Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 31, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 31, 1848 Page 2
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arise between the parties hcroafler, they shall " endeavor in Hie mo-t sincere and earnest uwn ner" to settle tliotn peacefully, and tlm party con sidering itself aggrieved shall mt resort to renn kali or liotilitic, nnlil il has maturely consider rd whether it would not bo better to fCltlo the mutter bv arbitration, Sic. Am. ii'J. 1'rovidus certain rules tn be oWry. nl il war (which tio.t forbid) should cut again take place. 1. Merchant nl'eilhcr country re siding in tlio oilier, tiro to bo allowed lime In collect their ilcbls-, scttlo up their allairs am leave the country with all their propcity. AH n,.r.,iiie iiluiiii their own business are not to lie molested In tlio invading army, ami all good moicpieu uy uiu iiiiiininf- .nm., ...... .... h liken are to bo paid lor. X I'risnncrs of w.ir are io bo kindly treated, ii I lowed todepait on their parole of honor, and fed with tlio sumo rations as It liiey iieiongcti 10 ine muiy wiutn him.-.-Ihcm captive. Il p.irolo is broken the laws of war arc to take effect. The rations furiiHicd to prisoners are to be paid for by the other party iis.i epaiato account when peace is restored. This "solemn covenant" cannot bu suspended by a state of war. Akt. '23. Provides for tlio exchange or ratifi cations lu the city of WVhinglon within four months from the ilatc of its signature, or sooner II practicable. It is signed I'eb. 1!, 1813, by N. 1). Tri-t, I.ui i. Cueva, Iternardo Conto anil Mig. Attistain. There was an additional secret article to the iirtity, which was e.ipungd by the Senate, pro fling that no delay ol ratification should all'erl I'll' tre.itv unless it'sliould e.ceed eight month. Jfvcc pre iniiii.ixino.v, vi. FRIDAY MOHNlMi, MAKC1I 31, 1818. " In Tiin nAr.K ."D Tt'iwiiu:n muiu ima r is i'.mn ik, thci'.k is.niiSrAii aimivxiiii: ium:i.ii "imIIVE USA UI.CA.M OK I.KIIlr, F.M.T.I-IIMI HIE t . ri'.i.Miir.NT, I'ATKiime Winn j-aiitv or-iiii. ll .uni) Statij." Danid Wiln.br. l'or ('resilient, HENRY CLAY. l'or Vico President, MILL1KI) r I li h JI 0 It I , OK ALVV YORK, Subject lo the decision of the Whig National Con ti mion. Daily Free Press. We shall comnience, to-morrow, tlio publica tion of a Daily paper, In conformity w ith the in tentluils set forth in the 1'iospeclns wo issued (oiiie weeks since. As therein proposed, the 1 tiily I'rec Press will bo issued cicry anting. Our citizens will, therefore, possess the advan tage (should it prove to ho one) of a Daily morn ing and evening paper; an arrangement which will certainly tend lo keep them quite up with the marcli of events, both at home and abroad. The terms of subscription, as heretofore an nounced, will be 8 per annum, ijj-l for three months, and 37!, cents per month ; invariably in advance. The paper will be somewhat larg er than tlio Daily Sentinel, and wc may take occasion to say that the price at which it is af forded Is to small as to preclude the expectation of jn-eftt, without such patronage as appears, at rwscnt at least, little likely to be bestowed upon the, enterprise. I'. S. Since the above was wiitlctl, vtc no trco that our friend of tlio Sentiwl announces hi intention to change hi hour of publication, and to make his, alo, an evening paper. Ill's success, wo are glad to learn, has been so ou coun'ginj;,'that he will enlarge the Daily Senti nel, at the commencement of the ensuing month. Foreign News hy flic Caledonia! puor.iinss of" thi: pkcnch involution. Immense lU'iliitiou nil over I'uiopc, Just as wo wore going to press wo received, by tlio politeness of Mr. llknnlcK, of Cm: vnt &, CVs Kxpres, a copy of the oo D.iily Mail, containing full details of the highly inter esting and important news brought hy the Cale donia, which arrived at Ilo-ton on Tnc-day last. We issued an llxtr.i on Tue-day, giving the Telegraphic Despatch of this intelligence. The Daily Mail's account fully confirms tlio state ments of the Despatch, nnd give, with great particularity, the details of the wonderful work ing of the Democratic sentiment throughout the Monarchies of Kurope. Franco appears to bo thoroughly cleansed and purified from the leaven of legitimacy, and all over Lurope, among the time-honored and blood-ceineutcd Regal ilimiF. tics of that Continent, thu opinion seems to have acquired both vitality and strength, that Ihc people of this World need, after all, but one Ktxci to rule over tbeiii, and that Ills In rune is appropriately in Heaven! Wo give ull the details for which wo have room. The Ciircrican Times sav s : The revoluiion in Prance is now (li l.iir accompli, j lie aituicauoii oi j,o 1'hithppe, the appointment and rejection of a regt n Ihc coini.Vte triumph ol the l'nri"i'in over the an the rstablishiiivni ofa ProviMuiml Government, is now (ii fait accompli. The abdication ot Loui egi ney : army nl. the erection ol a Kepin.ie. the oveilhrow ol the Hoiw ol 1'ter.s and titles ol iIimihuiiiii, the precipitate, almc I belli ot a 1 the luciiibtrs ol the (l,Uiw l.i,,il uiil. ihcir inisguuted Ministers to our own shores, or to uiner pwivci tn e.ni-, ine iinmeoinie recognition o lhe new Hcpuuucoi t ranee uy li real llritani, lielgiimi nwiieriaiin.anu lire iiuurii t-taics have all (nllune, ill such raiiid succession, that the cvcnls of an hour' age- " doth hiss ihc speaker'1 each minute leeiniin: with some mighty occurrence alleeiiug ihedeniuiiHot whole nations ami dynastic. Th, MM.,iilnii,.na r..n. Iiecting lhe. causes, incidents, and probable icsuhsof ibis mighty social coiiviiUon, are v.niom and inliniie. The lacts stand out m historical boldness ol ouiline, iltpicled in such indelible tlm meters, thai liny iuut indure "nil lhe lasl syllable ul recorded time," The National, ( French mper) says: A friend who hasjiihi come from (lie I Mil tic Ville where the Provinonul Government is siiliii'',K,iisthal' all lhe parties ihereare perl'ictly snti-hcd wuh the inarcli ol event. There was grot apprehension fur this day i but hilherlo the uceuunis leeeneil Iruni all the districts "I Pan, ami In in the pru hires, describe (lie leelings ol ihc piovns cs to lie lavornble lo ilie new orderof things. Adhesions liaie come in Inmia large nunilierol towns to-day, where lhe Kepuklic has been firm-lnimeil. M. Arago, lhe rcpiiblieou Minisler of lhe Murine last night sent lor lhe French admirals in Paris, '''hey II attended, lie then addiessed iheui, and asked it Ibere vcre any ol them willing lo serve lhe itepiibhct '1'1,,'u riM,tied."all." lie iheu said he reoiiircd u uinn o( courage and steadiness I hat he knew them all to be soond that he was irady lo appoint to the com mand ol Ihc Heel of lhe Republic any one lliey might cliorsr lo Kclccl.---They declared their wdliiiguess to abii'e by his own decision. 1M. Arago then said that he had equal confidence in ill, but that there was une among llieni who enjoyed adrintage which determined Ins chuicc that ol pop. ulirily lie then-lore appointed Admiral Hamlin lo the command ol the Touluu licet, The iioiuiuatioii was 81 once opprovc d ol by nil the admiral present, This morning Admiral lluiuhu led Puns for Ton Ion. lie is immediately to take lhe command, and sail (or Algiers. His instruclionsare lo toke possession ol any ships he may lind m lhe port ol Algiers, and to proclaim Algeria an integral ol the French Kepiibhu. The Chateau of Neuilly was sacked last night and burnt to the ground. There are ihousands of caricatures against luis Philipiie in all the print shops oi Piris. They hove appeared os il by nuie. The (light of 1-ouls rhllipiio to Knglaml Is fully conlirined. The King disguised himself, to escape detection, by sliming his whiskers, discarding his wig, &c. 