Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 9, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 9, 1847 Page 2
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v BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 9, 1847. tanc, And mingle harmoniously with tht mur riiura of the vast city, making " A slumberous sound. a sound that bring The feeling ot a dream" and courts the settees to repose. These arc the Hong boats anchored near usj and you may see, dashing through the water, tho boats of tho foreign residents green gigs, white wherries ; trim sail boats, careering to the evening brcctc, with their white sails glist ening In the sun-light. There's the " Boston Jack," sailing along on her side; the saucy "Amelia," tho " Grace Darling," "Haven," "' Nautilus," and " Wave;" and off hero is the Mouse," which lias an odd way sometimes of beating dead beforo tho wind, but as they say, " 'tis a way she has ; she mean nothing by It.' Down further there arc several others that I can't make out, all, however, looking very pret tily. The twilight and moschetocs seem to be gathering, so we had better ' up anchor" and go home and get some tea. You have not seen a great deal tclay, but you must come out with mo again, when there Is" more to be seen, and I have more time to devote to you, which I will try shall be soon. For the present, adieu I JFvcc )rcs0, BURMXUTO.V, Vt. FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 9, 1917. " In the dark and tiioudled night that is WON US, THERE IS NO StAII ABOVE THE ItOMZON TO GIVE US A GLEAM Or LI'JIIT, EXCEl'TINO THE XTELLIOEST, PATIUOTIc".VlIW TAUTV OF THE United States." Daniel Webster. Adjourned Telegraph .Meeting, tomorrow Saturday) evening nt Strong's Hall. Dir. Polk in Vermont. Wo find the following paragraph in tho Mont fclitr Watchman: On Tuesday evening a meeting was holden here, and a commiticc appointed to invite I'rrsiJent Polk to villi Montpelier. We hope he will come. Vermont and Vcrmontcra are worth showing ; or rather, it is worth the trouble for the President to take a little ) ants to tee them. We notice, with regret, the names of more than one Witto, good and true, on tno "Com mitteo" alluded to. It may be said to bo a mat' ter of taste, perhaps, but it is not so with us If Mr. Polk chooses to come to Vermont, there li no fear but that he will receive respectful attention and consideration. But the matter of inviting him hither, by Whigs, is quite another affair. There is not a Stale in tho Union where he is in worse odor with his own unscrupulous partisan?, and where his whole course, both of policy and action, is more thoroughly and deeply detected. Wo look upon hint as the usurping author of a war for tho support and extension cf slai-cry, a war as odious as it is unnecessary, and as hostile to the highest interests of this republic as it is injurious to the true glory of tho American name. We regard him as one of the most illiberal and narrow-minded partisan Presi dents that the Country has ever inflicted upon Itself a thorough hater of the North and of Northern and Free-State interests, and wholly committed to tho worst purposes of the worst portion of his own divided party. He has not hesitated, even while giving to Mexico the only generals, (Santa Anna and Almonte,) who could impart energy to her reslstanco of our arms, to ehargi) the Whig party with treason, and giving " aid and comfort to the enemy," because they had thought proper to speak as 1 ccomes free men of him and his schemes. Ho has attempted to dishonor those noble Whigs, Tavlor and Scott, by superseding thoin in the command of the army ; and ho has dishonored the army by the partisan diameter nf his appointments conferring the highest rank on incapablo favor ites like Pillow, or renegades like Cushing, and passing by with contemptuous indifference the meritorious services of the most gallant of our regular officers. Scarcely a week ago, while the honored guest of the Whig Common Coun cil of New York, ho ncceptod the invitation of snch Custom House bullies as tho notorious Ryndcrs, a leader of the infamous Empire Club, and, on Saturday night, visited the Democratic Head Quarters at Tammany Hall, " on which occasion," says .Mike Walsh, "a scene took place that was utterly disgraceful to all con cerned " He has, still moro recently, visited New Hampshire, on the etc nf an important elec tion, and, in our opinion, for no other purpose but to throw what influence such a proceeding might have, into the scale of the ultra pro slavery Locofocoism of that State. For such a man wo have no sort of respect, though he may, by accident or otherwise, bj President of tho United States ; and, wo say again, that we arc sorry that any Vermont Whig could bo induced to iniitc him into our State. The Presidency contributes not a whit to make him respectable, and his name will be connected with it hereafter only to be execrated as that of a mcro Partisan. If Whigs arc to rolunttr to do honor t'i such men, it ap pears to us that iT.iMin.ts arc little worth con tending for. .Magnetic Telegraph, We have neither timo nor space, this week, o do more than to call the attention of our readers to the Adjourned Melting of those in terested in tho succc.-s of the efforts to secure a Magnetic Telegraph through Western Vermont, and earnestly to request a very general ntlen dance of our citizens at STRONG'S HALL. TO-MORROW KVLW'IXU. Wo trust those who have not subscribed to tho itock of the company, as well as those who have, will at tend tho meeting if fur no other object, to en courage and givo countenance to the efforts of those who have labored in creditably and efli eiently in behalf of the project. An enterprise in which all classes in the community aro more interested than it may be possible for them to perceive at once, should possess the sympathy at least of all classes of the Farmer, the Mer chant, the Mechanic, the Professional man, an J the man of leisure. Substantial as hat c been the contributions of Burlington, tho success of the project is not yet, by any means, secured. It ii scarcely to be expected that other sections interested will contribute as promptly and effi ciently as we have done, and promptness and fgieiency are not only durable but they aro indis pensable. Something moro than 82000 has been sscurod, chiefly through the efforts of Professor d, W. Benedict, since the meeting last Satur day, at which time his name and our own were added to tho committeo. The sum now sub scribed, wo aro happy to learn, exceeds 813,000 J hiit'we take occasion to give timely notice that the nirk it not done. Ih.i at Strong's Hall on Ifattird.iy ft tilling mid Jesrn why. "lino Addled whit Rom was burning." An Aristocracy illustrated. We find in the summary of foreign news by the Caledonia, prepared for tho Boston Atlas, tho following consecutive paragraphs. We can imagine nothing that should exhibit in a more startling, impressive, or trut'.ilul manner the hcarttcssness and selfishness and utter Injustice of that intensely artificial system of government which, on the otic hand, condemns men and women to hopeless poverty and misery and death, and on the other, cradles a class of shal- low-patcd, frivolous and effeminate