Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 18, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 18, 1848 Page 2
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JTCC f) VC00, ihhmngton, vt. " In the park and TKciuuixn kioiit that is ItrnN OS, TIIERE IsNOSTAn ABOVE THE HORIZON TO (JIVE t.'SA KT.EAM OF LKIIIT, EXCEPTING THE intelIjIoenT) patriotic Whio rAiiTi or THE United States." Daniel Wcfatcr. Whig rVomiiiaiioiis. For President, ZACHARY TAYLOR, For Vice President MILLARD FILLMORE, STATU TICKET. For Governor, CARLOS COOLIDGE. For Lieutenant Governor, ROBERT PIERPOIXT. For Treasurer, GEORGE HOWES. Elector? nt large, ERASTUS FAIRBANKS, TIMOTHY FOLLE1T. SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 13, 1818 Tho Meeting Thursdny Mglit. The meeting Thursday night, at Strong's Hall, to hear Mr. Raymond, was well attended. The audience listened to his remarks with the most earnest attention ; and their attention was well repaid by a candid, yet most searching ex position of the statements and logic which Mr. Everett has put forth in his pamphlet address to the good Whigs of Vermont. The thing was admirably done by Mr. Raymond. The candor, the sound logic, '-the lineaments," which he used, in considering Mr. E.'s statements und coiul i eions, were the very things "tofinish" the pam phlet. There can be nothing left of the pam phlet except a deep "sense of goneness." Sound reasoning and " the documents " are dreadful thinsrs to those who, like Mr. E , arc wild in their statements, and more wild In their logic. When they are well and ably appllad as they were by Mr. R., they are, with all can did minds, a sovereign remedy, and usually tell the story. Every candid mind who heard Mr. R. must be convinced, that Mr. E. has not only b'en hasty in his statements, in correct in logic, and absurd in his conclusions, bat also wofully besido himself in his estimation of Whig intelli gence. It would bo unjust to Mr. R. to attempt to give from memory alone, n synopsis of his speech. The documents and the reasoning with which they were connected, ought to be fully present ed to the public. In view of the important po sition which Mr. E. has held in tho Whig ranks, wo trust, the substance of Mr. R.'s remaiks will be hereafter submitted in full under his own supervision. If this can be done, it can, with does not correspond with his intentions." We can to day only allude to .Mr. R.'s re marks, without attempting to present his lan guage or the course of his arguments. Mr. R. remarked that every citizen ought to exercise the same sound common aense, the same calcu lating reason, in political, matters, that he em ploys in tbo ordinary affairs of life. No man has a right to throw away the trust reposed in him, and act merely from prejudice and impulse. In view of the great importance of the questions now before tho country, and in view of the fact that they must now be settled forever, Mr. R. re marked that every man ought to act understand ingly, weigh every consideration, and give his vote where it will tell upon the final mull. After alluding to the strenuous effort which is made to disorganize old parlies and todravv from the Whigs support for the Free Soil movement, he went into a searching examination of Mr. Everett's statements. He showed that Mr. E. had based conclusions on merely terbal and ir responsible assertions; from an ex parte view, had made presumptions, where there was direct authority to the contrary, Mr. E. on one page contradicted Mr. E. on another pige. Mr. E.'s conclusion that between Ciss and Taylor, the former was to be preferred by the Whigs of Vermont, as more moderate in the ac- cushion of territory, and equally safo on the slavery question, was nbly considered and in a manner that did not leave in the minds of the audience a very high opinion of Mr. Everett's abilities to judge for the Whigs of Vermont He showed from Cass's own declarations, that he was ready to "swallow" all Mexico; in fa vor of almost " unlimited expansion as a safety valve to our "over-crowded" (!) population. It was as certain, as tho thing could bo certain, that Mr. Cass would veto the Wilmot Proviso. With the languago and spirit of Mr. Cass's de. claration he contrasted the opinions of General 1 aylor, who declares for peace J who Is oppos ed tothcacqiiis'tiin of territory by conquest.who avows in the language of the great Washington we ought not to leave our own to stand on for eign ground. It is highly prnbablo that Gen. 1 aylor would not veto the Wilmot Proviso be rause it would lie inconsistent with the declara tions in his Allison letter: 1st, because he de clares therein he will not attempt to control tho legislation of the country by his personal npin ions, and will exercise tho veto power only in cases oi cieariy unconstitutional or haty legis lalion : an, uecause tic will be guided in his views of what is constitutional by the proper Ju -II..1..I ...l.A.;.. m.1 1... 1.... ... . lauon oi me coumry, long acquiesced in by lli riAiinli.. IlaKlii tt-frislntiim niu.i, ,l.n ..t .... i . . . i r i Biiojrci cannot bej constitutional, it is hy the decisions of the courts ; acuuiesced in it has been from the very foundation of the government. Mr. R. read a case in point, lately decided in the Su - prerne Court of Louisiana, where tl.o conslilu - ', , , , . , ,, ... lionaiuy oi me question is luuy recognised; ai- luded to other cases to the same point. Ho poke of Gen. Taylor's letter to tho editor of the J. . . ... Mignai, ana reaa a s.atement, authorised hy air. jiooiiuie, aenyiug any Kiiowiengo in wnai is known to the public as tho Doolittlo letter. Mr. R. then further strengthened the probability that m ., .... ..,' ... . uen. i . wouiu not veto me tv.iinoi rrovis... oy the declarations of several well known South- ern men, and by the language of