Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 27, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 27, 1847 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

! IIUUIiliAOTOiV, I' KID AY IIOKMX-, AUtiUST 27, 1817. IVcw Series, Vol. S 1V0. 0. Vol. XXI. Whole Wo. 10.V-S Burlington Free Press. Published at Hurlington, Vl.,1 II)' n. w. o. CI.ARKH, Editor and Proprietor. Tcrmn To Village subscribers who receive the paper by tlic carrier, $4,50 If paid in advance, 2,00 Mail subscribers and those who take it at the Office, invariably, 2,00 II paid in advance, . 1,50 ADvrr.TlsE.Mr.NTs inserted on the customaiy terms. From the N. Y. Tribune. .Monody Vn the Death of Dr. Jas. Maksii, of Burlington University. " The word of wise men arc heard in qiiieUninre than the cry of him that mlctli among fools." Kccle suites ix. 17. A Light-mouse on the cor' of Sorrow, Washed by Hie wild, inionsiant waves, That cheered the gloom when winds abandoned With a ilreai howl their liullow eaves J And warned the mariner benighted Of perils thickening round his way, Flings on kite's ted of tloubled bo'uill Numori- its calm, benignant lay. In the full noontide of existence, C.i lied from a land of death and blight, A mighty spirit hath departed liack to the iountain-head of light. Not vainly his far-reaching vision Here tned to pierce the heart of things,' While yearned his high, progressive naluie lis thirst to slake at hejvenly springs. Thedaik arena where Ambition Wars with a git-nt world fur the ptizc, AnJ millions garner golden hai vests Was unallunng to his eyes. Upon the holy star of Conscience fixed was nil philosophic g-ize, While Error's comet, madly .hooting, Kound others flung misleading lavs. The quiet walks of Contemplation, Attended by pure thoughts he trod, And there, Earth's finite joy forgetting, Held high communion with his God. When faint the yoke of trial under, His solemn words of power and love Will prompt the baud, who heard his teachings, To snuleogiiu and look above : I,ook upward from this shaded v alley, And while the mist-clouds roll away, A gleam behold of light celestial Give earnest of Eternal day. Mourn not the. good, great man evanished, When ended is his uiis.iou heie Tli' liuus'ol his kind fnlber lieth 1 lev olid the grave-yard cold and drear By low, unearthly music, summoned "When ciumhlc. down th? prison walls, Souls for eternity tint hunger, Unmounted should (ly to cloudless halls. W. II. C. IIOSMER. -farm. From the Vt. Agriculturist :seslious to Cheese .linkers. There are s.une suggo-tinns of impor'sncc, Iwthod practiced ill nuking the celebrated Kng-li.-!i Cheshire Cheese, which we subioin : A very important point in Cheese-Making, is r'ie temperature if t!" milk when set. If this be too high, tlie curd will indeed 'come' quicker, hut both the qinnlity and quality of the cheese are deteriorated: if inn low, the curd is too long in githeriiig and compacting, that risk is in curred of its becoming i-our, and the cheese, when made, has be-ide, a tendency to green mould. From the careful observation of the author of the essay, it appears tho temperature at which milk is commonly set in the best dai ries is between 80 and 85 degrees. This point can. of cour.-o. only bo precisely determined by a thermometer. In American dairies, a much higher temperature is generally adopted com monly from 00 to DG degrees ; and tn this differ ence, may, we think, in part be ascribed tho ad' milted superiority of Cheshire cheese. The proper quantity of rennet can be best as ceitained by observing tho time required for the milk to coagulate ; since tho stronger tlie ren net, the quicker the coagulation, the tempera. ture being the same. Sufficient rennet is used to bring the cheese in about an hour and a quar tor. The consequence of putting in too much rennet is, that an unpleasant flavor or bitterness is theieby imparted to the cheese, and hence the importance ot using only just sullicient to an swer the de-ired purpose. Tho (I ivor also suf fers when rennets aio employed which havo not sufficient age; eight or ten' months is as iittle as is advisablo a year is better. Tho curd is brought to u fit stato for breaking, when tho color of the whey is a pale green, and separates distinctly from the curd on a slight pressure. The ijitintiti nf salt ustJ is 1 lb. to from 10 tn 45 lbs. ol dried cheese ; or on an average, 1 lb. to -15 lbs. of curd. I mm an rxponmcnl inado at the suggestion of tho writer of tho es say, ho is of tho opinion that a le-.s quantity eay 3-4 lbs. of salt to 42 lbs. curd would cause an improvement in quality. The gradual pressure th: curd, when put in press, very light at first, and increased as the cheese becomes dryer, is much reg.iided ; for, if this is not attended to, a considerable quantity of hutyr.iccous or oily mitter is furred out and the richness nf the cheeso (liinini-hed. The greatest diff-renco in the process pursued by Unglisli and American rheese-mikers, ap pears to consist in tlie length of time the cheese is pressed In Amnrici, this is soldoin moro th in 21 hours; in Cheshire, it is continued usually four days, anil in some dairies longer, the cheese being repeatedly turned. One great obstacle to the sale of American cheese in tliollnglish mar ket, is this deficiency in pressing, by which, it is complained, the keeping qualities of the cheese are impaired. Tho quantity of saleablo cheeso produced from a gallon of milk, supposing littlo or no cream lias been taken from it, is ono pound. In au tumn, there is more curd from tho same quan tity of milk than at any other part of the sea born Vrom the Vinrinnnli Utiztlle. Iiicrciuc or Sheep irusbiinUiy in the Ohio Valley. ,J0!'i"0,t read V"' of very Interesting urn, "tTn, '',"WislieJ ' National In telligencer, and ulsn i...... ,i. inii7.,,.,.l...iu . "ouiesuiig ii ri c es in that a iwble BS,ltllHiirul work or Mr. Skin tier, tho I armor's Library each si t oVvn the subject of t(.p husindry , U .Cth'e portions or our country. The-o articles a o l chcativo or moro attention heiiv. eiVen to il ls branch or busiues., ,!, I.ithert?, f and den vZ tlrate, too, that larger profits aro to bo real zed from this business farther South, than in tl,osU moro Northern latitudes of our country where