Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 30, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 30, 1848 Page 2
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00, i!i;i!I,!.v(;to, vt. " In tiik tiAiiK ami TiKJUiit.r.n nmiit i hat is liruN ui, i iiniii: is miStaii Ar.ovi. 1111: iiohion touive trs a ui.r.AM of i.kiiit, r..ri:i"HMi iiir INTRt.Lllir.NT, I'ATUHITIC Wlltll t'Attl'V OF TIIK United States." Daniel Welhr. Whig Rumination- For President, ZACHARY TAYLOR, For Vice President MILLARD FILLMORE, The Wliij; papers of Vt-rmoiit that have come to ii since the of the " Curd '' ol'tlic lion, Mr. I!, repudiating ttic nomination of the Whip National Convention, furnish the very poorest encouragement tn that misjudging uenllcinan to proceed with his promi-cd array , ., ,,r ,1.,, . .. i , i.,i of "reasons. o think he cannot mistake the evidence that the Wiiki Paktv in Vermont have pretty much settled their determination wiih res pect to Tayi.oh and Fillmore. We give be low the comment that Mr. Uveiiett's. caul has, thus far, called out : Prom lhc Wunilstotk Mercury. " We. In not intend to say much nt Ibis lime con ceriiitii: the lion. (ientieiiunV'nilliision lo die noiii-Iii-Hhh."," ma liis,'.wromim;i.4.i;.'hostilitv lolii-r.Vr-th.t," hut so lir ns the adhesion nt the Whigs ol Vei Itiolll iseitiieciued, we think they will ehoose tospenk tor iln'iiisele,niul that they will hpeak on the itli of so ember next, in siieh a manner ns to 1, avcnn.lonlit of their "uueiinipioiuisiiiir' adhesion to tlie nomina tion, uilhoiijjli their delegate may continue Ins hostil ity." Ourfricndof the Monlp.'lier II'((7ihi!h,(vIio, we are soirytosay, isnnl jet "out of tlio woods," though ho sees fetter beam) thus comments : " fI'be follow ins card indicates that one ol the dele gates from Vt'iiiiont is to oppose the nominee of the rnitU'Utiou, and tint "uncompromisingly." We sn iect Mr. I'erell hnrdly took lime enough to pel ami upon Iie dflcnt oi hisliiend Mr. Clay: hut we shall sec." I'ioiii the Hi. Alhans Messenger. " We Mi-pect thai Mr. 1'vcrelt feels somewhat as he, lid when we heard of him IiM iiiiuhliehle resign ing his h .it in our tute Legislature, lliscrmisenow will we apprehend, excite n limit as nnielisynipnlhy.' The llillnirs Tails (lazrlte, alluding to Mr. r.vcrcll's request that tlio Wiiig papers would " please copy ", says : Yes. an I the I irrs will all nlensc copy We fear lluiucc is. getlm; iiatsn, bill wc suau sec. Tun Allison Letteh or Tamoi; is one of tlio uio-t boautiful exhibitions of pine Wliig nrincinlcs. lint anv writer has ever put fortl It is our creed consolidated in a few word. It romnriros all that for twenty veals wo have been slitigi'ling for, and if it were tlio only letter fiom lieu. Taylor, not a Whig could lUp a word ng.tln't him. Hut, it is obj"ctei!,that Gen. Tavlor has cl-c- were said lliat he will nut promise any party to carry out its piinciples. Wo may remaii; in p issing upon this point, that when Jon. Taj lor wrote thu, ho directed his remarks agiiiist a Native American nomination that was tciideicd him. lie did not object to the civilities of any pirlyor cla-.-, ho would accept all, but lie would not promise to represent all, To make clear, however, what were his opinions lie indi ted the Allison Letter, an explicit, and as we Iiivosaid above, satisfactory exhibit of Whig principles, the leal Whig platform for every Whig in the Union to stand upon. It has ever been tho prido and boast of the Whig party, that its parts were tho parts of the country, and of tho whole human race in that countiv, not of a purl of it. Now this is all ti'cn. Taylor, as wo understand him, says. If l.A I . r ..'rln,i,,cll- ( J ( J (,VP " mO lit , llC l to ltd minister it for the irood of tho country, and of me wviiie country, ana wini mure wviiie country, and what more can any tiimuiic wing require nt mm line is to tie re-ident he is not to he the Pic-idoiit of bigs an no, ir iiemricrais alone, or .Natives alone, but th ' Pre-l lert of tho country Such i Pro- si lent we know, of conr-e, mii-t be a Whig Pre-ident, for Whig Principles eiubraco what Wings believe tn bo the interests of Democrats a w en a- oi a vv uis nun ions uio iniere-is t of the whole country- Our intensU, imbed. I ..I !.. 1 .. 1 ! are common and identical. One may misjudge, but lh creed which the Whigs havo ever laid down is, that whosoever vv a President, was hound lo bo tho President of all pailiin. Such a President was Gen. Washington, and Mich John fiuincy Adams. A'. )'. I'..cress. &jr"A CoriC-pondent has sent us a stringent notice of the S' lttiuil's argument (!) en " Toy lor's position on Slavery." It really strikes us that "the play is'nt worth tlio candle." Wo mm l rcmciniwr mai wo ever rcau an iiion in reasoning so utterly incon-eqiiential and even ri.liculmis as that which tbo con-cousness of the odious and abominable position of on the same question, has drawn from the Sen- Intel. If a man can reasonably bo expected to occupy tunc and since, 111 this world, in refu- ,' . , , , ,. , ting logic, that .wvire any thing, we dout see , , , ,, . . . 7 what ho had brains given to him for. Correspond! nee "I the Impress. W.vMUNriTON, June 10. The favorable terms on which the Govern- . , , , , ment Loan has been negotiated, is interpreted , iodic iling a innio livorahle condition ol the lionie monev market, nud us giving evidence of a disposition, on tho part of foreign capitalists, to invest their funds in American securities. It is not iuiprubibte another loan will be requited by tlio next Cougicss, to relievo tlie Government of its war debts. Much depends, however, upon tho action of ''ongri'ss. It a new Pension act is to becouia u law, if a large Standing Army will be kept np, as ihe Prosi dent will recommend, if tho cxnen-es incident lo the new terr'"ory aro to bo provided fur, and tlio remaining . Ht-Omcnts or tho treaty paid, nun, now ueiu.iuos musi uo m.iue upon tlie Government treasury, and a new loan required, Tho T.iriU'ol 18lii sacrifices eycrjlbiiiir of a domestic naturo to tho policy of deiivlng the hrgestaniount or revenue froin foreign imports, tho first ell'ect of which is a sacrifice of labor 11 ml means at homo to foreign capital, The groat welfare of the country depends upon a speedy ending of the present rule. Mr. Polk's policy has been one of foreign aggressive war, and a w ar upon the internal mlicy of tlie conn try, and it should bo 11 matter of public rcjoicin" lliai us u.vj s ere iiiiuiovri 11, What may Ira regarded as favorablo.toiul.lo.r UIO loan jus! iieouiiieu, is uio laci mat tlio II IT hr- )IV1' nigs will leceivo at too earliest moment Million", and Ibis will s,avo tho sbl ment nf just to mucll specie to J.urope. 