BVltLINGTON, milfAY MORNIXCI, JULY , 1817. Vol. XVI. Whole No. I18 iVcw ScricN, Vol. a "Xo. ff. Burlington Free Press, Published at Burlington, Vl.,1 lly D. W. C. CI.AItKE, Editor and Proprietor. Termn To Village subscribers who receive the paper by the carrier $2,50 If paid in advance 2. Mail subscribers and those who take it at the Office, Invariably 1,00 II paid in advance, ;0 Advertisements inserted on the customary terms. Trom the Mourner's Gift. The Last Journey. These verses descrine n beautiful and touching cus. torn practised nt funerals in some parts uf Germany. Mournful, with measured tread, Onward we bear the dead To li is last home. Short grows the solemn road ; Here with your mortal load, 0!i grave 1 we come ! Yet, yet ah ! hasten not I'ast eaeh remembered spot Where he hath been ; Where late he walked,so free, There from henceforth to be Never more seen. Yet, yet ah ! tlowly move flcar not the form u e love Fast from our tight : Let the air breathe on him And the sun beam on him Last looks of light. Kest ye set down the bier, Those he lov'd now gather here. Let the dead lie A moment that door beside, Wont to fly open wide When he diew nigh. Uplift your load again j Take up the mourning strain ; l'our the deep wail ! Lo! the expected one To his place passcth on, Grave ! bid him hail. Now, his last labor's done ; Now, now the goal is won ; O'i grave ! we come. Seal up this precious dust ; Jesus.' in thee ve tiust. Take the soul home ! The following compliment to the American flag is copied from the Glasgow Journal ofthe 1st June: On s-chsthc American flag fl.aeinz the Queen', ! biith-day from the icwdoic - ol the American con- J tut ujl'ce, uiasgoir. Hail to our bretliien's banner, lei it float Oa pi-acefu! nirs, to giecl our f.-siive day ; Better trom Inen.liy mau-iou then from moat, And happier thus than in the battle's Irny. Er'-ht emblem of a di-tanl, but a kindred shore ! '1'hy sta s an.lsiripes'atiiaet our londcsi gaze ; May i ver thus thy Harry beauty soar, And blend in tribute to our monarch's praise. No hand would stay thee in thy holy flight, As thus in commerce's .mart thou siie.-im'st on high! And thousands greet thee with unfeigned delight Columbia's standard in our llriti-h sky. 15. jTcivm. Agriculture. Wo have already spoken somewhat nf the change wlurli agricultural industry is destined to undergo, in consequence of tho competition in staple products, induced by the construction of railroads and canals. We presume no one will understand us to argue, that the whole sys tem of agriculture, and tho kinds of crops which are to be cultivated, are to undergo a radical change under these new circumstances. Grass Ir i .!!:.:!?. r ,i!.?r.l . ,,,i ,,v, tV. ii I,.. ! u .....j,...,. w, ,,,,v. --.-"i .'pose. 1 fought my hammock and soon fell d.ancom and potatoes. Hut in the culture of , h ft , ' hese, oven more skill moro science, and more ,,,, , , k , uJctTk, thorough farming mu-t be appl.ed than has been rimt(,ilinil mnm',f,(, , ,0 usual, to insure surressful results. hardships of my early life and a thousand other The sustenance of his family will always be ' ,,, , ' ii,V, ,. fi :.. V ' the fir.-t object of the firmer, and this will re quire a considerable pot tion of the products of his firm. For this purpose the same crops will ne required as heretofore-, uut tney niusi nj ra.s. cd at less expense, nnd on cs.v hind. The per- r ... .. . e - , . ... , i . t I I- :1I ' ,, T , .. - , 'i;i. i not bo reac led till the farm has become like a garden. I hose vv ho cnltiva e highest, and do it judiciously, nlvv-iys m-et the u.ost prob able returns. It .s by Inch culture, that the lands ... the ucimty of c.t.c., and largo owns, are made to pay an annua! rent frequently a.nount.ng to SlTr lua.ion, VaU, f b,""Ur ''"'d "' . T-L ? J r., r .. . ii. .. .. ' . , . . I".'10'. "en' s !'. . i jiikwii -.1 L" uu .inn til ijuLauii; iiiisui.iKti v ,,,,, io avail nimscii ot tno aid of unproved unpl jven im it- ,;' '''! iiure. a. ii, menu-, improveu moiios ot ri.llure, and best means for (he increase of his tn inure, fortunately, while railroads and canals bring the .is own, they allbrd him facilities for brin-in" fertilizing tLeriais from a distance, amf for transporting to market commodities, which, lie fore, would not piy the expense, and thus, iirac tically, give him the advantages of a near loca tion to a populous mart. W'hilcjtherefore.a large portion of most firms mnst continue to b? devoted to the same pro ducts they heretofore have been, wo have no doubt that the surplus, over the necessary con sumption of tho f.imilv, that portion on which the farmer relies for Vale in tho market, must undergo a considerable change. Hutter, veal, mutton, beef, ;tc., of a better quality, such as will la to tho jir.-t price in tho market, must be substituted for such as bring but little more than half as much as the best would. The va rious choico fruits, and delicacies in tho way nf vegetable, for the local markets, and for tho cities, it, localities whero they can lie sent by railroad, mu-t take the place of corn and pork. file firmer who treta o.ri ,r fin ennlu n nnllilil fur his butter, the year round, on account of its tine but : 15 o jn P, ' "'""r"" ,""" ."e K""! ' aim he who makes us can brni'" finality ; , ..... . .i Iiwn mrtru nt hiv ;.. . ..)... r .1 i. . I , , . , , I 1 1 -; ---i ( ill III HI ilia neighbor docs at a year, is surely the wiser man of the two A,,J o it U of other things. A jiidicous selection in tho objects of production, i??h ,,'w,''":l'll'cycanl produced to these a, Ihey morethan they have over done In time p.Ut. To this our aim l.'uld b? directed, aila all should co-opcrato together In bringi,,,., aKmt ,0 j , We a result. Adf England Fanner. Hat nnd Ashes fur NtoiU. Somo years sinco I saw it rrcnmn,en.ia an agricultural journal lo mix salt wilh aRhes1! i -a 'vas "I" a"u exposed. He for stock. Having tested tho utilityof tho prac-UvT'11 11 V."C n"d Ue,lvily- 'J''10 wound nf lice, 1 am now prepared to speak t.ivorab y of it 1 ' 'i nml form a firm convic tlnn tint stock of nil do srriptinn, nro essentially benefitted thereby. My rows, work horses, anil young rattle, ns well as sheep, have been regularly supplied with it ns often a once a week, for two year?, and not withstanding the feed in the pastures, during a part of the crazinff period of tioth seasons, was quite, short in consequence of the prevalence of severe drought, the stock