hitherto, the most uttention has Wen jcsiWP,i on tho bubject by our farmers. Several years past, attention wus first attracted to thl ' ,i. lect, and it appears now that, us tho e.iwrlm,.,,i lias been tried further South, it bus proved sue- cesslul anil proiiiauio profitable, not only be ., ., ui. nrnecpil S'linih th,, wirmili ,,V ..i; ci.tsc .ts ut, proceed ..otith tho warmth ol clt mate lessens the attention which Is required to he given to the sheep in the severe winters of the North, nnd where tho expense of feeding is a great draft on the profit, but alo because lands are found cmlncntiv ndapted to the business, at one-twentieth the cost nt which they can be pur chased in Vermont. Massachusetts itc. Wo are Informed that some few years past, attention was directed to the hills and valleys of the Ohio. In Iventuekyymd.on careful exami nation largo bodies of land were found which wero but little used, of very low price, and were deemed much belter suited to the business of sheep husbandry than thoe lands where it was tuot exclusively carried on, fatthcr Noith. The climate was found so comparatively mild, as thai the sheep would require hut little or no care in winter; the soil was covered with a luxuriant growth of grass and vines nearly all the year, and protected from tho winds and weather by The experiment was tried, and proved suc cessful. A number of extensive sheep hnsband- mnn Jrnvn rail their ilnrks of sIlCCI) from Or- mnnt. nnd have been fnllv satisfied. A" these facts have heroine known In Yankee1 Land, and among our own people, l.irgohodiesof land have been bought up, with a view of being converted Inin dir.,.,, f irms ; and nuitn a number nf persons are arranging to drive their flocks to the Ken tucky hills, on or near the valley of the Ohm. I that lands have been found. peculiarly suited to the business, and having all !. i -. - i l. !.l ., fin- u-hir h t hp be idvaiitn.res above hinted at, for which the fanncrs have not paid over 80 an acre, and sold , their land in the North at -'.'5 to 830 thus, be- Vnnd the adVatltnirC Ot position, UOnv lllg, III m-- . . h I I. n,.vil. . iwincA 111 nrirn. 1 si III arifu i -nuuiiii k'' Iv increase their Hocks. Some sheep hums, we Inam. nrn now In successful nrogress.aticl stock ed with sheep of a class equal in quality to any ill the world. Indeed, we learn that the stock is sought after every where. The farmers engag cd have, in the product of wool Increase of flocks savings of expense had their rno-t san guine expectations realized. The consequence has been, that as the above became knovyn, more farmers of the North have directed their atten tion hitherwaid, nnd are preparing to diive their sheep to this valley. Our city, under this influ ence, is likely lo have a large increase of tho wool business, from tho Ohio. What is rather singular is, that lands should ho found at such a low price, on or contiguous lo tho Ohio, and within a diy's run nf a steam- boat from Cincinnati. Without other know ledge, it would be supposed tli lands on this river, lor use, would command a increase nf steamboat will never bo less than now. The demands fur fuel for these steamers of the West, are making sad havoc with tho forests along the riveis. A careful calculation nf a skilful engineer lias made his demand equal to 10,200,000 cords per annum a demand which, if near correct, will yearly sweep off large forests, lessen the supply, and increase very iiiucii mo vainu piu-ptcin-iji of the timbered lands near any of the streams. We are pleased to learn that many of the sheep farms now in operation, or preparing for the emtio, urn so near our rilv. This being the best market for wool, and so nerpssihlp. will rean advantages largely from this incrc.i'oof business in this valley ; whilst ,lin r.ei , if its beini' so (mod it market and so uc- ..ll.ln ...III nri.lnlitv inere:i.i -"-"""" lu "lis unej lot tm (ItUjmaw. Another Letter from .UiO. Downing. OX TJlt; 1I0AU TO THE WAS, Auo vst , 181" .lfr. Clitics it- Scntmi . My dear old Friends : I spoo you'll be amazingly disapinted to find I'm a way off here, piisliin on to the seat of war, and didn't call to see you when I como through Washington, Hut you mnst'nt blame me for it, for I could'nt help'it; tho President would'nt let me call ; he said I was getting quite too thick with you,writ ing letters to you and all that. And when ho spoke about tho letters, ho looked kind of red. and showed considerable spunk. Kays he Major Downing, I have put A good deal of confidenco in you as a friend or my ad ministration ; and ir ou aro a Iriend to it, you must Kt dales and Sc.iton alone ; keep out of their way and have nothing to do with them; they aro dangerous iiii-chief-making fellers, eternally p'-ckin at mv administration, all wea thers. I-t me try to keep things ever so snug, and lay my plans ever so deep, thev are sure to dig them all up, lug them into the Intelligencer, ami blizo 'email over the country. Confound their picturs, they me tho mo-t troublesome cus tomers an administration ever had ; they've come pretty near swamping tne two or three , linns Sn il vnii are mv irieni . I wan von ' o, it you are my inenii, i not lobe so thick with Wales and .Valon. Well, says I, Co!onel,you know I -am a friend . to you und your nduiiiiitratinn as tnurli as I ... . . 1. ,.1,1 il ,1 I !.,.. .1,.. t ..I ever was 1,.,, .h. . 