popinjays, who are born Dukes, and Princes, and the like super-sublimated humbugs, in wasteful wealth and luxury. Wo beg our readers to look at the following recoids : r AMINE, I EVER AND MURDERS CONTINUE TO TORM THE taws rROM liiEi.ANn. It is reported that the new po tato crop is diseased. The Queen and the Court. On the 4th ult., the Queen and the Unyal Family returned to London from Windsor Castle. On the llth ult., the Queen gave a grauu Quite uan.nt uucktngnam t aiacc. i lie invt lations exceeded iiUUO. The Queen was a til red very ilcganily, in pink and white, with trimmings of pink acacias and diamonds ; a wreath of acacias and dia monds forming the head-dress. I'rinee Albert wore lusl-ield Marshal's uniform, with a Kussian irder of knighthood, m addition to the stars of the British or' ders, and the ensiens of the Golden Fleece. I he Queen lias visited the Italian Operas and the ot. James 1 iieatre several limes. The absolutely sickening particularity of till! nes with which the commonest " movements " of "the Queen and the Court" are set forth in Iho English journals, is in marked and gloomy contrast with the formal generalities of sym pathy with human woo and suffering that char acterize the accounts of the starved and dying condition of the millions of poor Irish, each one of whom is of as much consequence in tho sight of God as any starred or gartered aristocrat that flutters and glitters beforo " the Queen and the Court." Since the bravo old feudal times, when Knighthood and Earldoms were bestowed as the reward of noble deeds, and of high and generous and chivalric daring, the flummery and parade of Kings, and Queens, and Princes, and Dukes, and Earls, and Knights, havo been growing, slowly but decidedly and deservedly, into (it subjects for the ridicule and the contempt of men. They add not a cubit to any man's real stature, nor do they indicate or confer any true dignity. They are only fit for play-things and toys for people who cannot read or write. " Famine, feicr, and murders continue to form the news from Ireland;" and, "Tho Queen gave a grand State Ball at Buckingham Pa ace, and " was attired very elegantly in pink and while," and " Prince Albert wore his Field .Marshal s uniform " and the "stars" and "en signs of rojalty ! And then we havo the fur- ther intcllgence that "the Queen has visited the Italian Operas and the St. James' Theatre several times." Ail well enough ; but, after all, ono might be disposed to ask, " ichat if it ?" Tho young woman is no bcttter qualified, except by the accident of birth, to govern a great na tion, than she is to bo the Chief Engineer cn tho London and Birmingham Railroad, but till England runs mad with excitement if she goes to visit Lidy Flummididdlc, at Flummididdle Hall, or takes an airing in St. James' Park with His Highness, Prince Albert, and their little Highnesses, the babies, and her lowness, the nurse ! The big Ushers and the little Ushers, and the Chamberlains of tho Honsehould, and the Masters of the Horse, and tho Equerries in waiting, and their high Sillinesses generally, aro all agog with tho transcendent importance of the " moiemcnl" " Th'rc was mounting 'mong the Grahams cf the Ncthcrby Clan, Fosters, Frnwicks and Musgravcs they rode and they ran!" And, all the while, "famine, f ever and murders continue to form the news" from her Most Chris tian Majesty's dutiful subjects in Ireland ! Wo arc not such a fool as to dream of blam ing " the Queen and the Court" for these tilings. It is to bo expected that they will seek to hold fast to and perpetuate them. We simply say that they aro intrinsically and ineffably sill v. and, in connection with the dreadful misery and suffering, the deprivation and want, that the same System that upholds them entails upon millions of sorely abased and oppressed men and women in Ireland, they become a mockery of the Justice ol Heaven ! They will have an end, one of these days either sensibly and quietly, or with a concussion that will startle tho hered itary rulers of Europe moro effectually than did the decapitation of Charles the First, or of ''Louis the Unfortunate," the last of whom perished, fays a r rench historian, fur the crime of " pos- sessing those ideas of royalty in which all the kings of Franco had been educated, and wish ing to preserve the power which he inherited." IT The Brandon Voice nf Freedom of the 1st tnst. has not yet come to hand. If our friend, " the blacksmith," published his paper on the 1st. there is manifestly something wrong in the Post Offices or tho mails, which would be rather marvellous, considering the extraordinary per fection to which Cave Johnson and his nice De puties have brought matters. Was there any thing unconstilntinnally heavy in your paper of tho 1st. Mr. Holcnmb? Is n Corporulion nn Individual f This question has boen cut, if not solved, by our remarkable neighbor, tho Sentinel cf- Demo crat. In allusion to the Report of tho President of the Vermont Central Railroad, which men tions the fact that the Northern, mid the Con nccticut and Passuinpsic River, Railroads "are now in tho process of construction," tho Senti n't says : ' And he might have added the Rutland Route is under proctsa ol lajud construction." And then our sagacious contemporary, omit ting no opportunity to show the collar it wears adds, by way of improvement, or as a sort of corollary from the preceding proposition : " It is really wonderful that the killing wart and Olllllllliig mull oi mis. ic.lAcu wim ifi.ici.ir uiiiiiiina traiion" should infuse such action into individual en terprtse" ! Of course it it! The Sentinel manages thing with as much shrewdness as the Mussulman did his religious scruples against pork; yielding a little here, claiming a little there, and smoothing a nine an over, " Till quits from tail to snout was Eaten!" linporlnnt letter. A letter, purporting to be from Gen. Tatlor to tho editor of a paper in Ohio, in relation to tho connexion of his name with tho Presidency, is coing tho rounds of the papers. We shall publish It iiont week, if, in tho mean time, turns out to.be authentic. tSy fiister Briggs says we differ from Mr, Brainerd W; feeing t "Aypocrtte; .tniiprorei it by saying wi "'advocate the claims of Gen. Taylor." -Perhaps our amiable ner doei'nt know it, but sh cn get throngl it imaller hole th'n tins, if ?h Iiih Colonel Thomas. W are pained to b called cn to record the death of our esteemed fellow-townsman, Hen- rt Thomas, who died at his residence on Sat. urday last at about 1 o'clock P. M. Col. Thom as was lone resident of Burlington, and one of our most active, enterprising and energetic citi zens. Although he has been absent during almost the entire period of our residence here, we knew him well enough to leel the most affectionate respect for the generosity, kindness of heart.and li'icrality, that were marked features of his char acter. Where destitution and poverty implor ed for alms, and where sickness could be cheer ed by the good offices of a ready sympathy, Col. Thomas was apt to spare neither his purse nor himself; while ho was ever active In those en terprises of a public character which promised to advance the prosperity of Burlington or con tribute to its progress and