Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 17, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 17, 1848 Page 1
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3. Vol. XXI. Whole No. Hi 81. nuuMXJTorv, friday hokia,, makch ir, 1848. IVcw Scries, Vol. 3 No. 38 Burlington -free Press. Published at Burlington, Vt., By I. W. C. CI.AItKE, Editor and Proprietor. I u Village aubscriliers who receive the paper by the carrier ' , $2,50 11 pata in advance Mail 1 aubscribers and those who take it at the 2,00 2,00 II paid in advance, . j,5n ........0,...,t.,1:, uiscncu onine customary tenns. K C. W. DREW, Chair and Cabinet Manufacturer, 1 Two noon South County Ifotic, . , . , Church St., Durmnutoy, Vt. AU kinds of work in the above line made to order on the shortest notice. I. SHERWOOD & CO.'S AUCTION AND COMMISSION STOKE. West .Side Square. Constantly on hand Cabinet Furniture, Chairs, Look ing lilasses, &e. JOHN BRADLEY A CO, WHOLESALE DFAI.ER IN English and American liar, Holt, Rod, Slit, Hoop and . , , , HANI) IttON, rig Iron.Coal, Sheet lion, Tin. Bolt and Sheet Copper nail.s.ui.avs, Plaster, Wet and Dry fSroceries. Flour, Salt, Burr Mill hlones, lloltinrr Cloih., Shectinr S T O II A G E AND fORWA It I) IN G Cuitom-houte Agent and Communion Merchant!, Jons Ilium f.y, 1 . ,, .... ' Natii'l A. Trritnn, hou,h M hn'r 'fiiu's. II. Cam ih.ii. ) HUH I.INtJTOX. AMOSC.BDFAB Apothecary .Hill llrilggiMt, I DEALEIl ix Patent axd Thompsonian .Medicines. Chemicals, Surgical and Dental In-1 Mrumeiits. Mineral Teeth, Foils. Leeches. Triiw. Mineral W aters, Dnucin's (ilas Ware, Ilrn.hes. Perfumery. Soaps, Dyc-Stuff, Caniphenc, Inks, Black- Church street, Burlington. Vt. J. MITCHELL, M K R C 11 A X T T A I LOR. AND l.cncrnl Itcndy-.Mndc Church Street, Clothlnc Store. Burlington, Vt. IIVRLlXdTOX AdRICVl.TVRAI. warchoiiKc nntl Seed Store, nv J. s. im:ihci:. ' rntlutmiltv nn Lntiil n Innta i.uwt. 5T ineiit of harming lltemiN. Garden IlllIilcinrlltA. Ktelil. CnnltMi nml i-lower seeds. ALSO, DEALER IN STOVES, STOVE I'H'E, Tit I. 1UI I.N US AND HOLLOW-WARE. COI.LEOE STREET. IIAGAR & ARTHUR, 4y Dealers in Hardwire, Drugi, Pninti, Oil, 1 e.StniT, AC AC. OIl NCR Of CHURCH ASP COLLEGE 5TKFETS. J. D. JIURI.INGTOV. VT. CONSUMPTION. ASTHMA, AND IIVER COMPLAINT, can in: cm; it ED. M. G. RATHBUN &. CO. M h' U C II A X T T A I I, O R S , No. 2 reek's Jllock. M. G. RtTiincx -t Co. keep consinntly on hand n tltflivvc and full assortment of flili. h.r eerv description of Clothing ; nnd are prrporedat all liinra to supply every article in the line ot Gentlemen's Fur nishing Goods. U. li," XATIIBUH. C. T. WlRD. E.fc Ii . liYMAK, DEALERS IN English, French, Germnn mid American DRY GOOD8, West India Goods and (irocerics, Corner of Church and College-SU. BURLINGTON MARKET, BY W. C. BaBBINQTON. MEATS, FIHII, AXD VEUllTAULVN, of every variety, Lard, Tallow,, &c. ,U the Corner of Church and College Street!. n. batc hi: i.i) Kit's m BOOT A XV S HOE S TO R J. Church-ktrret. V.v Ynrlt. Boston, and Farwell'fl Ladies and lienllemeiiN llnols and Shoes, of every description and stile. con!antlyon hand. Sfore lr dW north of Lnielv't, and directly oppo site V. Kern t, near Jlowartrt Aiorc.isiiurcn pi. LIVERY STABLE.MUft V BI.ACKNJ1ITH SHOP, an n By S. S. SKINNBB, ALSO Hmldlc. Harne' nnd Trunk Manufacturer, Eait tide Court-houte Squaie, LIVERY STABLE, nv ELLIS AND CHURCH, Stmt. J. &. J. H. PECK &, CO. WIInl.r.SA!.L OLALERS1.V PAITS, OILS, UI.ASS, XMLS, Brads. Foreign nml Aniericnu Iron, Steel, I'is Iron, Coal, Tar, Bolting Clot hi, I'llig andCacenduh To baceo, FLOUR, and rorrlim and Wrstern SALT. A ,nts fur ihe sale of Fid thank's Scales. Adam Smith's Burr .Mill-Stones, Iirillard's .Maccotsay and 1 U.,.ii I. Wit, ill Uiiwibitttf nun I Joiix l'tcir. Keuh Snulf, Smoking and Jons II. Peck, Casmls 1'. I'U'K, Chewing J ouacco. On the Square, College it, J. F. T.i.iroitD & 0. PEAL1.R3 LV FANCY AND STIFLE CAHrilTlNC.. RUSH .Mlltling, Hug, Flixir Oil G7oJ7i, Wimlnw Shades, l'ttjr Hang- ing'. L'l'ilinn (Hastes, of all sites. Flowing lllue, Light Ulue and White Granite WAHK also, China and Olass Wore. OllOCEIlIES, l-'UKH, HltlTALO ItllUES, 4tC. t'AurcA Street. Hti'oii, Ilooliftlv &. Co. ...... .t, ..r-si'V IVtl MIFI.F -rj-fjgyoi Cutlery, .Saddlery, Me- inwao WARtJ chanic s'lools, House r n dnw Sasb. Iron, Steel, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron. Wire. SAINTS, OIL, I'LOUIl, SALT, l'LASli.h, Grind Stone s, Dry Groceries, Ac. General Agents and Commission Merchants, A. THOMPSON, ) l.'.,Ri, Curt House Souare W. L. STRONG , I H. H. doom TT I.E.) Church and College-stri.l GEOKGi: PKTKIISON, I1EAI.EB IN ggffcrjffff DRY GOODS, rrarkerv. Flour, Salt, Flatter, Window Saih.Glau, vrocnery.r CLOTiltsr.. Toeelher with a large variety of other articles. riRIT UUUI. r.rvi" CALVIN B. EDWAHDS, BOOKSELLER Jf STATIONER, Constantly for sale a general ossortmcnt of 8CHOOL, CLASSICAL, AND SIISCUIiLANKOUS HOOKS. Tut CaiAr Pcdlications, ntANK Iloou, Sta- TI0NEBV, MEIllCAL HOD"- , jia I, Hecks' lluilding, College .t. C. S. AdkiiiM, BOOK BISllMt, PAPER RVLER, AMD BLANK BOOK MAKER, Jn tht Frit Frtii Building, Collete Street. Poctru. The Dfatii or Mr. Apams. The stranse and stalely verses of Shirley .(which are said to have chill ed the heart of Cromwell hlmelf, by niovina some mystic sympathy,) marked, as they are, by nn obscu rity which deepens their qloomy sublimity, suggest lhcinclvcs here, as they often do in similar circum stances. The glories of our mortal state Are shadows, not substantial things : There is no armor agninst late Death Inys his icy hand on kings. Sceptre and crown Must tumble down, And in the dust be equnl made With the poor crooked scythe and spade. Some men with swords may reap the field, And plant fresh laurels where they kill ; Hut their strong nerves ot Inst must yield, They tame but one another still. Early or late. They stoop to fate, And must give up their conquering breath, When they, pale captives, creep to death. The garlands wither on your brow : , Then boast no more your mighty deeds : U)on death's purple altar now. See where the victor-victim bleeds ! All heads must come To the cold tomb. Only the actions of the just Smell sweet and blossom in the dust. SPEECH OF JUDGE PHELPS. In Senate. Jan. 27, 1818. THE WAR AND THE PUBLIC FINANCES. concluded. Sir, what is the object of this war ? Not con- mioU. it has honn said : althourrh. sir. this sub. j'ect lias assumed a great many phases since ve ctercd "l"n ,,ie war 1,111 1,10 ouicct is said to ue indemnity ! For what 1 Indemnity for the sum ol some four or livo millions of dollars for claims ntrnlnst llip f .nvprmnent of Mevicn in f. , vnr of our citizens ? Well, sir, the collection of this paltry debt has already cost lis some lifly odd millions, and, if we are to regard this matter in a pecuniary point ol view, it will vet cost lis much more. Wo had much belter abandon the project of recovering our debt in this way. lint the President has told us, (what is undoubtedly true,; that luc Mexican oovernmem lias no means of indemnifying us lor our expenses. They have no money. What, then, are wo to have' by way of indemnity ? lie tells uk that wo must have land. But I am informed thev have no public domain lou will, therefore, get no title to the land. You mav tret a cession ol ter ritory; and what docs it amount to ? Why, it amounts to the acquisition of jurisdiction over a horde of people, which will prove nothing but a burden and a curse to you as long as they are on your nanus, oir, u win oe worse, innnitcly worse, than the Indian population, which has cnt this Government so much trouble and so much money. What will you do with them 7 Will vnu assume the same relations to them that you do to the Indian tribes ? That cannot he done. If vou leave them a form of Government, I 1 . .1.