Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 23, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 23, 1847 Page 2
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j'-" deliberations tnav be conducted In a spirit of Jiarmony, and that they nny lead to good prac tical remits, 1 nm'vvitli'grcnt respect, Vcur obedient servant, II. CLAY. li. W. Tutor, Un. Tlio Journal of Commerce's correspondent says : A Report on tlm commerce anil nuigatinn of llic valley of the Mii"i-?ippi, drawn up by Tho. Alien, Km-)., at tlm request of the delegates of St. Ir-iois, Ins been presented by liim to the Convention, U Is an able, learned, well-written pamphlet of 3:1 pages, tilled Willi Important t-talistirs, facta and arguments. In 1811! tho receipts at New Orleans from the upper country amounted to 77 millions of dollars, the (-team boats engaged in thu tiaile of St. Louis were ti.'il ; no.l thu whole number on the Western rivers neaily laoo. valued at Hi millions of dol lars, to which are to be added I0U0 heel and 11 it boats. The annual cost of transportation is II millions, Tito total value of the domestic pro ducts put afloat upon the waters of tlio valley is 2G0 millions ; and tho value of the whole com merce afloat is -1:20 million-', being double the nmount of tho whole foreijrn couiui"reo of the United States. The number of steam boats lost In ISM Wiii G3 In 1810 the number was .10. Tlio annual loss of lives is 100. Tho snags, it Is well known, have cau-cd many of Ihe-o disas ters. Hut to Ibis commerce of ioo millions thu government docs not givo even, nor "n farthing light to designate the pluco of d m gor." Nothing is given for this commerce, while tho foreign commerce is protected at an expense of!) or 10 millions annually. Lot me repeat to ynua pleasant medico-rhetorical argument. fmid in thi pamphlet. promis ing, tliat this Western region, and indeed our whole country is peopled hv a race of pill-taking being". " Wc are advised by one, celebnteil in the science of medicine, that if we keep the bead mo!, the feet warm, and the body ripen, mankind will never need a physician. The lather of wa ters cools his head in tlio frigid region" of the North ; warm? his feet in the sunny air of tlio tropics ; and requires only the removal of natu ral obstacles, which oli-truct his inteiior chan nels, to piicohir.i bejond the necessity of hu man aid. There is every rraon to hope and believe, that till" Convention will nro.luce important pnh- lic ndvnnlngi's, and that it will tend to bind to gether the dillereut nails of our country by the ties of brotherly feeling and mutual iiitcic-t. Happy will itbj for our country, it the mud spir it ol war anil cninuest shall uive wav to the epirtt of internal improvement, to the love of peace, ami the sen-e ol justice, lium.inity, anu charity. Among tho distinguished men who had ar rived, tho Democrat nn nliotis Gov. Doty, of Wisconsin, Senator Woodlnidge. of Michigan. Littleton J. Kirknaliick.ox .M.C.of X. J., ! s. llebh and Convin, of Ohio; John ('. Spencer, of thu state : Cx-Gov. Talliiia.lgo, of iscoiisin ; Senator .Miller, of N. J.; V. .N. .Mo-eley, and F.x (iov. Howard. Alto the following public men : CowiiEspMc:; Elect. Robert Pmilli. III.; Thomas J. Turner. III.; J. A. Rockwell, Conn.; T. Ilutler King, Ga.; Joso h li. IngeiMill, l'a.; Andrew Stewart, Pa.; X. K, Hall, N. Y., mid lion. li. C. Schenel;, Ohio. Demo-hatic I'iutor? Ve.r. Treat, Si. Louis I'nioii ; Sloan, i;rie Oltjiv.-r; Gray, (' v hud Plain Dealer ; Hrnivu, Mudi-eui (Wi-.) Democrat; Drayman, Rufialo Courier; Hulls, Rochester Advertiser ; Ag.m, O.londag.i Slan ihrd ; Lawrence, Perry Ci."l).? : Cioswoll, Albany Argus ; Turner, Lock port Democrat ; Dennett, J'grangc Co. ( HI.) Dcmocitit. Whig L'unor.s. Col. Chambers, St. Louis Republican ;. Messrs. Wilson & King, Milwati kio .Sentinel; Buckingham, Huston Cornier; Harris Cleveland Herald :King, of N. Y. Cou rier &. Lnquiiur ; .Mann, Rochester American : Greeley, N. Y. Tribune ; Weed, Albmy Jour nal ; route, Duff.ilo Adveitiscr, Wright, Cincin nati Gazette ; Seward, Utica Gazette ; Urooks, New York 1'xpress ; .Mr. Kecuile, of the St. Louis Reveille, Ncutr.ii. An editorial meeting, without distinction of mrlv ,i,. .c m bol.l nt tho Sherm-m House, on I Jlon'day evening. Tuesday, July 0, TS 17. Tho Convention met at U o'clock, A. M. Trayer by tho Rev. Mr. Allen. The President announced the airival of the Delegations fion! tho States of Kentucky and Rhode Island. Tho President then announced tho appoint ment of tho following Committeo on Resolu tions: tl'iin, John C. Wright, .1. W. Cray Maiinchmctti, fie,,. A. K'uhii, IsiJlieliivHu, W. Wood-briJ-c, Cilviu l!iitlnniiimim, Daniel Al ice, An ihew iMiorn A'rte York, John C. Spencer, Ainu Hmnsou Mumuli, J. 1). Cook, Fletcher M. Ilnlghl Vi,ui'Hiiil. J. 'I', llridiihant, .1. O. .V.aisliali lltinmn. Jesse II. Thomas. D.tvul J. iV.iker II txcnn i -iit, P. Talhuad,;'', .1. 1). Kin-mail Omureto nt. j (.anes and oilier cb-t ructions, iheie ate no p-irlsol ihe N. O lei ilogg, .loefw. White Mit'tiic. .M- A. Chand- I hut. d .Stales more emphatically demanding Ihe ler, F. 1'. Stoekbri'ige J-tonifn, John G ('amp i prompt and continued care ot the (luvciuiuent to di (7 cot git, T. Ilutl. r King, W. H. Hodgson luict, S. imm-li ihns.- daiigeis.uud lo piotiel the properly nnd G Illinois, N. L Sioui li'cnliirl.ii, II. .1. fjl'u .'(- lil"c.ioseiI toihetu ; and that any one regard liuin, T. 11. Cinwlor.l Hlmdc h'.nnil, Ldward rj"a- proviMouslbr ihose purposes ns seciionnl, local, and grave. 11. lloiunllg .C10 JCIHcy. u. 1.. VvUlt, eliari.i L'ing, D. Gardner, Iq., nf New York, roso and stated lhat ho held in bis hand a set of resolu tions representing the voice of some seventy Delegates which hea-ked the privilege of re.ctl- in'. 1 ho iv.-o uliiiiis were re erreti to me i-.o u-1 in . ,, , .,. ' ,. ,, . , nnttee on Resolutions without reading. It was . ri'(iiesteil that all those Delegates having pro- j positions prepared submit the tainu to thu Com- Jnitleoon Resolutions: .... ... i. ,. .i i. .Mr. Allen, Ol .oissnui i, n'uu u icecer iioin eoe i Hon. Th 'inas IL llentti. I The Presi,nt then announced the reception ' of letters i iuii other ih-tiiiguislied men, all ol i which worn nt,;- r.'d to be lead. That of ex Governor Wright war (j, - re id. That of Mr. Clay was next rind. It Was only a brief note j explaining why ho wits uiul.'c to attend the Convention, Ldlers were mad in succession from llie Hon. Wa-hington Hunt, of Lockpoit, Daniel S. Dickinson, of Riiigliamptuu, Lewis Cuss, of Detroit, Thomas H. Curliss. ot Ro.