Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 28, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 28, 1848 Page 2
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JFrcc J)rcs0f llllltl.lM.TOIV, VI. Kill DA V .MOKNINIi, JANI'AltY SH, 1HIH. " 1.1 TIIK IUUK AMI TI!tl(JM.t:ll Hifll.T TIMT l lllll.l tH, TIIK1IK ISMiStAII AIIIIVK TIIK. IKIItt'.tl.l TiltilVK USA (ll.l'.AM or MIIIIT, RXURITIilR THE l-iri'.I.I.Mir.NT, I'ATIIKITIO Willi. PAtm" OF THE Uim.ti Statkm." Daniel Wrlairr. Mr. Clny In Washington. We give, below, Mr. Clay's speech lieforc the Colonization Society, in icmrted (and poor ly reKirleil, Ion,) in the N. Y. Krprrts. The crowd tliat assembled to pee, licnr, and donor tlio groat Statesman of llio Wot, wan immense, llirouiriff the floor of (lie lloimo of Hcprospntn tin s to its utmost capacity. No man living lias fo firm a liutd upon the ndmiratiiin and affection of lire I'kim lk, as IIkiiiv Ci.av. He is getting to be an old men; but lie is " tin- old mnn, ftill hearty in decline, whoso hippy life ll.nli Iici".miiM downwnrilsjikcthe purple bell.fli.wcr.' The enthusiasm on tile occasion of the Sicecli Isdow, Is thus Kpolicn of by the A'. Y. Journal of Cmnmerre, it paper, as the llrattlvboro Kngtr justly says, "that has never been accused of en. I 'rfnining any great fricml.-liip for Mr. Ci.av :'' When Mr. Clay entered the llnll.he was saluted hy a universal shout, and with nine cheers. For tin- first time, the Hull ut Keprcsclilativis rcso led Willi the rrlniiintiniis of the nple. llml it been the occur-rciic-o ..I lli.' l llcnryClny ns Presidcm nf the IJiiiieil Stales, there could nut lime been more t'lithuHiusni, Mr. Clny put the inntiim t print the llriort, nml f belted n tremendous cheering. Somebody wstosmik lint therr was a trenieiid. mis shunt tor "Clny, Clay, Clny,"" Same old Cesiu" -"hurrah, hurrah." These shouts rang through the Mall tor iiiuiiiles. The Secretary enme forward and said the Hon. Mr. Diyton would spook, and Mr. Clay would follow. " l'jay,Clay, Clay," sliinitrd every one. Not a word would ! listened to Iroin any one else. The .Secretary moved an adjournment, Mr. Clny mitlfi't,ncstion nml without waiiinu for noes, pro. noiiiirrri that it was carried, suying, "let us adjourn." I .No applause. Hut the crowd would not adjourn. They lingered to least their eyes ukiu the man of the eople. MR. CLAY'S SPEECH. AT TIIK ANNIVKIiSAIlY OK TIIK AMKKI- CAN COLONIZATION SOCIKTV. Jiepmtedor lAe-Vrir Yiirk Eiprtn by Ih. llouttnn. .Mr. rose, ntid was received will, 'iiil,.i.t.,:.. applause. On its sulwidenee, he said: (ienlleinen of on- oiiimciiuoii coeie.y, i nave oeen committed to ny a few words iihmi tht-e occasion, rather oguiusi my wishes, and unexpectedly. I have lcn in the papers, I Mievc, to mnke some ocldress iiioii this occasion. Allhoiigh I have no reproaches to make ngninst those who have placed me in this unex'tied and rontpieiifliis ositiuu, I must say I pn sent myscll tietore, you in no condition to fulfil their ex leccmtion, or those which hits; brought iliin vastus, scmb age together, or to dtt justice to this subject or myself. I have-just t nninateel n journey of consider able, length, performed in midwinter, mid wherever I have heeu it lins been mv invariable loi in I. .,,..,.,,,,.1. el by throng, leaving me no leisure tor the sort of in.-tiuuuii wiiicn ouitiu always to tie made before a man presents himself lieforesucli a respectable and in telligent audience ns this. I have come before you, gentlemen of the Society, without a aolitary iiote--wiiti very little mental iimm. ration of any sort with no prepared, no elalsirate nd Irem to make upon this occasion; and therefore I would advise all who hate conic here with the expecta tion of hearing anything extraordinary, to leave the hall in possession ot lewer numbers than are now as sembled in it. (Laughter and applause) And yet I o ii that there is some propriety in my expressing, on this occasion, a few words, He-sides (lie circumstance reieatedly adverted to, in the course, of the evening, this city, aonie thirty-one years ago, for the purpose of consulting on Ihe subject of the lormiiiionuf this so. , wno met logt'ther ricty, it has wen some years since the honor ot i standing in tlic relation to the society, or silling in the ' relation to the society, in which I nppenr this evening ' and allow ine lo s-iy thnt in all hiiinni, prolmhillly t m tin Innl uiittaiw lit u liu.l. I .1 ' . is the last instance in which 1 shall ever thus appear 1 ou have lieen told that this Society had its origin seme thirty-one years ngo, in the nction of Mr. Finley, ol New Jersey, nud some oilier gentlemen, who consulted together nud agreed lllnill the nriueinle of iis Inundation. 1 was, ns has been staled, one of that iniiuls r. Wc did not intend to do nny thing more nor less than to attempt the etahh.hincut of n colony uimn the coast of Alriea, to which the free ieo ple ol color, of llieir own voluntary consent, might go. No restraint no coercion, no compulsary prwess was contemplated to In- employed witli res'ct to them. The whole was to In' submitted to their free nud unconstrained volition. Nor was it the purnise ol the gentlemen who rrsseinbled ou the OCriisiiiii In in. terlerewith the title to slaves, held by the owners of nuy oi ui-Ji uencrmuoii oi pnqieriy, or snake or nlleet their title in nny the lean degree w hatcver. We saw, what is now mamlest in this countiy, the Iree ieoiile nt color ond the white rncei could not live together iinni terms ot equably. We did not stop to inquire whether it was nulil or wromr thai nucl, n sime nl things should exist ; we took the tact oi the iuiMn.sibi lity of their living in an equal social nud political cnti diiiou. and uimn that tact we nrooeeded io oimtuic. 1 know there are men, and resectable men, in the roimlrv. who contend tlmt all this is nreiudice that nil this should Is" eXielled from the bosoms of uiell, and thnt we should recognize in llioseot diticrcut color, members of Ihe Kime human rnce,eiiutled to all the previleges aint immunities which U'long to any por tion ol it. This may Ik", in llieir idea ot the matter, right ; but we went Ukii the Ctrl thnt I lies.; two races could nol live together in a state of equality. Upon the foundation ol that fact, we proKwd, looking nt their moral, slilicul, and social degredatiou, in this country, that they should lie removed, for their own snkes, by llieir own consent, lo their own native coun or nml ilmt of their ancestors : and then that thev might enjoy all those blessings of liberty, of freedom, of tircial nnd equal condition, whirl, it wu impossible for them to finoy in lht country. Our uUjvcx was Ii ' initrd 1 repent it r to free MT.m ol color. We ! .1 im( incnn totourll orntlecttll? title to fltUei. We "r ' V i t "L. ' a ... I- nf.U ... .I,....,.....-, i ' ticihilitv of coif i 1 .... 'j i ".T'. ...... I i. a .1.... r v r i j- demoiislrated, those stues nud llieiw individuals iloillaioii , nno mien ni.ii iac Pliouiu who had the control ol naves iiiigin avail ihriuselvfH ot the fact ns they (ileied, either by rinancitinliug llieir slaves, and sending iliem tu Africa or nul, accord ing to llieir ow n will olid ilenmre. There was no mrjc of ours to do more than to colonize the tree l'oile of color to establish thai colony in Africa and to demonstrate to the whole world the irocticahi htv of such an object Well, gentlemen, it has been justly Fluted that throughout ihe whole progress of this society, from its origin to this day, it has lnen surrounded wiihdilli cullies nnd embarrassments. We have stood witli a fire in frontjn the rear, and oil Isuh Hanks, dining tlic whole peri'slnf the rxisienceof thissiM'iety. 'I'he c. Ireines, unable to decide- iisiu any thing else, have, united in assailim; lliisMicielv. Those, who entertain ed apprehensions of ihe sab'ty of the institution of .l..... ..1 I I .1.1.. I. slavery at once, if ihey had the sm-er, assailed il. Wcll,umu w-hnt ground ought those citremes to have annrked us! I have slated alteady that our purpose was that of total nnn-intetferenee with ibe title ol slaves. 1 have slated ihnt our object was to clcul al together and exclusively with free persons of color that we had no purtssie of iuierference with the pro ject of slsilitiou. IVlieve thnt ii is wholly iuuiriicli- cable. It is my firm rnnvicli that tnillp IHiwer and energy which are directed lo get up oboli lion societies, nud lo maintain that cause, were em ployed in the objects of colonization of the free blacks nf the I'niled fsiates, a vast uniouut more of humanity if iM-nsvolenee. and ot benefit to ih,. 