improvement. Tho death of Col. Thomas takes from us one whose place,! n the relations of a citizen &. a friend, cannot easily be supplied; while that narrower circle, which hems in the higher and dearer social relations which bind the heart to earth, (but whose afliction is tempered by the bright remembrance of his happy departure,) is irreparably broken. Ship Fever. Some anxiety has prevailed in our vicinity in reference to the disease which has to some ex tent accompanied the masses of Emigrants that have recently been poured through our Lake, on their way from Canada to the States. We suppose the extent of the real illness, from the cause alluded to.the character of the diseases that have been attributed to these causes, and the oc casion for apprehension by the public at large, have been exaggerated and misapprehended and we say this on consultation with medical gentlemen among us. That there has been, and inconsiderable sickness of a severe type among the Emigrants, is undoubtedly true but this sickness results from peculiar causes, conncc tcJ with hali'.s and diet, from which our citizens are mostly exempt. We copy frdm the N. Y. Spectator tho following timely article from the Boston Medical Journal that is well calculated to allay unnecessary alarm : Ship Fever. Communicated for the Boston Medical and Surgi cal Journal. A great deal has been said of late by the secular press, and to very little, purpose, about ship fever The public mind has been needlessly thrown into iimim, ami antiury inruicni men nave ueen striving to get up a panic, which is wholly uncalled for. The facts, if rightly undeistood and spread before the people, will allay groundless apprehensions, and w-e invoke the aid of the secular nr.nnn ihia k.l.-.ir The limine in Ireland has hurried the rapid tide of ...... iu. vuumiy, tiniiging a inmislung multitude. crowdinL'ihe sieeraxe of,.vrrv nrl., ... I passenger vessel, on board which many have suffered tor want of food and even of water, while occupying jilihy and unventilatcd apartments. These thrnn's of immigrants, thus nnf-ivnmhlv riri-,,mG.rtAj i? by the exhalations from their bodies, alreadyeiifechlcd' and emaciated by starvation at home, fallen victims to their unavoidable violation of the laws of health and life. A malirmnnt and fatal fever hn Kn board ship, of which many have died on lhe nates t. while still more have been landed either already sick, Or SO lllfeCted bv the lltmmhhri nni.mi tl... .1 soon develnpc it, in n form no less dangerous and fa tal man mat which has proved mortal on board the vessels which broucht them hither. Hen,-., th. n. pcarance pi the fever in most of our Atlantic cities, in some of which have arisen much excitement and alarm, by reason of its apalling fatality. In the na tureandcharacierollhisfever there is nothinn new or peculiar, nothing, H short, with whieh the rrr,.. rtnn are not perfectly familiar, under the names of jail fever, hospital fever, ifec. iisiypeismmm to vary as in other endemics, but a arge majority of the cases are well characterized in lie books under the name of typhus petechials, mean ing no more than that ariety oftynhus fever in which discoloration and erttntlns nnru..-ir nti the lciti ns'ialli- about the 7th day of the disease. A sinking dilfcr- ence IS maniftst between eases evn ennnnir Irnm lh same ship ; a few are both iutlanimitory and conges- tive. while 111 most cases this fever is niirelvron-r-snve. The most constant characteristic of the attai k is an overwhelming sense of prostration of strength, with uir uttuiimaiiyiug vigils oi wnai is caned iidirectde- jilily, great menial depression, disinclination to mo ion, with indications ol'lhe sudden imnairmrnt nf lhe mucous nitm'iiane lining the digestive canal, of wiuciunc tongue gives earlyand palpable evidence. 1 lie frermencv til the nnUi- i rmnrlinKIa Ki .....nl. ly small and compressible, ami is nnnroved hv elearinv the prima: viae bv a mild emetic nr lmamo Tin. redonnnant state of the skin is moikttirp. nltpr th nrstparoiysm has terminated with or without treat- iirem. "u us i.uainy is owing to erTusions taking place in the cavities ol the hrnin th r ,,...... congestion in thut organ, and indicated by delirium and coma, very seldom accompanied by hemorrhage, and then always giving temporary relief, though gen era ly inellectualn occurring after the 5th day. Ih lhe hospitals, the patients arc not received until the seventh dav ol the fever, nr-n, ;n ...... - and hence they are at this late pe-iod too often beyond the reach ofart.some vital organ having suffered in its integrity either by neglect or mal-trentment. More, over, the constitutions of many have been broken down by privation and hardship, so that they fail to rally come infected. the earlv vmntonis'hin,. Kia ,n ill lilt: uiisc in Diitsirimi. n irbs . u.ka treatment, this fever is found very manageable, the few cases of mortality being ascribable to delect in consti tutiou.some depraved habit, or relapses by errors in uiri uuiiii cuiivuiesCCIlCC Medication of an active character is ennirs.inii- ted so obviously, that a physician who saw the disease for the lirst tune would be led, on general principles, to employ but little medicine. and refv unon nutrition nrl cordiais.auer clearing the 6tomachand bowels bv mild and gentle means. Lauuous stimulation is called fur in every late period of this fever, and especially after convalescence begins. The internal administration "o'er, ana sponging tne head, lace and neck with iced water, are among the most effective and successful remedies. Sin.iniinNnH hi. ...... n .t.. extremities and abdomen are valuable agencies if there a.. 1W.UI icsiun, dui venesection, or even local bloodletting, is seldom if ever admissible after the first pirnxysm oi tins lever, and then only in persons pre viously in nood health, and whpll fill, fevpr i nvhr.l I I by a well-marked chill. Nor can calomel or any oilier active drug he sately used without great caution. ire whev. and milk III leh made ivnh hranrlv utih or without quinine, are olten reliable means in the la. ter periods ol tne disease- JNrveriheless. uie trJ. Mm leren, various nreiiaraiions of ammonia, ami nilwr stimiilnnngsiidorilics, are often uselul as auxiliaries. I lie conditions ol recovery are cleanliness, pure nir. well ventilated anartinents. and careful nursing. Tin. ausence ui one or nil ol these explains the want of sue ' iiiuny iiosim.us. roriuiii, coiiuueuatr aim privation of nourishment not onlv render the levf r i. tal, but may generate analogous disease anywhere ,and even reproduce it in the convalescent. Hence the .l. vantages derived from removing patients into the open air from crowded wards.as in open tents and shanties, have been demonstrated at New York in the liellevue Hospital, and elsewhere. From the time the patients are thus placed under favorable circumstances ihcy ETA friend has handed in the following for publication. We shall rejoice if Its suggestion should be found valuable at this season of the year when tho disease to which it relates is like ly to be most formidable, Prevention from Infection from Tvphu Fercr. Dr. J. G. Smith obtained 3,000 from Parliament for lhe following receipt :" Take six drachms ol powuereu nnre isiii-p-ierianu stxuracnins olsulDhu ric acid (oil ol vitriol; i mix them in a teacup. By ."W"S ns Mn,vi w mr wi .i, a lime, a COpiOUS UIS' cnaige oi iiiiiiius ncm gui win lane place. 