Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 22, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 22, 1848 Page 1
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TTt Vol. XXII. Whole No. 1107. I.lIlLl.WIorV, FRIDAY MORNINIS, l.lllll.lt 23, 1818. iVcw Scries, Vol. 21 IVo. I a Burlington JTrcc 1305. Published at Burlington, Vt., By I. W. C. CI.AItKE, Editor and Proprietor. Termn Tu Village subscribers who receive the paperby the enrrier, . . If paid in advance, ....... v 1,00 Mall subscribers ami those who take it at the Offlce 2.0" It paid in advance, . ' '.50 Advertisements inserted on the customary terms. MR. WKIlSTEtt'S GIIEA.T SPUCClt AT MARSHFIELD, DELIVERED OH FRIDAY, SEITEMBEll IsT, 184S. ncroRTED sv thomas th.iesos, in, We have great pleasure tn laying before our readers, this morning, a full report of Mr Web ster's admirable address. It is, in the main, the same as that prepared by the same gentle man for the Mercantile Journal of Saturday eve ning, but tho errors incidert to a hurried publi cation in an evening paper, are here carefully corrected. We believe the report to be as ac curate as any published, and are sure that wo have no need to commend Sir Webster's views to the deliberate attention of his countrymen. . . t .1 I. V..!- At the designated nour, inrec o ciots. uu i u- greator part of Ms life in civil than in military service, lie was lor twenty years either the Governor of a territory, n member of Congress, or a Minister abroad. And lie performed his duties in till these stations to the satisfaction or the people. Hits case, thcrclore, stands by ttsell, without the precedent in our previous history. And it is on this account, I imagine, principally, that the Whigs of Massachusetts feel dissatisfied at1 the nomination. There are other reasons of less importance, and more easily to be answered. But, gentlemen, if I may venture to use a mercantile expression, there is another side to this account, and impartiality and duty require us to consider that. In tho first place, General Taylor was nomi nated by a Whig Convention, in conformity with tho usages of the Whig party for years past. lie was fairly nominated, so far as I know, nnd is now to be considered as tho only Whig fairly before the country as a candidate for the Presi dency, and no citizen claiming to he a Whig can give his vote for any other, let his personal preference be what they may. In the next place, it is proper to consider tho personal character nnd political opinions of General Taylor, so far as known. INowIwish every body to understand that I have no per sonal acquaintance with General Tnylor. I on ly saw him once, nnd then hut a few moments in the Senate chamber. 'J ho sources of infor mation from which L derive my acquaintance, Philadelphia was made tinder tho dictation of the slave-power. I don't believe a word of that either, l or thero was a very great majority of members from the free States in that body, who might have nominated any body elo they chose, on whom they could ngree. And, then, there were a great in inv of his most earnest advocates, some from New England, who would sooner cut off their right hands than to submit to any such dictation in any such case. I may not admire their discretion or policy, hut I must acquit Ihem of nil such motives. Their reasoning was just like this " (Sen. Taylor is a Whig ; an eminent man not indeed in civil life, but circumstances have given him eclat with the people; if ho is elected, with him wo shall have an increase of the Whig strength In Congress, and therefore it is best to sustain him." That was the object and motive however wise or unwise of a largo majority of tho Convention. In my opinion it was a wholly unwise policy. It was not suited to tho Whig character, it was shortsighted. But I acquit the members of the Convention of any of the motives ascrib ed to them, especially this one set forth In the Buffalo platform. Such, gentlemen, are. circumstances connect ed with the nomination of Gen. Taylor. And I will only repeat, that those who had the most agency originally, in bringing him before the people, were Whig conventions and meetings in several slates free states and a great ma jority of tho Philadelphia Convention from tho w ith his political opinions, arc open to vou and free States. They might have rejected him if day afternoon last, some ten or twelve nunurcu all, as well as to inc. Hut l nave endeavored to lliev had so chosen, and wauled any body cle. nf ,fr WcnsTrn's neighbors, ladies as well as' obtain access to those sources as best I miirhtJ This. then, is the case presented 'to tho gentlemen, assembled around the platform which and to obtain my information from those w ho Whigs, so far as respects tho personal fitness boon." What would have 'jecn tho public Icel had been erected lor uie accommouanun ui me nave Konwn nis services anu cnaracicr as a soi- anu cnaracicr oi ucn. ray lor. orator, a few of his visiters, ana tuc gentlemen uier ana a man, and lrom ins conversations ought not to ho repnl oil from tho enjoyment of that which ho was willing to call a boon, or a privilege, on account of tho misbehavior of Mr. Adams's administration. That was tho sum ami substance nf it all. Well, gentlemen, one of Iho most painful du ties that ever has devolved on tne as a Kcprc sentative or Senator of my country in Congress, was to refuse iny assent to the confirmation of Mr. Van Borons subsequent nomination as Minister tn England. Hut I conceived It tu ho a new thing in this country, or in tho diplomat ic history of any other civilized country, that when a new parly happened to come into power, it should repudiate the doings of its predeces sors, in its course with foreign nations. To abandon a ground of right held and maintained for years, and consent to receive what was sought as a right be fare, as a privilege or boon now, I held to bo undignified, unworthy of an American statesman, derogatory to the na tional character. When it happened that I en tered tho department of Slate, under General Harrison. I found many tilings which I could have wished to ho otherwise. But did I retract anything that my predecessor had advanced 1 Not a particle not a jot nor tittle. I took the case as he left it, and I should have held myself disgraced if I had not. Suppose, for instance, with regard to the boundary treaty with Eng land, I had said to lxird Ahbnrtun, " Pray, my lord, consider that we are more sensible people than our predecessors; only reflect how much more amiable, humble, anl how much more friendly to Great Britain, I am than Mr. Forsyth ever was, and therefore accord tn ns this or that . . .i.i . . . , . . l !. I ,! 