Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 18 Şubat 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 18 Şubat 1848 Page 2
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V BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 18, 1848. an Illegal attentat to overllirow the Government of Hhodo Islalllf. 3d. No proof wns nfiercil by I lie pl.unlifl to show' that, in Met, ntmther government h;n1 gone Intooper.illi'ii. by which the chaitcr government had been displaced. Anil lirst, these mailers arc not of judicial cog nisance. l)oc" this necil arguing 1 Are the various titattois ol fact alleged, the assembly of meetings, tlio appointniont of committee, the qualifications of voters. N tbeie any one of all tliou matters of wliicli a court of l,nv can take cogni.anco in a ipie-tion where they aie to no- established mul put In opciatlon In displace tho charier government. That is evident enough. Von lint! the whole embraced In Uiop two days, the third and fourth of May. Tlio 1' rencli He volution win thought to be somewhat rapid. That look three d.ivs. Hut this work was tic cnnipllshcd in two. ' It is all there, and what is it ? Why, Ihey otc a Treasurer, and a Secre tary, and 'ilr. J)orr, Governor ; and choosu olli cers. of the Supremo Court. Hut did ever any man under that authority at- tempi to exercise u putticio oi oiucr.ii powui . Did aiiv man ever brin" a suit? J)id ever an citle on sovereignty J lie tiling lo no pimeu oincer inane an nriest ( uiu an nciioii piu.u-.-u sa chain'0 of sovereign power. Tv.n logi-la- fimn any member of the government, or from :tires extsicu nT. me same nine, umn ci.uiiuiil: power to pass laws. Until cannot halo a legal existence. What then 1. the attempt ofonrad- ers,iries ? To put down one s, v 10 gu govern ment and lo put another up, by Mct and pro ceedings in regard lo elections out of doors, un authorised by anv 1 iw w,inlovcr. llegi 1 ir pio coolings Tor a chuligoofgni eminent may in some cases, perhaps bo taken noti 'e of by a court, but tiiis court in1 look elsewhere than out of doors and to public meetings irregular and nil uuthorUrd, lor tlio decision of such a question as this. Itnatmally lool s to that niitlmiily under which it -its hole, to lliu provision" of the con rtitutio'i which have created this tribunal, and tothu laws by which its proceedings are regu lated. It must look to tlie acts of the go em inent of thu United Slates in its various branches. This liliode Island disturb nice, a" every body knows, was brongbt to the knowledge of the President id' the United States by the public au thorities ol Hhodo Island ; and how did ho treat it? The United States have gu iranticd to each state a republican form of government. And a law of Congress basdiiected tlio l'resident, in a constitutional ease requiring Mich acjieli, to call nut the militia to nut down domestic vio'enee mid suppress in--.imection. Well, then, nppli any agent o! it, to touch a citizen ol imouo Ma ml ill his salety or his piopurty, so as to make tlio pally answerable upon an Indictment or In a civil suit I Never. It never performed ono singlo act of government it never did a thing in tlio woild I All was patriotism and all was paper ; and with patriotism and willi paper it went out on tlio -llh of May, admitting it-cll to be, as all must legaid it, u comtumplible sham ! 1 have now done with the principles involved in thi case. In legard to the other case 1 have but few wouls to sav. And lir.-t, I think it is lobe re gretted that 'the Court below sent up such a list ol points on which it was divided. I shall not go through them, and shall leave it to the Court to say whether, alter th"y shall have disposed of the li'rst case, there N anything left. 1 shall only draw attention to the subject of tnaitial law, and in respect to lli.it, in-tcau ot going back to martial law as it existed in England at the time thecharterof Khode Maud was grant ed, 1 shall merely ob-eno that martial law con fers power of arrest, of summary trial, ifcc. ; and that when it has been proclaimed thejand becomes a camp, and tlio law of the camp is the law ol the laud. Judge Story demies martial jfrcc f)rc00, IMilll.lNGTON, VI. FIUDAY M0KN1NU, I'LHItL'AUY 18, " In Titn mute and riiountr.il mhiit uiat is tiros us, Titiiiir. isxoStah Ar.ovr. hie iioiuzon TOCllVi: L'SA ULI'.AM OV I.ItlllT, c.vmruju mi. ISTnM.WUNT, l'ATr.lOTlO Willi 1'AUTV OF Tltf. Uxrrr.n Status." Daniel Webster. l'or l'resident, HENRY CLAY. Tor Vico l'resident, MILLARD PILLMOKK, OF NLW VOItK. Subject to the decision of the Whig Nationul Con vention. The Presidency. We notice with surprise and regret that the Montpelier Watchman cj- Journal has placed at the head of its columns the name of John McLean-, of Ohio, ns its candidate for the l'rcsi denry. We are siirni ised, because Mr. Walton, the Uditor, being a member of the Whig State Committee, the movpment might bo supposed to implicate that Committee as concurring therein. We are at liberty to say that such a supposition is wholh at variance with the fact the tno-t prominent members of tlio Committeo not only not concurring in the suggestion of Judge McLean's name for the exalted office in ques tion, but being far from the opinion that that distinguished gentleman is the lirst choice of the lo be u-ud arbitral ily, or for the gratification ol ! mgs oi v crmom. ixouotiy ucsircs lo question personal leehngs ol hatreil or revenge, oui lor , tho Watchman 3 right to support for the norm the preservation of older and of the public peace Tlio olhcor clothed with 11 is 10 juuge oi uiu degree of force tli.it the necessity ol tlio case may doinitid; and there is no limit to this cx eopt such as is to be found in the nature and character of llie cm-'cucv. ration was mule to the I'lcsidenl of the United I law to bo thu law of war a resort to military States, to tlio Incentive power of the United authority in caes wlieie tho civil law is not States. 1 or accorilu jto oursyi-tem it devolves siillicient ; ami it comers summary power iuh upon the c"'".o to ileterunne, in the lirst instance, whit are and what ale not govciu menls. The i'rcsidenl recognizes governments, foreign governments, as they app -ar fiom time to time in the occurrences ol this changeful woild. The con-titutii u and the laws make it his duty, ifanin-urrectioiie.i-Naga;n-t the gov ernment of any ftile, making it nrce-ary lo ap jiear with an armed lorce, lo call out the militia rind put it down. Two tilings may here ho properly considered. The lirst is that the con-tilutioii "doc I lies that the United State-1 shall piotect every state against domestic violence ; and the law of making provision lor earning this coii.