- I . & ' Z Noman can expect that quiet possession can bo held of that country so long a they have their own gov ernment, and especially if wo recognize it. There is another -phlj K tfhoi fince. 'Ibis has been already demonstra- 1 oeimu'i iiMoe.oiu. fr ;-- a province. 1.. ,1.'.. enmt'oion of a. lirovince. ami they will knock at your doors until tney place uieir rep resentatives in mese sews. 1 avoidable result. There is an end, therefore, to the idea of governing these people as a prov nice. Tl, radii will he. as a matter of course, annex ation. They must he taken into our Union. They must be lirougnt 111 upon m luuuujj ui nnrinnn eiti9PI1S- Sir, for one, I want no panncrsmp wun 1111s nnto 1 dn not desire to see them brought in- in family. I know, sir, that what was once considered "as a problem is now regard ed as settled that extent ol territory is no seri ous obstacle to a free and representative govern ment ; but, sir, whether your territory be great or small, it is indispensable to the maintenance of a representative government, mu u tpu. i,imld lie a homouencouB people, bir, 1 have had under mv eve for years an experiment which shows the litter impossibility of bringing a pcopio of a different origin and of different habits to harmonize under a representative form of government. A few years since it was the ' . e .t. L1 l:.l. '.... .,..., nut t 11 noiicv in int! ruiBii s Parliament and a system of representative gov-1 crnmcnt in Canada. What was me restiiit tiiiniKiii in i.". - - --- t We all know that the trench population of the are as distinct now from Ihe English as thev were when the Knghsh supremacy was es tablished there. They are as distinct from the Kiit'lish as if the two classes had resided in dif ferent hemispheres. Tho result was, that when they came to the ki!Is they were arrayed on the side of their respective races, and their dissen sions, instead of being diminished by lapse of time, were only increased. The interposition of the Crown liecamo necessary, in order coun teract the superiority in numbers of tho French population of the lower province, and this led to the paltry rebellion of which we have heard so much. It became necessary at last for the Bri tish Parliament to unite tho two provinces, in order, by Ihe introduction of the Lnglith, Irish, and Scotch population of the upjicr province, to . 1 1 .1 11. t I .....I l,t l'lha l.'.nnel. cnull(erualance ine rolitical weight of the l'Vcnch . . . . , . , . population in the lower. Now, I undertake to say, that if tho people of Canada were left at this moment with an indeiendeiit and represen tative form of crovernmcnt, five years would not pass over their heads without presenting to us, as the result ol the experiment, a civil war iu that country. The population ot Mexico is as distinct from the Anglo-Saxon race as any two races are distinct upon earth. Sir, do you ex pect the descendants of the Puritans to harmo niin with ibis anomalous population 1 Can you reconcile the lovo of order, tho submission to law. nnd the attachment to peace, which has characterized tho descendants of the Puritans for centuries past, with ine lawless aim uiruuienl propensities of a people whose element, from the period of their first national existence to the present day, has been anarchy and revolution ? 1 need only say to yon, sir, that if such an event as the incorporation of that country Into this lTntnn should occur, we could not mako its pon- ulation harmonizo with our own. Sir, 1 am not .i-.s.spd to Intimate authoritatively, nor 111 a man ncr which win "'" . ; ,, the consequence will be a dissolution or the Un ion; but I may be permitted to Bay, in reference . , . ..tit -.!.: nC lln.1 ee.itLlriietL.ti ll... to my own consumem-jr sm lation of the North, that in my humble judgment If thirty new stars" are lo bo added to llie Un ! r ,hl ennmiered country, it will bo be yond our power, if we would, to hold that Union : .1. wis mv iminioiis aro decided 111 ru- WLicHiiv-i. " "v i- . , il.ic matter. I want no persons admit ted into llii political family who are not of the Anglo-Saxon raco, unless it bo a race that can ainalgiuiaie wnu u, wv geneuus mass. Sir, I think the ground taken by Ihe honora bin Senator from .Maryland, who is not now tire sent, exhibited a much more rational view of the subiect. Ilo told us that our indemnity consist ed in military glory, in tho brilliancy of our achievements, in the exhibition of our power, in iho results of our enlcndid military career. I agree, air, with the honorable Senator thai this is all the indemnity which we can get ; and I believe if the honorable Senator were now nrc sent ho would agree with mo thati if this is to be our indemnity, in God's name, we have had enough of it. Sir, is there any new lustre to lie added to our career of conquest, any new or ad ditional reputation to be acquired is it neces sary, in order to vindicate the honor of this He' public, that wo should proceed to trample under toot, to ucnaiioiiauzo and reduce to perpetual subjection, a foe who has lot the power of re sistance ? Sir, I am so unfurtiinato that I have not looked upon the glnry and splendor of mill tary achievements with the same sentiment of tininingled admiration as others may have done. I am constrained to say that I have turned dis gusted from the revolting details of human slaughter which the history of this war presents. Sir, I have been disposed to ask, in the name of me country in ttio name ot a cnriMtaii pcopio in the name of humanity yes, sir, in the name of humanity's God, for what rational pur poses are these scenes of human butchery enact ed ? Sir, when I am told that the obicct is the -glory ol military achievements, I confess that my tcclings revolt at it. INo, sir, if this be the purpose, in Heaven's name let us Iks satislied with what we have done. Let us pursue tliU object no further. What opinions must ho en tertained in other quarters of the world in rela tion to this Mexican war ? It must ho regarded as a war (or national plunder I was about to say, of national piracy. And, instead of adding to the honor