'J'ho Royal, party pro ceeded from llarlleur to llavrcitinbo.it, and thence to New Haven, (I'.ng.,) In the. Express, Steamer. They were hospitably received. "The King was very poorly attired, lie wore a rough pea jacket, which he borrowed of the Captain nT the Express, and grey trowsers. On liia head, a close blue cloth cap. His appear ance was not at all improved by a beard of a ... . i week s growth. In other repcct, though al ircntly much fatigued, thu Ex-Monarch was pretty much like hinifelf." lie proceeded, with hi party, from New Haven to Claremont, the residence, of the late princess Charlotte and l,co pold, now King of llclgium. All the other blanches of the itoyal family, except the Duch ess of Oilcans, who is at Kins, bavo arrived safely in England. To the signal honor of Ihc Trench People, and of the cause of Itepnblicanism, this Revolution, so sudden and complete, has been, compara tively, bloodless, without rioting or extraordinary excesses, and peaceful. Pr.iur.cT order itnov m Win tv Paiii. It i a triumph of Principles. The Republican Provisional !overnment liav issued numerous Decrees and Proclamation, among which is the following, which will be hailed with universal delight, but which no American can read without a sense of humility! I'llENCIl KIH'I'III.IC. Libei ty1'.qualily Vialei uily. The Provisional Covcrnnicnt nl tlio Ill-public, con ndcring llint no l-'ri'iiclt land should nny loiter hear slaves, decrees --a fuiiiiniioii is instituted under the provisional .M ui'Mer ul Colonies nnd the .Marine, to prepare williin the shortest delay ihc act lor the iiiunc iliate emancipation of the slaves in all the colonics of the Kepulilie. T. A 1100. Pari, .March I. 'J'ho Representatives of the United States, England, Switzerland, &c. itc. havo formally acknowledged tho Provision!! Government. The Atilitiihil of the 7th says : To-diy,at two o'clock, the representative Minister from the I'niled Stale, .Mr. liiHi.wcut to the Hotel de Ville, in loriii.il rccogniliou of the I'roviiional (iov eminent. Il win appropriate tn the representative of the American Union lo be the liisi to welcome our in t.int Republic, lor llirrc is no bond more powertul le tween ualioim than eniniiiunity ot sentiment. The sli p taken by the Mmi-ler ot the United Htalrs has under eitioieirciimt!iiice, erinus importance. Al lhoiili hilly awaited, it ha touched acutely the mem ber ol the Provisional Government, mid niter an in terv lew, in v Inch were exehaiiKed the noblest expres sion, lliey, in a body, accompanied this representative ol a great iinlion to the threshold ol'thc Hotel de Villi-, na proot ot the commi aitcctioii whiclt inn-! ever ex it between the American and French republics. Mr. ltiiih made a brief address, lo which M. Arago replied, after which, M. Dnpout del'llure, addressing the ainbassidor, siitl. " lVrmil me, ir, in ollerinc you my hand, to as- siue you 1 1 if 1 1 the I rem h people tenders u hand of IrietuUhip to the American nation," When lln-e ueiulemcu ipiitied the Hotel de. Ville, uie Kiiaru pre,'iueii nriii, ami cni' ol l ire In l!r imlli'iue tic til Unix ! " saluted llie anibassador. The Chamber of Peers is " suppressed." The Chamber of Deputies has been dissolved, and a now election ordered, in which " every citizen is an elector." " Tho Nation, from the present moment," says the Proclamation, "is constitu ted a Republic." Park. 1'VIiIjiv. 1Tnf..i IS The forth coming elections in France excite great j p trillion. The Government were aware of the lear-1 lul importance ;ol the matter, find were with the temper and the sngicity llint had hitherto characterised their hitherto e hnrnrt,.rih..l I nieasurcs, preparing lor me criis. KN(iliANI). The Liverpool Touch a8 llint the tccelll K,ilicnl events uhirh b.'ive tnknn nl.-lrr. hi IVnnpp n.,.1 nra .Ull.. ...... ....I.... i., (.!....,, ll ..nP,a f .1... Lurnpe. coinbiiied wild the turbulent proceedings ot mob which have linradcd the streets ol London. .Man. t-. .-,.,., 17 .....I, ...I , ' Chester, I 'ahniwrgh, ami (lngow, during lhe course of ll wcck, invc imu un injurious eneci Uion llie irauc ol the country. IKI.I..I.MI. Ireland remain oboui the same. The new of the revolution in France had created the wildest excite ment, but no outbreak had occurred. ITALY. The Jesuit, alarmed by the hostile dc ministrations made against theni by the people, by whom thev are le,Tvcdlv detested, have a read v ouiitcd the cuv of Turin. Lclter from Home of the 2th u It.. tnte thai the L-oniuntlee alilioililcd bv the Pone to nrennre lhe ran. stitiiiioii was actively engaged on that tn-k. There iiietotM. tw'o chiinitier ; the one composed of cardi nal and clergymen, and the other of representatives ot the people. unit; i A. The aecounl from lhe Au-lrian possessions in Italy lecome daily more alarming, lleriramo ha been the scene of v inleut tumult ; and dHiurbauces have taken place at Venice. I'rince Mctteinirh has resigned the picsidency of me yi iiii tan councils. PRUf-rflA. The new of lhe French Revolution produced coin letestuiior at Berlin A cabinet council was inime- liatelv convoked, and It was rCMilte.l In maLc milunrv preparaiion on a large wale, in order to re I any ag gression, and quell any attempt lo dituibthcieuce. Gl.lt.MANY. The German, in general, appear to lie favorably dis iomm! in ih idea oUi Republic in France. Ill sollli ot the German slaten lit the Rhine niiblie opinion ha been i ldd lo w uhout even on attempt in ii-M-miHr, t'liiiru, in,- .uuosieroi ine irauit Dacby ol lladen.ho publinhed llie following procla mation ; I. 1 lie rrnsoHiip of the pre i alsilMied. ". 'The ualiuiial iiiiard sdl ),,. im I,ni..lv nr. i.ed. ' " J. The Government will submit to the Chamber a law establishing trial by jury. As uiiglii have been ejiH-cied, the greatest excite. lnenl prevail m the Gr.md Duchy ol Posen. 'l'be Poles look uuxiourly forward lo the course of evem, and iheir heart throb with hopes though they dare liui gie iuiiii uiivi.iiH,: in inelll, Aecounl Iroui Frankfori, luted March 1, inform in lliat the llnrgher Guard bad lunied out, and that a gieui number ol peoile had assembled in dillerent narls ol lhe town and paraded the streets, uttering cries of I ire t licpimi'iiic : DAVARIA. A serious insurrection has occurred in Munich. On the Ull lust , the King relusiug lo convoke lhe Cham ber ol Deputies, and grant the lilierly ol the pres,the ars'-mil was attacked aUiut 'J o'clock by the people, ond captured after a short engngeineni. .More than 6000 men armed with mukets, sabres, hatchets, lan ces, and hallierio, niarihed again! lhe linval Palace. Having nnlved at the Murkt t. place the crowd met IhetriHis; but neither the cuirusiers nor the troops ol lhe hue would charge when commanded to do so. fries of " the Republic lorever" were raised, Al length the King ) icldcd to all the demands oi the m-u p'e, J'ruice i hnrlcs, the Mug s liroi her, rode up to the crowd, and assured them, on his word of honor, inui ine mug nan conseiueii io convolve llie l liaiu liers lor the Tt'uli ot the present luonih, and lliat he gratiteuuu mat the ieople iitsireu, SPAIN. The news of the revolution in France has produced the deepest alarm at .Madrid. 