Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 24, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 24, 1847 Page 2
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He thinks It will necessary, under tbe con- sasurphn. He enters (iitimn rln bora Ic luMorj o (he ilucluation in treasury thev pre iw. lor-llie mode of their Issue. Ac. Ac., which I ol hut little interest to tiny one. He alludes aln to Hie slips liken lo erect n custom house in New Orleans, the land lor which, nlneil nt 9.-i0u,lKH), lm hcen given i by il... ..lie. Tin. l.tiil.litti, Im III iimitrrMliI erci Hon. 1 lie light-house sisleni Is working snti-lnctnrily. . The Secretary, in order lo nrqiitinl linnelt Willi the working nr the Warehouse sjsieut, tle"pntchUl Messrs. WWi ni'.t, nf llie New ''tk Cus t..m Kerope In-t Align!. i I he v have nl findy reporte.l In the Secretory voluminously. I; ton this licport, the Secretary deems the system of I treat Hriltiin the hel. It hn proved lughly henclicinl to (lie rnimulacturcrs ol that country, as it will to those " Tlic'lott lour cnhtnin of the report is nn nrgutnent in fnvnruf the existing tatili. It hi jnvoiitc theme with the Sccrctnry.and he enter upon it with a great dial ol zenl. He refers, wilh evident picture, to the vatcxpoitsof bicud'tutl" during the past c,ir,ninl insisls thnt low ihilics nllbril llic bctl protection to the in.l.i.irtr i.l llie e.uilllri. The new in rill" hns now hcen In opernlion tnore twelve niontht, nn.l lias gieatly niiitnienien inc .iiii.. ntn I tmn,titv ol llie eonlllrv. The net rcc line irom duties during the tele inonilis, ending IM ll.,.,l.r IS17 ,.i.,lr tl.D ii,.u- infill', is A3IIHI.WHI. hcing 9S,.V2S,.,)yii more thnn wns reeeiieil during tin Iwelie montlis preceding, under the tnrill' "I WIS. 'I'lii. Iipl revenue nl' llie lirvt nlllirler nt the lirt-t llClll WVSS.S7oV" the' Zrv'. , I'i' yc;;:n.leV Ihc tiirlll'ol 18IM, the net revenue as only gfi,l.'32l II llic revenue lor the three reiiiiiining niinrters should equal in the nvcrnge the liist, then the net revenue Irom diiliesduring tlie tirsl liscnl yenrof llie new tnrill would l- 4 l,l'r.0J fil. II, however, the coinpiiriMUi i lounded on nil the quarterly returns lor IS years, (ns fnrbackns given quarterly in the Treasury records,) nd the snine proportion for the Feveml quarters np plicd to the first quarter ol this would make us net revenue, (per table C) 8ll)HjM.t, Ahhoiiuh llie net revenue Irom duties nlrendy rcciiicd, lieing 511 j,.M'f),2."i7 41 iluriiiE the live tnonihs ol ihi lical j'enr, would seem 10 indicate lis probable amount n not less than i'J.'i,liiJ(l,l)(0, vet il is estimated nl $31, Dim.OWl for Ihe ll-cal J ear ending Will June, lSIS.niul St3-2(HI,WK) lor the Micceeiling year, in view ol ihe possible clf'Cts ol the revulsion intircnt lliilain. Al though our urosperilyis ascribed liysome in llie famine there, ns though I'rovidencc hud inmle lhe mlvance ol one c.iiintrv 1.1 ilenend nonii llie c.iiamities of nnother, ri'i 1. n uei nun oil. uuuv .,1111 in. u , m irrenler in n kiries nf venrs. when l.rosiielitV would cuaTile her to buy more Irom ns, (and especially ' ot lon,)nnd nl better prices, and sell us more 111 exchange, necouijiaiiied hy nn augmentation of revenue. m;nwx(.To, vi. rtilDAY MOKNINU, DECEMBER 21, BIT " In the pauk and tiidubi.rd moiit that i tll-ON US, THEItF. ismiStaii above the horizds TOB1VE USA OLEAM OF LlflllT, KXCEITISO THE INTELLIGENT. PATRIOTIC WlMO I'ARTV OF THE United States." Daniel Webrler. (ET This number of our paper will reach a large portion of our subscribers on the morning ,,rd,n .Im. tt-l,ie1i bv llin almost ntianiinnus coll- .f .L ri.ris.ian World, is hailed ns the w 1 Annlvcrsarv of the Nativity of the Divine He- ,. , r I ilcemer ol mailKinil. unriinia, lor more man - lfioO years certainly, tins made the hearts of the Old glad, and of the Young "merry," by its joyful return. The day signalizes the. opening development of that Sublime Scheme for the only trne welfare of man, which was (bunded , in Infinite Love. Its observance, therefore, lias l.l..l.. .n.,.il..n l,il. I., il.n ennseioneos nnd ..i.i.i. ct.,v.. ... I in the nnnals of christian men, than that ol tiny, or all, other Anniversaries combined. In every sense of the Salutation, then as it respects the socio affections, and the higher re lations of our nature we most cordially and heartily wish our Subscribers A Merrv Christmas ! The l'rcsiilent's Message. We givo below, to tho exclusion of almoct every thing cUe, (he calm, dignified) powerful, exposition from the Rational Intelligencer of llio sophistries and perversions of the Ust .Message ol Mr. Polk. If tbe circulation and perusal ol this antidote could he di-extcnsivc with the cir culation and perusal of the Message, it would almost persuadu us, in this instance at len!, or the truth of that maxim of a false philosophy which asserts that " Error may l taf,-l,j ; trusted abroad wbere Kcasonis left free o combat it No man, surely, can rise from the reading of this masterly refutation, without feeling how niin-y arc tbe pretences on which this war is at tempted to be justified nnd sustained, and how unworthy the scat once occupied by a Wash isr.Tos Is the small partisan who now sits in it ! It is absolutely humiliating to every truo Amer ican to see the President of the United Slates thus stripped of the robe of dignity nnd respect that ought to bo inseparable from his office. . , .. . c .l. l... . ..r.l.... rtiiu iitoiiiie n oi" tuu mm ui ui niii iupi in tu.ti functionary to make the wrong appear the bid- ,, , ter reason. Presidents Messages are bccoin- ing inoro anu more, wnai iiicunitsiiiiuinu never contemplated that they should be, mere argir , . , .i .i . .ii mf!s in Bupport and advocacy of partisan (chemcs and measure. Wc look upon the practice as no! one of tho least dangerous of the innovations (because it is one of the most m-id ions) that arc making on the spirit and litter of lutis tuuit a j . our admirable Constitution. That iiistrinnent, in prescribing Ihe duties of the President, says explicitly, "Ho shall, from time to time, give to tho Congress infou.mation of the Slato of tho Union, and 1UJCOMMENI) not tip such measures as ho shall judge necessary and expc dicnt." Congress, a left to argue mid deter- mine tlie necessity iind expediency of tho mens- mine the necessity anil expediency of tho mens urcs the President " recommends." They come together Irom every section of this wide-spread Union, and aro supposed, and witli truth, to know betlcr than the President what the Peo fle, whose UEi'HESENTATivEstliey are, demand and require; lit these latter days, however, il is common for Ihe President to encroach upon tho law-making power; while the Constitution directs, only, that " ho shall tako care that tlie laws bo faithfully executed," not maile. It is when such things take place when Pres idents argue and debate the " measures " they are only authorized to " recommend," and thus, and in other more direct ways, interfere .with the malting of llie J.iwsthcy nro ouly aullmriz ed to cause to " bo faithfully cxicHe(,"tl,at they are justly exposed to such scathing rebukes as tho following, and dishonor the country by creating tho necessity which rerjuircs trutli uud justice to prove that tlvey have dishonored their high station. Wo trust no reader of this paper will pass by Ihe subjoined review of tho staple of Mr. Polk's Message, (the icnr part) on account of its length . It is not so long, certainly, though it it a shade mote able, than tho text upon which it coin rncntf. The Wnr with Mexico. When, on the 13th dayol May of last year, the pas. anenf ihe Act of Congress, recognizing llie existence - of War with Mexico, was announced lo the renders of the National Intelligencer, It was accompanied by Hie expression of a beliet that by the largest portion ol its KHileiithe information would lie received with alarm tlinu justly excited by the wilfulness and. reckless. J3URLTN G TON FREE PRESS, lies wild which tin- Nation had been plunged Into n rorclgnwnr, which, a llic People were in no pr.ltioit larprcpared for.thcy otic in mi wny Ion-warned ol For ourselves, wc were not taken wholly by urptic In- 1 1- news. In tin- dnti iipiiiIiii ol the f.xcculnc whatever confidence wc were di-posed Ui plate hud been shaken by the iduiot daily tlcmniWriitiotis hy its oignn tluring tin' first icar of lis existence I . J t 1 to XVe h.a, watt Neil s Clu l essi,-,. i H'M- o pcilieni. urn- no gin- I no ilnnlly disclosing a seltlcd putpnsclniuakc n r iimn c.onsiepcliiionol them. , , Mexico, in Ibe event ol'noNiecccdiug in iiitimi.lnl tits I Ifefcriing lo liis last miiiinl rninmnnicntion to Con her inl" n inmiit submission In tin' demands which priw iiariiculnM ol his hill nrarraigimicnl, the 1 re the President intended In iiiiiki:iiioii her. That organ fulfill nsjuin rcciu- nilrKi-il wrung by Mcxico.througli (tin- government paper) wnu hardly n week old betnre IM rentier tvert: irun-pni nu , 111 uii.i;iu.iii"ii, " " Halls nl Mnntc.unin," which were to lie occupied by llie Uniled Stales n llie rtnw iiiiiu net cif n "second I ' .... 