Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 28, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 28, 1848 Page 1
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3 t I. I. 4ft iivRTiinrToiv, i'iuday noRWiive, January 28, is is. IVcw S'l'i'ics, Vol. 3 Xo. 31. Vol. XXI. Whole No. IOM, fiuvlington xtt press. Published at Hurlinslon, Vt., lly 1. W. C. CT.AllKIl Editor and Proprietor. Termst To Villase subscribers who receive the paper by llifrnrripr S'iJU rarrier, . ' Ifnaid In advance t , .. , , . .,!, Mail subscribers and those who take 11 at the OlFice, 150 ' li paid in advance Advertisements inserted onlhc customary terms KTIJK.V.U, JUSTlCll. BV CIlAni.ES STACKAV. The man is thoiiiilit a knave or fool, Or bigot plotting crime, Who for advancement of his kind Is wiser than ids time. Tor him the hemlock shall ililil J l'or him the In; bared j l'oTtmit me rmiiiei slum tie built ; For him the stake prepared ; Him shall the scorn and wralli of men Pursue wi'Ji deadly aim ; And malice, envy, spite, and lies, Shall desecrate his name, lint irnlli shall conquer at ihe Inst, l'or round and round we run, And ever the mrht comes uppermost, And ever is juMicc done. Tace through thy cell, old Pocralcs, Cheerily tonndlro; Tru-t to the impulse of thy soul And let the poison How. They may shatter to earth the lamp of clay That holds the light divine, lint they cannot quench the lire of thought lly any such deadly wine j They cannot blot thy spoken words Flow Ihe ineiiioryot mm, Myall the poison ever was bruised Since Tune his course began. To-day abhorred, to-morrow adored. Ho round and round we run, And ever the trulh comes uppermost, And ever is justice done. l'lod in thy cave, gray anchorite, He wiser than thy peer" ; Augment the range of human power, And trust to coming years. They may call thee wizard, and monk accursed, And load thee with dispraise ; Thou wert born m e hundred years too soon ('or ilie coiulort ol thy dais. Hot not too soon ior human kind, Time li'itli reward in stole, And the demons of our ircs become The saints that we adore. Th blind can sec, the slav e is lord ; So round and round we run, And ever ihe wrong is prut ed tube wrong, And ever b justice done. Keep, Galileo, to thy thought, Ami nervethysoultobear: They may gloat o'er the senseless words they wring from the pangs ol thy despair, They may veil tli'drcyc, but they cannot hide Tne "uu's meridian glow ; The heelolapiiestniaytread thee down, And a tyrant work thee woe ; Hut never a truth has been destroyed : They may curse and call it crime ; Pcivcit and belray, or slander and slay Its teachers for a time, liut the sunshine aye shall light the sky, As round and round we run, And truth shall ever come uppermost, And justice shall be done. And live there now such men as these Willi thoughts like the great ot old I Many haiu died in their misery, And lett their liiiiiill.iillliilf ; And many he, and me ranked as mail. Anil are placed in the cold world's ban, l'or sending their bright, souls Three centuries in ihe van, They loil in penury and grief Unknown, if not maligned j Forlorn, forlorn, beaiing the worn Of the mealiest of mankind. Hut yet the world goes round and round, And the genial seasons run, And em the truth comes uppermost, And ever is justice done. SPEECH OF HON. JOHN P. HALE, for sew liAJii'Miinr,,) In the Senate, ThiinJiiy, January G, on the ' tvi HrXlinuil JIM. From Houston's Report uf Proceedings and IXbatcs. which is taken by tho Hritish Parliament, I con-1 "Few calamities could bpfal this country more The bill to raise for a limited time, an addi- sider that tho course of those who think tho war i to be deplored than the establishment of a pre- tionil military force, was read a third lime. wrong, is plain and clear, and admits of no mi dominant Hritish iulluence and the abolition of The question being on tho passage of tho bill, take. Upon a question of voting supplies, I domestic slavery in Texas." Mi:. Half. reeling compelled from my con-1 think tho very first thing to bo inquired into by Pew calamities could befal the country like victions of duly to tako a cuurso in reference lo I Congress, is, whether tho object lor which the this ! this bill in which I am aware very few Senators supplies aro demanded is a correct and legiti- 1 had understood, up to the time when I read will entirely coincide, 1 h ivc thought, humble as ' mate object ? If it be determined that the object this declaration, tliat the institution of slavery, is the sphere in which I move, Ihat it was due : is a proper one, let the supplies bo granted; if for good or bad, was a Stato institution. 'J to those who placed mo in the position I occupy, 'otherwise, withhold them. This is my under- thought it was one which the general govern to let my vote upon the lull go out accompanied standing of the nature of our Constitution. I , mcnt had no right to touch. Everything that 1 with the reasons which have induced me to take bac heard our government spoken of as a gov- had ever heard upon tlie subject bad tended to il.n .,rsi ,. l,!,.1i I no, tn inl n 1 u oiild I emmcut of checks and balances, hut when you tako that institution from tho coirni.anen of the have been "lad if older and abler Senators had ' favored the Senate with their views in opposition to this bill. I would have been glad if the action ol llie Senate upon the bill bad been delayed un til the documents coming from tho soveral de partments, and which we are well nigh getting, iiad been placed before u, so that wo might have had all the light tliat could be thrown upon that, which in my "mind, is a dark subject at the li"ht- est; but seeing that the bill is likely to go thro' the forms of legi-lation, and become a law with- out having tho-e lights before us, 1 have thought it necessary to trespass brielly upon the time of tho Senate, in order to express the views which . It may lie sanl tliat I do not stand imicb in need of light, becau-c I havo already rtnebirml licit I stand hern nrenarnd In vntn ed to vote 0..a!si il.n war iii nil its fiinns! amiinst nnu measures for tho supply of troops, cither regu-1 movements were the immediate cause ol tho war, lars or volunteers, (and if there aro any oilier . is entirely irrelevant. The cause, sir, lies deep kinds, I "O against them,) becauso I stand pre- er 'ban any of these ; and when 1 speak of tho pared to volo against the appropriation of a sin-! causes r,liei waT ),erlnit me to fii't "'at 1 do it clo dollar beyond the simplo amount ns I havo I with no desiro to introduce- exciting or angry before su"estcd wli'n-li will bo ouir.oiont t discussion, or to arotiso iiiiplea.iiit leeling; but brim- hoimr