'The Government seems determined lo make preparations against ull iontiii"encies. rciM-uicd councils of .Ministers were lu Id, and some iuiioriout determinations are said lo nave ihcii conic lo. NAPLF.H. On lhe night of the lltli.u mob attempted to nke down (lie arm over lhe Austrian embassy, but were tcpulscd by the Hihce, On the same night the house ol IM Corrctto was attacked und the windows bro- seii, 1 here was a cry ol Down vvii litlie iiiuusiry.' 'The attitude and lunguage ol the people was incna ung. svitzi:rIiANd. Switzerland is in cxtacy al lhe late events in France, in- uimounecineiiioi a i remii iicpublie was greet mm ,uun,ln" " II II il Silline oi iui guns. 1 lie Council of Mime ind Vaud melon the 27lh ult anil OUoptedu reMlllllimi ill luvnr of It..,,,. I.I... whiih hbs officially coiiuuuuicatcd lo the French luwsiunui wovcriiiiicut. lllt.stt V A llerlin corresioiident,"iin,lcr date of February 59, ,. . ....h....u,h ..in, Muiea inai iiisiutpaucti lud bruken out in lhe Ruxsiau capital, ami that an at icuipi uuu ih-cii inane on ine l.lliicror s lite. The Ihatthlmiu' J'luenijc, in an articlo on " I'renidential Candidates," in which it lakes oc- casion to deprecate what certainly seems to us to bo imaginary dissensions in the Whig ranks, bay BURLINGTON FREE In this blnte our cotempornrie of the Burlington tree tress and Montpelicr Watchman, wo see, arc comiiienciiig the same kind of warfare. The Watch man came out for Alcl.cnn, ond the Free Press (ol ,'f . li" C'"y while tlio Bennington limner prelcis ()hl Hough and Heady." The candidates are lorin Hate ill having such powerful odvocntes as cither of these papers, ami so lonR as tlicy conlinc themselves to panegyrics upon their respective favorites.tlicy will detcrvc the thanks of tho Whig parly i Imtnhrnlkrv li Imminence la one, hy ilejaminn other of their fricnth, theubeenmc the worst encmie of their oifttimrlg. Within this limitation, tho expression of ou ierciice. seems to u usetul and proper. IM lenrc to political mlrcmirlcii, who me crcr npl ami t can if at it, the limit of calumny and detraction, or of utKiituiing oatnt comparison. Wo hopo our contemporary had lto Jetign to misrepresent its. Wc are quite stiro it is inca pable of such a purpose, lint the sentences, above, that wo havo marked In italicsdo so, most emphatically. Wo have never breathed a word in disparagement of Judge McLean, for whom wo entertain tho highest respect j nor have wc seen in tho Watchman, a syllable derogatory to Mr. Ct.AV. Wo know, on tho contrary, that tho Watchman and ourselves cordially agree in our opinions of these eminent Whig Statesmen. 17 Vassius M, Clay, who was among tho first to buckle on his sword, and carry tlio w ar into Mexico for the benefit of Slavery, has writ 'n a letter to tho A. 1 . Courier il r.nnmrcr. which ho takes ground against tho nomina' lion of Hi:sr,v Clay, by the Whig National Convention, as the said Cassius sagaciously thinks, ho "cannot bo elected." And why, friends of freedom and humanity at tho North, whj does this blunderbuss of a Taylor-man think Mr, Clay cannot bo elected ? Because, he says. "Mr. Clay's advocates arc driven off by ihsnak- ltow rash or a Treaty, and his anti-wak tovi." lt this bo remembered in the free North l,ot it bo noted that this famous anti slavery rcasoncr and pro-slavery fighter, Vilnius M, day, opposes the nomination of the foremost man in tho Republic, because he (Hr.Niiy Ci.av) was opposed to the acquisition of a foot of JIcx ican territory upon which to build up tho ac cursed system of American Slavery, (this is his " narrow basis of a Treaty"), and was opposed to this miserable war, both in the beginning and end I These arc not the opinions (or which IIk.np.y Clay is to bo condemned at the NoitTit. Northern Whigs arc not yet tired of hearing Ari-tidcs called "the Just," and will refuse to ostraci-e him for the sake of making w ay for his military rival. IIcnky Clay is a true-hearted, clear-headed, straight-forward Winn, who is al ways known to'iaieopinionsonallgrcatmcasures of National concern, and is always ready, frank ly and fearlessly, to avow them. lie is a Whig after our own hearts wo love him for his prin ciples, and, more than all, for his unhesitating avowal of thctn at all appropriate times and places. Wo support him the moro ardently be cause he eicr fears to commit himsilf lie think this war unconstitutionally commenced: odious and unjust, and ho says so. He thinks wo hould not be cursed by the acquisition ol a foot of Mexican Teritory by means of an aggressive War; and ho says so. Ho thinks Slavery a wrong, an evil, and a reproach to the American people, that it should not bo permitted in any errilory wo may acquire, and that all practica. bio steps should 1)0 taken for its abolition evorv . . where ', and he says so. Regardless of human opinion, and careless of short-lived motives of policy, at the North or the South or the Kast or rlllm Wnct l. , ,n ,..,,.,,,-., lll, ... . .. .... . . Christian man and a Patriot. And, Titr.ni:toi'i: we will never surrender our attachment or our pretence for ilbiMIV tJIAY. Wc (eel our own self-respect increased when wc support such a man. We foci that wo thus do justice to the honesty and the dignity of our principles. Vcr mont is a Clay State by birth and by inheritance. Her unconquerable attachment to Whig Priuci pies makes her so. She cares less for mere men than any Stato in the Union. No man can count upon her support who does not come square up to her Politics. And she prefers IIck itv Clav because he does that very thing ! If our advice vvcro worth any thing it would bo that this Mr. Cassius M. Clav, should let President-making alone, and re-enlist to fight the future wars of Slavery in Mexico. He has passed one campaign a prisoner in "the Halls of the Monlezumas," ami is now an applicant, in the Halls of Vtmres,fur remuneration for his"tinu anil ftrwcj" thus inehrhmslu os.' At the date of his letter to the Courier nnd F.miuirer, ho was at Washington, personally attending to tho progress of his claim. Ho ekes out hi leisure, it seems, by writing electioneering letter in favor of the nomination of a " no-party man,' (Jen. Taylor, for tho Presidency, and hy inous ing calculations on the AVAiLAisiLiTVof HllXKY CLAY. With him, and such as him, succes is every tiling, principles nothing. In his point no-point letter to tho Courier and J'nquirer, lie never onco allirms that den. Taylor is a Whig, Ho talks about the " Whig friends of (Jen Taylor," and tho " Whig Taylor men" as far as wo can see into tilings, a plain contradiction in terms, an absurdity. All he says about the principles of his favorite is contained ill the fol lowing rhetorical flourish at the close of his missive. The attempts lo di-oarane (ien'1. Tailor's patriotic aiij noiiesi principles in Kentucky, at least, meet Willi nothing but burning mdiguaiion and contempt I he V tugs ul IienoieKy see III llllll the prim, iples of couhdeuce ol a Washington's magnanimity and true llie mil il . w iiiisl ine isriiiucrni remirii linn Willi nil ivci'iiuiiciin iuip.iiii.niiy. i nave ine honor to oe, Your ub t serv't. C. M. CLAY. This, show of virtuous indignation is mani festly for lluiicnmbe! Nobody in Kentucky, or any wheru else, that we havo seen or heard of, has ever disparaged or attempted to disparage "(ion. laylors patriotic and honest principles' llio great, ami, thus far, unsuccessful, cll'ort has been to find out what thoso principles aro Hut again: "Tho Whigs of Kentucky see in him tlio principles of tho party what parly ?) whilst the Democrats regard him with tlio con fidence ofa Washington's magnanimity, etc" Why, this flummery is neither sense nor Kng IU!i! It is worse than ono of Mississippi Foote' speeches in tlio Seuato ! Hut let us look a moment at one of Gen, 'Pay tor's last letters relative to tlio presidency. It i as follows : IIitov Itorni-. La.. Jan. 30. IS II. fir: V : ..r .1... .. I. ... , been recfiwdjantl the suemionatlierein ollered duly cunidered. i imu cuiiiiouin, iiiioii ui ine i.mii lieu. Iu reply lo your inquiries, I hue ncain to repeat,' r. iAn'Kri il,.V l ,, .1,1 nrns, J , C.j " " .. " V".' I'! ?'"