Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 12, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 12, 1848 Page 2
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I BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FIDAY MORNING, MAY 13, 1848. Sxit Prc0S, lIUltMNClTON, VI. " Is THE PARK AND TROUBLED NIGHT THAT IS nt-ox us, there is no Star above the horizon TOUIVE US A GLEAM OF LIGHT, EXUEl'TINO THE ISTKLLIOKNT, TATIIIOTIC WlliO I'AItTV IT THE Umted States." Daniel Webster. For I'rcsidcnt, HENRY CLAY. For Vice President, MILLARD FILLMORE, OF NI.W YORK. Subject lo l!ic decision of the Whig National Con- Klght SciilinientB in night (Jimrtcrs. ilaswcll's Bennington Gazette, (a "democrat il" paper) in an article on the recent outbreak of the ipirit nf liberty, Equality, Fraternity, among tlie Monarchical dynasties of the old world, protests with indignation against thepni Slaiery, tendency of things in our own boatcd Republic, ns follows. Let tlie spirit and temper of llio Gazette, on this momentous subject, be imitated by the "democratic" press in tho Free "fV.'.tifi, itJ (no t Atoi7u.V.n of Clsvery the mill ionth part of an imisilile line is a fixed impossi bility : In such a glorious moment as this while such news of gladness lo every true friend of Irccdoin salutes our rnrs-arc we lo rivet slavery on every loot o! soil w hich we liavc acquired f We meddle not now with nny mere nbstrnet question in the case, but we speak lo the great practical ir-sne in regard to existing iacts. While, an we said in our last editorial "a piofuiind sen sation of lear pervades the thrones of the old world for their own safely when royality feels itself surrounded bv perils crcater than nnv that every menaced it" - shall we imitate their system of enslaving men, of chaining mem to i ii- sou and keeping trutn tnem ine nroner rewards of their labors 1 1-orbid it. thatincrci- t nl (od, who looks down on men from the throne of Ins holiness : TUKSpAy EVENING, MAY 9, 1848. ccndanls when wo die, a permanent fire and' equal form of Government, to bo continued by a peaceful and prosperous nation. Wo Intend nothing unfriendly to any, wo wish no disturbances of harmony, tio Interruption of unanimity ; but wo are not, and shall not bo un mindful of what is duo to us, to the North, to tho Country; and of what the safety and Inte grity of the whole seem to us to require. In conclusion, we take leavo to say, that in uttering these sentiments, wo do lint repeat tho unanimous and enthusiastic, declaration of the Whic Convention of Massachusetts, of Septem ber last. And we feel it our duty tu add, that we believe It to bo tho fosoltlto purpose of the Whig people of Massachusetts to support these sentiments, and carry into effect tho design wmcn tliey manilcsl. Characteristic. A mass meeting of all parties was lioldcn in Cincinnati, last month, for the purpose of cxprcs- ci mi lit. anil nilt1 nnm tflll fnt-llm SO. , .. . r .i ii r' the practice which has crown into such favor cent revolutionary movements of the l'coi'i.n of 1 , h , J ... tt.lllt I Urnat. nn a. .rr lit tt.r t.tlt It f'nn. ei,.. u,,,mu, a.,,. , . ..,..., ghniiral taylor's last letter. Wp lay boforo our readers, this evening, Ge neral Taylor's latest, arnicas he intimates in the conclusion, probably his final letter respecting bis political opinions and his position as a Can- lidato for the Presidency. To say nothing of the small talk about not being "the President of a a Party, (which ho of course would bo of the " Taylor Party" in any. event) the affirmative opinions given by tho General, though not vary ing materially from what he has heretofore shad owed forth, are good and sound. The Veto ho would not exercise, except in a case of " clear violation of the Constitution," Sic, and the sub jects of the Tariff, Internal Improvements, and the Currency, he Would leave exclusively to Con grcs. lie administers a ptelty keen rebuke ot Resignation-. Gen. Cadwalador had resigned nnd "quitted .Mexica with Mr. Trit. Council ot Censors. The following is the result of the Official Canvassing of the vote for the Council of Cen sors, for a copy of which we are under obliga ttJiis to E. A. STANsnciKiv, Esq. It will be seen that the, Whig ticket is elected especially Judge Williams ! Tlie vote is a remarkably light one, being scarcely more than one-quarter of the electors of the State. Mr. Shatter's escape, it will be noticed, was u very narrow ono, I- o -i '.r n ci c. :r c: Ci go 3 . o resolutions was adopted, among which were the following i ( Hesolred, Thai v.c rcgnnl the decree of the l'rovi sionnl (lovernment of the l-'rcnch Itepublicdccloriug the immediate and unconditional emancipation of the Slaves in it Colonies, as a nolle proof of the sincerity nf the 'reiCA7icVi;'fV-,cspeciallytlerering the admira tion and gmlilude of all lovers of Liberty'. , t'citlt.,, 'Plml ta friettJu .f U,U-,-rsiit Liberty, we bail with, satisfaction the d;;i;ci,lhn of the unequal elates of eocicty in F ranee, and the emancipation of all slaves umler her aoniihion t oiul we hope ttiat the i line is not lar tu-iam, wnen our own country win imitate her glorious example. The Washington '"moil, on the appearance of the published accounts of the meeting, went into a spasm of "democratic" delight on the sub ject, prefacing its copy of tho resolutions as fol lows : "There has been a "tnonlcr meeting'1 hel in Cin cinnati, on the Gil. instant .Mr. I). T. I)iney in the chair, Willi Daniel Mnhotiey ns Vice President. Vii. bounded enthitiiasm fitted every hentt. It was a meeting of all parlies. Messrs. George II. Pendleton, Stanley Matthews, .Tohn (trough, Jacob l'linn, Pat rick MctJronrly, James 11. Kuehunaii, Janes W. Taylor, and Hichard 1'. Ilyan were the principal speak ers." This sounds very well; but on looking over tho resolutions as copied into the I'nion, we find tlie two we have given, above wholly mnillcd! Not a word gets smuggled into the organ nf tho Administration of this free Republic, that can throw American Slavery into unfavoiablo con trast with freedom in any other part of the world ! The eyes 6"( tlie venerable organW are vigilant to detect, nnd his hand is swiit to sup press the pulsations or Liberty at home, while he runs mad with well-simlnated joy over the downfall of oppression abroad ! M O P e : "2 5 - o o 0 zz3 I .."T ; - :i .r; i- cr. . . c-. n i-.-rtc-T-r-TT-T-T-T-r-r-r V- u b m a E o I? S T V 2 S C3 ft 1 V c IT CO ifj ta : n u u u u u i SX a c o b K . w s s w Si l X VI Judgo Williams' name was on all the tickets, Mr. Shaffer's, on two. Uy provision of the Constitution, the Council will meet on thei-.