Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 13, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 13, 1847 Page 2
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BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1847. breadth with tlio otlicr. If ono la denied, both bio denied if ono Is conceded, botli must bo conceded. !t Is Impossible to separate them by any argument or logical process, worthy nf a ttntesmnn's mind. It Is wholly arbitrary, I Bay, Without tlio least foundation, to cay tliat Con gress may make provision for a liarbor accom modation for foreign commerce, and not for do mestic trade. Is tlio latter not as important as tlio former ? Is not the breakwater at tlio month of the Delawaro bay, na important for the trade of Philadelphia with New Orleans, as with Liv erpool? and so every wbcro else? Is not our coasting trade ono of tlio largest branches of our maritime interest, and can wo yet do nothing for that ? It is strange that any man should enter tain the Idea that such a distinction could be drawn. I havo before me a long list of acts o( Congress, ol a good deal of Importance, as 1 think, lending to show that tlio President is mistaken, when he sneaks of tlio acquiescence and approbation of tlio people, in opinions ad verso to the Harbor itnpro omenta. Tlio opin ion, both af Congress and the people, seems quite the other way. Concluded next uvek. jfrcc Jhcss, DURMNGTON, Vt. FRIDAY MORNING, AUG, 13, 1817. " ts THE DARK AND TROUBLED NIGHT THAT IS tll'ON US, THERE Is NO STAR.EIVR.TDf., f.W7ffl JiTELLIGENT, TATRIOTIC WlllU l'.UtTV Of THE United States." Daniel Webster. Whig: iVomicialions. For Governor, HORACE EATON, Of Dnosburgh. For Lieutenant Governor, LEONARD SARGEANT, Of Manchester. For Treasurer, GEORGE HOWES, Of Montpclicr. Senntorliil Noiiilnntions. Chittenden County, 3. Hamilton, A. Ferguson. Addison County, William Nash, Iea Stewart. Rutland County, Geo. T. Hodges, John Fox, Henry Stanley. Orange County. Geo. V, Pr.icnAiiD, Ciias. B. Chandler, Lorenzo i). IIerrick. Franklin County. George W. Foster, Ruhjs Hamilton, Lucas II. Deem an. Caledonia County. James D. Dell, Robert Whitelavc. Windham Comity. John Kimiiall, Peter W. Dean, JjARKIN U. Mead. Bennington County, B. E. Bkownell, Heman Morse. Windsor County, ARTEMAS CUSIIMAN, I KoBEHT B. CrAM, I Iarvev Burton, Dearborn H. Hilton, Essex County, David Hiebard, Jr. The honorable Pnnl nillinghnm on the Lieut. General question. ' Whatever may be the decision, my thankp and gratitude will not be the less to the House of Representatives for its three timet tirtuul election of me to be the Commander is Ciiiff of the Army in Mexico." Mr. Benton to Mr. Polk March 6, 1817. " Immediately niter your nomination as Major Gen eral had been unanimously confirmed by the Senate, I carefully examined the question tehcthrr I possessed .c yvutii tif wca.fenuic yuu, H Jlllliur OlUJOr UCIICKII iu vie iiukr ui.ia.nd oj the .iriny: Mr. l'olk to Mr. Benton March 9, 1817. " The President had hoped to have it in his rowr.R to place iiim Benton at the hiad or the Army." Washington Union, Match 10. Wo place the above declarations of Air. Ben ton, Mr. Polk and his mouth-piece, the Vnion, on record, so that there need bo no dispute as to the purpose for which tlio President so perti naciously sought to bo inrcsted with the power to appoint a Lieutenant General to supersede Taylor and Scott in the command of the Army. That purpose was to inflate tho Hon. Thomas II. Benton at the expense ol tlio Mili tary Service of the Country, and in contempt of the claims and the merits of Generals Taylor and Scott. In this wo think wo run no risk of being contradicted. This purpose was disgraceful to the President for two reasons : First, for liming entertained it, as a mere partisan maneuver, regardless of the injury its accomplishment would inflict upon distinguished and veteran officers who had spent their best days in their Country's service ; and becond, because it was ignoiniiiioiisly und re peatedly defeated by his own political friends. Tho action of tlio honorable P.ml Dillingham on tho question of conferring this power on tlio President was eminently characteristic of an unscrupulous demagogue, in the abstract, and of himself, in tho particular instance. He voted, point blank, both for it and auainvt it, and DODGED IT!! And that, too, without ex hibiting tho common sagacity of Ihe dull bud that hides its haul in tlio sand, and thinks its ugly body is therefore concealed ! The jugglery is as transparent as it is contemptible. lt us sec. On the 4th of January, 1817, and while the "bill to raise for a timo an additional military force, und for other purposes" was under con sideration, the President sent to the House a Message recommending " that provision be mado by law for tho appointment of a Lieutenant General to serve during tho war," and "to take command of all our military forces in the field." On tho fith of January, Jacob Thompson, a Locofoco Representative from Mississippi, after wards distinguished for his bitter hostility to General Taylor, (whom ho pronounced " inca pable or conducting a campaign,") and who moved tho amendment to tho resolution of thanks. censuring; the gallant veteran for " the terms of tho capitulation of Monterey," (ior which cen mike let it be remembered that Paul Dil lingliam voted) moved tho following amend ment to the military bill above alluded to : Sec. 2. And It it further enacted, That the Presi "dent shall be authorized, by and with the advice of " the Senate, to appoint a Lieut, General, who shall " take command ol our armies, and whose term of per " vice shall continue during the war with .Mexico." Oi) the Oth of January the question was taken on the adoption of this amendment, and Mr. Dillingham's name, together with the names of Messrs. Coixamer, Marsh and Foot, is