generally nas remain ed In excellent condition; much better, indeed, than l have seen them for years. Sheep, especially, are extremely fund of it, preferring it to fine salt, and partaking of it with almost tho same avidity with which, when '"'"pry, they devour their me.il or grain. As to the cenerareffirarv of the prartirc, and its ten dencv ns rcsnrcts the health of thu stock. I will merely say in conclusion, that I am acquainted with several discriminating firmcrs who have made the same trial, and that in no Instance with which I am funiliar, or which has fallen under our direct personal observation, his it been attend! with other than the best results. The proportions in which the ingredients should be given, are one part salt to seven of ashes. The salt should lie fine, and the nshrs dry nml free from coals. If thought necessary the salt may be increased in quantity, to two or even three parts, instead of one. Try it, farmers, and see if it doth not "do good like a medicine." In tho season of pasturing I usually have several boxes or long troughs placed in a shed or out buildine to winch the animals can at nil times have free acre.-, and which I keep con stantly supplied with a quantum sufficient of the mixture. This plan is necessary, as an open exposure of the receptacles would subject the salt to injury in niny weather. Ex. paper. Newly Discovered use of the Sunflower. Thoe most experienced in the cultivation of this pl.mt are saniruinc that, with a nrnncr soil and proper cultivation, it is more profitable than ir'teai or corn, i he seeds are more o eai'.noiis than those of tho fl.ix plant, and combine the qualities for table uc of the he-t olive oil j for burning, of the bc-t sperm, without its smoke; ami mr painting, it is suit bypim'crs who have used it, to bo. superior to linseed, and it is more rapid in drying, equally easy in spreading, and without tunning a much den-crco.it. l'rep ired and eaten as artichokes, the young cutis of this plant arc very esculent and plea-nig tnthe palate; the stalks are an excellent substitute for hemp or flax, and for lice pasturage it is equal to any plant, iclding, from its luscious and numerous nectaries, an abundance of tho bost and mnt palatable honey. A writer in one of our agri cultural exchanges, says that, on suitable soil, with proper cultivation.!! will vield on an avcr- age, from eighty to one hundred bushels of seed to the acre. From live to seven quarts of oil are calculated on, per liu-hrl. II this is not nci-r-e?tablisl.ii.!r it productiveness, and it ran he raised as cheaply us wheat or Indian corn, "'rily considered the ino.t expensive cro,s i ii m-u, int.- onium-wr must iiu ;t verv pron.a- ..... .....I ..... U'.. I - l ...r .. , hie production. We have heretofore, cultivated it on a -.mail scale, usually m vacant spots, hv the fences and in places where the cultivation of other vegetables was ineligible, and so far as our experience goes, it corroborates tho above assertions, W'e find lhat the green leaves are very excellent fodder for rows, especially when the feed in our pastures jrets jow j ppa'sons of scare ty and drought. W'e generally commence pliiekiui' them in July, tiking the lower leaves I'rat, and feeling them out at night, or. if thu -c ircity of feed is great, in the tnnrniiiL' before turning ihcm from their yards. W'e Ime some times given them corn-toppings and tho leaves ot the siinimwer at t ie same time, and have found that the latter are invariably preferred. The seed of the sunflower is a moit desirallc food lor poultry, its highly oleaginous nature wholly superseding the necessity of animal food. Ex. paper. From the National Intelligencer. The Orphan Boy. " He faded, yet so calm nnd meek, So gently wan, so sweetly weak." The bustle of the fight was over : the nriron. ers had been secured, and tho desks washed down, the watch piped, and the schooner had nnce relapse.r into midnight qui,, and re things mingled together as figures in a phantas. inagona. ouuueuiy a nanu was laid on mv shoulder, and starting tip I beheld the surgeon's mate. " Little Dick, sir, is dying," lie said. -l- At onco I sprang from my hammock. Little . ..r . e . 1ICK was a sun in (inni'gin ni 110. IIC Was , m , j , , , Je(, , lle ,,, f , ' ; " j(.le(, ,l( fch ilvM ,( ' , Jllh ()r , , , ,,., Z ,Z , , h j n ,fc f , , , , , memory Im re- wi"' llol- "tl or boys of the ship ho bad litllo to say; for thev vv ere rude atid coarse, ho delicate anil sniieilii-n (,U, wlltfn ,.v jpuroj l.i,,, fr,is melancholy, ho would go apart by himself and weep. Ho ,u,VL,r complained of his lot, tlioui-h his com. ! '" , '" f V ' 1,ls '",s Pi1'?",18- L 1 Z lTTn "t eied Ins task as much as possible. During tho late tight i tiad owed my fife to him, for bo had rushed in just as a sabre stroke was levelled at mo: and by interposing his feeblo cutluaa had averted the deadly blow. In the hurry and confusion since, I h.uf quite forgotten to inquire if ho was hurt, though, nt the time, I inwardly resolved to exert all my little influence to pro cure him a midshipman's warrant in requital for bis service. It was with a pang of reproachful agony, therefore, tint I leaped to my feet "My God!" I exclaimed, "you don't mean it ? He is not dying ?" " I fear, sir," said tho messenger, haklnn- his head sadly, ' that he cannot live till morning." ';Aiul I have been lying idle hero!" I ex claimed with remorse. " Lead mo to him!" "He is delirious, but in the intervals of lu incy ho asks for you, sir," nnd as tho man spoke we stood beside the bedsade of tho dying boy. The snlTererdid not lie in his usual hammock, - ff 't was hung in the very midst of the crew 1 "' ii mm limcuillll" Ulll he had been carried under the open hatchway. and laid there in a little open snare of about four feet square. From tho sound of the rip ples, I judged the schooner was in motion, while tho clear, calm bluo sky seen through tho open ing overhead, and dotted with myriads of stars, betokened lhat the fog had broken awaj'. How calm it smiled down on tho wan face nf the dying boy. Occisionally a light current of wind oh ! bow delicioiislv cool in that pent-up hold eddied down the hitchwaj', and lifted the dirk chesiiut locks of the nitU-ror, as, with his i.ean reposing In the lap of an old veteran, ho lay in an unquiet slumlier. His shirt collar was unbuttoned, nnd his childish bosom, as white ns 1 , . "? "'" "oen intensely p.unlitl b,,t v,ui the last half hour had