Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 29, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 29, 1848 Page 2
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IP A C 56, mmt-iN(;To., vt. FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20. 1818. The Entering Wedge. Escmso Sccne in the Houss or Represen' TATIVE3. The Slate Trade in the District rf Columbia. ' The'fiMt step In ilitftoilfsfiof Ihiit benign log- - Marion tint is yet, we trnt, tnubillsh the Slave Trade in th'o Capitol or 1 lie Union was taken in -Washington on the Ulst inst, It was not deci- lve, of course, as mmi fifty members were an ient; but it is significant of the udvaliceinent Hint Public Opinion, llie great Regnlator.of Law, . is makiij; in the direction of the Right. We crpy the following from the Washington " Correspondence of the Xew York Express: Washington, Djc. 21st. ' The H.iue have had a very exciting morning tension, upon a resolution, moved by Mr Golt, ' ol N. Y.,s follows: Whereas the tralnc inhuman beings as chat tels, within tin metropolis nf the Republic, i contrary to national justice, to the fundamental principle nf our political system, and is a nutr riom reproach to our country throughout Chris tendom, and a serious hindrance to the progress of republican liberty among the nations of the earth ; therefore, ,,. Resulted, That flic Committee for the District of C'liimiila be instructed to repo't a bill, a toon as practicable, prohibiting the Slave trade in said Di.-lrict. The Resolution, as soon ns read, was struck nt by Mr Haralson, nl Oa., with a motion to lay mi the table. It was lost upon the yeas anil nays 85 to 8:'. The next struggle was upon the previous .question, which was seconded, nundst a good 'deal of excitement, 81 to 49, The next roislitue was the the main ques linn, hot a test vote, as many voted ulfirma liveiy in order to bring up the main question. The vote was: vcas 112; nays C4. Ac ill of the House now attempted, but it was not in order, the previous quesii m hav ing been movei'. The next vote was the main one nnd the prac tical one, and excited a good deal of interest in the House. The yeas and nays were almost unanimously demanded, und the vote stood : for the resolution, 03 , again! it, 87. ' Tho announcement of the vote created a marked sensation in the House, a pause, and h solemn silence cii-ucd for some seconds. Mr. Truman Smith rose to vote. '1 he Speaker said it was too late, the vote having been announced. Mr Stuart ot M roe to move a recon sideration ol the vote and commenced an argu ment upon the q ieslion, promising to be biiel and distinct in lu statements. Mr Collaimr of Vl , however, held that the dubite was noti.i order. Tne S,ieaker so decided upon the ground that I(e1ntinu giving rise to debito went over. Mr II iloi' s ro-t' in his seat to ask if a motion wiuld uj in order for the Southern members to leave their seats. "No" '-No" "No" was heard almost generally. The Speaker said that no tuch motion would be in imler. M' Holme, however, took his hat and left the Hall, in accordance with tho South Caroli tii spirit, and a recommendation which recently emanated from some of the Hotspurs of " the l'nlm-tlo State." Toere was an anneal taken from the decision nf the Chair, but the Speaker was sustained by a vote ol in. Ioes not counted. This ended the Question for the day. Thede hate will come to-morrow, or on Monday, or up n tne nrsi occiion. Mr. Greeley writes to the Tribune as fol Greeley writes to the Tribune as lows: The secneof the House was of course oio of deen excitement, but there was very little bins ter and no indecorum. On one or two divisions the leading ultra Slavery men commenced by i'Xtt declining to ote, but they generally had their of the Mississippi, and more especially to ex names called again, and answered before the I press their admiration of tho Gonii.e, Zealand decision was announced. Mr. Gott had taken Efficiency displayed by him in the cause of the the precaution to move the Previous Question 1 people, and in the election of General Taylof lo wncn lie inir.iiiiiceii ins uesoution,anu tins be- ing sustained bv the House, ni debate upon it was in n'r,der.and ofcourt-e it could not be thrown nv.r by nffrring to debite it. An attempt was made to have a call of tho House, but decided nJt in order, since the Previous Question had leeno dere. B it M'. H ir.ilson,of Ga., moved that it do lie on the tabd and on this motion t ie Yeas and Nays wero ordered and laken, it was lost. A cry mm arose, " Let the South ern members withdraw !" b it I saw none of thmn heed it. The next stop being to order the Main Question to be now put, the yeas and najs were (very unusually and absurdl) called on this; but many of the Slavery united with the anti-Slavery men in the allirmative, and it pre vailed by a large vote. Now came Ihe question, " Sha I the Resolution pass ?" nnd the )eas and nays were demanded fioin all sidr with entire unanimity. The prevalent feeling evinced was one of deep feriousness and earnest resolution. I think the House is not ofien so still during a call nf the ea and nays. The fact that no similar propo-ilion had eer prevailed, rendered it apparently an even chance thai this would be defeated, until very near Ihe close of Ihe call. Beveral members who did not answer when callid in iheir order, asked to be called at Ihe cUve, and nrw or two changed their votes. All who were Within tho bar when their names were originally called ureenlilledtn vote, at uny lime before the result is announced The re sult was announced by the Sp -aker, breaking a bnatliles silence. Mr. Holmes, ol S. C.The tie Taylor and Butler party in the House, (hav ing been a 1'Vderalist of the school ol '03, a Jackson man of '23, irNullllier of '33, for