vourlroops by tho shortest and cheap- baving a duly lo peifuiu. ht-ic, 1 must Jo ii low est routo. F.ntertainiug theso views, before en- icssly-I must do my duty a an American Sen-lerin-' upon the discussion of the bill, I want to 1 "lur, fceblo as it may be. And when we speak sav a vvord in regard ton sentiment which 1 1 f causes of tins war, I niu-t avow my con have heard avowed hero, and elsewhere, and it, V'ction, beyond a cavil or a doubt, to be, that il is that when the country is engaged in a war I'es m the avowed policy of the American Gov weloso all discretion, wo havo nothing to do eminent a policy which wasuvowed four rears but grant tho supplies that are demanded of us ago-to mako the extension of human slavery -an appeal being made to our patriotism-pat-1 one of its primary motives of action. And w hen - .. ' ' i..1?:...! .;,, r..i ,in,. :.. snnnnri , I say this, let mo bo understood. I refer to the nousin can oiny " "H""". ""i'i I untry into a war, has only country, and expect to receive no other response excent hearty and unanimous support. And this doctrine has been carried so far.and in bucIi high UOCUIIIO mn Ul-l-ll tui l-u ou nil, "no in omvii inu places, that the President of tho United States, I . .. ... i. l.n iIi.ii.iiim-i.iI oa tronenn flirt nnrwsiT inn fll MIUK-il as iiuasun, tuu uiiiiusitiwii wi Congress, although his mode of prosecuting the' War did not accord with their convictions. Ire- t i.i . : i: i-i.:- COIICCI O H oiiu iiioiuuni in inv leauuiu ui insiui v I which is analogous. It is stated by an English historian, that when Queen Elizabeth bad sum- inoncd her Parliament, and they were about to on-anizo for business, sho sent her messenger to " r.f. .i.i i .-i.i .1.?.... Llieill Willi nils luyui iiiauuoiu , BIIU IIIIU lllVlll to , , ., , . . , bo e y carelul that they did not meddle with ' and avowed the object at which they aimed, and afla rs of State, " beca.lse," said she, such 1 " m' by "'""-'i '' Prup0f.d ' MUtt "' min, s are altogether beyond tho compass of "'" 1'" or said to their credit yo, r nar ow unucrs.andiiig." Well, our royal , I Hut corres,K)ndence tho objects of this Gov Kesident did not follow exactly in the footsteps eminent aro as evident, us mucli beyond con ro , , ii. ji.i .i. i versv. as anything can possibly bo. No, sir! If 01 r.lizaoeiii. I ,...', ...... . . ' standtngot oiigr , j .4 11 in? its efirt w nero tins nooiri no win nm v us. octrine will curry us. will lead Suppose you nglv bad and corrupt ad-1 i not say tlmt this is such Let us see to what It will lead should havo an exceedingly bad ministration mind 1 do not tay ihatthi rtti Ailministratioii, or that we nro cvor likely to have Bticli an otic. Hut suppose that such a thin" wcro possible, and that the measures of the "President liatl beconio exceedingly odious, oppressive, burdensome, and Intolerable, and that notes of disapprobation wcro beginning to be heard from the people assembled in their prima ry meetings ; that the tones of indignation at last nnnnlrntn thn iva Us of thn iialace. and the l'resi- (1 , nmjng tliivt he conld not stand against the .....I i ...mi r... !..:....! .i,nt1,.. I,n in IIIJIIIUU ,lll,,lli;, tttmt , i s- l,,n? nimht tin to desist in his course of wrong- doing, or to retrace bis steps 1 No, sir ; this is not tho pith to popularity ; accorutngio mis nuw school of ethics and morals, be lias only to go on and pltingo the country into war, and, if ho can manage so skillfully, is to involve tho country in two wars nt once, so much tho better so much the more glory for him J a popularity iTmntfr limn that of Washington or a Jackson. This is the inference, tho plain and iiitinislakcrt ble inference. War instead of being, as it is said to be by all writers on ethics or politics, the direst calamity which Heaven in its yrath can send upon a nation, is converted by this alchemy Into a healing Rethesda, in which political piof ligacyand corruption of tho daikcst line may wasli itself and he clean. Kir, 1 utterly deny the soundness of (lie doctrine, that Congress ought to have no voice beyond granting tho supplies. II there ever is a. lime wiien opposition siiouio hp limbint. scriinulous. watchful. noticinc every I Ihiinr that is wron". it is at a tiuio when, thro the net of tbo Administration, tho country is hiirtheiied with an unnecessary war. When tne j n my nan agreeu to auvancu a supuiaicii price, fruits of industry are consumed for the support I What right had our government to interfere 1 of Mich war, and wiien wo arc surrounded byalliThc Secretary says "a movement of this sort tho horrors which war brings in its train. If cannot bo contemplated in silence." 1 agree it there ever is a time that should put men upon ' should not J but what should every American their individual judgment, reflection, and respnn-) heart have said, when it was found that a scheme nihility, it is such a time; and "ticli is our pii- of this kind was on foot ? Should they not have tiou now, and wo are there by the unadvised, ' burst out in thankful aspirations to Almighty unconstitutional, awl illegal acts of the l'resi-' God, that such a scheme of benevolence ns that, dent. I purpose, I say, to do what I may, feeble bad even been thought of. I think the Secreta- n it may be, to placcthe country right. I hate norcr learned in that school of moral or political science that bv persevering in an iincoii-titution-1 al and wrong eotnse, we shall ever come out ! right. And, sir, there is another view that is some-' times taken, which certainly docs not accord witli my own convictions, and upon which I wish to say a woul or two at this tune, (and I do it with deference to the opinions of abler men about me) and which relates to the course which those should take who believe the war to bo wrong, radically wrong. Why, I think I have heard mi idea something like this : Tho conn- trv is cmraoed in a war which is uniii.-lili.iblo wo confess it is rong to go on, wo see clearly it is wrong nevertheless wo arc now at war, and the President calls on ns for supplies of men and money, and Senalois say they will vote men and moneV, but by some sort of a process which escapes my comprehension, thev imagine they before yon, is ono of the measures which aro to aro going to throw l he responsibility on the Pres- bo adopted to redeem tho pledge thus made. In ident. 