Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 17, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 17, 1847 Page 1
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L3C. ftCJsCt 7 i ' I on BOTlMWOTOnr, FRIDAY lHOllNIWO, DECEMBER 17, 1847. IVcw .Scries, Vol. 2---IVo. 55. Vol. XXI. Whole Wo. 1008. Burlington Free Press. Published at Darlington, Vt Uy D. W. C. CLAIIKE, Editor and Proprietor. Tor mi i To Village subscribers who receive the paper by the carrier $2,50 If nnld in mtvnnce. . 2.00 Mail subscribers and those who take it at the Office 2.0 II naid m advance, . Advertisements inserted onthe customary temrs. (For the Free Press.) lament lor the Slain. Oh weep, Columbia, for thy slain Who fill the soldier's grave, Tears well may fall like summer rain There's blood upon thy hand shall stain Thy gauntlet and thy gUive. Put up thy sword into its sheath, And weep the victoriei won ; Oh ! w ho, to gain thy bloody wreath, Would play into the hands or death, Or sell one gallant son 1 What though an hecatomb were slain For every son of thine ; Such sacrifice were more than vain, Though vengeance swell its tide amain, To cleanse ambition's shrine. Though slumbering where the lncas sleep, Beside their sun-gilt walls, Still for their dead thy daughters weep And their lament shall hoarsely sweep Through Montezuma's halls. Amx. A Hundred Years Ago. Wher, where are all the birds that sang A hundred years ago 1 The llowers that all in beauty sprang A hundred years ago 1 The lips that smiled, The eyes that wild In flashes shone Soft eyes upon Where, oh where are lips and eyes, The maiden's smiles, the lover's sighs, That lived so long ago 1 Who peopled all the streets A hundred years ago 1 Who filled the church with faces meek A hundred years ago 1 The snceiing tale Of sister Irail The plot that work'd A brother's hurt, Where, oh where nre plots and sneer", ' The poor man's hopes, the rich man's fears, That lived so long ago 1 Where are the graves where dead men slept A hundred years ago I Who were they that living wept A hundred cars ago 1 Uy other men, Who knew not then, Their lands nre tilled i Their graes arc filled Vet .N'murc then uasju-t as gay, And bright the sun shone as to-day, A hundred years ago ! Tiio following beautiful lines addressed to the Pope, are by Mrs. Butler, (Fanny Kemble) : ' H may be that the stone which thou art heaving, From off thy people's neck shall fall and crush thee ; It may lie that Hie sudden Hood shall push ttiee From off the rock, whence, prophet like, believing In God's great future, thou dost set it free ! Vet heave it, heave it heaven-high, nor fear To be o'erw helmed in the first wild career Of those long prisoned tides of liberty ; That stone which thou hast lilted from the heart Of a whole nation shall become to thee A glorious monument, such as no art M'er piled above a mortal memory : Falling beneath it, thou 6hall have a tomb, That shall make low the loftiest dome in Rome." I'nt Pig. H. C. Loovts, Fsq., of our Village, (Bur lington ) lias, for a few years past, had fine sue-" cess in fatting young pork. He has kindly fur nished us with the following statistics of three teparate years fatting and murdering : 1st, 2 I'iss 8 months and 11 davs old I weighed 1 329 lbs, 311 lbs. C 12 lbs. 2d. 2 Pics 8 months and 5 days old 1 weighed 1 369 lbs. 321 lbs. 692 lbs. 3d. (1817) 2 Tigs 8 months and 1 day old 1 weighed 328 lbs. 1 " 281 lbs. 617 lbs. Averaging 325 1-6 lbs. each. .Mr. Ijoiiis got the pigs when they were from 5 to 6 weeks old, and fed them on milk and a little Indian meal until about the 1st of September, then changed the feed to clear meal wet up with water to about the consistency of haty pudding, which he fed to them four times a day, in quantities no larger, however, than they would cat up clean, giving them neither tcater nor slops, during the whole time. Tlio results recorded above furnish the best tcstimoni. als in favor of this feeding. I HASsl'L ANTING Tnr.F.s. Somn sensible, nil. vico U given , .. Maunde's Botanic Garden and t ruitist, fur September, respecting tho prepa ration of fruit R,,d .ier trees fur (ran,antn!,. n is mere recommended that, at tho end of Au. .r.. ',, i n-,'11 cut ,,dlf ay round l ie roots A, fi 0 1,"' u extremities of the bo continued an"11 f ftlmbcr, the trench to LtlTconn f, 2 E. "-hor. will i ,,ii .u" 01 Rfowth, mi ,,,, penect maturat on of the wood in tender trees, together with plenty of fresh' fc. VV .If, ' V"'. planted In .. rfnrrnn. f !VM'H, Here prevnts the .hock gene'ral Planting, at the me time a, additional a" ' librnus roots are produced to meet the rlrcum stances. In tho removal r,r, , . i.-uiii tir.ul.irlv if rather lame. H.i. i .1" 'ruM' Par' S...I1.1... . .. I -- - v. w.iuuuCI s,,..!!,.!.., ....i.. ..... jV. a very MR. WEBSTER'S SPEECHES At the Opening or the Northern Itnllrond to I,cunnoii, N. If., Nov. 17, 1817. Wo alluded, two weeks since, to ttio anima ted celebration of tho opening of another link (some 45 miles) in one of tho grand chains of Railway by which Boston will soon be connect ed with Lake Champlain. We mean that por tion of the Northern (N. II.) Hallway extending from Franklin to Lebanon, within some four miles of Connecticut River. Of the speeches and good things said and done on the occasion, our readers will thank us for laving I cfore them tho following Speeches of Daniel Wkbstep. the latter one, (whether from the witchery of the hour or the circum stances,) Icing by far the brtlcr. Indeed, wo have rarely known Mr. Webster, or any body else, to ho more felicitous, and instructive withal, than in reply to the complimentary toast at tho supper table. VV'c copy from the Bosan lyiiilt Adicrtiscr : Soon after tho lense of the dinner, Charles Theodore Rnell, Kq., of Boston, one of the Directors of the Company, anil the Chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, addressed the meeting in a few suitable remarks, concluding with the following Insist : The Hon. Ditnirl U'clstir Happily present with us to-day too ardent in bis love and too elorpient in his defence of our glorious Ihiinn.ever to fail losauc tinn nnd commend those internal improvements which