Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 19, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 19, 1848 Page 1
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BUKLINOTON, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1848. Vol. XXI. Whole IV o. 301. Sew Scries, Vol. a IVo. 47 BURLING rox AGRICULTURAL Warehouse ami Seed Store, 11Y PiHIlCti, DAVKY Ac CO. Constantly on hand n large ossnrt iTient of KnriiiinR Utcnil, Garden Imiilemenla. Field. Garden and F'W" ALSO, DEALER IN STOVES, TOVE riPE, TlttMMlN'JS All) HOLLOW-WAItE. COLLEGE STREET. BURLINGTON MARKET, BT W. C. HARRINGTON. MEATS, FISH, AND VEGE TA BLE S, of every variety, Lard, Tallow, Candles etc. At the Corntr of Church and College Strittt. -Am R. It AT C.H E I-D 12 It 'S ill BOOT AND SHOE S TORE, f 1U. chnrch-trrct. New York, Boston, nnJ FarweH'fl Ladles mid Gr.nllcmcu's Hoots nnd Shoes, cf every description and c'.y'.e, Constantly on hand. Slurs Mi '.dour north of LoetWt, iml directly oppo' lite D. Kertit, near UoKiirtte Store, Church St. ' Anotliecnrles' Hall," GEORGE E. HARRINGTON, Proprietor, ifitn, ttilf 1 Mn RFTJUt. tir.AT.CR IN JRUQ8 AND MEDI0INE8, Harrington' tBuilding.Cor.ChurchCoUH mini w jt. DtlF.ttiS ATTORNEYS & COUNSELLORS AT LAW AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY. P. A. SMALLEY. E rilELrS. ORDINARY AND FANCY Executed nt tlie Free Presii Office mill CARE AND PUNCTUALITY. C. W. DREW, fh Ciiatr and Caiunet Manufacturer, 1 Two Doors South County Home, Church St., Hcrlinotov, Vt. All kinds of work in the above line made to order on the shortest notice. I. SHERWOOD & CO.'S AUCTION AND COMMISSION STORE, West Side SquAiiE. Constantly on hand Cabinet Furniture, Chairs, Look' ing Glasses, &.c. JOHN BRADLEY &. CO., WHOLES ILL DEALER' IN Enslish and American Bar, Holt, Uod, Slit, Hoop ond BAND IRON, , Pig Iron.Coal, Sheet Iron, Tin. Dolt and Sheet Copper nails, glass, Plaster, Wet and Dry Groceries, Flour, Salt, Burr Mill Stones, Ilolting Cloth., Sheetings. STORAGE AND FORWARDING Csirow-Aouje Agenti and Commission Merchant; John BRABLsr, ) Sou,h whnrr, NaTU'L A. 'I CCttER, f 11I,..f.TnV Tho's. H. CanfieldJ PURLIN C.TON. AMOS C. 8PEAR, Apothecary anil Druggist, DEALER i.v Patent and Tiwmpsoxian Medicines. Chemicals, Sursical ond Dental In struments, Mineral Teeth, Foils, Leeches, russes, Mineral Waters, Druggist's Glass Ware, Brushes, Perfumery. Soaps, Dye-Stuff, Comphciie, Inks, Black ings, kc. Sic. Church street, Burlington, Vt. J. MITCHELL, MERCHANT TAILOR, General lUady-Made Clothing Store. Church Street, Burlington, M. J. M. PERKINS, M. D. Burlington, Vt. CONSUMPTION. ASTHMA, AND LIVER COMPLAINT, CAN UE CURED. AND M. Q. RATHBUN St. CO. MERC II A X T TAILORS, No. 2 Peek's Ulock. M G Rviitnes & Co. keep constantly on hand n extensive and fu" assortment of Cloths lor every description ofClolhing ; nnd are prepared at all limes to supply every article in the line oi Ociitlcinen s I ur- mstiing ijoois. X. O. RATHBl'N. C. F. WARD. E. & E. IjY.UA IV, tiEAixas IN Enrlish. French. German nnd American ' DRY GOODS, , West Indln Cooils nnd Groceries, Corner of Church a nd College-Sle. V LIVERY STABLE, BY - ELLI8 AND CHURCH, VI lege Street. LIVERY STABLE, isiiSt WBLACKB.1UTII SHOP, AND By S. S. SKINNER, ALSO addle, Hrnr nml Trunk Manufacturer. J-.net nae (Jourl-nouee .v;nic J. Sl J. H. PECK &. C O. wholesale dealers in PAINTS. OILS. (II. ASS. NAILS, Brads, Foreign and American Iron, Steel, Pi: Iron, Cm!, Tor, Bolting Clothe, Plug and Catendiih To haer.a. FLOUR, nnd Foretell nnd WcMcrn SALT. A penis for the sale of Fairbanks Scales. Adorn Smith's Burr Mill-Stones, Lorillard's Maccoboy and Tn Prrr i ?.Yotch B.n.0r Smoking and tH Pin I wwwms luoacco. Cassics P. Peck, ) On the Square, College ft C. F. STALVIFORD & Co. DEALERS IN FANCY AND STATLE aflr5ir-EaE3 CARPETING, rush TJtii m -,,r' Mnltili-.'. Ilius. Floor 0.1 Cloth, Window Shades, Paper Hang r.nnl!n.r ninsses.c.f allsizcs. riowlns lllue, T.ishl Ulue nnd White Granite WARE also, China and Glass ware. Groceries, Furs, Buffalo Robes, &c CAurcA Street. Strong, Dooliltlc fc Co. ln'rm f?iitt,.rv. Knddlerv. Me- W A RO WAREJ chanic'sTools, Bouse Fin IMm " n i.l,i. Nnik. Class. Win 4bw R..h. Iron. Steel. Tin Plate. Sheet Iron. Wire FAINTS, OIL, FLOUll.SALT, PL.ASli.ts, t.rlnd Stones, ury unenrn, General Agents and Commission Merchants, THoxrsoN, ) Ea,t Side Court House Square, W . h. ITRONQ , . H. poo LtTTLt.) Church and College-ttri. GCORC.K PKTERSON, DEI LEE 111 tSBfltsa. DRY GOODS, Crseiery, Flour, .Suit, i'laiter , Window Saih,Glau, HEADY A1AUE CLOTllINO, Together with a lirg variety of other articles. FIRST DOOR NORTH Of TIIE COCRT HOUSE. (3. 3. Adkins, BOOK BINDER, PAPER RVLER, AND BLANK BOOK MAKER, Ih the Free Prete Building, College Street. H A G A R & ARTHUR, Jltudnrarc, Drugs, Pnints, Oils, IJye.SlulTi, corher or cuencii and college streets ril.VIV II F.nWARIW BOOKSELLER fj Sr.1TOjv2-j, r.nn.tniW Cir sole a nenernl assortment of 80HOOL, CLASSICAL, AND MI SCULL AN U O II S UOOKS. The CnEAP Pcblications, Blank Books, Sta tiovery. Medical Booej. N 1, I'tcks' nuiMinif, Col'ei:e- WW his Burlington xct Jhcss. Published at Burlington, Vt., Oy D. W. C. CLAUKE, Editor and Propx ietor, Tcrmst T, Villnif aiiKcpiliprn wlm rtrnivr the naner bV the carrier 62.50 If paid In advance 2,00 Mfiil aiiiiufriii-ti nnd t1intf-j tvlin tnkcttQtthc Oir.ce, 2.00 It paid in advance, . 