Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 7, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 7, 1848 Page 2
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4Tvcc Press IMIItUNCTO.V, VI. ,l t.N TUT. DARK AMI TIIOIlnl.F.tl SlIIIIT THAT IS upon us, tiii-.iicihmiStar Ar.nvF.Tin: iionros TO HUT. US A UI.I:AM () I.KIIIT, l'.Xl'r.PTIM! tmi: IITEM.HIF.Xr, l'ATIllllTIO Wlllll l'AKTV (IF Till: U.NITF.U States." Daniel Webslu: Whig Nomination1-. For President, 2ACHARY TAYLOR, Fur Vice President M ILLARD FILLMORE, (To bo cuntinurtl.) Stall L'oiirt'iition. Willi Notice is hereby given that n Delegate Con vcuttott, cif llio Whig Patty of the .State nf Ver mont, will I chidden nt Woodstock, mi Wi;i.t:s jiav the lDthd.iy or July next, for the purpose of noiniiiatiiifj Candidates for (Imeruor, Lieuten ant (limrunr nnJ 'I'n asurrr of tl.e State, for tlio year ensuing and also Candidates lor '. idential Khclurs. It is desired llial every tow n in tlie Stale should bo represented by nt lea-t two delegate!!. TnioTiiv Fou.r.TT,") JolIV KlMllAi.L, f-oi.iniox IViot, Slate Pout's IIaxteii, i Committee. r;. r. vv ai.hjn .hi., .SAMt rr. V. Kr.vrs, Jumin H. Mm: 1:11.1., June 28,1818. Wo ask the attention of onr lenders to the following article which wc cut from tlic last Motion Atlas. Wc haicalwais suposcd, and nrtcd under t lie supposition, that tlio Whig 1 'ar ty u. 10 me rpini o, rwscrfio, jr ,.,,, s .-, ,ui nus especially in.li m;u u.o it- cent Administration i.f the d'owriinieiit. W have always ntidoMnod that the Whigs desired a tuttiomtl ami not 11 jinrti President one w ho, carrying out Wjih. Fhim.iii.is, would feel him- Eolf, ill the presidential chair, (lie Kxcriitivo ofl. ., , 1, 1 . e .1 . 1 . ,, . the American Piople. not of ihe lug Parly. ... .11 .1 .i. 1 The article we riuotc below proves that this has . ,. . . . . ,. . been a cardinal opinion among leading lugs of the 1 ninn, and, uho, tliat it is an opinion that will regulate the action of (Jcncral Tav i.oii in the Kxcrutivc chair. " Xotlilns 1om:vo lint my t'oiintr)-," This glorious sentiment, uttered by (Jeneral Taylor in his Alli-on letter, is beginning to be appreciateil a- it would have been in tho early djys of tho Republic. So rapid lia been the downward course of political moral-, that what was deemed sound anil patriotic in 181(1, is now by a portion of the community scouted at and repudiated, Tho very doctrines which gentle men like Charles Allen anil Hour Wil-on. and those who labor with them, held up in 1S1U as I Found, patiiotic and Viin;,aio now of none cf-1 feet. One of tho strongest objections which those men urge against General Taylor, is his 1 detor.niiiationto be the President of the whole ' people and not the President of a party. Tak-' lug tlip declaration 111 its true sense, 111 the sense 111 which mgs nave always nc it, ami we to the fullest extent endorse it, and so do liio-e most worthy of tho confidence of the Whig fiarty. Who would not u thoii-and times rather iavn tho honest old soldier President of the United States, " who has nothing to servo but his country," than 0110 who has nothing to serve but his faktv ? The Salem Register lias, a capital article upon this subject, and wo will avail ourselves of tho iccarch of its res pctablo editor, by engrafting a part of his Li- 'i'i,'.i..i.,n. ... i, v,.;,,.,,.! ....;! . ., the eighth district, Mr. Wil-ou, had something to say in hi, bolting speech about John Quincy jiu.ims, aim gao ino v,eiiveiiuon to uiiJersiami that he was from the " Old Ad.ims district." llo also had milch to say ngaiiist (ieneral 'J'ay-1 lor, becauso he would not bo a parly President. I tins III tact is tlic universal tall; ot uiu liollers. that ihov cannot suppoit General Taylor, ho- cause he is not a Whig. As (ieneral Taylor says he is a H'ii'g. and .Mr. Ciitlcnden and ma ny others who hate known him for years, my that until politicians took tho mailer in hand, im one tier iluiibtid (fcnerul 'lii:bii'. Iniin; a .ml T U'ldg, Ihat how ill U InuLo anient, stiict partizan President lor them. Now it does so happen that the Whigs or tho eighth district have over and over again endorsed tlio very idea, for utleiing which h General Taylor has been spit upon by the General Wilsons, Ch tries Aliens, and tho '" Conscience troupe generally. John Qi'incv Aha.hs, in his address lo his constituents in 18 1-2, said: " I entered the national lloiiso of Represen tatives in December, ISIll, with an a-stiianec to the con-lit uonts bv whom 1 was elected, that should hold wysi ' hound in alb jinnee to no J'nily, whither tetiional or political. 1 thought this it duty iinposrd iiron mo by my peculiar po sition. I hml sjet't the greitteU joition i.f my life in Ihe irriieeif the nl.nle nation, ami had been honored with lluir highest Irnsl, My duly of fidelity, of allcclion and of gratitude to tl.e ,, i.,.i.. ,. .,. . . ,.i,. .....I I.. i,.,. i.. identical' with, that which was duo fitm me to 1 m v own native Comnioiiwcallli." Mr. Adams was light, cleaily right. Like him, Gcneial Tailor "has spent tiie grealest portion of Ids life in the senicc if the whole na tion," ai.d il' he is elecled President he will be President ot the w Ik lo nation. Ho will admin ister the Goiernmcnt honestly nnd wi ll. Hut let us hear Ihe able ami excellent Representa tive iimr in Congress Irom the Kightli District, Hon. Horace Maun.what he says about the mat ter? Horace Mann, in his letter accepting his nomination to the pust he now fills in Congress, says that ho has bscn attracted towards whatev er is worthy and beneficial to all parlies, rather than towards what is peculiar in one, and adds: " After w hnl Ihaieraiil ahme in fnuirtf lib erty for all iimuUittl, a would be a ttrang'e con tradiction did I cowc.nl to be nnjnlf a laie f nnly." There is a strong hlmil.itily jn the Fcnlimcnl expressed by Mr. Mann and that which habccii expressed by General