Vol. XXI. Whole Wo. 107. Hl!RM-TOiV, FRIDAY IffORIVIlVG, JANUARY 14, 1848. IVcw Scries, Vol. 3-..o. HO. Burlington vct )vc0S. Published at riurllngton, Vl., 11 y d. w. c. ci,.vitKi:, Editor and Proprietor. Tcrmn Tj VMlup subscribers who receive the paper by tlic carrier, $2,10 If pii 1 in advance S,00 Mill s-i'jscribere anj those who take It nt the 0:ii:e 2,00 II pild in advance , . 1,50 AnvnitTtsKMExTs insetted nntlie custcninry terms. (From the Dublin Gazette. Mr ltit:li O'Doiitiell. Witching hiseyes Icat tlicir love should growdini Talking, ntul thinking, nnil dreaming of him ; H Hli'.l when he's silent, nnd glad when he's gny Hit Irow.i mnkes my night-time, his R.nilc is my day. His hnir, like the tinip-t, so il.uk in ils flnw His vnic. like th? nig ltm-ile's, tender nnil low His enx-. like the engle's. undaunted mid free, Ani his heart, as the turtle-dove's, f-iilhftil tome. He won from the mountains the s trengih of his (mine, And O'Djiuiellbcqiicnth 'd him his blnodnud his name; A courtier to talk tit a soldier tn view There never was chieltnin more kingly than Hugh. At tnnis there's a storm in the heave of his breast At times he iscaimer tlian sunshine or rest: Hit, though chanceful his mood he, or silent or frce( In his heart there is shelter nod sntety for ine. An I what if the mountains have hi I him tro forth. And what if dark Ulster has frowned on his bhth, Were his bark on the waters. I'd faee the ronh swell; Did be b lilt in the woodlands, In woodlands I'd dwell; And there never was mountnin so sleep or so wide IM wcaiy of tracking with Hugh form)' guide. Mary. TitUTlt well Kxit.essed. The Governor of Tennessee, in his Inaugural Address, says : "I firmly believe, and tako pleasure in an nouncing it, that no Slate can prosper in a long course of trim glory in the disregard of the old, the very pink of the ' old school,'' staid, so claims of ju-lice and the injunctions of the , her and diguilied, and who lias always prided din-inn leligion. A llnod-tule ol apparent jirojnty miy conic, Idling, for the time, the . avenues of trade, and satiating the craving of ta-to and curiosity, vet sooner or later it lias its ebb, and either cloys with ils ahiindtnce or leaves the void greater than before. History i a silent but eloquent witness of its tMlh. and , the Court. To his utter astonishment the Judge, from her undying lamp sheds a stream of tin- without a moment's, hesitation, decided the ponit ceasing light along our p ithu ay. The fabrics I aguln-t him. Old Judge F., in utter amaze nf nin.iu.nl greatness, built by injustice unci con-, tnent slowly raised himself liom his seat, and fcc rated !n ambition, are now Hilling shadows putting his hand to his ear, as is the custom with ueiore us, siniiiiig up irom ueiiinu ine pillars and fillen columns lh.it were leared to perpet uate tlie genius uy wliu-.li they were wrought. He Kimi 10 the Ou. Oh .' he kind to those who are in the iiiiluinii of life, for thou I.nnwe.-t not what .siitlorings tliey may bale enduietl, how much it may slill he their portion to hear. Ate they querulous and uiire.i-onable, allow not thine anger to kindle again-t tlieiu rebuke them not, lor doubtless, many and severe have been thu crosses and trials of earlier years, and pcrrham-e, their di-noiiliom in the ' spring- time of life,' were more gentle and lU-.ihle than thine own. Do they require aid of thee 1 then render it cheerlullv, and forget not thai the time m'lij route, when thou 'fniyest desire the same as-i.-tanco from others, Unit now thou rendcresl unto them. Do all that is needful for the old and do it with alacrity, and think it lint hard if much is required nt thine hand ; lest, when age lias set his seal upon thy brow, ami filled thy limbs with trembling, theie may be found thos'e who wi'l wait upon Ihip mm illingly. and who will feel relieved when the cuiliu-hd has cover ei Uiy lace lorever. The old must soon pass from tins to another tvnrl,! ! 14 1 iLtviii 1 (1 ,1. t h.-mi. t iiioir i 1 ue i : - - i ., J rime miicn to cucci iiivoi uiiiiiio iiio luiiioaiii t i n.n crowds the varied page ol life, thy lou of their earthly pilgrimage be kind, very kind , Hath been the same; it neur yet luiih waned, to them ; for thev have many sorrows lo endure, 'he trace of early fondness wears, before they seek'tlie abodes "of happiness ; they ' li nr"h-- eherishe.1 nrop, which, next tn Christ, have yet i. through the Valley of tli ? 'dk a;:;"r?u!grnrnf,ien':!l, Fhadow of death.' Is U a world of wo lo which Whene'er niiiterniilcure hath filled my heart, mcy are iiasiening i nave nicy no nope oi neav- en then be doubly catmints liow llinu uddest a i-ingle drop lo a r.nn ulie.idy full; for surely they h ive enough to bear, if their prospects lor b'llli time ami eternity ale shrouded ill gloom. C.'itVa-'ii 'I'riliiim. Cvmof-j ru.NCl'.Ai. Dir.ErrioNs. An old gen- tlnitiin ..I l,t,,r kff.t-n ttitit till! Mr. Joib.iliilll Treble, died li-t week in llelhaiiy, Ccne-eo Co., t -..i .... i.,..:.. t .... si i...... II.,:,.:., ,...,,,ii,. I to the writlen instruction-, giien bj him to his btm, as t.illows : 11...... ,!., I. '. ,.l,l.r,ul, ;,,, I n,.n,r! with a while i-lotl, tied about its head ,,, a , -.it i t i-i i ihee! upo-i Its body, and a ci.hlii made o luss-, wood or while im board-, punted white, ll minted at nil. And my litrlher reipie-t anil char -e 1-, thai none of my children or relatives I wear any mourning lor my dead or depaittd botlv, but rather rejotic and piaisu (iuiI with all tln-Ir souls, mind ami slreiigtu, that 1 h ue gone to be with Coil and Chri-t, which is lar belter, but strive to prepare to follow me us lar in I ji ife slrovo to fidlow my dear Iti-ileeiner, by his u-oril aud spin), ami what I hate wrote 1 trust is by the direction of the good spiiitof my Cod." Scott and liuns. Mi I'lillnr In her third l niier, in ncr tniru letter to the New Vorl; Tribune, lias the (ollow itig enthusiastic expression of the dill'ereiit pur-1 po-es tor which these renowned Scotchmen liv ed and wrote. There is great brevity us well ns truth in the sentiments sho thus expresses : " Uu the coach willi us was a gentleman mining from Imdon to make his yearly visit to the neighborhood ol Hum', in which ho was born. ' I cannot now,' said he, 1 go but once u year; when a boy I never let a week pass, without visiting the house of Hums,' Ue utter wards ob-eru-d, us every step woke us to fresh recollections of Waller IScolt, that .Scott, with all his vast range of talent, knowledge and ac tivity, was a poet of the past only, and in his in most heart wedded to thu habits of a feudal aris tocracy, while Hums is thu poet of thu present and the future, t lie man of tho l'eople, and throughout ii genuine man. This is true enough ; but lor my part I cannot euuiire such compari son by a breath of coolness to deiireciato either. Both wero wanted -, each acted tho lmmrlunt nart assumed him by destiny with a wonderlul thoroughness and completeness. IScott breathed the breath just Heeling from tho forms of un dent Scottish hcrniin and poesy into new he made lor us the bridge by which we have gone into tho old O-.iatilc hall and caught the mean ing just as it was about to pass troin us forever. IJtirns is full of the noble, genuine democracy which seeks not to destroy royalty, but to make all men kinfs.as lie himself was, in naturo and aclion. They belong to tho same world; they are pillar- ol the same church, though they up hold its i-tarrv roof from opposite sides. Jlurus , , ,t., ,. i Was.ni,c itl,e ri.rcrim..t; precisely bt cause ho had in..