1 confess I do not understand bow they the same letter it is said : arc to escape from their due share of responsibil- "The establishment, in tho very midst of our ity. They must share the responsibility with the slavebolding States, of an independent Govern Prcsidenti let the character ol tho act be what it ' mcnt, forbidding the existenco of slavery, and may. II the war bo wrong, put nn end to it at by a people born, for the most part, among us, once. I havo no doubt the President will bo ex-. reared up in our hapits, and speaking our Ian ceedingly gratified witli opposition of this kind, gunge, could not fail lo produce the most unhap Vou will hear nothing about a factious opposi-' py effects upon both parlies." tion in the organ of the Administration. Tbo 1 When 1 saw it formally announced by the President would care little for the opposition of ( Government that it could not produce any but the whole world if it were an opposition of this " unhappy effects," I thought that I was mis kind. It is verv like Sam Weller, who happen- taken in the reading. I thought it must be a edto limi himself In prison, and a person whom 1 mistake of the printel, but I found that it vvno no niei was ucwaiiing mo nnxioriiino i naving .. I 1 !..( !.!. 1 Ill ... I. Irtl. a IIIUU.s.lllU MUUII'I-, IUI lu mill ..III, I.IIIL.II circiimstance had been tho occasion of his im prisonmciit. " I w till, exclaimed bam, "all inv eneinies would trv to ruin mo in that way." Just so Willi the t're-ident. 1 on tell him lie is enough at home, that they hade farewell to cv wrong, while at tho same lime von vote him all cry thing that bound their hearts to tho land of the men and money (hat he aks you for. JIclicviiu? that the cause o! this war is radically I wroiiL'. I hold it to he the tirst, the plainest, and i the simplest duty of (hose who think ns 1 do, lo 1 withhold supplies and compel the President to do what wo believe lo no right. Jielieving mere i . is a strict and pertinent analogy between the enough (ine more extract and 1 leave tins let I course to bo pursued by Congress, and that ! ter. speak of the President having the power to make war unconstitutionally and illegally, I cannot subject of Stato policy. Rut hero I find it bap understand the cause or propriety of that courso tized, and made one ol the Gods before which the of conduct which would sustain him in his un- whole people aro to bow down and worship, constitutional act. Prom this cause, whether remote or iminedi- lielicviug, then, that the question of this war ate, this war proceeded. Can any man deny is a question which ought to bo discussed; that this? Wo may have our doubts whether, if it lies at tne very oououi 01 mo question 01 sup-, idles, I will proceej to give my views to tho Senato and the country, of this war. And, as I suggested the other diy, in the few remarks w hich 1 had the honor to siilnnit, 1 beheyo tliat i tbe canto of the war lies a little deeper thangany j lllat llas ll0C." a'irccl by those who have ex- presseu uieir opinion-, uiuu mu suujeci. i no- "eve that tbo question, . whether it arose irom tho marcn oi uenerai lajior n uiu mo viranuo, or i whether any of thoso incidental and temnor.irv .;,,-!,,, ,.,...,..,..1 , ,i, ,i:..i, .,.,,! i annexation ol lexas i . - . . . i permit mo to say, question, 1 uo it Willi a desire and disiiosilion to do full iiistico to tbo of ficers of this Government who were engaged in that correspondence. 1 will do them the jiistico . - , , .. , , ... r -.. . t" y, tba wha they did, they did manfully and ulinviiluiaril. I hnn, w:is nn rntiepiilinnnt v - - .... . . .. t. f v course was very ""crcni irmn uu o. a set ot among us. called Northern men men wo navo , r . , t . , principles-men who profess to bo agaitis slay. '. but who are nevertheless enlisted in the aveho ding interest ready to do slavery s bid- d'J'K' was not tbo case with the men o whom I havo referred. Ihey cumo out boldly tlm tinners of a hand were sent from tho throne of Eternal light, to writo this upon iho wall over . . . . ... , ... "B"'. " " i'"" your head, it would not Hash conviction more ream'y t0 mc lml"' ,nan 's ''ono ui' a Pr"s;1l "f tlwt correjondcm'c. 1 will not go through tho whole of it, but will content myself with sending to tho.Clcrk and asking him to read an extract from this letter: Tamo, therefore, or urgent necessity to provide Dr.r.vnTvirAT ok Stati:, ) for tho tjclcnco of that portion of our country. Washington, August 8, 18 in. 'Accordingly, on tho l3tli of January last, In Sir A nrlvate letter from a citizen in .Marv- struclions were issued to the ceiieral in enm- land, then in London, contains tho following pas- sago: " I learn Iromn, source entitled tno itiiiesi con-1 nna in ins annual message to uongress on fidence, that there is now hero a Mr. Andrews, , the Bill of December, 184(3, ho repeats tho asser doputcd by the abolitionists of Texas to ncgo- tion, and ho not only repeats the declaration that liato willi the Hritish Government j that ho has war exists by the net ol Mexico, but bo saysev secn Lord Aberdeen, and submitted his pry'cctlcry honorablo effort lias been made by me to for the abolition of slavery in Texas j which is, 1 prevent the war, but all proved In vain, and the that thcro shall bo organized a company in ling- war ban come notwithstanding ho was so ex land who shall advanco a sum sullicicnt to pay I cocdingly opposed to it. Now I desire to cxim for the slaves now in Texas, and receive In ray-I no this matter. Tho President is not satisfied mont Texas lands ; that the sum thus advanced with thus telling us that the war arose from the shall bo paid over as an indemnity for tho aboli-1 act of Mexico, and that he bad used every hon tion of slavery; and I am authorized by the orable exertion to avoid it. He comes forward Texan minister to ray to yon, that l,ord Abcr-lin his message this year and tells us fourteen deen lias agreed that the Hritish Government! limes distinctly, and several times Impliedly, will guarantee the payment of tho interest on , tlmt it arose from the act of Mexico. It seems this ban, upon condition that tbo Texan Gov- a part of-tho President's relig'r'"rrr accompany eminent will abolish slavery." his more solemn acts witii tho continual declar- Tliis proposition, it will bo seen, was exceed-' ation that "war exists by the act of Mexico," as ingly simple and easy to be understood. It an- it was of the followers of Maboinmed, to preface nounced, not that there was a schemo on foot their more serious sayings with Ihe oft-repeated iiinongst a set of fanatical politicians, to decoy avowal that there was " no God but Allah, and away tho slaves, not to tlcal them nothing ot" j Maboinmed Ids prophet." Now let vs examine that sort but a nronosition bad been entertain- this matter: did it commence bv the net of Alex- ed, by which the government and slaveholders i ol lexas agreed to abolisii slavery, and lor this , agreement on their part, it was said that a com ry