Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 25, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 25, 1848 Page 1
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t) "f Ii Vol. XXI. Whole No. 1078. BVRI.INCITOIV. FRIDAY M01tNIi3, 1 I.Rltl AKY 0, 1818. Sov SoricH, Vol. !-.- 0. 35. Burlington -fvee f)rc90. Published at Burlington, Vt., II y I . V . C . Cti A It K E , Editor and Proprietor. Tcrmst To Village subscribers who receive the pnperby the currier $2,50 If paid in ndvnnrr, 2,00 Mail subscribers ami those who take it at the Office 2,00, . 1,50 Advertisements inserted onthe customary term. JT. ill. PERKINS, iTI. . Rl'tlUXUTIlV, Vt, CONSUMPTION, ASTHMA, AND LIVER COMPLAINT, c a x it v. run i:i. M. G. RATHBUN Sl CO. ME11V H A X T 'PA I I " 11 -S , No. a I'rck'n Itlnck. ,u. w, K,Tiin"Nv in. cep riMi-tnnny in hand nn extensive and full nsnrtuient of Cloths (or every description ol Clothing ; and are prepared at all times to supply every article in the line of Gentlemen's Fur nishing Goods. M. G. BATIilU'X. C. F. WAT.P. & I?. V.Y.II A.i, lv Koglisli, French, Gciuiiiu unit Amcricnn DRY GOODS, West India Goods nml Groceries, Comer of Churrh and Colleae-Sts. HURL1XGT0X MARKET, -iOLDV W. C. HARRINGTON. MEATS, 1'isif, am), of every variety, T.ARii, T,i.i.iitr, l'Am.r., &e. At the Corner of Cfitirrh unit College Stteets. JOHN BRADLEY Sl CO., tit A1.L1.S IN VOREIUX AM) AMEIilCAX 1IIOX, Steel, Cut nml Wrought .uil, Spikes, Sheet Iron, Tin, Sheet Zinc, Shut, Lead, 33vi (firortvics, JjTlott., Salt, Fish, Piaster. Paints, Oils, Ihjc-yroods, Tor. Pitch, liosin. Window Class, Prz lion, CoaUVuirr Mill Stone, lloltins Cloths, ijr. .V, SOUTH WIIAF.F. LIVERY STABLE,iM22v AND II I. AC If SMITH SHOP, By S. S. SKINNER, ALSO Buddie, Harness nnd Trunk Manufacturer. Hast side Couit-housc Sjume. gaffr LIVERY STABLE, ELLIS AND CHURCH, College Strut. J. Sl J. H. PECK & CO. WnOLKMI.E IlFAI.r.F.S IX VAIXTS, OILS, U LANS, XAII.S, Ilrnds, Foreign anil Ameiieaii Iron, Steel, Pis Iron, Coal, Tar, Bolting Cloths, Plug and Cm endish To boern. FLOUR, nnd 1'orrisiii and M'cstcrn SAT.T. Agents for the sale ol I'nirbank's Scales, Adam Smith's Burr Mill-Stones, l.orillard's Maccnboy nnd i.v t... Switch Simir, Smoking nnd jSSlMJC. Chewing Tobacco. Cassius 1'. Peck, J On Ihe Vnorr, College st. V. V. S'i'AXIll'OKD At Co. iv fancy am stack Floor Oil Cloth, Window Shades, Paper Hang- tilths", Itonl.inix Olasps,of nil sizes. FlnwInslllne.T.icht lllne nml White (irnnitr WAItr.aUo, China nnd (Jlas Ware. Gltl)CKUIF., Ft!l!, lll'FFAI.O RullES, &C. Churrh Street. fliMtiiur, looIi(ilo At Co. iu.u.r,r.s in m:vv vmishh.f 3T1rr?frr?-51 C'litl.-ry. fn.I.lITy. Mi tJS w :r ill Y: YZ"w ! , dnw StIi. Iron. Steel. I m ,Vln!?5KijT:i-lil"cn.0,,,r!r !.'.t:l'd'J 'i'- rU" VAiyrs. oil. runrh Orim! Shine.. Dry ;rnri'ri(". Ac. General Ae;ms anil Commiss-iuti Mcrchnnt'', w. ''."."sVBn'x.; , I l:ast HiJe Court House Square, H . n lino 1. 1 t T i. E. ) Churrh nnd College-sirs. ;i:oim:i: pi:n:uso., nrvt.LR is Iacrgfif dry goods, Crockery, Thar, Solt, Plaster, U'indntr Sash, Class, Hfadv Mauk Ci.cirniv!. Together with a large variety of other nrticles. Finsr noon of the inur.T nntE. II. IIATL'H ELDER'S fit: 11 0 0 T A "Y D S 11 " S TO K U ' :liurrh.slrert. New York, llo-ton, nnd parwell's I.ndies nml (ic'iillcinenN Hoots and Shoes, of every description and style, constantly on hand. S'uif lt door tioith of hf rly's, ami dirtetlu W site I). Kern's, near lloirord's Store, Churrh St. CALVIN 1. EDWAUDS, nooKsnuxn t, statioxp.k, Constantly for sale a general assortment of SCHOOL, CLASSICAL, AM) M ISCIlIiI. A.i:ol'S HOOKS. Tux Chevp Pcm.icATioxs, Bunk Books, Sta Tio'r.r.v, .Mloicai. Hks. IVo 1, Peeks' lliiilillii.', College- t. C. M. Ailkinx, hook mxor.u, PAinut rvler, AND liLANK HOOK MAKEIt, In the Tree Press Uuilding, Collegejttreet. c7w. im:wi U ClIAIIt AMI CaIUNF.T MAXUFACTlTiEi:, ' Two Honrs Sonlli County Church Sr., Blkeimiton, Vt. All kinds of work in the above line made to order on ihe shortest notice. 1. SHERWOOD & CO.'S AUCTJOX AXO COMMISSI OX STOJIL, N' Sihe SijU.viti:. Constantly on hand Cabinet i'urniturc, Chairs, Look, illg tilasses, .V.C. AMOS C. SPEAR, . ApoUICCarj iiuu iFrilUnii, lil'W.nt iv Patcxt . xi) Tiitnii'.soxiA.v II Medicines, Chemicals, Surgical and Dental In - si: -I '! 1. I'.-.l 1 ....-I..... '1'hi.i... pirunienis. .im.-i"i i-i, i " ii",;' ' ,, i ' Mineral Wnters, Druggist's (ll.i.-s Ware, llru-lies, Perfumery. Soaps, Dyc.Slull',Caiiiiiheiie,Iuks, Black ings, A c. itc. Church street, Burlington, V t. J. MITCHELL, M i: Ii C 11 A X T T A 1 1. O 11 , AMI Ccneral Itendy-Mudo Clothing Store. Church Street, Burlington, Vt. it i 'it i, ixa tox A a it i art. ti 'it a i. Warehouse, nml Seed Store iiv j. s. pi:ihci:, Constantly on hand a large assort ,n.'..... iii i?..i... II A ti A It tt A IV 1 II u II j (Vi-J Dealers in a. o- 1 II 111 II It If Hiirdtriire, Vtus", Vint, Oils, Iljc-Stuirs, Ac. Ac. CORNER Of CIIIKCH AMI COLWOE sTr.tzr. Tsi f f2" 1 '"18 r'dJ' l;"rik" '""l UP t; the year IS!,, ,l,o Hlllc.r,rtio.r s. -v--j.s - iiniii m . niuuiij. i '1. leu., iuiui ii tiep. Havo uccu ui ku lornouen unu u srcirarucu.i ALS0.1r.AU:n IX STOVP.S, which umucu u is conn ry nun uiuereu, aim ai House, that I considered that, by the VniMvnsov A-iii iini.i.ow.WAiin. , tunes very wiueiy, in reiuuoii iu mo means auu mi nus mi ,,,.v.,i ,,r 'l1... i... BJIIVb ijife, Sii " (OU.liJF. BritlET. V1M.AUH SCIIOOI, MISTRESS. On yonder hill n little building standi, Of simple style, the work ol rutic hands ; Almye, the trembling maple leaves. Whisper of coolness to the parched caves, And brightly green upon its mouldy sides, A climbing vine the rough decadence hides. 'Tis nine o'clock, and 'neath a cloudless sky The waving fields and basking pastures he, And Irom the modest habitations round, With Inmrlt nml alinitt. n senr.. nf children bolltld. J At length beneath the maple's ample shade, iih.