the Southern -,.. i u,l,;,.l. r: n i. .i.,...i i,..... ! .... . . . he will not veto what they term at the Kouth , Cl,ar upsUira. the "infamous principle' of the Wilmot Provi- The old lady, taking a long breath, exclaim o 'tall thtsr consideration, the purity, the cd, " Du till !" honesty, the strict Integrity of Gen. Tavlnr's character, mid Ids earnest desire to lie the pres ident not of a part, but of the u-lmJc country, were added with much force and ability. The. flippant bombist of C.tss his uniform out-cry for w.ir his vote to censure the old he rn, who, stripped of his troops, laid bare hi bo som to the deadly hall of the foe, and bore on the flag of his country to victory, vanquishing not less by his humanity than by his bravery, were all commented upon by Mr. It. in the course of his remarks. Uctwcen such men, with such views, with such character, was there no choice for tho Whigs of Vermont ? Is Cass to bo pre-! a Convention, lor the purposo of deciding this dent of the uholc country" and not of any par fered? fvlr. Everett!!.') The one full of point, in September next. ty or section, who declares ho will leave all bombast and expansive democracy, the other with a tone of moral elevation seldom witnessed In aspirants for the presidency. What can bo accomplished by the Free-Soil movement? Weigh the inevitable ran!. The annexation of Texas, the war with Mexico, et cetera, the repeal of the TarifTof M2, tho eleva tion of the Slave power, Mr. E. admits arc ow ing to the defeat of Mr. Clay and tho elevation of -Mr. Polk. Mr. R. declared tint Mr. Clay was .lefoited by tluwo Whims in Now York i who cast their voles for Mr. llirnoy. Mr. K. is now advising and striving for a like result. For, as Mr. R. contends, the real issue is, and must be, between Cass and Tnylor. Allow tho friends of the Free Soil movement all that tho wildest of them claim, and they cannot succeed. They cannot carry one hundred electoral votes. This number cannot elect a President. It would, then, be throwing away so many votes, and bring in Cass, with slavery, unlimited ex pansion, and 1 1 the rest at his heels. Again, said Mr. R. There are now 15 free, 15 slave States, and the Sennto stands JtO and !I0. With out the Senate there cm be no legislation. Suppose Taylor and Fillmore are elected, it will stand !W for the slave, and !H for Uio free States; tlis North in the ascendant. Now suppose C-is3 and Butler are elected, it will stand .10 for tli3 Free, 31 for tho Slave States. And now suppose that a State with a constitu tion that shall tolerate slavery, applies for ad mission; it comes into the Union. I low stands the Senate then? SI from the Slave, nnd !!0 j from the Free States. Thus the hopes of the Free Soil party and the ascendancy of the North will be goneon w. Tho mil issue, then, is betweeen Cass and , Tavlor. Willi Cass there is no liotie. With Tavlor there is a fair nmbabilifv that vmrh. ! perhaps all, tint wo desire can bo accomplished. ' the great mass of those who have hitherto doubt-, n is obvious that those Whigs who are falling llccause wo de.-ire a better man thm either, I oJ as to the course they should pursue, who in with this Locofoco devica for creating a di shall we abandon nil, and refuse to secure what ' hive felt inclined to favor the Free Soil move- j v"ion favor I"-Vs, (for such, if not its in good we can? When two houses nro offered, I mcnt, and have yet doubted its wisdom, will tcnt- wi" lpat a11 "ycnU ils practical ofTed) between which there is a choice, shall we, said ' now, we have no doubt, carefully examine the , wi" sccnre notllin2 morc cven if t,ie' 6llecccJ Mr. 11., because there is a pihce, u-hich tee whole field, weigh all the chances and results of tl,ln t!,c' wouJ were they to remain true to cannot Aire, refuse to live in any house? R becomes all candid men, who rcn.'fy have their principles at heart, to cast their votes where i , , -i they will Ml upon the result. Remember what followed tho defeat of Mr. Clay, consider w hat will follow the election of .Mr. Cass. Let those who are really candid nnd honest, ponder, pon der, consider well, weigh all things, and act well their part. , IV11AI IIA-I OLD lvrr1 in l.. .,u..v of the Hon. R. W. 'J'liomp-on's rem irks at the Haltiinorc Ratification McetiiiL'. he asked. 'What has old Z ick done .' Here a voice in the crowd replied " I'll show yon what ho has done. About two weeks nun I stopped at Gen. Tavlor's house, and he received me in tho most cordial manner, gave me a comfortable meal and good feather bed to sleep on, and in tho uiorniii't ten dollars to pursue my journey with" Mr. T. in quired of the person speaking, who he was; to which lie replied that he was a vvuuuded soldier, on his return from the army in Mexico. Trl impli or Freedom. Tl.o House of Representatives, on Wnlnna. day, refused to strike out the Wilmot ProvWn Irom the Oregon Uill by a vote of 1 1 1 to 8320 majority. No more slave territory is now a set tled fict Vl. (lazelte. We think so too ; and we put our faith in a still stronger Whig House of Representatives. We think such a House a vatl better pledge than the extorted professions of a man like Van Huron, who has y.l todo hisfint dxd infmor of freedom. 0"Gcn. Hutlcr, the Locofoco nominee for Vice Picsidcnl, refers to tho Baltimore resolu tions for an exposition of his principles, Thcs-o resolutions ought to lie called the Cass and Ilut ler Constitution. Polk has known nn rnnstiin. tion savo the Baltimore resolutions of 1811. Buffalo Dei.coates. Vimvn n f!i.. Tim Rochester Democrat irives il, fnllimi,,,. w.t.. taken on one of the trains going to tho Hulfalo .,ui .i-imuii Tavlor 01 33 31 15 7 1 Buffalo nominee Clay Webster Smith Corwin Undecided Van llurcn Cuss Hale McLean Benton The following telegraphic despatch we find : ,i. I.,-, v... i. ..:n.. I,-...... . 