Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 7, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 7, 1848 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, 184& wive up only altl.o 1t tremit Jf; JTof 11,0V nbliilnof their vanquishers a long lorn o) thin,. fr hunters. w",.1: holler furt.Wird Ihnn their p-irso. 1 hey deceive lco oii-ily one bmker, thin tlx tailors, und soon their pocket i widowed l its crown mis foitunc never comes single. Whilst tho nio ney va going, various scrap? of iiiformatmii concerning tbce noblemen have arrived, tidings which leave the foreign suilor no alternative iitii (Unlit. nliu4 hn tirnfnrs a whipping from porno rnrnged brother. Sometime, though r.irelv, thn cnnlcinpt for riches which wo have rign ilied us belonging to womankind, is found nl.o among men. . , M.iry ws the mo-t bewitching young lady in I) utmi. Her beauty, cleg-meo and wit was every lien-llipllicmo nf ronversilloii. She was the queen ol b.ill- nnd wntcting places. SIo danc ed iigricclullvii KIMcr. and snog as enchant ing n- Gii-i. .Marv, with some thousand, would 1, tve been a m.)-t perlect creatine. To flirt, fortune is not nps,e.-s-iry, but in order to marry it is in,Vntiis ililo. M iVv was so beautiful she had uW'r di-pnul the richest collection of linndredTn Unston. She made h choice. She yielded lo an im nulsRof Ikt heart, loa reciniocal affection, lie- sides, tbo match was mo-t honorable, and the i,u-b.ind VMiiLMi,niable and intelligent. In the l,eiL'litnl'h!s hurn'mess tlie future liu-band sent to l'.uis for elegant furniture, beautiful dresses nnil ex-rnii-ito iiuvols. All arrived ill rood sea son, when. suiMotilv, the iiialch was broken off. Jlarvl,! bid; her promi-ivi'l'isod lier con-ent: she Mill lovol 11 . but 'he married 0. Uufortu- iiHlclv (!. n:i id for bciiiL' richer limn 15., and this sudden detci initiation of .Mary did not honor liirn. It was tallied about for eight days at least, 11. bail Ihe choice of two thill!", ,o could bode' ice ted or be could console himself. Without nllectiii!r a ridiculous my, be smiled first at hi coniu?'il misfortune', iiroferrinir as bo said that it should happen before rather than after the marriage. Jle did not hide nor was ho ashamed of having been reioctcj. Ho went into society as bclore and h-id it not been that Ik: ecised his vi.-its JIarv. none would have remarked any change io hi's life. lie met the iiubiithtiil Mary nt bill, went up to her, complimented heron her beauty and her dre-s. All was said in a tone the mot natural without irony and without spite. At last the morning of the marriage ar med; ('. came, and with him loads of trunks, bixos and carbon". They were the presents which IJ. had destined for Alary; there were al so the unpaid hill. 0. was too just and too lov ing not to piy honesllv n sacied debt, lie had taken the wife, he would clrirgo himself with the rxpen-p. They say that C. would now give a. pioddeal tube in H.'s place. Lucy and Alary are two different but true chano'lers. (July "in point of marriage Mary is the exception, and l.ucy Ihe general Mile. )5ut both acted in peifcct independence, without rouose!, without guide", without influence. In any other country, such liheity given to young girls would lend to giave incomenienccs. The loviiiL' Ameiicansare more virtuous per- "uiw. or at lea-t are restrained by the fear of public opinion, which brands as a villain a man wicked enough to change an innocent llirtation into n culpible intrigue. I'erh ips ul-o they fear one oftho-e teinblo chastisements wmcn nap pen sometinies, as if in order to strengthen in the right road, thou who might be tempted to wander from it. In 181:2 thoio was an incident giving great scandal, happened at Charleetovvn. Arming girl was srduccd and abandoned. The world pitied and did not puui-h her. Hut all doors were shut agaiu-t the .-educer. All hon ciab'e men turned their backs upon him and he was obligf il to change his place of residence. Sarah b id a brother, who learned, w hile on u journey, ll.c di-iionor of hisi-ter. Tlnce weeks ii.tii net elap-cd bcfoio he returned to Charles town. The seducer bad already lied. The brother ol tbo young lady set out in pursuit, and found him at Cincinnati.' 1 lo did not challenge him to a duel, he did not call upon him to marry hU si-ter. No! these are, by far, proceedings loo lenient, and only good enough for Iliiropoan 00, Could not christians and philanthropists do n noble rork on their bchnlf by establishing wolk chops where icsc noor could be cninlovcd ! Surelv the blcssints -tf Heaven would rest oh such on enterprise. BUIlMNOTOJf, Vt. FRIDAY MOKN1NG, JANUARY, V, 18IS. " In tub dark and tuoubi.ed nidiit that is uro.t us, TiinnE is ko Star Anovnnm horizon TOfJlVE USA GMIAM OF MflllT, EXCKI'TISO THE INTELttCIEST, rATItlOtIC WllM VAIITV OF THE United States." Darnel Webster. Manufactures in Kentucky. Nothing can bo more interesting, politically and morally, to tiro friends of universal freedom in this Union, than to observe tbo advanco of w hat is believed to be correct principles, in re lation to political economy, in tbo Slave-holding States. It casxot be true that any real human interest or human prosperity is advanced by tbo aid of Wmcn. It would be an impeachment of tbo iuslice of Heaven to say so. There is yo labor that cannot bo better performed, and more the mere economical sense of the . ... word, by free men tMIT. by states better and more profitably for "tlio employer nnd the employed. A just and kind Providence lias surrounded no portion of the earth, nor any class of its nonulation, with audi condition as render the employment of servile labor indispensable, or even better than tbo employment or free i.a non. Diverting ourselves as far as possible, (and we think completely) of sectional or educa tional prejudices, and looking upon the question simply in the light of reason and religion, wo are unable to seo why the substantial interests of the slave-holding States of this Union, would not bo directly aJtanced by tbo substitution of em ploged labor for that which is nov bestowed up on their process of production. The free laborer always feels, and has, an in terest in the successful management ot any business in which he is employed The Slave can neither feel, nor have, any such interest. To him, results are nothing processes every thing. Ho only knows that so much Ubor is exacted from him; whether that labor prove productive or unproductive is a matter of entire unconcern to him. Ho performs hid round of assigned toil precisely like a machine; carelcs and Indifferent as it respects the character of the results that are to flow from it. Ho inhabits the same init, is clothed with the same coarse habib iments, and fed with the same food, whatever be the state either of the crops or of the market. All motiic to improve in what he does all or dinary human motive, we mean is taken away from him, and he labors through his allotted