-ii suii.nruwii noy( iiuu nitiuy hiw m.u.w, Await the coming ol their queen, Whose steps approach them from the distant green. Heboid her now, with pemive look, She stops to gaze a moment in the brook ; .Mark how her simple, nnalleeteil dress, Heightens, not hides, her native loveliness. Around her neck n coil of silken brnic! Guards the old watch within her boom laid ; And sweetly smiling in its solt repoe, Upon her breast sleeps Summer's latest rose ; bile, hanging delicately over nil, Poises the light and graceful parasol. The tall grow n rustic, as she trips along, l(llhe. nhahcd, his loud and sturdy song. J he criming youngster chrckc his noisy prate. Anil shrinks with tear behind the open gate. And Irom the window, many a curious eye Scans the trim stranger as she passes by. Behold her at the door, while round her press, The little throng, with greeting and cares', And billowing slow or pressing on before, Seek their low desks across the sanded floor, And there await, with sweetly reverend lace, The Word's best teachings and the prayer lor grace. How sweet the words ol Jesus on her tongue ! How rich the How of David's sacred song 1 How pure Irom hps nil innocence nnd truth Kail holy words Irom youth to younger youih ! She kneels, ami up lo Heaven a lowly prajcr Climbs wiih sweet music through that inoiiiing nir. She pni)s for strength and earnestness ol heart, That she may ni t a pure nml faithful part. She prnys that He who, while on earth a guest, Took hule children to his holy hrenst. Would look upon her dock Irom Heaven above, And hold them to the bosom ol his love. Thus with a prayer begins ihe weary day, And when the s-nltrv hours have itn.e,l nune. Those childish voices mingling with her own, In gratelul song rie soltly to the throne. ' Thus day by day, oppressed with tender care, , Thin il.iy by day renewing strength with prayer, 1 She sliengthcns slowly through ench passing hour, I Her nation's greatness and her country's power, As the lone insect in the deep sea caves Woiks nil unseen beneath ihe heedless waves, ' Yet with a silent hand nnd gentle might, I Uprenrs its deep Inid pillars to the light, Ni siie, tieiieath the waves ol heedless mind, Crested with Crime by Passion's sweeping wind, Lays deep the linn foundations of her strength, And rears her Ihniv pillars, till at length, They hrea k the billows Irom the world abroad. And hold the sea asleep beneath the smile ol Liod. SPEECH OP MB. COLLAMER, On the Mexican War. IX THE HOUSE OF ltErKtsF-STATIVF-S FED. , 1818. The J louse having tinder consideration the reference of the President's Annual Messairo VI.. ... ....... r '..- .11L. ,l,lil.All Uli, Ul VVIIIIUHI, B1IIU j Mr. Speaker: I have likened, with a good Thus, sir, the treaty-making power of the degree of attention and interest, to the debates 1 Government of the United States has actually which have occurred, in this House, on some of1 been invoked and used, for tho avowed purpose the subjects contained in the President's nies-' f perpetuating slavery within the States, sago, and I have been desirous of extracting from That treaty was rejected by the Senate, and them some general principles. I haiohcard pen-, why 1 Can it be pos-ible that gentlemen can tlcinendiscii'slhoiniiowlormanydays.aiidliave expect todisguiso nnd evade this point 1 Sir, it seen the parlies, or rather their leaders, who have ' was rejected because it allcmptnl to annex, as spoken here, and who have explained their res- Texas, all the country west to the llio Grande, pective views on the great questions which now and thus took in a large part of three of the pro .igitate the country. I have, loo, with regret, ' vinces of Mexico, and the Mexican towns, set heard them indulging in but ill-disguised ier-, tlements, and posts on the eat side of that river, sonalities in regard to tli3 motives of those ho It is true, some Senators were opposed lo an different from them in opinion. This has gen-1 nexatioti entirely, yet it was for the reason I have orally been done with a decent respect to deco-, stated that the treaty received tho decided rejec rum, in point of form, but gentlemen have evi- tion of the Senate. lentlv been inclined In think nml to say that . , Pit. .1 .'il .1 , . ' , . r . 1 1 " "" (.'" i" 'i i; IJI JIIIUIIlj 'IIIU M ll-IUIIOn IIJIHIS war, were enemies of the country. They have, at least, given the community so to understand and so to believe. .Now, a man may differ with me in opinion, on a question deeply interostiti" t" our common cmmtry.and vet ..Vitlier of n be t'V1. country. The trull. N, men crectin their u.iiids a standard of national j,,;, ivrin , auu uiey iuku il lor "rauteil mat. it anv WIIV u ni-w ...v.. ... ..... ... .... ..null," f(II(l III ......I :..ll.. :ri. n- ... rnly, and especially if ho actually repudiate it, he mu-t bo an enemy of Ins country's prosper.- ty, because their idea of prosperity is.exclusive- ly, that stanuaril they have thus erected. ItU seems to ine. sir. that the two tiarlies in t Iloii-e, am in tins country, ilillor entirely ill re-1 ..... .... I . . - - -- lalion to me great point oi wnerein national prusjicrilij consists, if not even in the great ends and purposes ol government. . 1 can but speak fur myself. In relation to the great ends of gov ernment, I have an idea, inoru or less ierfect, and it is essentially this ; lo promote the trood of the people, to meliorate their condition, to ad vance and elevate them in their physical, moral, intellectual, and social condition. The means lo the accimipli-hinent of this (ml consist in so directing our Government as to develop our re sources and encourage dome-tic industry, im prove the means of intercourse and education, advance our agriculture, commerce, and inatiu fjctures, improve our laws and their administra tion, and thus make of us a homogeneous people, all elevated and udorned with a taste and refine ment becoming tho members of a glorious repub lic. This, to my mind, is national prosperity. My experience and observation here, has not been of great extent, as it is not over live years since 1 became a member of this House ; hut, with that amount of congressional exnerience. and after carefully listening to tho progress of, tins u?uato, 1 am constraiueu to conclude that gentlemen on the opposite side of this House have erected in their minds a very different standard of national prosperity. According to their conceptions, Ihe prosperity of the nation consists in what advances its military olurv : it. whatever extends the area ol territory possessed; in whatever gives eclat by biood and gunpowder and feats of arms. With Ihein that is national prosperity. I do not say they are prepared to ileny mat ilia goon ol our own people is the true end of government, but it becomes exceed ingly difficult fur me to understand how that end can bo reached by pursuing their course of na tional prosperity. So long, however, a thoy re tain that idea they will, very naturally, regard all who ou-iruct their course, and who would iputasloi miesofil ! incut. Tho difference between us, then, is pal- .11. 1 I 1 C I . . 