-'oli, Josepli Giinnell, ot New Hodford, llradford R. Wood, of Albany, Genrgo P. i!aiker,ol Iluliain, Alpheus i'dch.ol Aim Arbor, .Martin Van llu rcn, Lliidenwald, R. McClelland, Michigan, and Charles Ilutler. Tho letters of Col. Rrtilon and Gov. Wright were well received. T!u.-o of Mcs.-rs. Hunt, (irinnell, and Wood, elicited warm exj re-i,ioii.-of admiration, 'i'lutof .Mr. Cass elicited strong explosion of disapprobation. 1 ts sicond read ing was callid for, and upon its second reading icnewed and increased expression-, of disappro bation wcro manifested. A rolound silence (uccecdcd to tho reading of Mr. an lluien's. The Convention culltd ii on the lion. Andrew ftewatt, of Penii-jL.inia, who nddiestcd it at len"th with much oli'ect upon tho subject which Lr.iii"bt it together, lie oiitorctl njton tho mh iect hilly nnd witli very enlarged views us to the tKiwi rs of tho Nation il Government, and us to what were national works. Among his remarks was u.o, in Mib.-tance, that tho natn.nalUy ol a oik rdiould bo judged of by C.mgiess, and that if Coivress nppioved, its nationality should be deemed by mo i.xiciiiivu ua nee. mm D D Field, of Now York, ttated nt length (hit 'be did not hold to a view so cMcn.Ut an Vr "n.wart a'"1 ll'at " m,r1' vleWiJ w"ro 10 U" tl, 'n t the dilVeieiiccs would bo found to Ui si t tt Couvontion. Mr. Field then gave n X U wVt wwc Ids views, and ..mid i.iuch h terruption ai.d cross-rjuestiouing l.o.n various neXrs of the Convent ion, f aid ho was . .. t.ivur ,f a Xpriations for In ibors, rivers , hg itho iises. i in lie's whenover there was iiodoubtol their M e S tho commorco of the Stat-s ; but E ere was doubLsiich tippiopnations ought ,1 Z ,,ade. Tho llinois river, being within ""at w not a national work; tho Hud- ro Id not no made where nature did not design .i.,c,o views were in tho main conn. listened to with ns much equanimity as could oe rxpocteil in the Wet. Alter Mr. 1'ield had concluded tho Conven tion adjourned till the afternoon, and a resolution was then pissed expressing tlio regret of the Convention tint .Mr. Held had been interrupted, or that signs of disapprobation had appeared. Mr. Lincoln (tlio Whig Congressman Irom Illinois) then made seme sound ntul sensible remarks upon the necessity of refraining from party allusions. It was known that the Whig8, as a patty, were supposed to be more liberal than the democrats in internal improvements, and if nny thing wore said that the Whigs did not like, they could well alVord to bo silent. After complimenting .Mr. 1'ield's speech, Mr. Lincoln said it deserved answering, and then entered upon an answer of it. .Mr. Wright, (Kditor of the Cincinnati Ga ette,) after Mr. Lincoln hail concluded, camo in with tho report of the committee appointed to draught resolutions expressive of the sense of tho Convention ; which, he said, was adopted unanimously, no ono dissenting. (Cheers.) DECLARATION 01 SKNTtMI'NT;?. The t'ouifiitinn submit to their eow-nti7cos nnd to the Federal (inveriiiiient t!v following piopusitinus, ns e.pii"in3 their own sentiments and those of their coiistuiunls: 1. That the Constitution of die United States was formed by practical men for practical imposes, tie elaied in its preamble: ' To pi. uhle lor theeomninu ilefenee. to iiromole the ecie'ial wi llaie. and toseciue the hles-miis of libcrly ;" ami was mainly designed to crcfite a lluv eminent whose lime lions should nnd would be adequate to llie piob-e linn ol the coniuiou interests of nil the Plates, or of two or more of them, which could not be m-iiutnined by the nction el the S'-purnlcd Stairs, That in si net accordance with this object, llie revenues ileuved hoin the coinuieice were siirit u.lered to the General llovc rnmcnt, wilh llie ex press understanding lhat they shraiM In: npplicil lo llie jnoiuo'iou of those common mti'rests. Tint ninoni; iliese conimon interests nnil objects wcie 1st. roreiun eomnieree, to tliu reinitiation ol which the poweis of tlie Slates sewrnlly weie con I'esseilly ni-iileiju-itf ; and '.M. bileru.'il Hade nnd n.ivi i;nliou, wherever the cnncuricnce of two or more St ites wns necessary to us ptcsenntion, or where the expense ol its iirunteii.inee should lie equitably borne hi two or more Snt'S, mil where ol course those Sttites must neet smartly have n voice in its regulation nnd hence lestilted the conslitittioml rniU of power to Coujrrrss, ' to reuiate cemniercc with foreign na tions nuj nnion llie Smtes." tt Tin! lit-iitis llitis p'jss 'ssed both of the means nnd of llie power which weic ilciucil to ihi- States lespect ively, Coutjicss becain-3 oblintetl by every eon-itleia-liou of (.'oo,l f.tjih nud cotninon jusiice, to cheri"h and increase belli llie kittils of eontiueiee ihtis coiiimilled to its cale, by e.p.iii'hn mid exteniJuis the menus ol conducting ihcni.nnd ut iilibnliue them till those hied Hies tuid nil Unit protection which the Slates Individ uii!y w-i'til.l h ie nlfonled, had the lctcuue nud die iiuUioiity hreu 1 ft to 'h-n I That this ohlirrntion ins ever been reeorpiiseil fiom ihe l.niinlniiou of the lioeiuinent, and has been 1'ihiiled iarlially by en cum; IthlhouseH, builthnu piers lor h.'iibors, bicakwnlcis.nn I sea-walls, reinovitm ob slriictions in rivers, nnd pronling tither f'teilue's for the commerce earned en ttoin the poits el tlie VtJ'in tie eoa-i ; and ihe same i blieationi hae been lultilletl 10 n much le.-s extent in providing siniilnr l.icihlies lor a "comiueieeiiinonn the Slates," ami the piiuciple has b -en most emplKitienlly a letletl to embrace the Western lakes and riveis, by nppioprinttnus foi uu m.'ious liyhlhouses iiou thein, npprcpriations hie never been cjiiMiuiicii in Concuss as v, anting constitutional autiiority. 