Polk and Texas in '44, and now for Taylor nnd But . r.) who usually lends the the advanced guard of Slavery; but wl.o had not been in his seallill now, rntti up and rried out "Let the Southern members retire!" but Ibi-lieo he alone retired. It is true, however, that many were deeply ex cited, and that some were grieved lo whom 1 would nut willingly give pain. Some would hive had less objection to the Resolution with out the preamble; others considered that the better part of the whole. At all events, "What Is writ i writ." " By Telegraph to the Philadelphia North American, Washington, Dec. 22. Slavery in thf Distiiict-Meetino in the bexate chamber, The passage in the loner Jlun-e ol Mr. Colt's resolution, intructin" the cnmriilttee on he District of Columbia to report a bill prohibiting the slave trade In thn District, 'his caused tho most intense excitement here. A meeting is to be held hi the H.nato Chamber in.. 1-VCI..KK mi ...u iv nig ami Ueniocratie. mem bers of both Houses, for the purpose, it is gen erally underttood, of adopting eucli a course as 'will most likely be acceptable to all sectionsof 'the country. The city is full of rumors. Washi.ngto.i, Dec. 22, 9J p, M. . MEETinn or Coqref?men in Relation to tiii Slavery Question. The S luihcrn mem ber of Congrct-s, jf both parties, met In caucus 'in the Senate Chamber, at half past 7 o'clock this evening; Senator Metcalf presided,' Representative Vrnable acted as Secretary. A eries nf resolutions touching Ihe exten sion of eHifrry"irirewTeriitorieii was oiler rd. , b . Mr. Morfe, of Louisiana, led off iu a power ful and eloquent speech. fc,;Hevenil aniuialed speeches were made, ,,Tbealteidtnc wag very .large, und much tnteredwas manifested in the proceedings. v Senator Benton wus not preseiA. A Hard Case. A large crowd was collected a few days ago, about a respectably dressed nnd intelligent look ing man, who was seen endeavoring to hold himself up by the iron ratling of the Park, in New York. It was . first supposed, naturally enough, that ho was drunk. But a near Inspec tion of his countenance proved that this injuri ous supposition was Incorrect the poor gentle man was completely nerveless and exhausted, and Informed the sympathizing by-slanders, In broken sentences, that the cause of his complete prostration was that he had been rash enough ' to read the whole of the President's Mes sage " An exclamation of horror hurst from the crowd. At the latest advices, but feeble hopes were entertained that the man could recover. When questioned as to the motive that Induced him to attempt the rash act, he replied in feeble tones that, being in reduced Circumstances, he had resolved to do something that would power fully attract public attention towards him, and awaken curiosity to see him. Ho thought "the man who read Polk's Message" would be a person worth looking at. If he recovers, thorp- fore, he goes Into lhrnum's American Museum for exhibition. If he dies, public feeling is so aroused in New York that it Is expected that Polk will be nidified. More Truth Tlmn Ioctrj', Y nut sense, nnd the world will o'erlook it, Want feeling 'twill fi id some excuse: But if the world knows you want money, You're certain to get us abuse. The w isest advice in existence, Is ne'er on its kindness to coll ; The b'.-st way to set its assistance. Is show you don't need it at all! ILTThe correspondent of the Philadelphia North American, speaks thus favorably of Mr. Oi.eeley sdeliut In Congress : Mr. Greeley spoke on the reference, and was honored w mi (lie attention ol the House a coin pliment of tin ordinary character to a new mem nor. lie evinced a near und coinprelicn-ivc knowledge, of the subject, conlined himself to the point, and made a favorable impression. An orator Mich as Brutus wa, he is not; but in his speech, there is dignity, conlidence and ennr tcsy j qualities, which seconded with an array of practical facts, forcibly put and concisely ar ranged, are calculated to render Imn formidable in debate, and an opponent whom Fiee Traders will not unnecessarily seek to encounter. J lie Press was well represented by the editor ol tho I riliune, and his debut is therelore as mucli tne subject of professional congratulation, as it is of personal credit to Mr. Greeloy. GEonoE D. PitENTiCE, the talenteJ editor of the Louisville Journal whose versatile genius has rendered him equally famous in the political and the literary world," and from whose pen stinging satires flow as easily as poetic pearls has received a'magnificcnt present. It is a Sil ver Pitcher, beautifully chased and highly orna- nented. On one side is a Pen, following which is inscribed " Records the Pat, and influences the Future as much greater than the sword, as mind is superior to matter. Above is a Printing Press. Upon the oppo side is a Bugle, with "One blast upon his Bugle horn, Was worth a thousand men." Opp'slte the handle is the presentation in scription, as follows : " Presented to George D. Prentlco, .enlor ed itnr of the Louisville Journal, by a number nl the friends of Gen. Taylor, of Paris and Bour bon county, Ky., as a mark nf their approval of ins general course as tne fcuilnr ol one of the ! most influential political journals in the valley me rresiuency in is-in. fjyThe December Term of the Supreme Court commenced its Session this morning, Present : Judges Be.nsett.Kellogo and Hall. Judge Bennett presides, in the absence o i Chief Justice RorcE, who, we regret to learn is detained at home by the illness of a near re lative. Congress. Washington, Dec. SI. In Senate to-day, several memorials and pe titions were presented. Mr. Atchison of Mis souri presented the credentials of Senator Se bastian of Arkansas, Mr. Cameron, who was about to be absent for a few days, wished that the