- Wednesday in June. The place of meeting is not designated in the Con stitution ; but, though Uurlington is undoubtedly the better place, wo suppose our friends in Mont- pclicrwill make such a rou' about it if tho Coun cil shouldn't sit in their stone building, we shall bo silent on the subject, in order to " keep the peace." Latest feom Mexico and Texas. Vow Or leans papers of the 2Gth ult., received at New York by the "Pony Express," bring the follow ing intelligence from .Mexico and To.a. Gen. Scott did not arrive in tho Massachusetts as had been expected: notion Daily Ad c. AnitiVAL or the Massachusetts. The fine steamship Aiassachusetts, Capt Wood, got up lat night from Vera Cruz. She sailed thence on the IStli inst., and came over under sail only, her shaft having been broken some time since. She bad been detained at Vera Cruz lo bring over Gen. Scott. She brought over the following passengers : Dr. Galvin, (the surgeon who accompanied San ta Anna to Antigua,) with his lady, bister, child nnd servant ; Capt. IJissull, V. S. N and per vain; Dr. W. S. Wiley, U. S. A. ; Dr. J. W. Hawk, and Mr. J. Orment, with 148 sick sold iers, Chri-tian Schneider, a recruit, and Joseph Thomas, 11 th infantry, recruit, died on the pas sage. ' The Massachusetts alsVbrougbt over tho re mains of Lieut. I'errln Watson, 1 lilt Infantry, Lieut M. L. Shackleford. 2d Artille'rv. Lieut. I Calvin Henjamin, -1th Artillery, and Air. T. T. l ucKcr, ot i-.asi j ennessee. Our dates by the Massachusetts ate Hot so late by one day as tho Avon brought us ) of course wo have nothing later from the city of Aievico. Fmoi Texas Tho steamhlp Galveston, Captain Crane, arrived ye.-terday from Galvos. ton, whence the tailed on Sunday last, the i!3d instant. The papers by her are to tho aid. There is very little in them for us lo oxtract.tbo' they contain much local information. The peo ple of Texas are showing much energy in im proving their means of intercommunication by improving the navigation of their rivers and op ening roads. Several new steamboats have lately been put upon the waters, and the Yacht now runs regularly between Galveston nnd Port Lavaca, in connection with the line of a great convenience to steamships to this city a Western Texas. Oi'EXlNn of the Ehie Canal. Sound r. Lightning. It is announced that the water is to ho let into the Eric Canal to-day, and the .me. ugoiieo ,s .. ,y com,, uu.cueu uy .eio-f , wonjL,rfu, fciUs of arms rc, graph. This recalls lo mind the ceremonies of i , ......,, i ....'... 'i the celebration at the time this Canal was com The anniversary of the battle of Ran Jacin to, the 21st of April, was celebrated " will, all the honors" in Galveston. It was, indeed, one ttal who may happen tn occupy the Executive Chair," and thinks It "dangerous"' and objec tionable. So does cVcry body. Wo baldly think tho General's letter will af. feet his chances fi tlw at Philadel phia) one way or llio other. If it were ten times more explicit than It Is, u.s the spectator in the Gallery of the French Chamber of Deputies, om inously said, when It was proposed to tnal.0 the Count of Paris King, " it h tov late I" ritTOSi Itoxuc. Anril. 22. 1813 Dear Phi Myopinions hac recently been so often mi-seonceiveil and misrepresented, that I deem it due to tinsel! it not tu mv frl-'tids. to make a briet eno- Ht'.oii of them ope n the topics lo vt Inch you have called fuyallenttiin. I hive consented lo the uae of mv name as a candi date for the Presidency. I have Iraukly avowed mv own ditrnt of my fitness for that high station : but liavinir. at the n ieitalion of inaiiv ot li.v conntrvinen taken my position n- n candidate, I do not feel ot lib erie tosurrendcr that on-Mlion until my friends mani- It'M .1 Wlli lll.ll 1 CII-IMIll leoic HUM! U. J T11 nieii inot ii nd v do sof 1 me no unvote mfrnoees lo oc comph-1!!, no jinny piojecis to baiKI up, no eiiemics to puniMI noiiiiog in serve om inr cuuoiry. I have been very olicn nddresed by letter, ond mv opinions have been o--ked upon aliuo-t every question that uiinlit occur to the writers as aU'eclim? the inte rests ot then country or their paity. 1 have not always responded to their inquiries, Tor various rea sons. 1 con .-ss. whiM I have nreat cardinal nrmeiDles which will regulate my political life. 1 om not sulli- eienlly familiar with all the minute details ot political legislation to give solemn pieuges lo exert my inim iice. if 1 we.e President, to cairv out this or defeat that measure. 1 have no concealment. I hold no opinion which I would not renddyt proclaim to my os--cuuiieu coimiryiueii ; out cruuc luipiessions upon matters of policy, which may be right to-day ond wrong to-morrow, are, pernan, not the best test oi Illness Inr olliee. (hie who cannot lie tru-Ucd with. out pledges, cannot be coiilulcd in merely on account of them. 1 will proceed, however, now-to respond to your inquiries. l-'iist. I reiterate what I have so often said 1 am a w hie-, bill not on ultra w ilia. II elected I would not be the mere President of n party. I would endeavor to art independent of party domination. 1 should feel bound to aduuuUlcr tlie (Jovernment untrammelled by parly schemes. Srroitfl. The veto nowcr. The now-er rriven bv the constitution to the rl.u-cutive to interpose his veto is a liiubcons -rvotive nower : but in my oninion should never be e.ereised except in cases ot clear violation of the constitution, or m.imtest Ii-imc una wont ol consid eration by Congress. Indeed, 1 have thought that lor many years pat ihc known opinions ond wishes of the r.xecutive nave cxercieo liouiuaiiaiiiiijiirious uiiui elite unon tlie legislative deonrtinent ol liic (loveru inent : anil for ibis cause I have thought our sysleir, was in danger of uiulergoing n great change from its true theory. The jierfoualopinmni oj the tndteidual irho viiiii hannen to oeeutnt the llxecuiirc choir, onxht not to contiol the action of Conttren upon quc.itioii9 tit ilnineiiltr policy ; nor ouzni lnn vojcclioni to uc nr tri mined irlta e oilrstioits ol comtttlltiomll voicer hoi been settled by the rurioui departments of (toceni' vienl ami acnuicsctinn vy vie people. I',. ... .1.. outj... .f.l., .1,. Clllinu j the improvement of our grrnt highwnv-s rivecs, Jake, ninl hnrliiirs.tli,- will of the oeonle u.eAliressed throui-ll their Representatives in Congress, out to be respected i . i i... i- :. .. nun liirri u mil nv me i.mluii.i. l.ifi The 'leienn war. I sioeerelv reioice at the uroso'-rt of tieoee. .Aly lile has been devoted to arms, vet I ook upon w-nrat all tunes ami under on circuiu-iaiieesas a notional calamity, to be'ftvoided it rontniiili e with liolioniil honor. 1 tie inincwles ot our (liiiernnicM us well ns its true ndiey is opposed to the suhigation of oilier nations and the disinem lHriii.