1 ill til, ii.s, i.anntiiiu ii.iuilt'r ; Mount Pleasant. Jnlv 27. A Mr. Balridge, living in this neighborhood, oruerco a negro woman lo preparo some soup on nun u irw uiys since, wnen on caiing a lew spooinius ne was altarked with vomiting, as ere also two of his daughters. He then made the woman eat the remainder of the soup, uml soi- uiuu iii a lew uours. it is supposcu me boil was poisoned. IMiroTfiisM. Jake Why was Cass nomi. nati d by the 1icos ? Ton Because ho is a Hunker. Jake What is a Hunker ? Tom One who goes for tho spoils. Jake Is that Iicolocoism ? Tom " It ain't nothing else." Jake Pvo done. ID" It is excessively dry in this vicinity, and our fill crops which are now looking extremely .. n . a, . wen, must sniier unless we nave rain soon. Hay his, wo learn, been rather light in thi county. Wo heal nothing of tho potato rot. 1 Literary Coolomeiiaiiy A droll follow ' "uw'-lf " '.M ,Uii' u red the newspaper, i . "Mug It up he began as follows : laninslit,yeeierday morning, about 2 o'clock j 'l'e afternoon, bufuru breaklast, a hungry boy f Uml ful,7, J'0"" "A ""'S1'1 a 'P cu.tard for a I levy, ttlld threw it l iroili.li :l l.rirk ninii f,.M j thick, and jumping over it broke his lelt ankle i on auove mo right knee, full into a dry mill pond , allU was urowneu. About forty years after that ?" ,l,e fca'n! "''', a" , J C1". !'ad "ino "".v 8l llcrs; a high wind blew Yankee Domllo on , f , an(J k keJ , . , . down and killed an old sow and two dead pigs ' at Hosting, where a deaf ami dumb man was I talkinc French to her aunt Peter, who was r,ist asleen on a cotton sheeh-skin in onn r.nrnnr nf n ! CURLING ON FRE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 18, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST .14, 1818. I'he Iluflalo Convention has nominated Main elude from tho mail Northern letters and pa tin Van Huuen and Charles Fiiancis Adams , tiers. It was tliromrh l,i,n nnd his friends that of Huston, as the candidates of the free Soil party Tor President nnd Vice Picident of (ho ( the only President of the United States who United States. In the selection or Mr. Vi,n ever stooped so far as to pledge himself before llurcn, it has simply followed the lead of the hand, in an official address, to rcfo an; bill Hirnbumcrsof New York, who met In Con veil- that Congress might pass to exclude slavery thin at Ullca some weeks since. Whether that from tho District of Columbia. If Ilia nomina party will return the compliment by adopting tion should defeat Cass, the supple tool of South Mr. Adams as their candidate for the Vice Pres- ern Slavery, and aid the election of Taylor, idency, remains to be seen. They are to hold the man who pledges himself to bo tho "Prcsi- hatever we may think of tho nominations it lias made, wo are glad the Iluffalo Convention J lias finished its work. It is useless to disguise the fact that very many individuals in the Whig I patty, being especially and justly sensitive in re-1 .1 i.r.., ,i, f.nu in uiu m- .""la .ii... uuuifc .i.u uuiiuj, i in ilia political ticain man ne nau over uoiio in and being naturally jealous of tho efforts made his previous life. Like Samson, when turned to secure the ascendancy of Slavery in the fed- out blind and old to make sport for his enemies, oral government, have been locking tothenctinu ho may pull the pillars of tho Democratic tcm of this Convention with a good deal of interest pic, which has become in truth a " den of ,"d "!fty. Feeling nnwillingtodetach them- selves irom mo wing pany wiucn lias always hitherto proved iho only party fiom which any- thing favorable to freedom and to justice could be expected ; and being especially unwilling to tak? any stop which might aid, directly or inch-1 rectly, the election of one so thoroughly pledged ( to the most ultra form of Southern pro-Slavery fanaticism, as is Lewis Cass at the present mo ment, thoy have been in doubt as to the course they should pursue. Many of them have hoped that the llulValo Convention would indicate some path of safety, some mode by which they might escape the dilemma in which they honestly and sincerely believed themselves to be involved. They have therefore awaited its action, mean time holding themselves more or less aloof from all parties, and resolved to pursue such a course, after the Iluflalo nomination should be known, as they should deem most conducive to the pub lic good. We are glad the time has come for their de cision. That in almost every case, it will be honest, sincere and in accordance with the plain dictates of common sense, we have no doubt. Indivi luals among them, more impetuous than wise, nay havo committed themselves so far al- ready to third party movements, as to preclude farther reflection and prevent the exercise of anv iuihrment or thoiiL'ht upon tho matter. Hut ..... . ., ., i. action on every sine, anu men iuhe sucu n course as shall tell most, in the final issue, on the side of justice and of right. Can they vote, as true friends of the Free-Soil principle, for Mr. Van Bi'REX ? Grant that he is prrfectly reliable upon this question ; will they, by voting for him, do anything practically to exclude Slavery from territory now free ? IT l... will e.h.t.1 1,1, !f ! nne.tMf. lint llinv might. Hut a moment a reflection must con vince every olio that such a result is impossible. Even if they could carry New York, Ohio, Mas sachusetts, Vermont, Connecticut and Rhode I land, all the States that the most sansuine of them claim, they would still lack more than fifty lectoral votes. Itis utterly impossible that Mr. Van Huiien should be elected. Votes given for l.t.n ..ill i.,li .mn,i, ....!, i.... H. din will tell upon the result only as they are witiii eiu irom oneoi ineoi lerranuiiiaips. wuifr .it .... .. .... , . r ,, , .., , r .i 1 votes cast fur mm, will bo withdrawn from the , Whig