Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 2, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 2, 1848 Page 2
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BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 8, 1848. jFvcc )VC0S, inmt.i.:ToN, vt. " In Tlin I) AUK AMI TRtlUllt.l'.I) NtnllT THAT 1" Xirox us, Tiir.iiE l-s .noStau ahovi: thu iiohizon TOfllVE DMA (II.KAU OK I.tllllr, r.NI'tlrtlMl THE INTEt.LKIENT, fATMOTlC Willi) I'AlllV OF THE Usiteii States." Daniel Webster. For President, HENRY CLAY. IV Vice President, MIL LABI) FILL MO Hi:, Or JtEVV YORK. Subject to the decision of the Whig National Coil Xention. In the List Mont i-Klin DEMOCRACY. CT U'o finJ tho followln relier Patriot: ftTThc Vermin! Watchman publisher two res ohulonsfiom the I'ree i'rMn.imyliiR that they were Introduced Into tlie Democrnilc Convention or this ililrict ninl not adopted. W wippo'cd the ntch- man lino some regnm mm m"'"1,j ........ i... .- TUESDAY EVENING, AIAY 30, 1818. O' The organ of OIJ llunkerism In Bur linnlon.n few davs hbo. sncnklnirof the division lT.i..V?S the hnmvl. I in the ranks of tho " Democracy" in New York rllce..rerry d legiicpre3eiu nt ih'roiiv ntioit) oni- J lne qttCstton of Free Territory, made use of err iiil-iuihu, uihiuh . .... - wi not iiitroifuceil into the convention nt nil. yr havcnl-o clvcu the renmnswhv llo Itrsl resolution .. . .......I .. ir.l. It..!,.!..,,,,, nli,.nfa (n endorse holh nn untruth nml n misrepresentation In I other ptrt of the Union as 10 tlie points In quel it win nini some grann- non, really is precisely tlie same. the following language " The position of tho democratic party In every i. ... ..r ... -r..:.... ... :..t.'l.. nnm. The fnllotvhv ocratic Co'ivenlion of I lie 111 irsohition, adopted hy the lut Dctn- t linn inn, ilm mint tnfiinraf. ten hoiii, cation In Ihe course. We should not wraiow that ciiher party zcnl or the wcllnrc oi me wing cause in Vermont, would require such a sacrifice.-- Sentinel. Tills evaslvo quibbling, and nir of nssum- ud dignity and " injured innocence," will be quite apt to amuse, If it does not happen to disgust, tiie Watchman. That paper ha had too much acquaintance with tlie tactics of Locofocol-m in Vermont to lie led atray,for half a sccond.by tlie exceedingly transparent devices of tho Sen' tincl. Our young friend tins on more occasions than one, shown n full-blown deposition to mis represent and deceive; what lie manifestly lacks is the adroitness which practice gives. Soon alter the starling tf, triu New Sentinel, it sol emnly affirmed that the .Massachusetts State Convention lolcil doini the Wilmot Proviso which is slinpl a solemn untruth, though at the time, wo preferred to tako no nntl"c o it. The .Mi's. Stale Convention passed" a resoln lion fully tcngniiing and adapting the principle of that Proviso, and If the Sentinel did not know it, it lias Ind a chance to ascertain that Ignorance in poor npalngy for nii-statcment. Again, it cannot have escaped tlie notice of our readers, or of the Watchman, that when we rhirgcd upon the late Locofoco Convention that certain resolutions, uflirming tlie hostility of the "democracy" to the increase of Slave Tcrrlto rv, were presented therein nnd not adopted, the Sentini asserted ol our version of those reso lutions that "no restitution within a hundred rod of the language used by the Free I'ress teas presented to tin Coin-cation"! a negition ! positive and omphalic i whereas our version is worthy ihv ol beiui insenbed, in letters of gold upon every :..i:- .J...,. in t! tviiU extent of our couture. It bieaihes the true spirit of our pirly ; nnd would to II -riven tli.it we could s-c those nriuilesiiitions of ile volion lu the cause which distinguish our bielhren of Indian, ill every part ot lb Union. Their motto is Union, concession, hirmuiiy. livery thing lor the cans- nothing for men." ( Ites iUed, Tint the great Democratic parly or Ihe Al ss.ippl Valley knows no Noiih nor South, like her noble rivcis ihey cniiiprihiiid both eMiem-c, nnd I lokingnt the Constitution of these Uniteil Stales, tint bml log'ther the extreme-or this Union, with in compromises, we regitd every and nny clib.t u.iou t!i- pul of the National I,rgil.iln c (unJer pris.-nt cucii.n'1-incrs) to lutld tlie Inline ininuiianis tunny portion of our territory n to liieir local i, isolations or internal nil nrs, which ure to exist m Srit 'S heie.ilier to b'-forme I, ns iuiprojier, nnd cik ulnteil tocieale local and sectional divisions, in id weak.cn the ties of 1 this great conledeincy. Th it is to say : it is "improper (!) and might tend "In create local a id icetiomil diiisions," for nny of its free-born citizens to ulter a word of remonstrance against the right of the Slave holding St lies to pi nit the glorious "institution of Slavery" in any and every portion of the IVcr. TnnniTonr of this bn.isti d " Asylum of iiiinr.-jspJ ''! And n vankce miner away un I ' . .. ' ' . l ...i J- -r .1 ... here in Vermont, where KntAs Allen u-etl to , '""' 111 ,trtf "--"' live and spurn oppic-ion, culls this dcl,ill0 j as wo .rom by publishing both in parallel col " true democracy'! i limns! Tlie truth is, we had tho resolutions Hul, aguir, it is " im:irop?r '' and inglit lead JL'fore us when we mado the version of them to "local and ectlnnaliliviliin." for lhuiViirti wl,lcl, w0 published and it was simply tri lift a voice or r.n-e a hand lor 1' reedoin, while ; . . ' r . . r , . , ,t... it is the prop rest and mo.-l coueili .ting thing "ran-e of this fact, and Us loo-e notions in the world lor Alabama, and Virginia, and of fair political controversy that led the c;iri Siiith Carolina, Stale perfectly steeped in that 1 net into its barefaced denial of our correctness. 