TrT l ON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JAKUAlt xi 1848. rtnprrrMnb i,ndcrs the wor. part nfour J"', ,1 .million, the ntiiiv"l nnifCII'J1 f!' .?a: ""Tt, f ever mmlo popular tir l hlei nr me limn wuo ir' his cili7ens or his nibjccls t victoriiiuscnteipics ng.ilnst tin pence nnd llir- freedom of oilier nations, no muter how sure n f.icrllice of their own. The people, then, blinded by tills mrcllectiiij piss Ml fi llwpliiu ticliivi" nk njjiin, Jlmr ire mil til tratly that neknniclctlgril bane of public fittitnm, a hrsr Shuttling Army, the mere phantom uf which has i mltcii Iieretofoic, when evoked by conjuring dcin-i-jmu.', filled the popular bosom with sup-run lurnl ler I oif ? We have it, ns it h cny tofltow; nml t . It mid 'rut tt ltd Ait lillistns rue ttrtrtamlini: ft lame andpciniaitentadditinn In ill Jil neither tact feme', n Net, to have excited the slighicsl nlarin ! Vhnt ia the present Army ol Ihe United Slates I What ns to permanency ol'vivke I What as to num l"'is ! , .. e It consist? of Rcguhr troops, cutis led for five years, or lor the war ; nitdol V..lunteers, neaily all ol whom have enrolled ihcniclvc.w- the irir a period now nhviou.lv Indefinite, il we are tohght on until Mexico nil nnl.e peace or hesosaiiiiiM ii inn wc an "hat we 1 ke other territory without an army. II our livcycnis'iegul-iis arc to he oon-idcrcd n Standing riuy,nrely volunteers for a war which may not end daring the present generation are Flill more a tilling Univ. And h i it nut he foremen th.it if pence tic Minn's, or even real came lobe made upon those iTtns ol terriioiial acquisition (the. (.'aliloriuas and New .Mexico) which the 1'rcsidenl inilon ns indis-p'-nsiblo to our honor and our rights, weinnt f I ill kiep r:i army as large ns now on toot, tocheck nil oiittireaus of a hostile people, ami not only tame them to our Vi ke, bin intimidate, by a superior force spread every n'heie, Mexico Irom helping llu-in when they prepare .i s era insiiueclion r h-ive butst into open leyiilt ili'i.Ic.snll lhis,woshlillhavo,lissiioil as we get a false I e.iee Irom Mexico, to ic-esiablish our various mihia ly Simons at home, fiom which neaily all the troops hive ken withdmwn, to send lo .Mexico; and Ore pin, which h been heretofore neglected, will icquire a elntinniry folec ol at least some lcgimcnts ol iulant ry and Dingnons. So miirli lor the litrimttirnnl rflbc lllilitarv estlh- hshtmnl which we have and must kup on loot J and now for its numerical extent. The report ol the Adjut nit (leneuil, (we have not vet (if en able to find room lor II. lint shall ill) Ml which ioims one of the documents appended to the present I Message, exlnbils the following -.t.ileinciit ol what our i Army, us" authorized by late" now is: Authorized regul.u force, officers and men, I!0,3jU Volunteers for the war, 111,171 I Twelve inonllii' vuluitccis, 'J.ll'J ft c c I? v i-c FRIDAY MOIIN1W. JANIJAIY 1318 ijTi,; lutiK am. Tiioum.r.n mciht that is ,., us, Tiir.ni: hm.St.U! Aiiovr.Tiin iioiu.on touive lsa nt.r.AM or i.kiiit, nxcr.rriNo Tin: iNTi:i.Ltin.sr, 1'atiiiiitic Wmo pauty of tiih Umti-.h SrATi:s." Daniel Wchtcr. Regulars In the fi-ld or on then way, Vutulitects do. do. do. Aggregate of thoc on active service, Add (we suppose) six couip. iiiics ol regulars nnd leu ot ohuiteeis, tinouetl at Indian iuts within the United Slates, jinxnv clay. Wo "ivo phec to tlio subjoined well-written communication with much plcastirc,and fur two principal tcason. In tlio lir-t place, liecnnso the di-ciisioii of tlio cLilnts of dillcrcnt men to the presidential tiominalion of tlio Willi; parly lias already proceeded to the expression ol deci ded preferences ninong tlio leadin-i city papers (from wlilclitho.ffrsUnd most urgent warnings against a nrfmniirc agitation of tlio matter were liroinulg.ited) ; and, in tlio second place, because as matters now stand, ilEM'.v Li.av, the ureal l'.icilicutor, llie exalted l'atriot, tlio profmnid Slate.-man, and tlio Honest Man, is. beyomlall odds, our ltn-T clioico for l'rcsident of tlio Uni ted Slate, and we lielicvo tlio first clioico of ninety-nine Innulicdtlis of tlio rank and file, tlio true irnrlingtnrn, of the Whig Parly in tills Slate and in this Union, lie .how Henri Clay; and it U not our intention, again, in tlio course ofonrslioit life, to "go it blind" for any can didate for President, or Vice l'rcsitlenl, if we can heln it. Tlio experience wc liavo had in .Mm 'I'tjlcr, gies us a tlecitled aversion for ex pediency I'reshlenls. Tlio man who commands our sup port must bo a Wiliii, and nothing short of it. Ho niii't he opposed to Iho extension of . Slavery the thousandth part of nn inch; he must bo in favor of Protecting American enterprise and industry; ho must bo opposed to that most mis iipnhn, or on their way o the er,0 c,f nil possible, or conceivable humbugs, Le cnie of posts within the U. ,,,,. , ,. , the same icport, ns follows: the Sub-Treasury, (which requites " sr.v r.x sta- Aggrcgnte force, IiO.IiIO Pitch l the legal I'oice wldeh would nnir lie in nrnis, ,1 ,,min.nt4 wele filvvnl-1 lull lo their I "limited Colli- tileiiTent of l.Iul) men, or il none eer died. Hal the actual loice now in c ani: sent of war. or lelt to take States, is, neeordillg to the 'JliOO I (ir.s ami a sfi urtr.NT iiuakii to remit iJ'JO.OOO " I from Chicago to St. Louis) ; he must be in favor laai . nf giving to the several Slates, what of right be ' longs to them, the Proceeds of the Sales of the 1,3-tl Public Iinds, instead of wasting them upon thn current expenses of the (lovcrntnont; he must be in favor of protecting our Commerce hy n which judicious and libeial system of River and liar 1I.U7 flencral nfrirrenate Tbi". now. as a loice iiernianciulv in arms, must be considered a standing tinny sullieiently loriuidable, it tin re wa eer anv leahlv ill that ditadof one w wi-c reiiublieans'Ine alwnjs taught, and nations bor Improvements. more loud ol llieir own ircedoin linn uinbitioiis of gov-t t ... ,. , ... Mt i a fining others have always eheii-h. d. Hut even ibis 1 In all llic-c parlicul.irs, winch comprehend, as is not enough ; the President calls loudly tor ten more w0 uudcrsland them, the distinctive Pi:i.cin.r.s reglllieilisoi reguutis, lino vh c supposi. t us ninny intire ol volunteers: iluih, at tall complements, will make twenty-two thousand men mole. Thus we ale lo , i . , I I .. l .i I : .1 I... linc, uesitics some in eoiy iiiou-auu niiiuoiieo uv ' ,. .. . , , ., . .1 xi-i ti . . law," but mtutis ol the lull complement in some cues, distingui-lied gentlemen