Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 6, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 6, 1847 Page 1
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Vol. XXI. Whole No. 1019 III KMMO, FRIDAY MORNINC., AUGUST O, 1817 IVcw Series, Vol. 3-IVo. C Burlington Free Press, Published at Burlington, Vt.,' II y D. W. C. CI.AKKi:, Editor and Proprietor. T er mil To Village subscribers who receive the paper by the carrier, i'2'0 If paid in advance 3,00 Mail subscribers and those who take It at the Office, Invariably 2,00 II paid in advance, . . . ifSSQ Advertisements inserted on the custonHprnis. For the Free Press.) "The gone forever gone." Jofnrrictf. 'flic ancient lulls were gloaming in the grey auroral And fineerinff elors boomed dimly on the fading veil of Night, As th' old ancestral threshold caught my tear of part- IIRUI, All girded for my journey o'er the perilous moors of Life, She slept and through sleep's wondrous realm she wandered with her boy. Oh how a Mother's Love broods o'er the Idol of its Joy ! I stept beside ihe pillow pressed the thin and blue veined hand. Unconscious that her footsteps drew so near the silent land, I brcatiicd adieu her spirit knew my presence stand i"R by, And gladdened was my soul with low but eloquent reply : With mightier swell then rose the wac of sorrow in my lues1'!, As the lust Km of those 1 love on my pale lips was pressed. They tell me " she has gone from cnuh" that suffer- ing life is o'er, That places which have known her long shall know her ncvcrinoic ; Rut the melancholy story like a fantasy doth seem, All but the solemn mockeiy of the midnight's solemn dream. When th' day's alternate duty's done and thoughtful hours enme on 1 seek still haunts to muse upon the "gone, foicver gone." Then as old pictures sweep along o'er Mem'ry's clouded skies, Her spiritual torm doth pass my spiritual eyes. She stands there just as I remember when I was a child .She stood and made me wonder why she looked so pale ond wild, The bloodless bp dimmed eye and ever melancholy air, Good Angels shield the One who hallowed Life's spring time with prayer. Olten the sheet that tells the tale I take with trem bling hand, And search its mystic writing 'till in dreamy trance I stand ; I'm there again 1 hear her step upon her chamber stair. In all old hallowed places doth she meet me every where. I hear the winds of Night sweep up the piuc-wood nislf-s nirain. i hear the old brook babble down ils rocky alder glen ; All Ibrough the restless watches booms the trowing of the enck. From chamber unlo chamber bent the echoes of the clock. Then through the midnight silence conies that breath ing hard and deep, Which long ago did haunt me so and break my fitful t sleep ; I live tlios- checkered years again of suffering, joy and cure, Thty tell me she is gone my rj'iiit tells me she is there. Hut as I dream forth from the cloud tho lightning truth doth siarl, As ever mid anon it floats like midnight o'er my heart ; Then yield myself to Nature and the silent power ol ni 'Till sinks the tide of sorrow down wit h constant ebb and How. The snow-wreath and the winter wind the gentler spring huh fled, And summer flowers distil sweet odors round her narrow bed ; Hut " she hath gone" those words they haunt the cnamoers oi my soui, As death bells heard in childhood through the Mcm'ry ever toll. Lu.wei.lvn. Burlington, August, 1815. .farm. Treatment of Colls. Mr. Yonatt, in his treatise on the horse, gives borne excellent directions lur young horses du ring the process of their education. He main tains that colts aro seldom or never vicious, by nature, to any such dcgiee that Ihcy cannot b entirely subdued and rendered tractable by kind ness, and. in the subsequent parts of breakiiiir, firmness. Tho greater number of horses, which have become unfit for use by reason of their un inmugeablcncss, either in the harness nr saddle, have been made so hy injudicious treatment. Younc horses aro" often very iwrvcrse, hut their nerversf ness v. ill bo generally overcome w ith iiersevering kindness. Jt may be nece's iry to use correction j hut it Miould always be defer red until the earliest processes of education are completed, so that tho animal may understand clearly what it is required to do. Tlio hi caking of a colt should commence from the time of wraning ; for if delayed any conside rable time, his strcimth and obstinacy will bo far more difficult to overcome. The usual mode of accustoming the animal to the halter, the bit, and the saddle, are well enouiili understood. Tho colt may now be taken into the street to lie "radnally nccustnmeil to the object omnng whirl, his services will be required. Here, from fear or playfulness, a considerable degree of starting and shying may bo exhibited. As littlo notice as possible hhould be taken of it. Tho tamo or a similar object should bo passed again, but at greater distance. If the cult still shys, i... iha listnnro bo further increased, until ho takes no notice of the object. Then he may bo r,.l11v hroucht nearer to it, and this will bo ..iii. .iwteil without the slightest difficulty whereas, had there been an attempt to force him , it in ilm first instance, tlio remembrance of the contest would have been associated with) every appearance oi mo oujeci, u. m mu m shying.would have been established I'ruine farmer, Good Butter. " Is your butter good ?" said I to a farmer. , , , " Good ! my wife has made butter those twen ty years, and I should think sho ought to know how to make good butler hy this time !" lie was evidently offended. "Well, let us wcauiine it." Tho cover was lakenofftho tubjthe clean whito cloth (which had been wet in brine) rolled up, and tho yellow treasure revealed. It certainly did look good. " It tastes sweet, but how very salt it is. ' "Wo have always made our butter salt, to have it keep at this season." " )t us see if tho buttermilk is as well work- ...I n,,i as lli., t ill in in." Somu of the rolls were pressed down with tho i ..iii. ,er these t Z y yea sslie does nut know how o make it coo J ; for no butter can bo good until he .buttermilk i worked out. If that is done, "011 "e" not 'U it 50 'tl,,cl1 tokt,'T 'oll in any " Now, my friend, if your who lias maao urn- .. . 