-t of the common naturo ot. a grand .cale ; i s humor, his passion. Ins svveelness, aro ull Ida owns thev need iiopictuiceiiiioor ro. mantic accessories to yivo them uuu reliel; looked at by a I lights tney aro t ic same, otneo : . . . ., ...... AU.U11, tiiere nas ot-t-n imuo , ,.i rl. - nearer fitness to stand up before Cod and angel ii. the iiakt-d majVsty of imttdiood than , Robert I urns; bui lit-ro vus us r,e . t . ' c J Vet, but for Iiw fault a y'"""1""?' brniit'ht nut the briivn and patriotic modesty w'.th which he owned it. Slnmo on him. who' .iVi'inrii.ib'n un- ."" remhidt" cou Jl'sfc A brncc of lgnl Auccdolcs. The N. Y. Spirit of the Times tells tho fol lowing capital anecdotes. They strike its as r.tfher superb; though, of course, wo nrp dis posed to lcitvn that question " to the judgment of ttio court." i till. 1' . I'.l Recently, while nttendintr n Court lieUIn J county, ivnere judge M. presided, u tcry plain ('ieslion of law was presented fur the decision of the Court. It was pruned eluhnrutr-lc hv flip ...I I.-... ...I- . I . I -.1 J "'"i" mc- wioo iue, hiiu wiieu me op- w.uK'il through' Hl.ickstotie and Chilly, bo as li enable him to obtnln a liccne.i rn.-o to rente. p-snu Hiiuriiey (a rent raitiiv, wnn lintl just its to eply but he unit stopped by his honor, who informed him that his opinion was m-iila no nirain.i him nn.i mar ne woiini nave no further arcument. i,..i,i,. i.t.t i.t., i.. ...i i i ... ., ....... ....i tn-. Mtuiu iiwiy upon u viiimnt- oi illuckstone, and opened it where the leaf was carefully turned down, and commenced re.idinnr the law directly in conflict with the opinion of me 1,01111. ". Stun. Sir." cried the JtiJire. " I h.-ivo ihvl. iled the case, and my mind is no longer open to conviction, nor will 1 have any further argument In the case. "Oil," said the lawyer. " I did not intend to argue ine point, nor did I expect to convince jour honor I only wanted to show the Court and liar, what a h I of a fool Hlackstonc was I" Such a shout of l.itijjhter as went up from every part of the Court House was beyond the means of the ShprilFiir Court to control lor some minutes, when I'.tddy was lined a dollar for his slander of Waikstonc, and the Court then ad journed to liquor. Upon another occasion, in another roiinfv, claiming to be enlightened, Judge II. was pre siding.wlieti n question was raised as to the btif- neieiicy oi notice to tin endorser on a pro- : tnissoiy note. Uld Judge T., now eighty years lunisell tijion acting up tu tlic strict proprieties of his prolossion, happened to be employed in the rase, and knowing the principle to he perfectly clear, nml, as he supposed, familiar lo every member of the profession, declined makinir un argument, and at once submitted the matter to persons a tittle ileal, said Do I understand vour honor to decide that the endorser of a promissory " &c, repeating the derission of the Judge. " Well," said the Judge," it would look so to a man 1111 a tree." The old lawyer seized his long green bag, his compaion for lorly years, and ' put,' leaving the ciuu to manage itself. The only word ho spoke was, as he passed out the south door of the court house, when drawing a long breath, he exclaimed : J Well, I'll be d ill' This cxcl.tinilion upset the gravity of the crowd, and Judge U. resigned his ullke in dis gust. Mrs. Claiikc : piece, and oblige Will you please insert this A Header. I'rora n Wile to her Husband. Dear husband of my heart ! On this glad morn, I Ins birth-day ol tlie year, lain would 1 bring An uin-riug woriliy ol ihy loe ; but words Can tu-er letl w hut thou husl U-rn and nrt I'o me, my best below-d, my friend and guide, . . ,,,., rj,,,,.,,,,,,., jtarer oi tin my joys anil sympathies ; ivuui soinre o! my griels; tljrou;;li eery scene jmiui oeiper, iiiou, wnn sympainy sincere And warm, heart-cheering smile, hath shared with me A parent s anxious thoughts, and ever struic To lighten all my weury tods and cans. When days ol agony and sleepless nigbls Have pressed on me so hcauly that hie Itself hecame a wretchedness, thy loe Hath been my slay ; lor loud alk-ciion's glance, Like some bright spirit from aboe,cau nerve Tlie t oiling hcait to meet file's wildest stollil J ,'"r 'hm eitril 's y,ia asirt. hen sickness long liaih chained nn-lo mo yuci uiviH-u mill n Klliureil soul Oih lit ml pnitnti The magic nt thy iare hath given lo hie A ch trin unknown helbie ; to ease my pain, Thy own d,-ar hind the healing ait eniplojs, lll.l nf iii. inn ,1,1 lllives ns i.isk oi love. , Vi c,',c ' , ' hose priiciist-ii sinpaihy is itnasiiieil out With sp mug hmJ, and cold tm I :, riles tones I l).-ar hu-hiiid kind phjsiciaunuise and Iriend, r.nihlul m all, as most my nm requires ; j)oujut can my leiuierness estrange tro ic, f'or thou dost un.,- ll taillliul heart far more Thau beauty's witching f.tee or sunny snnle. (Ill have I felt lint all this world cotud give Ol'gloiy, Health or power, were iioihtug worth, ll lliou welt not the shrine whereon uiy heltlt Its choicest earthly (dli-iing might place. I lively laid my b in, I lit thine, and gave Willi it my bean and vowed lo bear n fond And laiiluul p.nt, ihrouih till thy idler fate, Kor well I knew ill, hi well afli-itioiiate, Kind. L'eiietous and true, and cheeitullv ' ,uw ul 'UVI' "hiell hinds Illy soul ... , ... .. . ,,'.,,.. And ever shall In- thine the confidence. The love and pruyeis ul thy devoted wife. New Kxclaxd in 1073. The lloston Tn scrint brint's to linht. Irom tbn .Massarlmsoit. Historical Collections, some interesting parti - cularsof New L'tigbind as it was 173 tears ago -, Irom which we extract. The Ki!iilatiiui was 120,00(1 ; of whom 10,000 were capable of bearing arms. There were 15 merchants, worth together about JJo0,000, say iSl(,7,0U0 j and 500 persons worth 300, or about 81,000 each. There were 12 ships between 100 and 200 tons. " 190 tes-els " 2 and 100 ' " 500 lishing boats of about G " 5 iron works: but eastimr im itim, V,, house in New Kngland had more limn 20 rooms : I Hesldes the above, there are several hundrisj and 20 in Boston had 10 rooms each. In llos. I'''!a f r.iilioad projected, for which charters ton there wero about 1,500 families (say 7,500 'iav0 I"' obtained. The capital already in iiihabilauts.) ! vested in railroads in the New Kngland States, Huston. Ma no and New Ilamn.. hirn worn iiiree-iouniisoi tno wnoieiii wealth uiidstrrin'tli Kenneclictit," Khode Island and"Koiitiebeck." the other tutitli. There tvero no beggars, and no musicians bv trade. A dancing school was commenced and put down, but a tencing school was allowed. All cordage, sail-clollis and nets were im ported Irom Kngland; also ull cloths worth 4s. a yard, and linen over 2s. (id., also alum, salt and copjicras. Tho oath, of fidelity was taken to the Govern nr, but none to the King. The Governor was I tniiscii uv tno iit-t-ineii, wuu iiiiih ut, uoovu lvvcn,y yeJM ,, j nf orthodox religion, and tvortli Lbouto0(J eil y'G6G. Anui ,io t)l0 most Iaf chosen by the freemen, who must bo above gistrates tho most popul Ijov. liovcrctt, Alujor DenUnn, .Major Clarke, and .Mr. llradstrcet ; among the clergy, TiWher, - hiiu r. i Oxenbridgo, and lligginson. Le.7 than tlireu person, were unuuall y hu ngfor theft. ,v ; QcE " annuaI in of ,10 Association of American Geologists I nT Naturalists sitting in lloston, Commander hum ...,?.. ....!...; .... Iho biibjfct of tlif deplli and tho silliness of tho 1,h'J ma'lim", dt'P,h hw nvvar bfen .V "' ' '1 -? :a7, ' rT." attained. Capt. Iloss sounded 4G00 fathoms,! about 27,000 feet, and set no bottom. 