-tilulioi.nl dulv Into etfect in all proper case--, dei laics that " in caseol an insurrection in any state against the gnverirncut thereof, it shall bo lawful for the l'resident of the 1 "cited Slates to call out the militia of oilier slates tosuppioss such in-uriec-t!on." These constitutional anil legal provi-ions make it the indispensable duty of the 1'iesident to cieciue, in easy, , coinmu ion, w mil is the , hold sulliage JIoa wnj: i, u since nooooy ,0 in jllPtice bo(h lo tho lS(atG Committee, avoid such decision. And in this ca-e he .lo-1 bold oualiliealion 'I'll ro are' now states in !,ml-,noro especially, to the Whigs of tho State j I now t ike leave of this ca-e. That it is an iuleiesting incident in the bi-tory of our instilu tions I freely admit. That it has come hither is a subject ol no legiet lo mo. 1 might have said j that I see nothing to complain of 111 tho proceed-1 . lugs ol what is called the charier governmeni ol liliode I-land, except that it might have dl nation whom it pleases ; but the relations its Kditor sustains to the Whig I'arty of Vermont, as one of their State Central Committee, if they do not render its semi-ajjkial announcement of Judge McLean's name impmjicr, certainly rcn dcr this brief caicat unavoidable. The last Ilos ton Atlai announces that tho Montpelier Watch mail, "the lading ll'i- 1'ajicr if Vermont, has raised the name of .loiix Me Lean to tho head of its columns." &c. &c. The WIiIl's of Vermont I will :it. oncn sen in wbnt nosilinu simli n Bt!ito nf icetly taken measures at an earlier pel iod for things places them their leading paper, whoso revising the con-titution. 11 in thai delay ' r.ditor i one 0r their authorized representatives, erred, it was the error into which pi udent and , . ' cautions men would fill. As to the enounity ,s ""Jorstooil, abroad, to express Mcir Vrrjvrencc. of Ireehold sull'rago, how long is it since Vir- in regard to tho big candidate for l'resident gmij, the parent ul llie slates, g ive up nor nee-. Against such an understanding, we are bound 1 1 1 1 . I : cided of course that tho e.si.-ting government, which no man can Vole for members of the upper ine charter government, was the nghtliil gov em- branch ol the legislature who does not own nlty ment. j acres of land. In the next place, if events bad made it neces-1 Ku'ry stale require more or los of a proper fary to call out the militia, and the oilicers and ly qualilicatiou in its ollicers and electors; and soldiers of such iniliti i, in protecting thu exi-t- o is for discreet legislation to delerinine what lug government, had done precisely what the its amount shall be. Lven tho Dorr con-titu-defendants in tliis case did, could an action have ( lion had a property qualification. According been maintained agaiu-t them ! I to its provisions for ollicers ol the stale, to bo In reply to tlio requisition o the Governor, sure, anybody could vote , but its authors ro the President stated tint he did not think it was membered that taxation and representation go yet time lor the application of force; but lie together, and therelore they decl.ucd that no wrote a letter lo tho Secretary ol War, in which man, in any town, should voio to lay a tax for be is directed to confer with the Govemoi of town purposes who had not the means to pay Rhode Island, and, whenever it shouM.ajipoarto I Ins portion. It said to liliu, you canii'.t vote in them proper, to call out from .Massichusetts and tic town of Providence, to levy a, tax for re,a r Counecticut a militia foice siillicient to tenni- ing llie slreets of Providence ; but you may nutc at once the iusuirectioii in Uhode Island, vole !or Governor and for thirteen rcpre-ciiU- We areatno loss to know- bow the Uxecutive lives from the town of Providence, and send government treated tho insurrection in Uhode , them to the Legislature, and there tax the people Island. It wis regarJed as lobe put down, of Uhode Uland at their sovereign will and That is mamle-t Irom the President s letters to tho Sccietarv ol" War and to Gov. Kin Now the eve of this (iiurt imi-i be directed to the. proceedings of tho General Government, which had its attention called lo the subject, and uhich did institute proceedings respecting it. And tire Court will learn fioui tho proceeding-1 of the Executive branch of the government, and "of the two Chambers above us, how the di-tur-bances in Rhode Island wero regarded, whether they were looked upon lis the establishment of any government, or as a mere, pme, unautho rized, unqualified insurrection again-t tho au thority of tho existing government of Ibis state, I say, therefore, that, upon that giound, these facts are not facts which ibis court can inquiie into, or which the Courls below could try, be cause they are facts going to prove, (if they provo anything,) tho establishment of a nuw sovereignty, anil that i- a quc-tiunto bo settled clsewheie and otherwise. From the very na ture of the cae it is not a question to be deci ded'ty judicial inquiry. Take for example one of the points which it invjlve; my adversary offered to prove that the constitution was adopt ed by a majority id' tho people ol it h do Island, by a lariru maioiitv, as be alleges. What does this idler call on your honors to do? Why to ascertain by proof, what is the number nf citizens in Hhodo Island ; and how many attended the the meeting", at which delegates to the conven tion were elected ; and th"ii you havo got to ntcasllle. 1 believe that no harm can come of the Hhodo Island imitation in 1811, but rather good. It will clear the political atmosphere from somo of its noxious mists, and I hope it will clear men's minds from some unfounded notions and delu sions. ' 1 hope it will bring them to lool; at the regularity, thu order with which we carry on what, if tho word were not so much abused, I would call, our glorious lepresentativo syrt'in of popular government. Its principles will stand the te-l ol this crisis, as they have stood the te-t and fortune ef others. J hey ale exposed al ways will be exposed to dangers. There are dangers from the extremes of luo much and too little popular liberty. This always will be the case. Tho classical navigator had been told that bo must pas? a uariow and dangerous stiait : " IVxliiun Scylla latus, Ixvum implicate Cl.arjbJis, OasjJei" Forewarned, be was alive to his danger, and knew, by sign" not doubtful, where ho was when he approached its scene : " Ul geiuitum ingcnl.'tii pelni, pulsataque saxa, Auditmis lunge, linclasijae ;ul luiora vuecs ; llxsaitantque vada ntiiu' lesui miscfntur arcnie. .Nnuiluui Wxo ilia Chary bdia!'' Tho long seeing sagacity of our fathers en ables us to know where wo aio when wo hear tho voices of luniuliuiry assemblies, and tee i themselves, vv e are not, ol course, assuming to speak for the Stato Committee ; but we hap. pen to know that distinguished gentlemen upon it are as much surprised as we are, to be in formed that Judge McLean is "the preference of a goodly portion of the Whigs of Vermont." We regrtt this movement of our friend of the Watchman, also, because it is undeniable that IIenky Clav is tho rir.sT choice of four-fifths we might say nine-tenths of the Whigs of the Stato of Vermont, as well as of the Union. The nominee of the Whig National Convention, u-hoeir.r he may