1 would be accoinplUhed, than by oil the purpuseaof alsiliiion. a Hut why should they attack in t I repent wedn rot iuterlere with thein, Utopian and impracticable as I believe llieir project lo Is". Their aiietnpt is to riniirin.'ile forthwith, immediate It. Slid without ui... jl.'l.v ubnlever. the whole black race of the thin... I fstnlei. Very well, il ihey ran accomplish that object, men our nincc iuhw in-- .'un-v ..1 iii,uiiiiiiou Then colonization comes in and sav. gentlemen, hav. iug accoinphshed jour nbjci't, and lluse iR'ople is ing liere anion"l uB, nnu noi iH.'ing 1101c in m- piucen 011 the same looting of equality, soc ial and iwliural, with the while races, our iin,rrl isiocnrrynipni 1011 couu try where they mavrnjoy nil the hcni fils and privi tree, nf freeioell. 'I'lli'ieis. lliereforr.lininCOHin.1ti IiiIiiv. tv'bv khoiitd thev aKsailusf Wc have lione on in the. even tenor of our course, regardless oi oil fi"fliih. uhedier trntn ihe rii'ht hand or ihc b'll, seek ing only ihe nhjecis which wc avowed it was our ot-Mgn 10 Clieci, Hut it lent U-('ii said, lellovv' citizens, that this Socic ly 3 wholly incapable of dice ling any great purpose in tue woikoi coioiuzanoii. iiHincmisniui pairoiu.iiin lug cue wnoie eiio 1 01 iisexisienre, nave nevereui IHi-S'cl t lint. VV'lllioul I be isiwerlu ant ot Itie oovelll incuts of tin Slates, or lit some of iheoi. nr ol tlie I To ion. thev would be niile to send lo Afrit n all 'he lit. lielHUi. of color. Hut their 'UIsist'illis luell In show BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, the liracticnliililv of the oliirrt-ln show the tmwtr ol coloni7..ilioii, in iimiju lf in h.iuils, to curry out mid to worn an n. giioii results to ik'lilollMnilc 10 nie iiue rieaii 'ople, ihrouulniitt the hole eMeiil of lb? coun try, that if they cho-e Intake hold, in their respect ive States, and in a comtitmiuiKil ami pruK'r milli ner itiwi" coiiippli iit lor lie-in, mid who coulil doubt Ihnt it ns coiiipctcnt tor the government to carry out the purines of cnloninlioii so far n to trmi'porl all the trie mtsmu ol color, nml all who may Is einaiici imled ciiher bv authority ol the Slates or by Iwlnid liithiiduiih. 'I'lint d"iiioiitrntiun ha Istii uiade. lint it i urged, and partieularty bv onctl.Hsot our opiniueiiie. In whom I lime referred, that thii i" I lie country ot the "lave of the black man of the Alricnn race and therclore he ought not to he sent to Alri- cu, which is not tliH inlry. Why. gentlemen ol the s,s'icly, in -onie sene, iiiidouhtedly, nil Alricans liorn in the I'uited States tuny claim this ns their country. And so could all the l.nielites, who were Isiru in Kgypt during their captitity, lime claimed ihnt ns their country ; so could alt the Israelites bom in the wililcriiei during their progress trout the land of bon dage to the promised laud. Slill.ln thecouteniplntlon of that lleing wlio directed nml guided the dennies of that iiiom remnrknple people, I'.gypt wns not the coun try ot the luneliles, nor the wililerness either, but Cn nunii, the promised land, was the laud to which they constantly looked as their home. (Applnine,) Who cnu doubt that in a similar scnsn Africn is the hnl home of the black mnn, although the accident, the casualty of birth, I hi" placed them iikii this continent ( There they were placed, and there they w-ere found, until torn from their land by lawless iolenee. Here they have been brought nere they cannot renin in in pence and contentment I spenk of the free tortioti ol the race here they cannot happily remain. And docs it not seem to be one ol IhctlHitt'ii satiousof an nil-wise I'roiidcnce, ihnt those wiio had Ix'cii forcibly brought from their natiie country should lie carried back to it, in order lo lullil the just ami holy HirHic which I verily lielieie, it it lie not presumptu ous tocxprcss the sentiment, inpnrtot iiisall-wi'e though inscrutable pmiidcncc I Hut the separation of the Iree icople of color, Willi their own consent, Irmn the whiles ol tin" country, i- noi ineiely recommended by their good n-id the good ol ibe whiles, but rccoin mended hy ott'er nml, if wi-Hlle, higher con.iilera lion". Atriea lay inbai)iuiiin,woisluppiugiiukuowii iiud forbidden goiU. Alriea was without the liuht of civili..-iti.ii, nud without the beiielit and light ot Chris tianity. 1 lioe wlio came together iiicouMiliaiiou up- on tlie Fiibject ol forming colonics in Alriea, saw not only that great good would lw uccoiuplMicd by the ro inoinloi'tiec people ol color, with their own consent, to that distant land, in the fact that it would indeed eletnle theiii to the thnractcr ol trccmcn, nnd restore to them rights which it was impossible lor them here to enjoy, but lliat they would carry ' nlong with them n knowledge of our holy region, and all the benefits ot the arts and sciences and ciili.atiou. What religious sect in all Christendom is there, that dis-s not lake n deep interest, in obedience lo the commands of Holy Writ, in sending lorth missionaries nt the cross for the conversion of the heathen. Now, Icllow citizens, what missionaries nre so niieut who enn In- ns well calcu lated to ctteet tlie grami purisc9 ol missionary excr tioii.ns those of the same race the same blood the ' same common nnccstry the same sympathies tlic I ment, devised tome, in ntssilute right, some tweiity snme feelings nud nllecttons, ns- those ntuoiig whom lile or thirty slnves. No intimation was given ill his they lalsir I At this very moment, there ure lie- will as to thecnusennd motivesof the Is'quest tu me. twecii lour nml live thousand colonists which hnvc 1 1 wns surprised nt it when I henrdof it j but I bail some been scut under the niHpia's of the American Col- reason to Isdievc that ihe detisewas made to meiu oniation Society, to Atriea ; ami 1 tctiture to say !conseiuenceofhisconfiilenceinine,nndlusdesircthat that, in time, they will, as missionaries engaged in the they should Is-sent lo Liberia. I took inensnresnecnr iirnjtngntion ot Chistianiiy, accomplished more, ht- diugly to accomplish the object though the Colonization hnis, thin nny equal iiuiiiImt ot missionaries disH;rsed S(Kiely,nud 1 have been happy to henr since my 'nrri through all quarters of the glolie. What have we vnl nt this place that twenty-three ol those poorcien henpl I 'J'here tire, I umlcrMund, twenty-lite plnces tun-s thus detised to me nml the others will follow ns of public wor-hip in LilsTin, dedicated lothesnmettod soon ns they can hnve nctually embarked nt the jwrt nml Savior whom we worship. Twenty-five places of New Orleans lor the coostol Africn, cheerfully nud of public worship already, nnd thousands of the tin- lives ure jusiuog iiiio ine n-puniic m oruer to ontaill n-i nu- leu you mm nicy couiu not nave oeen nveu in the In-iufu of education, a knowledge of the nns ; nnd Alabama, for its laws, prompted by the unhappy agita :.. .1... I.-....,:... 71 i n i. . .: I'.l. r.i:.. v ".i. : ... ,i, tuiii. im- in.-uviiis o v ill i?-iiuoii iiieiOMIICS Willis; instilled into their hearts. Now. fellow-citizens, these were nmntiiv fbe objects which we hid ill view, when tliirtv-uiie tears uijo, oi-i-o muico io )on reis'meoiy in ine courK" ol this evt'iiinir. we met toieifier. iii coiisitltntion. I i .......... I - J . established this Society, nnd a few tears allerwards. hiiding that the pun-hase might ! made advantage- ously of a suitable territory loroiirobject,nniigeiit wns Ihreeor lour years afterwards, I think alnnit twenty- five years ago thelirsicolouicsncretrnusportedfroui vnrions portions ol this couiiiry to the shores ol ihe laud of their ancestors. I know that it was iheii urged, as it has since Inien urged, ngain and again, Hint there dm iu .mil.,. .nt, tie,, niipil-lliuil Ul Oil- lilllU, three or lour years afterwards, I think alnnit twenty- .1 i . i ,', , . i , nre oilier plnces to which Ihe colonists might lie scut with not with greater ailvmuaee. I do not concur in that opinion. Looking nt the item of ex- pense alone, Africa is tin- most suitable and mt mug 1 place. You hnve been told, this evening, that titty dollars will cocr the exs'iiscs incurreil in transport- nig the emigrant lo Liln'ria, and in supporting him or six mouths niter bis arrivnl at his final home. To wtiat other part ol the world could you send nn enu grant ukiii so chenji terms T Certainly not to the I'n 'itic to no part ol Oregon, orol .Mexico, or of any "'her part ol this continent to no otht r country. I In;- heve. Ismking, N-sid-s, at your ndvautages ol navi U1!1"", the shortness? of the vojage witli which your ohjeet can In- arcompli-hed, ii is evident that lo no other irlK.n ot Hie hatntuble gloln-conld voufclidcin- i.rpfinii. III. tl... I ...I...... ... "(."""" "i.i uu iii j iiiiu tio.iiiii.i,-, ceiio, them to any oiler place and you deprive yourselves of then,, great, high moral nud religious considerations, the unity ol which, w-ilh the object ot separating the free classen of colored s'ople from those with whom thev can never mingle and amalgamate, li'ippily tor IkiiIi parties, coiistitiin s one ot the choicest rousnleiu lions ui comic vioii with ihe oienitioiis ol this Sm'iely. 