1 here, are great difficulties attending deep tea Buuiiuj ings. llottoiii lias been obtained In 2000 3IHIO fathoms. Kvnorimpnts show that great valleys ot me ocean run ai rigm to the ranges near our coast. The basins of the Southern hemisphere din and risi alternate Iv from the pnnntnr Inwards ihn nole. causing cry unequal depths of water. Capt. Wilkes I ,..l l.l ., l. MapnvnrfA to sound by tb means of the explosion of a .11111V.-U llldl sum.' nit-una won III Vl UV un shell. The mean letnperatttre of tlie ocean is 30 6 in latitude from fit to CO South, the tem perature is the same nt the ton and bottom. It li u been asserted, as the result of experiments, that the mean temperature of the Mediterranean is 55 degrees. (Experiments were made by Capt. Wilkes uiMin tho penetration of solar lin'bt. A tint painted while was let down into the water, uiid the point of iinvi.-ibility marked upon ta king it out, tho point of visibility was marked. and the two were found to vary but a fathom or two. In waterot 3G degrees the pot disappeared hi six wuioms in water, at 7ii degrees, ai au fathoms in the (Julf Stream, at 27 fathoms just outside of it at 23 luthums. File Cutiinr. We were not aware, until a few days a, that the inakinc of a file, an arti cle used by ail classes of mechanics, was of soi much importance and so much intricacy as it is. We all know that a file is of hardened steel, and that it is made in various shapes, with, winch shuts the human mind w in" boot ! rough edges of lurious degrees of coarseness or Confusing Nature's order worse han that, fineness, to adapt it to the quality of work to , I' makes your foot your head, you; tost your hat! which it is to be devoted, but very few are But modern Dhv-sioioein. n,;ni.in uwarn that until now. notwit!i.tnmlinfr thp in- ventive genius of ages gone by, and the still more Inventive genius of the Yankee nation, all files have been manufactured by hand that un- iii mo piceriu liiiib no nmtviiHe lias uueu iiivirui- cit mat couiu arcoinpiisii mo worK ol maKing a til.,. . .i .. ..... . .. ... . . A file is a roughened piece of slcel, cut tn rlihrnw rross ivniw nml tmiiavnrnlv n, tn rut or "shave off the outside of anv ihinrr apainst i which it may be rubbed. Heretofore all these ridges or cuts have been made by hand, and the only manufacturers, or cutlers, as they are call ed, have been Englishmen, numbering not more, in the whole, than three thousand. They are. and always have been, a class of men beyond and above law, dissolute, depraved and drunken, working when, and as they pleased, and refus ing lo extend the knowledge r.f their trade to others, except us they nleaed, and to such num bers only as thev felt disposed. Thev have en deavored, and successfully, to keep the business wittiin certain limits, and in their own control. The "Union of hile Cutters" is said to be the richest of any of the Trades Unions in Creat Britain, and they have been able, in consequence, ' In ticmnutl and olitatu their own prices. II their demands have ever been refused, they could, from their income, support all turnouts of their trade for a year or more at a time, without any inconvenience. 'I'l.n ...,ln r ,..tl! CI. !. II.. I .. ,.,a.K orimmer andinseila" !iX;Z the hand similar to that of the sculptor or rough carver, and I lie operation leaves a sort of roiiL'h edge to the ridges which are in this manner turned up. Several machines have been invent ed lor tlie purpose of cutting files, but although mete nave bucceeucu in cutting the ridges in pieces of steel, they have generally failed of ac complishing the desited object, that of giving to the ridges the rough edge or tooth which is made by hand power and the use of the chisel. They have cut or pressed regular teeth or ridges in any desired fashion cross ways, straight lines, roiinu curves, ccc, 0111 ine it-eiu nave oecu invariably smooth, and the files, when manufac tured, have been of no more use than a worn out file of tho Lnglisli niaiiuiactMaV. Huston Cuurier. Ax Inns Max. Singular Petrifaction. On Saturday last, a gentleman brought info Ports mouth, Irom the IDooin furnace, Scioto county, a part of an Iron Man, found in the ore bid! The part we saw was the foot and part of the leg. Having uecn converted into iron, liy a gradual process, the minutest divisions, as be tween the toes, ic, were not isible; but the general outline of the lect and ankle were palpa ble. The spreading across the toes the gen eral outline of tl.o toes the heel ancle, wen perfectly plain. We were told that tint head ami arms were still more perfect ! There could not be the least doubt of its having been a man. Nor is there much doubt of the manner in which it came into this condition. The body must originally have been petrilied in lime-, but nf this there remains only the out side incrustation, which will crumble off. What was the man is now iron. Hv some natural process, the iron must have grown out of the lime, anil here Is a theme lor geologists! How did tins change take place? if we are right, and ihe facts seem to leave no room for doubt, mis iron .Man would atlnnl one or the most lieaiitiful subjects for a geological lecture. The iron ore in which it is found, is called the calca reous formation. The process of its formation would be an in 'juctive study. Cincinnati Ckrunuic. IlAiLnoAps in New-Knulanu. fly a care ful enumeration of the railroads in 'the New Kngland States, is is ascertained that there are 2120 miles Imislietl, or in progress of construe I lion, Nov. 1817. Most ol the unfinished roads. 1 'l presumed, will be completed by the end of 18,s- '''',e following is about tho number of niiles of railroad in each of the above six States, containing all together an area of 61,784 equare 1 '"iles. I States. Miles Hailroads. Area sq. miles. '. New Hampshire, 1 Vermont, Massachusetts, I s-'oniiecticiit. I Hliodo Island, 300 475 370 900 300 30,000 9,194 9,050 7,500 4,074 75 1,360 in supposed to amount to 5U,000,000. Atlas, Boot Cituinsa Machine.-Among the most useful and ingenious labor-saving inventions now on exhibition at the Mechanics fair, is a niachino for crimping boots, which is pronoun ced by competent judges to excel every urlido Hbollt seve o'dSck on KriJay evening, when 111 hcrlo used for similar norooses. The in.'i- . t... ' .v.....fa, !,, hilhertn used for siiuil.tr purposes. The in vcutur of this machine is Mr. John G. Tucker, a poor, industrious, and liard-tvorkiug mechanic, occupying a small shop on Canal street, near the comer of Thatcher street, where he has one of them in constant operation. The expense of the machine is about $100. It is made with nineteen iairs of " yaws " firmly fixed within a wheel, which is so constructed as to make one revolution every five minutes, aud "turnout" at each revolution eleven pairs of "uppers," crimped in the most perfect manner. This in tention is welt worth tho attention of all manu facturers of boots, and tho inventor will no doubt reap a rich harvest, as the fruits of his ingenuity. jioaioit journal, I'REt-ABATios of Coif EE. Coflt o roasted only ...i ... ii i.v . .... r mum of weight and aroma, but gives out less ro,oril,e matr' ,n,hiB tlt ion pounds are un ii ot-comcs siigiiuy rt-u, pt-rsurtt-i mo inaxi- found to have lost IS, but have inci bulk of 130. Roasted to a chesnut wuiiiiiiuiiijr uono, we iisjs is liu pert orjlho increase in volume is from the 1 his swelling of the rraln dene i'."i"-.