life in that most desperate anil painful of condi tions a condition Irom which both rational en joyment and hope aro excluded. This may not be, and probably is not, true in every it is true of the system that subjects men to un requited toil; and it is of the system wo are speaking. It is the deliberate judgment of many of the most intelligent and obsemng in slave holding Suites, that the substitution of Irce for senile labor would greatly augment the wealth and prosperity of those States. Wo have never doubted for a moment that such would prove the The President's Mcssngc-ngnln. A few days ago we presented to our readers tlio very able reviow, by tho Editor of tho A'a- iinnal Intelligencer, of the War part of the Mes sage of President Polk, Wo tindertako to say that those of them who read It, (and wo trust all did) have not forgotten its powerful and conclu sive exposure of the miserable, yet dangerous, fallacies with which the President endeavored to blind and mislead the popular judgment, and they will thank us for laying before them another article, from the same pen, on the equally un sound and pernicious Frco Trade fallacies of the nnfortunate argument of Mr. Polk, miscalled tho " Message." The National Intelligencer, has followed up its searching examination of this mendacious State Paper in thrco more ar ticle, (making five in all), and wo aro satisfied that wo can in no better way subserve the canee of truth and sound Whig Principles, than in copying them. Mr. Gales, their author, is en- tilled to the warmest commendation for these luminous expositions. The following is No. 2: From the National Intelligencer, FntE Trade DocTntxcs and Measures. The President cnncrntulatcs himself on the workinff of the. New Tariff. Some analysis ol its action in comparison with that of 1812 will show with what reason lie rejuiuee in it. 1 lie 1 resilient i-im-s us iuc aninuiii ui uniions lur i f. I T -,( tui-r .. i.:-l. parts" of ft miserable shadow of a Republic that can hardly bo said to have any vitality 1 Wo sec it stated In a Now l ork paper, that Col. Morgan of tho Army, in a speech at Columbus, O., on tho 10th of Dee., declared that " more than SIXTEEN THOUSAND " Americans have already perished in Mexico, since the com mencement of tho War! At least 20.000 Mexicans, it is probable, sleep beside them, Aro not this sacrifice of life, and the millions on millons ot treasure already worse than thrown away, enovghl the last fipcnl yenr, ending June 30, 1817, Wiich was (exclusive of ?picie) $122,121 .3 IV, on which the duties nmoiuHcU to$-j,i,9ui. i uc imports oi merchan dise (excluding specie) for the year ending June IW, 181G, amounted to SU7,472,00() ; the duties 2i,712,lG7. The iniioria for the yenr endine ione 30, 1815, with like exclusion, were S113yi,000; the duties $27,- Now, a vary simple implication of the Rule of Three will show llmt, under tiie tanll'ot 1812, the importa tion ol the last year would, according to its result lor the yenr ending June, 30, 1813, have given a revenue of S'vJ,700,tKtO ; or nccording to its result for the year ending 30th June, 1SIG, n revenue of &27.GDO.OOO. Thisdi'tciepancy is owing to the slight annual fluctua tion in the proportion ol lice goods, and ol (lio'-e pay ing dillereiit rates ot duty, lint, taking the average, it is self-evident that the losol revenue on the last year's mipoitalion, hy the substitution otlie tanlf of 181G lor that ol 1812, is at least Jive millions oj dol lars ; nnd this notwithstanding it had been in opera tion hut seven months o! thcyear. This circumstance, not of much importance, ns shipments of goods on which the duly was reduced vveie kept or tent to custom houe sumps lor future entry during the laH months of the tariff of 1812. The President nnd lii rmaneial AlinisU r, attempt as they may to give a dilleient aspect to the matter, will fail ol their object. Theie is noewapc Irnm the lact that, in point ol rc enue alone, the tnntl'ol 18 1G was a suicidal bacnl'ice of live miliums of dollars, on nn average of our annual impotis, and this alter the commencement ul a most expensive war. What nunc undignified, fallacious and unfair than to go Irom the regular fiscal j car, ending 3Uth June, (to which the accounts are made up) to compare the astronomical years 181G and 1817, lor the purpose of diawiug conclusions tavotahle lo the tarill oi 1810, when, truly picse4itcd,they lead to conclusions, direct ly opposite I In the fust place, the importations of the last months of I H 10. un to December, were kent hack, as nlrendv stated, to wait the operational the new tarill'; nnd of course ine nnpousoi ine wsi mourns oi ioi were proportionally mereased, as fully appears by ihe actual imports of the lineal year cndinc 30th June. In the instance, but , second plate, the famine m Lurope and the specie sent iu iiii roumry iu pinciiasc ioou prooucen a siaie oi wholly unusual pro'-penty, and consequently caused a greatly increa-d importation of merchandise, espe pinllv during the latter part of tin? nrcspnt vpnr. Under ihe additional stimulus ot Mr. Walker's Ta riff, this impoit lus been decidedly too great for our corulorl, as we find in the turn ol the exchanges, whereby we are losing our ttccic, by evciy packet nnd steamer that bails tor Europe, ncurly or nunc as iai ns n rr;ir a enr ago. The conscnuence is a v lolent contraction on the oart of the hanks, a pressuic on the money inaiket in all Hip riliou U hip I u ill cru.n ovlnml tn 1 1 m truth. And though, whether it were so or not I interior unless clucked hy the cessation of these undue nn:.nt.w, i, . B.rl,.c I. ninmi:. ' and excessiv e imports. The President estimates the ' V " ' 1 duties accruing irom December, 1W16. to IWemhor, ues.s aim uucp iuiig ui pwiuij, Luictf uu iu, at thirty-one ana a nan mimoiis or dollars, lie riVrltn bmipfit liiiiiselfat the csnenso ' il"1 .dlv us nmouiit of iiniiorts, hich have n . ' . . nrniluiTtl una ninnunt ot levenue: but it can hinllv of the rights of other men,; jet wo aro gliid tall phoitof one hundrnl niul fijly millions ut dollars, I., .1,.. n',.., . .,l,!iplC in l,.l v. n llrl,t nnnpnrs In lin lirralinir (hit slinws In t he , --lusio oi tpecie. .w, iBe i two iiiingi 13 un- iii ii-Kj . , -, j ' -- -v - 0 miL-tionii v tme. Umlcrtrif tarill ot iav-1 ncfhout brothers. light, he drew ajii-tol unit .shot linn. I lio jury 1 slaveholder, that his sellishness and cupidity uii.ililinnn-iy iieqiiiucii ine iniiruerur. 111 r rante, fiithcr", mother-, and duennas watch young per so 1- with un injurious dis-trutt ; tl cy teach them to 11-y.ird men 11- mon-ters, a liidoniis k-ings who lie hut to deceive andilo evil. Attliet.ime time what inron-'iMency ! They point to the future, to the d-ijn of their marri-ie as the hap ricl of their I he. A yuimi; girl wliodaresto look at a man except" with a lurtiie glance, would he calkd bold. At a ball, where her mother goer- about openly t-ecking lorn hu.