Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 11, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 11, 1847 Page 2
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' I i cs-'hardy enterprising, and in i of our population Tho bay of Sun 1'rnncisco, I intelligent portion of to bo disposed of by a treaty of peace. Theso province are now in our undisputed occupation, and have boon so for miny months; ill resistance on the nart of Mexico bavins ocas- Led within their limit". I am satisfied that they I! 1.1 . 1 I I tt-..t Ol I I suutuu uuvl'i oe surrciiiiureu 10 iiic.mco. oiiuuiu Congress concur with mo in this opinion, that they should be retained by the United States as indemnity. I can perrehe no good reason nii uiuuivii jurisdiction anu laws oi mo uuiicu about thirty-two degrees, and to obtain n ccs siou to the United States of tlio provinces o! .New .Mexico and the California1, and the priv- and other harbors along the California coast, ilrge of the right of way across the isthmus of! would ufonl shelter for our navy, for our Tehaimtcpcc. The boundary of the Hio numerous whale hhips, nnd other merchant (ramie, and tho cession to the United States , ve'ssels employed in the Pacific ocean, und ol'Xcvv Mexico and Upper California, cotisti- would in n short period become the marts of tntcd an ultimatum which our commissioner nn extensive nnd prutitnlilu commcrco with vvii. under no rircuinstaiices to yield. China, and other countries of the Cast. That it tniirht bo manifest not onlv to Me.xi-1 These advantages, in which tho whole com- co, lint to all other nations, tliat the United mercial world would participate, would nti antics should not atouce be extended over them. States were not disposed to take advantage of1 once be secured to the United States by thclTo wait for a treaty of peace, such as we are a Iceblc powcr,by insisting upon wresting from, cession of this tcritory ; while it is ccrtainwilling to make, by which our relations towards her all the other provinces, including many ol'; that ns long as it remains n part of tho Mc.i5icui would not be changed, cannot be good her principal towns mid cities, which vvc had can dominions, they can bo enjoied neither b; J policy ; wliilbt our ow n interc-t, and that of the rcuiipiercd und held ill our military ocrupa-! Mexico herself nor any other nation. people inhabiting them, rccpiirethat a stable, re- lion, but were willing to concludo a treaty in New Mexico is a frontier province., and ha,ri(-poiisiblo, and free government under our au a spirit of liberality, our commissioner was an- never been of nnv considerable value to Mcxi'Mhority should, as soon a possible, be establish ihorizoo to stipulate for tho restoration to co, From its locality, it is naturally coiincctctifed over them. Should Congress, therefore, de- .viu.xico ot all our other conquests. with our western settlements. I he territorial jcrmino to now tnese provinces permanently, aim s the territory to bo acquired by tho boun-. limits of the State of Texas, too. as defined byhat they shall berealter bo considered as con- darv proposed might he estimated to be of her laws, bclorc tier admission into our Union, greater value than u lair equivalent for our just embrace all that portion ot New .Mexico lying demands, our commissioner was authorized to cast of tho Rio Grande, while Mexico still stipulate fur the payment of such additional! claims to hold this territory asn part of her dominions, the adjustment ot tins question nfltntimlnrv U imlinrtiittt. There isanothcr consideratid which induced .inhabitants, by allaying all apprehensions that the belief that the Mexican government mightltboy may still entertain of heingagain subjected even desire to place this province under theflo tho jurisdiction of Mexico. I invite the early ot the government of the United pecuniary consideration us was deemed rea sonable. The terms of treaty proposed by the Mexi can commissioners were wholly inadmissible. They negotiated as it Mexico were tho victo rious, and not the vanquished party. They must have known that their ultimatum could never be accepted. It requires the U. States to dismember Texas, by surrendering to Mex ico that part of tho territory of that State lying lietweeu the iNciiccs nnd the Kio Urauile, in cluded within their limits by her laws when .she was an independent