somewhat lull rd, though even now his thin fingers tightly and printed in the MonUeur (No. 18, 18th Jan grasped the bedclothes, as ir he suffered tho wary, 1703) Is the following passage: greatest agony. "It is to Franco that the United States or A battle stained and gray haired seaman stood i " America owes the success by means of which beside him, holdimr a dull'lantern in bis hand,," they were enabled to throw off, by force of and gazing sorrowfully down upon tho sulTercr. The surgeon kneit with his finger on tho boy's pulse. Ai I approached they all looked up. Tho veteran who held him shook his bead, and would have spoken, but tho tears gathered too chnkinnly in Ins eyes. Tim surgeon said "He is'going fast poor little fellow. Do you see this ?'' and as he spoko he lifted up a rich gold locket, which had laid upon the boy's breast. " He lias scon better days." I could not answer, for my heart was full. Hero was the being to whom, but a few hours before, I had owed my life a poor, slight, un protected child lying before me, with death already written on his brow ami yet I had never known his danger, and never sought him out after the conflict. How bitterly my heart reproached me in that hour. They noticed my agitation, and his old friend tho seaman that held Ills head said sadly : " l'oor little Dick you'll never sec the shore you have wished for so long. Hut there'll bo more than one when your log's out," he spoko with emotion " to mourn over you." Suddenly tho little fellow opened his eyes, and looked varatitly around. " Has he come yet ?" ho asked in a low voice. " Why won't ho come ?'' "I am here," said I, taking the little fellow's hand, "don't vou know me, Dick ?" He smiled faintly in my lace. He then said : " You have been kind to me, sir kinder than most people are to a poor orphan boy. I have no way to show my gratitude unless yon will take the Bible you will find in mv trunk. It's a small ofl'.-ring, I know, hut it's all I have." I burst into tears. He resumed : "Doctor, I am dying, ain't I !" said the little fellow, " for my sight grows dim. God bless you, Mr. Danfoith." "Can I do nothing for you, Dick?" said I; " you saved my life. I would coin my blood to buy yours." " 1 have nothing to ask I don't want to live only, if it's possible, let mo be buried by my mother you will find the name of the place, and all about it in my trunk." "Anything everything, my poor lad," I an swered, chokingly. The little fellow smiled faintly it was like an angel's smile but he did not answer. His eyes were fixed on the stars flickering in that patch ol uiue sky overhead, ins mum nan derrd. ri , 7' I B "'"F,-"'1 f I. fl , T ,11. e I1! rT' '"I1" '"-there. How near .V. n!rl.l.e', Tr'T,eM,,lnK-';n,.0 imong them. Hark ! i- that n.nsic ?" and, ; his finger, he seemed li-tening for a , no Ho fell b.ck, and the old veferan burst ears. The child was dead. Did ho indeed ...gel's voices ? God grant it. b I ii i .iiuuii" VHVlll. It'll l . "IIIIL 1 1 1 II n I U t U 1, lifiimr hi 7in,mr l,e .,! ll.... fr ,,,. ment into tears, i .1 near un-rei s voices f u u f-raiiL i. Knrly notations ol France nnd the United Stntcs. dressed to Laiutirllne in the Journal des Dcbats, point ing out an injurious statement with regard to our country. .Mr. rjumncr's letter has found n generous response from distinguished Frenchmen; nniTLnuiar tii.e, while thanking him " for the calm, manly, and persuasive manner " in which be lias presented his views, has promised in the " definite edition " of his work, which is imw going to press, not omy to make the necessary rectifications, but to print his letter as a piece justificative in the appendix. Paris, 23th May, 1847. Sta In a work which, like tho Histoire drs Girondins, seeks to portray faithfully events and men too near our own time to be calmly i i .i .. . .... . . J juugeu oy iiiosi minus, anu yet still too tar off to be accurately studied, it 'is impossible but there should bo expressions which wouud the feelings and opinions of many. The author must have himself expected this. The elevated and independent character of his work, and the love of truth that great attribute of the con scienlious historian which seems tn animate it, cause me to believe that the rectification nf any errors of fact into which lie may have un consciously fallen, must be as earnestly desired by him, as by those to whom, through those I errors, he docs injustice. It is this conviction I which dictates the reclamation that I have the honor of addressing to you, In the 4th vol. of the Girondins, liv. 33, chap ters vi. and vii., you give a fragment of a letter written to the convention by the Deputy of Ca lais, Thomas Payne, in winch he urges tho ne cessity of bringing Louis XVI. to judgment, and 'you continue: "Such were tho terms in which the voice of America, enfranchised by Louis , " XVI., echoed in the prison of Louis XVI. ! -.ti American a citizen a sago demanded "if not the head, at least tho ignominy of the "King, who had covered with French bayonets, " the cradle of his country's liberty. Ingrati "tndo expressed itself in outrage. " "Payne had been treated with all attention and "kindness by tho King during the time of his "mission to Paris, to ask tho aid of France in " favor of America. Louis XVI. had made a "present of six millions to tho young republic, " and it was in the hands of Fiaiiklit, and Payne, lhat thit gift was ilcpositt-d. -',c " last man on tho earth to show hatred to Iouis " XVI., should have lieen tho apostlo ol America "and tho friend of Franklin." It is difficult to understand how or when tho Englishman Payne became tho " apo-tlo of America." He did indeed live some tinm in A, ,.;,... , j .,. .,-.. ii i .i I after . anv mfsstn nodid be v T" n 2 2 , , .,, li, ' r a"y C'np with rlmorajr'S I ,.n . rZX?X a clerk in the Ilurea.Vof one of the commit ees of Congress; which p, -tafte a f"v "on hs ocennatinn. be .,V . I ..I : ? iT. .'. I ..-.s. (t.ill HI I 1.31!-I HI Ulllt'l III paid. All tho documents and correspondence relative to this m-gutiatiuii have Is-en nrinie,! either in the " Secret Journal of Congress" or in llio " Diploin ilic Correspondence of tho Rev olution," Id vols,, published by order of the American government. These works I havo at your disposition, nml they will show you that Payne had no pirt whatever in this, or in anv . u. , in, ..r.i. it. . 1 ... . - The recent work of Lamartine, , History of the ' w'11' n.einherf. of the (.'