , riusuiKHiimi niv o niuu vii ,u wi.r.e vy Iflr .,i,i .J2T. dispossess her, in arms, of what even annexation ,,(;. lintc lo unite wilh our own flesh, he. only by the reception of news from Mexico of. her willingness to receive a Commissioner to settle the boundary dispute a purpose, on her part, defeated, as our readers know, by our send ing a Minister to treat of things In general, in stead of a special Minister to treat on the nar. ticular topic nf discord. Our warning voice was raised in vain, llio overpowering interest nf tho Oregon question, then yet unsettled, with drew the public attention from what the Presi dent was doing until the thunders ol this War of his making broke upon our ears. In the conduct of this War, from the begin ning of it to the present time, we see only tho Absoluto Will of tho Executive, carried out by his own acts, and to this day only so far sanc tioned by Congress as has been" necessary to save tho National Arms from disgrace. But, if capable of learning any thing, the Administration should surely have come to un derstand, by this time, that the ambitious calcu lation on which the war was at least hazarded, if not absolutely courted, by ordering our troops (unmolested, and even unthreatcned, at Corpus Christ!) to advance into the Mexican territory, has proved as sad a blunder as ever was made by arithmeticians counting the blood of thou sands for nothinir, in a problem from which thev thought to work out power, reputation, and pop ularity lor inemseives. niey snoniu surely have felt, by this time, that their own dividend ofthe public favor and reputation expected from this war has been a good deal worse than noth ing; that its successes have redounded to oth ers, its reproaches alone to them. Thus far, there has been a continual shifting of all the alleged causes and aims of the War. And while, in general, the setting up different, even if not inconsistent, pleas for any action, is prool enough that all ot them must be weak and insincere, hero the varvine allegations have been such as, in nearly every Instance, to anni hilate each other, so little was the art with which was managed all that prevarication in which the war found its only defence I In our p iper of the 20th of March last, we traced, to the number of eight successive ones, the grounds and objects of the war, winch had then, at different times and in several quarters, been held out by the Executive and its organs. All these we then substantiated, by the citation of their oflicial sources: for, upon such grave matters, wo choose never to arguo without proofs which arc incontestable. Omitting here. as no longer necessary -first, because they can be referred to in the paper already mentioned ; and, secondly, because reproducing them entire would weary our readers and us the docu ments out of which we then established these conflicting declarations of the Administration and its agents, we shall merely recapitulate their effect and tenor, in order that the public may once more compare them, not only with each other, but with certain additional and in compatible averments of cause and purpose, which it has pleased the Government subse quently to make, and more especially in the Proclamation lately addressed to the Mexican people, from the city of Jalapa, by Gen. Scott, in the name and of ccursc by the orders of his I..- !.. rl.!r n-..l.l. uniiiit,i,ut:i II1-IIIUI, Lite I ft.sitlt.lll.
First of all, as we then showed, tho Execu live alleged that this war was merely difenshe ; mi forced umn us, bv Mexico's crossing the Rio Grande into our territory, and there suying our jieople ; was, in a word, according to tho Exec utive Message of 11 ill May, 1816, a war of which the cause was " the shedding of Ameri can blood upon American soil," by Mexico; while tho ohject of the war was to rejicl inin'mn. Xext, omlUing4all the previous allegation, when talking to the Mexicans themselves, tho President, by a Proclamation furnished to Gen. Taylor on the 4th June, 1810, stated, as the justifying cause of the war, the refusal of Mex ico to pay the indemnities due Jor the tpoiiatmn "four ci'thens. The ohject of the war was, in the same document, declared to be, not to repel 1 : 1.... . -.. 1 .1... -M invasion, but to procure indemnity for the old injuries, and to re-establish a free government in Mexico, instead of that of Paredcs. Thirdly, in his, Annual Message of Decem ber last, the President forgetting that the final rupture between his ambassador, Mr. Slidell, and the Mexican Government under Gen. Her- 1 rera did not happen until about two months aRer 1 the fact of which he made it the cause stated to Congres-, that he directed Gen. Taylor to ad- . ,.n..nA . .. .i.n r:.. 