tte, viill carry luAh ing but the Wmo vote, in Vermont or else whore. The Third Party, it is well known would not vote for Jons Qvincv Adams, Gov, Si.w'AKI), Mr. GmDiMis, or even Mr. Paut.ev if either of these gentlemen should be nominated by the Whigs. They will vote for their own nominee and nobody else, reckless whether such a course will rivo us another James K. I'M or not. Their past history renders any other con elusion simple nonsense. Their leaders go for power, not for principle, or Henkv Ci.ay would this d ly be President, and the Country would bo enjoying tlio blessings of Peace, instead groaning under the multiform curse of a need less and aggressive vvau. What, then, is the manifest duty of the Whigs of thu Country, who are opposed to the War, opposed to the acquisition, by a system of Na tional plunder, of a foot of .Mexican territory ; opposed to the extension of Slavery, and oppoed to the nicaures and policy of Locofocoism gen erally and particularly 2 It is to stand by their life-long preference, the noble " embodiment" of their principles, the cheat Statesman of the West. The country never was in more urgent need of the services of its ablest Statesman, its most experienced and soundest counsellor, to stand at tho helm of Government. It needs an lAccutive whom it knows and in whom am. eii'co to tho.' better judgment of the National Convention, If called on to do so, cither in favor of Judgo McLean, or any other Wmo, wo mean to adhere faithfully, till the necessity for that surrender shall arise, to tlio man "WHO WOULD UATHLUl UK K1UHT THAN 11U PitUSlUHNT." Of MILLAKD l'lLLMOUU, of Now York, a uativo of our own State, wo need say but lit tle. Ho was a distiii-ruMicd member of tho noble. Whig Congress of IS 11, ami, as Chairman f tlio Committee of Ways and .Means, tho au thor and able and indefatigable defender and ad vocate of the "Tariff of M2." His popularity in his own great State, as shown by his recent election to the office of Comptroller by a majority of nearly foktv thousand votes, furnishes the ugliest testimonial to bis character and abili ties. Willi CLAY and FILLMOIll'., then, we believe the Whigs would not only triumphantly succeed, but, what is far better, they would DEsEI'.VE to EUCCCil. reciter from John 31. Holts. The Richmond Whig contains a characteris tic letler from Jons M. Dottp, the able and elo- uicnt Whig representative in Congress of the Richmond District, Virginia, which in our judg ment takes the true and only patriotic ground in rcgardtcrtbe cnbrflhat appears to he making lo dragoon tho Whig Party into the support of General Taj lor. With Mr. Notts, wo say "w e have bad enough of no-party men. Cue us a candidate whose views of National Policy arc well established, and whose political principles arc known, and then tho Peotee ol this country, who are to bo called on to select their Chief Magistrate, can vote understanding- as to the 'ctmsetjurnccs of their votes. If General Taylor is a Whig, and a " Clay big, as Ins friends asscit ho is every motive, both of self re.pect and honorable dealing towards both political par ties demands that ho should say so explicitly. It is but a shabby compliment to tho frankness of the Soldier, as it would be little creditable to the exalted station to which it is proposed to el evate him, to say that a straightforward avowal of his opinions on all lie great issues befoie the People (and especially those momentous issues connected with, and likely to grow out of, the existing war) would hazard his popularity. lanus K. Poll got the vole of Pennsy lvania, by- such subterfuges and double dealing as the " Kane Jstler' and "Poll,, Dallas, and the 'Puriff' vf'-W." Do the indiscreet friends of Gen. Tay lor wish to p'ace him in the same position ? It is tho idlest tiling under heaven to expect the in telligent people of the Aorlh, at any rate, to sur render their principles and their judgment, for tho purpose of displaying a blind admiration of military deeds. They won't do it ! If the elec tive franchise is worth anything, no lover of bis country should ask or expect those who exercise it to trille with it in this manner. It is all idle and worse than idle, too, to say that Gen. Taj-- lor is an honest, patriotic man, of sound judg ment and strong sense. What if he is ? There are at least ten thousand other citizens of this Republic of whom the same thing may be said, and who therefore, unless military arhieiemeuts AoTT-iru u?iur tho Bc-tln. aro equally cnlille-t to be l'resident of tho United States, lint mili tary achivements ought not to turn the scale, and wo hopo bo time his fully arrived, in the blood-stained history of this contentious world of ours, when it will bo so determined. Willi the solitary and sublime exception of Washixg tox, we do not believe that good ever camo of elevating men distinguished chiefly for military services or genius to exalted civil office. It cer tainly is, in the judgment of great and good men, the severest experiment to which you can sub ject popular and free Governments, whose offi ces hhould bo filled, in contemplation of reason and philosophy, by those best qualified, by study and previous pursuits, to discharge their duties, But wo.aro keeping our readers from the let ter of Mr. UoTTs. Those of them who remem ber this gentleman's short but eloquent speech to the Vermont Delegation to the Young Men's National Convention, in their parlor at the Lx change, Haiti more, in 1S11, will recall the im pression it left upon them of the inflexible Whig spirit and the incorruptible integrity of tho speaker, and will greet tho following extract from tho letter alluded to as they would the face of a fiiemi : 1 have hern laboring for twenty odd year" in this great Whig cause, for the triumph of my principle ruid would be not have torom;Toi5cnllbisnicaeurts, ortnlu-a little here, mid n hitle (line, from each, or deceive lboewho elected hiiul IIpo, nil 1 have to say i, (hat mv services cannot be cmnnmmled in any such cause. If we nre lo have him ns a Whig Presi dent, let us nlo have biiuos a Whig candidate, or else we may look for a dfaircniifrntluu of the Whig party, I was not bom a Whig some gentleman claim, but 1 have lived a VV lug, nud a Whig 1 expect to die. II (ien. Tnjlor, whose military services 1 hold in high .ippicciiilioii, pliall so develop his principles ns to secure to himself the noinintou of a National Con vention, (whit h, in his present position, 1 regard ns im possible,) he shall not only have my vote, but my ac tive service, be it worth little or luurh. lint ns mat ti'is stand nt present, " with nil llie lights now belore me," especially liom the great Whig region of the country, (which I think your torreponib nt has not u.Misiiiieu,, ii mi wiuiom wme uiu it is impossible ior us tc succeed, I nm not only s-itislicil ibat Air. Clay is the most mailable candidate, but the only one with whom success is certain. , I have reann tobeheve Mr. Cl.iyhnslotnostrenglli in those Slates that