5. That thus, by n series ofnets which ha e received the sanction ol the people ol llie I'niuil Slates, nud of every Department ol the 1'edeial lluvcrniiuiil, mi ller all Adiniin-t rations, ihe common iiiiilerst.iuduiLtot the intent tin I objects el Ihe frauieis ol the roiwuu lion, in grnutmu; to Concuss Ihe pow. r to icfiuhte commerce, has h-cn mtiuil' steil, and has betn con- 11 in-il by the peojile, ntul ih.s uudentnuduii; has he come as'iuueh a p irt of th it instiumeiit its uny el lis mot ephtit proMs.otis. 0, Thai the power to " regulate coinmeiee with for eign nations, mid auioiu; the Slates, and with the In dian tribes," is on its lace so palpably tipplicuble lo Us whol- extent to inch of the sub'cts i numernted, equally and in the saute manner, as to render nuj at t 'mpts to make it more explicit Kile nnd lutilc ; and that those who admit thu rightful application of the power to foreign eoiuinerce.Iiy f.'cihuuuig and pio teetms its operationsjbyiinprovin'; harboisnnd clear ing out nniigable rivers, cannot consistently ilenylhat it i fpially nuthorics similar facilities lo "commerce nuiom? llie States." 7. '1 iiat ' foreign commerce" is dependant upon in ternal Inulc for the di-lributiou of its heiLthts, auJ Iur the inenns of payim; for that whoever im proves the one ndvanecsthe other, nnd they arc so inseparable that they should be levanted as one ; lhat nil export from the Ant ncati shoie to n Itntish purl in Cupit'la, is as much foieieu eouuueiec us il n had been dueetlv to Liverpool, and lhat nn exportation lo Liverpool neiihertjiinsnorlosesnny ol lite charaeler- Hues of toreicu couiineiec by the dueelness or eircu- ily ot the louie ; wheile-r it pd-es through u cusioni hi'tiv on the llntHh side ol the t-t. l.'iwieiiee, or descends ihrough that river nnd its connecting canals to the ocenn, or whether il passes itbiug the aitilieiat conummicntions nnd ualiual btieams ol uny ol the Slates to ihe Atlantic. 8. Tint the Genera! Government, by extending its jurisdiction over lnki s nud navigable rivers, subjecting ihem to the same laws which pievad on the occaii.nnj ou its bajs nnd ports, not only for purposes ol revenue, but lo give securiiy to lite and propetty, by the regula tions ol steamboats, has precluded iw'lf hum denying lhat jurisdiction lor any oilier legitimate icgnlatiou of coinmeiee. It it has power toconlicil and restiatu, it inii-t have the same power to protect, nstM, and l.ieil itate ; and, it it denies the ju isdictioiiol the one mode of action, il should iciioune it m llie other. v. I Int. in cotisenuenee ol llie peculiar dangers ol llie u tvigatioti of the Jakes, niising fiom llie want of harbors lor shelter, nnd ol the U esterti livers trniu i 'oi u.Miouat, uiuse oe vauiuiL: in iiuoriuaiioii ot me eieut ol ihe commerce carried on upon ihose lakes and rivers, anu oi mo nuiouut oi teeming population oc'iipi 'd or iutciestetl la that navigation. 10. Tent, having regard to ihe relative population ..r m the extent ol commerce, the nnuronriations beie- ! tofore made lor the interior rivers and lakes nnd the i..r.,.,.u ....i.ti.-Miiir tin ill e 1 1 1 1 the iie.'.'iit. leiec Mot " y .- .r ' i . .i been u a just nud lair proportion to ihobe made lor Ihe Alhnu . ,., ,rit t,K. ),. .miu.d Hj.n ijiib injusiice should be corrected in the only mode in which it can be dope by ihe united, de- l.-nnlned.und peru-vcungcireiHol those whcitc rights II. That, independent of the right to piotectinn o " Commerce among the Mates," the rights ol " com 1111,11 Jeleiii e" gu.iiautied by the constitution climb's those citizens Ihe couu.iy boidenng upon, Ihe interior lakes and rivers 10 su.-h nal'e nnd coim u ieul li.arlwi 1 as will allbrd shell, r to a nnvy, whenever il .-hull l rendered necessary by hostihiien with our neiehbors, and tint llie construction of such haibois laiiuot snlcly liedelajed 10 llie lime which will de mand their immediate use. 1','. Thut the I'lgiiment most commonly urged ng.iiust npprcpriatiuu to pioiecl " Coinmeiee among she Slates," and lo delend ihe inhabitants nf the fion tiers, that they invii" sectional combinations in ensure success to ninny unworthy objects, 1. loauded 011 a oiuctienl diiirusi ol the lejui'iheau principle of our Government, tuid of the capieiiy ol tin piople to (.elect coptpi lent and honest lepteseupilive.-, '1 hat it may be irged w ith eija il foiee against legislation upon nny ccher subject, involving various and extensive in. !.. -in 'Clint a jul nppteciauan ol the nulils and interests ot pur fellow. ciu.cns, nt every (juaiter of the Lhuon, di' dull. ling sclfr-h nud local purpura, will U'litl intcllig' ut icjiieseiilutives to such a distribution of the in. miis in the Treasury, upon n sjstem ol mode- rattfi'i rind ultimate cinl'hlV. HS will ill tllttC meet the 111 'si urgent wauls l nil, nnd prevent lluwc lealmiMcs nn I suspicions w Inch threaten the moot terious danger to our I outcdeincy. 13. Thut we too utterly incapable of perceiving llie ddi'-ience lit i wee mi hnrbor for "heller n. id a h.ilbur for cot iin.-ree, nnd suppose (lint a mole or p;er, which will i 11 rd sute tincliurnge nnd proleclion to a ea.l nc'ini a -toi in, must neeeitsarily iiiipruvesuch Iinrbor, and tnltipi it to commercial puiposes. It. Hull the iinpiuls ou foreign (joods and the pub lic lands Ihiuh iheeoiumuii heruage of ailuureui.'.ens, so long ns liiee ii'soiuceg coutiuue, the iiiiposiuon ol nny special buideuon any porliou ol the people to ob tain mi tin tins oi neeompiisniiig directs eijuauy w-iiu-in ihe duty and the competency ol the Ueiieral (iov eminent .wo'j'd be linjusi nnd oppreive. Y. That we thsnvow nil und every nilempt lo con- on- ihum- etl lllieruai initio Illlil e Olllilieie.- among llie KmiiH" with the luriunes of any pohlienl I1 " ) , nun we mean to piuee that eiiuse upon sueu iinuiuitible pimeipU'ii uf truth, justice, and innsluil lio'ul duty, m bliull eouiiujiid the respect of all par lies, nud the dcle-ii-iice ol nil candidates for public lav or. Pietioits to the adoption of tlio report, lion. John C. Spencer addressed the Convention at omo lengtli in Us lavor. .Mr. (, of Now Yoil; aiso uuiircsseu tlio Convi'iition in favor of the remrt. Mr. Field, of New York city, also ml thu Convention in faior of the report go t lrne, oeni.n I lv. as ho understood it: but that vait vvTilch savs (tilth tosoliitlon) "this understanding has be. I come us much u put of tho i niti iiinent as uny ono of its uiut explicit provisions," ho moved to ediike out. The ri'poit enliie, hovvetcr, was agreed to with groat unanimity Mr. Thonius Ilutler lung, ol dvorgia, was BUillilNGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 23, then called for, and nddrcsscd the Convention at length upon tho subject of Internal Improve ments. Tho Convention then separated with gicat unanimity, niter appointing committees In lay all these doings before the President and before Congress. 