says well in saying that they could not look on in silence. The Secretary further says, "such an attempt upon any neighboring country would nccc'iiu- iy ue vieweu uy tins iiovomnicni wiui very uecp concern." Certainly, they should have looked on with deep concern, as deep as that willi which all'oc- turn watches by the side of dying love, now gatli- ering hope from the symptoms, that the smiles ol health will again smooth the cheek of love, and then trembling lest the pall of despair should settle on our hopes. Again ho says, "it cannot be permitted tostic- cced without llie most strenuous effort on our part to arrest a calamity so seriousto every paitjOf the storm, standing at the east front of this ol our country. A calamity so serious to eve- rv part of the country ; so serious to N. ll.imp- sliire, to Massachusetts, and tho other New llnoland Stales ! And, sir, this bill which is now no mistake, mat tho announcement was really .. HM.... ...:..l. .1 .1;., .1 nn uiauL- What a mistake then did tho Pil'Tim Fathers mako in coming to found a colony in the Vn... vv.ri.i i.7. :.i ,i.X . iiuiiu) ..iitii.- iiiuj iiiiiii a,uiii lliu ,iii?u inuenccs of slavery. Had thev not slavrrv quenccs their birth, ihe land where the bones of their l'.ilhers reposed, and came over and founded tbo institution of American slavery ? Was it lor this that thoso pilriols wandered from land lo Holland, and from Holland here? In lieawii s name, was not I.ngland oppressive general government, and mako it exclusively a there had been more caution and prudence, tin war would havo been precipitated upon us at so early a period. Hut is it not evident that the whole nutter springs from this 1 Was not au- nexatiou itself an act of war 1 War was exist ing between .Mexico and Texas at'tho time. lly the very fact of annexing to ourselves one ol llie I belligerent nations, wo incurred the rcs- poiisibility of Ik.hting her battles. If this, then, bo the cau-o of the war, I como next to tbo question how tins war commenced ? Well, sir, it may seem exceedingly strange that one should bo found asking tliat question at this time, when tho President has told us over and over again so many tunes bow it commenced tliat it com menced by tho act of .Mexico. Said tho Presb dent in his message to Congress of the lltli ituv, l4(i " lu my message at the commencement ol the present session, 1 informed you that, upon tho earnest appeal both tit tlio Congress and L.on volition of Texas, 1 had ordered an efficient mil itary force to tako a position ' between the Nuc- ces and tbe Del Norte." This bad become ne cessary, to meet a threatened invasion of Texas by the'Mexicau forces, for which extensive mil itary preparations had beeninadu. The invasion was threatened solely because Texas had deter mined, in uccordauco with a solemn resolution ol tho Congress of Iho United States, to annex herself to our Union; and, under these circtttn-lect and occupy, on or near the Rio Grandodei stances, it was plainly our duty to extend ouri Noite, such asitens will consist with the health protection over her citizens and soil. of the troops, and will bo beat adapted to repel 'This forco wab concentrated at Corpus Chris-1 invasion, and to protect what, in tlio event of li, and remained there until after 1 had received 1 annexation, will be our western border. You such information from .Mexico a rendered it will limit yourself to tho defence of tho territory probable, if not certain, that tho Mexican govern- of Texas, unless Mexico ihould declare war mcnt would refuso to receive our Envoy. I against the Uniled Stales. '-Meantime, Texas, by tbe final action of our j " Your movement to tho Gulf of Mexico, nnd Congress, bad become an integral part of our, your preparations lo embark for the western fron Uniou. Tho Congress of Texas, by its act of, tier of Texas, are to bo made without any de December 19, 1830, bad declared tho Rio doll lay." Norte to bo iho boundary ol that republic. Its' 'Well, now, what do von think of this pious jurisdiction had been extended and exorcised be-i President 1 On tho 15lli of June he ordered the youdtho Nueces. Tho country between that troops lo bo ready to embark for the coast of river and tho Del Norlo had been renresented in 1 Mevien. ami lim months nfloru-nnt. . .. the Congress and in the convention of Texas ; had thus taken part 111 tho uct of annexation it - ii I :. ..'... !...!.. i , .. bad. moreover, with irnut iinanitniiv. bv ib m.t r "I" . " ..: """.""VB"-' i annroved December :tl. 1815. recoonized ibn i i .. .. - ' n . - i npp.".v. -..",uv,'"' ' country beyond tho Nueces us a j j ritory, by including it within our 'system and a revenue olliccr, lo part of our ter- our own revenue iwiuv whiiiii sen , urn is now mciuueo. wiuiiii one oi ouruiod, "to havo Inm ill Ills sale and hoy keep - r,,rn.sli.,,-,l .ticlr lc t ....... I !....,,,. ..if. .1 1, . . . that district, lias been appointed, by and with tho advice and consent of tho Senate. It be- maud ol these troops to occupy tho left bank of itbe Del N'ortc." ico ? .Such is not my reading. Tho taking possession ol Texas was of Itself an act ol war. Sir, at the time of the American revolution, when Franco signed a Treaty of Alliance ivith us, Great Britain was not long in finding out that that was an net ol war. lint suppose that act ivaH not one of war, what follows ? One of tho fundamental conditions of the Joint Resolution for annexing Texas to tho Unit ed States, was war. " First, said State to be formed tubiert to the adjustment by this government, o:"all questions !of boundary." "Subject to the adjustment of al questions of boundary !" That was tho verv first condition which the American Congress lixed to the act of annexation. Well, is it necessary for ine to stand hero to-day to tell the American people, that if there is a question of boundary existing, and one party goes and occupies the territory to tho extreme verge of tbo claim that is an act of war? Why, I think the President himself, in the course of the controversy with Great Brit ain, must have found that this was the case, al though one of the first acts of his administration was to tell tho people in his inaugural address, that our title to Oregon was clear and unqiies- ,: I.l t .1.- I!- .-! I .1... .l.!...'.. uouauiu. i saw ine i rusiueiiL uimii iiiutiiipping iapiioi, reminding the people how young a man no was, ami yci no would havo Ihe whole ot ur- I almost expected to hear him say- " You'd scarre expect one of mynge, To speak in public on the stage." I know not whether I was most amused at the juvenility of the President, or Ins determination to seize upon the whole of Oregon, lie would not even submit tho question to arbitration, be cause that would bo admitting that Great Bri- tian had some sort of title there. Nothing short of tbe whole would satisfy liiiu. Why, a man could hardly bo recognized as a DemocraVTii the rvastern stales, unless he was lor claiming the wnoie 01 urcgon. 