-band for hcr.i-he is permitted to reply to her partner in the dance only, with oui Momicur, or belter yet non Mnnsitur. From tbi-i life of restraint arises an inconsid erate de.-iro to abandon the maternal cloiMcr. Between American liberty and I'rench .-layery il -ei'iu- u though one ought to find a medium. We do nut deinan 1 for the young ladies of our country cither Ihe picrog itivo ol lliiting, or the Icj-i pi'ccioif right of going out alone; they woiill be cxpo-ed to troublesome encounter-', r ml would nit e-cipe fh hippilyasa certain uiuiig (iii.ilieicfi' of I'hil idelpliia. She was going to p iv a Uil to a friend. She walked l.-f uri-iy up oiK-nut n. tier ejes 1101 ioo m. en tlli, ciicum-Uncc, noim-t, i-. ), . " c" 1 , , '"7 " ' " more in favor of lingui-ueii air una uer wen iiut-o ouui, .mi.n.nii the attention of a young liair-lir.iiiu.-tl youtha little more of a 011th a lillle moieof a Ku ropeamzed lion than Ins American companions and who, wo Mispcct very much, win spoiled at l'.uis by bad example. " Hut travailing docs nrtahv.iyn Improve vouth, lie appio.iched the young Qirri.cio-s and very humbly ifked per iniion lo Ivi her. " I have sworn Madamoi felle," adiled be, ' I lnvo sworn lint I would 1 is v"." And the pretty Quakero present ed him ingeniioif ly her cheek. .She did not be lieve that for a kii-s it was necetfarv that tbi young uiatihhould perish, for an unlulfilled vow might lead bini to tho infernal regions. This acquaintance t-o strangely formed, did not t-top here. '1 be joung m 111 blushed at the faUr-hood to widen bo 'owed liir. kiss; he coni r.diended all the iunocenco of tho joung girlV heart, and the mischievous trick ended verv seriously by a niarria-re. All loads lead lo Homo. If American ladies lovo to prolong their mai den independence, mairiago is not tho less n tonic of com creation and ohiectol co quetry, mid the end to which everything tends. have had had Ihe same amount oj importation, or we - 11 1.. 1 .,i: :.. I.n iiiih. rt iI.a siiouki 01. 1 ne nrsi euiiposu on, we s nou 11 derive are likely to ho enlisted 111 hostility to tho .Sys- imf1UP froutol atom iJrty. millions ol dollars in tern of Labor under which ho lives. ( faead ol ihlriy-onu inula hall millions. On the last and li-.i .1 1 .r i : mostproijauiesupno'-iiion otn iiuninisiieu irunortaiioii 1111111 ine lasi lew yer, sueov.-nis, uou o , wc f)U, be in a slate ol comparative eoe ; our cities many cases successlul cllorls nave been made, I would not no vv riming unuer a money pre-ure 01 one 1 ..ll I .... r one miu n uuu iier rem, u iiiuuoi, vvuuning win in some of tho Southern State Manufactukino KvrA!iL!itvinNTs, on the basfs of those in prosperous operation in New- Eng land. We hail such efforts with unfeigned gratification. They are, we sincerely believe, tho " entering wedge '' w liich is to prepare tho way for the rending asunder of the Institution of Slavery. And not this alone. They are al so (and for this reason we also rejoice) efforts that must result in the increased welfare, pros perity, and true gl iry of our sister States of the South, nnd coif t-tjn?ntly of our whole Country. Slave labor cannot profitably be employed in .Manufactories : and we thank God it is to! Tree hands and fice heads are required to man age successfully the "buttle and the loom and '-lined to do more in lavnr ol emancipation than all tho Third parties that ever alllicted the world. We copy the following eloquent appeal in be half of a projected Manufacturing Company in Kentucky, from the Vrankfnrl Common wealth, intense interest the tlearance of every steamer and packet too see huw niuch gold nud silver, the hie blood ot our cneiua 1011. is iieinii oravvn irom us. 1 lie im port of specie aluavs produces a prosperous state of tnuie ami inuuMry, us export, 011 me contrary, lsni- vYiiytviPucu vviui mami, iiiiu, vv ueu carneu uejouu i certain point, is certain to paralvieallcoinmcrualop eratlous. i lie only cause ol an undue export ol stH-c.e is an excess of nnporis. X o this hratu hot oveitrad tins country has alwavs been peuuhatly subject. A leadinj; motive to the establishing ol the protective system vvns to check this excess of import and eavc more steadiness to our currency. The policy of this mumiuMraiion, on ine couuary, is to stimulate im portations to ihe utmost. The sjchool of ruhtical Economy which it lollows deny tint any injury results to a nation Iron) the'export ol us coin. Their language is, " We cannot part with our specie, except 111 exchange for something more vahnhle lor something which we prefer.' livery practical merchant, however, has a dilf-renl view 01 the mailer ; we are not misinformed, the 1'ree trade l'hilosopheis ot Loudon, whom our pie&eni Ki nancieis delight to lollovv, are sadly puiled to salisly Ihe p.-...(. ul Diyhn.l ihui tin- t ree 'I'rade iheori which uiey niive uuopieu is woiKUlg well. Uur count ry posse&x-s so uniiy elements of pros, pent)- dial it will hear a good deal of niisgoveruinent wilhoul much absolute suturing. A sort of miracle, the severe iJllline ill Europe, enabled the Administra tion parly to establish the tjubtreasury, vvhith, without that miiacle. would have convulseu the wiiule mer. cautite coiuinuuity, A partial continuance of that out Ids bcinp; at nil conscious of tho fact. While ho was; thus resting by the way, a passer oy took his liorso from tho cart and treated fclm lo the hospitality of a rack in the tnangor, Tho next day as tlio sun had made some way in the heavens, Giles returned to consciousness ; hut being a philosopher having been tinder tlio training of a schoolmaster he called to his aid the rules of Aristotle to reason out the case, and raid to himself, " Am I Giles Scroggins or am I not ? that la tho question. If 1 am GilesScrog gins, then 1 have lost a liorso ; and if I am not Giles Scrogglif , then I have gained a cart." (Laughter and cheers.) Barring all llio antecedents and some of the circumstances, T feel something in the same condition. To think that I, who uetl to ho called flishnp Hughes, should find myself in the midst of the New England Society, and should hear tho health of Pope Pius IX. proposed hy jour respected chairman in terms so flattering, and received with so much enthusiasm by you all, this is indeed enough to make me doubt the reality ol things as they preetit themselves hero to-night. The very fact of my being hero of itself surprises mo I did not suppose that I siiotiiu lie distinguished hy such an honor, anu an honor 1 do truly regard it and accept it as such. When you speak of your Pilgrim fathers and rock, and the Pilgrims landing, you touch upon topics with which 1 deeply sympathize. You treat it as a matter of tradition, while I re gard it as a matter of experience, impressed on my memory, for I landed a pilgrim on these hospitable shores. And were I disposed to con vey to tho Sovereign Pontiff information to ena ble him to form an idea of this country, which is a largo country, I might tell him tho history, if so I might cull it, ol a young nnd tender and I fear a useless plant, wasbed out of its mother earth, carried by the waves of the Atlantic to those shores, where it touched not a rock, but the soil, in which it took root end acquired a prosperous life. (Cheers.) That single circum stance, it seems to ine, would give him a better !.! f ,!.! r :. p.. ..?.!.. !..