1 1.. ..... ,.nl ,.M ... I ... conquest of .Mexico." The Incsin being sounded, vol itntccts were In Hock fioni the Wet In llic K'ene of action, and In carry eiery thing belnre llieni. 'i'ho govermncnl paper taught u,niso, now uie war w.imio he Inniight on by which tins conquest was to be effect- eil, 11 loresaw, hy 111 lliv tliollllis, me uiurcii 01 .nil Army tiom Cnipu" t 'In iii (where nsci cry one knows, .Mexico never intended lodiMuibiDto llie It in (iriindes foresaw that llie Meieaiitinghl ciosslhe lilolirande nnd that, il'lhev did, "Moot would be sh.-d," nnd " wnr ti 11 t ensue " Wlnui, tlier. liue. the prediction wns rcah.ed when ihe catastrophe nrihed, huweicr il shocked, it can scarci Iv liesii.l to h.iu- si;iri'eii us, til ihe lacilitv and precipitancy wilh which the purposes of Ihe i;eculiu' came lo fie sustained by the hcgislatlie nuthority, we cannot sav the snine. e U',.r, l..,tli snirriri4...l 'f.,1.1 nbirinril to liud llOW easilv.oll the impulse of the innnu-ul, blindlold nnd gagged, t-nngrcss coniii nc nrnen to leim ns cnunieiuniuc m those purposes. Iliinillotd nnd gagged, we repeat. C:nngn,. cou. he dnjen to l?d i,s cpuiilcnnnce to Nori the cxprest.o.i tiosttoig ; lor,beore ili news ol llie dangerous position ol our Army was communis cated hy the Eveuiliie In Congress, comniiltecs of both Mouses had been got together (on the Sabbath) and measures prepared m concert wilh the I'.veculnc, whiih, Ihc next day, on receiving the President's .Message of Inrni, w ilhoul wailing lo have Ihe papers nceompanjing il read over, lor the iuliiriiiaiioii ol .Mcuiheis, were forced through the House of Itcprc- smlaines. ..r, ecn In a hinlyexeilcil nsitie House washy the Stirling news (coin llie mo t.laliile, illil llie nitiug patly ill the Hi use venture to propose ihe laisf uud olmoxioiis Preamble id the Hill iinlii afternil leliber.ation nnd debute liad been iirecluded una uiies- lion ns nionichUiiiseertainlv nsever cnnie befjie Con- gicss. Hid theic been itulhing else nlaimiiig in tiiis Dcclaralion ol Wnr with .Mexico, ihe dcspoiisin thus exereiseii over ineiniiiority ol ttic Kepresemnmc no dy, repealed on Ihe Inllowni' dav in llic Senatorial oouj , iiiiereiuioo c.M'iiqu iroiii suen sharp pracuce.j was ol its,.;iutlieieht to appil the hearts ot those ac customed, ns we hae been, to regard llie rights nt mi nnrities ns not less sacred than those ol'ni.aiorilies.nud. among them, ihe right ot proposing ainenilinents to orrouionstnilionsngiiust nny proposition coining be. lore ihent. The mummy in each IIoumj wns ihus subjected by a most arbitrary and malienaut exeicc ol parly power, without liemg nllowedn inomenl lor deliberation, to t ie n leruaiive ol voiin-- for a 1 with a preamble, llie laMtood ol which they saw and detested, or ot refusing p, vole lor enactments (-up-plicsufnien and money) to wipe h. nil lni-.h as thev were, there would, peihaps, but lur the Preamble, not nave necil n ilissentienl voice. Whaleicr nlarniwe nnd our renders felt at this be ginning, Ins ceriaiiil been hilly pi-nlied hy Ihe pro gress ol events. I. veil thai preciiutation m tlie acnon ol Longress that nreaui , e. nl ir il' two ih-lincl lal-ehuods ihat tvianny iiy whidin vote wasexlort ed from ihe two llous,.s, "iave been (oniinually ap pealed to by the Evecutiie organs as eiiileuce (if the unanimity nl llie national will in nppiobaliou ol Ihe war. In the Mes-age before us, that appeal is icpeat- od, accompanied with n statement, in terms, that the ueclainlion llmt " the Wnr exi-ts lij- ibe act of.vle.v ico " was passed "with "rcat linanimilv" in Con gress; though itnm-i lie known to Ihe Executive that nut a small mninrilytii either House of Congrc-s np 'rl.'L:'1:"?:10"; "!? ",,nU,r! d'tlari" .inn iugiiiiiii;e io n, stupe nieir inier aiuiorrcntc oi "les taken in boiii llon-es ol Congress ai the second ses-K.n nl the same C'onciess nlainlv cstiib iplt., tlii-s r-iL-t. Ii.i.l there before been auv reason m doubt il. 'I'lie popular cit'clions which have interven- eiicciiaiuiyieave no cxeu-e lorn doubt upon nny iiiiiu s unnii inai n iunoriiy ol the reopie otlhcLini ted Slatesare araiuxl this war. nnd ils inithnrs. Insiead of relinqui-liing, ill dclercncc lolhe popular win, inuseicnriy c.prc.-.-eii, nny pnit ol Ins original -J;-! A&S ) to Congress nnd demands its concurrence in a plan inr cnioiuiuig uiitl iihueMng aliuosl one hall ol co, with u recommendation to conn he. Ihe Connueror. eononers all llie residue of ihat unhappy Ilepuhhc, in ihe event oi her not willingly seveiiug irom ner oouv ner ino-i vaiuapie pioviuccs. Instead nf ndv i-ing a Pence, w Inch this (Ioveriiuient miuhl have ot nnv d.av on terms ol boimr. lie inloims Congress, in a sanguinary sliain, and almost in the dialect of tlo- shambles, llial be is is'isiiatletl "that llie best mi nns ol'viadiroting the national honor nnd interest, mid of bringing ihe wnr lo nn honorable close, w ill be to prosecute it leithincieahcd enrigijaml imrrr IN uil vital ie enemiftcoui.tiij He knows Ihat he nun Ins wnr stnnd condemned by his on n countrymen He cannot, il lie would, mis inke the "enluiielll ol llie People- and )et he craves more . otitjuest, more butchery : be demands n deeper penetration nun the vitals ol our ndverwiry, and yet further wa-le of llie blood and treasure ol bis own t0j!!'fore he lake captive our senses by the seductive incitements, in which hi- Me.-age a et wider course rush ulnbiliol! mid suicidal aggraiitl i.eineni,let us stop lorn moment to consider upon wbl grounds he places and justifies the career ol cru elly nnd conquest in whit h he iilrc.itly embarked our country. We ale glad that the Piesident has, in bis Message, prefaced his recouiuicntl.ilinns as to the luiure with a summary statement olihei uuscsoUniu plaint heretofore alleged by him as being of prior date to ihe war, together unh his understanding ol how ihe war began. A single paragraph includes ihe whole story; and, ns we propose to examine it wilh some pnrnciilarity, we lieie lepubhsli it : " It is sullieient on the plcselll ota'a-ioll lo say, lint ihe wanton violation nt the rights ol person and prop erly of our citizens coiuimited by Mexico, her repeat ed acts of had l.iitli throiiili n long -cues nl vear-, and herdisreganl nl solemn tic.ilics.siqmhliiug ir indciu nny lo our injured ciliens, oi only con-iiiuied nm pie cnu-col war on our pan, but were ol such nu ng gravaicdcliarncier as would have ju-iilied us befote the whole worl.l in rcsorling lo tin, cxtictue remedy. With an anxious desiic t,, moid n rnpiuie btiwecn the lwocountrie.s, we fnihore lor yean, lo ns-, rt our clear nghis hy force, and cmuhiuod In si t k icdiessor the wrimgs we had sullucd by ainicuble neg.iliali I " 'I"; I"." ..icxico nn jut vichl lo pai die cniiii- H.s and ihe iieinaiuls n jii-tite. In this hope we w.rrp. disnpiHiiiued. (lur mini-ier nf peaic m-hi io Mexico was insultingly rejected. The Mexican Guv- , ri.-,., cve , hTnr the ter.ns of ailju 'iim-ni 1 y j '"' , " i"i',,Ji' J-e; unn, iiuaiiy, mi " J ....j. iiiii im, iieiexis. lly iinin-liliable pretexts. ioi,,l.,,l ii, ,,. .. t oiiotiiesiii .ir, oy luva.nng the len itnrv ol Ihe State of I exas, striking the br-t hiuw, inl shedd ihe blnmj of our ciiuensiin our own soil." Ill : im.lcitnkiiig again in review iliese nverinenls bv Ihe l-Aceuiiicnow thai ih.-y are again oili-reil in hi", ju-llllcatinn.nuil in support nl ihai war ad interne. t lunrni tig.tlllM ..It xico Willi 11 he reel, -pds to Coll J"''-wc nlt' wt" nrc ihat no loin- can be udded , , reuminuiL'. nor nnv -,.,,..,! sions of thai admirable nuct Irom the pen of the vene rable, palmitic nnd lenrned Ai.iiri-.T Gai.lativ. in ic jhou io me .uexican nr, w Inch wc have latclyhad besalishction ot spreading 1,,-lorc our render. To us authority upon any qiustion of public law or na l.oua obllgaliou we, a, H ,u '1U. u , Irom the diijsol Ins gn ai public s.