Taylor. Hut vro c mo In other eiidencc. Wiliiam IIi.miv llAiinisoN, in his letter to Harinar Denny, giving liix views of tho duty; of 1 resident, said be should neicr j s niter the in iience t.r his o lice to be used for ' r n i . n 1 " I ('"ij""" " ..i.jr oj i.i.ii.u .ur 111 Ills cttcr to Shcrrod illi.nns, upon the tame sub ject, ho says: "The fiamers of the (.'onsiitu tion neier could havo expected that he, who was constituted ll.o umpire between contending parties, should ever IdentiTy himsoir with ll.o interests or 0110 of thrm, and vc liinlarily raze liimsclf from lho proud eminence of a leader ol a nation, to that of a cliicl of a parly." As to the ditliciilllcs in the way of tho President avoiding the influence of arty tpliil, ho mys: " Severalofour Chief Alagislratni haio been able to cfcape ils inllucnco, or what is the same thing, to act as if they did not feel it." And his letter to the Van Rensselaer dinner con cludes with tho following sentiment : u May Solomon Van Rensselaer he the last victim in our country of parly violence J and may the fcrvices which aro to bo tho future passports to ofiice, bo not thine readmit to a parly, but lo Ihe whole jieojile," Daniel, WnnsTER, In advocating the ejection of (Jen, Harrison, raid : " If I de-lie tho suc fe?s, as I nnxioiisly do, of the Whig candidate now In noinination (or tlio Presidency, It is bp cauo lie would lie l'risident of Ihe whole juiqilc ; that III administration uoiifd le just, liberal, and comprehensive." Hircwohuie the Whig principles of 1810, as tittt rod by the candidate w l.o einl odicd llieiu, and as expounded by 1 tic tiblo.-t Whig in the Union. Aniiift all this evidence wu havu in teipn'cd the sciitaincntulism of a class of men, who, with one or two exco tion-, l.ave no sym p ithy with and know nothing of the great mass of tlio people for the eoplo go, mid always have gone, for just such a man as General Tny or, one who has fought I ho battles of tlio Un ion, who i tlioiotighly honest, who is capable, and who has "Mirm.vi to beiivi: hut hiscoun tiiv.'' We find, In this morning's .Sentinel, the fol lowing garbled extracts from Con. Tayloii's early letters; ghcn for II o mowed purpose of refuting the statement of lion, fc'ouoinx Foot, made at the great ralilicalion meeting, held here on Thursday evening, that "General Tnjlor is a Whig":J- " In 7ia ense ran fjmnit myself to Ir the eiindi tlilte of any jiai ly, 01 tj,ctd IlitjiclJ tof III ty schemes." Z'U-ji.'iiy Taylor. " If ever I Jill that hinh office, it nuixl Ir milium vielnl with piiitij oliliaiitions or inteicits of any kind." (ifii. Tii j lor. " My pisilion on lliM print is iniinittnhl.'. Thai shall tint he litiualit fiiiirtnd ly tlirm (Ibe Whitis) as the eiintlitttitr at then viii lih or eotisiiti 1 eil as the ex ponent of theii joiity iluetiinrs." (Jin. Tnvlur. Aiitt'i if there is any thing in the aLoc ex tracts, (jjatblcd as they are, and, for that rea son, liable to give 11 f.ilo coloring to (Ieneral Taylor's political lieu.) that Is in the remotest degree incempatiblo with Mr. Foot's assertion, tlio tinMiphUticalcl freshnoia of the Siiitinrl can alone detect it. Dei iited, as d'eneial Tayi.hi has been for the lat forty years, to a life in the camp, it is not at all MirprUing that, upon being told, while in the mid-t of a foreign and bloody war, tlr.it ho had been propoi-eil as a candidate for the l'rcsiden hc ,imll,, llcc,,ro , u .lver,iw, to enter upon , ..,.. ... 1(lm. U-a , ,,!,, to be ccjirclvil from one, who had so long been in the constant seruco of his country, and never an ncthc politician ? And may not 11 Whig "" ' n ).. W'l.t.t 1. m. mil.. .,.,.! I. 1,1.. .Itr. . , ".. , . ) .unit 1 ul- l"o t.iiioiu.iio 01 liny iiitni i ay ne not , ... ,, J, ' ' ' h'i,1' Wl11' t',lll!l1 ,1I1l"r a"'Hni-'-'v, afterwards I " , . .. . , . '. ., 1 accept a noinination tendered to him, without ' ,. .. ,. ... ti-tiij iilintijial hiinselj 1 Wo would apprise the Sentinel that if it ex pects to convince ll.o Whigs, or the mass of the people, that (ien. Taylor is unworthy of their support as a candidate for the Presidency, it must have recouito to other arguments than those deried from (Jen. Taylor's assertion, that if lie " f.vei: fills that 111011 omci;, ir .nivr in: v.vrn.uiMELKti vnni faiitv of.liuaiioxs or. ixtekf.sts of axv kixii." Such a man is the desire of tho Whigs gencrallv; and such a lnlni w trust, is tho desire of tlio mass of tho people. And wc arc by means surpiiscd that s,lel, a ,., is ,0 desire of tho hoidcs of .... . . , , , , H""-'"1 "T'rants and hungry ofiice seekers, of w hich tlio Lorofoco party has so long been, and still is, most notably prolific. X O T 1'. S to T.euis Cuss' letter on tlio Wilmot J'loviso. Xu.miif.i: IV. Xotf. 0 Thirty-seven in tho Houc of Rep resentatives opposed anv restriction, and voted accordingly on the Missouri fpie-tion. Of the I thirty-seven, 1 wis from Maryland, 18 from Vir-1 e,ma " ,roln Aorl" s-aronna, l irom Moutli Lar-1 ',"x '' fr"'" 'Borgia, 1 from Kentucky, 2 from Tennessee. .SVoic States all. Shall I now add I one, a tingle, solitary i, from tho Free States ? j forbear, ' 'l'htiso conversant wilhtho question under con i erat on. nro fu v awaro that mum- nr.-n. iucn n,nv0,ful and concliisiv.. i n.Mi.i.m.,, he facts already presented, might be addiicul toi sustain the authority of Congress to pioliibitj ' now ami iuvtiT," slaiervin the territory of tlio I United States Tho meat nrgiiiucnt, drawn f'' f " "f "'c ".....It...!...., J- -ugh, of "lf, to silence every honest doubt. I lie.