1,5 Advertisements inserted onthe customary terms. Bj Tho follow Ing stanzas, which were hand ed to us for publication, were composed by the young lady whose signature they bear, and who was born blind. They ovlnco a good deal of poetical talent, taste and feeling, and demon, strati! In a most touching manner that her mind and heart are illuminated by that inner and higher light, which makes tho mere physical deprivation by which she is afflicted easy to bo borne. When the "heliotrope" teaches the blind "child of sorrow to look upu-ard," the out ward eye can learn from it no more beautiful or holy lesson, and it has accomplished one, and the highest, of the beneficent purposes for which Divine goodness lias decked the earth with flowers. LINES Dedicated to a friend mho pretented me with a bouquet of ftoicere : Oil, earth hath many beauties, To glad tho heart and eye : The fading blush of even, The star illumined sky, The lovely landscape, painted With hues exquisite bright, Each has a smile of beauty To woo tiie ravished eight. But, uh, to mo f.ir dearer, Eliza, are these flowers, Than earth's most precious diamonds, Or fair Clematis bowers. For the Heliotrope is whispering So softly in mine car: Look upward, child of sorrow, All, all is fleeting here, To the bright climes where flowers In amaranth beauty bloom, And the rich light dissolved! No more in nightly gloom. And the sweet Verbena twincth Around the 1. 1 fair, As if affection bade it Her holy semblance wear. My life may be a chequered seen Of mingled joy and woe, Dut still, amid its darkest shades, Affection's tear shall flow. For I cannot forget thee ; Oft, in the lonely hours, I turn with tears to bless thee, Sweet donor of my (lowers. Cynthia Bullock. Shelburno,8th May, 1848. Foreign Correspondence ol the New Haven Register. Cl)c "Bab" Jumper" IN BUCKINGHAM PM.ACE AND HOW IT GOT TlltllU. BV THE AVTIIOR OF " TEN AND INK SKETCHES." The milliner in wnich I, the chronicler of tliis veritable nurrntivc, hecamo acquainted with the following, is a matter which con ccrns myself alone. Suffice it to s;ty, that trutli pervades every line indeed, 1 nitty add, every word. The gentleman referred to is by no means a party to the publication f his royal adventure. Ills native modes ty, perhaps, would have made him shrink from detailing lus successes, un that score, I have of course, no scruples, and deeming it a duty I owe to the public, to put them in possession of an ylmericnn's reception at the Court of Queen Victoria, I gladly record tho interesting particulars, lliey are as follows. Mr. Roger s history I mean history in England I shall rapidly nass over. After a brisk passage to tho fast-nnchorcd isle, the Iletidnck Hudson sighted Hover, and so anxious was Mr. Rogers and his friends to touch tho sod of the Old Country, that they enanircu a plot uoat to nut tnein on shore. They visited Shakspeare's Cliff, the Castle, and the Ship Inn, where tncy took their first British dinner, and then sailed it to that lit- tic village commonly called London. How thev not along there, lor the first ten days how they looked about lor a settle mcnt how they visited Westminster Ah-1 liov Wv -I, unnfiilnifd nn il, nrll,l VL, ":;y,'M ,::j"i;..i .. .J: Z uuiiiui;! ui uiimes, uuu vutumm u a niefiv how many jumpers would go to nmko a for - tune or twrj on nil these deeply interesting points,! regret to say, that history is entire lv silnnt. It is. hnwfivrr. a irrput fnrt flint aftcra short period, considerable curiosity, I may say excitement, was created by tho appearance of a strange phenomenon m tho Strand at No. 137 of that world renowned thoroughfare. This wonderful thing wasn shop, filled with what do you think, read- er? Why, machines constructed of cords, 1 1 ii. .1 I'll. II ias.se is, noons, nnu uuio cnuuren s coais, nu made of silk and velvet, and "listening with T 1 1 n.i -I I r 7,,l. f cles had a beau ifu child in it, (mado of rrnlfl nnrl s Ivrr. linn nf thrsn slrnnfrn nrli. wax.) and over tho door was tho picture ol nn.lnr l.il nfori-rinnl in. whinh an inmin. ". V i . t, P t ti i . i i. tion led us to be eve was in a ' Baby J urn. 1 ...... j per, r r. I .. .L . ... Day after day, tho window was sur rounaeu uy on uesor puous u. .c-, u.u i i i it -i -. i specauy the vurnner. j.impeu inppuiar. Ity. IhcysoiUimo HOtcaiiCS. Aiiengtumo. Uuecn l.enr.ng oi uic muuer, a.,u .......g, , ' . a I aI.I'I perhaps, thai a, nor amy was ,aSl m- Courlier Lady Lilllcl0I1 ,cn depW,cdi creasing, and John Bull becoming sore un. hM SQnn returnc. und snid that hcr M dor increased taxMion, that a "mP , woid )C ,,nd to sec tho ' Jumper ;' where would save an additional nurse maid, sent. Mr R delivered it into the hands her commands to Mr. Rogers to attend at' J ct of (or or rathcr (ooH nimbinnlxim Pnlnn.i ii'ilV, n cnpeimen nl hlQ . ... . ,.6, ...... . - -i invention. Now Mr. Rogers with that stern indc- pendenoo which characterizes tho republi can character didn't much relish being com by a royal lady Hn wnnhl inv cone to Mnvl nr inrln .,, ..t,i ;jumping.fr place, with Scott, in a military ... .ww, w. iiuvi.u w tisu " "I cunucitv. nn.l r.l.,.v.i i.: .,.,.i .1." death. Hut with a fino spirit of resignation,! he remarked, ' When I am in Rome, I must 'does Romans do uow that I urn in L?n. ilon, 1 will bo n Londoner. To the Palace I will go.' This decision onco formed, he applied his genius to tho construction of u '.jumper' which should astonish tho Sover eign, and command tho admiration of that country in which it first appeared. It did not tako long in its construction ; liku the pnlncc in the Arabian Tules, it sprung into beauty in a single night. It was a superb article, nnd tho render mav form some idea of its unparalleled splendor, from this brief description. Tho tunic was composed of rich Genoa velvet, crimson of course, bro caded with gold from the Allcghanics, nnd lined with Persian satin ol the most deli calo texture. The wadding used was grown expressly for tho purpose, in South Cnrolinn. Tho hoop was decorated with rcgnl crowns of a pure