he cariied in' 1 1, nud that he is greatly strengthened iu many that In; then lost espe cially in .Vv York, which our Iticmls ns-urc us is be yond the pos-ibility of a doubt, to say iiuilung of New lnuiishiii., (of which many ol our friends arc coiili. dent,) Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, together with 1 eiinsilvani,!, which may be cariied by selecting a suitable man lo place on bis ticket say eilher Scott or Clay-ion. Willi these views, I shall do as I believe my constituents would do, not give him up for any man of doubtful principle", and of more doubtful suc cess. When 1 .say I feel confident that Air. Clay can be elected, 1 know I shall be nnswereil "su yon thought ih'11." True, I did so did we all bin that is no lea son vc should be deceived ngain it is, on the con trary, the best reason whv we should be. I nm only rendered the mote cautious iu my calculations by that unexpected and disastious deleat. The Whigs of my own district will recollect the predictions ol the l.nnt bearttd a xenr am ns to my own sueress ihey spoke then, ns now, ol the want of nvnilnhtliUv Tlio r,.wnl, enpnl. ti fnr ilsell' mill si, It will in tliis esse. The same cnu-es that operated to swell my majnrny so lar bejond all fonner caleulalion, xtill operate in I he next 1'iesidential election to swell the majority of .Mr. Clay, lie will not only not have the Catholic excitement, the foieign influence, the Native American party, the Annexation ol Texas, Sc. A.c. &.c. to operate ugaimt him, but they will all work iu nisiavor; ami most ol all, tins wicheu anu noruoie wnr, nud the ruinous condition of the country, which will be plainly spiead befoie every man's eyes, before theeleclion comes on, will swell lus triumph, iu my behel, beyond all calculation that his most sanguine friends have yet made and if the whig pnily are sin cere iu their expression of prelerenco for him, my ad vice to them is, to hold on to him ns their only sheet anchor, lor the conservative principles ol Whigncry. At a I events. let ns await the action of a National Convention. It will be time anough lor us who pieji-r him, to give uji .Mr. Clay, when the Whigs of the Na- non, m grand council a-seinou-d, span leeouunenu Gen. Taylor lo us as a proper nud most nvnilablc can didate. Until then, 1 shall stick f.it,aud remain tine to t.,B old National Republican faith. Respectfully, JOHN M. I10TTS. The Wilinot 1'roiisti. Locofocos, to the Jiizht Ahout race I The decree has gorw forth from the Wash ington l.'nion. that the "democracy" must array themselves in hostility to tho Wi-imot Paoviso, and it is really edifying to see with what vari ous contortion-i and grimaces the faithful fol lowers of King Polk submit to the discipline. The Xorth Star, a p iper for which wo really have felt a good deal of respect, hecati-c it gal lantly camo to tho rescue of the late Mr. Dil lingham, when no other locofoco paper in the State dared undertake the heavy task, swallows its own thunder on the Wilmot Proviso with evident reluctance and lack of enjoyment. It j published Cass's lickspittle speech, (in which that distinguished chieftain demoti-trated not only Ids entire servility to tho " peculiar " no tions of bis southern masters, but also the ex treme siiperl'.uousncss of the first letter of his own name,) and accompanied tho publication of it with an editorial cognocil lint it, (the .SVur,) was probably wrong or premature, in standing utifoi l'.-.lcm pu!,!j -lurer;.. Poor Star.' it sbould'nt have twinkled in the firmament of Freedom quite so quick ! Tho Patriot has given tho Wilmot Proviso "the cold shoulder" from the beginning. Major Uastman is a more cunning man than tho editor of the Cleveland Plain Drain '. You There then 1 " Put that ami that togetb. r " mid see where Locc focrisni, with Mr. S. S. Brown of the North, and Mr. 1! igby nl the South, at the head and tail of it, finds its beautiful self! According to Mr. Brown, Congress can't exclude slavery from tho Territories, and ac cording to Mr. Bagby, "xr.iTitnn tic people nor the Legislature if a territory haic any constitu tional power lo exclude slaury from any such ter ritory', ! Just give these Southern slavehold ers and their Northern allies full swing, inlay ing down their premises, and yon can't escape the conclusions they bring you to: That Slave

spasms, it certainly has finally got decent bu rial, (hough we hear of no " mourners going about the streets." May its repose be unbro ken ! " nftcr life's fitful fever, It sleeps well I" for the liurlington I'rec Press.) " TIIH VERMONT AN I) CAXAVA RAILROAD. COMPANY." In belnlfof this Company,!! having been repeatedly claimed that the amended charter confers the right of diverging, not only from the main route, as defined by t'mt instrument, before that route is either nscertaiucd ry is mtt'ETUAi. Irom tho necessity or tho cae, 1 or completed, but of building a bridge ncross the navi and no Power less than Omnli otenco can nbol-1 gible waters of Alisiti'jc Bay, and as exuloratiom lsh it in any territory of this free Republic! What a blessed thing it is to have reasoning faculties 1 But a very brief period has elap-et1, wo have the best authority for saying, since this same Mr. Brown was clamorous, in Bar rooms and other public places, tv rAVoit of tl.o Wilmot Proviso. His convictions, and his hu manity ..OMSO.OU.j O, .MS ..'Bi , , , ,,,. ,, ., . But the awkwardest fact in connection with vdbic ofy. Ml,-.,,.,., .i .,, - ,, ,. " " , r . , . r.i it,., I " Albans to the village of Darlington," Locofoco traviuhngs on the subject of the it- mul, nlso, a road "from some point in the aforesaid moi rroviso, we tito sorry lo no compcucu in - to some point on the western shore of Grand nud surveys to that effect nre said to be in progress, & fit occasion has arrived to examine the merits of that claim. Beginning, then, w itb the title of the act, or charter, incorporating t,j9 Company, is it the Vermont and Ogdeusburgh, or is it, as it reads, " The Vermont and Canada Railroad Company"! It would certainly ! seem to be the Intter, particularly when taken in con- however, have finally yielded to the ' "cc,1," w'"' enatting clauses. The first section 1 " i.u.iiui, may oo uiu i irom soma say, remains yet lo bo told. Tho " Democratic State Convention " at its last session in Monl pelior, passed a series of resolutions Arnr..-!- INK TO THE ll'J,LF.-.T EXTENT THE mtNCll'I.t of that ntovtso!! Here, then wo have the Locofoco People on one side, and tho locofoco pipers and Mr. S. S. Brown on the otiier the first sustaining the Proviso, the lat rejecting it! Where this will end "the mercy knows!'' Perhaps the Sentinel and Democrat can tell us. The Wolf mill the I.nmli. .Imp's 1'aV.cs. Below is tho letter of General Taylor ,in re p'y to tho strictures of the War Department on tho publication of bis private letter to General Gaines. The " well known fable of U-op" is supposed to bo that of tho " Wolf and the Limb," wherein old Rough and Heady person ates tho hitler meek and patient animal ! The air of christian humility vvitli which it is intro d iced, is ill tho richest possible contrast with the fiirco " I ak no favoi; " of the warlike wool- grower, who is about as much like a lamb, as a poodle is like a rhinoceros! Wo venture the opinion that Usquirc Marcy and Col. Poll: have concluded to postpone eating that lamb. Head Quarters of the Arniv of Occupation, ) Aula N'l'EVA, .March 'Jd, l'JIT. J I have had the honor lo receive your communica tion of Jan. 