'I hese considerations can In seemed oulv bv sendim" the cmigniuts to Allien ise. It is said that the liurinise of colomilmn. even if it Were llllilertakell bv the Lloveruuieul ilsHt. could not accomplish the object ol traiisiiortiug ihe lieecoloicd people ot ine milieu Males, vv ny, gi'iiiieiuen ol ine SiK-ielv. if I tun not ureallv mi-lakeu. iutu the slliele jnirt ol New t ork there cauie, during the last year, emigration lo an niuouut almost equal lo the annual increase, pernaps grenter iiian nie inuiuai mere use, 01 llieirie Jn'opieol color III ine milieu rstliles. 1 uai was done voluntarily and upon the ureal motive of nil human netioii. Wbv have the lieiiuansnud ihe Irish, nud other Kuropo.'iti Inreiguers docked to our shores illianleil, or, nt least, vvitn liieolisuieralili; mil 011 Hie part either ol their respeeiive governments, or iudivi- iiu.iis upon ineir own private lesourccn 1 vv ny have they lloekcd here 111 such ihiuiImts ns noi only in I believe, ihe uunuiil increase ol the lice ts'ople ol color, hut to approximate lo uu eqiuhly Willi ibe im reins' ol nil the African lace, Ismd and Ircc in the United Slates I They have come here simply under n law nl our nature. 'They have coiue here in pun-nance ol that great ami coiiirolliug motive ot hu man nction which pron N ninu into nil his great enter pri'i. Tlu-y have come here to In'tter their condi tion, und I lioin thev w ill better their condition. (An- t)l.iue.l AnJ h il i In lr'f inv i1ld so II tlie tree lieopie ol color were to In; tntiiMtifitt'il Irom I lie United Slnlo In Alricu would noi iht'ir eoTidiiion, pliyicnlty, inorully, poliik-nlly, Hocially. In intiuik-ly tK-Urr limn it Ij liTr I It ism tain tu ttttriMpt t frailiciiu tltoir l'''lins wliicli keep nfundcr the two col"ri. It U in ain tor I lie olllcu ol' ('"Irmpliy, ot Iniinanily, ol iH'iievoleiici', or u' ""V tb-r olliee to Minimi to i-ciahli-h wliat U im uiler imprnctieahihiy tlie brni:iii tnueiher nt two lurt K wnini jou iiuii.-tu, ny inr uuieirore oi i-oiur unu ol hrrrnimt nit ntiii M-iiiuslaiH.,). ius. .T iin-. .ouirhl i.wjt l ".,;.. r...i... ' n , .., , .. . i i . While we send them back tu Alriea not bv violence not by coercion, not against llieir w ill, but with llieir own consent, let me say to the Ahiiliiiotu-iHiiiid tolhe oilier cttreiue, lo nil men, why should not the lice colored Africans, residing nimni'';.! us, have the option ol going to Africa or remaining 111 tlie Cinied "states I Well, that option in all that we pronose to thelu. Wc tell Ihem ihe kind of country to winch we wish them lo go. Wclurnisli ttiiiii, 111 the vessels ol ibesociely, Willi the iiieans of The emigrant is sntiiMirleil tor Soiiie mouths alter bis arrival there t niidifolhisowii free-will and volition iiechooNC-s to go, why should any one inlerise uu ii'i-Ui le 10 the ' e iljoyllieill 01 III- own pleasure upon unu siuijeci 1 I possllile" in 11 ne cnu uii.111 urn- i".i.n ns "'iiu.,i know-it is soiiietiiues said lint t it is 11 cruelty to send I equably. Here, then, are the high and eletuicd oh ihose iHior creiitures to Alriea thnt the cluiwte is in-1 iects nt Colonization couueried wi'h the inomliin- Itot-piuiuie 111:11 sickliest, nun cit-iiui soon overi.iKe ili..iii il,.-r.' nii.l 1 .... I i I t. tin tu 101 the orentest ililnl. inanity lu Irnnsport tbeiu 10 that country. I well Lm.u' n. 'inl. ',n I lb.. Ki.'icle. llml nnr ree.irilri lu'nr the most grnlilving testimony on that subjirl. lu the uulnny at Jauicttowu in irgiiua, alter it hail Is-cn established seventeen j e ars, and after nine iboiwiud culiimsta liau is-eii se-nt 011 1, iineeii iniius.11111 pniiuui sterling hod been c'iided, there were only tivuihiiu saiul coloiiisis rciuiiiiiiug. All ihe rest had fallen vie-1 en, mere were oiny iw oiuiiu- inns cither to the chuiuie, or to the Kit uge, or to the change ot cnndition into which they were brought. teoto ine oilier nieiuoraoie colony esiuoii-ueii msiii this cnniiui'iit -ihe colonv of l'lyiuoulh and 1 think history reads, il I do nm uusiake m my recollection ul its testimony, that in less than six mouths niter ihe ar rival ol Ihe c'oloiii-s,n moieiy nt iliem, one lull half of them, hud l eu destroyed eln"d Irom disease, Iroin want and from sutlTing. Well, now L'uiiixire those two colonies with (lie colony of Liberia, nml what is uiv rcsiui 1 vv ny.ieilovv cinzeiis, in iweui) uvi' vcuis during which emigrants have Iseu naiispoilcd Iruin linn country to LiIktiii, ibe total deal hsuuioiuit only tu eiisiui iwenty -T ci 111 on the amount 01 tmii;ra:iou tu Ihat country : less niortahlv in twenty-live years thin iM cuiled in sin inouihs in die nwot tlie colonv of I l)iiioiuh; and less in Ine nty-live eurs llian it wn ni the case ol ihi'coloiiyol Juinestown in seven teen viais. Indeed in ihecuMiolihe colony ofjiiuio- 1 own me inoiiabiy was more than lour limes grcutcr miring ihnt period ta jt ,M K.,. j ,, lor ,';,"H""V )" The it-i nothing then iinhecli o '1 ,'i", "' beuinnuuies which hive ot- ,. 1 ' ,''""" nt ol iicolouv.lodiss.iJile us lioin ill !l! n riiiiil 1'1'i V,"'1' "1'J".-n...'l,.,,g in the mortality to h i r lllld h glili-i.usl,,,,,, itsrxcruliuii. Hut II issald we l,... ,.lc m li,,,,., A ,,,c ,rrn entorpri-cs ol man have smul Is'gi n , iigl. ''I he w er.' sue k ed by a w oil. The colonic, , Hl ,aVj leire-. -J.ime.iuwn and 1' )uiouil,-,,' , ' ,r )ears alter the .t.o,I Io whiel, 1 have ,,u ,,u , leiitioii, nml now, 111 what hind 1, i,ir. ",..,,:. what sea is ihcic not 11 sail lloaiiug.iiiliird,,,.,,.;.,,.,,,' ol Ihe cute litlse, the skill, Ihe couiuge ol our New Kuglnnd brtthlinl f Appl iuh'.I Iii what ce'uncj' cliniuher, in w hat field of glorv, In thi" republic, inny we liotihseeni the Virginian chntneter displaying i"el . both in the councils ol Ihc nation nml in the liehls ol the tuition's battles! Kcliewcd applause. All, I re pent it, all the gicat ciiterprhes of men have small k'ginnings. r Our colony hns Iwrn in operation for twenly-loe years. We hate nearly live thousand cnngrnnis sent out from Ihis country, besides n lhoii.ind or two I no not preleiul to Is- precisely neenrate in these calenia lh,u of captured Afrienns.who linveU-eiiwin In the care, and placed under the nuspices.of l,il'rin,logetli er with some twenty thousand naliic Alnenns now in Liberia, who nre seeking the support and couiile nnuce nnd benclils of our exertions in eoloiuatioii. Well, so far ns we have gone, good is done. Is II not better that that tour or live Ihoiisiuid Africans, scut to Alrira by menus of the Colonintioii Society, hate grcally Improved their condition I Is it not l tler lor ns, who remain here that they should Is; sent nway Irom our miiM, owing to the unosibility ol any nc tual union, social and iolitlcal, with us I Aslarasit has gone, good has been the result t nml ctcry yclir ol progreM, in the increase of the colony, has witnessed the realization nl hnipy results. It may ho said that we have proceeded slowly that every, tree Alricnn who w ish,., change his condition, might be trans sirled lo Africa. Hut it requires time to edict such nu object, (irent movements in human all.urs nre not the work ofn day. The tialioii to which I have referred nlrendy, remained rnitite in Kgvpl, during two or three centuries. For tw o or three centuries the Alri cnn rnce hnvc liecn enptite in the United Stntes. When the gotcrmnciit shnll leiul its niil we do not ss'nk ot nny iinconstitutioiinl or iloubllul nul, Mnry- ny uilCOIIsiiiuiMiimi VI ""u " " " land, in our neighborhood, has n-i n noble example , she nourishes her colony : she supplies it nunually with nu npprnprititioii. iliernl and beniliecnl when the States choose to interfere, when lines." who hate the power, choose to iuterlere in aiding this emigration, there can ! no doubt that therew ill I"" n great einigrn tiou and iucrenstfiii thepopulaiioii of ihiscolouy ; and yet, pcrhais, it is not ileMrnbl'" that it should be tisi r.iiid. In thai case there w ould be no pioneers to pre pare siilisisteiurnnd shelter. Iliit,l'snl.snll these consiilerntions, urging ihe sep aration between the two iiioi'inpntilile nml incongru ous races w Inch can never become one huruionitMis and homugeucous tieople, there nre others. In what state ol tins Union, il there he one I have no reeol lections out; it is iiossihlc it may be the en sachu.