in tlio Whig Part), a standing aiiuy.and not merely on paper, some sixty 1 Statesmen and Patriot0, Webster, Con wis, een iiiou?.tuu siioii, 4Mir uiui we lorgei wn.u llie does any 0110 suppose that the log-cabin oratory and minstrelsy that played so conspicuous, and, I may addfundor tho circuinstancos so appro priate a part in the stirring scenes of that po- - ii.n ,-rttise oftlio excileniom imuuii. ry where existed. No, tnej ... simply some of Its rff'txlt and tnanlfestatlona, posscsslnif a certain rc-acting power, lo be sure, but having of themselves no vitality or efficiency, only as they found a response in that deep seated pub lic feeling to which I have alluded. The meet' ings, and speeches, audsongs, and festivities of that period were not so much attempts to pro duce, or, as the phrase is, to get up excitement, as expressions of tho excitement that already existed. Tho tinder was there, else tho appli cation of the match had produced no responsive glow. The flint was there,clso the steel, though applied ever so vigorously had not brought fire. The result was unavoidable, mid that, too, inde pendent, to a great extent, of tho personal pop ularity or unpopularity of tho respective candi dates. Had Ilenry Clay been nominated,' he would have been elected in all probability, 'just as surely as was General Harrison. k So, in 1811, it was not any unpopularity of our candidate that lost us tho day. No man was over supported for any office, in any coun try, at any lime, with more ardor or cnthusi- m than was manifested by the main body of the Whig party, in support of Henry Clay in 1811. Hut tho times were unpropilious. un der the salutary effect of tho few Whig meas- urcs which the treachery of John Xyler dared not forestall, tho commercial relations of the country had. to some degree, recovered their equilibrium; and the feeling of case and satis' faction naturally attendant upon such a result, induced a certain degree of indifference andap- patby in tho public mind in view of the approach ing election, which, so far as it existed, was fa tal to the success of tho Whig party. Hut still other elements combined for our deleatjforc' most and most prominent of which, was; the treachery of the acting President. Although af ter his betrayal of those who had elevated him to power, Tyler's personal influence was insig nificant, still the patronage ho was enabled, as the nation's Executive, to wield (a patronage never unimportant in any hands at such a crisis,) was by no means inconsiderable, and it was all thrown, body and soul, into the Democratic hop per. Of what avail to the Whigs was it that the traitor met tho fato of all traitors, so long 1 as the treason was effective against us ? Of cal. Their ago, bo long as tlioy still possess tlio vital principle, only proves their Immortality The forim of truth may perish trslli liscu is Immortal." The positions nssumcd by Mr. Clay in relation to Ihu Mexican war, 1110 exiensiun of Slavery, and the Incorporation of the wholn or any considerable part oi Mexico, all uncultivated nml unassimilated as tlio is, into our body poll tic, cannot bo shaken, f liey are positions around which tho Whig party ought to rally with una nimity and enthusiasm. They would afford ample scopo for all tlicir eloquence, all their patriotism, and all their power in tlio coming contest. Let tho wliiji, then, have tho good tense to re-nomlnato Henry Clay. Let them again fling tho banner to the breeze, with that nolent and venerable name upon its folds, and victory is" theirs, Veiimont, "Who Struck Jlmmr rnttcrs.cn? In tho list of recent Kxecutivo appointnlt,nU' published in tho Washington Union, we find the following: "Nnllmnicl Nilcs.o Vermont. Charge d'Affalrcs to Sardinia, ties Hobert Wicklilfe, Jr., resigned." Can any body inform ns who " Nam 1 imics of Vermont" 1st If Mr. Polk has given tlio di plomatic button to a Vermonter, we should like to know the man who is to wear it. Again wc anxiously innulre, therefore : " Who is Nath 1 Nllcs?" Will the liellotcs Falls (iazette bo good cnoui'li to look Into this mysterious matter a little ? what avail to us was it that the traitor was con of tho Wings, llEMtr Ci.vv is well Known to ; d 0 mertcj infamy and universal con. hold the precise opinions we advocate. Other tmpt despised and detested by the very partv into whoso embrace ho had cast himself, and kicked and cuffed hv all parties, so long as our The Aincrlcliii Ait Union. Tho first blow at Kiccutlvc Usurpation, All honor to the American House of Ilcpre sentatives ! They havo already proved them selves the true exponents of the popular will which they were elected to represent and cn force in tho National Councils. Nobly have they anticipated tho solemn verdict of impartial History, and vindicated truth and justice In re gard to the commencement of this War. On Monday tho 3d Inst. Mr. Houston, a Whig member from Delaware, presented a res olution of thanks to Gen. Taylor tnd his gal lant army, for their heroic conduct at Ducna Vista. Mr. cnfey,a locoroco irom inuiana, moved to amend tliis resolution by adding to the words relcrring to tho army, the following : engaged as they were in defending the rights and honor oftlje nation."' Whereupon Mr. Ashmen, of Massachusetts, moved to anutid this amendment by adding these words : "In a tear tnncccssariltj ami unconstitutionally begun by the l'rcsitlenl of the United Slates." The question on Mr. Asiiuux's amendment was taken bj yeas and nays, and resulted as fol lows: YEAS 85, Nays 81, So it statds in thn deliberate and solemn judgment of the House of Representatives (as the TnUTit is) that this odious, cruel, and de servedly cxo:rated war was unnecessarily and U.NU.sTIlU1IONAM.l' I1E0UN 11V THE Pl'.ESlDEXT or the U.iTEii States. AiliutiiitGenernrsienorilieloieuslutiliersavs: that lvLATO., Aici.LAN, wc are aware, iioiu me same ',, -,! and skilfullv irrasncd. and tattta ret , J " 'c j successfully appropriated, all the possible fniUs of such an infamous betrayal ot political princi ples and party tics, such an abuse of Kxecutivo power and prerogative, and such a perversion and prostitution of Kxecutivo patronage as the official course of John Tyler cvincoJ? The other elements of opposition to the Whigs, such as tho false, irrelevant issues of Abolitionism, Native Americanism, cl cetera, into which con siderable numbers of our party suffered them selves to ho drawn, aro too fresh in the mind of every one to require a moment's notice. foieeourariiiiesiii.Me.sico;niidihalthcyniusl'peed-.tcrm. And either ol llicui, or any oilier WHIG, ily be replaced, not only becmise llie delcnot - ol treat V0 shall esteem it our highest pleasure as well lliaiiooiv; OOIIII-, oic iiitm- ui jm-o'n nun i,ew , , . r uti the Uelawaie, Old Point Comlort, Chaileslon, nnd as duly lo support, if nominated by tho big otlurs, or ol Nay Yaids like l'onsiiouih, Norfolk, National Convention. Hut high above them all, mid l'eiisacola, camioi be leli unmanned, hut because - . , ..lt . - .