.invention, to e-. ilh,.lvs , , ' ' ' ,'r. ble s irit arc , npanying an ,i.v, at.on from tho Committee Girondint. has been a.tended by singular success in cure the life nf the King and his passage to i .,,. ' ', . ' ,i .. ,-i . "f ''""e-pon.Jeiire. " to nltent a Northwestern ! France Though it has been pubu-h,-.! but a ,), America. Iloforo tho event, of the 10th Augi.sf, . ' HI ' . ''. " " "P' i'i l"'S"m who j i,irmr Iiml River Convention, to bo held in Chi-1 per.od,(fe,,ot,,,,,cop.esluvealreadylH.ensold. Morris was in frequent consultation with Louis ' Z? Zu 1 it .1 ' r i ""."""nent rago on the lir-t Mondiv in Julv next," was DcT.,,: I XVI , he bad eoiLolM the King toquit Paris, C, r' mM 'My "T f "T ?, hshed l!u- interesting letter uf the daughter of .Maa'ame P"'1 tho arrangements for Ids flight were con- )nm, ,,,,.i ,,n-,Jl .i.V.ll i.: ! .:i... . r .t !-.i day, arose from the earnest hope 1 had Itoland. We publish to-day a translation oi a letter certed at the American Legation. Towards the ,,,,1 ,n.li , I . t . , indulged (notwithstanding the di-tance from irom .Vlr. I-LOKUL &LMM:n. ol lloslon. w lie I wns nd. nil, nf Jn iv 17'1 I j,n Y V'l ......,..;i.,.l .:.l. . . I"--: " - ' - 'B me illllll-. l:lt I K inu . i nn .een n I, l.i n sioncrs sent from the United Stales, to solicit 'V, ." X ,, i , ' iV i .1 "ol"' ""x unit were got out, and all hut by Ihe ono man kivv the aid and alliance of Fr ,V .,,11.1 ,.,J P,.i 1-wcutive Cotnmitteo alone. Under these cir-, twt.ty.0e men and two lieutenants sent on che ited out of their ri- of Iude1.ende.1cc. were Franklin. Il , f "'tanccs, the .Minister 01 tne united Mates shru )y ,o conim mder. Kacb man 0.1 board under thi-shillowp Lee. and it was to them ib,,. it. ,.,m,"l " ."""a"1". "cterrcu me payment, was secured to the wreck hv a cord tassed round min. cannot find Con- bv Lo,sXVL.isa1o,-r(U.V and accented a, 10 ""d'aVr r V' '",.l'nca" "l-'ont to ecure ),hii. till relieved on the ebb. lly threo P. M. fixing his signature, ,i... r,.., .1... "ccepttu as this money for I.us X I. extu.sed bun to severe a ,..,; ,.f n,nsi,..,i, ... 1.. ..... ... i-n,,-..,..,.i,-,.a .,1 .wH.( ..,..( lvii iiuii'iiL ill rri,iip-i VL'ern -iuui uijiii'iiiuiiw tiaus,ii.iiiii, t,i in" UIIIICO oldies, tho judgment or Louis A v I. was determined nn, tho influence which ho enjoyed in Franco was uaniusuv cacici-uu ,, s.nu nm iiio ui uiu uuior- . .11, .1 i-r r.i . lunate Kin". In his letter to tho Convention nf 15th January, 17l3, inserted in the ructs-trlal, There is little perhaps to inspire respect in1 7 -ry i'r , -the rvuical character of tho Deputy of Calai-nnn . 1 .v' I. seems but just hovvever ,0 dj, tha, when rS . ."arms, the unjut and tyrannical nomination nl " George III. The eagerness nml zeal which i" she displayed in furnishing both men and 1 " money, was the .natural consequence of her I" thirst for liberty ; but as the Nation, on account "nf ilm obstacles arising from its form of Gov " eminent, could then only act by a Mnnarchlal " organ, that organ, whatever might have boon its " private motives, perarmed then a good actum. " I-ot the United States of America then lie the "safeguard and the shelter nf Louis Capet. "There, far away from the miseries and crimes "of royal life lie will learn, by the constant "spectacle of public prosperity," that the true " system of Government is not that of kings, " but that of representation. "In recalling these facts and in making this "proposition, I consider myself as a citizen of " both countries. I make this proposition as a " citizen of the American Republic, who feels "the gratitude that he ovy, to every Frenchman. " I make it also as a man, who, though the enc "my of kings, does not forget that they make " part of tho family of humanity and io con " elude, I make it as a citizen of the French " Republic, for I regard it as the wisest and most "politic measure that can bo adopted." You will sec, perhaps, sir, in this proposition, " " from that ivo cited. VLIJ: the evidence nl a sentiment dillereut which vou find in the letter you I. The honor, however, and the disgrace of l'ayne': conduct belong to him ami to his con-titucnts, not to the citizen nf the United States. Ho was the Deputy of Cal..is-not,c Apostle ot America. The' wish expressed in this ,ttcr, 1 uiu iiirrmvi-i'i iiimv ;, .v ;,i7, , iU ar,;r,,r,l and shelter ol Louis A VI: was inueea the echo ... . J. . .... . . , of the ardent desire ol all Americans, and al- Ihou.'h the unkind allu-ion to the motives of tho klnir whs mniiiriiniittiiilifirsi-iilimMits.it was remembered that the author of it was a member of that Convention which had bntafewdiv. r.c,! :.:! : det read and adopted on the Ud December and inserted in the Mmitenr nf 23,1 December, 1792 .leclarcd: "The United States of Ameri - "cawill with dinicnltv believe it : the Minnort "which Hie former Court of Franco eave them , mi., .in- i,u uii-i v.w.,i..'i . i;-.. im mi "in recovering their Independence, was only the " fruit of a vife peculation." fruit of a vile -peculation." 'li . 1. ' . "t. i pmi mruier ..M,imi,u,.i iil- conic convinced, I believe, that the mm whom vou oesignaiu a me ;-.ip.,s,ie oi America, tify that title. Permit me to say further, hat no'voice of unkiudnes, toward; Louis XVI. , f , y . j s , could be done in M,M was done. The I .ft. " Z ' '"' , lff, T v ?"l li, i r ' ri s!' ,.,Al,11,7ltVl ' J , II r '. i" ,0 r' C"" , K"' fn! tinted Na es to I rance- t! " ' ' V,ll0lllJ '" llCf'!,i"l? 'nc"'n' promise, not only his own per-o.nl salety, hut tl... II i-l. r I t i 1 "jmpatliy so ni iversallv felt for hi in in America . I the diplomatic relations of the two countries, in I order to save poor Louis XVI. from the sad file I which Morris foresaw awaited him. While the trial was going on, cfi'orls were made hv him eno-i led with Morris certain nrivato paners and money to the1 amount of 718,000 livres toiirnois. Tho events oi me iuui August put nn end to the plan of I L'h'.aud on t hat i av. M..I,. Monceil. ltr..i:ni,l you shall have, let what will belall inc." Part