1 mm ..,s .i .iaini-u.1- tion; nndl li ill stand by you and do every I thing I can to help you out of this scrape you'vo 'got into auoui tno war. uiu t unn l Know as tint tieeii inaKo me nrcuK wim ii ties aim ."sea ton. We've been old friends so long, it would bo kind uf hard for mo to give 'em up now ; and I don't hardly think they aro quito so bad as you think for when they put these things into iheir piper, and only put them incausjthcy think folks want tn know what's goin on. Mr. Ritchio soni"timesiut things into his p iper that fol'-s think don't do you no good. Th President give two or tluee hard chaws noon his end of tobicco, and fays he. Yes, Major, that's too true.it must be confessed ;and it annoys mo beyond all patience. Rut then 1 havo to forgive it und overlook it, because Mr. Ritchio don't mean it. Tho old gentleman i alvvays sorry for it, and always willing tn take it back. And then he's such a tuff old feller to fight the federalists, 1 can't have a heart to scold at him much about his mistakes and blunders. Well, says I, Colonel, being you'vo named fe deralists, I want to know if any of them auiin lis is really supposed to be alive any vv hero in the country now-a-davs. Seeing such awful ac counts about 'om'in the Union piper all the t me. I iririii red all tho way along throiigli rv-ew England, whore they used to bo the thickest, and I couldn't net track of ono ; and when 1 asked tut folks II there was any federalists any where in li.cm quarters, they nil stared tit mo and said tbpy .lid'nt know what kind of critters they was. When I got to Dowuingvillo I asked uncle Joshua about it. Ho said, in bis younger days them used to be rnn.iderublo many ol 'em about, but they vva-n t thought to be dangerous, tor ibev never was miirli frivcn to fighting. Rut he said he guessed they'd all died out long ago, fur ho liadn I como across ono this twenty years, So now Colonel, says I, how is it they aro so thick in Mr. Ritchie'.- piper all the timo ? ,t that he give me n very knowing itlnit ot n look, iiml lowered his voico down almost to a whisper ; and says he. Major, I'll toll jou how that Is. When Mr. Ritchie was a young man ho used to light a good deal with tho federalists, and took a good deal of pride iu it J mid nuvv the fancies and scenos of his youth all scorn to como hack fresh ti, lit u inin. I Im ,nti'l think nr talk ubout unv thlnrr nl.i, Vim know 1 hatV often timos the wav with old noonlo. As lie al Ways Used In h.ivn Ihn n-i,..n ,.f,. t.n.irl liirhl.i. 1 6 eumunnu o mo nowspapor oat- - tury horo to defend my admiiiittratU. Rut' i B"u nun mo command or ttio nowspapor bat much higher price. The lie i-ii t to go to t-cott nor l ayior, nor nave any- . tinc 'twas ns great a mistake; its 'twas when I suit Taylor into Mexico ; .t didn't know my mm. No matter what forces was gathering to over throw my administration. Mr. Ritchie somehow didn't seem to see 'cm j no matter how hard they fired nt me, lie didn't seem to hour it ;nnd when I railed to him lo tiro hack, lie would rouse tip and touch oft a few squibs with nbont as good aim as the hoys take when they fire crackers on the till of July, and did about as much execu tion. At last l found out a way that I could make the old veteran flpht like a'Turk and hold nn like a bull-dog. It was by giving- him n no tioti at any timo that ho was lighting with fede ralists. Since I made that discovery lie's been more- help to me. Whenever I see the enemy entrenching hiinclf around me, and bringing up his batteries to fire Into my administration, all I have to do i to whisper in Mr. Ritchie's oar and say, " Mr. Ritchie, the air smells of federalism ; jou may depend upon it there is federalists abroad somewhere. In a minute, you've no Idea with what fury the old gentleman flies round, and mounts his heaviest gnus, n nil sets his piper battery in a ro.-.r. His shot fly right und left, and sometimes knock down friends ns well as foes. To be sure they don't make a very great Impression upon tfio enemy i but then there's tin ndvantago in it : if he don't kill or heat nfl' the enemy, he keeps the ndininistm tinn so perfectly covered up with smoke that the enemy can't see half the time where to lire at us. On tile whole, Mr. Ritchie is a valuable: man to my administration, notwithstanding nil his mis- takes and blunders. Just then the door opened, and who should i uinu III inn. ,n Hiivmv null-mi. on UK ujiviivu ,1m .Inn, l.n l-nfr.,n,t llm cnlltwl ll.n fl,-,, 1 wl loor he ketcbed the sound of the two last words the President was saying. " Mistakes and blunders I" says Mr. Ritchie, I says he ; what, have you got something moro of Scott nnd Taylor's blundering in Mexico 1 Nothing more today, says tho President. 1 1 was only telling niamr gowning now meir blunders there have como pretty near ruining the country, and how Is it absolutely necessary lo get tho staff out of their hands some how or j other before they quite finish the job. I'm go- ing now- to try ono more, plan, Mr. Ritchie ; but uecare ,,, m.u jm. . u i ....,... K. in tho Union, and blow it all up. I tried once to send Colonel 1 enton on for tho same purpose, and Congress blo.vcd that up. Then I sent 1 r.st on lor tho same purpose, and Scott b owed , In in up. Now I'm going tn send Major Down-' . , " j,i , . , . . e ing, not as a regular Chaplain, but as a sort of in ii nni jieMCo.anu go rigni to o.uua vim nnu moon , up a bargain with him. I don t caro what he gives. Tho fact is Mr. Ritchie, the country needs peace, and 111 have peace, co.st what it W'lll. I , ........ , ,. ,. Aii excellent idea, savs Mr. Ritchie : an ex-' cellent plan. sir. I'm for peace nt all hazards, if it is to be found anywhere in Mexico th it is, if wo can get hold of it before Scott or Taylor does. And I think Major Downing is just the man for it a true, stanch democratic republi can ; und whatever bo does will go for the be nefit of the Administration Now the country's shins are acjiing pretty bad wilh the war, an.l if we can fix nn a cood smooth pence right off, nnd not let Scott nor 1 aylor nave any na.iu in . ..' . ..... . I nn iur iiiNoui .iiuiiu mm.,, uj.wi, ,i. win, jun nn . ,v (iilty inllucnces .tn . i.n, ,l.n... inM .ni.ll' In 1nTf ff present or prospcciim mi uiu ou.-iue.-s up uumiu any " diana Illinois, t .r. uiu ,nr tltiiue 1 r .lit ti-ltli ittn litll I f tvnrii 1114 Wit V 1111(1 t ,.,l,.j komi-s Vlr. I'resWuit imt it mi-nt m ikr-- T A , j,,,,,,,,,,,, dM 1Dt , our administration so popu ar that you and 1 , , ,, ' , . , . .., " ,, might both ho cloo.cl ' serve another f.iur'' . 'Jr "k! WJZ r- "- ye us. lint when is tho Major to st.ut ( Co' S 'A" of tlie L.mfedeMtion-the v d Con i- 3 Right off to-night, savs the President, or .! "tal Congress, to bo remembered while his. ilmr in the mnrnin . before d.,vlii,ht!,,.r, I, I lr.v shall have a pen to record or tho earth a body in Washington find out tint ho has got hack from Downingville. I have forbid hi, al- I ling at tho Intelligencer office, and I dont want they should find o,7t or mistrust that ho has been here. If tly should get wind of tho movement I ivnnlil i. s,, iTiirniu .n,,,,, aiii ,i. ii dillicultv in the way, and try to make a bad botch of the buines. The President shot me into his room, and charged me not to leave tho house, while he t- l..t... 1 ,f. 1 . i: r., , t ...m t . ,1 , .wr, ivucniu iiauu uiu up a wcu muu uunuic 1 I !.!.. tl I ir.i . I .... II of private instructions too, on his own h iok, "ml' e''' !e.,M ' .' ,h? HP,m e"ln "f "-'rt I,?