-nt of uiher coiiniries hv coiioiihiL In the Ian guage of the gleat Washington, "Wiiy should we quit our own tostaiulon foreign ground." In the .MeAican war our national honor lias been ilulieated, and in dictating terms of pence we may willallord to be for' l-iiriiiir noil even lonftnaillinoua to our lilllen foe. These ore .nv opinions upon the subjects referred to by oq -, onil ouy reports or juiblico lions, Written or eruai,.roin any souree-, ouienog in an) esseiuioi p-irtieularfrom what is here written, are unauthorized una limine. 1 do not know- tint I shall aaain write upon the sub icctol national tiotitieks, 1 shall cubage u. no schemes, i no combinations, no uitiiues. It the American nco- pie have not confidence m me they ought not to give i me tlieir sufragis. It they do not, you know-me w'cil enougn to believe me wnen 1 declare 1 shall bo con tent. I an. too old a soldier to murmur ngiiut such authority. . TAVLOIl. lu Capt. .1. S. Allison pleled.and the means resorted to, to convey us speedily as was then ynsihle, from Iluffiio lo the seaboard, the news that the waters of Lake Erie had been let into the canal, and tho first boat had commenced its trip to New York. The canal was completed October 20th, 1825, and cord, and deserves to be thus perpetuate.!. Henry Clay in Albi.ny. The Whigs of Albany mot in their several Wards on the 3d inst., to appoint delegates to their District Covcntion for the selection of a e have noticed, tind'r the limner head the recent death, by consumption, nf Mrs. Jul ia Appleton, of Ilostim, llio only daughter of Daniel U eb-ter of Mussacliu-clts. On Mem diy morning, the rein-tins of .Major Edward Webster, of the Massachusetts Voluntccis. w bo died in Mexico, arrived at that city, in 1 lie bar que Chief, from Vera Cruz. The remains were in charge of Lieut, Wing, nf llio Massachusetts I Volunteers. The war horse of the deceased was also on board. Iho remains of tho son ... .1... r.i.... r ! .1 - .pi. .,, . 1 , diuiuiiiu.-i a inu iiiinei was lUTlorillllig me ngc. J lie announcement of tins joylul event I " ' " last sail ollices to lin lielovcd .laughter, who, was made to the citi?ens of the Slate by the , fcclcct tho fol.ovvnig resolutions, passed in ll.e ! like her brother, died iu the bloom of youth, bound of cannon placed in a continued line , Tenth, Seventh, and Fourth Wards, (" as ooos ( Tho l!ototi Transcript savs that a wide circle along the canal and the Hudson, at intervals of ( t10 .U, Ward, so goes tho Slate") a., iinlicatiim eight miles, extending from llull.ilo to S.iuilv 1 ., . . ,. , , . , . . " I look, a distance of Sll miles. Tho moment ",c " '"S ''"S ' -taUUch hlg clly. jtiiue-iiu warn Air. r. axdei:zee offered rm Wednesday, at 1U A. M ll.e waters of the DoWnm tn tb, U'bl.r V ,ilnnnl rn,...,ii.. lako vvere let in, aiid a boat ciiinmeticed its voy- ,p, " .. , . . . .' arrived just as the father wan an officer of tho Conway, who vouches for Its ' correctness. Wo shall look farther Intelligence from theso Islands with no littlo anxiety and apprehension. Kxecullvc Svmpntlilcs A Civil War rages in Yucatan. The Indians, who have long been " hewers nf wood" to their scarcely less savage Spanish Masters, have turn ed upon and are rendingtheir oppressors, There m in-llllllg, ,,liu VVOUIU SlippOSU, ill BMOII IV WHT" faro, to awaljen, in an eminent degree, tlie sytn- niinics 01 1110 American liovernmcni. nut our President, while ho has Armies engaged in a sanguinary War aanintt Snanitrds in Mexico, proposes mat Congress shall send an Army lor the protection of Spaniards In Yucatan ! M Ins Is a strange proceeding. It is suscepti ble of but ono solution. Mr. Polk comes to the rcsciteofa "domestic institution in ucalan, kindred to ono which exists in our own Country. The Indians of Yucatan, like tlie Africans of our Southern States, aro Slaves. President Polk views the rising there as an Insurrection, and hence the demonstration of sympathies which are not, in other respects, easily awakened. W hile a Member ol Congress, during the ri gors of an unusually severe winter, the Poor of v-l.i. e.. ... -f ..-I , iisoingioi. were pensiiiug tur wuui. 01 .no.. Congress was tho Legislative guardian of the District of Columbia. A Resolution appropria ting Wood for the relief of the perishing Poor of the City of Washington was introduced, lint WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 10, 18 18. Another jLeltcr Irom Gen. Tnylor. The following loiter from Gen. Taylor was written two days boforo tho one wo published in Saturday Evening's Free Press the latter be ing dated "April 22d." The bravo old soldier is busy getting himself "in position," preparatory to a " fight on his own hook." lie says, below, that ho don t Intend lo withdraw Ins name from the canvass " whoever may bo the nominee of tho National Convention cither of tho Whig or Democratic Party. I hose Conventions will rep resent the great hody of the American People. Tliey will be composed of delegates selected, in most instances, by the people themselves, and by them charged with the duty of designating a can di late for tlie Presidency. It is indisputable that, in no event whatever, can the nominees of thoso Conventions fail to command tho support of a last majority of their constituents. Now, Gen. Taylor has repeatedly said that tho only consideration that could injure him to per mit his name to be used as a candidate for the high offico of President, (for the duties of which he has often expressed himself conscious of a simial want of qualification arizing both from ed it encountered tiio oppose"" of .Mr. Polk. He j UCilti()n ailJ occupation), was that it should bo CIIEtillllli: ItAlI.ltOAI). would not Voto a. cord b'f wood to relieve women mid children who Were perishing in sight of the Capitol I Again, after ho' had become President, a sore, Wasting Famine, ovcrsprpad Ireland. Thousands were sinking into untimely graves for lack of food. The kinsmen of those who were starving bad elevated Mf. Polk to the Presidency, and IL-nm ll!ilt.tir l.ta titltlnalr, Mnvinn rl'liM Amnr. ican People gave liberally and cheerfully. The Hon. WasiIixuton Hunt, responding to the public sympathy, submittal a Resolution appro priating, from the Treasury, half a million of dollars for the Relief of Ireland. Hut Ibis glorious manifestation of National sympathy encountered Executive- opposition ! The ques tion was referred to n Committee whose action was controlled by the Executive. Tho Prcsi- lent said that the moilcv was needed to prose cute the War. The proposition was strangled ! The money which was asked for to .iie life in Ireland, was sent to rfiWrotylifo in Mexico. Hut now, when Slaves, have turned upon their Masters in Yucatan, James K. Polk, who was deaf to the sulk-rings of the penshtng Poor in Washington ; whoo heart was as cold as marble to the aconv of starving Millions in Ire land, sends a mesago lo Congress, recommend ing that the Navy and the Army of the United States should be sent to pm down a Revolution in Yacutan ! Albany lite. Journal. 