of the nation, it will call down upon us, if persisted in, the execrations of the civilized world. Hut, sir, I leave this part of the subject. Mr. President, it is somewhat amusing to witness the various phases which this subject has assumed. In May, 18)0, wo were told that American blood had been shed upon American soil. We were told that the honor of the nation was involved, and wo were called upon to vote for a declaration of war, because the indignity which had been inflicted upon us by the shed ding of American blond upon American soil call ed loudly (or retribution. Jiut, sir, soon this be came a war of indemnity. We were pursuing tins war lor tlic purpose ot indciiimmug our selves for claims which our citizens had against Mexico; and while we were pursuing it lor this purpose, and justifying it upon this ground, wo were told that Mexico herself began it ; as if the process of collecting this debt had liegun, not on the part of the creditor, hut of the debtor. Hut we were soon told that no indemnity could he had except by the acquisition of territory ; that Mexico had no other menus for indpmniiy ing us. Wo were next further informed that wo must occupy all .Mexico, 111 order todistress , nor nnu uriug ,)Cr 10 terms ; yel tins war in conquest. u was a war lor icrrnoiy, 1 ins own responsibility, upon this career of con which was to be acquired by force, and kept by quest, would, but a lew years since, have as force, but not a war for conquest. Yes, sir, a founded the American people and the world. year ago we were told that it was not a war of conquc-t, hut a war for indemnity. Now, after the successes of the last campaign, wc are fold that it is still a war for indemnity not for con quest ; hut that we must hold 011 to what we have got, and when we get possession of the rest of Mexico, we can then determine for ourselves whether we will keep it, Hero is a subtile dis tinction. It is acquiring tho territory of a neigh boring nation by force, and keeping it by force, but it is not conquest. It is a distinction be anuaKmg frhiln iVu. k . vi... -it ? , '"'SVe Uro now told that tho object is ttio con- tween robbing your neighbor, and seizing him quest of Mexico, and tho wholo ol Mexico. The wise iiistinction 10 wr.icn 1 navo aoicni-u nun become obsolete. It is now conquest ; and con quest without any declaration ol a purpose, under any circumstances, or at any time, to re- On the one hand, he is the chief l.xecutive of a liliquish our acquisitions. The honorable chair-1 limited Oovcrninrnt, with limited and delegated man of the Committee on Military Affairs, if I powers, responsible to the people ; and, on the understood him, said that the purpose is the con-1 other hand, lie is a military conqueror, proceed quest nf the country, and that whether we shall . ing upon the right of conquest and standing upon retain it or not, when conquered, is a question to I the right of power. Yes, sir, the chief officer besettled hereafter. I of ourlimited Constitution stands at this moment Mr. Cass. If the honorable Senator will al- with one foot upon the Constitution, and the low 1110 : I said that the object was conquest, other upon tlie law of conquest. He is alibis with a view of conquering peace. I moment exercising the power conferred upon Mr. Phelps. All! it is a conquest 01 tlic 1 country for the purpose of conquering Will the honorable .Senator tell me how peace. ,' the con- quest of the country U to result in the conquest of peace ? You promise the occupation of the whole count rv. to displace its Cov eminent, to seize its revenues, to take its people under your , protection. You leave no (iovernment to make witl , (illvf,rlllnt.Ilt. You have taken ks- ' . , . ... r. 1 .. peace with, inn deal witn llie people anu 1101 session 01 a portion 01 uieir lerroorv, aim nu uru 1..: j 1 ., .1 u ii-o.iJc.,, not to surrender it, but . (,vtc,,j our lawn over it. Sir, if peace is lo be i. ii'iiu 1, 1 1.1 , e ,j t-t 11. , 1 , ii i'v.i.v 1 . " s... mtal tiesJ in this way, il must be by the utter ex- tinction of .Mexican power. A tioace to lie ac quired iu this way is a peace to bo obtained by annihilation- the tsiwer which is opposed to vou. We are to place them in a condition in which they cannot resist, and we shall be at rest la'- balance of the Constitution. It bin been an ob catise their power of resistance is extinct, lean 'ject of much alarm, of anxious solicitude to the come to no other conclusion. statesmen of this country, and may well excite Hut, sir, the object is now stated in some quar- the anxious solicitude n! Ibe country itself, ters to lie the conquest of the couutiy, not for the I The immense amount of power vested in the saku of indemnify lhat lias become an ob-olete Kxccutiw is extended already beyond any pro idea ; but it is to be a ronqiiest for the benefit of v join expectation, It reaches every nook ami Mexico. Yes, sir, we must conquer the conn- corner ol this wido-spread ltepnblic. It is a try for the purioeo of putting that nation to patronage iill-pcrvadingj a patronage, iucreas school. We must assume a guardianship over , jug with a rapidity unexampled as the blue- mem, anu inus pin an enu iu mm dissensions, Wlien we have relorincu tneir uauiis, anu sum- iho blue-book ol lormer years, win iiiiisiraie. 11 ciently indoctrinated them iittheywiintfie hay- expands itself with your growth, and plants it nmt into our customs, habits, and political creed, self among the pioneers ol civilization, in every aim quaimed iiiem lor seii-goveriiineni cy iie ynliittiru inttuenco uf mililaru suli)ii"atinH.e are then to declare them of age, and emancipate .1 :r.. - -1 V :, U.. . .!.,.,, ,1,1. Illt'lll, II VB pilTUSO. Oiin, litis mat wujvvi, tino newly-discovered purKise lor which tins ,iex- ican war is prosecuted, has this one quality tu I I. I. :....!.:) I, ... ..., ..I.i, ... leucciti 11 it tn uuiKiiitiiii'tni.. u i.iiui 11U1.1M- ions to tho objections which I havu urged against tho pursuit of military glory the wholesale slaughter of human beings for the honor of thu deed j for war, however glorious and dazzling may be some of its appendages, is little else than mere human butchery justifiable, it may be, iu tomo cases; but il unjustifiable, it is nothing short of wholesale murder. How long aro these Mexican people tn bo kept at school ? How many generations, are to pass before the habits, views, and character of this people aro tobo changed ? Will gentlemen tell us how many generations aro required to, extinguish the Caslilian blood which even at. Ihis ,Liv nvhihils itsnll';.. IU.LI fl.., ...... LA.....,va , uum ,nv, , vou wi.,- iriiy inu uahtlice 01 mil voiisitiiiuuii, is now iu acteristic. obstinacy of this Mexican icoplu? be added these anomalous Kiwersiipicrtalning to will endure lor centuries. These people the Presidentas the heatlol'thc militarv establish as a conquered ieople will be a distinct raco ; , nici and derived from the Uw of nations and and the