gold tissue, and tho American eagle grnsped the Geo. Wnsli ington tassel. Mr. Rogers had the tassel constructed with a purpose. Tho young idea, jumping past the crowns, he thought, might catch hold of democracy ! This was a fine stroke of policy a blending of Brit ish commerce with a lovo of the American constitution ! Mr. Rogers and his partners and assist- ants were up all night, occupied in making the Royal Jumper, and when the sun rose upon tho latter, tho etlect was dazzling. Un a fairer spectacle the orb of day never rose. It nearly blinded the porter, who camo to open the store by its brilliancy. The stond, consisting oformela, festooned with crimson velvet and gold bordering, having been fin ished nnd declared to be in readiness, the most splendid cab which London could pro ducc was secured, and amidst the congratu lations of a few influential friends, who had been favored with admission to the store, the inventor entered it, exclaiming to the cab man, with a dignified wave of the hand, 'To the Palace !' Arrived at the abode of royalty, Mr. Rogers proudly, and in a dignified manner alighted with his lixins,' and entered through the porter's gate or lodge. The porter was a fat old son of royalty, who from his boor bloated appearance seemed to have been imbibing his namesake, which is brewed by Guincss, Barclay, Perkins & Co., and other malt liquor brewers for the last fifty years, at least. .Mr. Rogers, struck by Ins appeuruncc, took him for the real John Bull, whose picture had been so oltcn given in Punch, but as the Oregon question had been settled, he did not enter into any dispute with him on national mutters. 1 lie only conversation, so lur as we have been able to learn, which passed between them, was as follows : Porter (bluffly) What do you want ? Mr. Movers (smarllv) Ludy Littleton. Here is a letter from her, appointing mo to call this morning for the purpose of seeing the wuccn. The bladder of royal air stared at that, lifted his heavy eyelids, rose from his well stuffed arm chair, and waddled to and for a minute or so, as if in anxious thought. After a fit of stupid abstraction, ho pointed his flabby list in the direction of a variega ted footman who approached and said 'This way.' Mr. Rogers followed of course, and the blue and red gentleman led him through so many passages that ho began to fancy he had been inveigled into the Tower of London, and was about to be put into a dun geon, there to bo kept as a hostess, until the United States repealed the Declaration of Independence, and consented to pay a lax on tea. io lus excited imagination there must havo been thousands of turn ings, staircases, landings, and millions of doors, leading to the mystic apartment. At length, to his great joy, he was ordered to stand still, until notice could ho given of his arrival, and being tired for lie must have walked miles he willingly complied. Before long, the order was given him to ' Advance,' which order ho promptly obey, cd, for be it known that Mr. Rogers had long been accustomed to tho exercises and drillings, as a member of the glorious An ncxatiou Militia of his native state. On he went again, through interminable passages, tcrminablu in corridors, theso ending in a flight of marble stairs. At length ho was ushered into un apartment of great splen dor, which we regret he cannot fully do scribe, lor Having un eye to the ' Jumper,' ho began building it. It looked, when all frum distant portions of the country to fertilize complete, elegant indeed. There it hung, their soils and increase their crops. And with nil tho lookiiiL' "lasses leflcetitur its fnir out doubt this has been repeatedly done, when proportions, Rogers has been heurd to sav, !i.... :r :.iJ cUr-A .i.. -i- i.: ' . ."u . "".r'l,'. .'? I? son which lies liiiiiiuuiuiei v on unit is. 1 waistcoat, It was at that moment. Scarcely was it fixed, when u glass door opened and I Lady Jittlcton entered. Sho was struck ' ctlnn. -til, niimotlnn. Mr Itnfrova nnlln ' his hands from his pantaloon pockets, and!nl'm,l,0 oxprnd into luxuriant .vegetation; , made a bow. Such a bow ! It would have wlli,c n T6.!.1"''' made a fine subject for an historical fresco painting forlho now Houses of Parliament, It might ho called the representative of the American caglo presenting the 'Jumper' olivo branch of peace, in the den of the ..... t . . uritisu J-. ton. m m ,1 . . 1 , . .... . . ?. . examined the 'Jumper,' Mr. Rogers all the ... Mn,nfnin - ' , ' u..n lnet its use, when at Inst sho saidi , , ,., ' 1 " " "l,V'ut "ur .""jcsiy. 1 1. A- I Tlf. A.. I I Us a 11 right, thought .Mr. liogers, and ho 6 ' . i hnrrnn In mvft n finrirq nf inu4 nnnn iirtnrn uuutui iu lii.u a allies ui uua uuuu HIUIU - 1 . A.laton. is ,lln. hn w . ,)t of (or fift t,mog ond , , f ,f Qno of 10 nmij' of , aeclarC(1 ,hat lis nmncrous ibbinr BUM HU , d mvo mn()o ,h(J forluno of nn E ( wj10 r0joicerJ in cutawoy coais, siik stock. . bagwigs and powdered sculls. ib'De..'. - 1 Mr. Rogers followed these gentry through - a glnss door, up a bug flight of marblo stairs tint l icv reached another n narimeni, wmcn n,tl ttim vf.nnlir.il nnnthnr ntmrtment. wh u .7 ri ' .... ' furnished mn"n ccntlv. 1 he carpet - O . w . s. , was so soft that ho sank over uncles in it, I, nnrl nliisi nhaiidcliers snaikled as bright us n Yankee girls eyes. Tho jumper was placed in the middlo of the apartment, and Ldy Linietcn presently entered. She had heen to tell her Majesty that til l was ready. Presently tho looking glass t'o r opencds and in wnlkcd tho British Queen. She wa, a pleasant looking personage, with light hair, a fair complexion, the prido of the empire. Mr. R. made a very low bow in deed, much lower than might havo been ex pected from so rigid a republican. Her Majesty smiled and then Mr. Rogers waxed eloquent and cxplainsd everything beauti fully. Then the Queen minutely examin ed f lies apparatus, and retired with Lady Littleton, who however camo back soon and said : 'Air. Rogers, her Majesty is much pleased with your Baby Jumper.' 