8 irt of Lorofocoism which goes by the name of I ow, wo beg tho Suilinel to understand that democracy," to declare and resolve, with most ) , , , u , imposing solemnity, th it they will vote lor no , . . man who is not plained to oppose nny restriction fair in politics.' W e are quite apt lo bo posi liion Ihe "niBin'' of extending alttivri ichirccer , live, (ton positive, perhaps,) of our po-itions, and foals Ihcjtig of the H puhlic! And tliis a -en-' to advocate wlut wo believe to be right, and de ti.iel on the watch-tower of l.ncofncoisn, among i , b y b n the green lulls and smiling valleys of rjioiuNT, , , , , , . call", "cue democracy"! good deal of earnestness and warmth. Hut we Cm thu WtiL-ha m fnfrirm ns whether or n t defy that paper to point out an instance of de w -could piirchic "the undhided half of affair," Pi.,lrJ misrepresentalion, or of sneaking and any where in the iieigl.bjrbood ol AJoutpelier ( . ovasivo pcl,ifo;:singl in rcjfiircl to the views of a " political opponent, in any editorial in this paper. The F.ocofoco Coinentioiii We regard such a course of controversy as con- We give b-.'low an extract from the proceed-' temptible, and while we do not iracr ice it, vc ings of the Baltimore Convention, which shows mean to take good caru that no man plumes the way the Barnburner Delegation from New Wo " stuck a pin" In that piece of democratic committalism, " for future reference." The " position of the democratic party" in Alabama, South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, &c, "as to the points In question" is ns follows, as defined by tho "democratic" Legislature ol tho first Slate named : " lie it further Kcsolved, &c, That as one of " the means of protecting the Institutions of the " South, ire pledge otitsehes not to support at the "coming Presidential election, any titan for the " Presidency or Vice Presidency, who is not "Avowr.w.v orrosr.n to the I'iuncii'm: of the " WiLMor Proviso, &o.,&c," Now, then Lewis Cass lias deliberately given his writ ten opinion in opposition " to the princi ple of the Wilmot Proviso," and has been nom inated for the Presidency, by those who passed and those who endorse the nbovc resolution. If Congress should enact a law, similar to the "Ordinance of '87," providing that all Territo ry now owned, or hereafter acquired, by this Union, should be Free Territory, and that "ncl thor Slavery nor involuntary scrtituilc, except, &C." should exist tiicrein, this same Items Cass stands PI.liDGKD TO VKTO IT, be cause says lie, in his Nashville letter, dated Dec. 30, 1817: " I am orrosF.t) to the exercise of any juris 'diction by Congress over this matter, and I "am in favor of leaving to tho people of any ' territory w Inch may bo hereafter acquired the " right to" reanlato it themselves, under the gen- " cral principles of the Constitution: Because 1 II I .NUT Sr.r. I. J UK tJU.NSTI I UTIU. ANY GRANT OFTIIC RKCIUISITE POW- ER TO CONGRESS." Now, Alessrs the Sentinel, and " democratic' papers generally and in particular, will you be so good as to assert that this is your " position," on this vital question ? If so we can tell you that you will need more affidavits in Vermont, han John Van Huron savs will be required in New Yoik, to prove that Lewis Cass lias been candidate at all ! If the Sentinel will lay be fore its readers the opinions of its candidate for President on the subject of the power of the Congress of this Union to legislate in behalf of I- r.EEnou, and other locofoco papers will follow its example, we will guaranty that the " demo cratic" party in this State will need "recruiting" next fall, worse than ever tho Mexican army did! York were handled. We undertake to imagine that the trouble is not yet ended with the " har monious democracy'' of New York ! The Committee on Credential", which is com posed of 2!) member, (being one from each .Slate except New York,) met, as wo have eNe where stated, on .Monday evening, to take into consideration the respective titles of the II irn burner tniil Old 11 on km dolejra lions to represent New York in the Convention, when Gen. How ard, of .Maryland look tha Clmtr, und Mr. Ste-ven-nn, o( Kvntuckj, acted as tho Secretary of the connnitteo. .Mr. Roger-, of Pennsylvania, moved tho fol lowing re-oliitions : l!t-nlu'd, That the two. -ets of delegates from New York bealluwcil Ihreo hours toili-cuss the question which divides them, to commence at 8 o'clock. hun-elf with the notion that lie has proved it upon us! All is fair and honorable in politics, in our opinion, that is fair and honorable any where el-e, and not otherwise, The complacent paragraph at the head of this article will fail of its purpose. Wo have as. serted and proved that tho late Locofoco Con volition of this I)i-trict refused to jiass resolu. lions (or a resolution, wo care not a farthing which,) setting forth their hostility to the con version of Free Into Slave Territory, and their iIoUMinin.ition not to become " the positive in. striiiiients " of such conversion, if the pro slavery test should be required by the Lncolbcus of tlie South. The Sotlincl, after denving the acctnaey of our version of the resolutions, nnd subsequently Hnding itself compelled to admit uesoneo, 1 ii.u mo committee reluse to open it, thinks it does great credit to its skill in quih ZnT v k V "'" '""s "T biing, doubtless, hysajing that the resolutions Iron Aew ork. 1 ow cootorumifr fur sfiut. iii I nt a Jo National l)f-mncr.itic Convention, until each werc -'-'liberately n-glecled to death, instead of party shall p'cdgo them-elves to abide the de- being killed ! that is, that the resolutions (pre cistou or Mini convention, and agree to support ciscly as we represented them) were presented hy all honorable means, tho nominees of said !ull (ieCUSsCll, ud ,ial finally the Convention The lirst resolution, allowing three hours for llr"Prpd oir- "mler 11,0 discussion, so that there tho discussion of the question, was adopted, ' "cr0 enough lift to pass them though it ant tno question lecurring upon the second res- appeared that there were plenty left both to oliitioii, ,v ,- , rr l"ovt. oppose, vote upon, and carry, an adjourn UaVli-."of Va.'. M'Allis'ioV ,( c, . i'l,m, ' "" O'hile the re-olntions were before them Tenn., ltaiitoul, of .Mass., Hurl, mil, nl Ark., Wall, oT N. J,, and others, di-ciissed the ques tion of its propriety, expediency and jit-lice. A motion was then made to po-lponu the ies olution indefinitely, which was lost II to 1U. An adjournment was moved and lejected. The quo-lion then was titkon upon the sec ond resolution, and tho lesull was, Yeas 1 1. Nay- 11. Air. Ross, of Delew are, then canio in, and the vote not having been announced, he was still in time, and voted in the allirmatlvc ', so the reso lution was carried, 16 to 1 1. .Air. C. C. Cambrcleng then pa.-ed up tho following paper, which was read by the Secre tary : rnoiEST against the imi'cachjii.nt of nm COMMlrlEK OF CKEULMIAI.". for artion) by a majority of two ! The Sentinc deceives nobody by this kind of small talk The i act is, (and a subsequent event has proved it) the Locofoco District Convention pared not pa.