-e I have not deemed it necessary to present. Those who would umuecialo iheni. if nresenled. w ill . , . , . .,, . . .. ., bo equally ready to iieknow ledge lho great au- thorities which halo been stated authorities established nfter full discussion, and mature and thorough consideration. Thcque.lion has been clearly settled. It cannot ho denied that skucry is at war with the fundament il principles of our govern ment. It is hostile lo the theory of all free gov ernments, and especially, to the theory of those tint compose the American Republic. Sound men, and safe men, h ive always contended, that it is an evil to be tab rated in tho Suites wheic it "mv Uy bnt ""cr '" cc'embd, by tl.e nc tion of tho goiernmcnt. Men who are counted among tlia fathers of their country, though slave-holders, have trembled at the iniquity of sl.ticry, and in tho feneiit language of patriot ism have prayed to bo delivered from its curse. One cause of complaint in tho origin il draft of! the Di.cLAR.mox of Ixdeiendexce is the slave trade. " lie has jirosliluicil his ncgatiic for sup pressing eury legislaliie utlanpt to prohibit, or sustain this cxtcrtible commerce" is tlic strong language of Mr Jefferson in that draft ; and it is langiiHge to bercjneuihercd by one, w ho seeks a position where he, too, may "prostitute his negative" for a purposo not less, but even more " execrable." Tho Constitution merely tolerates slavery ; and the most its advocates ran contend is for Ibis jassire power. l!ut carry out tho views of .Mr. Cass, and this black and sullen power at once becomes riic,aiul in nothing less than a living ;lgt.nt tu ,.Mcm ttnd perpetuate slavery i .1 . 1 .1 . . Is there such a power in that lustrumci forever. power In lliat instrument winch we have been taught to vouerate as the security of our liberties, nnd tho stay of our hopes 1 If so, then may we jiie up all. Hut it is not so there is no such power ; and, I trust, sullicient lias beui presented, though In an Imperfect man-' ncr, to show that Mr. Cass's position is at war 1 witli lho theory cf the government at war with I , , tlio Constitution, as expounded by the highest .,,. .,. ,,, ... 1 . " . uliko hostile to our hopes, and dangerous to tho eace, and prosperity, ami perpetuation oftho Union. This is what Mr. Cass terms " going hack to our truo principles" ! C-5" Tlio Washingon Union, tho great organ of Cuss nnil Slnveiy-cMensioii, copica with ncctiUiig great joy the, linings of the 'tirrcslcr (.Vitsx.) Cniivnil'wn ! I . BURJLTIYGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JU3YY 7, 1848 TUF.SDAY F.VF.NINO, JUN'II 37, 1818 ,, " : . , We give, below, tho last Number or tho In- tercst ng and wcll-writlen series of Notes to Mr. tass a letter on tl.e ihnot l'rov.so, fur - nishcd Tor our columns, as wo l.ave before sta- ted, by a gentleman oftho deinocmtlc parly, 1. ...... I. trill . 1.. ,t..t I.ij lir.tn nt. liia uuK,. one muo iihu.y . - ...s ,..-... 1111.111 -HUU IU jl.OlllOie tlVl-uuil ui (.VfM. Wo cannot close tho publication of these .Votes without expressing our obligations lo the intelligent author of them, and our hope that they have been candidly rend and seriously con sidered. They present tho evidence clearly and conclusively to prove tho position that im: Na tional CoXl.lir.sS FOssr.ssES HIE lXDiSI'UTAtll.E AUTIIOIinV U.MiEll TIIF. CoXSl'ITUTIO.N TO F.X- ci.uiiK, ii v i.r.oisi.ATtvr: e.sautmf.nt, the lxvri luno.N of Domestic Slavef.v fi:o.m the Teu imiokils of the Uxiov. Those of our readers who may have seen Mr. Van Duiien's, recent teller lo tho Utica Convention cannot fail to have noticed how conclusively he sustains the lion's of our correspondent in relation to the constitutional power of Congress over slavery in the Territories. .Mr. Van Huron quotes eleven acts of Congress, embracing the admin istrations of Wamiimstos, Jeffeiison, the elder Aiiams, Monroe, Madison, Jackson, and his own, to suppoit his argument. 11c then goes on to say: " The doctrine wlii.li the late Baltimore Conven tion li3StrtS(.'iit'd fur tin' s-nictioii of tlm tuition, I-, in subsume.', tint the laws I lmv- referred to were bill su many violations ot the Constiliuioii that lius inslrii lueiit I'onlei.H no poweron Con'iess to exebule slavery Irom the territories, ns lias soolten lien done with (lie assent of all. This doetnue. is set loiili in the pub. lished opinion ut the highly respectable nominee of dial Cnmeiilioii, who it is well known leetiveil that ilistiiictinii heetitivc he tiruweit thitt oiiiuioii,itiiti irlm it in equally eel tftin troulit not hitre teeeireil it if he hml nut iloue .in. It is pronusetl to give this dot trine the most solemn sanelion known to our political sys tem, by the eltelioit of Us declined nilvnciile and sup purler to the Presidency, ll'it leceives the proposed s.ilirtiull oftlie psopir nl the flailed t-lnles, Ihe result cannot be doiihiltil. The pulley in reyanl lo die ex tension ui sla.eiy to the territories of the United Stales into wlueli ilt has nut yet been introduced, which has existed since the commencement of the Kuverntnent, mid the consequences ol which have been so salutary, must cense, and evlrv act or Cox- ur.r.ss nr.sin.vni to carry ir ixn. r.nt T III. 1)1. KK.VTKI) Hi' THK VETO OF Till! KX1XU TlVt;." This, then, is the position of Mr. C.ss on the question. lie deliberately asserts that " he uohs xor see in the Constitution any on ant of the i'.EQ,uism: low'hn to CoNiniEss" to ex clude slavery from tho National Territories by applying to lliem tho doctrine of the Ordinance of '87, or of the Wiimot Proviso. Under his oath ol oilicc, therefore, he stand before the American People PJ.KDGKD TO VFl'O any legislation by Congress for the preservation of Freedom in tho Territories. Nothing can bo plainer than this, and no refinement of partisan logic can mistify or conceal it. And now wo ask tho attention of nur readers for a moment to the position occupied by (Jen. Tayixii on this great and important question. It is the commonest and shallowest devico of our opponents to set down Gen. Tayi.oh as in furor oftho extension of slavery becuuee he is a flinihtililcr. This is tho solo argument of the supporters of Lewis Cass, and the conclusion it brings them to is, that their candidate is jio worse on this point