?. l'ie'iu''';'r.e 6U,C. result.tl.ey A" ii....'.i n r A " V " ",:".!" musi auopt llie means uest sillied, 111 tlieir opinion, to l ie ronsuininaliouofihe pur,; and Iflliey .l ink " .1... '.. K. 1. . "" ""'"'""yuli "'oir legislatures, juass mceliugs, or conventions, I cannot object to their desiBriaiuig these as whig, democratic, or native, but m being thus nominated. 1 must insist . " - on the condition. ond my position on the point is mi. niuiable THAT I SHALL NOT HE HltOIIC.HT lOOUWAU BY THEM AS THE CANDIDATE Al III' I lib ImUUlflll PRESS, FRIDAY fir Tltt'.tt! PAIITV on roNsior.itr.u as TIIJJ HXl'ONHNT Ol TIII'Ill I'AHTY DUU- i ui. i,r III conclusion. 1 1mv in t,r.nl. llint If t wprp nomi nated for the presidency by any body of my ii llow citiens, deignnted by any name they might chooo aiiopt, i should cRlcciii it an honor, and would ac nt such liominaiint,. rnv,led it lmd been made en tirely independent oi patty considerations. I am, sir, very rcspcctlully, your obeihenlscivant, lot l.UH. Piter Skcn Smith, iV. Philadelphia. II Ibis is what Mr. Cassius M. Clay means by aylitg that "tho Whigs of Kentucky sec In him (cn. P. tlio principles of the Whig party," wo know less about tho Whigs of Kentucky than we supposed wc did the Whigs of Now ngland, wo undertake to say, sec no such thing, and wc know scores of them who aro quite an cuto as Cassius M Clay. Away, with this miserable humbug about a no-party" nomination I If the Whig Party of this Union cannot triumph Kith their principles, let them not place tliemclvcslii the humiliating position of tlcscniiig defeat by abandoning Ihein for tlio hnpo of the lucre "spoils" and plunder of Ollico and Power 1 Tho subjoined affectionate epistle to our wide awake Postmaster, came to us accompanied by responsible signature, and with the request that wo would give, it a place in our columns, by way of doing Ilia good pcoplo of Richmond a kindness." Wo suppose it would havo an swered tho same purpose if "Pluriini Untis" (which, hy tho way, is a piece of latin tliat vvill about take tho lifo of Mr. Miirem!) had sent his letter, in a private am! confidential manner, directly to the Postmaster. Rut as ho has not lio.-cn to do so, and as tho l'ot Ollico is one of the "glorioas institutions" of our country, and its functionaries aro public property, wo, of course, have no objection lo their being over hauled, " pro lono publko," as it is expressed ill tho original Hebrew. Richmond, March 89, linn Cn1 lmd ahvilVH siioniised. the freotlellt hltiiwinii nt teu-s and knowledge I1IIIOII1I ihc people to bra matter of peculiar desire and inlcicst, with lhe Democrat, until I nave laieiy seen, in common w mi this community, llie extraordinary care and precaution which yol seem to lake, lest too much knowledge noniii ecu ouriaiiii. Soinepmes, Ihc mail bag arrives here, a iree a nlr"li...l ill nellcroiH Clllll alloll ol l'dUlia!! Sltllpll- cily, vvim a flaxen string, giving timely and iinuii. Ilkeallle llOUCC, iu;il OIC uwie-r e- nH "iiiiiii, iiiki anon, us a geiille corrective lor me laic iiuuugence, me crowded bag i " a a sealed book" to u: lhe stubborn jock (intended for wine other route) sullenly resisting all the cllbrts of nur inodest key, seeming to say, as the Scripture ln h it, 1 Know ye not. Now, .Sir, if, "on mature deliberation, you should think lhe" gentle distillation ol the dew" of intelli gence may not prove "iuimicum iiitifn'' to jour Fiiciuls iu ihisvitinily, you w ill merit our ladling grati tude, bv either fastening the mail bag with Mich locks a the key at tliNollice will inatcr, or sending hilher a key that w ill it your lock ;"rt l)ii libi pi ic mm .1 OV..I.. ........ uigim jeiuni. a mi, jhi.-i I 1.11,1311 1.NV5. Wii.i.ivm KonLn. r.u . ) I'ounaster, Ihuhngtou, Vt. S .Mr. Vllttcilllltc ,S)stem of .Scicllliliennd I.it- crnry Jlgcliiingc. Main of otir readers are aware that the dis tinguished anil indefatigable philanthropist, M. Alexandre Vattemaue, of Pari, visited Mont pelicr, during the last session of the legislature, for the purpoe of explaining and commending to the favorable notice of tlio Stato Authorities, liis noble and well-established System of Inter national Scientific and Literary Exchanges. He was received with llie attention and sjmpa. beneficent and harmonising tendencies of his pian oi Aauonai ixciianges. i lie Joint Libra - ry Committee, to WllOIll the whole subject w as referred, made an able and unanimous Itenort. warmly approbatory of his System, and rccom- mcnJcJ tho passage of an accompanying bill maliin all tho necessary provisions for its adop tion on tho part of Vermont. M. Vattemahh, before leaving MuntpcHer, presented to the State, in tho name of some of tho lleaiUof Depart ments and Public Institutions of Franco, a vari ety ot interesting and valuable publications, cn- 'ravings, med.ils &c. which arc depoMted in tho Library, and constitute a very desirable addition J thereto. Tlif Iiccitlattiro ilirectcd tlio nrintin; of 500 . " ,, .1 copies ol ti paui'iniet, to contiim instructions as to the beft met hod of co ccting and prOMTiinj,' , . , r ! . i !icciiiioii in ,iiiiiinii),ivv, iui ji.mii.iii. ,'es, tho Address of M. Vattemaue, tho Ueport of the Committee, and all tho documents elunv- iii'r the action of the General Assembly in tho preini-cs to be distributed by tho Governor. MM 1.11 A..,.,l.,n.l n...l A .. .Ant 1 Ills liauilHiiei io .u,i,n. ii.u, uuu, in a ijiciv I I ii, h extent, aircauy circui.ticu on um pian uuopicti . I . I ..I... !... .. ) um, nan j v.. en 10 too invvii wii'in ui cvuiy xuwn 111 ino -I .. ri f'l.i. r.t . 'i' :.. Ht.ite, and this remaining copies be!n; Distribu ted iu a manner that is suppocd to bo best cal culated tu awaken public interest in the matter, and tn suhservo tho admirable and beneficial aim of Al. Vattemabe. 1 ho duty of preparing) aw! siipenntciuling the nttblication, of this pamphlet, was vcrv iudi- Clutisly assigned by doiernor Katun, t llcv. Kaduck Tiiompso.v, of lliirlington. ciultsly assigned by (Joicrnor Katun, to the

