Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 29, 1848 Page 1
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Vol. XXII. Whole No. 1181. mJRMTO, FRIDAY nORlVllVCr, DECEMBER 99, 1848. iVcw Series, Vol. 3--io. 90. Dusincoa (ffartiB. rX IIAGAR & ARTHUR, Dealers in Uardware, Drug, Pnlnts, Oils, Dyeffs Ac. Ac. CORNER OF CHURCH AND COLLEGE STREET. MffimL CALVIN B. EDWARDS, ggy BOOKSELLER t STATIONER, Constantly for sale a ge neral assortment of SCHOOL. CLASSICAL, AND MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS. Tin Cheap Publications, Blank Books, Sta tionery, Medical Boots. No. 1 Pecks' Buildimr. t:rHB?e-st, LIVERY STABLE, BV ELLI8 AND CHURCH, College Street. AUQUITUI HAVEN. WITH . IjAmbrt & co. IMPORTERS. AMD WHOLESALE DEALERS IN Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods, Nos. 13 A It Fenrl Street, wOmS BOSTON, M. OSTHEIM, IMPORTER AM) WHOLESALE DEALER IN WINES AND LIQUORS, FOREIGN PRESERVES, tfe. No. 110 Liberty Street, (On tie North Ruer side of Broadway,) New York. July 14, '48. o d&wlyis R. E WHITCOMB, TEACHER OF DANCING, MIDDLE I'HV, VT. GOOD MUSIC FURMISIIED FOR cotillon Parties, &c. Sept. 14, 1818. dliltf&wKtr I. SHERWOOD & CO.'S AUCTION AND COMMISSION STORE, West Side Sciuahe. Constantly on hand Cabinet Furniture, Chairs, Look ing Glasses, &c. J. US. PERKINS, M. D. Burlington, Vt. Consumption, Asthma, ami Liver Complaint, CAN UK C II it i: D. anA H. 11 ATC II ELDER'S fit BOOT AND SHOE S I'ORE, law Church-street. New York, Boston, and FarwelPa Ladies anj lioiitlcmeii's lloota and Shoes, of every description and style, constantly on hand. Store lit door north ef Lovely' t, and directly ryvpo- liteD. Kern' 4, near Howards Store, Church At. 8MALLEY &. PHELPS, ATTORNEYS & IJNSIJLI.OKS AT LAW AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY. IIVERY STABLE,; . N n II LACKS. M ITU SHOP, By S. S. SKINNER, ALSO Iddle, Harness mid 1'runk Manufacturer. fiaMt tidt Ctiu, l-koite Stjuale ' GEOKUE PETERSON, DEALER IN pCgg DRY GOODS, Crockery, Flour, Salt,Plaitcr, Window Sesh, Gluts, Rf.auv Made Clothing. Together with a large variety of other articles. rtltST DOOR NORTH OF THE COURT UOl'SE. " A potheen rir" Hull," GEORGE E HA Kill NO TON, Proprietor, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN DRUQ8 AND MEDICINES, Harrington's Building, Cor. Church H College-it. PACIFIC HOTEL, Nix. 10 ir.l A lift GREENWICH STREET, NEW YORK. Board s)l,23 per day, Js.cki per week. w4m6 A. FLOWER. Strong, Doolittlc & Co. DEALES IN HEAVr AND SIltLF Cutlery. Saddlery, Me vARbl chanic's Tools, House r in i-hinffs. Nails. Glass.Win Wow Sash, Iron, Steel, Tin Plate. Sheet Iron, Wire, tAINTS, OIL, FLOUR, SALT, PLASTER, Grind stones, ury uroceries, ac General Agents and Commission Merchants, 1 V ? ( Ea" Side Court Houst Square, . a. bool itt i.e. ) Church and Collffc-itrt. C. S. Adkins, BOOJC BINDER, PAPER RULER, AND BLANK BOOK MAKER, fit the Free Pre DuiUinf, College Street, M. Q. RATHBUN & CO. MERCHANT TAILORS, Ho. 2 Peck's Ulock. M ft. Ritiirhn Sl Co. keen constantly on hand n eatensive snd full assortment of Cloths lor every description of Clothing ; and are prepared at alj times to supply every arucic iu iuc tmc v. wcuuciucn s w nlshing Goods. X. S. BATBSVN, C. T. WARD. JOHN BRADLEY V CO., WHOLESALE DEALERS IN Xnglish and American Bar, Bolt. Hod, Slit, Hoop snd BAND IRON. Pit Iron, Coal, Sheet Iron, Tin. Bolt and Stet Copper nails, ol ass, Plaster, Wet and Dry Groceries, Flour, Salt, Burr Mill Stones, Bolting Cloths, Sheetings. BTORAGE AND FORWARDING Custom-low Age nte and Coinmiiiioi Merchant!, o.lhWterf, TBos.H.CANritLD. j BURLINGTON C P. STANIFORD Sc. Co. DEALERS IN FANCT Aim STAFLC rig" jf CARPETING, RUSH Floor Oil Cloth, Window Shades, Paper hang, inat, Loakina Olastes. of nil sites. Flowln? Blae,LgktBlae and White Granite an is also, China and Glass Wsre. GaocxRiEs, Fuhs, Buffalo Robes, &c. Church Strut. C. W. DREW, 'Wl Chair and Cabint.t Manufactcrer, Two Doorif!oulhCoiiut House, Cuvacii St.. BuaLixarnM v-r AU kinds of work in the above line made to order on iuv .iiuiic.1 nuiice.. j. mitchell MERCHANT TAILOR AND General Ready-Made Clothing Store. Church Street, Burlington, Vt. Ca levex mid Itlittcna. INDIAN dressed Buckskin Gloves and Mittens, a first rate article, slid to lie the best iu the market , just received and lor sale ehenp at . . . Nov, 87, '48 d04 LYMANS'. Aietj. H UNTS. Collens" snd Brook's Aies.for sale by Oct- , ' - riBIWU, UAVCI e w. Burlington Jrcc f)rim Published at Burlington. Vt., By D. W. V. CLARKE, Bitter and Proprietor. Tarmsi To Village subscribers who recclvethepaperby the carrier Ifpaidinadranc -. 8- Mail subscribers and those who take It t the t00find ltln,lie a""" A"" ' Office, . . r . . 'A SDCPPS.flll Insnrroellnn flrn In Adevrtisements Inserted'on the customary terms THE UPPER CRUST. ' Oh ! What a goodly outside falsehood hath." Shakspear. The woman who makes the contemptible blunder In getting up pies, To shorten the upper crust more than the Under, Is very unwise ; Not only penurious, meagre and mean, But called in the papers "decidedly green. r But look thro' this world, and you'll find that the upper, Are ever more short, More tested in tcmpt-r, more stinted in supper, . More brief in retort Besides in their relish tor splendor and dash, They often gel short of hesllh, credit and cash. And man of deception is ever a lover, Wherever he's (bund ; And life is a hook in a tile showy cover, Must ai.lsmliillv hnillltl I Each leaf has an edging of gold, hut within It is dark with inscriptions ot lolly and sin. If strangers you meet at the wedding or party, Bestow not your trust. Your confidence, frank, unsuspecting and hearty. On