110 must go tor ol" 4U , or be was no Democrat; and one Slate l?gisU' turowas so violent in the cause, that they were tor claiming 51" -10 . 1 wonder it never occur red to the President to setid-our officer and tako possession ol the territory up ,10 that line. Why did he not do this i ltecause ho know, and everybody know, it would be an act of war. 1 ie knew it would be so considered by Great Hri tian and resented by her. Well, so it was here. 1 lie sending ol lien. Taylor to tho Rio Grande was, beyond all controversy, an act of war. Rut 1 propose to give you the l'resident s own ac count of it In bis Message of May, 1810, lie says : "lie kept the troops at Corpus Christ!, until it endercd certain that tbo .Mexican govern- was rem ment had refused to receive Mr. Siidcll. Well. on tho loth day of November this commissioner was appointed, and not being much acquainted with matters of diplomacy, 1 of course take what the President said, as being what he meant ".Mil.'s LI'.TTCU Of CKKDCXCC. JAMKS K. POLK, President of the United State uf America. '

Gi'.uat axu Goon l'V.inxu : I have m . , - 01 ao ,x o ie...., one o, onr ..isiinguis . cd citizens, lo reside near the government of tho' Mexican republic 111 the quality of Knvoy Ux- traoiuin iry and .Minister I'lenipoteiitiary ol tho United States of America, lie is well informed of tho relative interests of tho two countries, and of our sincere desire to restore, cultivate, and strengthen friendship and good correspon dence between us; and, from a knowledge of his fidelity and good conduct, I have entire conli-, deuce Ihu't ho will render himself acceptable to the .Mexican government, by Ins constant en deavors to prcserveand advanco tbo interest and hatimnnss nl Iwilli ,i itlmis I therefore request your excellency to receive him favorably, unci i, i,r. full ,.r.l,. in i,.,in,.A i. i.'..n 011 tho oart of ihu United Siatps. And I n'rav- God to have villi in his safe and Iinlv bit,itir. "Written at llie city of Washington tlie tenth day of .November, in tho year of our Ird one 0 certainly, In giving our voles, mii'i no sup thousand eight hundred 'and forty-live, and of , posed to have some object to aliaiu that object, the independence of tho United States tho seven lietu. Your good friend JAMES K. POLK. Ry tho President: J.Y.vir.s JlrclUNAN, Secretary of State. To His Excellency, Don Josi: Jo.mji'im IIr.i:i:i:nA, l'resident of the Mexican Republic." " And pray God to havo you in his holy care nnd keeping !" How pious the President is ! no prays lor Ins enemies, llns was written J 011 tho 10th of November. Now I want to read another document, to bhow how Mr. Polk was treating Ins good friend on tho 15th of June pre ceding. In a confidential communication from tint war Department, dated Juno 15,1815, to General Taylor, 1 find tho following : ine point 01 your ummaic destination is the . western frontier of Texas, where you will so- I messenger to General ilerreui.andby the hands ! of this messenger, a supplication to Almighty "TV . , i i . i in i ii it . v i'g, iwii prayer noma im, ,0 Had taken ,i.S ,,ii.,.. ,,. '.., I i !.... ,i n'., .... , . am,,, ti,-., ,i,nib Imfurn t ,,.v i.iT.. i.. i.i ' ... ...w i inu nun sluio and keeping. Well, 1 will not detain thn 8n, ato long on this part of the nutter. It seems to ine 10 tie too piaiu iur cavil ; ana 1 J had tbe i. sue to ho tried before twelve good men and true, the first witness 1 would call would be James K. Polk for I never knew a witness who was con scious of toiling tho truth, who lound It neces sary to repeat so often tbo same assertion. Why does the President go into so long and la bored an effort to prove that wo bad good cause ol war 1 If Ibis were the case, and we had not commenced it, instead ol being to our credit, it would have been a disgrace to us. It would Ipivi, ulmwM i,s a tiiisilliiniinotis nation. It is. ui.ciu.u, a i i v o - ...... il wis were tne case, it snows inui vie snuum have done what the President has labored to show we havo not done. Tho President may conquer Mexico, but he never can succecu m conquering tho truth. Ho may direct as many guns to bear upon it as it would require to si lence it Mexican battery, but ho w ill not be so successful, Well, ifthiswas the cause of tbo war if ibis wastiio manner lu which tho war commenced. what are wo carrvintr it on for now ? What do wo propose ? What do wo want 1 W by in the iiicsago ol the President to Congress, , in 1846 ho tells its that it was not conquest that ho do-1 sired: but in the nvssatre of this year he modi lies it a little. Now the conquest he disavows; that is ho docs not mean to take tbo whole of Mexico. 1 suppose that he means to divide il, very much as Lord Aberdeen divided Oregon with him, to take what ho wants, and leave the rest, lie says: "Il was never contemplated by mo to inako a permanent conquest of Mexico, ortodestroy her nationality. Well, sir, actions speak louder ' than words, and I need not admonish gentlemen , on this Hour of this fact, Tor I havo prool in my, hand. What does the President tell you? 1 heard it asserted by a Senator the other day ,that Senators voted for the appropriation of the war under a protest. That they did it for nothing else than to relievo General Taylor from the critical position in which he was placed. The President came and made the thrilling an nouncement that American blood had been shed on American soil. And while every heart pal pitated at such an outrage, Senators, cnxioiis to relieve Gen. Taylor, were now willing to vote the supplies required, even though the bill for raising them was accompanied by the declara tion winch, at thai tune, they believed lo tie 1111-, true, that " war existed by the act ol Mexico. They gave their votes under the protest Ihat it was expressly for the relief of Gen. Taylor. And what does the President now say to tho'o Senators? Why, ho says you did nut mean any , honor to state in my despatch (No. (iS) of the to come after lis. If here the experimentof self such tiling1. You could not have meant it. You I 7th instant, the l'resident scuta inc"ngc on government should fail, who can estimate tho knew that indemnity must be acquired. Sena-' Wednesday last to tbo Senate, submitting for consequences to our race ? We are to-day writ tors, when you passed that vote, you all meant the opinion of that body, the draft of convention hvj our history. Wo are impressing that little to get territory. Tho President has said so. for the sctlieuient of the Oregon question, which space, which wo occupy between the past and Ho is your Lxeculivo officer surely bo ought was instructed by your Lordship's despatch ' the future, witli footsteps which will be indelliblo. to know: and tho President lias a right to say it, becau-e actions speak louder than words.