rim 1 "O work of arranging, explaining and editing tho various interesting documents embraced, has been done in a mnimcr that reflects credit ujion tho tar-acity that led to the appointment, as well " ' . ... "H"'"1""-"!"3"13" n nnnn llio SJlnl Mr Tuiraitm'o re,.-, ml-!.,- menis 111 .Miturai 11 storv nccu tariv nua iiv inm for tlio excellent peiformanco of tho duty as - 1 i j signed to him, and render liis own suggestions (few as they are) of great practical value. Wo trust tho system of M. Vattemahe, fo directly and cogently tending, as, it does, to multiply the motives and means of frieiid-hip and brotherly union among tho great family of Nations, will bo widely mado known in Vermont ... vfiwwk through tins publication, llio l'rcss, we aro sure, will give it a cordial welcome and support. We cannot better conclude this notico than hy copying tho " Introductory llcinarhs " of Mr. Ttiii.Mi-s.o, which will bo read with interest and pleasure. They explain cry forcibly at what a slight expense of time, attention and material tho philanthropic views and purposes of JI, Vattemare may lo carried out, Tlicy are as follows : Introductory Itenmrhs. At the last session of the legislature of Vermont, ll, ct..-..i ..I 1... .I.... .1 I tl..rnru on. I ,.;...,l i ll.. lu brought belore that Issly by a special .... r.i.jmui iiiiriiiiiuuiiui n,n ,. .'., I..,, a .mcssu ge lrom the I iov cmor, iruiisiiiiiiu g 11 coininun 1. "on Iron .Mous. Alexandre Vateinarc, lhe distinguish t..l founder of the svstem of Kvclianges already in sue. cessfnl onerniin in P r,,,.. nml to some eilent lii ThSU:&aXXn . iiiiiiiriiiatPiir rcturr , iuunedioiefv referred to thu Joint I.ibiary Coinmiitce ol ,he lH ,0USI.; , lhe mcaiiiune, if. Valten.ure, in address, delivered before the inc.nbersol llie Leg. ifatur. aj MOIlllM,i,.r. exnlaiucd lhe nrni. rilli ,, .i,,.l .i.. nri'.sl,;,..u i. i,,.i.i 1 ami nnie Koni s...... ,,i nl wloil had ahi..iile Iit.f.i ni. ' coinplishcd. my 10 which ms enonsin me greai ,.'';"'':";,' m have neen ne 111 nirious pan 01 ine union win- espoused entitled him. He delivered an Addrets, I , Vi.v. n.ul haVing' served .heir tbm pWm P"r-, fa c S'flWi'.'S ' ,. , bv special invitation of the IMUlnturcbeforo ll o , e. ihey were eiiher d.sirojc.l r thrown . . e will, I 'mra V n a nunc da h u. . a it uu to , l gcn members of tho two Houses and others, in the , KSX' , words u,. a subject which ll-w seen TV ,' 11..II r .t, n.,s nl lter, ! ...i.t-i, i hi', . ,i , u , Z f "l. hi, , nnf !l"s'd t?. pwpone. We premise that the Whig of I" he oiIk . ., , ,. ' .. , . ' , tin State, (not even our StatiM in 1110 ciearesi aim iwi saus.aciory maiinor, lie Coniplele set ol the published laws and journal ol our , "" "'" , V": oenc.r .1 ,. uie oest, tnc saiest, pel)lli,.i olneidated both ihn nr.ic.lie.il nnoration. and the 1 Lenlslalure. Yet ill believed that copies of all these 1 lhc ,",l!"il ' :'.Mra,,JV V1) ; ?,-d "rge hisnoium- , ' - i r - Tlicsu principles were t eorduuy apniov MORNING, " MARCH ed, and a general desiie manifested that meosure 1 should be immediately taken to secure the advantages of the system In Vermont. The Joint Library Com mitter, through their chiirin.ni, 11. Seymour, Ksq-, brought hi an interesting and hvorable report, accom panied by several resolution and a bill, the passage of which tlicy recommended in furtherance ol the impor tant objects presented in ,M. Vateniare's communica tion and addrc. Thc-e were paed with great una nimity, and live bundled copies of ,M. Vateniare's Ad drc. and the Instruction tor collecting, preserving and transporting object ol Natural History, were or dered to be printed, under the superintendence of some suitable peron appointed by llie Governor, lo be dis tributed a the Governor should direct, 'The undersigned, having been honored with theap iioiutmcnt above mentioned, ha in lhe dicharge of Id duty, endeavored so to arrange the cotimiunica lion and proceeding, in connection Willi ,M. Vatte mare'. Address, os to the present svstctu of Kxchang- e in the clearest light ; and, when well understood in "H I'' bearing, he ha no don lit it w ill commend iief to the approbation ol every benevolent mind. The value of the production interchanged, whether of leg- iMation, ol literature, of science, or of art, though great iu themselves, and though vastly increased in value by Ihc intcichange, i still very small iu comparison with iiioe niguer iiuvauiagcs, wiutll rciill 11 run llie recip rocation ol lavor, and ol kind and lilendly feeling 'The lull realization of the sytem of M. Vateinarc would unite all the nations of the earth into one great brotherhood, its tendency is the promotion of univer sal peace hy the removal of that exclusive cllihncs, and lluwe prejudice ami jealousies, which have too olien rendered people enemies to each olhcr, only be cause they happcncil to live upon opposite sides of an arbitrary line, w lib h bad been established as a nation al boiunlarv. lu place ol rivtdrv ill arm and iu the artsol peace a rivalry in literature and the sciences, in wim; legislation anil gooil government, in oiiiee oi kindness and generosity, and m that enlarged and dit tuscd iiliilanthronv which would he instrumental in ex tending ihc bles-uig ol liberty, and knowledge, and of L,nrisiinn couitesy ami rtlniement, to every portion ol the human laiiuly. Hut while llnssvstem ofoxchaliffcs mav bo recall ed a important to the older nation of I'uropc, whose production iu legislation, literature, science and the art, have been accumulating lor ages, it may be tho't that our own comparatively new country, and especi ally lhe small interior Slale of Vermont, can posse. nothing worthy to be. ollereil in exchange for the splen did tonic of l'urnpe. It i very true that the publica tions in Vermont have been lew iu numlier, small in size, and co'ire and rude iu fabric , but still they serve well to illuslrate lhe condition ofa pcoplo entcringnp. on the experiment of sell goverciucut, and, beneath an unpoh-lied exterior, they embody principle which, properly dillused, might serve to n novate the decayed government of the old world, nnd, accompanied by literature, sctiico nnd the nrl-, and, especially, by the elevating power ol Christianity, might setve to raise ihc barbarous and savage hordes ol both hemispheres lrom Iheir low degradation, to the coudi lain of well organized, cnhghieiicd and happy communities. Among thes'tntcsol the American Union, Vermont i peculiar in her origin and early history. All the other original .State had a prcvinu colonial orgnii 7ation. Hut imt so w ith Vermont. 'The inlnluiant, located upon her lertile s.iil, were collected here lrom the various colonic, but were bound togitlier by no civil compact. Vet common sjmputhus and com togaher by no; mon intcrc-H soon led Ihcni to mine lor common pro li ciion and lhe promotion of the common wellaie Their organization, limit r committees nt sate ly, was at lirst rude nnd imperlcct ; but it delects were soon corrected, and, a early a lTTtt, Vermont was a sell organized, independent, well governed republic! and lrom that lime nil she joined lhe American Union, in lT'lt. she evereisi'i I nil lhe attributes of a sovereign Slate, uncontrolled and unawed by any oilier power upon earth. And hence it is that every reconl.anil document, and pamphlet relative to our cany History, 1 invested with peculiar inqiortance, asshowing the maimer of development lrom a state of nature to a well organized and illicictit government 'l'be material, which Vermont ha il 111 her power to olli-r in participating in the sjstcm of International Literaty and Scientific llxehanges, may, lor the most part, be unbraced in the lollowing list : 1. Pamphlet relating to the controversy with New Yolk and New Hampshire, and the organization ot 1 our State Government ' J. 'l'be published Journals and acts ol the Legisla- ture of Vermont. 