1,- ...t.ti. ..11 ......i .... auv.c iu mc iuu m.i twinm i"in admit to havo been the first and tho fatal overt act of war) in consequence of the nfusal of the Mexican Goiernmcnt to rccsiie Mr. Ulidcll as our Minister. Fourthly, in the Proclamation already cited, ' Pent from this city, General Taylor was made to say that, besides the obtaining of indemnities, the objects of the war were, To oierturn the , ''icii exhling Government of Mexico; to tablnh the freedom of the Press; and to sc sct up a Reinddican Goiernmcnt in Mexico ; which de signed " Republican Government " is plainly avowed in tlio President's last Annual Muisage to have been meant to be that of Santa Anna ! Fifthly, in the Report of tho Committee of Foreign Relations, (II. of R., Feb. 2 Uh last,) its Chairman, Mr. C. J. Ingcrwdl, speaking, Irom that conhdential position, ol the War and 1 system if Finance ; which consists (as every . )ndv Itnmt-i.'i in tl. l.ntv Imonst nntlps. with T ', 1' . . ,', fill ,i, ,.:,! Now, tins system is that with which the present Administration began its existence. If, then, the war was necessary lo create that system, the war was designed before the system; or, at least, as its creative cause, must havo existed before the passage of the Free Trado Tariff, in August, 1845; and accordingly we know that Gen. Taylor's first orders to pass the Nueces are older than the date of the new Tariff Act. If we consider that, without tho war, tho Ad ministration would have had no need for Loans and Scrip, and that the Free Trade party were tho original Annexation party, we shall better understand .Mr. lugersoii s assertion ol the rcla lion betweon tho war and tho .McKay Tariff. Stxlhly, the object of continuing the war (as the President nssured the country, in his last ".". a.', V r ",1,- . ' ,i. wiwb ifuu .a in dmihig war, no tviiuni imvu utiereu a irutu as proiounn, a justification as equitable. As the most appro priate means of securing a peace, breaking it is certainly un odd one ; especially as, besides, -ur. Ingersoll says war Is the appropriate means the President himself had alread pronounced it !''? ",C-i!!,S f IB invasioof procuring toj intit-uniiiies, oi kvu,"K "'""-;ra ruceiveo, oi overthrowing tyrannies, of substituting for them jnruwA t.,ir.u wr miin. Ami m nnv ....... nnt rnvniw hv war ilo 111 ill inns thn! wt J.alin f.ir nur own, and cnu take WH it hoy t carnage if we chouse lo be un hist enou? i to ze them.' ti, iv.kt- - - - fc Comircss lo the contrary nniwithsundine;, Per se. - . that Preamble could never have passed the two houses - of Congress. Its introduction was a mere party trap, set 10 caicn v nic .iieuiusrs. ii is luriunaieiv ol re J ..-! . .U !.! 1l set to cord, I. in their vntes on the rirnivuiitinntt tn Rtr.liM nut - j the Preamble, as well as in their declarations in voting jor we um wnn mai f jcamme, mai me tvoiRSUmver miiy, and wm who were not Whip, rcniobatttj it i on ojeitl fakeho'jJ. republics, of vindicating tho freedom of the Press, of (as he will presently assure us) paying vou for the expenses It nuts vou to- In .hnrt there Is nothing like It : it Is the most econnml cal thing in the world, but requires largo In demnities for its cxpenso J it is very repulsive nnd very attractive that, to drive out invaders this, to get In a minister; it is very subversive of tyrant", very constructive of free govern ments; it is excellent lor liberating the rres in Mexico, and for enslaving it in the United States ; but, above all things, there is nothing like war for its pcaccfulness I Seventhly, in the 'same Mcssago, the Presiden cy promises thus : " The war will lie vigorously prosecuted there (In Mexico) witli a view to ob' tain an honorable .peace, and thereby secure ample indemnity lor the expenses of tha war." Thus " an honorable peace becomes the obiect for which a war is prosecuted, which both Mr. Benton and Mr. Calhoun ( who never agreed in anything else) agree supporters ofthe Pre sident as they are, or have been ought to have been avoided, and might easily ; but the peace thus obtained is clearly to bo " honorable only as " securing an ample indemnity for tho ex penses of the war." So that, with a delicious confusion of ideas, we have a war set on foot to repel an invasion, which we cither made or marched