4 ... n,,l l-nftiu t,W pUco. A very litllo ciro and labor would havo m-idu this butter excellent ; but Inching that lit tle, it is only a second quality, as you shall ac-knnwledp-e when t show you a sample of good butter." We went In, and I took up a roll from a crock oflirst-rato butler. It was smooth, clear and handsome ; tlio hand of woman had not been on it from the time it had left the churn until now all the work had been done with the ladle. " If you got a drop of buttermilk from that butter you shall liavo the whole free. Now taste tins and your own ; fay, honestly, If you would not give a higher price for this than your own. Look at it ; see how clear and transparent these minute globules are, and how Intimately blended with tho mass. Until all these disap pear, the butter will not keep long, when they arc so slightly colored by the milk. The farmer simply remarked that there was a difference in all butter, and left mo to find a less critical and more ready customer. It is strange, that when every body loves good butter, and is willing to pay for it, our farmers' wives anil daughters do not talto pains to make abetter article. It is the fiiult of tho women generally, that wo have poor butter, and we shall hold them responsible. Ills perfectly easy to make good butter. Tho I only thin? requisite is care. Good butter will always command a good price m the dullest market, while poor butler U a drug at any price. When any of our lady readers make butter again imt let them imagine that I am to have a nice bit of bread and butter with them and that I shall detect the least particle of milk, and that 1 am not fond of too much salt ? (Icitetcc I'anmr. The Crops. rPln lin ri-nttc rC ivl til nr iYr ! 11 it, tTiiu nmniti. i m nearly over. The crops of rvo are fine, those of l wheat indifferent, as is very commonlv the case. A portion of the hay, which' is very abundant, is also gathered in tlio best condition. Oats are very larire. nearly rine. and the cron much abovu the average. Corn, of which a third more than iBiial has been planted, thus far promises well. ,1, ...... ..... ..i i t but in this section and immediately south of us H sullering much at present trom drought, but inccry other direction to the north and east rains have been abundant and nothing has suf fered. A largo crop of buckwheat bus been sown. I'oughkeepsio Kaglo. Our farmers are now in the midst of harvest ing. Wo are clad to learn that, notwithstand ing the unpromising appearance of wheat a few weeks ago, there is now a prospect of a fair yield o suojoei oi in ying aii'i soiling stocks, a re some thnk a full average crop. That which mJrk ,w,ls made by 7. Sc'?Iem1!,n present, that he has been harvested is plump and is of mo-t ex-1 "'"light no Pcrs s,101lll p?ll t flock in such cellent quality. U u havo had several refresh-1 ing showers lately, which were much needed. Spring crops aro looking better. Canandaigua Repository. Onto Wheat Harvest. Tho following is the tcry first word we havo received yet Irom the great Wheat district of Northern Ohio.Miice the commencement of harvest. " As imcs" old Stark, wo trust, " so goes" all that part of the Nate. The Maillmi Gazette of 14th inst. says : " Our farmers arc in the midst of their grain cutting. Tlio prospect, so far as wo can learn is of tho most promising kind. Many fields yield abundantly as they ever have done"; in some others there is a deficiency. Upon the whole, it is pronounced a good crop." Carroll county does not turn out so well. The Free Press of (,'arrollton says that tho yield will bo under half an average crop. Wheat Harvest The Wheat crop was larger than was generally expected. In this couniy ii is noany an average, iho Wheat is of a good niinlity, plump and heavy. In the counties ol Wood and Hancock, tho crop is large, and the Wheat ol a very superior quality. (Toledo (Ohio) Wade. The Gram crop is to he an unusually abun dant ono in all parts of the State embracing in that crop, Wheat, Oats, Corn and Hico. The Cotton crop is not likely, except under the favorable seasons, from now to the end, and a very late frost, to bo even an ordinary average ; while there is a possibility that with favorable seasons and a late frott, a moderate average croji mav bo realized. We hear much the same reports of thont ite of tho crops from Georgia and Alabama. Tho crops further South may be better ; but in ail places Cotton is a month later than usual. On tho whole, a crop of more than the last ycir's product, say 1,SOO,()00 bales, is not to be relied on. It mav nosslblvso to 2,000,000 biles, but this is scarcely to ho expected, under the unusually backward growth ol the plant, the unfavorable weather, the bad stand and the ir regular working. Charleston .Mercury. Cavadi. The Cuhonrg Star of tins 12th, sivs : " The prospects of the harvest in this dis tiict are rapidly improving. There is no longer a doubt that we shall havo an abundant liar vest." Si'ARTANiiURu, S. C, July 20. This is Court week and wo have had an opportunity nf seei of seeing persons from nil portion? ol the lliotrict, who in form us tint the Com crop is actually better than was ever known. Tho account ol'tho Corn crops, mi end in the neighborhood of tlieCrn-s Anchor Junius, is almosi incrciliwe they are so line. The Wheat and Cotton crops will hardly reach an average yield, as wo predicted not lung since. Spartan. The Nettle. The nettlo is generally considered by farmers and gardeners as a useless and troublosoino weed ; but it needs littlo argument lo prove that 1110 mosi common gins ui rrovmence ure oiten tho most uspfiil to mankind. Iho common blinging nettlo is 0110 of tho best medicines which is produced in the vegetable kingdom ; and its medicinal qualities ought to bo more ge nerally known and appreciated. In tho form of a simple, weak infusion, taken in the quantity of a pint a day, it acts as an alterative and deobstruent iiiiinpuritiesof tho blood, Astrong decoction, taken in tho same quantity, provos an admirable strenzlhenor in "euoral or partial re laxation. Applied as a fermentation or poultice, it mlipvesswellincs and abates inll imm itiuns aniltho expressed juico,t.iken in spoonluls, as the exigency of tho case may require, in internal bleedings, is tho most powerlul styptic known. Wo may add, that its leaves, when boiled, aro converted into a tender, healthy, and nourishing aliment, gratoful to tlio palate. And yet there are few plants whose appearance is viewed hy the farmer with more disgust than the stinging nettle. Aniericnu runners. Many thousand farmers in New England rear largo families, pay all their debts and taxes promptly, and live independently, well clothed and comfortably housed and provided for, and lavun money, on farms of 60 acres, Tho idea is, that tbeso people labor severely. This is a great mistake. Thoy havo much, because thoy wasto no time. With them lliero is " a place lor everything, nnd everything in its place." Their liorsos and cattle, tools and implements, are attended to with clock liko resularity. No- thing is nut ofTtlll to morrow wh chcan be done to day. Keonomy is wealth, and system nflonK cato. These men are seMoiu.n a .urry, except in hru-.