3. Hook and Pamphlets, especially Hum written or published 111 Vetnioiii.includiugour historical w oiks, legal report, executive messages, legislative docu- incut and report, political Fpeeehc, orations, election sermon. n riodical, Vermont Registers, etc. I. Indian relics, sucu us arrow unu spear niuu.-, cmseis, uec, n.. . . a. .Specimens iiiusirauvc 01 our iuurui niMoiy.iu- chiding mineralogy, geology, botany and oology. .il&SSi Ll'rStS uu"i. ..... - , --- - - theiii lotth ; nnd lliey were o il"-" pai,iphletlaw-andjourualsstillexist,calleredllirough lhe. Islate iu old munber. winch are wholly u-elcss.o ! meir iwv'sora ; am nun. o niev mi o,- i (i. liieir possessors ; am uiai, 11 nicy couiu an o- couec!- ,,rnr,- could imt i nk- be M.oohed. but valuable sets 1 could be lormcd lor international exchange. 1 ttit-Ti'lnrt; Like it uhdii mo rarnotlv tn urce th people nt Vvniiuiit to lake this matter, which imuKe's botli (he honor nnd ltiu-rot nt the -Stnlo, tutu heiioua coicttlerotion, hi far, nt leri-t, as to undertake n tlioronh evil minn Hon , c.ttli ut UU own premiMs, und Iu colfct nil lhe political p.niipiilt.s i-pi't?cltcs, t-lcciion sermon-?, rt port, net--, journals and other lei-luue ilocumcuti', and ch pcriudicnU anl hooks ut may tone to illustrate the history, the legMalioii, nr the li- , teraturc ut the itatc, ainl.il no opportunity occur he fore that time, caret idly forward th m to the tate librarian at .MmitiM lier,' hy the town reprt"entaiie, i M..I..UP A.l 1 .. ,,,,1.1 i un iri inkf it ninin uw i-nr H'si iv 111 iirrjn inn , larly deniable, ihc political pamphlets of Kthan nnd ' A,It'n! "(:Iml''M the Oliu- Uranch and Hmory ot i erillont til' lr.1 A en. I he Almi'iit n i.rmntil loin, World by .Sieiiheu I! llnulley, i'rinciiilcs oi Cotcru- meni by Naihaniel (Jhiiiinan, Kural liepojitory, and History ol ennont by l)r hauiucl illiauiv, l ltera upon Vermont by .1. A. (iraham, CpulemuK ol Ver-, '.'' A.i'oiiin.tiie.iii-er,nu.i me Ke-rtory pnbli-hed nt .Inldlebiiry, lhe lawn and legi-latue jouiuai preMous to iMJO.nuil tlie Venuoni Kegi-ter, '"-'"ally the early one, publiKhed at Kuiland. .Mid- lunn-lisoineihing wh'u h i desirable, and, if it be nu- "lore inan n sing e -.online, or poinpiiiei, or re tiling more man n single volume, nr pamphlet, or re- gistcr, let him not neglect lo do it because the thing may n,Wnr tuliitn tu 1m xuiall.niiU tnlliiii!, ami in. luelcss 111 itself, I'erhaps lliat vcrv trifle may lie all HICK ,i. i .1. 1 . 1 ii that would be wauled tu Co unlete oine. aluab esc ' . ' ries. Hut the system of eiclnnges embraces not only 11, 1 ..... 1 1 1 ..if. iKilttical and litemrv. but scieuulic inaleriuU- not only 1 , , . oooks ami ciuer tmiiucaiioti'i, out speciiueiis 111 iiiuier alogy, geology botauyaud zoology ; aiid.ifoursupply ol lhe loriuer should be delieient, vve iniil make it up from the eiuU-raiiee ol lhe latter. When .M. Vatte .MAnrj was told that Vermont had nothing worthy lo be ollered iu exchange lor tlio publications ol l!uroie, 1 1 1 .... . 1. . 1 .i.n. ,1 .. ' . lie, 1 111 iiiucn Cll icslliess, 11111KU inui llie rci u xiuncs in on, si, eels would be slo'lly leceired- thai sjieri- mens ot the minerals, vegetables and animals ol Ver- mont would procure lor iMulliho-e valuable I'uropean men arc luruwie.i in exenange i,,r tne po. Iniinl . lii-mru cs,..i,ii,. ,,l.l i,., - . .1,1. .......,' try j and these, iu Vermont, will cost only the trouble preparation. 1 ne iiisiniciions, prepared liy the rol,unrM ,,l il.., M,,w.-ii. ..I Vftt,,,,,! II.. rli,. us icrsen inrou ' and contained in the following pages, will lurllisll'theV',c." ,. , . " l,1':!'"" I CtWett ?mW ! change, and the names and description ul inosi oftiie 'lwS".".",",r bo, ft111"1 '" lht' ,"1la!ur?L' L'',v'l Heal llisiory of enn0111, published by the undersign, ,.. in IK '. l'nr I n. .-,,,,v. .,1 ,l...t.. .. 1... .""'"' ill ISIS. I'orlhe conieniene,. oiil,,. IL wi.h 10 extend their knowledge of any ol the depatf ' ... k'... 1 ..... . 1 . , v .r . oii-iiis 01 minimi 1 i.s orv. 1 uav e nwr . in r n,. 1 pendix, a list ol the principal modern wotksupon the p.i.'jvv,, ,,,,111 i.iv win iiiinsiit-ii ill llllS COUlllfV. llarhngtoii, Jan. H, HH. aj A great ma ny simple-minded people havo ' got themselves into awkward and expensive scrapes, hy supposing that the AW mCilii jUsl . Ul " "'V '-wl,crC!l3. " 'eans what tho i i.urt Sl.- . .ni,a 1 . 1 .1 .1 Court says it tays. Tlio Uw and tho Court havo their own vcrnactil.tr, and it is, often, an apt illustration of the "glorious uncertainly." l'or nle In hiCZ """ ' the lliKh JHidge, in cotnpanvvith several ...cm plo, Iu the Daily Sentinels report of bers of the Common Council, and was highly the doings of our County Court, a day or two ago, is tne lollowing paragraph: "McDonald and Mills lh,kcr. I'gglestouA: Co., wasruHiiirHff,, but, on aecounl ol sonic delect lu the proceedings, was continued:' Now this, to a plain reading man, looks a lit tle like a juinblo of terms. Hut it N O. K. The Court of I aw and tho Court of C'u;iiJhavo both sanctiimed tho rulo which construes a certain description of "declarations," an Kory O'Moro construed Kathleen's dream, " by con thrairics :" and the paragraph we havo quoted abovo means, simply, that tlio trial was com menced anil ttof continue-!. It won't bo contin ued till next term, ami if it should happen to bo "continued" fficu, it won't be continued till the term after. We hopo wo have made this small matter perfectly clear! 31 1848. Opening ol' .Viiviguti'on. To the Ktiias At.t.r.N, Captain Pno' ToR, be longs the honor of having "broken tho ice" for the Navigation of the season. She loft her berth, at Nye's Wharf, on Wednesday last, (the l!9th inst.,) and gallantly ploughed her way into tho open Lake, where she " astonished tlio natiies " by her rough-und-rcady inanrmivcring. Wc un derstand Captain PitWTon commenced his reg ular trips, between lliirlington and Port Kent, yesterday, and will e.tcnd his operations as cir cumstances may require. The craft that bears the name of lUhan Allen, in Vermont, will bo quite apt to lower her flag to nothing short of " the Continental Congress." i;icction i( Council of Censors, The election passed on", without riot or blood shed, on Wednesday, and willi the following peaceful result : Indgo Williams, (nn all ticket) Air. Shafler, (oil two tickets) Average Whig vole, " Loco " " 3d Party " 1st H3 137 10 Rurlinglon can cast from 000 to 1,000 votes! The excitement was not unusually great. 3Tlt is quite apparent that Doctor Cobb has been employed to superintend the poetical col umn ofourlittlo friend, tho Daily; though hi contribution, in tho Wednesday's number, is not quite up to his usual vein and vigor. In the following lines, for instance, the Doctor docs'nt do himself justice : " As I go travelling upand down The streets of this remarkable town, Some thing I see, that I like to sec And olliers improper as't scans to me," Tho following couplet, however, is better : " Of all the town in the State of Vermont, Know of another I ccitainlydo not, Like llurlinglon." Wo call that rather touching, and il the -SVit-timl Sr. goes on improvingin this fashion, some thing will give way somewhere ! irWc give, on our lir.