than Gen. Tayi.oi:. These astute politicians seem to forget that a Slaveholder riiiy bo opposed to the extension of slavery, and they entirely overlook the fact that the political god of their idolatiy, THOMAS JIll'Fi'.ltSON, was tho author of the Ordinance of 1787, which uniEVEi: excluded Slavery feoh the v01.T1. vi:steiis Tef.kitokv- a territory now cnvcrPli ,y ,,0 grcat rrce States of Ohio, Indi uiinojj, Micld"aii and Wisconsin ! Wash i mi ton gave the sanction of his great name to the Constitutionality of that Ordinance, and Washington and Jefferson were both Slave holders. Il docs not follow, then, that General Tavi.' R is opposed to lho principle of that Ordi nance became ho is, like them, a Slaveholder. Anl yet, this sort of negative logic, which pioves precisely nothing, is wiiat tho terrified suppoiters or Cass, ut tbe North, rely upon placing tlit Ir own candidate nm! 1 General 1 I',v,, l,.,..n,m 1 l r,.l..i;,, im il.n . extension of Slavery 1 Hut the Wnios do not s.,, i,nm 'I'L,.,- ,i,l,,e l.n.t.lns ,1,.,, ' derived rrom the' acknowledged humanity and benevolenco or General Taylor's character to show that, on the question of propagating Sla icry, he stands by the side of Washington and JeIF! RsON. Hut litllo more th in a year ago, tho editor of the Cincinnati Signal, a Wilmot Proviso Dem ocratic pacr, addressed a letter to (Jen. Tay lor enclosing an elaborate editorial rrom his pa per, embracing tlio di.-tinct advocacy nf the doc trine or that Proviso, and asking his ((Jeneral Taylor's) opinions thereon. Tho following pissago occurs in that editorial : " The American neonle are about toasimne the re- " siu.iisihility nf IramiiiL' the iiiMitiilious ot the l'.icilie. 1 " Halm. II ehavc no fears for Ihe issue if the. arena o the ii.h debalt 11 the assemblies of the IVupIi nui i te r Leprese u. uie lit . i lit, r..ll..- "SIO.N OVUi Till: CO.NTIN'KXT HI.YON'I) "Till: IMOCIiANDi: OK Till: OKDINANCI: l-a"? U V filHIi"l tUU Illf'II AVI "l'l'.liMANXNTTO 111;' l!.UTU:i I1Y VRl'M- IDI'.NTIAI, Vi:T()i:s. Ml that ,er ink of the ' liitiliesl ntirer under the Cnimtitiitioii is to hold hit "h,l,tuli,,etll,eieiUofthereo,,leas,ao,uIsil-l " ed in leaislutile foimg, and 11 strain the executiie . r(i. to its rlo,aiie channel." Wo beg nur readers to examine critically this extract and the doctrine it aiows. It is good sound 1.1. IHH.-TK1NK and covers lho who e question of lhe-ext;s,on of .Slavery, it precisely the ground long occupied by ll-e ' Whig-Party whoso opinions on tho subject of tl.e nbuso or the Veto Power are well and tint- versally known. All that wo ask is that Con orf.ss shall MaAr the laws and that the Presi dent shall cause them to be executed inter posing tho veto only In cases of plain violation or tho Constitution. This letter was nddressod to (ien. Taymir in -Mexico, and amid tho arduous and resiion-d- j hie duties by which ho was Hiirroiiudcd,it is not surprising that ho had no timo for an extended reply. Indei'd, ho wimhl havo been entirely oxciisahlo if ho had not replied lit nil. Hut this .1,.. ...... ii it,,,, ., ,.,i c.,,.1. 1 ... 1 ,, ... ... ... , ..' ' . old soldier meets either friends or foes. Hois , , -i, . ready, lis tho Irishinan says, wiih "rmsona" for 0110 and "grapu" for tho other! Ho did make a brief reply to his correspondent, stating his incessant engagements asiin niMilngy for its brevity, but concluding to the toiist, us fol lows: " I Irn-t you will pardon me fir thus briefly reply ing to you, which 1 .In with a liiuh opinion AND AlTltOVAl, OK THK SKNTIMKNTS AND viiiws i:.Mint.(;i:D in your dditoiiiai,. Wo iisk our leaders to place iIiosd tn ex- tracts together, and siy whether or not CJcn. ( Taylor occupies the same ground with r.nri.i V"ss "'I tho question of extending slavery over ..1R Territories hoybml the Hi., (irando!" , t ,,ls h (icli TAriifm, tlolll)Cr. , ntcy rcc(m(!(, viewB ()f lho VcUJ ,,mvcr cwcr ( tll0 leh),e xmn (lisc,ls,;ml) ,, b,JW l,im ,0 bo , f (),. , (1(JcM of .1 " 10 ,llnUcr ,(J C()11,rrcsl ..in,J wo ,juy ,10 "hole tribe of Cass cxteii'ionists to controvert our iKuilion, cither by reference to any thing tliatOen. Tavi.hii has said to the contrary, or by special-pleading or pettifogging. In his letter to Mr. Alison ho says: i( " The terminal oriNioxsoF the individual who "AY Hlm.N TO OU'U'Y THE llXUUTIVe. tHAIII, ' oihiit Mir to eoMitoi. the Acno.v or Co.vini.ss fi vroN Qimnoxs or humutio folicy ; nor oeriiir ins onircTio.vs to lxixrEnrosm wiir.r.r. qvi.Tioxs ( OK lll.VSTITLllONAI. 1-OWta HAVE IU.I..N SET TLt D ni" Till; VARIOtS MriRTMENTS OF (ioYLNRMCNt AMI AtgeiLsiLD I.N BY THE ILurl.L." Now then, lf(which we deny and challenge con tradiction) Gen. Taylor's " personal opinions" arc opposed to tho Wilmot Proviso, we have here his frank and explicit iLEnm: that thoso " per sonal opinions" shall not ho "interposed where questions of Constitutional power 7iic icn act tint by the larinns departments nf (Inicrnnwit, and acquiesced in by the penjile." Has the ques tion of excluding Slavery from the Territories of this Union been "settled by tho various de partments of Government and acquiesced in hy the rr.on.K ?" Most indisputably it has ! And tire question of Slavery is purely one of "domes tie policy," and doublless the very question in Gen. Taylor's, mind when he penned the above clear and straight-forward declaration. And hero we reach tho mighty difFercncc in tiic po-itions of Gen. Taylor and Lewis Cas before the American People, Cass PLKDG- F.I) to VETO any act of Congress excluding Slavery from our Free Territories ; and Taylor n.r.DriED uor to Veto any " action of Congress upon questions of domestic policy, nor where questions of constitutional power havo been set tled by the various departments of Government and acquiesced in by tlio people." No sophistry or cunning can ciade or cover up this issue. And which, let us ask, of these two men, the brave and honest old soldier or the trimming and truckling politician, is tho mora deser ving the co.MiiiE.NCE oftho people? Which oc cupies the more honorable, manly, humane and patriotic ground on tho subject of enlarging tlic boundary ot Slavery, the Freo State man who pledges tho Lxccutivo Veto in advance to secure