tend to cement and perpetuate it. This tia-t was received with loud and long cheers, which were repealed again and again as Mr. Webster came forward in acknowledgment. Brilliantly as the people are accustomed .to ic ccive him whenever he speak", he seldom ha a warmer greeting than was offered him on this occasion, Mr. Webster said he could have wished that the President of the day had railed upon some other person than himself lo address the meet ing, and had left him in the portion of a li-tcner merely. But he could not properly refrain from expressing his sincere thanks for the manner in which his name had been announced by tho President, and received by the assembly. Thus called upon to sneak, he could not disregard the summons. Undoubtedly the present was a mo ment ol great intere-t, unci he now had lo per form the plealng duty nf congratulating the Directors nnd Stockholders of this Bond upon the successful completion of their enterprise; and also the citizens reading in this pirt of the country, upon tho .'csnl!, which to-day had been witnessed the entire accomplishment of Un important work. (Cheers.) An undertaking not only important in itself, but also very im portant . lien regarded as a iink in the great chain of railroads which was to connect the Vet with the sea coast. For hitii'elf, in con-idcring the progress of railroad structures throughout the country, ho bad tonic-times been, doubtless many others had been, generally contented with admiring the enterprise manifested, the ingenuity displayed, and the indu.-try shown in carrying thctn "for ward, to completion. But here, on this occa sion, there was to him a matter of peculiar in terest. Perhaps, and very possibly this was be cause the road, wlui-o completion was now to uo naiicu, ran not only through .New Hampshire his native State but nLoiilirnnnji that.nart of ;cw Hampshire in winch lie hail a consider able personal interest. This was but natural, for the road passed through his own f.inn his own iew llamps'ure home. (.lucn applause.; The Northern Railroad was de.-tined to be connected with other roads of v.t-I importance, each liming Montreal lor its end. Tho one would traverse Vermont, passing Montpelier, and proceeding along ttie valley ol the wiro hki to UiUe Uhamplain, while the other would ex tend itself up the valleys of the Passump'-ie. Kach, for the present, had its terminus at .Mon treal. Sn that the traveller from tho Atlantic coast, arriving at Lebanon, might have a choice to make between the routes. This choice per haps might bo perplexing. The passengers from the coat to the t. Lawrence might not know which lino of travel was best of which was most convenient for his purpose. And it might, not improbably, so happen that the trav eller would compromise tl.o matter, deciding to no on by the one route, and return by tho other. wo tar as lie (Mr. w cosier; was concerned, iiotn lines had his best wishes lor their entire success. (Cheering.) His friend, tho presiding officer, had spoken of Burlington nnd Montreal as the terminus ol this road. But in point of fact this was amen link, a part nf a line of land navigation, by steam, from Boston toOgdensburgh.und thence by land and water, to the great West. Mr. Webster did not exactly remember whether it was Mr. Morris or Mr. Clinton who said, with regard to tho Krie Canal, that tho object and aim of that undertaking was to " tap Lako I'rie, and drawdown its waters to .New York harbor. One or the other of thesetwogre.it men it was and the design had been carried out. It might not, perhaps, bo proper for him to say that the design of this road, with its extensions, was to tap the M. J-iwrence, but it could be asserted and with truth that it was lo relieve that noble river of a large portion of its great, rich, over whelming burdens ; and deliver its freight, at the Atlantic shore, by a more safe, speedy and cheap conveyance than any beforo available. That, he imagined, must be clear to all. (Ap plause.) Again, no one could fail to perceive how greatly instrumental this road, with its exten sion, would provoin bringing Ogdensburgh near to lioston as near, indeed, u llofi.iln now is to Albany. 1 his connexion between Oirdensburul and the capital of New England would open, at once, a new thoroughfare for tho productsof tho west, a hitherto untried outlet. throUL'h which the commodities of Lako Superior and the other upper lakes might seek and reach the Atlantic by tho way of Massachusetts Uy and its chief pun. no wouiu not undertaKo to compare the little city of Boston with the ureal city of New York pre-eminent as New York was, among the cities of America, for her extended com merce and her commercial advantages. Tho great city of our neighboring Stato towered proudly ahovo all rivals in resiect to every ad vantage of commercial poiitiim. Let her enjoy all the benefits she could ; let her claim all life credit sho could from the circumstance. Nei ther envy nor malice on his part should coutri , , r r i .. It bute io rob her of one of her well deserving laurels. (Plaudits.) But ho thought that, with out any very great arrogance.or any very undue exhibition of local pride, ho might say that Bos ton, with her adjacent towns throughout all the neighboring shore from Hiiighain to Marble head, which extent of country, in effect, was hut one seaport, certainly one so far as com mercial and manufacturing industry was con cernedwas entitled to command some degree ol rpsooci irom uiu wnoie uuuu ui imiuu ,m ,,m S es1 Cheers.'l StandiiiL'. indeed, upon tho . r ., i..., r...l...n,:..n l ...... summit of Bunker Hill, ono could look around upon a territory, and a imputation, equal to that of New York and her immediate suburbs, Iiij fan ("mm Itn. i, in in Wwlinri nort it was all ono citv. And hv the deve onincnt ol her own eu ............ ... j , herself a rival no tlikcly to be contemned bv any city of the country. And, for one, lie would not undertake to estimate the increased extent of her commerce when nil the links in her chain of railroad 'communication were completed. There was another consideration winch would commend ltclf to those who would contemplate the immediate future. It was that thero would soon be an cntiro railroad lino from New York, through New Haven, Hartford, and Springfield, not only to Boston, but up tho valleys of the Connecticut and Passumpsic, to Montreal. It was the Impression of many that land in New Kngland was poor J and doubtless such was the fact with regard to a great portion of it. But throughout the whole United Slates, ho did not know of a richer or more beautiful valley, as a whole, than that of tho Connecticut River. Parts of it were worth two hundred and fifty dollars an acre, for tho nnrnoo of cultivation, nnd there was no land in flic West worth half so much. Ho could not say so much for the land of the Mcrrimic valley, for cultivation, but that portion of tho country was rich in water power, rich in manufacturing industry, and rich In human energy and enterprise. (Applause.) These wero its elements of wealth ; and these elements would foon bo developed, In a great measure, by the means of railroad accommoda tion, to a surprising extent. The whole region of country along this lino of road, a distance say of about ono hundred and twenty miles, be foro our children had ceased to be active among Iho sons ol men, would bo ono of the richest portions of the whole world. Such, ho really believed, was the destiny of Iho Mcrriinac val ley. Rich not in the fertility of tho soil on its binks, but in its almost illimitable water power, the energy and industry of its people, and the application of tlieso elements to tho improvo mnt and extension of productive machinery. It might soon ho said of this beautiful river, with even more truth than applied to the poet's glorious lines upon tho Thames " Though with those streams in no resemblance hold, nose loam is nmiier, and w nop gravel ifold, Its gieater, but less guilty, wealth to explore, Seairh not its bottom, but survey its shore." And now what was the particular cause of all tho prospoiity and wealth which ho foresaw in this valley?' What was it that had chiseled down these Grafton rocks, and mado this road which brought Ins own house so near to tho homo of his most distant New Hampshire hear er 1 It was popular industry. It was free la bor. ((5re.it cheeiing.) Probably there never was an undertaking which was more the result of popular feeling than this. Hc was told that there wero fifteen hundred stockholders in the enterprise, tho capital being two millions anil a half. This single (act would serve to show the This single fact would serve to show the ' generally difluMd interest felt hv tho people in its success, (heusation.) It was but three or four years since, when, having occasion to visit his farm at Franklin, he observed a line of shin gles str tolling across his fields. A-king his min what wa- the meaning of all this, he was answered, " it is the line of our rail road." Our rail road ! That was the wav the people talked about it. He laughed at the idea at first, and in conversation with a neighbor, inquired what in thi world they wanted of a rail road there. " Why was the reply tho people want to ride behind the iron hor.-e, and that ride they will hive." (Laughter and cheers.) This diy they hid had it. (Great applau-o.) The to-iilt had proved, not that his friend was too singiiinc, but that ho was too incredulous. (Choeis.) It was tho spirit and inlluonce of free labor it was the indomitable industry of a free people that had done, all this. There was manifested, in its accomplishment, that without winch the most fertile field by nature, inu-t remain forever barren. Human s-igicity, skill and itidu-try the zealous d"tomiiiialioii to improve and profit by labor bad done it all. That determination hail no where been more conspicmu-ly chspi lycd than here. New llamp-hire, it wis true, was no classic ground. Sho hid no Virgil, nnd uo Kclogues. Sho h id a stern climate and a stern il. But her climate was fitted to invigorate man, and her soil wa covered wih Iho eviden ces of tho comforts of individual and social life. is the traveller pur-ucd his way along her roads he saw all this. I lo saw tho-c mountains of civilization and refinement churches; he saw Ihoso marks of human progress school houses, with children clustered around their doors as thick as bees. And they were bees, except in no respect. The distinction was that whereas llie iiiect day after day returned to his homo laden witli the spoil of tho field, the human crea ture was admitted to the hive but once, ills mind was furnished with tho stores of learning lio was allowed to drink his fill at the fouutaii of knowledge, his energies wero trained in tie piths of industry, and bo was then sent out inti the world, to acquire his own siibsi-teuce, aid help to promote the welfare of his kind. Luid ipplauso. It was an extraordinary era in which wo livd. It was altogether new. The world had fen nothing like it before. He would not preteid no ono could pretend to discern the end but every body knew that tho ago was remawiblo for scientific research into the heavers, the earth and perhaps moro remarkable lill for tho application of this scientific researcl to the pursuits of life. The ancients saw nothng like it. If there were anv of his voiiii!? frieidn from tho College pro-cut, cries of" there arj we're is we ro leere." they would remember tho wo-d, of tho Horn 111 poet Ilxcudent alii spirantia mollius ncra ; Credo equidein, vivos ducent de uiarnmre vultus; Oralmntcau,sas melius ; coeliqae meaius Descnbent radio et surgentia sidira ihrent.1 But what vvas all this beautiful poetry in coin- paiisoll Willi What Was HOW Known uy uiu youngest astronomer ? Circles round the earth ? ve nau mauo circles 01 our uwh. fairy said ho would " Put a girdle round the earth in forty minutes." Professor Morse had dono moro than that; his girdlo required far less time for its traverse, In fact it one wero to send n uespaicu inim innum. by tho lelefrranh. at twelve o'clock, it will roach h' . Louis at aq, artcr before twelve. This was . .1. .. . .,..1 . ... '...11...1 ,i,ini. in io il, ,,. .T" ? ""s" r i.r " ".1 : S V i , tho ocean navigated and Iho solid land traversed by steam povveV. and intelligence communicated by electricity. Truly