1 he cu is to be Disced durinz the urenaration on a hm h,,, or a plate ol heated iron ; and the mixture ttiried will a tooacco pi. i ne quantity ol gas may be regula ted by lessening or increasing the quantity of incredi ems. J he above is lor a moderate sited room, half uie quantity woum oe puincieui lor a small room.- avoiu ai inucn as possioie Dreaming the gas when i first rises from the vessel." No injury to the lungi will happen when lhe air is impregnated with the gas and it cannot tie too widely known that it possesses the pru:iijr ui pic,ciiuii uie eprcau oi ine lever. Vumfrut Journal, " Pole and hisGesehij." The Vicksburg Whig ou7. w,al U,,B new woiri will Bliuiiiy appear. ine principal" CJcncrals" sketched are-Antonio Lopez do L' i -ri ii ri . . ' . .mia ytua, ouiiisb nan pemon, ana uiacau I II i" ins trn'g pre'iicr ror it an immense run " Railroad Matter. Under this head the Boston Traveler of the 2d inst. has the following. Alluding to tho " Sa ratoga and Washington Railroad," (from Sara toga to Whitehall) the editor says : "A good railroad will attract still more travel to "" North by the way of Whitehall and the Lake. And when the .'present awful railroad from Troy to Saratoga it rela.d wit h a good solid T rail.it will be. cornea favorite tuutc to Montreal, Ogdensburgh,&.e. A road is contemplated, too, from Whitehall to Rut land or some point on the route of the Rutland road ? Yir 1 80me 20 miles tauten una make a mutt from lyiitrhallto Cotton that may. rery Jiltfe if any longer than by mayo Troy and Albany." When it was our fortune to be in Boston, in 1815, endeavoring to recommend to public favor there the claims of the " Rutland Road", wo encountered no obstacle more perplexing than the Bomcuhat profound ignorance that prevail ed respecting the geography of the country lying west of the Green Mountains. Our reminis cences of that terrible campaign would furnish several amusing instances illustrative of this ignorance, but we prefer to take one furnished by the intelligent and generally accurate Editor of an extensively-circulated Boston Journal. Our readers will notice the lines above that we have marked by italics. Now we undertake to say that the editor of the Traveler believes pre cisely what ho says. For his information, then, (and that of his readers, if he deems it of any consequence to correct the error) wo observe that from-Qostorr to Whitehall, "by the way of Troy and Albany," it is, by railroad routes, two IIUSDHED AND SEVENTY MX MILES while from Boston to Whitehall, by the way of the " Rut land Road," it is, one hundred and eighty eight miles, making a difference in favor of the latter routo of 88 miles ! If, therefore, when " the awful railroad from Troy to Saratoga is relaid with a good solid Trail, it will become a fa vorite routo ( from Boston ) to Montreal ifcc." it must be in conformity with the old adage that " the longest way around is the shortest way home." Again, as a piece of private information, which the Travilcr can use exclusively (as " no oilier papcr(in Boston)apprars to have the news') we observe that, when the Rutland and White hall roads shall be completed, it will be just ten miles nearer, by that route, from Boston to Sa ratoga Springs, " than by the tcay of Trey and Ubany" the latter being 237 and the former 227 miles besides being through a considerably more picturesque and interesting country ! We ask nothing for this information because Boston people are under no obligations to know anything more than they please on such topics. The Osdcnsburglt Railroad. Theobiect of tlie Lesislature of the State of New York.in crantinj ichirterfor this road, was two-fold to benefit the inhabitants of Northern New York, and to open a new avenue, from the Western Lakes, tnro igu tne onampiain ianai,to tne scaouaru. The legislature weretuid bv the Iriendsof this pro jeel, that " a railroad, by incieasing the population of tne norinern coLnnes.wouiu uraw out us agricultural and mineral resuurces and, by increasing the wealth of the north, won d indirect v contribute to the wealth of the south and west." That a lame trade in ashes. provisions and lumber would be diverted to our own channels and would " flow through our own canals to me uocasoiour own commercial cities mat tins roid would be one of the principal lines in our internal improvements, interwoven with the commercial, ma nufacturing and agricultural prosperity ot the State." These were the arguments urged upon lh Legislature in favor ol the project, and that these were the reasons which induced the Legislature to iharter the road is evident from ls assertion ot ! leni'xti.o iviuimt- .... ...i it wai a w a. hiirh W advantageous not only to the northern counties but to the whole Stale." " It is an object of the first importance," says the com mittee, "that the location ot such railroad should be made where it will beet subserve the great interests of this State as well as ot the inhabitants more immedia tely interested." Not one word was said in favor of the road as a mere link, to hurry the trade of the great proposition, thea advanced, would have deleated the west tnrouzn inis oiate 10 n lore irn maraet. buctia oil', such a coarse, now pursued, would most cer tainly nrodtice ils reDeal. The Legislature otthe State ol New iork will not quietly allow this company, vio lating the assurances under which a charter was eran ted, to locate the road without regard to the best in terests ol Northern New York and with an evident desinn to divert from the State ol New York and her canals the entire business ol the road. The road must be located in 6uch a manner as to give to Tiny, Albany and New York a lair chance of competition with the city of Huston. More than this should not be asked by the stockholders. Lss than this will not be submit, ted toby the people of this State. A Canadian termi nation or one on the province line will not suit the State. She will require the pledges, under which the charter was procured, to Decanted out in good laith We f.nJ the foregoing tcnsiblc article in the Plattsburgh Republican of the 3d inst. and rcc ommend it to the notice of t'lose who, (without ever having taken the mialory steps towards procuring the neccss try legislation to warrant it,) continue to entertain tho expectation that Lake Champlam will bo bridged and especially to those who arc astride of that worse than chi merical hobby of carrying the Ogdcnsbiirgh into and through a portion of the British Pro- vince of Canada. Wo have no more idea that either of these projected and threatened meas ures will bo accomplished, than we have that the freight of the road will be transported on the wires of the Magnetic Telegraph. The sudden and extraordinary horror of a Ferry, which is said to have overcome the Bos ton Stockholders in the Ogdensburgh road is every way unaccountable It apcar8 to have swallowed up eroy other consideration of pru dencc an! profit in railroad matters, for which Boston people have hitherto been somewhat re markable. If the Ogdcnsburg road were to be the only one