in search of; and we are keeping up the war in order to extort an ample moneved in demnity of its expenses (for the President will not avow any acquisition of territory as his ob ject) from a nation so poor, so mortgaged and Hypothecated in an its revenues, that the very army in which was placed all its hopes starved at ban Luis l'otosi,and the great fortress of San Juan dc Ulna fell with hut six days provision in it, because Mexico could not, for her life, raise the half of a million of dollars! From a people thus moneyless, creditless, beggared, we were to get back, as tho terms of an honorable peace, tuecostol all the war on our side, besides ena bling them to pay their own I It is Indemnities no longer for the ancient spoliation of our citi zens that we seek : them we abandon ; ' an hon orable peace" can be made without them. So, too, of ridding Mexico of a Tyranny and setting up again our friend, the President's profen-e.that lover of liberty, Santa Anna : the President has got him back, to the head of an army, into the Presidency ; so that these are no longer condi tions ofthe " honorable peace," or objects of the " peaceful war." Nor is the Liberty of the Press ; nor is the reception of Mr. Si.iuell ; nor is Free Trado at home ; nor is an invaluable System of Finance for wo havo got it, and a debt of probably at least a hundred millions of dollars as a part ol it. In short, the only object of the war is Indemnity for its expenses ; and, as tho Administration s Congressional organ, the Chairman of the House Committee of For eign Relations, has averred to the world that the system of Finance created by the war is worth to us more than its cost, on an equitable settlement Mexico owes us less than nothing ! Eiahthlg. In our former survey of the abjects ofthe war, we showed that tho same Congres sional organ of the Administration, its Chair man ofthe Committee of Foreign Relations, had, in his Report on the President's Message, avow ed for the Executive that tlio purpose of the war is one which this Uovcrnmcnt has pursued ever sinco Mexico liecame independent (1821) that is, the acquisition of California. For that do cument says: " Complaints of the resort to territorial conquest Irom .Mexico are disarmed ' of reproach by the facts that Mexico, by war, 1 constrains tho United Stales to take by conrjuest ' what, ever since Mexican Independence, every 'American .Jnktralion nas ocen timing lo ' pet by purchase ; and that the Executive orders - aim military ana naval execution oj mem, run ' Tim achievement of conquest, have conformed ' not merely to long-established poticv of our own ' Government, but u-tse principles of self-preseria-' lion, indispensable to all proiident government." Wo showed, then, from this particularly con fidential source, (which immediately represents in Congress the views of the President and Se cretary of State us to questions of our Foreign Policy,) that tho Administration has, through ils legislative organ, declared that we are fight ing to get what we have long wanted, but its owner would not sell that is California : that its possession is to us a matter of self-preservation ; and that, therefore, every prudent Govern ment in our situation would take it by force, since we havo been unable to get it otherwise. Now, as Mr. Inreiisoll cannot intend to charge Mr. Polk with neglecting for in whit more self-preservation renders indispensable, he must be held, in effect, to declare that this Adminis tration did not criminally wait for Mexico to constrain it to save us from destruction, by lay ing the strong hand on California, but prudent ly, ' providently," patriotically, took the initia tive, and picked a quarrel (the Executive is at a loss to s.iy a'lout w'tat) with M;xico. Thus f.ir'wc have recited ufre.h, snd in a more summary shape, tho causes and objects of war which had, before the 'JOlh March, been avowed by or for the President. Since that time he has been good enough to supply ih, through further declarations, with additional variations of pre text. Soino of these we shall now proceed to chronicle including with them certain others which, though elder, we had overlooked, and continuing our original numerical arrangement. Aiiiwy. Un the bth ot July last, (le-a in .111 two mouths after tho battles of Resuca deli Pal- in i and Palo Alto, known hero on the 23d of May only, and before, thercforo ho could havo recei ved any orders from here, or any thing in addi tion to All original instruction, except Hio di rect news, from the Rio Bravo, of hostilities be gun there,) Commodore Sloat, as " Commander-in-Chief of tlio United States Naval forces in tho Pacific Ocean," issued a proclamation " to the Inhabitants of California," declaring that he was about to take possession of that entire de partment : that " henceforth it will boa portion of the United States :" that " its poiceable in. habitants will enjoy the same riqhls and priviles'S ns the cit'tiens ot anu v trtion of that Union :" that they shall " choose their own magistrates and other officers from among themselves ;" that " the same protection will be extended lo them as to ony . ... J. .1 . I, ' . .,, .1.