of the funds deposited by Ijj.iis XVI. were em-ploj-ed to save from the massacres of .Septt-.n-) her, and to aid the escape of persons conipro- J mised by their attachment to tho King. An exact note of these disbursements was Kept by ma.neu in ins hands.' You speak of a girt of six millions livres made bv Louis XVI. to the United States. Permit .no, sir, to draw your attention to certain fitrts which have a bearing upon this assertion. Tho whole amount advanced to the United Slates by the Court of France during the war of indepen- donee, was eighteen million livres. Part of this was generously olTcred as a don graluit, but il was accepted only as a loan, and by the Cnuven- tion between Count Vergennes and Franklin, signed on the Kith July, 17S2 (a copy of which I have at vour service) it was agreed th-tt inter- est at live per cent, should he paid on it from tho day of the conclusion of peace. The French Government became respon-ible al-o for other debtsof the United States, cnntrar'ed in Holland nnd elsewhere, nmoiintin" to sixteen million livres, so that the whole American debt to 1- ranee atthecomtnenceme.it of 1781, was .l.irty.four million livres toiirnois. Mo-t of this bore inter- est at live per cent, and was to be re-paid at in- t.-rvals after a delay of twelve years At the . y . . . . - MJ lllill IIIU IIOIU .IIHITK "III UUl'l 111 I ritlluL close ot 17HU, Accker, hcing sorely pressed lor rnoncj', made indirect projio-ilions to the Ameri canGovernment for an immediate re-nivmont of this loan at a great discount. The-'- prop... silioi, were not accepted. , Justice and'ho or require, said W ushington.then rres.dent, ' that n,.r .lei,. t iv i..7..i.i i r,.n, :.i ..... i ...... ;.. .T..i ?. . " " " Sr.. : Li wn should in no wise nrollt by' . I ., ...aiiimri- embarrassment of her finances' ' , , - ,. . , , , ,, uuf-rrs, .,- , uioeiiiaLci, pass, appropriating monev and authorizing in ijoiiiiiiu. ,or tno eariy in Holland, for the early acquittal of this sacred " ' '" 'vh repayments were commenced on thu 3l1 Dece.nbir, 1790, and, before the events "r '' lUHi Aubi t, 23,717,03!) livres had been 0'.'. V W I , T " , T V - mnw ni Am ,U'n '"m' bl,t P, li.iiikers nf "t rotirh (.over., 'e . M"- Hogucu. Grand i Co., refu-e,l ti l receive any sums to the credit of Louis XVI., , attacks from tho French Ambassador at the , . f . , , ,, I 1 I 1 I Hague, Al. .Maulde, and cans u also ciii1-I.iuita iu m. uuunD-n, u, '-'"-' "-; 1-11 1 im (invcrilllietlt of the United btates. Ihe ground for llicso reproaches of Ihe F.xccutivo Councii may bo more easily understood ih.ui that for the reproach of American ingratitude to Louis XVI. coming from a conscientious historian. tin tho 15tli uclouer. I ua, Jenerson, then Sei-rrlnrv fur Fnroir-n relations, wrote lo the a !'. i:..t.io. ir. I'.ria r..:,.i!.... i il... ,1 .1., aris relalivo to the debt e nru informed lie the '.";" i are li.lormed I.V the public prints mat mo lato uonsmui.on ot, L... .1 .r Irflnu.,linn. ...1 .1,. r ui mi unnuiii m iin nn'-'ii ...iiniii.. ,'u,,. ol ll.Klit.ti) which llerlrnnd de .Molleville ollmles, m bis Ani'mln .Ir In llmilution. without nniuren.lv knowinRiu uthor.sce Spark's Life of .V..rri, V' and others runrcrited in it, together with tho ,,,., -,,' :.i. ,,: ' 1 " "') practicable. Count d Lstang, took relu-re in the hotel of the " ' GFOUCI' S!!r'I't? .Nevertheless at a future da; American Legation. Whether mv house will i riii. i- ii it :. i v. i e.u ineaire, i nope to navo it " bo a protection to you or to in-.-," Said .Morris, t v:.. v , . .'. ;lk'S' ! rc,"lcr vou more efficient aid "God only knows, but such refnire as it afi!irds c vu i.a.u.vi.h.m.. your proposed Convention. ( .viorns, am. u.e moment that his mission to r.ir.s y11-1"" V".v. l'lx,il.or to tno iuui uecemher, 1,1 1,111 gouune instrument, tn which our liovern-1 p to this great work a flood of huminitv was ended ho repaired lo Vienna lo render to 'r"n. w Inch it gleans some interesting items, ment owes if exi'tenre.if thev Ii id wu'l'-clcd to which exceeded every other output. rim' he bad Madame lloyale the daughter of 1iuis XVI., " 'Mc Hp xtaor" is -i novelty, being published ( confer upon the I(epreentatives of all the into-! ever heard of, except the flood of Noah. Ho novv Duchess of Angoulciue an account of his "i"1 '.' Hoard of Directors," with the Governor ' rests, of all tho people in the land, the power to had, as he had before said, eome here unknown trust, and to pav over to her the sum which re- ilt 'heir head : it is edited by George L. Curry, a protect the properly and the lives of tho-e same ' ai.d notion-- ennld eveee,! I.u ntr,nt.l.mi-i " - ww.,,,,,, ,- ,...nn. ,. inn-iTn nr ii'iiiinn n.i ,.. , ,. . ... 1 "Prance, formally notified to tis is suspended "and a new Convention called. During the " time of this suspension, and while no legiti "mato government exists, Wc apprehend we "cannot continue the re-payments ol our debt "to f ranee, necaiise there is tin person author " izcd to receive it, nnd give an unexceptionable "acquittal. Should circumstances! "oblige you to mention this, ,!o it wit), such ' "solid reasons as will occur to yourself, and 'I acrompiny it with tho most friendly dcclara- ting, that the suspension does not proceed ' firm any desire to embarrass or oppose the "settlement or their Government in the way In! "which their nation shall desire it, hut from our ! ueu ono moment auer we ran see our way " clear out of the difficulty into which their sit " nation lias thrown us. 'That they may speed "lly obtain liberty, peace and tranquility is our "carnc.-t praj-er." At tho moment that this letter of Jefferson was written, money had iu-tLern voted by Con cress for the relief of the sutlering Colony nf .St. Domingo and, in addition to the-e cratui- t OS. I IP Slim of fnnr inilllnn livrnci, ll,n National Assembly, by it decree of 20th June, 1702, had requested the Government ofthel'ni- ted States to furnish that Colony was paid into the hands of the French Minister. Tl e unlit!. ' -"mi " '" - 1 1 . t . , , ' 1 cnsideiatmns am the regard for the niifor- "I,:,t0 Lnl,ls M which caused the American lands de-lined for France to lie. for rerhiin , ... .... ... " ' "me, inar me at Am-leril.un, ( 1, not prevail to retard that portion of then, w Inch vvas destined f"r ol hnmam.y W.il, In two years , f Hmo, the last sn of In-debt was p d. '" incMiciiiuues 01 tact in the fissure id's , ."," .... aiiinii.ui 1 n.i.u thniitrl.l it ,., ,.. .T. """"gin "t my duty to draw your attention, have -'lv9" ne an opportunity to speak of the vin. P' hyaud gratitude towards Louis NM whicl SI" "' " Mates. w.uld he wrong, hovvever to suppose lhat .niif i p inj mis ufin jnviy ano iionorahlj tue uses it was to he put to in short, he advises " and to the persons really authorized bv the 11a-1 that every possible precaution may bo taken to "lion, (to whom wo own it) to receive it for 1 keep anient liquors, as a drink, nut nf tho Terri " their ue. Nor shall the suspension bernntin. 