longer you keep them in subjection, the longer will be Ihe necessity lor continuing your siiiervision. If they havo proved incompetent of self-government, they will not improve under military supervision ; il unworthy ot admission into the American family, you will hardly ele vate them in tho scale ol human respectability by a course of abject servitude to a people whom they hate. They will never Ikj reconciled to your (Jovcniinent, and your laws and iustitu. tioiis can be sustained among them only at tho point of tho bayonet Hut, sir, if this Ihj tho ob ject, I prefer that this people, instead of being schooled by us, bo left to tho management ol their own allairs. I prefer altogether tho doc trine which permits every nation to reguUto its own Internal affairs-, and which forbids foreign interference. Permit me, in this view of tho subiect, to ex press my deep regret that tho purpose of con j quest if it were the original object of Iho war had not been openly avowed in the outset. It would have appeared better, in inv humble indir. mcnt, in the chief Executive ollicerof the Gov ernment, M before proceeding, as I may say, by stealth, to the conquest of Mexico, ho had 'sub mitted tho question to the American Congress and tho American people. Sir, it is not stales manlike to makctheso protestations to the world, that tho purpose of the war is not conquest, when, at tho same time, every proceeding on the part of the Government, their wholo policy, is leading to that very result. All this, in my judgment, is utterly inconsistent with that inge nuous and straightforward course which ought eicr to characterize the Chief Executive Magis trate of this nation. Sir, it is unfortunate, ex tremely unfortunate, that when the attention of the American iconic is at last called to the sub. ject, ami they seek to know the object for which mo war is prosecuted, tney-aro met by the de claration that, in all human probabilitr. con quest has Income Inevitable, that we have pro ceeded too far to retriice our steps. We have gone on until wo have acquired possession of the country. We have placed that iieople in a condition in which they have no lioernment with which to negotiate. We havo placed them in such condition that we musttako them under niirowu protection, mid all this belorc the sense o( Congress or the American people is ascer tained. Sir, it Is not for ine to say that conquest was tho original object. Common courtesy for bids it. Were it otherwise, it would ill become me, on this floor and on this occasion, to advance so grave a charge in the l.ico of tho repeated protestations of the Executive, however strongly the force of circumstances may indicate its truth. Hut I do say that, if such was the object, it is little short of treason to the American people to pursue it thus by stealth, until the evil of throw ing upon our hands mi empire, peopled by u race of different oriuin. dill'orent I.hil'Url'c. cus toms, and opinion-;, Loth political and religious, to he governed as a dependant province, or ad mitted us incongruous material into our polili cal Union, becomes inevitable, and thus to place 1 us in u posiuou wucru, uowever strongly we may disapprove Ibis Kiiicy, and deprecate such a union, wc have no alternative but acquies- cencc Sir, the questions growing out of this unfor tunate war aro too grave to lie left to Executive di-cretion its results, involving as thev do. the 11 its rcsultsi involving as they do. the of our Union, and Iho jrpettiity of our , ins, should not be intrusted to tho judg-, 3 caprice, the policy, mir the ambition .'Executive olhccr. The inroad upon integrity institution incut, the of a mere the spirit of the Constitution in this assumption power by I lie Kxectttive, in entering, upon enterillf. unon lis own responsibility, upon this career of con-1 I he countenance now given it by the icople in- dicales too decisively the change which has sorb tho limited and delegated powers of the taken place in Ihe spirit of our institutions, and Constitution, and override its restrictions. What affords 1111 alarming presage- of greuter c hanges sort of administration shall we have with a tnili herealter. This is a very serious question ; tary head wielding a purse and a sword not what effect will this spirit of conquest have upon . .1 , . ..t . . - -, , 1111. cnaracicr and disposition of the American t'nrtnln nml tiw.nllin ...! .... ,.c . I.n: .!..:...:...... , . . , -. . . , . . people and upon the genius of their institutions ? I his passion for military glory has been the i bane of all republics, tho disease which has un-, derm ned their constitutions. un. l,l i ,!,!, ,l. 1 struction. I did hope that our peculiar position

siqiarateyli,nrcEan-seAnuld,'aava us from this iawless spirit of do-nlnation, which, when it . ... .1-1 -1.' .. ...... .1 .1 . .. once comes to debauch' a people, renders them incapable ol scll-governmenl. Sir, can any man define to me the relation which the President holds to the Constitution ? inm by the t.oiislitiition, and he is at the same tinie wielding an absolute sovereignty over an empire, unrestrained by any restrictions or limit ations whatever. His is a most anomalous po sition. v are ins powers and now are the.-e limited, and delegated, anil qualified powers to be dovetailed into the. Constitution in connec Itioii with this unlimited and irresponsible power 7 s,r we nave liearu niiicii lieretotore, anci wun great reisjn.of theeucroach.neiits of this power;' T ., 1 ... 1- ., ,i !.,...' r. 1. 1 nut I iinueriahu iu say inai ine i rosiuciii 01 1110 United States, independently of this right ofcon- nuest which is carried out 111 .Mexico, at tins moment wields within tho United wines a power which the frauicrs of the Constitution never contemplated. The constant accumulation ol power in ttio I hands of the Executive bids fair to destroy the imhik, now a ponuerous volume cuiupnicu n un new establishment 01 civilized me. .ay, 11 mows in mlvance of civilization, and liuds a wide field for its exercise iu your Indian depart- . , t i .1. . ,J . 1...1: t' mt'lll 111 reglOIIS IU WHICH IHO lUUIllll IIIIC 11 1HU yet extinguished, where savage lile and savage Ininners have not yet give n place, and which . 1 . .: t - . r !t: : I . . .. .. !... .1 tl'i.: . 1 c 1 tie tn civ minion iii 1101 vci iiiiL cu. 1 11 s innneiise and albpervailing ovver acts directly upon the very source of pililical power the people. In connection with this is tho veto tho nle. In connection with this is tho veto novver a ntivver iiiLT.ifteii upon the Con-titii- tinn tn sustain and preserve the legitimate powers nf thu Executive, but used of late with- out scruple, not for Ihe purpose of protecting the Executive from legislative encroachments, bm, us I am constrained to brieve and to say, for tho purpose of controlling the legislative power of holding it in check, nnd of moulding iu action to the opinions, views, and purposes of the Executive. To these powers, already threatening lo des- . .1.