republic, and when sins was nuiioxcd to the United States, and ad mitted by Congress as ono of tho States of our I moil. It contained no provision for the pav meiit by Mexico of the just claims of our citi- yi'iis. It requires indemnity to Mexican citi zens for injuries they may have sustained by our troops in the prosecution of tho war. It demanded the right for Mexico to levy and collect tho Mexican tarirt of duties on goods imported into her ports while in our military occupation during the war, and the owners of which had paid to officers of tho United States the military contributions which had been levied upon them i nnd it of redo to the United States, for n pecuni' .-munition, that part ot California Ivtl ol latitude thirty-seven degrees. Sir the unreasonable terms proposed by icau commissioners. Tho cession to tho United States I' co, of tho provinces of New Mexico, Calilbrnuis, as proposed by the commi of tho United States, it was believed, W iiiuroiii accordance with interests of b. linns, than any other cession of which was probable .Mexico would bc,i to make. It is manifest to all who have obsefl actual condition of tho Mexican goti lor some years past, and ut preset! those provinces should be retained by riiuld not long continue to hold und stitucnt parts of our country, the earlv estab lishmcnt of territorial governments over them will be important for the more perfect protection of persons and property : and I recommend that Lpucli territorial governments be established. Ijit will promote tieacc and tranquility among the protection States. Numerousbands of fierce and warlike savages wander over it, and upon its borders. Mexico has been, and must continuo to be, too feeble to restrain them from committing depre dations, robberies, and murders, not only upon the inhabitants of New Mexico itself, but upon those of the other northern States of Mexim It would be ablessingtoall those northern ffies to have their citizens protected against tlrFi'by; the power of the United States. At this mo- and favorable consideration of Congress to this important subject, liesides New .Mexico and tho Oalifornia'.thcre are other .Mexican provinces which have been reuticcu to our possession by conquest. These other Mexican provinces are now governed by Jur military and naval commanJers, under the general authority which is conferred upon a Conqueror by the laws of war. They should continue to be held as a means of coercinir Mex- iico to accede to just terms of peace. Civil would be necessary to bold nil die conquests wp hav. already tiindc, and to continuo the proscenium ol lb' war in the henrt of the enemy's roun.ry. It is aim tar (rom bein certain that the ejtjicnses ol the war would be diminished by such a policy. 1 am persuaded that the best mean? of viinlicntinu the nationnl honor and interest, anil of bringing llu war to nn honorable caW, will be to pnweute it Willi increased energy and power in the vital parts of the enemy's country. In mv nnnnal nicss'tt;o to Congress in lVcemlwr tat. I declared that "the war has not bem waged with a view to conquest ;but having been comment d by Mexico, it ha been carried into the enemy's coun try, and will be vigorously prosecuted there, with a view to obtain an honorable pence, and thereby se cure ample indemnity for the eXen-"'9of the war, n well ns to our much injured citieni, who hold Inrg' neciininrv demands anint .Mexico." Sjuch. ill liu judgment, continues to be our true policy indeed, the only policy which will probahly becure an iionoranu peace. It has never been contemplated by lne, as an objei5 of the war, to make a permanent conquest of tlie re public of Me.xica, or to annihilate her separate eU lence ns an independent nation. On the contrary, it has ever been my desire that she should maintain her nationality, nnd under a good government adapted t her condition, be a free, independent, and prospermia, republic. The United States were the first among tin' nations to recognise her independence, and have al ways desired to be on terms ot nmity and good neigh borhood with her. This she would not sutler, tty her own conduct we have been compelled to engage in the present war. In its prosecution, wc setk mv. her overthrow ns a nation ; but, in vindicating ow na tional honor, we seek to obtain redress tor the wroup she has done u, and