-m,, s in the Public ft'nf Z tti&SWill dent Ji.ii i.nso.v during all of his Admini-irution nnd ,! ,,V,i".::,:.!!',''v !lnul ,'"-" wascnlhd to rr"pre- sen. his countrv. ab,,;l ; "jti.u in me grcai JVcgoiiatiou winch ended h.lhe Pcaieol Gl,elwe, vv l7. firs j our preseni vocation may be s.a lo have been guide br Ins hand and br Ihat ol hisever-honorcd Irien, ,, olhcial superior .lr. .M.vois, n, are buund y i" "v senliuiem of ,esp,ct and graiiiude to pay drfcreiice KlVroti.und.lhni ,t would he, tL,,e.i,.sV.I,s. Ini-lot our own judgment we should ciiteitnui any opinion on n public question materially diligent from hi". Happy nnd proud nre we to find, that, on the subjeit ol the causes ami the character olihis wnr, his views ore in full nciord wilh those which we have found il our duly Irom lime to time to present to our readers Most lortunatc for our country do we con sider il, that he has been willing and able to come for ward hi the pi. Kill emergency, to instruit and conn "I his lei ow-ciiieis. However earnesilr and hou- estlv tbe 1 icssniav bnve dune its ilnlt. , ln',it-....Sr ,.l.l and fearlessly ihsiiiiguished Slatesiuen ol ihe present lUy may Iwve exposed auddennuiiced the new career upon which our counter hasintcreil ns the sole dis tuibcr ol Ihe pence of the woild ; however bright and high Ihe statesmanship winch llie great Patriot of the isi nan so recently Drought io pear upon ibis gn at question, ihc Adtlriss of .Mr GAl.l.Anx has shown it wusvci po-siblc fur n wise nini able m m m add lo the lone ol even our own convictions, however decided on ine sunjeci ,,io-t loriunite, wo repeal, tlo we consider this opsirtune ctiiiiribiiiion in ihe common stmk of knowledge nf on- standing m the foremosi rank ot intellectual greatness, and yet ai-itt f rum llie passions ol llio day nod above litem one w ho, idler n imwl distinguished career ol public service, lell iinnu. larny and reputation unexhausted, and quilted high tiiisis wlulst they jet coutted Ins acceptance one"ol the loreinosl men. in a ihnl illiiirii,i,u..,. ..I our statesmanship which has now hardly a num, or : one, then-lore, almost ui ihela-t cxlrcinity of age. and ,e 1 mi loiliinnl,. ti u in I.., a I .. .:.n.. " ' ),iii-.-i,,-,i, tpiauy Ulldllll-, uviiiii, nini Jw nonors. i o the authority ot ciieiiinstance as varying inequesiion, since the rresi such a name ns thai of Ai.iu.ur Gall n. his reeiMii i dent lof Texas but a lew weeks before issued a iiroc- auuress nuns n siieiiijiiiui reasoning which iMiih'up'in it e lirt-seni uuy can meet, and Ihnl luiiiuious cnuunanil olnll llie great principles ol Public nnd oi National ' .....i ue nun oiurceiy nil eipitil lu Ins own limes, and has now no su,crior. 'Phe trusted coailiu lor nnd it may even, in Finance ami in Diplomacy, be said to hove been ihe instructor ol JiirinsoN if .Mapison, anil ot Moxroe, we have here, os of' one rimig from the dead, a voice, passionless as it is wise nnd solemn, llie judgment of nil nnlique nnd genuine sage of Republicanism Democracy upon the entire question of this Presidential Wnr. Armed nnd fortified with such n document, it is tooxposc those hollo slonsof ill.- nullum i Mexico, which have I mi nun uiueu CO 11 1 HIV I II U liml 1 in.v 1 . w..v ... expoe ilmse hollow pretences nnd insincere proles- nnil apologists lor me ivnr wii i lieen controverted lieretofoic with uiiiit up parent cm other apparent cllecl Ihnn to Induce a more periuiu " 11 long series of years," iVe ns being such ns not only In eonstiiute ample cause of war, but ns would haiejiistilied the United Slates hclore the whole world in rcsorling to this extreme remedy. This every one, nt nil acquainted Willi history, knows to lie gross ex nggeratimi 'J'tio long existence of claims i lor wrong? now alleged lo have been so enormous is ol itself prool oflhelait that they were not nt nny time deci 1 by Congress tot (institute nsullieient cause of wnr. Most nl lliem bad lnsi,lrs lior-it rw'tnatlv nilitlstcd liV n trentV jictween the Iwoconntiics, wliiefi wns ill the course of l.iilhlulesectiltou by .Vlexicn when Ihe hostile iieinon slrntious of our Admiuisiratioii suspended the pay ment ol stipulated indemnities. As lo what remained of unadjusted claims, there was nothing, until Ihe oo turrciice of this war, topicvciit their penecnblc and cieii snlislnctory adjustment. As to ihe relusnl hy Mexico to receive our .Minister being, as the President intimates, n sullieient cause ol war, it is n sullicicnl I answer to the President thnt tlie armv was ordered to march lo llie llio t, ramie (where, according to the 1 rnranitne nl the eovennnent natter, the war teat to begin) two mouths More our Minister was liually re- 'ed tube icccived by tlie (.overninent ol .Mexico, lint lei it h nibnitled. for tlie sake ol arcumellt. and for thai sake wily, that, according to the customs nnd nnd Inwsol notions in less civ ilped, less mornl,nnd less enlightened age than the present, wc reniiynnii cause ol war wilh Mexico, so far ns war lietwccn two Christian Nations is ever just or necessary I yet, war with .Mexico, distracted, weakened, nnd Impoverished as he had long been and then was, w ith intestine tac tions ami divisions, was neither necessary, magnani mous, nor honorable on our pari. Such n war, even h r jusi objects, being unnecessary Ihe only inevitable elicit indeed upon llic claims for which it would be waged being to fasten than upon our own treasury instead of llie .Mexican could never redound to the glory ofilie country, anil much less compensate forihe nveis ol blood nnd heaps ol treasure which have been nlrendv wasted in this wnr. , . , Hi, I i., me. 1 il. a l,v u-liellter llie exisllllf wnr uc jut or unjust, iiecssary or unnecessary, is noi i ie ..j , . ... question now at isue iiclween llie rrcsiuciu unn nn.- l eopte. was this wnr ihe net oi ine .-.uveitis" People of the United Slates, declared in their nniiie.m l ie on v manner known or acknowledged by the 1 stitulion by llie Senate and House ol Iteprcseniniives in uniigress, to whom nione il ueiongs in ncieiiiiini. W'nr nl miv lime nr miller nilV CirCUUl- jut nnd necessary 1 Or was it, whether a ei-iine nr n iiiisiaLi. llie iiiiaiilhiiri7ed net of the I resi dent, in whom llic Constitution has denied nil power over the question of Wnr ! Tint is the true question: nor can nn ine wire-urawn sopnisiry mm spvm. pleading of the President's Message ol last yeur, re- l.rr...l tin lli'i tt'lnr-ii is iinu' licfure Ils. deceive a Sill' ele individual, be be Whig or be he Democrat, ol coiiimou sense or common information, ngainst tlie well-known nnd well-nutlicnlicaleil tacts m the case. Need we add. thai, whoever ihe PreslJent be.wlio lainpling down llic bairiers vv Inch llie Constitution has eiccled lor the prulcclion of the general welfare, nnd (or the seetirilt- nl (lie life. Iih,rtv. ntltl nronerlV of the eiliins, ol ins own mere will nod pleasure plunges the country into n Wnr, wilh or without cause that man is n Despot ! The Nation thnt uuietly folds ils arms and permits this to be done wilh impunity, may ilehuie H-ell with Ihc laney that it lives under a wm ten Law nod Constitution, but it is an idle dream. That .V.aliou is a Nation of slaves, and lives under a Despotism, To rocccd, however, to the mnin point, upon the re-n-serliim nl whieli nlniit. the President relies to jutily hnuseil helore his own fellow-citi.ens for his ngeney in tins Wnr.vui, that the .Mexican liovern lucht " (inallv. under wbollv uniustifiablc nrelcxts, in Volvetl the two einintri,.s in wnr. bv invadllltr the ter- ritoiy of Texas, striking llie first blow, and shedding Hie blood of our citizens on American soil. ivor one roi (I of this it ti ae. We regret the necessity, but the President imposes upon us the obligation, ol renewing Ihe demonstration of the uttir lalsity of the whole ol it. Mexico did not involve ibe iwocountiics in war: .Mexico did not invade tiie territory of Texas: Mexico did not strike the tir.-l blow: .Mexico did not shed Ihe blood p our citizens on our own soil. Il did Pot belong tn I he llnilpil Slates. public nl Texas bad no title lo it. She hat) not even n respeeinble claim toil. She pretended lo no such -t i in i i,, .i V ' yontciiiiou to loiin mi vj,,,i. , ' ..... " llltllll.t'l ttlls t;illlt.-u tu III., I vciitioii from any portion of the territory bounthng ou the llio (iiatide. Nor when, in her Constitution, she apportioned the Representation in her Legislature among Ihe several distriels of ber lerrilorv. ditl she enumerate any district lying upon ihe llio (irande n eniitled to representation iii the Texan General As- sei uoiy. inewiioiecounlryon the Itio i.rnnue.niiu indeed Ihe whole country west of the Nueces, except the small settlement of Sail Patricio, was exclusively in pis ssion i, the .Mexicans, until the army of the I'niied Stales marched into it, driving before it the .Mexican civil officer and the peacelul inhabitants. 