- . , , our great and co-ily s.mcui ol sen-foils will lall into I the magnitude ol the patriotic services ho has immediate dilapidation If lelt for hut a ear or two 1 rcI1jurcj tl, ,j3 country, and in the claims ho unoccupied by sulbeieiit bod.es ol troops, siolhatthc , ,m,vtm very supposition the continuance ol the war which has upon hi country s gratitude, stands MhMll iiiiikcs necessary llie loues now n-ked, will equally I (Jl.AY. (Jive us, for candidates, IIeniiv Clay lequire tlie nuking ol ns many moie troop- say some I , ., . . live or six thousand as have been wiihdinwn from and MlLLAIUi I lLI.MoiiE of New ork, Aeiiott our foilrtsses; adding 10 which some ihou-ands necil-1 ,a whence of Massachusetts, or some other an ed in Oiegon, we must ceitainly count ut not shoit of , ... , . , sevcniy-lnc thousand men the uii.iv which these lVs- , Upode of John I ylcr, and if we do not succeed u'S&Jnd ' 1 lri"P--'y. againnthobad principles and the amj ovcr 6Uch obstlc,cs M ,hcs0 1j I it be miKMiiiM'tuii limi. lor uivm csumnic. we i vur.ku iulmmuus ui uiu uinuuimii uuriy. u nZTJT ZnTty the greatly mistake the intelligence and patriotism ' an(y enry CUy. i,llt it wa3 dc(ined l'resident's own rriiii-itiuns and the consequence of Iho American 1 eople. I that the helcroironcous forces of tho opposition j slioiild prevail, and it behooved us to bow with uch grace as we could to tho public will, ex- w-hich ibev ine ilablv linolie. Heboid, then, People ol llie United Ptates! you who ttembled for jour liberties, when lie- federalists, in John Adams' iliy, uused u few thousand legular I tioops )ou whom t ei lam nmon: us have, until within ! a ll-w vuirs, plied with nlainis against een our poor little t l oan army, whu-h, e.xeept as a school ol ' war, was but a name behold w hat those wiy denn- i goguts, with Jcflerson ever on one point ol their forked tongues uud federali-in on the other, bae brought j vuu 10 ! Ity the ro----est i'lesulenlial usurpation, they have not onlp, in outer to recover ihuir tailing ptrly populaiiiy, pluugid )ou into 11 war which that hung 1 patriarch of old repuhlicnnisiu, integrity, nnd wisdom, I Ai.innr Uallatin, denounces lo jou.us it with his , last breath, 11s utteily wroiiglul, ciuel, nnd hupolitic ; 1 but they nie nllelnplilig, lilnlel llie pn tence lhal the I national honor H at stake for the, ndtcssnnd lelenlless j prosecution ol iri a war, lo lualeii upon jou a per- peiunl standing ni my. j We need surel) not recur to historical examples, nor , cite the venerable authorities agam-i such n latal step. As in siune other things, M( happily, llule is, ns lo j this, on iii'iiuct we might almost call it a religion in the public mind Jt may ban- boine ihnt a 1'iesi. I dent ol the United Stales should have coutmed, lor j jus own t mis, a War which can hardly lull to be as . pernicious in us event as it was bail 111 iisoriziu ; but, I when the Public sees that, in nddiliou to every other I disaster, it is to fix upon us that bane ot public lice- iloin, n Perpetud riiaiuliug Army, will it not, besults th'stric-ting and rejecting iho new demands ol patron- I ugi-nnd power by the I'lcsuieui.tioiii nun tome stiict- si account for the us,- or abuse ol the power already tlitiusled to bis hands ! Arrival ol'.IIr. C'luy, ut llultimoic. I'or the Pice Press. at., i1...,., mi.a it . ,r. illli. , .111 l UI. A IHJ lllO.s'Jlll, t,-, lb l-LClll'5 IU .... ... 1 . . .. .'. ,, , , ., pres-ed though that will was, in our judgment, me, is an interesting crisis to ail who regaid the ' , " , , , . V .- 1 over so inadequately, nnd ever so unfairly. Ifut next Presidential election as having any neecs-, ' ' ' " , . ; ,, under sucli circunislances, ictus not, aDovc an i.Wti, tt.n t. ..tr-ir., t,n .., r.. .1.1 ,- . ,1 1 .' 1 things, bo guilty of the inconsistency and in , ., . ,. , " r . .1 . . ! uratitudo of casting the burden of our discern under their respective banners for tho contest. V , , ? ., . ,,i-t , e.i . . , -11 . 1 .! . I lure 1 pull II u I can 01 uur nou u-uuaivcu In thn isEim of that cniitesl. I wil nnt done that. . a Whig, I feel a deep Interest, and that in necessity fur, and the indications of, a change in the National Administration, are becoming eiery day more apparent. Tho important ques tion now or soon lo be decided by tho Whig parly, is, who is to he their candidate for the pie-idency in the approaching struggle. With out de-iring to piecipitalc matters, or bring for ward before its time, a question which is alrea dy strongly agitating tho public mind, 1 beg leave to present a few hasty thoughts upon the subject. And, allow mo Sir, hero at the outset, to put tho question, Is Henry Clay any less available, or any less worthy to bo our candidate The Haltimorc Patriot says : The cars from now than he was 111 16111 Is lliere a solitary tho West, la-t evening, brought Mr. C'l.iy to this . reason that existed for his nomination then, that city. lie aiiiu-d at llie Mount Chile Ii"l'"t loos IIOl ,,p1v wit, still greater force now ? about si o V ock, and was met by a Urge iinin- ,, , , . . , ,,. fir or friends, who had galhere.l there in the " be lost, in the n.terval, any one of Ins cm hopo of seeing him, and ol greeting his arrival i incut qualifications for the ofhco of Chief Ma in liallimore, 1 ruin ine iicpm, no was iai;eii 111 irjstratc Has no less political wisdom iinu the carriage of Christopher Hughes K.q tnthe ( v,M.rioiicc fnualities which utualhi inrreasc.'wt high- minded, patriotic and venerable leader, nor hasti- terest is heightened by the conviction that the I '' concl,,de t,l!lt with another we might have ellCwCCULU , uur mill, uocaosu iiiisuloo-siui iir(, wc must, as a matter of course, with tho same candidate, meet the same fato at any and every future trial. Hut what is the present aspect of affairs touch ing this question. If, In spite of circumstances so unfavorable, we barely missed of success in Cfiooso Ye. James It. 1'olk proposes to augment the Army of the United States to 00 or 100,000 men, and to carry lire and sword into " the vital parts " of Mexico; to pursue with "increased vigor" this