-.! lum ui mis uuiiiiu i, ui us lusieriug insii unions, its kind and hospitable people, and of the ave nue which it opens to every man who feels called to enter upon a career of self-advancement, than volumes written upon tlio subject. I may, perhaps, bo violating the proprieties of 1110 occasion, mniigti 1 trust not, by indulging in remarks not of that jovial character which has its time and place. Not to trespass too long upon your patience, and to express a scrniment wmcn lias sprung 111 my heart and mind duriu tho festive proceedings of tins evening, 1 be A Sign of the Times. At tlio annual Dinner of tho New England Society, in Now Vork, in celebration of the Landing of tho Pilgrims in 1020, a Bishop in the Roman Church was an invited and honored guest! That this is a proceeding that the old Mathers would not " cotton " to, it is very easy to imagine but who cares 1 It marks the open ing of a bolter era an era of Christian Tolera tion and Charity, of true Kenublicanism. The hitter intolerance that has long prevailed (and still prevails, thanks to the persecuting spirit of such papers as the A'. 1'. Journf&af Commerce) in this Republic against thoRonjinatliolic religion and its followers, hasalwayTWruck us as one of the mcet'glaring'of practical inconsis tencies and we notice with gfeat pleasure this dawning of a brighter day. Toleration religious toleratjan especially is ono of ,the cardinal and fundamental principles recognized and declared in every State Constitution, we presume, 111 thiJJUnion, (exceptins: onlu Acio Hampshire?) vfcll as in the Constitution of the United States. It underlies the very idea of a Free Republic. A republican constitution that should repudiate this principle would be an absurdity a contradiction in tonus. It was to escape the persecutions of Intolcranco that our " rough and ready " old Pilgrim Fathers sacri ficed tho pleasures, the enjoyments and the com forts of Homo and civilized life, and became the self-banished founders of a new Freedom in New Entrland. But. after all. it was a sort of half freedom-perfect for Cotton Mather, but' f.""!'1?' ,to "t -N'cvv England is not dis , ' ... ,,,.. . ' tiiigui-licd as a country of great production ac not quite the thng for Roger Williams J Ihese j coldillg t0 tlc tcrm3 0"f political economy. It simo Pilgrims found the will following the produces granite, lo be sure, of which wo have nowcr. nnd nrartised tho verv intolerance from , a line specimen before us ; and it produces ice; which thev fled thus furnishing ono of the '"'A ' N "inongits productions something if. 1 1 which is still more honorable, and winch ren most instructive lessons on record of the weak-1 mon ,, ngllWledi' teachers: and noss of poor human nature. Mrs. Ilemans no- j lluw me (I allude to its teachers of Common ble Hymn ol " t:ie 1'ilgrim 1 atliers, laminar to behoof-,; to conclude with this sentiment all our readers "as household words," asserts ," Prosperity lo the land that grows Schoolmas ters." Bishop Hughes sat down amid loud applause. with truth that the Puritans sought, in our for est wilds, "Freclom to worship Godi" but the same Ilytnn alsc asserts, what is not so undenia bly true, that ' They left unstained ichnt there they found; Freedom to worship (lodl" all very well in poetry, and tending to feed fat our prido of ancestry; but, after all, we think it just about as well to "own up" about the sober prose part of the matter. It has al ways occurred to us that a plain matter of fact oration, on tho times of the Blue Laws, and of Roger Williams, and of tho Essex Witchcraft, followed by a sounding cliorus of Mrs. Hemans' ' Pilgrim Fathers," would be a juxtaposition of lnconn-riuties decirfpHle fnnnv' snmetlitiifT lil.p 1 the good merchant's daily interview with his lUcr of them is supposed to be fatally injur- docilo clerk: John, have vnn not thn sand in. , ed but tho attending physician, Dr. Hatch, is to the brown sugar? Yes, sir. Wateied the ,W:l'cnsive that their eyes will be completely 1 nngland rum? Yes, sir. Put tho pounded chalk Into Severe ncciilcut nn the Itnilr0n.1I. On Monday the 3d Inst., a very serious acci dent occurred on the lino of the Central Rail road, at the "High Bridge cut" in Colchester. It appears that a blast had just been disciiarged without producing any effect farther than to crack and loosen slightly the rock, and three men (two of them brothers, named Henry,) were engaged in recharging the same blast, charge of powder had been poured in, and these men were engaged in tamping it, when it sud denly exploded, throwing them several feet and dreadfully burning and lacerating their faces. tNevv Yoik Correspondence of the Free Press 1 Xo. Ill, New Yonic City, IX-c. 21, 1817. IhendC.i The first tiling likely to fix the atten tion of the stronger in this city, is the prevailing ac tivity to which alluded ill iny last. Being unac quainted with the topography and centres of attraction, his mind is the subject mainly of such vogue impres sions os ore produced hy the general business appear ance and air of enterprise. lie dwells upon the sur face, n ml tries to form on idea of the city tua whole os embracing a vast number if men, women ond chil dren, holding, perhaps, relations to each other diner cut Irom those which obtain elsewhere. lie tries, or rother is lorced to generalize nice particulars ore countless, so that he cannot number thein, ond in mo tion so that he cannot stop them. As the rfsult ol such observations, the city rises in imagination, made up of inrrumcrablc piles of brick, stone ond mortar, ond