-t lime. And 111 long winter eiemngs, or severe weather, which forbids employment out of doors, one makes corn brooms, another shoes, a third is a carpenter, cooper, or tailor ; and one woman spins, another weaves, a third plats " Leghorn llotinols." And the families thus occupied, are among the most healthy and cheerful in tho world. It is nasv fur them to re duce their wishes to their means, if inconvenient orimprudent j and to extend their means to their wishes. Prevention of Infection from Tvmus Tf. vr.K. Dr. J. C. Smith obtained JC5000 from Parliament, for the following receipt : "Take six drachms of powdered nitro (saltpetre,) and six drachms of sulphato acid foil of vitriol.) mix them in a tea-cup. lly adding one drachm of mu on ai a nine, a copious uiscnarge or nitrous acid gas will tako place. The cup to be placed during the preparations on a hot hearth or a plate of heated Iron, and tho mixture stirred with a tobacco tiipc. The quantity of gas may by regulated by lessening or increasing the quan tity of ingredients. The above is for a mode rate sized room ; half the quantity would be suf ficient for a small room. Avoid as much as possible breathing tlio gas when it first rises from the vessel." No injury to tho lungs will happen when the air is impregnated with tho gas which is railed nitrous acid gas ; and it cannot be.too widely known, that it possesses the pro perty of preventing the spread of fever. H'ccA ly Dispatch, -iOth May, 1847. SPECULATION IN WHISKERS; OK, .Slinvln in n Broker's Office. 11V SOL. SMITH. There lived in MillcdgoviMe, in 1832, admdi- lieu individual, whom we will call .leaks. Tins J"Uiv uliiiil had a tolerably favorable opinion or personal appearance. His fingers were 'l0tped with rings, and his shirt bosom wan necked with a magnificent breast pin ; coat, iat vest, ami hoots were maila exactly to fit ho wore kid gloves of remarkable whiteness; his hair was oiled and dressed in tho latest and hot style and to complete his killing appear ance, ho spurted an ennrmnu pair of Hcai. Wiiiski:i:s ! Of these whiskers Jcnks was as proud as a young cat is of her tail when she lirst discovers she has one. 1 was tilting one day in a broker's office when Jcnks came in to inquire the price of exchange on New York. He was invited to it down, and cigar was offered. Com-or-atiim turning on "'"" "iv, a u man gci better in a few days. " I will sell any thing I've got, if I can make any thing on it," remarked Jenks. "Oh, no," replied one, " not any thing; you wouldn't sell your Whiskers." A loud laugh followed this chance remark. Jcnks immediately answered: "I would but who would want thein ? Any person makin" the purchase would loso monoy by the operation, i I'm thinking." " Well," I observed, " I would bo willing to lake the speculation, if the price could be made reason iblo." " Oh, I'll sell 'on cheap," answered Jcnks, winking at tho gentlemen present. " Wh it ilu you call cheap ( l inquired. "I'll sell 'em for fifty dollars," Jenks answer ed, pulling forth a cloud of smoke across the counter, and repeating Ihu wish. "Well, thai is cneap; anu you n sen your whiskers for fifty dollars '" "I will." " Iloth of them ?" " Iloth of them." " I'll take them ! When can I have t'.iem ?" "Any time you choose to call for them." Very well they re mine. 1 ilmv'r., ,inn I . t, ; 1 i,..ii they re mine. J think 1 sha ,1iiililn mi. iiiniinii nl ilmm ntlmi" 1 double my money on them, at least. I took a bill of sale as follows : " Itcceived of hoi. Sinilh iijtu Ihllari in full Cnr mi. ..I' ll'l.ijL-nr; In I ... ..-.-.r I... I iu, v.i.j. ... ... ..n ....,,1 care of by me, ..nd dolhercd to iiiin when called for. J. Jenks.1 Tho sum of fifty dollars was paid, and Jenks left tho broker's oHice in high glee, flourishing his five Central It ink X's, and telling all his ac quaintances of the groat bargain he had 111 ide in the sale of his whiskers. The broker and his friends I.iii"hed at me for 1 being taken in so nicely. " Never mind," said , I, ' let them laugh that win ; I'll mike a profit out of thoe whiskers, depend on it." l or a month alter this, whenever I mot Jenks, ho asked 1110 when I intended to call fur my whiskers ? " I'll let you know wh ;n I w mt them," was always my answer. ' Take goi I c irj of them oil thein occasionally; I shall call fur thein one uf these days." A splendid ball was to be given to thn mem bers of tho legislature. 1 ascertained that Jonks was to bo one oftli3 m lingers ho being a great lady's mm, (on account of his whiskers 1 supp'iso,) 111J it occurred to m? tint before the bill 10 k place, I might cill fur my whiskers. One illuming 1 niel JenKs 111 a oirh-r s liop He , .-. , , , - - e was adiruing lufuro a I irg3 mirror, and 11W. up my w.iHkurs at a .bvil nf a rite. "Ah! there you are, old fellow, said '""il co speaking to my reflection in the glass. " Cume for your whiskers, I Mippo-e ?" ' Oh, 110 huny," I replied, as 1 sat down for a shave. " Always ready, you know," ho answered giving a final tie to his cravat. " Come to think of il," 1 said, musingly, as tho barber began to put tho lather on my "face, " perhaps now would be 113 good a timo as an othor ; you may sit down and let tlu barber try his hinds at the whiskers." ' You couldn't wait until to-morrow, could you ?" ho asked, hesitatingly. " There's to be a ball to-night, ynu Know 'To be sure there is, and I think you ought to go with a clean face ; at all events, I don't seo any reason by you should evpoct to wear my whiskers to that ball ; so sit down." 