War upon a feeble and fallen Republic ; to add immciw-ely to his already great National Deut ; in short, to convert this Government into a Mili tary Republic, and inflame its citizens with deeds of conquest, and disgrace its character by armed outrage and aggression. Against all this tho Wiiiss aro arrayed in persevering and consistent hostility. Against all this are ar rayed the names of James Kent, Albeet Gal latin, HicMiv Clay. And now comes John C Calhoun, an early friend of the nomination of Jamei K. I'olk, and declares in his place 111 tho Senate, that this war was commenced without necessity nnd without authority, and avows him self in favor of withdrawing our forces from the centre of Mexico, and maintaining a defensive lino only. Choose yo! Will you havo War, Carnage, HloodsheJ, Conquest, and bo oppressed with Debt, or will you havo Peace and the Arts of Peace, the only safety and true glory of a Republic ? The T.nltC. Our beautiful Lake shows no present disposi tion to protect herself with tho " icy shield " of our ancient friend, the " Islander," but remains open and free. Tho Saiianac has retired, how ever ! We were a little dismayed by the sudden disappearance of Captain Chai'.man beforo the riguroiii elements, and had begun to think of tho natural consequences of an inglorious re treat. Hut wo havo since been credibly inform ed that tho Company deemed a farther contro versy with the spunky John Gilt-ix rather too much of a forlorn hope, and drew ofl graceful ly, and gave Captain Jones tlio widest possible berth ! Captain Jones has tho Lake all to him- By an odd chance, (for the mutual felicity of an exchange docs not exist,) wo came Into pos session, a few days ago, of the December num ber of our American Blackwood, the Knicker bocker. That "Editor's Table" is a gem of tho sorcnest ray. Wo know nobody (and, as they say In tho West, wc are " some pumpkins" ourself In that way) who tells a capital story so capitally, with such unaffected humor, as the Rditor of tlio Knickerbocker. His " Editor's Table" is a mosaic of good things, not unlike, in certain considerable respects, the " Nodes of Kit North. If tho Knickerbocker would, or couW, form a tableau after the manner of tho Noctes, out of Yankee materials but who would supply " the sHEi'iiEitn'si " place ? Com mon Hoggs wouldn't answer for that! The tiling is impracticable. But, speaking of the Knickerbocker, and more especially of tho December number, in running our eye ovcr the tablo of contents wc found this entry : " A new Rai-e of the Lock. By J. G. Sa.xe p. 403." " Saxt. ? What Saxe ? " remarked wo to our new scissors, that lay before us about as much open as scissors usually are when they smile; ' It cannot be our Saxe, can it, who common cod a 'New iaw Dictionary' for our paper. and, ill mctlias res, fetched up, by way of illu Iralion, at tho definition of " Equity ! " " Well it is n't any body else I " replied Scissors. Re straining our natural feelings of resentment, we turned ovcr to " page 403," and found a poem f XM1I stanzas, taken bodily (we aro sorry to be obliced to say ! ) not, indeed, from Pope': noem on the same subject, but from the intellectual laboratory of " Gowkey Grant, The Annual Meeting of this peculiar' Amer ican Institution for tho Distribution ol prizes, and for other business, took place at the Taber nacle In New York, on Friday evening tho 2 1th ult. Wo copy from the Courier if- Lnouirer the following statements : The proceedings were opened by the President, Mr. P. M. Wetniorc, 111 a brief address on the prospects nnd objects of the society, in the course of which he staiea tuai wiiue ine siiuscripuuns.iui , those for the present year, when the books were clos ed ntO o'clock last evening, were no less than UCGr,' A, il, ,.n,.l.!,,n nf ilio mlilress. the President read a hstolW additional prizes, which the Coinlinltee of lnnn,.i-nt Im.l n.l.l.-.l n, the miblis bed catalogue, in consequence of the increased nuinlrcrof subscribers, The report of the proceedings ot the Committee of Management was read by Mr. Hoppin. In this it was stated that the subject selected for the engraving of next year was a picture by Huntington, entitled " Dloody Mary signing the death warrant of Jady .tflne Hrev. nt the lirirent solicitation ol ttlC buatUsll Ambassador." A change had liecn made in the char ter ill relation to the Committee of ilonageiueiit, which, for the future, was to consist of twenty-one members, to be elected nt the present meeting, who were to tie divided into the ttirce classes, one mini re tiring each ) car. The report was accepted and adop ted. The Treasurer's renort stated the receipts nt S 18.757 11 nnd the dnbursinenls for 272 nainlings.oU silver nnd K50 bronze medals, and engraving nnd printing plates, SJI.-Jl Lw.nnd the balance remaining in the hands ol the Treasurer is 91747 07. Tho surprising increase of tho members of this admirable Association (being nearly 1 per cent over tho numbers in 18 10!) is the first thing to arrest tho attention of the reader, and to give cordial pleasure to tho numerous friends of tho Art Union, lt indicates, we are glad to be liove, both an increased acquaintance with, and ppreciation of, tho Kino Arts in our working- day country, and almost by natural conse quence, an increasing disposition and purpos for theircncoiiragemont. With our convictions of tho important relations that subsist between a cultivated taste fur works of Art, and the pros perity and happiness of a people, we ran think of no Institution more worthy to be fostered and generously upheld than this one. It is in politfeinn fball have found the profound obliv ion that already hides tlio lytxrs irii.u ...uiU by hiding them from observation, Gallatin and Clay and Calhoun nnd Weiistek, will bo re membered as foremost among tho true Heroes f their age, the true statesmen and benefactou of their country. Thirtieth Congress. " Monday, January 3. r .1.. nfter ibe sneecli of tjeii. Cass in sup port ol the bill for raising ten additions regiments lor the army, Mr. Chittenden made an eloquent speech against the policy ol the administration. H""" ed with a motion that the bill be laid over until Wed nesday, in order lo allow the resolutions ol .Mr. Cal- L ' n- ln.. n,miit In im-iiimmrllt. noun to come upon ii i'"'"-.