-y wmcn 1110 nurogonous sited within the tissue has of n'ufl - , ably when heated. If the 1 Until a dark brown color Is grain is covered with a mri ol lh rtnr tnnt m.I.:. .1.J ! i,nr iiicwiikiipi , trogen, 2-15 per cent, is iduoM loss of one fourth Siflf'fV Jo From the Do riii A rhtlo by rpoo. " I iae whst I knows." Vulgar laying. In " 0"ge since hb'ral arts had birth. And Science op'd her Irives for man's inspection, HJ .f Philosophy's urofmnd direction, V ith all their force of tlioUJit hsve tried to find I he local dwelling of the human mind. Some, with much plausibility, declare ,'J'he Abdomen 'i the residence of thought, While others say they know it con'1 be there And then some specious arsumrnU are brought To prove that in the Stomaek there 's a space here food and fancy equally have place ; still, with equal leirnine blest, ! A M'nri!" ' While others still, wiih ei The intellect is Bllf,crihp Wa. ! A,JS,,-"?y Jl,e human mind dwells in:he brain- Willi how llioeh reaann I almll in..i Ilut, rapidly as may be, now proceed ' 1 u give a newer and a better creed. , n nenrr cirru. I HV nt rm vn.v m,, lo onr h,f ,;,,. ld P... I .L.il I " 2 n"v" uii u iiso irue I As true as any doctrine you can fled : Ie not surprised! the doctrine I bruooM " """ ,,u,,"", ,11"'J J"" ' AW.' Hail mighty Nose I thou much insuted part! I by praises, like thyself, shall soon be " blown ! " And with the rise ol Science and ol Art, That thou wert lorni'd for nobler endi lhan these : To carry Spectacles, take Suulf.aud t'neeze ! Hail mighty Nose I thou Palace of the Soul I Thou never-failing index to the heart! Thou Itishop ot our life made to conliol, With proper supervision ev'ry part. Assist the llard whose unpretending lay,, Would gladly prove thy worth, aiidjing ihy praise ! The Rhmologic Science that's ihe name Has had its votaries in every age, Although, as yet 'tis quite unknown to fime. i nun snuii unse, im an ine wor it Miall own mil ne rr nuorneu me piuiosoptuc pafle ; I mean to say the maxim ol mankind Associate the human nose and mind; n men proves ine niuiu dependant on the nose, Jusi us Ihe nose is pendant train ihe face ; And this depeudancy must clearly shows The nasal organ is the real place where thoughts are bora, and where they aiwsr stay Untn they bribe the lips and get away I llfl.!. I .. ... His nose is out of ioilll." we nil exclaim And it by any one a slight 's leceived, He cries, they've bridged my nose, O tshat a shame ! " Anil tv hen a cunning demagogue proposes To learn the people's minds, he " counts their noses ! " We say of one a little too officious, rr)iug niu peering with unblushing race. He puis his nose in other people's dishes He'd belter keen it in ils urooer Dluee I " And when a perHuu very scorulul grows, You'll hear it said that " be turns up his nose ! " Our doctrine proved we now proceed to show -llowio detertiime ctmraeterB, at once. That every man wiih certainty may know f,, nciiic-i u siiiiiijcr oc usage, or UUUCe, Wittv or dull, u conrtier-or a lmit Just by inspection ot the person's snout ! The Ituman nose betokens manly sense ; The model Snub bespeaks the gen'rous man But then,'! will never rise tu eminence, The least aspiring of the nasal clan, Willi but u tiiod rate love for fame and pelf ( I've got, they say, a snubbish nose myself.) The Aqualine proclaims the keenest wit, Ilut lull of guile as any hawk or hawker! The Turn-up nose so ancient Horace writ Is etery where a stonier and a mocker ; Some crooked end it secretly proposes Don't hang your hat nor hopes on turn-up noses ! The Hoitle-nose is commonly a feature One does n't from parental blood inherit ; And hence discloses not so much of the nature Of mind and soul ns of some other " spirit" ! Ils meaning, therefore, is of small avail, As in droughty time the sign must fad. The (iimlet-nose betrays an intenueddler ; Whene'er you see a gimlet-nose belorcyou. It augurs that some new-opinion pedler, Or " special agent" now intends to bore ye ; The veiy chap, who, when he pricks your joint, Willi hideous smile, cries, " don't you set- the point"! Observe the point ! ye gods ! of course you do ! You see it all transparently enough, Anil, woise than that, he'll make you feel it too, II ou are " made of penetrable stuit" ! You'll belter far encounter, on my word, A tailor's needle or a Tuylora sword ! Death of Senator Fairfleld, of Maine. Tlie N. Y. Sun mw the following account of the painful circumstances of the death of this ;eiitlcin.ni. Tho Hon. Mr. Fairfield. Senator from Maine. dii-d verv suddenly at his lodgings at Washing- ion, on r rioay evening msi. i nc circumstances attending his death are peculiar and deplorable. 1 1.. ii.,.,.(.,,l tl,,. s2uq,A.nn -ri. ........ .. i :.. ntiiituiu iiiv ubiiaicvii Aiiuiouay, at.u, II, ptirsuanco of tho President's recoinint-ndation, reported a bill for the appointment of assistant pursers in the navy. The Senate adjourned over till Monday. Air. Fairfield had been suffer ing fur a long time from a diseased leg. A yeur ago he hud a surgical operation made upon ii, w.iii;ii rei.i-veu nun, wmiuui causing any im mediate inconvenience. On Ftiday morning, having tho advantage of the adjournment for
repose, ho seized the occasion again to call in his physician to repeat the incision, from which he had received such benefit in the first ex periment. The operation was accordingly nude by Dr. Magrudcr, the physician in the hrst in stance. Dm ing the day, Dr. May was called In ; but in the mean time a powerlul solution had been appliod tu the wound, the necessity of the case doubtless suggesting some such stimulus to the nervous system, in a direct application to tlie seat of the disease. But th9 symptoms ra pidly becamo more alarming, and though every thing that the best medical slill and experience could recommend was promptly applied, the patient's sufferings continued to increase till in great agony bo expired. Pitot EssioNAt, ilitcviTV When Mason was preparing tho caso nf E. K Averr. and had ex. amincd about two hundred witnesses, somebody called tu see him. The lecal srcntleman sent word that he was occupied and could not be in terrupted. ' Ilut the man is a witness, a Me- thndist minister.' 'Call him up,' said Mason. wen, sir, wnai can you testiry v ' I have had a vision : two anrels have an, peared to me and told me that liroihcr Avery is innocent ' ' Let them be summoned,' said Mason, as he resumed his work. Too (JHATtiUL. A man out West, whoso houso was recently destrnved bv firs, nubllabaa card, in which ho thanks his follow citlzana lor making an unsuccessful attempt to save 111 .. . . furniture, and expresses a hope that he will soon haye an opportunity to reciprocate the favor. reMMBlnei iuhhhc ine t llilmliHrift I B - Mfrnlngl'sW H UiGV: I lie Poem. 1 (From the National Intelligencer.! THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAUE.-No. Ill, .The Administration. atM-ftklnir tlirnitfrt, flmni,tli. ST5 k' lhei" Union,") arlects.to consider this journal, ... ....... 