'Ho rather sulkily obeyed, and in a few mo ments his cheeks wero in a perfect foam of lath ; cr' er. Tho barber flourished his razor, and was :, about tn commence operations, when I suddenly j aumgcn my mini 1 Stop, Mr. Harbor," I said ; " vou needn't shave oil' thoso whiskers just yet." Ko ho quietly put up his razor, whiio Jenks started up from Iho chair in something very much resembling a passion. "This is trifling!" ho exclaimed. "You have claimed your whiskers tako them." 'I believe a man lias a right to do as he pleases with his own property," I remarked, and left Jenks washing his face. At dinner that day tho conversation turned upon tho whisker affair. It seems tiio whole town had wind of it, and Jenks could not walk the streets without the remark beiinj continually made by tho Ixiys " There goes the man with Old Sol's whhkers !" And they had grown to an immense size, for he dared not trim thorn. In short, I became convinced Jenks was waiting very impatiently for mo to assert my rights in tho property. It happened that several of the party were bitting opiwsito inn at dinner who wcro present when tho feingular bargain was made, and they all urged 1110 to lake the whiikers tiiat very day, ami thus compel Jenks to go lo mw uan wuisKcncss, or stay ai 1101110. 1 agreeu with them it was about time to rcii my crop, aftd promised that if they would all meet mo at the broker's shop, where tho purcnaso nuu ucou made, I would mako a call on Jcnks that eve ning, after ho had dressed for tho ball. All promised to lie present at the proposed slutting operation In the broker's office, and I sent for Jenks and the barber. On tho appearance of Jonks it was evident ho was much vexed at Iho sudden call upon him, and his vexation was certainly not lessened when ho saw the broker's o(lico was filled to overflowing by spectators anxious to behold the (WiVrotis proceeding. " Come, bo in a hurry," said ho, as ho took a seat, and leaned his head against the counter for support) " I can't stay long", several ladies are waiting for mo to escort them to the ball." " True, very true you aro one of tho mana gers I recollect. Mr. Barber, don't detain the gentleman go to work at once." The lathering was soon over, and with about three strokes of tho razor, one tide of his face, was deprucd of its ornament, "Come, come," said Jcnks, "push ahead there is no timo to be lost let tlio gentleman have his whiskers ho is impatient." " Not at all," I replied, coolly. " I'm in no sort of a hurry myself and now I think of it, as ymir timo must bo precious at this particular time, several ladies belli? in waiting for you to J escort them to the ball, I believe I'll not take, the other ichisher to-niuht," A loud laugh from tho hy-standers, and a glance in tlio mirror, caused Jcnks to open his eyes to the ludicrous appearance he cut witli his single whisker, and lie began to insist upon my Inking the whole of my property! Hut all wouldn't do. I had a right to take it when I chose I wis not obliged to take it all at once, and I chose to take but half at that particular period Indeed, I intimated to him very plainly that I was not again to bo a very hard creditor ; and that if ho " behaved himself," perhaps I should never call for the balance of what he owed me ! When Jcnks became convinced I was deter mined not to take the remaining whisker, he be gan, amidst tho loudly expressed mirth of tho crowd, to propose terms of compromise first offering mo ten dollars, then twenty, thirty, forty fifty ! to take off the remaining whisker. I said, hnnly, " My dear sir, there is no use talking; 1 insist on your wearing that whisker lor me lor a month or two. m seeming anticipations of peace, when by this " What will you tako for the whiskers ?" he time it must know full well tint the line of pol at length asked. " Won't you sell them back ley it persists in pursuing, makes the hopo of to m5 ?"' peaco more remote than ever. It rejects with " Ah," replied I, " now you begin to talk as a t disdain the onlv course that can, by any possi busincss man should. Yes, I bought them on , bility, givo us that poace it pretends so much to speculation I'll sell them, if I can obtain a desire., and persists in following that course eood price.' " What is your price ?'' " One hundred dollars mutt double my money." " Nothing less ?'' " Not a farthing less and I am not anxious to sell even at that price." " Well, I'll tako them," he groaned, " there's your money ; ami here, barber, shave off this il d infernal whisker in less than no time I shall bo late at the ball." Tho barber accomplished his work, and poor Jenks was whiskerloss ! Jenks went to the ball, but before the night was over, he wishrd he St. Louis Heiille. hadn't I Copper from Lake Superior It would seem us if the period had at length arrived when ! wo are about no receiy-J iv&tantial returns , . .... i rum mu liiii'v stilus ut uiuiirv v.iit;ii(it'utiii , Superior for the last two years. Wo learn from ' Colonel Sheldon McKnight, of the Sault, who' . . i. i i-m,:.., ... i r .t... i l ., i, arriveu yesicraay, inai me niiuse oi i umi-r vv. Co. of which ho is a member, have shipped on I ,i i i , ,, mu p-uuuu jlt .ii'ini, uw on ner way iiowu, n.

r ' e . . , in.. . I u u, name cop .er lor me uoston . uu i-.u. burg Co consigned to Boston--tha there mams at us warehouse at I in Kan t. readv for , . : . .. .1 . i i' i I hlunmnnt. 00 tons morn n thn eimn mi-t:il. whu-ll 1 1 -,t f - , . .i he will ship so soon as a vessel can get there. Mr, nln inl.iniia ,1 llinl iho nrnnnllnr lins rnllim- l tu Hmlo . . ,i ' 1. . I. I . . I . . I .. I 1.. I..l.t 'Pl.t., l-ll III UllilU lUll'l H'i iiuuii. iw nun ni'.i, WHICH is on IHU i.ikw ru.iuy iui mii jiu. ius ennnor is in m isses wuicrhin? from 500 to 3.000 copper lbs. and is ol tho very richet nualitv of native . .1". t " c,,nfl copper and is worth in Bton 100 per ton. T 111a t m riimn! nf this Cnmn.iiiA for t in npxt Odays will repay about SSO.boOof the expo,,- ihtnros. ........ , l-rnmmo mine, we icarn mai mey are rai-i simr immense masses of native Conner, and that the great difficulty consists in cutting up the masses into small 'nieces to enable the shippers to got them on and oil tho vessels. One mass wcii'hing 11,700 lbs. will bo sent to I-.ngland as a specimen of what Yankees can do in making copper. From tho north Bhore of Liko Huron, the propeller Kirl Cathcart has taken on board 250 tons nf pray and yellow sulphuretof cupper, tikeu from tho llruco mines, which is to bo sent lu ll.iltiinoro to bo smelted. This mino is near St. Joseph's Island, within forty rods of tho wharf, is IS feet wide, audit is said that 500 tons per month of the ore can bo shipped to inarnei. It is also said hy our friend Mr. T. Hristol, "HI, till Utl.ll H IIIUU Hill" 1AIIIUIIII, IHU lllll, 1, 0K of ,ilko h,,,,,! down tho Luke from lha Ucl6ur f(jr . nilcSi ,a w,lolo coimtrv j, r;c, ;n veins similar to tho llruco mines. "He who his been all the Spring exploring Iho north Ins selected fur tho Upper Canada Company two locations in which are found, immediately on the hake, a largo number of veins producing the same variety of ores as thoso at tho flruce mine. Tlio location of these mines, this side the Sault, tho facility of raising and shipping the ore, must give immediate valuo to them, as thoy can pay from the moment they are opened. The Government, too, conveys tho fee simple to the companies at a low-ton', and on terms ol piymcnt of the most liberal kind. Tho expor tation ot copper ore may rje said now 10 nave commenced, and within tiro years tho products of Iho Canada mines and those of Iiko Supe rior must closo tho workings of tho Cornwall mines. Timo will provo tho truth of this pre diction. Detroit A d terl iter. Wonderful L-ap. Tho guide at the Falls was taken all luck day beforo yesterday, on en tering tho " Cave nf tlio Winds," with a party, .to hud it tenanted by a lull grown, well condi tioned porker, alivo and kickieg; although bear ing evident marks of pretty hard treatment. Nearly ono hundred feet below tho world, and somo fifty feet above the boiling flood, in Ihe abyss, beneath the pouring heet of tho centre fall, was mnav. " monarch of all he surveyed." I low long hu had been there, no ono could toll, and where ho camo from was still inoro unac countable, unless ho had mado the fearful plunge over tho precipice, and climbed up tho broken rocks to tho cave where ho was found. This is prubably tho correct solution of tho norker's transfer to tho solitary recess of a cave where human feet only stray with tho greatest timidity uud care after descending a spiral straightway of more than 100 yards. Several citizens assisted in bringing his hogship to tho 1.... ...-..Inl.., nlivn 'V ii nn v ininrv dis. covered, was a sovero contusion on the noso that I their sea coast blockaded, their principal cities had opened the upper jaw and started several of' in an enemy's hands, und their capital expected his front teeth. Ho refuses food, which may bolovcry moment to fall ny, with the expectation imputed to a disposition to fast over his miracu-. that even their national government will be, fur Ions escape, or is ine resuu ui nijiinca itmira,,u nmu, w.v,,tv w. uu.w,.vU , .i. ujj At all events, the pig has made a fearful leap onets, do wc seo thorn, with a spirit worthy of with most astonishing prcsorvatUn. Hutfah' old Sparta herself, preparing fur desperate resist i;Xt mice, and determined to die rather than assent From the Iloston Atlas. How much longer slmll the War continue ? How long do our Government mean to pro. tract and maintain a war of invasion, is a qncs tion now asked by men, of whom it might have been said once, they wcro of all parties, and in every section of tho country. How much lon ger will the administration of James K. I'olk persist in the fatal folly of seeking to close the war by conquest, and by adding to the moun tains of wrongs atrainst Mexico, wo have al ready piled un? What havo we yet gained by the war, besides a triumph of our arms ? Noth ing. Our victories aro all barren. They yield us no fruits. Our triumphs bring us no nearer conquering a peace than wo were twelve months ngo. Our aggressions only add to the exaspe ration of tho people of Mexico. Our occupation of her territory, and our seizure of her cities, weaken and distract our own movements, but bring us no nearer, but, if any thing, diive us farther off from tlio desired object of peace. Tho administration, indeed, tell us they aro scoking "to conquer a peace," but thus far all they have done, as well as all they have striven to do, sceniB to havo placed them further and further off from thpir nrnfosspd nhicct. How much longer will they persist in their retrograde movements towards a peaco ? How much lon- gcr shall the treasury of our land bo wasted ? How much more of the best blood of tho land mutt bo poured out like water, to gratify this inatiablo Moloch the desire "to conquer a peace?" Conquer a Peace ! I Has our gov ernment not yet found out that they can never conquer a peaco 1 All our armies and all our navies combined will never bo able to conquer poace with Mexico. She has told us that so long as an American soldier remains upon the soil of .Mexico, so long as an invader insults her dominions, though wo ravage her land, desolate her fields, burn and sack her cities, and spread desolation far and wide, sho will continue to re sist sn long as strength remains ; and she vnu. do it. Ihe promises ol peace, t hcrcloro, wit i which Government stultify themselves, and seek do it. 1 he promises of peace, therefore, with W UIIIUSU IIIO jiom;, UU Ull IU1U IIIIU I'lliaUllMIS. No one knows this better than the Hxccntive itelf, and yet the Government thinks to deceive the nation and to blind the eyes of the people, by its pretended hopes of peaco. It persists in which, most of all others, will protract the war, swell our national expenditures, destroy tho lives of our men, waste our treasures, and accomplish nothing but a barren ennquc-t. How much longer shall this state of things bo tolerated f How much longer will tho representatives of the people, in Congress assembled, continue to vote supplies to ho thus appropriated, ami lo be thus made subservient to protracting instead of arresting war ? Our soldiers do all tint men can do. They defeat armies, they capture towns and cities, they march through and through the enemy's country. Hut what does all this