Panama bill should not be taken up until his return, which was agreed to. Various resolutions of inquiry were adopt ed. A bill presented by Mr. Dix, for the establish ment nl a collection Cbtrict at Whitehall, IV. I ., was passed. A bill providing compensation for the raptors of the Philadelphia frigate.destroyed at Tripoli, uastaken upon motion of Mr. Yulee, whospoke in favor of ill, passage. After some discussion it was postponed. Mr, Ciark of Rhode Island submitted a reio- luljnn culling for all existing treaties, touching our commerce with other countries. The Senate, in Executive Session, discuss ed tho nomination of Low is Cass, Jr., as Charge to Rome. He will probably bo reject ed. Ho I Tor California t We are advised, in authentic quarters, that tho Captain of the yacht, " Breeze," has post- poned his purpose to' organize a company for the Gold region of California till farther notice. The Ciptain lias surrendered the charge of the expedition to Col. Brick of the regular army ,and Invites all gentlemen who think they have noth ing better to do, to enlist under that distinguish ed Leader. " The Captain" thinks that Cali fornia gold is. worth going after, but is decidedly averse to the necessary " digging" when the tnincs are reached ! He Is of the opinion that common icqujrtesy requires that people who "go so far for a few " rocks," ought to find them dug J,to order." The Northern Railroad. A locomotive passed, for ihe first lime, over the section ol this road from Rouse's Point, on Lake Cham. plain, lo Mooers, Clinton County, on the 27th of V ' i J" au,ancc " nDOU' Iwelvo miles. We hope, in tho course of an other year lo an- "e pning 01 me cars an tne way tft,Aor.23, Lowell Election. The charier election of the city.of Lowell (sccpnd trial) look place on the 20th Instant There was no choice of Miyor or Aldermen. There is, however, a respectable gain on thr Whig votp ofthelast dial, The third trial will rctult in the rboice of thr Whiic'andidale. " BURLINGTON FRtiti PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, December ' Creed ol the Young Democracy." j We find an article going the rounds of tho Democratic papers), purporting to bo the genu ine " political creed of the young democracy." It is admitted to be orthodox, nnd Is pronounced the best "summary of democratic principles" ever seen. Some of the articles of Faith in this " creed," will ever exist, as " ihe substance of things hop ed for" by those who regard tho law as tho limit of right, and acknowledge no higher rulo of ac tion than the ruling "of a criminal court, and no higher authority than that of the Sheriff. " The gradual abrogation of all laws for the collection of debts," is a prominent article In this creed. The insertion ol this In a Democratic creed, we consider as highly superfluous. " De mocracy" fias a natural and undeniable tenden cy to disorganization and repudiht'on. Repudiation not only of pecuniary obligations, but also of all obligations resting upon citizens to maintain the supremacy of tho laws of the country. The nullification of South Carolina the struggles of " that man of micht, The valiant Governor Dorr," in Rhode Island, for the overthrow of law and order the refusal ol New Hampshire to district ilia State, in accordance with the law of Con gross, requiring that tu bo done, and later the' disgraceful proceedings of the " Democrats" in the Ohio Legislature all go to prove that Loco focoisin has ever sought nnd docs now seel: to accomplish its parjv ends by means of those dis organizing measures of nullification and civil discord, which are ever at its control, as its on ly elements of power. The article referred toln the "creed of the Young Deinocracy,"strikcsablowatthe basis of all com tnercial transactions Credit. It is a well es tablished truth that laws must exist for the col lection of debts, wherever debts are incurred. It is right morally speaking, nnd right in a bu siness lipwof the case, that a man should have the power to obtain tin equivalent for his labor and his property, when cither, for the time being has passed from his hands for the benefit of another. But the " Young Democracy " will probably say that a man ought not to put his labor or his property beyond his control, that ho ought nev er to trust or get trusted that ho ought always to pay down and bo payed down. This is very food and beautiful in theory but how docs it work in practice ? According to the establish ed laws of trade, Credit is the great basis ofj business. No great commercial transactions! can be consumated, without credit some where, and to eome extent. -The seller must give cred it until the goods are received, or the buyer must give credit until the delivery of the pur chases. So too. in the case of the day laborer. Die day laborer must cither give iiis master credit for ajiility to pay at the close of the day, or tho master must pay in advance, and give the laborer credit for ability to perform the amount of work fur which he has been paid. In any possible instance of a business. trans actions there must be credit actual or implied, given somewhere or somehow. And this being the case, the abrogation of laws for the collection of debts must be a step, which will tend to disorganize tho whole com mercial world, which will overthrow l!io laws of trade, and leave business and business men without any motive for activity. CP Our fair readers will thank us, perhaps for not omitting the follow rig Important item ol nono, received by the Niagara. It is from the World of Fashion, which according to the pro verb, is the only world worth caring for: for "one might as well bo out of the' World as out of the Fashion." Wa suppose the ladies will undtrstand the mystic terms below ; to us, they are Greek. Ijidics' Fashions