tho extension of "domestic" Slavery, or the Slave State man who pledges himselfto leave all questions of domestic " policy to bo determin ed by the Representatives oftho people in Con gress ? We have extended these remarks farther then we designed, hut no further, wo hope, than the occasion warrants. They strike us as appro priato in connection with the concluding num her of tho scries of Notes on Cass'b letter, ivhicl. will be found below. NOTF.S to Lewis Cuss' letter on tlic Wilmot Proviso Nu.MDER V, AND LAST. Note 7. Those who have watched, in lence, tho course of events for the last two or three years, may think, with reason, they be bold in certain quarters peril and danger. A spirit has been nwrished, which, as it has al ready swept away ancient landmarks, may, if further indulged, carry us beyond the bounds or safety, and reason. " Tho downward road is easy." Tor good, or for evil, wo havo been making rapid strides. History reserves to her self tho result. Hat a startling voice tells us. the end is not yet: strides upon the continent arc not enough; tho next step is from the main land to the isles of tho ocean. Ample indeed must bo the folds of that Hag that shall float over all that some rash men desire. Hut whatever has been tho wisdom, or necessity of certain ",?'m,rcs 01 01lr government ; whatever shall be "u i os u 1 1 ui i. no cvcius, mo iroaty Willi Mc- llAS now beci1 '.Hi-ieJ, and we have, doubtless, a vast territory upon our hands. T1,at territury U now l fr' -lavory, nnd Congress, by the exorcise of a rightful authority, can prohibit its introduction. It will then, bo peopled by those who havo no dosiro to porpet tiato slavery, and, with safety, it can bj left to them to prohibit slavery, "forever," by their State Constitutions; and thus tlio "distracting question" of Slate sovereignty will be complete ly avoided. If any man has followed 1110 thus lar in these notes, here let him pause, and re flect upon tho importance of lho position which Mr. Cass has abandoned Note 8. When the winds aro over, and the sea smooth, tho old ship, with all ramass spread, can move bravely on witli her swelling sails; but when tempest and black fury are uj .1 . .1 1 1 1 .1 . . 1 r on the deep, tho ship hath urgent need of star and compass, of beacon, and of a trusty pilot to 1 ' ' ' lAnS her from rock and shoal to safe anchorage in tho far distant port. Who shall stand at the ..111 r-,iiii . , hehn tllU ho,,r of nccd 1 I'Very true heart will respond ; It should bo one, witli pliro heart ww , J0 Qf ,,., from l0 ,rollWcj prwct uke a hrmi sllr. of&0 ,vIloo UllIo,lilim, ttilIl le tcIesc ic a sUt0inil (M). far nroum, nt0 , ,,ikUlit fllturc. For tl, h, m3t coHten.pla.e .,, ,,, h mis5ion of tbis Republic; and there caniiJcr 10 (lc?tiv of a 11()be portion of the i r.. :, n.i .... . i r ..iili.at. ..iiiiuy. Xllt.u O'u liaio mi' llliuu 01 ttur fathers, there too he nui.t coiitcmplato tho Un ion whether as linn, and still retaining all the glory and prosperity of tho past, witli its flag still lloaling over our entire people ; or as weak and broken, with its fallen eaglo gazing at the scattered stars of the confederacy. If Mr. Cass should bo elevated to tho presi dential chair, I shall fear for tho result ; but above all, I pray that' ho may not act in ac cordance witli lho opinions expressed in this letter. I Epe.ak for my humblo self, and for myself alone. 1 givo no council for others. As my purpose has been to state tho truth, if orrors have been committed ill my statements, when known, they will ho readily corrected, ir I have spoken earnestly,! havo spoken only as I have felt ; if freely, it is the duty and right of every American. May the Union, in all its glory and strength ho iircserve.1 .. t.lw.ut il.i. further extension of i ' .... .! r.i i s avcry, and without ll.o annexation r tho en-. tiro world, ii tho earnest wish of CIVIS NATUS. Wi:i)NKSI)AY HVF.MNd, JULY fi, 1818. The Worcester Cornell linn. A good deal of consequence was jirn'pecti re ly attai bed to tho lale niNcd! tneous assemblage of sublimated politicians at Worcester, Massa chusetts, who, it was predicted, were about to make such inroads upon tlio H7n',g party, in Massachusetts especially, as would ho pretty likely to leave it in a somewhat paralytic con- (ililion! UiiUcrsalOldlliiiikcrdoni, and partic ular old Hunkers like the lliirlington fi-nliiicl, who support for the Presidency a political iock- ry from tho Freo States who dNcoiers no war- I r ,.,( ,n ( 'iili.til nllnn C il !. 11 1 II r i 111 1,1 10 l',n,ll't'on of this Republic for prcscrung its free Territories from tho blight and curse of Slavery, have been in extravagant raptures witli lho hopes that the aiming " Wor cester Convention" fiiriii-hcd to them that lho power of Northern Whigs to yrncnl Ihe cbclinn auen a man was uooiii lo Do essentially impair cd. The .Midlife (lazelli; heroin lliirlington, especially, gave tho Manifesto of these gentle men, who were about to set tlio world a-blazc with their rush lights, a conspicuous insertion in its columns, and went incontinently into fiddle-strings of joy over its denunciations or that " remarkable iloiightacc'' ,tts Cms. A cou ple of harmless, but exceedingly conscientious politicians, named ll'ismi and Allen, universal and particular Old llnnkcrdotn thought, would open tho eyes of the Whigs of Massachusetts to the corrupt and dangerous counsels of such inconsiderable citizens as Wervier and Choate and LAvr.ExcE,aiid Davis, and Wim iirof, and Hudson, and Ashmun, and others or like stamp, who had sold themselves, in " market overt" to Slavery, and wore