short upper crust Or you'll learn that noi pastry alone hath, the sin Of au outside much belter than what is wi'hin. You will find the same spirit perva ling all classes, The high and the mean L'.ke a rich satin clonk it envelopes the masses. Over ragged moreen As a spotless lalse bosom may horrors enclose, And gaiter boots laced over detestable hose. Tnere is counterfeit breeding in full circulation, More brilliant lhan gold There iscouoierleit talent and false reputation. Most fair to behold ! And (ounterfeil wealth, and its glittering dust, All showy without, like the rivu upper crust. But give me the friend that is frank for a wonder, And trusty though rough Whose upper crust proves very much like the under, And neither are tough ; Let us win what we can ol the graces of art, But pledge for them never the tiuth of the heart. Fulton's Steamer. When," said Mr. Fulton, " I was building my first steamboat at New Yi rk, the project was viewed by the public either with indifference nr , contempt, as a visionary scheme. My friends, Indeed were mil, but Iney were sny. tney listened with patience to my explanations, but with a settled cast of incredulity on their coun tenances. I felt the full force of the lamentation of the poet, " Truths would you tench to save a sinking Isnd, All fear, none aid you, and few understand." As I hadoccarion to pass daily to and from the biiilidng-yard, while my boat was in progress, 1 have often loitered, unknown, near the idle groups of i-trangers, gathered in little circles, and heard various inqi tries as to the object ol lhi new vehich'. The langiiaue was uiiifmin ly that of scorn, or sneer, ot ridicule. The loud laugh olieii ni-o at my expcne j tho dry jest ; t'ie wise calculation of the Fulton folly. Never d d a single t-nrouraging rCiimrk, a bright hoie, or a uurm wih, cms my path. Silence itself was but KjiteiiiF8, veiling Its dimlits, or hiding its ri'prnni'ht's. At leiii;ili the day arrived when li e pjperini"lit ' to ue 0it in operalnui. Tn me it iu a ino-l trying and interesting nrca- 1 invited my luend to g i on board In willies tin first trip. Many of llieni did me thefivor to attend, as a mailer i.f person- I re-ji rl ; out it a nianifert. that tiiey did it with lelnctance, f-anng to be putnersof in) innrtiticatioii, und not nf my triumph. I wa well aware, that in my cafe there wa man) reasons to doubt i f my own success. The ma-chin-ry was new and ill mado ; many parts ol it were constructed by mechanic iiiiaecustom ed to such woik ; and unexpected dillicultior night reasonably be presumed to present them selves from other causes. The moment urrivec In wl.ich the wo:d was to be given for the vessel 1 1 move. My iiiouds were in groups on the deck. There was anxiety mixed with feai among them. Tuey were silent, and sad, and weary. 1 read In their look- nothing but disas ter, and almost repented of my rflnrts. The sig nal was given, the boat moved a small distance and stopied, and became immovable. To tin silence of the preceding moment now succeeded murmurs in uiscoiiient, anu rtgiiaiiuiif nuu wills pcrs, and shrugs. I could hear distinctly re- f eated, I told you it would be so it is a fini sh scheme I wi-h we were well nut of it,' I elevated myself upon a platform and addressed the assembly. I stated that I knew nut what was the matter ; but if they would be quiet, and indulge me for half an hour, I would either go on, or abandon the voyage for that time. This short respite was conceded without objection. I went below, examined the machinery, and dis covered that the cause was a slight misadjust ment nf some of the work. In a short period it was obviated. The boat was put again in mo linn. She continued to move on. AH were still incredulous. Aone seemed willing to trust the evidence of their own senses. We left the fair city of New York : we passed through the rominitc and ever-varying scenery nf the munianos; wo uesrneu me ciu-ieno ninises of Albiny; we reached its shores; and then, even ten, when all soeined achieved. I was tho victim nf disappointment. Iimginttion super seded the Influence of fact. It was then doubt ed, il it could be done again j or, if don?, it was doubted it iicuuiq oa inane ui anv great vai ii.-." Such was the history of the first experiment as it fell, not In the very lananae which I have used, out in Its siiosiance, iroin me tips ni the inventor. He did not live indeed toenj iv the full clory of his Invention. It is mournful tn say, that attempts were made to rub linn in the first olace of the merits of his invention, and ncxto' iu fruits. He fell a victim tn his efforts in nuatain his title to both, When already his invention had coveted the waters of the Hudson, li I C J , . ! . ne eeemeu mm- "imn m. " . t 1 t ,.l .vi..:,.. M-r.l nn, iw.aeii luruni.i iuiuv u t "r'""-"7,Tn My ultimate iriumpn, ne ueu io say, - win be Oil Hie ,111'MSSinm. I Klioiy, ,iiuoru, ion 'rr.'V'v, " ;iv z ' ev en . " "?? Vc" " rf , . the e nmiriinic in ii . w But I am ennhdent success. I .nay L" .Mi uw llvT. inn no ... , - 1 1 . be covered by steamboats ; and thus an entire change be wrought in the course of the internal iHvigatlnn and commerce of our country. mrth American necieir. The Grave It buries every error covers every defect extinguishes everv resentment. From its peaceful bosom spring none but fond regrets aim lender recollections. Wliocan sna iwu uuun tin nravn nl an enemr. and not fee compunctious throb that he should liave warred miii.ti ,.r ih'.i n- mni.Mor. IdS before him 77rvin. ' The Foreign News by the Steamer Niagara. The Steamer Niagara, a short abstract of whose newt we gave in Monday's Thelegraph. ie Despatch, arrived In Boston