- n resolution aiiirnnng their opposition to tho oxlension of Slaveiy over the Free Territory ui mis union, vccuuie iney uiicw mat l.'itis Cuss, who has deliberately recorded hisopini to bu that any legislation by Congress to preimt that extension, uiiuhl be UNCONSTITUTION AL, was the most likely to receive the nomina, tioii for the Presidency hy the Locofoco Na tonal Convention. This is tho true secret the opposition to, and the defeat ol, the Free Teintory resolution, in tho recent Burli he . Convention. 1 o he sure theie were gentlemen The delegation of the democracy of tlie Stale in that Convention, Ale-srs, Kasson, Ka.xe and of Ww Vol k In thp It illimnro CilivrHitiiiii. ro- ' ...I I i .. .i ,, ,, , .. ... .. - .., .- ..,-, nu tauu nuunnj. ,r tllci, nioiisniff ppeclfully protest ag.un-t the decision of this . , . . . h committee that before enlerlim upon the exam- ! "-"n-iderations-who "would have justice done ination of tho evidence ofth'ir right to seats in i 'hough the heavens full!" Rut the Old Hunk the convention, and belore thoy Into become 1 ers of " democracy" proved themselves supcrio: nion.iwrsoi i ne in.uy iney sum pr.igo uieui- , tu ie..e gentleuien in tactics, and when suptmit its nominees. They would f el them- I ",!,-1"r"- uf ll,e (-"''VCnl.n.i had dispersed, they B-lve- unworthy to represent th democracy of miisteriil strength enough to stave oil tlie un New J. ork, if Ihey could submit to a ih ci ion ; comfortable wiliject by uu adjournment I vviiicii woiilil inpeacli t 10 iiitegritv o t be rni-1 .,,1,1, , ,. , , . , le-entative, and ' wlrch would d,M,oor our 1 , A'"1 ""S ,S ,,w -r0"lul on wl,,cl' ll,c Stale and subject its delegates to a condition j ,lli,llis I'l'-per to arraign us and the Watchman which the convention exprn-slv decliiud lo im- , guilty of " untruth and misrepresentalion", pose upon tho delegates of any otln-r State in I because we sav, in the Sentinel's own words the Union prior to their adini-sioii. The dob- , ,..,, ,,, r,.l.i.ia : ;.. . .1 gites ol the democracv of .Now York must be I . ,, " lA' admitted to the lialiiinoru Coiueniiou uncoil-1 '-,"""'n slavery "were introduced into the ditioiully, or not at all. Democratic Convention of this district and not I..VTUK I'lluM 3IEXICO. llencwnl of Mexican Hostilities t-Trenty or no Trent y r l'ronuncinmento from AU moule, llnstumentc and 1'arndes ! Tho schooner .May arrived at New Orleans on the 18th, from Vera Cruz. At last a quorum of the members of Congress is said to have as sembled at Querctaro, and to be waiting the ar rival of the American Commissioners to com mence their deliberations on the Peace question. The speculations as to the final result are of the most opposite and conflicting character. The follow ingproiiiinciauicnto Iroin Queretaro was dated April 27th, 11 o'clock at night: 1 Tho peonle have become weary with suffer ing tho oppression nnd sport of petty tyrants. This at least is the ca30 with the .Mexican na tion, which by the omnipotent exercise of its will lias discarded what is called the liencral Government of tho nation established at Quere taro, and prostrated to the caitli the tieichcrous oppressors at 0 o'clock on the night of this day. Kuul this without any resistance, and proclaim ed the only plan which, under present circum stances, can save tho country. This is war ivnr without iruco or ouaiier. nntilan honorable neaco is conniiercd. touch is IhO programme 01 this revolution, nt the head of which are the dis tiiuruishcd Generals Almonte, Iiustainente, and Parades, to whose appeals all who arc Alexicans rather than partisans will respond. The tocsin of liberty has sounded at last. Sons of Hidalco and Ituibido, awake I The invincible hand of Providence points out to yon the road by which every nation on the globe will occupy its true place. .Mexicans, fitlli vnur destiny ! American deserters are said to bo continually arriving at Uueretaro, and during the .'oth.'Jtilli and i!7tli tilt., no less than 20 presented them selves to Ihe .Mexican Government, and werc incorporated in the San Patricio company. Tho garrison at (ineretaro is now composed of 820 men. A wager of 810,000 has been mado at Vera Cruz, for and against the peace, and several of uiu uepuues are saiu to ue concerneu in me bt. A correspondent says that Gen. Herrera has oeen nominated as noident, and that a major ity of the deputies will vote for him.-7 'elejraph al to .V. l papers May 25. 11 TThe French Provisional Government, not, withstanding tho great wisdom, moderation and dignity it has unquestionably displayed under the trying and critical circumstances in which it has been placed, pays homage, now and then to Ling Humbug. The following is one of its latest "decrees:" The Provisional Government, considering the (From nn occnsionul correspondent In New York.) ItAAMMNGS IN TIIE METROPOLIS. 7Vie two Anti-Slatery Anniversaries. " Foolish hsnils may mix nnd mar, Wise and sure the Issues are." During the anniversary week In New York I al ways moke a point of attending the meetings of the two Anti-Slavery Societies j the American, which is Mr. Garrison, and the American and Foreign, which Is the Liberty Party. I do this partly because to mc a melancholy present inteiest Invests the sayings and doing of these men, but more because If I should live until results have been reacted, it will be profitable to have token some notice of processes. The American Anti-Slavery Society is bnsed upon hostility to the Church, or to the Union, or to both. Yet there are two classes of Iterods nnd Pilates who unite under the banner of this association j namely, those who deny nil governmental authority and de test all Church organization, and those who despair of the abolition of Slavery without first destroying the ylwirii'cim Church nnd overthrowing the American Union. They think (so says Wendell Philips) that Slavery, like an oak of a thousand years, has deepen ed its roots nnd strengthened ils grasp, until, permeat ing all the Strata of Society, no less a convulsion than their complete disorganization will ever suffer it to be cradicnted. This convulsion, therefore, they seek to effect. .May it be long before 'they succeed in blow ing the Universe to pieces, that Slavery may perish with the rest I As most of the men engaged in this crusade agsinst Christianity and Constitutional liberty have been con sistent enough to Cease praying, It would of course be improper to open their meetings with nny preconcert ed