Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 2, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 2, 1847 Page 1
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BURMiTOI, FRIDAY MORNINC, JULY a, 1817. III. A..V1. HIHHC nu. iuh lVcw Scries, Vol. 3 IVo. I. lit -r i- r inffton Free rrcss, Published nt Burlington, Vt., iv 11 . lv . t : . i: i. a ii it p . " T Lilttor and Proprietor. Termst jc subscribers who receive the paper by lit I . . . . . . Q. S(1 mill in advance 2nii ncribcr.s and those, who take it at the invariably 2,00 paid in alvancc, , I'rj lEMtVTi lltsi.rtp.l nil ihp From the National Era. TI.O A.. .nl- ..I" 11, ...... nv j. o. wiiiTTitR. i . .urAiiiiii uiiu-i. i're seen :u'ar the lii'IJ of death, fur the purposed! (jiv iii succor to the wounded. Oils poor worn in I surroun led by the maimed nnd suffering of It's. 11111111 lrill,r lit tlm u-.-ili,a ,,f A iiKirio'iiia na I-. ....i I. .1-1 I . . . 1 ii id I lis. mir ittipiin . inns hit , nnnu'nni inr nnii nf the int-niteM. nVr thp Mevlcnn nrrnv. loiiii I who is winning I arc they Mr, or ill' in.'v npnr I mill, n Hit tell us. sister, whither rolls the florin hear. he hills of Angostura Ftill the storm of battle Is ; Imu-!iif imttt nm .li'tin. f?, I hmo mere, imi 'uiiiirl who is winning! "Over lull and r plain, i rain." her! keep our brothers! Look, Xintcna, look .... .i... r.,r,.i ...i. :.i. i ii? .i-.i.i.. ,tu.., n.i.i.i.iiiu lulling; Ultlll US re, I, in traiijc confusion, friend and fbeinan, atiii nnr.', wild and troubled torrent sweeuimr down iiouutain course." i onee more, Ximena ! ' Ah ! the smoke has the .Northern rifles cleaminir down the m ol'iirtiy, Northern liorses thunder, with the cannon icir heels." .' Iiuw it thickens! now retreat and now nice ' m-t the blazing cannon shivers Pucbla'a Hill.: Inice! no, the brave voumrrideis: horse and fnnl llirrl.ill; .ware in it tallow, through them rilnwa Sort hern b.iil." 'lie the storm, and nearer mill.,.- fn.i .....I iiltil on ......... .. i. i .ii .. - i , . . . has wnii." ... I I L ....... ..... I r: 1 .. I r. . .. in rush the living j pray, my sisters, lor i .in ... ....u,. . .iii..!, IIK'.IU 1.IUII1VI .11 l.lillll ie wounJed crawling slowly out from heaps lunger, blind and bleeding : now thev fall true to Use j uts, h i-ie and save tlieni, lest they die be- ourevctil" i i ..i t . , .... . ..... " in uciirunc: lav 1 iv noor nil in v I. nee . know ih.. lip. that kiss thee I Carst thou in , ratisi thiiu i iiinl.lir.iveund gentle! oh my Ueriml.look mole .i i v. i...r t i ai i i n ars, my poor Ximena ; lay thy dear one i to u si ; ids be meekly folded; lay the Cross upon .t-eri. lie sunr liereafter, and his funeral masses or bereaved one, the livinjask thy aid. e h'r, faintly moaning, fair"nnd young, a er lav. lint and pierced with lances, bleeding slow f: nway ; lerly belore him the lorn Ximena knIt, e Nonliern 1igle hliiuin; on hispistoi belt. led cry of horror straight she turned away lead ; mid bitter feeling looked she back upon lead : in! liie youth', Inw moaning and his strug ' lirealb iiftiain. ised tlie cunltng water to bis parching lips ii. low the dying soldier, pressed her hand, Mlllliy siiij,;ij . pin ing I ice his mother's t did the watch le her child 1 anger words with meaning her woman's t Miniinc,!' i-siipnii Ins forehead, "Mother!" murmured nu uieu urse upon them, poor boy, who led thee gentle, sad eyed mother, weeping lonely mournful Mexic woman, as she laid him her dead, I to soothe the living, and bind the wounds h bled. once more, Ximena ! hike a cloud before vmJ mile down the mountains, leuing blood death b.-hnid ; plead in wnii for mercy; in the du-t the ided stme ; rices, holy angels' oh, thou Christ of tiud, ve ! ight, among thy mountains! let the cool. Ml IUOWS Mil , UTS. lijhtimr demons drnn thl' rnrtniiia all ' le thickening winter twilight, wide opart utile rolled, 'i the tabre rested, and the cannon's lips cold. Ic Mexie women still their holy task pur- at long, dark night of sorrow, worn and and Licking footl ; ami sufienng brothers with a tender care hung, ng loeimn blessed them in a strange and lern tongue. lost, oh I'ather1 is this evil world of ours ; oiigh its blood and ashes, spring afresh the flowers ; lukuig hell of battle, Love and I'ity send ir,ier, liy white-winged angels bover dimly in But practice 1r better ttian theory. The plan la now in operation, anil bo far ns one year's experience can bo a pttide it is likely to work well. Dr. J, P. Beekman, on his return from the State falrnt Potiglikccnle.vas Induccd.from some facta wliii Ii came to his knowledge, to be lieve that somo fanners did not rcceivo a fair equivalent for their wool. Ho induced Mr. Ilnmar Blanchanl, ol Kindcrhook, a man well nualificil bv experience, bv his moral nttalilics and by business habits, to iindcrtako an estab lishment of tho kind which I have been advoca ting". The result has been that 140,000 lbs. of wool have been sold during tlio year. r or70, 000 lbs. of which prices havo been obtained ranging from Ihirty sei'en and a half to fifty cents per lu. In a majority ol cases tne wool sold has brought as much' ns the year before, notwithstanding the price of wool generally was from eiirhl to ten cents ner pound less. In some cases it brought more, and considering the dif ference in the stato of the market, in no case less. Thus every thing is propitious. Mr. IJIanchnrd aPcr a year of assiduous industry, his materially enhanced his previously valuable qualification, and has done so by acquiring and deserving the confidence and friendship of manufacturers, i nave examined piles o! let- Another farmer's clip which was supposed to be as good as any , proved on stapling to bo rel atively far better than cither ho or those who claim to be judges Imagined. This man will have to take a wldo rango ln making an examination of bucks to cross with his flock. He cannot use any of his neigliliors' without endangering the character of his fleece. We can now understand, probably, how it was that tho celebrated flocks of Ohio, which were raised at Steubenvilloin that State.wero so rapidly improved. The breeder was a manu facturer, and his staples made him acquainted