Tor December. Morning Walking Dress, A dress of a pret ty striped damson and light fawn silk ; the skirt made extremely iuu,nnu longer ai mo uacKiuan in Ihe front ! hiidi hndv und olain loop sleeves. Scarf-mantelet of black volvet,trimmed all round with a ncli black lace, not very wide ; tho scarf crosses over the chet, and is fastened at the back, where it descends in two long round ends. Bmnet of straw-colored Jerry velvet, made per fectly plain, and simply decorated with a ro sette formed of Ihe velvet, and encircled witli loops of satin ribbon, from which depend two long ends of the same. Carriage Costume. A dress of a dark choc olate colored velvet, oyer which is worn acloak of grey cachmere, ornamented with a velvet passementerie, two or three shades darker than the cachmere. Bonnet of a lightish blue velvet, simply decorated with a fold ol too same, confin ed on the left side with a cluster of small pink shaded roses, Ihe leaves formed of velvet. Evening dresses are niv often seen made quite high, the bodies opening upon the front nf the chest in a square form, a la D.ib-irri. We may cite tlio two following charming models,! made in tUs style : the first composed of pink satin, with a trimming of guipure or open-worked lace in Venetian points, and placed upon Ihe dress so as to form revers or facings upon the front of the skirt, continuing all round the cor-; saao or bodice ; tho square piece, which forms ; the centre of the body,is likewise covered "with guipuTe, and is made very low; t e sleeves, which reach lo a Mule above Ihe elbow, nro trimmed with a double row of guipure. T.iej second costume is mule exactly in the same style, the only difference being, Ihit it is com posed ni a pean gray taun, aim iriinmcu wun black guipure.- . -- 1 Visiting Dress Tlds elegant costume is composed of a robo of roso-colored glace silk, the front'trimmcd en erhelle, that Is, with nar row frillings of silk brode, and puton quite plain and close together, gradually narrowing towards the centre of the dress ; high full body, gather ed into the tvaist and on tho shoulders, the for mer being rounded ; plain long sleeves, turned back with facing of (he name, brode, and show ing tie under sjeevesof ulled muslin. Capote of straw-colored silk, ornamented with the wh(te convuIvoluMbe curtain being formed, of a dou die piece of.iilk, pinked and waved at the e()ge; brides of straw colored ribbon, Drs Halt are now becoming In great re quest; and are much worn, particularly at the theatre; they are composed of pink or blue crepe, or of fulled tulle, and are extremely small In their form ; they are chiefly decorated with tips of feathers forming clusters, shaded mara bouts, or two strait feslhcrs crossed. ,iJonnr(j The form of the newest stylo of bonnets Is more or es open, hut always a little forward over the forehead, and lengthened upon each tide of (he ears; those ladies of Hid best laatA nvoifllna .nv- il.imr like exaggeration, and adapting them only to" their difficult styles of uce. , ... Fashionable Colors are now of dark rich hues, such as damson, claret, brown, violet, dark and sp4rkjipg greens, deep full blue, crimson, and others loo numerous to mention, 'many being relieved ft"nd intermixed' by shades oflighter hues. l'lnnli Itonds. Our friend of the Mantpelier Watchman has surrendered himself, bodily, to tho advocacy of Plank Roads, rs good in themselves, in tho first place, and as tributary to the properity of Rail roads, in tho second place. Wo are almost tempted to take tho opposite ground, with our "ancient adversary," (we don't mean tho devil, though our friend of tho Watchman did "act like him " occasionally in Boston, a few years ago 1) ' for the sake of a fight," as tho Tippcra- ry boys Fay! Bat, reflecting that our old foe would have tlicWgi side of tho conlrovery this time, (as luf didn't, you know, In 1845!) we bolieve tiyahall go' mlh htm, and help Platrk Road. Wo trust he will appreciate our mag nanimity 1 Seriously, we do not doubt that Plank Roads are only second in importance to Railroads, and may be made valuable adjuncts to them and valuable contributors to the pros perity of the communities that may be sufficient- y aroused to make them. We perceive that there is a very general "rising" in their favor. iV largo meeting was field at Glens Falls, last week, and active steps taken to connect that flourUliing and enterprising Village with the Saratoga and Whitehall Railroad by a Plank Road. The Glens Falls people will be quite ant to perfect what they soberly set themselves about. The Utlca (N. Y.) Herald says : I'lank Iliads There are four plank road extending from this city into the country, and the amount or travel upon them greatly surpass es the estimate of their nreiectors. The Nor thern road, which is 22 miles in length, Is doing moro than double the amount ol business tnai wa anticipated. This road was constructed at an expense of over $2,500 a mile, which is near ly double the cost ol roads over favorable routes. There are three gates on this road. Tho re ceipts at the firt cute for the week ending the 18th ult., were $30 If the receipts continue at the same rate, the profits of tho road must pay the whole cort of its construction in four or hve years. And in other directions Ohio and elsewhere the desirableness of Plank Roads, is begin ning to be appreciated. "The great advantage and convenience of Plank Roads," says the Rail Road Journal, " ivill be found in their be ing open to all persons and all sorts of travel and transportation.'' Another advantage, we suppose, might be that they are tolerably good roads to draw loads upon We go for Plank Roads; and if our friends of tho Vermont Central Railroad really do leave us, away off in Essex, Burlington will " walk the