2T In printing the Official result of the vote for Council of Censors, the Daili Sentinel elects Air. Shaflor, one of the amphibious candidates, and complacently lemarks as follows: It will he seen thai Hell. lowest whiff. received oyer nerpont, highest item. 1.10b votes, ond chatter on dem. and lib. ticket,. isu over Hell. You must cypher it over again, my young friend. Tho " wMi was father to the thought' no doubt, but can't bo gratified. You have made your " liguros lie. " Hell, lowest wing, re ceived over Itedlicld highest dem," 1859 votes, and "hiialter, on ilem. and liberal ticket, il l under Hell ! " Please rectify, astlie gentleman politely remarked to tho barrel of whiskey. Hr.NRV Clay's Cmrur..YR. The circular of Ledrn Rollin, which we published yesterdaj, did not prove a greater lire-brand among the kid glove d Republicans nf Paris than tint of old " Harry of ll.e West," lately Issued from Lex ington, did among our" Whig friends of this city. That circular nrrivod here jeatcrdiy in an extra f... n I ovtiisTmii o-ipcr. ntiil wan frpelv circulated among tho peoplo. The emotions its perusal excited were various and conflicting. Plie Whig Taylorites gnashed their teeth with apparent that "tho people" "spontaneously," and without distinction of party, demanded it. llo speak", in the letter below, ol iho position in which " the peoplo" have placed him, with an apparent confidence in his knowledge cf the wishes and opinions of " the people" that is rath er amusing. Hut " llio people " in every Stato in this Un ion, we believe without exception, have chosen delegates to represent their withes and opinions in the two great National Conventions which are soon to assemble in the Cities of Baltimore and Philadelphia. These delegates have been ap pointed by "the people," with a full knowledge of tho claims, pretensions and qualifications of the various distinguished men in the country whoso names have been mentioned in connec tion with tho Presidency, among whom Gen. Taylor has been, by his friends, made especially prominent, to deliberate and choose from among them a candidate forrho suffrages of thai noi lion of "the people" which they, respectively, repre sent. We, of course, do not know that both Con ventions will not nominate Gen. Taylor. Per haps that gallant old veteran has been led to sun- pose that they will. Hut how can he, without tho most transparent want of consistency, and with out a ridiculous abandonment ol tlie high "posi lion" he claims to occupy towards " the people,'' gravely assert that ho shall not withdraw his name from the canvass, if neither Convention should sec lit to place him in nomination ! Tho Conventions, as we have before saidj are tlie chosen representatives of the' very " people " at whoso disposal ho is so willing to place bis name, and without whose concurrence ho de clares lid will not sitfier it lo be used ; and vet he now avows himself to be a candidate whether " the people," thus represented, choose to nomi nate hiin or not! Whether this "changing of front" a mannjiivre more common and proper in military, than in civil or political operations will bo looked upon by either convention as trib utary to its self-respect, or will to likely to strengthen or increase the advocates of Gen. Taylor's nomination, remains to be seen. We think it will nof. We believe that neither Con vention, will so far forget its own dignity, or the respect that is due lo "the people whom tliey represent, as to thruM upon den. laylor a noin ination that he unequivocally declares, before hand, ho cares nothing about. That the Wni'J National Convention will do so, wo regard as wholly imposiihlu. Eminent and distinguished Whig Statesmen and patriots, men who have scrv ed their country and added lustre to its annals, SIIO.ll mOt. BB P. X V,VltbTPI(,Pl il-Tllf, ClIHW IN, McLean, Crittenden, Mangum, carh, by tho true value of Ins patriotic services, by his uc quaintanco with tho principles and policy of the Wo aro glad to learn, as wo do by a notice in tho Kceno (N. II.) Sentinel, which we copy bo low, that this noble public work is progressing Willi steady success. As wo have before had occasion to say, this line of road is building in iho most sub-tantial and admirable manner, creditable to the efficient and intelligent Hoard of Directors, nnd to the Engineers who have charge of the work J and wo are quite sure the public approbation and patronago will bo gener ously bestowed upon it Wo understand that the stupendous work at " the Surry Summit," (some six miles north from Kcene,) which is in tho hinds of tho ener getic and thorough Contractors, the Messrs. Parmalee, is in a fine state of progress, nnd will be pushed forward to completion with all justifiable despatch ; so that the entire line, to Hollows Falls, may bo confidently expected to bo ready for opening, witli some 25 miles of the Rutland road, (to Ludlow) at tho time here tofore fixed by tho Directorsof the latter road. Theso two Railroads, tho Cheshire and tun Rutland and Burlington, forming as they will links in a mot desirable nnd important chain of communication between Boston and Lake Chain- plain, and thence with other business regions of the lirst magnitude and consequence, win ne cessarily attract an immense amount of travel no less hv the nlcturcnucncssand beauty of the sections of country through which they pene trate, the substantial and elegant structures of masonry, which they will afford for public admi ration, and tlie great natural obstacles which they will have overcome, than by the tendency of business and trade. 1 he persevering energy and ability which have been displayed in bring-1 ing both enterprises to a point where their speedy , completion is rendered certain, are worthy of all praise. w lien we con-ider the importance in ine oinor railroad connections of the Cheshire, less direct,