1;, 11, Tlio t'ticn Xoiuililllioii. Our telegraph despatch last evening, nnnomi red that tho Barnburners at Utica had nomin ated Mahtin Van Dunnx for President, Tlii- leally looks as though they weto not in rurnut, wo aio sorry to say. In the first plaro, it would seem to bo wholly improbable that Mr. Vai ,, . ,,i .. , , Itnrin veill iifrpitt flip tioinninf inn . nn,l ,.r. n,l. ly, if tho Barnburners really mean lo show fight, tho last man whoso voice they wouhl v.iih tn silence is John Van Huron. Wp ilon'l Issllcvu it is t'lther f.xjsfctcil, or wished, llut the JFrcc p v c noiiiinco should nrccpt. If Hen. Dix had been nominated, the affair would loo1 a little more like sincerity. Wo shall soon see. Tun New I'oiTAnr. Him., for newspapers, which pissed tho llnile of representatives on .Monday "'(stores the right to publishers oT p i pert to forw.'ild tliem Ireo of postage tn sub scribers residing in tlio county, or within thirty miles of where the paper Is" printed. Paper sent a hundred miles pay half a rent, and over one hundred, one cent postage if of no greater size, . ith pamphlets, magazines, vVc. will pay tow cents an ounce, and one rent for each ad ditional ounce over tlio first. Publishers of periodical and pamphlets alo allowed to ex change with each other free of postage, and newspapers not sent from the ollice of publica tion aru to pay two cent postage. lioston Courier. " Kuril ' our belief that Taylor, in the presidential chair, would lie tlio imtiiiinciit of slavery, actum lor the south runt for " sionilirrn riiihls" anil we have civ en our rontons. Not only the inlluence ol himself, his advi-ers run! his fiiends wmiltl be on the side of sliieiv,hul the nation would once inure hcsligniatiz. id with the reputation of giving its sanction to the ciuscd institution ot human chatlelisni by ilevalum lo lhc h ,1(.sl 0lk.h, himnr9 , n.ltioll ,,rilK.llra denier in Iiumftn tlcsn nnil oiooti. The foregoing is from the thtrtinjjtmi Scnti nrl, the org m of a party vrho, for luetic of tho last twenty yeais, havo confeircd tlio Presiden cy upon " principal dealers in nninati tlcsn unit blood" a paper that supports Jitwes A. I'dk, i principal dealer in human llesh and blood, a paper that ilcbucs that the question of JJx tending Slavery ought not to bo introduced in'o tlio present canvass, and above, and before and beyond all, a paper that is doing all it can to el evate to the Presidency Isu is diss, who for mally and deliberately rt.r.Dcrs inn PiXECfTivr., in advance, to prevent the Congress of the Union from placing any legal obstacle in tlio way of the Extension if Watery, mitt the eslnli- lishmcnt of Mnrlatsfor " ilealers in human Jte.-h ami blinil,'' all iner the l"ree Territories nf this llejiublic ! hy rim sourmuiN mail to-day. The .Steamer Crcsent City has arrived at New York, 7 days from New Orleans, bringing later Mexican News. New Orleans, dates to tho 13. inst. den. Horrent has been elected President of Mexico, by tho vote of 1 1 Slates against 5. He entered upon tho discharge of his duties on the 1st nf June. In reply to tlio Address of .Messrs Hr.virci: and Cliffoiu), the American Commissioners, after tlio ratification of tlio Treaty, the Mexican Minister said that Mi. vim voulJ tl.url'y iijijiuinl it .Minhti r to tie Vnitnl States. Now that the Treaty has been approved bv all to," Mt'Xican Government, but little interest attaches to the proceedings at Queretaio. J h tfnliitnr'a riirri-'OOIldcnt furiiKhos IIS a loin letter, but we do not lind ill it much that is in- terestmir lo Americans. Tho American Loin inissinueis were received and enlcrtaiuvd with much hospitality. Mr. Sevier, however, tun. ill, Mr. Clillbnl took charjo of tlio ucirotiatioiis. Tie terihr uni like the prscul pnsiliim nf tiiinlu Anna, luhermg that he is in stent enrra jnmlence irith hisj'riemls in the Itepnblic. Tlic Unriiliurncrs mid the .oniinre. Tho Now York nnil of to-diy brings further news and sjujciil'itiom respecting the Utica Con vention, and iu distinguished nominee. Tho Itirnburnor pipers mo in cxst.icirs, and the Hunkers iu spasms, in consequence oftho nom ination of Mr. Van Hfiie.n. Should that gen- ,cm,ln , dt,ciillc. (,e liitb OHiof Old Iliinker- i-m and l.oivis Ciwa has been reached in the otate ol , New ork With reinarkatilo expedition ! Wo verily believe tlio Cuss party in New York. all , f,ici t,e yKU Sutes, will very soon !,.,,., , v ; ' .. ,.,, ... . "--"Ol, i.:. .-nt.... f, ....... Hut a letter- long and nbfo letter from Mr. Van Hit.iin was read to tho Convention, in which, while warmly expressing sympathy with tlie lUriihurncr movement, be says his de termination not to be again a candidate for Pres ident, (formed and expressed in 1811) remains unchungul. Ho sas to tlio Convention : " uuhchililtiusty nyHitrc nf the course imujun ; tn jmrsne in tithtinliltii ytiitr votes J'luin Hue. ei iwr C111.S ; mid shall th m myselj." Tolerably explicit! And we commend it to , 10 m,rutulul0 or(j.,s tlf savCrv.cxteiision iu , Vcrmomf ,0 ttittho UmYmic,n Sentinel, the Ycmml &(, wIlQ aro doi r t,,oir ; ..n.n endeavors to tl.o election or tl.:t j remirkllb,0 ll(,ll(;,f,lCB ,. (;vcrnur Ca,s ami tu , ho (lwtrhio . 1 . ... .. , 1 Congress possesses no constitutional power to , , .., . ., , .. . 