---- i Thn motion prevailed, and the bill was postponed accordingly. The Senate then went into executive session, and confirmed sundry nominations, the inot important 01 which we uuvu uuiuuu . - the last contest, what is tlio prospect for that 1 self, and means to keep open the communication which is approaching Circumstances, as it 1 between Burlington and Port Kent just as long residiiico of that gentleman, in St. Paul's street, whero ho will remain, as his guesl, until .Mon day. Air. Clay looks remarkably well, nnd is inline health and spirits. 1 lo will proceed on Monday ' to Washington, and in the mean time, though lie is desirous of avoiding all public display, an opportunity will lio afforded to his nuineiuin friends in this city In call and sco him. The Martins-burg (Va.) Gaelto has Iho fol lowing particulars of bis visit to that place : Mrfc'lay was met at Cumberland by a depu tution of our citizens, cnnsi-liiig uf Jlr. P. C. Pendleton, C. J. 1'aiilkner, C. 11. Ixivvls, and J. Jlmi,'on .... During his sojourn in tins place, Mr. Clay was entertained at the mansions of P. C. Pendltton nnd Chas. Jas. l aulkner, i'.sq., where no was visited bv a largo number of our citizens ol both sexes. 'Ho also attended at the United Slates Holel, for a few hours on Monday, andugain 011 Wednesday, to afford the crowds of friends who pressed to -co him, an opportunity of taking him y the hand; yesterday lie paid two short visits, (one of which was lo the sick loom of his old acquaintance, Col, Win. Gregory, and the other to Mr. Jamison,) and dined with D. 11. Conrad Esq. The citizens of Berkely were constrained to forco the pleasure which it would havoaffunlcd them lo tender to Mr. C, tho honors of n public reception nnd entertainment, Ukiii learning that such a proposal would bo iinaccepluhlo to their (listingiiisiicu ti'"-"'- , "". nl llie jiiwe Duciety on j ues Imiii! Iho nice till . 1 11.... I.. i :.l f r!-iv I'Velllll". OV V.VII, IIIIIIICI, IIIU 1 iL-niiiunt 111 ., . ,, , , . - oc mu. un invitation he was unable to ! ("'''oral ' fc"''"l Iho Wclory diminish with years,) now, than ho had four years ago,' Has his statesmanship deteriora ted, or his patriotism declined? Aro Ids emi nent public services forgotten ? Or, is it, in the mind of tho objector, his defeat in 1811 that is to bo the insuperable obstacle I that Is to be de cisive againd bis availability as a candidate in the approaching trial. But this objection, be foro tho slightest iiivcstigation,vanishesinto the air. There is no soundness in It. Under the peculiar circumstance of the case, he, ns the pbraso is, " mil urll "in spito of misrepresenta tion, calumny and detraction, and all tho other elements of the hydra-headed foo which was ar rayed against him, receiving, if I am not mista ken, more electoral votes, than havo been re ceived by nny other unsuccessful candidate in any similar election since tho formation of our government, and, with nil addition of MOO in the popular vote of New Voik, would have been eleclcd. Such a defeat is no disgrace, and should bo deemed 110 " knell prophetic" to fu ture hopes and futuie efforts. But, aside from this, if ono's defeat under any circumstances, is to bo deemed conclusive against his ro-nomina- tiouor election, why was Harrison, nfler his de feat in 183(1, so available and triumphant in 1810. 'I ho truth is, it was not thonopul.iritv of ill accept. liallimore I'alrivt, In 1817, thero were illil fires in Iho city of New York. Eight persons weru burned tn death, and five or six others injured. Tho amount of property detrojed was not far fiom 400,000, Rr.)iAi.hAliu..--W! wi-b to p"t on iM-oid (he hcl, that herein l,aliliide 1 1 IJf ," tho 3.1 day I Janua ry 1KB, violets nnd dandelions were In lull blossom in the open nir. The nir mis soil nud balmy usiu.Mny, and 110 such thing ns a ll'ike of snow to be seen nny where. t'ultHiliim iSt. .; eitee Lo. ,. i ) Mtr-tttty. I 1810, nor any unpopularity of Henry Clay that lost it III loll, in 161U llicro was in iho pub l- . . I .. c. I I 1 . . III. inilltl a jiruuiuiui uiiu ciiriK-ii uosiru lor a change in tho National Ainiiiistration. The whole country was laboring under heavy cm b.irrassinents, and heaving to mid fin with 011 Uresistibju Jciidonoy lo a revolution, The poo- plo were resolved on a change, and tho cry of chango went up in one continuous shout from every quarter of the country. Under such cir- uiiistiinccs, the result win inevitable. Now, seems, to me are again assuming an aspect which threatens the overthrow of the national admi nistration of the dominant party. There Is evi dently in the public mind a strong and general feeling of disapprobation of the courso of the party in power ; an indication of which may bo seem 111 the political complexion of the pre sent House of Representatives, as compared with that of the last. Tho War with'Mexico, with its millions expenditure of treasure, and its rivers of blood, the war upon our Internal Com merce, thn practical operation of the Sub-Treasury and the New Tariff, (in spite too, of the ad- lition to our resources arising from the lato un exampled foreign demand for our Agricultural products) and otherobnoxiotis measures aio pla cing 'the powers that be' in noenyiablo position before the country. ast numbers of the demo crats themselves are deeply dissatisfied and dis gusted with tho nial-administration of their own party. In fine, thero is a strong, if not already general, desiro for a change, a desire which, if not so deep-felt us that of 1810, seems neverthe less rapidly tend ing to tho samo irrepressible and irrosistiblo intensity of feeling and expres sion. Under such circumstances, let Ilenry Clay again rcccivo tho nomination, and success is ours as suro as the government shall continue to exist. I may bo too sanguine, but I verily believe what I write. But, again, to turn tho attention, once more briefly from a view of Iho favorable circum stances ol tlio present crisis, to a consideration of the fitness of the man, allow me to say that by his lato speech, Henry Clay has renewed, strengthened and increased tho obligations under which his public career hud already placed the Whig party, and all truo friends of their country, anil added, also, in my poor judgment, to Ins power and availability as a candidate for the presidency. If his -namo was hailed with on thusiasm in 1811, it should excilo still greater now. Aside from presenting tho only feasible ground on which tho North and tho South can stand united, that speech contains truths and principles worthy tho golden period of any age or any country ; truths and principles which can stnml tho test of the most rigid philosophical analysis, the languago alike of political wisdom and sound philosophy. If they aro not now, as some have disparagingly said, they