1 exas having no title lo the territory, the annexation ol I exas it, tin- Union could confer none upon llie I'lllled Slates. Were It ii,.nr, It, I,.. inntle lo.lllorroW on ihe basis ol leaving things as they were belnre the war, llie terntorr li,-iw,.,.t, il, ,i.t.i nn.l l he Itio f intuit- would still coiistituie a unit of the Mexican 1 In state of ibe lacl i none of our first discovering, much less of our imagining. We derive marly all our iiikr.ii itii.ti on lb subject from llie highest Democra tic uiithority. When the Treaty with Texas, by which she undertook to convey lo the United Slates a west ern boundary to the KuiGrunde.was depending in llie Senate, Mr. Senator lli.yrox (high nuthority on the subject) indignantly denounced it ns an ullemptcd Iraud and outrage. " I wa-h my ItauiL-," said lie, " of nil nltempls to ' dismember the M xican Uepublie.byteiiing her da ' millions in A'rie Mexico, Chihuahua, Coahuila, and ' Jilmaulipiis. The treaty, in all that relates to the ' Uuiidinyof the Uio an act of unpaiallel ' ed outrage on Mexico. It is the sriiuic of two thou 'sillid miles nj hei truitoiy, without II word ol'explll nntinij with her, and by virtue ol a lrcaly with Tcxa3, lo which she j nt, patty." Mr llcxroN llirlher declared llial the elnim spt nn bv . . i .nu, nut lis, ,vc. Texas by llie Tiealy, if niainiiiinid, would cut oil "ihc cnjiitnl and loity towiisaiitl villages of New ' Mexico, iiiiivand alwajsas fully under ihc dominion ol .Mexico as lin becnuil nil the ol towns Cannda arc iiiider ibe tliti.iiii, .,r'i:r.., 11,1,,.;., . .Mr. II. dosed hissncccl, br i.lli-r ,'. ibe fnllnw inr. i ins wnnie question, n win occn seeii,reoitfa u--i, k""kl iu,,i- ii.u mi- i,iut- ... ... .... ... .... ....n- ,,..,.., niiiiii.ui.-u sen p.oiu oi winch are lo be repaid old los-es ii.toonc id terrilornl Imundnry. I very well what lie wossent there fori nr did not upon the siect.acleofn nalioii reduced to the cxtrcmi- ' of certain ol our citizens! A grent sympathy Willi Did, at the breaking out of this war, the territory .exist until he lad placed a battery of guns bearing di- ty ol distress ui which .Mexico, known Irom the lust I love of country inii-t our President have, nnd lunrvel between Ihe Nueces nnd ihe llio Grnnde (Del None) reclly upon tin publlcsqunrcof Matanioras, the object lobe incapable ol resisting u, now stands. Not one 1 louslv preciv notion about ihe right of n province, n beloim tn.Mcxieo or in ihe llnin.,1 smies I of which, as ae vcrr truly -renoris to Mr. Juncv, spatk ol compassion enn his breast ever have known . cood" deal limrn ,,i,l.,nu ,i,. ,T i w:i-r ,n resolution : ( some loriu or other, on Ihe ground ol un-ati-lied claims the aiununl of ihe indemnities a- n puce 1 liven in L'esilred, Thai the incorporation of llie left bank of . ol our citi.ens, (,f uupnid iudeniiiily money, anil other 1 Ihe moment of Annexiilion, the I haiiinan of the Ibe Kio del Norte into the Anii-ricnn Union, by virtue ' alleged grievances. On ihc "Jih of November, how- Couitnillee t,f l'oietnu All'airs in ihe llou-e of liep of a irealy with Texas, the said in- ever,jut three weeks lielore the sest-ion ol Congress reseutanves, spenking ns tlie organ of the Kxeculive corparaliou would do, n portion of the Mexican de- parunenis of New Mexico, Chihuahua, Coahuila, nnd J'amnillinaS. Would be Mil art nt ilirprl n,pnn ,,,, Mexico, for all the consequences of which Ihe United Slalei would stnnd rerjmnsible. To the same effect, that great Democratic lender, the lion. Sn.xs WnioitT. (wiiose Inie destli has U'eu so justly lameuied by men of nil parties,) w ho w ns pre sent during the whole debate ii-oil the Texas Treaty and gave Ins voteagaiiisi its tatilication, declared lu his cousiituents, in n speech delivered nl vVnieriovvn, II lOIIOWS 1 It'll it 111V dulv tn vole ne.aillsl the rnliflenlinn nf the treaty inr ihe annexation. I believed thai the treaty, fiomthe boundaries that must be implied fiom it, embraced n country lo which Texas had no claim, over which the had nerer aticrtrd jutisdictioit, and' which she had no right to cede." Hut, many years lielore llie date of this debate, the records of the Uniled Stales had borne testimony in the true boundary of Texas. In Italian Agent was despatched by llie President of the Uniled Slates (Gen. ,l,t( KsrtVl In I'l toninu nn.l ,.., ,, ,ll,i uf lcxas, which had llien etlablished an iiidepeiiilent (. o, eminent j nnd in his leport, dated in August ol year, he reported that "the political limits of 1 exas proper, previous to the Inst revolution, w ere the Aueces litter on the west; olong the lied liner on Ihenoilli; the Sabine on the east ; and the Gulf of Mexico on the South." At the time of the consummation of the oct of an nexation, Mr. Doxn-sov being tbe Chnrge d'AIIiires ollhe I hilled Slates io that young Republic, commu nicated frcelv with his Government us lo ihe position of tilings in Texas. Prom his lellerswe extract the following passages, showing what was the fad us to tbe limns ot ihe teriitory actually occupied by Texas, even at that time : " Corpus Cbristi is said to Is- ns healthy as Pensa. cola, n convenient nlaee for niii,li,a. muf mr u,. I wtsTrns roixr .now ivtitied nv '1'exas." Letter to ecrclaiyoj .Mule, June J", 1HI5. " The occllpatloil ol the countrv between the Vit, ces and the llio Grande, you are nwuie, i tt disputed inestion, Texns hold- Corpus Chrisli. .M rxicn iior.iv- the llnxvos pe Santuco." -fatter to General Taylor Jlllir it, in,.., " The joint resolution ot our Congress lr( the ques ' by thi (overninent, under iheluuspices ot ihe llniish and French Governments, ns the basis of a del'uiilive In-ntt- ti-ilh Mexico, lell the otieslimi in Ihe some mint tion tin ti'rtt our, tu in ur pin i nonary picposiiiou Hindi ' And although ln (lorernmeul jlhe Guvernmeiil of Texas) has since indicated a tioint on the Itio Grande .i I .I..I :a....i.:.. lor llie is uupiiuou ui uui nuiip, i um iji'itt'iinmri inn i laniniion siisis'iidiug liostiliiies lietween lexas nnd .Mexico, the practical etlecl of which was to leave ihe question precisely as it stood when our joint resolu tion passed Mixicn is rossLsxioN or oxe ixirtio.n or the TinniTonv, anu Texas oe another. Phe pro- liumatlou ol n mice between tlie iwonaiions.ioiiniied on propositions mutually acceptable to lliem, tearing the question of bouadaiy not only un open one, but .MllKOIN ro-SLSMON 01 I PI LIST IIANk Ol tut KlU FRIDAY MORNING, (jranof., secineil lo mr Inconsistent wilh the expecta tion that in defence of Ihe rlaim of Texas our troops should mnrch immediately tn that river. What the Executive of Texas liml determined not to light for, but settle by negotiation, tosny the least of It, could ns well be lell lo Hie t). Slates on the same conditions." " The question wns whether, under Ihe circumstan ces, we should take a position to make war for thin elnim, in the face of an tirkiinirletlenirnt nn Iheimrl nf thitdmrrnmtut thnt it ctiuld lie itcttltil by nego tiation, i at once decided Ihat we should take no such position, hut thonltl regard only an within the limit nf wit iimlneilnn ihat imrtion nf ten itai w Ac- Tt'At.t.v' nv Texas, ami which the did not rounder an nuhjeet tn negotiation." Letter to Mr. lhtchanan, July II, 1HI3. " Your imniose will he the defence of Texas, if she Isliivndcu by .Mexico, nnd yon will he in pntitian at Corpa Cliritti, Sun Antonio, ANti otiii.k points on the Npum, rendy tone! nceordiugto circuinstnuccs.' 7 ttea. 7Viwr. Jain 7. 1HI3. These exlrnels taken together establish, upon llic evidence ol our (iovcrnntent itsen, inrougn us rijm ...!.. 1,. .1... M! . . Milium lis immi- I inline Hcprescmauvc m icau-, ui'.i ..ii-aico ii-. rniu ini-ir (oiiiiiu uu oi ner icrriioiy mat they nave sci niul tools ever resigns it-ell lo inn King lcruisiu smo u imttetiion of the territoiy went nf the inecen (except 1 their hem Is on: mid that this is what the President moment. On the contrary, every brave nnd every pa the county of Patricio) and 'I cxns of llic territory cast menus when he spunks of" conquering n pence." Hut Iriotic henrt only summons up, nt such nn instant, a of the Nueces, with the addition of Patricio ; that , wc have still less doubt Ihat Ihe original object of Ibis . more uncoiqiietahle courage: nnd the resolution Mexico wns admitted by our own Envoy tuhc in war, nnd the sole true cnu-e nnd motive of i', wns ," Never to de-pairof llie I'epublic" becomes the only tension of the east bank of the llio Giande, nnd thnt . Comiui-vt, or, in other words, ihe coercion ol Mexico t thought wliirli the citizen will consent to entertain. Corpus Chrisli wns the most wrflnnjmnt then occn-1 well-informed est hut liml i 'iru i,h i ex.T. ,t. Tliese admissions troin n source so j, ro tree from bins in favor of nny inter- of the Uniled Slates, (including I cxns,) , rcry pretension ol territorial right on Ihe arc latal to every pretension pari ol Texas between Ihc llio Grande and the Nuc ..ns ....nil r.. .... .. r,f ln I rinin tifrhnia