- 1011 voted linn the men and the money; you gave bin the sword and the purse, and you gave him unlimited license to conduct tho war ns he! pleased, and now you must pass this bill give' iii in the ten regiments of regulars, and aftci wards twenty regiments of volunteers, and let him thus, according to the Senator from Kentucky, in-1 crcaso Ins available lorces in Mexico to ninety thousand, and go on subjugating that country ; ami what will ho tell you at the next session ? He now tells you : I "Congress couiu not nave meant wiien, in May, 181C, they appropriated ten millions of del- lars, and authorised the President to employ the military and naval forces of the United States, and to accept the services of fifty thousand vol- unteers, to enable him to prosecute the war; nnd when, at their last session, and after onr army bad invaded Mexico, they made additional appropriations, and authorised the raising of ad- ditional troops for tbo same purpose tliat no indemnity was to bo obtained from .Mexico at the conclusion of the war, and yet it was cor - lain that, if no Mexican territory was acquired, no indemnity could be obtained. " It is further manifest tliat Congress contcm - plated territorial indemnity, from the fact, that at their last session an act was passed, upon tho Rvecutivo recommendation, appropriating three millions of dollars with that express object. 1 Ins appropriation was made 'to cnahio th President to conclude a treaty of peace, limits, and boundaries with the republic of Mexico, to be used by him in the event that said treaty, when signed by the authorised agents oftho two governments, and duly ratified bv Mexico, shall 1 call for tho expenditure of the same, or any part tnereoi.' 1 lie o yea 01 ashing mis appropria - . distinctly stated in t , ,0 s,,jt w)icll . r, L " . ' 11,0 soteini mcssa - communicated to 1 Congress.' Vote him the men and money lie now asks,' and what will l.o tell you at the next session .' Why, that Congress intended to overrun all I .Mexico 1 lie will say, you meant linn 1 snouui carry destruction throughout the whole of that country that " I should dip my sword in blood, and write in y name On desolated lands and cilies." And ho would havo a right to say so ! olo bun lllti tuen aim money no wants, lei nun nave nine- tVlhouaml troops there ,and ho will enact scenes i iliat tinrh.iiis wn little think of: and at the next session bo will come and tell us, that that was what wo meant, and ho will havo a right to do 's. because actions speak lender than words the President can construe for himself. In regard to tho amendment that has been pro posed to this bill, instead of making it better, il leaves it more obnoxious still. It leaves il to the President's discretion whether to embody these troops or not ; but that is Ihe very thing wo ought not to do. Ho has had discretion enough. Was it not at his discretion that our troops were marched to tho Rio Grande ? It! here denouncing tho President, and then ho gull scums to me that tlio true course Is to take the! Iy of tho inconsistency with all deference 1 liscretiou Into our own bands, and nuke specific appropriations for specific objects. Then we shall know for what objects they are undo. Hut thepres'ulontsays now, he does not want tho conquest of the w hole of Mexico.hut he wants indemnity and secuiity. Well, these aie winds easily pronounced. Hut wn had a good old les son in New England, requiring the definitions of words to bo given. Indemnity for what? security lor wnai f i nun tno indciniiUy lie wanted, was not only indemnity for our claims, ana lorati me expenses ot ino war; mil in audi tion to all this, he wanted to drive a lnrg iin w ith them he was not willing to mako peace unless they would sell him a part of their country with its inhabitants, for I read in the 5th and tith ar ticles of the treaty proposed by our government o Mexico, as follows, viz : "Akt. 5. In consideration of the extension of tlio limits of the United States, as they are de i ii .i . .i ... . nned by the preceding article, iind by the sli l.ltlnna ,,'ltleli nrn fntllini. riinlnlnnil In m-tli-ln Is tho United Slates abandon forever against the lT,,ilo. Mov ean S.,lns .,11 ....I.. I., .. count oftho costs of this war; and. besides. agreo to pay to the United Mexican States, in IIIU til' U .WVAlvU, U1U SUI11 OI , Akt. G. In full consideration of the ftlnu- lations, contained in Articles -land 8 of this trea- 1 'ft l"u u,m ,"'" 0,8mlJ au, ' ill siiiiw ill itrn.nnl , im l ., .In.nnl. .,.l.e . . ,. ..... , ' " .' V. ,:.' ."';'."',-""" "" i which may bo hereafter established, iieenrdim' to the convention concluded between tho two ... . . ... - Republics, in tbo city of Mexico, on ihe 20th of January, 1843, to provide for tho payment of what shall bo decided in favor of Ihe claim ints.i agcotding lo a cenvention tclwccii the United Slates and the Mexican Ho mblln, on the 11 ,1b I of April, lSli'J. And tho United States equally ngreutoassuino aud payallrcclaina ions otcit- izensol tbo United States against tbo Govern- incut oftho United Mexican Slales,not previous, Iy decided, to an ninotnit not exceeding three mi ions of del ar;s which baye arise,, prior to the lut i of May, 1810, ami winch shall bo ailjudg- cd to be duo by a commission established bv the ' Government of he United States, whoe decis- ions s-hall be idel.nito land cone, ncivo; Provided, .... . C,.H .... ..'""