11, ,mu occasion to say 01 mat part 01 tlie Message which relates to the War with Mexico, as wing the organ of the Whig parly in Congress. We Pnneil against this assnmm m. V n i Inannnk only as iournalisis of Hit mi raSn ivlin In thn 5r"ifl,icri,'c1 mtr of l,ublic alfahi tonll the honor ", no one, noi even tlie rresutenl nimsell,win deny that the bietutive is justly entitled have It-It It 10 Ue Rn indlSnensnllle ilntu InAmiinmniMm ... tlilr .tt'ders. without reserve, what they know nnd hnt .a, vi 11. ne uonoi Deiieve nut tlie worn as mentioned in the whole course ol our ro ve certainly Were Ihiukinir nf ll,. rpvrittitirr Ctr of the War and its consequences to the It COUntrV. and Iwtt nt l,a tlr.t .... ,l..a r.r l.nt l?rty. Unlike the nartisan of nower. who rave out. f!fc5Kfu' 1 ynt R-'hat the war mutt be prolonged "at irvsi unui auer tne 1 resiueuuai election, we were J'ilng under a deep and solemn conviction that the Interest and the true welfare of twentv millions ol souls, over whom this Government extends, requited this war to be brought to an end as early as it could be, consistently with National honor J and, as one ol the arguments fur bringing it loan end, ue uuJirtook to show that it ought never to have been begun. The Executive organ represents us, in doing this, a navmg " thrown ine lie aire rl into ine tcelli ol tin National Eiecutive." Our readers will Ikm r us wit ness that we did not so far forget ourselves. We should as soon think of accusing the President of (rr on an oflence with which, in his Annunl Mes-age of last year, he did not sctuplc tn stigmatize nil those who had the hardihood to dispute the necessity or ex pediencvol His Mexican War as to hate done what the government paper imputes to us. We certainly differ very widely from llis Excellency with regard to the facts upon which he relies tor lu defence for Involving the country in this war. We declare cer tain Urouoaitiomi. unnn whirl,, in his Messatve. helliiin- self places his justification to his fellow citizens for una wor,io dc unirue. we iiiins. mat we nate prov ed them to be so. Ilut we have not pretended to sav that the President himself belitrei them to be untrue: I we are not the keepers of the President's conscience. ' But. if he du believe Ibem tubettue.we mav vet be I allowed to lament the misfortune of his country ihat was equivalent lo telling .Mexico tb it any negoiniiion he should, under that delusion, have been the cause of for it was entile; out ot the question, In Ihe mean throwing away so many lives and so large an amount time.Cieu. Tavlor, in coioinauil of ihe foiee stationed of the public treasurei which might, both lives and at Corpus t'liri-li. had more than once been remind treasure, have been so much more wisely and uselully e I by the War l)"p.iitiuent that nn advance upon the employed. i Itio Oraude, at any tune, would be ncceplaltle to the The government paper makes It matter of com- Administration. Ilut the (lenernl knew belli r than plaint against us that we hate not said a word to con- to incur ihe rcspon-ihihty ot such n movement ; nod truvert Ihe stntement of the Mesnue that iiideuuiitv resoecilullv bui noitivc!v del lined doiim so in n letter cannot be obtained from Mexico " in any other tomi ' than by a cession of territory ." Let Ihe Adiumistri- IS lo tion be appeased upon this point. Io-t it be tidiniiied , .. Mexico having as vet made no positive declnrnti mat Mexico cannot pay in money even, what she owes, much less what she does not. Let it be admitted, also, however, as conclusively put by one of our con. teiiipnraries, that the argument thus insisted upon is deadly fatal to that other suggestion m the Message, uiai. DV means ol loneil cinitritiutions evieu noon Metieo tltrniinli nttp milltnrv ....iiiti.nit.Ura tli. tnliiri. expenses of tlTe war are to be delrnvcd. The two nronositionsrnnnnt alatul torpil,i.r The gnvenimeiit nniwr in like manner claims from us acquiescence in sundrv other positions ol the Mes- sage, lor that we have not controverted them, lure- ply lo which itiscnough to sav that wehavc notoif with the Mcssace. Dut who on earth would think ol undertaking seriously to relute such a proposition as Ihat of the .vlessnge, re-stated by the " Union ns fol lows ' " That the Comm-ss of liie United Slates is as lully committed by its past acts, as the President claims it to be in Ins Message, to the whole puitosc and doctrine of tirosecuiimr the war totheaciiuisition of a lull territorial indemnity I " The onlv answer that can be made to such a proposition, which the "Union" expresses surprise ihat we have not said "one word" to contradict, is, that it is impossible to . . .. . ... . ' . 'r. .. .. "' I. congress oune united stales in sustain 11. congress I it in no way whatever committed to the schemes of nnn..., An...:..'.nr. u.i.it.1. i Utttiili .tw.tiwf by the Eiecutive. If any thing of the sort can be lound on the statute-booK il ine assertion oi ine Message in this respect be not wholly groundless it is in the power of the "Union" to give us chapter and verse lor it. There are other things in the reply of the organ of Ihe Administration to the National Intelligencer, which, had we the necessary time at command, might it siauuUiMt wnnk. nf ..u.mbI i...tlM lt.it t.trtl... present we pass l htin by the poor ribaldry included, distorted account bos been given in the severnl Mes with which some graduate ol Hillings gate has been sages of the President. As larnscoocellisibe claim, llnu.. . .11 .1.- -l ... : ?P. I.. um L tum' tn.i.t ll,.. tr..ci.lttl I, dull lli.it Ur Slit... .r situ .. . u w mv. ine ..uiuiiina ui ii juuiiiui n iiicii uii;iii to reflect, to the extent of decency nt least, die man ners as well as the sentiments ot the gentlemen who control it and proceed to otter to our readers ihe lol lowing FCXTHER VIEWS OF THE MEXICAN WAR. Amomrst the alleontions of the rovernment nSDcr. Ill us nrsi reply to II, is journal, is tlie lollowing u i.'m: .1 i r.. - iv mu-innt iu..mU ilie imm.iinhl- t.mn.l.itimi ..f1 fact and argument un which the President, in his nn nual Message of Deccmtier last, placed the rightful nessol our claim and of the claim of lexas to the boundary of the Kio tirande." Whether we did or did not make an " attempt " to shake the President's foundation, &c. our readers know as well as we : whether we succeeded or not. is another matter. We have at least, it is clear, tailed in convincing th; pjovernmrnt editor, althoui-h we produced record evidence ot etery tact to which we appealed. Kur his espet-idl advantage, we will try snoiher line of demonstration. If the government editor will not believe us. will he believe tlie Presi dent I We quote Irom Ins Message, now before us, uic iouuwii!2 : " New .Mexico is a frontier Drov vince, and his never 1 a Mexico 1'iomils d'wilh our western been of anv considerable value to locnlitv. il .9 nalurallv eunneeted wiih our western euifineiils. mt territorial limine ine oune uj l eiat, too, u iiejinea tv ner la awn (inn our union, -..-uuRAtt: New .Mexico lyimcj tivr Mexico sull claims to her dominions. The boundary is important. This is all true. It the "laws" of Texas on the subject were not a mere and sheer nullity so tar as they pretend to establish a boundary tu which the i tate had no color of title, New .Mexico east of the Kio Grande is as much a iart of Texas as the coun try between the Nueces and the Kiotiruude. Ilut all this territory was alike Mexican. No part of it was brought within the limns uf the Slate of Texas by her revolution, or by right of conquest. No pirt ut iti therefore, was or could be conveyed by Texas lo the United States. II it was" New .Mexico," as the President saysil was, how could it Is- Texas! One and the same rule., it is perlectlv clear, must beappht-sble lo all the territory east ol the ItioGrn.ide hcrciolore belonging to Mexico. It is ui7 either still Mexican, or it is Texan. But the President marches an army into one part of it on the plea ol ils being his duty to defend " our own soil" territory ol the United Dtates. ueriveu irom lexas aim uivaues aim con quers the other, demanding a cession ol it as a State ol Mexico, and now recommending to Congress to estab lish s Territorial Government within it ! " The Commissioner ol Ihe United Males wns au thorized," says the Message, to obtain a cetsion to the United States of the Mexican Provinces ot .Ytu Mexico and California, ifcc. The relation ol ibis province ot New Mexico lo the