4 v c c 13 rc 00, nUIU.INUTON, Vt. I'll IDA Y MOKNINO, JULY 23, 1SI7. " In Tim iiAitit and TKouni.r.n mhiit that is uroN us, tiirix is no Htau above Till. tlOlttZON to oivn us a at.rAM or uiiht, r.xcr.rmo Tttn NTEU.II1ENT, VATlltoriO Wlltll TArtTV OP Tttn Unithd Status." Daniel W'ibslcr. WhiS rVoititti:i(ioni. Tor Covemor, HORACE EATON, (If linosburgh. Tor Lieutenant Governor, LEONARD SARGEANT, (If Mitnehcslcr. Tor Treasurer, GEORGE HOWES, (If Monlpclicr. Scnntorinl .Vominutlons. A tljison Cuvnli. William Nahi, It: a Sieivaet. Ora'ige County. Gr.o. W. Pr.tcitAiin, Ciias.' It. Cha.vdllt., Lonu.szo 1). IIlhiiick. I'ranMin Ctmnlt. Gconon W. IVtch. Rltls Hamilton, Lucas R. Hlkman. Ciikilimiu County. James D. Rem., Roeekt Wihtelaw. Windham County. John Ki.-.iiiall, Peteii'W. Dean, L.mikin G. Mr.Aii. AVhig Scnntoiinl Comcntion Tho Whigs of Chittenden County are notified j to meet in Convention, at I'iiencii's Hotel, in WtLLtsTON, on .SATURDAY, tho 31st DAY OF JULY, instant, at 10 o'clock, A. M., for Ihe purpose of nominating their candidates for Sen ators in the Stale legislature. J!y order ol the County Committee. JTThc absence of tho Ilditor will account for the want of the usual editorial variety. The At mil Dodger. LOCOFOCO NOMINATION FOR GOVF.KN0R OF VRRMONT. Wo inconsiderately promised our readers, last week, Unit we would in Ihe present number tell them ichi we are obliged to the Ixicofocns for , placing I'aul Dillingham, .r.,in nomination as their candidate for Governor. We say, incon siderately, because we are, at this present wri ting, absent from home, ami have not ready access to the nucor.Ds fiom which to draw the ftt'l and tho proifs in reference to tho course of that distinguished practiser nn tho slippery dm system of politics. Rather than disappoint anybody, however, wo shall proceed to "say our say" with tho imperfect documentary helps at our command. We are glad that .Mr. Dillingham is in nom ination, becauso wo honestly think him tho best ' embodiment" of the 7 rinciples of tho leaheks of the Locofoco parly, by long odds, that there is in Vermont nnd tho-e principle may bo ex pressed in one woid non-committalism. .Mr. Dillingham, wo sincerely believe, is a better practical specimen (if possible) of a non-committal politician than Mr. Vim Huron. Ho has not a tithe of Van Huron's ability, cunning, or shrewdness, but we rather think he is immensely superior to that adroit anil plausible gentleman, in multiplying the chances of escape from the i fficts of a doubtful 1 He. Wo venture to allirm (and if wo are wrong wo shall take pleasure in stying so) that Mr. I 'a ut Dillingham, Junior, by the excessive acute-ne.-s of his management while representing his District in Congiess, is able lo present himself in TI1RI111 different and distinct aspect.-, in re ference to every cheat measure that was passed upon during his Congressional lifei Firet (for example): In faior of tho measure Second api'tised to it and Third: neutral in relation to it. So rare a felicity of circiim-tanee.s,cnahlin; a candidato forollico to compete wilh .lunus and 'givo him one," it U not often the lot of a poli ticiau to secure to himself. There are but few politicians, (even among these tho laxity of whoso political morality would permit them to do it,) who, in leference to a questionable till, can say to .Mr. A.: "ily dear sir, I agree with you as to the importance of that measure, and I valid far it;" and to .Mr. H.: "My dear sir, 1 think, as you do, that that meastiro should have been defeated, and 1 voted to hy it 011 the table;" and to Mr. C: " .My dear sir, it is jiiv opinion, as it is yours, that it was best not to have any thing to do witli that measure, and so I didn't vole at all." Stranger and rarer still is it lint a Yanlce, a New Cnglander, a representative of a portion of that particular race of men whoso ancestors consented to einluro all manner of siifl'eringand deprivation for Consistency's sake, and who are, themselves, rather remarkable for the straightforwardness nnd pertinacity with which they declaro and maintain their opinions, should be found to have distinguished himself by a veisatility of conduct on a given subject that would do credit lo tho proverbial instability of a Frenchman ! llutsoitis' Mr. Paul Dil lingham, Jr., like the fabled Cerberus, guard- tho appro ichos to tho Citadel of I .ocofocoisni with a trlp.'o sagacity, und a triple direction of vision 1cl us iiiitstrate by an example: In regard to the Wii.Jior Proviso, the principle of wide I prorides cHectually against the further extension i ,., . . ,. . I, Ml:.. , "J wie ioJ '" """"i ham occuiiics triune attitudo nf having voted for it. unainsl it, and of having dodged it ! Let us tee. I " "10 1Ml ! "TntiEi: Mill On tho 15th of February, 1817, tho famous wx Hill," linking "additional impropriations for bringing the war with Mexico ,,, ., si'i 1:DV m and am cable termination,1 I WIS passcu 111 tliu nuusc, twill pe-iit iii int.- Jt-ii.te- , .1. . II 1 . I .1... V....n,n for coticurrciice. This bill embraced tho " Wil mot Proviso," and Mr. Dillingham voted for it, as did Mcsrs. Collainer, Foote, and Marsh. On the 1st of March following, tho Senate without having acted on tho Hoiiso Rill, pissed a "Three Million Hill" of their own, dili'cring j j Q pnrticular frvm that previously pas-cd by , the Hotieo excelling that It did not embrace the Wilmot Proviso. On the 3d of March this Hill was taken up in tho House for concurrence. Mr. Wilmot moved bis Proviso, to make the Rill correspond with the ono already passed, and then in tho Senate for thjt'.r concurrence. Tho Proviso was rejected by a vote of 07 to 102 Mr. Colhnuer, Mr. 1'oote, Mr. Marsh, and Mr. Dillingham again voting for it, of course. Rut now comes tho test vote. Immediately after the rejection of his Proiso, Mr. Wilmot moved in lav the Him. won the tapi.e. in audit the action nf the Semite on the Itame Hilt. Our renders will perceive tit once the propriety, nay, the necessity, of this motion, for those who upheld the doctrine of the Wilmot Proviso as a m ilter of liillcxiblo principle nnd in sincerity, and not as dodging and skulking expediency limiting politicians. The Senate could, at any moment, concur with tho House in passing tiic Hill beforu them, or they could reject the Proviso and send the Hill bick. The Ilottso hail dono their duty in t lie premises. The majority had said to the