." isaiu uemanus, ine cominiss'iiri sunn ou guinriiij and governed bylhepiincipl. su scribed by the first and fifth nrlicl mid rules pre- rlicles of the un-! ratified convention, concluded m the city ol , ultMn llH ..,, llcciaration t,at ,,0 WM Mexico on the Moth of .November, 184.1, and m , commenced bv Mexico; nay. j on may co be no case shall ibey give judgment in favor of any vod lhal, ami will, all the forms and solemn! claim not embraced by Ihese principles and ties with which you could embody them, you rules. And the United .States, lor the present ,,, v ln!1i lllL.In ,,Jirt 0, tllc wriltcn n,,,;,,,,! and the future, exonerate the Liuted Mexican , (Wtjt,,,',,,, f i1B land, mid what would they Stales from any of the said demands 1,0 wnr,, 7 Not , rt w,ich t, or, which may be admitted or lejecled by said vvrjitcn ; for the very moment tint thev stood in bo: anl ol commissioner!". ile requires payment of oi r niilmuidale. claims he requires the expenses of the' war.and in addition lo these, he requires that they shall sell him just as much territory as he sees fit to buy alius own price this is the indemnity and ( ll( ,lllt ,,u lrfil,0 nlom mi,Hit lo of somo security he wants. Aro Senators prepared lo consequenco in Ihe way which f have siiTTest sanction tht-e views they face the lndig-1 r,. jjllt ,1!lt thulr pa-sarr0 would check" tho nation ol tho world, nfler having insisted on ' dnwuward tendency of affairs is altoethcr out tlieni 1 Here isn government cnfcfbled broken 1 uf thu fiielion. down a peoplo distracted haiiiiL' a natural at-1 I ,..i,.in. il,.,t i, 1 , , ,:!., I t.ichmcut to I he lmuies of their birth lo lliu soil , beneath which moulder llie bones of their lath- j ers and because they iio not choose to sell their country anil themselves, the 1'rcsiilent says the war must be prosecuted and carried into the vi-, tal puts ill Mexico. W ell mm', the course ol i the President seems to me decidedly reprehensi- ble. Perhaps I havo commented upon it in a ( iujuui'i .iuu.jiiih; mtuiiiiiiS iu inn uiaku . ou(:i; ( not. I cannot help remarking in justice to him, that bo has not shown a disposition lor war in all cases. I think in the management of the Ore gon treaty ho exhibited a christian meekness to asupri-ing degree. Rut lie did not inherit the ble-sing of tlio meek, lie did not gel tho land. He would not submit to arbitration. Weli, how did he settle it ? Let Mr. Packeiibam, tbe Hritish Minister, tell his own story. W.vsiiinoto.v, J 11110 13, 1810. My Iird : In comformity with what I had the (No. 1!) of the ISth May to propose for the ac- ceptanco of the United States. ' those who are to succeed us, lind that the courso " After 11 few hours deliberation on each of 1 which, we are now pursuing, led to the broad the three days, (Wednesday, Thursday and Fri- fields of liberty, of peace, and of prosperity? day,) the Senate by a majority of US voles to 1:!. Or shall it be, that we aro only erecting monu adopted ycsterday cvening a resolution advising incnts marking the bye-paths that lead to tho the President to accept the terms proposed by j pitfalls ol destruction J These are questions her Alaiostv's rrovernincnt. The President did i not hesitate to act on Ibis advice, and Mr. Ru- clianan accordingly sent forme this morning, and imformcdme that tho conditions offered bv her Majesty's government were accepted by tbe government of the United States, withuut the 1 addition or alteration ol a single woro. " I have the honor to be, cVc. " R. PACKKNHAM. " The Right Hon. the Karl of Aberdeen." 1 r ,..i.c3 ,. :.,. wact1y ns It was cooked up . 1,5,,, ,.. ,i1 ns siel; rbildren nro direct-' ed tndo when they have an unpalatablo do-oof m0cliciiio to tike "shut your eyes and open' vnur ,nm,t, and down with it." Now I b ivo ota word to say against the settlement ol the I Orcon question ; but it seems to me that it vo,m iavu rcij a itt0 bcncr j ,i,tpy, ir it ,. not been preceded bv so much blustering , hmnrrimr. Ami it was a little ninminn. to 1 . i.p T.rt',.,.7 it bad nn our one-torn Democracy, .p,e ,, wj10 110t j,0 fr5is .10, was" a aTnitnr- and snmn wnro si, zealous tiat t10y evcn p to 51 c -10'. Upon tiiem ., tr,atv came like a thunderclan. and thev had ' to reverse the steam so suddenly that it came nigh producing a ratal collapse ill the party. Hut, sir, the l'resident is not so entirely war - liko in Ids nature as his conduct to Mexico would indicate; he has other anil milder quili - tins! Im snrnlv has nnimnl' ilmt fiToeioiis siiirit. ( characterised by tho poet as . , p11t!lU,m loy wr1l warriors f, i j 1,,,-men wort hv ot their steel.' It is a colder country at 51 - 10'. Now, if 1 ilm quite aware ol llie imperleclioii 01 ineci right in Ihe position I have taken here, tbe ques- ''irt. Hut before I conclude, I wi-h to say a siu liou is, wh it is the duty of the American Sen- !.'' word personal to tuysell, and to let you know, ate; What are thev toifo 1 To go 011 and vote , lr. J "'0 Senate know, that if it be lanuticist.i ibn.n inn ro,rim,.is ? Thn honorable Senator I which 1 lave uttered, I am notalone responsible fn,n, Kentucky the other diy said he did not -.llm. ,v.v rcfilars were preferred to volunteers. 1 ,,0 ,,l)t kmv tKlt 1 do. Hut Yankees guess sometimes, I I War is to be made, sir, not only upon Mexico, . but 011 the Ino laborers of the country, and Ihe ursi ousiangm is ui uu uiniiu m mu en...i m., 011 lea 11ml colfoo; and it is the pilron igii which 1 the creation of these ten regini -nts is to give him. creation of these ten regini -nts is to give him, which he thinks will enable him to effect it, and tne rreshieni nas prouaiuy come nunc conclu sion taught uy me experience 01 me pa-t, mai willi llie patronage often regiments at bis coui 111 tin!, " fom tilings mini b- done ai mil a other I think the Sen itor from Kentucky, with his great aeuineii, if ho looks through his glasses, in iy discover why the President prefers regu lars. Well, why cannot Senators who think with me, that the war is wrong, radically wrong, conic out and declare so by their votes W hy tat say it of voting men and money to carry on the w-ar Wbv. it i said it would be unitoiiil to wilhliold the supplies, we iilr.ud lo si .. . . i . trust the people with a great question ol right ? Sir, I think thou who are afraid In Im-i llie people, underrate Iheni. Are men afraid lo do that wiiich is right because it may not be jxipu .' Sir, it is this ghost of the unpopularity of nppo-ilion to the war, which seems to sit like a nightmare upon American statesmen. Sir, I think there was more truth than poetry in what , ii . i ,. . . was said bv a western man. lie sum ue got caught by opposing the last war, and be did not mean to gel caught agiin bo intended now Id go for war, pestilence and famine. And I think there is a good deal of that feeling in the country now. Men are afraid to lake a Udd stand. It is said lint the people havo already decided Ibis matter; that they have settled that the war shall bo prosecuted. 1 deny it entirely 1 d not believe it. People have settled it ! I hao I miii-hi- mi.1 niimiii. tlm imitilii nm, in ten wbn thought the war" was right, or thought that it I ... . I,.,, f i rl hns I nnuiw lit., t I ludiiiye. sir. that tbe heart of this whole neo- pie is sick of tins miserable, temporizing policy .-, ,C-lllll llll IIVIIIL.1 , and ri.'lit, and truth I WHICH IS polling JUSUI.-1', out. in order that expediency in iy walk m and govern, control, and direct our actions. I wish "V11 --l7''V" "u niMOliiKr nil, I I'ntitii. nil I Ills iii'itlni a irilllirtll ', - , !..., . ... """'. T : 'ST-:'"' . .7... 