1 1 will of their constituents, they wore called " dough-faces, l'or my pari, fellow-citizens, I am afraid that tho generation of dough-faces will be ns perpetual as tho generation of men. In 1811, ns wo nil know, Mr. Van Huron was' a candidate for tho Presidency. Hut ho lost his nomination at Baltimore, nnd", ns wo now learn from n letter from General Jackson to Mr. But ler, Mr. Van Huron's claims wero superseded solely because, after nil, the South thought that the great question of annexation might bo more safely trusted to Southern th in to Northern hands. Now wc all know tint Iho Northern portion of tho Democratic p irty was f.ivorubh; to tho election of Mr. Van Huron. Our Demo cratic friend.-) in Maine nnd Now Hampshire by tho Whig Convention nt Philadelphia, I should not oppose tint nomination. And 1 Hand upon that very same ground now. Gen. Tnylor has been nominated by tho Whig Con vention fairly nomiinted, for any thing I know to tho contrary, and I shall not, and I cannot, clusc him my vote nor oppose his election. Hut, nt tho same time, I would say tint thero is no man who is more firm and steadfast th in my self, in tho opinion tint such a nomination I ought not to havo been made tint it was im politic nuil unwise tint it vv as not one suita ble smith In the Senate, even if free. We said, let it therefore bo kept out. Hut no! But no I It must be obtained it must bo at any rale. Af ter wo had got It there would bo lime enough to settle its character. Gentlemen, in an important era in England, history, as it Is related to us, during the feign of Charles the 2d, when the country was threa tened with the accession to the 'throne of a Unman Catholic Prince then called the Duko of Vork a proposition was made in Parliament In exclude him from the lino of Fiicccion tn the throne, on account of his religious opinions and preferences. Some 'aid that that would bo fur tho Whigs to mikn. Hut tho declaration I then made, tint I would not oppose tho nomination or election of Gen. ' a very harsh measure that it would he much i uv or. was. in tho vcrv nature ot t inn's, sub- bettor to admit urn. an linn nut rnttririinns wero for him. Every man of that party at the , icct to soino exceptions. If I supposed him to , upon him, then limit him. tie him down, chain North so felt. But tho moment when it was ; bo, if I believed him to bo, a tirin whose pur-1 hint down. As the controversy progressed, nnd found tint Mr. Polk was the favorite of the , pose it was to plunge us into further wars of while Iho debate was gnine on. a member of Iho ambition and conquest, I would oppose him, let , llou-e of Commons is reported to have expres. him be nominated by whom ho might. If I bo- ( sed his opinion, certainly in rather a grotesque lievod that, if elected, he would use his ollicial s'mile, but one of force, nevertheless, and much i, . . , f .t . i. ... i ... . i- . . .i .. . . ' imiiiencu in nui oi mo inruier extension oi me t 1 J mc poim, slave power, 1 would oppose mm, let him be ...i i i i. .' v ,.. t .i ..... nf the nress from this citv and New-York. Mr Webster came forward, a few moments after reaching the stand, and without any for mality or ceremony, proceeded to open his re marks, which were attentively listened to tiiro' out the hour and three-quarters that he took up, and were frequently interrupted by hearty ap plause. Mr Webster spoko at follows : Gentlemen, Although it had not been my purpose, during the recess of Congress, to ad dress any puuuc assemuiy on political smijcci with his friends upon political subjects. And I will tell you frankly what I think of him. That he is a sklllhil, brave, and valiant sol dier, is admitted by all. No one denies it. But that goes with mo but a very little way. What is more important, I believe him to bean honest man, an upright man, a modest, clear-headed man, a man of independent character, posses sing a mind properly disciplined and controlcd. I belicvo him to be estimable and atniablo in all the relations of private life. I believe that ho possesses a reputation for equity and for judg ment which gives linn an inllifencc over those I have felt it mv dutv to cornnlv with votir re quest as neighbors and fellow townsmen, and , under his command, beyond that conferred by to meet you hero to-day. And I am not unwil-1 authority or station. I believe that he possesses ling to avail myself of this occasion to signify the entire confidence and attachment of all who to the people of the United States, my opinions, have been near him, or have known him. upon the present slate ol our public atlairs. no mucn men, lor vvnai l iiiiiik or tioncrai I shall perform that duty certainly with great frankness, and, I hope, witli candor. It is not tny purpose, to-day, to carry any point to act as any man's advocate to put up or to put down anybody. It is my purpose to address you in the language and spirit of conference and con sultation. In tho present extraordinary crisis of our public concerns, I desire to hold no man's conscience but my own to rule no man's polit ical conduct but my own. My own opinions I shall communicate freely and' fearlessly, alto gether with a disregard to consequences wheth er with respect to myself or with respect to oth ers. Gentlemen, we are on ttio eve of a liiulil v im. portant Presidential election. In two or three main d iclnn? uud uphold the great pi inciples months the people will be called upon to elect of the Whig party. To believe otherwise, would a President o( the United States, and wo all sec, bo to impute to him a degree of tergiversation and leel that the great interests of the country and fraudulent prelonsionof which I suppose him are to be effected, for good or for evil, by the ! utterly incapable. results of that election. Gentlemen, It is worth our while to consider Of the interesting subjects over which the in what manner General Taylor became a can person shall be so elected must necessary, from didatc. It is a great mistake to suppose that ho ine ? I need not sav. Now, follow citizens, if we wore weighing But. Gentlemen, as to fhissubicctof resistance the propriety of nominating such a person us a to the slave power: I would by no means do candidate for the chief magistracy that is ono any injustice to Mr. Van Durcn, and if he has thing. If considering the expediency, or, I come up to some of the opinions laid down in