- 1...I ..e .1.- !.... V. of conquest How can you resist this tendency to absolute Executive supremacy, or this career of con quest ? Direct legislative action will not avail. The veto poucr will interpose. You must re fuse to act; you must adopt the remedy of the English Commons, of withholding supplies. Hut will this avail vou ? The President lias ussum ed tho Hwcr uf levying iiiuney iu Mexico; and, il ho can levy money, can he not also levy men f .ii. ly ne not nave a purso ana a swum iudeieii dent of vou ? Sir, let 1 10 suppnso that wo could exchaugo cimruciers wun tno -.uexicun pcopio : clonic them with our enonrv. and culurnri.e. and am bition, and place us in their degraded condition ; give the President the power uf levvLu" men and money In Mexico, and how long would our ephemeral republic continue ' lated, the President may overturn the Conititu- rir, witn thu tremendous power mua accumu linn : not, perhaps, with tho bayonet at your breasts, hut by tun tremendous, power thus ac quired and thus wielded in defiance of tho Con stitution. Sir, I desire to learn how this assump tion of the power of levying innnuy in Mexico can lie reconciled with' the Constitution. In what portion of that Instrument is it to be found It cannot be (bund there. If justified at nil, it is upon the right of conquest, and Is, therefore, In dependent of the Constitution. What is to tie done with these military contributions levied Micro ? Upon what basis does Iho financial system estahlisliod there by authority of the President rest? Aro these military contribu tions a part of your financial system ? Are they based upon any act or authority emanating froin you ? Sir, I have seen this morning, (or the first time, a general order from the commanding General in Mexiro, levying contributions there. Will the President account to you for them 1 No, sir ; he intends no sitch thing, llo will dispose of them at his pleasure. What U to be done with the revenue collected there 7 If paid into your treasury, it is by tho President's jicr mission. If expended there as it will be will he wait for an appropriation ? The Secretary of the Treasury tells us that about half a million has already been collected there. If it bo a part of your finances, in what item or the honorable Secretary's report on the finances is it to be found? Sir, wh?re is Iho ground of responsibility to you, and how will you enforce it ? Upon what principle will you hold the subordinates employ ed in the collection of this revenue responsible ? Where will you find the ground of responsibility which can he made the subject of judicial cog nizaucc? Will you assume that our Constitu tion and laws extend to that country, and that they can ho judicially extended to transactions occuring there 1 If so, then that country, by becoming subject to your Constitution and laws, becomes i'yuc a part of this Union, and an nexation is eil'ected by the act of the President nione. ."gain, sir, it the 1'resiuenl is consider- cd as acting within the palo of the Constitution, aim .iiexico is considered pro hue. ucr Mihcct to your juiisdiclion, by what authority does he levy taxes without your concurrence J Nay, by what niitnority lias lie established atarillot duties (lit- f . f . , , , , J lerentlroin yours an arbitrary larifl of hisoun ? , The result is, that lie must either bo regarded as exercising thc-'e powers indenendenllv of the I c.,.,.. u !i... .'1. as exercising these powers independently iff the I Constitution, or, it that country be, for Mic time being, subject to'your laws, !m has'violu.ed the Constitution, by making himself tho law-maker, and disowning your jurisdiction. t- 1 Sir, if vou leave him to the exercise nf this despotic, nownr. what will hn the elli'ct on tho in despi stitutiom of this country ? The tendency of nil this is to infuse a military spirit into the Consti tution, to ingraft upon it an extraneous power ot llie most arbitrary character, winch will lib. subject to our control. This war is dehauchin, - - - - - - - - - tile nation with the love or military glory, giv- t ... !....!....; !i! , -------- j . , . . ing to our institutions a military character, and placing at their head, instead of the constitutional Piesidcnt, a military colossus. This may lead ..' :.... i!.... ... l.i ,i. destruction of vour liberties. Sir, this is the , this unfortunate war can bo yinue.l ' j Wo may yet feel safe. Uutiiav ...i, - l.t... - . -r.t.t- 1 n...i .1 ln.. nr III,. .iuiiiluhiiuiiiiiiii i'ii ..... ii. in, unii nit the eneriries of this people and their love of lib erty. Hut who can penetrate tho future ? Thcro aro those now living whose memory can em brace both extremities thus far of our national existence; who remember the period nl 1!I, aiid the adoption of the Constitution, and who iry, that the national sen-e of bis character and Servi an' at this moment watching with extreme cc should be fitly commemorated. ...I-,., ,, :.. r nrn.oiit eri-is Who Mr. Hudson, in feeling niul eloquent words, then anxic-tj ho issue of the present crisis 10 M to give an outline of the public ble of .Mr. among them would have believed, had it been Ala,s running through more than half a century, foretold, the astonishing advancement of this nj concluded by presenting a series ol resolutions ap country ? Sir, many of us of younger age havo propnate to the occasion. Whereupun, lived to sec what we never imagined would etc Air. Holmes, of .South Carolina, said. Mr. Speaker. , - ,t 1 ,: T ie mill" ed tones ot sonovv, like l ie voice ol iu.iu cur ill our day. Our progress 111 the gradations ;.!;;,rw'. of national existence has been without a paral- rmsc!ts, wvcptng lor her honored son. The state I ltd ; and if there be in national exi-teuce such a have the honor in part to represent once endured, wiih thine as youth, maturity, decrepitude and decay, ' yours, a common s itlenng, battled torn coiiiiiioiicauis.- ,, ha,. ,, il, roimfi tho lirst with liiiexaoi- '"! rejoiced 111 a couiuioii triumph. Surely, then, it h we Have gone lliroiigii tin. lirsi wun iinexam jn Mi lh(. d o alllicnoii we should pled rapidity, and may find ourselves at thu last mil,ue 0r griefs. ero wc ivc are aware of it. We have accomplished I in three score years what has required con. j ... ' 1 ,. . ' within turies elsovvhere. We ay tun our ueciine as rapid as our growth. We may be prepared for . in, !e1 miMy ln.,.H. 7l'he bps I10111 which ready to m.