on Saturday last with seven days later intelligence from Europe. We tr've below an enitnnie of hsr niwa aa we the city of Rome, accompanied by the deliberate assassination 01 rrnssi, rrlme Oiintster, as he alighted from his carriage at the entrance nf the C umber of Deputies, on the 16lh "It. On the ftillnn ing day the insurgents proceeded In a body to the Pope's palace, where they demanded a new and more Democratic. Ministry and four oilier concessions, of which the Pope, at first, re fused tn grant. Subsequently the citizens re newed their demands tn the Pope, and gave him an hour tn consider, after which, if not acceded to, they announced their firm purpose tn break into the Palace and 'put to death every jnmalp. thereof with the .tingle exception of his Holi ness himself. As successful resistance was not tn be hoped for, Pius IX. yielded, and sent fur Gallettl, and with him arranged the new Minis try in accordance with the riomand, of the pen pie. Mainiani is appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. Accounts from Home up to the eve ning of the SOih have been received, at which time there prevailed perfect tranquility. In the Deputies, a proposition had been mrde to assure hi' Holiness of the fidelity nf that C.iamber, but when put In Vote, it was rejected. In Paris, the only topic of interest, except the Presidential contest, is the course which the Government has adopted in consequence of the events which have taken place at Hume. A pro found impression has been produced by the an nouncement made in the Assembly, that the Government had rn.olved to send an expedition of 3500 to Ci vita Vecchia, to secure the perian al liberty of the Pope and M. C ircelles, who has been ordered on an extrsnrdiim.y mission to Rome, has instructions to offer his Hn'incss an asvlum in France. The Government dis 'claim anv Intention tu interfere In tho political affilrs of Fume, or ol employing troops other wise than in securing the personal liberty of the Pope. Tho excitement in regard to the npptoacliing election continues tn increase in Paris and throughout France. Tne English accounts leiive scarcely any room to doubt that Louis Na poleon will be elected by a triumphant majority but such is not the conclusion which well informed and unprejudiced persons arrive at in Pari. Nnonediiubisthat Louis Napoleon will receive the greatest number nf votes, but it is considered very doubtlul whether he can secure the 3.000.000, which is requisite before he nan lie elected by the popular vote. Should the choice nf President be thrown into the Assem bly, there is not a question but that General Cavaignac would be elected by a vc:y large ma jority Iiuis Napoleon has published a manifesto to the nation, which is replete with fair and pat riotic, promises, and which, it is presumed, will prove of material advantago towards securing his election. Lamarline, it is now raid, will not be a candidate, but will throw his influence iu favor of Cavaignac. The debate on the conduct of Gen. Cavaignae during the insurrection of June, terminated on Saturday night, in the Chamber by an over whelming innjuity, expressing I heir approval of the conduct ot the General. The result of the dividon was : In favor of General Cavaignac, 03 Against him, 31 In Encinnd Ihe ehnlpra has almost entirnlv ceased its ravages. In Scotland, too, there has i been a material diminution nf caea. The argument of counsel in the case in error of Smith O'Brien, ha' been brought to a close, hut the Court has deferred judgment till next term. The Bank of England accounts fnrnlh pvi J'Mice of increasing improvement in its position, rue bullion is still on the increase, and now .mounts tn 13,913,9(0. The London money market Is easy, and there is a rumor that th bank will soon reduce its rate nf interest. C msols on the 1st were 87 i'or money and account. A well informed correspondent of the London Times at M -ssina, states that an almost imme liate settlement of the pcnd'ng dispute between he King of Naples and his S.cilian subjects is xnected to take place. tn commercial matters, generally, there con inues to be gradual, though slow improve nent. Although (here is no great activity in my department, yet considering the advanced 'ea-on of the year, the transactions in the va rious markets are upon a more extended scale lhan could have been anticipated a short time ince. There is a moderate amount, and, on the whole, steady business doing in the Pnaluce markets, hut prices still rule very low. Tho Improvement in Cotton, noticed in the reports by the "Canada," rontinurd during the earlv part of the week, and business was at an ad vance of jil. per lb subsequently the market has become rather quiet, owing to the warlike advices from Rome, and the Improvement has been very nearly lost, the only change in tho official quotations being f 1. in fair mobile. In Ijondon, Liverpool, and all other leading markets, the Corn trade exhibits a continued and general downward tendency and great dull ness, increased by very heavy Importations dur ing the past ten days. Tho supp'y from Amer ica has exceeded the most sanguine expecta tions (ml there is every probibility that prices will continue to rule low possibly much lower than at present. The Iron inarkot continues Inactive, and nri ees are som-Mliing lower Merchant Bar, b 7 61 j be.t Rolled, 7; Hoop, 7 I0; Sheet, 8 it ; Scotch Pig, net cash, 2 1'Js; Tin PUtes, 3ii tn 3lls. Austria Accounts from Vienna ol the 231 report that the new cabinet has been formed, and is composed of the following members. The President of the Council and Minister ol Foreign AtTairs, Prinre F. Srluvarienburg; Minister of War. Cordon; Interior, Stadion; Justice, Birh; Finance, Krus; Commerce, B'oek ; A iricultnre an I Mines, Thienfield Under Seerstirv in the -iiartmnt of Justice. Salzgrber. Tha Emper r had contributed four 1 I'liinvM- ui iwi, millions of florins towards tha relief of the per- rfuns wlirmf. nrnniirlv had Vwfn dntrnved hv lha . L . ' - ' i dons whose proi storming ol Vienna :ol Vie The Austrian Diet was opened at Kremsier tho -ai in In'lant, Ihe dereilies were, as I nearly as possible, ranged . inV, ma. S.nol . - pr, .,j,.fl, M. :.:".