this was alrno,t a miracu - lousera. What w,s beforo us no ono could say-what was upon us no one could haully re - aliie. Tl.e progress of tl.o ago had almo-t nut s, r!n, mil limn nil Itnli.tf tin, fittnrn ,., a Lnnii , tl.o futuro was known ...,i , ,.. i In rnnelnshm. !' wnnM say ili:,t nll ,!, benefits and advantages conferred upon ns bv i Provideuco should only strengthen our resolve lo turn them to the be,t account in tho moral improvement of our minds and hearts. What ever eKo we might see, our eyes should not bo closed to that great truth, that, after all, "the fear of the lird is the beginning of wisdom." When Mr. Webster closed, tho cheering for somo moments was deafening. Shortly after concluding ho retired Irom the hall, being gro it ly incommoded by tho dense crowd. Tho samo , , , , , , ' Prud'icci1 luc1' 'nconvemence to the re prescntativoj ol the press, who wero obliged to snatch a nolo hero and hero as best they might. i rvcxts-n. U ton o'clock in Iho evening, a party of over a hundred, by invitation of the managers of the opening celebration, sat down to a splendid sup per ntthe Lafayette Hotel Mr. Russell presided nnl again addressed Iho people, giving some additknal facts in regard to the work. Ho spoke of tho friendship and support ever cxlcndcd to tin cause of internal improvements by their disthgiiished guest, Mr. Webster, referrinc also lo Jie crcat diplomatic ability ho had displayed in the negotiation of the treaty ot Washington 1843. lie propos ed tho health ol miuci veoster, wiiicii was drank with acclamations. Mr. Webster roso to re?pnd, and spoko sub stantially as follows He said that he had alresiy, in another place, detained tho company ns h as propriety, nnd the state of his own health vpuld warrant. But nevertheless ho could not retain from express ing his gratitude for the rrihner in which his friend, the president of theuaj-, had mentioned his name, and tho cordialitjjvvith which it had been received. i The gentleman had alliiW to cottain tians actions In which he had bVl an agency while lonnected with the executm department of the general government, andfiarticularly to the treatv of 13 12 between thislo'intry and Great Britain. This was an evrnl of considerable itn , ... , , , ayingiiaian naucrsoi jiaimra V'""-., burners-incursions, nnd we certainly wouiu nor spcaKO iarnuurncrs,as i.,eienn w ""-lbo ucrsiomi.w n u srespeci la mugoj-. . ... one side of the boundary line to another-! ha these have all ceased since that t.mo. W hat nenccd tlioso lorays I ve nau a m iliary force of a thousand men alone th lino, but it was found inefficient ; Gen-ral Scolt, and other chieftains on tho frontier could not a lay the ef fervescence of hostile feeling. What did so? Tho simple stipulations between Iho two gov ernments that such persons as committed enor mous crimes in the one country and escaped in to the other, should be sent back, on formal de mand, for trial in the country where the offence was perpetrated. From the moment of Iho rat ification of the treaty of Washington there was no forav at all. not a single tre-pass from the ,. . t .i . f . r.l ll iy ol 1' miiiay along me wnoio ironuer oi uiree., thousand miles. ... , . . , , - . I No such tl.mgas this had existed before in f the history of nations 1 renoas to IS 12 there vvas no such treaty for tl.o surrender of fugi- lives fiom in-lice, between uiy of tho hiirnpean powers. But since tint time the example of "p Jlll,t'" hlillc- "a Trn SO";'y .'"""J" uy me great powers oi ,ure. . r-s,.,, uus. siii, i lillll-U an ii.u-ir iiatu .uv,niu inu j.iiiin- ple, and geneially adhered to tie forms which wero thought wise here. By the original treaty of 1713, the bound in line between the British iio-srs-ions in Norlii! iio-srs-ions in ,orin I po ancc, anu it provided, tKfliaps , e couiu say . m()lJdto m, ri;-011i Whoever would look at the without ostentation, for it amicable arrange- mst onco t,iat l)atur(, inU,nM ,,0 inentnf internation.il mattc-s of no very tr, ling f(Jr lo )cnclU of va., ui,'erc.it, and .lis magnitude. Ho should not dep irt from truth in . UM ,inns (,f ie C()U ., wns a fc. Amer.ci and tho Lnited hid cs, was traced ! V()uIJ trtko alvay t,.lt toii. He was made nc ulong the St. Lawrence and tho great Likcs.l qll.lillei wil, a .utleman who had clectioneer and the lorty-lirih degree of mull l ititu. o. It j im,,, ro j y,!ar after year, and had ac nursiicd the imdJIo nf the nvtr and the lakes. ... .if?. ,.... 'i.,,.i ,i. t ,.;ti.,,ro It was a fixed geographical inc. and was run , .1 r . . nut by two or three communions. Bjt it so happened, according to this boundary, that tl.e vessels of the two nations could not navigate some pans ol the ht. Lawrence and tho Upper Likes, without tre-passim- upon the territory J . .7 i"'";-'- ,",'',..,.; mvenientlv 11 ivigate from Lake l.no thro n,,!;..;..;.... ...... nr 'I'l, Amr,riati rnitl Ink, Huron, without traver-iiig a part of the- Sa2 h slie.leet, wnter were on -he Amnrlea,. -id,. i.iumu-,1 ..v.v... rr ainrncill siuc ..' "V" : I Vl e Us ; ,; nl.V . the ships or boll, nations, from shore to shore. ""j' .? ' al," tl'P, ,n.nr0, of t,10,n, ""'7 I i, v as accordingly prov.ded f. r in tho treaty ' ' ' 10 l0T wou J 6T'' be ftnBthened. 0 "V shin-ton. The' simulation was opposed, "eJr bruko down the barriers of distance bo-