-. .1... .'l outer mate ry trie union ; mai - mey win enjoy A TEKMANENT liOVERNMENT t that lAftf sua, that those, natives or foreigners, who do not like to live under our Government and with the pri- ma, to each oT o7 DuVv :" that, o( power sexer.,;l . course, the revenue laws will be thesam- in Cali- what shall l; law and wl o its fl n hot farnia as in all other part, ofthe United Stales :" countries. V or he P went, rom mm S r that, under our Uovcrnmcnt, " a ureal increase old laws and office, he lets Mexico 's ite of tho value of real estate and the products of and appoint fo'""'" California may be reasonably expected :" that , presently he will be ' the country cannot but imnroro more rapidly , the law-KivinS and distribute all the spoils man anv uuht uu uiu luiiuiirm ui iinn.n . 1 vilegcs of its citizenship, shall ho allowed to sell . ll"ry oxiraoruinary ,ci... ,a. . n. out their property and quit, or to re.nain.if they The disavowal Is, however, contradicted by prim . .. .. .... ' ..i .,,li l.ln.lan, by siibseouent facts. We are, at this mo Will " oust.- m,.mU m .......,. v..'". ites all " judges, alcaldes, and oilier civil om- nii-i.t, ij;"i;' 'V -a------.. cers to retain their otlices and execute their, declarations of this Administration are deceits; functions as heretofore," " until the government' and why should its negotirf one. bo more can oi thetcrritory can be more definitely arranged."! did T No: as we have already urged m regard Now, it Is certain that the forces under Com. to Commodore Sloat, so ofthe case of tjeiieril u ' i .., i.,,:,l ,., il,n k'c uhf.v : both exooditinns were very ileliber- DU.il tllHIHMIIH I.LI0IIII'IIIH -II-.H HIl-"..'. of California to await tho hoslilities which our C.il.iiit't were workinir un on tho other edaeof, Mcxi tho ..vni.ctcd take iiosseision of the Territory, tlo had, there foro, his instruction a to all the civil c nuances of taking and keeping possession is, how and upon what principle! the country wai to b governed and its people treated. To co, by marenmg armies, uiocKaiung ueets, inuni t.. sic uru to - i : - f y '""V-" ... V . JkLJC'd v uivLar avencx Slidell quarrel, &c. The Commodore was selves (Willi ho exiecie.i g.ory aim j 'I "''' -? Ti""' .," "j , V "L,i V iint bHwten to bo ublo. at Iho first sound of war. to their acouisition) no doubt at Iirst uie utiiuai "!'"" 'v", o-h. . noMmntnt discirdei suppose tho contrary is Impossible ; and It l equally impossible to suppose that, having Un necessary Instructions, lie would deviate from them, beforo ho got ashore or met any dilBcultv. This Proclamation Is clearly, therefore, to to taken as embodying itist what bis Instruct!,. directed him to do (and neither more nor less) as soon as he learned with certainty that war had broken out. Further : these Instructions, being in advance ofthe pretended cause immediate ol the war the " invasion of our soil" and shed ding on it "the blood of our citizens" could not know what Mexican injurn we should have to avenge, nor of course, it-Aa( d'grce or sort of reams we might jusuy we. l et here we fcc this President of ours ordering a whole country to be seized and permanently kept at the firing ofthe first gun! At home he has, in his own person, loudly denied all purposes of conquest ; and this, long after he had commanded it in Ca lifornia. Here, he says, wo fight " to conquer a peace" only ; there, he has usurcd a whole broadside of the continent, and constituted its people, without their consent or ours, equal nnd perjiclual inemliers of this Union j for it is Indis soluble, and. once in it, who aro to put them out ? In a word, haiing first mide them citizens and their country a Stale forever, (for that word only, not 11 territory," figures in tho context of the proclamation,) ho next makes himself their su preme legistator,lhe source