n,nnlil All that remains, susiain ine preiensioii of our Administration that the houndnry of Texas ex tended to llie llio lirande, nnd Ihat by her annexation tlie llio Grnnde becmnc Ihe boundary of the United Slates, is the net ol Ihe legislature oi icxns tieciar ing its boundary tn extend lo the Itio Grande, If thnt I net could lie considered of any effect whatever, it would nt most leave ground lor controversy nnd ncgo tintiun, ns was assumed by Air. Donclson. Hut that act itself was a mere nullity. WnitriittiKT.fnowtnti Associate Juucc of llic Supreme i To that ctleci we nave ine opinion oi rwnnwr Court of the United Slates,) in his Speech in lavor of rniiiymg ine ircniyoi Annexation; " Texas, by a mere low," said he, " could acquire no title but what she conquered from Mexico, nnd nc- tually guverneil. Hence, though her law includes inore i nun ine in t a..?, ,nc iihi u .u, uti.. t.n- , rey only oil, it, nt ine uucrinost, only wnai sue ex ercised clear jurisdiction over'' Texas never had exercised jurisdiction of any sort ovcranv tcrrit.iry on the Kio ttranue, nnd could not .i . ' - ':i.:ll... l. it..:..i s? iherelore, by possibility convey to llie United States j iv line 10 u. To the same eflect we have the nnthoritv of Mr. Gallatin, which saves us and our readers the trouble . of searching further on the subject: 1 he lici!ilic ol ifxna did, oy nn act ol ucccni- ber, 18'Jo, declare the llio del Norte to be ils bouuda-1 rv. It will not lie serious v contended that n nalinll lias a right, ny a law- oi its own, io determine wnni is cr shall be the boundory between it and another conn- try. The net was nothing more thnn tbe expression i,l uit siMii. ... i., .to.'.Mn w. uutiimiiim. jib rigards right, the act of Texas is a mere .nullity." It is thus conclusively detnonslrated that the terri- tiry between the Nueces and the llio Grande never inu p.ifseii out t.t tut-iusst-s!-ioii or uiiui t'l ,tie.tiii,, and was in no sense' American soil," or territory ol tin United Slates. The tact is, moreover, too noiori- Uiitetl States, w Inn it ncared the llio Grande, chased ihe Mexican cuslom-ollicers out of their houses, ami. So that, no sooner had Ihe interposition ol the Senate the sav ages, have been the most truly patriotic of .Mcx- requcstine him to repeat the Course. We re w Inn it encamped on lire bank ol the river, lound it- filled him in his original war-plan, than, by a dili- icans, because, forgcttunr their domestic comp'aints, I , ,7. . sclPn tlie midst of a Mexican population, nnd occu- gent imprimmcm ol his time, he had nnother fight they have rcineinliered nothing but their desire to be I Srel ll,al "'" engagements are SUCH as to pre tivnlr the eorn nnd eotltill.rields which 1 lev bail lied Irom in dismay. The flag of llie Uniled Slates was liini. Grown mole waiy this lime, be took care not rificing themselves to tiie vengeance ot the invaders, plant'd hy our army, as in defiance, under the guns of ( to be (oiled by any body's discretion: and, though have n belled ngain-t llieni ;"and when their plans n .Mexican fort, ami at the same time the vessels of our Congress wns silling for live months helore lie had were di-covcred or disconcerted, and their conpira Novybl'ckaded the mouth of llie llio Grande a riv-, brought every thing tu bear, contrived to have a war cics frustrated, have again conspired ; and would any cr ruining, Irom ils source to tlie ocean, altogether be- completely in a blaze, and our succorless army placed Governmeni sell such Mexican as a herd ot cattle I twecti Mexican banks, without a Texan settlement of. in what (their prowess unknown) seemed an almost Never 1 I,e ihe nationality of ihe tesi nt llie Ilepub any sortw thin a hundred miles of it. Nay, General hopeless predicament, before the country or Congress , lie perish lor them ! I."t us perish together!" Tavlou hiiiself.nftei literally obeying the Executive 1 knew one word of what he was about. Here is a sentiment and here a conduct that arc orders hyoicupjing a Ki-ilion opposite Mntnuiorns, J Such nrc the general and the larger facts, ns to that worthy ol the most magnanimous Keptibltc. They thus reportei to the War Department (under date of merit of loving peace which ihe President appropri-1 say plainly " Slaughter its; it is in your power : over April 0, IS Id) his proceedings: ales lo himscll. If we look closer and senn Ihe par- run us ; lor jou can : but not even to save a part ol " On our silc a battery for four eighteen. pounders ticulars of things, we must not only say that President our country will we ever consent In sell or nive to vou will be compl'led, nnd the guns placed in battery to- day. 7 iese pirn bear directly upon ine puouc tquni c of Matitmorni, and within good range Jor ilemolisli- iag the town. Their object cannot he mistaken bv tiie r.srMV." . ... 1 lie l.iiemj! Jl An! enemy T Joes not tins Ian- And l,v 1 1 1 invasion ot .Mexican terntorr. under peremptory orders from Washington lo the Comniun - vy... ...c u. .., ...r , .,,,.. 'V '.c u.ifiru 0, r ,.,...u. r,,v. tr.. i wil- ' gress, though then jn session. Nor then nor since has I there been a drop ot American (Uniled Slates) blood shed by Mexico on Amei ican soil : nor then nor since has a Mexican soldier or armed man set his foot upon Anieliemisnll, iexasproiM-riiiciuoeti.j .Pl. r I...... rtC flan lria,.t,t'a lire, - 1 -...I last War Manifestoes ngainst Mexico being thus wilh - drawn Irom under them, w hat is there lell to sustain IOUIIUI.U..H . ...s . .j.u. i.c. ,11.,, r. l,U, IIIIU iiuy inn oi uie recoiiiioeoiiation, in ine .viessage ik-. fire us, ufa fuitherand more vindictive prosecution ol the war I , uui io proceco . i ue grounu upon wiucli Ihe 1'res- ident iilace. the ar, when, having got into it, he wns obheed to call unon Congress Insnsmn I,,,, ,, , is, ns we have shinvu,sn far troin ludng solid or true! ihat ii is directly the reverse. So far from Mexico i linvini' minded the I inleil Stales. mir l'r-i. ,nt ntn. (led Mexico; nnd, so far from the wnr hnviug" cxi - t - nLln'Z l,.e.!,fliit'f-.5 il,iico' il c'"s" 'i'T possible lor Ihe United Slates to Ik? ! inir without the consent nl Ihc war-making power by the ncl ol Mr. nreni..? J.: (-in.-. I it ii Ik n. Ilhiid been coulempinlcd as possible, at least, from theiiotnent of his coming lo the Prcsi- dency. 'Phe gnvirnment jiaper, as we have already reinaiked, bad notlicen in existence more lluin n week before, in tiiat mirror nf the Presidential sentiment, the invasion. mill even tlieentittn,.-t ..I Xlnvieo. were Inre- sliadowed wc may say predicted in ihc event of Mexico venturing lo exi-rcic nny authority on the ensi bank of ihe Kio Grande. As early ns June, 1813 mirk ihe dale the Commander of the Naval lorce ol ihe United States in the Pacific was directed to look ud for a war with Mexico, anil, on receipt ol the news ol it, to possess himself ot the port of.Sau Francisco, on would permit, lie hadls-en so insirnciedcen earlier Il, anil, is: lor llie Idler t., liini beeuis: ' Your nil i lie coast oi i aiuornia,aiiti suen nl tier isms us ins lorce than this: tor the letter to him begins: "Your alien- lion is still imrtirulaily directed," .N-c. lo the coutin- geticy of war. Congress wns lo meet in the i Vcemlier ' tollowing. F.orly in November, the Message of ihe j President tn Congress lieing in n state ol preparation, nlrende e,,nini,i,.,l. ns we hn.l r.iis.,,, i,,l-.i;,.t.. 1 a recommendation of hostilities nirainst .Mexico, in licgau, information having lieen receiied from our Consul nt Mexico that the Mexican Government wnj willing lo receive n Cotutuk-toucr to nenotiate con cerning th. 'I'exos boundary, the .Message wos ik-rforce changed. The liody of the iiidiclmeiit against that Government was indeed retained, ns the reader will iiercejic it lie will take the trouble to refer to the Mes sage iisell ; the recommendation ol reprisals, or ot war in some form, being the only thing omitted. A Minis- The evidence wliich satisfied our mind of the facts lieie referred lo may interest sonic rcotlers. Ve will thcrrforc briclly stale it. In llie Journal ol Commerce, wnose corresponueni was nl thnt tune certainly in confidential i iinimunicaiion wilh persons lamihar with the movement of the (.overninent, we lound, nnd copied iniu ihe National Intelligencer, the follow ing letter ; ", October 30, (1815.) " 1 nm linnnr to leant that the tlxeculive has tleier. mined oo! to semi a special agent lo .Mexico, to de mand pavment of indemnities. t " llu, tuin gind luBtHts-.