separated by ony number of streets, wide or narrow, ond regular or otherwise. The next questions in or der, ore, who made oil these, ond how and where withal do oil the builders live ! both fair, and the lat ter somewhat serious when sjriously put ; ond to them I will devote this with one two forth-coming epis tles. By the way, I wotild sur 0 -si that, while a study ' of the social condition of any people is made up of in-1 terest, the most discriminating inquirer meets with many obstacles in the successful prosecution oi it. Tbo ultimate design of art, trollie ond ogriculture is, chic fly, to supply the means to tcc living, which usage or necessity render necessary. The standard lor these necessities is modified by 0 multitude of cir cumstances, mid is adapted to the condition ol every caste, from the sphere ot the prince to that of the beggar. It is owing to this, that property has always been the basis upon which social distinctions have been reared a basis, upon which it is safe to say, they always mu"t be reared, since it is that which not only feeds and clothes, but opens the way to liberal culture. And it is here we encounter the grand difficulty 111 tracing the lines which inatk the conditions in the society not only ol New York, hut of our country generally ; a dillif ully to be met with in no poition ol Europe. The form of our government the policy of our insti tutions, and our youth, have as yet given birth to none of those orders and sub-orders which, in England, are the ncees-ary products of their laws, and which, for centuries past, have been the peculiar care of an aris tocracy interested in their maintenance. Writers up on English society, therelore, have agreed in designa ting the four grades into which they find it divided, as the spending, the easy, the uneasy and the suffering. But in New York, where the various conditions of the Union are represented, and where the highest and lowest are met with, which spring up in Ameiica, we can moke no such distribution. We have no sufi'er ing class, in the English sense. Neither have we tire spending or the easy classes. The first ol these, in England, embraces their peasants or paupers the bulk of the population; in the words of Basil Hall, those defective beings, with caltless pgs. and stooping shoulders, weak in body and in mind, inert, starved, half naked, pusillanimous and stupid, whose prema ture writ kl -3 and furtive glances tell of unavoidable poverty, degradation and misery. The second con sists of those who have no occasion either to think, or work ; who have more money than they can spend ; who, when they ore wronged or would injure, "can I buy Law without depriving themselves of any costly luxury." These are the extremes ol society in the large towns of Merry England. Between these, are the easy and the uneasy ; the former consisting of 1 those who sustain what the English style resprctabiU . ity; who are able to support a certain dignity in the keeping ol hounds, horses and menials, and who ncv- large er dream that the drafts necessary to their mainten- ance will be dishonored- 'I he latter, embracing the second-rate tradesmen and agriculturists, whose scanty I capital compi-ls them to live with an eye fixed on the market who fortify themselves against financial mor tality, at the approach of any ordinary commercial lluctuaiion. These four make up the society of Lou don, Liverpool and the other considerable towns of how strange a contrast to the social condi tho vvhito lend Yes, sir. Well, then, you may come m to ptyers ! The old Puritan F.itherj were, beyond a. doubt, a noblo band of men; rich ill all tlio qualities of a true manhood, stern haters of op pression, glorious missionaries, afterall, ot Free dom and Humanity ! But they were a good deal like other men, not in their strengths, to be sure, hut in their ueaknesses. They did not 1 like Rome, nor mother England's Church, nor li-ucdlastweewiil"plcase-tepto the Captain s did they inculcate any special fondness for them , 0I,CC and eett,e" for M?ven auci of Ku,s in their chihlren-and il is reserved for their I wl,ich tliat " " M concern knocked out of destroyed a calamity to these poor men and 1 lio ' lhe London of America ! Refer the outward their families.scarcelv less dreadful than death it- "iJc,nccs f "i'f. ''V"s' ?,9 lh,ey T',"1 'r lr, . . ; streets and wards of this entire city, to such a elassih- sell ! It is supposed that a portion of tho fuso t.uliu a yu win lii.a U1..1 the w01kinK of i-ng unacquainted with the etiquette In such ca ses, is very anxious to know whether the affair would h ive been postponed, if tho French gov ernment had not thought proper to " accept " the " fact " mentioned ? Wo aro sorry that wo can throw no light ott tho subject, not knowing what tho custom is in Spain. In Yankccdoin, when a " first appear ance " of this kind is advertised, there is " po itivcly no postponement." The Thirtieth Congress. But little business of public interest has been transacted in Congress since our last week's report. Both Houses adjourned over from Thursday tho 2 1th to Monday the 27th ult. On Friday, Senator Fairfield, of Maine, died very suddenly from tho effects of a jiainful sur gical operation. On Monday, the 27th, nothing of Interest or importance was done, beyond the customary an nouncements of tho death of Senator Fairfield, and on Tuesday the 28th both Houses attended the funeral ceremonies. Wednesday, tho 29th. In the Senate, after a brief time spent in routine business, during which Mr. Cass reported his bill for raising 20,000 men in addition to those already raised and lo bo raised, for the further prosecution of the War, the death of Mr. Bradley, a member of tho House, elect, from Michigan, was announ- ccd, and the Senate adjourned. In the House, immediately after the journal was read, Mr. Stewart, of .Michigan, announced the death of Mr. Bradley, and the House there upon adjourned. Thursday tho 30th. The New York papers of Friday have tho following telegraphic ac count of the proceedings : In the Senate the resignation bv .Mr. Cas.of hisao- poiutinent as Kegeut ot the Smithsonian Institution, was aunounccu. Mr. John-on's resolutions, inquiring the number of the lorces engaged in the .Mexican war, the casualties, &.C., was adopted. The bill for the purchase of the .Madison papers was parsed, li3 to 13. The bill to in crease the army, on motion ot Mr. Cass, after some debate on the motion, was taken up, by the castinc vote of the Vice President, yea; IU, nays 19. The bill was taken up and read,atter which the Senate went into Executive session. They shortly afterwards ad journed to .Monday. In the House three anti-stavery resolutions were presented. The lirst vvas referred to lhe Judiciary Cominitlee. The others were laid on the table. .Mr. Goggin, Irom the committee on postofiices and post roads, reporteil a joint resolution directing the. rotmaster tu-neral to renew the late contract lor tho tronsinisiou ol the great southern mail, and asked its immediate consideration read twice. On motion ot .Mr Jones, of Tennessee, it was re f -rrett to the committee ol the w hole on the state of tho Union. The Ilou-e then adjourned to Monday. The Telegraph. Too work on the Telegraph Line, we aro glad to announce, is making rapid progress. We are permitted by one ol the Trustees, Col. Peck, to publish the lollovving extract of a letter from the indefatigable Mr. Counell, tho constructor, dated lhe 3d inst : "The wire is in position for forty miles from " Troy, and by to-morrow night last Tuesday " the offices may be opened, for the transaction " of business, at Bennington and Manchester. " The work, thus far, looks finely. It is, be "yond question, the best Line of Magnetic Tel " egraph yet erected. " The Wire is on the Poles as far as Rut " land, and by next Saturday to-morrow night, " I hope to bo able to place the Telegraph in "operation at Whitehall ; and I can see noth " ing that can prevent our having the entire " Line in perfect operation about the 20tli inst." used in discharging the lirst blast remained and caused this unfortunate casualty. To " A Citizen." Our anonymous correspondent, "A Citizen," whoso communication, touching the " ineffi cic.xcv"of the Boxer Engine, we indiscreetly pub- children's children to make tho rapidest ad vancement from what was really objectionable in their teaching. As we said in the outset, (and this is about nil we set out to say,) we aro glad to notice the our third-story windows, immediately after that said " inefficiency " vvas made public. And, then, if he will oblige us so much, we will thank him to stir up tho " Volunteers " a little, through our columns, and we shall stand a indication of the prevalence of a larger spiiitof cllal'co of acquiring a tolerably lively idea of wuiii is mi-am oy inu ieiugc. one of tho ablest and mo-t judicious papers at laniine may enable the Government to i-seane hank- tho South. Wo are sure that it will bo read rupiey this ear. But exiR-iience, though slow, is 11 , , . 1 x- 1 .. . sure teacher. We shall lind out 111 tune that Hee with intcrc-l at the .North, nn account of tho , Ttade and Universal Peace are events ol equal proba- considerations it urges upon Southern men, no mlJ!V- 1 . , , . . . , , , 0 ' , We have indulged iu these lew remarks upon that less than on account of tho sympathy it will' port ol lhe President's .Message which relates to ihe .. ....i r. .i. . f .!. v. ii. oneratioliof the New Tuiilf. When tune allows. and UIVUKCII lor inu success ui uiu iiroieci, .xnuie :, i ...,,,, ,., i,,,... f..r...:.ln 1.1.. n ,i.... ....., Old Kentucky is, as usual, oil the right track ! I as lhe Annual Keportof lhe Secretary ol theTreasiiry, . w.n..,.p. P-pi,..,.,,.- uowpaeeu neiote our reauers, we snail prouau.y nave In consequence of the inclement weather, of last week, the gi-ntlcinfn having iu charge the interests of the "I'runktoit .Manufacturing Company," did not cali upon our citizens us proposed. But they will 111 due. tune do so. In the mean time we ogain appeal to the enterprise and the enthusiasm ot our citizens to take hold ot tins gieut work boldly und earnestly, and carry it on to certain triumph., The history of like pfi'uts in this couutrv.thc nrcs- cut dia.isti runs slate ol thing iu England, nil betoken Freedom displayed in the attendance of a Roman Bishop at a Festival purely of New England .j. s y J:vi,ress of ,ie 29m t., chron- origin. We are right glad tho Society invited icIca the reUlrn 0rili;ip,of tho N. Y. Herald, the learned and eloquent Bishop Hughes to bo from i:r0pe, in the following lively and highly present, and " say grace" among the Puritans, commmpllUr. termg, Bennett belongs in that ind right glad that the Reverend gentlemen (as c, lss ofciit()M w10 are ncver c,Ucnt m,ices might have boon expected, to bo sure, trim. Ins tim. are nremcling thal ,i10 Jevil is just guim; known good sense,) accepted tho invitation.! : r;lUcj or are en-ra! iu raising him And we aro sure our readers will ho interested 1 ,,,,,.,, nrincinallv thn hitler. to see the speech in which the eminent Prelate .ll(.nrrivolr,l,e Editor of a certain morning na- replied to tlio following toast. Hero they are er. fioin Europe. and ol his locuainnua. th-re can - . : i . .. , ... i...i 1 ,...i..i. . iouoi.ju-i ine iieuus oi uiri lie inrows something to say upon lhatclaburate papr. Increase of the Army I We noticed, last week, iu our summary of Congressional proceedings, that tho Military Committee of the Senate, through Mr. Cass, Chairman, had recommended the raising of ten additional Regiments of Infantry, or 10,000 men. On Wednc.-d ly the 20th inst., the same Manufactures must spring up Committee reported another bill providing for . . 11 . . .. '. e .1.,. I 1 hnf Hip sw ne ol Ihe nltl w oral is linikpn . ntiil Mint ilip K-oner or later, t o l ow ing .,10 uo o, 0 , ; . . -country, ttt each wedding there is an entertain- ,. ,.,ir ,:,. m,:i a , r:.T I : .1 ..1. ,1 ..,. ., i.,n.-,. p,.1;p " jl.'.p.i" I."'.?1""?.;' mem, nnu - 11 iiim-i.un.ry ... ..-.,1.-,.;,.- o. e immense i-siuu- ltvn.PNT nr 00 linn ,,,pm In -till for, 'r in rn m Is cut into as many nieces as mere i-hments ot i.imiauo. Liverpool anu .viiiuciiester i - - nun u luiiiui. u uniiri puvii 1.111V0 ui un.-pusu-iii wo.ui mer iiicrcaftoot luo nnnv, lo serve until six aro gt e.-ls. J bo absent are not forgotten nun each of those who have received pieces of lhe rnirxell.ius ciikecanm t help gelling m r.-ied du ring tho xenr. This is the general belief. The young gills find means to exaggerate still mine thn popular tradition. Ifthcru is in question a gallant cavalier, a 'mariving man,' before arri ving, at its destitution, ifio precious talisman is cart-fully wrapped up by the hand of some young lady in handsome, satin paper, well perfumed; on this piper she has herself written tlio names of fivo lovers, livo rivals, and finally her own name, When about to retire for tho night, the voung man is to place the magical packet under Iiisiiilow. lie will suiely dream of ono of the tix young giils and as surely will ho marry her of whom he dreams. Tradition does not tell us what will happen when the sleeper dreams of two or thrco ,of them at llin same time', or when ho dreams not at all. These l.tiniliarilies, llieso coquetries, degenerate neither into elopements nor. journeys to (Jrclna tjreen. It U Iruo that iu America it will-be a . nseless luxury lo expend onu's imagination iu ttmorous., riixe.upil . landet-tino HigTiU, Tfis only lerocious gu.irdUVia'nr !riiuinugc,ihje,dn riinas who are ever deceived. ' In this land ol liberty, in order Injlirl or to marry, young girls tin-., mil V need ot t. kin trip pmikpnl I l.ulp ....... ;md history does not say that any of them ever reBiseJ must and will have their ptoioiyes und successors in I our country, months after peace is pioclaimcd! These ad- ... . . . I. I....I. .....In...n .... ,nl......j nr lie no i oubt. IU"I now. bv 1 luuuspeu,-, w... u i.illis,. ; The old blackguardism of lhatnaoer. tho Progress which is Improvement : nj generrl nhue of every thing and every body, has dency of the commercial spirit, is here restrained by rn-ntm.i'irtiii r it n in nil ll I ul ir.ivpl vl i oj c: ii ru i i . re-niuieareil So nmoimt f trael, we poo. can rub' oil mi jnimte, inborn vulgarity, or base love ol iletrnc-1 tiouaiul abue. IVospenty, loo, in tins world's nf- (aire, that enubles the natures nnd tastes of many men or makes lliem ninbitious of their neiiilibors' respect. can Imu nu elleet upon n mind insensible to micIi eon Fiderntuws or from long lredi-pomtion nnd practice, so giu-n to deprawly, that it cannot be diverted there- flu 1 11, free ins-titutions, nnd the prevailing doctrine of equal rights, or some other ndequate; cau-e, lias struck, a mighty average no oversowing wealth no ruinous poverty no towering mansion'? no under-ground Knglish hovels. We 