indemnity lor our jut demand against her. We demand an honorable pence ; arid thnt peace must bring with it indemnity tor the pa-t . nnd security tor the tuture. Itilherty Mexico has re tused nil nci onimodation by w Inch such a peace could be obtained. Whilst our nrrnics have advanced from victory ti victory, trom the commencement of the war, it has al ways been with the olive-branch of peaei) in their hands ; und it has been in the power of Mexico, at every step, to arrest hostilities by accepting it. One erent obstacle to die attainment ot pence has. undoubtedly, arisen from the tact, thnt Mexico hut ment, many .Mexicans, principally females and j well as military officers are required to conduct been so long held in subjection by one faction or mih children, arc in captivity among them. If Nevv6UC'' a government. Adequate condensation

Mexico were held and governed In' the United 'to bo drawn from contributions levied on the en- States, wc could effectually prevent these tribes omy shonld be fixed by law lor such officers as from committing Mich outrages, and compcljm,,y bo thus employed. What further provision them to release these captives, and restore thcmi thay become necessary, and what final disposi to their families and friends. Ition it may bo proper to make of them, must de- In proposing to acquire New Mexico and the pend on the future progress of the war, and the Californias, it was known that but an inconsid- course which Mexico may think proper hercaf- erable portion of the Mexican peoplo would bo tor to pursue. transferred witli them, the country rmbracivVVith tho views I entertain, I cannot favor the uiii uvtu pugusiuu, miner w wild er, or to retire to a desig hold and defend it. To :etlicr from the con- f unparallelled itch blood , and one Pt fthc nieut, within lh;se provinces being chiefly jiauiicu region. These were the leading c' induced me to nutlioriy-.y winch vvero rejected ; and hostihtic; up, severe pcrior in nuin I the city, and immediately after menu 1 a pe.,' n the con- cxico to Dcrstivcro.,"llr.l,"!, li tnry usurper alter anotUer.niul such lias breii the con dition oi insecurity in which their successive govern ments have U-eu placed, that eoeh h3 leen deterred Irom makins; peace, le.t, lor this very cause, n riwil taction might expel it irom power. Sieh uas the (all ot President ilerrcra's administration in X815, for b ins disposed even to listen to the overtures ot thr Umled States to prevent the war, as is fully confmiwt byanollicial correspondence which took place in th month ot August last, between him and his govern ment, n copy ot which is herewith communicated " For this cause alone, the revolution which dinplai'nl turn Irom power was set on foot" by Gen. Varede. Hiich maybe the condition of insecurity of tlie present govermneifi. I Here ctiu ne no doubt that !lie peaceable anu weu- iiaDiiontsoi .Mexico are cominceu uiai h v.c mill ll to iiiiix-u iititc-i ; uuv 1 1 if ti ,irptr may Imve prevented tlhcn t UtimuH by any public act. . f tX IIIUIHIIW HV.V.IJJ UIIU', uttrv tor the restoration ol Government subiect to constant cl revolutions, the continued succn. ay tail to secure a satisfactory veacT! i f M u may oecome proper lor our comiK.tmi- disposed is tne tri norable hensiqj tactic nuef, by succt lour v such eve. l licv.nir that his continued r,rHPMp,l tlmt foviro nftor ro. ' 5nn!VA n t. she m7 co"'t productive of no good, I uWbTUh such a linens a pcrmanant icointhe . ttablif-huient and maintenance of n fre III A Mitiitl .... . J . r 1 . I 1. .1 ' tuil.Kni.i f. I. ' 1 11 -u hi mi utu dunlin cannier. s ucppatcii to?"iuary wricn our viciorious army are in po- ri""-u" K"t",,l,m m iiK'irowncnoict,aDie nnu wu- O.eui. is too feeblo n power to gov-. "l c'lecr, was iransmmcd to him on the sixth session ol her capital, and in the heart of her 1 J"' ,,, .T'", ' f rii these iroviuces, Ijiugas they do at a dis out her ,ue.'nl"or,nca of his recall , and that, in the ex- fistance. That she w by her, "tmjr tilte f things, I shall not deem it proper 'and in tlie mot harrass . to make hmv fnrtlipr nvnrturno nr 1.....I.' ii tLn l. ,l.,..i.. I. nice of more than a thousand miles from 'uiitul,iind, if attempted to bo retained they woulil constitute hut even nominally, part of her d tins would be especially tier I III ri iln. Till, niriwitv tmipntt iinltniid t.i.M lni.r t;,... .i;.. .i...:.. Mates was authorized to hn madn in Anril h,e itnl.l ti.,i;r..,,.. . ..