though unavoidably contributory to an important extent to its prosperity, nothing appears more certain than that tho business and income of that Road will render its stock always desirable, ind completely lustily tho large expenditure re quired for its construction. Tho following is the article alluded to, irom the Kcene Sentinel : or the Cuf.suicc I'Ati.iunn to Kr.r.xn. The Directors have fixed upon Tuesday, the lfith inat. as tlie ihy for opening the road to this town. Ar rangements ore also making Dy ire citizens oi tnc vil lage to celebrate tlie important event by a public din ner, to which all tliat can be acconinioiloted will 1 invited. 1 h tallies are to oecupy the platform within the Depot, extending about 210 teet. Invitations ore to be extended to all the stockholders, and also to oth er distinguished gentlemen, luvludmg ollteers ol oilier roads. It . anticipated too that th--re will be, on the occasion, a large gathering ot people from oil the neighboring towns The citieus we irti-i, will make it o point to throw open their liou-es ond turnish, iu addition to the public entertainment, nil the hospitoli tii s which the cucuuistauces and the occasion will ad mit. I he rails are already laid within one mile of the De pot, ami the shrill whistle of the locomotive has been heard in tlie village, giving warning that old tunesare passing away andthat tho era of steam has began iu our pleasant village. rage tho Claviles. wno lorm uy no means tlie . i ...,. ,! 1,1. n,,ni.i,.iinn. in,l,ini.ior smallest party in our city, tlnutcd aloud for the its affairs, lir superior to Gen. Tavlor, stand old burner nnd the old leader the 1 aylor dem-, Teniv t acquiesce in the deliberate decision of ocrits chuckled with delight at their triumph tho Whig National Convention, and to give lo over tho Whig allies, who wish to force the old nomjn,.c their cordial sunrort. That the General upon them as a ' good but not an u tr.i , cilMns 0f s-uch men will bo set aside by that vmig, uuu .in.' .' -"' iwcuiocos iookou Ijoii vc lit 1 on , lor the purpose of tendering a .;.v bhiiii, um iru-1-.i .in., i nmnine, nun -oviiitii uui ;,0rf( nomination to the author ot the follow indispo-eu to view wim lavnr their old and stout hearted foes, tho dauntless champions of tlie Knight of Ashland. X. (). Delta, a neutral pa-per. ing letter, wo no more believe than we believ that the true welfare of the Republic (which is averse Irom War) is best consulted bv rcirard- ing military achievements, however brilliant, by ine me u.usi uxaueu auurespunsiuic cm. 01.100- ILTTho Locofoco District Convention, the other day adroitly conciliated all three of the ,.rom thc Uic!lmonJ (V Uepllb,icrm of Ma. 2 ,m:w lorii uivi-loiiK o. "lie nartv." 1 hov 1 u- : 1 r... .-.!. nan - enciteu uy one iron, the editors ul tins paper, propounu u'ro'e Frco Tirritory rcso'utions. for the burners ; rejected them tor the "Old Hunkers;" aid held their meeting in theceiWrAiiWicii of the Court House for the " Subterraneans 1" The U. S. Ship Vermont. The Hunker Hill ' inir tlie lollow-iui; inouiries " It has been slated in some of thc pipers iu a mot positive manner, that you have said, if Henry Clay be the nominee of the lug Xational Convention, you w in .101 suiier your name 10 oe useu as a culminate, .l, .. ..1.. ........1 i...i.. .t.-. ; . Aurora says that the report which it published versatiom. you have declared that vou'ore in t.nor ol a few weeks ago, that the great ship Vermont the Tarill'ol 'iri, of the Sub-Treasury, of the War was about to be repaired andlaunched.has prov-' '" 'act tic responsibility of the war lielongs toou ed lo he correct. Orders to this ein-ct were re. oR.l?,h".' .1,.el.',c,eJ '.""'. )' ' chuo our 1 ii-! 1 1 1 11 1 wumuti irom ikhii parties, reived on l rul.iy, and vvnrkmcn have already We respectively solicit an answer to the following uoioiiioiieei. operitiious, .nu iiuront says 11. ai ' questions: the Vermuut will require pretty extensive re-' '- Will you refuse the nomination of a Whig Na tiona Convention? ' ' ' ' ,'. , 2. Do you design to withdraw if Henry Clay or any i.u siijijiusii um is ,1 pi uniuiiiiory syinp.oin ouier mail snail lie I lie candidate ( of President Polk's, intention of " annexing " 1 JArr! hoT joeV' lu ucatan to litis micellaneoiii Republic. The war, and should select your Cabinet from both par- "iu B.nii, i, inu ueiicr rot on lilt-, HOCK: the boat entered the canal at Buffalo, thc tiring commenced and was continued iu succession till the intelligence reached the city, which was at twenty minutes past eleven o'clock, occupying one hour and twenty minutes. Tho acknowl edgment of the receipt of this intelligence was returned in the saino manner. Thin velocity averaged about half the velocity of sound, which travels at the rato nf 1 142 feet per second. The Intelligence Is to-day communicated by light ning instantaneously. . Y. liieuiug "o, May 1. 3TTI.0 following are the concluding para graphs of the address of the Whin s of the Mas sacliusetta Legislature to the Whigs of the Union : .Massachusetts is Whig always Whig : Now the following resolution : llesnlicd, That in order the mnro fully and effectually to carry , out the views of the Clay Whigs oMhe -it I Ward, that no man bo on the nominating committee who is known or even suspectedt of being)otlir than un out and out. uncompromising, devoted friend of Hesiiv Ci.av. Which was unanimously ndoptcd. G1.0. Jonks oirered'tTie following resolution : iWio.That tlje Delegates from tin.- Ward to the Whig County Convention, which meets in the village of New Scotland on S-.itiinl.iv I next, to select a suitable person to represent tins congressional District in tho National Whig Convention, which assembles Iu Phila ilelphia on the "th of June, bo, nnd they are hereby instructed to voto for 110 man ns such Delegate other than a lirni, unwavering friend of rvmpathv with our levered (-talesman is tirrt d iu bis behalf by these alllictions. " When sorrows press, they come not single spies, Hut in battalions." -.Y. lr. Liprets. England is WM!i be 1- ree Mates 1 of the North 1 f Henry Clay as tho Whig candidate for the are ; ixc my tuuuiuaiu .or u.o 1 rest- I' dency is to be chosen, if chosen at all, bv tboir VOies, III 11. Kill l.tu l.ta... siru.lgl.I Ul u.o wings of the Union is found and 110 Witiii I'rcsidcnt can be elected without them. It is but just, therefore, that they should have an Influence in thc choice of a candidate, propor tioned to the strength they contribute to his elec tion. ( )n bohal f of ono of theso Free States, not the youngest nor least known, wo declaro our deter mination to support u candidate who belongs not tii the North only, but to the whole country ; whose name and fame are guaranties of his fide lily to the great principles which wo profess ; under whom the interests 01 an win ne surety and equally protected ; who will maintain the Comtitutiou as it is,-tlie Union as it is, but who will not suffer us to be overbalanced by annexa tions of foreign territory j nor by tho lurther ex tension of the institution of Slavery, which is equally repugnant to the feelings and incompa tible witli the political lights of theFiee States: A mail-under whoso guidance, we may feel our selves safe, and.the institutions of the country sccifrc : and w ho slrall revive our hopes of main taining while we live, and of leaving touurdes- residency. Wnicli was also adopted. In tlie 7th Ward : W. G. Weed oflered tho following resolution : Uesolml, That our delegates ha and hereby aro instructed to vote for no delegate to tho Na tional Convention, unless ho