- ",, , T.ios the nresi. nvnnd fi"t Vice-Prcideot. T.ius theprcsi deucy ol the Austrian Diet Is composed of a n i . . .. I . t'oie, a luoravinil, anu a unman. The Hungarian Minister of War, Messaros, has received full powers to carry on negotiations lor the settlement nfthe Hungarian disturbances with Ihe two Generals, Wimlischgratz and Jel larhich. The Augsburgh Gazette gives the following as tha plan about tn bo followed by the Anstri ana III reuucitig ii.iugary, , looiniyran hi . - i - t... ttr:.l:.l try a inarcn on Hie rignv uaua in too i.iiiuim-, tn emu. panv with Jellachich and a force o( 03.000 1 men whilst K moil ch takes Ihe eft bank with 16.000 1 men, both to march to the attach of Pesth elinul tanenosly. Puschner is to enter Hungary from Sihenbiirgen with 20,000 men; Rukavina, with S3 000 Servians, from the Binat; Nuge, Dah len, and Todorowicb, with 26,000 men. will also move upon the capital from' the Ctoation frontier. HOPE . A great variety of flowers huh th Creator planted In the garden of the human mind. A mnne those not the least attractive and beautiful Is Hope. In looking at the structure nf the mind, we do not regard hepe is a distinctive faculty, but a an exercise. It belongs to the class of emitions, and although lets violent than some, fur instance fear and anger, It Is more powerful, and in a kind of way most needed In the constitution of man. It has a sustaining power. It places itself right opposite to that dark and dread emotion detvair, and is perpetu ally engaged in counteracting its Influence. It may be true that there are found some in whom It appears only as a gllaering light, but tlw by reason of this idiosyncrasy may be considered as exceptions. The law of our nature Is to hope. The necessity of the law Is as obvious as the law itself. Without the operation of .....i. .....u , , inlhis world certainly to live in comfort Henee when amid the fall of man so many flow-' "" a pi.Hnpir w.iuiu do impossioie io live . i. : . , . ers of Paradise withered and died, this remained wim us bioom ana neauty to please his eye, and cheer his heart. Some " plant, there are that can grow only in Paradise. This will spring up any where even amid the deserts of the world. It is never to be eradicated from the soil of humanity. It is congenial and coeval with us, for as long as we live there will be de sired and expected good before us. It seems to underline the entire strata of human faculties and feelings, so that if they could be conceived to disappear or be extinguished, it would still remain. Like a perennial spring embosomed in the earth, it dwell, witiiin man. It Is a spark' ling fountain in the interior court of this august temple the soul of man, whoe waters are ever bubbling up in beauty and brightness. Hence flows tho stream nt comfort through the valley of human life. There is not a condition of hu manity on which hope is not attendant. There is not an aspect of our destiny on which her be nignant light does not fall. Who is a stranger to her impulses ? Cnildhood reaches forward to youth. Youth impatiently awaits manhood. Manhood hopes on the very confines of age Too traveler, far distant from his home, has this for a cheerful companion. The mariner, tossed upon the treacherons wave, with joy an ticipates the hour of his anchorage in some friendly port. The sick man continually look inc forward to the time of restoration to health. Even the dying man often hopes to the moment of giving up the ghost. In the busy bustling world ol human beings how many are led on by this in the pursuit after wealth, fame, power, promotion, pleasure. She smiles on the immur ed captive drooping and sotrnwing within the gloomy cell to which superstition, despotism or bigotry has consigned him. Oh gentle, genial, unsleeping hope ! holy offspring of infinite be nevolence, divine creation of the Omnipotent. .V. V. Observer. A BnAVK Mu James Mc Donald', of West Cambridge, Mass., passed through here on Sunday last, Faya the Balti more Argus, Aug. 16, on his way to Frederick city. Ml., to see his daughter, the wife of Dr. Bigelow. He rcpresenied himself to be the brother of Sergeant McDonald, who tricked the old tmy out of his horse Selim ssya he is in his 07th year, und was in 32 engagements

was at the battles ol Lexington and Bunker Hill, and at the taking of Durgoyne 's army, lasting six nays received two wounns ai inc B ittlo of Brandy wine was at the battle of Trenton. Princeton and Germanton lost an eve at the battle of the Cowpens, 17th January, 1779, received three wounds at the battle of Camden, under the brave DeKalb fought at Guilford Court House, Liider General Green wa-i at the Paoli massacre, etc., die fought in the late war under Scott, at Uridgcwater was his adjutant. His son was in the same battle, and lot his arm is now 70 years old post master at Upper Sandusky, Ohio. He says his twin-brother, Timothy, died five years since at Providence. What is the most remarkable, he is as active as a man of 35, and as straight as an arrow. Our informant says he dined with him on Sunday. -when he left for Frederick city on foot, with bold military step, which surprised