ticket, and will thus tend directly to aid , , , ,,, ., ... . DCtion of General Cass. All tho States " ' - b.u.i.. if ilw... d, 1.1.1.1 vni.. r. r. v., it .i.... ... . . . ' ' ' ' ' wouIJ reap the uencM. Lvcrv Wlnir vote cat for Van Uurcn w ill. in its effect . aid the election of Cass, J And now suppose the Free Soil party do thus aid and secure the election of Cass ; what have iney 10 expect t i ney will men have a I'rcsi- dent who is absolutely certain to Veto any bill that Congress may pass, embodying the princi pie of the Wilmot Proviso. He stands pledged to do it. Tliere can be no doubt whatever upon t . that point. Docs the Free Soil party deem it desirable to secure such a result ? Hut, they reply, with Gen. Taylor the chance would be no belter; he also would Veto the 1 ,,ecting General Taylor and reposing with con the Wilmot Proviso. L it quite certain that this edence in Mr. Van Huren, greatly seems lo us Uso? Has Gen. Taylor ever pledged himself to 1 lik blr!4jjn2aU gnat and swallowing a cam- eto any lull that Congress might pass, embody- ing this principle? On the contrary, Gen. Tav - lor says explicitly in bis Alison letter, that the l'xecutive Veto should neier be exercised ex cept in cases of clear liolalion of the Constitu tion;" and that "the action of tho various de partments of the government" is tho proper an- ' lu "Ul,u" u" 'felons oi vonsiituiionai power. Now- all know that the principle of the Wilmot Pniiun UVIll oinl.r,.11n.l ! tl.n .P.U..n...n Wilmot Proviso was embodied in tho ordinance of 1787 : that this was enacted hy Congress unammnu'ly, with tho entire acquiescence of the people of the whole country, both at the Noitli and at the South. Is not this equivalent to a pledge, ui not cven better than a pledge, that Gen. Tavi-ou will not Veto the principle of the Wilmot Prov iso, if enacted by the repre- seutativcs of tho people ? Thero is, therefore, this wido distinction bo. tween ho positions of Cass and Tavlor upon tins suiijcct: it Congress enacts such a law. I linrt t-inv, ...i. Cass is sure to veto it, whilo Gen. Tavi.hr, if ,la'" " "''' meiy to approve it And now can any sincere friend nf thn Frnn Soil nnnrinln. wlinii lm rm.ma in.,!.. . i ' ,i . :' , .,:-.::.: between tho two men? will he not bo bound to voto so as to aid Uio election of the one from whom the tree Soil principle his the most to hopel The Democratic party lias always hitherto been tho unfailing relianco of the ultra pro slavery men of tho South, for such legislation as they havo desired. Mr. Van Hdiikn was for a long series of years, during tho wholo in deed of his political life, tho subservient tool of tho most ultra section of Southern Loco Pocoism. As long ago as in ltMil ho avowed himself distinctly and unequivocally opposed to tho principle now emhudied in tho Wilmot proviso. Ho then refused to join in .action intended to exclude slavery from territory then tree. Ho afterwards assented to, and aid ed, even tho most outrageous acts intended to build up Southern ovver at the expense of me honor and interests of tho North. It was (through him that the infamous law was passed giving .Southern Postmasters the power to cx- tho Atlierton cae-law was passed. And lie is questions or domestic policy to the action of Congress tho direct representatives of tho popular will, if the nomination of Van Huren should aid these results, as wo hope it may, ho would render a greater service to his country ; :.. I.:- ....... , .. ., ....... ....... thieves" upon their heads, to put an end to the uyiiasiy oi corruption niucn no uiu so mucn 10 establish, and which has well-nigh crushed all freedom, and all national prosperity beneath its weight That many of the Democratic party, who have always had confidence in him, should now vote for Van Huren instead of Cum, is very profitable. That he can expect to receive ll'ipg volts, to any considerable extent bcciiis to us preposterous. His nomination, therefore, will oid rather than injure, the prospects of Gen. Taylor, and will thus prove highly beneficial to the best interests of the whole country. TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 15 1818. Something for Whigs to think of. Suppose that Mr. Van Uuren should be elect ed President, what do his friends expect to do? Of course "free soil" must first be secured, Hut how can they accomplish more than has already been done, until Locofocoism is turned out of the Senate? Every Northern Whig in the House is a " free soil" man. What more do friends of " free soil" want ? The next House of Repre sentatives we will suppose, will pass a bill pro hibiting Slavery hi the new territory. Does any ' onc m"l 'lia f "c" a ul" ra" P8' 1110 aemw ' ' their old allegiance. It is among the possibili ties, perhaps, that within four years the Senate miy bo purged of every Locofoco doughface, but it is anything but probable. And should it so happen that a bill pass the Senate prohibiting Slavery and go to the Executive for his approv al, whoso avers that General Taylor would ve to it, takes upon himself the responsibility of charging him with duplicity, a charge which, ,.,3 af...viiu,iu, inmuu; wuM .....He, us lloOUOy would believe. The plain import of tbo lan guage or the Alion letter is that ho would not veto sucli a bill. That is what the language I . . A.l ....1 . 1 rt, , ! "'. ",m umv. "lncral ' a-v,or ls a ,l,a And unless ucncral I W" " fa-V. 0ne .U""s T',e 1,0 mcans a,10"'er , ' T '"wg, , , " , . " l" ,ulcc 01 S would iccei v c Ins sanctioi:. Hut aside from the ,,t.;n ;...r.n.t ,.c . ...i.:.t. t . . iiuiiinn iwiiwi iiibitiiii. tuinn i i- i erxnrpssGR :. . . ' , "imvcn, we nave uiu lunncr ev idence. (it art ier ... , . ,. . . ""l l"tV' ..'.: u " u"'"iwo" at 1 10 oouiu mat ucnerai i.iyiorwou u not veto the ' . , . . . L.,1. V,!, , l),.mnrr.ita a...il, o " ' "v ""-1 I ranee of a gentleman, now in this neighborhood: .1.. r 41.1 1 f. r ... i. t i .,, ' ti i i i.!, i. .i. hm . . I . . ,, ., , . tr . r Strniiff a I lull. U ltll rplprnnrn tn t in nnitnnn nf , di:)hlguUlieJ Scnator from M Jlm, vt . iv. jviug. iiiuceu, ii seems to worth the while to argue this point Indeed, it seems to us hardly wortl, tlt. ttliU; l0 arf;HC tllis point Wc go llnoll ttic assumption of General Taylor's sincer- jty anJ on ,lis wc rcrt 01lr Mfc, jf our (ricrlls .vi,n .iin:., will, us admit this thov rnrminW i .,ii,u, ir !,.. ,i ,., lia.U Oil (JIUUllU I ' ...... ...,.fcl, IIIV III;. ..... i. u uio e admit this would measurably ;,' ,,f.. ,i,rn, : ,l,Plr withdrawal from his si,,,.