1 l. 1 P,ule, oru;in, unu iiiiiu.iinentui. vv e uitfer cu ll rely in tno ntea ol what constitutes national olory nnd national pro-peritv I To show that mere extension of territory, and eiecially if dono with the sword, is really the i cnerisueu uiea ui mo party who sii-i.iin mo pre. 1 sent Kxecutive, it becomes necessary to take a short retrospection of tho course of events for I tho last four years j and, in so doing, 1 think it will be quite manifest that, in entertaining and prosecuting this object, so blind and headlong lias been the course, that the real "uod of our 1 own people, the clear provisions of lliu loiisti tution, and tho dictates of eternal truth and jus. ...i. I..I. ...m.l i i ,r . .i . measures which would best eflect the greatest good to tho greatest number, or to all, of our I own pcoplo; and, as they respectively wero in I power, they adopted their respcctiio favorito system ol measures to this end. This was of Vf"' rouiparalively little and m tcmorary importance iu ii.viuumir.u-.i-us.,. - mi-imasuius oji-raicu badly, they were easily repealed or changci!. Hut in the 28tlt Congress n new cmirpo of pub lic policy was struck out. Men seem to have become 'unwilling to he satisfied with improving our own broad patrimony, mo noon 01 nc.iv en and a new course ol territorial extension was hcptin. This, unlike former incasnrc, which might bo changed if on trial they proved tin satisfactory, was, when done, incapable of re peal ; and yet the course was entered upon with ahot haste and unseemly precipitancy. The first scene in this great drama (I hope it may not turn "but a tragedy to us (was the annexa tion of Texas. It is undoubtedly true, there were some men, in Ihe northern and eastern part of the United States, who insisted that Ihe powers of the Gen eral Government of the United Stales should ho so directed and exercised its In produce the abo lition of slavery, within the Stales where it ex isted ; but the great body of the people, even in tho free States, held, in common with the people of sluvo Stales, that the Institution of slavery was melusively within the control of tho State, where it existed, nhd Hut the United States Gov ernment should put forth no exercise of power, either directly or indirectly, to affect it within those Slates. The issue whs not which way shall the power ol Ihe United States be exer cised for or against slavery but the nucslion was, shall any such power he exercised in any way on the subject. On this point, 1 say, the great body of our people held hut one senti ment. Hut it seems that, in order to induce the people of the South to enter into the annexation policy, r , , , . . I I .! .1 an iiiiiiiuniieii aiann was crcaicti, ami mis hoc trine of nnn-iiitprference was discarded. And. 1 in order to secure and perpetuate slaverv in the States, the exerci-e of the power of the" United I Slates Government was invoked, and was put forth lor the annexation ol Texas, for that pur pose; and thus the southern slaveholder has ac tually gone over lo the ultra political til olitionist, on this issue, and holds, with him, the doctrine that the power of this Government should be ex ercised, at least indirectly, on the subject of slavery within the States; and wo are thus driven to the wall, and all that is left us is to say, if it is settled that this power is to be used, we must soon say, which way it shall be used. On that point 1 think little doubt will long exist. In proof of llio position that such was the pur pose for which this annexation policy was com menced, Ido not refertotheindividiial opinion or action of any private citizen whatever, hut to the public records of this country, made and promul gated by the official organs of the Government. The Secretary of State (Mr. Calhoun) in his official letters, as the organ of this Government, to the llritish minister, Mr. Packenham, and to Mr. King, then our minister to France, openly, and frankly, and officially announces, that such was the caii'e and purpose of the formation of the treaty for the annexation of Texas ; that it was done to prevent the abolition of slavery in ie.a, tnereuy to secure Ihe institution here. sii, nan iii.ii iii-.iiy oven i.iiiiit 11 oy llio Now, 1....1 l.A .. i. i... fcenate, can anv man doubt that it would have been a constitutional act, and that Texas, or at least so iiinch as belonged to her, would have been constitutionally annexed lo this country? In the case of the American Insurance Company vs. Canter, 1st Peters' Reports, the Supreme i .1. ,;.i.i ,i..,, i. , ;i,.,.,. i, .,,, i... lhc trealy-inaking power of, ,uld wheii so acquired it was thereby brought ,..;,i.; . i,:,i;.: i ,i,.i. i..,,..,,.! : .......... ,.r i ....... ...j., ...;..l.i i. ..:,. i ....... l. h i8UUhat the distribution of the powers of this Government into the different departments is perfect and exclu-ive. The samo power cannot possessed and exercised by two distinct de- ,,,,, iiHi-uio. partments. It would involve niter conflict and confusion. Mr. Madison, speaking of the legis. ldtivo and the treaty-making lmwer, savs : "The same power cannot belong, in whole, to both dc partments, or lie properly so vested as to operate separately in each. Still more evident is it, that the same specitic liinctioii or act cannot possihly belong to the two departments, and be separate ly exerciseable by each." Again, he says : " A concurrent authority in two independent depart ments lo perforin the same function with respect to tho same thing, would he as awkward in prac tice us it is unnatural in theory." (Letters ol Helvidius, io. a.) It will hardly be contended that, when any department declines to exercise its niwcr, il then devolves upon another. It cannot he true that when the President anil t-enate neglect or decline to make a treaty, then Congress can Jo it. Rut these clear provisions and constructions of the Constitution were entirely overrode and disregarded, in the annexation of Texas. An appeal was taken from the treaty-making pow er, aim Congress procecucu to legistato tor a country not in our jurisdiction, and to make, by joint resolutions, a compact with Texas, a foreign independent State, thus usurping the treaty-making power ; and so the deed was done. This has ever appjarcd to me as a gross viola tion of the Constitution. Rut it is done, and cannot now be undone ; and I bring it forward now only to show that Ibis annexation policy, in its inception, and in all the progress it has made, and is making, is headlong uniliiii-criipiiloiis. It is, however, to be recollected, that in one important particular the resolutions of annexa tion entirely differed from the treaty, in this res. pect : They A not carry Ihe western boundary conquer a peace; and supplies arc demanded for of Texas to tho Rio Grande, or to any other ccr-1 this, and they are voted, the Executive repeat tain line, hut covered only what was included in ing, constantly, that no designs of conquest aro and rightfully belonged to Texas ; thus leaving1 entertained. The army proceeds with the cxpe tho settling that boundary to, and expressly pro- dilions successfully, and gallantly does its duty, viding that itwastobo dono by, this Govern-'as an American army always will. Another ment, not Texas. Now, though llio purpose session of Congress comes, ami no peace is con aud object of tho treaty of annexation, officially ' quered ; hut the Kxecutive calls for uioro s un announced, as I havo already stated, was all plies. How stands the purpo-e of conquest fully before Congress w hen the resolutions were entertained, yet it is posaiblo some may have voted for them on some other motives. Clear it is, lhat so imperative was the force of party disciphuo winch was brought to hear on tho question, that in this Huuso every Democratic member, with hut two individual members, voted finally for annexation, and those two were im- existing cnnllict. Conquest is the taking uiili mediately expelled from the party. And, strange tary, forcible possession of tho enemy's country, as posterity may view it, though every Wing member from the Iron States i-niml ; l"i.inj omy view u, inuugn every wing member from the free States voted against it,1 vet it received, by Democratic votes hi lhU House, a larger majority in tho free Stales than 1 in this laws of -.. --....s..w,. w, Vj lis iv taking on us a slate of war with Mexico, wl.icl. Texas was then involved; itnd I think .... . still But though a treaty offeiisivo t'uo (to which annexation is tantam in ,. inenlv,. tl,i pnnsonnnnpn. v,.i and defcn - tantamount) does, petent for two nations mutually to consider and , in ii, intuitu mis, S.U11S11JU1.