Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 15, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 15, 1848 Page 2
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BURLINGTON FREW PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, December 15, 1848, "BP' letting for tlu mill Hi section, embracing Now i timi tn New Oilcan, titan by the present routes. J'wrj', Penn-ylva li.t.l) diware, XI irjl mil. mid I The t iblos of Ilia It As-istml Po-tmiter O'lin," Wont iiiln operation on Ihe lt of Julyi ' General accompany this report, hulked A. mid 18 IS, an ! exhibit a saving for the current jear I ure referred to for the details of the service, t.) cil CO li of June nexl. upon (he co-t nf the Tin iiuinber of Post Odiccx, on I ho Hri-t nf sime soeiioi for the p.i-t vear, ol g Il.(i7l. July l.it, wis 10,15!), being an lucre in' ilminif This is a 'uvmg "f nearly 12 per c lit. N I- the Je.ir of lul3. The iKiinb-r ol offices e-lnli. veilh-l uiih'i..' tun reliction of rnl Ihe -ervlce lishcd was 13 I'S. the number di-cnptinuod 2!)(J Ins Irm increased mi ler th new omtr icK The niniib'r o Postmasters appointed during The mo o have b-en rxt led In di'tmc-' 211.1 be veirwis l'2. Ol Ibi' number mile-" f irlher, and in II, I way, and by grotter 'Jf;j weretipn)inted in consequence of rcsigna- IreniicncvtM trips, tins soclion ol -emce iris ue- turns . . "... . t.... i .. i... i : i.qmt ...il,,.. ..t , to KMiin'itcd surplus 30th June, 1810, 4:.. Ml 00 come greater lit in la-t year by (.5J-,81)7 miles of annniil transportation. On the latofJnlv, 1815, the annual transpor tation or the malls) m ibo U. Stale-, amounted to 35,(131.26!) miles. On the 3 Jill ol Juno 1811, 37.303 411 Inc. in service over llie preceding rnr, l,"(j 1,145 On the 30lb ol June 18 17, 38.887,800 Inreas-e over preceding vear, 1,439,130 On 30th June 18 IS. " 41,012,573 Increase over tirecrdinr vear, 2.121,(180 Total of increase for the 3 year', 5 378.310 j uui me cotioi me service ivm iwj i follows: On the 1st of July, 1815, it stood at 82,1 05 SO I On 30lh Juno 1643, " 2.71(1,073 Rfcdrc i in from (be preceding year, 133,831 On the 30lli of Juno 1817. il stood at 2,153,001 Reduction from the preceding year. 203,072 On Ihe 30th of Juno 1818, it stood at 2,418,101 Reduction from the proceeding year, 4,235 isi " " " ilpatli. 210 "- " changing the site of oilier. 107 " " crnscqueiu'o of removal. 3 " " expiration ol commissions, which were not reiiowed. 11 " " commissions ronewrd. 0 "" " becoming Piosidential ap pointments. 130.1 " new offices. Tlio'liiinil.ir of appointments undo between (he 4lli uf Marcti, 1815, and the first of Jnlv, 1818. was 13 6U7. Ol ibis number, the removals wero 1..7J8. Thebitance were made In emstquencp of res ignation, death, chango of Ihe sites of offices, or the pstablisemeiil of new ones. The act of the 7th of. May, 18 IS, directing the accounts "I Postmasters Honi the l-t Jan. 184 517,210 00 It will be seen that notwithstanding the very targe sums tstimiitcd for foreign service, nx well ax Ihe nibblioivil fcriife rrqnlcl in Ihe United Stales, the revenue of the Deptrltnciil unaided bv tin unproprhlinps of lint net will h" i qiinl to ihe expenditure, exeept the sum ol S 17 21!) at the cllne of the present year. Hii statement of the operatioiH ol mo acti of 1845, upon the service hiiiI finances ol the I Department, confirms Ibo opinions expressed in my lal annual report, "that the present hw ralexof po.-lajro will nut only produce revenue enough In meet the expenditure, but leave a con tinual surplus unntiilly t be applied to the ex tension of ibo lutil fervice, or wo.ild jutily a still further reduction of the rates ol po-tage.'' Notwithstanding the groat increase nf the scrvhc during the la-t year, inland, as well ax foreign, there wax found at the close of the year a eurplns of $172,232 bejond the expenses properly chargeable npnn it. Aicnnipmying tliix Report, marked , will be found that of the Auditor for the. Post O.iire Depirlnicnt, nude at my request. The enirjry and z-al of llie nfiifcrx engignd ill the to bo readjusted, and thai they m ly be allmvid i rnllrciion and disbursement of the liindx of the t'lelr commissioui by 1!m qu.arler, iiitlead id Ihe year, lux ll.-en executed, and the mm ol 0112, ill3 4lhixbeen piid out to file thouaud, one one hundred and tliir'y six pn-tiru-lcr. Ttie unt' rcvnui of the year emlin 30'b June I il,lu?ludins 3-00,000 appropri lO'd b Total reduction of cot in llie tlirco yparx, 450,733 Thix Is exclusive of the foreign mail service performed in the last year. The operations of the three years show that the mill service bax been augmented 15 per " cent., and its cot ut the same lime diminished i 15 7-10 p.r cent. The resiilt of tbo mail leitins last spring in - the middle si ction, will add to the service ol llie current vear C5S.S07 miles more ol annual tranport"ition, while It tnakex a reduction from theco-tof the year ending SO.h June, 1818, of 861,674. The number nf mtil contractors in the service during the la-t year, was 4017, and the number of local and mill agpnlx and mail messengers 218, connected with the servicoon railroads and Bteatn boats. The serviro during the year has !oen per formed n Ihe contractors, with commendable zeal and activity, yet no energy can prevent "occasional failures to deliver Ihe mails indue time. In M'Ctionx ol the country where iioturn- pikes or mieadamied rmd or bridges over the '' stream exM, at certain seafonof Hie year fiil- nres are unavoidable; even on Ihe ino-t improv ' rd mid best conducted routes, unliinrable 'weather, ice or snow on the railroad, .-torm or fogx on the rivers, or flight accidents tu (bp ' machinery, tnu-t d day the mails. Tbo speid now given on them render it seldom po-iblu ' to regain the .time Inst. This has been, and al- waia nni-t be the ra-e. There is at this tun" more senice performed, with mure fp.ed, and with as much regularity, us at any former pcrioil ; nor ix it believed lb.it . .. ' .. i. ! - .i.- ...l..:.nl more expiiiiiou can gnuo no mu mail routes until fnrliicrimprnvc incuts are made I on the roads, without endangering the connex-1 "ions necessary to b. made In in-ure tiie prouijit ' and puncluafdeilvery of the mails. The foreign service during the past year lias h in increased by an additional steamer the ' Hirnnri being placed on the line between New York and llremen and monthly trips are now iierlormed between these twocilies wilb regu larity. On Ihe 17th nf October lat, tbo Isabel was p'aced on Ihe line between Charleston and Ila vma, in compliance with til" contract with M 'rs. Jlordeeai &. Gonrdin, and will herealter perl rm semi monmiy irip. Mr, r n,My initreiJ 1 ho oce in steamers, llio ualilorni.i, me i a- Tlis ev(.,,pd, ,lm CXJnilituro or ibo preced rama and Ihe Oregon con.trueteil under a ; ? ,-eiir .