found recorded AGAINST IT. Tho painful anxiety of Mr. Polk to be clothed with authority to "feed fat" the overweening vanity of Thomas II, Hen ton, had not then enlisted the sympathy of tho prudent and calculating Mr. Dillingham ! Ho therefore assisted to knock tlio unjust anu pre posterous project in tho head. But Mr. Polk did not rest here. His own private and personal interest, If not tho Interests of the nation, de manded that tho Lieutenant Goneral scheme should bo pushed In another form. He probably had strong hopes that the scruples the "con scientious scruples" of bucIi astute political trimmers as the Vermont representative of Ij cofocoism, might bo satisfied by changing the name of the transgression ; or, what Is quite as likely, he concluded that so innocent and kiisiis- pecting a victim as Paul Dillingham would bo apt to discover an essential difference " twixt tweedledum and twccdle-dcc." So, on the 17th of February, Mr. Haralson, from the Military Committee, reported a bill "making provision for an additional number if general officers" (three Brigadiers and tiro Major Generals Denton and Camming) To this bill the follow ing amendment was moved : "And be it further enacted, That the president is "hereby authorized and empowered, at his discretion, iu uesignim; uuu nppoiiu nay general uincer, oj lite "rank of Major Ge neral, whether of the line or by " brrvet, and tehcthcr of the tegular armuvr of vol- " untcers, without reiiard to pate of commission, to me chief commando the militmy force of the u. n. 'dm in? the continuance of the existing war icith -ucxico r. ...I , ,i nor u military mi.ui u. appreciate, mat this eiiuri 10 clothe the I rcsu.oiit with discretionary power in the premi ses was more objectionable in principle, and more insulting and degrading to tho gallant ve terans of the army, than was the attempt to create the office of Lieut. General. Mr. Paul Dillingham, therefore, our readers may imagine, was found prompt to resist it. Ah, credulous and inexperienced reader, you know not tho softening effect of Presiden tial longings after power and authority, unon the tender sensibilities and flexible principles of lur ram Dillingham! Un the 2Gth of February tho question on this amendment was taken, and it was adopted. In tho ncgatice, in obdurate con sistency of principle and conduct, wo find the names of .Messrs. Collamer, Foote and Marsh of Vermont, and where, think vou, is recorded tlio name of Paul Dillingham ? In the affirma ativo? No! In the negative ? No! But pre cisely where you would look for the fragments of an exploded soap-bubble NOWHERE! Tlio ingenious gentleman DODGED! ! Like the Irishman's pig, he was so spedhd ho could'nl be counted ! But the amendment was adopted and the bill sent to the Senate for concurrence. That hon orable body, however, in contumacious disre gard of the wishes of .Mr Polk, struck out the anti-republican section, and returned the bill to me House for its further action. On the 3d of March the question came up for decision : " Will the House concur icith the Senate in re jecting the section authorizinc the President to Icsignntc and assign one. of the Malar Generals wvc L.ommamlcr-in Chief of the Armii!" The yeas were 82 Nays 105. Messrs. Collamer, I oote and Marsh are found among the aflirm- athes, and, (we hardly expect to be believed, but tho journal is before us !) the name of Paul Dillingham is recorded IN THE NEGA TIVE, and therefore (in diametrical conlradic lion of his former rote) IN FAVOR ol giving tho President tho power to appoint Benton Commander-in-Chief! ! ! We close the disgraceful and humiliating re- cord with a feeling of relief. It is absolutely painful to follow a Representative of Vermont through a course of political action so utterlv shameless in its inconsistency and sclf-stultili- cation. W o will only add that tho nomination of Mich a man to the highest office in the State was a proceeding in which those who brought it about consulted as little the reputation of tho candidate as they did the dignity and respecta- onuy oi me electors. I1T Wo have received two communications from our esteemed and ingenious friend, the Editor of the Vermont Autograph, arguine; with much earnestness and zeal against the nomina tion ot Lien. Taylor for tho Presidency. As we have neither nominated the gallant General for that station, norargued in faior of his nomi nation, our Triend "J.J." will, wo trust, per ceive an appropriateness, at least, in our with holding tho use of cur columns for the expres sion of tlio opinions of an individual against it. It is our desire and intention to support the nominee of tho Whig National Convention for tho exalted oflico in question. We havo no hesitation in saying to our friend " J, J.", how. over, that we shall not support any man for the Presidency whose political principles are not wcll-delined, and thoroughly Whig who is not in faior of a Protective Tariff, and of the Great Principle of progreesivo Freedom con- tained in the Wilmot Proviso. Our opinion is that this Country might as well he ruined by tin- direct agency of man as " by the visitation of God;" and tho latter ought, by all reasonable calcu'-ition, to follow a further deliberate. tx tension, under this Government, of the practice and dominion of Slavery ! "J. J." admits himself to be somewhat "riled" because wo do not think proper to publish his communications. We cannot help that; and we can only say that ho fj jaerfectly at liberty to inform tho public, as he threatens, through " our neighbors of the Sentinel and Gazette" that " thero is one Whig in Vermont that won't go for Taylor." We doubt not those pro-slavery organs will grab his communications with re freshing pleasure. The columns of the Free Press, however, are not at tlio disposal of thoso who write to oppose tho nomination of General