-t page an accurate abstract of the Treaty with Mexico, as modified by tlio Senate, and sanctioned. I ho I reaty itself is as long and elaborate as though it were a good one, anil creditable to the diplomacy of this administration which it assuredly is not, From '.lie Rochester (N. Y ) American. The I'resiilentiiil (tuestioii. Our readers arc aware that wc have not deemed it necessary or profitable to precipitate the discu ion ol llie question who the presidential candidate ought to iie. Yttourown preference hant notirne been con cealed ha indeed been trcely and frankly avowed. While llllNHY CLAY lives, and there i ground lor hope that he will consent to bear our dig, wo can neither doubt nor hesitate in declaring nut, More all iivni" men, our choice Many other names belong 10 the Whig party, but the Country ha n.t: only who i lieVotUl Comparison nr ritany im-cuimcm ill jiuirio- ..ri,,' V..n.,..- ..inen. That one it is utterlv needli . I sin. 1111 He service, nig" ucM-ii, 111111 01 lie-an lions ( ) Wherever there i a Whig heart il beats hMiat the slightest allusion to IIr.Nr.v Guv. Vu r(m(.r , ,e eiediency and authority of the jSl-,ltj,lI,l Convention. Whether it. decision shall bo )( q n-or or some oilier worthy member ol the , 'hi" party, we shall yield, not reluctantly or coldly, cflorls for the election ol the nominee. 'The ti ne (of ,ie Cuiivcnlion lo assemble is not distant 1 Delegates have aircauy occu appouiieu in some ti is- ,rjct,-nnj many others are moving lor lliat pure. , popular gathering of the Whig party some .xprens made h. Terence ,0 U.e fW several nicciiiigs, sunn- ui meui rt-nuereu un poriaill I... .1... .l...rsnn. nlhi.Miee n I inu, i, l, . L 1 "' V" " uec.uc.ny, . r, euoy. c uusiasncaiiy T,,tv "';,",1 ' JZrtjZ!, , , ... .. ,-",,, ' , -.- ,i i,r a -e lives, they will think ol no one else. This feeling , -':,,'; ' "",; , -' ' V" ' ''' . " . y"."' "r d,H-s notca-.ly clnngc. Its illumrious obj.Tts.univca in lull igor of in.iid and body-and hile thev see him in the tplendor oi'bn fame, (.tillable to serve his couniryasnuoihercan.andvvbileevery paving day deinonslrates us nnrivalled power to av the iiunds and hearts of men, the Wings ol Wencm'New York will not willingly withdraw their eyeslrouitlie FUn of our pulitic.il luiiiaincnttoi-eekan) orbof obscurer ray .l!nb!furcavpXucV.'' "W U'rri'KiU"3 0l' " U"" !'"d We have taken paui' nay.no pains were needed' to ascertain public opinion ill this region. It prcst upon us Ironi 1 every ide. In .Monroe county ibere arc , hardly titty- Whigs who contemplate as desinible the nomination of any other candidate and not five i w hose individual preferences arc not lor him. In the icmii 1 01 ousiiirs., 111 cny una coiiniry, at llie II reside nt the farmer and in lhe 'shop of the artian, the ex. predion lor Clay is unanimous and rcsitle-.i. Nor is it coiilined to those who voted for him iu 1811. .Many who were then political opponents now declare them selves 111 ins lavor. I ney regard linn as an injured slandered, gloriutt'ly v indicated statesman and patriot! lint we are told by some lew indeed that ".Mr, ('lay cannot Im elected.1' Caknot nt tLLcTinl ," "."V '",'- ii.'ruiaui) 1 n u round in the fact that tor lortv years he has been lhe fore - 1 !'"? ntMnnn nfthe iriuoH r Orare we to look lor it in lhe deinonirations ol atleetion and admiration, I I. . I- ' V V oiiiysnnrioi 1 'li:??'ro"', Vl",.e'1 ls" rn" "head of the other W lllir linuiinallolis 111 everv nimrt.r ol il.o l'.,.n,. 1: .' ,j ... .u..,,v, u IIIC l lllllll . iieiiien ne wniuiiei'ii,ny detraction ami dihonesiy, which will not t-tar reietition ; but he slid drew the largest vote a, corded to any ,nion ol lhe ticket.- Since that period, whenilhe. Ml the party I. II with bun, prejudice has died aw ay, and political infatuation Ven a.?Zn :!i'rnk,',: ca-, e 1 , , ; 1 . -r,"--,' t.iii t-i ciiuiic lull rnu "nd lolly pilnoliMii at the head of the govern. !m'm 1 '"'.' their ees instinctively to him who i.. - - ....... .v.,.vv ,, 1 who , .. 110 tquai niuong l ie living ana no sus-rior witli tliedead. 1 he ureal heart ol the nation beaLslneh at tie name of Clav. and ilvini ,.ri.,- ...J ""'"' hy thou-ands and tens of thousands, rush into liis 1 i"" me noiunge which inev cannot re- Press. and Vvhuhna other hnmnt, I..,,,. 1... I ., ...k .-'" .' '""" I " "lncr ,n!" 'ajvs n nilioof hisiKipulariiy and thai Jit! ' 'r "'cr caf!! TVt CB" lllu " ' ue half so cer- lain ol success. 'Uie .Mexican war is now-ended, but Hot Us ,.,,n..,i,..,... j 'II... n 1 1 '"""i.1"" not its coiwouenees. T I I... !:. ' uccess. 1 lie .vlexiean war i iirtv,. .,.l.l 1.... I l"ng. K.;ichance disosirous. They may shake the country 10 ilscenire, and endanger the Union itsell. i.speciaiiy necessary is it, ihcretore, that we should I have ot lhe head ol all'airs a man adequate to the eniergeiicy. c require no uutricd or unqualified eader, no weak, vain or shallow prcleuder 10 states. inmiship, but one lu wlicui we shall all have the high - nrvianr iieeeswry is it, tiicreiore, that we should ..i ....i, uii it.,, c 111" 111 ii 11 1 est degree o conhdeiicc. Such a man, beyond possi. bihiy ol doubt or nuesiion, is lltxcv Clav. Western .New York will name bun as her choice in1 r.fc ,! ! 1.. .1. ' I ?ra''';J..'''' ' ho how grateful she is by an unpiccc-tlenteil imuuniv. If not. t- he uill still Ik: l ' l. . 1 I . - . . . . Whig -she knows not how to be otherwise. 3 : Mr. Ci.av on Saturday afternoon visited irratiiied tilth th. inniriiitlecnt work, lie re turned to tho City, and was entertained in an elegant and delightful dinner by J, 1'iiimin I'ikcmx, Esq. after which ho attended tlioiver fonuauce of tho Oratorio of tho "creation," by tho Sacred Music Society. Ho was there in licit moro tho object of attention to tho audience, than tho music, and iu tho courso of the evening briclly and felicitously replied to an address from tho ladles of tho Society. Yesterday morning Mr. Clay attended St, llartholomuvv's Church with his Honor tlio May or, where an unusually largo congrei'ation vvero assembled.. On the way thither, wo un. deretaud, lie was met by a large numlwr of Irish men, who thus sought the opportunity of quietly expressing to him tho warm feelings which his ellurts in behalf of Ireland have roused in tlio breasts of all her sons, This morning, at nine, Mr. Clay leaves us on his way homeward ; lie w ill stop at Newark for about nn hour, to exchange greetings with liia fellow citizens of that place, and will reach Philadelphia, where ho had an imperative en gagement, at I iu the afternoon. After spending a day there privately, ho will go homo hy way of Haltitnoro. Mr. Ct-AY has been tvith us now for five days, and through the whole time, has received such tokens of deep respect and enthusiastic attach ment as no man but himself could havo elicited. We now see how firmly he stands in the affec tions not of a few persons or of any particular class, but of the whole People. If there wcro any doubt before, the fact is now undeniable, that no man lives who is so truly beloved ami trifled by the people of this City as 1IBNRY CLAY A'. V. Tribune of the 13A. For the Free Press. I am not aware that at any time previous ha there been so little dicusion in the public papers as it re spects a candidate for President, as has been since tho lnt Presidential election, I!ut as the time, of election is fast approaching, it seems that il it is examined in a right spirit, a to who shall be lhe Standard Hearer, it cannot do any harm. Among so many good, true and capable Whig, it cannot be supposed that all will bo united on any one as their first choice. It apiear very evident that tho first choice of a vast majority of the Whigs of tho Union is Henry Ci.av, and a large majoriiy of the re mainder would prefer him to any living man, could nicy nut Know that ho would be elected, or be the mot arailahle candidate. Hut his having had so many unsuccessful trial, lliey have their doubts id-mt trying him ngain. 