engaged in tlio creditable work or renouncing all the Wines Principles which, during lives hitherto not particularly tlii honorable, they had been strenuously laboring to maintain ! To bo sum the effort appeared lo bo a formidable one, but this Mr. Wilson nnd his colleague Mr. Alien, with a little co-operation from Joshua I,aiitt, and a few other Anti Unionists, would certainly bring it about. They had been delegates to the Whig National Convention and knew all about it ! There were, to bo sure, a few oilier Whigs in that Convention, who had not been heretofore con sidered either fools or knaves, and who discov ered none of the bargain and sale, and surging waves of corruption, that were so manifest to than. Hut that was nothing: Messrs. Wilson and Allen " knew they were right" and so they " went ahead." Tho" Worcester Convention" was held; and behold! tho 15,000 or 20,000 oftho "sturdy yeomanry" that wcro to congregate in righteous indignation, suddenly sunk to loss than a quar ter or the lowest number or Locnroco. Third partyites, poli'iral Asecnsionists, &.c. Sec, witli scarcely a sufficient infusion of HViigs to an swer tho merciful purpose or which a rew hon est men weio needed in tlio emergency that bo fel " the cities or the plain !" Wo invito the attention or our readers to the following calm and considerate article from the lloslon Daily Adicrliscr, touching the probable consequences of this gathering of mil-contents upon the Whig Party in Massachusetts. That those consequences are correctly anticipated we entertain no doubt. Tho Whigs of .Massachu setts aro not yet quite ready to embrace that form of political tranccndentalism which is re lied upon as an apt agency to secure tho elec tion of Iswis Cass to tho Presidency of tlio United States. There is a good deal or political common sense left in the Old Hay State ! "Tho Convention held at Worcester on Wednesday, (of which we givo tlio closing pro ceedings to-d.iv, in a letter from that town) was regarded, in advance, as a matter of importance, only in ouo point of view. It was represented as tho nucleus, tlio type, the organization of a large and doslrnclive seces-ioii from tho Whig party in this Commonwealth. It was urged that from many towns nearly all tho whig voters would proceed to Worcester, and that from nil quarters largo delegations of thoso w ho had been wings would be sent, tu decl.no an indignant opposition and repudiation of tho decisions of tho Philadelphia Convention. It was contended that the action of this meeting, and not tho doings of the former organization nl tlio party, would furnish the true platform nnd declare the true will and purpose of the Whigs of Massuchu- ciis. Tho character thus given to tlio proposed con vention gave it importance in the eves of tho-e who could bo led to siippo-e that there was to be a sudden change thus made in the policy and , principles of the party and the Slate, lint the meeting and its doings hue dissolved this illu- sion. incie is no lunger any reason to lool; i noon it as an orean or exiiression of H,n VI,I., party. It was a L'atherinir in which it is truo ' wcro somo alilo iiioiivvho have formerly acted U'ilhtlin Wliiirs. hut 11-114 nntliiii'r tint i. ..I.... lion vailing, drawing to itself uial-contents or allcl.sse. Asivl,cn David went to lho Cave 1 of Adulliim.thecallof.Mr. Allen was answered, ! "and every one that was in distress, every one I cd, gathered themselves unto him ; and lie be ...... .... ... I..,.., s...u .... ...s f . . 1 1 . i- came a captain over them ; and there wero witli him about four bundled men." The address and the resolutions, thu w hole tone or the speech- gave full and undeniable evideueo that this was not a re-forinitioit ot tlio v ng party, but 1 theformationof anew one, in which i revv and ! but few, Whigs joined. was not a re-forinitioit of tlio Whig party, but Every speech and every sneaker was full of condemnation botli or the 'present and tho past I conduct ami course of both tho Icadiii!' parties. 1 Tlieii hunesty, purposes, measures, sense, were denied and sneered at. As if those parties were 1 not composed of tho, whole sound, free, i.-! ' "u wJf 'Vs war 11 mn- touching and telliirent population of the country, they wcrV'',l'Te!ir.s.:noition oftho messai-e nftvn a..j abused as if they never had had mi inten- tion but for rapine, or done an act but for evil. With those who havo claimed to bj the wiiigs, tho Whig party was most tlio themo of abuse, and nothing was farther from their desire, as in- dicated in tho appeals to the audience, than to oo cai.eu oy u.o i.aino oi vv nig again. Now if the secession from the Whirr narti-' was a general or a numerous one. there mi-lit yet bo reason to consider tlio movement one like- ly to affect tho coming election. Hut of Ihe whole audience whether it was of tw o or three ( ftrivH1" or five or fix thousand as stated by others a very small portion were those who b.n-.. 1,,. I Whigs certainly within tlio last year or two, .. J . ..piuKirs aim 01 mu committees uuiltler anu to workmen. Tlie building was lb! le .' Mm '7 fn1!11 f"1 W"" '"mm "T!!8 " unturciP within about tho lime ordinarily al tlio leading men or the Convention. Tho Lib-'... ... ' erty party proper seemed to bo lho most pleased ' by the movement. It might well be so. Tho I Joctnne ol independent political action 011 the mi-, riugie, groiimi 01 opposition to siaverv. which they maintained for ye ars, w as the ono single ground of action of this convention. We shall perhaps if it provo necessary givo r.irllier ciidenco hereafter of this fact, that this movement is only an accession lo ihe iiineriy pany, aim ny no means a reconstruction "f disruption or the Whig p trly. We havo ex plained it siilliciently now to justify our po- Jilion iat .l0 priic, wlIcf, sccmcil J,,,. d.tble in advanro is comparatively trivial in Its results, and that the issue of the eontlict