5-peak sometimes of the " upper ten thou'vind " and the millionaires ' ut New York ; when, according to the mo'-t liberal estimates, there are not twenty men iu the three cities of New Yoik, UiooMyu, and WiUianii-burgh, whose capital would mark one million ; while the aggregate wealth of the 7VH) weal t hie st bankers nnd foreign dealers, does not exceed, according to a recent computation, two hun dred and nine millions giving to each but a fraction over two hundred thoiand. Overlooking John Jncob Asior, Stephen Whitney, Stephen Van liensselaer, William Astornnd Leonox, whoe noted estates nre rather the products ot European, than of American in dustry nnd speculation, you will lind no accumulations of property iu New Yoik to answer the demands of a t-peudmg clas. Indeed, one, not familiar with the facts, would manifet surprise nt the extent to w Inch the fixed capital of this money-mnking and money changing city is cut up, and nt the impartiality with which it is meted out ; the equalizing principle opera ting not only to the leehug down, but to the leveling up, We would be led to expect that the Metropolis ol North Ameiica, having a position, with reference to land and ocean, f-uperior to that of any other trad ing port on the wide earth, nnd girt about by a bay and two rivers whoe waters ebb und llow the com merce of the nations, would possess merchants of boundless wealth and gigantic transactions. Hut the lact is otherwise; tlie crystalling, centre-seekmg ten 11th. The Present Soiereign Pontiff nf Uume Pius IX, Mr. V. I1. Fessenden. in rencatinr it, added, " we aro ylad lo find any thing of New KngUnd about nun. Tho Right Rev. Bishop Hughes rcpnondcd to this sentiment as follows: Mr. President ami (ientlcmen ; Unaccns turned as I am to take part in festivities of this Albert Gallatin Tv letter of this gentleman, de kind, I may nt eurrtpond with the iita"c with lht" .war. H everywhere quoted by the fed which uentlcinen are' hero familiar. I rUe, "ter.loevSalin is. vve leave Henry Cay therelore, umjjr some embarrassment, and were l0 say. A few jears ago Mr. Clay denounced Mr. 1 to give way to my feelings I should almost Gallatin iu the most vituperative style. lie proclaim doubt tlio reality of what I behold around ine, or fd that he was" at heart an alien," who" had no feel cite question my personal identity. 1 havu to mSs' 110 attachments, no piinciples in common with return to oa.-Alr. l'roaidont and IJpnilp.m.., nun'fop e" nnd bid him " go home to his native I'.u- .iPrll,L ... r,. I - i... ... ...i-..' I rul"-'" v ""ol. a.i.vb.u .i.-j -" . - . .. nuiiiir iu unci I...... I,. il. ....,,. nfliln. IV It 1j :..,ir.,:.. thill: her present wealth and population and jet l-'rank ion uasevery iiiivaiuage over inoi town. Will not oureilieus let mad-can speculation alone mid try the vutuesol stem Sew England labor and energy. T..eie is enough capital ciijxagpd in hazardous spec ulation in and tirouiul rratilvloit to builil up a city iu ten years' time il devoted to .Manufactures. Hut as itis, who ishenelilled hy itsusel The profits ol one year aiesvvept away hy the loss es of the next and sneculatois end where they com menced soinctiines lower down iu the scale. This would not be soil the capital of our cili.ens were devoted to the hones, production of goods which the demands ol the country would lu-ep u steady mar ket lor. This production ol luauutaetureil goods wouiuimracitiyii miner it wouia attract work them, in tbo iiaino of l'ius IX. It is if rati fvino- to know that tlio promi?e of Ids elevation to tbo Pontifical chair is full of liopu ; that though bo commences lu's administration under circum stances ol great embarrassment, yet from all I have been ubld to learn, und that from pcrtons Intimately acquainted with liiin, I believe that lind has prepared him fur his task witli a clear bead and a strong heart. Indeed, so highly do I anprcciato tho compliment which lias been States to somo sixty or seventy thousand men! ",M ,l. ,,,,,! . , J r ,' that it can be responded to appropriately by noiio And all tins is lo carry on a War confessedly cxce.,t a Eon Now-Kiigland, which I liavo of Invasion and Conquest, (than which nothing nut tlie honor to bo ; and yet I feel that 1 have i Miino c aim to the honor. lor 1 am al cast a so a rraukloit may eosily heroine a city, n populous nnd ditions, asked for in conformity with the s tig, .1 Mil llr ,1 J I Wn VIli'tlL lilt tii.tili.lifililil . . ing. Look nt l,owell-her former insigiulie.inee , KOstlom, ar.d to aid aid ill carrying out tho purposes, of Mr. Polk, will raise tho army of tbo United is more repugnant to llio genius and spirit uf the Constitution of this Republic,) and for no oarlbly purpose excepting, us tho National In telligencer truly tays, "to vindicate llio per sonal consistency of President Polk ! " Wo cannot believe that tlio American Congress, the popular branch of which bus been completely uWi carter. (Cheers.) 'lo recover Irom the embarrassment which I have felt, and which I still feel, allow me to tell you eometbing in tlie nature of a story recorded among old 1'uglisli legends, which may not be, after all, quite in applicable to my position, Tor when I reniein- lutiir (nil in.iv li'ieo ntmrciri'il tr. .no in 11:1st times, and bow I, no doubt, must have appeared I men nitnci i; vvoiiiu nitroci greater capital luiiier it revoiuiioiuzeu tiucu mo commencement 01 mis to you lor I presume eomo ol you mav navo ?57ZaZI Ihe'n'ace ' 'X"3 NVar ,,U a"JaciUa f V"? VZTfxi I would increase fuuifuldim haps tenfold, the will sanction any such enormous incrcaso of io.i..i. j."" I " V .1 value, of every lui.t. ol real ettate held by our cituens ., . ., A i i i . j all these ctrcuinstauces tins hnglisli legend is Hpetulationproliieilinoihiiiginany oltllese ' x"tu. tl,u Ar,"r' 11,0 Arm"' U hrZ c,lou8 1 a,ui called to mind at the present time. It appears Itimiiieth iinttiiiiit tiioiiy clawnf qur iwonle. more than largo, already, for every iur- thero was in-l'tieland a person namud (i'llou unee.