-rorthe Information of Mex ican chiimaitts, and tor the information of all those w ho entertain a just sense ot our national rights uud dignity, that the course of the Kxeculive on llin sub ject will be one that will fully meei their expecinlioiw. unu oe jar more enecliec man me jceuie n,tuju, .u, one that I hare rejtired to, and which has been abau- " What this course is to lie I will not undertake to stale; but I reler all who may be interesled in llie matter lo the President's Annual Message, which will lie forthcoming in about lour wccits. " 'Phe ground now taken by the Kxeculive probably is. that Mexico has so far ,iolaled the ttealy bersell that WE ARE AlllOLVED I ROM ALL APIIERENCE TO IT, She has taken lis. risinsihilily ol breaking oil all ill ..I ..- : ' .-111 I... n.. .. Xlnitkti.r Rltif piouinuc iiiicrcourse, rcciiuniK un .... ... ilisnassin-j ouis. I do not see how this (overnmeiil could approach her in nny way, except the ,vav the iir.nii TliUK.- Dpon ihe disclosure, in this letter, of the intention of the IVesi.ii.t .. -..entnnientl to Coutzress to take " the way the French took " in regard to our ihtl'ercii- t-t-a won ,,iexico, we maiiesucn ci'iuiui-m ua n-,..., . tlahius o proposition ns lite bombardment and bloi k adcof Vera Cruz, or any measure of a like character, upon the plea of unsatisfied claims ol the United Slates, ts-etueil tn uu in .IMerve. Whereupon, out up on us comes the " Union," with n column or two of the grossest vituperation of llie Notional Intelligtnicr as opposing the Gamnmeut, "rst ' its desire to get upa wnr lor Fifty-four forty on llie Oregon question, uud now Benin Imsim, the assurance to snv a word ngainst war with Mexico; but not denying n syllable nf me met communicated to incpuoiicoy uie ttasuiogiou correspondent of tlie journal of Coinnierce. Tin w as six inMHhs before the war actually nm urea k out without the agency oTCoiigresa.l We dkl not doubt then, and do not now doubt, that the corrrsioiident aforesaid bml i.i,l.r u.,, lite tlratt ol so much of llie President's: inleu.l.l 1..uhni.e nseoncerrsnl .Mexico, or hud il so divulged to him as lo allow liuu lo sieuk of i." iniiiiioniiiig coiui'IIU Willi suosiauiuii u iuh iiii.tu uiiuracy. rim i(. enn ii nni im nasiiikeii! .tu", itiier nni ci or no l a w reicneu neon e.i est nti' DECEMJ1KR 24, ter Plenipotentiary mis sent instead of n Cointnksioii cr our Ctoycrnnicnt refusing in trent on tlie boundary question without mixing it up with mailers with which il had no sort of connection and the corres pondence bctivccn our .Minister nnd Ihe Mexican an ihontiis was still going on when Ihe army of (leneral I avlor was ns il lor (he purpose of precipitating events, inardied Irom Corpus Christl to ihc llio (irande. Ahoul Ihe same lime, as we know Irom Ihc President's Message of Inst year, he was himscll in se cret negotiation wilh ihe exiled military ciiieliniu, Santa Anna, for what tuetise purpose can only be in ferred lluin the fact, that tlie day after (Ac hot was declared to exist, directions were given to our vissels ol vi ar lo allow him lo pass him .Mexico. All these concurring circumstances show that war w ns premedi- lui.-ii ny uie 1 icsnirnt '1'hnt the War lllieht have bren llien ntprled liV Mexico's ngri eing in suireuder In iIim i'mled Slntcs negotiation under sneh circumstances, ihc rir rieti Cnlifornin mid n boundary on ihe llio (Irande, we do 1 oMIrcnnus nnd his (iauls, the " Wo lo ihe Conquer not . doiiht ; nor do we doubt that the President and Ins i ed1 " is llic notorious and inevitable law. The sword Cabinet have been willing, ever since llie vtnr began, j stands ever ready, in all such cases, lo be cat into the lo eoo il wiieoever .wix .,. U'.miii nrtrt.n in tnrri'in ir ' .1 1 . II . I .. . P . . . to surrender territory which Mr. Poi.k nmbilioncd the I rr,il ol " annexing" lo ihe tlnited .Stales. Mr. Sec-1 rclary llANciiorT, in a letter ol instruction to Com- niodore Si.oAr, (llien coinuianihug in the Pacific,! on the Pilh of July, IHIfi two inonlhs nlicr Ihe war was legalt.-d by (tiugiess very frankly discjo-ed tint ' fact. " The oiutcr of the United Slalrt," said he," is, imirr lis lights ai a brlligeient nation, to IT-r.I.K r.srmi.l.Y of Uer California." And, fur- tller.saili Mr. llAMr.orT. " The obreel of the United Slates has reference to ultimate peace wilh Mexico; lory being llie jiennlthunle object ;i nnd if, nl the ituunnic, unserve; pos.-es.-ion oi her coveieti tern Peace. Ihe basis of the till tinxsiilrtix sbnll Im. pcml lishedithc Government expecls, through your forces, to be lol'.Mi IN AiiLAI, ivs-euio.v of Ujoicr Califui win." 1 he President declared to Congress, it is true his Messnire ol last venr. ihat ibis wnr with Menieo had not been waged in u spirit of conquest. Would nny one suppose, wnu mese instructions to our invm Coinnniiiler, ami corresponding iusiruitions U our .Military Commanders, that he understood tlie import of this disclaimer 1 No one can at least inisundcr- ci.inv. nn- nu inn i n, nu. iur.-iii ,,iess.ige, oreuiiiin lis it docs, nothing hut war, a Conqueror's peace, or , tlie alternative ot ihe annihilation nl .Mexico. Nor does the President seem lo understand himself in another resneet nnv belter than he did when lie disclaimed any purpose ol conquest in the pro-ecution j oi nit war wnu .viexico. Ill stllillir fnrlll. lor instance, in ibe hemiinillrr nf this Message, bis own ovc ol Peace and strenuous 1 ellotts lo preserve lor us its blessings, we must look on nun as exhibiting a very signal example ol scll-dclu- siou. No man's pacific merits enuid well be less. ' Ills course, timet far. in bis liitili Hi,.... nn lln- r-oiitrnrv. realized to llie lull, in almost every instance, what we said of it a year ngo s namely, that, hnviug seen that wnrs were popular in this country, nnd lell that he - n .i- inn lin itillll.l , nr ll.lll lllitlllll l, nun- sell, " I will be a War-President, and that will make me popular, and render ail inv opponents and com- jietiiors odious." According!;, his very Inaugural n iiiii-nuitt ii ijiuirrci tviiu i.ugi.iuii ill il ; ins nisi Annual Mes-age announced that lie had done nearly all he could lo bring llmt qnatrel to a focus ; inean- wnv of making sure ol a war somewhere. ! ready lo Sllbstitulp Inr lli.'il whirl bad l.,tli ri'fns,..! Pole is not nisscssed ol that virtue of a ruler which . nc claims, nun we regret thai we must say it has shown, and every wbere m this .Mes-age shows hun. self, utterly indifferent to the enrnage and calamities "'war. . ... ... UI little less than stone, indeed, must hi henrt be, ot nny resource nguutt us ,ul I heir hereditarv-obsti. ' iiucy, all the slaughter and humiliation w Inch we have ; us n ,, ufii n, en ii com y rc-oivc . i 'i ,i..t- ' in bis heart that this is mi enounh : nut h um eiininr b. ..... ..1 . ., - ----- - , not teats enough ; not sullieient lavage, not -nti-fac- tory disaster, not national wo nnd degradation duly deep; for that the vicihu-people, though covered with il n nrh feehle ,, '."i."' jl",' "'.'' ' " '!'', '.lfTr?,e henrths and altars thnt iht rcfore, as .Mexico'iwn ,(ni 1 yield, we must now It-gin m strike h'-r " in her vital i parts ;" nnd, besides seizing, for ours perpetually, ter- ritones me ulinostiliat even llapaciiy ha dared avow foroiiraiin,.u. pacilicallran,li".nce-l,,vinglrcxhoiis . us to go op ravaging tlie rest ol .Mexico until the na- lion vields or i desirovcd! . Why, the very savage of the court-yard, in other ' ii,,.u tl.q, ....... l...nT ..r i :...i .i... Co.. . i .t... , Imiliwiek, who chewed un nn ear or 'nose, or scooned . out Willi thumb a prostrate ndversarv's eve v wns hu tn.aui. tins ,.n..,n,lu I. .1.: . i..r l.n . when he fought. never I'ounht the weak. but ln'ther his I ! ""J1''11 "r. w lion hi rival chauipion lay gasping and i helpless underhnn, game in the last ami ready io die sooner than tiller the craven wind "cnomdi," would ihoughi of procc ding to immlate the ' vanquished, Iiy way of forcing liini to conies hiiii-elf I . ennijucred, and then, moreover, have helped hiin-elf' ' lowlintevcrheeouldlintl huh.' maimed man's pockets. No: even in hardened bean, lliere ould b. manly pity, becau-e there was courage: if he did not nv with respect, lie at lea-t ke nt his v'jal p!tt- :" and at once rai-e up ins etieinv would not iM'gui "to strike well for him, too, that lie would not ; lor the very cmwil nf n court crccn. coarse as it then vva. was vet ...t.t i . i . .. . . p. iiuiieoaiicueii oi e,ery right sinmni.nt. py puny poii. part,' tics, nnd would not bale snllered in the bully what it now entiures u lie riesu ent. So much for .heineiccsnnd the coiupunction or , l" " " J'nors '''""'"'. ami lie is almn him wlm propose, for the lucre ol I'ne ini-eral.le mil. 1 ('.iiitly competent to give the reason for thi, lion of iiiilemniiies, which be bun-elf acknowledges .Mexico could iii mi... il. t,.n,,s ,,f,,,u , I,. I.niel,. - a whol , .. .... I. 1.. . i not nil : how stood the tact of m I for ihese indeminiies.alicr having i Texas, for the liberty of peacefully inpireoi licpiihhcs nut tips our very right lon-k helped nurel,em , is well Lo,, .in il, ,,i ....Jt,,...i ...'i ,.t. Tt... mm..