-, ' - i'L "I. 1 . cumcu.lCK. w"" y ! I'L"1. !"llle,'L !"' ?"ck0U V'llh r:,,i.ni' !'1C ouoi-i-i an reai. v. aim uive mij mv inairuciions". V Tu, v wanu-o money ,anu oe- fore daylight I was oil a good piece on the road To-day I mot a man going on to carry letters to lho Covcrnment from CoiWal Scott's side of tho war, und I made him stop a littlo while to tako this letter to yivi ; fur I was afraid you 5l5 k 1, onVtho T ist I r .1. 1 ...p...., ... r th, i.uuia iu 'uffii ii"i,i ui ivnu i tuu lllL'lllV Ol -e.ito, uui .nr. i ri-t is uispo-c. to wait ami peo " can t m ike a bargain with Santa Ana's men. j mi.ui piisu amng us usi as i ran, anu I rrfit ltlfn thn rill' nf Mnvnm it rarw.il Jst l.nfupik 5-- ',.,, 7; : Scott does, and il I only once get hold of bmta Ana, 1 have no doubt I shall make a trade. I dont know yet whether I shall tako Scott's road or Taylor's road to go to tho city of Mex ico ; it will depend a little upon the news I get nr. tho vvaj 1'wo or threo times when I have been stopping to rest, 1 have been looking over my privalo instructions. They ure lust rate, es pecially Mr. Ritchie's. I roiniin your old friend, and tho President's piivato Embassador, MAJOR JACK DOWNING. Powers' Gkuf.k Hlave. This beautiful work of art, from thn chisel of our eountiymaii, lliram rowers, will prnbiij.y, m n lew iltv-, be. I imled in ,cwork. It was shipped at Leg. horn early in June, lho interest which tho statue, excited ill Florence and Jjindnn, and the exalted praiso il won from duo best capable of judging, both in Italy and England, affords nbun- dant ev idenco of its intrinsic meiit, and excites in tho minds of tho artist s countrymen the most delightful anticipations. It is an exact dupli rato oi tno original, I he lireeK hlavo is a young and lovely girl, standing in nil altitude liiili in tho highest degree, and there is about the statue that indeliuablo atmosphere of grace and purity which distinguishes tho sculptor of real genius. The marblo is finished with that pecu- iiar llesh-hke siirlico for which the busts of Powers have been remark iblc. Tho expenses of a sculptor, even in Italy, aro iuces-aiit and onerous, lie is otuigeil lo purchase largo quan tities ol marble, Keep numerous workmen eiu- plov'eil, niul occupy an eligible studio. Our countryman ulso has a largo fimily dependent I on his exertions ; and hitherto Ins labors havo only enabled him to subsUt. With so well cs. tablishod a European fame, however, ho only requires timo to realize lho prosperity he to richly merits, I Tho exhibition of tho Greek Slave through tho United States is undertaken us. nn f.vnnri- mnnt for tho artist's benefit. Wo eannot for a - inoment doubt that every American will t'ladlv 1 n,.il.p..i- f tin nnnitrllllnti- nt riiii-n In f.rriti.i- liis - ( sense ol the iieautlliil, anu uunralo ins svmpa sense o uio iieauiiiui, anu tnuiraio ins svmpa- thy lor the honorable tenor of his countrymen, u ui ouo , i-uiii,iiin luwui'SIV. Kl-l.II Ki.il Ol. inn .r ii'i u;i I OOlin.ll oil IO Kfl'O Illl'Sf, I, nlnru 'nrritnr V l.l il tiiieil Kn rilllll V SOUIPIl I i (.,.. A.:l.l..l snniitn iln siillering, nnd beautiful resignation, bhu is Northwestern Slates tree Irom slavery or invol- In tho above vote ll will lu seen that I . ,mr0 4 ,,0 unsmiiifd una i.,:u oy me wnsis iu a column, l no nguro uiitary servituuo. Delaware was ahscnt, and Maryland voted tor I .,,, l),..,.', tenmlo. or 's,,,, " I Wlal was tho cfiect of those provisions? tho itnti-slavery clause. On the first vote, in ' iiL. deor-stealerof 1 ho great charm of the work ronsists in its Thev were undo not to establish nower In- nr. ..ru nsi !r lurt'..r.nn oml Mr. Williamson. I noblo simiilicily. Tho oxnression is uffectinir mies fitted for tho battle-field, nor to build nn r v,,Vil, rpnlin-i ,-,a,..l on iln anti.sliiiorv side. v i..i., ii.m li,.l.-.. The statue has been entrusted by Powers to hi friend, Minor K. Kellogg, of Cincinnati. It could not have been confided to bettor hands. Mr. K. Is a painter who has gained somo inva luable laurels (luring seven years residence abroad. His " Circassian Woman," painted at Constantinople, has been the theme of admira tion of our t ransatlantic letter-writers for two or three years past ; and we are happy to learn that It is on its way to this country. Literary World. A I'oitrntt. " Heavenly blessings Follow such creatures." A cemle maiden, whose large, loving eyes iiiishriue a tender melancholy light, Like soil radiance of the starry skies, Or autumn sunshine, in-llowed when most bright ; She is not s id, yet in her looks appears, Something that makes tbo gazer think of tears. She is not beautiful J hei ibotiues bear ' A loveliness by angel vl imprest, Such as the pure in lirarv,- jvn may wear T he outw ard f n-bol C & sjd'.- t resi , And lliis liesccnu hi r well for love rn J truth Companion ever wilh her guileless youth. She hath a delicate root, a dninty hand, And every limb displays unconscious grace, Like one, who, born a baby in the land, Takelh no thought bow best to 111 I her place, Out inoveth ever nt her own sweet will, While gentleness and pride attend her still. Nor hath she lost by any sad mischance, The happy thought that to her years belong. Her step is ever fleetest in the dance, Iler voice is ever gayest in the song j The silent air, by her rich notes is stilted, As by the music of a lorcst bird. There dwelleth in the sinles-mess of youth A sweet itbuke that vice may not endure, And thus she makes an atmosphere ot truth, Fur all things in her presence grow more pure ; She walks in light her guardian niurel lhngs A halo round her fioin Ins ladiaut wings. IjMMA U. iMECRY. , .. 0ri,llmilcn oriY87.s7rf,try..Thnnm, jenL.r!l0I1 uUs Km-mid Nathan Dane. From the Cincinnati Chronicle.) Th(J ordilmnc0 of nS7 j, now 111,mijcrc., t10..,, ,nm,uients of wisloni lo which history . t? as Rm 10 ovijonccg of munMn;r rtue .U1(I ,Upcrior intelligence in humanity, ,t a,imircij tljoU about, nnd revered. Mucl of m revcrenco allJ a J.nii a.tion nny :i..,,.i , ,,-,!., i , i. it oo UllllUMlcu ... .t. '. .