with the character of tho fleece of every buck and ewe he bred, and of every ono ho purchased. He could thus breed intelligibly and make the preciso crosses required to givo his wool that exquisite character for fineness and softness which it ultimately obtained. Much is said about the comparative value of sheep with light and thjM with heavy fleeces, without the subject beiif thoroughly understood by the advocates of either. I havn in my eye two clips, each of which wero well washed and clean, and weighed not quite 3 1-2 lbs; tho fine ness of each was nearly the same, but the value of tho one was several cents per pound more tors from t be manufacturers, who in nil mma than tho ntbnr. Tim nn. ...... AnrnMn , , ..... .. . . . .. .".It ..II. S.,UU VUI.I I.V-l express their perfect satisfaction with the pur- wool, free from that animal oil and cum with chases made, and a strong desire that the pro jeet may succeed. The wool is brought Into the warehouse, each Ih'pco examined, sorted recording to quality ami condition, into live different sorts. In a case that occurred while I was there, a lot of ono hundred and liftv-fivc pounds was examin ed, and fifteen poun'ds of useless twine, taggs and lilt'i removed. In another case, the same day, a lot of wool was brought in which was sorted in No. 2 ; la-t year the wool from the same sheep was sorted in No. 1. But this year tho farmer had neglected to shear the sheep at the proper time; ii iioprcci uiiui in consequence nau laisen place Iirgo clips, notwithstanding their being sor ted.iire kept separate from all others. His brought sometimes in s.trks and some times in sheets ; sacks are supplied to any far mer who may want them, at the cost of the ma terial, or it returned in good order, at only a charge of one shilling per sack fur its use; where sacks are brought by tho firmer, if in good order, fiftv cents is allowed fur them, un less reque-ted to bo returned. Kvery charge for transacting business, save that of insurance, is covered by a commission ol one cent per pound. Tho insurance is ono quarter of one per cent for each three months. Tho woul is sold only when ordered by the owner. At first sight, many a farmer may imagine that ho can save this commission of ono cent per pound by selling to the wool factor; but does any mm uie that tho wool factor works for nothing ? IIo is either paid a commis sion no Jess, nr m ikes a profit much larger than this. The farmer who places his wool in the depot for sale, has tho advantage of knowing precisely tho cost of sale, while Im who sells to the wool factor is utterly ignorant of tho clur- gi'Miu incurs. Une tiling is certain, tlio wool factor has hi, pay, ;ind thev arc not heard often to complain ('tf inadequacy. 'Hie prohibililv howeveris, that in all cases, owing to (lie sorting of the ,vl. both as to luality and style as well as to r.nnillil.m. ii price is enhanced uinro than enougli to cover the agent's commission. lierever it is required an advance Is made for two-thirds of the value, for which interest is charged at seven per cent. A friend of mine sent his wool to tho depot for the sake of receiv Il.l. ti: i ll ..... which the other abounded. Tho ndvocato therefore of sheep with heavy fleeces must dis criminate between fleeces which, though equal ly heavy do not yield tho same weight ofaviila ble wool to tho minuf.ictur.T. To some extent this may bojudged of by the hand and eye, but tho scouring liquor will tell the truth exactly, and every breeder of sheep should become ac qminted with its elT.-cts upon the fleece of the bucks ho intends using in his crosses. I have seen a statement of the relative shrink ago of several clips of wool, all well washed and in good condition. Some shrunk .JO per cent, others only 33 1-3. Tho buck I havo alluded to above would probably overgo even 40 per cent, reducing his 8 pounds of fleece to 4 4-5 pounds. In a word, every shepherd who acts understan ding in so important a matter as the improve ment of wool.mnst call in the aid of that informa tion which h is been developed in this commu nication. I find that m iny breeders of fine wool have erroneously embraced the idea that the weight of the fleece can not bo increased be yond 3 lbs. without injury to the quality of the wool. If the increase is to be produced merely in using bucks with heavy fleeces the position is impregnable ; but if the increase is made by careful breeding, so as to give roundness and firmness to the form and closeness and compact ness to the wool, then is tho position unsound. I can name a Saxon flock of the purest blood, consisting of many hundred, composed exclu sively of ewes and tho proper proportion of bucks that shear more than 3 lbs. per sheep. Should the length of staple bo increased, by the elTect of climate or breeding, this excellent (lock will greatly exceed their present largo average, and this without any deterioration of its quality, which is now equal to any in the country. The Hon. Mr. Nicholas, of Genesee, whoso long experience as a wool grower entitles his opinion to respect, inforinod me that after enqui ries made among manufacturers and others, ho hid altered Ins opinion on this point lln consult" ntoie exiwnsc, waningion conniy, crossing with ins llocl he could incroaso tho materially deteriorating Mr. Diniel Itotjcrs, t nent wool grower, and ono who justly prides HARNET'S CHARGE AT CERRO GORDO. Written expressly for the U. 8. "Spirit of the Times." DV O DE L, OF THE 3rd INFANTRY. Burlington, Vermont, May 26, 1847. j)Mr p. It seems an age since my pen has spoken to "the Spirit." We re all so perfectly the creatures of habit, that any interference witli itis sensibly felt, and with great pleasure when the opportunity oflbrs wo take up the old jog. Of late, however, thcro has been a vacuum caused by my being no longer a sharer in the exciting marches and the brilliant actions of our callant Army. Sinco I led the seat of war, the action of Cerro Gordo has added another brilliant to our already dazzling crown of victories. The point upon "which the juccmj of le dty hung was the taking of the rugged heights of "Cerro Gordo. 