arc, on that account, 110110 tho less precious, vital and practi Burlington and 1 as lie pleases, ice or no ice. The French I.nngiinge. Our readers will notice, in our advertisin I columns, that Mons. Troyon proposes to in struct in the French Language such of our cit izens as may employ his sorviccs. Mons Troyon is quite recently from " la belle France,' and brings very satisfactory testimonials of hi character and capacity to teach, from tho Rev, Mr. Vakren, Rector of tho Protestant Church of St. Esprit, in New York. IIo has charge of tho French department, in tho excellent School of Miss Fleming, and wc trust he may moot en couragement ciscwhero among our citizens Chloroform. A now agent for producing insensibility to painful surgical operations has been discovered by Prof. Simpson, of Edinburgh, which bid fair to put Sulphuric Ether's noso out of joint, Tho new " mixter " is called Chloroform, and is thus defined, " for tho benefit of country moi bers," by a writer in tlio Boston Medical Jour nal : "Chloroform is the pcrchloride of formvle being, in chemical language, llie hypothetical radical of for mic acid." Our readers can now mako chloroform for themselves ! .11 r. Vutlcinnre. The numerous friends, in Vermont, of this dis tinguished philanthropist will be glad to learn of his whereabouts, and wo copy the following laragraph from the N, Y, Ihcning 1'ostot tho 81I1 instant : Mr. Vattemare proceeds to-morrow to Washing ton, for the purHise of nttenduig lo some matters con nected with bis plan ot literary and scientific exchnnges between ua lions. We hope bis success will be such as 10 show ihe world that we are notn people of one idea that with visa wardoesnol dnvet-very thing else out of uur heads that w-e can cultivate the nns of pence even while we are prosecuting a war abroad, uiiu quartciuugai Home uuout it, Dnguerreotypo Mncliiiii-ry. Among the multitudinous variety of useful and fancy articles exposed for sale at tho Bazar of Messrs. BkinsMaiiis, we havo noticed every appurtenance, including tho finest German and American Instruments, for tho successful pur suit of tho "art" of taking Dagucneotype likenesses. Esquire ! " Tis true, tis pity ; nnd pity 'us, 'us true We know not how others may be affected by this discovery, but to us it is " most tolerable and not lo be endured." But, joking apart, we have rarely been " bet tor tickled" than by reading our jollicose friend verses. If there is any thing to object against them it is their exuberance of point and humor- Certainly every one of the 43 stanzas has a joke in it that "sticks out" like a frog in a snake, The story or plot is " no great shakes" ; but the way it is told produces " great shakes" beyond a peradventure. It appears that Captain Jones but who is Captain Jones ! Coptain Jones was a master bold Of n merchant-ship, some dozen years old, And every name could have easily told, (And never confound the ' hull' nud the ' hold, ) Throughout her inventory ; And he had sailed to foreign parts, And learn'd a number of foreign arts, And plny'd Ihe deuce with foreign hearts, As 1 Ik Captain told the story. How Captain Jones was wont to shine In the line of ships, (not Ships of the Line,') llow he'd brngotTlie Wnier.over his wine, And of women ' over llie water ! ' And then, if you credit the Captain's phrase lie-Mas more expert in such queer ways As Tloubling enpes' nnd ' putting in stays,' Than any milliner's daughter. This was Captain Jones. And Captain Jones had an elegant foot, 'T was just the thing for his patent boot, And could so prettily shove it, 'T w-as a genuine plensute to see it repeat, In the public walks, the .Uilomau lent Ol bearing the calf ubove it. But the Captain's prominent personal charm Was neither his loot, nor leg, nor nnn, Nor his very tlislingue nir ; Nor wns, although you're thinking upon 't, The front ol his head, but his' head and Iront' Uf beautiful coal-black hair. And though you may deem ihe assertion rash, There never was such another mustache A gentleman's lip to cover ; T wns such a broad and shady shed Over his leeth ns they lay in tlieir tied, That in English or I rench . 'tw-ns properly said To be a perfect chef.d'aurte. Now it appears that this Captain Jones fell in lovo with .Miss Susan Brown, who fell in love with the Captain's hair; and they were mar ried ; and, on tlio evening or the marriage, " Swarry," tho newly installed Mrs. Captain Jones, in an unlucky moment, attempted to pos sess herself of one of tho Captain's locks, and his wig camo off! This is tho denouement. Nothing xcry funny in the plot, but, as we said before, tho way it is developed is rich. Wo aro not going to quoto much of this cun ning affair. 11 those who wish to read it do themselves tho justice to subscribe for the Knickerbocker, commencing with the Decem ber number, and they will get two good things at the price and value of one. We should do it, but that our poverty won't let our will con sent. We cannot refrain, after all, from quoting one verse that contains a capital hit at "the very voluminous Mr. James," the Novelist; his " Knight of Gwynne" alone serving to add point to tho poet's wit, by rendering it slightly exag gerated : And Susan Brown had a seore of names, lake the very voluminous .Mr. James, ( If10 got at the Vottt his strongest claims To be reckorid a Man of Letters ,") Hut thinking the task will hardly please Scholars who 've taken the higher degrees, To be set repeating their A, U, C's, 1 choose to reject such fetters as these. Though merely Nominal letters. Besides this, speaking of Miss Brown, it is said : The patronytnical name of the maid Was so completely overlaid With a long pra-iioiuinnl cover, That il each additional proper noun Was laid, w ilh additional emphasis, down, Miss Susan was ' done uncommonly Brown,1 The moment her christ'ning was over! We think that will do. cellent hands. The intelligent nnd accomplish ed few who stood by its cradle, are the witness cs and directors of its matured strength. That it will go on prospering, in encouraging and rewarding genius, and. above all, in promoting a taste for the works of genius, we have no rea son to doubt. In looking ovcr tho list of prizes, which ap pear to havo been quite equitably distributed from Maine to Louisiana, we observe that three were allotted to Vcrmontcrs : A landscape, to L. B. Jamison, a Silver Medal, commemora tive of Washington Allston, to II. P. Bradley, and a bronze Medal, to Mrs. S. C. Henhaw. We trust there will be an increased patronage of this most praise-worthy Union, in Vermont, the