act ol devotion ; neverthelers, to give the largest liberty to all, the Chairman is accustomed to announce on cnlling the meeting to order, that if any ferson pre sent feels moved to offer vocal prayer, an opportunity is afforded. This opportunity was improved upon the present occasion by Rev. Theodore Parker, who thanked God (in substance) that we are not as othct men are. Air. Parker wns also the first speaker who appeared upon the platform. His appearance is remarkably un prepossessing. His person is diminutive, his features dark and Insignificantind his manner constrained and unimpressive, at least in the beginning. His remarks however, were earnest and thoughtful, and contained nothing to which a moderate man would find excep tion. Mrs. Lucrecia Mott, a quaker matron of Philadel phia, succeeded Mr. Parker, nnd "did w list she could" during an hour and a half to make herself and her sex ridiculous. She said she naturally sympathized with Slaves being herself, as a female, in a condition of proximate degradation. Poor woman! This "degraded" lady was followed by VVendell Philips ;a man lilted by nature to excel in stump ora tory, but nearlj spoiled by too much practice and too little pains. lis resolution on the whole subject gave no indication of present " progress ", tor although bit ter enough, it was quite out-Heroded two years ago in the same place by Parker Pillsbury of New Hnmp. shire. Air. Philips resolved to " reiterate the convic tion, that there can be nn exodus for the American Slave out of his own house of bondage, but over the ruins of the American Church and of the American Union." He spoke bravely of the great Statesmen of the Revolutionary period, and of their hostility to Slavery and abased in the same ratio all who now inherit their greatness, and act upon their principles '.Madison" he said "pleaded against it in his prime at the door of Ihe Convention ;Franklin ill his gray hairs besought the Cengress to resist its encroachments Jefferson and White almost saved Virginia; Jay brood eJ with his angel wings over New York, and Samuel Adams thundered in I aneuu Hall." Thus he "build ed the tombs of the Prophets, and garnished the Sep ulchersof the Righteous"; and knew not, that they loo, in their own day, werc infested by such reptiles as he, and that these their successors whom he now hon ored with his abuse, will in turn extort like meausure of applause from the traducere who shall succeed him. Frederick Douglass, tlie last speaker who addressed the meeting, was twice heralded by Air. Garrison with a tone of eulogy as iinsuited to the dignity of his place as it was undue to the merits of this prodigiously over' praised prodigy. His -peaking has deleriorated since I heard him four or five years ago, in every respect. Indeed his speaking is every way beneath criticism. He entertained the audience for half an hour with ne gro grimaces and negro jokes worthy ol Christy's Af rican Almstrels.or any body else's Ethiopian Serena ders. Such degrading levity ns lw indulged can be called public speaking only by a very liberal meta p.ior, The Liberty Parly, which celebrates its anniversa ry under the banner of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society does not, indeed, indulge the ribald and indecent profaniiy which characterizes the lormcr, nor, like that, openly seek to confound all the elements of Society, and destroy all that makes life tolerable. Rut the other has a respectable consisten cy of purpose, and a straight forward adaptation of means to its ends which this latter cannot claim. The Resolutions adopted by this meeting contains many noble sentiments. The Resolution " That th' Afrxifsn War was begun for the extension of Slavery and had been continued to save the Administration from disgrace" woi received wilh a lew hisses which were promptly drowned by tumultuous applause : and every heort and hand responded, I am sure, when in allusion to recent measures against Slavery among the Old Dominions of Europe, the fervent hope was that Free America might not be the last quarter 01 the globe that shall furnish it a home The principal speaker was Hon. John P. Hale, ol New Hampshire. He a is man of slender intellect and still slenderer education, and (except that he is a gen uine demagogue) is perhaps as well qualified for the high office to which his insane little party have nomi nated him, as respectable New England people gen m1lv and nerhaos not. As I said he is a thoruuoli .lun.nn.,.... nn.l vinrrd a determination lo husband the political conital made for him recently by the " hot rhetoric 01 me isuiosuc ocnmur iimu .ui--ib-ii of WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 31, 1813. The Nomiantlon of Lewis Cnss. I'hnt Midi man should be thouehl most fit for m-n .Iniira nf the Presidency bv the countrymen Daniei. Webster, it is mournlul to know ; and the alternative that his name is only used by them to se-r-m ill .trAt of a mightier man. is hardly less so. Tliia tnt ara-ntint seems to be the true account. Alad principle ot equality implies an uniformity of rosiume 1 as the Liberty Parly is, it is not mad enough to ex Delegates. C U. GA.MIIREI.l'.NG, ) J. WILSON, ( Air. Tremaine (of tho Columbia and Greeuo district.) rendu paper 011 tho Hunker side, sit- ting lurui inav uiu JiuniMTS 11:111 lliul ininnm adovtett I" Thu Sentinel thinks it "owes an apology" to its ronilor.S lor rrll'liKT .n (mid, tiF !lj ....1 .1 fc, n -, i." laiunuii: ttiiio to so unimportant it matter as the position in caucus resolved to sepporl the action of the ! of its party in regard to Free Territory. With convention and its nominations, ,, ' ' , , ,. . Air. Dickinson, (U. S. Senator) presented the I , "" ! " reerdod V"W'"' "I tcry credentials of the Hunker delegates. 