all who saw him. Me says tie can wi nmy miles a day. H) is a fina looking old man, with a head as white as .he driven snow. Tar. rs Are as invaluable to the health and comfort of inin us the sight and sound of their rustling foliage is acceptable to hi, taste. It is an Important fact, though not sufficiently known and remembered, that trees emit oxygen in large quantities, and this gaa is not only tno-t essential to unman Hie, dui inmgieu ihuuv unit e.oniniislv w tn the atmnsonere oi ou- uwei- lings promotes cheerfulness and that energy of will which enables iisiu pursue our avocauoos with zeal and pleasure. Employ the most stu old servant at some work that can be done under the shade of trees, and it will be done quicker, better, and with less fatigue than under the dead shelter ot boards ana uncus uiiuniiveneu win fnli 4 ire. Who that has passed from the glare or tne sun. or the torpid shade of a house removed from verdure, to the musical canopy of thick eaved trees, has not observed the refreshing invigorating influence 7 It Is the lieaitn ami hannim sa insoirinir breath of their waving branches that bathes the senses in delight, And not only in g.Ttng, but receiving, are trees benefactors to man ,f, like other divine gifts, thev are not in excess, and made to crowd out the circulation ol air and tho smiling visits nf sunshine. They absorb the noxious gas which animal life is constantly breathing out, and which, il again inhaled, beeomes so prejndicla and even fatal in close rooms when the same de romposed air is received over and over into the lungs. This gas inhaled so abundantly by ani mal life, and hurllul ifinhaled again, is needed and absorbed by the vegetable creation, and is returned by it in a generous supply of the oxy gen necessary to animal life. A crova should shade every sehooMiouse In tha land, and If vnur nelrjhbor will not help you, plant them you'scu lor tne nrann ana en fnvmant of vour childrrm and children's chil dren, j tiey will bsaoeiierano mors cnuunug epitaph than the unlclt and unoelleveii pratse thev will cut upon your tombtone. Plant trees around your own house for yourown sake, an-l along the highway for humanity's. Every treo wil be a irood act. and lift its head over the i 7. r i.. ...... ...i r rencicu wayiarer io avivrianuii m y'u lufing kindness to fellow men.- -Letters of Cora Mont gumry. A Beautiful Sentiment. The sunlight that follows a shlnwreck is not loss beautiful though it shines upon the remains of the broken bark ; what is saved, la bo much more precious than that which has been lost. The domestic circle is always ton small to allow of rupture; It is always too precious to make excusable any neglect io prcvi-iit m ncti ui.iiU.,ii, .. ! are enough to minister by hint, and reports to domestic unklndne.s ; and unfortunately the - ' best, under such circumstances, are much prone; to mistake, and thus misrepresent motives ; and trifles, with no direct object, are magnified Into mountains of unintentional offence. It is the same in social Ufa. Let us guard against It Delicate regulations are like tha polish of costly cutlery dampness corrodes, and tha rust, thought removed, Icates a spot, The science of a iehool Examination la. very prettily explained by the following anecdote: A country school teacher, preparing for an exhibition of hi school, selected a class of pu pils, and wrote down the qustions,and answers to questions that lit would put to them exami nation day. The day came, and with It the oung hopefuls, all but one. They took their places as had been arranged, aaAall wen! glibly on until came the question for the absentee, when the teacher asked " In whom do yon be lievc 1' The pupil who sat next the vacant seat, without noticing whose question it was, answered, Na poleoa Bonaparte." No, no I" angrily exclaimed the teacher. In whom do you believe 1" " Napoleon Bonaparte I" Here the teacher began to smell the rat, and said. You believe in the Holy Ghost, do you not 1" " No," said the boy amid the roars of uncnntrol f,0,f 'AVB". J' . w" f ' ev" ,n.ln.e ?mSAeam " ichl 1 b at home, sick a-bed. "I'VE LOVED MY LAST." BT "JULIAN." I've loved my last! the dream Is o'er That bound me, as it shall no more ; The charm is broken , all has gone That kept this heart still trusting on ; In darkness has the bright star set That else had lured me onward yet : The tongue is false, the heart Is cold, That once were true in days of old ; And Love shnll never be the chain To bind me, as il ha,, again ! I've lov'd my last! for I have heard The given promise, plighted word, The fairest vows that e'er were spoken, By the same tongue that made them broken. And looks of love, with smiles sincere, Ilave mingled with affection's tear To meet those vows so warmly given ; tToo soon they come from heart now riven ;) I've learned that treason, can, with guile, Both lurk beneath a woman's smile f I've lov'd my last! I've lov'd my last ! The dream is o'er, the vision's past, And now the beating hesrt is free, Tbot once lov'd deep and fervently ; The love that reign'd therein for oue Has faded, now it beats for none ; Though all may chide that cold I seem, I'll trust not the delusive dream. And love shall never be the chain To bind me, as It has, sgain. From the Boiton Atlss. X aey and Business. Messrs. auditor, : l have read witb care and attention your articles on the protective system, and am satisfied that the popular Idea entertained among us, that protective duties are r - . L. - V . I I - r 1 1 , hit uio mmiviii ui tor ricn, isiuai. i am satisfied that your reasoning is correct, and that labor reaps all the benefit ; but then it is Ihe la bor of New England alone, as