$'JJ7,535 , and falls bhort of the aver ci.ii.ALi uoii mi miiiin', i .....j, ... j,.p, yimill pvitpiw itnrp for nine vpars urpceu. r.. , N,.iu ." ' V i-V ; lujMiKMsi "i July, io lo, ir iuo,7 i i-- Ihe 12th section of 3d March, 1817. (orlhon" l iges of ibe tioverunieut, and Ibo furlher sum of (318,730, colleclrd Inun mid belonging tn 1 1 n neciiuiitx o ptecrduig yealx, amounled tu Ql, 371,017, ibis siiiu exceeds that of llio preced ing ear $125,181, being an increase ol 10 77 100 per cent; an 1 exceeds the annual average ol the nine years proceeding the Ut ol Julv, 1815,80,153. The letter po-tnge, including the 0200 0)0 appropriated as aboe slated, amounted to &3, 550.3114, exceeding that of the proceeding year 4i2!15 501, being un increase at the rale of I) 910 J per cent. The newspaper postage for the year amount ed to 707,331, milling an increase of 8121, 171, which i- equal to 19 30-100 per ceni. The following tahlcexlubitx the revenues, in cluding the G200 000 appropriated for the pos tages of the (I'livernment, as well as the expen ditures, from the let uf July, IS 15, to llie 30lh of June, 18 13 : Revenue. Expenditure. Tortlie vearei.Jing llie 30th June, ISIti. 3.137.119 81.081)290 Kor do do 1817. 3,1) 15 81)3 3,071,310 For do do 13 IS. 4,371,077 4.320,600 The expenditures for the year line been in creased by llio following items, which do not properly helong to it, vi.; : T it) Mim allowed .1. I,. (Jralimi for fitting up the iow i or is l'osl U.lice by the. act ol Hie 1 Wi of Ai'fc'1-t, 1818. ' 8l'J,7o7 Th; amount paid Ihe firemen line of tteaun'rs since the Ut of July la-t, uud charged in the accounts uf last year. 833,333 1 lie amount p ud lo postmasters as extra com missions cince Ihe 1st of January, 1817, by the act ol llie I7(li ot .May, was 13 1 1 -J.'J 1 3 Two-liuhs of which mould be deduclel from the expenses of the present j ear. 8ll,8t5 8123,005 XV inch makes Ihe expenses proper ly chargeable tu (hu past year. 8 1.193,845 Uui includes, al-o, the sum 8100,000 paid the llreiupu steamers during tbev'-ar, wlnl - the income arising therefrom is reported toboiJO, 082 83. It is, however, perceived, but too lab for correction inr ibis R"port, that tho po-.tages on mails to and Irmn England and France, ate in Heinrtmpiil. as well a.s the punctuality and promptitude nl I'd! misters in miking pivmeiils and M-tllmg their account', deserve the highest ci'inmenuatioii. It appearx, thnt from llie lt of July, 1815, until ibu 3Jlh of June, 1M48 the rcieo'T, ex- Iii-ivp of Ibe annual appropriation ol r2)l),00() r trviee rendered Ihe governuiput.auioiintcd 10 8II-53S.01I. 1 he whole Iris been cc-rectcu except the fol low inn sums : Oftheamounl due June 30, 1840, the mm or, 81.102 " 1847, . 5,050 " " 1348, 20.711 rvii'f no the P.icilic bavr York for I'.inanii : and the Cilifmiil ix exnec-1 lteJ to commence service tor this department cn the first of January next, from Panama to Astoria. ' The Secretary of tho Navy Iris likewise cm nlnved the I'alcnn on the line between 11 ivuna 'and (Jongre-s; ami sue is expecieu o san mm Fri)m th0 same sources the year pre Havani to Chagrpi, in tune for the mails to cediti" reach I'an imj. and b" forwarded by the Cali- tn tho ti'rritories on the I'acitie, eoa-l. The cross revenues arising from po-tago and lines, excluding tlin-e arising Irom misCi llane 011s sources, as well ax the jj '00,000 appropri tiled for the postages of the Kxectilive IJep irl in -ills lor the veur ending tbo 3()ih of June. IS 18, amounted to $1 117,701, 3,S32,GS0 'Inrnbi Toix il pirtuient has mule a contract or tho transportation of urfil.x aernx the l-llimu-, from Clugres to I'amma o lint, in future, there vi illlie a regtil ir monthly miil from C i irb-ton, .by II 1 van t, Cnugres, and I'an mi l, to Oregon. -.It Mti b regielteil lint Ihe Oeesn Sleam NaviL'alion Cmipauy hive not as yet been able to coin, I,' fnllv with their coiiltacl. for wriice -bftween New Y irk and U'l'iifti. B it two ves sels, thu W-ishinyton and II -nn inn. have as yet been compb ted. The Kurd, Ihe FtanUlin, Il is been launched, 111O great exertions are 111 1 tking lo have her finished, and take her place on tholine. The fourth vessel, it is believed, has not hen rnmmeiicei'. Not.vitlistanding tho f tihire of the C unpany to have their vessels ready for Ibe service w ilb in tbo time specified in the contract, it is not believed that Ibe true policy, or the interest of the ronirry, would require any forfeiture of Ibe contract, or any otlfr Heps taken itnfr eiully lo their interests. Tlia great exeilions ol the Conpany to comply with the contract, and tn vecuro the be-t class ol vesns, suited 10 uie Incre.ic, $JS5,07 .Making 7 13-100 per cent increase. If the revenue Irom ihe sama souices shill iiKietso dining the pre-ent year at li.e rate of 0 per cent, the proceeds will be SI,3G1,S20 CO To Ibis may be add" d the amount duo Irnin the Ttoamry lor tniil services f om the I II of Much, 1817, lo Ihe 30!h or Julie, 1810, aiii.roiiri.it, il by 12lh section of the uclol 1817, -105555 00 Means applicable to the present year. 8l,833,3Sl 00 Leaving a surplus over the c-ll-inited expenditures fur the - current vear of. $123,330 00 Iftho revenue fir the year ending 0 h ol' June, 185'.). shall en crea'eal the rate of 5 per cent upon the e-timated reieinic ol ISI!), the amount will be. iil'p-opiMiions tor pos tages nl government, Surplus, ' " me A.l, 1 ,,ri., r kki purposes of the IJmernnient.nnd sucbas would .... , a,m-oniMi'io do credit to lite country; llie gre.u expense 01 such an undertaking; the want of experience in Ihit country in Ibe cou-,trucliou ol that class nf vessels; ibe einbartassmeiils ihey have iiad to encouuler from the niiseilled slato of Europe, and from contlieling interests at home; Ihe im portance or tho service in connecting our coun try more inlimilely and directly with the enter prising and enlightened Slates of the German C n ederalion ; would entitle them to Ihe iniliil pence o Congress und the forbearance of the Department. Since the contract was made willi Ibis com pany, others bavn been given front New Yolk to Ij verpool, and from New York to New O leans, upon uiiicli more favorable terms than were a 1 iwcd ibem. Tho last contract made bv the Nivy Department under llie direction f ,C mgrers are lor the term of ten years, nd cer- tlin minis of money advanced to aid in Ihe com-plrlhm-of the vcmifclf. Thecoutrnct tniido with th Ocean Steam Navigation Cmuianv will laltbul live years, and no money paid litem un tll tbo perforin mco of service. 