Slaveholders of the South, on whoso behalf and for whose benefit and at whoso insti gation the country had been wickedly precipi tated into tin aggressive war: " Gentlemen, we will give you the S.t,000,(IOO asked for by the President to expedite the work of making peace, but wo wish you to understand that no more Slave Territory is to bo engrafted upon this already slave-iidden Union." All who thus reasoned and icsolvcd in favor of Freedom ami Humanity voted of course in futor of the motion to lay llie Hill upon the lablc. Tho motion, however, was lust yeas 87, nays 1 1 1 party drill and party propensities being stronger than principle and a regard for consistency combined. Hut where was Mr. Paul Dillingham's vote on this question ? Was he found true to tho Wil mot Proviso and to the anti-slavery sentiment of his State? Relovcd reader, don't imagine nny such thing! Hero was his opportunity to hit tho Wilmot Proviso a friendly stab, and "to lay an anchor to windward'' with that largo section of his pnrly who arc bitterly opposed to it. Mr. Dillingham is not the man to neglect his "op- portunities ! " Here was his chance to display that small cunning on which a great many very I bright and calculating political tacticians pride tbeinselves, but which notuiifrequently "returns tn plaL'ue the inventor." On looking at the yeas and nav, we find the names of Judge Col- i.A.iiEii, Mr. Foot and Mr. Maush recorded in persevering and consistent support of the ctn.E of Freedom, and 1:1 tavoii of the motion to lay the bill on the table, and Mr. 'h7 Dil liiwhum, Jr.'s name against the motion, and consequently against the Wilmot Proviso! Now, then, wo ask: Why did Mr. Dillingham

vote against lavinirthis bill upon the lablo A a consistent, upright and intelligent legislator he voted with a meaning. He refused to lay the bill upon the table cither because he wished it to 1'As.s or to bo rejected one or the other. lie aided by his vote to bring tho question precisely to this issue ; and lie did it openly, and, wo are bound to assume, intelligently. And having aided to present this final issue, it was his duty to meet it like a man, and like a New Lngland man. Did bo do so? Wo leave the answer to our readers. Immediately after the vote refu sing lo lay upon tha table, the bill was read the third time, the previous question was moved und seconded, and the wrrm question o.dcrcd to be put, viz : "Shall the Rill tas,s ? " It was de cided in the affirmative yeas 115, navs 81. Again do we find Messrs. Coi.lameii, Foot and Marsh true to themselves and their constitu ents, voting in the uegatur, with Wilmot, Hrin kerholl", King, Wcntworlh and other tinHinching Wilmot Proviso "democrat-," of the North and West. Hut where on tins " maix question" do we discover tlio vole of I'aul Dillingham, Jr., of Vermont d'cnfle reader, NOWHLRi; ! ! Sitting in bis dishonored place in the House of Representatives, and inning cast his vote io( fuc minutes prciimisly in a nnniicr to difeal tho W ilmot Proviso, he permits lus name to be call ed and clo-es his mouth in ignominiou-, silence. For the first, and we trust tho last time, Ver mont Iris a Representative in tho National councils who ji.iiu.a not lace his responsi bilities a man who shirks, skulks, DODdLS a man who quails before the arrogant demands of tho pro-slavery faction of his party, and proves false to the principles and the sentiments of his constituents and Ins State Now it is tho fashion among the Iicofoco papers in this State to cry out against what they call the " abuse" of .Mr. Dillingham in the columns of the Free Press. We have never abused the gentleman, nor have wc any desire. purpo-e or occasion lo. Wo have nothing to do with liiin excepting so far as his public course ns a Representative in Congress or other public bodies is concerned, o are not conscious o tho slightest conceivable ill-will towards him personullv, but for his pulitical course for his mousing schemes and stratagems for his party tactics nud nriniiMivrcs, wo havetho profounde: contempt ami detestation, and so long as ho is placed beforu the people of eimont as a candi date for the highest State oll'ico in their gift, we shall endeavor, so far in we can, to umbo such an exposition of his claims upon their suffrage! as shall enable them to vote for and elect him. if they do vote for and elect him, understand. inghi. Tho public will probably bo informed in the next Montpelier Patriot that the Free Press has furiously attacked Mr. I)., but that that gen tleinau is in the enjoyment, nevertheless, of hi customary health and spirits. This is tho usual style of argument with which that adroit paper meets grave charges convenient, doiibtlci and compendious, but in our poor judgment neither icry witty nor very complimentary toils candidates. Hut we liavo not done wilh Mr. Dillingham Ho voted for the admissionof the State of Tcxa to this Union, with a Constitution absolutely am! forever PROIIIHITINO her Legislature from abolishing Slavery within her limits; ho vote for censL'HIno General Taylor for the terms of tho capitulation of Monterey; bo voted for and against tho proposition to supercede both 'Pay lor and Scott in the command of tho army he voted for nnd aoainsT, and dohgeo, tho "Tarill'of 181i)," which JjorofncoUm swears tilling Iho country with prosperity; ho voted agiint printing tho .Memorial of the Yearly -Meeting of tho Society of Friends of New Rnj; land, praying Congress, in respectful terms and without tho slightest reference to party divis ions, to take steps to bring this war " to a speedy and peaceful conclusion." In Ids votes on all these measures we undertake to say ho fulled to nnrnnsENT any portion or the people of Ver mont, and Is, therefore, unworthy, in every sense of tho word, to bo their Chiof Magistrate. No candidato was over presented to the Freemen of tliis State who mow thoroughly d-rertcd an overwhelming defeat than Paul Dillingham, Jr. Ho got it in 1810 owing, us tho Ihnlnn l'ott said, to his " itniuiimliirity." If be does not get it again, in IS 17, wo don't mean it shall he our fault. Wo will try to prevent nny dodging in Vermont ! The Picslitcnt. ,Ve olwrvc tint friend Clarke of Ihe Hiirlinqton Iree Press expresses boiiic surprize nt seeing the names ol several Whigs on the iuvitaiiouto President I'olk to visit Vermont. Il is necessary perhaps for us tos.ay, that scernl of the nnnies of