-111.U, ji:. il la lulu- I., i. !. i,.. ii,t. ............. t : treat it otherwise, ill a particular case, if they please. Tins Mexico anil this Government did, after annexation took place. in tho manifesto rf Parades, (published In the Union of tholth of Miy, 18411,) hcsiys: "I have no right to declare war, it is for the Con. 'gress of tlio nation,"and then fully stating thai no aggression would Iw made by Mexico, but to rcpcF force with force. On the other hand, the President of the United States, in his mcssaiie of December, after annexation, congratulates the country on that as a peaceable and bloodless acquisition, and declares we wero slill at peace. Thus both nations regarded themselves as notin a stato of war. Now, sir, I know of but two ways in which nations can settle disputed bound aries : one is by negotiation, and the other by the sword. If one nation has a claim on terri tory claimed and possessed by another, it may bo and should be arranged by negotiation j but if not so done, it ni.iv bo taken possession of by force of arms, and this i war. When, therefore, the President ordered forcible possession to lie taken of the country wi.t to the Rio Grande, by tho nrmy, It was a cctntry, not only Ua'.ired by Mexico,' hut then entirely in her possession, through the whole length of the valley, on both sides of the river, and occupied with towns and military posts on the east side as well as the west, us is distinctly acknowledged even in the very orders issued to Gen Taylor. This was an open act of war, by tho President, unauthorized bv tho Constitution, until a declaration of war by Congress, which had not been made. It is said, that by saying, this war was com menced by the unconstitutional act o'lhe Presi dent, we hold the war itself iinconstititional, and so condemn all who engage in it. iliat, sir, is entirely an unfounded conclusion. Though the Constitution confines the power to declare war to Congress, yet the President may, by the abuse of his wwer, involve us in war at any lime; yet' that would not deprive the people of this country I of the right of sustaining the country in the war,' though thus brought Urjii it. Suppose the Pre sident should treat a foreign minister with con-' tempt, and dismiss him with disgrace, and re fuse to make any excuse or apology to the coun-i try he represented, and thereupon that country should declare war ; must not our country be sustained and defended, lecatise the war was produced by the act of the President I Neither is the President any more excusable for commen cing a war before it is declared by Congress, because there may be good and sufficient ground of war, any more than a sherilVis justified in hanging a murderer, however guilty, before he has been regularly tried and condemned by the

court and jury. II, therefore, we had a cata logue of grievances against Kngland, which would well justify a war, yet the President can not therefore be justified in setting up some pre tended claim to land, and send our army to lay seige to Quebec, (because that is waging war without its being declared by Congress ;) and yet that war, though so commenced, should not subject this country lo conquest, and our people be denied the right of defence, when Kngland thereupon invaded us. Indeed, a war might lie entirely justifiable to another nation, and vet the President be subject to impeachment for having commenced it, without authority. Hence, all that catalogue of grievances committed on llio part of Mexico, put forth by the President in his message, after lie commenced the war, as ex cuses and causes for tho war, even if they were founded in truth, as they were not, was but an attempt to rouse the angry passions of this people against Mexico, and divert attention from ins ow n unauthorized conduct. What a paradox they involve. A list ofcuuaes to justify our de claring war against Mexico, when ut the samo time it is insisted that the war was never com menced by us, cither for those causes or any other, but begun by Mexico. The army hiving been thus ordered, proceed ed to take possession of the cast bank of the Rio Grande. The .Mexican villigesand settlers are alarmed. Their town at Point Iabel is aban doned and burnt, and the cannon of our army aro planted opposite the city of Matamoras,and with in point blank range of its public square; and all this is called peaceable. This forcible pos. i session Mexico proceeded to repel with force, j and our army becomes in extreme peril, and is( soon environed willi a superior force, and its de tached parties resisted, and blood is shed. On i Ihe 13th of May, 1840, this perilous condition of our army is communicated y tuo rresiuent to Congress, and this was the first official informa tion Congress ever had in regard to this proceed ing. It was not my fortune to bo here on (hit eventful day ; sickness detained me from the city and all I know of its proceedings is what appears on the records. It is, however, quite obvious, that all were desirous to afford all necessary re lief to our gallant little army in peril. A bill was entertained for that ntirno-e. hut as the Presi dent as-erted that war existed, by Ihe act of Mexico, that was inserted in its preamble; and though exertion was made, and a voto given by a great majority of the Whig puly, to strikeout such preamble, tho great majority of the Demo cratic party, then here, resolved to echo this al legation of the President, and it was don;. Then most of tho Whig party, rather than bo charged with abandoning the army in peril, voted for the bill, agiitist the preamble of which they had vo ted and still protested. I have little to s.iy of this proceeding, but it seems tome that when the President, who well knew all the circum stances, in his lato message, claimed tint war was declared by so largo a majority, he was al most disingenuous. Tho full career was now attained. The ar my having been thus pressed forward, and sup plies deiiiinded and voted for its relief, when re lieved, and llio enemy driven over the Rio Grande, wo do not stop, but the army is pushed forward over the river, and Matamoras is taken. Placo after place is occupied, and Monterey is taken by storm and capitulation, when another session of Congress occurs. Again supplies of money and men are demanded to sustain the ar my, but all designs of conquest is expressly dis claimed, by the President. Thev are voted. The army is now to bo pushed forward to the capture of Vera Cruz and the city of Mexico, and so to now J It seems to mo that it has now assumed a new aspect, and conquest is distinctly avow ed. What I understand by conquest is, not the more taking military possession of the cities or forts of an enemv ill a time of war. That in.iv bo done by us as a mere mode of prosecuting a ' dofiinsivn war. by weakeuiii" tho enemv fur ilm to retain it permanently toourselvcs. .Voir, mic.'i i ..