(, r,vu;il IIIV11 . I I., , , . " ... .-.. ....-., ... intention to tuc eominerciulimiiortauee ol t hut t "i"-,"u,""""vu ueen incurrca, anu tlie 'a lino to protect can bo little doubt thati T" cl0s "loo'i ot many of our patriotic fellow-, licved from the province, and there thoilt re- mav bt-camp llm nnlv nm,l r,.f.i;;.,,. i. . ould continue the war. Shuuldsuch be iIil- n-suh. ihp rwi,,7j. t...;,... larrassing and annoying forms, forri'd njion n would thua Iwconvcrted into an endur louht. A border vvarfdie of the ' 1 1""? t".llers";lr-, -"" finding Iwrioni anddi- I,,., r " "tnoii-, unu rini'u dv uimtarv usurpers, w,- 'Ol'g sioit il men ,.ni.. lipr, ,, ....,,,1.1,.-,, voulil in the cnjoyuient of real independence, and domesiie n tho peace and nrosivriiv. nerl'orininir nil l,er r,.iU.. d at posts and garrisons along such ,il's "ie K"'iu family ot nations, and iromoting her tect and defend it. The enemy re- UanKxi b' Wlsc laws alul taithful circu- . : 3 I'auiuuu iciiuw-, nun'ii nuin uie jnussiire in uur urins un ins II. alter ntinnl n tli niv.nnm.,..a..i An.l .. tlie moment tho United States shall relinquish c.lzens,,,jl? "ee" ?''eu '." "le prosecution of the 'roasts, and in the populous parts of the interior, 'tion, and alter all The persevering and sincere tU.irtl their present occupation of'it, and their claim war '"s consideration, and the nbtinatol would direct UU attention to this line, and select-''e hive made, from the momentMeiico coinmenceil to it us indeunity, an ellbrt would be niiulo by l,orseyeic! of Mexico in protracting the war, ling an inflated post for attack, would concen-1 "e wjarand prior to that time to adju-t our diiU-reiu e some foreign l'uwcr to possess it, either by J"",1 ""F" terms or peace which it tnavfirate Ins Torces upon it. This would lie a condi-, ".'hauffi tomv.-e shall Uiv.- c'oi.tiestorbyptircliaseiiniolbreigugovertUu e-ned proper hereafter to accept. ' ;tion of alfiirs w'hich the Mexican,, pursuing mtrcoll'r acipiiru it in either of these modes, un hide-', LJuru? having been everywhere victorious, their favorite system of guerilla warfare, would taking the lull measure of indemnity into our own pendent revolutionary government would lim"o spKcted to our military occujiuthm a probably prefer to any other. Were we to as- hands, and must enforce the terms which our honor probably uu established by the inhabitants, la.rS portion of the enemy's country, including 1 sumo a defensive attitude on such a line, all the i .j!"1"!?' ,l ... . ,. and such foreigners as may remain , r '"P' " ZZTU"? fur fntusM ol such a state of warfare would I Mcico?d i 'iiiovo to tuo country, ns soon us it shall tic ""i"" 'iuu-uuim arise, in what oe on tne sine oi tuc enemy, vvecouiuievy wouui not only leave all the wrom'sof vvlurli r known that the United States havo abandoned ,nanner 1 !e war "gl't to be prn-ecutcd 1 and no contributions upon him, or in any other way complain unredressed, but would be the sinal lor new uraniums nnu new revolution" all K?aceiut relations with the I'niii d uncertainty at what point on the' l!eides, there i danjrer. if our iroous were whl.. line, ho tnislit make an assault. ! drawn helore a noace was rnnrlmlnl ii... i He mnir ns..mlle mid onmiiize till overuhetmiiKf 1 leans troops, wearied u ilh hiiin..M m... I. J i force ill the interior, on his own side ot the line, nnd deprived ol protection for their persons and propem , toiK'ialin his iurjntse, make sudden assault ujiou luiRlit at lenyht lie inclineil to yield to toreitm ii'i souieoue ol ourjiostsso distant fiotn any other as to uueuees, and to cam themselves into the arms of some prevent the iosibility of timely succor or remlorre-' Kuropcnn monnrtli for protection from the nnarehv ments ; and in this way our gallant army would bce. "nil sutlering which would enue. This, tor our wsed to the danger ol being out olf in detail ; or il by "n salety, and in pursuance el'inir estnblHlied iiolu-y llieir uaeijualled bravery and primes everywhere ex. we should be i-nniieled to resist. We could never hibited duiuig this war, they should repulse the cue-, consent that .MeMco should lie tliu. lonvened inia my, their nuiubers stationed at anyone jio-t may lie monarchy governed by a loreiji prince, loo small to pursue him. If the enemy he rvpuNcd in ' Mexico is our neighbor, ami her boundaries are c. one attack, he would have nuihing todo but torelreat terminimi with our own, through the whole extent it. ftucli a government would he too feobl long to maintain its senerutc iiiilciicndimt lu.viuic ,, , ougui to uc pro-ecutctl 1 and no contributions upon luin, or in any other way complain unreure: vyhat shall bo our future policy ? I cannot doubt make him feel the pressure of tho war, hut must . "j'H l'.