connecting tho trado ofjhe Great, Lakes with the . ntic MarltcU, tills sudden insensibility to ilie importance of uray-busincss on tho line of a projected railroad, on tho part of Bostonians, would seem less singular but with the Erie Canal, the N. V. &. Erie, the 0-wego, the .Albany and Buffalo, and other Railroads, built or building to accommodate tho very trade which is entirely and exclusively re lied uio to furnish the business of the Ogdens- burg and make its Ftock profitable, it surpasses belief that any wit-informed man can regard the dry-road pn.jcct from Ogdensburgh to Boston as of tho slighted tonscqucncc, compared with the advantage of a road through a region whose internal resources and business would secure an investment in it against all probability of loss. But the Ferry ! tho Ferry ! is tho spectre that is said to frighten Boston from its propriety, There are, wejiejieve, no less than two Ferries on tho lino of Road from New 1 ork to Wash ington, one between Boston and Albany, and we hue not learned that it is in contemplation to abandon t'le magnifi-ent enterprisj of construct ing the N. Y. -and Erie Railroad because a fer ry ofsomo thirty miles must forever exist t its eastern terminus. Tho truth is the evils and inconveniences of a Ferry across Lake ('hamplain, to accommodate the business of the Ogdensburgh road, have been designedly or otherwise, grossly exaggerated Tho, unwarranted and injurious sUtoments that, we are authorited to say, wore containod in Mr. Hayward's Rsport. 'but which were prudently f omitted from the printed abstract) that the Lake is closed by ice rive months in the year, and that a Freight Depot two miles and a half Lo.to would be required to accommodate the freight that would accumulate on the western shore, havo apparently excluded from Boston all consideration of tho truth of tho matter, and prevented the exercise of that sound judgment which has heretofore distinguished the decisions of the citizens of that enterprising and flourish- city, in regard to the location and construction of railroads. What the result will be tec shall see. For the Free Press. A NEW LAW DICTIONARY or Jncobs Illustrated. Bv Gourntv Grant, attohnky. Custom Particular is defined to be " a law, not written, but established by long usage." A particular custom is a pot-pie, in the cooking of which the law is accustomed to be exceedingly particular requiring, in fact, so many ingredients in order to " make it good" as the law expresselh it as to be hardly worth the trouble. The following are a few of the requisites necessary to make a good custom : It must have great antiquity : indeed, the older the better. But if any body knows Its exact age if even the " oldest inhabitant" should happen to remember the beginning of it, then it " don't begin" to be a cus torn. See Co. Lit. U3. It must have been uninterrupted: for a particular custom, like a sensitive public speaker, is rery partic ular, and it it sutlers any interruption, it " won t go l." I'ote. From the two requisites above it is manifest that if neither the beginning nor end ol a custom can be ascertained, it is, quoad haee, a good custom ; but if any one is able to "make head or tail of it," it is good for nothing. Again, it must have been peaceable. Irom this requisite it is plain as a pike staff that duelling, and all "feats of the ring," (exclusive of mattimony,) arc not good customs. A custom must be reasonable. Littleton, 4 212. But Sir Edward Coke, who, by the by, comes down upon Littleton" on every possible occasion, percciv ing that to require all customs to be reasonable, was a very unreasonable requirement which would scatter many of them to the winds, and render the office of collector of customs" unreasonably onerous; saith ingenuously, touching the word " reasonable," that " it is not to be understood of every unlearned man's rca son, but of artificial and legal reason." To prevent nil caviling of the unlearned as to the soundness of arlifi cial reasons, Sir Edward judiciously adds "tear ranted by law." Again, it is required that "customs should be cer tain." But as this proposition implies that there ore certain customs which are not certain, which is an ob vious contradiction in terms, the doctrine is deemed unworthy of further investigation. Damnum tuum. This phrase dolh not import a profane and peremptory command of the law. that an aggrieved person shall bring immediale suit agoinst the wrong-doers, as one who is "led bv his enrs" might hastily imagine, but is a Latin expression which signifies one's " own hurt" and contains no in timation of hurting any body else. DtrENDER of the Faith. This title was first con ferred on Henry the Eighth of England, by Pope Leo the Tenth, in reward for his .Majesty's labor in writing pamphlet against .Martin Luther. But notwith standing the king's devotion to the Sacraments of the Church, especially that of Marriage, of which he is represented to have ptrtaken with almost indecent frequency j his majesty, by the obolishmcnt of the monasteries, involved himseli in difficulties with the See, in which lie came near being ewnmp-il Pope lisu, who is said to have been a lion of a Pope, be coming incensed at the king's defection, commenced an action against him for the purpose of " defeating his title." Like Jove in the fible of Europa," nssuin ing the shape of a bull," he came down upon the kin? in the most furious manner. His majesty, however, managed to escape with a whole crown, which, to. gether with the titfe, Jidei defensor, has descended, without receiving any serious injury in the fall, to the present Queen, Victoria. Denizes. A denizen is an alien bom. but who hath been made an English subject by letters patent of the king. 7 Jiep. '.'5. Hut the " sovereigns" of the United Slates have a "patent" for the denization, or rather the naturalization of aliens which is vastly superior to the English machinery used for that purpose, both in simplicity of construction and power of execution. It is usually erected in places near the sea-board, and is copable of manufacturing several hundred prime citi zens in a doy. Indeed, the American doctrine in re lation to the naturalization of aliens, seems very ex actly expressed in the liberal sentiment of Terence nihil humanum mihi alienum. " We esteem nothing foreign, that is human." But the yativei, a savage tribe now nearly extinct, pervert this beautiful passage, by a translation as bar barous as themselves- " We consider nothing human, that is foreign"! I'oelicnl Polkcry. The N. V. Eiening Post savs. that durinrr the late visit of tho President at hat city, while he was at the Institution for tho" Blind,' ono of tho Pupils recited a ' Welcome to the President. in twelve stanzas; of which the Post remem bers only the following : . The name of Andrew Jackson Will ne'er forgotten be ; The loved, the lost, thy kindred star That rose on Tennessee. Hark! one united burst of joy, By heart nnd tongue is woke, One chorus rends the list'ningair, Purrah ! for James K. Polk ! Tho Boston Daily Adiertiser says : " it is to be regretted tlrat the other ten havo not been preserved." Wo uro authorized to say that the following elegant stanza supplies one of the missing number : Hurrah! for