-., a .l.,'..l. ..r.i.. i.- iu retain it porma purpose, 1 rega entertained by us, our prosperity, an jiin, h. uiu ii .usii minim ii,,yi-- is, urn as utterliT inconsistent leith anil puttina in ictmirdii our iki. f iimhM etiaracter ana existence. I It is true. sir. I did indeed declaro hero, when i . i i j ,i . " - . - the Texas annexation was under consideration. us i inn i, 1 1 uuopnu, v u oiiiiiini euieriui; un a ca- in' reer of conquest, which had been the vicoand B0,th0 ruin ol nations. And when I saw a war rr...i. I i 1.1 i. i brought on as it was, and forces sent to Califor- ilia to luko possession of country which in no i . i .1 . r...i.' . i .... way WCdKCIlCU lllC OIRIIiy, lur HUH war, UIU! Ull dcrstood that, iu the orders, this was directed to be done, and goternmi 'government, ordered to be formed there, with a view,to its being ultimately holdon ; ami when I nearu mo i-rcsuieni congratulating Cungres on llio extension of our territories in New Mexico and California, I did indeed strong ly suspect that conquest was In hand. Rut as wo hid the repealed asseverations of the President, disclaiming all purpose of conquest, by the war, I could not show, from official pajicrs, this was so. Rut how is it now ? W'lion a man avows what he intends to do, it Is of no use to disavow the consequences which must necessarily result. It is of littlo uso for a man, who applies lo me for matches with which ho avows that lie intends to build a fire under a neighbors house, to say, at tho simo time that ho does not mean to burn that house ; nnd if I furnish him the matches, I shall ho accessory to the arson. It is true the President again repeats to us that there is no design of conquest, tow. Hut what is asked, and what is avowed? We aro asked to grant large supplies of men and money, that our army may spread over all Mexico, carry the war into her vital parts, lko po essl..n of all her ci'ies, divert all lior national revenue, and keep her Congress or government in a constant state of alarm and removal, allowing it no resting place. Her army is already destroyed, and her capital taken. Now, sir, I ask, is not this conquest ? Is not this the utter annihilation of that Govern ment, so as to leave none with which a tretty of peace, or any other treaty, can be formed? As well might you tell mo you have no intention to kill a man, but only desire to fire five bills and run a few bayonets through his vital parts,to in duce him to enter upon terms of peace and friendship with you, as a good neighbor. Rut it has been fully ascertained by the party sustaining the Kxecutive, that it is really no longer cither practicable or desirable to disguise the true intent and purpose of all this proceeding. They consider that such progress has been in ide, and the interest of so many has been enlisted, and so much reliance may bo placed on tho had passions mat may be addressed, and the iletu sions which mav be successfully nracliscd unon the people, that the political masquerade need bo sustained no longer. When we consider all , the elements which enter into the causes to con- unue mis war.anu to nrnsec.utn in continue t ic career of unlimited conquest, it is indeed alarm- the King ol Kngland, and, alter some shullling country and it iu-tuuiio'i, lint we nre naturally in ing. It is said to tin, community, it is easier b, and much negotiation, he was constrained to I CJX naSl"; I eMe'nVthese llg? go on than to go back. Rehire the military olli- pay them. ... . I even hy force, and to lorget that these institutions of Luis, ei muse woo nope to ue sucn, tiunce vice royalties for them in Mexico, in the trovernor ship and territorial officers there, by us, to be - ...lit .1. i ... ... .. J. . - H.IIII.III.I IIUII.VI S tlll.ll., l lis, I" established, or in civil promotion, at home; to the Kxecutive, the unlimited extension of its pat- ronage, power, and future renown ; to the spec- minor, ncn government contracts; to the mo- stiovvn man is not competent to seii-governtneni, " ."-i-i", erases m ue. i unci umij '"'K"" . ney-tnan and stockjobber the unlimited exten- or even sufficient to preserve themselves from ' P lSSSB nun, sale, and shaving of public. stocks and pub-! foreign conquest. I hat even in tins country , run-toni state of internal revolution and anarchy, lie securities ; to the ship owners, wealth and , we cannot control our spirit of aggression and j We have notcau-ed that condition ; then H them employment in llio transportation of troops and aggrandizement, but proceed to " swallow " or i alone, and do not introduce -even or eight millions of munitions of war, hv which they have already I "absorb" a neighboring republic, weaker than I "'"-'I'" I"'"!'1"-'. "or any part ol ; them, to participate in, fiiltened ; to the, adventure ; and to the ourselves, no. cmnpe.ent to 'self-protection, and 1 tenTCS'?. malicious and contemptible, tho constant grat- so ignorant and degraded as lo be incapable of ,UWn in a good a government a they nre fit for, and itication of their insolence by abusing men nnd , internal free government, but jet desirable cit-1 niueini it when ihy improve. Tin principle ni ana calling them scoundrels and traitors lo their . izens of our free republic. Our conduct and 1 'ion extending the bles-ings of its own institutions by country -meanwhile .hp quiet honest citizen our professed principles will in this way soon j ft', )r!ha1Vi!a"&n,me uoin is to be kept satisfied and gratified with the de- become a laughing slock, a by-word, and a re- nm npulogy fr nearly nil the wnrs .hat hive scourg, d lusion of indemnity, elated with the splendor of pro.ich in the world. The propagation of rc-1 thr world." The tireeksand Romans alw a s regarded military victories, 'and intoxicated with the glit-1 publicanisin bv the sword is as gro-s an incoti- all other nations as barbarous; nud therefore cunqucr tor, eclat, and shout of military glory. Genlle- si-tencv as th'o propagation of religion in that -l theni tociv ihe them. The swarms from the north men holding positions in that fiugu.t body in the way. 