-ets ; in what State ol this Unioi use in Mas- ion does ihe bhu k iiuiu, however free lie may be, or Irom whatever line ot nncestors he is descended, enjoy cipinl political iigoia i iownere. ;?ocini rigiitsnrc out oi inenues tion. Ill no Stale ol the Union, in no city, town or the bluck mnn regnrded ns standing iisjn nn equal social condition, with the white portion ul the hiimnii rnce. In this ressct, the free States nre equal ly chargeable with the rigor of the Inw ns the Stales in which slntery is tolerated. Your laws hate in creased, in rigor, ngniust the black imputation of the country. In some of the Stntes, emancipation itsell is prohibited. Why, fellow citizens, n remarkable case occurred to mysell in rcsH'ct to some slates m Alaba ma. A respected and reverend citizen of that Suite, whom J had never known in Ins lile tune, on Ins dentil- bed, three or four venrs his last will nnd testa happily going to thnt home of llieir ancestors. 'Now i 1 111-in., iivii in inv ,,vi mi, pramum cin.otciihiiioo, either by last w ill or testament, deed or nny, other , mentis. TheV could tlol then linve Iteell i-liianriiL-itpil in Alabama. I had to take them ns inv slaves lu New . . l.i ... t i . ' wnv.ois, uou mere nicy reiuiiiiicu ns my slaves luoll the v were bevoiid the jurisdiction of the 1 toiled Suites. Hut lor the Colonization Society, therefore, inrnous of1 that description and I mention a single caw only, for Alnbainn is nul the only State which linstelt itsell call- subject nt the north nnd in the Iree slates lo pas laws of thai character wouldhnt: no means ol obtniiiiug Irecdom. And then you sec the grcnt office atColoni- inlion, allowing individuals as well as States if Ihe I States should ever arrive at the conclusion that il ii for , iu"n io l.lilsi.,iJl-lll- Ul me uiioiipiy UgUIIIIUII ui nun subject nt the north nnd in the Iree slates lo pas laws .i . i . r r ; r ., t their advantage to emancipate their slaves, to gratify their wishes bvtraiumortini! free ueonle of color to the shores of Africn. , I On the subject of slavery I shnll not touch more limit 1 1 have done. The Society throughout its whole cxis- teuce hns left it to deK'iul unjn the laws which regulate it. The Society has neter attempted to disturb it in nny respect, w!iatcvcr,cnutentin; itsell withcouliniiig iisorationswhollynndexcbisivcly in those whonre own accord, without constraint, without coercion, lo lie tnnisiurlcdto Iheshorcsol Atrien. litMnnwnjriedto iheshorcsotAlrien. . I tcutlemeii ol the Society, you have placed me in a iHi-ition which reallyislmiheinbarrawingnndpaiulul. 1 came here is I havccilrendy stated.withoutn solitary note, nnd with very slight preiKiration lo address you ..... . . i . t ou litis occasion. I have thrown out these remarks. hnise nnd disjointed os ihey nre, to gratify wishes, ent machinery of War, to establish the welfare which K'eiu to me tu In irrcsi-tihlc, lohenruie iiniii , J ' thismbject. I have gone through most of the topics 1 and prosperity of Ibe I'eoplo. almost nil of them,. indeed, ol which I intended i vlc ,0 C1),insca )f asgrCfsivc Wnr pre trent. I would now implore nil parlies, I would In-I , . , .. . sicch the Almhtiouisis, I would In'sccth lines." who vail in tlie .Si:natc, when it shall appear that so carry the doctrines on the subject of slavery to the ex- man as James K. l'olk can, by an tin ireme, I would In-ecch all men lo look calmly, ih . . , . ' pasionaielyatthis great project vvh'uh coinuiends it- constitutional exercise of authority, wrest tlie sell lo tbeir Iri'iullv coiisider.ilioii. 1 In seech tbclil In ihs'nnl tirciiithcf it' thev have iliihibed illiv Cllfaillst us. f ask tbeiu in the nmne of that tfiHlwfiose gra- cuius smites I willingly Iniicve nave loiioweu us since ibe oriinliizalion ol the sm-ietv. or it would not have so long iiiaintniueil its existence ; 1 lnscech them to look on it witli dispassionate eyes. Contemplate lor a inoineiit Hie existence ol tins wnnety lor tweiity-iwo llsielice ol nils wn'ieiy lor iweiuy-iwo ow-cr, without revenue, without any nit nlhirdcd voluntarily by ibe In iievo- and hiunaiie! It ha cnnieil on wnr, Jears, Wllllollt (tow other aid than that lent, charitable and not war of an aggressive chancier, but defensive of llieeiuigrnutscouiuutleil tousenre 11 lias luaue trea- ties it has train-polled to Alriea Mime lite or sii tliousauii Airieniisot ine uniteii r-tates 11 nasnougiit a Inrge extent ol territory it owns ihrce hundred and twenty miles ot const upon tlie Alricnn snore, 111 every port ot which, cxccplonewilitary s,t the slave-trade I haslii'ciiBuppressi'd. And here I would k'g leave lo remnik that il the gut eminent of lainqn" nml ihe gov- eriuneni of the United States, who have united to- g.'tber for the purnise cif necoinplisliing ihe grcni ol jfci ii i-iiiniri-MMii' in- .'iirit,'iiuiiii-iiiiui -,niMiiu irnti .1 IL! I.... . I ..II I.... I a M.inlliM.r.iniiotil.cir furre wlikh ihey cinploy in tlifir irein'ctlne naMctt lo wuc U'i- khIiii wit.i hlavtsniuliilM.mto transport Ukmii In.ui Atrka miliU rnnlhu'iit il tlic)' would cotilriliut. n small portion o" their incnn-t lu that nlj.rt,it vsmildbe the nnt i-lK-ct- util iikhK ol supprt'Mii that inlaiiiotirt trullic that i-ould m toy opinion In mlopied. 1 ln lue uu inMriimt'iil hi the IiiuhIs ol L'ovi-rmncnt lor tli Hiiiinrt't iitii ofihat trade would Ik wi openilive nnd I'lPttual ns to vowv the con, nud rKxially the wrsti nicoam i.f Alrira, with colonic, nil ol which would Ih k many n-iiii win urueu io iiui-my oy cvriy ihiuvipiv ui uirir nil- mr... nl i n- -. i vn o their leinU of uw i.f nrr ,.t..Crn,.u, i t.nv, v , j ....... to .." Il lias l.i't ii said, nnd truly said, that the untnrlii- .1 1 .ti,.,, ..I ,l. I.Iii.TL riw.. in tl,...,,i,.. siieh that a large portion nitiu-m nil ourj'iiis.aiiii Unit is 111 jinnunouni nnpiriaiice 111 view 111 1110 pro tlieie is, note HiHiiorulityaniungst iheni than any c.ili-1, jiml!i comlm.rcial cliaii-;cii that must result ir tint-sen, and thai the slaves lheiuelves woubl be , . , , . .. , , henelittcel iii many instances, by the wiihdrawal of from Its completion ih exciting n good deal of jr.-c le-'rwii" l -tlir Irom ilu-ir ns-'ciit- ii." discission in lloston. The Daily A.licrtiscr hoods. The alsj itieiinsls have seiml iiisni ibis, nnd . . 3 . . said that coloiitzolioii isnotiiing nut a scheme" lo nvel, as they to term it, the chains 1,1 slavery more tot hi v. Hut is 1 not right- Is It Hot lair to look lit Ihe objecis of Colonization ( Consider, jtrsi of all, the condition nf the tree perseiii of color hiiics'lf. It is in. j - . . 1 .1 1 . r proveinenlollhe eiuigrniils nnd Ibe ailvniu-einenteif chtistiuiniy and the arts in Africa. I H right lose. Icct an isolulcd inolive.and ascribe all our efforts to e l.t.i l:,o, I eibieel f U it lu cctiidelull Ibe whole liccnuseyou dia.prove ol one. 01 itie moiivcs which , jou attribute to us I lake them all tugciiier nr I nnd invisible. Judge us by that staiiilaril.ciuil not by any separaie nun uaemi ii,in- o. .1 n-iii r- ol consiueruiions wnn.11 uviuan, on. uicnm v...- ii.o'i ul.nnl.l fail tuexiiress the fi'dimrs which aui ...... p..----; . - , ,, "1 1 ...1 .. mute me nt this inoineiit, if 1 should conclude w nbout iiv - , - i . . ofeturownclK-risliedinsii spiling up cin the shores.ifAtrica-ti republic louiideilby h ack men- Bliutin .' ...- - '1, f .1 .. I I... put inlnoperntioii by black men nnd n ihoiigh hut ot brief existeiH-e;, et ho ding out bright prnseeis to ihe future. heiber, thcrelore , gentle-nicn, lu l ie ... .-; V- i i 'i I . . ..I - ,1.. eoiigriiiuiniingjou .'.. i.e. fc.t... ,........"'". - " ni ring 011 the western lakes, ns lar oa (.lucago and which hns nneiided your A I epiibhc hies .Milwoukic, by steam proivllers, or sailing vessels co- sprung intneiisience under he ouspiccsol ilus-sK iely publci irausiwrliiig large- cargi"es. Theellects which ' ....ii-liliilniiili reuuhhe. orillcd alter the lliode I !,,., i: 1.....1 1." ....P. ...i.f. :.. .i. i-;i;.:. . ..