'Happy to hear it,' said Mr. Rogors; and ho bowed. He wus jutting quite supple in the back by this time. It is wonderful how liv'ng in a p'llaco softens the brek b me. 'And,' added her ladyship, Mho Queen wishes the one you have brought to remain permanently in the palace, for the use of tho royal Nursery.' Twenty-four of the stoutest democrats, if they had tried altogether, could nit have equalled Mr. Rogers' bow that timo. 'And,' resumed the lady 'please to send in your bill' (Mr. Rogers had said some- thing nbout making the Queen a present of it; ' her Majesty makes it u rulo never to accept presents.' And then Lady Littleton smiling very sweetly, retired, and Mr. Rogers backed out nearly bursting through a mirror in his exit. Tho footmen were awful civil to him, and showed him out at the front door ; proudly passing beneath the marble arch of the palucc lie whistled 1 ankee Doodle, and went to his store, No. 137 Strand street, wlinrn hn Ims hr-rn nnirnimrl fmm mnrninn- till night ever since, in manufacturing Ba by Jumpers, lor his 1 ankee employer, 'P..,.l ik' v t. x uiiiu ui ie luiu "A thing of beauty," said tho poet of Windermere, " is a inv forever." Flowers, Spring flowers, are tilings of beauty, and the joy they give is foiever; for it springs up with them, nt the opening ot every bpring-tide, nnd Hows i forth from their dazzling tints, and their thou- saiiu sct'iu1!, ii, ui.ii inner sense oi appreciation of the beautiful, which has no organ of convey ance but thoughts, delighting, satisfying, joy giving forever. Poetry bwbIIs up naturally, j 'spontaneously, from the calyx of every one, the humblest violet by the way side, the mot gorgeous queen flower in the conservatory ; and who has not written of flowers, who has written aught? Yet " much remains unsung." Iluwdo our readers like the following? N. Y. Ex. presi. The flowers ! the lovely flowers ! They are springing forth again ; Are opening their gentle eyes In forest and in plain ! They cluster round the ancient stems, And ivird ronta uf troe, Like children plaviug gracefully About a father's knees. The flowers ! the lovely flowers ! Their pure and radiant eyes Greet us where'er we turn our steps, Like angels from the skies! They say that nought exists on earth, However p'xir and small,

Unseen by God ! the meanest things, lie careth for them all ! The flowers ! tho lovely flowers ! The fairest type are they Of the suul springing from its night To sunshine and to day ; For though they lie all dead and cold, With winter's snow above, Tho glorious spring doth call them forth To happiness and love ! Ye flowers! ye lovely flowers! We greet yo well and long ! With light, a'nd warmth, and sunny smile, And harinnnv and snng! All dull and sail would be our earth, Were our bright beauties not : And thii-, without Lite's Flowers of Love, Oh, what would bo our lot! iFrom the Vermont Gazette. Carbonate or Lime or tlround Marble ns a .ilnnmc. It was witli feolings of interest that I read in your paper a few days since the sttteinents of Mocrs. lieebe ana wanlield relative to the use of Ground Marble or the Carbonate of Lime as a manure. It indicates tiiat a spirit nf invesli g.ilinn is abroad in the agricultural community which must result in good, ror many years i.,, r.,r,nrs h.ivn bnn brlnirinu their Gvnum 1 we had at our own doors a material that might havo been annlicd with equal advantage. 1 ho I former has found that Oviwum. nroirly applied . . . .r. :r - ,. ...!ii ,avo n"it he has also learned by experience that it is not bjuefidal in every cas.e. By iu application in one place, tho heeds which have -itumhered for vears in the soil, are mado to ger- Is produced. This will bo found to be the re sult with all inorganic or mineral manures. The chemical action of theso manures upon the various soils to which they are applied, is a sub ject but poorly understood. IIouco a wide field is thrown open for experiment and investigation. But the question before us now is, can the Car bonate of Lime ferve as a useful m inure? I answer emphatically yes; and that for many soils equally beneficial with gypsum, and in somo cases even more beneficial. I know that it is objected that it is not soluble in water, and then fare incapable of being presented in that stile rcquisito for the food of plants. But it is known that if water be saturated with carbonic acid gas that tho carbonate of lime is dissolved by it. Now the water that descends in rain is "... .. w,,cn it collpced from 1 tho atmo-pheror therefore it gradually dissolves thn ininutn narticles of lime and fits them for tin dergoing the various chemical changes to which they are subject before the can become a part of the vegetable body ; but most men who have investigated tho subject will acknowledge that the surprising effects of these substances upon verretatinn must arise in a great measure from some other source than that of their ability to enter directly as a constituent of tho growing plant. Attain, nvnsum is Faid to be canabloofat trading moisture from the surrounding atmos- phere. The carbonate of lime dues the same. . . , . ,- ii ..... . ' i must not no "vcai.se, ,n0y may Ii I..., 1. at .1.1.. .nnhr.il fit ll.a c.iil l,n( (l.!