that most brilliant stroke, Great Santa Anna's " nss," Which filled our enemies with joy And proved Jim Polk an uncommonly smart man! OgdensburEh Knilrond. Mr. J. H. Buckingham, of Boston, is writing for the Courier some very interesting letters from Ogdens. burg nnd other towns in Rt. Liwrenee County, si ting forth Ihe resources nf this pin of Northern New York, shut out hitherto from a convenient mirkel.nnd showing the immense business of this line of Railroad when completed, which must find its way to Bonon through the ermont nnd Himpsliire Roads. The i....,iiw is itii in nijiiguiiura! prouucis and otner ar- house of the lar West, the port being open to Lake Ontario two weeks later ihon the canals, and two weeks earlier in the spring. We doubt not .Mr B. has the interest of the central road, as connected with the Ogdensburg, more immediately in view. We so judge from a single paragraph. He says:" Is i not ihen, all important, that we should push nn our en gineers and our contractors to build the Ogdensburg; and the Vermont Central Ilailrosd ; as coon as pos sible 1" From his long letter the world is not even spprited of the fact, thai n direct road has been all lei mil from Bellows Kails (the termination nf the Cheshire) to llurlington, through Kutland, .Middlebu-y anil Ver- gennes. which will be equally connected with the ugdensDurg lload, and a much shorter route lo uos. " i mr nn, uau turn niirnirnti irom ac ton than the most direct through lhe Central to !"! observation. Letters received in this city from White R'ver mouth, the Norhern and Coneord. I P V, W that a portion of lhe wheat ciop is winter We hope Mr. Buckingham will, on his return. tr- killed, but not enough to counterbalance the increase wnMWMi.mV.rmi,m. itnih lin. nf h.iI.iJ d..j from the additional land sown last full. In tVij. . and we doubt not he will give a good account ot the' prospects ff 'h a road too - I Trent N H Wnffrir I State of tho Crops. Vehmont. Wc are are gratified to learn, as we do from all quarters, that every thing look? finely for a bountiful harvest. The cold and rainy weather that prevailed for some two weeks In June caused somo apprehension for the Corn crop, and, Indeed, may have had the effect to diminish Its amount though the glo rious " com weather" that has succeeded seems to bo likely to "rectify all mistakes." Tho Wheat and Ryo arc in fine condition, and Hay, where it was not "winter-killed," promises to be very abundant. We hear no complaints of a recurrence of the Potato disease, and, on the whole, it may bo said that the Earth will bring forth her increase in a manner well calculated (nnd doubtless mercifully designed) to show us that works of kindness and brotherly love, and not contentions and wars, should employ the hearts and hands of our people. We collect from our exchanges accounts of the state of the crops in various sections of the Union. Weather snlendid for the crons. nnd cverv thine: promises well for the farmers ill ibis region. Ver mont Watchman. The Weather. Cnors. &c. For several weeks nast the weather in Western Vermont has been highly pro pitious to crops of every description obtained by culti vation. Although sowing time was late, et wheat, corn, nats and potatoes were seldom in a more prom ising condition. In relation to grass, the chief depen dence of Vermont husbandry, in this county the mead ows suifered immensely Iroin the alternations of the last open winter. But for two days past we hac had such on abundance of refreshing rains as very consid erably to relieve the anxiety ot our farmers in relation oi tne grass crop .'iiauieoury ualuxy. During the last week we have s'-eu many of our best firms ond burners, nnd have endeavored to ascer tain as tar as possible, Irnm personal observation nnd iunuirv. the urosnect of the cominrf trjns. W l,.:ir th it wheat looks poorly, especially on the low-lands ; nnd that corn promises to yield not more than halt the usual crop. '1 he heavy nnd long-cont uued rams in the alter part of .May nnd lore mil of June, ha caused creat imury to these crops, lint still, we think the harvest will show a fair average amount ol both wheat and corn, if the remaining p irt of the trowing season is lavoraiue. i leius oi rye ami o.its iook le markrtblv well. We noticed one field ol rw- in Pi.-rre nont already completely headed, and lhe stalks about three feet and a hall high. Altho igh we do not claim for this section ol country n lertilitv en la to that ol the Genesee valley, yet we ore by no means nsli'iuied to have the two compared : and "we are w-ell plca-n-d that our farmers will be able not only to supply the de mand tor home consumption, but have a surplus on hand for sale. Wc never saw orchards hold out a better promise than they now do. Kwiy tree seems to be filled with fruit I'ottsdam (.V. V) Mtrcury. PnosrccTS of the Incoming IUrvlst. Serious ep prehensions have been enteitnined of a short crop ol Wheat, in this country. And there Ins been some reason for this apprehension. Daring a lorlinglu's jourueiug we had occulnr demonstration of the un promising appearance of the crop in several portions of our own atate and .Michigan, We saw but ery Itfw fields promising uver hall a return ; nnd liarti, from responsible sources, ot whole sections in .Michi gan, Illinois and Indiana, where the crop had been entirely cut oil' by the frost and the tly. This has been more particularly the case upon lhe usually pro lific prairies of northern Indiana and southern Illinois. The spring crops generally are looking w-cll. The cold weather duiing the lirst two weeks of June kppt Corn back ; but the late rains and sunshine hate brought it forward finely. The Ott crop promises to be abundant. The fields look uncommonly rich. He looks well ; and il the rot spires lhe Potato, lood will be abundant Albany Ccening Journal. Corn. The Seneca Fails Courier says " An un usual quantity of Corn his ben planted m this county the pieseni S'-ason, and although the weather has most of the time been very unfavorable to its growth, the plant generally looks fresh nnd promising. If we ore lavored with propitious weather during the remainder ot the season, there will benu immense amount nt this kind of crain produced in this counlv. Manv I inner. who hae formerly planted onlyn lew. acres, sulticicnt for their own use, are now cultivating frum lilieeu to thirty acres. .Mr. John 1' JMaynard, of Junius, is cul ttvaimg sixty ncres, which is the largest quantity wc nuv,. ooscrveu on i single iiiriu. th i.mm harv.ii. which will 1... rrn.li. tV. r .1 .n n .. i; in, unit n siiuniL'iiis iirrimriiiurv lu Harvest. Our fanners, says the .Middlctown (Md.) ' m"!'fr tt'a""! "lelr lh(,,l;1"cr !'"" J'1 Whig ol the lmh alt., have had a delightful season, so ' V ".""P" represented to be a very tine one for. lor making hay. .Many of them have finished, 1 V!? . r uf hc LM-" ,tock K1 fhc herds and ore lookinc un their instruments nrenarntorv to ?' wil."3t row "l that region aie as huge mil weeks. I D.strict or Qceiilc The lntrn! of the spring The Caors in Marvi-and. Trom nearly every sec- was """'ydied ill a great degree by the favorable wea lion ol our finite, savs the Baltimore Sun, we hear a 1 , r '"J1"1'-' end of .May and beginning of June, which good report as to the present prospects of the hu-band- man. as respects the cond diiion ol ins wheat and coin in the ground. A letter from New Wiudsur. 