profit us ? l)u they Ix'iiil bend tho spirit of the people whom thev thus overcome I lo thev hold more territory than what they occupy in person ; No! Our vie ones anu our conquer are . . imoui re M,,K ) 7" s(?0 ,10. alfr-'t approach of , nA-itM nf nrmntinct nr lit' nntr nt inr mn-itia , peace, cuncr uv coiihii'm ur uy any uukt niuana . - . w 0 ca",",t er,e. exercise jurisdiction in our conquered territories, except by the point of the bayonet. .,r .. . . ? e .ef. n" and vet there are s i wo painfully realize its truth, somo who look forward to tho - r .. r ,, , e caiituro of the city of Mexico, us tho means of . -, important and definite results, w-IT,ieeJcxpectel,olw'ttro o better founded than ! , . , ., , havo Dcou i nose wiucii l ie same persons nave, " . w. , . , . . ... . ' no doilut, loundeil upon our urniiaiu successes , '.,, ..,,,' n, v: i , i '... " "''",'".',, ys... ....... ww... onn. Vera Uru.. and wherever success has ,! ,,, ..,a All who expect that tho will bring us any nearer 11 , ( jnv:rn cdPlurL 01 ."-xico "r"" . " r .. .. . ..? ... ' " '.: ' . .1" U lr C l Hlu U Ul ll l liiv in mi L'R'iii vw1n.11 uiu J I .j , - themselves, and for '"ty . J l jiS JS"r resistance, that even if on tho capture of their ... . . ,. .i..t.l terms with tlio conquerors, tho individual States , are prepared, indeed they proclaim 111 auvanco their determination to disown it. Already ha a coalition been formed of tho five States of Sail Luis, Mexico, Zacatretas, Jalisco and Quoretara for this purpose. Already have they promul gated an address to their fellow countrymen, through their newspapers, in which they hold language like this : 'Mexicans! Tho coalition has been funned not to be the echoof party interests; its no-1 hie mission has no other object than to defend the independence of our country and Iho free insti tutions by which it is governed. Tho coalition lias met, not to call to account the high dignita ries and generals of tho Republic, but to aid them with the private resources of the State.-, which compose it, in tho common defence of our nationality, 11 has 1 01 met 10 cause uivmous, but to unite all minds, and to make all Mexi cans fix their attention on two capital points, independence 1 and ' liberty " In this solemn moment wo havo judged it to bo of the greatest importance to explain to the people the obiect of our meeting, uud the sacred ends which so important and delicate 11 mission has in view. Upon this principle the coalition, in the namo of tho States which it re presents, declares to tho nation that their object IS 111! iilliOl limn m i.iiiiiiani mu .nut (.1.11111. ii,.,- and the republican federal system ; that in the event that the national representation should, by any accident, bo unable to cxerciso its func tions, or if, without any faults of its own, with out the requisite liberty in its deliberations, in tho opinion of tho coalition, then the coalition will re.issunie the representation of tho confed erate States, as a centre union fur them. We protest that never will we consent to, nor be bound by. any convention or treaty of peace with tho North American enemy, as' long as he threatens or occupies Iho capita! or any other point of tho Mexican Republic; we also will not recognizo uny general suspension of arms which should comprise all Ihu belligerent forces ot the nation. Tho main objects ol'tho coalition being to defend independence and the federal system, wo protost in the same manner that so far from separating from the national union, the Statos which it represents aro determined to aid with their private resources tho General Govern ment, independent of the assistance they ure by law bound to give; so that tho ono causo com mon to us in its disgraces and its perils may bo sustained, tlio national credit and honor re established, and all possible opposition and re sistance mado to every attack upon tlio popular federal representative system." What can we hope to accomplish, by arms, with a people who meet us with such a deter mined spirit of patriotic resistance as this ? Willi .1 . . 1 . L, l..l ..I :-.-!..! -!. ' to peaco on such Ignominious terms. With such a determined spirit to overcome, and against such a people, we may wage a war for centu ries, and yet never bo able to conquer a peace. Causes thnt led to the War. Tho Whigs, throughout this Mexican war, have contended that it might have been honora bly avoided. They have never believed that our relations with Mexico wero as critical as thev wore with Kngland on tho Oregon question. It has been charged upon the Administration, that it made the war for political purposes, under the impression that a single baltlo would awo the Mexicans into submission, procure an immcne acquisition of territory, and that hostilities would last a few vcck, then bo ended in a blazo of glory. Matters have turned out differently, and the Administration that would not consult Con gress about beginning the war, has evidently got to do it, about ending it. The people, sober minded and patriotic, aro beginning to enquire into particulars, and show a disposition, now that the novelty of tho war has passed away, to learn who is responsible fur ils commencement, and also if it is found that it was unnecessary, to punish the trillers with tlio Constitution. Wo venture to ascrt. that the war was unne cessary, even to accomplish the mot grasping views of the Administration, relative to Mexi can territory. Why it was begun, it will bo shown in cfuo time. To rnno at tho farts, wo propnso tho following queries to Mr. Itiichamn, which we wish ho would answer affirmatively or negatively. Tho Union should attend to our questions, as Ihcrc is not more behind them than the Virion can, if it will examine all the papers of tho Secrelaryof State, relative to our relations with Mexico, received at W ington just before the battles of the 8lh and !)th of May, 18 Hi. Serious Questions fur Mr. JSuclianan to Answer. 