'JT, inclosing n newspaper slip, and ex pressing the regret of the Department, th it the htter coined in that slit,, nnd which was addressed bv my self to .Maj. (Jen. Gaines, should have been published. Although your letter docs not convey the direct cen sine of the" Department and the 1'iesident; yet when t tken iu connection with the revival ol the tnrairrapli in the regulations of touching the publication of private letters concerning opeiatious in the held, I am not permuted to doubt that 1 b-ivc become a subiect ol lixecutive disapprobation. To any expression of it, coming witn the autiiority oi the I'resuieut, 1 nm nouud uy uiy uiiiy nnd lespect lor lus lugu ouice, pa tientlv to submit : but lest nil- silence should be con strued into a tacit admission ot the ground" and con clusions set forth iu vour communication. 1 deem it a duly which 1 owe to niysefl, to submit a tew remarks iu reply. 1 shall be pardoned for speaking plainly. In ths first place, the published letter bears upon its lace the most cotichicivv evidence that it wa intended only l,,r nrivnip ln'niftL pud not at all for publication, ft was published without my Knowledge, anil coinmiy to my wj-lies. Purely, I need not say, that I nm not .in tfie habit of writing fur newspapers. The letter asa Jaiuiliar one, written to an old military friend, w nil x bom 1 have been for many years interch.mg iugopiuions on professional subjects. That lie should think proper, under any circumstances, to publish it, could not have been foicsecn by me. Iu the nb-euce of proof that the publication was made with my au thority or knowledge. I may be permitted to sav, the luoiiui'iii in jour letter oi me ojom p-ungrupu oi me in winch the terms won't catch him ri-liing his chance at the pub- ,. . . . . I ijiioi.i u"ii 111 ) our letter oi me o. lie printing by indiscreet opposition to tho exten- superseded regulations of so,,, of sl.i run' llo irnos for all Mexico.! mischievous and disgiaceltd " nre employed to char' , , ,: ., , - . , . , ., . ,, aiierisu certain letters or reports, conveys, though not I siaies ami an, as our ueiunct menu, ura uiu openly, a measure of rebuke, which, to say the least, Sentineland Democrat, once said. r "i'j,''."'"1 wllidl "la"y thi"k "ol """anted Tho new Sentinel and Democrat has fought .gaiu, 1 Ime'carcfully examined the letter in qus sliy of the slavery question, since it awoko to tion, and do not admit thai it is obnoxious to the ob , ; , , , , I jections urged m your communication, 1 see nothing brighter life. Let us hear from yon, brother nut, which, under the same circumstances I would Paul. Your predecessor was a Wilmot Provi-' 1101 " c.a.f""-r 1 " Wo- mat it will give the en- ! so man, as you will hud by turning to Ins files. p(Ctne line of operations, is to know veiy little nl the i What say uou I II is a question that mult bo .Mexican sources of information, or of their e.xtraordi i .J ... .... . .. ' nary sagacity and facilities m keening constantly an- met. Wo shall wrench halt a dozen Mates prised ot our uiovenieut". As to my particular views s,,(f , fH;fM,"contains tl us lone sou. t for from Mexico, by the War, as things now look, K,, j l-cr ! And i, the said raihoad." U rall Z 'tuougii ice are uiteriv opoost-u iu iij, unu tiiu nre suareu oy many uisinignisticii statesmen ; niso, m Is.e t ounly. Again, section two nrovides that un less within a lixe.l period " the rind" shall be comple ted, so ns to connect die fc'outhein and Central routes "with CiHid line," the charter shall bo void. Again, iu sections 3 mid 1 the completion of "the road1' hulludedtoi and again, sec. I, the Directors are to delerinine the best route for a road "between iho points mentioned." Under this net, where nre " the points mentioned," if not " in llighgnte on Canada line," and " the vil lage of Burlington" ! And to what do the frequent repetition of the word"," the road," and "with Canada line," refer, unless it be the line of road between tboso points I Surely, it xxmild seem that language is inca pable of defining any fact, with greater certainty. This, therefore, H, to all intents and purposes, to ba cjnsidered the main route. I'litd, then, these plain provisions of the charter shall be complied xv itb, it is manifest that there can bo no branch, ur tap, in the direction of Grand Isle Coun ty. Wheic will l.u found" any point in the afurcraid route," until that loute shall have been ascertained and completed, conlolmably to the proxisionsof law! Can then-bu a bianch without a Parent institution 1 Or. can there be a tap of a uon-existaig railroad I If so, where, it is a-ked, would in this case be the starting point ! In defiance, however, of these preliminary require ments, and however strange it max- appear, the tft- Albans and .Montpelier piess, and xurious individuals m interest, very gravely pretend that this amended charter confers not only the right of budding the Grand Isle County branch, w itliout reference to the comple tion of the iiiam route, but of bridging the navigable waters of .Missitque Ray ! Considering that the first branch of this proposition has alteady been disposed of, it only remains to examine the validity of thu lat ter. If, then, this latter right is to be found at all, it mast be looked for iu the original charter ; for no one, m lus right s-nse", can be so fool hardy as seriously to contend, that the umendiuent merely striking out, C by consent of the Company," i the xords " passing across the sand bar to .-south Hero," can conftr any sack right. Is it, then, contained m the original char ter 1 nud if so, why did this very Company apply to tho last Legislatuie for such a power, by the presentation of a bill for that purpose, containing all the rtquisitc guards nnd securities ns well for the public as individ uals f Perhaps the ingenuity or sophistry of tlusc pre tenders can obviate this uiamlest absurdity. And what order, it is n-ked, did the l..ns!atur take, on tins alaiming npplication for leave to disturb the free navigation of the waters of the Lake, and thus to flow nil the low lands on its borders! After all tho "logrolling" which could be brought to bear on the subject, by n re-pcctable majority, particularly in tbo Hoiise of Rcpre sentatix cs, it w as promptly rejected. Will it be presumed, then, that this same Legisla ture, and xxi'hin a few days altcrwards.by merely stri kui4 out the words spoken of, and in the entire ab. s.