- ' ndmlui-iration. ai ,,r thue 10 have ,.,,, more ,l,a, in ui" nou-e, said, io quiet the last opposition, thai he had the hbeity ol assuring llic llou-e tiiat il was nsccitnined ihat the injured teelingsul .Mexico could be lienlcd with money. Suih vva the intimation then held out: mill there is fieri ren-stu In bebett. thnt auiliorized but unoilicial idlers of nt lcn-t the amount oi ine uiiieiuiuues inn pecu more inati once mane to Mexico for her rigid over Texas. Finally, however, ui ihe mere confidence of impu nity, we took it withouta price but nt a l,it reserve of shame or ol pity, upon the remonstrance nnd the unatiswer.ible showing of Mr. Hlmiiv that ,,e vvere about tu lake iniicli inure ih iti 'l'exa,(whicli bad ne,er piiss, s.r,i j. tbing bevond ihe Nuece,) Congress relcuied. nnd by it l!e-t,luiion ol Annexa - lion ordered the Ilxecuttve lonilju-i bit fiiendty nngu - tiatiou ihc proper bouudarv bitwcen Texas nnd Mcx- eo. And, now, once more for the pence-bningness of Ibis our President. Hi duly stood V-,gl hun. lie knew thnt we ha.1 !,;lfwl,at we had otten ollercd lo i i i . , .. .. . . ., , .. . lenst tluit now nn injury to .Mexico h;ul U-.-n roiiiinit. not i id.. ravieiird from her ed bv the VaiV '.ma. venge suen treatment further ilinu by ib, nnnntent - . .t.x. -.'-.'.'. Illil Mir lUII.-" emly invoking foibcaranee and meicy, has .Mr. Pol K illegally and iinconslltntioually Involved us in this cruet war, every step in which is plainly, according to the liThAllfaiMtm,K'",d fu"lK"rm - Yet, ill the of all this, President Poi.k can talk m,mllilv .J' 1,1 l.,l ..f I'.-nr.. ll..." Idyrnlilt" f.f lb.. " ' , . . V ... ' terms be bus belt! out throunh Mr. Tr.l-T. and c-pe rially the generosity wilh wTiuh, wheiccr llie sword goes to cruusou the fields of Mexico, the oli,e-braucli forthwith a,cs, as fast as its couipauviii smile t! No conrpieior that I ecr heard ol, says Uliuund Ilurke.' hascer professed to make a cruel, ha rd.aiiil insolent u-e ol his conquest No' The man oi the most declared pride scarcely dares to trust hi own bean wilh ibis dreadful secret ot ambition Hut it will appear in its limp And no man w ho professes lo reduce another to the insolent merer of a foietgn nrni c,er nan nny sort oi gooti win towards nun. llic prntession ol kindness, with that swoid in Ins hand nini thnt iiemniiii ot surrender, isoncol the inot pro vokini; ncis ot Ins lii...tility." llllH-lt..rt. .tf tu.SM n.i.l Ir............ !a .Iii. it,.-.,.!,,,., n V .i,s...iiiii rt, unit- i-uneritt- in... nit-it- country with decinrnrioiisot line, this sweeping olPns provinces vv iih a Is-soni made id olive-htniiches, ns to exKit llial Mexico will not I, lircd xtriili a double re sentment by the initN'rious nnd derrrading firm of ne- , golialion lu which be would li.atc licrtubtmt '. II he 1847. then expect il, then is he a Hanger tint only to nil llie natural nnd becoming pn-ii,ns ol men di lending their country, its honor, and ils indeiendeii(e,but lo all the examples ol history nnd nil tli" suggc-lioiis ol pru dence. War has never thus been made, except by conquerors theinnt arrogant and merciless. I be rule of Ihe Unmans, not less wise than magnanimous, wns nerer to negotiate after a defeat. . . Can Ihe. I'nsiilent intend that ice are to treat in llie face ordisasier.should it ever come t Djre ho declare Ihat the pretended " olive-brandi " would not then Ire insl.anlly with.lrawn I What, then, is the inevitable cllcct but to require that they whom we are invading, , .!;.,,., I,,..;,, every Hons uinf bloody defeat, tome lorard lo cinbrnce lenus necessarily made harder nnd more humiliating hy idler discomfiture the rout and diierion "'";". nrtiiits nrll.n r.n,.liin nf llieir forces mid cities I Of im n rnnen... . nn.l iinni. tin, n nation in eriiti lis .. '.' ',.". . ; - . . l,.(l n Itno-t nt our mercy ns she is, by factions which not even llie cxlrcinity ol public distress sccinsnblc to quit t her (ioveriiuient and her armies in the hands ol those who appear equally inellicicnt lor either peace or war ; her troops every where driven from the field or lying slnughieicd ; her ports, her cnpiinl, nnd sev etai o( her large provinces in our hands ; her treasury as empty as was our own in tlie gloomiest day of our Uevolulioipiiy snuggle still, m the pertinacity ol her refusals to treat, Mexico has shown some gleams of innioid .Niunantuie spirit winch prelerrcil ueari m surrender ; that Iberian obstinacy which the Moor could never quell, nor even lie irresi-n e imni y, , race, or whether Ihc growing fierceness of a universal national hale sneh as always springs up in n country overrun by invaders inspires ir, wc should respect it. It is honorable - il will I- found ('..timJol.lo. Snob n spirit, once fairly awakened, has ever proved invinci ble ; and so wc shall find it to our cost, if, by pro'ong cd and cruel wailare, such ns President Poi.k would have, we stir it up throughout Mexico. Meantime, we say, without hesitation, that she Ins, in one in stance at least, manifested n laithfulness of nationality l,;l. ,.,.o I., 1....... 1l ,l, ,l,trn,.0,.l l-r nrtns .tn no eo n la lie. v pel her s ie nas cauuui ii iium i . . We spenk of her answer, with Gen. Siorr nnd Ids glorious little nrmv nt the gates of her capital, to Mr. Prist's demand of theceion ol New Mexico, The answer wns m the following terms: I " That this proposition, under the recognised right ' of Mexico to deliberate, should he modified . nnd that, m Ihe pretensions of t be United States anil the diame ter of its negotiations, its Commissioner leaves no other clioiee to Mexico than llie loss ol honor j and il I is that which shuts llic door to nil possibility of making peace. '.'I'., , .h ,l.;a .., ,n ,L ,,,ir.n tl, (ioveriiuient agreed to cede Texas and a pan ol Upper California, ns lar ns the frontier of Oregon, on the terms vvlinh were slated in the instructions ; but not l-veil Willi Hie rCSCn ailOll IIITl VyOllgreSS SIIOUIU l- prove it would the Government consent to cede more I esnecialk- nni W.n- fi.i,-,,.tih,ise inhabitants have I luainlesleil their desire to make a part of the Mexican I These meritorious Mexicans, abandoned to their lection even to ,ir,-s,.rtn ilmm imm ibe incursions of ,,1' ,1,.. M... I......I,. . ,n,. n. ,,,.'m,,. ,,,1 cn. brave citizens who hale you and love Mexico." And n is these .New Mexicans, thus fnthfiil to their Gov- i eminent 0n, thus repaid by its nH'ectiuti nnd fidelity, that Pre-ident Poi.k intends lo irif into our Union, , whither they will or not. br war ol making them in- to u kind of human indemnity, a corporeal capital, an choose under what Government il shall live ! ' n, i,.... ,;,.i , exhausted our allotted time. Whatever more we ....... ... Ul, .,it-xic:iu ttnrwe uiu-l reserve unn s.iii. .., i.u . tt nave iii say on this .Mexican Wnr we . .... ...-.i.,, riiui, uu-t ,u tun n, i ua ititeiuntu. - -- Thirtieth Coii-ic. inmvu. Congress has now been in session .oincllilnir 1 ov'er two weeks, and but I lltll.. nrnrrross lias lllllS ' r.,r I,,.,,,, ,n.ul(, ' o. ePfm i the" matter of or - I . . ' C-XCCP1'"" 1,1 1110 lnMer 01 or - gaiiiaiion and preliiiim irv business. .ItiJr,,. l,,nr i tho Sen-ilo is i innmlier of " ,,fcM' 111 ulL r5ullln. " mcmuer oi I me Iliroe important Committees ot l iXANrE, in- ; dian Affair and i'dision- Mr I'l'IIXM i on oi.tu .tiuitr. , .tun iiusion-, .vir.llll.x.i is on i ''1U Commiltecs on .Maniif.ictiire, on llevolu- tionary Claims, and on Hills. Ue pi'rceivu that Mr Maii-ii occupies tho j honorable and responsible position (due no le.- I .. , .,. . , ,. 1 . , ,. , to "is abilities than to Ins experience and high character) of a member of tlie Committee on 'oreign All'air. Judge Coi.lameu i- placed at the head of the ! important (cfjircinlli important in view of the n-. i .. i , . . . I ' "''t I"'''' mincing the price of the ' National Domain for Ihe mtrpic of sqiianderili" I :. . i , . ., ... i us ororcc i n n i i s :i Ifmilll.l i i. tfnsl I ninn.ill.-,,. i i v w . on Public I.-ind Judge CoLLAxir.i:, wo incline ' ... .t.,..i. ..... .. . " ,,, r,;,i. ,i,.., , i ... . "r a" 01l'er, l.lllll tll.U I- 111 llltll. II. II I . f . ..... . i -ur. nh.Ma, me meinncr irom the l-t District, t ,, m,,n,i.- r ,i, f. .,,;.. i. i,:..,.:. r , "" ."-' " - "i-uo-i oi ... . ... c- ultm' a""""l J"dginent, will make him one i of tho mo-t valuable members, of the Ilnu.