two nations tthe Uni ted States and .Mexico) was precisely and identically the same as that ot the territory lying between the Nu eces and tlie Kio Uraude. Yel tin- President iiiade wsr,underati alleged indispensable duly to maintain the title of the United State to the one, and in that war conquered the other Irom Mexico, in order Unit he might obtain possession of it as an indemnity lor the expenses of ihe war, into which he says Mexico toiced us by attempting to defend her own territory Irom in vasion. It is impossible for the President to extricate hiinselffrom the horn of this dilemma, from the beginning of his administration up to this day, the President, animaled and iinK?lled,,,pirarenil) , bv an ambition to distinguish himself beyond his pred ecessor in the annals ol annexation, has been all in the wrong upon this Mexican question. Kven in his In augural Address, though the word " Mexico" is not mentioned, the source is discoverable ol all the mis chievous proceedings ol the bxrcuilve, which, how ever honestly intended, have almost undone the coun try. In that Address is plainly disceriiabb- thegtrin ni ihat Innitini' lor forbidden fruil.t that hankering after the lauds ol our neighbors, that deierminntioii, per fat aut nrfat, 10 pssseas ourselves of them , w hie h hi vi.li.nilv hitlueuced and directed the whole pol icy of the Executive in regard to Mexico. We reler, of course, to those passage 111 which the rresideni ar gues ihe safely to our political system of the entaigt- To cap the climax of absurdity, the Kiecutive, under his Imperial rescript establishing impost duties In his conquered provinces of .Mexico, is actually at this moment levying taxes, by military authority, upon aoodi landed upon the eastern hank oi the KioGrandc which he rlahna in his several Messages to be within the boundary of Texas, and which is, ol course, il su, a part 01 tne uniieu oiaies. t " Mexico is to us Me rortu-iilrn fruit. I lie pen, ally of rating it would be to sutnect our institutions tu political death." .Vr. Catkoun t sixcc. pa tfAe Tkrit MillirHBitl.i Stn-ite,le.9, IHI7, or the Kio Ultt.NOE, while I ' , ,i ? ,. .. . ... . . land.Ui iiloip-viileor i.yuehbur.' or ; r-t.iui.i ai tn i,. bold this territory us u part ot " " ""-o j. - " '-" -"-"i , i im.sioii, so in the .tlexie.iu Mutes Tiiuot ,'i,.,, aubustiuen. of ihiJ question ol .V'tnoJ C!ihtes,hl;:ouul !. ''LVj:'''' .'!.'' men! of our launilmiet. The meaning of the follow mg sentence. IbrcKiiniule. though it nitruited little no - ticent the tlnic.canuotrrou! be mistaken. " To eirge in (units tlie hunts ol our Union is to extend Ihe dominion-! o peace ovta AiiniTiovAl.TLnittTuiiiLS AND txvRF.iM.-ca millions." This lemaik t ould h ive leli-r-ence only tn those territories ol .Mexico, the annexa tion of width, as conquered tciritorv, the l'icsideiit proposes in the Message now belore'us. i '"'he. list mouth ol hisnllicial term, it may Iv that the rreiikntca culati-d ntim r,ri-,,iT,,,li.l,i,, l,;.,.,. poses without a war uitli Mexico, ilnuigli, from the moment of tin-installation of bis i-onhMculhl editor, the idea ol War nod (!otirttieFt.lti m.,,. hh;ttM.,.t-..tl.ni. seemed continually lo haunt his miaginaiion. Willi- in I lit- first six vvciks ol the exis enceol t he oil ami nn. per.it wasmnde quite evident that there exi'led no dis position lo pay any respect to the law of oar own Congress which injoiii'd the settlement of tin- question ot tiotindarv hv nt-'tolialiitn with Mi.vt.-tt 1-if.ii fore lliecollsumnialioll ol tie- act ol'aiuiexiilion be joreilsacciptance by the (Juveiuuieiit nnd People ol lexas the line ol the liio (irande was n-iientedly oil. .....I .....I !...!... l , ' .1.. mile nmi iuiprauic.ihle on the point, additional an" ... n ...u.n ,,, ,,,,, 1,11- III l,,sU,l tl IvillUUI- nia propbe-ied. 'J Ii -se df uioutriil,oiis m l.ict piece- neii ine order to i,en. lav or o the 11 h of June. I8I.', nilvisilur him of the ilesnru evemoallv in i,n-,, forward bis nimv tolbe ent b.iok ol the Itin fliiiiiilp , nnd. so bewitched was the OHieial lidilor with ihe en chanting ptoK-it width a war with .Mexico vvus ex pected lo unfold to our country, m opening lo it " the road to California " and enabling it to "spread lar nnd wide the grent principle ol sellgoveriunent," that there seemed nt least n willingness on his pint to permit, it man disposition to provoke, n si-itetf thuusftoui which such gloiiousreiillsveerennticip-iled. In Sep tember it vvus plainly indicated that a mole belllgel ent ntlitude tli tn was then exhibited on the patt ol Mexico would be noite ntrreenble to him. On the lOih ol ilinimontli the piupo-s-olinoting our army to ihe Rio Crnnde was disclosed, and a d.iv or two alter this planted at the Itio (Jrande. in reeard to width "neiih- ii vvn" smieil tuni our oounnary nau o,-en iirevocnojv ci lot- uuueis oi ine .iiexitinis nor ine ji,i ici -inn in their fiiends in Ibis cotmtiy" would - Is-ahle to shake the determination ot the Lxccutitc. I Ins deterun nation was rendered the moie reinniknble fiom ihe fact of the reiietitiou ol the same identical siatcutcnl in three severnl iniiiiheis ol the oHiclnl iolirti.'il. which tu the War Uepaituient, under dale ol October 4, , emmitttd iwiimnl ml nf Inutilities, ,5lil ti. Onernl.l 1 dn not feel nt l.beity, under m f.t.trnctions. lo make n forward movement to the Km Grande txithoutiiuihurily front the Wnr Dcpnrinienl." . Aooui on-nine mis icuer ri-.n in-o nsiiii,i.,n, me PreBidetll was elliraired 111 nreoat i ItiT his lir-l .lless,,'i- to Congiess, nnd had uheady deitrmiiied tn iccoin. I mend some measure ofbostllilV uizaiust .vIi'MCooll the I ostensible ground of the unpaid iiisialnieiii-.nf indein. mtv. Ate when uiloiiiialiou was nceived I I the willingniss ol .Mexico to receive a Lot siiuii-r m treol concerning tin- iiouiiuniy qiiesnoii. pveneie re-Hale this point, liecaus,. Jt npgs-tua to us a verv ui i- lenal one III lot- llisioiy ol on- v nr in wioiii toe i re sident contrived, without consulting Congiess, nlier w a rds to involve thecouliliy This induced a thange ill the Message ami in the miendeil recominendaiioii to Congress to resort to war upon Mexico ; of which change, and the it-nsoii ol it, Congiess was npptied, in thf Aniniiil Mes.-!!'.- of lh'Ccmber. Is 15. m lelms which Mexico perhaps undeistood, though we doubt whether Congress did. , " forbear!' s,ud the President, "to recommend r...i i.,;.,,,. .... i.. ... i.. i . ., ...j..w ... , .. would hate been fi'l'er to make had no such uegulia- nous been mctituied In-tentl ot n Oimmutioner as proposed by Mexico, in "-, .-n,, -,n . ';"i""-, """'J- "-- instructions hnve never le-en pubh-ln d. II they i ver f.it will be found that he was ordered not tout-go- ttate a setileineut of the Ilouudary ol lexa- '.though, ns Is-f'-re said. such a negotiation bad been direcied by Congress) unless m coinohcaiiou w uli tin: cession lo the United hiates of C.ihl,iriin.by way ol indumiiiy lor Ihe old claims, ofwlnt I sue h nil eni jeruti-tl nod wc know trom i lit- rrt-rHtlt'iit hinisfll ili.it Mr. i.iDtt.L was thud in-'ttucUu. 1 tit- rrfhuk-nt kmiIiI imt, lit- lint informrtl CuiiL'itxt, fiir a inoincitt iitrtlMii liie nK-a that tho claims ol mirutirim MkmiKI be po.j,oiiftl, ur separated Ji am the bound a ry qitcititm. .Nor, jm--miiih, (in the nli-tncf ol iluuutk-iitaty proo ,i w.is nur LominisiniitT to w allow il to fl'il)li"h a fitisluclory botiiiilnry hftwi-fii the I'nitfil Mutes i, 1 exiis 11 icltjut-il) and Altwico, witliuul Mxuiiuat tla- sunt' tune a irn- sioii ot L, olliin. HnU the IVfsiUent met the overliire of the Mexican Government in a proper spirit, bv st-n.hn - a Conum- siouer tu treat ot the only imminent question ihe question of boundary ; had he not t.