i ,lnrt. vet we must be permitted to say that ens- pi I vow ...e nfk 01,r Whig Wends who asroc Now wo ask our Whi, with U3 as to tho end, but differ as lo tho means, to look at this matter just as it is. It pride nf opinion, animosity, prejudice and all other hin drances to a just determination be left aside, that the sober judgment may bo brought to bear upon , . .,, ..,. decision fand we consider that a wlicll (Il)C3 I11)t fecHro m0st to n freedom) is fraught with such disastrous cone quenccs. Arc you comment. vo uo not say certain, is there a reasonable degreo ol proba bility tint you can elect Mr. Van Huron ? Is there not much more probability that your effort to elect him will end in the election of Gen. Cas? Lven should you elect him can you carry such a bill as you wish through the Sen ate during the next four ycara ? Could you do 1., .1 T..I1 I....1' imnn lln. II, .nan nf .. " . . . .. ,. , 1 1 .i. ., I "epresentatlvcs, a 'ro"gn ., u ., Man power in check ? Cannot you do tins with den. Taylor as President ? What then is to be gam ., ..,. r Mr Van Huren ? Is it not , : ..,. .,.'., .. in ,i ,i,n ,im, ....... I ou g"1 a Prt ' Why t"en for so slender a promise, shall wo jeopardize those old distinctive issues of tho Whig party, for which wo havo so long contended side by side, and which we have always professed to believe were so intimately connected with the best intereMs of our common country 7 Wo venture to suggest theso ques tion as worthy to bo thought of. jrTho rumor that was quite current on Sat urday, that our townsman, CiiahelsD. Kasson, Ksq., had received tho nomination of tho Hulfi lo Convention, for Vice President of tho United States, proves lo havo been without foundation. Goon Anvicf Never enter a sick room in a state of perspiration, as the moment you become cool, your porus absorb. Do not approach con tagious diseasei with an empty stomach, nor it between the sick and the file, because the brat attruclblhe thin upor. Mr. Webster nnd "Free Soil." Wo rejoice that Mr. Wehster's health has been so far restored' that he has been able to return to Washington nnd rcsnmehis seatin the Senate. As he was absent during the discus sion of tho so-called Compromise bill, tho coun try has been anxious for Borne expression of his views on the principal point of interest in that bill, the extension of Slavery, not so much l,n. i, ,t.,i,,,t .!,.,, n,. ..; ...1.1 i. i ' - " 71" "'""u uu as because it wished to see how the creat chain- , .. . pion of (constitutional liberty would meet this 1 . . f i , ' UW Sp,ruU. noi on no pan oi me South. in ti.o coming up before tho Senate of the House bill for the government of the Oregon Territory. The crafly South proposed to incorporate in the bill such a rcaon for thejprohibition of Slavery , . furnish in Oregon, as would, by and by, by implication, an argument for its establishment in tho territory south of 3G .10'. Wo subjoin the re marks of Mr. WEnsTr.r.. They are short, clear and comprehensive, and wo cannU but regard it as an evidence of tho degeneracy of the times, that with men animated by such senti ments, a party standing on such a platform (at least tho whole northern section of it without exception) should go begging for the support and approval of such neophytes in freedom as Martin Van liuren and his bevy of disappointed Locofocos. Hut to Mr. Webster's remarks. Ho said: it is desirable, sir, undoubtedly, that there should be established, as soon its may be, a pro per Government for the Territory of Oregon ; and I am willing to vote for the bill to establish such Government which has come to us from the Douse of Representatives, but if amended, i as proposed by tho propo-ition for amendment, ! now under the consideration of the Senate. I shall not be able to vote for the bill. Tho fourteenth section of this bill provides that ths inhabitants of said Territory shall be .,tltln.l ,n n:.... -n i 1... i. Vllll.lU IU .-lljl.V 111, i,,U SIUUUI.1I LIIU lILflllS. 1111- vileges and advantages granted and secured to , the people of tho Territories of the United States i northwest of the Ohio, by tho articles of com- pact contained in an ordinance for the govern-1 mentof said Territory, parsed 13th of July, 17S7, 1 and shall be subject to all the conditions, ad , restrictions, and prohibitions of said articles of compact, imposed upon the people of said Tor ritory. It is well known that by the ordinance of 13th i July, 1787, involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime, was excluded from the northwest Territory. Tho proposal now before the Senate is, to give a rea'on for applying that rule to the territory of Oregon, and that reason is, in the words of the amendment. "Inasmuch as the said Territory is north of the parallel of 3G deg. and 30 mill, of north lattiiude, usually I known as tho .Missouri compromise." I under-1 stand, sir, that when a mm does an act, and , undertakes to cive reasons for that act. and gives but one, without suggesting that there are others, the world is fairly entitled to draw the inference that he has no other re.von. For my part, sir, I should think that with this pro viso, in the