( congratulations wiiicn i i gieuiv .o ,u, ...i. (r(.ni -i ),,, wnll(t ,aveinade thot itort the" great mart fruits now apparent n the niiiseiepieiie-es in some eh- v..M,MI-jlp Mnnij tmlr grecol the eietlions which you have vvheih-1 Ily lh,, i,,,,,.,,,,,,, .,nilow, Montreal oivena a crvvebioklorwarel lotheluture-whe-lher weconieiii. ronununi.alion, for o trade !. iinolhi-r character, with plate the htile and infant rcpuhhc.nnd hsthing ihrongh j,'ew Yorkniid the New Kngland Suiles. The trade thevi-ta of tiuie,nnticipalc some! two or llucc liun- also seems likely to prove Itcnclieial Iwih lo Canada drcdycnrshenie, when the republicshiil have-s.reiul ,,,( , ,, n,,,,,) lelt unincninls ri-il with liurden- throiighniit n large irilon of Alrira . cti iiiinniiiig some legi.laiion liy the wn Covernnienls. The itorM c.Hririnciples,firendiiig lhe love e.l lils-rlv nii'l elitlu- (1f Munireal and llurlington will Itecoine nciir neigh- sing the principles e.l t.hristiaiiiiy proii.ignluig ine Hirs,und with twu disltnct mil roads between Hulling- arts on that conliuent.w Inch I trust in t.od wr are ties. ,,, nm t,i city, we shall Is-, lor nil puris'ses ol busi- lined lo prositer on this coiitine lit,, let our coiiimi nci! ,.Mi wur m.i,,hs,r8 to thein IhjiIi. anil Iioim' Is-- tcMil in the conlinid ente und hies- siii"s ol ProviJc'ncc, by whom wc have thus far Urn I 1 ho " articlo front a correspondent, thus al- 8''.yo,on.h.n,Ke,le,nen,i the noble in which . '"'' H.o great cumn.ercial advan- you havciinbniked. 1 thnll soon leave ton, nn.I this l ions likely In accrue to "New Kngland 111 gcii. iheatre olnciioii iuri ver. Hul l , V'" .'m f.V-rl'A e ImJ- "ill aul lloston in purticular" from llio sue led to the loininlion of this rioculy vvin mrvne n e, i nnd tint in oilur bunds and under oiheriiiispii-is, ihe i rcsslitl prcscctition, by tho lliitish or Caua ft'r'aM ! :''ne..t,of this public vvotV. Our rca- rightiu'lly it ha. I en by the repnb'u: ol Lilieim-- FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 28, 1848. cd lo go ibcre, 1 iru-t llinl from now till your grcnt ohjeii has liecn billy necotnplishcil, the M i.itntion of the two lacis, whiih cull uctcr Is; hannoiiied. that others w ill spring up nud siMnlu the Sis-iely in the fu tute j and that the hlcwing may descend nsui this righteous cause Irom that tiod whose smiles 1 think hate luihcttu suMnined it I The Semite. Hillierto, ntniil fho wildest anil deejicst preva lence of the spirit of party in this Country, and while tlio popular mind has been under tlio liioli ct t'.xri lenient, the penpte havo been accustomed to " look to -i nr. Senate " of the United Slates as the truo depository of tlio Conservatism oftlin Constitution the batanre-whecl in their theory and machinery of government. They have found there tlio noblest intellects of the nation a Ci.av, a WnnsTr.n, a Camiovx, n Maniivm, n llr.KiitEN, a WitiaitT, a Ct.AVTot, aCniTTKR Iiei, nnd, (barring the Inordinate vanity that sometimes nullifies Mm) a Hbjjtiw men who are ric in Wisdom and tatcstnatiship, and whoso eloquent Voices aro ever ready lo defend tlio truo glory nnd welfare of the country. The . , . - . . ncunto has proved but a sorry place for tlctna- goyues and shallow-brained politicians the former being usually rebuked into n show, at least, of elevated motive, nnd tlio latter into ap propriate silence, and nonentity. It is hard work for such men as Cass and Allen to sink Ihe demagogue, and impossible for such a man as We of Missltsjfpi to conceal his errs. Wo always regret to see tlio Kcnatc belittled by the introduction of fifth rate men to its august councils. If any thing could lead ns to despair of the Ilepiihlic, it would bo the degeneracy of that conservative body, which would result from

a too liberal infusion of that spirit of modern "democracy," which delights in haranguing about " manifest destiny," " progress," and "An-glo-Saxonism," terms that aro receiving their plain interpretation in a bloody and aggressive War upon a feeble sister Republic, and in the rapacious purposes of conquest for which its authors declare tMr intention to prosecute it "in the vital parti" of that Ilepiihlic. Schemes ol military conquis't are wholly at war witli the spirit of our Constitution, and with tlio very theory of repnhliciiiisin. And yet the Senate of the United States daily resounds with the elabo rate arguments of a Cass or an Allen, and the puling declamation' of a Kootc, in advocacy of the entire subjugation and annexation of Mexico to this Union ! And wc are gravely told that all the " military mm " now lloating in tlie execu tive sunshine in Washington the l'earccs, the (luitmans, the ShichUcs, the Stocktons, Sec. . . , ar0 "numinous in advising the seizure and per m-i.n..l ltnI, ,.t n..l.'..n..t In..! . ..! . .. .. .. 1 l.ivi In lull i c It wn 1':iirt no nrtrn elnio, limn llirt - ' j " "..-. ...s ...u.s. s.. I.;..l...'n..n.nn tn 1.; n...t it. ' , .. ' .'. .... ... ' . , . "option, as citizens 01 lilts union, OI ciglil or . ten millions of half civilized, ignorant, and dC' wised Spaniards and Indians! fiat is j;on.r. of this country what " nillitar ' ,, . ' choose to think of the true policy to be The education and occupation of" milita i , , , , , iii. . ... 1 based (Spaniards and Indians! Itat is it to the Hilary men choose to think of the true policy to he pursued? . in. i;uuiuuuiihiiu mi iiihiuiiii ui iiiuiiHiy iiiuii , , , . ,,. , ; rS to (be last degree anli-rcuublican ; and they are the very last persons whose advice ought ., , , , " Cither to be sought, 'Or followed, by the henato of the United States, ill frainin" measures or ,. .. " '. " iuiina "w inn: ui "incy, to uu Huopieu uy tue (Jovernment. We want StatQstnen, not ;cn- crals,. to govern tlio "coirtitry. We want no ! standinir Aruiv of 70 000 men and no stuulin" standing Army of 70,000 men, and no standing .,. , . , , military adviocrs to point out the track of "glory ' r,r i.j ;.lm,lle vv ...,. t.t-.r nml Hio "cpuinic. wc wain t Mil, anu tlic Asia . T il.n .l 1 ! ... .... Arts of Peace, not the demoralizing and peril whole power of tho American (lovcminent to sustain a War of Conquest and Subjugation, and thus over-ride the Constitution itself, we may well despair of the Hcptihlic. If tlie bare f ,. .1 . ., ., . , . , . , ,,, . sui..n,j in a War, Isith precludes the right to enuuirc . , . . ' " 1 '"l the justice or necessity of that War, and i. mi. iuunuj takes away from the representatives of the l'eo- , , , p'O tlie power lo stop or control it, in what res- .t ces our Itciiuhlican (lovcrnincnt differ r mt, i, .. , . . .,., j ..i..nin , ,i iu counsels 01 siich men as CaluoUX, Weiisti i:, Mam. I'M. , . . ' '""" -"i CLAVTiw, ilKt:itli:x and Jlril.Ki: are cast nsido r.s il, Mnin-ini o.l,..ei-,,ei."i ..c . ;,.... 1 f-jtftrV. llttll (tl IIII till llltllf!ari t.i.n." i."lti nro . - ' - " mi uik buzzing about llio Natiuiial Cahital. frcfcli from . . " . . . , . , licMa of UooJ nnd carnage, it luuy bccoina the American l'coplcto paui-e and consider to what end elicit things lead. Tin." Ship Cnnal, We arc glad to notice that the prand project, r . . , , , ol. . . iwi in uimua, io iuiiiivi t uv u nimi a-. i r.i.c. i - ..i.i.t. 11.11 int.- 1,1111:1. ui oiu ui, 1 1:1 nu vv 1111 jianu , r'l .