1 exclude blavcry from our 1 reo Territories in regvrd to which Mr. Van Ult.u.n says : 1 ft is proposed to ive this doctrine the niot fob I emu sautiion Known to out political sy.-leni, by the election ot Hs declared udvoculc mid supjioiier to ihe I Presidency. 11 it receives die proposed rviiuaioiiofthe 1 '1H,- 'l llIU l , tlSH'!., llll ll-Mlll l-illllll., I"" IIUHI'lll.l. , Wpohey in lejinrd to ihe e.ien..ion ol slavery m the tcrriioiiesol the I'liiud States iuio which 11 has nut Jet heel j iiiliodueed, has existed since Hie coiu Ulenieliielll ot ihe guu'lllllieut, nud ihe coiiseiuemes nt which have been so salutary must tease, and evety act uf t'liiizroti ilfi-itfiteil tn r.irtij it iltln rjficl le tie jcfitcd lijtl.r vein uj the V.xeciiltvc'' Iiight, Mr. Van Huron ! Now, go ahead ; we wish tlio Barnburners all possiblo success in making mlnce-mcat of tho "Cass and Butler de mocracy." Further than this, we havo 110 spe- I cial concern iu tlie movement. Suicide. We received the subjoined memorandum of a suicide in Last Berkshire Vt., from G, Pollakh h'sq , of that town. I la requests its publication as a means of conveying to tho friends of the deceased, who aro not known, and the place of whose residence is a matter of conjecture, the know lfdgo of his unhappy death i SnctiiE in Last BEiiKsntnE. Committed su- 1 icblo bv,.iir. in fst llnrkshlre. Mnv "nib. j Mr. Li.t Sn nv, supposed to be from Biiilliig'.nn I or vii'inilv. Sliould this meet the eyes of the yes parents or friends of tho deceased, they may 'cam further particulars from Mr. John Pollard. Last Berkshire, Vt. wiiiis siwri: cowx.vno.v. We have keit nor .,.l,,,,,o ,l. 1..., ! moment in the hop,, (,f rcceivine-11 call for the v;l'o Convention, 'i'o tho butt of uur knowl- '"" V,,' " "'i on1"." u' J111)'. till" "r nlMiddlfhury, Kutlaml, Wooillock or Wind. i ....... 1 i'i"i.iyiii ui !,1U Mmiljvltir Watchman. If 'iota! inn" is to decide tho question, wo be- liovo biiddlebury should lo tho place or per Imps Windsor. Why not Montpclier? BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 30, 1818 TUKSDAV KVKNING, JUNH 27, 1818 Tho following Is tho first of a brief scries of " Notes " on Cast's pro-slavery titnl pro-extension letter to tlio Southern "democracy," vv lilch has been kindly furnished to us by a gen tleman connected with tho legal profession arid 7io has hert tnfiire ncleil trilh the " tlcmocrntie. jiarty." That lie is not very likely to affiird " aid and comfort " to l,eieis Cass, and thus help lo establish tho infamous doctrine that tho National Congress has no power to l Rnsr.nvr, FitKKDm: in tlio National Territories, we think will bo manifest to all who will read the follow ing ' notes." They aro candid, clear, conclu sive ; and place tlio Michigan doughface still higher on that " bad eminence," (or still low er in that " lower deep ") where ho will bo look cd upon in all coining time as simply a swift traitor lo 1'rciJom ami 1'ree Vrinciplesfur the sake nf office. In connection with tlio explicit declaration of Cass that Congress has no Constitutional au thority to exclude Slavery from tho free territo ry of tlio Union, (a doctrine that outrages both common sense and tho spirit uf Freedom and Humanity that now animates tiio whole civiliz ed world!) it his consequent Implied PM'DGB lo Slavery-propagandists that lie will (in casoof election) VMTO any act of Congress having that noblo object in view, vvc desire to call tho attention of our readers to tho sentiments of Gen. '1'AYi.on, as embodied in his views on the Veto power in tlio Alison letter. Ho there says: Tho personal opinions of tlio individual who " may happen to occupy tlio Kxccntivo chair, " ought not to control the action of Congress " upon questions of domestic policy, :or. ought ills omr.ciioNs iu nr. intertoseu where " (JUFsTIONs OF ("0SST1TUT IONAI. l'OWT.R HAVE " 11KEN sr.1TI.EIi n- THE VAKIOUS nnTAKTMENTS ' or ciovnuNaiEXT, and achuievjed in by the " rroi'LE." No " question of constitutional power " lias been more clearly " settled-' than that Congress HAS the authority in behalf of Freedom which hurts Cass denies to that body ! Hut wo are keeping on readers from tho Notes. Our purpose was simply to call attention to them in connection willi the significant fact that the ill' telligent author of them is not, by patty assnciiv linn, a Whig though he is infinitely farther from being a " Cass democrat." No II. of tho Notes will appear tomorrow : iNOTKS to Lewis Cass's Letter on the Wilmot Proviso Nininri: I. "Their (territories) relation tn tlie general government is very impeifectly defined by the lory, and, having performed it ollice, is it fane-Con-titution ; and it will bo found, upon exam- f o' io? Was it passed under certain " im iuation, that iu instrument the only grant i perious circumstances ?" I know this ordinance of power concerning them is conveyed iu tlio was once pronounced a rash assumption. I plnase, " Congress shall have tho power to di-! know Mr. Cass talks of an " exi-ting necessity" pose of and make all needful rules and regula tions, respecting the territories and other proper ty belonging to the United States." Norr. 1. ltis remarked by an old lawyer, that many authors havo been spoiled of late by Xote. Mr. Cass ob-erves of the Wilmot Pro viso, " It woniJ bj ill-timed lo discuss it here." Ho has, however, alidmptfd to sustain his posi tion by argument; and, it is u;;t justice to say, it i.s llio weakest of the arguments adduced on the slavery side of tho question. He construes tho expression, tho 'territory and other property,' to relate to public lands, as uch; to arsenals, forts, dock-yaids,Vc.,.vc. i . j I , The authority " lo disiosc if uu.1 regulate these" ho contends, " does not extend to tho unlimited power of legislation, to tlie pas-sago of all Arir.', in the general acceptation of tlio word," which, ho says, " by the by, i.s rarefully excluded from the sentence." He then confines tho legisla tive power to the regulation ami disposal of 'prop erty? ami exclude-, from its operation the con trol of " tlio