Taylor, until something.moro is known about his owb and political principles. We don't mean to run before we sco the danger approach ing, nor to light before we havo a substantial opponent. Nothing. Sister Briggs of tho Gazette says when she Is prepared ' to enter upon an everlasting contro versy about nothing," sho will try to answer the Voice of Freedom's questions. Wo certainly don't know of a person who is better "prepared," by previous training, to enter upon such a con trovcrsy at once, than our irritable sister. If tho controversy wero to bo about something, we should adiniro her prudence. Our charming friond also says t,hc regards tho Delloics Falls Gazelle as " beneath her no tice," as being " deficient in common decency." We trust our friend Moore has taken no im proper liberties with this Ihird-party Vestal. " tzr We would Inform the Editor of the Burling-1 ton t rcc Press that he is entirely in error in reference to the political character of our father, as he was ever a warm and zealous Democrat from the first formation of parties in this country, to the day of bis death In 1816. His Imprisonment for months under the Sedi tion Lnw of the elder Adams, would not tend to con vert him to federalism, and he was a warm supporter ofthewarof 1912, as his son J. C. is of that ol Mex ico of 18IG. llaswells Bennington Gazette. Wo very cheerfully give our contemporary tho benefit, If he esteems It one, of the foregoing paragraph In our columns. But If " J. C." per suades himself that, by being "a warm sup porter of the War with Mexico," ho is " follow ing in the footsteps of his illustrious predeces sor," he will pardon us for expressing the opin ion that ho is laboring under the strongest kind of delusion. This dispoition to draw a parallel between the War of 1812 with Great Britain, declared by the constituted and constitutional authority of the land, and waged for the main tenance of a great principle of national right and national honor, and this poor war against a neighboring weak and distracted Republic, precipitated, at least, by tho unauthorized act of the President alone, without adequate cause and for partisan purposes, is quite common with tho country Locofoco press. The only point in which their utmost ingenuity can ttptnrt ft rnanml.l., I.i.n Imliennit tl.t ttt.n ti.aa , , . ... ..V... tll. 1,,'...K. ft PUUKM? of the American People! There is not another fratum of simihiritv between "tho war of 18IQ" and the Mexican War; while tlio features of dissimilarity are as deep and as marked as aro the valleys on the face of the earth ! But, for the purposes of partisan controversy, this ono immaterial and inconsequential circumstance or resemblance is quite enough; and so wo hive the silly and empty cry, "the Federalists of 1812 are the Whigs of 181(1," in the very teeth of the well-known fact, that prominent among tiio supporters of Mr. Polk's administration, and holding high places in his Cabinet, aro many cf the bitterest ami most vindictive of the old Fed oral Party ! Verily, the weapons of Locofoco ism are as sharp and keen as tho powter sword of the school-boy ! We cravo permission, in this connection, to say a word to tho staunch and true Whigs of Old Bennington the battle ground of such Whigs as Stark and Warner. It has been whispered abroad that tho " family quarrel" that lias arisen between tho two sections of the Lo cofoco party in that County is likely to involve a portion of the Whigs, and even to endanger u.u .nng supremacy thero! Will the Whigs of Bennington permit the result to justify this rumor i in uiey permit local causes to blind meir eyes to tho dishonorable inferences that would be drawn from even the nominal triumnli of Ijcofocoism J Will they consent to be set down as upholding the weakest and most cor- rupt Administration that has ever been inflicted upon the Coutitry, and the War for tho support ana extension of Slavery which that Adminis. irauon nas lastened upon tho Country J We hope better tilings of them. This is not a day, it appears to us, for yielding or compromising i-rincii-lfs. ii tho Whigs wero ever called on to adhere witli unflinching fidelity to the great aim oi goon government, which has banded them together, it is note now when other con siderations than those of Illness and political principle aro in clanger of controlling men's minus in weir selection of candidates fur office. If, as wo bcliove, Whig Principles aro worth contending for, if they lie at tho foundation of our national prosperity, he is the best Whig and the truest patriot who is most uncompromislnir ill their Sllnnnrt U'hnn pnmnmmlm ,nnM,.lin, J him in its most plausible shape ! Tho timid and tho wavering aro firm and stout-hearted in tho day of triumph, but it is tho brave and the thoughtful who gather strength and courage from adverse influences. We shall doubtless bo told that tho political affairs of Bennington County are no concern of ours. Wo aro, however, as littlo in tho habit of regulating our notions of duty, as we aro our political views, by the standard of lxcofocoism. Correction. In our notice of the Commencement exercises of the University, last week, a typographical error occurred in the name of Augustus P. Hun ton, of Chelsea, upon whom, among others, the Honorary Degree of A. M. was conferred. Mr. Huntoii, (whoso name was erroneously printed " Hunter,") is a gentleman well entitled to the honor bestowed upon him. He is a son of Dr. 1 Iunton, ol Hyde Park, in Lamoille Co., who is known by our scientific men, as an industrious and meritorious Naturalist. Wo aro glad to embrace tho occasion to ex press our gratification that the Degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred by the University up. on the Rev. John A. Hicks, of Rutland. The distinction Is a well-merited one. The Rev. Mr. Hicks is a gentleman of rare