may say, the necessity, to some minds, ofsup-tho Buffalo platform, I am glad of it. And of (juniug mm now uu is uoimiiaicu inai is ipuiu rus own party, or woo nas accn ins party, no is another tiling. And this leads to the conside-1 much tho less dangerous candidate nf the two ration of what the Whigs of Massachusetts now presented to ns. Butlooking at his course ought to do. Such of them as arc not willing and conduct while he was President of tlio Unit- to support General Taylor must, it is clear, vote cd Slates. I am amazed that he should be for Mr. Cass, Mr. Van Biiren, or omit to vote found at the head of a parly, claiming, above all nt all. I agree that there aro cases in which, ' others, to be tho friends of Liberty, and the op. if wo do not know in what direction to move, ponents of Alrican slavcryat the South. Why, wo should stand still until wo do. Casus in what was the first thing kr him to declare, after which, if wc do not know what to do, it is bet- h iving been elected to the Presidency, but that tor to do nothing than do we know not what, if Congress should pass a bill to abolish slavery But in a question like this, so important to the in the district of Columbia, he would veto it country, a popular election of the Chief Mugis- That is tho first instance I am acquainted with trato, under a government whoso very constitu- of a veto in advance. In his inaugural mess- laylors personal character. Audi will say, tional tonus render it impossible that every age, in 1837, .Mr. an lluren said ton", that so far as I have observed, his conduct man's private opinions or preferences should " I must go into the Presidential chair, the since his nomination, has been irreproachable. 1 prevail the inquiry consists in just this, What inflexible and uncompromising opponent of eve There has been no intrigue on his part, no con-1 is it best for ns to do on the whole ? And this ry attempt on the put of Congress to abolish tmnclious treatment of any rivals, no nroiniscs , again leads us to an examination of the ones- slavery in the District ol Columbia, against the nor hopes to anv men or any party. Wc do not find him putting forward any pretensions of his own. And I believe of him, as he believes of himself, that he is an honest man, of npright purposes and as lo his other qualifications for the Presidency, he has nothing inure to say. " Now, friends and fellow-townsmen, with re spect to his political preferences. I will say that I believe him to bo a Whig to hold to the ' tliin lm,iirillntrK lu.fnrn IIS. ,,-iul.nd nf flit, .l-.ii-.ilifil.tin.. ct-itos nml utnli-itli Under tho practical operation of tho Consti- a determination equally decided to resist the tntion of tho United States, there cannot bo a slightest interference with it in the slates where great range in tho choice between candidates it now exists." And in his Inaugural, ho adds, for high national offices. To render their votes " I submitted also to my fellow-citizens with ntiWtirn. mm, miit nnenssarilv irivo them to fullness and frankness the reasons which led ono ol the prominent candidates. That is the mo to this determination, result of our form of government, and therefore 1 The result authorizes inc to believe that they it does sometimes bring us to the necessity of have been approved and are confided in by a choosin" from among candidates, neither ono majority of the people of the Urited States, in of whom would bo our personal choice. What, eluding those whom they most immediately af- thon. is now tho continircncv. the alternative. . feet. presented to lis? In my judgement there is merely ono question, and it is between tho elec tion of General Taylor or of General Cass. That is tho whole of it. I am no more skilled to foresee lmlitical events than others I judge for myself alono and, for myself, I must say ins position, exercise more or less personal con- is the selection merely of the Philadelphia Con- that 1 see no possible chance for any body, ex- trol, there are three ol great and paramount im- veniion, lor ue was nommaicu in various oiuies CCpt either .Mr. Taylor or It now- only remains to add that no bill con flicting with these views can ever receive my constitutional sanction." Thero is his declaration. In the next place, you know, and I remember, that Mr Van Duron's casting vole was given in ' the Senate lo a measure of very doubtful nronri- r Mr. Cass, to bo elect- 'etv, which empowered postmasters to open the . ..... . , -.. ... r. i portancc. uy numerous popular convention!, a year uo- CI. I know that tho enthusiasm oi anew- iimiis, iu iuu mra anu !iiiiur nj uui,uiiii-m 111 me nm place, ine nonor anu Happiness oi iure u.-1 iiiiauuipm i.icmiuu hbschiuicu. iiorniea party new-ionncu in iiauiu uui uui iu r.m . ....w.j -t ...... the country imperatively require that tho chief Gentlemen, The whole hi-tory of the world idea, having, in fact, no now idea whatever Congress has no right to pass such a law, but magistrate elect shall not plunge us into any ' shows us that, vv hether in civilized or tho most llmy lead its members to think that tho sky is at its passage certainly indicates a quite sufhcient further wars of ambition and conquest. birbarous ages, the iilfections and admiration of mice t0 fall, and that larks aro to bo taken in degree of deference to toe feelings and wishes In the next nlace. the interests of the country the iienplc ure easily, and always, carried away abundance. I have no such belief or cxpecta-, nf the South. Iet mo tint bo misunderstood. and the feeling of a vast majority of tho people, by great and successful military talents and tion. I So far as regards the life and property of onr of the coun.ry, require that the President of the achievements. And iu the case now before us, i have read, gentlemen, tho Buffalo platform, j Southern fellow-citizen, so far as they may be United s ates, to uo elected, snail not usq iiis ol licial power to promote, shall not entertain a feeling in his heart to promote the extension of slavery, or further Influence of the institution of slavery in our public councils. And in the third place, it is my settled convic tion, if any judgment of mine, or any expert South, nnd uiioii this vcrv I'rotind. nt that vcrv moment those friends nf Mr. Van Biiren ail caved in. Not a man of them stood his ground. And Mr. Van Huron himself wrote a letter very complimentary to Polk and Dallas, and finding no fault whatever with their iio n'u.alion. Now if those Northern men who voted for the Mis souri compromise aro to bo called dough-faces, by what epithet shall wc describe these men, here in New England, who arc now t.o ready to forsake and abandon tho men they onco so warmly supimrtcd for, apparently, tho solo, simple sake of the annexation of Texas and other now territory who went for them through thick and thin till the work was accomplished, and now desert them for others. For my part, I think that " dough-faces " is not a sufficiently reproachful epithet. They uro nil dough. Dough-faces dousih-heads iloiigh-hcartd dough-souls. 