1- 'Similir liberality, it was hoped, would have Ibeen cxtcnted to (hem, who b.ivo done en much ttwards the completion of their contract without H!fp aid of llie government : Ihey were the pin- netrs in building that elasx o 'vessels in tl.i- country, and no iliuibt sustained serious Injury in ' constructing them, from ihe want of expe rienpu. in suclr undertakings: tho importance lof'the rervlfe Id be performed in a cnmmerilil land political point of view, gives tliem g-round iti'hope for Ibo lavorable consideration t.f dm. rgress. Similar advantages extended lo them, would, it is believed, enable them lo speedily eiiinply wllb their contract ami give a direct and an important connection willi the central na tions' of Kuiopj. Tho 'he of vessels I'lrecled In bo established f'l'nd-r a cnlract with the secretary of llio Na vy, letwepii Now X'nrk uud New Orleans, Villi, it is believed, bo useless as a means of trans, fjnrilng the mails between these points, The land and steamboat routs over which (lie mail service is at present performed, is nnd will bp so 'much 'more expeditious and certain than by thai 'line, that the principal malls must be ci-nliimed Clin litem, ilul irtheenntract cnuld be to mod . Ificd as to riln daily between New York und Charleston, the great soutnern man, even irom $ 1 :8 1.00s ro -KB 330 OJ 201.000 00 6,211.101 00 l'slimaled means for 1 3-r0, lixpeiidiiiires piopetly cbirge ab'e on the year 1313, $1,108 815 00 These will be inciea-cd during ihe pit'senl year by lite iuuitig nenis; Steamer from C, iiub'stnn lo Ha vana, three quarters, 8)7 500 CO California und Oregon Agents, 3.200 00 Additional railroad teivicos and agents, 37,500 00 Shin Hermann, belonging to liio llremen line, lOO.nno 00 Mu-eellaueous, 25(0) 00 8 )7,032 More llian iiilf the sum reported for the la-t vear will be probably collected wilhin the next 3 mouths. The bilanre yet due is less than nne-Ihird of one per cent, on llio wlinle amount. I he last year's accounts h ive b"en generally collected without a resort to the Courts of Jus tice, suits have been ordered in ninotv-nne ises. involving onlv the sum of $),271 wlnl-t during llie same period 108 ca-es for merly pending, have lieen settled and the money paid, iimouuiing to .flO.liiJ. I Ins large sum, collected willnn the three vears, lias been Ul.-nurscd wiltiont llie loss ol a loll.tr 111 payment of the public creditors, in due ml proper lime, it is believed without an ex ception. rnorlotho Ut of Julv, 1845. there were debts luo to tho dep-irlment. many of long standing. iinounting to s.110,180. Of tins sum there has oe.n collected within the pist vear 110.809, md cicuils allowed upon the settlement of uc counts, 851,710, leaving yet a balance due for llie ilep.iriinent W yJSi 3(1. A very large pro- , i : .. .Xf ,, .1 1. 1 .. i..t... loiuoo 01 mis soul win piouauiy oe 10-1, I lie present rates ol postage will iillord am ple means to meet Ihe expenditure, nnd any prob into increase ol Hie eruce, and leave ; surplus dial will 111 a lew ye irs enable llie iti1 lurlmeut to repav Ihe Tieasn'y Ihe amount ri i" 1 veil Irom it since the passage u the act ol 1845. Under these circumstances, shall a furlherre- doction of the po-Mges be ni ide ? The moan- which a well digested cheap m-il system annul ol a 1a iid interchange ol ideas between dilTV ent and di-tant seotions or the country, and the cou-ctiuont increase ol knowledge; its infniilnce upon society but little if any less than that of printing; its importance to every inteiest, so- ci il, commercial and political, would ju-lify Ibe iinxwer th it a lower rate of postage should be quiring a weekly mill, lite cot nf (ransporla tinn must iieccasa'ily vary, nnd change as nlten is new contracts have In bo nude; In no two se-.lions of the country, probably In 110 two mall routes, wuuld tho cost uf traiupurlallon be lite same. A short lime since, Ibe miil wis transported daily over one route 7 I miles In 4 horse post coaches n( (ho rate of 5 cents per annum. On oilier routes similar service will cot from fil'tv to two thoimnd-dollars. In all such cise, llio cost ut each letter or package must depend in some degree upon the amount paid tho contract ors. Tho contract clnngcs cverv four years, and the prico of the service depends upon con siderations connected willi travel over the route, the chances of competition, the cost of supplies, &.e.. as well as upon the distance. llie cxpenso of receiving, forwarding anil de livery will slightly increase llie cost of each, according to the distance it is conveyed, or the number uf persons through whose hands it must pass ; but neither nl tbeso nor all of them to gjtber will more affect the cost of each than tho number conveyed ill the mills, und that depends in a great degree upon the rate of postage. If, however, Ihe cost of each could bo easily and accurately ascertained, its wants of uni formity would prevent its adoption as the rate. In ascertaining a standard by which the rates arolobe adjusted, tho cost on different rnntcs in Ihe sevenl sections of the Union, the distun es to be conveyed, the expence in (ho oflicps, of receivinr, forwarding and delivery are loo minute and unimportant in themselves to tic- orve much con-SVratinn. Th bext ami iL, onlv practicable criterion will bo the expen-e nf the whole svstem, enm- pared with the revenue, and the adoption of such a rale as experienceshows to bo enough to m ike the one meet trie oilier, approaching us ncarlv is pos-iblc the cost. I'rior to the passaire of the act of 1815, the rates of postage on letters wero adjusted accord ing tn tho number nf pif cos, miking each one a single letter, and different sums piid accord ing to the diitancc Ihey were conve)cd, as il veyed in tho mails should be classlli.