coming year. Col. J. H. Peck, of Bur lington, as our readers have already learned, is the efficient and active Honorary Secretary, in Burlington, and ho will, wo doubt not, be glad to add to the Forty subscribers which ho had the pleasure to forward last year. John C. Cnlliouii. l.ct nobody say, here after, that thero aro not sacks of good things in " old Knick." A New .Movement. Tho original friends of the feeble but mischiel making Administration of James K. Polk are leaving their defence and support of it, as rats are said to leave a sinking ship. It is but a few- days since we had the profound satisfaction of recording the adoption of a resolution, intro duced by an early supporter of Mr. Polk, (Mr. Wcntworth, of Illinois.) which asserted a doc trine In regard to Internal Improvements directly in opposition to that which forms the staple of tho Veto Messages of the President a resolu tion, too, manifestly aimed at the last expression of Executive hostility to such Improvements. This resolution, it will bo recollected, was adop ted by a vote of 135 to SI more than the two thirds majority required to pass a bill, veto or no veto. Such a vote, under such circumstances, was a stinging commentary on the elaborate reasoning of the President, and was nothing more nor less than the expression of a " tcanl of confidence" iri his principles and policy. We have, to-day, the still further and higher gratification of announcing that the great South ern Statesman, whose name stands at the head of this article, has joined the patriotic brother hood of great men (Clay, Gallatin, Kent) who have, fearlessly and in the spirit and tone of true patriotism, denounced the existing War with Mexico as unnecessary and wrong in its commencement, wrong in its continuance, and fraught with manifold dangers to the Republic. We shall publish tho speech of Mr. Calhoun next week. It 'u, as would be expected, clear, cogent, powerful ; and the striking coincidence of its main views with thoso of Mr. Clay and Mr. Gallatin cannot fail, at once, to arrest the attention. Mr. Calhoun Eays, in the begin ning : In offering, Senators, these resolutions for your con sideration, Ihave been governed by the reasons winch induced me lo oonose the war. and bv the same con siderations 1 have been ever since guided. In allud ing to my opposition to the war, I do not intend to notice ihe reasons which governed me on thai occa sion, further than it is necessary to explain my mo tives uwn the present. 1 opposed ihe war then, not only because 1 considered it unnecessary and that tt tntgiti lure oeett eastiy arotaea; not only because J thoushttlte President had no authoritu to order a tfortiutt of the territory in dtsjiute and in ossessioii of the Mexicans, to be occupied by our troops; not onty iiecuuse t venerea tne nttegattons upon tcntcn II teas sanciionea tiy vangress trere unjounaed tn trutlt, but Irom high considerations of reason and policy, be cause 1 believed il would lead 10 great and serious evilB to the country and greatly endanger its free in stitutions. Our readers cannot fail to observe that the passage wo have marked in italics presents pre cisely the ground on which the Whigs baso tlicir opposition to the War, and for maintaining which they have been universally reviled and calumniated, by every Locofoco paper in the Union, from tho Union down, as "traitors" to their country. It is the broad platform, too, on which are found .Mr. Clay and Mr. Gallatin the ground of Truth, of Justice, of Humanity. What a singular epectaclo is thus presented by the existing state of opinion in this great Union respecting this despicablo War! On one side wo find Gallatin, Kent, Webster, Clay, Calhoun, and on the other, rampant for tho war, and for digging ihto "the vital parts" 01 a miscrauio snauuw ol a Republic on our bor ders, wo find I'olh, .Many, Cass, Allen, and a multitude of such political small fry and rene gades as ruiotc anil Cushtng ! In ,uc, Rn nr, P'l":. t n Mr A.bmnll of initio 110USC tn iirrintniii i';i i . .1 VI..... I.i.oni to ..lE.r,.. Ill rHSOIltloll itiuuiriut into ttlT exnediencv of repealing laws prohibiting the trans- 1 . ... Jt i... I ... ....IAN Im nnvllp mnnn,. lortatioil 01 eucis uiiu , t was adopted. . , , , . . . , Mr. Houston of Delaware introduced joint resolu tions of thanks to (Sen. Taylor, Ins ollicers and men. Mr. Henley ol Indiana tnofeuio amenu j.iu the words" while engaged, as tliey were, in ueienu- g the rights ana Honor ol ine country. lr. Ashmiin of Massachusetts moved further to nmend by adding" in a tear unnecessarily and tin- constitutionally ticgun vy inci ictuciiiuj im ui- " 'm-k'..o nn-a were ordered on this last amend ment, ond il was adopted, bya vole oft3 to SI. With out any further action, the lloue adjourned. Tuesday, January I. In Senate. Mr. Cas submitted a resolution, calling . ,i... ..r nf War for anv desuatches received from commanders of the army since the annual report. Adopted. , , , . , r The Hennie then proceeded to the consideration ol the resolutions of Mr. Calhoun, who spoke at length in defence of the same. On motion ot Mr. Sevier, the resolutions were then laid on the table, to be taken up again alter the bill to increase the army has been disposed 01. Mr. Duller ottered n resolution inquiring ns to the expediency of authorizing the President to promote olliceis ol the army immediately, in newly-raised regiments, without prejudice to tueir present com missions. ... The Senate went into Executive session. Adj. House of Heprefcittiitires. On motion of Mr. BotLs he resolution directing the renewal ot the late con tract for the transportation of the Great Southern Mad was postponed till to-morrow. On motion ol Mr. lirodhead, the House went into Committee of the Whole on the State of thi- Union on the l'resident's annual message', Mr. J. K. In gersoll in the chair. And alter some time spent therein, the Committee tos-. A Revolutionary Pensions bill, making further pro vision for the widows ot ollicers and soldiers of the revolution, passed. Mr. Hoggin's resolution, calling on the rresident to communicate any instructions relative to the re turn ol Santa Anna to Mexico, was taken up. Mo tion was made to reler it to the Committee on Foreign Atlairs. Negatived, Ti to Wi. Mr. Thompson ot Mississippi moved to amend, bv inehidinp a call for information in reirord to the 1 r. I I Al 'l-i return to .VICXICO Ol VJCII. iuieues .m. uuui,- soli's amendment was accepted by Mr. Ooggin, and Ihe resolution pass:d ayes m, noes u. .auj. WtOiLSUVi, JJiiuaiy, In Semite, The Ten Regiment bill was called up in the Senate. Mr. Crittenden moved to amend by striking out nil after the enacting clause, and insert ing a provision, authorizing the President to accept the services ol thirty thousand volunteers. And nfler debate, in which Messrs. Crittenden, Cass. Davis, ot Miss, and others participated, the amend ment was negatived yeas il), nnjs i!fi. llie Dill was oruerea 10 oe eugru--.