'I hey aro earth that the coarsest po.ttcr may mould to vessels and shapes of hon or or dishonor most readily to thoso of dis honor. But what do we sec ? Repentance has cone far. There are amongst these very ccntlemen, many who espouso the interest and cause of the " free soil" party. And I hone their repentance is as sincere as it pretends and appears lo be that it is not mere pretence for the purpose of obtaining power and official influence under a new name and as a new party out through all their pretensions I think I still see the dough slicking upon some of their cheeks. And, therefore, I feel no confidence in them not the slightest particle. I do not mean to say that Iho great mass of lhoo now favorable to Mr. Van Huron's election especially those gen tlemen who went to the Convention at Buffalo from this Stale had not and have not, the high est and purest motives. Some of them have been my strong political friends. I have no re proach to make lolheui. I think they have ac ted unwisely, hut I acquit them of all dishone-t intentions. But as to some others that now warmly support him, who have been art and part with him heretofore, who have concurred in the policy he has followed as to them I confess distrust. If, gentlemen, these men have repent ed, let them, before wo trust them, do works wor thy nf repentance. I said, gentlemen, that in my opinion, If it wero desirable lo place Mr. Van Durcn at the head of tne cnvcrnmeui, sun mere is no cnancc inr mm Others arc as good judges as I am. Hut I am not able to say that I know of, or can seo any ntate in the Union in which there is a reasona ble probability that be will get a single vote. Thero may be. Others are more versed in such statistics than I am, and will judge for them selves. Hut I sec nothing of the kind, and there lore I think that the issue is exactly between Gen. Cass and Gen. Taylor. In 181 1, when Mr. Ilirney, in Now York and other States, was drawing on" Whig votes from nominated by whom ho might. But I do not belicvo either. 1 belicvo that ho has been, from tho very first, opposed to tho policy of tho Mexican war, as inexpedient, impolitic and improper. I believe, from tho best information I can obtain and you will take this as my own opinion, gout's men I belicvo that ho lias no disposition to ex tend tho area of slavery, or tho influence of the " I hear a lion in n lobby roar, Sny, Mr, Speaker, shall wr shut the door, Ami kc p him out, or shall wc In him in, And try if weeau net him oul ajjain J ' I, gentlemen, was for shutting the dnor and fastening it with bolts and bars. Hut other more daring nnd confident spirits, those of Iho character of Wonnwell, were for letting the linn in, and thereby disturbing all the interests of tho country. And he was let In. And the slave institution; that ho has no disposition, country has now a right to call upon them to moreover, to go to war for tho purpose of terri- Pel'e aml cnn""p tho inn. torial conquest for tho purpose of tho acquis!-' Aml "K"'". wllcn lllls 'Mexican treaty came (i ..rrnrlbnr ulnln lnrriln.. np C.r ll.o n,,n..v. before the SeliatC. llpOll lIlO question of its rati. 1 ....., ... .1... IT.,:.... r. i. :., ....... lication. it contained certain clauses cedinr. new fbrci"!i territory. .Mexico and Califurma lo the United States. A Gentlemen, so much for what may he ennsid-, -""" '" "gi-r .vonii-w ercd as belonging to the next Presidential dec- ro""a' "OVP" '," Vr'K.e(0"1 l,lo.,e n"'- .owr tion. as a national question. j i """""""i " " " ' Hut the case, by no mean, stops here. U, I!C i'l" ") " wm urn Wc are citizens ol Massachusetts. We arc ".'a'."' lw-',"rJ'' r ,h.e Scn;te must vote for Whigs of Massachusetts. Wo havo supported CAC" cuuso, in order to nave it retained. 1 he the present government of tho State for years vmc on mat question was jb lo i i. iotone- with success. Ana I nave tnnugtii mat most vvi.:.. ,t-nr.. .ii.fi,i viti, ii. adminLiraiinn nf And why were there not more than fourteen ? the State government In the bauds of those who ' exactly because there were four New En- havoheldit. Hut now it is proposed to estali- """ i-'i uram lishanew party, on tho basis of the Buffalo thr-o now territories. '1 hat is the reason. They platform and to carry this now Buffalo question ,lmt we muit have peace at any rale. And of "free soil-' into all our elections State as there was this sort ol apology which, I confess, well as national local as well as State. At '3h?r nnoved me at the ti.no that certain least, I suppose so, from what has already been portions of the public press, that a good many seen. There is to be, therefore, a nomination respectable people of the country, and especial of a candulite for Governor against Mr. Ilriggs, , '.v 111 11,0 "Ke c!,les. m.any of tll,"R w1""" ''"Id or whoever mav bo nominated by the Whigs; in great estimation, cried out " Peace I peace! and thero is to'be a nomination of a candidate Staunch the wound of war, and let us have fir Lieutenant Governor, agiin-t Mr. Heed, or P-1;?0- whoever may he nominated by the Whigs j Now, gentlemen, I hope I am as ardent a And, in fact, there are to be nominations agalmt i ,over ".' neJ'' nny man living. Hut at the i.,i .. I, n.n iv, m-iv n. i'.i in nni n f,,p . same ti mo I would not nermi t my ?el f to be car- these offices. And for members of Congress too, i ritMl alvJ' by the cry for peace, o! the notion of I presume, there will be, in everv district of the , Poacp' on a"y lcf"" wnaievcr. I om not men Commonwealth, candidates set "up bv this new feel disposed to be carried away by sny such party, in opposition to tho regular candidates of fMiberant ent hnsiasm. I believed then, and I I'm 'Whiirs I believe now, that we might havo stricken nut .1...,. : . .I.-. ...:i.. i ,. Now, vv hat Is the utility of that ? The State ",.'" 7 h... iT of Massachusetts has ten members in the House " , J lnn LI J L U fi"" I. i it ii 1 i?t soon as though we insisted on them, of Representative, in Congress, and I may well A j , ,. M , people npSl say that I know of no other ten men, of any par- , . , - f ,j " y, who aro more steady, tirm, zealous, and in- , J, , nwmg to ,M0 it ta tliem 00' flexible, in Iheir opposition o slavery and its ex-, wicth(lr deMrd , ,iavc llloVr ZriJon tension, in any shape '. than those very gentlemen. ( , a, ltll9 Immense cost ol blood and trea- And what will be the result if a considerable for t,e ake of acr,ulrins the new territory, portion of the big party in each district secedes ,f , j,, , j lUa Brlificers of irom i no regular u,g nomma ion-, anu sup- heir - wn for,u coM mt w.c com uin. portsothot canilidatcsthan the Whig candidates; . . ... , ', f,,;,i , ,,, r