'Neither cat. exist but as matter of choice IkTJhA scwrTeVZd other end of this capital, address large popular I and opinion, of the people, with whom it pre-1 ,onlg tw i,y duty of vi-iting the wrath ol God on assemblies in spirit-stirring eloquence, goading ! vails. ihe degenerate iriiion. Such was the excuse lor tho them on to the career of unlimited acquisition, -Much is said of destroying the nationality of extension of Mulninniedini-uiby the -word j smh tho by military conquest. Indeed the masque of Mexico. Sir, to my mind, the uniting Mexico l'":! disguise lias becomu loo transparent to be retain- f to Ibis country, with Its mixed population ot tr the invasion and con iu'st ot Mexico by Cortez, to ed J und tho chairman of the Committee of For- . seven or eight million-', of Spuiili, lndi in, aud the eternal di-grace of the Christriu name. chrn Relations in Ihe Snn.o. hnldiorr tint nnsi- I lipuni admixture, is to destroy our own nation- It is not uncommon, ill the hi-lorv of popular gov- tion of intimacy nnd confidence will' the Kxec- it in his place in the Senate, as the well-settled prineiple of American Republicanism, to take by force of arms whatever territory they desire, which they cannot obtain by negotiation. This declaration, startling as it is, is but dropping the in isk, and openly avowing tho principle which has, in fact, directed this w hole affair with Mcx- ico. It can hardly lie expected that I should enter into a deliberate argument to refute a doctrine be ever regarded as acquisition by conquest. i ,reieniii. ' " so monstrous, aud unworthy even of the most It is altogether vain and idle to attempt tn di-1 N'o man, whatever be his hopes and wishes, enn nr hirbarous ago ; and yet I hive heard no reproba-1 guise the true character ot the transaction bv ' rogate to himself tn declare our d 'stMiy. It is profana tion of it. I call on all who liave any restiect c tiling it purchase, or giving lo it that fortti. i il any nnn weri- endowed wiih the I for the character of our fathers, who in theirlTlie sale i, coerced, and let s not attempt to I Declaration of Independence paid " respect to debauch our moral enemy, when pro-trated, to , the opinions ol m inkiud in llio uectarution ot their puriiose, and called on God to prosper the right I call tiiKiu the Kxecutive, and tho-u who , ., f ,. '. i t .i . r have thus far sustained It, (who havo thus lar BIIOVYII SOIIIU respuci lo UIU opinion in ill ihimiiu by disguising so Ion" the purpose of conquest) I to utterly di-avow slid a sentiment, and to iu iniirij in avow sin u .i sliiuiih.hi., .uiu I abandon their proiect of conquest, so ruinous landoti their project ol conquest, so ruinous and disgraceful. I call on all honest men, of all s?cts, and who havo within theul any respect for truth and justice, or the love or fear of God, its source -ind embodiment to wine the foul stain Its source .UIU I uiioodltnuit, to w pi llio loin st,illl of such a sentiment from Ihe character ot this country, and save us from pollution. I would speak with coolness on every topic of discussion in this House ; but, when I have seen a iraiu ... events, uu lenuing o one res...., 10 ng pursued, and have seen, step liy step, the public f1QUJlK. m;11e ithout prov is'ou then for, because, if imate bu-ines-, tor which it was created by the Con intnd led on and prepared for It, and then at last trenty were made without such provision they would stitulion. It was made, not tor conquest by foreign havo witnessed the announcement of so shock- be discharged. Hut that indemnity can be obtained war, but, nsthe Cou-titution declares, " to estabh-h in" and monstrous a principle. I cannot dis"uiso by land, lor the expenses ut this war.isan entire delu- justice, to m.-uie domestic iranquihty, provide for iho ,,e , I.,. , d i , II ,,, ,,,, I W"" understood by this people ns indeinni- common defence, promote the genera welfare, nnd lo my ub lorrence und indignation. ' . Uu,uhleiy it is ujerstood that land is to he secure ,,e blessings ol hberi) to oursclvesund our pos- Here Mr. McKay proposed to explain, and ,ad, by the sales ul w huh money is lobe obtained, to tcrity. , said tho member of the Senate, alluded to, had replace iu the Treasury, the miliums we are expend-1 Mr- tqvaker, how much might have lieen done fur since explained himself, and held only that for- ing in this wnr. It w ill be remembered that Mr. Tnst tins country and .Ins i-..ple, had ..ur action been cou eiblo iios.ession could In t-iken of tho territory iuloriued ihe Mexican commissioners that, even if the lined to the imriose ,1,-c aied in the Constitution, and uu o p. ;fi.iiiii could bj take I ol llio territory 1,u,ine!j ,, 'qVxas were, lusui-, liad allthe money and elUie.ended m this war beet, tu U.i which was a claim or right. J I etructins from the President were such that no peace devuted to our own ntKiirsi 'June is not allowed 1110 I havo not seen lhat explanation ; I speak of rm,j ,nnje without the w hole of Cahlornia and ' to enter upon llus suh ct. I can merely sa-, what appeared in the official Senate report; but New Mexico wereceded to us. and Ihntvve would, ' could indeed, b) suih a course, have been made a I .1.. nnt, : .... .1... tnu v .1-. ..I it.i ' ihereuiKiii. make coinncnsatioti therefor in money. , happy, eiihghiened, nnd glorious n-uum. is wh it the gentleman states, it amounts to much ; as wo have but to pretend some claim to any country, and proceed to conquer it. Rut, really, what claim have we to Mexico, or nny p irt of it, which we are proceeding to conquer' 1 i mi ,.'.. I will now proceed to state, in as summary and distinct a manner as the remainder of my hour will allow, my views and objections tu ac- qnisitioti by conquest. lt me be here under- sioou, mat iu tno remarks I now make i am iu no way speaking of, or objecting to, the exten- siou of territories by just, fair and honorable means. When the opportunity of a peaceable purchase presents, it tin'., becomes a mere ques- . .. i ,. ' .... c , . ... lion ol expediency. hen from an admiration of our character and institutions, and an honest desire to participate in their blessings, a neigh- b .ring country, ofils own accord, should solicit a union with our national family, it might pre- sent a strong claim on our in igtununity to ad- mit it. Mv nresont nurnose is In slate inv ob- , . jections to exlensioii ol our country by forco or J . ... s. j j arms, by conquest. ''. . clno.i,.;. or by ireaiy. of Me.x- .My first objeclion is, Ih it it is a gross million I ' )a mlt.;y ui;,un,ed delusion. Something has of tho fundamental principle ol our government. ,H.e said niuong Ihe people ns lo mines, hut I believe Wo h ive declared tu the world that every people this Government has not rmeiupted to practice an) hive a riht to the goieriiiueiit of their own .lelu-ion on our -ople, by pretending that nothing choice, nml wo lurccteU our lti principle. When w o proceed bv lorce pm.iue. d. The truth is, muling is a kmJ ot lottery to take nny inhabited country, und hold it in There are nu mines so valuable us .he mines of agn possession, wo compel tbosu iieotilo to submit to cultural weal.h iu .he soil ul our couniry, The Mevi. 1 i.:.. i. I. ..Cil.A:. ..I...! ....1 I en ii mines lire not III iheownershlliot the Goveruineiii. wo tako into our country and Government a peo pie unacquainted with, and unfriendly lo our institutions, and show to llio world that our con duct is utterly Inconsistent with our profess- '0"s- .... My next objection is, tliat, by conquering Mexico, or taking entire po.