the Whigs were used vvilhout their knowledge, and someof them de clined their ns-enl to this use ol ihem. We may with piopriety specify Senator Cpliam ns one of these ; lio,iiiougn reauy to lender to the rresiilcnt the civi lity "nd respect duo htm il he should visit Montpchcr, would have nothing to do with the meeting got up I here we miirhtsav almost orivatele.ntnne rate with. I out public notice allcndc.l by n.very Te w persons nud headed liy n redernl olhcer. For ourscll we have to s iytliatweknewnothingof the meeting mild niter it ly that we knew nothing of the meeting until niter it ad been to den. nnd dec men nn invitation to lorm one nf lire Committee to go on and tender to llie l'resi- letilthe luviliition. bull we should have been plea- d lo have him visit Vermont. tohtteadv. l ie Whigs hail nothing lo fear, in our judgment : and Vermont had sonietliing to gain, in becoming belter known to the Piesidelit nnd the other functionaries who might necompany him. We would have every President nud everv public man viit we could anil would honor them all ns their station or their character should desere : nnd this for the good w'hich would be com cling w long impres sions, hi rtilargingnttd liberalizing their views, and in securing for our State audits eiliens the considera tion which is richly deserved, but untorlunntely ton scfuoin appreciated. As 1) intei v coster tias recent ly Heated the South nnd been treated by Soulhern men, so would we have Southern men test tho iSorth and they should not be allowed lo return without iuunoveil opinions of our institutions nnd people. Mimtielirr Watchman. Wo very gladly copy tho foregoing article from the ll'ciin, and take occasion to ex press both our gratification and surprise at learn ing that tho Lditor " know nothing of the meet ing until after it was holden." That ho would "decline" to bo one "to go on and tender to the President the invitation," wo felt very well issurcd. Wo are glad to learn, however, that he had nothing whatever to do with tho silly transaction, from beginning to end. That the mimEtivre originated with wire-pullers and 'fed- oral officers," and had no respect to, nor any response in, the wishes or feelings of tho r-Eori.E of any party in Vermont, wo take the liberty to say ; and wo say, further, that federal nlbcers probably understand, hereafter, that it is tho part of prudence and courtesy, to say the least, o consult before Inml those whom it may suit their purposes to select as fuglers fur James K. I'olk, in Vermont. When the Locofocos can succeed in nomina- tmn-, and electing to the Presidency, any really ;tntl unquestionably able and patriotic man in their party such a man as Jons C. Calhoun, for instance we will most cordially unite with them in inviting him to visit Vermont, and in treating him with that honorable distinction which is due to rare endowments united with exalted official place and dignity. Hut when they call on us to volunteer in the attempt to in- tlito a comparatively unknown, and inconsitlcr- able partisan, like James K. Polk, so that ho may hug tho delusion that, cither by bis qualili cition or by his services, ho is entitled to the best office m the gift of tho American people, they will pleaso to t ike notice that wo love oor I great principles far better than wo do their small men. When wo practise toadyism, wo mean it ! hall be in the train of a man who don't write I " ivuoe iciiers, uur gei lino ouicu ov such una- .. ,. i .. ,, . . rt' I I r that which swindled Pennsvlva- ma into voting lor "i'o.i, uattas, A.l till. FAR IFF OF MS ! " We go for fair and hon est dealing ; and our opinion is that a man who a knave in politics is a knave every other way particularly if there is nothing of him but a partisan politician. llm tl'e;,i,irtii A Oinint Web. Mcr has usually treated the South and been'1'" il f tlat tlltir wants and their reputation "treated by Southern men, so would wo h-ivo Soulhern men test tho North." Setting nside this indirect parallel of Daniel and lames A". Polk (!), so would we. Let the SrATE-MEN of tho sunny South their Cal iiou.ns, their IIcgers, their Mancums, their I'r.n niENs, or their Haynes (if they have any) visit tlio Green Hills of New F..m:i.anh, nnd, our word for it, they will find that Hospitality and a generous appreciation of exalted ability do not depend on climate, and that the " frozen North " have blood that ciiculates as warmly about the heart, and a patriotism that is as insensible to differences of degrees of latitude, as tho climes nearer tho tropics ! Hut don't try to fool lVr monti at least, with your James A". Polls ; or if you do, gentlemen locofocos, bo guod enough to do it at your own " special instance and re quest." Windsor Count)'. The Whigs of Windsor County met in Con vention, at Wood.-tock, on tho 9th int., and re nominated, with cntiro unanimity, the present Senators, viz: ARTF.MAS CusltMAN', Harvey Huinov, Robert 1). Cram, Dearroes II. IIilhi.x. Tho following re-otiiilon, among others, was adopted. It takes precisely tho right ground in relation to the "spoils" of this vile war. The more territory wo acquire by it the poorer we shall be: Jletrolred. Thai we a-e Piniosed to all further nenui unions eii leiinoiv in tins tommy, tinti e-iieciuiiy 11 i ..... i . ... .i . i territory now inhabited by a population, wllose eh tr- constitutional interpretation that, namely, re ader, aims and interest are unlike nnd opposed to I gurdiug tho power ol the Federal Government our own, and that in our judgment the acquisition of . . . i r i . i r . nny ol the terriuny of Mexico, would be lnjiuious to to construct works of Internal Improvement ; a the intc-iests and dangeious to the bbe-itie-s ol our power whirh has, during tho dark period of our i-onnlrv. i 1 . 