-d as fol- llallitnore, about 10 000 annually , and at Phi lows : I ladelphia ulioitt 2,0(,0 1. hellpr postage should embrace all written If each ollice nvetaged but one dally, alow communication under seal or not, and earh 'estiirate. Ihe whole number ir 11 jpur would be sealed packet or package. This class is com- i 5 803 035. which at the rule or one cent would poed of private colilldenliil communications, be g50,!l80. If prf-.uymi lit b" not required, often containing articles of value, i'arti k ng 1 then dead letters, piper an I pimplctx shoo'd bo more nfiniliviiluil (Inn public interest, require- returned to the writer or publisher, and the pay ing more care In their preservation, more labor ! m"iit or double postals, as well ax the cot of in "tamping, picking and enveloping than prm- j advertising, be required ti thi-in. Hut little id led matter, and are always forwarded under lock i convenience, would be lelt by Ihe public, since and key, and should therefore he charged at a ' Ihe adoption of ad te-ive -tain-x ax Ihe evidence proper rate. A uniform rate or live cents for ol iire-payinent 01 tellers, ami tiieir ue would each half-ounce or fraction under, and another .soon become general, if authority was given to rite for each additional bilf-outice or fraction sell them at a slight ier cent discount at llie under, would bo as low in the nnlulnn ol the un. Detnrtment. so as tn make It an object lo via. dprsigned, as ihey could be m ule consistently ! tinners and other trad, rs to keep them on bind Hint was the principal element ine-limaling the cost. The principle was not entirely abandon ed by tho act of 1815, though much simplified and improved; wlulu charging by llio piece H ntirely surrendered, and Hie more ju-t and equi table mode, by weight, substituted, experience proved that llie rates prior lo the passage 01 inai act were loo high for the purposes of revenue. ror a series of years prior to that time, tlio ex penditures regularly exceeded the income, ex hibiting an annual average deficiency of about 125,000 lor the 8 years preceding the passage of the act. These deficiencies occurred while the trans portation gradually diminished, within the last lour or five years, "about twelve thousand miles in extent, so tint if the high rates of postage had hen continued, the service must have been greatly diminished, or large sums of money drawn annually from tho Treasury for its use. Tho result uny be rniiuly attributed to two causes. lt. The multiplication of railroad and steamboat lines augmented the expense of mail Iransporlalion from 8 10 1,123, in 1833, (o 8313, 430, on the E0 h of June 1815 more than louble Ihe former miil pay ; whilst to milivulu with the principles above stated, 2. Newspapers, This class h is always been estimated "of so much Importance tn the public, as tho best means nf disseminating intelligence generally among the people, tint the lowest rale has beeii always applied, for Ibo purpose of encouraging their circulation. Heretofore, the charge h is been made upon each piper without regird lo weight, which Is unjust to the publishers as well as l!)0 public; and there is no satisfactory rea son why Ihey should not be charged by weigfi! as well us letters or other sealed pick.iges. This would lead to a di-enntinu nice of the practice nf depositing-newspaper j,, the mails before they ure dry, which render them more li able (o Injury, and (lie weight is greatly Increas ed (rum the dampness of the paper. An uni form rale of one cent upon each ounce or frac tion under jt, would be more. just, and probably yieiu ax mucii revenue as me ptcsrui rales. 3 All other printed matter, of whatever na ture or kind should be rated without double the newspaper po-tage. L 'Iters containing article" of value, upon the application nf the writer, shi ul I be registered, and a receipt or It taken lor the delivery, and trible letter postage charged. The number and different amount of rales now charged by law are very inconvenient to t lit public, us well as the officers in the discharge of their duties. 40 cents are now charged to and from Cali fornia and Oregon. 30 cents to or Irom Panama. 2t cents to Europe. SO cents to Clrigrc. 125 cents tolltvanna. 0 ccnls when delivered at the port of lan ding. 2 cents in addition to the regular postage when taken in llie mails. 1 cent to the postmaster when sent out of the country. In addition the Post Office Department, under llio direction nf the President, should have pow er given to raise or lower these rates of po-tage, wheneier it becomes necessary on account ol the competition fiom other countries, nnd to im pose restrictions upon the vesels oHmy foreign nation, equal to those imposed upon vessels of the United States by such nation. XX'lien such powers are given to the Post Offices in other countries, such restrictions uny bo impo-ed when Congres is not in session, und w ithout notice, as in iv deprive llie U'xxrls , f t f 1 c United letters. Ycimoiil illiinufiictares. Our readers have bcn herelnfbro informed that the admirable fabrics of the Uurlinglim Mill Company lave, in previous years rpceived llio award or gold medils for superiority from tho State t'.iirsof Xia-sachmelts and New York. T.iis tribule to the beauty ami excellcncenrthe clotln manuficlured by the 11 irlington C unpa ny Is no less complimentary ami creditable lo our Stalelliantothe capacity and intelligence of our townsnmn.tlitf Agent ofthc Company, Mr. Coo whose knowledge and experience In superin tending the manufacturing of Woolens, bolh in Ma. chnretts and Vermont, are of the highest rank, ani render the award of medals and dip!o mas to his productions a matter of no surprise, We find in the record of Piemiitms awarded by the Xlanigers of tho Fair ol the American Institute, at their late Annual Fair in New York, in October, the following entries : !' Biirllnirton Mills, fiurlineton Vl., Horars Waldo Ai-cut,!!.) I'uie ij, t1(. hal.k c. siiiivrcs.iuade Iruiu American Wool, n gold mcdsl." To the Hurlinaioi Mill Co., Iliirlinztnn, Vt. Be!s, Hush .V. to., Agents, iii ItrunJ Kt., r"or the 2d best black Casnmercs, made Jrum joreign Wool, a Di