7'Aere was to be the fearful struggle, There our bravo fellow were to come In contact with tho enemy in imaginary security, behind ramparts bristling with" R-linon. Thert were they to face the leaden hall-stnnn and the sheets of fire, as fearlessly, with bayonets lixed, they toiled up tho rugged ascent. Theory was "On ward, boys !" They scarcely had foothold, tho precipitous clilTsecmed to defy the power of man; the looso stones rolled from under their fect.and to the impediments of nature the enemy had added artificial ones in the shape of trees with their limbs trimmed, forming almost an impenetrable barrier. The ascent is commenced the enemy open their fire. With each reverberated echo some gallant spirit falls badly wounded, or yields up life giving, as his last cheering farewell, " Forward , Imys !"' Onward they went without ono moment's hesitation without the leat faltering. Like a machine they moved. The iron hail dealt death, but not confusion. The firmness of purpose which conceived the assault only increased amid the terrible slaughter ! Higher and higher those gall int souls climb the mountain side the fierce t?Z of battle (and those who have never heard or felt it can form no con-1 tween each pier. cord the magnificent manner in which he mar .bed them in lineof battle across the plain, un lor the firo of three batteries, to the storming ol Monterey ! Col, Garland had tho Regiment ol his Brigade formed in lino of battle, ami wo ad vanced by battalion front until wo reached the city. In advancing in that order tho color Scr leant with the colors nnd the color guard ad vanced six paces to the front of the Regiment. evcr will I forget the cool and deliberate man ner in which he occasionally altered the front of direction. " A little to your left, Sergeant ! ' That will do." " Steady, Sir." 11 A little to your right." " Keep that course." All these cautionary commands were given In tho same calm tone of voice as if on the drill field, and obeyed with promptness and accuracy. Alas ! that that man of iron nervo will never again lead a Regiment to the charge. Yours truly, G de L Torcign Items. rr.0M rArriis received bv he ca.mdru.J Dreadful Railway Accident in England. On Monday evening, the 24th nit., Chester was thtown into an unprecedented state of excite ment and consternation by the occurrence of a most distressing accident on tho bridge of the Chester and Holyhead Railway, which! crossed the river Dee, near this city. The train in question leaves the Chester sta tion at a quarter pat six o'clock, taking on pas sengers from Bir';enliead and tho Northwestern Line; and consisted on Monday evening of a first class carriage, three second class carriages and the van, in which were two persons besides the guard. It is rather difficult to ascertain the number of passengers ; but. from tho best infnr. mation we can obtain, it Eccms probable that whistle or tho noise of the carriages. Carlisle mere were aooiu tinrty-tive. i lie bridcc is con- Journal. .....l I... .1... l.l.!.. . ,. . " . . . " ; ") l" ""mug logciuer oi iron girders, ij.,ie Potato Crop promises to effect all the purposes of such an instrument moro accurately, regularly and eco nomically than any other yet devised. Its first cost is below the average ; and its wear and tear Is Inconsiderable. It is almost superfluous to say that it Is a dry meter, for water meters of ovcry kind labor under the incurable evil of cor rosion by ammnniacal nnd sulphuric deposits. The chief peculiarities of tho patent meter are that it works nt less than one-tenth of the usual pressure, nt tho same time giving a perfect, steady light; all tendency tn jumping being ob viated by a peculiar contrivance, whereby the works lubricate themselves. The dial is very largo; it ha two hands like a clock, and may bo read with groat facility by the consumer. The Tnoors iv the NonTiiEttN District. Wo understand that Lieut. General Sir Thomas Arbuthnot, the General commanding the North ern district, which Includes not only the North ern counties, hut Stufibrdshirc, has' recently is sued orders to the troops under his command, not only in this town, but throughout the dis trict, to hold thcmsilves In readiness to march on duty, nt it moment's notice. Sir Thomas has likewise ordered strong picqiict, of both cavalry ami infantry, to be mounted, both by day and night, at each of the barracks in this garrison, to be in instant readiness, should their services be called for. Manchester OuarJian. Strange Taste. A waler-wagtail has fixed upon a strange position for its nest, near the I'lumpton station, on the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway. It has placed its nest in a hollow be neath one of the permanent rails of the line, over which trains are pissing hourly. The nest at present contains our eggs ; Rnd tho birds do not appear to be in the least disturbed in their uomesuc anairs uy eiiner tno scream oi tne .t.. i. . . . . . M int 1-outo lyRor, vo nave mucu cratin iiiuii .uu imiiiuiicu ov lour srono niers t mm . .. -i . .... Unii.M. ,.i i i- ' i e . cHiiiin iii Mining mat, tne potato crops in tins " h !' ". "ii l'.u 11 line, llliu lour 00- ne rr ihnr bond look rloan and nrnmisin r Thorn AVlinn m.n . n,. fl. .11. . I. . ' : - . .. . : 1" V"' ' ........ ft '" un lq no tin leotinn nt nrospnt ,f i icnueA VVn I.