111 11,0 ,lt"jJ columns as Its candidato for wnjccuon w as inauo in iiicir coiiH.ierntion, and at past 11 o'clock, P. AL tho cnmmittco ad journed to meet in the morning at S o'clock. On Tuesday morning at 8 o'clock the Com mittee accordingly re-assembled, pursuant to adjournment. A reconsideration of the resolution requiring both sets of delegates from New York tosiislaiu the action and the nominees of thu Convention, was moved but decided to be nut of order. At 1 1 o'clock, n resolution was adopted by Hi to 8 (live members not voting) confirming tho iiroceedinirs of Alouday uicht, that resulted in the protest of the Barnburners, tlie adhesion of the llunkeis, the presentation of their crcden lials, iv.c; and deciding theieloro I Jtimher delegation ate entitled to I omentum President a man who living at the North has et deliberately sold himself lo tho slave-breeding schemes of Locomcoism at the South this modesty of tho Sentinel is quite becoming. But wo have no such qualms. Our readers need no 'apology" from us for exposing the dicrcdita ble devices of that portion of the Locofoco party in Vermont who are aiming ut political power though tho road they travel to it be fenced on -. siuvwmi abandoned principles, and heaped mauac.es ready for the Slave. The . -.it uu territory la the Ureal i up will question . SI their erode,, of tho day ; and we shall 17 u Z that the Old 1 s ons to discuss it, wilh special reference to tho -eat, it. tho claims of Air. I-vvis Cats, a,,,) the i, ", of lu supporters in Vermont tor the citizens appointed to perform the same tunc. uuiis, ucurces "Tlie representatives of the people shall wear a black coat, a white waistcoat with l.ipprls, black pan taloou,nud tri-colored silk scarf, ornamented with gold fringe. They shall ottach lo the button-hole on the left side of their coat a red riband, on which shall be embroidered the Jatces of the Republic. "Done nt a Government Council held on the 30th of April, 1SH. The idea that " the principle of equality" is affected by the color of a man's iroMserj, or by his wearing a coat " with lappels" or a round about, is very French indeed I That they are sincere, however, in all their movements, we must admit when wo reflect that they have given tin their lust Loin's for a Republic, Vive la bagatelle! " Illovv, wind, and crack your cheeks." We had an Interesting interview, just before tea, with " tlie oldest inhabitant." We met him on tho corner of Church and College streets and with his mouth, eyes and hair full of vari ous specimens of the geology, mineralogy ,bugs, fish, and vegetables of this section of Vermont, he exclaimed : " Well, I neier witnessed such a day as this, sir; kevek I" This must be ta ken as conclusive. Tlie way rral estate has " changed owners" in Burlington, to day, is a caution to specula tors! Sand Banks have discounted freely, drafts " on sight" remittances Irom the south being liberal and steady. Imlies havo been largo operators, several of them having been seen tieiiding undrr heavy ini'fffwcitfs. Land t hat evidently " ru!'1 pect success. It has already oeen auie to secure tne election of James K. Polk, tlie annexation of Texas, and the War upon .Mexico, with its expense of blood, us ruinous " indemnity" and its long inheritance of retribution j and now it may perhaps avail to secure a suitable successor to carry out the series of disasters so disastrously begun -, and so, besides burdening their nllhcted country with manifold other evils, place the peaceable removal ol Slavery indefinitely further be yond ihe limit of a reosonable hope ; Which is not victory Is yet bevexge!" S. M. C. Ktnte Jfedlcnl Society It will he seen by a Notice in our advertising columns by Prof. Goldsmith, of the Caslleton Medical College, that an adjourned meeting of the State Medical Society, will be holden at Castleton on the 14th of June. It will gratify our readers to see haw the Wil mot Proviso Democracy of the North receive the Insult offered to the Freo States of the Union by the nomination of so servile a doughface as Lewis Cass of Michigan a man more, and moro deservedly, unacceptable to them than John C. Calhoun would have been ! Wc copy from the New York Evening Post, the Globe and tho Troy lludget. And first from the Post: THE BALTIMORE CONVENTION. Mr. Cass, it seems, has been anreed unon bv the mutilated convention at Baltimore, as a can didate for the Presidency of the United States. The news is received with great joy by tlie wings In this quarter. Their journalists are already presenting their thanks to tho convention, and the friends of Clay wear much more cheerful faces. The nomination has been made without the vote of New York ) If her delegates had been admitted into the Convention it could not have been made', and It now remains for tlie democ racy of this State to say whether, by accepting lie lioilliuaiioii, uiuy win e-auiaioii uic outrage. which thrust out their representatives, and led to the nomination of a candidate who, of ail the democrats spoken of for the office, was the most unacceptable to onr citizens. This is a grave ucstion, and wo are certain that it will receive ue attention. Our delecatcs have behaved with dicnity and propriety, and in a manner worthy of the char acter of the ereat State thev represented and its intelligent democracy. Tlicy wouiu accept no less man a tun recognition oi tne rights to which their constituents werc entitled and not obtainins their demand thev withdrew from the convention. No step has been omitted on their part to obtain for those who sent them a voice n the convention, and failing in this, they could not, without disgrace, be seen taking part in its proceedings. The final vote given for Mr. Cass is not properly a two-thirds vote after all. It com prises two thirds of the votes civen, but not two- thirds of the votes of the Convention. If the representatives of the New lork people had been allowed their rights, Mr. Cass could not have been nominated. It was important, there fore, to his friends, that their votes should be cither excluded or neutralized a fact, of which the Washington politicians who attended, were wcll.aware belore they lelt home. Nine of the votes given for him were cast by one negro driver from Soutli Carolina, appoint ed at a " neighborhood gathering," and assum ing to vote tor the vvholo situe where air. Cass is sure of receiving no support from any party, unless he makes an entire new declara tion of principles on the slavery question. Nei ther has the Convention given tho nomination its usual unanimous confirmation. The dcle- cates from Alabama and Georgia refuse to , .11 r.-n I I I . aoiue ny it, until tuner auu more explicit expia nations are given on that very question, by Air. Cass's friends in the convention. What sort of nomination then is this a nom ination made in a convention mutilated and packed In such a manner that it can by no ad' missible fizurc of speech be called a budy rep rcscntiuc public opinion in the party trom which it was constituted a nomination which even now depends for its validity in some dem ocratic States upon new concessions to the slaveholders, which are yet to be proposed, dc bated and exacted I These concessions will probably be erantcd, and the consummation of the proceedings of this .; ...in I. .1! r..l .I.