lives and persons of our citizens." It might lw asked, aro slaves ' property' or per-s-ons I llut whence comes the power which Congress Ins always exorcised for tho govern- incut id tho territories Mr. Cass says, " a more '. enlarged power has been exercised over the ter-1 "and States in tlie said territory, and forever nVon'i's.tlian is conveyed by the limited grant re- "remain unalterable, unless by common con ferred to." But according to him this was ow-' sent;" nig tn certain " imperious circumstances, to an "existing necessity,' 1 and was "rather a vio- lent implication !" To this absurdity has Mr. Cass reduced himself, by his exposition of tho constitution, and by an entire omission to no tico the clear and ample words of the clause, "to niaku all needful rules and regulations," which is, by far, the most important part of the ' phrase." No 0110 has ever doubted tho au thority of Congress to erect territorial govern ments within tho territory of tlie United States, under the general language of the clause, "to make all needful rules and regulations." Story on the Caititititlion. What shall be the form of government estab lished in the tertitories depends exclusively up on tho disctetion of Congress. Having a right to erect a territorial government, they may con fer on it such powers, legislative, judicial, and executive, as they may deem best. Uj. Tho power of Congress over tho public terri tory is dearly exclusive and universal; and their legislation Is subject to no control, &.c. . Note 2. But is this, as Mr. Cass says.the on ly grant of power concerning territories, when tho prohibition of slavery therein, is the subject under consideration 1 ' Upon examination' I find this in tho constitution of our country; "The migration or importation of sucli persons as any of tlio States sow existing shall think proper to admit shall not. bo prohibited by Con gress prior to tlie year 1808." In tho language of Mr. Sergeant, " Why is this restraint upon "the power of Congress, confined to th States " ' now existing ?" It was to give to Congress " tho power, immediately, to prevent tho intra "ilurtion or slavery into tho States to be formed. " 1 do not doubt that it had a particular reference "to tlio ordinance of 1787, and was meant to "guanl against the inference, that Congre-s "had not tho authority to romplete the work ' tho ordinance had begun. For if tlie rcstraii.t ' had been general, comprehending tlie Slates 'to bo formedas well as those existing, Congress "could not, within tho twenty years, have pro " hibited the 'migration or importation"of slaves " into tho States to be admitted into tlio North west territory; and then, ono of two couse "quences must luvo followed : either Congress "would have refused to admit tlio States within ' twenty years, which would not hive been con ' sistont with tho engagements entered into, or '"lliey must h ivc admitted them with the power "of receiving slaves, which would havo been "contrary to tho provisions of tho ordinance." This ordinance will bo hereafter considered. Note 3." What would bo thought," says Mr. Cass, " if Congress should undertake to prescribe tho terms of marringo in New York"! Tills is not applicable to tho inhibition of slavo ry in territories! and furthermore, It is an ar gument (i hominein el icmnen, which has al ways been held contrary to sound logic. Nu.vmnn II. Briefly, then, I am opposed to tho exerciso "of any jurisdiction by Congress over this mat "ter; and I am In favor of leaving to the people " of any territory, which may bo hereafter ac quired, tlio right to regulate it themselves, nn "tier the general principles of the Constitution, " Because " " 1 . I do not see in the Constitution any grant " of the requisite power to Congress, &.c." Cass s hotter. Note 4. It is not my purpose to discuss a great Constitutional question. It has already been doiio by men whose abilities are not to be questioned. The hour of discussion is past. So far as legitimate action can settle a question of this kind, it has been settled. It is my pur pose to place facts and results, side by Eide, w ith t lie opinions of Lewis Cass. In tho light of these facts, behold him. On one side, is the ac tion of the government from the days of its foun dation, on tho other, the opinions expressed in this letter. With the cleir results of tho pow erful discussion on tho Missouri question, wcigli tho little argument of Lewis Cass. Under the above declaration of his, let the ordinance of 1787 be considered. This ordinance has formed the model, in most respects, of all our territorial governments, and is remarkable for its masterly display of tho fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty. It passed while tho Convention that formed tho Constitution was in session. There is every reason to believe that it had a powerful influence in bringing about the adoption of the Constitution. For two difficult questions to ad just, Were those of tho admission of States, and the slavo representation. These, so far as the territories were concerned, this oidinancc final ly adjusted. It was unanimously adopted. Now, was it Inconsistent with the Constitution? then, most c early it was repealed by that instrn ment. Hut if tlie Convention intended to re peal it, thej would have done so. Yet imme diately after, when many ofthoeevslio framed the Constitttion were members of Congress, the supplement to this oidinance, wo aro told, was adopted. AVasit, then, unconstitutional 1 Was it an ordinance applicable to a particular Icrri- and flints it " rather a violent implication ;" but all these things aro now too late. That no blo monument to tho purity of a patiiot's heart, to tho genius of a high-soiilcd statesman and jurist, has received the repeated sanction of tlio Congress of this Union. Heaven forbid, that motives of low ambition, or plots of demagogues, shall weaken its spirit and betray its princi ples! This is the noblo language of tho ordinance: " And for extending tho fundamental princi-