1 Tho Vermont Patriot don't agree with us ns to tho propriety of the Whigs iniiting .Mr. a young and vigorous nation were not to bo partiirc.' Hut ho has gone! ' Ripo in tho Polk to visit Vermont. Wo hardly expected it yielded to Iho abstractions of political metaphy-' attainments of human wisdom, rich in the re would. Tho smaller frv uf Locofoco papers, sic'mis, and tho indispensable 'conveniences of I sources of a cultivated intellect,' he has been such as tho Htirlington Sentiml and iho Wood-! ''"meslic intercourse and commercitl safety to Cilnca upon; yet the simplicity of his life, Ins stock Age, are agitated with similar distressing ! r ?. i'.ho' : T' bU V' ,hc obiections to our views in tho nremkei Tlm ,vs in tho premises. Tho if the matter, choo-es to bo ous than is its wont-the .uptotHCl..torin. ratriot, in speaking of the i ...... . . . rather more discourteous other papers don't get i nence, they arc barely silly, Now these sens! live Polk editors will probably bo surprised to learn that wo uncr tried harder to pleuso them than wo did In tho very articlo to which they t i,l,!..i, llm.. object ! Tho Vermont Voliinleeis. Captain Kimball, of tho Vermont Company of Volunteers for Mexico, lias commenced writing letters ; " And should be use the warrior's sword No In ner than his twill, A in i m i tt- will be ample nm To bury all he'll kill." 1847. li.-itcsl IVoiii tlio Seat Wnr' At tho latest dales, Thmo 20tb,) ficn. Hcott was still at Piichla, awaiting the arrival of re inforcements. Con. Cudivalladcr had reached Perote, and no doubt has cro this joined (Icncral Scott. Gen. Pillow with hi command of 1800 men, in escort of a train of liW waggon", was dally expected. Jalapa is evacuated, and the sick nnd stores transferred to Perote. Guerrilla parties infested the road nnd hold possession of nil points between Perolu and Vera Cruz. Their boldness anil number daily increase, and their vigorous attack upon Gen. Pillow's com mand was entirely unexpected. It is reported his column has suffered seveioly some eight or nino killed and thirty wounded. From Mexico wo have the samo dates. Tho approaches to tho city are fortified, and a battle is expected before wo take possession of it. ! , , ,,, , , .... nc doubts Gen. Scott s ability to capture It, No for there is nothing our little nrmy cannot do ; btit, .. , , , n ... . . , , .,, ,, " ls fcir011. success will bo attended with great loss of life. Santa Anna is still nt tho head of affairs, and straining every nerve fur tho defence of tho capital. General Scott has- communicated to the Mex ican Government tho arrival of a commissioner (tho much abused tho much talked about Mr. 'Frist) with full powers to conclude a definativo treaty of peace. Their papers contain the letter of Secretary Rnchanan dated Iflth April, an nouncing that fact. Up lo Iho latest dates a quorum of their Congress could not bo assem bled to act upon it. Peace seems to bo as far distant as over, and the long hoped for termina tion of tho war exists only in fancy. Rein- r , , , . I , ' .1 forccinents are rapidly arriving nnd being sent to General Scott ; each detachment has to cut their way through hordes of guerrillas. Tho , position of the army is deemed somewhat rriti- ' , ., , .iioij tcei ' cal ; Willi no inconsiderable force in fiont, nnd his communications with his rear nearly cut 1 oil : with a force, at host, not one h i f whit t should be, and they In the interior of a country populated by 8,000,000 of inhabitants, General Scott will find bis hands full to trn o,i conuner- ing and maintain his communications. The i next arrival will bo looked for with feverHi anxiety. , General Taylor at last dates was quietly sit- U!Uc,t at .M,,ntcrev. reinforcomcnH were rapidlv arriving, but no movement towards San 1 Luis Poto-i was anticipated. Affairs in California wcro assuming a more . settled state. A good understanding and bar- monv of action exist between Commodore Shu- brick and General Kearney. The former com- oonds the Smiadron. and to him the President has a-signcd the regulation of the import trade, iho conditions on which vessels of all nations, our own as well as foreign, may bo admitted into the ports of tho territory; and the establish- ment of all import regulations, To the latter the Prerident Ins assigned the directions of the operations on land, and his invested him with administrative functions of government over tho pPnI,le and territory occupied by tho forces of i,0 United States. C o m 111 c 11 c c 111 out. Tho Annual Commencement of tho Univer sity of Vermont takes place on tho 4th of August next. The event will bo an unusually interesting fine In tbn TTiiieei-Hf .ia OJ In tt.n ....1.11.. . ...... ... .. v ,.,i ,u me iitioiit.. iin..:: , t , i a subscription which en " . .. sures its perpetuity, and evinces the pride and interest felt in its prosperity by the people of tho State, the officers will enter with high hopes upon the labors of another year. The prospects of tho institution were never so bright as at this moment; and wo doubt not that thu people of Vermont will labor with becoming zeal to ren- demand. I Tho Alumni will bo addre-ed by the Hon. Jacor Collamei:, Representative in Congress from the second district of this State, who-e conceded ability ensures an addre-s worthy the ' occasion. Tho address to tho Literary Societies is to bo delivered by Richard II. Vosr., R-q., of Angus I ta, Maine, and that before the Society for Roll ! gious Inquiry by Rev. Riiwaud Heecher, D. I). I ,.r l',,.l.n t.,c Ai.r.NDEi; Manv, L'sq., of Rochester, N. Y., delivers a poem before tlio Alumni, and Joitv nLNin noneixs, jr. i.-ip, oi tins lovvn, auouier before the Literary Societies. With all this array of ability, added to the II-. II. l , r.t . .l cannot doubt that the occasion will excite that interest among our peojdo, which their own -elf-respect, as well as their many obligations to the University, would seem to require at their hands. The Chicago Convention. Wc givo in to-day's paper the proceedings of this important body, embracing its clear and forcible declaration of sentiments in regard to the first duty of every nation, that of self-government. This assemblage at Chicago of so inimerons a body of citizens, from every State and almost every considerable city in llie Union, nnd com posed of men so eminent and influential, will form an epoch for a great branch of Adminis trative policy und a lung-contested question of l.!,., n. I.AMt .-..limiwtiitlt rtn.ynKi. ?tl, and almost oveithrown. Hut the wants and ap.iliances of ,,nna .,.ei,T nf tho neonlo to redress a spontaneous moving of the people to redress 1 "real administrative wrong; and we feel that it ' '''mm" P,! ...... . . ti.rt, i , - ' ,.,t omo of tlm mo-t conspicuous of those who have hitherto denied the power ol Internal im- 1 provement to the Govcrninent-u-hu i have, denied 1 'o U. inueeu, ami'i-i e p- be " ... - . ,,- i .i e conceded to t practically only tho power of; .i ii. .f i, t, Lv. tho rower of lavinu tixes nn.l mit.