-.i-n ho sowed extensively last lime with their seed when committed to the ground, and aNo when storing Innvns tho roar of' of the bridge, on the Saltney side'of tho river, , aTj;K d, but with musket ready the engineer heard an unusual noise, and felt a j yp.,r ,nt bv mlim-lin" lin ss forward to gain the kind of vibratory motion in the girders; he im-' cornrni,tPd the'Wmund. ception of it,) almost drowns lory ! Not a gun is lired, f.,e tho efinriri. fliAl' nrpss l . i : 7 r ' r . ' A ii ii i:. i.. i . i. ,. ' commuted to tne ground, and a n when storing height that insures victory. " Onward, boys !" mediately accelerated the specl to a great ve- nfter t,,e lmrvest. thev succeeded in resisting -tlie apex is almost gained ; already can they oci y uui nau scarce y tno engine and ,,, nnJ preJt.rvil,g ,,c!r cri)p P0nJ ,),,.,,,,,, look .nto the muzzle of the cannon, those dread- ten, ler clear over tho bridge, when two of the ,0 wintcr. Were this generally pr.icti-ed, ful engines of death! Onward they press ! The girders gave way, U,e l,e of rails on winch the mllcll Rlisictv nlvl ,oi3 irhl bo a.oiaed.J enemy still stands firm, confident in numbers tram was passing fell, with a tremendous crash, Uantcrburii Journal and position clinging to the hope that when and the carriages were precipitated on to the I , their showers uf grave rained among their foes, embankment of the river below, into which I The Stock of Corn and the CRors. A let- they will falter and fallback. Baseless dclu- fnino of them rolled. The screams of the tor from Krome, a market town about 100 miles sion! Tho grape, like hail stones, thin our slightly wounded, tho groans of those whoo west of London, suvs :" The corn mirkels are ranks, onward thev rush reach close musket limbs wero broken, and the terror of all, wero coming down. All tho corn rooms are full of shot deliver their "fire and with an impotnoi- heart-rending. Having got tho engine on the 1 Jv''cat, and some of it has been in the Ixindon tyas irresistible as the Alpine avalanche, crown other line, he then immediately returned, and 'nn "r J'lp 'a1 ,lvo years, and tho sacks are tho breast work, and put to death and flight its with a degreo of courage and intrepidity which "'Men. Them were 2000 sacks left unsold at brave defenders. Their own guns are imme- can scarcely bo credited, recmssed the bridge , j1''1,1'1 'a'1 Satnrdiy, and the farmers in this part diately turned upon the living encmv, and tho hy the up lino of rails which remained standim', i llol,i S0"" stocks, and some of them are yet san- shot thov hid collected to destroy the" Northern and gave information of the disaster at the f-'umo of getting 70s. or 80s. per sack, l'ota- Barbarians" mow down their own ranks like tho Flookcrsbrook station in Chester. J0" 'k well. The w heat and the grass crops grass before the eevthe. I In tho course of a short time, assistance was ln"k exceedingly well, t nut is likely to bo Happy they who were participators in the at hand, and the police and military having been i i1""""1'11'1- Wo shall, be obliged to pluck olT storming of Cerro Gordo ! Well may they bo called out, every help was afforded to the unfbr. in" 1,10 cherries to make room for the others proud of the deed of noble daring that day dis- tun.itc suflerers, who were lying scattered on i '? Cr"w,; apples and pears are somewhat played! With swelling hearts may they 'hero- the embankment in all directions, and many of .similar. after look at their colors, which, with tho names them unable to release themselves from the in- National Bank or The 12th an- of other hard fought battles, the government cumlient weight of stones which had fallen from nnal meeting of the proprietors of the National must permit to bo incnbil upon them. 1 lie mo "aup. unu ininionis m mu oroi.oii car- u-uiK ,,l Ireland was held on Wednesilnv, In Kit"- A-'iiiory, Jo iji " -..iiurv i mo - ...,w-.. ,,P., ,,,,. i our, in.l.o., J. C. Uiiddinc, l'.i. iii the chair. Tho , nrougnt miei'p iruni ... . . . - .ii.u.s ",iui-w im-.icconi is li' i"- 11 i.nuiaoio ' . ? .. ' -1 ......... .. : f .....I nr loss wnnnili.,!.!rw tlin nlu.-n ........ ' .... , i-a. lor tne purpose ol 1 "', - . " . ; , m "'' !'- conuition. in answer to a que-tion Irom a pro- It, under the lull beliet that " uwuruuu i i, mm i """-y; 'j""" ...nn. cib mn ui so so-1 pnetor, tho chairman said : " I lime the tittno-t quantity of wool without ""I'l'd they may reap some little reward. nous a nature as to rcquiro their detention in 1 sitisfUctinn in tellinf von that tho balance due its character. 1 wiggs has acquired tor himself an en-, Lleter, and a.s these immediately proceeded from the I.ito governor (Daniel O'Connell, Esq., iflloosic, also an emi- viable reputation. Heretofore, most unfortun- onward by different conveyances, we cannot, of , l. u n,,t mom than Cimin nilwnl,d ing this advance. His wool was sold for five himself on thnnmilitt.. nn,1 rnndltlnn nf i,U ami Cents per liontid mnm limn ho ...iiihl liiv..,.S. I,rtl.l :f ii... i .i tained for it at homo, by which ho c SSsrS. .farm. 2KS ON TUB WOOL 'MADE. HV J. II. Mii-p l"o Wool.(iroitrs..o. . Agricultural Ucxims, ) At.iUNV, Juno 8, 1810. ( RWOOII, i;.,, lres!thu flhe y y ;ricultiiriit Srjcirly; . i, , , "lu main qncs. v put. is tho plan detailed in my !o ( In nart 1 Imm i ,i' Mt . . , ... . uuuiuiiicu urn it is consonant to tho Umwn laws i icasiu o, and not otherwise. In ool and uhnost ovnrv r,il,n- , . " Ltiiiiiniiq. .,.,.., r.,n, , , uiiiner exclusively, is country tho practlco is gaining ... ..tiuii ruuiiu reasons u.) given uui uiisiuees oi una rstato, like four l.n 1... I .1 ...u uiui-i uusiuoss oi mo country, advantageously carried on ujion the only his commission and interest, but much more. No where in the course of my visits, have I found any one buying or selling "wool. Yet ma ny arc auious to -ell. At the Kindcrhook de pot wool can always be sold at the market price. Hut few are likcly'to be suited with present pri ces. He it so. Any who need the money can obtain two-thirds of "tho market value at once, and then wait, if so minded, until prices mend or the market is settled. This year a stapler has boon added to the con cern. A sample is selected from each of tho several sorts and presently will bo stapled. The J manufacturer will thus bo able to buy his wool unilerstanilingly, and know precisely tho value olhis purcha-e. Through this arrangement the farmer and tho manufacturer are brought together under favor able circumstances, each knowing tho precise