"pies of civil and religious liberty, which form "tho bnrm whtreon these republics, their law '"and Constitution are erected; to lix and es- . . . . . . " tablish thne principles as the basis of all laws, " Constitutions, and government!), which forever "hereafter shall bo formed Iu s.'id territory; to "provide, aLo, for the establishment of States, "and permanent government therein, and for " their admission to a share iu the federal coun "cils on an equal footing with tho original " States, at as early periods as may bo consist- "cut with tlie general interest : j " It is hereby ordained and declared, by the , "authority aforesaid, That tho following arti- " clcs shall bo comidcred as articles, of compact, between tho original States and the people ' i viiu mis is me language oi me 01x111 .-vru- tide: "There shall bo neither slavery nor involun " tary servitude in tho said territory, otherwise "than in tlie punishment of crime, whereof the " party shall have been duly convicted." And tills is the language of the act of Con gress March C, 1820. "7 Sec, VIII. In all territory ceded by Franco to the United States, under the name of lxiuis iana, which lies North of thirty-six degress and thirty minutes North latitude, not within the limits of tlio Stato contemplated by this net, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than In tho punishment of crime, whereof tlie parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited." Unfortunate man ! Was it "existing necessi ty," or " imperious circumstances," that at this time led to this rather "violent implication" ? Are you making master strokes for the presiden cy, or death strokes to tlie Constitution, and tlie long cherished hopes of the free portion of this Union? Most noblo slave, do you presume to quote tho language of tho father of his country to exhort fkf.even to betray tho hcritago of iheir fathers ? Wear thy shackles and thy honors. Greet tho Constitution with a kiss, and deny it ero tho cock crow onco. How are you not worthy oftho pity of those, who have souls and hearts to love their country, more than place or official honors, or party, and would sooner make its flag their winding sheet, than thus, without necessity, hide the black demon in its glorious folds! C1VIS NATUS. The Missouri Compromise. Central lUiilronii. This road was opened lo Bethel, yesterday, and we have the best anthurily for saying that " tho first train of passenger-cars ever in Ver mont " passed over it to that point. Wo con gratulate our friends in Lastern Vermont, and iu tlio Stato, on the event. We presume it was celebrated with becoming and appropriate cere mony. " Tho first train of passenger-cars " in to Vermont, connecting us wilh tho Atlantic Markets, suggests consequences affecting the business and mcial interests of tho Statu, of great magnituilo and Importance. Thoy will follow beloro they aro fully foreseen ! A new era is dawuirg upon our hitherto quiet Commonwealth. WKDNI2SDAY HVKNIXG, JUNI2 27, 1813. Whig Stniv. Convention. Notlco is hereby given that a Delegate Con vention, of the Whig Party oftho State of Ver mont, will beholden at Woodblock, on Wednes day tho lUlh day of July next, for tho purpose of nominating Candidates for (loicrnor, lieuten ant Oincrnor and Tnasurcr nf the State, for tho year ensuing and also Candidates for I'res hlential lUectors. It is desired that every town in tlie State should bo represented by at lead two delegates. Timothv Fom.ett," John Klmiiall, Solomon Foor, State l'oim-s Baxter, Commiltie. K. P. Walton .lit., Samuel W. Kr.vr., Justin S. Mokuill. June 28, 1848. The Statu Convention. As will bo seen by the notice nbovo, the Stato Comtnittco have called tho State Convention at Woodstock, on lhc VMhif July. Wo very cordially concur iu tho propriety of the Suggestion oftho Committee, that the Con vention bo composed of Dele sates, especially elected by the Whig Freemen of tho several towns in tho State, to perform tho important duties committed to them, nud trust their recom mendation will meet with universal opproval and acquiescence. It appears to us to bo by far tlio most certain and satisfactory, as it is tlie most dignified, method of arriving at the popu lar choice in tlio nominations to bo made. Wo hope, thcteforc, that the Whig Town Commit tees throughout the State will promptly second the proposition oftho Stato Committee, and call meetings for the appointment of Delegates without unnecessary delay. Tho attention of tho Chairman of our own Committee, is res pectfully invited to this duty. Let us have a large representation of the Whigs of " unconqiiered Vermont" at Wood stock. Tlio signal and triumphant overthrow of the principles and policy of tlio present Na tional Administration, and the restoration of tlio Government to the principles and policy that marked tho Administration of Washington", are as certain to occur, next November, as any future event can be! Tho War, Conquest, Slavery-extension, and Foreign-Interference schemes of James K. Polk, that have received the express approbation of I, -iris Cass, who pro mises, iu his letter of Acceptance, to cajry thorn forward in tho event of his election, will be in dignantly repudiated by tho Ainciican People ; ! Nothing can bo tnoro plainly foreshadowed by I I ho signs of the time. Vi:n.Moxr will not bo , behind iu such a woik of reformatory repudia I tion ! SI10 will adhere to her lovo of the Con ! stitutinn and her ho-tility to those who wrest it to infamous and anti-republican Uses, by tiiuin phantly sustaining tho Whig Banner of Tavloi: andl'iLLjioun. The rr-ponse ol' the nominations. It affords as the profoiindcst gratification to say that evf.iiv Whig rArai in the State, with tlie single exception of our perplexed j friend oftho Watchman, (Montpclier,) lias hoist ed the good Whig Flag of TAYLOR and FILL- .MOItl!, Will tho ir.c'iifm longer liosil.ili. ? Wo " calculate" not ! Th'j bell is ringing, and it is about time for gentlemen on tho tn-ck t " look out for tho engino !" Wo conclude our extracts from tho State papers below. Tho Whig Press of Vermont now presents an unbroken front of efieclive hostility to hiieis Cass tho Cause and the Man War, Conquest, Slavery, and their advo cate and abcltor ! 