Do we not know what has been tho case in this ed. Hut I was not afraid to trust them. And oven if the rejection of those cessions that they were moslly Whig nominations Ihey were nominations by Whigs. Not always, it is true ; but generally they were Wnig tiomi- ence of mine in public affairs, an experience nations, not now short, can enable mc to know any thing I General Taylor has been esteemed, from the about the matter it is, I say, my deliberate moment his military achievements brought him opinion that the state of the country requires an ' into public notice, as a Whig General. You essential reform in the existing system of reve-, all remember that when we were discussing in nue and finance, Willi a view to the protection Congress the merits of the Geiicrals,onthcqiics- of the industry, and the fostering of the labor of .lion of presenting thanks to tho army, tho sup- lien, rayior, oy ms urunani operations on ine aI1d, although there aro some rotten parts uuout aciuaiiy enuangeri-u, u ur ujiiuo ; Kin Grande, at Palo Alto, and elsewhere, secur- it, 1 can stand on it pretty well. It is not bo proper for Congress to exercise its legislative ed spontaneous nominations from portions of the wholly now nor original. W'hat thero is valua-' powers to prevent any such result, nennle in all the States. And let me sav. too. l.i.. i',. ; , ,?.. ,! l,nt is iwn- is not 1 But. ccntlemen. no man in this country has the people, These are the three great and essential topics now before tho country. There aro others, but these three arc the principal. Now, gentlemen, there are three candidates presented for the choice of the American peo ple: General Taylor, the candidate of the Whig party, standing upon tho nomination of the Whig Convention held at Philadelphia; Gener al Cass, the candidate of tho opposing and now dominant party) and Mr. Van Huiif.n, standing porters of the administration and the friends of Air. Polk denounced General Taylor because he was a Whig. My friend, whom I am happy to meet here, the Representative in Congress from this district, (lion. Arlcinas Hale) will remem ber that a leading man of the party, and a prom inent friend of the administration, in his place Iu Congress, declared that it was the policy of the administration to prosecute the Mexican war, and that that policy could never prosper till valuable. If, my friends, tho term " free soil" cxercied a more controlling inuuence oyer ine party or "free soil" men, is meant to designate conduct of his friends in relation In this very ono who has been fixed, unalterable to-day, I nutter, than Mr. Van Buren. I take it that one yesterday, and for some time past in opposi- of the most Important events in our recent Ins tion to slavcrv-extcnsion, then I may claim to 1 tory, as connected with the question ol the ex- bo, and may hold myself, as good n ' free soil" tension of Slavery, has b-en the annexation oi I r i.... t.r.i. .. ii..iTi ,.,,;., ' T..V.13. And us in .Mr. Van Buren. where was llllll IU UIIV UIVlllUUl U Lll.ll. JJIltltlll, UUII1 t.lli.l. .. .. . ... I pray to know where is their soil freer than he then three or four years ago in regard to 1I..1 1 i.u, I s I t t.,iir ili.it verv mliiect ? Where was he I He hail what words they can use, or can dictate to ine, formerly been at the head of the spoils party freer tlun thoso which hive dwelt on my lips? he was not then, at least, at thj head ol I he I pray to know with what feelings they can iu- "freesiil" party. And every friend ot .Mr. spiro my breast, more rcsoluto and fixed in re- Van Buren, in Congress, so far as I know, enp .. ... :...i .,..,.!.., ...,.,i.. .,.., n.vl il.is ail,iMiin of annexation, the two Blsum.. I" oiiuij i.-.iiirii-'iuii ,ii . iii. i ...... linn...!, i-i n" --. than havo inhabited my bosom since tiio first . New Vork Senators favored it the Kenrcsen- the re-call of those Wh!g Generals, Scott and Upon the nomination of Ihe lale Convention a: Buffalo, whose object, or whose main object, as it appears to me, is ccntiired in one only of these considerations i nave meuuoncu, uie preveiu ion, namely, of any further increase of slavery or of the influence of slave power. An object, fentlemen, in which I need hardly say, you and entirely concur. Most of us herd to day are Whigs National Whigs Massachusetts Whigs Old-Colony Whigs Marshfield Whigs. And if the Whig nominitions at Philadelphia were entirely satis factory tu the Whigs of Massachusetts and to ns, the path of our duty iu regard to it would be perfectly plain. Hut the nomination was not thus satisfactory toihe Whigs of-Massachusetts. That is plain, and it would bo idlo to attempt tn conceal the fact. It is mora just and patriot ic to take facts and things as they aro, and de 'duce our convictions of duty from what actually exists before us. ' Wo know, rrenllemen. that however rcspec- tabto and distinguished in Iho lino of Ins own profession, or however estimable as a citizen, General Taylor is a military man merely. He -has no training in civil affairs he has had no participation in the councils of the Kepublic he is known only by his brilliant achievements at the head of an American army. Now the Whigs of Massachusetts, and 1 among them, ire ol tho opinion that it was not wise, not dis creet, to go to the army for our candidates for the Presidency. This is Uie firt instance in the history of the government of tho United States that any mere military man has been proposed for that office. Washington w as an em inent military man, but far greater in his riuil character he was employed in the service of his country from Uie earnest dawn of the Amer lean Revolution he was a member of the Con. tincntal Congress, and, 111 thai-body, established for himself a great reputation for civil judgement, wisdom and ability. After the war, as you Lnnn- Im was one of the Convention which formed the