-nceofullsuchgiiardsandsecuritics.clhereouferrcd, or intended to confer, any such right 1 Common sense furnishes a ready negalixe. What, then, is tho foundation of all this outcry abou t a branch of a non-existing lailroad, and or bridging the navigable waters of M issisque Hay t Will ii be pretended that the clause in see. II," And if the ad riilioad shall intersect or cross any stream ot water.or watercourse, the Corporation in-iy construct the same acioss such stream, or watercourse, proxided the) shall reswie trie same, ns near ns practicable, to ilsfoimcr rmost o,i ai ses: Shall .Slavery or involuntary " " .V." ul " ' "J ! ' - uou oi wnuse ooiiuonsis not. ... . i i. I . tl': add them all up, and prove In- testimony tho 1 the turbulence created by numbers meeting and ,i . " qualificatioi s of every ono ol'them to bo an ' acting without Iho le-lraiuts of law, and has dom, Lxporience, the rarest Diplomatic ability, doctor. It is enough lo slate suchn piopo-i-l mo.-t wisely provided constitutional means of tho profoundest acquaintance with its Domestic tion to show its ab-uidily. As none such ever was sustained in a couit of law, so none such can or ought to bo sustained. Observe that mi nutes of prtceediugs can Lo no proof, for they escape and secunty. I ho piudenco ol the conn- p0cy an, its 1'oreign Relations, in short every try, t ie sober w. oom ot t.ie peo,, e, nas nt,, iar ,. , . , , , Statesman, to enabled us to carry this constitution, and all our . . . , ' ...... pil, ..,!, ...i (tin, null tin, tii.iilf ,,'lilel, li:ivnsiir. extneatu it liom the momentous nerils with were made by no authentic poisons, rogi.-ters lotmded them, without running upon thu rocks winch I- action and Misrule have surrounded it, were kept by no warranted ollicers, chairmen on cither side. And 1 trust that it win continue, and moderators were cho-cii w itliout authority, and that our childien alter us will exercise a In short there was no ifi'it iu1 rccuid, there is no similar prudence and wisdom nud justice, and tostiinotiv in the raso but r it role. I think that that under tho Divine blessiiiL' ihey may con tinue lo go on, Willi equal piwupuiuj, to uiu uiu ol time. Chief Justice Durfce was right in his interpre tation of the law. But, again, I say you cannot look into tho facts attempted to bo proved, because of tho cer tainty of the continuance of the old government till the legal constitution went into ell'ect on tho 2d of May, 181'J. To provo that there was another con-titution of two days length would be absurd. And I say that the decision ol Rhode Island herself, by her Legislature, by her 11.x cciilivc, by tbo adjudication of her Idyliest Couit of law, on the lu.il of Dorr, has shut up the whole ca'e. Do you pioposo 1 will not put it in that form but would it bo proper for lids Courttoreversoth.it opinion Tint declares that the Judges of Rhode I-ianil know nothing of the "People's Constitution;" is it possible then for this Court, or fur tho Court below, to know of it ? It appears to ine that, if there were nothing el"e in tho rase, Iho proceedings of Rhode Island herself must shut every body's mouth, in the Court and out of it, Rhodo Island Is com petent to decide the question herself, and every body else ought to bo bound by her decision. And it is but u branch of this to say, accord ing to my second proposition, 2. That if every tiling ollered had been proved, If in tho nature o'f tho case these facts and pro rccdings could have been received n proof, the court could not havo listened lo them, becauso every one of thcni is regarded by the stato in which they took place as a criminal art. Who can dcriioauy tiling fiomacN declared lobe criminal .' Tho very proceedings which are now sot nn hero show that the new con-titution was founded upon acts which the LegUlatiiroof tlio stale nail proviueti piiiiisuiiiciii. iui, mm which tho courts of the state havo punished. All, therelore, which the pl.iiutiU' has attemptrd to prove here, ate acts which lie was not aiiowcu In nrnvn. heoau-n tbev wero Crilllill.il ill thorn- .selves, and hale been ) treated and punished, Connecticut nnd I'li'suinpslc roml. ICiiers HtiiU and which, in their consequences, Uneaten its very existence Wo never wish to hear, auaim I of " available" or ' expediency" candidates. II this uoblo Union must be sacrificed by Tylers and Polls, for Heaven's sake let there bo osr. party in it who can consistently point to their rniNcii'Lcs, and their mux, as an evidence that their garments aro clear from tho Imputation of forgetting or neglecting its interests or its safe ty! If more military services, or tlio lumtilttt here spoitcn ot, other than the mam route ! And w iih, a briJge ncross Alissisnuo ll.iv. bw i.i .1 . iieHi'ms nh-li neteil lie i .. i .. .. ' ervittule, except for crime &c, bo I'OIthWllR any regulations ol die department. It h difficult then, V i i i I i ' ' . nl., Ir.l llini-nrmm 1 U' VP'S Pll PI1 IllHlglUC I1UW llie OIUU-lOll 01 Illllie CBU rC IUCr Uliy , " ie.U.11 Ol C3111 excluded therefrom ? e say LS, 1 R l.L , 10 ik l.nc,yi or fpmallv d,snlcille him that this clause applies solely to the main route, and territory or mint. ! How docs it strike you 1 to enter into negotiations lor peace. iut to the provisionary branch or tin l.,.i.. il,.'. i ,r Tho I 'nion, Mr. Polk's mouth-piece, says : In .Xbroug' imodlesmon iifwln'ch I S " ml'!"'- The crossmg of ,e latter regatd to the Wilmot Proviso we need say but iiiid myselfiu regaid to the dep iriment ol war, and " as llie" llu,d at the sand bar, and the "streams of ' little. That humbuir ha.- well niah exploded.'" I 1 . .". 1 " ' : " "f .Vet'" 1,1 '"' 1 u 1 a,er-ur walcr courses," were evidently me e-Mi-iii in ii v uui iv I no ine men is n aeeii nt inv ... ..... !l 1 f. ' . , IT.! , ... , , .1.. i 1 i.. l . I- .1 . n . . . ' and the principles oi me party won wiiu-n i n.i,e oren 4,0i so, near i nion, una wiicu u noes exiiiouu ui-p.,s.ii, , nue sougm lamiiuuv to serve ine eounny, nwaiaied with what zeal nnd success let luyowu' , , .... . , . r , by currying nut the lulis and in-titiclion ol the B.x- district and others answer. I cannot, let it plea-e or ) "-tier Keep out oi mo way . i ol Ccutive ; but it cannot be concealed, that s.nce the .,,n.,.,t v.l,nni i mav.l will not. be brought to the ,i nlsn or.tcnl.irlv informs " tha faithful " that capitulation cl .Montercv. the contiili-nei. nl the ite- confession, that my siruggles.nud efforts iii'aint the , .,,. , ,;,,, fnr disei-.ln.r tin I'm. ! 'al,,'cnt,nd I too inuih fear, of the Piesideiit.has contendiii" party have been (action-, nnd stimulated the present Is notlhclme tor Uisu.-lng Ui3 1 ro- U-etl gradually withdrawn, and my consideration and only by a dcsiie to put the vis out ami the null m, uy I vj10 question that It should bo postponed " tin- ' usviuiniss eorresponuingly iliiiiinislied 1 he nppa- uiviiie in my ad icsionto a candidate xwiose pnnc pits - . . . ,, ,, I nm iieicrininaiiou or me depaituient to p ace me in nie unknown lo me nnd to you. I tit Um rertod when Congress should proceed to , aI, nll,tuJe autagonKncal to the goxernutent. has an I Political lile has lost many of its charms for me. 0tnl,li-.h a teriilorlal Government over any of 1 al" illustration in the well known table ot A'.