-I.,.. n-j i, ,,i , s hu.u a.0 um, . .... . . 1 hese htates are Uhm, In- Michigan, and Wisconsin. At that the ordinance of 17S7 was passed, uiey iiLie luin-ntu m- ii..uu ,i . . m& uiiui on- a u of gt- Vincent, KVIuskia, p.,, Jn R(jCho Kc,ol.h rorl Charlres, Fort St all() Detroit. These were all French m. c.muuian ECiilemcnf. The number of in- l,.,l,i,n,j ,i,.,v- In, trupssnd nt frnfii Ibn fn!!m,.!,ir , i .. , . t n , facts contained iu a report of Congress, made in June, 1783. That rcpurt says that the villages on the Mississippi, or near there, contained the lollowmg t.imilies: Kaskaskbvs, Kehnkia village, j Prairie ilu Roche, 60 families. 00 " 12 Fort Charlres, Fort St. Philip. Detroit and St. Vincent JV'.UWIk III,' contained probably , , , nambp. J10"'' 0 tn ro .-.'O " is great, noble, v.r- '"""V, "a, h ;l "J0 i" '.''" nature Tf " ' " ?" c lor witlcmcnt of l J VTl , w, t, bn iu w i Tllt"nCnt i-clv driiwii, but its wisdom and fame re-t on J" " s. ,V ; Lrl'.l,,e or" imiiieu utiu inauv iuiu4ijiLiiiai law in UlCsO States : 1. It was ordained that tho estates of both resident and non-resident propnotors should de f-end to their children, or the dependents of their children, in equal parts. , imi,,, rtB,ir. ,.,,;- ,;r.i..imi .1.- v 1 ... I. .... - .. . ... Bover.ime.it: and Iwcauso they aro so. -'schools government S..d the means of education shall be foreur en- , 1 3. bll ordained, as a matter of compact with t,10 ( , j , iSm, t,,ilt lho v,-,ate3 , b , d , 0, of(,,0 Norl)n;.e,lern Territory shall fur- ' crer rrmiin n pirt of this ConfoJeracy of the Uinteu htates ot America 1. It ordained th it there " shall be neither introduced bv Mr. King, was rairied by the fnl slaxery nor imoluntarj stniivde in the said ' lowing vote,' which wo record for the public in- l erntory otlierwiso man in tno puni-iiment ot crime, wlicreofll.0 party shall have been duly ronvicu-u. Tho greatest stress has been laid upon tho ,aFt of t,lcs0 realllres, but the otlmrs were al mnst ir it(J as iml(rt:uit. At that time en tlliled estates and priiiiogenituro were not abol- . . . . ' .1 . 1 Uhed ill all tho Mates. Un tno conlrnrv-, tticy M1i,sUtc,l for thirty years after t.iat iu so.no of tho original States, Rut, in this ordinance, it was thus early anuouiired that cqval inheritance um -t prevail in the States uf the Northwest, ono oi mo most important iraiurea in me economy of Republican Government. l lie ue.t leaturo was no io's so, mat euuca- llind.nan yea. tinn was necessary 'to good government, and , navs. therefore tho means should bo provided for pop-1 Virginia Messrs. Hardy and Lee nay, and ular education. This principle was faithfully Grayson je.i. carried out by Congress in the appropriation a i A'nrM Carolina Messrs. Spaight and Sit few years afler of every thirty-sixth section of gieaves. the nublic land for the bimnurt of I'nmmnn i .Vi.A f!mJiija Messrs. ll.ill und Pincliiiev. schools. - The thin! principle above Mated is, that theso new htates sAiiK orever remain a n.nt of tbo Confederacy. The importance of this is seen in snbsenuent history. Virirli.la. Snml Carolina, and ono or two other Stales havo pro claimed tho doctrine that they cm seccd- peace- nbly from tho Union This dortrino can, by the nrdinanco of 1767, have no possible place iu tho Northwestern States They havo accepted a manor ny vvmcii mey ure oounu to rem iln Jorerer in the linton. Tho next grand feature is the one chiefly spo. wealth by the accumulation of entailed estates. nor to establish an Imperial Government on the ignorance ol too many or tho servitude of an in- lerior race. Let the facts bo compared with those in thu hi-torv of any other country on the faco of tho globe. In is 17 we suppose mo population o the Northwestern States to be very nearly this : Ohio 2,000,000 Indiana, 900,000 Illinois 750,000 Michigan 350,003 Wisconsin 175,000 Total '1,175,000 Ono half this increase is in tho last sixteen years ; and thero Is no apparent cessation of tlie rapidity of tho movement, lho American union, which, in tho present lift iniTpllSPlI lit VLUV - uy. u is, mereiunr, i- uy. an, uh-iuioh, ti.,,,., established by this ordinan with the prosperity of tho Northwestern States. Its authorship and history become, therefore, of, no small interest. It is a very rem trkahle thing. that tho true authorship nnd history of that or dinance have never been correctly given. It Ins boon attributed to Nathan Dane ; hut Nathan Dane was only ono, and not tho most original or conspicuous one ol those engaged In its author ship. It Iia9 been attributed to Mr. Jefferson ; but Mr. Jefferson was only one, and not 'he principal one of the actors engaged in the work. Air. Jefferson was in Fr.inre nt tho time the oidinanco was drawn up and passed, and In the shape In which It did pass; and ho hud nothing to do with it. lV7m( he did wo shall presently see. Air. ilrlnl;ernoll s statement is correct, as for as it goes, but it is only one item or the lion. Wo shall now recito this entire transaction chapter of history, for the benefit nf those who have no access tn the journals of Congress. From the record it appears that, nn the 1st of March, 1781, the Stato of Virginia ceded, by her delegates, all her lands northwest of tho Ohio river to the United States in Congress as- 'npinblcd. A committee-, conla'nB of Messrs. Jefferson, of Virginia, Chase, of mr.ryl.ind, and Howell, or Rhode Island, was appointed to "re vnrt a plan for the temporary government of the Western Territory " Tilts committee did report. But ichat was that report ? Was it the ordinance, or any thing like the ordinance ? Not at all. The report contained nothing about equal itiheritancc-about j religion, knowledge, or education ; nor any pro-1 visions for the guaranty of tho rights ol con science, liberty, or person; all of tchkh are in the ordinance. The renott, moreover, lay on tho table of Con gress, and v.ns modified in various ways, during the three tenrs, from 1731 to 17S7 I During neaily nll'this tiui", and for a year afterwards, Mr. Jefferson was in llutoyr. The ordinance, however, did contain an anti slavery proviso. Was it the