-111 1 ue jiraniM-a i I here arc liwuiauUt e uiumUoyed, of destitute optraticetin J.iigtaud who icoulJ uladly come lure, and workchtuidy when here. There tire poor tout and uxrtt in our town, andcaunty.eiiough to work a doxtn Jactorif who will sutler the coiiiiiiK winter for kooJ clothing, for the very necessaries ol fife, pose consistent, witb the. National character and the' National "glory. Can it-lie poiliye'4(a' Congress will sanction such an augmentation of it as is recommended, for the aiourd purpose of prosecuting an offensive war " in the vital Seroiri.ins whether ho was the same centle ihuu wlicJuruislied lh gjiost for tho song long alter", I do not know but it appears that as he was fogging home from town," wbero ho had been transacting busiii.'ss, lie felt heavy, and sleep overtook bun and made him captive with- Very well, .Mr. Patriot; wobelicvo Mr. Clay is not very good authority witli you. Will you now favor your readers with Mr. JciTEitsoN's opinion of Albert Oali.atin, and then give them your oirnopinion of Mr. Gallatin's argu ment against tho War with Mexico, for this after all Is tbo main thing! If you should prove, incontestibly, that Tom Corvvin is guilty of high treason, you would hardly think it a reply would you? fur mo to say that (Jen. Willson once called you a 1 ranchman ! Ah, Major, " facts is stubborn things" ; and you can't fob thein oil in tins way ! IT Wo notice, with much gratification, that (ieokce P. Maiish has been appointed a Kegcnt ot tho Smithsonian Institute in the place of Hoberl Dale Owen ; tlio said Hobert D.ilo hav ing been summarily left at homo by his constil uents, in a District which, though largely I,o- cofoco, had no stomach for this infidel co-laborer of Funny Wright. Western, notions on IMnciition, 3j"T1io Cleaieland (O.) Democrat, speaking nf an Address in that city by Kx-Uov. Slado, on "Kducutidn in tho West," says, "it vvas nr propriato to the occasion and although lengthy was highly entertaining"'. too many counter-check, which the wisdom of our law-makers has introduced, in appljiug to the nation at large the maxim of modern discovery," The great est good to the greatest number." The inducement to such aggregations of capital consists iu qualities of mind which do not enter into the constitution of our branch of the raxonrace ; in fostering statutes which our law-makers have not seen fit to enact; and in such a combination of causes and concurrence of cir cuiustances favoring commercial adventure, as have not yet arisen in our history, llcmov ing every pohti- cal nnd moral hindrance, mid our custom or rule of common law- regulating the transmission of estates, is ndeouateof itself, in the course of a few generations, to scatter to the four winds of heaven, the proudest fabric ever erected by mercantile skill mid industry. Hut I shall allude to the operation of this rule, iu its practi cal elfects upon New York nt another time ; as well ns to the union of labor, and the parcelment of lands all of which nre op-Hiscd to the amassing of large estates. In the meantime, let us not take shame to ourselves as a nation, in that our free institutions have failed iu establishing, even in the chief oi our Atlantic towns, that lazy, ari--locralic and oppressive " spending class," which, iu the venerable cities ol lhe Old World, have been gathering strength lor centurion, wherewith to " buy law " and down-tread the poor a class making their fancied pride but their real plague spot. If we cannot boast of those time-worn mercantile houses The Sentinel A- Democrat. Our friend, Mr. Wisslow, announces tho new arrangement that severs the pleasant rela tions that have subsisted between himself and his patron-., as follows: We have to announce to the patrons of the Sentinel ii Pcmociat, that with the present number, our con nexion with the paper cea-s. We have disposed ot the establishment, to (Ieorge Howard Tacl .t Co., by whom it will herealter be conducted. Having been during the nine veors last past, connected willi the Democratic l'rcss at liurlington, it will be hardly decorous did we not, on retiring, return our sincere thanks to that band ol linn and faithlul Democrats who have adhered lo the establishment to the present time. They have our best thanks, and most earnest wi-hes lor their welfare. Mr. I'acl - n gentleman of fine attainments, a graduate ol the Umveisity of Vermont, a praciieil printer, and hetter than all. a tirul and unthnching Democrat I'nder his aupirr, e have nodoubt the Sentinel it; Democrat w ill take rank with the oldest journals ol Veiiuont,if not ol New blngland It will be enlarged and printed upon new and supeiior type, and made every vvay worthy of a liberal support. ' We are requested to say that in order to give time to make the necess-iry arrangements to put the paier iu u new dress, and lor other improvements, no paper will be isueil next week. We take pleasure in wishing tho retiring I'ditor (with whom our personal intercourse has uniformly been of the most friendly character) all manner of prosperity; and in welcoming Mr. Paul, (whom he justly pronounccsa voung gentleman " of fine attainments,") to the ancient and honorable editorial enrp?. Death ol Ilcmiin Lovvr) . Our readers will find, under our obituary head, a brief record of the death of one of the oldest and most esteemed citizens of liurlington, He man 1wky I'squire. We were assured, by the gentleman who conveyed to us the intelli gence of his death, that a brief notice of his lifo and character, (due no less to the memory of tho deceased than to the high estimation in which he vvas held,)vvou!d bo prepared by one who had known him long and well. We regret that no such notice has been received, and, particularly, since our own personal acquaintance with Mr. UivvuY, (though sufficient to have awakened in us a warm esteem and respect for him as an up right, honorable and generous-hearted ma!i),vvas too limited to warrant us in making any attempt to undertake such a notice ourselves. It will be seen that the funeral of Mr. law. rv will take place, from St, Paul's Church, this afternoon, at "2 o'clock. The Sum 11 l'ol. It appears, by late accounts, that this disease is spreading to a considerable extent iu tho North l'astem portion of tho State in tho P0. which, it llugland, 1'ronce, ppain and lhe Hnnsentic ties of Caledonia, Orange and Washin-'ton Towns, alone or united have regulated the eustomsof ad that numerous case! have proved fltal society und controlled the policy of government -,-let '0 tru.t ihn tl,n t 1 us not be nshamed ot the ephemeral operations of our I . ... 1 I'.vveutive, vaccina- coiumereiul adventurers, since they result from n IX)1. 1 ''on,,wl" 10 ""nlversally resorted to; and that icy whiehcuttailsthefew-.tliaiitniayfavorthewhole; 'tlie Selectmen of this, and other towns in tho but for that policy nnd for this one ol its effects, ought Stlte, will feel it to bo their duty, as a measuro we not rather to thank God and take courage I ( no less of public policy than of humanity, to A" 1!' employ a Physician to vaccinate those to whom UT.Mr. Darby calls our attention to tho fol- tho expense, at this period of increased trial anil lowing paragraph, which ho finds in tho last suffering for tho Poor, would be a matter of con. European Tunes, received by tho llibernia ; ! sequence. I ureipcan i. lias neeii in i ans that lie ijiia., nr ' ........ Spain is iu a condition which promises on heir to the """ uuriuigtoii, Hnilrond. throne. The report vvas confirmed by the papers of Tlio Annual Meeting of t!, titbit, u Wednesday, which odd that the lact had been com'1 , -"eeting ot tho .Stockholder in uiunicated to the I'rench government and accepted by i tIle """and, and liurlington Railroad will bg u n i r , ""Men at Rutland on Wednesday next, the PlIi Mt. Darby informs us that Mrs. Darby, be-! instant. J'-im.uu,