-i. I flic only gnh I have derived Ironi H.hasbeen a tnme . . , o,l i Tim V ur J aik i"" uor' 1Jml 1 "rink l,um no re-pousibihty, . --- - - i.iiw i,i,u;n, in, ui,- iiiiiiii, Jul, ,u I,, IS IIU.1I ICI . I shull continue to devote nil my energies lo the pub- i, looking lor my rewaui lo ine consciousness motives, and to the luial verdict ol impartial lor honesiy and devotion to principle ; which 1 am not j our acquisitions We lcnrn that such progress lias been mndc in the grnding mitt masonry ot the Connecticut and Pa" suiupsio Rivers Itaihoud since the annual ineeliiig of btocl.holdeis in tJctober last, us to leave no reason to l.mwllmr, f oartisan conventions, aro to doubt that it will bo completed iu b;asoii to run llie . , 1 n- .i cmsto Wells River the pieseut year. Contracts hate 1 give us Presidents, what is It but olleritig the beenmude lor locomotives and for pissenger u"sl ; ti!"hest earthly honors as a reward to the most height cars, lu be icady by the lirst ol heptenilier. " - , ,. , - , r , , , , In conneMoii with Av Western Railioad Co. the 1 bticccssful disturber of tbo foreign and domestic Directors hale employed a special agent lo puicha't- j C(J o(- ,ie cuutry j (JjVo us l'eaco and llie prices, as indicated by: the last stcuiier, it is thought arts and measuics of Peace give ns Statesmen there will be n baling to the Company ns compared j j tQ colm!,cs 0( Statesmen to rule over us with pnees a jenr ago, of ijlOU.OoU in llie quantity re quited. l-xuHl star. Wasui.vitox, Peb. 11th, 1819. The Hon. 11. Johnson has been appointed United States Henntor in place of Mr. C. Colquitt, of lu-orgia. today by poisons uuxious to henr .Mr. Clay sjietik. j Pkoplj: of this Country will sustain and honor tie CUlllllieilCeU IIISJH-ri:!! hm " r-i. nuiu mu uiuni. IlllUilUlg lo tile SUCH ICC OI peisunui imeieBi uihi ciiiu und no man may fix limits to tho true glory and prosperity of tho Republic. Let there bo one party whoso aims aro Peace, and whose candi dates for office aro .Statesmen of long tried and confessed ability, and, our word for it, the yet prepared to sacrifice, by jieUmg my principles ; to pay tho principle of tho Proviso shall accompany I shull coutii the custody of one, whose pohcy.it e ected, is veUedin ' ' . .'. .,.,, , , ni , i Iiegood, lool becrecy nn.l mystery. tint ' acquisition," that I- rccdoni shall be bom uf pUre ,, IllJen.Taylorisa"no-jiorjrr(xifii(ilf." which is .,-, I1CW territory not after it. What savs the j histoiy. the only position he has yet assumed, then I nm not of , ., . , , ' 1 iiw paiiy for 1 nm a partif man, nnd that paiUj is the .JU-'iiij imrt tnave nothing tousk,aud 1 w ant noth ing, ot Air. Clay, or (ien'l Taylor, or any other fjxec elive, and I will i. 1 nl.l reimnl asn sur- r..ile, r,i nrfiuiIiAes. to make nuv man rrrsuiem ; iml therefore, 1 cannot udvotntc the noiuinaliun ol a i.0i,,t..iii u.iii- tins never, filled a nollticlll nosiliou. ! who comes freeh from the tented field, heralded only by his nnl'iury nchievenients, and whose political x'ew-s are carendly concealed as well from Ids f'lieuds as lua opponent.. While 1 am not indifierent to the domestic policy of our lioxernuient. 1 Iook Willi a mucu more niiiioiia nus mul fitisiirlis nil others: and tlie objects for which it is to be prosecuted Iv intended for the former, iu that line of road. Hut what i, under stood by the expression in this clause, of " a stream ol water, or xvater course " ! Are they not, m f.ict, sy nonymous terms, and as such, a continuous tlow, or current, of water! Do the waters of .Mrs,t,,)K Bay, which are continually ebbing and flowing, as effected by the winds nnd lloods, answer to the true definition of " a stream of nuter or water course" 1 As well might it be said that til. Albans, Pittsburgh and Uur lingiou bajs, or, indeed, any other bay on the Lake, are continuous ilows or currents ot water There is, therefore, no power whatever. emresaed or implied, cither iu the original or amended charter. fort in coining to Wiisliingioii. He bad been highly grauli i at llie iiianil'estatlou of respect lie find met Willi liom old fiiendsol the bar mil members ol Con gress, us well ns of privute cituens. He wns relue tiinlly called tu w itnesa scenes ol loruier nclion. The inanifchiliuiuot lespecl wen: llatleriug lo linn iu his Kili-m vents. It m'um usual w ith the Cout t to ca tend p-euljir leniency lo young prut tilioncrs: though not of mat Class, no nilglll nine lieeo oi iuuuii-uli: ,iu, those not having laiuihaiity with the practice ol the bar. .Mr, Clay looks remarkably well, His voice was nduiirnblc, nud the audience deeply attentive. LY. V. Jour. Cum. them. Wo most unhesitatingly believe that in pla cing the honored and illustrious name of HUN UY CI.AY at tho head nf our columns, wo are giving utterance to the warm preference uf the f.ur.AT mass of tbo Whigs of Vermont. We have bought, und had, opportunity to consult with tho rank and tile, tbo working men, the voters, tho men who hew wood and draw water, iu our own vicinity and elsewhere, and feel au thorized to speak tlicir sentiments as well ns our own. Hut ono hope aud ono wish animates them, however doubtful tho timid may feel of the result and that is that HKNHY CLAY may Sen'inrl! r ... ,., .. " build tne Grand hie Cuunty route, until the main Of the two licnningtoti dazeltcs vvc see only Z. TAYLOR, route b ascertained and completed, ns required llaswell's, which must bo the delight of Cave r ,., Wi" """l !i' 'VS?,w,r,','B' ,cl,a"er'-'"u1' les, is there any power u. JonnsoiisVyr., a f ,, ' Slg on D C 7' " ' tint instrument, at any time, A--J - ; Tiiereisnollincbingfierc. ' RUOSJi.fl'" KZCZu The Woodstock Age swallows Cass, speech Governor Voting's Pardons. have found place in respectable journals, and m tho and all, und, of coarse, has no Wilmot Proviso . ,,,, "J"' ?ml Jigs of individuals having any regard ' . ' 1 ' fiov. 1 oung of New ork, appears to bo do- truth and xeracity, it is difficult to unaine. s,"-1" tormincd to rival the famous Governor Porterof .Should any persons, for one moment, doubt the cor V" llutthe richest treat in tho way of '-backing ,..,.., ... . ,,..,.,,. f ,,,, nvreis -..ctness ,,f ihL .i.e. n- l our lio,eiiiiueiii, i iu.'iv iii. ...... .. , . . ..., irtl.tn,, v...,. ..i.