1'iom the Iiratlleboio I'liicnix. " t'nder llii'sc circumstances, vie think Mr. Clay's friends in Convention, acting uudci bis instruction, 1 did vvisdy 111 yielding l:is claims, nn.i iiving the 110 iiiiiiaiiiui to I Sen. Taylor. We rejoice 10 see thai his nouiiiiaiioii was secuied thro.ich lhc votes oi Ihe , hiendsof .Mr. Clay, and wetiavp no doubt lliat in this, they relleelcd bis sentiments. I In this Slates, the prel'erenee of ihe Whir' for Mr. Clay was and is strong mid decided, yet weilnnk we do 1101 mistake their sentiments by the assurance that lliev will aequiesce cordially iu the nomination made, nnJ giveold " liough and lliady" the full Whig vote ol the State. I t In reganl to the nomination nf Mr. I'li.i.Monc for Vice President, ihere is biiloue leeling throughout the Whig parly ol the Union, and tint is of unalloyed , Hillside tion. No nian,! so short a public life, lias . secured a stronger bold upon the confidence and ic I gard of ihe Whig parly " I ; (I'ioiii ihe Woodstock Mercury ) I " The Philadelphia Convention was composed cf j men who are lamihr with the wants of ihe coantiy, who know ii.s interests, who are acquainted wiih its 1 resources, who ieei me importance 01 encouraging na tive and national industry and who euiiiely discoun tenance the project of raising levenue from excessive J importations, and running Ihe country ia iteht iu j order to provide the means ol suppoiiitig the govern- ment. The principles ol the W higs, ns a parly, are 1 well kuowai and properly appreciated, nnd a conven tion of ihe delegates mid representatives ot wliigs would not select tor ihe high ollice ol President of the t United sjtaies, a man of whose will or ability to carry , forward whig measures they have nnyiloiibt. All ! surmises or suggestions dial theieisany ground lor doubting the whig laith ot lien '1'nj lor nre without I foundation, and it is auspicious of good to the country lliat he has not felt thetramels of parly discipline, but embraces and upholds whig principle?, for iheir sound. 1 lies ami rectitude and nui because ihcy aic aJopted nun us u pun 01 party uisvipuoe. From the Ilrntllcboro Lagle. " In every possible point of view (Jeneral Taylor is to be prelerrej to Central Cass by every nun who professes tu be a w hig. He is to be preferred because he a is a IlViitr, and will be guided in bis administration by established Whig principles. Of ibis there is no more doubt ihau there would be that IU.nrv t't.vv (tiod bles him ') would exeniplily whig principles were he 1'iesideut of ihe United Slates. II lien. Taylor is elected and who doubts that ho will lie 1 he will make a sale IVsident lor the country. In one respect he has a decided advantage gut nny candidate that hasbecii named j he has no poetical hangers-on 10 reward, and no political ninnies 'o puni-ii. 'I hough a decided Whig in principle, he is not so thoroughly imbued wilti bartizan fee'in r.l prejudice, and nil iveu who have been in active poli:k-iI life necessarily ore." The Sr. Albans Messenger, which, under the first impulse of disappointment, declined to raise the flag of Taylor and Fillmoke, comes to us this week with its doubts cleared up, and with tho best nf reasons for being " ready for the work." It says : , Tur. Wiuci Nomination. (Jen. Taylor is ihe iiom nifeol the Whig National Convention a Conven tion composed ol ill legates from every district 111 the Union save nine, one northern and eight Southern. Our influence must bo felt, for or ogaiiist the elec tion of a whig Picsidenl. it we cannot go tor (ien. 1 aylor, we must assist ihrceily or indirectly in ihe election of n truckling, servile dougli-tnee, who is Pledged tu sustain slutciy 111 newly uequued teriitor) We slroiigly condemned lhc conduct ol llio third pat ty iu haardiiig the election uf II tNitvl'i.vv fourjiars ago, and we are very toaih to pat ouiselves in a very similar position' it isuioiallyeeitaiii llut (Jen Tay lor or ( Jen Cass w ill be elected, nud so long ns that is the case, we v leld to the toimer our firmest support. Tho St. Johusbtiry Caltdunian, iu limiting tlio llag of Tavloii ami Fillmoiie, gives its readers a spirited letter from a cirioiKndcnt, from which wo taho tho following". 1 The biilit banner cf ike Wins poly it .irjui un-1 furled to tho breeje, emblazoned with the names of (Jcnernl V.i iiaryTavlor.oI I,oui!aua,lor Preideul, nud Hon. .MiLLAnn Fillmore, ol New Voik lor Vice President. We had with ncclatnuion of joy, the nomination of such sterling patriots for these olhces, highest in the fiifl ol the American neoule. Tim unities ot such nblc nnd distinguished nominees nre n secure guaranty of Iheir success in the approaching coniest, and ol their l.iitlitul nnd nhlc peiloruiancc ot rut tlicircotistiiution nl duties, whtneletted. (Jcnernl Tn lor, ' the llrrnnfa thousand Ititttlcs," is no less n statesman than a eicnl ffriirntl. Head his letter to Captain Allison, nud see bow- hisbeautilul nnd concise elucidation of our constitutional system, demonstrates that he graps nt a single glance the w hole genius of our Kcpuhlican system, and discerns the root of nil its corruptions, and can point to a fiugle remedy lor all its evils in a single brcalh, Tliu Progress of Dissent, Tho following wo find in tlio last N, V. Tri bune : THE WVSE.NTr.RS. The following is a corrected lit of the Whig jour nals that have hesitated or Ihily refused to commit themselves to the support of (Jtn. Tajlor. They al ready amount lo forty: JlASS.VCIIlsr.TTS. Whig Boston ; Spy, Woicctcr ; Courier, 1I0. Telegraph, do. (Ju.eite, Ituxbtiry ; Transcript, do. Courier, Northampton ; Lngle, I'n.ficld ; Ncvvs-Lctter, W'estticld. Nl.W flAMFSAIRE. Vrnvto.NT. Telegraph, Nashua ; Voice of freedom, Brandon; iii7eitc, llelkmp ; Watchman, Montpclier 1 Ameiican, Manchester; Journal, Windsor : Caledonian, St. Jobiisbury ; Messenger, St. Albans. New-York. Tribune, City; Whig, lVn-Ynn ; IJngle, I'liughkernsie .Mirror, Wnrsnw ; ! ouri'T, rseoecn i nun , fsemioci, nyraeuse : Chronicle, Sing Sing; Corrector, Sng Harbor. Pennsylvania. Gazette, Newcastle. Onto. True Democrat, Cleveland; (!n?eite, Mnillon ; Courier, I'.lyria ; Whig, .Medina Co. ; Senlinei, Ashtabula Co. ; Times, .Mount Vernon ; Intelligencer, Hamilton ; Western Slnr, Lebanon ; Telegraph, Painesville ; Times, Meigs Co. ; Whig, Mercer Co. ; Slnr, llnvenua ; Western Reserve Chronicle, Warren. Indiana. Journal, Lafayette, Tippecanoe Co. This is not a very formidable li-t of "dissent ers" out of some tteclvc hundred Whig papers in the Country, and is but little calculated to awa ken apprehension, however much it may cause regret. But even inconsiderable as it is, as Burko said oftho small revenuo of the Welch principality, it is liable to bo "greatly diminish ed !" We aro sorry to see in tho Tribune a list iu which tee know there are so many capital er rors ; for wo do not boliovo tho Tribune would willingly misrepresent public sentiment to tlio detiiinent oftho Whig Cause. I In regard to tlio above Schedule of " dissent ers" it is proper to remark that the first named paper, tho "Boston Whig", is wholly controlled by a cliquo of unquiet spirits, in and about Bos ton, whose principal distinction arises from their having zealously opposed the election of lton'T C. WiNTitiMir, and as -.ealoii-ly vilified him and tho Whig party on tho occasion of, and 011 ac count of, his election to the Speakership of the House; and who opposed tho nomination of Daniel Wei.stee at tho Springfield Convention last fall ; ami who, (hoWv knotvs bitter than Ihr editor if the Tribune) would have opposed Mr. Clay precisely as they oppose Hen. Tayioii, had tho former eminent Statesman been nomi natcd by the National Convention. Such a pa per may well, perhaps, head a list of "dissenters" for it does'ut do any thing but dissent 1 Again : The Bo-tcn Cmtrier lias come out in full support of tho Jiornniitions of Taylor and I- minora though stive the above list was pre pared. It will give those nominations able and siiluctcnt support. Again'r fhe Worcester Telegraph, as a cor respondent informs tho Tribune "is not now, never was, -mi! tieccr pretended to bo, a Whig paper"; vvlii.e tho Spy and Transcript "aro 0110 and tho same thing thn latter l-cing tho daily and tho former th weekly' : ,sue of the same pa per! 'J'hisgreit'y diminislses the small revenuo of dissent, in the Mi-saehuictta part of the fore going list. Next as to e,i .ont : Tho crmont Journal and the ('alcdon'm nner either "hesitated or ll.itly refused to comm.t themselves to tho sup port of O011. Taylor " that tee know of. The Journal, certainly, raised the It.ig of Taylor & 'iLL".!oi:r. on the IGth iiu-t., just one week after tho nomination, find in the same number of its paper which contained tho protest of Mr. Fver ett. Farther: The Brandon J'hhv, and the St. Albnn; Messenger both com: to us fully sus taining tho tjominccs of tlio W.'dg National Con vention. So that the Montpclier irc'i;iau, a Whig paper, in the only Locohen dislri't in tin State, is the only mal-conteut in Vermont. Be fore the Tribune has time to conect its list,!,) paper will be in tlio lino of safe precedents !" There will lo no flinching anion? the Green .Mountains, when tho choico is between Cass the I w-holder who ixedges himself to VEToall acts of Congress having for their obiect tlie ex. elusion of Slavery from our Free Territories ; ami 1110 honest old Hero and Patriot, Tayluh, who, though a .SVuu-hoIdrr like Mr. Clay, is equally pledgeo no to veto such acts, hut to leave tho determination of tlii, and all oth er "questions of domestic policy", where it ap propriately belongs, with the American Con gross. It will bo seen tint wo have been able to di minish tho Massachusetts and Vermont contri bution of thirteen papers to the above list of " dissenters", to fue. If the remaining twenty six are, as we luve a right to presume, liable to tho samo exhausting process, " dissent " pro ceeds upon no very monstrous capital iu tho Whig ranks. The fiurlnmton Stutinrl Rives a pioininent place in its colunns to. a communication signed A True Whig" nrd seems to repard it as a smptnni ol wiilelj-'Xtciivlrd ond ilrp disatlection in ihe Wide ranks! The nrtu'le 111 question was written ly xu intelligent nud pronusiug boy 111 th Village now 111 the employ of a well kunvwi l)einocrat Home siv or eight y-Mrs hence, ibis boy, if be lires, and commits 110 more serious misdemeanor than contriliuimi; po litical essays to a Loeofueo newspaper, will lie cnii tied to vule Mitlillftiiiry Galaxy. " Just us wo expected ! " Tlio boys do about vvhnt thoy pleaso with tho Srnlinrl. Its politics havo got so mixed up with its concern for tho consistency of us poor Whigs, that fow cm toll precisely what it would ho at ! Yesterday, for example, it hail about halt' n dozen articles from the Third. patty Freeman, ono or two from Whig papers, and a few miscolliiueotts cdi- torials all showing how badly its head is ' confoosetl.'" It' it only irmiil CCP tlio' ., c . ,. I ...iv.iv, 111 iait, oy which nir, 1 An lit. jtiv ...ulM ttw ay from us d.stn.fte.l columns ken, who had a largo minority of tl.o Conven long enough to got room to tell us w hat tion in his favor, was thrown overboard. If Cass's precise, opinion is iu reganl to tho that " remarkable doughface, Ijctcis Cass," (vvc coiistiliilioimlity of living to ptovont llio I'kPthu form of expression since tho Sentinel Plead of Slavery oor our Frnn Tsnlin 1 ""ailed our attention toil) don't " catch it," ,. .,., , , . , e 1 e"" I this time, we will give It up that -Mr. Van Bu llet,, vvc ihuulil be so ghul ! I rul u,l0' l0 ..Magician" lie has been called. NOTLS to Ivvls Cuss's I,cttcr on the Wilmot Proviso NUMREII III. Note .. In order to appreciate tho position of Mr. Cass, something of the action of the gov ernment should bo known, and