it seems to me ; I don l see how we Western farmers are bene fitted by the system. We, very naturally, want a many yards of cloth for one dollar as we can get, and I have a notion that we can obtain a greater number from England than from New England, and therefore that free trade is the best system for our interest. Still, I should be glad to see the old Slates prosper,and as protec tion seems necessary to that end, I shall not object to it, if you can almw me only that I shall not loss by it. 1 raise corn, wheat .J pork ; therefore, so far as eating goes, I am in dependent. Having a surplus of these articles, I wish to turn mat surplus into money, ana so find the means to supply all my other wants j but you see it is a great object with me to make my money go as far as possible. a western iakmer. We are obliged to ' a Western Farmer' for indicating the which lie in his way, and will endeavor to remove them. It was our intention at some time to go over this ground, and we may as well do it now. Hj wants to get all the money tie can lor iris surplus productions, which is not only natural, but right; ami men ne wants to get an ne can for his money, and thai again is li.'ht. He thinks that he can best accomplish his desires by the free trade system, because England will give him more cloth for one dollar than we can. We think he can gain his end only by the pro tective system, because we say it is only under that system that he can get his dollar to start with and without the dollar it Is a matter of in difference to him who sells cloth cheapest, for he would not be in the market as a purchaser. Toe first thing then for the Western farmer to do is, to find a purchaser for his surplus, and his first question, Where is my custo-ner 7 for an answer to this question, let him examine the following statistics : In 1844, (we take that year for two reasons, 1. There was no famine anv where, und the op erations represent the current of trade under or- dinary circumstances ; and 3. We happen to have the documents on hand.) our exports irom all the States to all Europe, of flour, corn, and pork, were as follows, viz: 161.103 barrels ol flour, $310,516 88 903 barrels corn, 44,4'J8 11,688 barrels pork, 117,880 372.861 Tho imports from other parts of the United States into New England were, for the same lima. estimated bv addinr? 60 ner cent, to the imports to Boston, for the quantities received at other New England ports, and which we bo. lieve to be under the mark, and deducting tho foreign exports from Boston.) 923.017 barrels flour, 9 l.oio.osa 1,960,663 barrels corn, 1.176,807 60.0C0 " pork (exclusive of exp's) 600,000 5,336.382 This It rtnf that under ordinary circuov -ns ,h mnanmmion oi new cingiann -rr - . J for the bread stuffs and the pork of the agricul tural States, is more than six uwet as large a as that of All Evrop. auu tne ain proporwon will hold good when appura io oeei, iru, moss, wax. hemp, beans, castor oil, lead, feathers, oats, rye, barley, butter and all other produc nf itia mil. pxceot tobacco and cotton. The impotls of the present year, eallmated as befotc, and allowing the present mouth of De cember pro rata to the oil'erele.en months, will stand thus, viz; 1.117,881 barrels Flour 6,727,286 3 86J 779 bushels Corn 3,897.083 104 C03 Uriels Pork, 1,348,000 10,872,369 Showing an Increase, in four years, tetenty fTh. i'ivin Fsrmoi' has found an answer to this question ; Now England is his customer before all the world. She presents a steady and urimi, ... - . ... t, -j. f consUnr ly "r"'nP '"4r,, 01- to New his surplus productions, in looamg w m England he look, to a certainiy-mei. is not... Ing depending on dry weather, or wet weather, but a heavv supply wanted under all clrcnm stances. MVre then. h has found his dollar. and now he wants to Invest it. We tell htm, frankly, that he must buy what he wants of us so far is we can supply his wants if he ex pects to sell to us. Our ability to consume de pends upon our ability to sell the productions of our own labor. We have no gold mines noth ing but fish, Ice, granite,lamberand labor; and if these cannot be made available to buy flour and corn, we must reduce our population, by emigration, tn that number which can lire upon the sea and the soil, and so close our market against the productions of agriculture from oth er States. If the products of foreign labor are to come Into direct competition with the pro ducts of our labor If we must work for Euro pean wages, or emigrate to the West, and com- Eete witn me western rarmer in producing read we shall choose to emigrate and adopt that alternative I This year we have paid our, money for bread for the surplus of the West but we have not received it sgain ; it has been suit abroad to pay far foreign fabrics, while our own mills and workshops have been closed, and our labor left unemployed. This csnnot last, of course, and the question for the " Western Farmer" to an swer, is whether he will look to the markets of Europe, which, under ordinary circumstances, do not take enough of his productions to pay for Us cotton shirt", or will he encourage New England industry, and keep a great, sure and f rowing market. We think he cannot hesitate n his answer, even if he thinks he has to pay something more for our fabrics ; but we intend to show at another time, that the effect of the protection we claim, is to reduce prices a point as clear, to our minds, as it is that our market Is of more importance to the agricultural State, than not only all Europe, but all the world be sides. XXXth CONGRESS 2d SESSION. Washisoto::, December 14. Senate. Mr Webster made his first appear ance to-day. After some