-iniT war: 'some of these men, wo aro flail to see! aro ieldmg to a more beneficent coii-triictioii of the Constitution Thev have .mt ... f ir as lo admit that whero an improve - uient is national in its character, it may li cr,,, W ll sliltilionally executed by the Government. 1 his EW0Hel, ,( uiilaiucd limbs, hobble to his door, w id! will do very well for a lirst step, and is, indeed, the same politeness and nlUat-home turn thut be for ' sufficient" for all useful purposes." .Xuthnal I merry did gue-ls who callvd upon liiin in a tar differ. Intelligtncr, j et pit-lit." The Nett Conjrcss. The election that has just re'iiltod in tho choice of Amos Tuck and James Wilson, has determined, with ab-oluto certainty, the political character of tlio next House of Representatives. It cnures to tho Whigs tho certain majority in the whole House, ntul the probable control of thu dcWation of at least sixteen States, in tho event of the election of President going lo that body. In tho table whirh wc givo below, including in Ihocoliiinn of tho Whig-, tho Nativu clio-en from Pennsylvania, and the Conservative, clio-en by Whig voto, from Ohio, wo have 00 Whigs already elected, to 07 licofocos. Thisb-ivts nn mnioboM vet to bo elected, of whom there is every reason" to hope the Whigs will elect a majority. , , , Tho following is tho table of the members al ready elected: TABLE OF RErRESENTATIVEM, Whigs. Locos. Vacancies. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, .Massachusetts, Rhode Nland, Connecticut, New Vork, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, Delaware, Virginia, K'liiih Carolina, Georgia, Aikansas, Texai, Missouri, Florida, l a i a 3 o 3 l o 1(1 0 o 1 o 1 1 0 0 U3 1! 0 I 1 o 17 7 " t) 3 0 ia u o 1 G 0 l o o fi B 1 (17 0 t i o 0 I o i) a o 0 i o 1 o o 90 07 C There aro twelve States in which, either from a failure lo elect, or tho election not having ta ken place, there aro ono or more members to bo chosen. In Maine there are vet vacancies in r..... I..... e . Til .1.1., f.ln I'm! lUStl ll.l-. .1 IH.-W LI I 11 tlll III II'I'.OI . , S(,nl.,,i,r. ... ,,, ti.i. jf tlio annual s.'t.lt0 election. As by tho law recently passed, a pluralitv will elect, it is mo-t probable but 0110 U. '"ft1'' iI,Jr"'i"l,l i:"T" J"0" ,wi" oil, iiule-s some compromise be firtdc, as 111 Netv Hampshire, with tho Liberty parly. In tliutcaso the allrmco could carry all'four, certainly three, of the vacant district". In ltliodo Island tnero 1 ..... i. .... .1 1 . ,1, ,1 ., u'i,;.. i.-ill l.o nh, the ne.t triil in lb it State. It is pro'nil) tho vacancy in Virginia, caused by tho death of Dromgoole, will bo tilled by a Loco, though wo have a slight chance ot electing the Whig. We estimate Iowa and Indiana as equally divi ded, although we aro in hopes to do better than that. Miirvland wc estimate us electing only four out of fiersix members, though the tune Ins been when the Whigs carried the wholo. Tho rem lining States wo tire confident will 01 at least ns well as they are set ilowii in the follow ing table : Whigs. Loc n. 5 1 3 1 ., 3 3 3 i 0 Indiana, Iowa, .Muiii", Virginia, Maryland, Non'h Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Rhode I-land, Kentucky, Teniie's-ee, This gives us in all, if our o-timates are sus tained, 1:17 Whig- to !t'J Locofocos, nnd a ma jority of twenty-eight in tho next House of Rep resentatives. ISston Atlas. JU" We have received a notice of the Con cert of the Handel nnd Haydn Society; but owing to the crowded state of our columns it t.s unavoidably deferred. Iter. Wm. II. O. Pcnhotly. This paper mentioned, some short time since, tho death of the Rev. William H. O. PeaeoiiV, of Springfield, Mass. Rut we are glad to bo able to quote fiom tlio la-t number of tho ' Knickerbocker" the following testimony to his great worth. After notice of his untimely de parture, it proceeds : " Wo .-ay 'untimely' be cause, although well prepared to ' go hence,' and longing himself to 'depart and be with Christ,' and the dear friends who had gone be fore him to the ' better land,' yet tho loss of a Christian, a man of genius, and a true poet, in the very maturity of bis intellectual powers, could hardly lie otherwise regarded, even by those who have been taught from his own lips to bow in humble submission to tho solemn be hests of Him, who ' decth all things well.'" "The lo-s of his wife, some two years since, severely tried his su-ceptible and affectionate heart: and he had only partially recovered from the effects of this calamity, when the death of an only daughter, n liberal sharer of her moth er s virtues rent graces, milled new bitterness to 10 cnp of sorrmv whkh Il:lJ bct,n iven ,,;, t elrt.ik. His keen emotions at this sad event ar wcu cs,,rcsscd in his own beautiful word, : 1 Was mine n happiness too pure For firing man to know-1 Or why del Heaven so soon destroy .My paradise below-1 Ctieli-iiiliug ns the i-ion was, It sunk nway ns soon As when in quick ami cold eclipse, The sun grows dark at noon. Dajs passed . and soon the seal of Death Made known that hone was vain ; I knew ihe sw iltly. wasting lamp Would never burn ngain : The ehee-k w as pale : the snowy bps Where gently I uoewi apart : Anil life, in every passing breath, Seemed gushing Irom llie heart. ' I knew those marble .Hi" ' siiuilltl never more oe prevsetl, And lltHids ui feeling, undefined, It jlietl wilthy o'er mv breast : Low-, stilled sounds mid ilu-liy forms si-eiu'd moving in the gloom. As it Death's tljik nrray had come. To bear ihee to the tomb. ' And when I could net keep the tear l-'itim gathering m my ee, Thy hub' banJ pressed gently mine. In token ot leply To ask one more exchange of lovo Thy look was upward cn-t : And iu dun lout! nud binning kiss, Thy happy spirit passed.' Truly has it been said, that 'Religion, Liter-atu-e, Fiiendship, Humanity mourn oyer his de , trutlilulness ot lus character, will keep bis iruliiiuiness oi m, character, wUl keep bis memory green in tho hearts ol all who pereou- knCW l'im ! a"J 1,0 leaVe3 MM h,m wri" "hich the world will 'not willingly let dio. j jjr The following compliment to tlio super- IM :i.,,Ia, r ,!, i i. ..... ... i ..v- in.v'i u tins ettwii, uv it lurrcs- i.e., , , , , ,. . polent of tho indsor Journal, wo believe is richly deserved : " Mr. '1'avLon, late of ihe American Hotel, is so perintenJeiit of the poor. The emigrants and thu 1 "ml! me lortuiin in the selection. Mr. T. devotes