ploma, We copy these records for two resaons : First, as showing tint our .Mill Compuiy maintain the highest character of their work ; and Second, to notice what we have placed in italics in the se Ciind Kwnrd. It-in a fctve-t'i vc, thtt the Burlington .Mill Company never had an ounce or foreign icon in their .Mill their f.ibrics being cxciu-ivelv from American wool. Xve also un- for Ibe accommodation uf the public. Tho pre-piyment (.r official communications from tho executive branch of the government, Is now made by a specific appropriation annually. Similar provision might lie made fir tbo legisla tive brunch, or a specilis sum allowed each member, to cover ulucial communications to and from ibem. Tho pro-piyment of tmilab'c matter at the propocd low rales, would not II Is believed, ma terially diminish Ihe number ofleiter.x sent in the mails, and in connexion wilo the general use of the t'dhesive Unip, would simplify the transaction of huiness in the niiid", Ibe settle ment of their accounts, and concentrate Ihe funds of the department at llie centres of bu-i-ne-sin the dillerenl -ertious of the Unionwhere the money Is wanted, and in 11 great degree avoid the hazirdous incident lo tho collection and trinsmis-ii,n of funds to the places where lliey cut be nude available. Other suggi;stift,'roi! the improvement of the act of 1815 have been nude iiinif former re ports, which 1 deem U unnecessary tr, repeat. It mav not be inappropriate to ti-mnli lint. those connected win, the administrative duties derslandt hat the Cavsimeres that took both Ibe 01 mis ut-p.irion-ui, uouiu 1101 uui nive ob-erved . , r . 1 that !horo has been, for some years p.,,, lifting first a"d SeCOml Prem"lmi' wcre manufactured leenng pervauing uie country, that the system 1 ,rum l"v si"" 5,u "llu vuuiv- nj unii-icum bad bi-cn conducted by an organized corps, ex-1 between tbo'o exhibited by Mr. Waldo and tending throiigliont tho Union into every neigli- Messr3. neals, lluth & Co. could have been u.,,.-w,i, ........ ... biriiuui ui pi'oucians ai mo ' seal 01 unverument. wielded with the v ew nl scarcely appreciable I The julc of tiro thing is that, having lira agencies in New York, our good friend .Mr. Cook got both premiums; and that the C innnittee, in their perplexity, gave the se cond premium to foreign wool! We rather Hatter ourselves tint the B irlington Mill Com- promoting parly purpo-es and pirty organiza tion, rather tbaii the bu-ine-s and social inter-e-ts it was created to advance ; that its offices were bestowed as the reward or parlizm servi ces, rather than from the merit and qualifica tions of those selected ; and that each uresiden. tial contest is to produce 11 new distribution of pmy is ' a trump carJ I" me 0.0UUS , .111.1 ir-iico, euiuiiiereu political con tests are excited in almo-t every neighh irhood, demoralizitiun in llieir tendencies, and injuri ously aliening the purity nf elections. WhiKt such apprehensions are entertained by a respec table portion of the community, a want of con fidence' in the honesty and correctness of the XXXlh als. the oxr.eiie of transportation wax diminish-! Males ot any pirliciprlion in carrying ed more than half. 2-1. The high rates of post-1 Viii was done by an order from the Lords nf lge and the reduced fire fir travel, en ibled Ihe expresses to enter into competition with the departments by conveying letters out ot llie miils. This business was extensively ciriied on, notivilhtandinj llie severe penalties of the law. and lh energetic and determined efforts nf the depirltn-mt loenforce them. The act of 1815 reduced the rat's or postage moro than one-half, and (substituted lite ball ounce for a single letter, in lieu or the single pie'i" ir piper. At the clo-e or the first year, 30th of June, 18 10, Ihe deficiency proved much less than was iwp- clfd, only amounting to 8597,0!)'). and at llie end ot the xecond year only 10 tjJii.iu, trie I reasury in ureal llntaiu, on the ilili nf June, 1847, preceding the arrival of the Wash ington at Suiithamplim, and which bud tbo effect 10 deprive that visel of any pailicipitiou in (he earn ing of letlcr- reasonable sh ire ol the ha rness between this country and Ilnglaiid or France, an,! that order remained in foice more than a year, against all our reniou-irances, be fore a law could bo passed to meet the emergen cy. " It is believed (hat one uniform rate or 15 cents might be iidvaiitagenusly adopted as the foreign po-lage, and made applicable to our terriloriu- 011 llie Pacific, and produce mote revenue than (be charge nmv m tde. 1 he oitnineici il lu'ere-t of the oountrv,the so- CONGRESS 2d SCSSION. NIsW-YORK, Dec. 03 r. r. Senate Yos'erd iy Afternoon. After the reading ol the President's .Message bid been concluded, on motion of. Mr. Atherlon. officers, however poor and upright in their con- N. 11., the Xli s-age was ordered lo be printed, duct, soon shows itself, seriously injuring the On motion of .Mr. Ilnr.r.zs, of Illinois, 19,000 business of the offices and bringing discrcditon extra copies oT the Message were ordered for the system itself. 1 the uo of the Senate. The Post I'ffico system was designed fur busi-, The Semite then adjourned, ne-s purpo-es, for the cullualion of the social 1 A motion tn print 15,000 copies of the Presi and friendly feelings among the citizens nf t he 1 dents message lor the use of the Hi. use was different sections ol ihe Union, and should be in ' negatived. 10,000 co; ies were on motion or no wise connected with ihe party politics of the dsred. day. This w II give that degree uf confidence Horse Mr. Greeley give notice of liiJintr-n-in its agents nece-.-.iry to render it the uio-t tinn to introduce at an early diy a bill to pre- n-i fnl lo the people. There doe.-, not -sem any i vent speculations in the Public hand, and to reason why this business and -oci.il igentor llie I encourage their occupition by actual settlers, p, op'e -liould b-moie coouectid witliiliem.lhan 1 XI. C iggin gave notice of bis intention to the ollicei- of the courts olju-t.ee or the ac-, introduce a bill lo establish uniform ratea of counting ollicei s of the government ; if it were j postage throughout the United Slate. It is undersiooi mat uoggiu s diii win rcunre ,,lr,l,..l IT it sun l t,i,tn iitllinul ,1 ,!., 1 rl M m 1 I , , 1st 'it tl,n n,l nf lltr. third VPar. tliem WU from th'it principle heretofore maintained in the found a surplus of 8172,232 beyond the proper rial and fu entire intercourse now exi-tiug and country, tint this department should I e sustain lined Irom its own resources. A system so inti m iti-t v connected with till ither interests nnd the happiness and prosperity of the p-ople ; so diversified in its operations, mi minute in Its ileluits, rrqulips a carelul exann ii. union of any sugge-tioiii for its improvement, and ttie adoption ol sucli only as experience proves will be useful lo the citizens and render it more perfert. 1 he importance, as well as a general desire for a cheap pixtago system, his ntt-actcd much I public attention to the subject, not only in this bin oilier countries, within the l.i't lew- years ; tn K.'curo tliix object, in most countries il is placed under the control or the government I hough, perhup", not si i icily one of its attributes. 