attainments, and probably one of tho best classical scholars in our Stato. To the unobtrusive excellencies that belong to tho character of a Christian Mini-tor. ho luhN tlio disposition and the habits of! the Student in an unusual degree; nnd wo ro- joico to record tho bestowment of a literary compliment mat reflects back upon tho Univer sity tlio dignity and the honor it confers. Another LxrREss Race from Montreal to Boston came otj on the arrival of the last steamship, and that by the Concord ond Central route beat its opponent by about twenty hours. We have not the exact time, but from Boston to Montpclicr was done in twelve hours. Montpclicr Watchman. Our neighbor of tho Watchman is perversely verdant. Tho "opponent" alluded to ran no express " on tho arrival of the last steamer," as our wide-shooting friend probably knew. The Brandon I oice thinks such positivo or construct ive "story-telling" as this entitles our friend Walton to admission into the " third party." ll'e express no opinion on so delicate a subject: only wo will say that "twenty hours" is no great shakes of a beat, against a man who did'nt run at all ! The H'(cniai was pleased, two or three weeks ago, to e;iy, point blank, our statement that the Express that teas run over the Kccno and Rutland Road, on tho arrival of the Caledo nia on the 4th ult., reached Montreal "seven hours in advance " of " its opponent." We are obliged to say that our friend is zealous beyond knowledge here, also. Welme tlio assuranco of the gentleman who arranged, and paid for, the Express over the Keeue and Rutland Route, that our statement was strictly correct, and that Messrs. Cook, Fielu & Co. and Mr. Church DID get their Express Into Montreal seven hours in advanco of I he Concord and Montpe lier Express. Tho difierenco is considerable, but it is " a fixed fact,, nevertheless. Tho Ogdcnsbnrgh Itntlrond. 1 We find In tho last St. Latorcnce Mercury an elaborate and very able Petition to tho New rork Legislature against the present location of the Ogdensburgh Railroad, as made by Mr. Hay wart). It is said to b the production of Silas Wright, which may account for its length as well as its ability. It prays for the interference of the Legislature of New York (which, as our readers are aware, retained, by especial provision In the charter, the power " to alter, repeal or amend,") to prevent what it ar gues to be the present unjust and improper loca tion a location not being, to use the words of the charter, " best adapted to the public accom modation." Tho following aro somo of the concluding paragraphs of the Petition: The matter seems to the undersinned, to resolve It self into this narrow compaw: The Kncincer has recommended an erroneous Line, and the Directors, against the calm dictates of their own judgments, have adopted that recommendation, because they have feared that stock, sulxcribcd in fonn but not in fact, would not be taken if they madea location vary ing from the Engineer's Report. The undersigned cannot believe that Eastern capi talists are so very capricious, as that they will persist In preferring a wrong location to a right one, for an improvement, in which they are to invest their money. Be that, however, fis it may, the undersigned prefer an appeaho the Legislature of their State, having constitutionally in charge the guardianship of their similiter to tliei'i0" " ''-"n W " Engineer who Is a mm "with "l em InXlrl ill,er,,ls in coln- '1 liat Appeal Uiey now make, and they respectfully pray the Legislature to , inquire Impartially inlo this subject, so deeply interesting to the Northern Counties of this Stale, and cither by law to direct sucha speci fic location of the proposed Railroad, as shall secure its construction upon a line convenient to the business r .I.-:. r..... . . . . of their County, and as near as practicable to the mi 1 regions, the resources of which it 1 the great ob. ject todevelope : or, that the Legislature will, itself, apunintCommision',r'.ui)ticht and disinterested men to examine the Country aid the Surveys, ahd locate the road as they shall think required by the great public interests of Northern New York ; or for such uther and further relief as the Legislature, in its wis dom, may see fit to grant. From the Wnr Exciting News ! Wo aro under special obligations to Mr. Houghton of tlio N, Y. Express, tor New York papers of Monday evening, containing Telegra phic accounts of another Great Battle be tween Gen. Scott and Santa Anna in which the latter was routed. The following is the Telegraphic Despatch of the Tribune : Richmond, Monday, Aug. 93 P. M. The Southern mill Ins just arrived, and bring! the Afic Orleans National of the 2d, which contains the intelligence that General Scolt nnd his victorious army entered the City of Mexico on the 17th July. The news was brought by a courier from the cily to Vera Cruz. Aflprlpnvinn P...l.ln n.. I O .. 1 opposition at Kio trio, as wasanlicipated.but found 'no enemy eight miles this side the Capital, drawnup in full force tooppose him, under Santa Anna. oeott immediately gave battle, and for a longtime the field was stoutly contested. At length the Mex icans gave way.nnd a total rout ensued. Our loss was 300 hilkd and wounded. The slaugh ter of the Mexicans is said to have been immense. As soon as the battle was decided, the civil autho rities of the city came out tomeet Gen. Scott, nnd forthwith capitulated. Our troops then took posses sion of the capital, and the Stars and Strifes now FLOAT OVER THE HALLS OF THE MoNTEZt'MAS. How much of the foregoing is true, remains to bo seen. Now tell us all about the wnr, And what they killed each other for." 'Our loss Was 300 klllr.l mi. I u-niin.l,l Ti.e slaughter ol the Jlexicans is said to have been inr mense," The foregoing ari- thst wurds of tho Tele graphic DesjHttch announcing the last " Great Victory." 