-1 1 , 1 .1 i ,1 Vll.lllllll.llll- n project which, in our judgment, uius iicuiccs 1111s jreai i'iiifrinse, 111 imrouiiciiio communication from an intelligent correspon. I . dunt of that pacr: j ,i4ll Naviiutiov. -We e niiblisli to.elav nn nrtiele from a ciirrerHnilcni, which given an interesting view of" the Is'iirfits which are likely to accrue to the New l.i"i;""oi ino e.iroiu en, iiii-eniuni niiiiroveiueill 111 ine Vlb. i,K. cd-rtnilicial nnticntiiiii.about to Is" oitened in Cann.lii. Until rc-cciillv.wesliouhl.nscilizenaof llos- ton. have regarded an luinroveinent of Ibis nature, in that part ol the country, with cuuiiarativt iiiditlereuce. i ,lle which could lilllecuitceru our local interests i Uu, liy (1B oiurjiiaii wlih other imnrovrmriits, it ia vy , llv nw llf oreof iniiKirlance In all ihe New yreot'Mnxrtiince nvellns to ihecitv England rilatcs as well as to Ihe city of New York. jy Uk liberal aid uf the Hrilish govcrniiK-i iv ihe 1 1 In rat aid of the ooverniiHMit.n neriea nfciiiiiils, mm nearly romiieted,lint)lK.'en eniiMructed, ' hy whieh ihe eiiy ol Montreal w ill tne the privilege of "J in' 11 lor 1 lie en .tmmrc ul w III n.i.c iitr pti.neuc u coinniimiciilioii with the vost agricultural region bor mi nv t-riutvi tl iii mill a I liunur 111 Ui .uiimna J navigation that extensive lineVcan hordly Is" calcu ., Tl( wdl doubilcsa lw iiiportant to the cili tllie.t. J IIC V Will UOUOHCSS l or.Monirenl, and In the" tvhole ,lt. imr sSucli would ull tlll, lmt. , ar,,icia j, Thev will doubtless Ih- niinortonl tothccilv whole region inroiigu which oiuit nave ih-cii llieir riiece, . : 1..... ""'. i'. see. tiecui nnv igilll.Ml leiiioniio tt.'t .ti".. - , dels ure already awaro thai this projected Canal Caunhtiawaga.) tvhen cotnplc.txl, will per. feet the facilities for Ship and Impeller mitiga tion from llio great Wolern Lakes to the liar bora of Lake Cliamplain. Tlio Immense com mcrco thus thrown upon our lake, availing itself of tho several railroads to tho Huston Markets which diverge from Its shores, would prodigious ly increase tho business and prosperity of those railroads, ol our Slate, nnd of lloton. Tlie-o considerations, and those which render tho en terprise or great business Importance to Cntiad.t, nnd the nddillonnl benefit which llo.ston nml New Ktigland would derivo from the reduced cost of transportation, westward, by the Vermont llailrnnils and the Ship Ciinal, are perspicuously set fin-th in tho article in tho Advertiser. A writer in a subsequent number of tho Adverti ser, however, signing himself " C," is disposed to controvert the position assumed by tho friends of the Ship Canal, and falls into titimcr ous extraordinary errors, both of statement nnd calculation, which arc thus ably answered in the Advertiser of the 21st Inst. : For the Hoston Daily Advertiser. I observed nn nrtiele over the signature C. in your I iiesdny s pnier, selling lorth, in my opinion, argu ments m favor of the Ogdensburg llnil Komi rather than discussing the great ndtnntnges to be derived by tins city and all the Lnstcrn States by the completion of the Caiighnawnga Canal, thus giving nstlie l-n, lit the entire chain of the grcnt Cnnndinn canals.wlncli have already connected the Western Lakes within n few miles of our ports on Like Chaniplnin. Vour writer C. could not have given much rellictiou to the fact that the government of Cnnana nre the projectors nl'this contemplated cnnnl. Thecnnnls of Cannd.nire perhaps the largest nnd most iniortant in the world. , I regret that I cannot ngree with C. ill jiiscalcula- Hon ofcxis nse. As he argues on a siipMsitiou that r- chnndis.. to nnd from the Wcsl must bo trnn-hiiipednt Ogdensburg, lie gives tisthc cost of trnn.sirting n barrel ol llourlroni Ogdensburg to flontrenl IKI cents, nnd in surance 3 cenls. I hate known il tube carried from I reseott.on the Caunda side, opposite ( )g,lenburg,io Montreal, nt 1H and 'JO cents, Insurance included. No direct trade exists now between Ogdensburg nud .Mon treal, and should a few barrels of Hour require lobe sent from there, it inny be possible Ihnt tins exorhi tnnt rate might have to lie given ; however, at tlic same col which lie tints a barrel of Hour from Ogdens hurg to .Montreal, you can convey Hour Irom Toronto, Hamilton, or the Wellaml Cnnal to Montreal, a fa lire more thin turn hnntlrtd milrt Jurllitr. This calculation is altogether one ol little iiiiHirtnnee, when the cnnal is completed, ns C. must be convinced from my reply tolus inquiry, "by which route the Ogdens burg Kail or the contemplated canal, can mer chandise lie transported with the greatest facility, and at least exiicnse from Iike Ontitrfa to Ijike Cham plain I In my opinion there can be little difficulty in arriving nt a correct conclusion. A vessel Irom the W est could, nt a rrry trifling cost, convey her cargo, without breaking bulk, to Lake Chainplain, she would hate IO Sail 20 hours mure nml ttnv Inirtn. .... l.a cnnal nnd tolls torn distance of ".Mimics; wlierens, if sue iiuu io pui mio ijgiicusuurg, sue wouiu nave to brrat lulk, her enrgo of flour, whent, or whntetcr it may l, trausupicd by railroad cars, at a rnnniilrra bU erprnte. C.alsostates another objection, tint the rtiititl tei Ae (mien int in wtiifrr. I toes 1 !. wish In impress the public with the j Jen that Ogdensburg is nul cumra lip liy ire tin mini im llir rilma I t conuut think forn moment that C. means tosay that Ogdens. burg is on Iike Ontnrio, but 1 do iuler'lhat he w jsjies to impress a belief that large quantities of produce will the case. ne iirougiii irom jstris on mat iahe. t ins win mil is- llie mites atwswego, unciiotcr nml ti., wine u mi -i pnppu,-n iium im- inn and Michigan States, nnd n lame portion of the mil lensburg, derive tln-ir largest supplies Irom the Ohio I- il I ling business will lie Irniislerred by inennsof thiscaun to the nulls on take Chaniplnin, and Ibere is mi 1,-ul k of wnter-Hiwcra in that Heights irhood. Tliroiighoiit C.'s orticle le imagines Ogdensluirg to Is ihe turn! Western jmrt or trrminun, nnd nil inert handise in lie trttiishiwit Irom thence. The greatest advantage we will derive Irom this cnnnl is.thntwccau receive vessels loaded with wheal or other produce troiu any ort on the Western Lnkes into Iike Chaiuplniii w ith out breaking bulk or tleteulioii. Let nie nk C. why, when thiscaunl iscouuileteil, vess.'ls loaded from or to Ihe West ihituld limtk nt Oqdriinlnre nt nil ! I nm sorrv t observe the errors C. has fallen into. He states that in foul weather n vessel would Is two days coining down from Ogdensbuig to Lnke Cliam ptaui, when it is notorious they run down to Iichiue, opposite the Caiighnawnga Canal in fruni A to honrs.nnd the steamers U"'dns passage ismts nre of lines leave Ogdcn.sburg or I'rcscoit, djily, for M 'real, nnd ri're rerun. The upward trip occupicsnli tue largest class ami most eiegnutiy tiitcii up. two trenl, and ri're rerm. 'I'he upward tripcH'cupiesabout I hours, as these steamers have to eo ihrouc:li Itie ca- nns; downwurils,"J cir llMiours. C.deuien yoiireor rvHM,lvnt It.'e niiHi'rtioo, Inrge inert haut vessi Is cnu leave Chicago with a heavy Ircight and nail down the St. laiwrence lo .Montreal j nnd lurtber,ie iutoruin the public, " No set 11 vvvs i.vni i.i.m: on 1; vvn.i. in:."' I must most repectbilly support your cor re.sniuileut U., ami regret vour correspondent C, Irom misintormatioii nhuulil uialie the nlmvcquntcd us sertioii' CnrgiH's have arrived Irom Ohio nnd will .ar rive from nny Lnke of the Wc-t to Lachiue, nnd next Mny, by the new Lachiue Canal, into .Muutictil. As sonic ot vour leaders may not In? conversant with Cnund.i nr its canals, 1 hope that C, will not lie oik ml, d when 1 1 In-ell 0s wbenlinlbrintheni oiidhiiii.tbat ship navigation has sox fur the subjoined table showiti" the A"ri Inenoin'ii lor the last ci"hlec u inonths, troiu nnv port . . ... . . 'r' on Lakes Huron, Mic liigju and Kric.ihmoghthc Wei- land Cnnal to LakeOii!ario,a, L-iko Ontario to Lac bine, (nine miles Irom .Moiiirenl by the llitei .V. hitrrrnee, ihnriiirnrit, over these rapids nnd shonlii Ktefeli harnois Canal IS miles, the Coriiwall Canal 13 miles, the (,nl ops mid Units uuia -l do not ree lect the tUU s.,L.cies r statistics Useful and iiitcresfino lengih, bin Ihey nrcshort j lliesi" ( analsaiul locksare 1 , ' niiin.uuj unilonu in depiliol wnierniidsize ol lin however, only as it is accurate. Wo were in tessc'ls now' in use in ibe carrying trade liir the Lakes, i , i , , , , , . , , . . . . nre.ijWfr .c-erof.tKKito 3IHSI barrels bi.nliei, ''"iKi l," be "'hie to place, side by side with .Mr. ("noi scows") nnd vessels are now budding tor this Masiin s, table, the results figured up in Rich, trndeol a large size. The waier over the L-iibuic ia-' llonii ,v i10 I'nited Stales Mir.liill ;,, lam. pids may be loo shoal in mid-si icrlorthe largest 111 " 1 " ,"c 1 "uc" c,latLS .M.irBli.ill, 111 18 10 : class ves-selsiu ibe carr)ing trade to run the rapids Irom but are unable to find thein the published Coin iuchiue to Miintrrnl. Tliis difficulty is nvoided by 1U,,,,:M1 i ii.,,.,,!.,,' ., i i r ii-ing Ihe Lachine Cnnal; but ves-cls ifiat nre de-tined I101'"""" of 1 "1'uUtion, Productions, &c. etn tonnirlson likeChauiiilaiu. willenterthe Cnughua- bracillL' no divisions smallor linn t'mioibx wagn Cnnnl o'wsir7.ririiiie,(irrrmi7esabovclhese shoals and rapids, thus having u decided advantage Jio-il. fiti.l rniti.l- Hill- Imtv-titir n .1 (i . I (. n lit .ns '" p i'"iij iuijv (v-i-.,ivjuiitu in nu- (iuh ui .tunim .ui vviiiciimusi nseine i,ai'iuiiet,niiai uuvvariis aiiiictovvu- ward. I must alto put C. right nstt. the ve-cs in u-e iM'tvveeu I'liiK'rCatiad.