is a wolbtried friend of Hesrv Clav, believing him still lo be the people's lirst, eccbjid iipd last choice for Pre sident. Which unanimously carried. In tho luih Ward: On motion, the followin" resolutions wcro unanimously adopted 0 liesolied, Thai the Whig Electors of tho Tenth Ward of the city of Albany, pledge them elves to to give llExny Clav a majority of 200 votes in tho ard, at tho ensuing fall election, if he shall bo nominated for the Presidency at the National Convention at Philadelphia iu Juno next. HcsoUeJ, That tho Delegates appointed at tho meeting, to meet in County Conu-ntloi,, be, and they are hereby, Instructed to vote for a Delegate to represent the county of Albany in tho Na tional Convention at J'JiiJadelphla In June iiexli who will vole lurllLNi'tv Clav, lirt.1, Usu and ai the time. Highly Important from the Trench West Indies. The arrival of the barque Ann D. Richardson at this port, yesterday, l'linn HaiUidues, briugs us files of papeis from Antigua to .March 30lh, fiotu which we lenni that the news of tho Revo lution in France had reached Gn'adaloupe. It had caused a great sensatiun there, as might bo expected though the conduct of the Pro visional Government, in abolishing Slavery, was the subject of sevoro comment, and tho worst results wcro apprehended fiotu Iho measure. An otiibrcaKon llio part of the slaves was con fidently anticipated. A letter from HdsseTerrc, dated Match 28U1, says the country thereabout was quiet, hut business was all at u pause. No money, no discount, 110 sales nf produce, 110 vessels to carry It oil! The following procla mation was issued m soon as tho Revolution was uuduuuccd : PltOCLAMATIO.Y. Inhabitants of tJeAiiii.nrrr! A provisional (iou-rnmeiit riniaees In 1-' ranee, the one instituted under the Charier of 1H30. France is quite at liberty to adopt any Institutions upon which the majority ol the nation may decide. . . . The people ofriuadaioupeiniistawaitwith patience and cniiliJeuce the result at which tlie appointed Me tropolitan government may arrive, will, regurd to Liuaucipahon, a measure quite reconcilable with llieir acquired righti The precautionary step taken by the Colonial t iiuneil of (ii.adaloiiie has the entire upprnhntion of the Provisional (iiivernment, reserving lo itsell, however, the further consideration ol the means necessary for its completion I.AVI'.I.i;, (Jovemor. Government House, March St., ISM. The Hridgetown (llarb.idues) Globe, tho 10th ult., states that accounts from Martinique toHio 8th of April announce that a revolt of the slave population was hourly expected to take place, In consequence of tho postponement by the Proi visiuual Government of llieir emancipation un til llio.' 'present crop bad been reaped. A? the It. M. Steamer. Conway was passing, tho Island about I o'clock A M 011 (he same ihiy.-iin es tate VvaS observed to boon fire; thlsln'fnnnation was communicated to the Uarbadocs cditur by 3 ."Cant, Walker, a gallant olllcer nf the I). S. Army who was id mgerously wounded near the Cit y of Mexico, reached here lait evening, in the Cars from Hnll'alo. I Iu has been brought all GEN. TAYLOR'S I! KPLY. IIato.s- Kocue, 1.3., April SO, ISH. Dear Pir Your letter of the 10th inst , which nl bides to certain statements that nave recently liet- nnde iu some ot the naoers at the North, and which 1 . . . - 1 1 the way from Mexico, in his bed, beiinrToo r"'l'""e8ormycons,aera..on,nasoceu ill even to sit up. From New Orleans, he pas- j To your inquiries I have respectively to reply: sed up thq Mississippi 11 nd Ohio Rivers, from First. That il nominated by the Whig National thence across to Lake F.ric.aiul from lluff.ilo in ' Convention, I . shall , relu-e acceptance, provided I ,i..(-N p.,,,,,;,. u' 1..0. i,,,,,,,,,!.,! , aiulelt tree ol oil pledges, and K-rniiiti-d to maintain the Cars. Csplain . w as neenn pained, wo j,,,..;,,,,,, of iM,ieoeii,le,ire of all names in winch the understand, by thc burgeon ol Ins Uoginicnt , people and my own sense of duty have placed ine .iiuany j.ic. .lournai. oinerwisr 1 snail leiuse ine nomination 01 any conven . , 11011 or iiarlv. Thn fidlnvviorr U n'onml Idol, whnover mov lm ., ri.''coiidly.-I do not design to withdraw my name r .. ' tho author of it : If every pa'm nmlrare wc fee, Could burn upi-ii oiirbrnw, How muiiy heiirEtf would move to heal, That strive to etusl. u. nuw. Troy Daily Pojf. It is a poor paraphfasc, or caricature, of a far better verso : "' " If every one's internal grief Were w rim n on his brow, How- many would our pity move, Thai wake qur envy now !" TIIH CROPS. A much larccr quantity of land ha been ploughed and sown than is usual in this time nf the year. This is owing to the dryne" of the weather, the same cause and severe trosts have kept back vegetation, especially gra, to an extent that makes the fanners grumble. Buffalo Com. Adi: of Monday. Tlie farms in this vicinity are much in want of rain for the corn crop, and vegetation gener ally. c bad jesteruay copious showers and a tC7" The bill, declaring Whitehall a Port of Entry, his been reported to the I louse ol IfcpreK-nlatives.anil referred to the Committee ol the Whole, and will come up In its order. An application is 10 oc intiue 10 vdiiiKii-m i. . to Ilridge Lake Chamnioin at Rouse's Point. It will be strenuously opposed by th' member from tins dis trict. Remonstrances had better be sent on at once' U iitcliiill (Jhronicle. This is tlie first intimation we have seen that an attempt will be made to induce Congress to grant authority to Bridge the navigable waters of the I.ako ; and in our opinion, those who seen to bo Invested with this authority will thus go to the proper quarter in 6earch of it. 0 believe then success in cither the Legislature of Vermont or New York would have been of no practical ad vantage to them ; though we should bo sorry to see our own Legislature so far forgetting the true interests of tlie Stato as to show a willingness to permit the construction of tho Bridge in ques tion. That an application to Congress will prove any nioro successful, wo do not believe. Thu navigable waters of this Lake arc becoming, ev ery year of greater national and international consequence, and we ininK congress woum en tertain a proposition to throw a bridgo across tho Hudson, from Governor's Island to tho Jer sey shore, as soon as they would to plant a sim ilar obstruction across LakeCbamplain. Scarce ly a Session passes without more or less legisla tion, in Washington, for promoting the interests of Commerce and Navigation on this Lake ; and a bill is now pending in the House of Represen tative, having been prepared and favorably re ported by Mr. Grinnellof Masachusctts, Cbair man of the Committee on Commerce, making important provisions respecting transit duties between Canada