-e. I Mr. Pl.t tc, of the Uh Di-iric!, is on tlie Com mittee on Indian Affairs. Mr. Peck is :i luvvver j of high reputation, and a gentleman who will be i , ' '"V, '-" wimjuagc .quite apt lo do hi duty irre-pec.ive of , I J'f, and dot, t freed any of one '.U-he will never ,Wge, t Lv rate! The "Tr- ,"K;:",er0 wouM be . , l-'mirii, li; iri,.i i. i,n,,-.,;: . ",cnt of "lodcsly," were Our neighlior to itn- ' Ponrtli District i improving, W'e shall g'no tho Standing Committee, in both llou-e-, entire, in our outside column next week. Oil Tlll'sd.l,'. the 1 till. Mr. Tliekinsnn o I n ',,,..,,.," r. v - i . i' t i co'oeo Senator from New-1 ork, presented in tho 1 t-ciuUo the follow inc resolutions, which were 1 rt i., t , , .,( ,,. , ., nrt.ereil to ue printed. e ak the special at- tention of our readers to them : , ;,;,,,; ti,., ,, ,t, . :. .1 cr ,1 I' ted " , ('0y'm,m,"i 1 ,L,,L,.. -, s.J.,n . commercial rvjaitsna uikjii this (tuitineni. Lu the i 1 ' J J ".nu-u ; niM thai ner ... . .-. t.r, j.i IhM I I . , 1 J s , , .. . ' J iin iy ine Lonjcacra- V;" ! '" ",. '""" "(' domestic policy the, em to the i J-r-'"" cllos,,, ly the people theitof. 1 heso I evolutions furnish tho first dawh face , "ove.nent of tl .Vorthcm Icofocos. " 'J'hey K" 'ho wholo lciio, 0f tl10 President's MesanM?, !.. C. C . I .1 " I . . vNKiiiiiii7uvuiriUNrx; IIU tr 1 i.ttut ( .'KILf.ST null llio EXTE.vl(l nr bLAVEiiv. llu umbijTiiily of tho phraseology is simply cimtiinptiblo it deceives no bod,', lnwcver tho ".ulutioiM are jiru-coinyiicj! and pru-slavcry, andare mi intendeil. On Wcunesdj,-, the 15th nt., .Mr. Caliioi-n presented in thoSonate Ihe foltow ing j,iKnilicant roolutlons : llesohed, Thatto conquer Mexico, and to hold it ith.'r ns n nt-oti,... ... ' i either ns a orovlce, or to mcoriHiraie it into - 1 ruioii, irninii 'C , consistent with the aiowed obieet I Jivtehich Ihe wsrfas been piosecutcd, audi, PiPAnT- ii, . ..t. mv-i mtwiuu IXIL1CV OF t,OV. IV (owner WITH US (IIAI.AOII. AMIIlEXIlS, AMI I.N THE EMI SIT-VLB-HE Of Olll lit ANU 1XU ILAK INsTIl I'Tlo.NS liesitleett, 1 lis i.i.neoi i-olicv in the ut.tiilu rnoMcuriox oi an War shoclo he APornp, w ic t,V I.SIlTOCIlNtJCTNt,ksn,s,xTROl..s. the riwluiioii wire ordend lobe priincd On tl.c same day, .Mr. Ilolmn., f $ , (), fercd a resolution or somewlnt s.,rni1ar imnorf in the House. Our readers will ,lrjt f.i.I to w U m- nt variance with the spirit of cmnv,n)al runs through the President's Message. aro,1(.S(J resolutions of .Mr. Camhu-jj. Tho latter arc pilriotic and statesmanlike, wlule the perm doctrines of the Message " cwdhct with the character and genius" of our (iovrrnmcnt and would prove "subversive of 0r frce and' pipular institutions." .Mr. Ciuiorx- anJ Mr. Poi.k are directly at issue ! We hardly find enougli or interest in tho pro cccdings of Congress to commence a rhr diary this week. Tho .Senate adiourneil over from Thursday till .Monday. 'J'10 deaths of Senators Speight and Huntington, and Mr. prnmgonlo of Virginia, have been announced in both Houses. The Ilouglilnci's I'lfnclil We ak our readers tn read, in nu c ingress, ional surninary, tho resolution ofTcred in the .Senate by Senator Dickinson, a Iie .fneo from the State of New York. Tlioy nrc iro-ronamsr and jrrii-shncnj, going the whole length, and IV'TERI'IIETIVG THE .MEANING, of the Message of Mf ,,oIk w , , , . , f .. . . - . tlnt this recreant Northerner has thus " shown his hand," and that of Ins pirty. J,et it be mnnliercd ill the Fuee Nor.TH, that Daniel S, Dickinson, a New York IVjcofoco Senator in Congress, avows himself in fivor of CON QL'KST andSLAVKUV! We wait tho re sponse of northern Iicofoco papers. And, in tho mean time, we here take occasion to say, that we would prefer, a thousand times, to see Jon.t C. Calhoun, (who holds slavery to be d" sirahlc), President of this Union, than any mm who upholds the principles of that northern trai tor to Freedom, Daniel S. Dickinson. Trof. Ilronson s rnrcwcll Xlght. This gentleman's course of Lectures was con cluded on Wednesday evening. So great wa the gratification of thoo who have heard Mr. Bikjxson's lucid and familiar illustrations and expositions of tho great Laws of Life and and the true method and philosophy of develope- mcnt, that several nf our best citizens united in vent ins compliance. Mr. llr.n.xso.N has, however, consented to de vote this KvEMxr, exclusively to tcW; 'irsand Mediations, at the Ilaptist Church. We hope tho house will he crowded. Tho Speaker's complete mastery of his voice enables linn to give the varieties of elocutionary expression with surprising exactness and effect. OtJ"We copy the following from tho Philadel phia Ledger. When it i remembered, that the Message was read in Congress on the same Tuesday mentioncd.the narrative Incomes almost I incredible. Our nu n Telegraph, however, will solve all doubts of this kind, in a few uay, when I wo can have the daily proceedings of Congress ! in ten minutes after their adjournment ! Telfurai'HIc I'evt. The transmission of ihc Presi dents message over the telegraphic wire- to Louisville, i Kentucky, nnd Vincennes, hitliana, was accomplished j during '1 ueday niglit occupying about twelve hciir' I incessant labor on llie part o'l the operators engaged , in it. 1 Xl.. IU.I T :.M... ttvn ot tl.t, i...i ... iqTaiors ottacli.-d to the We-'ern ollice m lllscitV. Undertook tile task of tratisnntimo llie ,!,, 1 'K"X "J """"al. ""J by relieving each other ev 1 hour or so, they succeeded w ilhoul any difficulty, OCU- every out , v iiiierriiiuiuus I i A"""' ' lr 1'lniU"1 baving Is-en wrmng lor a i long time wiihotit reccuipg any, an the , ,, t;,, , ii, V, Ull It, -l-(,l-L-l SOOlC'll n Milt wrong, end accordingly pin the query, "Are vou nsleipl" The mstmil rc(ily was, Go ak'ad." ' i:Mf it is (as we ha,c old authority for say ing it i-) ah hnse povniti," it certainly cannot be "ncfus" to appropriate so good-na-turi-d u piece of pntite ss tiro fullrxvlng, vvhicli we find in the Platlbiirgh Iteyubliean ; par ticularly a that part of it which 1- inJipial,lij ju-t, belong to our excellent I'lirem-an : I , p ,.r l"'".m?ton Tree Pre ' deni s .Mes-age in the neatest ai , form that we have yet seen. II,' rhe I.nrlington Tree Pre.- issues ihe Presi and mo-t convemeut the way there is ' """V '"!"r expended, mental ami physical in gettui" i "P Ihe 1 ree I res than nnv counirr inner we wm .,? . j" ...i.- .u-seiii i 1 1. ......... . , tiout ir ' vtr.f..i, .. I., J"" no. '"('I'S' to ownid all credit to lit i. Clarke' .... . ... . .... ...iu in-si pnuieii sneci in the i.rccrl .Mountnin tate. U e will stand between the Kn e Pn-s nnd nil re tlectiunsiipon ilsmnile-ty.ilit will favor the fanner ol einioni w uh an es-ay upon the product ol Judge .Vleechs larm. Ibe tacts might serve as n stimulus; to some nor fnrmers, npd ceiinmly would convey up nn nu impressinii oi Vermont agriculture nbrond. e hardly need suggest that the columns ot the ., ' , , .." .1.' LUIUtllll- Ol IHC r ree I nss were seldom devoted to n better purpose tt hat say neighbor rOtntintl ii Democrat The Sinlinel niii-t excu.-e ns. "Our far mers are tolerably well acnuaintcd with Judeo dertake the tak himself. Wc will give him a lino to the Judge, ami guaranty the fullest in formation, Mctnllic Giiin-clnsiic Door Springs, If some per?on, curious in such matters, should take piins to enumerate tho number and variety of purposes for which the ingenuity of man has made India-rubber, or Caoutchouc,iise fnl and ornamental, the inventory would bo a: long ono. The la-t preparation of that protean gum that has ftllen under our observation is tho (iiim elastic Door-spring. It is ono ol the sim plest, most convenient, and cHeaiiest contrivance, fox the puTjtoco designed, in the world ; and if warranted not to be affected by cold or heat. We speak from our own knowledge of its prac tical operation, those who prefer to mU trial for themselves can do it for a trilling sum by purchasing a spring, as we have done, of Hag tit &. AitTia'tt. Domestic Correswndence ot the Free Press 1 II ' ' evkke, Ksq : of whielfT-1"' """ Vrniw" "nd ",ov "'her fixm, ol which )ou seem lo have so are n ,h.r, ,H pro,e ;!.w"suinv.ustuous," I take the hberVv,'U w 'o-f",',-" "' ,he ncc o'npanying """""t inc. .j, im,, A g i)t;WEV Tliat;iW contained a quantity of the famous -Si-gar Sysu,- hid, only i skill of Stewart of Nevv ork can rctino; and there were other "fixins" accompanying it, which tho modesty of the Donor prevented his specifying in his note. Without stopping to cavil at a recom mendation of "fasling" that is enforced by such potent inducement for " fra-ting," we will merely say to our valued correspondent, that his customers generally (and wc hope their name m U'gion !) have chosen the wrong shop, if then wish lo auiid " faring sumjiuttiiotisl-."

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