so, 0 q urters,as being a surrend r of Amori- KnPBT,B,,d co,n",um,,le3 ' "',7 promoted can s il to llriti-I, invasr0n, but happily it was '"'"course between man and man ; they brought " lie and he believed that every 'body now! .Il0,,t more intimate and more just social rela was colli iuced that tho provision was beneficial . j ''s-' f nf ji.-t political relations. ".V. 1 W hen we found men aliko in character, follovv- 1 lis fi'ieud had touched upon another topic- '"'r 'r"-)'";, "' ''W.P-.1clo-clycor. the great subject of internal i.nprove.ne it.- lJ''ull' f"!1 "eul y.wo should there W.vvvhat in the world va, government in-.i- J , "' tmahUon and bis,s of political . ' ,'. ' . , i , v.. I union such union as alone ran bo the sa va- , iV . ; eld i, X o'tho :i U'rual relation of nation and nation, bitch re. latinos were frcnucntlv t'lose of war, of hostili .i -..1..: r n.,.l ..0,1.... S3..l. ty. But governments wyro not mado for war. j At present, it was tnic.there was extended com mercial relations between different countries, but they were only ono branch, and that not tho most important branch, of affairs to which the attention and care of government should hj de voted. He took it that ull really good govern ment was established to do that for tho people, which needed to bo done, and which tho people could not do for themselves. Government should' bo merely the united, Iho concentrated force of tho people. And therefore, a priori, it was the duty of government to con-iiler whether that thing which was neces-ary to be done, could bo ilono without government aid. Itnoi, mo pre sumption cleaHy was that the government ogl.t6asl (1,lickly,ad smash ! we.it a pane of glass. to gLit Unit aid, or do that thi,. (Muc , a,;- Til0 ,L,r gfrl turned her frightened eye towards plause.) Such had always appeared to bun but a fair interpretation of tho duty 0: government, i . : .... ...... -,. ,i.-..i., !.,,. - " -pne y . , - ; "' II imnshiro could not collect a dolhr from any 1 1 ; : . ., ... f custom liouso within her limits ; M issachiisetls, I one of tho great commercial States, could not collect a doll ir from any of her custom 'nouses. All tho linanc'al benefit of the entirecounnerce ui misuiuuii' uuucu i" 1110 h ment. Most certainly then it was for the gener al government to provide for tho necessities of commerce Hid u require 1110 protection 01 lorts, of light-houses, of piers, of breakwaters who but government was .bsvund to grant that protection ! Take tho case of the breakwater in tho Dola. 1 ware a worn opposed tor twenty years ., on , constitutional grounds, tnoug ., nappuy, win. out cllect who was to exivjnd a million of mo. y on lint ? Tho little Stato of Delaware ?- She had no intceit in t'10 matter it least no ' e-vciusive i n e e,i-noi ono qua tor so m, , thu f'V f I'l'dadelplua. Mi mid it bo l'oi van.a.or Now Jersey? Neither was alo 1 tcreslcd in tho wor It. Maine Now Hami Mas.sachusetts-all New Lngla.id was as not ono quarter so much as I'ennsyi alone in- Hampshire Massachusetts all New England was as much ' cm.cerneu in tint improvement as any part ot I thu country ,',aiiu in lacimoru so, sor ,ww i.ug- laud was more interested in the navigation d tha Delaware than was any other region, and New Kngland vessels to bo wrecked there. Take another instance tho work projected in the harbor of Mohilo some years since. It was opposed by tho representatives; of that very le gion, but he had voted for it throughout. lle turning from Washington at tho close of a scss. ion when tho measure was unsuccessfully urged one of his constituents, a Hula vexed at the course of proceeding, liala-kol him how he could support a measure which was so blrcnu oiisly opposed by the very people it was most designed to benefit. His nnswer was ready because, durin ' tho two or three years before, .i.... i.,.i 1 1 .i.i.u l.wi ueiniu, it wa, that Iho whole country was concerned in it tho whole country was concerned in ivement ofany of its parts. (Plaudits.) supposed that allusion was more di-' ended to that branch oflhe system of' tho improvement ol Biithosu recuy iiiteiiucii 10 inai u. aim. tin: vsn-in 01 Iiiiem.,1 Imnrnen.nent which rerarded canals nnd' railways.' Happily it had happened tliat.thus fitr.privato en terprise and wealth had been able to accomplish, in this respect, about all that was necessary. And thero could be no doubt that what could be accomplished by private enterprise was done moro economically and to belter advantage than In any other way. So far, therefore, as private enterprise could carry out t work of improve ment, tho much wiser course was to rely upon it. nut with regard to iho improvement ol the Western waters, this was.not tho case. The act of L'ovorninctit was necessary hern. Lvcrv ono knew that all such improvements had al ways liecn resisted, and ho had heard a grave constitutional argument advanced against them, that nature never mado any harbors on the lakes, and therefore it was clear she never Inten ded there should bo any I To which ho remem bered to have replied that, so lar as ho knew, people wero brought into Iho world without be ing clad, and therefore Iho argument was good that they never should wear clothing. (Great laughter and applause.) The great western lakes wero not a straight lino of water. Thev nursncd a ziczag cdWi-e. We beheld Lako Erie stretching down into New York as if to accommodate, especially, a compa rative southern region. "We saw another of the i.u.111 it;ucuniir oir lino inu iioruiwi. i, 10 .mum -i.; .i.:..- r..- i .i . . ... narkahle fact that thero wc ,mrbors on t,lc W)ml U-M sholU Jone t0 im rovo t,c advantages offered by t,Cee i,n,nell5c shed., of water? The science of tie ag0 toy , at once that it was expedient , con,Ict hnrs-but how were wo to do it ? ., , , , , ,.,,. i, .! n..nr xvimt ,ad been said on the subiect 'for the past tvvent' cars, sometimes with a degree of spiightlmcss, but oftcner of tedium, from its ear host agitation to the days ol the Chicago con volition, and particularly tho Memphis Conven lion a body some ot whose very iiisiinguisncu , members, though they could not dig a trench for . 1 V. .. .1.1 a canal, or split a rock for the passage of a rail road, could yet skilfully split hairs fur the sake of establishing a more abstraction. (Cheers and laughter) But for himself ho would say linn, iiu iiiiu iw,v.i' that ho had always considered it as much a duty ,,, , ;,. ,t .,i.!ii, l,.,rW, oiuhe western waters as to build a light-house j , ,ho mrbor ofj!n!,,nn. r(irc.lt ap)lauc Wl)l (, , rMIM thm cro UvJcon. , fiiller,lti()n wIt;clt should not be overlooked, rj at lllpv cllh.iwci lll0 valt,or property ... ,..,,, :,.,!. ..:,.::,.. i ,i, ,J nf i, ' .journey he made last year, ho passed over the rMrMtl ,0 Vj ,!,. ton. North Carolina. Along tint linn Hm noonle raised considerable corn, ...i i i ........ i i .!., -...I the like. The road vvas violently oppo-cd at first, as an encroachment on prirate rights. It ,..,;,,i , ,, , .,; , r ,i, ,,7,,,tn;i .,. ..n.i". i.:.... .i. n, U.U M.CII11II. Ul III, Ul .ll-llll'l. Ul UK. fli'lll,.. ...... ,i i.... ....i .t ,1,:., ..,, t ,' i.:h,i uineo .,, ... ...j ,' ,as foum a ln.kct . vst...: t. ..,.,.s ...m ..,.., 1,1. tollinn- ,. ,...? ' ,,,., ., i.;ir.," ,ir...d shri ........ - - from the entire produce ol Ins whole plantation, o 1. r . ' . n .1,, ,.,. 'uy-UrM 5?,nectL a,,d socie. es together Lvery r'lu O-'t Was bihlt did inucli III this respect. In ;Clllliarv MM,,e il u:. n,li-,int rrennV hot in oclal and political union between the people "? uf country. (Loud cheers.) In conclusion, Mr. Webster said ho took leave of the company, with health a little feeble but highly gratified at tho occurrences of tho day. And he prayed the gentlemen present, ono and all, to accept his beat wishes fur their prosperity and happiness. Mr. Webster did not commence this reply till nearly twelve o'clock, and shortly after conclu ding ho retired. A Married .Man's i:c. " There's daggers in men's eyes !" ' Open the window, Hetty,' said mv uncle An- uover, to mo iiou-emaiu ; let in u iiiuu ire-u maid -lei in a nine ire-u air.tl.is line nioruiii!?.' Hettv threw up the us, hut my undo went on vent on laixing as 11 110 iiau not heard the noise. 1 Sir, Mr. Andover, please to look,' said Het ty, 1 1 liavo broken a pane of glass, and Mis Andover will bo so angry : 'Angry? lor whit? Here, take this money,' said he. ' and run off quickly for the glazier. I will pick up the pieces while you are gone. 'Angry, indeed! Miss Andover does not get angry lor such tntles ; but uo on ueioro suu comes homo if you are afraid.' Dear undo Andover ! ho screened every uo dy from harm. All Campcrdown know t'.o val ue ot his triendsiiip. no vvas jusi uiriieu ui sixty, with a healthy, unbroken constitution, a fine flow of spirits, and an even temper. He vvas benevolent and untiring in his disposition to do good; and as all tho world knew this, he was not suffered 10 remain unoccupied a mo ment. All this, added to a largo income, and a large heart, made him one ol the most popular men in Campcrdown, With all these qualifications, it was a wonder that ho never married, for ho was a very hand somo man, even at this advanced age. But he vvas a bachelor from choice, I assure you ; for many a lady, even now, would be glad to re ceive an offer from him. Strange as it may ap pear, it is nevertheless really true, my uncle was never in love that is violently in love, as 1 am at this moment and thereloro ho never thought of inarriago. . .My dear uncle,' said I, when the glazier had gone, 'how his it happened that you never married ? Yuu have always been rich, and from what I can now see, you must have been very hand-ome.' Hero my undo pulled up his collar, and settled his chin, casting his eye toward, the '''Av'i,.. fl-.intl.it. I.CO. I believo I imi tolera bly well-looking in my youth, and I cannot but say I had many inducements to marry. My pa rents were very desirous that I should fall in love, and many a beauty was pom eu ounu .110 , i 1..,. I c.,,vs,. iad no turn lor me tenner pas. luvt-, aim ,n.,, j ., . , . f Ion. Tho fact is, Leo, I loved every woman so f Ion. Tho fact is, Uhi, l lovcu every worn well, that I wasafraidof hurling the feelin tho wholo sex. if 1 B-ivo one tl.o prefer This was not, however, tho only reason, sa feelings of reuce. aid ho iiiii-.'u ,, , e,M. after a nause. ' I hw another and a stronger onc. All my life I have been watching me he haviourof men lo their wlvc, and I never met wiiu one man no, not eve n youriatner, anu nc came of a gentle kind who did not scourge his wife the very moment sho was In his power And, In, mark my words, you will do it too. It Is human nature ; it seems a thing not to be helped.' ' Sconrgo their wives I I scourge a woman! such a lovely creature as Flora Webb 1' thought I. ' But what do you mean by 'scourging' V 'I moan what I sav. Do vnu think thore Is nnlyono kind of scourging? I certainly do tint i mean boating, though many a fellow, If he dar ed, would strike his wife,or slap her face, if she only acted a little perversly, jii't n ho had ac ted, perhaps, only the moment before: hut tho scourging of which I speak, is with the evo; ny, vnu may stare, but it is me .Married Ainti s uve. Come, let us go to thevillage; I owe every bo dy a visit, particularly uriushy, who isjust mar ried to my little pet.' Kvery young woman by the way, was Undo Andovcr s pet. ' I cannot tell in which way she offends his married eye, but I will warrant that ho has begun bis scourg ing already. There is your aunt Phillida ; she sees this matter as I do, and that has kept her from marrying. Before v," settled in Camper down, she had plenty nh'", for rich women arc scarce. I hat old .Mr. Koot otlercd his hand to her full thirty years ago.' 'Irtok over the way, uncle: there stands that little red haired l)avion, tho meanest looking man I ever saw. Is it true that ho in nip an at tempt to address my sister Fanny, while I was in hurope !' 1 Yes lie made a desperate attempt, hut ho was repulsed with scorn. Do not speak nf it before your aunt, for it puts her in a passion. I only wish we could keep him from coining so often to Campcrdown, for he is hateful to mo, as well as to her ; and Mrs. Campbell that ij, our Jcnnv Hart that wa basset her face against him. him. and that has decided his fate here.' ' W hit ! is .Mrs. Campbell, the Jenny Hart of: I the thre id-and-nceille store ? she whom all the .. .l .... 1 titn m.f. ,!, ' young men usuo , y w.u .u si, . . uuu every body was in love with ?' I ' Yes, and I will take you there to-morrow, She is on a visit to New York to d u'. ) our aunt told her all about Davison ; and so, sis I said, having set her f.ico against him, he will not find it very convenient to settle in our neighborhood. Let him remain at Starkford.' '""Why, uncle. I never knmv you so bitter to ward any one beforo. What has ho done to mcritull'lhis?' ' Well, Leo, we talked of scourging ', of mar ried men scourging their wives with the eye: but this man, for one that calls himself a tnau.is more brutal than a savage. Just look at him; a little na try fellow, not digger than my thumb; w til red hair, a IrecKled lare, a nose inn jou l.nr.llv see. deen set Mile red eve, an car like a long oyster, ind a neck like a crane. - I here he goes ; ml ho h is a laugh and a joke I with every ono ho meets, there comc our rook Mr." Foster, tho engineer. Ah! Alfied rjr..i- ,l,,es not ston Iiotoiiches his hat, and! walks on. It has cowed IHvion fur a second ; but there comes Job Martin, the lax-gatherer ; now n.nison his said a good thing, and - - , - , nn l:un iiiv at it. I hero comes our good Mr now llavison ins s.uo a ym.u unug, Parrells. See how Davi-on's hat goes oil' to ! him : there was aj.nw for vnu!' 1 Who is this Mr. I'arcell-, uncle? 