preliminary business, Mr Benton, from the Military Committee, introduced the following bill which was made the order of the day for Monday next. A BILL to make compensation for the transpor tation of troops and supplies fur a limited lime oter the Isthmus of Panama. The substance of the Bill was given in our Telegraphic Despatch of the 15th. Mr Cameron's bill providing for the taking of the seventh Census of the United States was referred to a Special Committee, composed of Messrs. Cimeron, John Davis, Butler, Under wood and Badger. Mr Underwood brought before the Senate, the fact that Mr Grund who went out tc Wis consin to get the Germans to vote for Lewis Cass, had received the sum of $1,97276 from the Post Office Department, without stating what it was for. The matter comes up again and may show some curious ftcts. A message was received from the Houe of Representatives, announcing the death of Alex ander D. Sims, a Representative from the State of South Ctrolina, and the action of the House io reference thereto. Mr Butler delivered an eloquent eulogy, and offered the following resolutions : Resolted, unanimously. That the Senate has heard with deep sensibility of the death of Hon. Alexander D. Sims, a Representative from the State of South Carolina. Rt$jlced, unanimously, That the members of the Senate, from a sincere desire of showing every- mrU of. rasped to the memory of the de ceased, will wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days. Resolted, tinanirnousIy.That as a farther mark of respect for the memory of the deceased, the Senate do now adjourn. The Senate then adjourned till Monday. House. the only business of the day, of any importance, was the announcement of the death of Mr Sims of South Carolina, which was made by Mr Wallace of that State after which the House adjourned. Washisoton, Dec. 18. In the Senate, to-day, Mr. Douglass of Illi nois introduced resolutions to grant laws for a railroad to connect the Mississippi and tho Northern Lakes. Mr. Douglass called up his bill In Lavor ol .1 l! .... .rPut n.n. ..n,1 Ma..- l..v inn am IUC aUllllSBIUH ui nii lui ni'. nuu a,wu h- States, and moved its reference to the Loinmlltee on Territories. Mr. Berrien moved th-tt it be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, which was car ripn. A Message was received from the presi dent. A resolution of Mr. Downs, of Louisiana, fjr the establishment of a mint in California was adopted. Mr. Miller of New Jersey offered a resolution calling on the President for the correspondence, if there was any, with the kingdom of Spain, with regard to the purchase oi Liiua. Mr. Benton called up the Panama Railroad bill of Asoinwall and others. Mr. Hale oppos ed the bill, and after some general discussion, Mr. Cimeron obtained the floor, much was said against hasty action, as other parties offer ed more lavoraote terms, without any question L . ! .-1 ,L. Oa . Int.. e.Mnllf. Sl.JC- UCIDy lAlteii UIC Mt lllO WCIIIIIHW WAVbu.i. v - sion. House ot Representatives. The Speak- er laid before the House communications re lating to the Land Olb.ce and the uoasi sur vey. A call was made for the amount of force em ployed in Mexico during the late war, which waa nroereo io on pnntru. Mr Vinton introduced a bill to supply a deficiency in the last appropriation bill, which was mads the order oi ine cay lor me a an inst. . .... Tro R.n.ts bill to nav the State of Alabama Interest for Indian hostilities, occasioned much surprise, and was read ana reierreu. Mr Rnhinsnn s motion loreconsiaeruwvtuu adopting the resolution of Mr. Root of Ohio, respec'ing Slavery in California and New Mex ico, was laid oo the table. Yeai 106 nays 83- ... . J Lilt it- rsMHinira asked leave to imroouce a um iutn,h. nxnnls nt tha District of Columbia the privilegeof expressing their sentiment upon the 1 . . 1 . ' - 1 j a A luiisa M,Kr. subject oi Slavery. 'l r , '. Jacob Tompkin.on andTompson of Mississippi, interrogated Mr. GUldings as to the interpreta tion of his bill. He said he meant to includo blacks he knew no ditterencc in tnese matters. It was deciiled to lay the bill on the table, yeas 10o,iiays77. . Mr. Vinton submitted a resolution, referring the President's Message to appropriate commit teeswhich was referred to the committee of ihe whole. , The Speaker called on the States forresolu tions, and sundry 'resolutions and I ills were of. fered and reported. Adjourned. Wasijinoton, Dec. 19. In the Senate to d tv. the resolution of Mr. Jldler of New Jersey, calling on the President I for correspondence relating to the purchase of 1 r u.'s.j..irv,,!! aoa, opposed its passage, as he thought It might prove detrimental to the public service. Mr. Mil ler consented that It should lie over. Mr. Benton submitted a document called for yesterday, concerning the Panama railroad. A debate ensued between Messrs. Benton. Cime ron, I oote, Allen and others, as to the merits of the bill, and no decision was made. ' A sealed message was received from tM President, and the Senate went Into Executive session snd then adjourned. In the Hooe of Representatives, tho S-eiker called upon the States for petitions, and upon committees for rppnrts. S.'veral reports were reported and rrferror'. On molion of Mr. Thomp.on of Iowa, tfia House took up Mr. Virtton'n resolution to refer the President's message to the different standing committees. "Mr. Made, of Virginia offered an amendment to refer the territorial quesll in to a select committee of nine. Lost. Mr. Cobb of Georgia offered another, to refer the tariff qnition to Ihe Committees on Agri culture and C imm-rcp, whlrli were warmly dis cussed by Me'srp.C ibb. C. J, Ingersoll, Thomp