7,. the convictions of their own iiuderstauihii: cxnrejscd by Iheinsolves. when they speak ol the i . . . . . . . . -.. character of thl, war. 1 listened, the other d ,y vvilh great pleasure, to tho remarks of the honor - able Senator Iretu 1 souin varoinia. 1 i.,ii - heaid willi profit, the which be threw out when speaking on his resolullon. ,, C(mf,M ,mt , wn3 mewliat n.Ci.hed ,mt a Inalp t)f ,w rrca, exporienco-bis va.i leariiing - bis keen observations-could really think that there could he nny virtue in the r. s.igo of theso resolutions. I would liko, Indeed, t f,,0 ,,t,f0 resolutions passed, not that 1 think t,cil ,.., ro u.mlM j ' , ,n , wotM j,, t,0 emergence Hut thGy might, If adopted, wriL. Hsnsort ol landmark, showing with what rilMjily .iml ttIlal prrtcivily wo ,ahvo travelled me loan to ruin. Jlut that there would bo anv ti,.n ,....,i;,iln. .1.. i i..-,i. r f,,,10 , i,', ,i. nr'i.u... i ,' the Hay of a popul ,'r majority they would bo ut ,,,riy fvl ,u ,m,,,,t. l)i that ia not persuaded (,f Ins not read, it seems to me the first mur 0r ()nr ,ll)ry, j nlllk lt UlB resuuiiulM tlt.msCvcs, contain much that is iust and true. pri- Nothing is more common than to find aspirants for public f.ivor, tlalterni" the people and couli minlly prii.-lng llieir intelligence and patriotism, ;imj 0VPrv lhin which "ives value and dh'nitv to thu human clnracter. Hut you do not find i,ps0 oulc'.'i.ts (.f thf. nubile virtue at all nrei a- tul tl) u.ntrC a litllo upon the intelligence which UIOy Valllll so much. I iiore IS l.lltll 111 CXpC diency, in policy, in every thing but justice, truth i and rigid, j 'i'h" present is, 1 believe, a critical period In j our history, 1 believe, that it is presumptuous in us to affirm, as the l'resident lias allirincd in bis message, tliat the great question of the capability of man for self-government lias been settled. It .is not settled, sir. Wo are now settling it. I Whether the manner in which we aro settling it will lavorably or unfavorably affect the condi tion of m inkind hereafter, yet remains to be seen in the future. We aro settling tho ques tion not only lor ourselves, but for all who arc Whither are those footsteps now tending ? Shall that must come Homo 10 tho Heart 01 every man who loves his country, and prizes its free insti tutions, and sees the dangers which now threat en them. Are we to blind, so fanatical, so stupid as to believe that the great laws oftho physical and moral world are to bo reversed in onr favor ? Are we emphatically the children of destiny) Can we take our "destiny in our own hands, and control it 1 Not so. It seems to me, that there is a light streaming down the path-way of agesdllominatiug the ile-tiny of na tions, and tliat it is written in glaring charac ters retribution. It is a law 111 operation all around us in the physical, moral, and political world, It is true of nation.) as of individuals : " whatsoever a man sows, that shall ho also reap." I would ask those dispo-ed to look at this question ill the light of history, to go back, and by its aid, trace tho long vista of ages that have elapsed. Let them go txicK, 11 lliey will, to tho morning of creation, when all the Sons of God shouted together for joy, tint Almighty Power bad spoken a now world into being ; and ' tbey will not find it recorded in ajiy pae ol that history, that any nation ever sowed tl.e se:d of war and slavery, ana reaped tno truns 01 peace uuu nueiiy. w. in n pass;,u .eman.s u, u , written ; and it requires no very great elturt of , the imagination lo lancy that we can now hear 1 ll'o voice of all nations of the pa-t sounding a solemn warning in 0t1rc.11. Let us beware, il-si ui.ik line- which nas cuiisiaiiu iuuui,t-u ami, ; a course of policy may not soon be ours. I I h.iv 0 thus onilsnored to discharge my duty. ,t,r " 11 " not peculiar 10 invseii, sir, nor uiu.-u ', with whom I act. We had, a year or -o ago, ' "'0 State of New llanpsbire, a nair ol demo- cr.ilic organs, and it wj rather djubtful whe ther they were entirely harmonious. Hut in May, these New I lampslure " Patriot'' came to gether they bad anannex ition and when they came together, they undertook to dcliuo Ihe true Ueniocralio aitu upon this veiy uoc rino oi siav- ' "'0' l re.iu IIOIII llie " .cw lumpsum! i .tuna oi '7th May. IM7. 1 Mr. Ila'le here read extracts from llie New Hampshire I'atiiol, contending that llie Demo crats ol that State woro friendly to abolition, ami would ultimately ellect it; but as we havo not the paper, we do' not undertake to give the ex tracts. Thai is " New Hampshire Patriot" democracy , about twelve mouths old. So, if 1 am fauatt- cal, 1 am not without authority lor my fanati cism ; and a man may, it seems, entertain ail llie sentiments which 1 have advanced without being cast uut ol the pale of the democracy us it is now crguuiscd. Hut 1 leavo the subject. 1 thank the Senato for the patience, kindness and candor with which I have been heard. It is u i.i... .... .i I.... i i I i ,. , p' unit umihuiu peiiuuueu, u is iioi igrccible to m v feelings lo occupy tho place of aiilslunaelitoliero; my baud being against every mail's, and every man's baud agaiu-t mine. If any remarks have fallen fiom me, offensive to tlio, feeling of a single Senator, ol which 1 am vv holly uucuiiscious, 1 can assure linn fiom the bottom of my heart tint they were altogether uninten tional, I have endeavored to deal with piiuci ples and measures, not with men. 1 believed that the institutions of the country are endanger ed. I believe Ihat tbo courso in which we are proceeding, unless our career bo arrested, will most inevitably conduct us to iKtructiun ; and I have thrown out these suggestions, in Ihe bopo ol doing something, however teeble tin attempt, in order to excite correct public sentiment en this all vital question, Mr. Ci.av i Washington. Washington, Jan. II, 1818. Mr. Clay visited the Supreme, UoUrl ruOIII 10-1 IllV. .VllOfl- u I mi. i ouu until I, his room at the United fetates Hotel was tbronoed with visitors, among whom were Col, - - ,,. i Heiiton, Judge. MrUun and Uajne, nuuieron 1 otlicers oi no arm- am. ... s i,..... .u.i.Vr, 1 avlon and v coster, a "") .m -. . , M M. Uixlisco at tho W Cillll Hg OI 1110 llll CO Ol .1. . -U, mull. U, m UIU residence ol llie latter at Georgetown, i'o- , morrow Mr. Clav receives vi.-nors, Owing to, .. i. .. rn I.. r . ... , j iroug. i 0 7 fi ig 1 ' ' a 1 ill 12; the follow ng da; . 10 to 1 1 , a v . , , , ,,,,,, , ' aie agreeably niipritcd at his health and vigor,

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