- bo Ixith profitably applied to the soil, that their action Is in general the same. Thus in the following cxamplo carbona't of lime is productive oi goou wuuo uipnaieiy limn or Bijvsum remains eompariuveiy more. Ail :oiU atouiid motB ct less in iron; -n.ile all ni mal mmiircscontnln a quantity of sulphur, nnd it Is well known that Iron In a solublo state is highly prejudicial to vegetation: hence when it Is brought into that state by th chemical chan ges constantly going on In the soil, an Injury must result In proportion to its quantity. Now In the decomposition nf nnimal rrnnure sulphur. elteu Hydrogen is nltvaya one ol the products And ..Imn ii.:,. ml,tr rnmn. In Kr.ni.ri tho oxide of iron a mutual decomposition takes place! and the renults are, water and the sul- phnrct of iron. If the decomposition ceaed here, no deleterious effects would bo realized, since the sulphurct of iron is Insoluble In water. Hut by the action of the atmosphere this sub stance Is gradually decomposed and another compound formed, viz. the sulphate of iron or green vitriol, which is dissolved by water in large quantities. The presence of this substance, even in small quantities, must counteract, in part at least, the beneficial effects nf-aniinal manures, by convert ing a portion of them into uu actual poison to egclablelife. It may now be asked, whv M not this the result In every case, since all soils con tain more or less iron ? To this it may be an swered that these changes are constantly going on in all soils; but in a soil containing a suffi cient quantity of the carbonate of lime, in the proper slalp, other changes are effected which neutralize this influence. For when the sulphate of iron is formed, it is acted upon by the carbon ate of lime, nnd the results of the mutual decom position are sulphate of lime or gypsum and ox ide of iron. Thus the iron is reconverted to its original harmless statu. But In all soils defi cient in carbonate of lime the sulphate of iron or green titriol must combine to exert its inju rious influence. This evil run be remedied only by the application of lime in its carbonated state. O . DRIFTWOOD JOHNSON. A very strange occurrence took place some vears Klnra In llin nVmrtcliinrr pit v nf f?inrmirtti. n,ni1 19 y1-'1 'ft-sh in the minds or many residents ,"'e not by any means as old as " the oldo.-t inhabitant," who knows all things. It is still told, of a cold winter's night around a cheerful fireside, to many a wondering youngster, an nu the moral instilled into their young minds with greater force from the circumstance of its " be ing as true as gospel." The hero of the tale was an old man named Johnson, who had lived from a boy in the place, nnd followed a curious trade for a livelihood Early and late he was seen down by the river's ije collectinn driftwood, and he toiled at it so incessantlv. ,l.iv nfmr d.iv and voar nflnr vear. . . . r . i i. , , :, ,:i trial it at last became whispered about that old . Driltwood Johnson was making money; that he had invested his little earnings well, and had re- alized largo sums by fortunate speculations; but still he clung to his old business. He was mean in dress and saving all the money he ever spent, except for the merest necessaries of life, being for -the education of a most lovely daugh er, lor the old man had a wife and child. At last Driftwood bought a very lar c brick house, or built one ; and, much to the surprise of every body, furnished it elegantly, and bi ought his daughter home from school to be the belle of his mansion. It was a good way nut ol town, out he said the city would grow to It, and so it has. There was always something mysterious about the old man's family ; and his wife, who was a very amiable wrman, had a careworn, anxious look, that no one could account for. The beauty and accomplishments of tho daughter soon brought her plenty ot lovers, who siguca auu pined for her hand : but the favored of all was a young mercantile clerk, connected with one of the most flourishing establishments in Cincin nati, and soon became a partner, ins sun pros pered, and he Imped to make the daughter of old Driftwood bis wife. He used to think it a very odd circumstance that during all his evening visits, which were far from being " few and far between," he never could meet tho man, and all his inquiries aflcr him failed to elicit satisfactory replies ; but, knowing that the oiii man was what is generally termed " an odd fish," he nev er troubled himself much about the matter. On returning to his store late one night, after a visit to his lady love, he was horrified upon opening tho door at finding the mangled and bleeding corpe of a man, a stranger. Ho had apparently fallen from the second or third story through the hatchway, and been killed almost instantly. The watch were called in, ana tne poor wretch was ttken to the watch-house and a physician sent for to see the body. He had been dead for hours, and there was nothing left but to endeavor to find out who tho man was, and hold an inquest over his body. There was no trace or sign about him that could possibly lead to a recnniiition no paper, no mark on his clothes, and a bunch of skeleton key, a bix of matches and a m.ll dark lantern were an mat he had about him; so the inquest was held the next morning, a verdict in accordance with the f,rt rpndnrr.fl. nml tho hndv buried. The next evening, upon visiting his intended, the lover round the latnily uneasy at me contin ued absence of old Driftwood, but ho persuaded them that he had suddenly been called away on business, and would soon return. Advertise ments were put in the pipers, but no clue to him could be obtained, and the people at last believed that ho Ind either been murdered or carried down the Missiasinni. while fritherinrr driftwood, and drowned. In his house there were a number of rooms which had always been locked, and the kevs of which old Driftwood had