11 id it been lelt lo priuite elitermi-e. the more wealthy and populous portions of the i onimutii ly would, no doubt, have In-en amply pro vided tor, but nlbers less lav.. red wou.d have been left destitute nf Ihe mcansof diffusing in telligence among (he people. Of so much itn p irtance was a well regulated system by (hose who irameu ine consilium, n nt (be u Stale exnensps of Ilia vear. notwilhslunding the very I daily incrcasi .g, between (he citizens ot the great incie.iee in the service in etch of the1 Uniied. States and (lie peoplu of other Countries, years. This was caused not only bv an increa-u would be greatly promotid by the udopition ol of the revenue, but bv a reduction of the expen- tt.al or some other rate Ic-s than is at present dilutes, nrailvcquriing the increase. Tint in- charged. Tnis would trobablv be -non adopted crea-e, however, exceeded the expectation of by other countries lmin tlcainers nigieed in the friends ol that act. similar service. The increased business in the offices and tbo 1 Newxp i-r and other printed m ilter sent from Improvement of the revenue under Ihe preent or received into the United States, might be rales of po-tage, load lo llie conclu-iou lb it the ; rated with double thu inland postage on similar 10 cent ru'e iniy be ilisp.-n-ed with at tho cIihp m lilable ma- e-. ol t ip rm-eni voir. II such other modific itions i If llie proposed ledurlioiis aro In b; made, UIIIJ 11, 1 UUI ,1, IIIJIIIIIU II' l-.-,ll,, ll.-t.-lt, of that act as h ive been suggested in my for mer reports should bo adopter. In my lasl an nil il report an estimato was made nf the prying letters which passptl through the mails lor the year ending IbeSOlh of June, 1817. This was founded upon the revenue of llio preceding year and the October returns of lBlS.wl.i.-h had been it is indispensable that the franking privilege should be abolished. It is now greater ami more extensively used than at any former period, and as thu privilege is enlarged, the abuses under it Increase. I be immense nri-x of free mailer seal lint even Ihe Stites wero rtt.t permitted to have j principle for Ihe year ending the 30th of June my ciiniioi over ii, ioi a oiversuy in ipg.,iiion last, would gno us me nun.oer oi paj iugiei -Houid uesirov its coiilurinity and reculantv and ers 53 009 075. expenditure for the vear 1819, 8l-4U2.lil5 00 Ustiinittd means for 1810, 4.830331 00 8 12S 'AM 00 Tho estimated expenditures for 1819, $1,402,015 00 Tins same will bo increased lor llio year 1850, by the following items . Service on new nust routes und rulrnads, 8100,000 00 Two additional slramers on ibo Panama line, 200.COJ 0J C-iuric.tr.il and Havana service, one quarter, not included in 1819, 12,500 00 Additional appropriation for Flo- , rida, 5,000 00 California and Oregon Agency, I'ue mouths nut included in 1319. 2.310 fO MhcelUneous, 25 000 01 ' Pliiladelphia.mlgbt be sent by them tu Charleston or Savannah, and forwarded with i moro exjicdi' Hxllmated expenditures of 1850, 8 1,7 10,810 00 Katunaled means of 1859, 5.211,107 DO Snrnlus for lSiO. fcuil.5t,2 U0 ' . . . .. -. . . . I here has uccruea in ihe l"ot Oulco revenuu or package under miction 12th of tho act of ihe 3d of March 1817, Ibo fo'lowing sums : Krom 4th ol Marcu lo Ihu 30th June, 1817, 135,655 00 From Ihe 4lh of March to tho 30111 June, 1848, 200,000 00 From Ibe -lib of March to the 30lU June, 1849, 200,000 00 luipurits usefulness, Itmiv indeed bo nnes Houid whither a Iree government over such e.Men-ive territories as iho-o of the V, Stales could be in liul.iiucd w ilhnut it. The perfection of every such system consists In thu cheapness, speed, and security with which connniini-ations arc interchanged between dilllreut and disianl portions of the cumniuinty, or between different ii ili"ii". Wnalever imy be tl.o system adopted, the means for its support must b" piid in -nino way bv a lax on lite pv. tple lor whoso benefit il is es. libbshed. In the United Slitex upon this point there lias been little or no ihvirxilvof oiiiuiop. I'll it il should be collected oflho-o who enjoy the benefit! of the system, bv a charge on the mailer conveyed in Hie miils, is so obviously jnt as scarcely to have been questioned. Il iloes not seem either ju-t or fur lb it those vho-e condition In life does not eniblc them to ptrli ilpaiem its udraniages, simnld be cube I on by oilier "Hides of lax ilion to contribute to its sup- p.ilt. Ihe n venues an-ing from il have not heretofore been applied to anv other purpose, except lor a thorl lime during tbo war of 1812 Nor hivelho revenues derived from other sour ces been applied lo its use, except to aid in Ihe i Holt recently niado for its improvement. It Ins been made lo depend upon itself; nnd there by givini lo4 government the best security tor mo i iiiumi nuiuiiusiraiion ot its nuances. Perhaps no other means could be adopted more equitable and just. A largo number nl mo pnpto bave little or no connection Willi the mall system. To subject lint class to sh.tro tho burden of its support, by a direct tax or impost levin! upon the necessa ries of lile, would meet il is believed, tho appro- bition of but Tew disinterested citizens. If ibis be the correct principle, of which tho under signed baa no doubt, every lyllor or package conveyed in the mails should pay a just ami lair proportion of itsco-l of transportation, und oth er exputiscs attending; tho delivery. There should be no rxcc4ion. Any departure from il would necvs-arily increase llie amount to others wlin were taxed for iq maintenance. If llio Oovornment docs not seek a revonue from it, oilier than thai necessary for (lie sup purl of llie s'vstem, no higher charge should be made man me cosi o iraupnnaiiou, aim ine expenses attending the deliverf'of each Idler Ills ditliciill, It not unpo-rlblp, to tn nle in pursuance of a resolution ol C digress, j through the miils, neces-anly requires a liigb From this it sppeir'd tint tho number ol let- ; er nnd more expensive grade of service, to ena iers paving postage, including ship and steam- hie llie contractors to transport it. Jt is-imt limit li.ii..rx. shin bitr foi warded in tbo mills. ' uiiusii.il for coach service to bedcmmdeil on dropped letters and printed circulars, amounted routes, ylelJing couiparatiiely nothing, for Ibe to 62,173.480 an 'estimate upon tbo same ' transportation of public documents and other Ireo niauer. uver one route, a uouuiu cany lino of four horse po-t cinches bis becomo in dispensable. Some estimate may be formed ol 105,555 00 ascertain with any degree of accuracy, the uc liutl co-1 of each letter or package conveyed in tbo mails. In a co inlry liko ours, extending rrom the Atlantic l the Pacific, and from tbo