Constitution of the United Slates, and it is one of the most honorable tributes ever Taylor. That was Ihe policy of tho Democra cy that the war should be carried out by the Democracy 'II was Denlocralio merit and glo ry and on that ground uie uemocrais wouiu re fuse a vote of thanks tu a lug tiencral. very county i -o vve not Know inai I t is, ,md opcr.itcd to continue tho war some little district, the eflect of irregular opposition to the ... ,' t u i.. .t. .i...i i i. . M Whig candid.ite-as good a "free soil" man, by ,thalthat"t,;eiic immcn!e reion9 s10uU ,,av0 uasueeuio . h,i,,,, r..:., . .1 .. ., the Whig candidate, 1 said .as some of you may ,. ....... ... ...... ,,r us could desire perhaps remember, that every vole lor .Mr. llir-1 eavo ,.011i jrcntleincn.deprivcd of your represen ney was half a vole for Mr. Polk. Did nt it turn t.ition and influence in Congress? Do vve not out so? Was'ntittruein Nevvork? In that know that the di-trict has been unrepresented great State Ihe votes carried oil from the big from mmit, t0 momh,and lromveartoyear.be pirty to Mr. Hirney s party defeated the election rafCOf the opposition of some'of these "free of a Whig President, and therefore Mr. Pok I fimp gentlemen lo a man as linn and staunch was chosen. That is as clear as any hi-torical , tlc calls.e of frccdom as anv individual that fact. And just so, Iu my, judgment, it will be breathes iho air of tho district ? Kvcn in his now. livery Whig vole given to Mr. Van Hu-1 presence, I will venture lo allude to your present ren will directly aid Ihe election ol den. Ca-s. Representative (Mr. Hale.) And I ask if we I say Whig vote, let it be observed. l'Vitm ly ttant a belter liberty man in Congress than he bo mat thero aro Slates m which the an llu- j, ? j)o wo wallt a better liberty vote than those ren movement may draw supporters Irom lien. ie ,a3 lways given ? There is no ono man of Lass, and therelore injure linn rather than tien-. t10 ufroe gii" party who can bring forward any oral Tav lor. Bui I speak of this with reference 1 objection to him except, c haps, that he vv as not lo Whig votes, iu Whig Slates, and particularly ,mij,,ated by thcm-elves. 1 undertake lo sav in this State. And I say that every vote thrown t)at Anii sav, moreover, that tho chances by a Whig, or one who has before been a Whig rc ,,. , onethat.if the Whigs had not noini- i-it-i) "i.- nii.ii.-.Ki, i mi j"-"; -i) ""i n-ated him, tins same liberty varly Ihe-e same again-t lien, layior, ensures lo uie benelit ol 1 .. r,n ;i" mou vvouM !,.,vn l,,iu , il,..,. Uen. Lass, timo I opened my mouth in public life ? T he gentlemen at Huffilo havo placed at tho head of their party Mr. Van Huron a gentle, nian for whom I havo all tho respect I should entertain towards an associate in public life for many years. But I really should think tint if I wero to express confidence iu Mr. Vim Hilrcil, or respect for his political opinions on any ques tion of public policy especially on this very ono of tho spread ot hlavery, slave power and slave influence, tho exhibition would border ueneral aylor was ncmina eu ma.,, y .u s llpon tho U.aicro.i-, if not upon tlio contcntiblo bv Whin Conventions and Wh ir meetings III ,, ' , ' .. .! ... . j a - , " numerous quarters of the country, I remark, gentlemen, in the next place, that there was no particular purpose concerning the advancement of Slavery entertained by those who nominated him. As I have said, the nom ination was made by Whig meetings and Con ventions more in tho Northern and Middlo Slates than at the South and the men who did nominate him never entertained any desire tu extend the area of Slavery, through his admin istration, or by his influence. The Quaker city of Philadelphia, the great State of Pennsylvania, certainly nomiui'el him with no such views. We remember that a large Convention in the r.itv of New York, composed of highly respecta ble men, many ol whom are personally wen known to ine, nominated him, and certainly tboy had no such views. And the nomination was hailed, not very extensively, but by soiuo en thusiastic and not very far-seeing politicians here in Massachusetts, amongst us, who raised ihn notes of exultation over their anticipated tri umph certainly early enough perhaps a little too early for sound judgment and discretion. Tuey might belter nave waneu a uiuo, Bui, gentlemen, the truth is, and no one can avoid seeing u unies", as is suiin.-nun.-s mi. m.o.ilie obiect is broUL'ht loo near Iho eye lo do discerned that these Whig meetings and this Philadelphia Convention proceeded exactiy ac cording tn this reason. That, believing den. Taylor in bo a Whig, they thought he could be elected more easily than any other Whig. That was the whole of It. That saxazums, wise, far' teeing Jixtrine nf atailabUUij lies at tho bottom ol tho wholo mutter. So far, then, from imputing any motive nrde. lre for Iho promotion or extension of Slavery paid to him, that ho Hiould Havo been selected aa operating upon theso Convention throughout by the wise men who composed that Uinvenlion tho country, or on ihat at Philadelphia at least, . id n,n, llif.tr ilulilwrnllnllS. And llUlHarprr.ir.lj ,l. .' .1 I t. iu pun.Mv w.v. - . - , i , ,nu iiMjiuiiv iii ineir iiieuiuers in namo standi first and foreaiost appended to the the nomination and election of Gen. Taylor, 1 Constitution under which wc live. President Harrison was bred a toldier, and rendered to his country Important military services. But Cen tral JHarrison, nevertheless, was for much don t behevo a word of it. I don't believe one word ol it, Hut I see that one part of what is called the 1 never nronoscd anv imnortant public measure of policy which ho did not oppose, And I nev er was obliged to oppose any such measure, which ho, when with mo in Congress, did not support. And if ho nnd I b hull hi now Una ourselves to gether under tho " froo soil" Il ig, I am suro that, with his accustomed good nature, ho would laugh. If nobody wero with us, wo should both lailMl at tlto strattgn jilmbles of pMitical life which had brought lum una ino losiiuowu snugly, cosily and comfortably, on tho samo plattonn. My first acquaintance with Mr. an Hurcn, in public life, was when ho w.a.s pressing, with groat power, the election to tlio Presidency ol Mr. Crawford over Mr. Adiuis. Mr. Crawford was not elected. Mr. Adams was. And iWr. Vart llitron, during his administration, was a member of tho Senato for a part of his term, pud Governor of New Vork for Iho rest. And it is notorious that ho was tho soul and centre of the nnnosition to .Mr. Adams's administration, and that ho did more than any ten other men to de feat his re-election, ntld to bring ill Gen. Jack hoiI. These aro facts which eveil short memo ries' can retain. Gen. Jackson was chosen, and Mr. Van Buren became his Secretary ot State In July. Id'?.'. Mr. Mchano was nent nut Minis ter to England, under instruction to nrrango tho disputed questions concerning tho Colonial nnd West India trade. Mr. Adams had taken lliirh .rrnoild Oil tll'lS SubieCt. 1 lo had clal DCll as"a right of reciprocity, that our products iu our bhips should bo admitted into tho West India ports on thd samo terms willllhu UilglWl, sinco Great Britain enjoyed Iho privilege of l.-.,-;,,,' I,nr munis, iiilier shins, llnhight into our ports on tho samo conditions ns though brought i-essnls. Mr. Adams took high and auslero ground on this matter, as one of right, on 111(3 principles oi n-cipii). l-'.mrlisli n-tiivrnmnnt wo, lid not hoar to it And tr"v,. Unrnn tnlil Mr. Ml'Illlf. ill llW ill- structiotis, to yield tho point, tho ground of rirrhL to disclaim tho pretensions ofMr. Adams, and he then went on to say that t loadministra- . 1 .1.1 r. 1 1 - -1 in.iniilrnlinl. tatives from New Vork supported it and a low me to say to everv body connected with or likely l.n !nllilflir..l til' ihn Huffilo Convention, that no men but Iho Whigs, no party but the lug parly, and I say this to the whole world, op posed that measure of annex ition. There was no body or parly but tho Whig parly, w bicli firm ly and steadily resisted that annexation. And now Ihey Iho gentlemen at Buffalo talk about the dictation of the slave power. They talk of it, I don't. They talk of Ihe tri umph of the South over tho North. There N not ono word of truth in it. I say upon my conscience, that evil as Ihe influence of Ihe slave institution is, the North has borne her full share and nart in that evil. Northern votes have uecu given ior every nisKim-u 'i i""j' t-nn pi-i. increase. And. gentlemen, wo nun in ine .Minn but there has been no North ; at least, not lor years past. I think tho Aorth star has been discovered, uui up lo ine cios oi iuk iaiu ses sion of Congress there has been no North. We have ro id in Pope Buffalo platform, says that the nomination at tion, tliot is, General Jackson's dm,in,itration, come in upon our Southern frontier as slavo territory. But 1 venture my opinion on this point with tho more dillidence, because other gentlemen nl my own party thought it their duty to vote in another way. f voted to strike out these articles of cession. And Ihey would have been stricken out if four New England Senators hid not voted against the proposition. Hut they were kept in through the votes of these gentlemen. That being the case. I then voted against the ratification of tho . , I , , ,-t ... , ., Willi IV lll-ai, , mm 11 iiiiuiu mil 11 lie ut-,-11 rill 11- ? Do we want a better liberty vo o than those eJ uJ lUre(;mmc of ie s,,nalnrj ffom New K 1 md voted with me, and not forthe treaty. Whig Senators, too, Ihey were. Atfd-I'must say that were the samo case again presented to me, I should again act in the same manner. I would run a still greater risk, I would encounter and enJure a still greater shock K'forp I would vote to ratify any such treaty, bolnre I would agree to do any tiling, before I would participate in any thing which should contemplate or tend to the annexation of more slave territory to the o United States. Gentleman, after receiving the nutation of my fellow citizens of Marshfield to meet them selves, Now, gentlemen, 1 remember it to have oc curred, that on imny very important questions in Congress, the uric was lost for Ihe want of two or three members whom Massachusetts I Now, my friends, as to Gen. Cass, wo need not go to the Baltimore Convention or to the llaltimorc platform to instruct oiirsdies as to what his politics are, or how, if elected, he will i.... .i. ..r.i II.. ...:ii come into power, if at all, as Ihe exponent of tho i "K ! . , ' r . c""c")"t''i' ' 01 here, I found it necessary iu the discharge of pr neiples ol the present dominant political pir- ,. ' ' ,, . i V 1 I m Pul'c '"" mougo in frt-ai aicim cmcn y, the same parlj that elected Mr.'l'olk, and, If 1.,,"t,?",l ."'j!'' .w.ro"". " V1 .V"1'' Sp to iny health, lo go lo Washington and partici- . . . .. r . . .... r ' it. il this distr ct. on v. hnil lippn rnrpsi.ionil .i. ......... f ,t.n I anf:..n ..r elected, he will " lollow iu tne inntteps ot Ins --,- , , ' . " . . . Po '"- v . . illustrious predecessor." And I hold him, I must . V : j r ,i i '!,nm r ? vi '" .i' T- a" '"?rcss. Vol. know what there transpired, confess, lo be the mn-t d mgerons of any of the ninsideral lo t umoer ot lugs think it theirdu- Von are all well acquainted with the important cumulates now before the people. He would i-v ,OJ'"n '"J"0 s''PI"rtf -Mr- Huron, and .h-fussion and decision of the Oregon lerritori de c X w,,om l,:,r,-v 1,1 bill.inbotl.hou.es. Tho immediate and os. describi. hinisui as no vv in. as uoi con er a- . f r,mrnss I f.irnsen ihn same ....:i.i .,;,. ..-.. i.-.,n i ....... i.. t ve as nutol Uie protective parly bin as ue- . , , " , ..-.i : -..-....v ,,..vr-......, , .,.., .,-Mtruu. long party Sughwf ifer' Ask where'" ihe North at "ik 't on the Tweed, Iu Scotland at the Orea.les.nnil there, At Greenland, Zemblai or ihe Lord knows where. And if it is meant lo impure " Where is the North ?" if, by the North is indicated a conn try pxhihitini' a firm, solid, substantial resist- anrc to tho cxtcnsbjii of shivery If any such place ever existed, ll was tne Lord Knows, vvhero I do not. In the year 1811, tho Democrats of the North, tho friends of Mr. Van Hurcn, let in Texas. All tho Whigs in Iho Senate, with one or two ex ceptions, resisted that annexation. Ten South ern Whig Senators voted against il. nnd only two for I. Hut theso houmorn wing voles against tho scheme of annexation wero over powered by the votes of tho free state Demo crats New-England Democrats among the rest. If it had not been for liieso iNeivrinaland votes, Texas would have been out of tho Union ta this day. If New Engl md Senators bad been .. r ill. ..... I ....... as true to the railso oi nueny mm uiu couuiry us Southern Whins were. Texas would now bo Texas stii. Thero vvrro four New England. P'"ly AntfvveiJ Jhe United States, and brought under that an-1 ant 4 have not yet heard any particular com io Mexi-f I" He sup L' go tl .a id aggrandizement, lor Hie Mike ol e-iaulis.iiug one great, powerful, dominant, mid dumiiiecring p nvor over tho whole of this Western Conti- net. We all know that.il General Cass could have prevented it. the treaty of IS 12, with England, would never have been concluded, We know. that, if ho could havo prevented it, tho salllc-j mentof the (Jregon qnestuui would not JtU(" becil ilccompli-hed, and tho (Jregon triiW of 181(i would not havo been ratified. know that, if he could have prevented the can war. ho would not havo dona it. II n tried that war, and was ono of the first und loremostiu pressing it on, nnd advocating it ill every shape and form, up to its conclusion. As to his personal character, I know, and we all know, that General Cass is n man of learn ing, of scholarship, of talent, of some distinc tion as a statesman, and in point of ability, far superior (olds predecessor if be should happen to bo the successor of Mr. Polk. Hut I think him a man of rash politics pushed on by a rash party-and committed to a course ol policy which as 1 believe, i inconsistent with Ihe real interest of our government, and ine nonor anu iruc great ness ol our country, Il is fur lis all, therefore for you, for me, for all of in, as Whigs to consider whether wo can or cannot, wlretiier wo will or will not, iu Ihe existing stale of the cae, givo our ote for General Taylor, as tin nominee of Iho Whig ,,-iriu. That nueslioir I leave lo every mans nd tor- tho into tion. I nm sure that honest Intelligent and pat- ,10 territory. The House disagreed to tins, re- ru.tic Whigs, will lay this con-ideraiion to uieir ,j.trJ t,e principle and, after a Ion" debate. consciences, niiu juugu im-u " i i vt-liicli yon all remember, the rjenate receded. their action respecting it, as Ihey ought. Gentlemen, 1 will detain you a moment Ion- I cave mv votei in the FVnato of the United tites against the ratification of tho treaty of eace with Mexico, because that territory pro- drd for accessions of territory to the authority l no mil men esiauii-uing Oregon as a free territory, and miking no provision for tho newly acquired territories on our Southern boun. darv. Gentlemen and fellow-citizen', my vote npon that bill, and the reasons fir lint vote, are well kmsR-rl tri the good people of Massachusetts .?. ::.' .., .1 ; who ., ,. J .1 ad. conscience. I have endeavored to Hatelo you ,lis.r . i ,n in this mea'sure. 'One from Maine, the case, as it prcenl itsell o mo Gentlemen, beforo General Taylor's nomiiri' tion, 1 Mtitoil always, wirc-u uiu miujeti i.is two from New Hample, and one from Con ... r., ' T. ... ....... ..in .... lieCIICtll OHO 01 IIICIll "vm i"BH Ulllliu llll-1 lum, ni 111.1 ......y., - .. : ' . dor Mr. Van Buren. They thce four iik-ii iiyiiilioiied, to my Ineuds, that I ilnl not, aim voted for Iho proposition, and to let in Texas1 cmhl not, rocommeml tlio sel.rtiou ol a inill ...!...,. ii.o..... ,l ii-ishes of Ihe Soot' nrniind tarv man as a candid ito for tlio Presidency. It Northern Wlib'J. TliU H" truth of tho mat-' was against my convictions of vv hat was dun to ss m host inlerests ot tlio couuiry, to ino en irac- (lonllomcu, when EcfVV rtheflfeojiiVr Icr of tlio Whig party, ami tho rcputali.ui d' tlie of ronrrress. ill 1818. AMD i ravor-wT He so- irHiivblic. 1 United alsrs at tlw s.mvn time, lint, called MiMou" compromlj.,ra8Jlnt the known if General Taylor should be nominHteil, fairly boritv. with the pledje of future admission in- planft .nf cither of them. nthn Union. iIid.-c ureal, vast, almost unknown 1 Burthis.iiuestinn will be resumed at the firsl 'countries of New Mexico and California. I sl"siin If Iho next Congress. I thlrtk not in At tho i session of Congress before the last, a , the iViuipR Congress, or at least ihere appears Southern Whig Senator, Mr. Berrien of deor- to nu'iijiviobabilily that it can bo settled during gia, had moved a resolution to the effect that the , this .Lnqglf-s. Hm le first session of lbs war ought not to be coritincd fur tho purpose ol i nexj, it wWr Is? rcunied nixl not only so, but conquest ami acquisition, or Willi any view tn it wylleoA't fargely into Iho contest in which we ihe dismemberment of Mexico, or to the acqui- aro nbiJl fo engage. It will so enter into all the clf-Hions m Iho South, at least. And iwR-, gentlemen, 1 will venture to say two thing. dlie first probably well known to you nil, lien. Lass is hi lavor of What is known a silion. bv coniinest. of any portion of herlerrito- all the erT ry. That proposilion ho introduced in ihe form of a resolution into Congress ; and I believe ev ery Whig in Congress but one voted for il. Hut tho Senators belonging to the hoenfocoor Dem ocratic parly voted against it. Tho Sen itors i bn compromi-e line. Ifo th'rnfcs that the Wil- from New ork toted against it. den. Lhs, mot proviso, or Ihe ordinance of 178,exeluitiB(( from Iho free Stato of Michigan ; Mr. Fairfield slavery from; states lo bo admitted inlir (he Un from Maine ; Mr. Niles, from Connecticut, and ion, ought to apply to territory south ol 3G ' 30'. others voted agiinst it so tho incisure vvas(o announced ibis leforo'his nominations! lost. Tint is, ihese gentlemen, some of thorn Hiltiinore, and if he had not so announced his very prominent and firm friends of Mr. Van , views, ho would hive bcn further ofl'lban thir Buren, and ready to laWo the I'vld for him and ty-six degrees and thirty minutes trom any nr rreu sou inesu leivonii noieu uui in e- cnauce in a liouunalion. clule territory Ihat should be obtitined by con quest, 'nicy were willing (o bring in Iho ter ritory ; and then hive a squabble and controver sy about its population whether il should be slave territory or free territory, 1 was of opin ion tint the Iruo nu.l safe policy was to shut out Iu tho next place, he will do all that he can. to establish that minprcanWe line. And lastly, wlich isaiwirterof npimVn mere ly, it is my corwientioiis belief, that, if elected, he will establish it. thvo bun the control, Ihe power, and Iho pt the whole ijuctinn, by gt'Wnig no territory, and ronago ol the government, let him, f-yewu; i.lt ttiorotiy keep. ol' the controversy. I he territo- over certain iK'nlic-ftS. o tut coimlrx vhpse ry: ry tym'ilil do us no gani, oven if admitted as free I resn,t t'ivc4 vpled to. leave tMl qjieslion, territory, t would bo an ineuinbrajicaj t the j for future ccnsiileration, l settle it that Oregon, whole nation if free. To s, very grout etcnlballbe teev arul lea,e. NeV M"Jvico and Call, it would give a heavy preponderance to the foru'va to, bo decided hercapcrlet, hirn, li-a hij,