always Kept ; and when it became nccesiary to settle his at- fair tluiC rooms were forced open, and louna to contain poojs to a larire amount, of all kinds and descriptions; silks, satins, broadcloths, lin ens, shawls, waicnes.joweiry, ami, in snori, mi sorts of rjooda und valuables nf every description. The secret was out. Old Driftwood had for years employed pedlars to tell goods through tho western country, ana sent ineiu uuwn in ni boats to points on the Mississippi below Cincin nati : and all of them ho had himself, unaided bv anv accoinnlice. stolen. The man who was lound uy tho clerk a uieeuing corpse was o.a Driftwood Johnson. Tho rlerk, however, con vinced that the daughter of the old man was in nocent and unaware that her father had pursued for years a system of burglary and thieving, married her, and she is now a mother, surround ed bv a numerous family. Truth is stranger than fiction. N. O. Picayune. Steed or Ocean SiEAMnoATs.-Baron Siguier states that he saw, when at Havre, two Lnghsh steam packets, the Success and tho Express, which make the trip iroin uavre m ui'bwi which is 210 kilometres. (140 statute miles,) in five hours. These boats are very long, shaped like piroques, and carry theirsails arranged in new way, so that Ihey can take advantage of tho slightest wind, without losing the necessary sta bility of the vessel. Their engines are 360 t-.-M. I... ffn...l.lA,r rtr thn inntilir horse power, duiu uy .uuji system, which presents several advantages over the oscillating cylinders. Makiso Talk. A fanner's daughter in this ...., ... visited bv a rustic youngster, who finding it difficult to keep up the conversation silenco had prevailed inr somo iiinr, n ...x girl if she know anybody that wanted to buy a shirt. No I don't," she replied" have you one to sen i ..,.,: ii i "Oh, ni," U he. "loniyitKN io ""!rmeng, w.i rjsao.iCO in .recis. tslk" 1 SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 15, 1818. The .Snlu;s Itnnk. This excellent institution, producllvo of so much solid advantage to people of moderate means, and emphatically the friend of the poor man, who aims by industry and frugality "to provide against a wet day," lias now been some i . i , . . .. , iiuiuruiizcu hi rrance, ne lias uemanueu ceruncniei months In quiet and unobtrusive operation, In ' from the Major ofCanues (Var.) where he has resid Burlington, and its success thus far has been j ed l.r thirteen ycars.ond where he possesses an estate, quite up to the expectations of its projectors, and very clearly shows that the wants of the com munity required its establishment. We do not feel ourselves at liberty to publish the amount already received on deposit, but it is icry consid erable, and demonstrates, what the originators of this benevsif'nt project foresaw, that there are large nitmlcrs of sagacious and prudent people, among the class whose sarincrs are nec csiarily small, but nevertheless of material cun sequence to Aem, who only waited for the se cure and beneficial facilities thus presented to them, to make investments. The aflklrs of the institution are in tho hands of those among our citizens who comprehend, and will carry out, the siniDle vet excellent and . judicious do.igns of its founders. The members of the Corporation are Messrs. J. N. Pomeeoy. CJ' Vno ennna aim ooiain ineir natur- W t vmi II D tl,.t,. r ii. ......... I,,.. ,! ! alizution ill aforeign country. It is ill this sense you .L.MAN,II. I.HlCKOK.C. UAXTEn, IlERY Inun wme lt, lnc.b Loojils, D. Lyon, W. Vt . Peck, b. h. Howard, 1 must well suppose that on ex-Lord Chancellor ol . II. ILKINS, Jr., Taos. II. Canhf.LD, E. U. ' England is well aware of the necessary consequences Loomis. P. DooLlTTLE, J. II. Peck 11. 1.EAVE.N-1 u such an important request J but It is nevertheless the worth, J. W. IIickok, Js. Cook, Geo. Peter- i fa,y ot the '?l?r of luslice yf.,lie &fnch ttePlS ...v J.' A Uti,..,.,,- i i n v i tiT i to give you olheial wnrinng of it. When yoj rtiall SON, b. A. bTANsnynv, W. U. li.AS, II. W. 1 ,ae ,a,le a request in Ihe spirit of these declaration, UATLIN, and C. U. Kassonj and we arc sure no it shall be immediately cAamiiied. Institution could possess a higher guaranty of Accept, it,, AD. CREMIEUX. usefulness, integrity and business ability in the ' character and reputation of its Managers, than 1 "epli j L'rd Brougham to the aloic Letter. this.f London, April 10, 1913. We are aware that the By-laws of Ihe Savings Monsieur le Ministrc, 1 have the honor toacknowl Bank, whirl, vprv rh.nrtt, ..a, IV.rtl, iij ot.r.u m.a ednc the leceint of vour letter cf the Sth. its plan of operations, are i.rettv extun.-ivelv nub-' nsrieu, anu ciretii.uuu, so as to bo easily within tno reach ol all ; anu the increasing amount ot itsdeposites prove that they have icen lend and appreciated to a considerable e: pprcciatcd to a considerable extent. But we supposed that a newspaper paragraph or two, in- Vlting public attention to so uselul und valuable : two countries and their mulual peace. I considered it an Institution, might catch the eye of some my duty to give a piojf of my confidence in French among us who might thus be induced to exam- institutions in order to encourage my English coun ino further and to avail themselves oi the sub-; '..'"t" .,0'.''IVC lhc '" '"'"'K;, stantial benefits it confers. The absolute security which this method of i investment affords to those to whom security is r. somi-annual realization of the interest, commend cvervtri f. anu me epriainiv nt ii.i, rerni :,r our Savings Bank to the confidence and favor of those who may bale, and ma II .,. ,, i,it. ,!. ...i.i. ... !.. i... r i UV IVbt 1 1 Ml. .. .,. ...oj ,a, , ,u, .un. c . m.ver.. c.) use. No depreciation