-:. : convention will uu us uisgracuiui as men ui' ccption. From the Globe. " We do not recrct that this uentleman TGen Cassl was preferred for in recard to him the views of the Democracy of onr State have been frequently and fully expressed. His course upon various questions, but more particularly on the subject of maintaining freedom in terri tories where it now exists, has earned for him the hearty contempt of the people of this State, and we are glad that an opportunity is present ed of declaring this sentiment at the polls." " Had the representatives of New York been allowed to take part in this nomination, it will be seen that a two-third vote would not have been obtained for Gen. Cass. We are gratified that such waa not the fact, and that we are re lieved from responsibility fora nomination which reflects deep disgrace on the parties by which it was made. The Delegates from New York were excluded because Ihey were friendly to the preservation of freedom in free territories, and Gen. Cass was nominated because he believed such preservation unconstitutional. This is exactly the test presented by Georgia, Virginia, Alabama, and Florida, and to which the Utica Convention solemnly rrsolvcd they never would submit. The Democratic party of the Union has been dismembered nn this sole question, and the Democrats of New York are thrown back to the alternative of State action and State nom nations. It remains for them to act with calm ness, firmness and determination which have al ways signalized their action. ' We Irust arrangements will be made to re ceive our Delegation with the honor due to their distinguished fidelity and ability ; to bear their report, and to consult as to the individuals who should be fflectcd, at this crisis, to bear aloft the glorious standard of free principles. New York has been outraged and insulted the re tribution will bo signal, and will long ring in Ihe cars of those who have sought to prostrate Freedom at tho shrine of Slavery, by substitu ting a ttroderi'k for a Havemevek, as a repre sentative of our City Democracy, and putting up a dough-face as the head of a nation of tree men. From the Troy Budget. A Convention at Baltimore to whoo action the people looked with some liltln interest, has nominated Gen. Cass for the Presidency. When the news reached here, it fell like a dull, dead weight upon all classes except the V lugs. The Baltimore Convention has accomplished a feat which will long bo remembered among the remarkable events in the political history of the country. It has broken up the democratic party of the Nation ! The representative of a parish meeting of 40 persons cast NINE votes in the Convention, while the great State of New York was wholly disfranchised. Wn say disfranchised becauso tlie action of the Convention in admitting both sets of delegates amounts to nothing less. A day or two will determine what action the democracv will take in the present crisis. In the mean time we doubt not tlie democracy of this State will be presented with a candidate worthy of support. scheme," just as soon as the monstrous debt of ono or two hundred millions of dollars, in which Locofocoism has involved the country to carry on its war, shall havo been paid. A pretty question, truly, for a locofoco paper to ask I Af ter running the country hcad-and-cars in debt, and thus swallowing up the proceeds of the sales of the National domain for years and years, ask a Whig( he still continues in favor of distri bution, wlien there is nothing to distribute I The following Is the vote, In Convention, by which Lewis Cass was nominated for the Pre sidency. If tlie "democracy" in Vermont don't repudiate tho action of their delegates, wo will never" guess" again I We record with sorrow and shame, the fact that Giles HAitniNOToji, the Delegate from this District, is found among the Old Hunkers. What was gained, gentle men, by the defeat of Mr. Tuchcr of Vergcnnes 7 If Lewis Cass Is acceptable to the Wilmot Pro viso "democracy" of this District, wo would respectfully enquire who would be objectionable! 2 w JUcErTioM or Gex. Scott. At 111 o'clock today, the steamboat St. Nicholas, on which was embarked the Common Council of this city wilh their Invited guests, left Castle Garden, with flags flying and cannons booming, under a beau tifully clear sky, and proceeded to Elizabeth "Upon her arrival there, the General was In troduced to the municipal authorities of this city by Air. Edward Sanderson, mayor of Elizabeth town, and addressed on the part of the Common Council by Morris Franklin, President of the Board of Aldermen. When ho had concluded, General Scott hap pily responded, In a few words. He said he had intended to spend a few days at home in re tirement, but was obliged to surrender himself a willing prisoner to tho kind demands of his friends. He also spoke In the highest terms of the army he had lately commanded, and especially of that portion of it from New York, whoso valor he had been happy to witness, rrom Vera Cruz to the Capital of Mexico, the march wa one scries of heroic achievments. When he had closed, he shook hands with great cordiality, with Gov. Young, ex-AIayor Harper, Ogden Hollman, T. L. Clingman, M. C. from North Carolina, and others, and then retired to the ladies' cabin, where he received the officers of the navy. lie appears hale and robust, though complain ing of slight temporary Indisposition. Coming up the Hay, the steamboat bells chim ed their merry salutation, and cannon were dis charged from Governor's Island and the Batte ry. An immense concourse of citizens and soldiery are in attendance at the latter place. A. 1'. Jour, of Com. After the boat had arrived, Alderman f rank litt welcomed General Scott to the soil of New York, and an immense crowd ratified tne wel come by nine vigorous cneers. mo utiiv,, made an appropriate reply. We copy the account of the remaining pro ceedings from tho New Y'ork Courier : The party then proceeded to the bridge of Castle Garden, where the General having mounted his horse, accompanied by his staff Captains Scott, Williams and Kearney, and Lieut. Schuyler Hamilton he proceeded to pass in review the numerous troops drawn up on the Battery. The line of march was then taken up, and never has New York exhibited before such num bers such enthusiasm so large and admira ble turn-out of tlie citizen-soldiery such a thronging multitude of tlie citizens. It is not deemed an extravagant computation to say that on the line of the march not less than (ico inn dred thousand persons were present in the streets and at the windows. The procession passed up Broadway, Chatham street and the Bowery to Astnr Place, and then down Broadway to the Park, where General Scott again reviewed the troons. When this ceremony was over, and the lines which had kept the spectators back were broken, there was an immense rush of the multitude to . . i r..