300 American citizens "killed and wounded" and the " slaughter" of the Mexicans immcnso ! And now il somo " good friend of Cresar " will be so obliging as to tell us what this pleasant and highly creditable performance of this civilized and christianized Government is for, we will be very glad. Is it to "conquer" or " purchase " a Peaco J or is it to show " for eigners" how "almighty smart" tlio universal Yankee nation is? How much longer is it con templated to Hog and " slaughter" these misera ble Mexicans in order to cover the American name with "glory"! Ij'The Washington Vnion says tho Presi- dent returned from his northern tour " better qualified to tho dischargo of the duties of his of fice." Wo hope so, in all conscience ! He certainly has resided a long whilo at tho South without having acquired any very considerable qualifications. Tho country has had about enough Presidents, we humbly imagine, who got all their wisdom South of " .Mason & Dixon's Line." A I ankee has invented a new kind of ink, called the love-letter ink." which is a sure safe.irnnr.l nuainst aeuons inr breaen oi nrotniAe nt mirnnrr. na the ink fades away and leaes the sheet blank, in about four weeks after the letter has been written. Ex. paper. Somo of this description of letters aro blank enough without any fading on the part of the ink. Cause nnd Effect. The Vt. Patriot, speaking of tho report that certuin friends of Gen. Worth had paid ofT a moitgago on certain property of i.i:?, says : The Albany Atlas spoils the pre tty6tory thai"Gen. Worth's whig friemU" bnL geueroiWy rnieed a mort gage on Improperly. Gen. V. is a democrat and the mortgage stitt remains. As to the political opinions of the gallant Gen eral wo pretend to know nothing, though wo believe he is a whig j but the reasoning ot the Patriot is conclusive " Gen. W. is a demo crat, and the mortgage still remains "! A great " boo" and no " colt" at all t Tho Vermont Patriot's " D5 instances of Wanton Murder, Robbery and Aggression" com mitted by Mexicans upon us poor tame-spirited Americans, (ell as dead from its press as a piece of soft putty! Hardly a Locofoco paper in tho State thinks so meanly of itself, or dares to think so meanly of its readers, as to bestow a passing notice upon tho shallow device ! By tho way, the Patriot has not yet found it convenient to answer our respectful enquiry as to tho necessity of justifying " the causes" of this War, which it says Mexico commenced on us. We can wait. The Dyi.vo Wish. A little Sunday school girl, when dying, wished her mother to put no roses round her head in the coffin, and on being asked why not, raid, " because Christ's head was crowned with tlionis.' I his beautiful thought has been versified by James Montgomery, Esq. : " Mamma." a liille maiden ani.1. Ahiioot with her expiring sigh, ' "' no aweet roses round my head, ., '"n m "iy coffin dress I he." Why not, my dear," the mother cried, " What flower W..11 . r.,r. ,lr. 1l "' Mamma," the. innocent replied, , .J hey crowned our Saviour's head with thorns.1 Tho August Elections Cheering News I Within the last ten days, elections for Mem bers of Congress, Sic, havo taken placo in In diana, Alabama, Iowa, Kentucky, North Caro lina, Tennessee, and Virginia (to supply tho vacancy caused by tho death of Mr.Dromgoole.) Tho intelligence so far is of tho most gratifying and cheering character. Even In Kentucky, whero it has boon apprehended that local causes would operate unfavorably upon the Whig cause, tlio Whigs havo done NonLY electing eIgiit and perhaps nine, of tho ten representatives to Congress I Glorious old Kentucky ! In the last Congress she stood 7 Whigs to 3 Locos. The following are the results so far as heard from : Whigs in Italics. INDIANA. 1817. 1815. Dist. 1 R. Dale Owen. R. Dale Owen. " S John S. Davis. " i Caleb B. Smith. " 5-William VV. Wick. " 7.'. IV. Thompson. " 8 David Brier. " O-Chs. W. Cathcart. Thomas J. Ilcnlev. Caleb B. Smith. William W. Wick. F.d. IV. McGaughey. John Petit. Gluts. W. Cathcart. In tho last Congress the Indiana delegation stood 8 Locos and two Whigs I VIRGINIA. Dist. 2 R. K. Meade. George C. Dromgoolc. KENTUCKY. AVi Congress. Dist. 4 J,il wla.ic. ' 5.. B. Thompson. ' 6G. Adams. " 7 G. Jlntiran. " 8 ('. A. Morthead. " 'lr..M Cox. " 10 J. P. aiines. Old.Cotisrcsi. Jophna !: Veil oung, Martin. Thomasson. Oar is. 'Irumbn. Tibbatts. Tho I. II. III. Districts to bo heard from. Tho 1st has, no doubt, re-elected Doyd, loco ; but tho other two have probably elected Wad cell and Todd, Whigs. NORTH CAROLINA. A few returns from North Carolina look well for the Whigs. Outlaw, Whig, is chosen to Congress Irom the Northampton District. A Whig gain. , No serious doubt of the election of Donnel, Whig, in the Beaufort District another gain. No returns from the otlicr states named The Whig gain thus far, as will be perceived, is four members certain, and probably six. fir." The I.orofnrn innrnnla t-nr.lv in tl.o r..-nna brought against .Mr Dillingham by saying that he sns-1 tains" an irreproachable private reputation"! They r . I ' 1 "c uuugcu wime m congress that he hilled to' stand up to the rack ' like a man, and thus endeavor to change the subject. Now we do not pretend to know anything of hi private relations, and would not even insinuate that this declaration of hia friends is other than true ; but it is his ;jWi'e life lhat we would criticise, that the eople may not be igno rant of the manner in which he ha hitherto acted as one of their servants. Will the Locofocos ' lace the music' ! Bennington State Banner. We notice that it is Ilaswell's Gazette (Ben- "?M' " "!,'1110,0 11,0 remc,l' "ff?ested nington) that speaks of Mr. Dillingham's " irrc-' Wr prove Cq'U,"' ciricacio """.though, nroachable me rennt.ition " nnd nmnn. it'0' co"rse' wo Pretend to no knowledge of the rn .,,. ,. wo .i