of all their laws and rights, the fountain of allmagisteri.il nnd other municipal or legislative authority, nnd even the head of their religion, of which, at his fiat, all tho conditions arc altered ! This last point of fers a remarkable commentary on the sincerity of the Union's late disavowal, for the President and Oabmet, of any participation in the project which lately appeared in that organ, for pulling down the Catholic pnest-liood in Mexico, as ene mies to the liberty, properly, and enlightenment of that country. The very same measure had already, in a milder form only, been applied to Cahlornia,and is now legally in torce there, it the Executive is at all bound by Ins own engage ments to any body but the Ualtunoro t.ouveii lion. Tenthlu. In the proclamation issued bv Gen Kearnv' did August, 1840) on reaching the capital of New Mexico, the cause ofthe war is barely slated (as in Commodore Sloat'sj) to bo " the act of Mexico" In crossing the Rio Grande and attasking General Taylor ; and the oijcrt of tho war is not even indicated in either proclama lion, except that both declare the possession taken to be permanent, and therefore put two rciK rtgions out of all furtherquustion of right, ot negotiation of fair and " honorable peace. policy, now lar me previous oruers to iommo This silence as to justice of claims, and this ; dore Sloat went towards the same object, wo decisive action of mere and bare conquest, once more substantiate thai as the real object of the war an object which could as little, from the necessity of the case, be disaiowed in the coun tries meant to be dismembered fiom Mexico, as it could with advantage be.ttioiroi any whore else. And this is, we enturc to say, the key to all those contradictions, and that amazing gov ernmental prevarication, which we are now at tempting to trace through its many shifting, turnings, and windings. But the Santa Fe proclamation has other fca- tnres peculiar to it. To stretch thither the' claim (founded on a mere impotent act of Texas I lo-'islatioii. and nothing else) to all the soil east ofthe Rio Grande would hae been idle : the lalo ofthe old Santa Fe Expedition made it impos-l s-ible to pretend that the Texas claim was not j altogether fictitious in that quarter. Putting aside, therefore, all pretence of title up to the llnno, this proclamation " announces our Gene- ral's intention to hold tho Department with Us . original boundaries dm both sides of the Del rigiiuil boundaries (on both sides ol tno Aei forte) as a part ofthe Unittd States, nnd under li.-Sniiiiie of the Treasury of New Mexico :" that e is instructed by his Go'veriiinent to respett tho Ni til he religious institutions of New Mexico, protect the ever the origin of the war, the United State property of the church, and " preserve their reli- wero forced to undertake it" (a phrase more than giou.s rights" in " the amplest manner :" that he h.ili-admis-ive that we began it : but see further fs to respect the rights of private property : that presently) ' by c.iusos unknown to the greater he is to defend them from the hostile Indians ; put of Slexico.'1 (These causes, so little known that thev inu-t aid him in enforcing tho laws , in Mexico, cannot of course, bo the fact that of theijiiited Stales: that alljwhu h.ne left j they had invaded a soil of which ice were in their homes tlir.iu.di dread of our troops, or tol possession : for how should people invade a for li.'ht us, must return to them forthwith : that, if cign country without knowing it? Nor thit they'do not, " they will be considered ns etic-'tluy had refused to receive Mr. Slidell on his mies and traitors, suujeciini; i .-...ua.... to punishment and their property to confisca-lNo tion :" that" it is the wish and intention of tho cm United States to r-rtovuiB roll Mexico" all ico ami traitors, suujocuhl; men i-.-.s.,1(a(,..,.. .w ..... , .... .-....s tnvlii1 a free coehnmi:nt, with the least " .. . J . .i i e V It.... iiossiblii delay : mat too peupio m ,.m .e. ico will then'bo called on to cxercio the rights .if freemen in electing their own Reprcent.i. 