vilue ol'thi) commodity about which thev are bargaining, I hue '.omplaincd a good d'tl of tho manu facturer fur not paying discriminating prices : let mo apologize for liiin however somewhat. The value of wool is determined by close and critical examination. No stapler can come with in file cents per pound of the true value of line wool, unless lie examines it under favorable circumstances. At all events he cannot do it in the dark garret or gloomy wool loft of the firmer. Ho must then, when prizing fine wool in theso places, guard again-t error, and he will so guard as to make tho wool cot no more, at any rate, than it is worth. Can you blame him? How much better then is it for you to sell your wool when its value can bo as accurate ly determined, without the chanco of error, as if examined at tho stapler's bench. Some facts very interesting to the breeders of fine wool have been elicited by the liberal and enlightened agency of tho manufacturers who have patronized this establishment. I will not go Into detail, but state ono or two inferences which I have drawn from them. First, no man should buy fino wooled sheep without consulting the stapler ; none but him can determine the preciso relativo value of clips of wool, A firmer may approximate toil, but cm not arrive at it exactly, nor can it bo set tled by even the examinations of the micro scope. A lot of grado wool, which if judged by a specimen selected from tho shoulder would have been pronounced of tho finest quality, showed, on stapling, conclusively, tint tho fleece of the full blood sheep is by far the best. Nor can any ono carry on, tinderstandingly, tno ureoding oi lino wooled sheep without hav ing their fleeces stapled. A lot of wool was sold from tho depot upon condition that if the stapling would warrant it, an addition would be in ide to the price. Ivich lot was sep irately sta pled, ono supposed by tho owner, and by every ono else, to bo equal to the be-t was found, oil stapling, unexpectedly to run into tho lower numbers of of the stapler's scale, showing to the that ho had bred in and in too much. I'.U'ryono knows that this wiilallect tho hardi hood and constitution of the sheepdiut who sup posed that it would ailed tho softness and curl of tlie lleece. A farmer having a very superior clip of wool, , ; ' " year io cross ins ewes wuti a buck having a heavy fleeco. Ono was procured vn iied a. high as sixty dollars. But when tho animal was thorn and the fleeco brought to tho stapler, allhouir tho wool and as well washed, it was round that a largo ' 11 s i. re of the eight pounds which it weighed was f M..IUI4I un yr gum holds the same onimon. nnd lias nror.nrod sb..0n A r .i , , ' ' nut iroin uie same piace lor tne line purpose Mr. Morell, of Tomnkins countv. so well known for his excellent work on sheep, holds the same opinion. I believe he goes so far as to say that ho can cross his Saxons with selec ted merinos, without detriment. These must be a good deal ofdifferencc in the quantity of wool sheared from different flocks, owing Io the keep of tho flock. Dr. Beekman, after shearing, rejected forty ewjs from his ve ry superior Saxon flock; twenty of these were picked out and bought by a farmer, who so kept them that he had but seven lambs, and did not she ir two pounds of wool from each ewe. TIip refuse twenty were purchased by another neigh bor and so kept that ho raised twenty lambs from his twenty ewes and sheared over four lbs. of wool from each. Tho late lamented H, D. Grove communica ted to me, before his death, a statement which tallies precisely with tho above ; his belief was that high feeding, in ono or two generations, would completely change the character of the animal. One statement moro and I will fiuih this too protracted discussion. I have stated frankly and fearlessly those facts which mv enquiries solic ited, and which tend materially to encourage the grower of lino wool. I have done so b". cause truth required it at my hands. Hut I must also state that the stapler has pointed out a description of wool which is sure to bo much in re quest.and which I must own appears to me to promise quite as much profit as short stapled fine wool. It is fine soft wool of long staple, suited to tlie manufacture nf warps, shawls, nnd tho finr descriptions of flannels; it is also used for fill ings, after having been sliced by machinery, and thus been converted into short stapled wiiol. Soma manufacturers say it answers their pur pose well, but the better opinion is, that for su perior cloth there is no substitute for short sta pled wool. Large and heavy fleeces of this kind of wool can be produced, but they must not bo confounded with heavy wool that shrinks in the scouring liquor fifty per cent, whilo the wool named shrinks only thirty-three per cent. The specimens that I havo seen of tho wool from Lord Weston's flock, recently imported by Mr. Jewctt, of Vermont, would seem to an swer admirably for that purpose. Combing wool is also in much request, and the great increase of the machinery employed for this purpose leaves no doubt that this kind of wool will bo largely in demand. Tho wool that is required by tho monslindes lainej manufactu rers requires a staploof at leat three inches in length. In fineness it wants to bo between the Ijcicester and tho Merino. Those conversant with this wool sav that probably a cross between tho Ijoicestcr and Merino would furnish exactly the article. It however must havo great strength of staple, as well as length, nr it will not an swer. Those whoso situation justifies the breeding of mutton sheep would do well to look into this matter. Yours, respectfully, J. I). NOTT. A BoV CARRIED OVER NIAGARA FALLS A melancholy accident occurred at Niagara Falls on Sunday last, says tho Rochester Advertiser. A lino lad of tho name nf John Murphy, nwd 13 I years, in the employ of Judge I'orter, in crossing tne unippewa in a canoe, was drawn into mo rapids on tho Canada side, and into tho great llorso Shoo fall. He battled manfully with the h tho wool looked fino and soft.f ?,"," R,t,'m.,,l with,.n a ,,u"'ld yar of ...I... i . - . . ?. ! II, . ulu.rA hi. tt'iid ill t in imhrai.n nf ton riistiiniT cataract, which never releases its victims I l lie lln h w rn,.i..,i ,T. t..i.. broken frauments ot Ins trail barn were all mation in time to prevent u igrhm ca1amUy ' that was found of the. little mariner. A widowed Allowing linn to be nerfootlu ormi i hi. ,;i, I mother and three children mourn the loss of a son tho animal in quotion was not the proper ono and brother, and many strangers lament the fate , i iv .i I .i 11 1 i ! ' i- iui iii is inn nioi u a eiy n.r u s division, u nas neon us hick to no courso, B c .1 complete i t oi t ne passengers. ifc p(iciesi to tho extent of 87,500, besides oth piaceu in a less conspicuous posiuoii inan muers, i i ..ere seems io oo no minor, mat the occasion ' er securities, so that the B ink can lose nothim' least ns rcg.irus newspaper cneci. i ue .u ... u.o was me nreaKing ol me girders, ,v t,0 xU, ,)Vcrnnr. I nm h ipny to bo thu division can over point ip erro i.oruo wnii are o i.ienuy not strong enougli lor the nble to put at rest all the incorrect reports that pride, as an in uiey were particu- support nt tne tirnige. l he lireman, or stoker, have been circulated, that the debt of tho late larly distinguished. I presume the only regret " ho was um.n the tender, mu-t have been killed governor to this bank amounted to GO.OOO or tm,- iiavt: mull- in.i fii'mLii .,itt ' ',. iiiLiicu DIM.. PUII.U laillllir SlIUsi .lire. Til Ollll ...xi.,.!