1 torv. lln nUn mAa. vnrv Kii.nii.inili. .. il. KnX t: ::r rj -m ,y c, ,ho "Ppr-ed, and which prefers generous "leas to iimtenal intere-ts, must ever pn-ess , 1,10 admiration nf freemen, and above all. the ! """"lant . sympathies of those whose fathers cll!" 10 "rave the dangers of the ocean, and of ,, . r. , , ' "'le ",.,. unknown land rather than to enjoy j the comforts of home by tho sacrifice of a ;-rH- j ' - com, oris ot Home by the sacrifice ot a prin- ' "- " The debt nf Atnerlc.nn i!(,l ,'. .tn i il, win ie i-rench nation, but the deiic to ind v id- , ,M,j if , nm,, M tho expressiim f that1 the tnincsof l.afawttc. Louis XVI.. IVr.r,.... And if this trinity' of the well-beloved he com - pleted by ono whose actions were less prominent I1'01 V o whose actions were less -whose services less known to f. tll0c "f ,lll'0,l'- ' '- "''t Ver- the first friend America found among ing authority with Louis XVI. It Cv k,7i.-,.,t ),; :.. . .. :..; lame than ion nos was those hay- is he whfi staked his reputation as a Mini-tcr upon thu success ni uer struggle ho who proposed al-l vv.ivs generous aid to her cai.-e. and he. who. 1 in his diplomatic relations with the American Ministers Franklin and Jeller-on showed 1. ..; .t... . : " . . ' . ... , f,rl ,,c".'n ""o, swaying the ,.... ,i. ,,:,.,,.";,, iniii.Liite , ,..,',. ,i .-. , . "".". -mi,'" , .-. ' "'"'ncn T-nter from Oregon. .in- -ram tiuimiser nas a n.n nl .he ...vnnn i n uu noaru; is wen .tncueil with ad- ve"I,,,rc'nc,".!'1 i""1 aT to thrive. , ''iatureof Oregon convened on the , , '. J'cc? I"',cr-,1?1nd A- I- I-ovejoy was l'clt,u 'Naker. he ollice of 'I'erritorial ,-'i m r""'! Cl? . ' '""'. ani1 -Mr' Then- l,!,I IH VcGriider inducted on fbo eleclive prin - cll"0' V"-' I!.'1!'.,0,' , ' f1''-"00- ',v" thou - p1"1 c."!'""5 f ob-ter s hpelhiig lljok are to J5 , . ', !",, establishment of Public pell',r'l.n loudly railed for. A .Mr. Lipp'ncolt, l"ls ,' u1'1.1 ''""y wnunded in the hn.er' a'." ,wo cni:rants killed, in a skir- w"" !lu "''"'ct Indians. Several m irri - "!fM "dverlisi-il, anil I the current of love ma - tn.nonial having its difficulties even in the Syl- J""",'1 ('r(,t-";. two wives and as m iuy bus- "'' -'I'l'1"''' ' me authorities for hills ofl divorce. Mr. J. II. T.mrnton. ivrltitnr. Viuv fin r II I i I ' " 'l".".i'-"-.C'u-s a sad account ol tho pro- i"' i- "!"."l'-'ri""1s ''ythe Southern route, An' 0" ' "- been sent them since, , ,'; ,,),vt'J0'' "'? Mav-',r' 11,1 ') no lifer ftfin rink- mecii i,r r, ii I,,,,,, .a,..,..... ... !. ,. . , r 11 ', tho terrilory) to be mounted on a rock, and " 10 " 'I ' I- r.i V '"p v"jt"ri,.'!' rM,J llu ! ' t ""'j directed a salute of 21 guns to bo fired, in honor ratihca news of , 0 . . V V. . """; 1 ho Spectator of Oct. 1 routain -nectator of Oct. 1 routains Lieut. Howi-miWcnunt of the loss of tho U. S. shoo i 'ovv -ou s account ol the loss ol tho U. M 'i1'-Sl'"l-.Hovyisou and usolbccrs had sudd f"r Col. forma. J he w reck was caused hv their i;,n,)r,,nco f ,ho overwhelming strength of the tub", which act 111 a d. flerent direction from what was expected, hurried the Shark to leeward, and when an anchor was let go, the chain snap ped hka pack thread, the vessel soon struck on a 10 feet hank.ind the sea broko over herhroul side. The gig was loaded with the sick, the ship' pipers, .Ve. but she swamped alongside, and those on board of her were hanlei! in. Tin- to lire. it, ir rulleil 11,1,1,1 fln ,-., i.:,l, iAtil. I .:,u,.". l.;.. i,:n ...,.i ......... 1 .. i.;...:.! - ...... u, 1, ii 1,1 ,...-..1.1. 11. 111. iiiiim , -.,,11,,,,, jt isn,n;auincd,llia liko our Con-ti- tutional Uonveutious, the (Jrojoueso get aluii" .....ll ,.n(,u..i without two biiiis'es. 'I'lieir ne,..1 gratitude.lias caused the names of threo French-' tlie legislature to provide liberally for the edu uien to be graven on every American heart j cation ol tho rising generation. I oe-" vou. .Sir. In fi,...,.t , ,o ..... ..r See Writings of Jefferson, Vol. iii., p. 131. Illll.. fill,! lll.l ll'P.li.l.. ., .. nt ...-... i 1 ...1. mm in 1, mi l iiu.. ,ji 11 111 ,-1 111 iiui 1 inner complain ofthe cost of ono branch, and, and for tiie protection and preservation of Amor bids them hurry through. I lean life and property, if our Constitution were! Message of the 1 Goicrnorrf Oregon Terrilory.' i,,in,. i . i . . Tin state p iper, that olhcers from t, B.H-rdilv lake formal isjssessini, of Ore-rim. a,' speedily tako formal possession of Oregon, ami t - .. . .i i. , ""' I'e" nmii- pimenioi. uieyuesircu, extend over Its people (he protection thevdesired. , uiiii fnu. i-iu n-iii; inn viuii-iy iiinui no all I additional star ...tho brilliant constell, tion of .ho . .','' "r.," ITllKltl. Illll m.l 111 111 1 .1 .1 1 -O llllll . . ; . I s too Ingli, insomuch that they prol ul. .1... I ..., ..f' v ........ I'-ipf Tj which Cave Johnson and thu lrcHIt'i.l ho much admired.) The I'. M. O. of Oregon had topped, and dov. Aliernethy ndviecda reduction of rates to 5 rents a letter, lind a cent per news-'and paper. They arc a temperance community, and the Governor advises that the law expelling ar- Ur.::,a r.,.n. i..,:. I ...a i ..-..i.?.... forced, ns to It their p mony, are in a great If ardent spirits nrekt inula nun, imvii i.iiin in iy ot" siriri.v en- prosperity, pearc, and liar- it measure to be nsrribed. t.irifa nrnl-nnt fit l.t Pvrtn1l..n,. j has no doubt of the continued prosperity of' Oregon. I The Governor recommends that a phvsician ! be employed to import or manufacture all the Tints required for medicinal purposes, nnd to keep a record of all he tni-hl dispose of. statin" results might be, if ardent spirits were generally given out to the adjoining tribes of Indians. His Kxccllency is of opinion that the infant settlement will rise to the position of a commer cial nation, nnd advics tho licensing of I'ilots, and that laws ho pasv;d making It Tial to en courage seamen to dr!crt He co'n-iders that a vessel lightly manned would run a great rik in working nut of the harbor nf Columbia River ; .1 :,7.... ' . 