'ives :" that meantiinu the " existing laws will -oiitinne in force and tha actual magistrates re .mill in ollice," provided they comport them- elves as good cilizens and " take an "am ni ai egi.u.co to the United State., :" lint the G ne - ral " nlei'ses all New Mexicans iro n u.eir al legiance to Mexico:" that ' lie hereby cUiuis them as citizens of the United Sutra ; that ' such as arc found in arms or instigating others a-Minst tho United Suites will ha treated wcor ,ir.i. nstmo uiwa Z VJ". ,,,,,, a "S bee , I, abn id , , lyl-.x laine.l by prac- .is n.is inn win., .iu . j . IHU-j 1 Wsl 11 , Mv I....I" j K. will, for the present, ' bo considered doicr nnr of the Territory." It Is not a little curious, in comp-rin' these two last proclamations, to observe uio special .lill'creiicu : the nearer to the l'reidont's person, the morn absolute the ciiii powers which he as sumes ; and the farther from that presence, the strnn".!r the religious authority he puts on. Iu California he lets men ofT from being hunt' for not coining hack to their liou-es when thev are hidden ; in New Mexico ho does not : in banta Fe ho " protects their church" and " then - reli gious rights in the itinplei-t manner j' in Mont orevoftlio l'acilic ho abnli-hes tho supremacy of tho .Mexican faith altogether. Yet, again, his royal will deals diversely iu other parti cu. lurs I'C.ilifnrn'u h.nt onco ron-titutes a Mate ; New Mexico but a Territory : in the former, everybody black, white, red, or mixed, and bond or free! is at onco a full citizen of the Unl ted States ; iu the latter, the lwon is only distant and prospective when ho shtll have " providtd e .!. .. 1--. ..nrM.,in,,t SI ltlll.tr t.l tllOSO Ol lor Mexico irt-t- jwi,.m...., in inner respects, pi.p.i-i.n- Iti true, the P. ' "f ", ' here, has pretended to deny that it had guei. ,.. '., :., tl I, ,1 ,Br,,wl..e - ' - - - - - - - ately planiu-d at tho Navy and ar Mitr wero executed ICISl.tl , l.t. n-(M. - foreign object! of lh war, ol . Annnnniti them. . , . i.. ... t.-t In., l md far i Ifiiiellril t llfl O eaSBnt :onsc- Mexico was Known to navo icih America. ana eieciaa m yT""' r ,;'X .that inhabitants believed to be ready to hail our th. mo,oPrd i.otho.. way, and that sway, therefore, . raHntem. w i"h the Und'd tit's Mi icimancncc. n ii, lat-a, pussn-m - - gutar subjugation of two large countries new to our language, our laws, and almost any other should have been projected and executed with out any Instructions to their conquerors as to the civil order which was to Ira sot up in them t Wero the officers of our army and navy unac customed to nny but military rules to be left tn their own discretion, their own Inexperience f incapable as we hold tins Administration, w consider such improvidence impossible. On those matters tho commanders must have been furnished with instructions probably. Indeed certainly, even with proclamations ready printed. lor tney were issued ins-anlly on tho act or lik ing possession a good deal sooner than they could have been printed in Monterey or Santa Fe, where there were then no printing presses. Well, as we havo said, being furnished with instructions, no ollicer could have dared to st up a Government not in conformity to them. So much for facts preceding the proclamations ; and now for facts subsequent to thorn. They havo been disavowed : have the officers Issuing them been punished or even censured for such flagrant usurpations ? The very contrary : Gen. KcAitsiT has been promoted nnd sent on o Governor of California. He has, then, incur red no loss of confidence. But has the Govern ment annulled the regulations, the laws, the au thorities which it has disavowed ? Nothing of tho kind, in California r and, in New Mexico, some seven or eight months after tho enactmont of these strange Taws, they have lately been on forced in their most drctdfnl and monstrous pro. visions. Under their claim of the solf-be.stowed allegiance of a people unable to repel their in vader, many of the bsst and bravcst of tho New Mexicans have been put to the ignominious death of hinging, for only attempting what Em mctt and Kosciusko Kttempted what Tell and Washington accomplished the liberation of their country from a foreign yoke ! lUeienthly. The war (according to the lata project of the Union for sequestrating tho Church property in Mexico) has one of its main causes in the existence of the Catholic Religion in Mexico, and should therefore adopt as one of its objects the stripping that Church of its wealth and influence there, and the bringing about po pular enlightenment by introducing there more elevating forms of faith. The government organ, it is true, suggested this policy ns one which the Government might consider of and vraentlti adopt : but it was th jioJicy only, not the facts, which it stated as not yet resolved, l no i.icts it laid down as certain ; and, they being certain, success demands