1 do not ' recollect over hearing the 11 nne before.' 'Ho isa retired merchant, and has bought an estato at Wicklowe. in the next village. He is very rich, and little Davison fawns and cringes belore him, iiko a spaniel. 1 s?e 11 an now -, di-concerted lum, and he winted to stop her , there is an only da.Uj.-hter there, too. Mms Par-. tint she ran on, and inv undo li-ieue,! u',tii Jm cells is not what I call an ugly woman, but if it muc!i glee and innocence as herself Oruiso were not for her immense expectations, ugly as I wa;ed across tho rim n, so as to get in front of Davison i himself, he would look for more j hcr,uirdr pretence of phing the clock straight, beauty. Tho fellow has been twice mirried. I believe Junes is satisfied with all my pur Yes, there ho goes ; ho has left the others, nnd I dnses,' s iid she, ' hut th it foolish clock ; and if walked off with good n attired Jemmv P.ircclls.' j ,.ud, I would eh inge it, yet, for tho gold one; ' But supposing that Miss ParcelU is ugly ? Why, only a little bef ire you came in ' Surely this man can have no pretensions to hor .r In-bind caught her eye this tim, and hand ; and he is upwards of forty, by his looks.' I ,)n); ,ju -ed her : for her laugh and her joy ' There is nnthiii" better nor worso to bo said ! oiisiivs were at an cn I. She was puzzled to of him, than that ho scoured his wife to death. I kn iw why her little nonseu-e was taken amis Ho married au only child ; I speak of his lir-t now, when it wis always s pie isantly listened wife, for the second one, poor thing !-no, lucky to before her 111 image. I hi, was ev idently tha creature! died of a pleurisy, beforo ho had first stroko of the mirried min is eye. Item time to cominenco operations. His first wife birras-ed her; sho cist a timid glance at hci , 1 lady of good birth, and, as vvas husbind, and was silent, iinnose, a tile t me, of good fortus.e. Show-as 'Did you see the fellow s eye ?' asked mynn an ii.tiinite school friend of your aunt Plnlhdi, j cle, when on oar vv.y to tho next house. . OAl marriage, .ur. wen, i.: -was reputed lo lo rich, nnl Dm-on so nigra tialcd liimseir with him, thai. Iwmg a hypoc. hon .triae ii,l not poJ business in in, the fellow soon became his fictotiim. Kvery thing fell into his hands; and the short nf it is, that he determined to have Mr. Dell's money, and his daughter in tho birgain, since ho could not get one without the other.' 'Ah, uncle, I recollect now: did I not e. a Mrs. Divison with aunt Piiillidi, al tho springs, the summer before I went abroad ?' . '.. nl., r.xif ..mv i itst liefore she lied ; and it was there tint I saw how the wretch .V"-. -,' " ,.;,.,i i, i I ireueu our-, nun jei .uir r-. t '""nJ """ I .no mic h m ,x , JM I ...i" i .... i.. m.,.; ., l.l properly hid been settled on her Divi-on would have treated her differently. I doubt it. ' It isscarcely possible to tell you in what his deviltries consisted; but they "were of such a nature, that in ten years it vvas a slow poison, that eye of his he fiirly worked this gentle creature out ot existence. I only wish yuu dircd ask your aunt all about it. for women un derstand this misery better than men ; mil u almost sets hr raving. O.ir prin'ip.il rea-on for nuitting Starkford, was becau-o he had t,rn,i,rl,t .mi ost ito there, lbfore tho wrote! m-.rriod noor Chn-tina Dell, he vvas 1110 ino-t devoted, the most ob-oqulnns, the most tender of lovers. Ho had to work bird to get tho iiino - cent votui" creature, lor her uisiiho 10 mm at first amounted almost to aversion. 110 consult ed her taste in everything, and seemed to have no will but hers. Well, Leo, only look at this man, one year after marriage, nay ono month, for he began iin. mediately. Ho could not bear to hear her laugh . ho could not boar to see her pleased with any' one's conversation; ho sneered at her whenever sho opened her lips unobserved mind, by oth ers. By bis hard manner, bo drove oil all her early associates, those vv ho loved her dearly and could liavo comforted her. Ilis eyo that'little red evo ot his was Kept on her whenever she opened her lips to speak, or to give an opinion ; audit Ind tho power of a serpent over her, There is no thraldom, l.eo, like tho thraldom ol a married nun's eye. Ha expected impov-ibili ties, almost, from her, for her constitution was very delicate, and when sho did tho utmost that her feeble strength allowed, ho sneered at her At tjble. he never helped her to anything he thought sho liked. She could not bear rare meat, neither could be; yd I am told that in his own liouso ho would not allow tho cook to send tho moat up well done, lest his wife might per chance get a piece that sho liked. Ho actually punished himself, that ho might scourge his unoffending vvifo. If, in Iho mo-t liumblo way, when sho thought ho was pirtioularlv rrood- humored, she aked him lor u slico not 7111e so rare, he would say somo brutal or unfeeling thing to her, for which the very neuru in wait ing would like to kick him. If ho deigned to help her to another piece, it was cut from a burnt, Jianl part, equally unpalatable. She neV' er ate a mouthful at that wretch's table, without insult or taunt. 