1 .' ill i-i i wilikiiii limner ri'irn n t mn. vnnonbi u-nti h moid the ports ofOrei-on, and vvithoiit'lrade he farmer cannot set hi" , ,1 m'e Tl c 1 v Courts, ho "n . ve not an vv m',1 n die ex- L ' 1 ' . :i "i ' i C ' . , -.....,.,,,-,.1,11, l(,t- ,111 ij,iu invii iiimih'ii in iiu in cendiary. A small one, ho think., w ill answer I for many vears, ifardent snirits cm be kent nut 1 ,r.l WJJZ ' v 1 ' .1.. " v,,v -iii"i. j in- itiu?.iL;u l il 1 1 uinnuui-i . Another emigration has cros-ed the Itockv Mountains and most of the party have arrived in the settlements. About l!w wagons reached ,hi, place very early in the season, v ia Mr. Kar - Hw'.s ron . fur w bieli Pl,rinr ,-,. mi0,t l.lm ni your ia-1 sessinii. I About one hundred wagons are on their way. I if they have not already arrived in the upper set tlements, by a southern route : they have 110 , 1mit , ;, . tratclin'f a new route ; 1 , ,na.hc, nUrlJ.,.rC ,oi Zl L syme measure for their detention. Tho emigra- tion falls far short of last jear's, probably not numbering over one thousand ouN. This is accounted Jor by a great pait of the emigration turning nil' to California. W'e trust that those who have come in aniong u may have no cause v i u l ive i o ne in anuui'r uB may nave no cause , t tho decii0,t at bfo hen to 0r lf llial l,rm'"l,t l"om 10 0 " I r i . .. . . ' ' "oiild call your attention to the sub ectof i uimiu euiicaiinii no riuimrycau , ' , I. '""'' " "'ereiore necomes me omy oi I am l.mnv to say that the nist venr lins am, , P'v repaid the tiller's toil ; our harvest has been abundant, anil the season for gathering in the , crop was ury, en ihling tho farmer to secure the i reward of h. labor free, from injury. Cliicngo Convention. J. y. Holts' Letter. Richmond, June 12th, IS I -Mv Dr.vn St.: : Your letter of the 12th May, iiooie,) 111:11 1 H,0 invitation and to have been with you on that interesting occasion in person, as I shall be in interesting occasion in person, as I shall be in feeling and in principle. I am sorrv however to say that just now, it seems to bo altogether im - .and upon a differ- 1.1 my power, tn than I could in or tl.O Sllhicct of the.-.- Xit'onil hiproiements. I have no morb.d sensibilities labor under no tontituliotial dif- liculties. and I indulge no metaphysical abstrac- linns; for in my judgment wo -hould I. ive lie - I, , , , . . ovv ed very uiiu.or.led eulogy upon the wisdom ol the lllu-tr.ous dead, the trainers am hiiih ers people, oy removing oljstruct.oi.s to navigation, i constructing nnd improving Harbor.-, and erec - j t.ug Light llo.isas.as well within uur own ter- I ntory as bovoiid it as well upon the liiver and l- :e navigation as upon the High Seas as we I upon the Mis.s-.1Ppi ,,s upon the Likes 1 and as well upon the shores of Like .Michigan . as upon the Atlantic roi-t, provided tho" com- wcw amnnu the s-wn .vw" in the l.mgti ige !'! thu tonstuution, should render it necessary ' and expedient that they d.d not neglect, hut ally provided for the ex,-rci-e of tin-inii.speua. bio power, is clear to my mind, ami- how much ! of it would have become an enlightened and ! civilized (overn.iient, and how much ...ore our individual, and .Saiion il property would have l-eou advanced by the expenditure of the untold m... ions in t ie nrciimplihment ol such works, man tor tho indiscriminate and who e-ale slaughter, of a defenceless and unoffending race that the people of al! cla-scs and of all pirties 01 seiuio.iruarians, whose chiet cau-e atl.ist, fa sons ol the sunny sioiith, and the go-ahead men will be found) consisted, in owning territory that from the valley o'f the Mississippi. Resolutions. " wins lie aciuirej" under the guise of - Indent- expressing nnd containing all the great prinei- nilu,' is a question Ih it time will determine, and ides which wo are ndv-oratin-r. had Iwei, dmu-n win nave an opportunity ol understanding nun eye ot acknowledged worth and wisdom. Ho appreciating, before wo get through with, and believed tho God who controls nations as he recover from, the ellects of this horrible and most guide, the impales or the human heart, h id unnecessary and iniquitous war. , smiled upon the proceedings of the Convention. etit is pretended that Ho who can make I Judge 11 ite.s hero proceeded for the space of war, alter two bloody battles have been fought, half an hour, in a most eloquent and beautiful ci.mmuiiicato its existence to Congress, and 1 manner. It would bo impossible to do juatico thereby himself escape the responsibility ; who , to his remarks by a hi-tv report, can through his subordinates, annex territory) If any thing were matter of reproach in tho and disnieuib.-r empires, and establish civil ; proceedings of tho Convention, it was that the Governments ; succor in citizens by the whole- muddy Mississippi had b.'o 11 somewhat over sale, require them tn take an nail, of allegiance 1 looked in the d.cus.ions, most of which had to the United Stales, try ihom by a drum he.d been confined to the Lakes. It was as deeply Court Marli il.and bang them up'in six-hour- as interested as any other part of the West. Cln rebels or traitors, mako laws for, and collect cus- cago nnd St. Louis were pearls of the samo tonis in .Mexico, where by the Constitution it is string, to bo strung around the neck of tho same declared, that " Congress s'm'I hate power to Goddess, of Liberty, file alluded to railroad. make rulci concerning captures on land or n-alcr," when all this can bo done with impunity er, me people are to he ,-hts and deare-t intere-ts, retenro that lhat saui" one titutimial warrant for af- either to a bill paed by ' i' .I,,, iu.,,1,1,. r,,r ii,, ..,,.' ....... ,' ,!......' , .1....,'...'.. i inviii i'i 11 11.11 mi; i.-p " ' . j-i 111 in nn. from tlioGoveriiuie.it; or for another, making appropriation-, for their own means, for tho ge- oeral iinnrineineot and interest, nf ll. e., Hire. falrlv snscepliblo of such a reading, whatixli would it bring upon Us authors, and who wo hat odium .1 ...t l no wuuiu Wi.li.iiil nii.lnrt. Lin , I 1 ; ' . , .1 . 11'1"ul 111111 what does not Inland .S'-ii,"as 10 Constitution, ,. ,.,:.,.,, k, i i :.,., .1. . . : 1 ' , . i i . i e .... "I'li, t ccU;br,U:1 r""U! !,ms "f )3 n"ryet, in tho celebrated resolutions of '09- . ., , , : "' ell uion of llio " . " 111 l" ccieorated resolutions ui rj into two imago ana likeness ot heaven Ho ad been fixed " hich are of moro importance with some of our closed with great impressivenc-s, hoping the iiiibited inter lly''nS.Mlisl''d statesmen, 1 have no hesitation in members would feel pledged to tupiiort faith--nts per news" ovl,re'"il,K il tl10 conviction of my mind tint t fully tho action ofthe Convention, and be as exprcs- V'i ,,:,l,ia,n, j'0 Northern anJ cstcrn l.lhl'9 illlU UlVCr?i CHUUt'! Hi U1V IL'EH.1 IM I care nf Government, and that tho interests of . that region of country imticrntively demand if, sincerely hope the dai I it will be obtained. day is not distant when I should despise myself if I were capable of ....... ...!. ..!. I..