-ei it I He was happily spared, by thepre il,e f.ttn ,,f other reniibllcs in an early stage of ,i.,i thns.. liv in., and elorious truths thai our fullers servuiimi 1 ol bis neb laeu ties to the last, from becom- our national existence, as our maturity has been 1- nr.. ,!...! .....i.ij .,, n ru.r ,w dir. , cany. mr no" iiiiii . . responding with the rapidity of our national ad-, vuncetnciit, the subjects ol corruption aim ue-, cay ; anil, iiko preceding repuunw, mo auojcuis of a military usurper. Sir, I hoped it would not be my fate to witness sucli a result ; out niui me present nniuiiwu i Ihe country tends to sucn a resuu, wu nam iu much reason to fear. Sir, let this war be ter minated ; let us return to iholie.iltiilul condition of peace that condition best adapted to our in stitutions, and that alone iu which they can be periotuated. How shall the war lie terminctcd ? My an sivor is. by deiuaniline' of Mexico no more than is reasonable and just. A seiiso uf justice will help us more, if we desire peace, than all the armies of the world. Put yourselves, if you can, upon an equality with that people in point of power, and then ask yourselves what, under all the circumstances, is proper lo be required ol Iheiu. What has been our courso hitherto ? We have sent out .Mr. Trist as our peace commis sioner, but wo havo sent our armies wun mm. We have tendered negotiation, bin it nas ueen negotiation at tho point of the bayonet. We have commenced negotiation with a proposition to dismember their umpire. Give us, say we, one-half vuur empire, or wc win ihko u uy force, unii the other half wiih it, to pay the cosls of the proceeding. Had such a proposition been nude to us by any Power, or by all the Powers ,1,1,, 11 ...mli. w 1.1L wouiii navo wen mo sciiuiocui of the American people f air, 1 recollect well, that at the coiniueiiceinent of negotiations at Ghent, a proposition was in ide ny the inuisii commis-iunern to establish what they called the old French linn of Canada, which would have throw n me and a great porlion of my huinble constituency into the dominions of (iueeii Vic toria. Has any one forgotten Ihe burst of iudig- nation which ran through tins land at a propo sition so humbling and insulting, or the indig mint niik oritur commissioners to the proni- lion I Sir, is there a man whu hears ine who would not, had ho been a .Mexican, as ho is an American, repelled Ihe proposition with scorn 1 Sir ifmv ndvice were u-ked as to the bust mode of terminating this war, 1 would tell you, instead ol indulging in thu spirit of aggression and of conquest, infuse a little moderation into your cotin-els, abato a little of your high and rr..!isiv., iirniensioiis. fchow a disposition to pre serve instead of destroying the nitiuiwlity of .lUhi.iiiin to k'ute to her the uHcl'- ritv of her empire, rutlior Hun lodUmeml'cr it . ' Ii 1. 1.. ...... Li.iti fnr vniir bo satisfied wiih n reasonable proyis 11111 tor )l,uI -I..! lf.1...- ifii r I. n n wur not of couotie.t, bo satislied with a reasonable, 'V . . ,.-......' indemnity : sav no more about indemniiy ior mo. , or ,,1 riclisii.s.nsitio. .'Jf X'0 war, ul.ich you k- ' iiKKK Willi wind ge her beyond her ability I an.., aisivo ,., """'''. ' .j neaih the ibiocs of the great fu'l'aS. die of lure my hM. fiction "'is urortunate Wur win own Eulogies of Air. Adams. Wo subjoin the eloquent and impressive re marks of the Speaker, Mr. WiKTimor, and of Messrs. McDowell of Virginia, and Holmes of South Carolina, in the House of Representa tives, and of Mr. Hmtox in the Senate, on the announcement of the death of.l Adams. TI.e remarks of .Mr. Holmes, hlmclf a statesman and scholar of high attainments, are very beautiful and touching. Messrs. Holmes, McDowell, and Bentov, as our readers are probably aware, are prnmincnt and distinguished members of the i Democratic party. Instances like this, of mag- liatiimous superiority to the nntent inlliienrn nf ' decided and id .ltn'lrnnn r nl id Hide inherence of opinion, are well calculated to remind us, in Mm of partisan I contention, that u-o nr nil A,.,n . -r.... I contention, that we are all Americans. They give us a higher and belter appreciation of our common nature. From the National Intelligencer, Feb. 25. At the usual hour of meeting ol the two bouses of Congress, jeslerday, a lull attendance ol meinlicrsuuil n crowded audience attested the deep interest of the oc casion which called the two houses to otler public tes timonials of their profound respect for the memory of the Hon. Jouv Qu.srv Arams, who breathed bis lnt on the preceding evening, and whose mortal remains yet lay within the walls of ibe Capitol. In Ibe lloii'-e of Ucireseiiiul'ucs, as soon as the House was called to ohI.t- The Speaker (tb" Hon. It C. Winthrnp) roc, and ill a feelllli; and allccUm? llianilernih ressed Ihe House as follows: 1 the uv ,mar f ie Capitol, shall rest with soil mid Gcntlcmcnof the limine nf liepretentatirct of the mellow light upon the consecrated spot beneath whose t.'mtrd Stairs. , forever lies the I'atkiut Father axd the I'atrict It has been thought lit that the Chair should an-1 f'":. noiincc officially to the llouseaiievcntiilreadyknown .Mr. 111I011 ol Ohio, next, in cnrei and eloquent to the iiieuibers'iiidividuallv, which has filled nil our terms, addressed the House ; alter which hearts with sadness. ' .Mr. McD.iwell, ol Vnginia, rose and said : Such, A seat 011 this lloor has been vacated, toward which fur hall a century, .Mr. Speaker, has been the emi oureyes have been accusloiued to turn with no com- '"'lit position ol .Mr. Adams in ibe eyes of his countn 111011 interest. men : bH participation in ibe hinhct honors wlueh h A voice has been hushed forever in this ball, In was theirs to give; bis intimate os-nanion wiih con which all cais have been wont to listen with prolound Hulling, events 111 their national annals, and with the reverence. formation ol that public opinion which brought them A venerable form has faded from our sialit, around about ; such the veneration ami almost univeisil bum which wu have daily clustered Willi an affectionate re- age enieiiaiued lor his iniellect and tittues; and such gard, 111 all respects his great relations to ibis enure Union A name has lieen stricken from the roll of the living and to the daily thought cf it. (irowinjr millions, that 1 ..... U...I .. l.:-l. I.-.. I....... '.-....I 1... 1.1, tins S.-11I ii. e.-isinn tlie aittreire ,rf fi M lra ........ .:! suui-siliri, i.l mil mi Ml, M III, ll litis ifl'll ll'H in It'll (ill ,m,re than ball a century with the Inghestcivilscmec, and ihe loliiest civil renown. J" .Monday, the alst instant, John Quincy Adams sank in his seat, in the presence of us nil. bv a sadden " .Monday, the Slst instant, Jt ?nk "V"" va:" th'' presence ol lli'rk'ro.iV, !u",r1e last evening, wiih the cflicers ot delegation ol his own Musachue recovered ; ami lie oieii, quarter past seven o clock r ot the Houc and the ..leliiisells nriiiim! hint Whatever advanced age, long experience, great a- bility, va-t learniiig.acciuiiiilated public honors, a spot- less private character ami a linn religious lailh timid ilo, to renilei any one an object of interest, respect and admiration, they had done lor this de-ii iguished per - son j and interest, re-pect and admiialiou are but lec - ble terms to express the feelings with which the mem bers ot this House and Ihe people of the country have long regarded him. Alter a life ofeighly years, devoted from its earliest maturity lo ibe public service, be has at lengib giue In liis rest. I te lias I ,,-( II ttril ileeed In die nl his tnu.1 , 1 lo lull while 111 llie ill-cnargc ol Ins duties ; 10 expire I " " . -.. , 1 -.