jii?iiiiiauuji ui un inmiiier oi puotic ucrciic- tions ofduty on the part of that distinguished "slidiiig-gunter" politician. Other locofoco papers in tho Stato cither maintain a judicious silence in regard -to the disgraceful dodging of their gubernatorial candidate, or utter soft words about his nice "private" character. Now wo would thank any ono of these politi cal casuists to point out to us now' a dishonest, truckling, trickish and double-dealing public course is compatible with an "irreproachable priiate" character, to ray nothing of "tho bubble reputation" ? Neither this nor any oth er Whig paper in tho state, has assailed what is properly tho " private reputation " of Mr. Dillingham. Wo know littlo, and care less, about it; only we hope (though it may be against hope ) that his conduct as a Reprcscn- tatne ol the people of ermont in Congress is no true index to it. This twaddle about " privato reputation " is rathcrsickening. We and otlicr Whig Editors charge that Mr. Dillingham while in Congress and claiming to rei-resent the people of Ver mont, dared not manfully stand up to his du ty, but meanly and ignobly and in a spirit of truckling to tho slavcmaking " democracy " of tlio boutli, UUDUhD important questions, re fusing to give his vote upon them at all, or giv ing it in a manner utterly inconsistent and con tradictory. This is the specific charge which wo will thank these hair-splitting metaphysi cians to meet. And what tinder the broad can opy of heaven this has to do with his " priiate reputation," excepting to give our readers an indifferent opinion of it, we are at a loss to per ceive ! Will some Iicofoco paper in Vermont be good enough to deny that Mr. Dillingham voted six teen times against the " Tariff of '46", twice for it, and once dodged it ! If ho did'nt we will agree to vote for him for President ! Now, gentlemen, let Mr. Dillingham's " pri- yate reputation " tako care of itself awhile, if it I is so tcry" irreproachable," and try your hands on Ins public one. Concert. We are desired to give notice (which wo do with pleasure) tiiat Messrs. Bailey &. Merri man, with their Band of colored Musicians, will give another of tluir pleasant Concerts, THIS EVENING, at Strong's Hall. The Music pro duced by this Band is of a rare order of merit both as to character, and stylo of execution, and has been listened to with delight wherever it has been performed by them. We believn Messrs. B. &. M. and their associates to bo vory worthy young men, and well entitled to tho generous patronage of the public. The County Convention. Contrary to our wish and expectation wo wero unable to attend the Whig County Con vention, at Williston, on the 31st. ult. Wo understand that the attendance was unusually largo. Tho nominees aro Dr. Jamin Hamilton of Jericho, and Alexr. Ferguson Esn., of Hunt ington, gentlemen well known as capablo and intelligent men, and staunch, rcliablo and thor ough-going Whigs. Dr. Hamilton's name has onco before been presented for this nomination by hit moro immetliato friends, and wo look upon this ratification of their wishes as an cm. denco of the meritorious character of his claims upon tho Whigs of tho County. Mr. Ferguson is an intelligent merchant in Huntlngton.whose strong sense, business habits, and sound Whig principles furnish the best evidence that ho will make a good legislator. I he day of election Is near at hand. We trust the Whigs of Chittenden County are pre pared for the contest, assured that "a full vote is a Whig victory." tSFThe Central Railroad Company has purchased iiidsome depot grounds in this village, on Slate reet. onoosite the Piivilinn mid State House vard. Fiteiburg stoek now brings 30 per cent, odt ance, and Cheshire 3. IS Vt Watchman. A fresh illustrntiou or Virginia Abstrac tionism, From the Washihglon Union. Tho Philadelphia " North American " says : The absurdity and Inconsistency of the coure of the administration are admirably hit oirin the follow ing, from Prentice : " The Washington Union says that 'the wlilgs ore for loose construction of the constitution, and the dem ocrats for a rigid construction of that instrument., We suppose that to construe the constitution loosely is to go for the improvement of our rivers and harbors, while to construe it rigidly is to go for the digging of the Teuhantepec canal in Mexico." Another paper piys us the honor of uniting our name with that of Mr. l'olk in the same senteneend representing both as being in faor of dinging this ca nal by the luuds of the federal government. Anxious as we are to obtain the right of tray for this purpose as we presume the President is we jay for ourselves (and we would risk little in joining him in the same sentimeni) that we are opposed, nnd on constitutional grounds, to the digging of this or any canal by the resources of the government of the United States. This is exceedingly rich ! In their mad am bition for conquest, and their blind zeal to an nex all Mexico and California to the Slave-holding portion of tho Union, Ritchie and Polk en tirely overlooked their attachment to the 'resolu tions of '98', their "strict construction" and "no Internal improvement" hobbies. So the government Editor launched out In avision(ncar lyas sublime though not quite so obscure as one of the SentineVs) of the glorious results to be se cured by "purchasing "the Isthmus of Tehtian teppe for the purpose of uniting tho Atlantic and Pncilie Oceans by a magnificent Ship Canal ! The fierce old gentlemen was quite carried away with the splendor of his own conceptions until brought up by tho spectre of " Internal Im provement" nnd " construction," when he sud denly sinks from tho shrill treble of delight to the double bass of disappointment ! lie now goes for " the right of way," but is " opposed, and on constitutional grounds " (the old phrase ology !)to digging the canal ! ! O, rare old Ritch ie ! Ho would stretch the constitution to the grand larceny point for the purpose of getting ("recto si possit, sed rem) a " right of way," and then contract it, like an india-rubber string in cold weather, lest his right of way should 1k used ! The Hots. The leading article tinder tlio Agricultural heading, in the last Montpclicr Patriot, is en titled " Tlio Bots," and proceeds to furnish a recipe for tho cure of that distressing complaint I matter our attainments in tlm vninri..