hikes to the Un f; one portion of it entered with cities and villages, demanding daily and double daily mails, with every facility for speed and cheap iransporlalion; others sparely populated, with out any iinpratcnieuU whatever, scarcely re- rheO.:lober returns showed (hit over one fourth and less than one-lhird of the letter pos tage, was derived from tho 10 cent rate. This taken as ihe basis of calculation wuuld make 1 1,303,713 lellcrs pa) ing that rale. If, therefore, that rate sluu'd be dropped at the close of tho present year, there would be a lossof $715,187 lo be supplied from 6oine other siiince dining the next year. It can scarcely bo doubted, that with (lie sur plus rxuecled at the clnse of the pre-ent year, ol 8 123,330, and SJOO.OOO for llie postages of thu iMiernmenl lor the present vear, llie in- crea-e nf correspondence fiom tho reduction in the rale orpost igeand tlieanoiiuon ol mo iraiiK ing privilege, as well as the saving ori dead let lers if pn-iiymcul should be required, and the two cents thai are paid for advertising and for llio deliiery of free letters, would enable the de nirtineiit to meet the expenditures from its own resoutces on the JOili or June, 1850. If after tint time Ihe bu.-incss of the offices shall conti nue to increase, us it lias done since (he act of 1315, which is probable from the rapid increase or the population and business or the country, the d piitinent would not bo cinb irrtisscd for. the want of means lo meet any probable in crease in the seivice. One oilier consequence expected by the friends of Ure ao of 1845, and which was re lied on as a certain means of improving llie re venue, has "nol been realized. It was confident ly believed that by such a reduction in llie rates of postage, llie business of the expresses would ho nude unprofitable, and be abanduued. This has not been llie case, Tho business, it is bc lieiel, between llie principal cities is continued Willi mucn acilkliy, aim mo revenuu senuusi) impaired by il. In a recent numlcrof the " Palh- tiuder, published in uosion, me names oi -jao cities and villages are given, which aro regu larly supplied by express men with packages, from that city and most i.f them, d.mbtlss, con- vev Ing lelters regularly nut ot tho mails. Tho penalties now imposed bylaw are sufficient for llieir suppression, If proper means wero placed in tho bands of tho department for their detec tion ; but it Is believed that no ralo or pottagi' which' would cover the expenses of tho system, could be adopted sufficiently low to induce them 1 1 abandon It. In senllng the rates of postage, Il is not un important to have Ibem correspond with Ihe currant and legal cuius of the United Slates, Tin fewer the rales the more convenient lo tin Postmasters In performing their duties in their utlices, und less liable to err in keeping llieir accounts ami settling them with the depart ment. Simplicity in the rates as well as in the mode of keeping their accounts will promote cheapness a- wen as reguianiy in me transpor tation and delivery of the mails. Fur Ibo purpose of taxation the mailer con- believed that the latter oHici-r- n rforuicd the da- lies a-igned Ibem with a view to the advance ment of party purpo-es, pub ic opinion would -non corrscl tiieenl, if llio Po-l O.lice were alike exuuipt from political iullueni-e and pttly contc-ts, public contilenee would be main', tallied, und Ihe best interests of the system pro- m. dee. Il may be well worthy of consideration, if lle-e oij -ct- win. Id be advanced, should the l'li-'mnsler li .neral be n united by (he Pre-i- denl to the N inli' for a -pecihe teiin of years, be si p.iriled from llie cabinet, and onlv roomve- ub.e by imHMclii,mnt. And the appointment nl llie priucipa ol years be j removal should be made except for good uixl sufficient cause lo Le lepoited lo each session of llie ocn ite. CAVi: JOHNSON, P. XI. Cenersl. the rate of postag. all distances. for letters to five cents far jfvec press, llUIM.IXCTON, Vt. FRIDAY MORNI.NCi, DIXr.MDF.R 15. ISIS tho additional expense ol trau-portalioii, from the fact reported fiom the (; ly Po-l O.hee, that in seven days, from Ihe Gib until the 12lh day ol August last, incliisiie, 450 bigs or free mailer, weighing 3o ,550 lbs., averaging daily five thou sand and seventy-eight lha, pa-scd Ih.nugh tlti st office. Upon inquiry, it appears that be tween Ihe 1st day of 1) ceinber and the 1st il iy of October ls', there was sent from Ihe two II uises of Congress, through tho mills, about live millions o copies of speeches" and otiier miller, weighing under two ounces, ami about ono hundred and seveuly-veien llion-and public documents, besides the Idlers written by Ibe members of the House or Representatives ; and there remained lo be forwarded more than one half or Ihe public documents urdcrcJ to be prin ted at the last session. Such a mass of mailer thrown upon the mails must necessarily add to the co-t ol transporta tions, retard the progress of the mails and pro duce a great proportion ofthc failures that ;ire m ule on the unimproved routes l.i the newer sections of ihe country. Ilul Ibis is pot al'. The department is com pelled to pay the po-tmaster whoso compensa tion does not exceed $2,000 per annum, tun cents for the delivery ol each free letter or doc ument. A large proportion of the document! and pa pers thus sent Tree, are it is believed, seldom read, and if read, but of little public interest. and worso than useless, inasmuch a! the exei- ciseortlie privilege tn the extent now praclis ed, tends tn prevent, of it does not materially lou-i jcil- nun mo circulation tn me vinagi newspipers In their respective localities. This subject has been So forcibly presented to the House, in Ihe report of the committee of not omces anu post roads al the last session, and se veral inner reports previous to thai tune, that ii is noi ueymeu necessary lo enlarge upon II at this' time. Whether Ibe suggestions for tho modification of the act of 1816 be adopted or not all in titer scni in mo mans should be pre-raid, i bis might indemnify llio department for tbo great loss sustained lor the transmission rl letters nut taken rrom tho offices. Near two millions ol dead letters are annually returned to the depirl- meni, upon wnicn ll not only lo-ses tho post ages, but pais twocenls each fir advertising ; and this is in addition to Ihu expense incm r d in opening and returning lhop of value lo tl.e writers, andUeslrnyiiiL' tbosool no value. Aew inpers, periodicals, piuiphlets, and e ays ot various kinds, prpbtbly not less 111 liumlor limn llie dead letters, are sent In the oliici s and never called for, or ifcajlcd lor, revised uud remain as dead matter In Ibem. v nun a cateml ex amliiatluii, it baa been asccit lined than 52,000 annually are received and remain as dead mat lerin Ibo office at New York ; at lloslon and Tho Post Ollice Department. We commence in this piper, the publication of tho interesting Report of llie Post .Ma-ter General, and shall concluJo il tomorrow. We publi-h it entire because of its valuable sugges tions, and bec.ine it proves the success of the low tat-tage reform, which Mr. Ca.o Johnson suiair.iin.ite officer- for a like term , r,d no l.tith in at the commencement, and which ,w , 'ti..jt, lit,, llif III II I II . t . - , , - - i rt i iriirr. u i- ris .loif Lot Congre-s persevere in the good work give In the Country papers ibe thirty-mil s ex emption which was nuM unjustly taken from u, and still father reduce the pxtige on letters, and the Po-t Office will become, what it wss intended to b, a pnverfal agenl in promoting llie comfort and o uvenience of llie people "rn reasonable terms " Wo cents is ibe maximum that oogbt to bo charged on all letters, of lull an ounce weight, for an distance under 150 or 2C0 miles; nvertiiat di-t nice the po-tage should be uniformly fo ir or five cents. We have r.a doubt that this arrangement would a-toni-li .Mr. Johnson by its complete success, as the reduct ions already made have done. Hut the thirty-miles exemption law whose benefits redounded principally to Ibe Country, (and which was opposed and defeated by our City contemporaries) must bo restored. " Rev olutions do not go backwards'" Hnd we trust that Congress, , represent Ibe Country at I'rge, will, during Ihe present Se-vion, take care oftheir Country constituents, We go for Pro tection always ; and the slight measure of Pro lection which tho law in qucslion furnished wis due to the Country Press, J nl,lt nnt( ,),. eeul magnanimity, to have been objected to by the Cities, A bill, restoring the law alluded to, was passed by ihe H.m-e, at the last seinn of Congress, but was not acted on In the Ihe Sen ate. Wo hope our follow-sufferers in the Coun try will keep their eyes on the mailer; we shall. " Look to the Senate !" The President!, .tles-.ise. We copy to-dty from tho Mb.m-j Ar jHJasinopsys of the last Message of Pre-idcnt Polk. It is infinitely shorter than the M jssage itself, and is a lluusan J limes moro likely lo be read. We are espcci illy tbanklul in believing that llie d lys uf intermit! ible President! il Xles-ages are pist, for a.vhilp at leis I If Gen Tavlor, whose .Military Ui-p itches are admirable models of i o iciscness k. brevity, ever writes a M -ssage thirteen mortal columns long, we will agree that we never knew the mm! Wo certainly expect him lo imitate "ihe earlier Presidents '' in Ibis respect nt any rate. Siuco Locofoco ism gained tho ascendency in tho Nation, President's Xle.-sages hive been growing lon ger, until thix dying effort ofXlr. Polkmiy le regarded as cupping the climax!" If tho people rd this- Country have no tiller reason to th ink (Ind fur their deliverance from " modern Democracy," they w'll h ive for the termination of the era when Presidents, fell called upon to (rruc interminably lo Congress questions of domestic policy. .More lb it three long columns of Mr. Polk's message Ills Iale-l and bis long, est aie devoted to an argument against the " American system," " Internal improvements1'' "Distribution," as if his Mexican War bad not swallowed tho resources of the country so as to n il.e ' Distribution," a settled question for years oc.une! and other Whig measures, Gen. Tavlou promises to leavu the arguing and ad- justing of such questions to (lie Representative. of the People where Ihey belong. Mr. Polk is emphatically opposed to tho ap plication of tho Ordinance of '87 to tho new- Territories. Ofcounio ho is! That is ono of tho very reasons why the Whigs of tlio North opposed both him and his defeated follower .Mr. Cass. uo goes lor niavcry aim uio .Mis souri compromise. X o go aginnst both. Wo go - for absoluto and utlirmativo Freedom on every inch of soil acquired by his unnecessary ami detcstablo war. This is tho least atouo- meivt that can be mado for nation.! rapacity I 11 it wo care little about commenting upon outgoing roimsm. i no v-ountry im lung since got outraged with it, and this final ebulii. lion may bo safely trusted abroad without com ment. We are sure our readers will pardon us for pot encumbering our columns with its relent less verbo-ily. It would more than fill o ir weekly paper I And so, baiboring no especial euinilv lo " P la, Dill" a ml llie Tariffnf '43 we bid them a cordial f uewell for I1.-J.1y, IT The I'lectors of New York assembled at Albany on Tuesday last, and on Wednesday gave Ibo vole of the Kmpire State for Tjivloi and 1'ai.noitK. We learn from llie Alhmy Huning Journal that D. K. Sill Ksq , Kditor of the Cattaraugus Whig, was eldcted to take the X'oto of the College lo Washington. Kdi tors seem lo be " in clover " just now, with th l.lccioral Colleges. ' - ar Look mil fur cniieterli it fives un the Sack elt's Hirbor Hank. They are lithographic Im Ilationsof the genuine, N. Quickeubush, Reg ister, on Ihe Kick, Comfort. -On going borne tho other day, wa found on the bottom of our front door, a fixtur w inch excited our special admiration. Il con sistcd of a headed strip or board fastened by lungqstn the dooi.and so arrani-ed by means o a couple or small spiral springs, and a bit nf brass attached to the insido of tile casing, that when the door is open tho strip is raised so a not to interfere with the swing or it, anJ when it is shut, tbo strip (which is made to rn Ibo sill wiih the nice-t exactness) shut firmly down upon the sill, so as lo exclude com pletely Imtli rain and wind. On inquiry, we found that wo were indebted forthix useful and ornamental appendage tnour' domiril, lo M 'ssrx. S. &. W. I'iIpp. vcriisemeni will bo found in nnr crlumns to day. To ladies who have " sbrd snmo natural ,c,,rs" over carpels despoiled, and front entries full of water and cold as Noia Zembla, we need only name tin patent " Weather Strip," to in sure M-s.rs. Pateo an extensive sale of them. I rce SSuil Courier. Though wo have had no experience of tho convenience and comfort of the " Weather Slrip," we liavo seen llie " contrivance" nd have no doubt our Free Soil friend's encomium is entirely just. " The Patee bo)V arc not apt to havo anj thing to do with humbugs,.