tho have already teen: so that, if the Union has, upon the exhibition of much public wrath at tha scheme, been induced, in the fervor of its zeal for the Administration, to claim this excellent idea as entirely the Editor's, and as opposed to the views of the President and Cabinet, ono thing must yet be remarked : that the Union's idea at least wants the merit of originality for they who drew up the Californiar. proclamation arc the true parents of the conception. In short. this skirt-clearing for the Administration by iti organ is a sort ol eilort not likely mucn to - -. - . . ..... t . change any body's opinion ot the real sourco oi the plan. Twclflhly. We come, as equally discordant or bad, to the causes and objects of the war, as set forth in the latest Government proclamation that issued from Jalapa on the 1 1th of May by Major General Scott, which it was our main purpose to notice to-day, but in taking it up found the preceding train of thought forced noon our minds. The Proclamation of uen. Scott sets out the t'rociaination oi uen. ocott sets our with saying to the Mexicans that " truths which have been criminally concealed from them (by tho-e at home) must be told them ;" that " what- I- I OT lO UUIUIII UlUt'MII.IMt- (Ot UIU ...jur.us t.i uur ilizens ; for of that, as a cause of war, all Mex- haj heard. Nor to overthrow the Govern- i mem oi i-areues, nor to vindicate me irccuom of the Press ; for Mexico is no doubt well ac quainted with our .Matamorns Proclamation of Uh June, prepared at our Department of War, and published to her by us in Spanish. Nor our Ingersolli.ui necessity of creating a valuablo li luncial system, nor our de-ire to " conquer a peace," nor our determination to make her pay ' fr the war ; lor all tin, we have said long ago, and .Mexico is fully persuaded of it all. Nor c m these unknown causes be nny thing clss tliafthU Government has published to the world in its own justification. Still less can they hi any thing which ti is been in negotiation be- 'tween the two countries, and bv Mexico publish- ed to her people . We here can say, with littld . o(. C()ntrilljctln that if the Mexican ruler havo onlvlabired half as much to conceal the objects of this war as ours haie done, their guilt is enormous. Hut, whether known or unknown, either in Mexico or hero, this new proclamation is clearly about to reveal to both nations what ovlv TitKlit (lOTer.sMKSTs l.-now or could know the hitherto secret causes it 'iy they are fightings Come, then ! let us go on and learn. The Proclamation proceeds to say ( taking care, like the Matamoros one, to say nothing about Mexico's having invaded the 0. States) that "we regard the war ns a necessity ;" that, indeed, " all wars were so regarded by the na tions who are parties to them," (especially if properly kept in the dark by their Governments ;) that in Mexico, as with us, there is a war-party and a peace-party ; this thinking the war wrong that, right. " Hut that Governments haie s icred duties to perform, from which they can nut depirt j and that i fien these duties impose, (or nitional reisons, x silence aid a reservk sometimes displeasing" (as the avowed reason of this Administration have been) ' to the ma jority of thoo who, from views purely crsonal and'individual, make opposition." Our Gov ernment, that is to say, found itself forced to dissemble the motives of Ihe war, and incur re proaches at home, lest, by shaking out too ilainly, it .should as we s'hill presently see bring other pirties into it against us. "To theso liew- a Government cannot pay any re gard, expecting the nation to place in it the con lilenre merited hv a magistracy of their own election," &c. Ami now conies, at last, tho secret of the Government's silence, or rather iti prevarications; fur it his talked abundantly, taking care only to avoid the truth. ' lleamnof hisifdicy and or ixtivent!. Aurt ICAN ixTrBlsT;'rrriln'ulfifr'". Tit ellhenr- fuilltnctiuiiol 111- UH IK I Ol -iiiii..".- dently desiring to terminate lis ihrT-renccs wilh Mex- iiv, i-ivirt-d no resource, coinpaliUle wun nonor ami dignity, u artivetst desirable an end ; and when u wasiuJulKiui: ihe most ilaiiriin hopes of accomplish- .I, ,. HI. ,. JJj1 aim ny jiius ex'i'.i."" "' ,c'w-m-s- to the iu iniur ana pruatner m me m- trinicl"verninentoi uen u. J.iierrero, i tiioiis a n.l na , I'",."' the national interrsu.aa wen imw ui "---" t.. t.,,1. n...,rt.-r. t'C mi iwhu'i." T. .... in i., t'...s -i, . nMlona. ini,tr(U,i well ime oi wii i