-v;- I-' t iieucntli lie rool 01 I le c.anilo t n 111 to nave 11s ast mnv associated forever in history with the birthday of .... . ...... i . . 3 . . rut: if ns.-in-i.m-ii i.iii-, u, in nisiui vt nn um un uiim 01 that illustrious patriot, vvbosejusi discernment brought him first into ibe service of lm couutiy. . 'l'h "mler such circumstances, i not an event tor umniugled emotion.. SSe cannot nml it ill niir lienrts tit reuret tint he lins I...I ns he has died. He biniscll co "'This is tl i ,,usi near liim eMWhfinL' n.. ,. . , 11:-- ... .. could liave desired nu other 'HfnYJhft he lelf iis---iu a language hardly less launlinr to bun than lm native tongue " llor et, nimitum,magis fcliciter dc ci'ti migiarc, qaam wiori," II is lor olhers to suggest what honor shall be paid to his memory. No acts of ours are necessary to bis fume lint it tnav be due In ourselves and to thecoull- When n great man falls, ihe nation mourns; when a patriarch is removed, the people weep. Outs, my as- Is tn eimimim iMTeavetnellt. Ihe cha 11 lirheori with the gilted si.lriisofforiner 1 ...i..l B..l.h ..ff... mtere.l are elosc.l 1.1 .lead, ! Yes, my Heath has been among us He has not Cllteled llie humhle , , . 1,,. 1. ,. - ,,,.,., ,,. ,.r. ... .,' 1 ii,si;,t- . has Is-en heard in the hall of a siaie He lias cloven down his viciiin iu the midst ol the councils ol a ieople! He has borne in triumph trom iniioni! you Ibe iinncst, wisest, most reverend head 1 Ah ! lie has t.iL ..ii I.I... ns ,i friinhi' u hn u its nlli-e ehiel nv er luilllV slates, adorned with virtue, and It-arums, ami truth ; be has borne at his chariot-wheels a renowned one ot Ihe earth. There was no incident in the birth, the hie, the dealh of Mr. Adams not intimately woven with the hisioiy ol llie land. Horn iu llie niuht of bis county's mini- lation, be heard llie first murmurs of dis-oiiient ; he saw Ibe lirst cHuri-lnr deliverance While jel a little child he listened will geruess lo the wnispers of Iteeihiiit ns thev breathed Iroin ihe law ol her almost inspired nsisles ; he caught the lire that was then kindled; Ins eve beamed with the liist ray j he wait h- edlhed.iy spriuj trom on I114I1, and long tteloie he d. paried troin eatih it was graciously vouch-aled unlo linn to behold the ctluUence ol her noontide glory His lather saw ihe promise of the son, and early led him by the band to dunk ol llie very Inunuiin ol light and hlirriy n-ell. His youiblul llmujlils vveie kunlled wiih the idealism ot a republic, who-e living form and features he was destined to belwld visibly. Kemoved al an rally a"e to a distant country, lie ineie, miner .1 1 I.. . .il.... insirneleil ill lilt' llillii lore ol a l'raukliii. us 1 have heard him say. lluiiiiellict was .Minnileil hv ihe conversations, and inv igoruicd by the acute lii-iiiiisitionsol llie Academicians, wliuse liery zeal, even al that early teriod, was waking up me muni ol 1 ranee t u epi r uioujuis, isnwi in. ini. and more ina'.ureti iciieciiou o, n-.un unnn.. 1, , .., we all know, in teniae action. Keiutnmg to nils . ...niiie he entered llllil tllC COol cloisldS Of lllCCollcgc; pavsed'tbrough the vaiious siagi'S lo ncquiie llut ills ciplme ol mind intense study can alone iiiip-iii j and theiiw-e, as hvvasaliout 10 emerge, npsMrcdiht'se budiol proiiluewlnc hsiKiilblo-sonieillilioiiioseoiusu. rtsoiuii.iii - , .. 11. Ik. b" alletwards wore so thick around bun - AWrr.f, That the seat in ibis hall ju.i vacated by h vv." not the dteaiuy hie ol the schools ; but he the dealh ot tin; late John Oamey Adaius, W uiioccu-lenis-d mo the aren 1 ol uclivity.toinn a careerof glo- pie.l lot thirty dijs, and thu it, together w ith the lull, rioiiVtVimlal'm. wVib .lie gilted spirits ol Ibe. ,1.1b lie lem.iiu clothed with the sjinbol ol aiounuug duiina saw ihe etloits to place his couutiy on 11 deep and sia-1 that tune. ,.., 11 r, ble I. n.l. .....wlert'lt now te-ls. llehid seen llie , Mr Talundge.of New ork. rose and said-Mi. .lo , , ii eri' into states, and the ceuien.ed Mker. 1 do no, to present an eu "j-'1; , 11110 union and iciliied, 111 1 he formal on o this con-1 char.ictrr ol the deceased; but I am coiilident 1 nai derai lei bl e all l,a li s ardent hopes had pic eveiy iiunil.-staiion ol resect lor . " "'" J' 'J' Kl&if , ' . ,lln..riou,.leadvvi ';!"' ; ,Tnl"l2 Young as he then was, he contributed, by the oner- ever) ni-uiber l ll s 1 ,' , nrt,,rdaiice gy of bis iniud and the v Iyer ot bis pen. to suppot the sg stiten of se val ni. m her., an 1 "hmllislnillon ol Washington. who. we baveju-t U-en l, my owl ee ulgs I ask tj.e loM.iransl'eried bun at on cin y aae 10 a foreign 00.111 s lov uig a .al iSerapiKiInt 011c member of scarcely initialed into il' diplomacy below Ins isri 1 .'l'"';2XcbuirZ 1 rinory as a commit ces wefe required for aiioiher and a more e-lende. ibis House r ulir w.,.,aUe friend, eWre.r',ng from t.,U :T?''?S StiWt &!t!3SXX& unanimously .erccd mous" r. Vinton .hen moved Hint the Pncaker;. . Its In. .n.m-n ' ?y"Mr" j"," 'lle rt-lir- nounceii.eiii of Hie death tif llie lion jo 111 Quincy niiiiinghiiii o mi-" , he went 10 no ig. cd Iroin llie hall. S'". ' " , w noble ease. atucl. ';,.,' lues, he with - coriiesis, covered w im m Cailllll, j ,heio he drew I the clasi He tr . vi lnralll u intellect- outiit-it 1"- . i , h...l iiivi'oraled. lie cnioe I'tiritied. refreshed. ,'""Vtudy and devoui pr.ijer, to do his 01 llluemiiHj unu,,u.i - lie st'iit iniuieill neiy 10 ivussw, . :.i. . ... s...... l.l.i couiiiry serv ice. IK ' i ti. ht.nnes ol as lias oef 1 sun. , ... 1 . 1 . , , of frccJi'in coiuiueiU. IK coiHwiiru uk .miiiiwitui tie vsai one of i.Ke v.Uu KUittuluu-it luciu to wake from heir orpr-r, and he had the satisfaction to lie. iold,lromil,elro.en regionsoflbe north, those mighty hordes oour out upon the sunny nations of the W)Um 1o ffivedelivriaiirr to people, states and powers. His wiih t.a latin and Clay, a medialor of that peace be tei-n two nations which -e trost will exit forever, win c the only emilesls shall be those of good will on earth and miitunl brotherhood. He weni1s his fmher had gone after the firt war ot the Kevohn ion upon the termination of the second war, lo the Court ol St James. He remained not long efoie niioihei -sphere was ors1eit to him. As Sccre inry of State for eight jenrs be fulfilled the arddom duties inri.leiit to that high post in a country just emerging bum conflict. To the hih-st ollice of llie , moied. iih what ease, ability and grace, ue ZAu a-opie ue nitii itiy raised ; nml how in that sphere ie all heart "eriinge oi widows cues or orphans' teni. n- "m"'KI mmi-ir with dignity of the vesturesof ofliec.not to rei m- imh. i,n,C , ni.,.. ."""'irity of his iniellect, in the vigor of his thought, to "!,''. .,.':'.",!."", "7,a: ,n continue, a, be had begun, ..i-. i.w, mi uriipiiiii-voiee at ine temple ot Ins coun try s Ireeilom. How, in this dennrtmf ut, h inioisir-i-il to his country s wants, we nil know and have seen. How often we have crowded Into that aisle and clus tered around thai now vacant desk, to listen to the coims,.s f wisdom as they fell from the liis of the venerable sign, we can all remember, for it was but of jesieid.iy. Hut what a change ! How wondrous I now suiiiien! J is like a vision of the riiirht. That loriu which we beheld but a tew days since 15 now cold in ih aih ! Hut the last Sabbath, and in this hall be wnnhlpped with others. Now his spirit mingles with the noble army ol martyrs and the just made perfect, in the eter nal adoration ol he living l,od. With him "ihisis the end nl caiih." He sleeps ihe sleep thai knows no waking, lie is mine and forever! The sin thai iivliers 111 the morn nl ,l.;i, iiev, li.l.. An.. .. l.:i !. .fl i. ...... i. ,iit ,itti 11, ,i, be that ol lamentation and ol tribute. It h not fur , Massachusetts to mourn alone over a solitary and ex- lin-ive bereavement. It it not for her to feel alone a solitary and excln-ivr sorrow. No, sir; no' Her si-u-i . 1 "iinumie K-iiie-r 10 nersuie 111 una i.uir 01 ucr aiiiiuioi!,uuiiriHieri wining men-arms with hers, they bend togi ther over the bier ol her illustrious son -."ellllir US she feels and weelllllir as she weens over nsige, a patriot and n stulesman cone! It was in these great cliaiaclen-tics ol individual and of pnblc man that bis country reverenced that sou when living, and such, vviiha painful sense ol her common loss, 1 will she deplore I11111 now that he is dead, ' Horn in our (evolutionary day and brought up in early on I cherished intimacy wiih llie Cniiers and founders ol the republic, he was a living bond ol con nexion between the present and the past the venera ble representative ol the uiemoiies ot another age, and the A'uluu, watchful and powerful one of llie expec tations, interests, and progies.-ivc knowledge ot his own. 1 here be sat, w mi this intense e)e upon every thing that pa--ed, the picturesque and rare 1 ..- I... 1.1 . I... i . .1 ... .1 n ,-- ..jun imi-.iiii?.jui- iiiiu 11,11.- iu niuii, ill Lip proach ible by all others in the unity of his character and m ihe thousand-fold anvktieswhiehcenired upon '."J'X1 ,''il'?,"eWi!1.', urniiig Ii. bitu-illy ai d with heartfelt delereiice Inst lo HUH . Ulltl lew CV er It II It u II unit liatlslItT ns he Went . to pour oui uieiriiiessmgs upon tli-il spirit ot consecra tion to tlic couiltlv which liiout; it and winch keothim aim oistuiiiiing itii llie rel.ixaliuits and exemptions ot age, his ouier fmiiiewoik only was crumbling away. The glorious engine within still vvoikcd on unhurt, un-iiiiiri-tl, amid all llie ililapidationsnrouiid it, and work ctl on wild us wonted and ils iron power until ihe blow was sent I o 1 above wh'ch crushed it into frag ments hclitre us, .nil however apjiailiug i bat blow, and hovvever profoundly it smote upon our feelings as we I ehelj lis extinguishing etlecl upon his, where eisa could it have t.illen su (illy uiou inm 1 Where eiso eonlil he have been relieved Iroin the yoke of his la. hors so well as in ibe field where he bore them ! Where else would be himself have been so willing to j ield up his lit;., os upon the post of duty and by the si.le ot tint very altar to which he had devoted it T Where but in the capitol ot his country, to which all the ibrobbiiigs and hopes of bis heart bad been given, would Ihe ding patriot be so willing that those hopes and llirobluiigs should ceure ! And where but from this titansiou.hoitsc ol liberty on earth could this dying Christian more fitly gu to his mansion-house of eter nal liberty on high I , Hut kindling to ibe imagination and soolhins evert to the feelings ns is llie dentil ot Mr. Adams, with all Ihe accessunes and assjeiations ot this spot around him, bow minutely deeier is llie interest wlucli is giv- en in 11 he the coiiv lelton he was wi niir mid ' TfJn3 ! , , , r , 1 "l"l,o ill. JU I, llie ami tritiiuui u-e o 1 nose acuities, iroin liecunnng the niel.ui, holy mid rcvuliiiijr spectacle of irrevereui and waked old age. Kone knew- better, or felt moic dcepl) than he, that " Tw not the whole of life to live, Nor all ol deaih to die ;" and hence for jonir. years his life has been a contiml. cms and benutilul illustration of the great truth lhat, 1 u hile the tear ol iu in is the consummation of nil folly, the tear t (iod is the be;mmnif of all wisdom, 'lo such an one, " comiHtsiire" amid the jierils of deutb mid when "the lasi ol earth has come," is a supporting i-cvcr frequently and divinely given ; andil it has not been permiiieil lo bun, s tia prophet ol old, to be -pared the billeiuess ol tlnitli and to go to the heaven thai he looked lor and linn be loved iu a chariot of lire, jet to llie eye ol human tailh bis access to the mine abode has Iseii ns --edy and as sate. Instead ol we.innn uw , ly under the waste cd discus,., and pass, mg ihro uh rll ihe woes and weaknesses which dis- solving nan rc eiifiallj undergoes, a blow ol brief but mortal ao y flukes bun at once into the tomb, and thus his su,n, 111-iaiiily fired, goes rirfit up lo-ihe pa- rem loiuiiutn I10111 vvliich il came, ihe iiiessenjjer calls, the soul is in heaven. , Al tlu moment ol In sli affliction, while standing ut ill" very presciK-e 01 tuitiii, 11 is not itiet-i m go 11 to IlllV MICCl.ll leVICW ol llie laltOlS Or 0lill0S o tllC de- purled. Whatever mav le thought of those political- ly. posterity will never deny to bun the possession of great talents, aelii'iled by gnat virtues, and directed with I. -Mness, honesty, and earnest purpose, fiir nu nn eiuiiled leiieih ol nine, to whatever. 111 his judgment, was best lor the niteresis, honor, and perjtciuity ot his country. Tim is the lesson taught by his Ine. Tint winch is tan 'hi by his death calls upon us all, wiih sjiriiiii appealiiu cry,"lle je nl-.i ready, tor je know not at w hat hour ihe sou ol limn coineth." Mr. Newell moved the lollowuu a. an additional Adams he entered on me journal. i, . ' , , unanimously, .ml liven lis? House adjourned 1 to rj.iturday, i In ihe Senate, nfier an eloquent tnbu e to he nains and chaiacier ol ihe illustrious deceased had been pro. uotiiice.i uy .vir iaivi. 1 Mr lieiitou, of .MiMOuri. ailiUcfscd Ihe 5nale as It.wrt Mr iVeMtU'i.t; 'Ilio iue ol Ins natixr fiaid m has Ik-imi hc:irl, through one of the Senators ot Massa rhuvltf, nnnounein; the deiilh ot her oued nml most di-nnaiulied mm, The voice of tl oilier rVnator Iroin AtnbniltiwUH ) lot henrtl, nor ia liw pretH-nca seen. A domeMic caUiniiy, know n tu us all. and fell hy u ail,contme luitt to liw ckitulier ot private firirt, wtule the Sennte U oa'ujHed vith llie ahlic maniiei lotions of a reMct mid Horrtnv winch a national lo in-ioire. In ihe ulaence of that Senator, and n ib tiwmbcr ol tin- body longest here, tl U not unfitting fff