-sesssiun of ihu coun a govenuueiii iv nun is mn u , ...... try, and diverting the revenue irom, ami Destroy ing, llio Government, we -lull bu compelled, for a very long lime, to sustain that possession bv a large standing army, at'fisjrit cot ; that such a school of service wilfTireparo the men who have so long e.erid military rule over that people to bo, lilervio Roinin legions or the Turkish Janizaries fit nnd dangerous in-tru-incuts to set up niinrary power at home. Any Government set up ty M".vico, under tho pro tection of our army, will of course fall, whenev er the army is removed. My next objection to proceeding in this ca reer of conquering Mexico is, that the effort Ins already incurred a debt of sixty miliums', which will exceed a hundred millions a year, and go on accumiilatiti?: nnd this debt is a leiu and mort gage on this country, nnd on every firm, and on industry and the fruits of Industry, of every "ty Up I''rm !'r"lnr ' 'ui'l'ftind wmthins di'tin in this Country which, thougli' now .loforred, gaVleS.'n'fir, IhYrot .oj must bo felt and endured for a succession of generations. My next objection to the conquest of .Mexico is this; If wc conquer Mexico, we arc, by the law of nations, bound to pay the debts of Mexi co. Nothing is morer.Iear thin tho liw of tui tions on that point. I refer you to one of the most common and approved writers on that sub ject, Vttttcl, (bonk 2, sec. 203.) After treating much on the subject lie says : " i or a conqueror to refuse lo pay the deb's of the country lie has subdued, would be robbing the creditors with whom he is not at w ar." The debts of Mexicoare of very great amount, chiefly dun to the people of Kngland. The-c debts are the property of creditors who aro not Mexicans, and wo have no more power or right to take or destroy such properly, than we h ive to take any other properly of a people with whom we are at peace. Now, sir, 1 do not say what lawlessness and repudiation may become in this country, but this I do know, that if wo are to preservoany respect for our national cluracter, and the opinion of mankind, and to hold a posi tion with civilized nations, just so sure as we conquer Mexico, just so sure we shall have the , - ,. , , uncounted millions of her public debt to pay. , Nor nml sure that ovpn tiikimr the ilUornepfnl position of repudiation would prevent it, Frederick the Great of Prussia conqu When , ., I cimquereil ine Kingdom of Sile-ia, the debts which Silo-i; oweu to r, il' i mien were iiem i ti eu ot nun iv My next objection i, tint wo have declared to the world that man is competent to self-gov- tiiiuiiii, .... . mi, mini i ...iiiiuj, jmi,- senting to the world a successful experiment of the principle. Now, by the conquest of Mexico, eminent, and we are now, in this country, pre. wc show, to the world that, in Mexico, it is ) ality. Wo cease to bo tho nation we havo been pendencc and established civ il liberty. The na- tion over which Washington presided, A treaty of peace is the result of war. It is the product, the creature, the child of llio w ar, and must ever bo considered as nude by the pres-ure of the war ; therefore, whatever terri- tory is ceded in a treaty of peace, and especially , if it lie territory of which military misses-ion . was taken and held during the war, i and must Illll-l .enter, whilom that condition, into a luutlerol business and bargaining, us the condition to peace. 1 . .... ... t jt nnw prn0P1.,l to inquire into some of the oh- jrrimns wium ii.ive lk.-1-ii iii.uie mi pulling nil i-iu in this wictched war. The first is, that we cannot makepeace. nat i regard ns uteriy iiniounuwi . There is not a man o ordmaiv inte i,s,.1)oe in America who can, for one moment, lie- :,,r a,,:; " u 1 I , '1 jieve hut lhat a ieace may be made with Mexico on ' any day, if we will but abandon the prouttol conquer- ing or disniemU-ruig that country. 1 roiu the very X.".'" ollmnl , ,',,'xlt'i1" oinnnssiuiiers lo Mr. oa , ,h. jri!,,denl' in.ssuge.ihis is per- (ct-ily certain. i(llt it , penre should not be made until we re- the treaty, indemnity, not only for the debi due by Mexico to our ciii.en. but for the expenses of , , , " V i rue. and no ire iJ - nils wit. I ion .ticjwcn siioiuu pay w uiu is uue ny uei whauus worth bejoi.U our ciauns tor ine cxpetises o, "i"0"'this it i, certain,, hat indemnity for the cxpen- sesnf the war wns not olmie what the i'resideni insist, ed uu : lor it was made n tine qua huh that we uiu.-t ''' li? hole "I N',";,M,,x'i;,,1'1?',,M'i' Vt'i.Hr," ftice. How. l ieu, can it be said t ml the war is pros. , ', ,":',. i ti,l. .Mexican con mis. sioners then n-ked", when ihe original cause ol ihe win was adjusted, to wit, ine le.xas nu-i lies. we could ju-iil'yucoiitinujnee of ihe war lo cum m.l tiiem in sell iiu'tr enuiurv . i n s ouesi u . u.i.uev but thi war proceeds. Hut the jeu3iou whieh prevails iu relation to ihissubjeci u indemnity, hy taking land, is this. Mexico has no laud locede ton, or to any body else. When nny icrritory is ceded by one l"'"; nuered bv another, the new sovereign, or govtrnint ni, Jeceeds lo all the rights oi ihe former one. and has juri-diction over it, and owns so much of the land ns lielon.-ed to die lurnicr government, but docs nut ac- qmre any ude , airland. -'" !,""qju'.i; very lirge tracts. New .Mexico is an u roUiury, und there is not nn acre of laud iu ii,ca- mhle of cultivation, thai has not ken grained lo nidi. viduals n hundred vearsngo. 1 lie notion, then that i l,i.. nbiiiiii nnv inuiiev troui Inn. t bm , ,, , ,: ,., ,. .. I...... I ihey cannot be taken. his obvious, loo, lhat whenever the resolution is linl...n lleil uiirwlinll iirnei-i'il . mi. I ...ui. iii.ii, I I.. until the niuount taken, und to lie kept, sliall pay the exHUieot Ihe nK'rution,.here is no limit u, the claim 1. is lorevcr ndvuuciugi uud Mexico doc. not know, nnd never can know, hum one day to another, llie ex lent of our claim ; nor cuu our jicoplc or uriuy ever mand is on a co'-"sly lidin scale of uncertainty. Know lor wont we nie inuieiiuiog, mvailse imr lie llul it is st id our people will have land, nnd that it will not do to tnnke pence without soini' acquisition. Sir, whenever the people are Irulv informed ut the condition ol things, ns 1 have nlrendy stated, Ihentlirv can ei'ily be satisfird. The President has hut to i.