section, the implication would be ir resistible, that if the Territory were south of the parallcdof 30 deg. 30 inin., the proposition of the ordinance of 1787 would not be applied. i' or one, i wish to avoid an committals, all traps by way of preamble or rccilal ; and as I do not intend to discuss this question at large, 1 content myself with saying, in few words, that I. reprpsnniiilion in OnBr. U h"""'-' "J universal. It li;is no reference to limits of Lit- titude or points of the compos. I shall oppose . sum nsioii anu ail sucu increase, in nil places, at all times, under all circumstances, even amiinst ll lndnrnmts. .!ai nil s.m posed limitation of great interests, against all combinations, against all compromises. This is short, but I hope clear and comprehensive, It is merely to announce my purpose, and I nave no more to sav against this hill. II it be 1 the pleasure of llm S.-Hi.tlp lo l.tt-n it :is It r:im, - ' ." ------ - - ........ .... from theHouseofRenresentjtiies.it shall have. my support. If amended, I shall vote against it. bo much for tho Oragon Territory. in respeci to iaiiiornia and ,cw .Mexico, no subject regarding them is before the Senate, and therefore I have only one remark to make. in.) 1. . : ti. . !. . i i. l. . . j uiiu ma I. i-s, in Hi, uiu lUMUUVLT&y UillUU 11 11 t arisen ill the Council nf tin Cnimfrv rpiimrt. . - . 'J .I."- nv.n.i., iu. .. i ..Ji i vcrv easy to furoseo from tho erv bt?frinnin i caslr t from the U'cinnini;, I fear, than it, i ! r . " V , I , cTRLnU now "b2 , 're us. I will therefore say no more upon it, ' oui mai i uiu nappy ni me riiieciion mat lorouo I had nothing to do with the commencement of the lato war with Mexico, but tooppoio it with all my mijjht. I regarded the war as a calain ity, I regarded the treaty as a calamity ; and I fear it is likely to prove by the annexations and acquisitions which it has brought to us, a greater, because a more prominent, calamity than the war itself. l'lirliciilnr .Notice. Those " good and true Whigs," who have heretofore found themselves unable to come into the support of Gen. Tavlor " btcause he is not a Whig," aro respectfully invited to meet on Saturday evening next, in front of tho " Free Soil Courier" otfice, to take steps to secure tho election of that " good and true Whig," Martin Van Uurcn. An adjournment will bo made to tho cover of the town well, in rear of tho Court House, where eloquent members of tho late Whigpirty will fully explain (from the windows of the County Clerk's and the State's Attorney's olliccs) tho difference between CViss, who is pledged to Veto a bill abolishing Slavery in the! Territories (where it does not exist) and Van llurcn, who is pledged to Veto a bill abolishing Slavery in tho District of Columbia (where it docs exist.) Locofoco Hariiburncrs are particularly request. cd to keep away, as this is a family meeting, and nothing is to be said about the TarifTof '42, the Sub-Treasury, or any other of the distinctive principles and measures that have hitherto pre vented Mr. an Huren from being a " good und true Whig." It is expected that Mr. Van Huron's casting vote in the Senate in favor of giving Southern Postmasters the right to violate the mails and " bum or otherwise destroy" all abolition mat ter found therein, will be explained in a manner entirely consistent with the present " position'' of that distinguished friend of Freedom ; and that the following passago in his recent Utica etter, dated Juno SO, 1818, and which is in no respect amended or modifed in his still more re cent letter to the Iluffalo Camention, will receive a satisfactory" free noil" interpretation : " Whilo the candidate (says Mr. Van Huren) "of my friends for tho Presidency,! distinctly "anounced my opinion in favor of tho power of " Congress to "abolish Slavery in ths District of "Columbia, although I was, for reasons which " were then, AND AUK STILL, satisfactory to "my mind, VLUY DLCIDUDLY nrrosEu tu " lib KXERCUE TIIIRE. A full and prompt attendance of all Van Uu ren Whigs (.') is earnestly invited. 184. WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUG 10, 1818. Free Speech, Free T.ubor unit Free Soil." Tho above is tho motto of that division of Locofocoism who are now thrusting forward Martin Van liuren as tho special exemplar of their principles. This same Martin Van Huron avows himself now as opposed to the abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia without the consent of the Slaveholding States ;-th is is , i i . , what he means by " I rcc Soil," wo suppose ! , , n i r . " a'so a" 111 '"' Pmver, fur years ago, to promolc t,c election of Polk, the Annexation of Texas and the consequent extension of Slaicry; this probably embraces his idea of " Free La iior '" And when ho was Vice President of the Umted States he illustrated his profound friendship for "FREE SPEECH," by giving Ids casting vote, as President of the Senate, in favor of ordering tho following bill to be engross cd and read the third time : "An act PROHIBITING Deputy Postmatcrs from rcceivinir or transmitting through the mail to any Stale, Territory or District, cer tain papers therein mentioned , tho circulation of which, bv tho laws of said State, Territory or District, may bo prohibited ; and for other purposes. " He it enacted by the Semtc and Hone of Representatives of the United States of Amer ica in Congress assembled, That it shall tint hi lawful for any Deputy Postm istcr, in any State, Tcrntory.or uistncioi me unueu mates, Know ingly to'dclhcr to any jicrsan ichalcicr, any pam phlet, newspaper or handbill, nr oilier printed or piclnral representation IT TOUCHING THE SUHJECT of SLAVERY, where by the laws of the said Slate, Territory or District, their cir- : . i.:i.!i.l. .,.! A V V m'.UH'PV l-o'sTMASTER WHO SHALL HE GUILTY Tiii'it i.'oi'. SHALL HE FORTHWITH RE MOVED FROM OFFICE. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That noth ing in the acts of Congress to establish and reg ulate the t'ost Oilice Department, shall he con. . . . . . ,. ... . . ", str"?J to Ptcct any Deputy Postm tster, ma 1 carr'er' ?r ot 0 1,ccr .or of "'f V0'1' mc'lt ? ,a" kno1nP.,y c'r"lat. '." a,,y hla u in ory,or District, as aforesaid, any su.cl' VUcl, now-paper, handbill, or other printed piper or pctoral rcpre-ontation, forbid- .."" ' " ol""' ""m "....-j . trict. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Deputy Po-tmasters of the offices where the pimphlets, newspapers, handbill', or any other printed papers or pictorial representations afore said, may arrive for delivery, shall, under the instructions of tho Postmaster General, from time to time civo notice of the same so that thov may bo withdrawn, bv the ncrson who de posited them originally to bo mailed ; and if the same shall not be withdrawn in one month thereafter. irTHEY SHALL HE BURNT, OIL OTHERWISE DESTROYED." Ctractlrum Journal of the U.S. SiMiate.Jane 2,'3ij. "The Senato being equally divided, T3THE VICE PRESIDENT VO TED IN THE AFFIR MATIVE. So it icas ordered that this bill be engrossed and read a third time." " Ort ice of Seo'y of Senate, U. S. ) August 3d, 1818. ( " I certify that the ahive extract is truly cop- , led from tho journal of the Senate of the United i States. I " W. PATTON, JCnrnssin Clerk." ' "n" wl' ncvcr Performed an act.or gave a vote, lor i recdooi in tho.wliolo course or a long and , unprofitable life! The Wmr.s of " Old Ver- . munt aro not the bovslo .. , ,ieir , (j(V , , : , c.ik.h . " Kct a clnllcl? lo to for SUCH a '-l rcc Soif , candidate as Martin Van llurcn, or we arc mis. ' taken ! j - j The Cnv. IMiitlorni. As 1,10 " Democratic press in thi State rather shy,ur a certain reason, about presentin the whole platform laid down at their Baltimore Convention, we submit the follow-in" : i , . .... r , , . , UU 1 ,IC f ovcn fdamci!tal principles of the ivirlv tn wit llim i t'.i n .I tl l.- . t ( ( . " mv-iwiiics aim muiunts, i O.L Sw.irhv.int'ri S!.tl.it-i..l, A. .t.n Vl U o"u-ireasury. 3d. The unconstitutionality of snags in Salt Hivcr. 1th. The Sentinel's views of Cass's position in lavor ol t reo Soil. 5th. The Annexation of Cuba and Jamaica, the " oulalo hunt" on the Rio Grande, or "swal ; lowing" the rest of Mexico. Cth. Tho groat principles embodied in Cass's letter to the Chicago Convention. 7th. "Circninstanres," "noise and confusion," and" extra rations." 8lli. Polk's Turin", the Famine in F.urope.Free Trade and Free plunder. lth. The Slavery that walked out of the Un ion through Hob Walker's Texas gate. 10th. Six lives of Cass and one of Louis Philippe. 11th. A broken sword. 12th. A bottle of Jordan water to baptize the King's grandson. It may bo proper to remark, that Gen. Cass will be guided in his views by the tail of the Texas comet, and will folluvv in the footsteps of his illustrious predecessor, (only a little more so) upon whose fame and tho "Kano letter" ho will found confidence in tlm new administration all to bo firmly supported by Gen. Santa Anna's wooden leg. Nisus. A gentleman from WiHUton informed ns, to d ly, that a goodly number of Whigs whose long, cherished hostility to the extension of Slavery had led them to sympithizo with the " Free Soil" movement, and to subscribe for the "Free Soil Courier," have had their eyes opened tcry ifiVe by the nomination of Martin Van Huren by the Iluffalo Convention, and immediately on hearing of that transparent piece of humbuggery discontinued their subscriptions to that new and flourishing organ of dissension. Tho number of WHIGS that will be caught in a trap baited by the ' Kindorhook fox," is growing "small by degrees and beautifully less." When Whigs mean to leavo their parly on the Slaicry issue, they will not enroll themselves under a leader who pledges himself to Veto a bill for the abo lition of Slavery in the District of Columbia ! IT The Rev. Charles K. Upham, formerly a distinguished Unitarian clergyman of Salem, Mass., has been elected President of tho T av lor Club in lint city, and taken the stump for Tay lor. Wiiv not Kr.cii'RocATE 1 A locofoco paper boasts that Iwis Cass turned out " in the most unostentatious manner" to somebody's funeral ! We ask the people lo remember this art of con il8cension when Lswis Can's funeral takes (lace early in November next. The Gazette In Trouble I On the Cth of July, tho Liberty Gazette in commenting on Van Huron' Utica letter, use d the following language: " Mr. Van Ilurcii's Idler is now before us. It is much too lung tor our columns. It is written in thnt full pcrlcctiou of lubricily for which his style is Holed. Itisjust what he means lo siy, in the smooibesl nnd mot winning terms, nnd the best posible English. lie is still for guaranteeing to the .SnuA full posses Minn tif hrr Sim -ft u tcithitt its tirese nt limits jind lusti- Jics all his past resistance to the nhiilition agitation, ana no man ereriesisiea ii more ejjecutauy. On the 3d of August, in speaking of the " do ings" of the late BarnburncrConvetition at Mid dlebury, got up and worked by bolting Locofo cos for the purpose of swallowing the "Liberty party," as Cass proposed to swallow Mexico, our anxious friend of tho Gazette spoke as fol lows : " Ve confess we ore somewhat disappointed at tho result of this Convention, lor we had hojifd they would nominate, at least, some pirfot our Ticket. As it now i, the course we shall pursue teill depend rery much upon circumstances. In the same number, in alluding to the possi ble action of the Iluflalo Convention, the Gazette, with marked and manifest reference to the "Fox of Lindenwald," says: "Liberty men, icould "feel cheap" enough, if they should assist in electing a man to the Presidency tcho should