- " for all. (or nntliim? is so pleasant as to have as the dead hodv of tho noor 1'idlow was I'mim! ' " honors divided; but when luck is so strong lying on tlie rails; the three other corpses were involution of I'ari.iamf.nt. l tie London vou have "all four." althoui'h in a certain "amo taken out of the van. which had fallen no tlm Times of the 2d in-t. says : " The statement of we iniuht cuvv tho possessor, vet, in the name ' embankment. So nowerfullv u roiiehin.r nnd tni-cellaneous estimate- mid civil contingencie- nf war wo must worship him who having them tremendous was the cra-h, that the strong iron w'dcli Lord John Hu?olI will make this eve- plays them to such advantage as to give glory to chains which yoke the train wero snapped "'ng, will pn.bibly lie accompanied with a pro- his country. I asunder like bars of glass ; and ono of tho car- gramme of business for tlie remainder of tho What would I not have given to havo seen tho 1 riages was crushed like a niit-.-liell bv the fill. "'"'i. Tho dissolution, we Mieve, will not gallant Harney leading his Ilnga.Ie to the charge! tins part of the Holyhead Line al.-o forms a Those who have never seen Iii in, nor have had portion of the railway from Che-tor to Shrews- tho pleasure of enjoying his society, can hardly bury, and wits oHMied on the i!d of November ippreciate the man and officer. Hast ever seen last, when the first train cros-ed the bridge to him, "Spirit?" "No." It me see if I can Kuabon; though some additional works," not -ketch him for you. Bo not jealous, " Tall then completed, have since been tini-bed, and, son 01 lork, lor no stanus mgner in ins siock- as wo near, in-pecled by competent engineers. ing feet than thy worthy self. Smdy hair, very The entire length of tho'brujge is 330 feet ; the eston m autumn light complexion, a frank, generous expression length of the fallen copartment is 100 feet, its p,t ii.oi.. ot countenance, lorm perieci in symmetry, wild- wium io jeet ; and the height aliove the river at ml one particle n supcniuous iiesu, in "to run nign water is a leet. (Jlialer Courant, bo deferred much, if at all, beyond the end of the next month. The election, in that case, will be got through in tho in'erval between hay anil lrirvet ; and those of our honorable representa tives who will, again bo summoned to the great council of the nation, will hive time to recruit their strength for tho labors of a supplementary for a man's life." in tho prime of manhood, with unild but determinate blue eye, and you have ,m"rn "I . "! him standing before you. Mount him on his 1 J1" Kenial succ ... .1.1 t rl :. .1.... u., :i . iiuuiii vi.i&rjjer, .it ui.iu v uim. it mi- feedill" lll9t DU.I. II. lit.eS, U..14 II." .l.llllitllo.l IU ; form until it appears to expand, and you have one of the most gallant, dashing cavalry officers in any service. Ho is a man of an iron will, and if necessary of desperate courage. As a partisan officer he is conspicuous. I deem him tho best in tho service. Like all men of such temperament, he is a warm, devoted friend and a bitter enemy. Think of bis towering form carrying his Brigade to the storming of that ter riblo height ! What a picture for nn artist ! Harney with arm outstretched and sword drawn, pointing to the height, with his gallant Brigade, regardless of all obstacles, rushing into tho en emy's breast works! All acunts represent him as conspicuous, and that the clear shrill tones of his voice, calm almost to frigidity, could bo distinctly heard all tho way up the mountain side. Those are the charges that try men's souls, and the success attending them is so brilliant, that we almost forget that "every sweet has its bitter" that while tho nation is full uf pride and exultation at tho result, many a fireside, many a dear home, is clothed in mourning and buried In griof! Tho sympathies of thousands are with them the tears of their brethren in arms water their graves, and it must bo some consolation to their parents to reflect how nobly they fell, and that their names will bo ever identified with the glory of their country's arms. Swell and Davis of the Rifles ! Gallant young soldiers, hardly had you devoted ono year to the service of your country ere you " fleshed your maiden swords" in death. our death and that of other kindred spirits will be infectious, and urgo on your brother officers to feats of daring. How fortunate it is that we have to mourn over the loss of so few ! Heaven grant thoso gal lant souls who wero wounded may recover! l'oor Shields ! Ho is a gallant and high smiled gentleman. Tho brave and chivalric Sumner, .Maury, McUne, Dana, Ward, Bee, and others we cannot spare you ! Tho Old Third has lost flowers enough, and cannot spare such plants as Ward and Bee. Old follows! if lam not with you in body, I am in spirit. Mess mates ! before tho battle came off I predicted ono of you would bo wounded You wit live to renew tho days of auld lang syne. But my pen is running away with me ; and yet, when ono gets among tho memories of tho past, the incidents of battles, circumstances arise to recall events that otherwiso would bo forgot ten. The mention of the cool maimer in which Col. Harney took his Brigade into action reminds me so forcibly of the lamented Maj. I .ear, that I cannot resist tho inclination of placing on re. During the pa-t week wo ession ol line