-ituuiciotisly 1 1111 . ed on clogiruu that quitiou witli tlituus having no necessary connexion with it, the lioun lary might have Is-en nnucnbly seitlt-.l ; tl.e claims ot our ciuens exninined nil,! niliu.heated at Ii wire; and the deied territory 0:1 the .Northwest Coast ncq-Jir'-il by piitilrie iry 011 Ihe Nortliwi-st Coast nci'jir--il by puitbise. tliere xcould hare bee,, 1,0 icar; lor tlicre woulj ,re,,n,.pre,e,,cetori,. , .ma mere hnvt- Withoui wiiiiiii-i tor the smctioii of CoiiTress to a measure which was itscllnu tut of war so obviously so, that the Coimiiiiiider ol the Army would Hot t.ike tiie resnonsihilitv ol it. though invited lo do so perenipinry ru(i were ist'ii, vmui i ''1 '." sommanicalion wiih Hie (iov. ii let", lor Ihe iniiich to Hit-Itio Oninde. is known loeverv- reader Tliew.nwa perein piory onleis were given, while fr Sliiu ll was iiitnent in ,vu-- VI 11 followed -very reader 111ew.11 w.isan mev, table ol the uiarihol our Ainiv into the M have made anv noiitoach 10 nor ariiie. much less Ii Hi nt tucked it, whilst u coii.i led ils -It to tne known lim ns ol Tex is. Alter she ku.-w 01 th.- u Ivance of our army nun the .Mevicnn lerntory, sht-ilid no more th 1,1 del -ii.l that territory liom aggies-ion which slieha.l b-fo e eliiu-t-d tveiyaitoi p-.ut ioavi-it. Tneie would clearly inve been no war w un Al.-xico, h id Un even! depended upon her si iking the hist blow It can h itdly be 1uecss.11 v to recur to vv rite s on the I-aw of Nations to sliow ihat, in. leH-ndenlly ol the constitutional obligitloii upon our Prt-sidcnl lo abstain from war, this war was woolly unjust, liecau-e vvluily uiineccssiry j and 1h.1t, even ll 11 were not unjust, 11 ought not to have bei 11 prosecuted lurlher lhan te. mured bv the supposed iiecesiiiy which give rise to 11. ll nil that the Prisuleiit aveis us lo the origin ot the U'lir vcrrt-itr,'frar ib e lrulti.ll vetti truth it vettoilld not all -u Hie Vu I )tl 10111,1 1101 un nun position that the war tins ueeli pusht-tl to an t-Meut HOI rtquireil oy JU-llte,oy 11,1111111.11 ninioi, ui i-vt-11 liy liatluliul resi-ntnieut. It would have ceased lou j ago, il to ' conquer n pence' only bad lieen its object, or it il real object had not be-cii to vv resl Irom .Mcmco. on the poorest 01 pretences, territories wiiicusne wm pin. bably never surrender, to the ettent iequired,but with her national existence. Ihat this is the nonet for which the vvar is tn be further piosecuted is no bnner thsgtuseil by the lit etuiive. lilt- iviios uiion n into iiiune ine 1 it siu-'ui wil . under anv cirettiu.iaiices, con-cnl to n iK-iiee.int, as soiled 111 Ihe .Mtsi je, the est ibllslmieill ol ll vvcsl em iHHind.iiy tor the Ihuted States 10 the Kio Gituide. (wlutb iueludi s jnis 01 lour Mi-mi -in p ovmccs,) 11 ml Ihe cession In loe uaneit si lies 01 tin- ,taies or t ro vineesot New .Mexico nnj Upp-r C.ihloruia. These Males, now occupied by our military lorces, die Pit;, silent is sai:s!i-d should "never be suiteudeied t .tlexieo,- but held toiever, vvitn or without her con sent, Helmuts lauigress now to tin, vvlnthe lias lierclofoie ulldt-ltlkell lu do ol his ovv 11 uutiio ily, to establish territorial goveriiuientsover llu ni. lie even goes so lar lis to ndv.s.- Congress lo hold tlnse pro. vmces pcriiuuenilv. mid Ihat llieyshdl hertatiiT be i-oiiiideretl ns constiiueiil imrls id our touutiv :" tin. last rccomineuiiatiou u-iug iiiiecuy iii.comeinpt ol one ot the plainest pimtiples 01 the lave of nations. " Iiiuuovables. Innds, low m, provinces, ,Vc sajs Vatiel pass under the power ot thu t-iiemv wh 1111 ikts himsell master ol tlieiu : hut 11 is only hv the ttcattio peace, 01 the cntiic muiniiiion and ixliiiction oj t .e .Mure to milieu yiese 1 hpiis ami jtr-icinccs le.o.tea, tlptl the neqii-utioii is completed, uud the p.'opeitv be comes stable and i-ilett." To the same ell'tctiire repealed decisions of out own Supreme Cotut. Vimca the lohutvmg " Ily a conquest, the cou,i!eriir ncquircs nothing I ut a Iruqioraty light ol possession nud goveruiueiit ovei the territuiy cooquend, until a i.icilit-aiioti, uud inn. put, in t ie iiieiiu lime, impur, by uu) tiuusler, ihe rights ol the former sovereign." lC"ir r The If.Htatet.a IVush. C.C. i. 101. " A lertllorv. conuueretl bv nn enemy, is not to be considered lis incotpoiated into the doiultiltins nt that enemy, without u nn nidation 111 a inuty ol peace, or a long aim Permanent possession. i, Males r. llauwooa.i Uatin. C. C. Ji SOI. Meanwhile, the Goverumentuf Mexico having de.l cllne-I n oecede to " the equitable and ht-ni teims' i in i!. ,,, i il. oiiiiirii, ul,,.!, "'..., .' mi.iuiipiin, or 1,1 Anilalioh-. its, t,eore tier annus-. -- y : . or in lucmuouu, wo,im nm i,-,icc Cii.umbi.i or Car- Al.L that i-oario.s or 1- , - , . . . , u I .. t . ... . i ,i. . I "'e "i i iushiiii;, iLiiiutini,. ,,r I'ifderit i or L'n-nl.Ht. I rir,v,t i. ,,, ., . , , 1 . J" ?Z .. i . .'"c ..' r"l,lc'"i he recommends tn Con- I ,,, .L ." .wnr.w."h ''"'''''-e'' energy g,t an,, isiivi r ill II e vital pan. u,r enenij's loutury" lhee Kcuiuiiirlidalious of lite l're'i.lenl to Con gress, in regard to liu- pn a-cut.ou ot the Wiir.ine per- Imps, nil things t iirIt-r.-.t t lucntis stent with tho spun in vvhiih the riei,,.nt emend upuu the dis charge ol his Lm-uiiiu- diiiie-, nn.l the oha-cn which he sought so iit-eoitiplish hy uiarcbuig nn Aiiuy into lie territories ol Alexieo.whcther lini';i(t),lio wns lo lorce ber into a wnrormeiely to iniiriiidiit- l.er into huitiihaimg concessions. Uiuipten-ed by the laughter and devastation with which lie has already visited her bordeis. since be has not jet toiced her loa volun tary surrender ol her cuveted ternloiiis, the Prifadent piopuses not only to continue Ihe war ill n snvnge and vindictive spint, but to " iiimex" the prov.ntes above releircd to tb- aequisiiiou ol width is now avowed In hate been tlie oli,,-: ot the w.u m.l lo i-onouer ani occupy all ihe lest ol .Mexico, should she ii.'i mean- wiiue inn upon ner Utiees, toilless her lmit mid fin. ploie oar pardon fur biting given us ihe trouble tt in vading her! 'lhatH idinui the amount ol the i:- i ".'""Vl' eiiii.nlotia I.iiegurd to the lutureof this III Wh it mnillier Cnn-rmaa u-.ll n.annt.,1 in ... coininehdillioiH our lead.-ls Willi, it. u m ,. c. li-M tcs think ol the disijn ol coiiqueriugnll .Mi xito ennnot I,,. ir,. forcioly expiessed th m m tile lau.ru ige ol .ilr OAUiet-.v. in the lesoluiiou vhu h he h is moved ml it-bi-niite. U eli.,.l, with that eiument sfitestuan, that to uoiiq-i,-r .M,-x,cu and to bol.l it, e,ihiri,sn province ur lo int-oipoiuie it in oar Union, wmld Im mt-wis,.tcut will, ti,.,tj imivvcd u!,.rc, f.jr which I he war has been prna-uuted ; u dep.tlt ue Irom lue s-tlled policy ol ihe lloveiimiciit, in toidlat with ifchiiiiitieruiiil genius, nnd, hi tin-cud.s ibversive of ;"r tree and iinpuinr iiniuiiiiiuis." lint we goluitli-r : Itehchcvi- llt.it loiooqaeriy;io ol ,l.xi.-o,and to hold it by coil,oe-!, usprop..-e,l I,y ihe 1'iesiJ. nt. ,,,,.(!,,..,,,,,, i . i u ucinuio I E;''"!''11'1 '"0"1 d''gerous to our hit- and nouin ih- III coil let HI i the i li'ifni i.Tiittil Vein I n ... . t , . ' .t i i on on.- iiiiiik ol a lea Hut nlecioiie content to dt putt Irom mat linheito sclt.ed polity Of ourcoiuilrv uhi, hl,:,s i.-niulu us to uvni I nil boiisof nggrcssion on iinghhoriog 1'oweis I To d. pan liom .... ,,.,i ,,v,n.