has bv soiinling phrase of .in- iiruiiie-io. Wo think tint lhl nffnmn! lit irnnl 1 rvr., i n nnl. hug them-rlves Whig to bring out an expres sion or public sentiment, which the result prov ed that they could not control ; this i llort ol cer tain would bo leaders to assume tho mauve incut or n party, eventuating onlv In their fe"es frm it, is a mo-t fortunate-" event at this i ?' . VtIlcJ' ''ad "ot been so nsh as to mar shal their forces; iflhcyhad continued to deal n their guerilla. Warlare, nnd alarm tin public by annoiiiiccineiitorsecessinnsorawholo Whig town hero, or the adhesion of a Whig represen tative tlicie, their Torre would have been much overrated nnd their iiillitenco much more Inop portune. Now that they have paraded their grand army, and w0 sco the meagre proportions of its Mall, rank and file, this gathering inllucnco ,m "J'!' ct"npaf"Hvr' insignificance. Ihe liberty party vote in tins State is known to he oier 10,000. That it will increase with tlio population and from other causes is natu rally to bo supposed. Tills meeting at Wor cester is intended to givo it a sudden addition of ! Icutcrs. We have long ceaed to spernlate orcus, pen aps wiin a view of furnishing It now "i;" s. ....... su, iiio-icgenneineiionceWliigs, who took part in its organization when wo see that fur every company that has marched over to our opponents, thero are two or three General olhccrs. U hatevcr, however, may bo tho view with regard to supplying leaders, tho Conven tion aims merely at bringing in recruits to the " Independent party." It does not profess Whig principles, although it attacks Gen. Taylor as not having done so; and it is no more " demo cratic." It enlists forces under the one idea standard. Tho only appeal to Whigs, then, made by this Convention i, whether they will join a third parly in this State, to assist the democracy, by throwing their votes against their rormer party. We hue so often exposed the absurdity or this course that wc need hardly pursue this branch of tho subject nt present. Washington, May no, l-l. Dear Sir: I nin iimejli obliged to you for your kind invitation to attend tlio Muss .Meeting nt Philiitlclpliiii, on the 10th of June, but circumstances will prevent the pleasure of my being present on that occa sion. I mn, dear Sir, Respectfully yours, L-KWIS CASS. Lewis Cass, otherwise known as Snug tho Joiner," who has finally retired from nil active participation in the nllliir.s of this I'nioii, nnd gone into a seclusion nt Detroit m winch tho people do not uppenr nt all inclined to disturb him, lins frequently been overcome by " circumstances." In fact his complete biography will show that lie was n regular " wictim" to them ! " Cir citmstaiiccs" prevented his attending the great Internal Improvement Convention nt Chicago ; " circumstances'' prevented hi having tho opportunity ho so ardently de sired to vole for the Wilmot Proviso ns mi additional section to tho " Three Million Hill," nt the close oftho first session of the last Congress. Everybody remembers his virtuous indignation because honest John Davis talked that Hill to death, ns the I,o cofocos said, and thus prevented him from recording his vote in favor of tho Wilmot Proviso ! " Circmiislaticcs," however, sub seqiienuy gave mm ii very different view oftho conitiluthnaUty of that Proviso, nnd compelled linn to ivnto a long letter, to a Southern friend in Xni-livillu, aguliiat it ! " Circumstances'' induced him to resign hi seat in the Senate, a short time ago, mid to say "aloud in meeting" that hc had "care fit; rcaiV the Resolutions adopted by the ISaltmioro Convention, and " adhered them as firmly as he approved them cordial. ly, one of which resolutions declares that " the Constitution does not confer upon the General Government tho power "to carry on a system of Internal Improvement !" " Circumstance" induced liiin to voto to clwsuri: Gcu. Taylor for tho terms oftho capitulation of .Monterey : and finally " cir- ciimslancci" will probably " prevent tlio pleasure of his being present" on the oc casion oftho Inauguration, next .March. It gives us pain to announce tlie sudden death of 1,10 llov' - Pl'AHODY, the excel lent anil beloved l'astor of the Unitarian Church in this ullage. He expired at the residence of it. i ii t. . . ,. . ." " "' "UUM- 011 1 u! ''et, at 1 o clock lills afternoon, after an illness which had not assumed an alaiming character till within a few ....... 1: . ... rn ,,r.,,n:. eitiuso . f iallllcl'" "' congregation to wllom "l0 man.v Iou''y characteristics of their devoted, humble, learned and gentle Pastor had enueareu nun in tlie closest manner, wo f.v.1 in competent appropi lately to speak. It was our good rorluno to be personally acquainted with him, though but slightly, and wo can well im agino the poignant sorrow that hf ru, .,.1 v,,.,,i .i. . . . -...j..u ' cscd ''" Tn those vvilh w,,0,n 1,0 sustained so beautifully the affection- 410 rela,lon 01 I'Asroi:, It.iend and Guide V'ity will long miss, as they will long remember tho feeblo stnn. Ill, nlafisnnt .i.,.l .. . ,.:. ..,i ,im i.!,i , ., , . ' & u"ce,IU,,1 " Mndand. sympathizing heart, of .Mercy ho so faithfully and so meekly bore. "a,"BD,,,",,""S"""s"S"""" Tlio Sew Haul., The new edifice just erected by I). W. Hltk- ns fo. nrmoa nf , ,.:, 11...1. : . .