same v.lh that in the report! lly no means. Tho ordinance pro hibits slavery then, now and forever. The report prohibited it after the yetr 1800 commencing the year nf freedom sctra(c")i years after the re portallowing, in fact, a foothold to slavery, and being a measure of abolition, aim not ct pro hibition, which the ordinance is. Here is ono current error exploded at once. The report mado by Mr. Jeffcr-on, in 1781, Htid the ordinance of 17S7, aie not tho same tiling in any particular ; save only that tho States to be created should remain in tlie confederacy. They are totally different things. Rut what became of the teportand anil-slavery proviso? On the 10th or April, 17d l, Mr. Spuight, of North Carolina, moved to strike out this proviso against slavery. By the rules of th" confedera tion questions'were put on the sustaining oi any proposition, and an absolute majority ol all the. States was required. Massachusetts, N.Hamp thire, Connecticut. Rhode Islund, New Yoik and Pennsylvania voted to sustain the proposition. New Jersey does not appear to have been count ed. Tlie anti-slavery proviso was there lost. After some unimportant amendment', proposed by Mr. Gerry, this brief report, without thu anti slavery, the education, or tho inheritance clause, was agreed to. On the 10th of March, 1785, Mr. Ji.fferson was annointed by Congress. Minister to the Court of er-ailhs, wluther lie went, iiml did gentleman w.is no other tinn lie nuieriousuuKo wh(J ..(s acleJ , , MJ . unmaaIiin, t!l0 not return till 17W), Jong afler the ordinance , ot llucl.ingham, of whom Charles the Second Amazon, who was held dead from Tear and'eon was digested nnd passed. Hero Mr. Jefierson s said ' lie is the worst subject In my kingdom ; . flsilJ1) ,j, xu, Cuuntr-s, l Slircivs bury '. Tho ngoncy in tho hu-iness entirely ceased. The-; mid to which tbo courtier replied, It is true,' viH-iiri who his been the favored lover i's 'and report, brief and unimportant, lay on tho table sj,ru ; fur jour Majesty is nr.t a s abjec t. I ,loro l0 ,.nuU.Ilc,i a ,,klak rrom ,e Ucc of 0Iie On the 1 1 tit of March, 1783. the day afier Mr. Jefferson's appointment, Mr. Crayson, of Virginia, appeared and took his seat ill Con gress. On the 10th of March, 1785, a week after Mr. Jefferson had left Congress, Riffii- King, of Miis-achusetts, moved that tho following propo sition bo committed (that is in the nature nf an inslnicioii) to the Committee on Western Ter ritory, which was seconded by Mr. Ellory, of Rhode Island : " That there shall bo nrithcr staiery nor in lolunlaryseriitud" innny of the Slatei described in the resolve of Congre-s of the 23 I of April, 1781, otherwise than in the punishment ol i rimes, whereof tho party shall have been per sonally guilly and tint "this regulation sh ill bo an article or compict, and remnn a tun lamenlal principle of th Comtituthni bcticeen the thirteen original States, and each of the j ver fet . Kin j,,,, "upon honesty as a specie Slates described in tho said resolve of the Jd : ,,r fv . w)0 drinks lilco a fuddling Scotch of April, 1781. 1 This was tho tc-t nuetion. It wa not the j proposition of Mr. Jefferson, lint it is tho propj- -Mtiuii ut uiu uruiiiam e. i in- o. wjn.-iiimi, ,11.13 formation. Under the Confederation the vote in I Congress was by States.nnd on this question stood thus the 'aves and navs beimr lenuired i i,v Mr. kin"-: YEAS. Aivr Hampshire Messrs. Poster and Long. Massachusetts Messrs. lloltou and King. Hhode Island Mc-srs. Cook and Johnson. Anr Yorh Me-srs. W. Livingston nnd Piatt. Sew. Jersey Messrs. Ueattj,1 Cadw.Uader and Stewart. I'ennsyhania -Messrs, Gardner and William uenry. Maryland Mr. McIIenry nsy J. Henry unJ i'.. Mr ll.ni.tnn. The question was carried in tho affirmative ; m,,l this n-.is the wav in which t in anti.slaverv ciauso came lino mo oruinanco it was un nil motion of Rufus King, of Mus-aetiusetts, when neither Thomas Jellerson nor Nathan Dano was in Congress ; and so far ns that proposition stands in the ordinance, il : the icork of Kufus Kmsf, nnd not that of Jefferson or Dane. Mr. Jefferson bad proposed a different thing and j Ait.tn Mr. Dane did not take his seat until Nov. 23. 1735, more thin eight months .'t'ter the question of slavery or no slavery in the North On tho second, in March, 17SS, Mr. Henry and .Mr. Ilindnian, of .Maryland, and Mr. Grayson, of Virginia, did tho same. The reader will ob- i serve "that Congress was an entire jear in set- i;n ii,.,i nnlni. I Thn eubiect laV over till September, 178G, when a committee, appointee tor mat purpose, rpnortrd an " Ordin nice for tho government ol tho Western Territory." This cnininittee, in their order, were : Mr. Johnson, of Connecticut, Mr. Pinckney, of South Carolina, .Mr. Smith, of New York, Mr. Dino, of M issarhusctts, and Mr. Ileurv, of Maryland. Who wrote the ordi nance I This order of tho conimitleo does not show that Mr. Dano wrote it especially as Dr. Johnson, of Connecticut, the first on thu list, was n learned and ablo man. There may he somo . I hero is no part of private information to show Um Mr. Dan wrote jynt i , ,htf tmn lIiUl j mentioned to you ' ' ' ' . j,a'r, of sfa' . ' , . . ,u hi) .... or i. v, siavo or ireo, : it, but tno recora iioi-s ,,o ., u. s not fa , hiv0 ,,, ,ola , m , - . h - f as well us tho past. Tho ordinance was debated for several days,1 ..,, ' fr,, , ,. fnr -..,. laving I ? 