or flttctuilinn nf stock, In my letter, I expressed myself in the clearest and can be apprehended. Its dncounts arc till within most positive manner. France admits of uo pa rtici its capital paid in ; and the regulations that have pation of rights ; she does not admit a Trench citizen been adopted in relation to loans, when 'taken ' ,to be 01 &'"m citizen of any other country. To . '. ... ,. . ; ' ! ', ,. become o Frenchman you mustcease to be nn Eng irt connexion with the character of the Board iinian ; you cannot be an Englishman in England whoaie to decide upon the sufficiency of any and a Fieiicemau in Fiance; our laws ore absolutely security ollereu lor !oan, render losses a thing not to be anticipated. The following is the sth article of the By-laws : '5. The board of Trust shall innke no loans upon per sonal credit, except upon tlie joint and several contract of three or more individuals, competent at law to con trart ; two ot least of whom shall reside in this State. For ibis purpose all the individual member ot a firm hall be regarded as one individual. Nu business shall Oe transacted witliuut the concurrence of a majority ot all the trustees, and no loan shall be made except ot the Slated meetings of the Ttustees.' The immense amounts depo.-ited in Savings Banks in England and Ireland, show how justly popular these institutions are in the Old World, and we trust they will become more and more widely established and patronized in our own country, where labor reaps a letter rewaul, though improiidence brings after it pretty nearly the same suffering and wnnt. We should like to see our Savings Bank with a larger capital man any uanK m liiirhngton, aim probably shall have that satisfaction ! CJrnvity Run Mad. They have tvea method of dealing with knotty . , ... " ,, . , stions, in her Majesty s Province of .... f V . . - 1 - ethical questions Canada, that is refreshing. No man trusts linn- self in such a matter, but asks tho neswpapers. The last Missisquoi News inserts the interro- 1 gation of a correspondent as follows : The question is merely this, whether the repesenta. lattveol ihisoruny other County, would be bound to aid and assist u man who had actually been gudty of stealing, and was bound over to the Court of Quarter sessions, to take his trial, although the representative miv hive been leauesled so to do bv the Maaisiraies. who had bound the delinquent oier, to lake his uial for that crime, merely because this man voted for Inni nt the last election. A Friend to Justice- Stanbndge, ibiu April, 131 j. sen it now. in answer to his question, wc soy cer1 tainly not Ed. M. fl. Now, with all deference to our British neigh bor, and to tho way they do things in Canada, we submit that the News Editor is mistaken. If .. . In 1 l..,r..l n .IV In ...I I.i . I.tul iVl- ll.l. Tlflin .1 ,ii,i ie wmiiu ... i iu lam- in. ui.i 1... .... v.....v of stealing, merely because he toted for anitiier m.jii at the last election, wo think that nothing em be plainer than that the latter is "hound to aid and assist him" out of tho scrape, unless he (tho said candidate) is willing to let it go that voting for him is quito as bad us stealing The John Donkey U a hard hitter. The fol lowing is one of its last complimentary bows to a couple of famous Senators. Thc letters pur port to have been received from the signers just after a late debate in the Senate U. S.: My dear John Donkey Don't for God's sake report my little spat wun u,e w,e,i . . .c . ,r,e To this grave question, the Editor of the News, graph at some of tlie Ucncral s previous epis with exceeding gravity, replies : . '"If .rts," w liii h aro certainly not in the . , .: ,, j , , , style of his magnificent Military Despatches, is Press of matter compelled us to exclude 'A Friend ',i,.., m .." ' ' InJnstirr' fromour InMliinnhrr IV.. hum,., .n. QUItC HOtltaUld . day. i irien to cei some imr niuii iu iiwuvc nir, i.i., - - , . ,. , , - i. ' os that would'nt do 1 had to take up with thed ii ab- and wo aro calmly looking toward Ihe Llec ohtionist. II I had been floored l.y o Whig or lMno- lions. Were it not for the present Financial crat, I should'nt had minded but to be udiculed by a rjnsjs nothing w ould be perceivable ; but Money l!!r3!S!. parJn?. I extremely di.ic.lt to jirocure. and it is witf ' ' i 1 tie too ? devih.h bad.' Enclosed you will find a great dilhculty you can get change for a bank check on the Union Bank of Mississippi merely to nolo. pay my subscription .you know. 'phe deficit left in the public treasury by the Yours S'Sj'JjjJ'y.. e r00TE 1 ite Government is considerable, and, had it suf . , , '. ... ', fercd to remain another year under Guizol's ad Venerable and Delovcd Pn ,wn LI '0I J ' ministration, France would have bocu forced to WWZ MlIffi2it repudiate her Debt, but happily Goddid.not per- Mississippi as I suspect Iroin the galleries, he mu.t have gotten the a ticket on the undercrmnui iZ'J Uou S F-&t to New York for nothing. Now doa't forget and I'll remember you when I'm President .JP J' "ALE. Under the head of ' Wants," In tho New York Sun, somebody advertises for " A waiter for a good place." Wo know of several gentlemen who answer this description precisely, having heen " waiters for good places " these ten eats. lU.UIIiafc. , , . , OU n tree Hero's a chance for ono of Vm ! "Apply at " It i said that tho owners of the Like s team C59 Broadway, in the basement." iloil Post, crs pay annually to tho runners, who visit the Hotels mid procure pasongers, not less than m. i. . -, O.I..I. cJ. I..r. V 1 liTn.OOn. .Itaihi .SViifiMW.1' ar me 1 ropeiirr, .jaiaii auue, iviv iviv .io 'York, on Friday last, for Liverpool, ith 2S . . ... ui, . i.