- .iFiti uuni-iii w iimn our own hoiheia, in puimit ol loietgu conqnist mid doiimuon f Is theieso hiileol piitnoii-ui nn.l piide ol nice among tlieiu that they i-.m timely conseni lo see our own na tion.ihly degraded, our flag dimmed mid h ured by litem cession ol motley -o, i ., .1 n,l our popu nti.ni swell el by iiiikm.wn tribes, wlio.wliilsi ih.j win contribute htlleor liolhing tl, the conunoii Hoik, will, hcstdis tilling our council-hails with nianv-coloicil npitsui talivc-, add immensely to I liu cxpciivsol out Oovtiu-iii.-ut I . Ii the People are prenared lo su! mlt m t' e e tU ir. -,tie li.-ce-siiy ri;uus ol the p,.l cy lee .111.,, en led to 1 (vungii-ss I y lie- l-.esul lit. have t.u y s, uou-ly lb, u lit n ,1,1 oih-r iii.-viiallet-,iiis(i1,i,.infsoi ihetinerot inn- ........ .,,, citnii'it's, ,,, nn,, ,1 Ul. ittc-t-.iii.n, Kt-il I flow lew- i l liit-iii have ever relict n-il, lor l;i-l,iiict-, ll,nl olio 01 these com.q jcnccs is the e.-iaUlisliiiKiil unJ peipe- tllJtlullot 1 1 Or.CAT STA&l.0 AT.MV I Tli lirt . I. ...... ..I ..o ii, wen ed Ii ird.y li-ll a.iy bed, ihe 'a sV?, mr iie,iiiiiini,.i- ,. t i , . ..:.'.. .. '' "- lirge scalj Iieilo lotnt.v 11. 1 i,.,.t ..! . i - tin. I L..rti. pointed public ,,., ,,n ur ),,IU -. . . , ' --ii-iii ions una well no- in in.- .ne-. which wv ore now con-ijcriii". the Prc.Jent calls p ihecountiy ar.ii,i Im,,. 7, I , propo-d plan , coo,, ring ,1 Mexico, ( I r such t u',;:y,!,V'.d,l'l'0,:'',,fu'''' 1,11,1 '"-'her on,, "fe numerical amount ol tlie ,o,ier i, not spccifi-l, ' x cept in th,- Secieiaiyof War's repoit ; 1, ,, ih - hi- er .ailea.t.naiuc.l with nnimuim ,', r c; u , w.. l..ok on Ihe esim, ,tc, un,, . t.A , r ( , nsileslgued ,y their apparent low ess tiMure Ue pi b-' ho on ion luither pr,-cuiion of i,t- war - us ent rely ...deqaatc, however, to tli.it Inch is ki ownmu b done ; usiueie K-cnoii- i o. n,..l... ., ' ' r" !',r;;." cu'"'hu' ' ; i mouih n.;j. llll- 11. If, II! ,1 III V." ' r '". 'ii tlH-v enaiw Illr , ,,iij- , vvjr not tik,sn oil th e .1 ri i M.",t war upon men unborn ; hut to bring the war in a il' .iu.iiriicsso cause, nil llsniellts. nil, 1,11 n; , ll. w in once in un- n-.i oi ii.Mil.un. Hi ii,,.. I i ... t-iiou 'h ,!.'.m'eLs1'l'l'i,,,h',,"y 0'V!" wlmie liii-uif . tl, r i ... ; .. .' . un.p'-opie oi ...... . ........ u,r ion i in me t-o-llv divvisioll of ruiinog nreiisiavinggreni le-mns m in'cir nei -bbor-ho.sl.cati mil l,e told by n.king th-m lo p-,v or il -nmiisciocnt oui ,, their own pockets, and ,u't by drali's upon postelity iiinun- Hut ihe l'.t,dei,treqiiresnioretror,ps,moie loans es more m iln-y, ,,,. ,1K. . A,, ,' he Jl.mt- i,,.,y il ,ingy vrull, ; ,, " ' bout, nnd lo no uttam-itii.-cfl! .m,., ' ?r h on undoccqiynhtl,.. , v.,,,,, depail.ntm. ,,d I t f chi.-i towns and nmng plates, it i,V.,.v- ,. ,,,,,,.,!, , . '' that uioie iha,, ,b,e our pn '"lnZlA U n? ,u.,Tc sj-t in n.o,,,.,. , .ve.y.brtttioo.n, inore if in X bte . , n',,t;,.'i'M"'"J,,""'" 1 rder lo ton, , er hi- it ij.hiw ni-ir ..vi7. (,.,,. ' . ' 1 ' 1 UK. ruu puni-isf. T:,i...i.. i-uouuh I" trend no ,,,,.. 1 I'll, 1, 1 rt, .....I .. .11 . . . ns coiii.iiumc.ilioiis, not ineiely lh.it 11 mav t-oinm-iud reiu-orccimnt., bm ,, ,J ' be men- madness ,o depend lo, V,o l ,,01 V". , ,t vvlieit- heveiy sod.nrid uil uncultivated, u,1,u"! tile :,s the ii,habii-,i? tli.-n.wl. s Aero... , , 2 .bibctiii unci-, , ,.,d,.. , d ny,,,, ;,..';",', , huhiiI .heto.nnuss,,,,, ,1 .,,.1 , ,,,ce 'c ,,, ,, t w.iuh me ireo 1 nn ,r, .."1 . , .' ' "' , , i'.'J 1 r "V " '" itht- -"....y ' ..-"-l I. fC ,flS .111,1 ,V 11,1 U III. . r ol Ihe nmef.-eil t). l mcins.u s.- ,1 . VJ U'th : twelveorlonrleciiwiilluveto l. inva.led.to iqueied, an. ...-t up.., by u, , ,, s,-p.,rt,- t-.vped,, ,.,ns.4 l; ul ol these must.as in-uluj j,o1 i',,,.,..,;,,,. t, .," pilioc.ilar .-lale-tnpnnl at (, I, ,',. sir,,, k, U n- exico, some "") 01 01 ciipuiio.i, which muit lemam ihe,,-, to bi.,l,e- ,ye,ni,,l ,0 got, m-ib e ,,,,rt depaitinciit. llut.nsil,,- ,,.,.,.,. ., ...... it... 111 toot- girnsDueu , rilcliiu (ihe Suite, r.rc.1 1 1 ill s.iiiiemiii-sihinniai.y ,,,! , j iii.iti.ni t,,,j fiiieltjisil til u.isM soul; l.ii in., u ,t (m.,, (;., 5 s, I lie lllll-s) Iris 11 toil 11 ol l'.J,OJJsj-, nnd ., n',.,,,1 p..(.,il niu,, 01 I'liiujiuo; .Mitl.iti.t nn (nun -ji Ul., ,,,u,,c nine-) lias ,1 colli-cliv.- p I'ltil.iluii! 111 :!.Sj,,hk. 11. ci,,,. 111, v..iii.Ui.i.J.jji, 11.1..0 1 up. i.c.i o. t..:J.j MIUIU-Hill'-, it p .pu,.lll.ill ( liJ.iAtM, , ;, ,,,., I l..ia.la,,ijaia. in .1.. s,,i ; . ,, ,,., , -,. .., jjlqt.ile lililis.nod a p. pul.ilini -.'Jj,-.".l-l ; Oij.cii e',' ,",',';! ul Jf"J' """, iM'd n population tf b.U,0i-u. w,il, a .apiial 01 :ij.oo-l Tnt-i eximplt, llliyglleso,i,euiel.il lJe.1 01 the population, and siu.aci-sovel which Ihese sepirnu- cu,p, 01 occupnliou w ill have to net. .Vivv.lo uold ,, .ale linwl , ,uu ,1 "e i.iet-.i uiai. in ecu m.,Ij woulj tiswe 1 have II re.lilv-llllliiiale. I . ..1 1,111-..11: . , , - ' ,, . . Li-si IUI11IIII. moterdistriii.-,o.ieii ilclciiJed by the wildest iiiouu luiiis.nud iirnle by iiinoiiiil hate doublj untau.abie nrnuc.iuiiot reatii nor any Hung biiiextrtme lip -ih' ol posses.,on bun,' iiidei jour swil) . " lusliori.eatliri'.iic liiu-t, besi lea u garrison ill Its capital nn I liuesol station, connecting ,lt. tira, ,H.,Q wnn ilu-ir supplies, hate dtUilitiUoip, u,-, mi, va. ntiy nl poiiii-, where n lirge popul iiiou c. sis. n, be by deg.eesiiwedllltos.iviltidc. Lei lu nil lou mav w uh 11 siiig.e corps, sci.e e icii Stale cap.t il mid clm-u iiw.i) lis l,oteiiiiueill but what will 111 ,t avail ( .No liu.e thill it ill! l ine sa .jiigaiioii o Vl g 11 n, wh 11 tlie dcltstalue Arnold uud 11, sunny ol tlestlleis diove Ihe Guvern.iitiil uudir .Mr. Jeliusoii Horn Kici.m. nd to LI11 1 In, ! sville. U'bul will palling their lioVi II' 111 -nt to Ibghl siginlj to 11 Mine u cu with h,t c I f us, thiouj.i ,1, ttiiuif leveng.lul sq.u..iiuu I U In t ciei.iej , or their lieble iiuiitorii.es, ttit-.r pluguc m ieaee iiu.l nu help ill warf .So. iinmuiialc intseaj. tuoi mes, il von will ; von arc, 111 ili.-iu nj ntug bui a li plow . t.ie sabst ma- die people unJ ils iiliimt,R,ly sldl remains, tou w ide.y scuitcied lo be iiajpcJ, uo la.it-tirous 10 be lecuiiiittit. An I now up.ui ihe I '.1 ill's presPiu plan of con- iiiviii lusuoinis-ioua 11:111. p,iip.iioii.s nn.. jn.-st, wimi iiiusi un oils t-oiiqi.-i i 11 is only bv nl le.npliilj 11 cnliquitt III dil.nl, by tl)lllg to sjbdu. uud hold each Mi.trate .Mt-Mtau Mute, ihtit unv tlu.ig t-a.l be ho,i-il And what dots llus pl.m i.uvitib.y imply 1 itoihnig short 01 pouring upon .Mcxuo sniuo tw.lveol ll.lei'll illllit-d tliVislous, cacti tlo.n Unpe to uve.sixoi t ight ibou..nii ttuiiig, nnd, y inainiu 11 nigaii 111111, line nnd iiitsisiioic pM.,'..-,o.i m n, .r teiiiioi),tn weary t.ui itislaucc,u:ii. n.l mcieU su'j. iiis-ion iwlucn vvuuid oihc.wiK- uue the ii.tsiu nt )oawn.i.iiew jour lorccsi shall tonie, but a iteiin-. Ii-nt iiiiiiguei to wear your th mis. Need ite sa'v iiiiiuinnouiiisiiieiiie lor lusienmg our Jtiuiiiii. r, IIIIOII , t'MCO. IV lusile nu ..... .. . ' ! 'J,.e(.el.W M,a,i Almff ""0 " lUvtw-E ir .vur xiblvuv, ihe jK-opIe nil uncon. ..-itius . amidst ,e dm ., succ-ssiul 'urn,, a. j th l,ilkoin.ubj.cledeuipire!,.,u,ida,la, have ever witthed theuntbiiikiug.iiot It ss under puimlar Giw. eilllllelll. I under tlespol.snl I fur ',' t,,K thetaml glory olexiended dominion has ever c.n,ti. vau-d Ihe giddy muliitudf, quite us suie 10 be pi, uud Willi llw lauded llddltloil tons own swnv ,111,1 r te.., ui with ihe Its- direti honor ol .t. ma-iri1... Our (..liiiciaiw greuily mistake, when thev euiuoU that 11 1- a (wiusr " Anglo-Ss vn''0r Anier.aua jsiV.