-, ii. ..iv ,.v-..s..vj w , , ....j .,.a-uj iii, ueu I eye to our lorcign policy; jor ine preem,. ir 1,10,0 mm minis, " of tho Partlonili" Power. Tho New York Tri-, l"r t the original charter, as amended, Acts, 1815 important questto is i . u,, .n, ' collcor ntintcd now and then 111 6t. -Moans. , nj 1SJ7. compare the quotations here made with ,h-.i I llll ltll IIIV itli.viiiiil iitH, 111 ut,,,v t'IM-' II- J( iiuuiu uv will iwio " tmin lit Mr. .v. '. nromi n.is mosi appropriately coo- Young 1ms let out upon community since m ." wiener the conclu- i . A.,i,.il,tst,. e 1 Sioii' are nut lust nnJ irreMnhh. ico,ntliuilwmiexaiHiMfnny part ul tlit- Mt-xtcau ecn uwi hhih... b accession to oilico among whom arc iie j Whv tbt.n "all thls ,,v.llMrini, . , , . , te-ftMrr! eleven Jhnslaughterers, together L' n' mI'c ta 1"? pamnpatioii in the lufTninisttniion of our free in- i luted vv Isdom, 111 W men no maiinains, 1st. 1 l.at wUh a , fll ,im, gcncr af ortmcnt of Thieves, n'.ut the va.t influx of installments into the Treasury st union. Nnv. mure than that I can support no the Wilmot Ploviso is " not m accordance With ......i n i , ii:..,r iv, x- .t-e ! of the Comranv f Is it m tbe mo, I.,,.... ,i... .i . JIOUUCIS, l.llll.iis, liljjaiiiisu, ii,v,i .v. . . . - - ,,m, ,tlr e(uc enoiioh fur an excellent " stock-in-trado " for a '"iy thus be taken, or advanced 1 Or, that proceed ... ... in-rs in chanecrv mav thus lie nren,.liM.l ,. second or tlurtl-raiu iievil. A no uoicrnor is - , Uria)eu i ovidenlly practising extensively on Doth branch es of tho l'oet's precept : " To err, is human to forgive, divine ;" though, to common observation, bis " human- A OlFAM 1'y our report of Wednesday's Con gressional proceedings il w ill be seen that .Mr. Nli.cs, ,i,.. I ru-ii.l iii-ii Senator from Connecticut, ill a speech on llie Ten Ileginients billdecl.irf .1 hiiusell decidedly t ,lcjr a,j ,1U Country's President. Tor in lillnr III (' IS ' Ila I 1!1! llUtlU II III. .11 1 . It 111 nil- ..... - .T so fur as Iho statu (luierimicilt 111 it discretion and the other advocates ol this gigantic slit me ol No- thu IIKM' CHOICE of tho Mllgs ot Vermont, ,ilf,. tnrjiier l 1 'i'lnl robbery, will hardly loigiye the Connecticut , crore 0 , U is the best policy now it thoug.tprocr fctorlor so (rank nnd cmpbu.ie an .."bn.sMo.,nsi ''ort'" b '.,!,. ., 3, 1 liiriliy aim lasuy , i s.i, . t10 ,. xicxlco tie.ires rence on turns am uurriisou-, l8 mo uesi isjncy uiwj.. - - rviilenco offered, nor has any distinct iillegalion ,M, , ihnt "iheie no ju.iiftcatiou forprolong-i . cJ ,0 fiincnder that choice, in ebedi- been niiule that there was an actual government mjihe Wtu " l 1 iie. ' 1 irWi 10W- when stitutioii. Nay, mure tliau inni i can suppott no tlie Wilmot 1'ioviso is noi in uccoraancc man ivho is not known to be opiwseu lo u. i neneve i . . ,,. , ., , , ..... i.as il. ., ,1,.. ti ..r Mex co.and ts nnnexuiion to justice (..) anil .u. I n,u v-ongress nas no the United .sit" tes, which is now ihe object avowed, I c,r " to allix any conditions to territory scheme of iiilatuation nnd madness shall have been Whether Mr. Drown means, when" C'ongrc," KIM. ofi lalejmobiarii SS, or 'territory,' is about to beanuexed to ,1m United esperiencedSintesiiiun.wiiucoiniuaudslhecoiiridenee. I States, it is dillicillt, cither from his reason or d.?! ri'rtwl". to determine; .bough it is plain tlu-licil with victory, oiul whof triule U ar, viose ! cnouh that lio doilies tint Conjiress ha power unuiHJiii ujiuu una jit mi. . j 1. , , fin. I loion If. . Ii.ltll ttl' 11.11 f I III l I If i Win PiliJMI est iiiliniai'un of a liurpo-e of u wish only Iwcuuse ho comes lecoinmeiided ns coniniilled lo no prmcip es and lo nu policy .beyond lus ow il will and judgment I " Throw pliysic to the dogs! I'll none of it," I have had enough of your nn.pnrtyntru. , Lcliiienskoneipustioii: II t.en. lajloris fleeted ns a "no.imrty" candidate, will he prove a "no-patty" l'resident t If he should, then he will not suit me, or ny other Whig. If not, would he not .dwipixunl those w ho elected Inni I II a majority ot the people nre so dissatisfied with the principles unit incnsuris of both Ihe great parlies of this country ns to elect n 1'i esident belonging u neither, could he select a lug Cabinet, nnd adopt Whig niinsuics, wiihnutn lietrnynl ol the trust confided tu him by ihose xUio elected Inni l-or, in I. ii In- is e ectedunou the ground that lw will not nvow iiiiusclf a Whig, and conuuit himself to Whig policy, would lie not ih- u. muy j isiuieu in N-lcrlinsaLoTOfoconsa W lug Cabinet and ui i adopt ing Wofoco tt Whig policy I .Must he not ofnrres. siiyhave either a " no-pany" or a rfiinfrii i ah-" to exclude Slavery from any territory wo may herealler acquire. Now, then, we dislike to throw a fire-brand into tho ranks of tlio " harmo nious democracy," but we cannot refrain from citing tho following resolution, presented in tho United States Senate, on the S!7th tilt., by .Mr. Ihgby, a hocofocu Senator from Alabama. It is us "loltoivs ; 7,Vi,rf.Tliai NlllTllI'.lt Till: VHOl'LH NOIt Till! LIUilSLATUIti; ol a territory have any con stiiutiunnl wer to exclude slavery Irom any such ttrnlory ; and Unit llie people or legi.lalure ol a terrj- L..i in, nilwr niilitieiil nower than such ns is delegated to them by Congress in the net nuthoriziiij; them to lorm territorial government; and inasmuch ast'oiifiess has no power lo exclude or prohibit slave ry ill any teriitory of ihe United (states, ihey cannot dele gnle such a power to (lie If gislatute ot a territory or llie people nieieoi l'ne solution of this problem is submitted . w ith r..nfi . dence, to an impartial public. It was not only the real, but professed olneet of tb charter, at the tune, to form a hue of communication by railroad with Canada, that 'the Vermont and ity " is more clearly seen through his War Ctnada Kadroad Company" was constituted, and not $1 message, than his " divinity " through his par dons. IT -Mr. WinisTUit's. great argument in ex position and defence of Constitutional llepubli f jr the x ,-ionai y nnd unworthy purpose of diverting 1 1 lino oiner cnaniitis. ,xo one then even dreamed that "Highgatc on Canada line" lay in the direction o Ogdeusburgh, ria House's Point ; and geographer must now hide their diminished heads at ibis wonder- till discovery, belore winch steam power, lelegraph. : .1.- I c .1. . i . ,1 Cin.sm.asuisii. guis.icu , . ...o unaticai ami ether, and even chloroform itself, must retire d. licentious turbulenco which Dorrtsm calls Lib-1 eomfuted, crty, will lo found iu this day's paper, com-1 Had this iVrnioMs Company carried out, in good mencing on the 1st page. Wo hope wo need ftitli. the plain intent and meaning of tlie charter, by only call attention to Ibis noble effort of ono of beginning at the right, instead of the wrong end of iho the most noworlul mini s that worn ,.vr . , route, w men mey must sooner or later no or abandon . ... - --S- tho work of expounding human Constitutions to insure it a careful, thorough and tlioimhtfui perusal by all our readers. If Dorrism ever ...tiil-c nirili, il will l, in., I,,.. ,!. ., ..b- - ..... ww ..ii.ivi ,iiu inuiiciice oi a the enterprise altogether, there was then, nnd is now, every assurance that the capitalists and men of busi ness iu Canada would, and will now, promptly meet them with a corresponding railroad from St Johns. at some point hi llighgale, on Canada line," n galvanic battery show ing not life, but artificial ,'-aully mdlci"cJ ,he chatlf r T.KMOXT.