-j Wis find in tho Liverpool .Mail the ful'owing singular correspondence between Lord Brough am and M. Crcmiettx, the French Minister of Justice. Wo believe his learned lordship con cluded on the whole not to " negotiate": Lord Brougham to the Minister of Justice. Lord Drousham has the honor t'j present his hoin age to the Minister of Justice, und wishing to become These cervicites will be forwarded direct to lh minister and Lord llroghatn begs him to sign the act of naturalization with as little delay as possible. 1'aris, April 7, 1813. Litter from the Minister of Justice to Lord lirougham, Paris, April 8, 1319. My Lord, I consider it proper to point out to you the consequences which will ensue if you obtain the. tiattiMhzation which jou icquest. II France adopts ou as one of lu r sons, you cease to b an Dngltsh man ; you are no longer Lord Brougham, you become Citizen Brougham. You instantly lose oil your titles of nobility all the privileges, all the advantages, of whatever nature they may be, which you enjoy from your quality as an Englishman, nnd all the rights which all the law sand customs of England confer on you.and U'hii I. fnnnnt V,m .antm!!...! u 111. rnr Inw nl n,.nl!,tf between all citizens. It would be thus, mv lord, even if the English laws wcie not sorignruus with regard to . .l.t7.u.IJ.""rr an? J.oubt !a.' .mnkin(5 n.Huiauied n n Trench citizen, 1 should lose all my n;siits as au L,ngiisli peer nuJ an Lnglish subject in France. I could only enjoy my privileges as an Englishman when in England in France, f should be what the laws of Fiance grant to the citizens of the Hei.tibhc. Au I .Li... t.-l - 1l 1 ! -f .1 Reply if the Minister if Justice to the aboie. Farm, At fit 12, 1818. -tr.-Ti . v .. i.oru, .y ieuer nas noi oeen properly unucr- stood, and yours, to my great regiet.docs not permit me to come to a decisiou as to your request. You I write me thus (The Minister here quotes ihe first par- . . . . . . . . .. . ...... ngrnpu ol tlie aoore letter ol i.ord lirougliani, " lcouia opposed to sucn a imng au oo.oiute cnoice must os made. It was fur that reasou that I was careful iu in pointing out the consequence ol naturalization. As long, therefore, as you wish to remain au Eng iisiiniau m England that is to say, while you do not wish to completely resign your quality as an English subject, and to exchange for it that ot French citizen, it will be impossible for me to entertain you r request. Accept, itc, AD. CREMIEUX. ID'The Whigs of Virginia, who hare not car ried tlie electoral vote of that State for a Whig candidate for tho Presidency since "the days ! before the flood," certainly not since the last election of Gen. Washington, have been eon- vuling the Union during tin past winter with ttieir outcries, m lavor ol the nomination of uen. Taylor, and uttering mournful groans over tho alleged unavailability of Mr. Clat in that state, in opposition to the straight-forward and manly honesty and consistency of John M. Boits, who warneu mem main Air. v-iay were nnivaintia Gen. Taylor is worse. Well, they carried their point, and ucn. T. was nominated as the Vir- L'inia" ' Resolutions of " 93" Candidate for tho cativas jubilant f.ir Taylor and aiailability, in- stead ot the trite ideaol Clay and Pr.iscii'LE. jjllt thc ilfurc?rii(i Whigs of Virginia, who car- . ... . .. . " . s . , . il-tiui ii a. , ill ;y , t int;a n cm llllu inc nicm ricd the state at the last previous election, were flogged, this time, njifr worse than ii usual in ""i -i. giiiaiut.n-anu very respectable old im- inmtnti ! MOR L: Virginny white men is werry unsartin. 3JThe Troy Daily Post, a paper that has been a staunch advocate of the nomination of Gen. Taylor, whose tnme it has long had at tho i a rit r.,i,lmn, ,1,.., 1M,fc, ,,f il,,, Oiipral' 1"eauo' " columns, uius speaks oi tut uuierai , latest epistles. The quiet hit in the last para- There are however, two obiectiotiable features in the-e letters, which coniaiu so much tint is commen dable. Wc refer, of course, to the General's declara tion 1 lilt he tannoioccep! the nonunatiuii of any Con vention unless leh tree of all pledges, and permitted to maintain the position ol independence nl all iiariies : l 1,, ..,,....;, ,n l 1. ,,., :...:. kl. ' w.. .V. . ,u , ,1 , .. . , ,U9 nnine in oe useu m me canvass, vvtinever may reeeivo ihe nomination of either the l'liilidelplua or lliliimore Conventions e ore inclined u Hie opinion, H we b' R'""T, , rj"i,i".T.r" 'If, may be permitted to hazard o conjecture, that the old ero.aunoun lie never surieiiders, win nave to mo ly these views to some extent befoie he can get thn nonunaii..n ol'a National Whig Convention. inuuaiiiin oi a .Miouuai vv mg convention. In noinl uf liteiarv merit, these letters ore of a hirrher order of enrilieney than some ot the General's pic viuus political epistolary ellorts. State of Pakis. Mens Vattemare, now in Washington, has received the following lettor from his wife now in Pari, which gives rather ' a different picture of that city from those of tho British lroy journals : I rou irng, I'roy irfiig, Pauis, .March 20, 1849 ... n Uafuni : l:,ris is vr i,,. mit it and wo must now hojie that with lime -,l.,,,-,. ...lit l,n r..itn ll.t .11 ...III l. better than overThe people continue to be- have admirably woll, nr.i as'k nothing but peace, traniuihty and work 1 ou see, my dear, that everyhing is safe, and that you have no reasons , to torment yourself as you did in the time of t,e Revolution of July. Remember Jhat Paris is pist as you left it with the exception that now we aro Republicans, and therefore proud to be more entirely united to tho Americans, Makv Vattimaee. 1 , - '---- . y Cau this be so. Mr. Doouttle ? We shoald ink it wouldhitdly pay," at them ratrs!"