-,r,. . being exceedingly limited. Wo tako tho liberty to suggest, however, tlm our neighbor of the Patriot send a copy of tin: number of his paper to the Executhe Depart mental Washington, to be pi iced on file for re ference and use. The lafe Virginia election renders it quite probable that tho complaint that proved so troublesome to Captain Tyler will af flict Colonel Polk, during tho approaching ses sion of Congress. The Seiniimry. The Scmi-Annual Examination, at the Bur lington bcmale Seminary, took place on the 2d and 3d instant. Wo regret that our engage ment3 prevented our having the pleasure to at tend. The Exercises are spoken of as bavin" been of the most interesting character, display ing in a marKed and satisfactory manner the proiiciency ot tho pupils under the judicious and excellent system of Instruction pursued by U1B nev. Mr. UONVERSE. and his rnmnnlnnt board of teachers. It allords us great pleasure to learn that the bennnary is in a llourMiing and prosperous condition, securing tho srati tude of its patrons and the favor and approbation of the public. It is a valuable contributor to tho progress of sound education in our state. The number of pupils during the Academic year just concluded was one hundred and four teen, being a largo increase over any previous yeai. Union College. OTA correspondent of tlio N. Y. Tribune, writing of the Commencement exercises at this nourishing College, which took place on the 28th ult.,says : . The humanizing influence of Literature is in noth ing more strikingly uisplacd than in ihe harmony and le lowshiiiwiih which men of all political parties nnd r ,iiuujnucis nut-; un iu oroau aiu lony table-Ian I Ins was strikingly exemplified in the Addres.es iu I de.l!vfrlat the Anniversary of the Union College, lo'thesa.ne'ioS a K&,3aK . .. i...Nvu.,-aii iiievupui uisnup uuu a 1 restiyterian Divine. Tho writer then speaks in high praise of the addresses of the Rev. Mr. JIalley, Theodore Sedgwick Esq., the Rt. Rev. Bishop Potter ofPenn., and of George P. Marsh. Of the latter gentlemen he says : " On Tuesday evening Hon. George P. Marsh, of llurlmgtoil, delivered a most comprehensive nnd pro found address upon " The Science of JIhtory ;" what it had been, and what it should be, particularly in A merica. Hitherto History has been hllle more than n record ol wars and outward tircunistaiices.overlook iiiitiiei.iwardnian. llistor.anshaie been but mere ule. i.iui3,iir, uiiumivewniten ior rulers, not lor the neo- 1 he domestic hie ol nations is, however, that wiiRii siiouui or especially recorded. We want ur iiioimjr ui iiutciiiuiriiu., um turn ui .nan, l he auaini Chronicles ol the Middle Ages contribute to ibis much, though unconsciously, amid their labors to prove that Adam and Eve spoke Low Dutch in Paradise, that Odin ar.d Ulysses were identical, and that Plato's Atlantis was in Sweden. Antinunrinn istory knowledge is here invaluable. The investigation of the age and authenticity of manuscripts has become a science. In our country a new ond superior school nf history may be expected. The history of one year of vue vi um Auumic aiuieit, is an epuome oi a r.uro. pean century. From such a history as should be w nt len, we would leorn our dangers and our duties; and we should look to Europe for learning, but for ins truction, to our fathers and their God." Wo learn from the same writer that Eighty members of the graduating class received the first decree inlhe Arts: nm! that nl A. M. un. conferred on twenty-seven in course. The total num ber of undergraduates in the catalogue of the present term is inree nunarea. Mr. Dillingham We are glad to notice the abuse the federal paiiers heap upon Air. Dillingham. It is a lavorable omen ol his success. From the dajsol " toe icorsmpper of tieenty Gods or no i.oa as tne Watchman stigmatised Thomas Jellenon, whenever, towards a man, the full tide of federal abuse sets, it may safely be calculated that the federal parly ore in trouble, If the ineiieons could only know, for one moment, how their attacks griete Mr, Dillingham mid his friends I lliev would have a tittle mercv. I low goes rree Trade, gentlemen and how is i 001. Wo cut the foregoing from the .Montpclicr Patriot. Our readers will remember that wo intimated to them that this would bo the char acter of the replies of the locofoco papers to the grave charges brought against Mr. Paul Dilling ham. Such twaddle is humiliating only to the party and its candidate. As tho measures of the one and the conduct tho other are suscepti ble of no better defensive argument, we ought, pcrnaps, 10 uc content. Tim Inlcst news Irom N, Y. If thero is nny tiling wo do especially like, it is accuracy in giving the news. We cut the following paragraph from tho lat N. Y. Tri bune, in who'e columns it stands as straight as though it knew something I VW" At the University of Vermont Commence, ment on Thursday, there were 'ii graduates. An I L. D. was conferred upon one James IWn. Addres ses were delivered before the Societies, Alumni, &c. by Dr. Ld. Ileccher, of Boston, (on Pantheism,, lion. Jacob Collamer and (.'has. II Vote. John Henry Hopkins.Jr. was the Poet of the occasion. Anion the guests present were Cat. Syleester and Copt, IV. S. Henry of Buena Vista" .' Now look at it ! Our Commencement was on Wednesday there were 21 graduates an address