-l He got so far from the truth, that there is no ' " Te" " ' tho Citv Hall and show himself to the assem bled throng. He was greeted with repeated P Maine, t 0 New Hampshire, 0 0 4 0 o 7 0 3 6 17 11 9 10 0 0 5 6 4 3 7 23 12 9 4 7 4 6 8 .Massachusetts, 1 ermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delawore, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Soutli Carohun, Georgia, Florida, Alabama. .Michigan, Louisiana, 1 exas, Arkansas, Tennessee. Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, .Missouri, Wi-cousin, Alississ.pni, Kentucky, Total, 179 9 6 4 0 0 6 O 0 0 0 !2 O 0 0 0 3 5 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 o o 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 33 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Democracy In a state of unnatural excite. mcnt. The following scene occurred in the late Bal timote Convention, on the fourth day, after the nomination of Cass. That " Delegate from New Hampshire" ought to be attended to! hope of his getting back till long after the No vember election, when his mother will call him into the house and " set him down hard,'' for and tumultuous cheers, which he acknowledg- making such a fool of himself! But the big 1 1. rcC0"CCl' gun of the scene below is that delegate from "countrymen and mv friends : This has Kentucky appropriately named a griffin. He ' been the happiest, the proudest day of my life, was evidently in a state of " spontaneous coin- Two hundred thousand of my fellow citizens bustion." I have come forward to do honor to an humble ,', , . . . servant of this great Republic. You have done orlred unanimous nomination was u overmllch. y0 have more than requited any "'.Mr? AlcCandless pledged Pennsylvania to General ' lilbo" anu J"1' hardships that I may have un Cass by 30,01)0, but her own favorite son would get dergone. From my heart 1 thank )ou and pray much more. 0 Hurrah!" 'hurrah!1 and great np-, that Grsl would ble-s you all ! "n"! iii .- , . uml , It was a noblo tribute from a whole people to newed'cherin)P KeM,SDt' y ' ' I Treat man who had rendered great services, A Delegate Irom New Hampshire Yes, sir j nnd , and been the object of great injustice. It was the Granite Slate will come down upon the hosts of a popular verdict of absolution, complete and federalism like an avalanche. I emphatic, from the unjust and unfounded " dis- Air. turney-lcnneswr now presents an unbroken plca9Ur(. of ti-e President," from which there is front, and we pray God it may haveilsei ect upon the , r"--""-, ' "7 ' . ' , r Empire State. ' no appeal, and concernnrg the signiticancc ot '1 tie call washers eommeneert hv Klntpfl .Maine Air. Onrey 1 pledge the Stale of Alaine, by 10,000 mnjonty. (Cheers.) 1 -i.,..l tl. riBi.i hand of fellimsbip lo the Convention. Alassaetiu-etts .Mr. ltaiitoul We enroot prom ise success, but we will do our whole duly. cheers.) Air. Strange ot North Carolina Iff want lo War from New York. I" New York !" " New York-." " Uoih wings.") A Voice Call the States in order. Massachusetts Air. Hallett We will break the bands that bind the abolitionists and the whiirs such abohiiomsts as southern whigs ek-ct for speaker. (Cheers ) Let the South tnke care of their peculiar institutions. and we will take care ot our peculiar in stitution, which is abolitionism. We will see to them, lie will give you MfiM votes for Cnss. Alabama. Air. Yancey could not tor his pirt de clare tor the nomination, nil the principles ot the nom inee were made known by the Convention. Several otlier democrats spoke in opposilion to this view, pledging the vote of Alabama to Cass. The vole, however, was not unanimous. I ennessee pledgeil her thirteen votes lor liass. Kentucky. Air. Grillin The nower of llenrv Clay is broken. I wish that God may eternally damn me if his power is not broken up (Roars of laughter. hisses, cheers,' order.') Henry Clay has been the idol , that several dwellings were handsomely oi tne it nigs; iney nave loiioweu mm bimuiy ; nut hey ure uettine their sight. Once there was a law passed which a ninn denounced as abominable, and said that all voting lor it ought to tie hung. A friend said, ' Henry Clay voted for it.' ' Did he,' said tire oilier. ' Yes, he did." 'Then I'll be damned tu hell I it nin't right : for Henrv Clav has more sense than all otlier men put together." (Lnughler.) One word more. 1 he New i ork difficulty appears to be set tled, and 1 hope every individual here is pleased wilh the result, and would like to hear Irom her. (Cheers.) " Snuf the Joiner." The Sentinel has commenced the biography of iWi'j Can, the Old Hunker candidate for tho Presidency. We hope the numbers will be continued up to the period of the political demise of that distinguished opponent of the extension of the area of Freedom, in November next. Wo also trust the Sentinel will by no chance omit duo notice of the lij-eolurnn letter of Gen. Cass against Free Territory, and the Inrrc-Iines one to the Chicago Internal Improvement Con vention. ITThey say that the scarcely of cream, in our large cities, Is owing to the circumstance that milk is so Kgh that cream can t rise to th top ' What am you roit I The Detroit Free Press asks lb following significant questions. We have not arned that any definite answers have as yet been ceived : ISDolhe Whigs go for the repeal of the Tariff rf so. and the re-esiaDiisinncniot ine rami oi isr.i Do the Whigs go lor a United States Hank 1 Da the Whiirs go for the distribution scheme t Will some Whig editor answer these questional Vt. I'atnot. The Whigs go lor the repeal of the tariff of 1846, just so far as may be necessary to protect Home Industry from ruinous foreign competion just so far, for example, as may bo necessary to preserve and foster the interests and rights of the wool-growers and the manufacturers