'Tin i, to Is- ,irc, an objection and I propose to examine the same, and let a candid public judge of the facts. After the niccewful tcnui nation of the Ian war with treat llritain, the Demo cratio and Federal panic, became so farainalg.nnated as to elect Jatne, .Monroe to the Presidency by a vote of 193 to . ll lor Itufu King, and on his second rice 1,0,,, 1,1 ISJI. there wn only one vote, ogamst him, and lint for John Q. Adams, rlu ,, eU.clor m Ncw Iloinpslnre. At the next election, in IMI, there were four Democratic candidate 111 the Held, viz. Win. II. Crawford, who had been nominated by Congres sional caucus, John Q. Adams, Andrew Jatkson, and Henry Clay, who was the youngest, and aluit 17 year o age, many year voungcr than anyone who Ind been elevated to that high office. 'The latter had lieen nominated by Ix-gi.laturcs and Conventions of the people. 'The electoral vote were Ibr Jack.on 0J, Adam 81, Crawford II, and Clay 37; and ns a choice must be made from one of the time highest candidates, Clay was excluded in il. Hon,e and John Q Adams was elected. 'The second tune Mr Clay was a candidate was in lllti, nnd run a -aiust President Jackson al his second election Jackson had bcalen Adams on In first diction, 111 !. ,y ITS to M. In consequence ol Jackson's ninotal of the deposit from the II ink of the United States, and other high handed measures, he had lost some of hi lonner warm supporters, and many werchd to Ih-Ih-vcs that the country would not approve of his dome.'. .Mr. Clay reluctantly coii-ntcd that his name might be ued 111 oppo-iiion to the re-election of Cicn. Jack son, it In Iricud were of opinion that it would be of any use so to do. The result every one knows was that Jackson was re-elected by an increased majority. In IS 1 1 .Mr. Clay was unanimou-lv nominated, forth.. third time, as a candidate lor President, bv a Win- .National Convention j and had it not been that gios frauds were committed by our opjneim, he would now be the occupnnlofthe White IIous,; at Washing, ton, in the place of James K. Polk, who 1 the first President ever elected in the United State witlwat the vote of his own State. It is a fact, and can !; proved, mat Louisiana, Georgia, Indiana, Pennvl- f , , , - 1 -ji- ' , 1 were carried lor .Vlr. 1'olk, by I fraudulent and double voiiug ; and Tennessee would I have l-cn, also, had he been a, popular a, home 1. ...r t.o, L r.. ...... ,i. ., . tin oennln l.n.l ..... I l.fl .r s.. .,.,,, c us , olncr Cntts vtlirrn ,.. uiu ui jinn, or nan lurgoiten person wa m existence. As every inirl. ron knows liow louisiaua was carried lor nothing turtlur need be said on thai point. ier (states mentioned the frauds were ditler- more universal through the Stale. In v-diiia, alter the result of the Slate election was -".".. ic, nan out aiut khhi '"" .er' "le k"'" 1-"ti- "uumicu inai .nr. Llay would receive I or Soon vole ,r"'" l""c w" "a" vote" tor Uov. Shuuk, 011 .ccount I" , " ' " ''"""""" "cnu,s to protection, ...ft,, ...T, T. Z r t" ,t L- '"" ",lhl"ou3' lt"'r "m 1'olk lo kniK-. And it turned nil UI.M l.n.l n.. I . .1 01" r3 -'Ir- "-'ay received -Hill more votes than Ind been given to .MarUe, the Wlm. candidair for (!,,i,.rnnr l? 1 r 1 . "iiunira iw J,,OUrnor' ,'' das Mw- n"1' l an election when -'u;rl10'', legislature and Members ol Congr- vere eluwen, and to remedy that Icks of votes ,,,,. p"gl,t !"r0m 'S!,f 0 "'"'"'S- ' "'i'lmoVs I'.'tln d'"tr'cl' "ordering 011 the strong l,ocofoco counties ot oieuln-n and Chemung in Xevv Vork, lhe vote was increa.-sd HWj. In Mr llrodheTp. itihi.v 1 . . wlic, h,lr,i ,ra , "roiil u ad (ldih) ilistrul, ooriurs 011 Delaware, S-ullivan and Orange counties, "Sew- i ork, and lhe strong 1. hm counties ' stls-ex Olid W;irr.. ,., V... T .. 1 7. . . " Jersey, ine vole wn, in. creased 1IW. 1 ,,e 15tl, district, bordering on lhe siroogesi i,ocoiioIils ol .Mar) land, the !s7. Iu the Hth. .Mr. Siewan'. .Ii.r..., Hth. .Mr. Slewan's .livir..., .. 1...1 lnert'iis., un. 11,. . n iov 11 jium .Maryland, V irgima and Ohio, mcrco-e ,dy Jin , 0I1j iu those ditncls bordering on oi.m ui...i. 1 1 rt-sul'-'nt 011 the sjnie day with l'enulvaiua.tlic in- ""-. was small, esccpt m the siroin' L.i,o.,i,. ..r 1 Craw lord, which was f. in l ,i , ""K'"tl I .;... ,. ,, .. , , "ri,rr 10 ' . , Muesliou had 111 that Stale, tin result ," -.."11-, in me uin district willciplun In i.-iiii.i, .nr. vautiuren. nv . ... Kii'f'.. 11, ViOV in Hilt, had SJImaior. Shuuk hid -51'. ...1 11. ., - .. jv-.i.j, uilM .III, , ' "' n mo same election, elected Jaiucs , l'ollock, a strong tanlf Win" over c. p,H..L.n . Iree trade Woloco - i in , ' ' '1,"aJ""ly- I . ' uct arSues conclusively that .Mr Cla? did re- I TV"? 'rom ,ho for tJovcmor , k:iluiiK,a lew d.'lVS lire V loll,. nn.l it. I . . ' the s,. Ie fu, V IL , ,' " ,0""T . . . 1K a'"J 1,j!!a'. an cichniige of votrs , '"" '"""uieiy necessary with 1C States .U.imug, none of which vme.l .... ,i., .1... - , ... .1 . . " ' ''"P1 i'uninii ' -r,. ."1 , ca"le'l into practice, and an m- , - - - m un uurucr ciniiu- 111 tne state, and llie tnti n. I. 11 . Niocd ixrson that the laTor was fully reuniejTtrheU,r - k after. ' 'I... ....I... r..l I:.-.- r ,. . . ' m ....,,ul niiiiiiiiiiMuon oi aliens rn the ctty of ew Yotk, ami a few oilier places 111 lhat Sim.. .... .1... ,:..: ., ... ' I . . . . ' 10 nias.e me ruajotily ol .Mr I'oll. , "r ' '" n "le 3s:,'s"a' "ithoul cue rl I lhuse u"l:,"lul ""cs "mob luid luiBiven from oih,t Slates uitrxcli. 1 Stale intu Ncvi ' tu.tc. and vote ' ,, .,. " 1 "" vouM 1,1 " Mat" ul exenange. Jiany lorcigners went Iroiri il,', ew 1 ork and were unUwfully lutnraljj., a oted there, and relumed with their ii,rs 1 alio vow-u in si-iiio v, int.- noenroco lown m il..u . ... . .., 1-une the week alter. Had the voles of Stw York 31 k.. given to .Mr. Clay, they would have elected !,,. ' ig him 1W to la? agaimt l,,i Ti wbichu-e know., .0 .na. an, I h 'i "C a candid community to s.y how C,r suc)l (xca to vetuih aziuiist il nm.,.,,.: r ... I - "iillllMlllil 1)1 II. fl... w hetlier ,1, aUndomng of bin, a, ,l,c ," J, would no, have a tend.ncy n, ,"bX ' Z .....ids of our opponents ,hi, y llai MiwJ , by dclatuauon slander, lyuig Bnj fr,uJ( , t hm. from , he Wd, they could do Uie M w.U .,,y lrson who might be nominated by .he Whig No- o slan t he0VV ,n 0Ur P',U-'"' as d,.t U L JV0U,ar)' f U,s lWrJ. and Uu ) w il be under the necessity of manufacturing new oiks, which they Unow it will I hard to make .ny person believe. I have yet to learn oi the first per,,, who voted for .Mr. Clay iu 111, and who intend, to vote for a Whig in 18IM, who will not, most cheer, fully, give that vote to .Air. Clay, if nominated by the Whig National Convention. I do not say thctc are none, but I have yet lo learn who that person is, i II is objected, by some, to put Mr. Clay in nomina. lion on account ol his age. That might, with some persons, be a reasonable objection ; but then are many at that age who seemingly lte in the prune of hie. And lrom good information it appears that Mr Clay is one of them. SEN'EV " Middlcbury, March, ISIS. '

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