1st. Were you not, as well as .Mr. Polk, in formed by letters, that if General Taylor moved UU furC(!; ftn, took a j,,,,,, lnoros, that a colli-ion would take pin no .Mata- place, and r n , I r i ' a STC' T you could not and did not (as subsequent events prove) discredit them ? Hare yon not then hi. t'TS im til nynmxr the ltrirrtlft ninrrs nf lht ),. . . .. .. pvtmenUf Stale and" did you not refuse last , winter to give copies of them ? ,,r ' , ., , vro ., noisnov. , u,o curresp om ccu ing in the United States, e who had filled an important diplomatic olhce in Mexico, in which Gen. Arista stated that tho Government of the tho lino of the Ilio Grande 1 " """" iwnjiiii.i j-uium iu 3d. Were vou not show Arista's in which he stated racn of the the letter alluded to above on file in your depart ment i 4th. Were you not informed by an express direct from the camp of Gen. Ari-ta, that the Government of Mexico would receive a Com missioner to settle the boundary question, but would not recoil n a Minister, and was not .Mr. Slidell sent off on his useless errand after vou received the express from Arista's camp ? Hvo you not got the letter sent hy that express in your -possession, and others, subsequently writ- I... 1 1, I If v. . i-v i . ten, by tho same hand from New Orleans J flth. Did you not havo several private inter views in Washington, with the gentleman who until llin nvnra lm. A -!...... ... ! .. li " n.191.1.1 CUIIIJI, 111 WHICH you thanked him on behalf uf the United Hiuto, for tho services he had rendered the government, and did you nul, as well as Mr. I'olk, entirely approve of his views and did you not endea vor to detain him in Washington to avail your self of his presence and information Glli. Did vou not. at a Cabinet Council, lav before the members tho wholo correspondence, and did you not concur with lion. H. J. Walker, and other members (lion. John Y. Mason dis scnting) that the time for asurcsi'ne measure measures on the part nf the United Slates had arrived mem ol the United hlatos acquired title by pur- wern hatched nml , l ,,. r..:.,:.. . .,J chase or treaty to the Rio Grande, that the young birds with all the care that the m ft at- provinccsof';nmauli;ias,St.I,oon,and..cate. cnV"a JeinaIc hlul caM , b"sloJ.0 1 1 ca, would unite themtel res with Texas, and come Hlnc'ihurn (l'n".) Standard " into thn confnUracn of the Cnilrd States ! Is not a' and did not tho Hon. R.J. Walker, at that meet-1 Pennsylvania raises tlio most rye viz : 8 12! ing, propotp a plan to suhjngals Mexico with a) 226 bushels. ' ' stall ling army of 5000 men 1 I l'onnsvh ania raise, the most Luckwheat, viz : 7th. Have you not been urged by men in ' u, 10S,50S bushels, and out of power, to produce tho letters alluded raises the most corn viz 67 73S - 1 .'i;.. ., r ,i, i r ,., icting with duplicity towards .Mr. I'olk, and of pre tend- ing ignorance of tho facts contained in the cur- icspundeiice we have called lor. THU SOMHIIU'S riJ.VKKAI.. BV K. .M. I). O, hear ye the knell that swells on the mvir, hike the music of eve ns 11 svlutlirouch ihe trees! Hear ye t'wi murmur f.o 11 yi n weeping tlironj. The plninl uf utlhctiou.nnd death's dismal sou,; 1 See ye that banner in funeral nrray. Unmindful that round il the gentle winds pi ty ( The while, pallid shroud and the black, sable pill, And hear ye that dealh-dirg", more dismal than all 1 l'is Death's feslive hour, new laurels are won, 1silas for his diadem, earth's iiuhle-i M, 1 Dm hark ' on ihe breeze, notes more centle arise, fill mellowed by distance, are lost in theskitJ, 'Tis the low mullled drum and th' clanon's sad w ail, As they bear him away to yon lonely vale. In that quiet spot me soldier cm lay, He wots not where moulders his col.l, lifeless cloy ; His slumber Iwneaih th green sod, Hut his spirit immortal 'rclurneih in Ito.l The wild rose will blos.soin and fade on his crave. Hut none i-uitu to weep o'er ihe slumbering brave. Faraway fiomihe home of his childhood he fell, Nokindred returns, the sad liilin3 to tell, No i-ol.l, chiseled marble points out ihe spot, He lived, nnd he died, and will soon be loryit. Yet oft will they tell, at some future day, Of the hero who fell from hn friends far away, Little dreaming that under the turt w here they tread The soldier, lamented, reposes his had. Let him sleep till the signal by Gabriel is giv-'n, To marshal h a hosts on iho ramparts of 1 leav'u. Spirited Competition. An auction sale look place in tho Philadelphia Kvchango on Tue-div week, nf a piece of property. The bidding com menced at $700 by two persons, an 1 was conti nued until it reached 81,000, each advancing .$5 at a timo upon the other. The parlies were sitting mm tn the right nnd the other to tho left uf tho auctioneer, causing him tu turn his head so often as ho received the bids of each, that old stager as he is, ho was forced from fatigue In resign tho task of disposing of the properly lo his clerk. Tho bidding was then continued by tho same persons, each going 5 better until it reached ijiOOO, when one of them bid a coo! $500 to scare oirhis compd'tor. This failed to accomplish his object, however, and the 5 advance was bid with as much sanj; fruid as if nothing hid happened. Neither party seemed dismayed, tin I tlio bidding proceeded without fligging in spiril. until reaching iij,105 one of tho competitors bi.-.ked out. and the pro perty was struck otrto the. most obstinate of the two w ho confined himself exclusively lo65 bids, much to the gratification ol the audiiiu'c who had wimosseTlhc ctmip-.titioii. A Fact or Two tor Naturalists. Duriu 5omo alterations which were being made, a short timo since, at the house of a clergyman living it Mcllor, or rather, wo believe, at IJalderstom1, the workmen discovered a house-sparrow's ncvt in a holo in a wall. There wero five youni' hirds in the nest, apparently just hatched, and tho workmen were about to destroy them, when tho lady of the house Interfered anil took charge of Ilium, with a view of bringing them up by hand until they could shift for themselves. They appeared to prosper in the lady's keeping ; and the next morning she placed them in a small box, in the garden at tlio back of the liou'e. Hero tho old birds discovered their lost family, and exhibited the utmost anxiety to bo at, or on something with them. After watching the bird for somo time, the lady and the rev. gentleman went to dinner, leaving the birds still fluttering and bii'tling about tho box. On their return, about half an hour afterwards, their surprio imy hi imagined when they found that the old birds been enabled to move four of the young ones quite