in America, against tha wool-growers and manu facturers In Europe and South America; just as far, for example, as may be necessary to raise more money to pay off the Icofoco National Pelt. The Whigs do not go for a United States Bank, that we know of. Tho Whig vt-iu, go fer the " distribution which there can be no mistake. The whole pageant was beautiful in execu-.,., UOIl, as It Was well Conceived ami t,nderlnket- (bv . and so far as we have heard was carried ou without accident. "ou The good humorof the multitudes assembled, the discretion and moderation both of the public i-nd the soldiery who kept the ground and main tained order, were in keeping with the occasion, and all -trtook in tlie same spirit of hearty wel come to the '-"onqneror of Ate.xico. It was a greav occasion and a great day, and greatly was it observed and honored on the part of the glorious and liberal city and citizens of New York. In the evening, General Scott dined at th Astor House with the general otficers and staff of the New York city troops. He remains with his family for a day or two in the city, at Julien's in Washington Place, The Astor House and other buildings were illuminated last eveuins, and we observed American Statvarv AIabble. American mnrble is not wanting in fineness and beauty of texture for the purposes ol the sculptor, but it has been hitherto found impossible to obtain it in sutliciently large blocks tor statuary, except on a small scale. The purest samplesaretound lull ot flaws, seams and oilier defects which make it necessary to resort lo the Italian quar ries. It wr may believe Ihe Huston Transcript, how ever, there is a quarry a Rutland Vermont, which has been worked for three years, where blocks of the larg est size may be cut, free Irom these jmperlrctions. uue ol uiese, taken irom a ueplh ot tilty teet uelow Ihe surface, has lately arrived at Itoston. " It is," says the Boston print, " the largest block of marble ever quarried in this country. It weighs 9000 pounds. It is as pure auu wnue as tne nest cast uoston sugar, and is what geologists class as translucent, it is the liurrst marble vet lound in America, and eoual to any ever brought (torn Italy ; tough, with a tine grain ; lakes a one poiisn, anu win stand our climate much belter than the Carrero marble. This block wos tok en from Rutland to Whitehall on the railroad, thence down the canal to Troy, and over the Western RnU- uoston.' A. 1 . Lttmng Fost. road to 1 The Boston paper is in error in regard to the method of transporting this block from Rutland to Whitehall, though there is little doubt that the prospect of the early completion of the Railroad spoken of, therefore affording available facilities for transporting the Marble of Western Ver mont to market, has had its influence in leading the proprietors of the fine Quarry in Rutland to incur the expense of working to the extent ne cessary to procure such blocks of Statuary Mar bio as the one in Boston. That marble, of a quality and in blocks of sufficient dimensions, to answer all Statuary purposes can be obtained in the Quarries of Rutland County, has long been well ascertained. We believe the Quarry ol Air. Kxowles Tat- Lon, in Brandon, is capable of producing the very best of marble ; quite equal in every res pect, as to soundness, freedom from discolored spots, transparency, susceptibility of polishing, tVc. &.c. to the best Italian Marble. Both these Quarries are immediately upon the line of theRailroad, (indeed the road, we believe, passes directly through the works of the Rut land Company, at Sutherland's Falls) and they will be unquestionably prepared to supply a ma terial item in its aggregate of freight business on its completion. adorned. It was a source of sincere gratification to all to see the General in such fine health. l.ong may he live to eujoy the grateful ap plause of his countrymen. Correspondence of the Madison County Whig. Albasv, .May 13, 18tS. I certainly must have been mistaken, at least I ovgtit to have been, vt hen I read in )our paper of a reient date, art extract Irom the Journal oj Commerce in which Win field Scott was disparagingly mentioned. Oh, my Moved editor, whaiever else you dc or whateterelse vou don't do let ihe treacherous, and hitler, nnd vindictive Journal of Commerce be jour patlerunnd authority only when ou would seek out some mode! and example of whnt was to tie scorned by honoroble men. Welcome, indeed, is the opposi tion ot thai meanest ot oil Loco Foco prints because most hypocritical to ihe brave Soorr. It needed this w renih ot Uaurel to his fame, lor sad and mournlul, nnd cloomv would lie the hour to the ad glorious old General, when the Journal ut Commerce nii'uiu oe ins inenu. na lever oiner calamity may overtake him, let him be spared that. The Whig party has never had an enemy so subtle and rnshg. nam and when the merchants of New Yoik enumer ate the errors of their life, thai they have warmed in to exisience such a paper, deserves to be first at tha confessional. Truer words were never written. We are never so sure that we are right as when our course is counter to that of the Journal of Com merce, a paper which owes its existence to mis. directed charities, and its power to do evil, to tho patronage of those whom it stings. It has ever been among the most malignant enemies of the lug party, watching, evermore, for oppor tunity tu sirihe at a latat pall. Whigs gorge it with patronage. And yet tho XAXth CO.GItESS. Washington, Alay 25. Senate, numerous memorials and petitions were presented, which were duly received and referred. Air. Niles moved to take up the resolution which he had previously offered, directing tho Secretary of the Treasury to report, whether the interest accruing on the public debt had been paid in any instance in other fuuds than specie. A debate sprung up between Mr. Niles and Air, Jefferson Davis, of Alississippi. The reso lution was finally adopted. After the transaction of some unimportant business, On motion the Senate then adjourned over until Monday. House of Representatieers, Mr. Wick, of In diana, introdused a Bill prohibiting the Impor tation of slaves into the District ol Columbia; which was read tw ice. Several members mov ed for a call ol tho House, when it appeared that only PJO answered to their names. On motion of Air. Burt, of South Carolins, the House adjourned over till (Friday) to-inor-row. A

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