'nlV ?"L i ". .L ...iu, msmiiuoi s conimiiieu. -"I-a. "ii along w th the Earl of Hoclic.ter. w ' '6"Ain, rru iter of all his rcvurcta snd cf nil his cc had much to do "jiiia, Mr. Dane, of M isau'liusitts, R. II. Lie. ,n4itr& ulcnc . ith the Earl of Shrewsbury. ' u of Virginia, Mr. Keen, of Mr. Smith, of New York. South Carolina, and This committee did nothinir. It Is nrobable, but revise the ordinance, and there Is little ques tion that, n it was finally put forth, it was the writing nf Mr. Dane. The ordinance was read lirst July 11th, 1757; read July 12th. 1787; nnd passed unanimously July 13th, 1787. This is a conclo history or one of the irroat- st monuments of Civil Jurisprudence, and one the wisdom or which is inscribad on all the po litical and social prosperity, tho rapid growth and power or these Northwestern States. Tlie reader will ob-erve that Congress had this ordinance lllldr dolihriratinn nnd revision far three years and six months; and that every word in it was most deliberately considered. This work, like all other great works, was not the work of any one or two men. It was tho work of many Leads. Mr. Jefferson proposed tho nbolitlon of slavery in the Territory niter 1800. This was the clause rejected in th? imiiftn of Mr. Sp.tight. Mr. Rufus Kinj proposed and carried tho anti-slavery clause, as it now exists in tho ordi nance, when neither Jefferson nor Dam were present. The Convention here agreed upon the terms or the ordinance. There Is reason to believe it was finally written by Nathan Dano COUNTESS OF SltrtKWSllURY. An Historical Talc. CHAPTER I. Uyie Park. It was in the month of April, In tho year lfiOl, that a tall, thin gentleman, or about sixty years of age, was taking his usual wall: through that portion of Ilydo Park, which is now rendered illustrious by being the residence of the Duke or Wellington, but tint was then covered with thick thruhbery, diversified by many tortious paths. He was about to emerge from it, when he heard these words uttered close beside linn 'AlasCeorgcl' exclaimed a voice that it was su lii r.ienrrinvniis Ihnt nt a. worn in -. s It not easy to recoinixeas that of a wont in ; Ms it not tno4 infamnus to repay so much true affection, such lender cares, and such pertect generosity. sue i tenuer cares, and sucu per i pnero.uy. vv.th so much inirratiude, and sue h dreadful biseness? Can there be in this woild no plea- sure that is not followed by remorse ; no happi - ness but it must be poisoned by four? To trem bio bo fore Cod bcfoio man even before my self. Such is my life. Oh ! my Lord D ike, your love lor ms has cast mo into an abyss from which I never again cm emerge. You have de stroyed my peace or mind forever.' Hero tho voice seemed to Lo extinguished by a showeror tears ; -nd instantly afterwards there camo from tho thickest part of tho shrubbery a young and gallant hiking gontlenian. Hiseyes were lull or tire and or audacity. His manners were those of u man of the world, who is accus. , . , , , .:! I triined to p'easo.nnd who cares not if he offends. His hair l owed in long and shining ringlets on Ins shoulders. His iiurpoint was velvet sjasneu with scarlet, such as may be seen in the pic tures of Vandyke ; his cravat was fringed with tho richest luce ; his hat was adorned witli a while nlunie. Ieiooned with a "olden clasp, nnd he had also ievels pendent from his cars ! This j the Duke, f'.iinilia ly strikin '. , ... ,1. lho old man on the, boulder ' ' what do VOU here V ' To speak frankly", my Lord Duke, I was lis tening to ;."'i.' ' And jou havo heard ' ' Onlj-'a lew words.' Forjjct them then ; Tor this is a tecret that I do not wish to nave ui-covcreu. uiu now some tliinsf el-e is to oe tuoupiit oi. uu.irie.s n. w sncs .. . ..... i . i -.i , ,i tor a s itire Irom you tor tne im.ciic-s oi uieve - Und, who is beginning to be tired of his society and 1 b;lieve fancies his .Majesty looc no beau ty. ' Indkodl and against whom is this satire to be directed, my Lord Duke '.' ' Oh make your mind easy on that point. Wal ler : we h .ive" a theme close nt hand. It is to bo a satire upon a man who, during tho career 0f a Ion ' life, has feigned sentiments tint he ne. man ; vvno lies liko a punco oi me uioou tovai ; nnd who sells his pen as he vvoulJ his soul, but that Satan is sum of the latter.' ' And this man, this rcnundiel, this drunkard, this liar, this impure poet is ' ' Yourself.' ' Pardon me, my Lord Duke ; but tho picture that you have ju-t drawn, I would bet, was in tendf d for somebody else.' ' And win might that other b; V ' His Grace tho Duke of Buckingham." ' You might with inaro safety bH that there is a gul o.vs at Tvburn, upon which I could easi.j hang some insolent fellows, who iorget tliuir res pect to noblemen who condescend to asrociate with them.' 'Tint 13 quite true, your Gncc, but then, If you have th.- power to hang, you have also the ilispn-itioii to pardon.' ' Fool !' said tho Dako. ' Idiot,' thought the Poet. It was in this species of conversition that Wnller and Iini-kiiio-hani had nrojeeded from the Park to the celebrated Crown Tavern, which was sometimes honored, In those days, with the presence ofM.aie.stv itelt ; but that at the pe riod of this story could only boast its guests t lllO lilt iniOUS UOCUesu-r mill loo inn m .;oii n s- burv thu only mm. w u, in t nt nge ot uobaurh- . . ... in in, n - ., ery'and folly, bid preserved tho manners or t principles oi virti' Weirimwon sour a,uuements V mid the Hukeof l.uck,nfiham with hi. Sov i i. .. .,i i,i, ni.li Vs i vnn ! reign-bad given to this rencontre more of inti r- vv en, now tho Duke on j shrew-shun- you aro7le-tine-l to b-tho C.ito I M mlr t(,,',.- and loomhittur our jovs with vo I 'uur j0,,i. an' c, ,eal observations. Our'pi ,-.., .,,'vs'iirricht vour .sublimated viituo. Yi oauug innisi-tt. ,s ... ,w.,. - d.-.t nod to b- tho Cato of ii.nr .- tane joys aurigui your .somiuiaiuu uoasi tnai vou aro a . ' Yes .as much as you pndo ourseit on being - , ,i. .... iis.is imn.il.. ; i . 6 1 1 inns of uu ancient priory, or which not a sin a bad ono. . . .. ; l ,..,: I, .,. ' f,' serves to have a wile siiovv.cl.asto us the ici- somt'thing like tint, Warwick has oxpressul hiin-i Pe" .'"ror, nt er liavlrg aided tho ui.Ko in ues I cendiug from his hore, placed himself, with tbo of Buckingham 0r ry. Wo ought bothot us to bo snout on such subjpct.' . vvi !i,i...i i,i.nlh-illU ,..,n boasts not only oi tivors mu navouoen netn,v.i eJ but brags of attentions that have no better. I.Ml-n ,m hnltor foundation than his own f nicy. ' You drlvo mo out of patience ! exclaimed tho irritated Duko. ' What would you say, if' and thus speaking he leant down' towards the Eirl of Rochester and the poet Waller, and said a favv words in a low tono of voico. Thu Earl of Shrewsbury thought he could guess their purport, and became deadly pale. ijentiemen, continued the Duko ot uuckih;; . iiri in ri i tin tii man irni-iiKij i, c innncn'fi luiiu- ' . it i. 1 J it j . 