son of Pennsylvania, Holmes and others. Mr. Greeley advocated the motion. Mr. Ramay of New York was in favor of referring the tariff Question to the Committee on Manufactures. He said the message assal'ed maniifactures.and he wished to have it replied to. He was wil ling that the message should go to cither commit tee, provided the misrepresentations were an swered. Mr. Marvin of New York, followed and gat a history of tho legislation on this subject. Mr. Fisher of Ohio, iias the floor to-mmorrow. Adjourned. WAsnntoToN, Dec. 20. In Senate, to-day, Mr. Djwiis, according to previous notice, reported a bill in favor of bi monthly steamers, between New Orleans and Vera Cruz, which was referred to the Naval Committee. Mr. Breeso moved that the bill for the grsdu ation of the price of public lands, ;e made the order of the day for the second Monday in Janu ary ; agreed to. "Mr. Dix moved that the House bill, admitting Canadian produce of certain kinds duty free, should be made tho order of the day fur tho 4th of January. The bill for draining the Everglades of Flo rida came up, and on motion of Mr. Yulee, was postponed. A message was received from the President. The Senile went into Executive session, and afterwards adjourned. House or Representatives. M. Vinton reported a bill providing for earning into eftVct the 13th article of the Mexican treaty .respecting the appointment nf Comrnis-ioners, which was referred to the Committee of the Whole. Mr. Hubbard of C mnecticut off-red a resolu tion instructing the Committee nf FoHgn Re lations to make Inquiry respecting the C mular system at China. Referred to the Committee nfthe whole. Mr. Smith of C nnecticnt reported a bill pro viding for a government for Upper California, and moved tn make it the order for a given day. Messrs. Toombs and C bh nbjpcti'd It was re ferred to the Committee of the Whole. On motion of Mr. Cobh, the House resolved itsell into a Committee nf the Whole, f ir the reference of the President's annual Me-atj:e,. Air. risherof Ohio spoke in oniiosittoii to the arguments of the message upon the Tariff, Sic. mr. A-anin oi Uhio followed upon the ophite side. HiwasfriendlytotheTariffnl I848.but was in favor of some discrimination. Wash ington Hunt of New York followed, criticising the message, and Ihe House adjourned. New Lf-tter-Writrr for Married Pxorxe. A Philadelphia paper publishes the following as specimens of correspondence that may be ex pected to take place between man and wile, un der the effects of the new laws of that State and New York, which secure to every woman what1 ever property she may possess at the time of her marriage or receive afterwards. The most ardent advocate of "Woman's Rights," must be satisfied.we think, with such an order of things us is here depicted. Letter 1. From a husband to his icife, asking for a cool fifty. " From the Store, Mirket Street, ) 1 1-2 o'clock. f Dear Jane I'm confoundedly short to-day, having Jenkin'srote to take up, and am duced ly afraid of a protest. Please send me a ch jck for 50 by bearer. I expect money from Mud die's draft next week, and will then refund it. I wait, Your dearest, Charles." Letter 2. From a wife who lennvs her riglds, to a delinquent 1 us'iand. " At Home Quarter before 2. Dear Charles-I am astonished that you should come to be for money, after the manner in wliich you have acted. I lent j on ten dollars last week, which you were to return the next day. I did not hear a word from you for three days afterwards. Besides that, I gave you fifty cent yesterday to get tobarco which you promised to repay at evening I have not seen it yet. I should judge from these facts that yon are 'hard up,' and not to be trusted, it you are in Lining . ri.i,m.i.n., I 'i'a tin dfvnnsilinn tn Ins h , f vou arn mue;, wnt 0f moner, I'll ,ia,e ynur nnte with a good endorser at thr ret ner cent, a monin. n vou line inis proposition. send up the nnte with nn endorsement Say Snooks; I suppose he'll endorse foryou.-you're always together. Let it be done right away, for I've got mv DanK oook reaoy, sua want in max a deposite.' Yours, Jaxx." Letter 3. The husband's reply. " From the Store 2 o'clock. Dear Jane This is no lime for jesting. If I do not get the 85 J to-day I shall be mined ; my credit will be gone, and everything brought to the hammer. The very house will be' sold oyer our heads. Please send me the money imme diately. This Is a poor fulfilment of the ljve you pledged at the alter. Yours, Chariis," Letter 4. The ie't ottfw.T. " At home Quarter past 9. Dear Charles A nfruni, I am heartily sorts' to hear of your troubles. However, it's nothing more than 'I expected. If you do not fail, in advice to you Is tn bear up under your sorrows thete Is nothing like a slout heart to buoy oqe up In affliction. II the house Is sold by lha t eheriir il have one cot s ilatlon-rl can remove ' . I . I . . ,:..,!.. i to inyown. In regard In vour unkind in.inuv tion about the love vv'iich I pledged at thealtaf. I beg to remind you that 1 promised to oieyou according loivc, and Ihe law alloc s me to man age tny tnv n properly in my nw n Way. Howev er, as you can't get an endorser, I won't I e hard upon you. Send me "your note for 9)0 at sixty days and $100 worth of silks as collatr-rat, an'd I'll send you the $ JO. Hurry home, dinner's waiting. Yours, Jase." Letter 5 From a "responsible" wife to a tailor. " Mr. Shears 1 Sir-The bearer of this is iiijt husband, who wants two pairs of spring pants loons. Please let liitn have th'-tn, and charge the same tn mv Susan Silveh. N. D. I'll iiot piy higher than tl'J for tha two. If you allow him to exceed that amoum, yen do so at jour own risk, - .8.'), V i