-rce cud d that wo should secure and render available the remain inactive nnd await his approach, being 'i,' L c tu ovistance, and would fiuallv become uiine.xed 'on'l"M.lf", wc made; and in constant unci to, or be a dependent colony of tome more , ,' . ' tl,lsvlew, we should hold and occu-' line, or at what ti poncifiil State py, by our naval and military forces, all tho liiis, iuwiis, itiiu provinces now mifltttil mil' fnrniM ... . , ., -v fe'".i.L-11 .Hieii.pi 10 nation, or w 1 c 1 may hereafter fill into our n possess it as u colony, or otherwisu to ticor- Session thai un l, 1, 1. r 7 1 our T0" .o.a,e it with ilseli; 'the principlo avowe.l by Tm ion at d 1, 1 1'iesident Monroe in 1624 and reallirmed ii, o l he e'ern is ma as f ! , ' r !tri,b,"tl0,"3 .ny first annua, message, that no Foreign ZfiXtil$ J"''' o ver shall, vy, .1 our consent, be permitted IaJ tho sverl, pent of Mexico deeded to the ... plant or establish ,,y new colony or do-, t.n,,itabIe aml nhcul ' ZTd Zt t o e tiuniou on uny part ol tho North American eon- t!dist,i,t ,,.,..,1. . 1. . " lf '" , V 0llu i.ient, must Do muiiituied. Jn luunitainiiig ic() j,.,,,, ,vcinet t0 do this ttllS tll'IIICIIlIe. 1111(1 III rosltlllir ltd, I... r TI ... ............. ,v ,L.r BI1y otnt-r terms which con 1 10 accented hi" " ur """ """onu """ "i ieo.uie inr poouiauy nun coinineriially, we have Ji V loiegm power, wo might bo involved ill the United States, tho national honor nn U - """ll"'r "''"'H"1'.'1"; tame or some oilier post. If.; thedeej.est .mterestin her regeneration and prospcritx nthoi- u-.-iis in,, i-.. 1 i. .. . v .. . ' 1111 "'WOIMI Honor, 110 Jcs ,.. ,,, t he line between our no- s. mak hi" rim , Indeed. It is initios il, .. 1 1,-, , ,..,l. .... :.. .''''," tlinii that ill which vvo i ro now ei .,1 11 ? P "C lnlet,etX? re'l'ores that the war iniursions into the country which we hold, murder the '-nr own salety, we can ever become mddiere ut to I. r TI... i, .. 1 V V '1 " 7 f . , sloM bo Pfue!Uted with increased energy and inl.abiiants commit depredation on them, and then lute. mumereiit to I,, r nil. piotuitis oi ixcvv ml. ico anil tlie Cul- !wwer until a just and satisfactory ncaco can I,,.1 retreat to the interior helore a sullicienl lorce can bei, It may lw thatthc Mexican government and wonV .to..,.as.u-o contiguous to tho territories oftho-l'btained. In he mean time, m iClco refill rllmau:dXow Wmr ould probably be l im-eou.rued or misunderstood 7iuiKSf bnite.1 fctates, und if brought under tl.Cises all indemnity, we should a.lnrrfm, ,,rn. . llu; '""""B 'h-uacter of a men-( delensive war oi; ( nisi our obj., , defiring to coneltule an aiuinibV aoieinuient of our luws their rest ee t t iiiucuiiiny, wc snoum adopt measures to , our part. II ourfories, when attacked, or threatened ' adjustment ot tlie ei si ugditUrences beiwien il,..i! . j.i. ii-iiwu. .HUA- "iiruiutiv, lit Hi,,,,,, nan. uii uu. . J. own, inriillpill llle WIloll and failed to of. to his own side ol the line, and being in no fear ol n across the .Norih American comment, frrm ll'lllir. unit coin. .,,,,l., ., n.... ". '.' merciul-w.ii.lil sonn l, .l.,v,.l I . , u, emiury. ir , " . uio commeureinent II" vuiiioruiu is iiouiiiicti on the north , the ('al by our Oregon possessions; and if held by the forces. i.iiiieu ,-tutes, vvoiim soon no settled by a ,vere ordered Karly after !lle cmniy, nnd comjuer him, dm would b again to , submit to terms degrading to the nation ; or tbeyinnv ot the war. Kcw Mex cnam iie ineni loiiuii,, mm iiaiuis io.i uu ine im.r un.ii iawj imrrriirrs irom Hie sunooseJ din.. ifornias were taken possession of bv our '"'".W8 V1 "le c"',"' i l"au' r . Ji i 1 '" mT 111 T Ln"eli Siatesou lesabjeuot Our military a 't v 2dZ !. JBfUi $X to conquer and hold them, subject certain .that it would nut rrquirv as largean army a7 abandon it lttfgfthcr,ithoutlnidngllainy