1 a. iiv . Waller,' cried the Earl In an Impassioned tone, ' you can relieve me from an Bgnnizina dottot. What is it that Buckingham has just laid to you V 'Tint which you. my Lord, h1l never know, far I do not wih to bring Jovvn upon mo the re- sentment nf those who are In power. The Duk.i nf Buckingham Is about tn succeed the Eirl of Clarendon as prime minister.' ' And think you, Walkr, that tho Eirl of Shrewsbury Iris neither fortune, influence or interest 1 'Tell me that ccret, which sooner or later must be known. Remombr it is a thou sand pounds I offer you for a word a sink's word. You have my honor as vour security. ' From any othsr but you my Lord, that would bo the very worst security that could be offered, but from you,' continued Waller, strngglin.r with his aval ice for a few moments, it is enough, and I accept it.' ' Thanks ! thanks ! Well 'Well, yon hive before now piie?cd tint It was of a lady tint the Duka of Buckingham spoke.' ' Yes, ys ; but h"r name.' The old poet looked around and behind him as if he was fearful of being overheard ; and then his cold, clear whisper camo penetrating into tho very brain of tho nobleman. ' Her tltlj is thu Countess of Shrewsbury.' CHAITIIR II. .S'(. J'jwss' I'alac. Tho hundred clocks of London Ind sounded the hour of midnight, when the Karl of Shrews bury noonded in haste the grand staircase of St. Jame-'s Palim, which on that evening blued forth wilh innumerable lights. Tho brow of th F.ul was daik with frowns, and his step was agitated uneven ; his manner was maniac like. Ho proceeded through groups tint were mask ed, and clothed In fancy dresses ; but as be pe netrated in the mid-tof them, his cold, palo face, struck them wilh dismay and affright. There I was m the m.d-t or them a woman who was 'dressed us an Arnizon and who, thj instant sho bot t,, . Eir, f g,,' , , . . . -w. l ueneiu mm, suuuuercu wmi tear Hhe w-a rasped her arm, and exclaimed Stop for I wish all should hear me. Listen, rr j wW mt mv wcm!, penetMte into the h;arl, f)f Give owr 'r ,ad; .- . T nrnrni, .. n!. nf ..j, tii 1 1 ,i, Inir!., --.. ni,inmnn nj r ,,c, t m say without boasting, a gentleman, who esoous- ed a Udy born in a situation in life far inferior to hii own, in order that he might pride himself in tho purity of his love, and feel that she was deserving of all his affections. He left this lady free perfectly free complete mistress of her own actions, being quite certain she would ne ver abuse his confidence. Well how think vou he Ins lecognizcd his sacrifices for hir : his idolatry towards her ; his ur.ceas , le?.trd-,0 h,.Y ? FoulI UUe , J(!.r.lV(.j ,!)(. lrut ro 'j unceasing love with and basely has " ie-.i.iieu mo nu.-i luu-jst-u III lier. Aim hoart phc ,1(u) ,ven Q llt,rrhu3b!lnj 9hs ,,a3 ta. ken from him, and sho has bestowed it UDon a , I., i rri - , d , . . . , . of the low in nobility, if it weie not for the vices ot Ins own funily, and who is loved by her be cause he is Duke ; because he has been loaded with titles that he dishonored, and decorated Willi dignities tint he degrades. Tlie woman ,,!. u-ni. v.,,. mv ..mm Ol UIU 111 It!, SVUU ,. fi,i,!ni,,, ,, , i,.,,,?,' j has been thus betrayed is myself.' There was a long silence. Vic1 stood abash ed b fore outraged Virtue. The King attempt ed lo soothe tho irritated Earl ; but he broko from the worthless Monarch, exclaiming ' it ill b?cnines an English King to bucome the pro tector of infamy, and the palliator of vice. As ; tor vou iada,nCi. failJ ile l0 .ho Countess, as ha , , ,,r . r ,,, . nmfnj V . , . . ' . tempt aiM scorn, vou nave brought sliame upon my name and it is therefore no longer yours, ou have brought dishonor upon my loot', Nn roof of initio shall henceforth shelter you. You have sold j-ourself to vice, and it is fir vice to receive V'ou. Begone, biso worn in, and los in the laliyrinths of dishonor tho littlo or virtue that is still loft in you. You are no longer Countess of Shrewsbury I' Struck with these words, as with a thunder bolt, the gmltv wife uttered forth a rhriek of dts pair, and Ml ('tinting upon the velvet covered door of the palace. The Earl turned away hii yes, and then walking uplo the Duke of Buck inghim, he struck him with his glove across :iio fare, and said ' I challenge you lo mor.al combat, my Lord D ike. To-morrow one or the oilier of us shall jciie to live.' ' To-morrow, then, since you wish it,' said tho Duke, who during the entile scne stood ap parently unmuved, with his arms crossea in front of the throne. ' I have b.'en for some days bick v isning for a duel, What think you, Siro !' ho said leaning carelessly towards tha King , is not this poor E.nl n great fool ?' ' He is much worse : he I.' an honest man,' was th; answer of King Charles tho Second. chatter in. Urezn Park. Duels, at the epoch of which wo sneak, wero considered by those who called them-elves 'men of fashion,' rather as amusements than affairs of serious moment. .Men exposed their livrs in tho liold, ns they risked their fortunes on a card : with the same nuhllereiire and tbo samefnvoli- Thedrim-itlc circumstances however, that , - , ... ' ,, ""'"e.j "- . . S hrevvsbii'V. as we 1 as the bus tn, rant; of I ui ihvo comliitants. and lastly, thn hiih fainr nn. , , ,,.,., , r. -.: .. .1 -" lu V ' '""' ""I'"".""- w Pl"1"1" v nt,--is ..riivi.mv iio.iiit-u. j in ri lorn .....It....... II ... . I I . f r. . was ii in ii an mo lorus oi tne uaiuri were col ou ! in me uret n i nrn ; vvnero tne iiUKeri Iy.,rt.l , iHicKinjin iin ami ine l.-irl ol Shrewsbury toe K hrir ,,t.. ,,n,;i ,,, .K ,.,i,. i,..,i,'i.. . h" " '"'""'s.'. .... , f l"Be. renniuauio tor tlie wanly ol his mco av" '. ." ",",","r o inuiii; n-u u us.-ui ...u 'rt''n, ,n Ins hand, at some distance from tho a ' "!Vu '" l.rV.i;. avTi. .n.u,.! liiili HII uuni m win -- - can me niteniion even in m uu.u.sa ' peculiar Irauty of the laro with which his dress , ' ' , -. . , , . .i,, ., th r-rinri " -looril -u, u-.u v. sv.v ,.- .. , i., ,,fth l'reii.-h t.islein such matters. The two combatants were nt length placed opposito each other. They were born at a time when the use of the sword was an Indispensable accomplishment, and therefor both had from an eirlv nge been initiated in all the mysteries cf lenc'i"f! and each was therefore it complete mister In lho ccirncu of duelling. But both were not on this occasion possessed of thesam sang (Void. Wounded In his peace, out-raged

Other pages from this issue: