Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 8, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 8, 1848 Page 1
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Tol. XXII. Whole Wo. JhiDincss Crtrii3. II A G A It & ARTHUR. Vd'J Dealers in Until ware, Ilrngs, l'niuts, Oil, DycIF Ye. .Vc. CORNER OF CHURCH AND COI.t.E0E STREET.S CALVIN R. EDWARDS, BOOKSELLER tf STATIONER, Constantly for sale a ptiernl assortment of SCHOOL, CLASSICAL., AND MlSCliLLAMJOlIri UOOK&. The Cheap ri'Et.ieATio.Ys, lif.ANit Books, Sta tionery, Medical Books. No. 1 I'rrliV linililiti'z, (hillerp.st. LIVtRY STABLE, nv -ELLIS AND CHURCH, I allege street. t AUGUSTUS HAVEN, .! WITH jbAIIHliT &. CO. WroRIEKS, AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IX Foreign and Domestic Dry Woods, flfos. 13 it 1 1 Pcnrl Street, w9m2 IiOS'l'ON, M. OST11EIM, importkii am) wholijsat.i: dem.er IV WliYES AAJ IjKIIOKS, . Cigars, fori: i a n v it i: s i: n v ; ? , ,r. e . No, 110 l.i tier t j- Sheet, ( On the Xtirlh liiitr side nf UruaJwav. ) New York. July 14,'l8.o d&wlyul R. E WHITCOMB, TEACHER OF D.1 AGING, .tiiniir.n vnv, vr. GOOD .MUSIC rUItXlSIlDD FOR cotillon I'jirtscsi, &c. Sept.. II, 1818. dlllil&wKlf I. SIIHUWOOD & CO.'S AUCTION AND COMMISSION STORE, U'fvr Sine .SiiL'Aiin. Constantly on hand Cabinet l'lirujlurc, Chairs, Look ing fllnsspg, A-c. J. M. 19. JIUIII.INOTOV, VT. Consumption, Asthma, and Liver Complaint, v a n i: i: -nt i:i. ci it. iiATnu:i,i)j:its fay nou r a xd siio : s tuiu;, Cliunli-sirrot. New York, Boston, and Porwrll's I.nilies mi I (ieiitloineii's Itonls und shoes, o( every ilescriilion and styli-,ciius.niilyon haml, btore Ut tlwr ninth of Jjirrty's, and dneetlij nppo- xilel) hrrn't. near llaicttnl' Store. Churrh St. h.MALLLY & HU.i.l'S, ATTOKMJYS .t I yt-l.l.U.llS AT LAW An souriTorjs t- -imrrr.y. -.LIVERY S f A B L E U I, A C If ii'til T 11 SHOP, By S. S. SKINNER, ALSO iddlf, Harness unit l nmti Iiiniifnctiircr. t 'i' 'de Omrl'Iiottve .nne ta:tm:i: ij;ri:i:s.o-v, DEAIXU IN ;Y GOODS, CrocAeryjJ'ioir, Salt, Piaster, Window Sash, Glass llv.Atiy Maui: Clotiiim:, Together with a laree rarlety of lalier articles. ' HESX rHJR A0I1TII OF TltC COCRT IIOVuC. " Aiiotheenriei. Hull," Giiuucu ii. ii a lutlMTrox, ' oprirtor, wnoi.E' vr.r. and retaii, dbai.er i.y DRUGS AND MEDICINES, Harrington' Building, Cor. Church ii College-st. PACIFIC HOTEL, s. iti in i a i.;n . CJKEEA'WEtJSI STitSiaiT, NBW YORK. Hnnnl 81,53 iicr Uay, $.')') per week, wlmfi a. I'LOWUIt. BOOK HINDU!!, I'APJUl HVl.KH, AND BLANK BOOK 3IAKI.lt, In the Free Press ItuiUing, College S:crt. M. G. RATHBUN St. CO. jU ; u a ii a v r v a 1 1, o n s , N". a Peck's lllock. M. G. Rithbcv .t Co. keep constantly on hand an extensive and full assortment of Cloths lor every description id Clothing ; and are prepnrrd nt all limes to supply every unicle in the line of Gentlemen's fur nishing Goods. M. U. RATHBUN'. C. r. WARD. Strong, lo1it(Ic & Co. DEALES I.Y HEAVY AND SI1LI.F fetfS-l Lullcry, .Saddlery, Me chanics Tools. Mouse I'm. ishines. N'nils Clns. Win. dow Sash. Iron. Steel, Tin Plate. Sheet Iron, Wire. VAINTSs OIL, PLOUU. SALT. PLASTER, C. rind Niouvs, liy Gloeeiics, ,Vc, iGeneral. Agents ond Coiniiiiwion Merchnits, w. I 'ir jJI,,,', CastSUlc-Cburtllou-eSqiiare, il.,u. D0OI.ITTI.E.) Church and CoUege-stra. JOHN BRADLEY El CO., ' . WHOLESALE tEAI.ERS I.V English and American Bar.'lloli, l!od, Slit, Hoon nud ' r HANI) IliON, '. 1 FtfIron,Coal,Sheet Iron.Tin. Holt and Sheet Coiner XAtl.:.o,.lis. Pr .uti-'i, ' '' Wet and Dry Giocerifs, Flour, Salt, Il'irr Mill Stones, lioltnig Cloth fl -etiujs. BTl) RAH K AND I (1 It W A II ill vn Cuitom-houte Agtnlaand Commission Merchants, !tUth:;:a:Tccker, " 'lK.rr, Tbo's II, CAvntLii. ) Hl'llLLVRTOV. HAM' S 1IJCJ17IY ! 'Jin . n j - brated re mid) lor ri!is,st ubolrsnle and utuil u , .c.o Tr,0.A.rr.CK- ernber 7, 1818. wl'J C.iF. K IMiVII OICI) tV Co. DEALERS IN TANCy AND STAPLE .DVTS7rS?7 OAItPIJTl.NC, HUSH FUtor'Oil (Jloth, Wihdnw Shad's, t'njierUap . il ivs'i Iioolting (lliis'es,iifnU'si;e!t. Flowing lllue, I.islit Mine und Wlillo (.'rnnllo IV All Ii also, Clima anil Ulnss Wore. QltOCEltlfes, FVRS, Ill'FJ'AWI ItODliS, &C. Church 'Stretf, r," ,' ' rT n. , . o. vr. diiuw, ff Ciiaib, ask Cabinet Masufactprcji, Is I T;'fufo Doors Soiitli County Iliiuse, ' ' CiuRcli'Sr,. BuRLixuro-v. Vt. Anglais bjyiiftli'm tliq ahove liije made to order on the thdrfest notice. Ui. .,, . , J. MITCHELL, vw n il u ii a jv v r a riiO n AND Reqeral iHendy-Miute Clothing Store. ChiirchSlreiet, liurliiigton, Vt. ' 1 CJIovvtHUil TliUuii". TrTOI'A'V -dr'eised. Buckskin (Jloves audi Miitrni.'a U first rair article. siid to h the heii in the nirketl apt rtcrtvrd andtqr sale cheap atl , ,ii., "jT1V.f 111S. Suvlingtcm .free press. Published nt llnrllngton, Vl., 11 ) 11. W. C. CI, A It KB, Editor and Proprietor. T c r ci si To Village subscribers who receive thepapcrhy the currier 82,50 II paid in advance 2,00 Moll subscribers and those who takeitattlic Office 2,00 II paid in advance, , 1,50 Adeyktisejients inserted on the customary terms 11 Y CXI'ltUSN. excwsivelv for. Tim atlas. THE SALT RIVER. SQUADRONS. Mead-Waters, Nov. 14th 1848, ) HoL'.N'D DOWN. Well, lioro wo am: we're coming down fast. We made arrangements' tu leave on the 7tli, but delayed a levy clays to accommodate (iovernor B'iggs, who had some matters to ectllo with (ion. dishing and Stephen C. Philips, and could not get ready before the 1 1. It seems Kind nl queer to leave these "diggius" we'ic been here so long, and got so in my acquaintances, ati J have im'Tovcd the place so much but the uct of friends must pirt, and we have bidden " good by " to all we left behind us, and charg ed them to havo an rye nut for those who coine alter us, to take our place, while some of us will undoubtedly take theirs. There was a lawo crowd of Ilfl. find inni-n lively countenances you never saw. There was I a good deal of powder burnt when we sta.ted: I and, as wo glide along, the river is one blaze or S1'1 t"rm'! of rockets and showers of Unman i.,uiuiu3 uiu Beuii in every uirection I cinch a grand jubilee and jolilicat'ion has not been seen since the days of the ancients. About tin o'clock the squadron of tho "untcr rllicd democracy " hove in sight, "bound up," clear up. lliev hid under ronvnv. "a 1(111 ft. low, black looking schooner,'' with r.ikiiiTina.-ts. V. . B .... nciui miv soon it iiioi.iiig crown, lucre were the to wings of the ununified democra-1 ev, wim an tno im. in the land, emliraciii" Millerites, anli-Sali'iath-inen. transcendeoial i p'nlosophers and lalter-day saints; nil having lormid an alliance together. The " Democr.i cy," or that portion, however, who believe in the doctrine that they were made for offices and offices were made for them, said, they "Here going vn hnmc,' and " felt scared," and "did not know the wav,"and "a long dirk night was before them," &c. The half way house being hard hv, it was a greed, all around, to eat anchor for'a spell, and those who chose might rcfre-h thein-clvcs, and piMhe bilin of consolation to their friends. When tieni ral Taylor and Mr Pilluiore step ped ashore, wo ob-erved great fear and trcm- uimg in one ol tho bo.il,, which we vv.i- closely been in tall f -towed with ollice holders, who hid I clover and lii'.li fi.pd for a l,,,r ;,. 1 they litem ly shook ill their shoes." A '"vouii" nig. who UonnlM enough write iet," and i - u. in iii-i uui'ii up iH'i river ' u nine way v- "iMi v ii ii uiu lUVLT Mtrij ii'is iirPl:i out Le'ovv. One oftlie "forrin, " infonned him that people gnnig ; the stream uru only troubled Willi in u complaint. While at anchor, wo embraced the opportuni ty to link round a lit'le. nnd wo will, ,,s hriplle as possible, relate a little of what we saw a nil 1. ir I. Mr Webster and Mr Van 11 irenmet together and they Inirried inlo a private room in ttio V. S., and alter closing the door, stieli a heaily hi.g'i we havp not h-ard for some time. Mr Web ter looked him in the f ice, and said, "'ive .Siil! Mr Van Huron," and Van screamed right out. Us w is in high glip. General Ctss we saw sitting in the stern of a ' dory. The lithographic print, where (Jen. T. is represented as rowing him up, is a capital like ness of him. Huah a ciiuuti'iiance, hand-ome in in,, wasn't ho J lie was neru-ing hi, work on "Trance, linking ICiurt." His letter ol acceptance of the lliltimore nomination wis I b.'-ule him. It is siid ha repudiates the etui- 1 tnent.s a Ivanced therein, in regird to the Whig party, us ho did his b mli on the I'rench King! and bis Comt. Some one a-ked Gen. ('. if h?, tliought the river needed " iuinroviior." or if thn I n lrtior aoovc required enlari'inr. to acehoi modato tho crowd. And he was heard tn sae that ' the noise and confusion was o oreat thai il was impossible lor him to he heard, if ho ex- pressed an op nlnn. Cirruin-tances had orevool ed him from jounieving so l.ir up tlie stream u . '' ",J uu '' i3i.iivo and other author til nou." illy. I ho Judiciary, as a department of tho Air ('. V. Ad ims was obserAed addressinrr n despairing crowd on a platform. All wo h.-ard was ' Illiat if the field be lust 1 all is not lost. The " Horn tie platform cricked and there was a rush for salctv. llr Wil.nn l.i.t hl 1. .1 .....1 Mr kcyeshis he id. Mr TalTroy m ido a com-! pleto summerset aril landed on t lie si lilt ra t ' Johua Leavitt, who coolly ob-erved tint his snouiuers worn nroju enough to bear a ureal 111 any sins, .iir vj uier puling at the mo ment, allayed their (ears by simply nb-erving th it they were standing upon tlu neio ;,rrr ol T. All that was not new was from Whig timber, and they could stand then with perfect safely. Many wi re for taking a position atoneo, and some were between hesitation 111 il doubt, while HI, ers said they hid as lief break tli -ir necks as not. How the matter ended we did not stop to learn. I Marcus Mnrlnn had navigated the Massactui- sclts part ol this stream niton befire. He was j engaged in conversation with Mr Polk, and h id i walked with lilm a loiigdi-taneo from tlieshore. It was evident he had sum Inin.r rnnlidi.ml ,1 f..r is priv.itopar. When llio snnadion was read to weigh anchor, (Jov. Morton was sent for.nnd ho returned a reply that he should Os tn Inj one ! Tills delay made 'Mr Millet very uneasy, and agreat many others of 'Mho faithful" looked as if they wanted their anxiety relieved. Oeneial dishing said it vvus " a fixed fact" that lie vvas emphatically a n-ed no man. if fliMiro.! ,1 tu mm . !... i: '. ..--1 . .,.-. x itrio ns oiine it oi-eu-MOU I us to what hi.lorv would do for the :nnnr,.l . vvhollicr his miliiare ,.nl,inn,n,, n, 11 uiiiphs vvould htanj mostcoiispiciiods. Jiuigo Allen looked ami fell as rold na nt, Int. de, The Judge illJ not preserve his usual grav ny, vyiien so,ino 0110 asUeU linn about a report he made in the Mas-aclulsetls Senate, in 18 to: relative to Ids nnu. frln,,.l rn.,r...l ' .!....!.... XTJlTJT' ' an,"K'i ii, f-iV, .Vn 1 1 resoives, Mr Clioato b"iiiL' III hear hit disianen. , en .,rn. that such a teninastuoiH exhibition of uoneees sary wnsibility was decidedly and emphatically unnentssary on tho pirtof tfio Judge. Judge AH mi. wipod his specs, and thought ho saw Con gress in me uisiauce. ii,-, ,,,,,, ... I Mr Wilson said he had boen looking in that 1 direction Tor soma time; but Mr Maun stood be tvveeii linn an.l tho Capitol, and he was most ready to exclaim with the pott. " Visions ol glory spare my aching sight. " Mr, S ininer Ihniiglil It was ' Paine and Olo rv" 'cnougli I fr hi,,, I,, re,,, .In plain Clurle i r ), "den .'hvi-rpinents ciaso to do per bn. trior, w,tl,o tho Ionorable.''. trirt eiiTfiintltutlonsl-whe Vih mob and not ill? ne ' won?" : ' a' tW Kveni-Mils !o c nidlilbii of a'glwehit' i.i a rochut and caino .ilovvh n inent wliic h Is but , reyoiutioij j en erminr,fce. ,.... i- tl ii-. V -oo ii' 'ii )'. And this' .Wins id u to be one of, the danrrers ..I... Jnhna Lcavitt said a word or two about ins iljley.' She liail grown a good deal io ninety days, mid he was afraid she would here after " Grow small by degrees, and beautifully less." .Stephen C. Phillips said he hail been up S ilt River " many a time and on," but never before in such company, nnil never up sj far us now. Ah I said Mr. Phillips, " Vain our fancies, vain our flights." At this moment, somebody announced in a stentorian voice, that "New II imp-hire had gone uitLitny now, nnu neis could be taken on that in perfect surety. We lost thu rest of Mr. l'hillips' speech. Mr. Palfrey was slating tho difference be tween Causo mid Effect to the Triiicendcntal I Inlosnphers, when applied to ' Free Soil and Martin Van Uiiren," Edinnnd Quincy supply, jug omissions or deficiencies with "Orphic Say. hips." 1 ' Mr. U,nloul was profound ami oracular ; he accounted for the In-? of New York and Perm, eylvania for want of votes, and not for tho ant nl funds, or any indisposition the part of the " high fed" to liirnisli the needful. The loss of the Di-trict Attorneyship h attributed to the loss or Pennsylvania and New York. Mr. (ireen or the IWmi ileinilinn- it.n ,n,,in ol the Torchlight Procession, w.'iic.h he prnmUcd ... u.ra.u.-, uiccuuu unu was now redeemiii" hi; promise. Mr. Ilnllett admitted that probably heshotild'nt be government editor until I8.W, tosav the least, and was willingtnsit in theC.i-tnm House nn- ui Jiircn, H .Mr. I'olk had no objections. It is whispered that Mr. Polk says "the objections arc Mr. John an lluren was anxious to know the price ol stocks, and sent word to his Mends in New York to send him "two ilanuol shirts." Mr". B. F. Cutler was anviotis to know if ilmv weretohave " tlie st-ited oreanliiinmf Mm I l'cl . ."I' 'e stream J and Mr. Loavilt said Lhere eoillil lint l.n tl.n 1:.. I. ,A -r., I , . f .c : n.w.np, mmuun ineir ueing at- mvcd '' Wm'ljt or the Clergy," as l-irge limn- ., , 11 K nl "lr ""tier """led aimroviiigly, and said : mnlm . ,.. , or wants that little lung." J hero was a motley lookin crnvvM gatlipri.il together in a large and ricketty-lookln.. scow. 1 hoy looked like anxious men. Prom tho con- liision of tmigues, it vvas apparent that the meet, .ug i oeeu c men 10 onler. It resembled , ', , : ? ...inn cn,uisUis-1 order, and con usion. It was all " ollice,'- ,.r- lice, "Ollice. Iliese. It was sa ,1 . u-.,rn ll. I anvlous n,en fr llm f . "" I : ul u oiltkt- many peo- l" I"". i'":ni. 'J'licre was 11 little (liiliniilii ninnnrr (l.n llnn wiiru uohiki ax io who thnu h iut im ni nt Mr l i .... in . . V n ,,M- " Smoiier calmed the troubled waters, by indicating j '',r- " I'aua, Jr who h id been "two vnarl . 'n' 'j'" m ist."' and know a thing ortwo about !""c" uM "ad done as much as any oth- , ' "V ",,s loraco M . was iiri'ed verv lir.l in aboard and s-.jp; bi.t Mr. Mann very pleasant ly smiled, ;uil said lint he and his friends had been up so long, he would like to see how thiifs looked below, and ho thought ho would aodotcn the stream. Hut we must close. Kverjthinglsln motion, and all are toiug aboard. As we descend ills siid tho river becomes more nnd more beautiful, Some think we are bound ' for a land lowing with milk and honey," i land where nverv I man "can sit under his own vine and tig-tree, j with no one to molest him or make him a I frald." I There aro a great many things wo should I wrili; about, il we had the time to do m before the express leaves; but we have i ot.'Wo must close thus abruptly, in sea-on for the rider. I Yours, in great haste, 1 PALO ALTO. The Trench Constitution. The New York Herald Iris published a trans lation of the Trench Constitution, h consists of 11G articles, in 1 1 rlimti.,.2 I ' 1-....-. 1 '"'ru ls a v,ltt amount of detail in it s such There detail as more nrnnerlv belones in miliinnn.ni legislation. It Is very I00.-0 in delinin.r the 1, , ,., ., . ... government, is not instituted. A (reiich correspondent of the Journal of Com merce gives the following intelligent summary and review or It. : The object of the Constitution of a Stale be ingu collection or the principles unon which the ""Vt'r""H'"1 '1"" je """iini-tered a definition of the extent of power surrendered by tho people "r '''"checks tn restrain the power conferred l they 111 ly be annexed of the guard- deemed etna,.. cni,..gi. insure to the sovereign the granting powur, the pro,., vation of their sovereign rights in their original strength and the expression of these soveral principles, guards and checks in so comprehen sive and clear a manner t at tho government 1 ly lie aiiminisiercii wiiiioui narra-sing the pen P' 'llall.v wim "pm intU '"' expositions of P0"'"'. which ordinary turns ol all nrs evoke. It may lj neither uninteresting nor unprofitable tl,r" f"r a """"l'"t f"11'!' of govern- ment w,llcl' 1110 legislators or l'rance havo built, '" ex "s v- """. "IJ i'4 v:lri,,d macliiue- r'- 'Te ll,ini-' b,nlu' ""-0'ier at the gl uu'e ; wo mean tho extreme minuteness of many or its provi-lons. It will be loen ih.t, a part of the Con-titiilinri, thcy.liavc incorporat ed prov'sions whicb enunciile no prir elple, nnd but point out the iitiahinery t inferior d'taiU which cannot aspire to a place even In seconda ry laws; being loiinded 011 the varying motives which today are found best and mint expedient by the progress, or social or physical change vvtiicii 0 illy goes on arnund ns. And these nro- . : : i , . , , ' Vi.win becoipi.ig thus inconvenient or itksomo I" 'be people, invite ch itiges, and challenge rest les and diturbed spirits to avail themselves of the inconvenience ol l tic moment, and introduce now fundamental laws in(6 tho'fj in-titii'tiOn. Uestles-nv-i nf temper, impatience of slight eyils, lovp of change, luvo ever characterized the cltiz.MH of republican government,?, and the me f '"''ttmns for such governments 1;lve over girded the fac ity or lempf.itinn of i.i-.. , ' . .. 1 1,1 miking ametidiiitfiits as one of the inn-t funiu. dblg evils vyhich tliniateiieil tlio existf nee of such, government--, h rt'Juces governinent ipto a society iilivaysin a ruvolini inary st ite "tves to tho people und to' the world no Indication of thn fntif-.n ttinv wl.-iU I T...1 1 .. . -" v J r..-" (M.inuir , ii 10 tiiui-vu IIU SCI- tied, policy J the tnsjority today undoes the acts hi mup&riy in power yeieroay; tho Iinauces of Ihonatlon.nidininistered according to no settled plan, becomo exhausted; taxes press In'avily upon all; manufactures decay, commerce lan guishes; universal bai'ruptcy la caclt' man's tmrltnn ami .'.inu II.. I.. J.' i it.t.il I ,iNi;iv piuins iiiL-vif-iy sireei, i nil Vtid this' sceirii to 'its to be oh'e'pf, the dinger IIURI.IXWTOrV, FRIDAY MORVIIV, DKCKMBER 8, 1818. which environ France, the republic, from the temptation, as wo have hinted before, which she throws out by miking amendments so frequent ly nccerarv. We shall tintexainine the details of tho Constitution of Prance, but will content our.-elvcs with noticing some of its moro impor tant provisions. The legislative power is dele gated to a single body, ennposed of representa tives elected by a universal RiiffraiTe f, ir fl frriti of three pears j it shall bo c n permanence, allho' it can adjourn from time to time. Tim nvnm,. live power is confided to a native French citi zen, not less than thirty years eld, who must never have lost his his rights as a Trench citi zen, and whose title shall be President or the Itcpublic. Ho shall ha 'elected by universal sulfrage, must receive a majority of the votes ."let ...l.lnl, .!..:,..... ..... t. , . . .1 , n ,.ij.ij iiiki oui oo less mm two millions of votes, slrill hold his ollice for four years, ana snail not t; capable of re-election fi lour years alter his I n of ollico. . He shall swear to support tho 1 ', neh C.ioalitiition, (.hull dispose of the army wnhout the rifht of mm manding in person. II- can cede no I'rcnch territory, nor dissolve nor suspend the Assem bly, nor suspend the laws, nor the Constitution. II l. .11 .. I ... . iiu soan iiegouiuu uuo rainy all treaties JIo Ins tho pardoning Power- IIj shall rA.J.tn n, the same place which the Assembly shall de signate as its place of sitting. 'I'heri! shall ba a Vice President, who, as th? title of bis olTleo expresses, shall perform, in th death or absence of the President, his duties. Vhere shall be a Council of State, which shall be elected for n tpnn ol six years, and shall be perpetually rc eligible. We have in this placeepitomizcd on ly those nrovisioiis which ordain tin. r.r.r,.!... Itisjtion oftlie Executive and LcgMative depart- nieiin in nit; l'ov eminent; me niiy two uepirt incuts indeed of tlu new Picnch government Por there is no judicial depirtinerl, as a depart ment of the government created We shall speak ui i j i - pru.-emiy. in loruier tellers we have expatiated at some len( 111 l!MOtl tvll-ll en.,... ...I ,,. I us defects in the Con-fitotion. in mtt:r, i ii,n 1 oriranizatton of tin. I.vomiI,-,. n.,,1 7 i..,i.. branches,. . It would bo iisblos hero t7 reoeat tl . I.... .... ... . ini-m , e wouiu reman; mat, untwit!ilnd. i"g ho dec I (ration jil the itinc'ec 11 1 h article of ( the Constitution, that "the separation ol power is the firs! condition of a free government," that tin such separation exi'ts here.' All the powers are cmilided to one body, the As.-einbly ; they originate and pat all laws, thev order a revis- ion ol the Constitution; tiey hold nearly abso- , lute authority, and tho P-osident ofiho ltnnw lie has not even a vote mon the ill of a mere .innjorily; nor is there tny other department which lias a check upon them. Jlut to sneak of mu uu-oiiee 01 mac ucpartmcnt, always deemed so important in governments where limited now- ors f.vll,l;t',.l I... 1. ...I.!.,. .... , "' ' "-.,3 "'i"'i"? 1101 to bo exceeded by the sevral denartmonis Who is to interpret, pronounce and define this Con-titiition ? What authority is to defend tho l ights of the Executive dtpartiiicntfriiin the en croachmeiits ol the l.cgMitive,uiid where shall the latter find the power to shield it from the ex ecutive ii-urpations ? None such can hi found in the French Constitution. The conllicts whicli croachmeiits ol thn l.itier liod il ecutive u-nrpat may ane (will not the experience of man war rant us in using the stronger expression, must arise) between the several departments, must be permitted to exist, until scenes of turbulence and violence sHiall be enacted ; and perhips the president binislicd from thecoiintrv. The French legislators hive left to 1 mese ei us, j ney seem to be of tho opinion ex pressed by Mr. Je'll'er.-nn, th it the tree of liberty will not lloiiri-h unle-s watered copiou-ly every few years with blood. They have ordained ii constitution but it is a constitution without sinews. It cannot define itself it is left open

to every usurper, It invites attacks from every quarter. These remarks may seem strong perhaps too strong, but aro they not warranted by the fatil experience nf nations rrnm the ear liest ages to the very hour we write ? And iioiio p'rhapsuiit ol Icarii or new Linaik, will ar gue our exemption fiom the simo pi'sions, ami tollies and rrimes which stain the pages o( mail's history, from tho earliest time. Our. Sculi'Toks in It.l A correspon dent of thu Xovv York Tribune, under ditto of I'loroncc, gives tho following interesting account of Ciitci:.oi'ajj und l'oivn.'t.s, and their present labors : Mossi's. Greciiougji and Powers arc nil ding daily to tho reputation of our conn try. As artists nnd iw men they rank high here. Tlio former is completing his picco fur the Capitol of Washington, designed tu match Pcrsieo on the cabt front. Il is a ben u t i fill composition, appropriate nnd na tional. It will not bo, like Ids Washing, ton, open to criticism on account of his at tempt to tnako classic by denationalizing his subject. Ho has chosen an early settler whose homo is nttackted by an Indian. Tho hardy borderer has seized tiic savage with tho calm dignity of confidence, holds Ills right hand which was uplifted with tho fearful tomahawk clenched firmly, in his ' own, wlnlo his other holds tlio body in its , smi . ii ; .1 ; . 4t... i ...i . rimes upon ho, :..(, which slid has 1 maluhcd from ilungoi 'ivu r..i;nir ', iloasuro and gratitude boiiimiig i her l.,.- iitw i i. I IMS I II M I S I 1 1 H 1 1 ll II lilt r Willi sn, picas countenance. 1 ho whole is attired in u manner peculiarly national and the result nl' whicli will ilhistrntn an imnnrtant nnlnt i in the history of our country, and tlio pro-1 '!'e "leanest sott of liquor and always did grcss of huinamly from bafbarism to tv- JTt t&oZl tliz.itio.1. .Mr. C. has several other sinallr r ( ..,t i( W!ia me.in t llldkt ;l m l pieces in progress: one ol which illustrates , !inj nw j hive a practical illu-tration of an event ill Ids own life. An nrlist is rep-1 llio fact,' tnd the poor old man burst iutoi resented gazing at.Ju's subjijct which slatpls tears. . before him, ill a stato of despotido'ncv, his i ' Dm'tha a child,' said the.vvlfe, wiping away , lamp almost extinct, when an Uul;nowu . j'" tears, ' go like a man over to Sterritt, tell . hand reaches from out a ul.iud ami fills his " WJ" " b,V,f il, lf,-11 ") a" a I r. i i i -r i i- joke go and open Court, and nobody vv 1 1 ever , lamp. It.ts a banlitilul piece In htudrclicvo. hiuk u H j Destbuction" "or litis Old I'SIiv'TREr. at , A little of tho soothing system operatcj upon ! l-'.-r,,,,, vv'n rn mu i, , i... .,i,ii..n.i tho J uJge, as su ch thing uiucilly do. lluex- cord fie deslructioa pf that venerable relic of the Pilgrims, tho old Pair Tree at Il.isth.itn, planted by Gov. Prince, of Plymouth Colony ,i..... .,!, ,,',nJ ,'..n 'll... v'.....,..,i. Uesi.lor informs, ui that llio tree was' blown I ,1,1,1, .. ,.1.1.. .. I .. L'.l A lit . .,, I, I,, I down diiriiiL' llio lato gale, This iutetosting memorial of llio Pilgrim band, stood, wo believe, upon the farm Of .Mr. I'rce min, in Eislhain, oucu the dwelling place of (Jov. Prince, by vvbino hands the tree is said lo hvo been planted 7J s'on TraicUer,, IsrouMATiiii Wastku Of MAarti Krnt-who-e father Roueht Kkst, is now in Alhiny Address David Ncligau, llmigr.inl Couiuiis. sioncr Agent. IHAT this who can. Tho .Mercer Whig con tains tho billowing Card, from a veteran vVhig of Salem township, in (hat comity . '.' 1 have heard somo lioastipg of large family voting., A the late President).!!, election, im--self, niiio sons, and eight grand-sons, voted for Geo. Taylor. If any can lie.it thls.-let us hear from them. I havo ten soils, but one of thein'is a political transgressor, i , ,.,,.,,. l . JOHN .LBSCIV ,Ult T 1 Y i ' nuiem, fiercer L.O., s a, ' ' ,,, ,i(n s I HU12 A MAN. I sc a man, I do not see his shabby dress, 1 see him in his manliness. I see his oxe I see hisspade j I see a mnnlli.il God has made; If such a man before you Hand, Give him your heart give him your hand, And proise. your Maker for such men : They make this old earth young again. I'rncticnl Jokes nud bud Liquor. J1Y THE EX FRENCH EDITOR. It is a well known fact that often times hntli 1 'lioc jokes which ate called " practical " and .!... I ...I.!-!. !- . 1 ,1 , . . that liquor which is ternicj 'bad.' have been productive of evil rnnequeiccs ; but whether tho linnor or the ioke Ills done mnr.i mirhir. u'n "f not called upon-just now to determine, ' We propose tv u..iiMiii"Blj-ji..i!in alTiir whom urn liquor and a practical joke were productive or the best consequences imaginable. Miny years ago when the Slate of Georgia was in its infancy, an eccentric creature named itrowii, was once ol its Uircuit judges. He was a inin of cnn-lderahlo ability, of inllexible Integ rity and much beloved and 'lespecled by all the legal profession, but ho had nop emnmim r.ntt His social qualities would lead him, despite his judgment, into I'rcqiient excesses. In travclim' tho Circuit, was his almost invariable habit the uigl.t belore, opening the Court, to get ' comfort ably corned,' by means of the appliances com mon upon such ncci-itms. If he couldn't suc ceed vvfiile operating upon his own hook, the in' inoersot incoar would generally turn in and nciji mm. It was in the spring of the year; taking hi wile a model of a vvo'man in her way in the nut lasiimned but strong 'carry-all,' that he jour neyeil some loity miles and reached a villan-e wnero l hi rt' was to be opened the next day. it vva along in the evening of Sunday, that he arrived at the place and took up quarters with a relative of his ' bettor-half,' by whom the nres- ence of the official dignitary was considered a singular honor. After supper, Judge brown strolled over to the only tavern in town, where lie found in my old Mends, called in the place, like himself, on Important professional business, and vvlio were properly gl nl to meet him. ' Gentlemen.' said the Judge, 'it's quite a Ion" time since we Inve enjoyed a glass together lei us t.ii.e a iinni; an annum. UI course, Sier ritl, (uldressing the landlord,) you have better liquor than you Ii td then ; it was not fit to give a dog. Stetritt who had charge of tlio house, pretend ed that every thing was right, and so they went to work. It is unnecessary to enlarge upon drinking about a country tavern it will answer our purpose to state that somewhere in the re gion of midnight the Judge wended his very do vious way towards his temporary home. About the lime he was leaving, some younger barrister rond of a ' practical, 'and not much afraid oftlie bench, transferred all the silver spoons of Ster ritt to the Judge's coat pocket. It was eight o'clock on Monday morning that the Judge rose. Having indulged in the pro cess of ablution and ab.-tertion, nud partaken of a cheerful nnd refreshing breakfast; he went to his room to prepare himself for the duties of this day. I.I. ,, 1, ,Jt. .... ., Mu,,,,.,,,, bolter tb in I expected to feel after the frolic of last night.' ' All, Judge,' said sho respectfully, 'you are getting to old you ought to leave off that bu siness.' ' Ah, Polly what's the ue of talking ?' It was at this precise in-tant of time that the Judge, Jiavipg put on lii.snvercn.it, was proceed ing, according tn bis usual custom, to give wife a parting ki-', that ho happened, in thrusting Ins hand into Ins pocket, to lay hold of Sterritt's spoons. Ho jerked them nut. Witli an expres. sinti of horror, almost indescribable, lie ex el limd : My God! Polly!' ' Wh it on earth's tho matter, Judge ?' ' Just look at those spoons,' M)ar ine, where'd ye get them ?' '(Jet them! Don't jnu sec tho initials on them ?' extending ihein towards her ' I stole them.' ' Stole them. Judge ?' Yes, stole them.' ' My dear husband, it can't be possible ; from whom.' 1 Prom Sterritt, cyr there his namo is on them.' '(Joiil heaven! how could it happen?' 'I know very well, Polly 1 was very drunk when I came homo, wasn't I ?' ' W.iy, Judge, v im know your old habits when you get among thoe lawyers.' 4 Hut I was very drunk I' ' i es you was.' ' Was I remarkably drunk, when I got home Mrs llroivn 1' ' Y,s .IliilTn. ilrilnl; ns n funl. noil fnrte limn. as stupid.' ' I thought so said tho Judge, dropping into a chair in extreme despondency-' I knmv'it would c,"nlc 1,1 1 '." il1 i invu always uiougui in il pi 1 1 1 1 l L 1 1 1 ii r u iu u'tniiu i i.uuif n in hip urn i " .. - It - - - II ' l ll"f"ll(',linK VTV wrong kill somebody in a moment i f pision, perl, ips but I never im-1 ftT,'' "' '! 1 ,r""M , c"""sl' tu bo 'u,lt' I ,-tl.i 1., rrmn- iioiii,..re u,.., , ,.,!; Jndnc.' ,o tnntake, l'ullv. 1 ho.... " n i itall came uhout. The fellow, Sterritt, mw. l.rV,,' ""i';(ll"0', -V j"")' f ubdued and ovvr to Sterritt's ho went with a tolerable face. Of course, he hid lint little diiliculty in settling with hiui-for'nsidu from the fact that tlio Judge's , . , , , . , J , , "'legnty vvus pnqnosiion uuy, "e uau ., m. ug lit thu JoKe thai II JJ oeen pi.iyi-u. inn .im;r took his seat in Court, but it was ob-erved tli.it he was sad and melancholy, and that his mind frequently wandered Irom the business before) III in. rhern was a i.ick oi mo seino una unci ligenco th:t usually characterized hi proceed ing". H' vjral days passed away, an 1 tla business of the Court was drawing towards a close.w hen mm inoruinga rough looking sort of aqusto-ner was iirrahnieil on a charge of stealing. Ater the clerkliad re(d llio indictment lo him, bo put the j usual question : ' (imlty or ti"t guilty V t Guilty but drunk,' iinsvveri illy but drunk, answered the prisoner. ' What's tint rlsa V exclaimed tho Judge, w)in was half doiintrnn thu bench ' Ho pleadsguilty, bfit nays he vai drunk,' retdjed ih'oclcrK. ', " ' What's the charge against the maul' ' Ho is indicted for grand larceny.' Ill'l...l'. ll.A.a.. 1' I I V'SV . ( I Ii " May ll'plea'se ydu'r'liono'r;'. said the' prose- ' I "' M .e. c Hing attorney, the man is regularly indicted I lor stealing a large sum from the Columbus Ho-1 let.' ' Hn Is liev ? and ho pleads' ' Ho pleads rjuiltv. but drunk. The judge was now fully amused. ' nil tv. but i run I 'I'.-i.l . m., ih nary plea. Young man.you aro certain you were drunk ?' ' Yes, sir.' ' Were did yon get your Honor ?' AtSlcrrittV ' Did you get none nowhere else V ' Not a drop, sir.' ' You got drunk on Ids liquor, and afterwards stole his money ?' 4' Yes sir.' ' Mr. Prosecutor,' said the Judgs.'iln me the favor to enter a nolle prosequi In that man's case. 1 he liquor of Sterritt is mom enough to make a man do anything dirty. I got drunk on it the other day myself, and stole all of Sterritt's ponns: iieiease the prisoner, Mr. SlierilT. I adjourn the Court.' The Treasury Report lu Advance. , The Washington cnrresnniulnnt ol il.n t'nnn. sylvanianhas obtained from the public printers, copies of the following documents, prepared to appropriations reoolrnd f, H, present fiscal year, which ends June 30 1319 mid also for ilfn ,,nn,V. ,i . . " P. . , ; ' mid ulso for the nppropriatlons required for the iibai uscai year, winch ends Juno 30, 1850 Trf.asurv Department, Nov. 10, 18-tS. Sin : Agreeahlf to the joint resolution or Congress of the 7lh Jan.. 18 IG, I have th" lion or to transmit, for the Information qrtlie M m-e or Ilepreseutatives, printed estimates of addi tional appropriations proposed to be in ide Tor the r,-,.no,o iiieii-cai year ending the 30th of June 1040, amounting to 3,71-1,903 (i9 All ol which is on account of the civil li-t, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous, Including p lyment to be made to .Mexico under tho Itltli article of tlio treaty. To the estimates is added a statement showing The defiiiilo appropriations for tho service ol the three last quarters or the fiscal year end ing the 30lh June. 1849, mada by former acts of C ingress, of a permanent charactcrjamount iog to fi.sin.iai j.i Civil list, foreign in tercourse, & mis cellaiieous,iiicliii. i n g p n y in e n t s made ofliquidated claims against M x,cn under the 13th article ol the treaty, Pen-ions, Interest, &c , public 2,882,019 84 213,000 00 oeoi una treasury UllteS, 3 OQIi .too OB Reimbursements of treasury '.'"in. , suiil under the several acts prior to tlie act of July 2J, 1810, 1(51,989 31 10,287,335 12 I am, very rcpcctfully, your obd't servant, R. J. WALKER, Sic. ( the 'Prtamry. Tr.E.vsi'sv Department, Nov. 10, IS 18. Silt :-Agreeably to the joint resolution ol C in gress on the 7th Janiury, IS 10, 1 have the honor to transmit for the information of tlio House ol Representatives, printed estimates of the appro priations proposed tn be made for the fiscal vear ending Juno 30, 1850, amounting to 821,153,102 92 niount carried forward 21,153,102 92 Viz: Civil list, foreign intercourse and miscellaneous, in elui'iug pavment tn bo made lo Mexiro, under tho 12th aiticle of the treaty, 7,780,0(12 -18 Army proper, 4'-i.'12,2S5 00 M.litary Academy, 170,142 01 Fortifications, ordi nance, etc. 1,501,581 0 Survoys.lightlnuses &e. 15.7C0 00 Indian Department, 857,473 -15 Pen-Ions and arrear ages, -1157,100 00 Naval establishment, 8,858,857 38 To the cslimates are added statements showing 1. Tue appropria tions for the fiscal year ending 11m June, 1S50, ill ide acts of C ingress of a perininent ch trader, amount ing to Viz: Civil llt, (iireign in terco(urs'e, & int. ci'HAlienus, Arming 'and equip ping militia, Civilizali'on or In. di.ius, Pensions, , lnterert, &.C. publf p . debt and treasury notes, 6,297,512 6309,410 14 i -i , i 200,000 00 ' 1 , 10 000 00 iiy,oi"i oo, 2. Tho existing p p r o p r i a t i,o it i which hill bo re quired to be, ex iended ill the fis cal year ending the 30th June, 1850, amounting to Viz: Civil list, foreign in. ; tcrcetusp, Si mis. cellaneoiis, Army proper, .Vc! Pensions, Indian ),pitt'neiit, ' Fiirlilieuttoiis, ic' Nvrcstttbliehm9nt, i i . iMIg ,lt ,1, i, ,3,762,537 29 13(1,10717 23 l,30ti,000 00 572,000 00 23B'5I CO ' 402.278 00 5CO.0OO 00 1 rtl,l n.ii.-nl,l .' , 3. There is also ad- , dedho'thV'cstl.' 533,2131164 73 IVciv Series, Vol. 3-o. 23. males a statement of the several ap propriation vi hlch will probably be carried to the'sur plus fund.air.ount- ,0 83,957,1 1)7 0$ Accompanying tlio etimitcs are sundry pv per. furnished by the Treasury, War, and Na vy Departments, containing reference to the act of Congress, Sic., on which the estimate art founded. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, It. J. WALKER, S.c. of the Treasury, Tlio Great West. There Is one feature in the return. f,lnn ihn Atlantic s-aboard that is not very aeroeablo to a vvetern man's feelings. The vote there Idokl line a vote against the teest. Well, ir.siirh is the ract, the west is fully able lo Teed heraeir, cloth hcr,clf. and do her nvvn votinir. Tha west ran set up as good a standard of right as rov it.'.or P'irint tun union, tilt becomes necessary toi- -It. Statesman. We underwrite that vvilh an emnl,t Tl,. old north-western territory and her neighbors ml have d have I ..." " . 1 " K"""' "' every sen-e o I ' ' " :l eontras to the mi-erabl '''npor isi tig and more miserable dissen-inns that have In-t Pennsvliania and New York. comniitteil the Union again to the milign rule (if whl gery. It is ti'tie the west had sot up for iist ii, ii .-einsuness is me prcuomin int and rul ing idea in tlie east and south. Cincinnati Uiu, That is the task ! T ht is good western doc trine. Let every western niner. every western man adopt those sentiments, and we shall hear no more about eastern selfishness or southern dictation Vleidand I'lahtdealer. The above extracts are from the leading dem ocratic journals of Ohm and the west. What other construction can be placed upon the sen timents conveyed, than an attempt to arouso "ectional jealousies, an appeal to sectional In terests, hecviuse defeat has ,coine to a causa which is sustained by a majority of the Western Stites because the east and north have voted differently from tho west. If the vote of the At lanlic seaboard is agaain-t tlie west, are not those of the west against the Atlantic seaboard? Whcro is the distinction ? Add, although Gen. C.vss may h ive carried Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Iowa and Wi-cou-in the territory which is alluded to in the above extr.icts yet,' ho. K greatly in llio minority in all these Slate a- heavy majority of the people has declared against him and his policy, and in favor of oth ers opposed to him. " C rcum-taiices " often so tinpropitiou.s to Mr Cass, havein this Instance favored him, and given him the electoral vote of Slates in vvhirli the people pave a decided ex pression the other way. And because, in tha eastcrn.and middle States, he has not been like fortunate, his advocates must needs pour forth' their nnathemas upon their brethren, and at tempt to create sectional heartburnings, so pre judicial to the harmony and permanency of ua iltlgm'm' MisVoVtweeii afl'lhe members of 'tlii confederacy. Why not come out like men and acknowledge that you are b'.itcn, gentlemen beaten in a hard and clo-ely contested light beaten by the force of" eircum-t.inces,"aiid tha fortunes of politic il warfire, ami buckle on tha armour fnra renewal orthe tinlil and not stan-1 at biy, growling fiercely at those with whom yoiiliivo differed, and w'ho hive differed with ynu. in are vani-hed by all pirts oftlie Un ion the east, tlie we-t, I In north and the south h ive all had a Ii mil in it ill done their put to elect " Oi.n Sack," and will do their part to sus tain his adiiiiiii-iralioii, Tnnik not, therefore, ol a sepiiation of raising up a sectional ive-t-em pirly of breaking away from jourown I'liends, even, oftlie east, on whom hitherto, !va rc.-led the foundation of jour party. Get over your fit look upon tho thing re.is'inablv talk ihont it ren-ibly uid not m ike Judys of vuor-' elves as do the hot-purs or South C.irolir,'-iic. caMonally, vvht'ii the lit is on them.. -Uufalt Patriot, Attempt ut Suicide. We have rarely heard or a more dlib9nto ittempt at suicide in propcclu, than thn on .vliicli the editor of tho Richmond Va. Whif .imposes. Just hear him: "Tlie flection being over, vo intend to un lortakea t i-k which we cm scarcely think of, .vithout a shudder, Sympathise with us, dear eider, for truly we de-crve your sympathy Wo have nude a linn resolution a resolution Irom which no allurement shall entire us to read Cot,. II cn ton's; speech against General' ICeahnm-! We know our readers will receive' this dee 1 1 rat ion with n unite ol incredulity!. lint wo care no Our mind is nude tip lo the' awful undertaking, and we v. ill not be driven Irom it by the imukeryrfif the Incredulous. Henry Clny'n Mother. We ropy Irom Mrs. Ellen's Memoirs of thn Women oftlie Revolulioii, the lullovving sketch' or Air. Clay's mother the mother of Harry of the West: Our county offers abundant examples of men,' who h we attained its highest eminencif. ascrib- , iog all loearlv maternal inllucnce and training. I for ,. ii ,., ... - . ii... pride a. ; 'i i1 - , i r i i- , country has ever, profefsyil f, elings of profuiiiu uij.., " , eraiiou. Tnougli her life nffered no fuciu' i.-' of striking or rouiunic intere-t.'she was what evpres-es the perlecttnti nf fern llr character an excellent nintner. Slio vmi. (In yiiunge-t of two daughters, who wtr thu only children of George andrEliztblh Hud oi, II r liani al so wis ESizibetli t sjn was Isirn in the riuinlry, nf M mover, in Virginia, in 170.). Ih r educa tion such Us attainable nt Unit period in the Colony. In her fifteenth year she was married In John CI iv, a pvicher orthe IJiptist de nomination, and b'cauie the mother of eight fhildreti. Mi. Clay died during the war of tha Revoliitinn. 11 Some years afterward Mrs Chy contract-i-d a serond nurriage with Mr. Henry Wat-' kins, and in coli;e of lime elgot children moro, were added to Hie funily. ores iIbvoIv- in" neon her in the rharge or so many chil-' dren, and the superintends nee or domestic con-' rerns, of cour,o occupied her time to tho ex.1 elusion of participations in matters bf public in- Her 6on Harry vvas separated from her vvheni tinly thirteen years of uge, having before that pcrloJ been occasionally absent from home for-, months 'Il going to solum1. In 1 70 J his step. , father removed with his mother mid lamily, from, II mover C uiity toi Wnnillord C lunty, in Ken. , lucky, leaving him in Richmond, Virginia. He did not again see bis mother until the, fall of i 1797, when be himself emigrated to Kentucky. , His estimable mid biloved patent died In. 1827., i hiving' survived met ol Her children, n wtiomi, I there 1 first, here are now but four remaining- tvvo-by.h.j and two by the last inamaje. -tJnu-iH f , ,i f lit .vollis J S l.i ft Is