-i mid Montreal ; they am wit truirt nut nargen 01 iau narre s burl icn.aui are towed l,y .tenme,. which carry freight also; a Meaiueriiiid tour barges wnlcnuveybettvecn Mouirenl and Kingston on I, -ike Ontario nearly 'XH hblsllour niatrin. Is there any each Canal navigation in the L'niti'd Slates f It is evident that C. knows very little of Cnnada or its iiiihlie works. As n tiu.ile In bis coiiiiiinoii'al ion liesays "one thing mnre, there i aliemltjn Cnmilbe-' - tieeen tlie irnlem of Jjike t'htimltlaiit nnd the St, iMirrenee, oitomte .Montreal, hut ,t ! does 110 busiiicstr' Your correspondent C. must c.x-, cuse nie vvneii t icrminn-; .... , 1 ,. ,. ,r . .. tins e;V'o""e .U'inlif , exi-is only in the iuugiuii- nmi, nnd seatnicF himself 111 nnd tioii ot the person who took the trouble tu misinlorm ( Klores, and seeking nil liimls of tnicellancoiis hiin ns there is not such a canal, !r,,.,..,i.. cv,. i'ir . , The " ' hum be what is alluded to ; 1 ,lllur,1''"llu'1 lrom indillerciit sources, lit the it is a small canal, making the river Uiclieheu nuviga- most promiscuous manner ! Ho was, wo be hie for small emit between St. Johns and Chainbly 011 1 ,. , , , ,, . -the river Itithelicu, say about ten miles in length. bu"0te, about the only uniiiistakable Jsirnfncn This river runs from Lake Cliamplain into ilie tSt. to bo found ; and even he seemed to act ns thorn-h Lawrence, at Sorell, forty-live milestrom Luke-Cham- ... . plain. Thin Cnnal termimitrs right) milei by tenter i,ls Part' wcre l"tt"S tlie books for tlie las-t c,i.Vc.nieci. ! time, and that it was of no special use to Ih" I lie advantages of the Cauglinnvvntiga Canal over , , . ., any thing tint has yet Iteen thoueht of, are, in mv 1 o'Cf particular, siuco it was evident that the oinnioH. iiicali'ubihle leiJ.u(M,i.iiM io Utiie. Cb.iii-1 tow ns there the Iwi.'lits of Monlrenl and yue-U ciuar-, r'allllJ'i population of Jlrandon alono was kets, a constant and ihcnn supply of salt and coal tin: set down at some four or live hundred less laitercan hcnllordcd to the iron woiks on this Like . " as cheap almost us it enn be- ha.l nt the pits in I'enu-1 than It really was as was shown by an accu jylvaiiia. Knglish coal and sal; ore brought 10 line-1 nt0 canvass made by a few Gentlemen of that hec 111 immense" iuantities as liallust lor the limber-1 ' " 1 """" ships and usually sells at 83 to $1 the chaldron for the , town ! sarada1. Tlio trtith is unless Fo,no method can bode- nlics of Wet-t and lint liulm good Irom here, and n Vised that fch.ill sccuro greater nccuracv nnd tnrce uRiiniy t our mn nuMctunra. ims trade once ociumed would be scmsibly Kit tlirouuh eery brniuil ofourinduftry and n lart:eivortionot the iuhIkt iraile would Is-turned to New York via Lake Champt.iiu. As to the ultimate success and proliiuhleiicss of the undertaking, or ila utility, there can be but one opin ion. 1 ours, .vt'. ii. Wo may add that tho friends of this important enterprise in Canada, arc abating no jot of their 1-lllc.l Ol leu III vunaiiu, titu uu.eeiii'i nu luiui men zeal and energy in its behalf, fts commercial conseeiuence to .Montreal is clearlv ant.recia.e.l by the active and intelligent business men of, that City, from whom assurances are given that there remains no doubt of its speedy completion We have received a letter addressed to tho Di rectors ol the .Montreal and 1-icliino Kailroad Co., by one of their number, in which tho argu ments in f.tvor of tho Immediate construction of tho (.'auolmavviiga Canal aro presented with great cogency and e trnestiicss upon tho citi zens of Canada. Wo present our readers witli llio following extract, which presents brielly tho interest which il is clear Vermont las in tlio uritler : Ye t ibis piojected Canal, however strongly it may ni.aitoll.ele chugs ami inlmets of the Cnnniliau pub. lie, is n matier of it en greater concernment to the In naiiiiini sot the ni.,tM a,.w y,,, ',.n,, nud Massachusetts, 'J'l. coinplctioii ol tliisfitnl will T," '"iket hnniplaiiijun,, v. ,i,,ii h.nhour, " oil- inouiii-is oi me i ir tvest.einiiiiM ii at the mimic tiomt ol Chicago, may, wiihont nny iulerniedi nie trnnshipiiieiit of mrgo or "breaking ol bulk," lie raus erred nt once to the rail enrs, which will convey to Hoston. or to the canal boats which will trnn-port it lo New York. On the whole, wo congratulate our renders that this splendid project of connecting the Western Lakes and our own, by waters nati Jjahle by Vessels of from three to live hundred tons imrlhcii, and thus placing us in direct and easy communication with the fertile and almost limitless West, has at length awakened such attention in ll0.Un and New York, ns renders its completion no longer a matter of rational doubt. 11 j IIav.neh Ha via- had seen something of this oll.tpod world of ours, though ho died after living in it only about 10 years. We aro sorry it was not our good fortune to muko his jolly acquaintance when ho visited llurlington. He slipped through the village, wo conclude, quite unceremoniously, though not without leaving on our tablo n record of one of hU perplexing experience. Wc nlino-t wonder ho was such a fuel as to " get his foot in ! " A Counti y Nail ou I In; Alnmcl.'s I'lnii. BV THOMAS IIAV.VES EAVI.V. Oh ! joy to her who lir.t liegan A country ball ou the Almai ks plan ! Ilogsiiorton's queen she walks erect, The ball exclusive nnd select J Four Indies patronesses sit From morn to night arranging it ; And when yon hear the names of all, You'll guess the merits of the ball. Fleln-ian persons they reject, Ilogsiiorion balls are so select ! The Squire's own lady, Mistress Tcnrl, Her sister, (quite n stylish girl,) And then the wife of Mr. Flaw, (Churchwarden and a man ol law,) And Mistress l'itls, the Doctor's bride, Ilelnled on the mother's side Mr. Ihggs, (who was, jou know, lord .Mayor of Iioudnn long ago ; liy these, nil upstart claims nre checked, Hogsnorton balls nre m select! They've quite excluded Mr. Squills, Who makes the antihilious pills j Not " cause he mnkm em," but they say He tell em in a retail way j lint Mr. Squills declares bis wife Has wen a deal ot stvlish life, And votes Hogsnorton people low, So il she nnilil, she wouldn't go A strange remark, when you reflect, llogsiuifp,,, bulls are nn select ! And then you know there's Mr. Flinii, I he rich old mercer, can't get in ; And Sweet ihe grocer has applied! Hut Sweet the grocer was denied ; And Inuh apm-ar to think it hard That Slush ih.. brewer has a card ; And say," Why should a brewer l One bit more lit for icijis than we 1" Hut Slush of course is quite correct, Hogsnorton balls arc so select ! Of course nil those they won't admit, Discuss the ball, nud censure it ; And strange opinions they express About each huiy patron,- ; S.ijs .Mrs. I-'hiiu to Mrs. Sweet, " wash my hands ,,l the elite ;" Sas .Mrs. Sweet to Mrs. Flitui, " l or all the world I'd not go in " Here envious leeliugs we delect, Hogsnorton balls are so select ! Says Mrs Squills, There's Mrs. IVnrl, You'd think her lather was an carl 1 So high and uiighiy ! bless vour heart, I recollect her less smart, llefore she marrii d ; and 1 know Thnt n iiple mill ('tis entie mint,) She was a lertle indiscreet ! So much, iny dear, for the elite. " Dear me! don't say she's incorrect, Hogsnorton balU are select." Wo, wn to her who lirst fn'gan, A country ball cm the Ahuacks plan ! iron wur is wninif in to. l,,wo. The iiien nre raving up nnd down; And wh.-n mny lend to worse misharis, 'i'he ladies all re pulling cajis ; Indeed vie In-ar, lioin one nud all, As much ot bullet as the bull. Why wns llngsuorton's comfort wrcck'd I Jlecnitse her balls were so select, Stilt ist its. Wc are under special obligations to Mr. Ma cultural productions ol tho town of Richmond, i our County, for the year 1810. .Mr. Mason , . is himself one of the most intelligent, as ho is probably the iargest, of the producers in that line town, ami appreciate the usefulness of m, ,.,. , ; ,, , . ,. ' 1,10 c,,",'ti imagine, would lie ridiculous iii ii; i..m.h,-iiiu nrm 111", Vli:U CVOrv LKMlV WHO 1,., i, ,,i rt , .1 . , I "ll'lu occasion to CMiiuino tho mutter, knciw that the lalior and c.ieiiso liestnwcd hytheticu il,,.,i ,... .1 1 .. eral Ijoterniiicnt, every ten years, through its intchiuery ol .Marshals, Sub-.Marhals, Censu i, 1. ' c. . 1 1 1 , ,. , takers kVc. i.c., are l.tUir and e.vpeiico but hltlc I better than thrown away. e recollect the Census-taker who circular ted through Rutland Coiintv in ISin. slinnioit ,.,. 