-..i.. ' ... .. . " .m) " I"'ant aim colnicntly - arranged a Hanking h-tabhshincnt aa 'o have ever seen. Notwithstanding tho rapidity with which it was constructed, the en- tiro lth substantial and ornamental, , , , . . . . , 11 completeness and beauty ot finish, par- ticularly in tlie interior, very creditable both to ",lUM 10 lllu 01 a 11010 ,or ""count an exhibition of "promptness" in the outset, that vie mty perhaps look upon as a type oftlie maiincriu which business will bo transacted in it ! Tho exterior walls and Safe were put up by Mr. Wji. Ckooker ; the carpenter and join er work Is from the shop of our excellent me chanics, Messrs. Hkyax iV Itonv ; lho admir able finish of the walls and ceilings by Mr, PiiixiiEiiii.isr, and lho Desks, counter, and oth er interior appliances, by our ingenious and skiirul friends, the Mcsers. I'attle, The oincers of the new Hank, .Messrs. Sey- no means conn up lo the ' , the Cashier, and Mr. Kasson,' Teller, took possession of their pleasant business npait inents last week, and wo suppose wo aro nt lib arty to say that the Institution is now " in the hill lido of successful" operation. The gentle men who are in tlio direction nro from among our most active and intelligent business men, who aro well acquainted with the business wants of the community, and who, wo do hot doubt, w ill bo found always ready to co-opcrato witli our other banking corporations in any sys tem of operations that may bo agreed upon as securing lho stnbility, promoting the good rep utation, and enlarging tho usefulness, of all That such a system, mutually beneficial to the public and to.tlio Corporations, and promotive of the largo and growing business interests about ns, will bo adopted and pursued, tho character of the gentlemen who control the action of our several monied institutions, does not allow us to doubt, it i3 unquestionably true, that, even witli tho addition furnished by the new bank, tho banking capital in Hurlingtor. is inadequate to supply tho legitimate requirements of the buii ness which Is, to a considerable extent, depen dant upon it. Hut witli the Iriendly and harmo nious co-operation of our Hanks, this lack of means may, in no inconsiderable degree, bo ob viated. Thatsuch a spirit orharmony and good will, important to tho business public, does and will prevail, wo hive good reason to believe. Tho testimony or tl.e Ilnnilitirnrrs of Gen. Tnylor. in la itt Lot it never be forgotten that tho Barn, burner Slate Convention of New Jk"qrk, which assembled in Utica in February last, unanimously adopted tlio following rcsolu tion, which was reported by their Commit tee of which John Van IluncN was a mem bor. If wc understand the wants of tlio Republic, the man most needed to biiiig in Government back " to the standard of tho earlier Presidents," is precisely " a man of GKHAT MENTAL AN11 MORAL POWER, OF A STItOXr, IIEAU, AN HONEST HEART, AND A RE rtllil.ICAN SI.MI'LICITY OF CHARACTER." The following is the resolution : Jicsnhrd, That Gen. ZACIIA11Y TAY. LOIUSY HIS MASTERLY COItUHS. I'OXDKNCE with the mmr iiepart.ment, NO LESS THAN I1V HIS HEROIC CONIIfCT AND INDO.M1T.UILE COOLNESS AND COLIRAGB ON THE FIELD OF UATTLE, HAS SHOWN HI.1ISKI.F TO HE NOT ONLV A IH.STINUl'ISHEU MILITARY chieftain, hut a MAX OV GIIE.V.T MENT. TAL AND MORAL POWER, AND WHOSE LIFE HAS lilVCN EVlnENCF. OF A STRONG HEAD, AN HONEST HEART. AND A REPUBLICAN SIMPLICITY OF CHARACTER. (& We cannot insert marriage notices sent us through thu Post Office or other wise, unless they are vouched for by a re sponsible name. Initiah will not answer. The notice of a marriage in Jericho may bo correct, and it may not. If it is, " D. G. I!." should have given us his name. fr Our friend of tlie Albany Eecning Journal could'nt give us tho name, could he, of the lady whoso high opinion of Gen. T.vv ton ho published in n lute number of the Journal (20th ult.) K-ith complimentary cdilorial remarks ? Letter 110111 (.'tu. Tnilor to Abbott Law- re nee. Wo cut tho following communication from tho last number of tlie Northampton Courier : Mu. Kditoi: : I perceive that yon call for the evidence" which Mr. Abbott Lawrence possesses, concerning Gen. Taylor's political news. I happen to Know some httloofthe mat ter, and will state what I know. of tho public. The " evidence" is contained in a letter from Gen Taylor to .Mr. Lawrence, and though this letter is, 1 believe, private, still it certainly oiiL'ht to be published. In ono place ho says 111 cllect.aud I think in so many words that bo " is a Whir. always n Wbi.r l .. an Vitrei Whig," while in another place aro these very words, " If ikclul lo the Preside,, I shall sited my Cabinet from thi: itrlst axu UlLKsT WlllUs l TiiE ITniiiv Tl,., ,...,..1 . 1 know to be contained in this letter, and if I mi,, take not thero is more to the same effect I hope you will give publicity to this statement 1,111 0WSC A WH1U. J5t; Yi"m:v of Alabama, recently nia.le n 'iwcili at Charleston, s. c. in hi,.i. 1, .! i.i. 1..5 the nomination of an independent Southern ckct l.vtn Jeneral Caw does not seem to be sV.KriW seemed to lliiuk. proved Zn"h iftW hi i" nW r 10 ,lu Vl1 "' Hitrreiitof wltot u-'e "illl,v'"'f '" U ""constilutional u",la lion. b0 lr Ui,.r,,n,l. i; 1 1, anu l.eneral Tolor, bo ju-t as we do-ib.it he ,., Ue.lied not ,0 " V f, i!?fiV'mM'' sUye'y Iu ncw tern- The .orthcrn Ilnil Ilonil. The ftennrl ,r .1.. IV , .. .. . ICoau, n pn our table. It m.ni i.. i." u" ccuntof,hcaIl:1,rs,iPco"," creditahle to th c)1ergy, Ba LJa ueMnf. I he survey of the route and the location of the road ferred only , aZi, if ttjfit?i "- Jo0O. roVyiuiids'j jAt the nR'e:in. in Octolr 1,"contra'".r. n. ready fur the sapcrsuwiure. by July tS 19. One thou, sand men sre now empWd on the Westerly hall clrJr ,V!!,h" ''ul bt'luR farther CX Z u,t ril"7 ni,ilor toai1' ' l- lake are to h- ready for the superstructure by October nl ..i 1 . ; - muni tor n iiouti e sfiureu to the amount ol l.JOfi 9.1000 irnut PI imioteet. a cress h I'.i s; VP, l . .rrn lakes. .r m' mn euipioyei as Chief I'.if ' neer. 1 w assessment, ninuummg to a J iwr cent 1 I , . uviajinuii 1 cra.ilied a, tl.e ,l o?" ."ff ".V ,0, Hitcrnal iniproien cm is abroad in r'.ni '6 "1"V,.of foosiriiciioiior this roa.i 1, 1 1 (-",l,"da.aud the Success attcna tCri ?Z , ,"U"' IJitesl Xewu'liy llie.Mnil Tctlny, Kx-Gov. Dodge. th71lar.ib.irner candidate for ico President, on tho ticket with Mr. Van Huron has written a letter "declining the honor!' He sajs he .lull Surrett Ca 0,,J 1 1 nth r.