1'reder. ilk county, .Mil , informs us tint the wheat and rye I crops in tint vicinity are very promising, and that if nothing occurs to destroy it belorc the harvest, there will be a very abundant crop more thin usual In the lower counties, the crops also are said to be quite promising. The Whevt Crop. We are hannv to hear pond accounts of the wheat crop from a veiy large portion of our territory. In the southern portion ol Racine and Walworth counties a good many fields have been seriously injured, but all through the middle, western, and northern sections ol the territory, the wheat prom- ises luxuriantly. The number of acres planted, loo, is very generally increased over last year, and there is every prospect that the surp'us for export, ii'st tall, will show n proportionate augmentation .Vifirnufcie Sentinel, May M A letter dated ilrooksfield, ( . T ) June 8th, siys 1 " I have not seen many wheat fields, and nm coiise- quenily unable to speak ol the coming crop fioni per- sonal observation: but 1 have conversed wuh mielli- gent lann-rs from dillerent s. clions of the country, who are well inloimed upon the subject. All agree that wheat on the tiinbeied lands is very good, but on the prairies it was much injured by the severe trust ol last winter." A letter dated Uric, (Pa.) June 17th, sis:-"Of wheat there cannot be more than one-fotiith of a crop probably not thai. Corn is backward, but ' coining h'v.ii,iih,i -a in tins i.ui ui i riiu-v It .in a .tic, more encouraging, though by no means Ilatteriiig " n n. j c , Per contra, the Wilkesharre Advocate says CRors in Northern Tens-sylvanis. " lasin? through a portion ol this valley a lew days ince, wc were gratified with the favorable appearance ol the growing crops. Generally they look well, and prom- ise an abundant harvest. In the early part ol the sea- son fears were entertained, but ram seems to have timely fallen, mid revived the ihen nppareiulv tlroop- mi; crops. There may be exceptions ol here and there a Held but generally our crops promise well. Apple nnd other Iruit trees now give assurance that there Will be an nhimJ.mct nt fruit. llll LATHER AMI I.I.OI . 1IIVI ItllVU lia s nun- , ing, blowing, and shivering, we have now pleasant weather. In the Southern part of the Slate, the wheat Harvest wii commence in about ivuns iu nvi jellow, uuiit r-ttinu. ,vn,iuiu lev uuts :n I . ..! . r said lo be gruwing, more thin usual, owing to its in - V.....l .l. i' ! - ...i .1.. ...... ?i r-uii w in uiiiil' li iu lis iroiur. iv , usi milium t ui li is V..U-.U UrilllHU III ..'III',"-. .111.1 tllV I 11.1 111,11 III Illy large wheat Ileitis winch were unpromising h ive been ..I,,,-. I. ...I -.1 111 l.tlr .I...I.. I . large surplus independent ol the " great staple,'- Cleveland l'laindealcr. The .Milton (N, C ) Chronicle of tho 12ih intant thinks nn overage crop of wheat will tn; made ill that region j corn is promising, though 11 is yet loo soon to lorm nny opinion ns to lhe result j and the liiah potato crop w ill be much larger than for years past. The Concord (X. II.) Sentinel of the 19th of June says : " The season, thoagh backward anil unpropitious in May, now bids very fair to be unusuilly prolific and abundant. The late rains have ensure'd heavy crops of grass, and the grains and roots are very pro mising. Thefiuit promises well, anJ is now deemed secure from frost." Potatoes A gentleman who has recently been in some of the cotinliy pirtshes says the Irish potatocrop never promised to lie so abundant, and the quality of those which hive been dug is pronounced belter than any over grovn iu lhe State. iN. O. IV. of lJih. A genilemin just trout the upper section ot the State informs us that the crops of cotton and grain, though three or tour weeks later than usunl, in consequence of the backw ard snnng.Iook vigorous and thuviiig. . The wheat crop his matured, nnd is a lair one IC nriesion .Mercury ol 17trt. W .ire (.ratified to le.irn from all nnarters. thai the prospect ofa full crop of wheat, nndot fine quality, in thisparlof Virginia, continues to be most tintenng A letter from Prederiiksburg, Vn., daled f'Jth inst says ; parmeia have commenced cutting their grain in several parts of Virginia The harvest will be more than an averaue. The quality of the wheat is said lo be very superior. The grain is ripening fast in the vicinity of Fredericksburg and along the Rappahan nock. Preparations are making to commence har vesting in all quarters, the weulher in this vivinity has been very line nnd favorable In the farmers The corn oi. oatslook very promising Richmond IlVn'c. I he rumor oi" short crops )n Western Tennsv I V"""; v'""t i"uiu mui aiiciugaii, is not lullycon. 'n part of Pennsylvania the general appearance of wht is said h 1 lir I and m Indians, whr the wheat ha been thinned out by the frost more i vciy.neriinps.iiisn in nny oilier wesK m stab lieved that the extent of the damage is far le been tenoned. The flv has been l.u.e ,- Iricts of Ohio i but injury his not been g. is somewhat backward in the Wist in the colli wcalher, but is represent' i , -healthy nnd vigorous nppearanre I i' papers groan a little over th npp-, , , crops In the Western nnd Soui ,i Stale i nut wii'ii people talk ol be remembered that the qr , it , last in tin -1 I .n I - fall was nearly double tint car ISI5. Troy Whig. We understand tint "PinT , Ida Lie, rllu-lu Wisconsin. Washington, and in looks magnificent. '1 prmm of such a I And we b ueu jnghuui the Terr,- oiii fw fi!Js, on! eornin l-jruarj " i i Will in ne. tins n r U-lote raised m crop was ns iievcrb' I-, thnt this is generoli) tli -tory. Th fly may haw lhe plant is tiarKwnrd, finely, and ill all prohalnhi) t' bill, twice nsmucli "heal as v, the Territory. We perceive that the pap' rs 1 ' Muhiga i comp am very mucu onout tue ravag - to irieir t-n p irNin tne ny, 0(0. inis compljint ii wj 'iniiomi in i , .Michigan, that theie must be good frn-.m i-,', It nlso fenis natural, too, for last It 1 1 Mi i magnificent crop, isconsm a very P'j r . It nny be reversed, for it is inrethat " i crops follow two years in succession M -the large crop lat year, Wisconsin ma U"i mers hale the promise of not onlv garner i its of -It. Ii dant hirvi-st, but also the prospect of a ti" their labor, Daily Wisconsin. Tin; Season The 2 lib inst was the last ol jongest d,iys of the season, benu like cn, h ofi immediate predecessors, exactly 13 hours 17 mini in length the sun ning nt l'J3,nud setting at 7 -,0 We have recently hid it i abundance of rain til out vicinity, nnd nil the green crops are in a highly Hour l'luiig condition. Early Inuts hivesufTeieiT some for lhe want of wnrm summer weather i b,.t if we 30m get a l.iir average, wc think there will benocaue li complain forthe want ol all that our climate and ihu present state of cultivation of our soil will afford. Sa lem Register. Ciops in Kentucky. Wc ntc informed by nn intel ligent nnd judicious farmer from the interior of Ken tucky, that the wheat crop will be very hir. nnd the. other crops promise to be first rate. Cincinnati Atlas. Gdroia Cr.ors The Coosa River Journal sajs th Iaiiii,-isot l'lujd hive commenced liaivesung too ginin is excellent-better thin nny lint has been gr jwn lor several years, although the vicld will not be so gnat by uue-thmlupon the up lauds, while the bottcn lands promise nn nvernge crop. Com looks w.-ll, nnd since th- summer Ins set n gtovvs finely. Oils weie injured by th heavy rn n in the eaily put of the fcpnng, and the stand i Him. sjv Itep of lath. I he W iil.vt Croi s at the South The G-ee'i le, a. U .Mountaineer ol thllth mh" I , Vllle most every section ol the Southern States, we see ac couiusol good Wheat crops, nnd harvest his every vvh-re commenced. In our own iminedwi; s-i r i, h-a twill ben fair rrop mine th ids nrc exr.- .- ,,t lhe laic varieties of Wheal, especially tnat whith was ut snicii, will be injure, I mole or less by rusi .Missouri. The St. Louis New Eia speaks favor ably ol the wheat and Spring crops m tiut nei 'libor hood. Tut Season It is high time tint nil crn-ik,n2 about the backward "easou, nnd short crops, sn. ma ceav, uVrchns not been n lin-r season in , twenty )cars. Abundance of rain, has mi,l n w , e it' gra.s, ond cannot f.iil to make nn ul.uii,' i n, ,i ,ec', butter nnd cheese. l!ye looks promising, nnd i '. p is almost ready for the sickle. In.lnn i-uin am, poia toes look well, and a cniiimuaiiceof warm w-.ir.ie-will give us abundance of both. Accounts -i e I , a blc Iroirt all pins ot this country nnd Lui.'i, ,n ' race ol speculators is nearly run. Just f,ke - In-n ol the ciops, and slop tins .Mexican wur.'wt his draining thecuuntry ot nuney and giaiu.nnj wr s.,ili have abundance of food lor man and beast Ila.ils Mil (.Mass) Gaz. Cr.ors in Louisiana The Carroll Watchman pu' -lished at Like I'royidence, in tlus stit, iiii.I.t d t- jf 8th iiw., say ; " Since our last piper was issui d we have iii.d a dying visit to inaiiytf ourp-nr i, -ai trit'infs on Joe's Itayou.anJ a portion of Uiyuu .Mit?"-1 Almost all the planters whnh whom we h .ve conv, fed, concur m the opinion, that should the remaint cr ol the wason prove favorable, the crop ill be aa laio a- can be picked. Xtw Whcvt. A sample of new wheat of tnis ynrsli:irvel,wasiili'-rc,l in the Evelnng in ..- s :y fticnl.iy. It was ol veiy exceii.-ut q-i i,i;- It was held at two dollar-, per bushel. The U.I ol tst v ar's irop was elliug at Sl,7i to SlW per bus.u-1 - '. i l.zirers of the 'id Jit y Lari.y Harvist. The farmers In Ark.yms c ,.- , . - . - Heavy ns he ever witnessed. I wgeiauon torward lo the earner se,i-oii. "'v..-;..s una piswrcs never on.-ied a In: I prosct. ,,e gram is healthy, and the iioiatovsar come up well. The orehir.ls nnd (Tir.lrf,.. 1 oil kinds of Iruil trees and bushes ni-vcfo!i: nd n pro's-' pin oi greater abundance. Quebec Caz '.'1 Juns t.'cn. Scott A: .llr. Tiist. The N, V. Conner it- F.nmiirer cives h- r ,. , ' fc lollow i"g somewhat positive and circum-tantiat account of the nature of the difficulty that i re- . , . tuai i. re Prtcd to have ancn between (Jen. Srmr and Mr. TltlsT, a Clerk in the State Department ' -""""-'" i-M-pariiuuu.- "Will be remembered that tho 1'nmn denied, j the outset, that .Mr. 'Prist had been sent to ,,::.. r i . i t., , to Mco 111 a diplomatic clnr.tcter. .SI. ,u.J lhe stalements of the Courier if- Emmi'v prcvo , i .nhsi inti-ill.. ,0 " s"uslj'"ldllv true, (as we see no reason to doubt) the government organ will bo placed . ,i,, r ,t , ... , ,. ' 111 another ot the beautiful predicaments for which that rcmarkible paper seems to have a j Jcculctl proclivity." Tho follovvin" is tho . 1 . ""o " l'lu Cjw ler i- Ln jttirer's account : t, , , , . , .... Lll!l'-3 " I"" wr-n entirely misled by our S with- ,.,,.,,,.., ,,,,1,11)1 IT. Tut,', ft.i . a nt J.i ann-i. w.-is to rpnn,,ht r:.. A . ..,-r,..,.., .... , ,,ria him j.,,-,, o, na ... , i , on nia am- to us de-iniation a umieti ,,irlet n.u . '. , , Mexican Seiretiry of Slate, which he enclosed to ihn General, nnd of the contents of which he gave Ii inn account (ien Scott promptly mlormeJhmiihii n,. ay chncd lo do so .-but that he should mam the leir- s ih i ject to .Mr Trist's onlr Hisrep.v lo Mr Tn-iu-nsnV course in wining, and was so rinphiiu: nn,l r , ns to leave no room lor iniipnrelK-ns.,.n 'I ,,,,'' , , ter we knoic, is now on file in Wa-lmi-' ton , I ,f the report that has reached us of its cW.us Msmcor. rprl. H ITmnti I - . n Ul i a copy o: it can set uj rirfit. i 'J.In'.i'rr!it' or morc ProPl' -he Executive, of winch in nil his he , M111,. ,le loo)i lm, ,1,,"' ",v - , , - -j '.- ooi. was iiius uauii'd i two weeks. Lorn, miirsi nttempi to tluow upon tlen Si-oti the ici . -i well, nnd few days '"'ny of whateverproposmon to the .Mran gov ti --.,v.i iiiiik.iiioii to llie .lirn P,,v -m - limn, I, i' . ....... n.. t. ill ... i-.- ,,,..un wiitniiim. nr iri.n .n,.... 1 ru ' ' '-eneral lint he had corns to .Mexi,o vv in mil I niilhoruv lo dine hi. n .,,;.. . Iu" I '.. " M.-.I'C ,.IU l,t.J fJOtfttl I "lent ot Mexico ; io ui-iienJ nil miiitnr- opeii,0 - - ! mid IDlUlU al nt'l-etvirv sr,nnnn ,..iiu , to the negotiation ol r. treaty of p,-ace. This fart ha, alreailv been nsserted m letters Horn .Mexico, nUI, si,, ed in .Sew Orleans and elsewhere ; and we Die a,,r yd by private odvices that it is strictly t,Ue Mr I rist, moreover submitted lo Gen S -ott. a f nrr r' 'm lhe Secretary either ol State or ar, conhnnin ' ! every respect the statement he had made, and i' '. ing turn to ie cognize, in us fullest extent, .Mr. Tmi-. plenary aulhoiny. -n.i General Scott thus found himself, under th- oi.ieri of the Ocpaiiment. virtually, though not formally J puveilolhiscoiumar.il, and made subordinate i0 , Uetk in lhe State IVp-irinieni He nlo.ice i ,i,,rn,.j r. 'IrntihatheshoulJ not permit him to inirifL-s with the c-peialions of lhe amiy, which vv.is ,Urr ,, command ; that under the circuiHsiann i i, i! th-itniiuy was placed, nn arnistice was strictly a n n.i taiy polity ; and that he should recognue no susp" -siouol hostilities to which his assent as C n3.. tn-Chiel of the lorces in the fi, -uT" J, '-viou- v riven. At ihe same i- . K" : u,iuiii-iiii;iiii, 11 riin.m r. sfeciciaiyofWar tepenting his deVlaiaiion, ,m i Mr Inst, nnd nssuring the U-patlmeiit, thai he snouid retain the actual command niilir n. snouid r,ll...l """' lornia, y pirrnirt. -,wl Statement .r,l..i. 1 nis is the dillerrnce which has been characleriied nasition n. r". ' ..ri -iii-,imi, iu mat i.,i suLiortiuiuie ion ueik in tho State department, and thai, too, upon questions be. longing exclusively to the military authoiny. Jj A fatal and shocking accident occurred recently on the Vermont und Central Railroad, at White Kivcr Village. A .Mr. Willard a citizen of the place, was blown up while blaniti" rocks, his head being litrmlly turn bv peic- Keen' Phila:i''trnpitt, i.. :., !... i .i... . .u.: : . r -,r.- " This correspondence is on file at Washington . nrl thoughwedonotpwi-nd i.. give lhe language Cd by either party , wenppeal w ith confidence V .,,e doe uinems, mr iuii coniiiiuanon ol iriis "i i r - vl "' ..-.n,....,. os ennpiy a ilia. grecineiitupin n winl ol enqueue. It involves as will besren b) ibis siatement ol laus, a direct oiiemm toilrirrailei.en. bcottfiom his

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