plank "in a sense not clearly understood by gentlemen who "go to sea in ships!" Our Iriend Walton can count on us in this matter ! If we Yankees do once get our Ebenczer up in favor for Plank Roads, look out for a rise in the I price of lumber! Railroad across the Isthmus. There ia a fair prospect now that a Railroad will be built across the Isthmus of Panama. Propositions have been made by Messrs. Ste phens, Aspinwall and others of New York, to construct a Railroad on IhN route, within three years, They,have petitioned Congress for the transportation of the Navaland Military stores of the Government, the mails and Government Agents, for twenly years, for a compensation, I not exceeding the amount at present paid for t,0 transportation of the mails alone, between New York and Liverpool. In consideration of ihe right of free passage across the Isthmus, granted by tlie Republic of New Grenada, jbe United States has guaranteed Ihe neutrality of the I-lhinus, and the sovereign ty of it to the Republic. The grant of the Government of New Grena da was secured by John P. Ad ims, Ksq., U. S. Cinsul at Lt Guayra, and is limited to ninety nine years. The following rights are guaran tied to the United States : 1st. An exclusive right of way across the Isthmus, with the right to use giatuitously all the public tanus lying on tho route ol the road, 2d. An absolute gilt of 300,000 acres of pub lic lands to be selected by the company. 3d. All Ihi) materials used for the road, as well as effects of persons employed thereon, are de clared free of duty. 4th. Two ports, liz: one on the Atlantic and one on the Pacific Ocean, which shall be made the termini ot the road, are declared free ports. The books for subscription to the Capital Stock of the company will be open for a liinitfd time, under charge of the following named gen tlemen : Gen. Winfield Scott, Cornelius W. Lawrence, Matthew Morgan, Samuel Jaudon, B. A. Davis, Judge Willian Kent. The Memorial to Congress, lately presented by Mr. Douglass, speaks thus of the proposed Railroad. "The Isthmus of Panama is about fifty miles in breadth, less than on any other part of the continent of America, and from the falling of)' of the great Cordilleras running from the Rocky Mountains to tho Andes, it has always been con sidered as the region in which, an easy commu nication would be effected, either by canal or road between tho two seas. The route over it is probably worse now than in Ihe early days of ..... a .. . i ,. luu oai.!M. uu.i.i.i.oi., ivoe.l lliu gold Ol 1'eru passed over it lo freight, with almost fabulous wealth, the Argosies of Spain. No wheel car riage has ever attempted to cross it. The pres ent mode of doing so is by canoe up the Chigres river, set, foi a great part of the distance, by poles against lha current, and requiring twenty eight lo thirl v hours to Cruice. Thence to Pa nama there is a mule road, difficult at all times for women and and children, particularly with the rflVcts of a moving or emigrating party, and during the rainy seasons almost impassa ble." A survey of the route was made last winter by competent engineers, and it is estimated that the Government can, by means rf this road, com municate with ports on tho Pacific In thirty days. The influence of this speedy communication with the waters of the Pacific, must have a mighty influence on Ihe trade with tho Pacific, and China, The changes it will produce, in the materiel of trade, and the increase it will causo cannot be foretold. FaoM Washington. Mr. John Van Buren is expected at Washington, to argue some cases In the U. S. Supreme Court. All the electoral votes but four have, been for warded lo theVice President of the United Stales; so Ihe, friends of Gen. Taylor may rost assured that' his election will not fail for want of form. ""' J We cut the following from the Uoston Atlas of the 21st Inst. There ts no doubt that the completion of the Railway communications now In "jirosperous progress between the Atlantic Markets and Cinada will exercise all tho influ ence over trade and commerce in that direction, that is suggested by the Atlas. Since tho re moval of the restrictions mentioned, by which the trade with Canada is " left free," a very argo and annually Increasing business has been transacted between our great Markets and that Province, by tho way of Lake Ciiamplaln. We wish some gentleman .icquaintcd with the Sta tistics of this trade, would oblige ns by furnish ing a statement' of them. It would be interest ing and useful. It is already larger than most of our' readers Imagine. When intcr-roinmu- mcation between the Atlantic Markets and Can ada, by means of Railroads, (which are not af fected by contingencies of climate,) is perfected, it is net too much to anticipate a continuous stream of trade with otir Canadian neighbors that will " astonish the natives 1" The Atlas rather unnecessarily, though unin tentionally of course, quite overstates the time during the year when the St. Lawrence Is "fet tered or impeded by ice." We strongly incline to believe that two or three months should be deducted from the statement of Ihe At'ai. The caso will, even then, be conclusive enough a galnst the semi-circumnavigation of the globe to get " abreast of B iston Light House " from Montreal, when the'thing may be done in 13 or 20 hours ! Besides, a very large amount of the trade that will make use of the Railroads to the Atlantic Markets is expected, of course, to come through the S. Lawrence for some 60 miles or more westward from Ogdensburgh, which por tion of that turbulent river is "fettered or imped ed by ice" about as early as thai below Mon treal. We cannot consent, therefore, to let it go that the navigation of the St. Lawrence is interrupted from the cause named, "for eight