out of the box. Two they had taken completely out of sight. Ono they had dragged to a hedge somo little distance oil"; and a fourth (hey had managed to lift on tho top of the hedge, a height of about five feet I The last two lmn' not since been discovered. Tho fifth, which had not been touched, wa taken care of by thn lady ; and is now Hedged, and ju-t able to fly. The affection it exhibits towards its mistress is something extraordinary, livery timo she goes near it, speaks lo it, or "takes it on her finger, it becomes tremulous with joy, spreading and flut tering its wings, pulling it ,end to her face, and di-playing every sign of extreme delight ol which it is capable. It will come at hi-r call. I l",,"K". ' Vr ,l n,m H'C'."', "-er -"o happy as land or en her shoulder. .Stran gers may sniooth it down, and it will not fly; but the whole of its afiections .seems concen trated in its mistress alone. In a sparrow such a circumstance- is perhaps unparalleled. Ins tances uf great tameness and affection in the ca nary are not uncommon. The cook in the iinuso ni a. lauy living at Manchester lias so tamed a canary, by uniform kindness, that it not ' ony h! !'u0"t I'T while sho is preparing the riinMcr) hM h wiM tak(J iN po'silion 0If her shnMcr or Ca,, unJ during-the .: i . ..... h nine sue may go to or irom the d ig or draw. , r,)0tn wie?0 gcV0M, pt,rsos , bb men , ur uny uuier pan 01 me IIOUSi hied ; or any oilier part of Ihe housewithout at- tempting to lly away, though it has frequent op- j thU town has hall a'pii.f cVnarSl.e lion of which not long since laid three crU Sho continued to sit upon them for several days, till neiiecami 'till nndrninnlete vevhan str-d Tim , r t 1 n,a'e l-'!rd l',c" immediately supplied her place ; ill ;'"p.r Soneral and, though his mate died shortly after leavin 1 that if the Govern- the eg2s, l.o continued faithfully tn ,1, nil thLz Productions of the United Stntc. . The Patent Office report furnUics the follow ing important information ; Wheat, oats, rye, Indian com, potatoes, bar St.TO "'--ndterri. liirley rai-cd in all except Louisiana. Florid 1 rjifC'' '" a" L'"VCept I'ouiiia,11:lnd New I'ngl.ind, Now York, N iwrj Ivnn- syhania, .Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin do not raise cotlon. Tlio .S'KII"- .. .1.. Mi . with .Maryland, Delaware and Indiana, do n'ot raise rice. jJvcry S'ate and territor except Iowa does raiso nil!:. iivoryrSl,ltfl rvC(Tt Delaware makes sugar. New ork raises the most barley, viz : 1.802. JS3 bushels. New York raises the most potatoes, viz : -Ji . C07..W1 bushels. 1 New York raises t1(. most laVi vi2 . .535 931; tons. Oiiio raises tho most, viz: 10,780,705 UUtlll'lS. , .117 bus ho s. Virginia raises the mn.i ilivim.l Immn vl- 1.72H lbs -.,,7 11 . Kentucky raises Iho most tobacco, viz: S2, 322,513 lbs. Georgia raises the mot cotton, viz : 1 13,175, 121) lbs. Smith Carolina rai-es Iho most rice, viz : 66, SOJ.307 lbs. of Mexican- rir.vTns. la reading ihs Mexican papers it is v cry clear that the dilfi-reiit t-iaics have i-en-eiio nntirqmtp a prolonged resistance on the nan ol the Capital lo the American amis. In view nl the speedy fall of the city they me congraliilaiiiig themselves upon the wiv-inm el die Federal system. Hud they been placed und.-rihe uileof a consolidated Central Government, ihel illol ihe Capital would havo involved. ihe subjection ot ihe whole country. The lVilenil system, ihey reason. Ins created new centres of action, mil even it the Capital succumbs, the r-tatcs, each one lor us ll, will iei, th? ascendan cy ol the American nrrns and lefusi- to recognize a treaty ninth may be loned upon the Ceiihal (jovern merit. O.H ol views of this nature (ns grown a coalition among the States of Jalisco, .an Luis I'otosi, Zacate eas, .Mexico, Queictnru nnd .ginsculiente the kit-' ter claiming to lie n State, though not so recognized by the Constitution nl Iv.'l. 'i'lus new- comhmaiion o Slates is regai ded by the editors of " LI Republic cino" as nn alarming leapire ol the times, ihreatenina'i to aggravate the anarchy which bclore prevailed in .Mevieo. The Coalition b.ive published an addreu io ihe iiinioii. lu it me leprtsrmed the viewsof had." mg men in ihe most poncifu! Suite". The I'ic iyiine translates llie Address cf this Coali tion. Wc have room onlv for the toll The Loaiitiou in ihe name ol the Stales winch u represents declares to th-nation that their olmct is no other than lo maintain the independence and the ret putihcnn fedetal sjstem j that m the clcnl tiat the national representation should by an) ntcnlcnt beun: ble to exercise in luiutions, or without any fault of m own, the sovereign General Congress should not have; "' requisite hbeliy m its d liberation in ihe opinion! of ihe Coalition, then the Coalition will assume the re presentation of the confciicrute Stales as a centre of union fur them They protest ibat never will thev consent t0 nnr h9 bound by any convention oi treaty ot peace, with the North Atncrican enemy a long ns he threatens or ce euptesthe capital or any oilier point uf ll.e .Mexican It public ; on.! alsu will not recognize any general siisikMision of arms, which should comprise all tha Ulherent forces ol'tho n.ilion. The main objeetsof the Coalition l-ing to defend in dependence and ihe federal .system, they proiest in the same maimer that so lar tioni rriMratinj; Irom the n. tionil Union, the Stales which 11 represents are deter mined tn aid with their private rrxutrri the ohiih.sI soveruiiienl. iinlcien.!eiii of ioristanee lliey aro hv law bound to give, so that ihe one cause common t ",""! V -"u "' pem' uiv tw sustain. il. the in Hona credit am honor r...i..i.u.i...i . . . all possible opposition and n-islaiice made to e'ver'v attack upon ; rfu- popular fedcrnl represeiuaiive system 1-S. (). I icajune, huh. . Os Pit. It is said tint ex-.tlnr. !li,i,i,,.j .i . eentlctmn ' ror " carries iho keys to' Uneln Sim s empty moneybox. who resi.l.'.v ,ii'i,..i town, No. -1, but is by law required lo keen Dm empty box aloresaid in the city ef Iloston will be under tho necessity of introducing Hon f.c, Monltrm, of Manchester, to the next President if he dee. at all, as Me man who iud.v't , Al allied army of the Uranite Stale, n th. 1 .n ,.,'. paignl IIHloVi l olls Cia;etl,. 1