certain distinc tions, taken in the discussion on the Missousj question, should bo stated. What has lonr been regarded as settled and established ought also to bo presented. Some men there were, of great minds, who contended, in the discussion upon tho Missouri question, that tho restriction could not be Con stitutionally imposed upon Stales to be admitted. (Let the distinction between Slates and territo ries bo born in mind for tho benefit of Mr. Cuss.) Of those who thus contended, and advanced tho strongest arguments in support of tho position, was Judge McLano. He contended, among other things, that Congress did not possess tho Constitutional authority to impose tho restric tion upon tho Slate of Missouri. But observe his language In referenco to territory. "Tho " right to govern a territory is clearly incident to tlio right of acquiring it. It would be ab surd to say, that any government might pur " chase a territory vv ith a population, and not " havo the power to give them laws; but from " whatever source tho power is derivable, I ad" " mit it to be plenary, so long as it remains in " a condition of territorial dependence, but nv longer. I am willing, at any time, to exer cise this power." Mark tho word absurd. The result of the powerful discussion on tho Missouri question is thus presented in Nilcs' Kegister of that date : " Tho votes on this qttes- " tion conclusively prove that a largo majority " in botli houses, wcro of opinion that Congress " had a Constitutional right to inhibit slavery in tho territories of tho United States, without " their original limits ; thouch many, adverse tothe restriction in Missouri,may have thought it inexpedient to impose such restriction. The " territory North of thirty-six and a half degrees " North latitude, is " forever." forbidden to be peopled witli slaves, except in the State of Mis souri. The right then to inhibit slavery in any of tlio territories, is clearly and complete- "ly acknowledged, and it is conditioned as to " some of them, that even when they become " Stales, slavery shall bo " forever" prohibited "in them." Witli regard to tho authority of Congress to impose the restriction cieti upon the Slates to h admitted, it may not bo amiss to quote again from one, who for his excellence and pre-eminent genius, will live on with the Republic, though ho has now " touched upon his last hour." Speaking oftho admission of Missouri, Judge Story says: "On that occasion, tho "que-lion was largely discuscd, whether Con gress possessed a Constitutional authority to " impose such a restiiction, upon tho ground, "that the prescribing of such a condition is in consistent witli the sovereignty of the Stato "to be admitted, nnd its equality with the other "Stales. The final result of the vote, which 'authorized the erection of that State, seems ' to establish tlio rightful authority of Congress "to impose Mich a restriction, although it was "not then applied. In tho act passed for this ' purpose, there is an express clause, that in all "territory ceded by France to the United State3 ' under the 11 11.1c of I,ouisiana, which lies North " of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes North " latitude, not included within the limits of tlio "Stato of Missouri, slavery and involuntary "servitude, othcrvviso than in the punishment "of crime, whereof the parties shall have been "duly convicted, shall be and is hereby forever " prohibited. An objection of a similar charac " ter w as taken to the compact between Virginia "and Kentucky upon tho ground, that it was 3 ' restriction upon S.ato sovereignty. But tho ' Supreme Court had no hesitation in overruling "it Asorrosr.n nr the theory of all free "GOYEKXMENT. ANIV ESPECIALLY OF THOSE, " WHICH CoXsmUTE THE AMERICAN RErUR-LICS-." I liava one more fact to present, which will be brief and carry with it its own comment. I shall then cloi-o theso hasty notes with a brief consideration of Mr. Cass's position with refer ence to tho present wants and circumstances of the country. cms NATUS, ' At the great enthusiastic Cass and' Butler Uatiiicalion Meeting of the Democracy of Al bany." Daily Sentinel. Well, we vvc.-e not there, anddid'nt see. ol course, this "great enthusiastic Cass and Butler Ratification Meeting"; but the Albany Eve. Jour nal teas there, and thus describes it. That m'u forlnno about the flag was ominous ! The Sen tinel need'nt copy tho following, if it don't want to : RlXLl'TION OF GF.N. CASS. Tim reception or (Jen. Cass, in this citv, waf tho very coldest affair of the season. 'There, vyere neither numbers nor enthusiasm. Al though his arrival was heralded in tho Argns, and jealous rllbrts made by the Hunkers to get a crowd together, there wero not as manv in the procession as a deg fight vv ould gather in" ten minutes. The band was followed bv thirty-seven horsemen, and nine carriages averaging three persons in each. Tho whole procession, therefore, was composed of sixty four person, beids thiity boys, who had an ear for music. During tho movement up Stale street, two or three attempts wcro mado to get up a cheer; but the call was responded to by less than twen ty voices. It was a most mortifying failure felt to bo so by all who participated in it. An effort vva made to hoist the FJac over the Capitol; but it became entangled in the Scale of Justice, anil hungat half mast, in spito ofer ry attempt to place it in proper position. One Gudgeon Cnucht. I It is really quito refreshing lo see with what j a regular grass-greenness our credulous young friend of the Sentinel swallowed the Albany Ar 'gus's transparent Roorback about Mr. Ci.ay' 1 having 'heaped rontmr,i,,. .1 !..:. . - ,f,,v.uv,a tieuuiii ltt,VB &c. eve. &c, upon the Whig National Comen tion and Gen. Tayluh, when he received the tiovvs, at Lexington, of the result oftho ballot, tng. The account so greedily copied by the Cobb"' U t0 I""elx'tcroU5' ,0 eccUe Vt' Itctlibtition. CaSS Ombarkpil in tb.l t,en.flitri" l-rtf" n'nl in 11,1, !,, :.. ,0,, 1 1.:... ... I....,,..