months in the year." We should be sorry if it were true, and are glad to believe it is not. The article in the Atlas is as follows: Rntlronit Intercourse with Canada. Canada according to " Martin's British Colo- onies," in 1838, had "a population nf 870,104. The property yearly created was 8135.200,000, and the valuation of their renl and personal es tate was 530,800,000." This valuation and this population have, since that time, very great ly increased. Tho Canada trade, until very recently, was fastened to Great Britain, by high discriminat ing duties, in lavor ot that Colony, in its inter course with tho mother country. At Ihe very same lime, it was repelled by the United S'ales. by our drawback law, which did not allow the reimbursement of duties, on exportation to Can ada. The tic to Great Britain has been cut loose by Circit Britain, by her abrogation of the discrim- inatinn duly ; and the United States now attract the trade, instead of repelling it. They allow the transit of goods, for Canada, without any chargo ol duties. Tho Canada trade, therefore, is left free, by tho legislation of both countries, to flow through the channels pointed out by the general law of commerce. The St. Lawrence, through which that trad has flowed, is fettered or impeded by ice for eight months in the year, nnd during the other- four months the navigator has In grope Ins way through an atmosphere liable to fogs, and amidst a long succession of innumerable shoals and breakers and sand banks and islands in the riv er. A mere inspection of the map will sutlice to nlirnv ll.o utter absurdity ol adhering to tins navigation. If a vesi-el sails from Montreal for either the West Indies or the ta-t Indies, or for S mill America or lor Ihe r.icihc, through Ibis nitric ite nn igalinn, she will, (after l.avi ug proceeded 3000 miles upon her voyage, through a ledums pissage of 30 to CO days) lind herself abreast nl B '.-ton linlit-hou-e, at a distance (bv Railroad) ol thirteen hours irom .Montreal as to person and of twentv-six hours as to goods. bucli will be the striking contrast which will exist as soon as the line ol Railrn ids, now in progress, is completed to Montreal ; and when ever that line is completed, the w ho.e intercourse between Montreal and Ihe West Indies, the hast Indies, booth America and the Pacific must be through this Railroad channel to the At lantic, witli the single exception of products of great bulk and little value, audi as the lumber and timber trade. Dry goods and other articles of valuo, going Irom Mirnno to .Montreal, will also, inevitably, cease to be sent by the river Si. Lawrence, and will reach Montreal by the waynf hii Railroad channel ; for it would be absurd for any house in Montreal to rcceiie such supplies at Ihe eleventh hour, through the St. Lawrence, while (heir intelligent neighbors had already secured all the, sales by supplying the market at a much earlie day, by the li.nlroad channel. These facts show Ihe great importance of our completii cat an early day. the line ol commii mention irom Boston to Montreal. This line is opened from Boston to Northfield, a distance of 183 miles; and the Vermont Central Kail road have just made a railroad and stage ar range ment, by which the traveller Irom aion Ireai is enabled to reach Uoston in 31 hours over 200 miles ol Railroad, (including Ihe Rail road ut La Prairie,) nnd is also able to reach New York city, over 250 miles of Railroad, in 4J hours, (exclusive ol tune lor ) This is but a beginning of the forth coming tide of persons and of goods between Canada and our two great Atlantic ports. A New Reaping. A deacon not remarkable for good evo sight, once in giving out a rsalm for tiie congregation to sing, when he came lo the lines, " The c astern eages shall come in With messages of grace," put the ai.Jienco in a roar of laughter, by read ing out in a loud voice, 11 Tho eastern ilege shall come in With sausages and cheese." O" Mr. Polk's Message is published in some of tho papers with this heading: "Thn State of the Country a Romance of the Nineteenth Century by James K. Polk, author of the Mex ican War," &c General Taylor and lit Cabinet. The New York Courier states that, as early as the 2d of November last, " General Taylor, in writ inj lo a gentleman of lhat cily, stated what would be tho basis nf his cabinet if elected ; and that loiter, fnmlng In hand after It was know.i lhat he was elected, lie pry naturally felt de sirous that the public as well as himself, should know that it fould riot fail to bo satisfactory In replying, therefore, to the General, he ex. pressed a desire lo bo permitted to make public the paragraph of the letter alluded lo; and un der dale of Dec. 7th, the General says : You have my authority to publish the few lines to which you refer in your letter, touching the con struction of my cabinet '" Upon this authority, tho Courier publishes the following extract: IUto.i Rouge, Nov. 2d, 1818. ' ' " If elected, I shall cnJeavnr to organtzo my Cabinet in such a manner as to secure a fair and enlightened representation about mo of all 29, 1848, he great Interests of the country : an.t ns far as practicable In repre-enl all sections nf the Union, irennstructed upon such principles, it seenn to me that the nennle should he oil.fied . and I believe that such would be the case." Z. Taylor. O An afflicted father would be rraleful to receive Information where he can find his son, named Uriah Springlein, aged ahnnt 28. who left his hnme ill Windsor. Uroomr C i. N. Y. on the Cth nf November lat, deranged, and has not since ueen neard n Any person who will return him to the sub-criber, will be reasonably rewarded, and receive Ihe thanks of his parents. Information may be sent lo Windsor Post Olfice, Brouine Co. Ni Y. URIAH