and the United States, tlie pas sage of which seems to bo certain, nnd will great ly add to the commercial importance of the nav igable waters of this as well as the other lakes that form avenues of communication with Cana da, and immensely increase the carrying trade between the two countiic". The following is the explicit provision of this bill, as we find it it set forth in a letter from the Washington cor respondent of the N. Y. lixpress, of Saturday lat: " He it enacted, &c., That the President of the Unit ed States shall issue his proclamation that the articles hcreinalter enumerated being the growth and produc tion of the United plates, and admitted into the Prov ince of Canada by law tree of duty : that on and af ter that day, the like articles being thc grow th or pro duction ol said Province of Canada shall be admit ted into the United Slates free of duty, when impor ted direct from said Province, so long as the same enumerated articles arc admitted into the said Prov ince of Canada,, Irom the United States, free of duty, unlcs- otherwise directed by Congress, to wit ; gram and breadstutls of oil kinds, vegetobles, fruits, an imals, hides, wool, tallow, horns, salted and fresh meats, ores of all kinds of metals, stc. Wc should be sorry to be seriously accused of a factious or blind opposition to t!.e project of Bridging our Lake, which we know is sought to be carried out by many of the most respected, intelligent and energetic of the business men of Vermont, New York and Massachusetts. Our 1-nstilitv to the measure, of very small conse quence as we know it to bo, is founded wholly on considerations affecting much larger and more comprehensive interests than aro those which are sought to be promoted by it. At least so it appears to us ; nnd claiming very little for the correctness of our judgment in the matter, we know, nevertheless, no good general rule but to follow its honest dictates. A CRASH! This afternoon at about half past two o'clock while tho workmen on the fine three-story brick building which Mr. Amasa Drew is erecting on Water Street, opposite the Exchange Hotel, pretty good fall of rainthe beneficial effects of were engaged in elevating the rafters to their po which will soon be visible. sitions, ono of the shores or props, which sus- The fruit has not been materially injured by , ,;,! ,t, smsa tfmhers. it- mv. tho front tlie colil weather, and we are likely to have a .. ... ,, ... ...,,, were ...::. gomi nun i-crtfon. ...... , , , , The Wheat Crop throughout Virginia, is said tatcd amid a tailing mass of tunters and brick to to promise an unusual yield Aur. Beacon, I tho first floor, a distance of some 35 or 40 feet ! Maui The peacb orchards nf the celebrated Mifflin estates, near Wrightville, York county, in this tato have not been at all injured by the Irn.-ts. The indications are that we rlmll have a plenti ful supply of this delightful and unequalled fruit. I'ennujhanian of May 3. XTxf The attention of Whigs, as Is natural, is about equally divided between the important questions w ho will be thc Whig nominees and who the Locofoco, We cannot sav we are Very "lidgely" about the Whig iiotiiin.-ition. We ore prepared to support the candi dates when duly nominated ; but we do teel anxious' about the Locos. We go fur " Poik ond Pillow," whereas the liurhugton Free Press attempts to chal lenge public admiration for ins ticket, viz Ilou-ion and l'oote ! We can't give it up though. Clarcmont l.Y 11.) Vagle. " Polk and Pillow " icould bo rather a nice ticket. The alliteration is captivating. Pays Pillow to Polk, It would be a rich joke Could w e flog these revilers of ditches ; Says Polk unto Pillow-, You soft-pated fellow, They've got the advantage of us in that scrape, and you was on everlasting fool 10 go digging the cussed tilings inside of tlie breastwork, and thus expose your self and me to these .Mexican Whig sons of. SltAKsPEARE " It appears to me," Faid a small a) man iu Allen's shaving saloon the other day, " it appears to me that they mako a great deal of fus with this fellow, Shaksjioare ! I'd iust like to know what it's all about. Whv. if it wan"t for his writings, be never would have I been heard ol '." I'liore were eight men on the buildin!? at tho j moment, and Messrs Sett, and James Morse and I one or two others were in the basement. They I all escaped unhurt, or with slight injury, except ing two Edmund Powell, a inaon in the em ploy of Messrs. .Morse, and a Mr. Vandewater.a 1 carpenter, who resides in Willsborongh, N. Y. j .Mr. Powell was thrown out-ide of thc building and nearly buried beneath the brick and mulish ; lie was extricated, however, very soon, and though very severely cut and bruised, is not considered to be fatally hurt. Mr. Vandewater fell with the timbers plank Arc. within the walls, and was so seriously injured that be is not ex cepted to recover. He was carried to his resi dence, an hour after tJc occurrence, in a stato of entire insensibility. It is certainly remarkable that s much greater loss of life was not occa sioned by this deplorable accident. Too cawc of the disaster (unfortunate in its consequences to Mr. Drew, and tenfold unfor tunate iu the probable and poss'iblo loss of life that attends it,) was unquestionably that the cross-timbers were not sufficiently shoral or propped to sustain tho weight that was upon them. A single strip of ordinary plank, not more than 8 or 9 inches wide, was" all the prop ping that was jdaced under each timU'r; and the width of the building rendered additional, or greatly stronger props, necessary as a matter of the most ordinary precaution. The lesion of prudence taught by the calamity that inevitably followed so obvious a negligence, will not, wa trust, be forgotten. A Hit. .1 Case. if Mr. Clay be the nominee of the Whin National Con vention and, iu this connection, 1 beg permission to reiunk, the statements whieh hove lieeu so positively made 111 some of the Northern prints, to the .