-u, ,m-u motion of Mr. Ilnnnegan some Senators wishing to siieak on the bill the Senate Adjourned. lluttse of Urprtscnlatiees. Major Gaines, of Ken tucky, was sworn in and took his seat. Mr. VtNADi.Es moved lo reconsider the vote of yesterday adopting llie resolution calling on the President for instructions relative to the return to Mexico nt Santa Anna nnd Paredes. Mr. Asiiml-n moved to lay Mr. Venvble's motion on the tabic. Carried, yeas 107, najs ST. The Sieaker presented several communications from Departments; also the Hepoiu of the Regents o the Smithsonian lnst.tutioii, showing the operations, exjienditures nnd condition ol that institution. On motion ol Mr. Burrs, llie House went into Com mittee of the Whole on Ihe special order the Reso lution of Mr. UondiN to renew the Southern .Mail Contract, Mr. Smith ol Indiana in the chair. Air. Jo.si-s ol Tenu. otlered an amendment, requi rim, the Kailroad Company lo pay an enuitable in demnity to the Uay Line, which now has the contract. Messis. HoTTsi Lincoln, und Root addressed the Committee. Mr. Jones obtained the floor, and the Cominiltee rose. Adjourned. Washington, Jan. C, 1318. Senate. Mr. Divon Lewis, the Senator elect front Alabama, appeared at the bar and was duly qualified Mr. Corvvin presented a petition from the Friends of i'enns)lvania, in faver ot terminating the war, and assembling a Congress of all Nations tor the purpose of iierpriuanng peace. .vir. .MA! ason olll-red a resolution admittinz the Edi tors of the Union to the floor of the Senate. It lies over. Mr. Badger, from ihe Military Committee reported a bill to provide for tilling up vacancies m the volun teer service and extendim the bounty ol twelve dol lars givento regulars, lo trie volunteers. On motion ot Jelfersou Davis it was amended so as to extend the same bounty to the second regiment of dragoons and the mounted ritlemeu. The bill was then passed. On motion of Mr. Cass, the Ten Regiments bill w-as taken up, read a third time, and the question be ing on its passage, Mr. Hale made a speech in opposition to the wnr and to granting iarther supplies ol any description for carrying it on. The Ays and Nays were ordered on the passage of the bill, when Mr. Reverdy Johnson obtained tho tloor and the Senate passed into Executive session. Adjourned to Monday. Iluuiv of licpreseittatires. On motion of Mr. Jones, the House went into Committee ol the Whole, .Mr. Smith of Indiana, in the Chair and took up the resolution for renewing the late Southern mail ar rangement. Mr. Jones uddres-s.il the Committee, and was followed by Messrs. Murphy, .Meade and Brown ol Penit. .Mr. Brown havingconcludeJ,on motion of Mr Stan ton the Committee rose, and a resolution vvas adopted clo-ing ihe debate in Committee, at ball past two. Tne debate was renewed, in Committee, by Mr. Goggiu, who spoke till the hour lived for closing the debate; and, otter con-iderahle debate on a question ol order, on motion ot .Mr. Cobb, the House adjourned. Friday, Jan. 7 The Senate to-day, without transacting any busi ness of interest, adjourned ovel to Monday next. Ill the House, the Southern Mad was again dis cus?ed in Commilee ol the Whole, .Mr Smith of Indi ana in the chair. Mr, Jones' amendment, providing for indemnity by the Railroad Company to llie Chesapcak Bay Compa- iij civ., wasuuopieu, oj 10 w. Mr. Green proposed to amend by providing that the proposed contract shall not increase the expendi tures Irom the funds of the department Adopted, s3 to C'.'. Under this heading, tho N. V. Journal of Com- vcree says that tho colored residents of New Vork are about sending ofl' somo of Iho most respectable of their number to the new Republic j ravi whero is it likely that true Statesmanship of Liberia, with a view to cxtensivo emigration anJ lrllc I'atfiotlsra aro to be found ? 'J'o which thither, provided tho report of the agents de-1 c'as f men ''mcs f danger or of great na spatched should prove, as wo doubt not it will, ' tional exigency or embarrassment, think you . . .... . . . ... . . 1. 1 .1.- A ll - lavorauie. mis new and Interestine Republ c , "1H -"r-icAN i f.ofle commit tho reins on tho shores of Africa is in a nourishing and prosperous condition, as appears by tho latest messnpo of Gov, Roberts, who has been elected President. ol their Government? The question is an in. suit to tho intelligence and patriotism of our readers, When tho Polks and the Marcos and the .trVetj of this belligerent dinasty of partisan I'rum Mexico. The Steamship New Orleans, arrived at New Or leans. Dec. 'is, wi-li advices from Vera Crui to the -llh. Among tier passengers was General Pierce, vv ho, it is said, will resign his commission as soon ns he reaches Washington. The New Orleans also brought over the remains of Colonel Butler, Lieutenant Col. Dickinson, Colonel T. II. Hanson, Lieutenant Colonel Graham, Captain Thompson and Ta lor, Lieutenants Williams, L'lnrk and Adams, Sergeant Madison, Dr. Slade, Privates Trezevatit and Kennedy. The dates by ibis arrival are no later from the city of Mexico. 'Ihe trnm which lelt the capital on the Bth lust, wuh Generals Twigs and Pierce, reached Vera Cruz on the 'id, and brings us interesting cor respondence, though of an earlier date than we have published. Yeie Urleant Vtcayutte. It is said that Generals Scott, Worth and Pit- low, and Col. Duncan arc to be called home, and that Gen. Taylor w ill assume tho supreme com mand of the army in Mexico. There is, also, a rumor that Mr. Trist has agreed on a basis for a Treaty of Peace with new Mexican Commissioners. The rumor is not coniirmed ; and, as it first appeared in the A'. Y, Herald, It isn't likely that it ever will be. Gen, Pierce has arrived at N'ow Orleans, and, it is said, will resign his commission on reaching Washington his private business requiring his attention. The late locofoco candidate for Governor of Massachusetts, the illustrious ,b'enor Cushtng, has at last reached Mexico, after alt the fighting was over. It U supposed by many that he will fall into another ditch and break his other leg, out of sheer vexation at not having had a chanca to " rletli his maiden sword."