SPR1NGSTEIN. Exchanges will confer a favor by copvinirthe abdve. Indifference, The President elect of this great republic", Gen. Taylor, has an old favorite in the person ot a negro, whose skill on the violin is so well known in the neighborhood of the UeneraM residence, that it would be super fluous mr us to praise his many etiortsto please his old master. It is the habit of the General, when his other engagements permit, to call Dick, (l he cognomen of the " aforesaid" negro,, with his violin, to while away an hour. A day or two after the late Presidential election, Dick was in bis accustomed place, sawln" away for tho amusement of Old Zick. und keeping up a desultory conversation willi the old hero. Dick had tried several times to speak of something wnicn lie was anxious should be known, lie at length plucked up courage, and said : " Ha you'heard de news dis niornin' massa Taylor ?" The old General looked a moment nt Dick, who had ceaid the use if the bow, and then said, " No, What is it, Dick?" Why," said Uick,"detclumgraff, and every body else, sez you 's 'lected President of dese IT.. I. ..I k.-.., l Ullll' ll UMtCO . " Well, what of that? Play away, Dick." We left Dick fiddling away for the amuse ment of President Taylor, and sought the first boat for Cincinnati. .Cincinnati Nenpitreil. Hoax. Some two hundred persons beset the residence of Gen. Cadwalader, Philadelphia, on the faith of a hoaxing story that some wag had circulated that the General, was quietly fitting out an expedition for California. A Nurse for English Puities Wantfd. An advertisement recently appeared in a Paris paper, which the Boston Transcript translates literally as loiiows : " l,a hignora llarchessa Siffanli di Sun Birlhnlnnno wants a nurse, un married, to raise a small family of' live English puppies, pure blooded. I he isignnra Marches a will expect Ihe nurse lo board at the housi of his Excellency, break fa-1 with the Marchio ness, dine witli the servants, and sleep with the u gs. oaiary twelve Hollars per month. fXT.M'rs. Partington, reading about the lios lilit) between Jellachich and the Hungirians. expres-ed her great surprise at it : " Well, 1 declare," said she, with marks of astonishment, " this js the fir.-t time I ever heard of hungry men turning up their noses at jelly tike." HYDROPHOBIA. We have, within the past few weeks, seen notices of an unusual number of cases of this terrible disease. It has resulted fatally in every caso we liavo seen mentioned, save one or two wherein chloroforiil his been adminis tered. There is, iiowcver, a remedy, which, if used in season, will prevent all injurious effects from the bite of a rabid animal. Youatt, in his treatise on "The Dog," has given a most interesting account of this awflil malady. In the Cultivator, for November, is an excellent article on hydrophobia, which con tains extracts from Youatt's treatise. The meaiM of pretention, and tho symptom! of rabies in tho dog, are thus described : Tho application of caustic lunar caustic has on tho whole proved best. ' It is," says Mr. Youatt, " perfectly manageable, and being sharpened to a point, may be applied with cer tainty to every recess and sinuosity of the wound. If the whole of tho wound his been exposed to its action, an insoluble compound of animal fibre nnd the mctalic salt is produced, in which tho virus is wrapped up, and from which it cannot be sepirated. In a short time tho dead matter sloughs away, and the virus is thrown off with it." He recommends applying tho caustic a second time, but more slightly, alter tho aschar has sloughed off, in order to destroy any part tint may not have been prop erly acted on by the first operation. "The early symptoms of rabies in tho dog, are occasionally very obscure. In tho greater number of cases these arc sullenncss, fidgeti ness, and continual shiftinj; of posture. Where I have had opportunity, I have generally found these circumstances in regular succession. For several consecutive hours, perhaps, ho retreats to his basket or his bed. lie shows no dispo sition to bite, and ho answers the call upon him laggnrdly. Ho is curled up, and his face is buried between his paws and his breast. At length ho begins to be fidgety. He searches out now resting places; but ho very soon changes them for others. He takes again to his own bed ; hut lie is continually shifting his posture. Ho begins to gaze strangely about dim as he lies on his bed. His countenance is clouded and suspicious. Ho comes to ono and another of tho family, and he fixes on them a steadfast gaze, as if ho would read their very thoughts. 'I feel strangely ill,' he seems to say: 'have you any thing to do with it? or you ? or you ?' " Has not a dog mind enough for this? If we have observed a rabid dog at tho commmcncemcnt of the disease, we have seen this to the very life. " A peculiar delirium is an early symptom, and one that will never deceive., Tho expression of the countenance of tho dog undergoes a considerable change, princi pally depending on the previous disposition of the animal, lt ho was naturally ql an attec tionito disposition, th'cro will be an anxious, inquiring countenance, eloquent beyond the power of resisting its influence. It is made up of strange suppositions as to the nature of tho depressions of mind under which ho labors, mingled witli somo passing doubts, ond they are but passing, as to the concern which tho master has in the affair; but most of all, there is an affectionate and confiding appeal for re lief. At the same time we observe some strange fancy, evidently passing through his mind, un- alloyed, however, by tho slightest portion of icrocuy. " In the countenance of the naturally sayago brute, or him lint his been trained to bo sav age, thero is, indeed, a fearful change; some