was delivered by Richard II. Vose Col. Sylvester Churchill, U. S. A. was pre sent, as was Capt. W. S. Henry, though the latter gallant officer, much to his regret, never saw Buena Vista. The Tribune can take our hat ! (For the Free Press. Friend Clarke: I have on my mind about thes days what I was taught to believe was true when a boy, as to the character of a Democrat. Dusne, of the Aurora, about the first of November, 179P, called upon Cobbelt, who was then publishing the Porcupine Ga zette, to give the " character of a Democrat." In his Gazette of Nov. 7ih, 17S3, Cobbelt replied : " A Ilemocriit's picture li easy to draw, He can't learn to obey, but will govern, the law, His manners unsocial, his temper unkind, He's n rebel in conduct a t)rant in mind : He is envious of those who have riches and power, Discontented, malignant, implacable, pour, Never happy himself, he would wish to destroy The comforts and blessings which others enjoy " Again, at an after period, Cobbelt said he knew not "what to compare a Democrat with except it was a mammoth of an Angel which Mahomet saw on the way to Heaven. '1 his mammoth of an Angl had 70 ,000 heads, and each head 70,000 mouths, ond each mouth 70,000 tongucs.and each tongue consinntlyem plojed in reviling honesty, cursing all good govern nienl,nud blaspheming God." I am rather inclined to believe lint in 1733 both of the above pictures were true to the letter. I nm un able to discoter but what the first is a true picture of a Democrat A. D. 1817, and the latter won true A. D. 1798, and n true comparison A. D. 1317 From the early writings of the Political Fathers of the New Hampshire Grants, I have come to the con clusion that the fol'owing is the platform on which they founded their political creed as to the character of a Whig. " Character of a Green Mountain Whig One who is attached to no part7 or faction, bat to things , to Truth, to Justice, to Liberty, to Virtue, nnd to hu Country. Attached to men who are attached to these Attached to them no longer than they are attached to these. Unawed by power or menaces, attached to these not nciing like drones, to reap what others sow, but cheerfully acting their part in society " Aboe you hate the character of n Democrat, and the Whig platform. Dj improve upon the Whig platform, if possible. We hae had fine weather for a'few dajs past but this forenoon it rained much, so I devoted a few mo ments to writing the foregoing. 1 will, next rainy forenoon, write out a Whig's con fession of political faith. A Farmer General I'illoir. A letter from Terete sav "V. regret extremely tint Mojor-Ueneral Pillow has re turned. We had l atlerer nniulu. .l-.. l. I... J home In slur' il nwhll. .. .1 .. . "c os a spoiled schoolboy looks In his comrades Ibr a fmir -ation, without knowing precisely what for. I have been over the irronn, m IVrrn C....I.. ...j . m.e .. ." - uir urui it1 lied that not one half of the trail T .7S Ye' be7n told' Willi reirard to the mrt r.nr ..1... . .7 'Vla business The truth is. ,e knows noth'ingVf n Ij J" ollairs. and has the presumption of the d-1 hit "if'.. Boston Courier. u. Friend Clarke has one nf his lnw r.,,.1 , m the la-l l iee Press, in relation to the Saranac dilli cully. e lliink he is the last person to make light of such things, lor il he should happen to be out where he is not known, he would be very likely to get served We would try not to make a fool of o irselvea if we did though, even then, we should !m e to run our chance of being made publicly ridicti- lous by tho maudlin sympathy of our sister of tho Gazette. From the MidJlebury Galaxy, -tlnldlebiiry College. COMMENCEMENT For onee tlltrin.r r. c . briehl oi. ComSi T. 5? m of the College buildm'gs, composed; of the ii, the Faculty, the students, the alumni of .clergymen and oilier re-peetable gentle. rV Class, ttlin mnr.l...l . .1. I, . corporation me cone: M. took their seats m ihe Congregational Chuicli r,i i, tJ ....... xiiuu on q umnus of i he college, whose noble zeal in the cause of educa. ..on nu iy em ties nun to the thanks of every enliEht ened citizen ol Vermont without distinction if sect or t.B The following order of exercises was observed. 1. Prayer, bythe President, .ATINtiALl-TATORY, FRANCIS DaKE, CdslctOll. G. N. Boardma v, Caslelon. 7. Collccy- A- K r"u- -V Y- " 01 eery age and each profession, Men err the most by prepossession." q n .m L - '!'xn'i Croir 'n roint, ,Y. V, . Oration 1 he influence of Poetrv, n V. 0- Gorham, II 'est Rutland, Vt. 9. Orition Misapplication of Talents J W ll.-v, !'.. -V T Oration The Aristocracy of intellect ' ' , D.J.hvoN, MidJlebury. Oritio.v I he relation ol obedieneeto f reedom. P J.Mvess, ai;.;,jin,.V. V. LiurCoff.V; S Min-rtvni.r II- . . 'J.- 11. Oratmiv T'nrrii . "'fioru. it-..,,. , J. n n J li 'l'w.riattsburi;y. ': 15. OruTio.N--.gencyor iSib!e Nature m the deeloK'ment ol Vlmd, r Wv U WlNcllESTlK, Madrid y. V, lt. Degrees Loxierred, 17 Pruer, by the l'resident. 13, Benediction-, The Degree of A. B. was conferred on the follow in young gemleinen m Francis Drake. G.N. Boardman. 1.1). Burwell V H. Dean, A. L. Eerest,C C llixbv II ii n . ' ' I). J. Lyon. P J. 11. Myers.i;. C S rone S (&h1an' dale J. II Trowbridge W' WmchSter: The Honorary Degree ol A M was r eKf ' the Kev. Joel IhWham ol Clurhme rv l"d T Fennel of (Jlens Fall,. Y.nnd VM ,) AnJrTJ' of Manchester Vt. A Uurtiham The Honorary Decree of n n ..... r the Rev Jonathan cfemem of Tnmh, eif?m n Henry Smith Mariette Oliio an 1 il p 1 I.".1V,r llev Lewis rT II. oiall .Kepoorh, the'holS'1 ,bo 6U'''U it..1IrV.-T0 Uead W'en on the Railway By holding u card over tho li kT. .. ...v .uiuiiipieieiiessoi mstory. I. ). IliRwiLL, Croicn Point, X V 5. Oration Literary Fame, r n V-.,U' Pleasant Valley, y. Y, o. Oration The Uuest on. I MriTrnv Tl,n ;n

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