-H them the whole truth. Besides, I do not ln-hee hi this uncontrollable nvnhty ul our people to etenl land. Other g.'iitleineii h'-st know their own constituent, hut I have no lii'sitnlion in saving, my constituents wnnt no land hul what they own, or fairly aud iencc ably pni chase nnd pay for. It is, hr.vever, urged that wc cannot make a trenty of pi-nce nud rouu away without dishonor, unless we obtain n ccssiiiu of some territory- I have already shown lhat a treaty of n'ate may, any day, be made, if wc do not insist on inking ll nil. Now, ir, is it true that wi'iniy not make a pwice and come home, or even come lioine w,ihotit a trenty, without thereby in curring national dishonor, unli-. we obtnin some land 1 for I do not proles lo be learned in that code. It has iM'en said that when a mm appeal to his honor, it H because his hnuetv has In-en all ucd up. t hope it may not he o with my country. Now', I profess to know something ol common hunc'ty, nnd I think a nation nny do with honorwlnt it can do with hoiif.s ly, piovid.-1 n nm funiish "idi-nce of iiusillauini Ity nud n.itinnal eowMMne. iau u i. i"-s.-, . all the battle which our army ha -o bravely nnd sii cessfiilly fought ngairi"t such lenrhil odd; niter de stroying their army nnd capturing their cap tnl i wlin in full possrssjon "o( their strong liolde, and their offi cer captives or lugitives ; when Mexico is protrntu at our leet, can it lie possible, we may not say, c havis whipped on enough, and are going home I TIitc ran neither be unionnl honor or glory in beating a prostrate fo'1. Is it tio-ible we must ket p our foot on Iwr neck, nml pick her pockets, nnd strip her, before we can honor.iUy lene her! Ha it come to tin, tint alter all the harvest of laurels which ha been gathered, our glory and national honorwitl tie sacrificed, unless we get audi Amid shouts ol victory nnd halos of glory which rin- oer ihe billle.Hd,wu hear, at la-t. the whole settle down into the mercenary ninl base cry of Ian I, land, hul I No, sir; to my mind the sooner we leave tint pro-trnte nation, and the lesj we demand of h;r, the greater is our magnanimity. It i said weoujhtto continue the war, and con quer Mexico, tor the good of the people of that coun try. It is no new thing in the history of man, that a people should adopt the notion tint their religion, gov- i eminent, and institution-, nud even ttieir race, nre so lIHIHVlll, .11111 I USUI II I'M,-, llllll V , I. 11 III' l I I't , "1. mu-h superior to nil oihei ns to make it a holy duty to extend lliem. i-ieo he force, as blessings to otheis. " cannot he denied that there is much danger lhat tins m-iv he ihe weal, tiuini in nor national character. So su,,Hri,)r j ,i, tn rt- of our Guv eminent to alloiheis, a suited to ourselves : so much have we prospered and unorovei uiu er it so warm is our aiiaciiineiu to our ours miv not be ndanted to every people. Our civil institution nre good tor u becau-c made by ourselves and tor ourselves, and we have urovvii uo under, and , n . ,., ,1 jpstiu'iH,'', hKCi an, coudiiiun ol a tlieni. liut we sltouid reueci mai our our garment, cannot suit the taste, all men. nnd cniiuot consistently be coerced upon others. Liberty or religion forced upon eminent, thai an unmeaning phrase is taken up ns a inemiiered m ouruvvtt lu-iory. .vl nch industry is now put forth to promulgate another such our desiiny, I well recollect when tin phrase was first ndvanced in tins lliill II in the discussion on Oregon. A gentleman from Illinois, in in-i-ting on holding up to iT 10', among other matters, rhimed that we -limiltl so hold, because it was the mauilesi destiny of this Ke public to include ihiswhulecuutiiient. This was then laughed at, nud the claim was abandoned, and all were satisfied. It is HOW often reoent,..!. noil there i I I I .. .11 .... .1 .,..1.1 .. . w ithin this government, that cotitd in no way jutiiy our now proceeding to take tumble possesion of it Destiny niu-tvvork out its ovvn end by its own destin- ? JZu"'i t lO?,',." S'!?' ,i ivaa ''''V",'"'1 ''"My ,u my neighbors horse, it would constitute no reason why I should steal him. Is it true, that, because we are lleslllletl pi own tins continent, we nrt todi-graeeoiirselveshyncuuiringit by I to own this continent, we nre nlso destin- raee ourselves t,y ncuuiring it bv v mlence and blood ! This plea ol destiny has, among 1 in nil mo i . I , i,,,lv il. u.i r .?. stuiy has, among nil had men. apology for crime. It is the coiivicte, ' , " "SV ' , " i"".? SiM" w'lio apologizes lor crime, hv insisting that it was his de-tmy j and he is rightly destin-d tu7ligrace. llutertaiinug ilrse views, s.r, I think this wretched and ruinous war should be terminated immediately ,md entirely. The pr,ect ol eonq.ust of .Mexico, hi whole or in part, should I.- ahanJoned, and a peacu be made on that principle, which mav now he done on any day, and our army should come home in it glory, tjeture tir.ii glory is tarm-neii ana compromisea by i-i rt'i 1 l.ei that Government 'return once more lo the legit- Cheap. We find the following iu one of our exchange papers : Givo ine frt'v.loin in everything, said a mail to ti a few days since. I have been a member of church for lorty jears, and up to this lime it has not cost me a penny. Thai's what I call a free gosi el." This reminds us of an acecdote of Rev. Mr. S., a distinguished Methodist pnacher well known in the west, who was remarkable for pi cty and eloquence, as well as for his occa-ional eccentricities, lie went to his rest a few years since, after having labored long and faithfully iu his Master's scrticj. tin one occasion, he was preaching with grc-at fervor on the freeness of the go-pel, and around him was an attentive congregation, Willi eager eyes turned lo the preacher, und drinking every word into their souls. Among the rest was at. individual w ho had always liecn more remarkable for opening his inoulh'to say amen than for opening his purse. Though ho never gave mon cy for tho support of Ihe gospel, yet he might ho .-aid lo support llio pulpit, for Ii; always stmij by it. He hid, on this occasion, taken' his usual placo near the preacher's stand, and was making his responses with even more than his usual an. iuiiti n. After a burst of burning eloquence fion the preacher, ho cliped his hands, nnd ciM out in a kind of iv.-tacy. " Yes, thank God! 1 havo been a Methodist for Iwenly-livo years, and it hasn't cost me twenty-live cents!" "God bless your stingy soul!" was the preach er's emphatic reply. lionisiilh Exam. " is stxu," A hlt'e girl, about fuur")cars old, who had never seen mil 'Ii of divine service, was la ken to church by her guardian, who lives iu ibis city. She saw the tlergjmuii open his tkmk.aud heard Iiuu say "lie. us sing," uud uninediaiely, in compliance with bis request, thehttle creature struck no loud md manly the comical son,; uf Old Dan Tucker.