deem it inrxpeilient to sign a hill to abol ish Staiciy in the District of Columbia." Now, then, what is to become of Sister Briggs? At present this is " the great question of the age. .Martin i an liuren, who, as me Uazelte says, " is still for guarantying to the South the full possession of her Slavery within its present limits," expressly including the District of Colum hiaflud who reiterates the opinion that he "should deem it inexpedient to sign a bill to abolish Slave ry" in that District, has been nominated by the great Iluflalo Convention for President, (over John P. Hale) in consequence of the overwhelm ing predominance, in that Convention, of Polk-and-Tcxas Locofocos, over Liberty men and Whigs. Lawrence Brainerd, the " Liberty" can didate for Governor, acted with that Convention, (though, our life for it, he did no( vote for ,1ar tin Van liuren!) and there were quite enough other prominent members of that exclusively anti-Slavery party present to render their defeat something to brag of. They were defeated ; and now it remains to be seen whether the Liberty Party will consent to take a step backwards and renounce ther position of hostility to the contin uance of Slavery in tho District of Columbia, for the purpose of aiding Martin Van Huron and his clique of dishonest Locofocos in New York, in their scheme of revenge against Lewis Cas for cheating tho said Martin out of the Locufoco nomination for President in 1811! This is pre cisely the question to be settled by the " Liberty Party," and wo look with a rational anxiety for the " course" that " circumstances" may oblige onr beloved friend of the Gazette to " pursue.' ' Circumstances are sometimes awkward things lo manige ; but these seem to he the aw kwardest we ever did hear of! ''.Strike my name from the ticket.'' If we may judge from present indications, poor Mr. Cass will require an affidavit after election to show he has been a candidate in Vermont, as John Van Huren asserted he will in New York. In those inimedit,,1dipgin" the strength of the barnburners is sufficiently indicated by the fuell ing with which they have been able to establish their new organ, the "Free Soil Courier." In deed a Cass man here, in politics, is about as anomalous as a Mohammedan in religion. He is looked upon as a sort of courier suitable to be Hotted out for the amusement of the people. .Now and then you will find a man, who vent ures to declare his determination lo vole for Cas ; but the very air vv ith which he makes the declaration, and the very look of h:s counte nance, show that he is bent upon something des perate. He could'nt get a policy, at what ever premium, in any Life Insurance office in the country. On the other hand, the barnburners are as plenty as could be expected considerinrr the material out of which Ihev have been man ufactured, and as cheerful as men always are who have ju.t parsed receipts with conscience. A isconsin paper wittily remarks that all the hue flour or the demorratic party is " bolted ' and that the residue is principally bran and shorts. 1 Jus is not an inapt statement of the real position of the late locofoco party here That tho tine flour of the party i, with the con verts is too apparent. We have heard of the following, who will at once be recognized bv those acquainted with our State pohtics, a's a mong the most prominent and influential demo crats : Win. C. Hradley, I c. Kello. John rveiioirg. J. s. l'cttibonP. Hulil'w.11 John Smith Jeptha Hradley, S. II. Price, L. P. Poland, Asnbel Peck, C. P. Harrington, X'. ItllSSOII, it. Jl. Smith, Our readers need Tint oirr..: 1 at.-. . . Place the name of the I , Zor"AZ Zl ? - enioriu the list for he is an out and out provi' soist.and so told the Convention which nominat ed him, "I trust in God. C's.n at Montpehcr, in October, 1847,") I never shall be brought so low as m vntn c..r . ..i .l:l. r .i ' '""mem can- d date for the Presidency, who is pledged to veto -..j ii' iiu vuntress may pass proli bitini? slavery in the territories." 1 """'"" Hut thero is a sort of duality about Mr. Dil hpgham which renders him exceedingly availa ble. As to the name of Mr. Field, the Hunker nominee for Lt. Governor, tho following, which we clip from the Vermont Gazette of August 9th is tolerably clear and explicit. Mr. Field has not the happy faculty which .Mr. Dillingham po-scsses, of inspiriiiL' confidence in .r. curing the nomination of, a party too whoso principles he does not subscribe : Hon. Chns. K. Field. this morning addressed a letter to thn &t n mi.tee declining the nomination Lt . GooT Uekct'l'ffilu6? ,O6-,rik0 "V name fro" U,e' itrtJ e.V-ed 8UC' a "urse due to the de- .. ' T ' V1 " eru no1 known to the con UM.t.on a the time of the nomination, and it " Khil ll0nomi"aiYvas adopted from a be hef that in common with many ethers, I was an ardent supporter of Gen. Cuss. In no evV v uaiever can I be induced to vote for him- e is cowardly-an unprincipled political hack and a marvelous worthy nominee of the worth less tricksters who assembled at Hallimore. Go on and organize, good will como out of it; f u does not relieve suffering humanity it vv 1 at leas subdue the haughtiness and insolence of Southern poht'oans, who havo lorded it ove Northern doughfaces until they have made them as supp c and cringing as the degraded slave.-I lt is rather painful parting with old friends, some of whom 1 have acted with for more than twenty years; but I cannot consent to violate ope of the earliest political maxima that was taught me which was to be always consistent. Again, 1 am influenced by a caidinal maxim of the d. mcuracv of this country' Everything thing for principles, nothing for mn." iVTm",,. I",t,c,u)n. Stephen S. Hrown, Paul Dillingham, Chester Chapin, ::a"r' Hugh II. Henry, U.as. k. I-ield, Jona. 1). Hradley. .a iaves. ii u -.willl-l ...