1 .... . .. . , , " arontiU aiiiciito; lncr Jlas-j nieetinos and l.ojr- cabin processions, with a diiioy Isiok imiler his old Concern must " bust up !" If wo remember i fAjthfuhics in tho ncrfortnancc of their imnor. , 1 1 l,,,,ur tint ditty by the (lovernment Agents, tho (iov- eminent Statistics, procured and published at enormous expense, will get to lwof no more real use to the jvcoplo than so many tables of loga bles of loga- , are of great rithms. 1 lieso eStutistics, when true, I , I . t i , . V,!"f7 V '? "'"tn 1 "w 1 IWWtay' l,e,r I ,.!Cf..',"",neS '3 h,'"W 1,0W . "!,rc8 can urt.alI,!jol.y m. , llloMutcI1IcnU ,hJU' ll01,iIli;aiJ0llt.u!e.,1.t. nn . i nnv nrt tn i n murn tiiiirntriiit rnnti n they see that those they cn. know about are nt- accurate. If the U. fc. Marshals were directed to employ tlie JMers in each town every ten ,ow tlsto Uial lhe first )(,t ' years, to per or,,, tho duties generally assigned j without imputing to us "enmity" tolhe t-cc-to some sni.ill-potatoo politician, who don't know ond a drag-liKiU, from a knitting needle, tho Country j u'ut, Messrs Watchman and Messenger, nro vvou d oUutn s atis , cal informutlo,,, liko that ' yot, really ouite certain that there is o furnished by Mr. Ma-on below-accurate and in tho way of bridging MiSsisquoi ,; You Hut we i have already kept our readers too long I , ,1... !!..,, I 11 lit.. , . . Ili'itl titu .titiivi nun eyiiLUSU OI OIU KIC IUIOIII Vennont has more than "si, Uichmond, in ic Held'' that rati tell a grod a slory as this where cnws nru more numerous than fho men, women and children, all told I Mount Holly, for exam ple, on the very summit of the Green Mountain', with a population of some 1600, is in tho tamo bovino predicament. Ntnlistlcs of Itichinond, Vt. lor 1810. Ninnlicr of inhabitant do of cows IleVT im Am't. 822,'.i.V..3fl 7, !fll.Tlr 3, IKI.tlO l,r, .ijnm.iu SVnVSIIIU y.' 8, Vi7,'i'. 3, 1 1 I.VI 111 IM) LOarno Quantity. IWlt) V2MXi K.'sl IfiaSl JOS-27 2MI2 Jim flih! Price. 0 cts. m " i 10 " .HI " C dol. II til. 75 " 1,V Cheese made, No. lbs. Duller " " Pork " " Heel by estimation " Sugar made, No. lbs. Wool cut, " Hay " tons. Oots raised, No. huxh. Corn ' " Whent" " 11 ye ' " Potatoes do Ffiirxti Cf.AnKK, Dear Sir: If you should think the above statistics worth imblishins. vou are at lib erty to do so. They were taken by me, nt the time of making up the grand list, in April nud Mny, 1817, nnd the price of grain is put nl what it wns selling form thnt tune. II you should publish the nlmve, 1 wish you to pub lish the following witli it. The town of llichnwnd is not n full township of six miles square, or B3OI0 nercs. hut contains only nbout 17ts) ncresofland, nnd one third ortnore is not under cultivation. Hut I think we produce ns much ns any tow n in the Slate of the same sie nud quality of hind , if nut, I should like tu seethe figures. The nrtiele of beef was not taken when the list wns, but by estimation and the best information wc could get. L. D. Maso.v. Wp.movt amiCavada ItnAn. Tlie Directors of lliis link in ihe long line, connecting the Central with tho Ogih'iisburgh Koadthave recently had a lueetiug, nud si'cureel the services ot II, It. tantpbell, l.stj , a well known engineer, to survey and locnte their line of course to the Lake, opposite llouses's I'oint. Ily tho way, we ri'is-at ,thnt there is not the slightest doubt of the right of this company to bridge any navigable wa ters upon its. hue. 'I'he tUestion has been decided by Chiel Justice Savage of New York, uimn n clause ofa New York charter ot which the section in the Vennont nud Cnnnila charter is a copy ; nnd the isiint has also Is-cn decided hy Judge Wes'dhury of the ITnited States Supreme Court, nstntide waters. Montpelier H'dlea- ii nn. ltatl.tlMl at Ilnl'sk's Point.' We reioicc to observe that sonic id our t-oteniporaries, who have iiiteresteei tllenist-lvesin opposing a bridge at House's Point, lire able to cemiprc hctid interpret w ith tolerable accura cy tue nnv iieges granleti by ibe nmenUed charter ol trie t. nml (Canada Kail Itoad Company. Although tho editor of the Hurlutgtoii Free Press is not among theni, we think he Islhigging in bis opKsition jis there is not n wln-jsT ill his last uuuilter nlsiut the Undue or the Ship i mini ! There is ground to ho'ie in Ins case ! V. .W&iiux MetHtiiger. Money is hard at lloston and railroad stocks const". tuently e ontinue depressed. Nevertheless we are glrul lo say that the money is "pouring in" (to in, tlie words ol one who has the ..t ollieial minus ut knowing,! on the lust assessment ol the ( igdcnshurgh road. Thf eiifiiius ol that road ui llurlington and Montreal will perceive that its construction lsu '" lixedfact." .Vcnf peltcr tl ntchntnn. We copy the above as samples of the fretful temper of our good friends of tho Watchman and .Mcssengor, on flic subject of bridging the nav igable waters of our Lake. Wc might, if wo had nothing better to do. regale our readers witii an extract or two also from an obscure paper, published in St. Albans, (the name of which has escaped our present recollection) which compliments the taste of its readers by a cniirfe of very silly and very harmless blackguardism tovvurds tlie l'rce l'rcss, cm the same subject. We have, however, neither stomach fur such an opponent, nor skill in the'iisc of his peculiar weapons ; so he can discharge his shallow bil lingsgate at lis, without molestation, as lonjrn he can find subscribers who like to pay for that kind of literature. Hut wo have a word to say to our friends of the Wutchman and .Messenger. Now, gentlo mcn, if "there ii wit the tUishtett Juubt" that Ilie Vermont nnd Canada Kniln ad Co. have tho ri'oht to bridge Mi'siest-mii liny tinder their amended charter; and if the" editor of the Krco Press is flagging in his opisition " to that un wise and unnecessary project ; and if " tho mo ney " is "pouring in " on the first assessment of the Ogdensbiirgh road ; and if the construc tion ol that road is it " fi.xcd fact, " then irhy, in Ilie name ofall that is p icilic and rational, don't you go ahead, and let us alone t If you really ache to have ns ilisjntte your assertion", we can be good-natured enough to gratify you; though this feverish zeal in amrtinr irri,.l,i." will bo apt to lead people to suspect that ym have not that etdirc confidence in their validity which it is always agreeable to have. Hut, .Mr. Watchman, you have more than once, or twice, insinuated that there are those, in jiuriingioii, who are"' enemies " to llio ( Igdi'iisburgh road. We do not know them. HVare glad, at any rate, to hear from so oood authority, that its lirst assessment is " pouring in.' mill that its n : - , i e. .,. .... -i. ui.!ti,i, ,9 ;i n.wu l.lCl . Wo have been a friend to that enterprise, (hum bler in capacity hut as sincere as yourself,) ever since it was projected, anj are inca,,aije ol lay- in .e siiun in us way, n no men are Its "ene mies in llurlington ?'' Can you not scparato op position to tho bridging of the Uiko from enmi ty to the Ogdeiislnirgh road ? In our opinion the-e projects have no nmtmru dependence on. or connection with, each other whatever. It is one rpicstiem whether the road shall Is built. and ipnte another whether our liko shall bo bridged, afterwards, for its "convenience." Vour all'i'cling picture of Ihe price if Im-ml, last fall, as allected by a bridge or no bridge, was Jruii tt .imini wholly .from a healed Imagina tion. You are ciwler now, and will probably confess that you cannot tell what irou be tho probthle difference to us poor grain-eaters, if tho freight-cars should nm enrr a bridge, or rule oyer on a steamer. Taking the estimates of "wear and tear," and distanco &c. &c, it ia really likely to proto a rather puzzling question, even to astuter "calculators " than you and I, to determine which would bo the more economi cal method. And so of your "scare" that tho rerwinni railriKvIt and tho Ogdensburgli icnull not lie built if the bridge should be refused ! Oh .Mr. Watchman I how could you ! The Central, the Rutland, and the l'asitiunpsie, arc goini. on' I . . ... ' r. '--n - J 'p ' assessment of the Og- '!osb"rK'' ' 1B and its construe ii,.n a n i;vri.i r. 11 1 .... . . . '7 , " ZrZV, I . , . ar 7" "mI . v....... ,-ivi ... . meiu eiier uian tnts, rov good friell The llridge and the Kailroad 'are not ibe same ibiimiifier ..II .!,. the allirmatite. That opinint, was ,' ,ii,,n. i- . . D- "' - I Z'Zr

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