-:.. ....i.i. n. . ... . . u.H! my ,i iiusiiiuu iu miijiic me wuii views so narrow ami contracted, as not to see and be williiiir to administer to the wnnts of everv see. I r,n f,rni,.mM.ln L .l,,.:.l,n.t ITr,tn ...1.1 free nnd liberal a hand, as I would to that' where my own more immediate Interests were concer ned No 1 sections of the country have no Influ ence- over my muni in giving constructions the sections l the Constitutions. As this letter is designed as an answer to the Committee as well as yourself, you will bo plea sed to hand it over to them and oblige. Very truly jours. JNO. M. HOTTS. P. I.M-'e Smith', IVj. and through him to the Com mittee. Letter from linn. Daniel Wcb'ter. M.vnsiinr.l.D, June SI, 1817. r.Mr.N: I am quite obliged to vou for your .very kind nnd respectful letter, addressed to mo at NVhiille, inviting tno to attend the Chicago Conveiiii If in. health had allowed me to continue the intnhcyT which I was then proseCUIIIH prosecuting, it would have brought mo into tho .1 . . . , , r t V' 1 T- "aV n! 1",'-V0" ,"0 " " J" f 5 '"" '""c comM b' lln-s. ' ""'I' ",0 l"1!rl'r",n "f PAUS "ver the moun- " .'' r ' )' Per to at- Iptnl t n 1 niivottti.iii , in ,Prm, nf ,n ml,M. Vi ? -'cln;le,n''" ,n trrm' ?' '? n""''1 vomnict.dit.on.l fear, of my eff.rts in tho can,,. nl tilnrn 1 um UnJntn T nnv .av ,,.lt .iipkp ...r '." , V ,",,' 1, , co,t i ued f prnS 1 , 1 ' , 7.r r h " Z 1 , .Z " . . , . ....... .......v ..t. prnpriations fur creclins harbors nnd clearinr' rivers I never entertained a particle of doubt. This power, ill my judgment, is not partial, lim ited, nh-cure, applicable to some u-es, and not applicable to others, to some States, and not to others, to some rivers, and not to others, as com- to have oeen the oiiiinon of -rent emen a,. .1,0 icmPh'i. conw,..ion. ted with the Mcmphi- Convention. For cine, I reject all such far fetched and unnatural di-tinctions. In my opinion, the authority of the Government ill this respect, rc-ts dircrtlj on tli grant of the Commercial power of Congress, and this Ins been so understood from the begin- ning by the wisest and best men, who have nui" n-u , V I inn ii ri iiwrrm-il in lln :tilmini,t r;itinn nf t Im . ,;m.ornmPllt aml it C0n5e,,cntv r-eneral. and ' !!. I I.. l. I ' ... i v t . iome i.ooiy oy. u e i np-inauce ru . eacn parucu ir subject, and tho discretion of Conirrcss. I hope tho Convention may do much good, by enforcing the necessity of exercising these just powers of the Government. There are no new inventions, nor new constructions or qualifica tions of the constitution il power to lie resorted to; there is no new political pith tube struck out. It is simply for the people to sav-, whether prejudices, pirty prepo--es-ions, and' party op position, shall at length give way to fair reason ing, to precedent and experience, to the judg ment of the great men who have gone before ii-, and to those momentous considerations of public interest, which now so imperatively call on Congress to do its duty. I nm. Gentlemen, with much regard. Your obliged friend and fellow-citizen, DAMI'L WI'USTKIl. To Mess. S. I.isi.k Smith, Jcstix Duitiiiulld, II. liuiitii, and others. The closing speech nf Mr. Bates, in this im portant Convention, is spoken of in tho highest ccept terms by tho Western press, and it is to be re 1 that .,i ,i., , 1 , . " I, " "ul wvu mua '" "'-'tail, 1 He could not nrnceed to break nn the orrrm!. Zatioil nflllis: ITiinvenlinii tvfthnnt .i.-, I..,, n clo-ing remarks. Dele.-ites had coins with an undivided front from all parts of the Union, and he had iolneJ tho . Mis snuri doh-iratimi anil rrtrnn nut with Ibem ns nn ,ii,L-ni.. .7.,.! I..M vidu.il. He had come as much to gaze upon the beautiful blue lake, of the North, as from motives (,f patriotism. He had seen more than ' lie I, nl nnti,.in-it.,.l n;., ..,.. i. .1 I 1.17 mi Jinu Ulll, II 111 U.- ceeded his admiration. He had been astonished 1 1,. l,ol,l,l il, ..,;..! ...i.:i. ' w,Un calif d upon to pre-ide oyer the deliberi- 1 tions of the Convention, and to take his stand among the mighty of the land, , When his ,i "c was announced, a cold chill settk-d upon his heirt, for it was to him a sign f (Var and disorder among those ranks which he felt ought to he serried for their mightv Vyrk. He had taken the cluir with doubt ami hesitation, but lie was swedilv gratiiied with ihu constant courtesy shown to him as Presi- , dent, and with the general Inrmonv and good feeling which pervaded the Convention. II-- i h id before seen mighty gatherinss, great masses assembled, but never 'before had he witnessed, and he believed that never before anywhere, had s great a delegated body been assembled together. Never before had be heard suchloftr and high minded eloquence, or seen such a dis- nl.iv nl' cnnl and nrm-iic-il wi.ilnm. 11.. l.r.,1 seen the tall men from tho List, the -rcnermi up by t,c. sagacious hand, and under tho clear remarking tint ho never vet had seen one, &c.) Ho s.id a friend of Ins once remarked to him tliat niacadunued road-and nulroads were tho bones mil muscles, and rivers and canilstlm' arteries ofthe L-reat 111tio.nl body. God had laid the foundation nn which the sunerstr.ietur.. w.n subsequently to be raised. Ho left it to 1 1...' 1. ..: 1,.,., v 1.... 1 ' . ... " . ",. . . . . . 1. ' . r. .... r""" 1 lueoci-U, UN I n-H il "if iii'ni nil lot .III, 11 tion 1 which man might enter lo cultivate and im- prove. e have inns tne great tdy growing into the full vigor of its hie. Tho 'rivers and canals tho arteries and veins, aro pulsatin" macadamized roads and railroads tho bemoa , and muscles are U-aring their loads and heln- t I ...l.:l. ...... i .i. 1 i ing uu mo uuirv, -iuui- nui- c nave ine nerv- 0113 sj-stem in tho Magnetic Telegraph of . I... 1 1, .,.1 ! . 1. . 1 . .. .iiorso ; aiu-KCiiier iou eniuu man is De.nr 111 II up, until tho proportions of a perfect humanity 'become more and more distinct, and e.irtk - ";.-""" " 'mg umit It.'... ...i a:. .:....' ' , .. ' 'v .... .. - , ... v' sin. i L-row into tho imauo and likeno-s of heave,'' vigorous at hemic they h iJ been lierc, aiuJ a "ft UUJ'i PC II CM.