grow ing weather, witli now and then refreshing and bowers. Tho crops still tro on im proving, and so far givo promiso of abundance in eicry department. New potiloes have al ready fallen to less than half their valii" about' a fortnight ago, and old ones havo also declined in prices. It is to be hoped that the prospect Two valuable cart hor-es were sold recently for 81 10, to the Karl of Bil- carres and Mr. I'ruik-hank, the brewer. The great riso in the price of draught horses is, that all the railway contractors are largo buyers at present, and will be until all railways are com pleted. They are 40 ier cent, dearer than 12 months ago. I'ort of RtriA. Tho Umpernr of Russia has just published a ukase, declaring that, from the present time to the end of 1851, a duty of fifteen effective kopeks (sixty centimes) per ton shall native and loreign ga. I ho proceeds improvement of tho port. Tho new constitution of Genoa, having I een ,, in the districts around this submitted to the approbation of tho people, was eautiftilly luxuriant !ii.pear-."dopted nn the 21th tilt., by a majority of 5,527, out ol .a.ti'JS voles. Tun Potato DisEAsf. in Of.rvanv. The Hei.lell.erg Gazette states, in a notice dited the 15th of May, tint the potato rot h is manifested itself in tho'neighborhooil of that city; and that tlie H)tatues, when attacked, run more rapidly into decomposition than in fanner years. According to letters from Rus-ia, two general officers and twehe colonels h ive been commit ted for trial, on the chargo of haling embezzled moneys destined for the service of tho military hospitals. The l'ope Ins altered tho manner of reckon in" time a' Rome, where tho people used the Julian mode ol counting twenty-tour Hours iroin h.ilf un hour before el, and has ordered the before us will induce the holders of corn and pro-, jgyjj tK, frej'it ,,f all i visions generally to relax in theirdemands,wliich,ilip, eavjni, t. .t r,f Jii. it is generally assumed, have latterly been much aro dCstinej t0 t,c hnprovoine: loo exoronaiu, anu lien io ue jusiineu oy any ne cessity arising from alleged scarcity of stocks in hand, t he country, in the districts around tlm town, presents a beautifully luxuriant appear ance. In dry, light soils some rain is desirable, but there is yet no cause of complaint from drought. Liverpool Standard, June 1(. The Irish Poor. Tho arrivals of paupers from Ireland continue at nearly the same point; every steamer which arrives at this port being freighted with hundreds of these destitute human beings, who have fled from their own country to escape the horrors of famine. OiiTuesd.ijsjlie number was 9'JO, and on Wednesday, 1121. None of these were, however, actually buffering from fever, although many wero in such a stato of destitution as to render them extremely sus ceptiblo of its influence. We regret to add that two more of the assistant relieving officers, from the lico force, have been attacked by fever, and are ivinrr in n dangerous state, it i in l u uai.i;eroiis su.iu. it is - , , . .,,. p.. tended to reinoie a number of tho fever patients public clocks to w au..pieu .u ...t.- out of the town to the Akbar lazaretto; and rope.m recs-mii.. three other ve-sels, the L-tviuia, Newcastle and Druid, will shortly bo at the service of the au thorities. l,urrpool .Mercury, MU mn. A Relio of the Famine of 1800. On Mon day last two pieces ol bread, made during the famine of 1800, when flour was Is. a peck, and preserved by their owner, wero shown to us at our ollice. Ono is a penny loaf, the other a roll. Tho loar, which is in good preservation, is about two inches square, and even when un shrivelled by lime, could not havo made more I .i......,,, ..,,,,,il, Puis Tlm roll is par- 111,111 t,.w w.-v...... ... . , I I ilnllf ,l...nvp.l. but so far ns wo can judge, It' could not, when fre-h, have exceeded tho di mensions of a linger biscuit, to which, in shape, it liears a resemblance. Both have a hungry, faininc-liko aspect, especially when compared with a roll and loaf of 1835, which the owner of theso relies has also preserved. But as the present limes are, a sight of such memento of a bv-"one famine reconciles us to whit it is sincerely to l3 hoied will bo a temporary priva lion. liirmingham Journal, Patbnt Gas-Meter. A new kind of gas meter has been patented, in England, whic . i:tchiui:s ofn Whale Cruise. A WHALE CHASE. April 8th, 1813. We were running down for the Albadr.t Islands with it lino steady breeze. The morning was bright and clear, and tho wa ter of that peculiar color which whalemen re gard as llio fivoritc resort for whiles. 1 had "he forenoon watch Mow, and was ju-t con .rratulating myself upon getting through with my ' double altitudes,' when the loud, clear voice of man ut tho mast head camo ringing down tho forecastle. ' There she blows ?' was the thrilling cry. ' That's onco !' shouted the captain. ' There she blows.' 1 That's twice, by jingo !' ' There she blows !' 1 Three times ! Where away Tatmr V ' Off the wcathei bow, sir, two points.' How fir ?' ' A mile and a half. Thcro she blows '.' 1 Sperm whale ! Call all hands 1' There was a rush on deck, each man trying to get to tho scuttle first. Then camo half a dozen loud knocks, and a hoarse voice shout ing, ' Larbnrd watch ahoy ! Turn out my lads ! Sperm whalo insight! H"ave out I Iish and carry! Rise and chime 1 Hear a hand, my live ly hearties !' ' Those who wero 'rolled in,' rolled out as quick as possible, and buckled nn their ducks, and in less than two minutes were all on deck ready for ordets. The tubs were put in the boats, and the main yard hauled aback. We all now per ched ourselves in the rigging, nnd kept a sharp looK-out on every side for the whale's next rising. I wenty minutes elapsed since the spout was lir.-t seen ; twenty-live passed ami the captain began to get into a state of nervous anxiety. We strained our eyes in all directions to ' make a spout.' Half aii hour flew by, and no spout was seen. It began to look like'n hopeless case, when Tabor, whose visual organs appeared to have the power of ubiquity, sang out : ' There sho blows ! there die blows !' 