4 It was fortunate that thh poor young crea ture had no children ; for his nature was such that I verily believe ho would liavo tormented them, for iho pleasure of tormenting his wife. When she found that all happiness was denied her in this world, sho turned her affections to another and a better. There slip found peace and lovp i love tender and enduring. She fill sick, at length ; nnd then you should have seen the hypocrite, uh, how ho would run for tho leecher, nnd bleeder for tho doctor, and tho clergyman! You would have thought him tho most devoted anil tender of hiishuiils. Almost every one, save tho servants and your aunt Phil lida, were deceived. Lven tho doctor called hiii) a pattern-husband. ' How ho must have shrunk from the touch of lli good clergyman, on the day after the funeral ! The reverend man dearly loved his pure and gentle wife; ami it went fiard wilh him to part with her; but with all the confidence sho re posed, she never breathed a syllable of her tun- bind s iindeviating, petty tyranny. 'Rest, there fore, in peace, tny son I' aid he, as he aroso to leave the room, placing his hand on her cruel hit-band's head, 'a she fo hem we mourn is now in heaven. Yon tenderly loved her, you sustained her in sickness and sorrow, and you comforted her in the last trying mnmnts. Your conscience inu-l acquit you of the slightest in tentional iinliiiidiie-s, for you wero all that a tender, consideiate hush mil should ho. Grieva not, therefore, like one without hnip ; but let lu imitate tho purity nnd integrity of her life, so that in the end your spirit inay'agaiu bo united lo liers.' ' Would you liMiove it, Loo ? tho hypocrites told nil this to one of his friend, ! There In comes ngain. Only h'ar that laugh ! Just s0 he roireil. and "in iu inn. When ho was break- in,r hi i wife s ho irt at home. Jokes ! 0 ono hive a dinner or a supper parly without could I , T . f. . ..1 ... ...I.,. I 1 .-..! . I . mm. n- nimnv.uu intuitu i,ennu .turns, on the strength of his goodness to his wife ; and I ivo nniloiibt the same thing will ungrate onth mind of Miss I'arsells ami her father. Poor Christian.. 1)j11 1 But lm is fir happier vvhero she is now, than sh could bo, oven if Davison was not a brute. But come, let us sally out ; it is viiting tim:,and we owe a great many visits. So, here we are; this is Ormsby's Ilouse. j-ow L-n, look 011 for the nun's eye.' Tho nowly-m irricd cn iple were sitting to gether very 'lovingly, and every thing arnurd them wis bride-like and c unf irtable. They jumped up quickly to welconi'' us. for my uncle, as I said, was a general fivorite. Ho praised every thing over and over again : even t)ie , clock on the mantle piece hail his kind notice. ' Yes, I knew you would like it.' sai,l the lv little 1 uly, ' but James does not think it suit able for this small room. It is rather large, to b? sure ; but then bronze is so much morelfash inn iblo than gold. I am sorrv, now. s'nee hs h-likes it so much, that I did not take t'i rrt ,mP . but, Mr. Andovcr, how coiilj I tell, then 1 tlut he prefeiinl the giltoue ? Then, ho thought thought, and as 1 uniformly prufeired tha bronze clock, why-he was only t'oo hapry to no- prove wis you not, Jam:,? I never heard, then, of his di-like to this poor clock; but a month alter mirri ige mikes a great difference, you know, Mr Andover.' While she was laughing nut gailv. in tho prido and joy of a young bride's he trt,'Orm-by was trying to c itch her eye. I s uv that her prattlo a niiiu ui iiii-n. uuii'ui um not line tho expo sure. It showed he had struck tho fal-e colors of courtship, and hid nailed up the red, stern tbg to the m ist-head. Men are all alike, Leo.' Our next visit w as to Mr. Cmersnn, the chem ist. Ho lived in the greatest harmony with hU vvife; they had b-'en nuriied seven years, and had spveril tine children. The very moment we entered the hoii-e, he casta fierce look at his belter lull". ' My d ur Jane,' said he, with a look an 1 tone that bully accorded with tho tender epithet, 'why do you shut out Mr. An lover s dog ? Do open tho door, and let him come in. Pray excu-e her,' continued he, cast 1 , ,i, .! , , .,,.,.. ' " , , .1. .... ..w . ''"".g . " ,n; V-J ZZ m' , n r.atrr Cot ! fo hick is turned, ho is b unshed to tho kitchen.' 1 1...1. : .i t... I,,,,i.i...,i . .1.. i.:..i . ' 1 Then why.' said mv uncle, mildly, ' whv dn ' you keep a dog, if Mrs. llaierson is afraid of them? I am very fond of c its, and I should have two or thn 0 Maltese and Angolas, if pjjj). lidi were not advers, to it. Slip dislikes cats as . much n your vulo fears dogs, Bnj jn consc. quenco 1 hive bini-hed them. I.eo, mv sen, step out an.l drive llrulus fmm Iho door ;' he is scratching at it. and M's. Liner-on must not b kept uneasy.' Lmi tsoii Ii -re c 1st another look. unit: thought 1, 'do all men chane in . this way alter m image?' My nnc e. as if di vining my thoughts, nodded his luad, but I shook 1 mine. ' Never, Flora, slnll this eyo of mine , icmik otherwise than tenderly on thee!' ' Did you see Iv.nTson's eye ?' said wy unci", when fairly on Iho pivemeni ; '-and yet hi is pie is nit fellow. How well he talk-", and how kind and considerate ho is to every body, po. undall. He N really a good man, and w'e'eoul I not get on well without him ; nnd I liavo 111 doubt that ho is, in the m tin. an indulgent hu bind. Now he might as well give up his fancv for dogs, seeing that his wifo dislikes them. 1 cannot for mv l.fp conceive why ho persists in it. Leo, it gives a woman a very bad opinion of our sex, when sho find, how different a lover and a husband are. I remember (he llmo when 1 this very m 111, who lords it so with his rye, ucd to leave hisdoga' hoinewhen he wen! to Iltigh ton to visit his sweet-heart. Ho vvas tender enough of her feeling,, then. lie gave up smoking, too, knowing that sho disliked, tho sinell nf lob iceo smoke, yetthocigar is hardly ever out of his mouth now. Did you ses wlist a sarcastic lo .k she put on, when I said that I give up cats to please your aunt ? 1 he rvpres siou amounted to this : ' Yes, bichelor Andover, but there is all tho difference in the world be tween giving up your whims to please your sis. tor, and renouncing them to please your wife. II Phillidi hid been vour wile, instead of your sister, th cats would have been paramount. And indeed, my dear nephew, I am alriidthis would he the cae. It is this fear w.nch h-s kept me an old bichelor.' Our next visit was to Mr. Bsnshaw s, retire merchant. He had an excellent wife, and love!" childien, all ot whom w.rc In jocd hf ltn, w