-fleet " that should Mr. Clau be the nominee of the 11'A.V yatiomil Convention" I had stated, " that 1 would uot suffer my name to be used" are not correct, and hive. .10 Inundation in an oral or written remark ot mine. It has not been my intention, at any moment, to chonge tny position or to withdraw my name trom the canvass, whoever may lie the nominee ol the Na tional Convention, eiiUcr of the Whig or Democratic jurty. Thirdly I hove never stated to any one thai I was in favor of the Tarill'ol '16 of the Sub Treasury, nor that I originated the war with Mexico Nor, finally, 1 should (if elected) select my cabinet from both iarties. No such admissions or statements were a 1.... :..n :.. .: :.. .1 ii-iiii . u 11 11 1 v -. t-r in tins ill t . uui 111.111 v 1 - 1 , , , r. . - ,. . inane oy me, ni any nine, 10 any ts-rsou. " hitl'X '11 i:.!",-' should such big.: ill England, rather unexpectedly. When tho news came to tho poor fellow, as ho clickcMe- i lacUt at his loom, bo stopped stock still and said' Well, I supiioso 1 must spend this money straight.' Tho fortune, some twenty odd thou sand dollars, was duly realized and duly spent. For two brief years did tho oor weaver travel, make' merry, and riot upon all the luxuries of the 1 ind. Hut'twn years did tho job, nnd he return ep to his loom as poor as a church mouse, but as merry as a cricket, and worked away again for his daily bread, perfectly satisfied with the 'good time' ho had enjoyed while his fortuno lasted. His friends called him green, hut ho laughed at these gilios und worked tho harder. In a twelvemonth's time, off jmpped another rich relative, and the news, ost haste, come to tho jolly weaver, that ho was again the possessor of a haudsnino fortune. Stopping his loom, and looking sorrowfully at tho letter, bo desjionding ly said '-, Good I leavens! is it possiblo that mihs go through all thai again V Boston um-tiltr. I distinction lie conferred upon r.u- as that of elevation , to the Executive olliee, the Constitution, in a strict uuu 111.11-1., iiiiiliii, uuu .1. u.e spin, ouii inoue iu winch it was acted upon by our earlier Presidents, would ! my chief guide. In this, I conceive to lie all that is necessary in tlie w ay of pledges. The election of another candidate would occasion no mortification to me, but lo such a result, as the will of ll.e people, I should willingly and calmly submit. A I have no ambition to serve, but iu the desire to solve my country, it would bring to me no disapiwiut inenl. Willi sentiments ol high resjiect and regard, I remain you( most ob't servant, '. TAYI.OIt, O, P. Ilaldwin Esq , or Ro. H. Gallaher, Esq., 1MI of Richmond Republic, Richmond, Va. The Eighth nnd Ninth of .May. Yesterday and to-day complete tho second an niversarics of the hard-fought Unties of Palo ... , . ' Alto and Hesacv do lal'ALviA: the pnenini Virginia Li.ecti.iv. We have returns from ,v,n ,- . ., " nI't"l" forty five counties, which have elected to the 1 , "P0110"3 " the War with Mexico, m llon-e of Delegates 30 Whig and'Jl Locofocos, " '"ch Gen Taylor, with but about 2,300 officers being a net Whig loss, conjured with last year and men of the Regular Army, comjiletely routed 0,i7srn,e,;n,e;lt,, ,1 wi t .i c 1 ouie 0,000 or 7,000 Mexicans under the co.n I is reported that tho U lugs lose the Senator nnnd of Arista. The recurrence of these an ... the I Buckingham district, and have certainly niversaries, if it servo lo remind us of tho grow gained the Senator in the Accomac district. i abuse of Executive authority in President Polk 1 hero seem, to have been but little interest through which they have become mcmor.blc, excited in the election, and but lew votes polled, will ulso perpetuate the noblest testimony to the Ba.t. 1 at., .Monday. snA ne(ta tllat 10 Militarv lnstUu,ion ,t est Point, (which bn. so iten lsren tho hobby of attack by clamorous demagogues in and out of Congress,) lias conferred and is conferring upon the Country by rendering Its defences m- tiwio;c. we believe no Armv n tho world xx.vth co.;it ess. Tuesday Moy S. llotb Houses adjourned toattend the funeral ol Pen alor Ashley. Wednesday Mav 3 Sevate The Presidents message iu relation to j was ever equal to our own, in its morale, In the cultivated intelligence, tho scientific skill in I'LI.IB (IC lliriuilll. .111".,!; r!ltlOI! .O . .1 .' . fl 1 , Yucatan was referred to the committee on Forehm As. too Ingli senso of honor, and the cool ln. Relations. I trcpidity of its Regular Ollicers Certainly his. ' J0)' furnishes no parallel to tho achievements of BT Will the Sentinel inform us whether tho Barnburners In New York (whoso " dissen sions" with the Old Hunkers it looks upon as "ridiculous" and "disgusting,") do, or do not, maintain that Congress havo power to prevent Iho introduction of Slavery into tho Territoric of this Union where it docs not now exist ? Mr Duller of S. C. from the Committee on the Jn dietary, reported a bill in lavor ot laciliatu.g the re covery of lugitive slaves, and iuqiosing a jieualty ol ItKnJ for aiding to rescue ony slaves from the servi ces of llieir owners. Mr Under also presented a re jiort on the subjtct, which wus ordered lo be jirmted. Mr. Hale ot N. H submitted a resolution instruct ing the fonuuitte on the Judiciary lo inquire and re port whal legislation was necessary to jirotect colored cilucns trom uon-slavcholdiug Slates in the enjoy, meut of their constitutional rights, &.C., which was adopted without debate. On motion of .M, Oouglassof 111. the Senate took up the bill in favor ol grinning public lands tor li.e purjiose of constructing a rail road connecting tlie Mississippi Hivcr with the Northern I-akes nt Chi cago. Aileron auuualed debate, it was iassed by )i-iis'2I, nays II. Mr. Cass gave hoticc that he would move to take up the Volunteer bill tomorrow. Adjourned. I Iocs t of ItrrRESEXTATiVLS The House assem bled at II u'clock a. ., when .Mr McClelland ot Mich., from the select Committee. In which the sub jeet had been rclcrred,rcirted favorably of WlntiievV Roil ltoad roiosiug lo connect Lake Michigan with ll.e Pacific. Plie reKrl was ordered to lie printed. , 'H'.'.,",08.111","' V0' moved Hint the Committee of the W hole tie discharged from the lurther considcra lion ol irginia Laud Warrants. (),, motion an interesting debate took jiioee, in which the lollowins gentleman participated: Mr Taylor of Ohio. Mr McC emonol 111. .Mr. Cnllnmernf v. ai. V ' and others. The subject was finally relerrcd back gam to ihc Cemmiitce of the Whole. Tavlor's nnd Sentt's entnnntfTtia u.L.n .11 .. r , . . H "..sti at. inu embarraslng circumstances aro properly consi dered ; and to tho Influence and example of the West Point Officers, to a much greater extcn than is generally supposed, and w ithout detract ting a jot from the just praise duo to the Vol unteers,are those achivements owing. The Xew York Barnburners, John Vax Bukex, in his late Hudson speech, thus pours oil on what tho Sentinel considers the " ridiculous and disgusting" dissensions in the Locofuco party in New ork. The Sentinel will be obliged to go "at 'em again !" John faith in tlie strength of OM Hunkerisin, is annu ingly small! Hear him: "But let tho Baltimore Convention forco upon the North the narrow and miserablo lest to which some gentlemen of tho South have committed themselves let them exclude our Delegates from their Convention, and banish the abvocalcs of freedom from their list of Presiden. tial candidates, and the nominee of their Conven tion, when the polls close in this State, will require affuUtiits lo proie that he has been running at all !''