1 Where now I' roared the captain, 1 Oil" the weather qmrter ! Two largo sperm whales, ir, Go it, boats.' ' Clear away tho boils ! Come from tlm mast head.all you that don't belong there ! Boar a hand ! we'll take them this rising !' shout ed the captain,in a fierce, sharp voice. 'All ready, sir.' 1 Lower away, then !' The waist and larboird botts were instantly down, ready to ' bend on.' Capt. A anil some of his boat's crew being too ill to man the other boat, we struck off for the whales without them. I nulled tho aft oar. at usual : and as. bv this time, I was as tough and muscular as my comrades, the boat danced along tho water in fine style. Although the larboard boat was much easier pulled, and had tho oldest and the stoute-t ofthe whole crew, wo contrived, by unusual ex ertions, to keep ahead of her, till the real ' tug of war' come. Then was our mettle put to the test ! One ofthe whales was leisurely making to windward not more than half a mile oil". ' Lay hick mv lad I' cried I1 , pale with cvcilement. ' Keep tlie larboard bo it astern ! .Never say die! lints our whale I Uli, do spring do spring ! -No noise ! btcauy and soil s tho word. We replied to this appeal by ' piling up tho agony on our oars. Away sprang our boat, trembling and quivering as she d tried through the waves. She really seemed to imbibe tlie general excitement as she parted the clear blue water, and dashed it foaming from her bows. Onward we flew ! The larboard bow was hard upon onr stern ; the whale rolling lazily in tho trough ofthe sea, a few dirts ahead. ' Oh, lay back ! lay back !' whi-pcred P trembling with eagerness not to bo outdone by tho mate. ' Do spring, mv boys, if von loc gin! Now's your time! Now or never! Oh, see him ! how quiet he lies ! Put the lccf on your oirs, every mother's sou of you. Pile it on ! pilo it on ! That's tho way to tell it ! Our whalo this time !' ' Stand tip, Tabor !' cried P , in a low voice. Peaking his oar, Tabor sprung to his feet, and grasp'.l a harpoon. ' Shall 1 givo iiim two irons V ' Yes ; he may bo wi'd.' Another stroke or two, and wo were hard up on him. Tabor with unerring aim, let fly hi.s irons, and buried them to tlie sockets iii tho huge carcass of the whale. Stern all !' thundered P . ' Stem all !' echoed the crew ; but it was too late. Our bows wero high and dry on tho whale's head. Infuriated by the pain" produced by the h irpoons.and doubtless much astoni-hed to flnd his bead so roughly u-cd, ho rolled half over, lahing the sea with his llukes, and in his struggles ili-hcd in two of the upper planks. ' Boat -tovo ! boit stove !' was the general cry. ' Silence !' thundered the second mate, as "he sprang to tlie Imw, and exchanged places with T.ilmr, ' All s ife my hearties ! Stern hard ! stern, stern, before he gets his llukes to bear upon us.' ' Stern all !' shouted we, and in a imment more wo were out of danger. 'I'he w bale now ' turned fluke-,' and d i-lic.l nil" to windward with the speed of a locomntiie, towing ns alter hi in at a glorious rate. Wo occasionally slacked line in order to givo him plenty nf" play. A stiff breeze had sprang up. c.iu-ing a rough", chopping sea ; and we leaked badly in tlie bow iil.iuks. It fell to my lot to keep the water bailed out and the line clear as tho others hauled in, a ticklish job, the l ist ; for a- the second mate said, a sin gle turn would whip oil a shin 1 as slick as guoo grease.' Notwithstanding the roughness uf the sea, wo shot ahead witli incredible swiftness ; and the way wo walked p.i-t the larboard but, whoso crew wero tugging and laboring with all their might, was surprising. ' lloor.i for the waist boat !' bur't from every lip. Three hearty cheers followed, much to tho annoyance of the o'her Imt's crew and in ite. Wo eMiltingly took oil' our h its and waved them a polite ' good bye,' reque-ting them, if they bad any news to -end to the windward ports, to bu quick about it, us it was inconieiiient for us to stop ju-t then. 1 belieio Solomon siys itis not good to bo vain glorious. ,t ail events, while we wero skimming along so gallantly, ihe whale suddenly milled, and pitched the boit on her beim ends. " Kvery one who could grasp a thwart hung on to it, and wo were all l'ortu n ito enough to keep our seats. For as much as ship's Icitfth the boat tlew through the wa ter on her gunwale, foaming and whizzing as -ho pis-ed onward. It was rather a matter of doubt as to which side would turn uppermost, until Tabor slacked out the lino, when she right ed. To have n boit, with all lier irons lances, gear and oars, piled on one 'o head in such a sea was rather a startling prospect to the best swim mer. .Meanwhile the whale ro-o to the surface to spout. The change in his course hid enabled the m ite's boat to come up ; and we lay on our oars in order that Mr. D might lance him. He struck him in tho 'life' the first dart, as was evident from the whale' furious diug strug gles; nevertheless in order to in ike sure, wo pulled up and churned a lance back of his head. I cannot conceiio tiny thing niorestrikiin'lv aw ful than tho butchery of this treinendous'ie' of the deep. Foaming and breachini', he plunged Irom wave to wave, flinging high into the air torrents of blood ami spray.' The sea around was literally n sea of blood. " At one moment his head was jmised high in tho air,nnd the next, he buried him-elf in the gory s.i, car rying down in his astwakea whirlpool of foam and slime. But this repite was short. Ml rosu again, ru-hing furiously upon his enemies ; but a slight prick ol a l.uico drovo him hack with mingled fury and terror. Wliichiir i he turned the barlvd iron goaded him to despe. ration. .-Now and again tho mten-o agony would cause him to lash tho wafer witli his liunei llukes, till the very ocean appeared to heave and tremble ut his power. To-sing, struggling, dashing over in his agony he (.pouted up tho I i-t of his heart's blood. Half an hour M'oro he was free as the wave, skirting hi all the pride of gigantic strength and unrivalled power, lie now lay a lifeless miss! his head towards tho sun, his tremendous body heavin" to tho swell, and his distroycrs proudly cheering over their victory. From Ihuwn's Vhaltng Cruif, recently published by the Harpers.