times the conjunctiva is highly injected; at other times it is scarcely1 affected, but the eyes have an unusually bright and dazzling appear ance. They aro like two balls of fire, and there is a peculiar transparency of tho hyaloid membrane, or injection of that of tho retina. " A very early symptom of rabies in tho dog is an extreme degreo of restlessness. Fre quently ho is wandering about, shifting from comer to corner, or continually rising up and lying down, changing his nosture in every pos aiblo way, disposing of his bed with his paws, shaking it with Ins mouth, bringing it to a heap, on which lie carefully lays his chest, or rather the pit of his stomach, and then rising up nnd bundling every portion of it out of tho kennel.. If ha is put into a closed basket, ho will not be still for an instant, but turn "round anil round without ceasing: If he is at liberty ho will seem to imagine tint something is lost, and ho will eagerly search round tho room, and particularly every corner of it, with strange violence and indecision." DISINFECTING PROPERTY OF COFFEE. Coffee is ono of tho most powerful means not only for rendering animal and vegetable effluvia innoxious, but of actually destroying them. A room in which meat in an advance! degreo of decomposition had been for some time, was instantly deprived of all smell on an open coffee roister being carried through it, containing a pound of newly roasted coffee. In another room exposed to the effluvium occa sioned by tho clearing out of a dung pit, so that sulphuretted hydrogen and ammonia in great quantities could be chemically detected, the stench was completely removed within a half a minute on tho employment of three ounces of fresh roasted coffee, whilst tho other parts of the house were permanently cleared of the same smell by being simply traversed with the coffee roaster, although the cleansing of the dung pit continued for several hours after. Even the smell of musk or castoreum, which cannot be overpowered by any other substance, is com pletely dispelled by the fumes of coffee; and the same applies to the odors of assafoetida. It waa remarked, however, that in general animal effluvia are more readily affected by it than vegetable. That here an acidal neutrali zation, and not a mere envelopment of matter, takes place, is shown from this : that the first fumes, of tho coffee are imjierccptible, and con tinue so until a point of saturation, so to speak, is reached, whereupon the obnoxious smell dis appears, and that of tho coffee predominates. Ihe reverse happens with other aromatic ya- fors ; and even with acetic acid and chlorine. Icro both co-exist until tho one completely preponderates. The simplest form in which to use it against contagious matter is in powder. The well dried raw bean is to be pounded in a mortar, and to bo stewed over a moderately heated iron plate until the powder assumes a dark brown tint Coffeeic acid and the empy- :, ... ,!,.., w reuiimiic conuo on, aci very reaany in a very minute quantity. London Medical Gazette. SpeedtCure for a Foundered Horse. As soon as you find your horse is foundered, bleed him in the neck in proportion to the foun der. In extreme cases, you m.ty bleed him so leng as he can stand up. Then draw his head up, as is common in drenching, and with a spoon put back on his tonguo strong salt, until you get mm to swallow one pint, lie careful not to let him drink too much. Then anoint round the edges of his hoofs with spirits of tur pentine, and your horse will be well in one iiour. A founder pervades every part of the system of a horse. The fleam arrests it from the blood, tho salt arrests it from his stomach and bowels, and tho spirit of turpentine arrests it from the feet and limbs. I once rode a hired horse ninctr-nine miles in two days, returning him at night the socond day ; and his owner would not hive known that he had been foundered if 1 had not told him, and his founder was one of the deepest kind. - I once in a travel of seven hundred miles foundered my horse three times, and I do not think my journey was retarded more than one day by the misfortune, having in all cases ob served and practised the above prescription. I have known a foundered horse turn in at night on green feed; in the morning he would be we'l, hiving been purged by tho green feed. All founders must be attended to immediately. 5. '. '(inner. Nutritive (juantitt or Drt a.nd Gbee.v Fodder. It is generally supposed that there is more nutriment derived from grass in a green state, than there is after it has been cured. A young heifer was carefully weighed, and fed ten days on green food, while an equil weight was nicely cured, when tlie was again weighed nnd fed with drv- food. Tho exnoriment waji tried three times, with the same result, which was n trillo each time in favor of the dry food not enough perlnps to pay tho labor of cur ing, but sutficient to show there was no loss in nutriment, and only in tlie water of vegetation. Genesee Farmer. The Tea Plant in the United States. Tlie planters and farmers of tlie Southern States will bo gratified to learn that seven cases of black and green tea plants, Chinese stock, have just arrived from London in the ship American Eagle, shipped by Dr. Junius Smith, during his late visit to thit city. There are 500 plants, of from five to seven years' grow th all are de signed for seed plants. We understand the Doctor designs soon to proceed to the South, with a view of forming a plantation. Journal of Commerce. !D- What would a fine lady siy lo see such a meal as tho following, laid' before her t six o'clock in tho morning? It is a tavern bill from a landlord in the good city of Chester: " Breakfast and provisions for Sir Godfrey Walton, the good lady Walton, and their fair daughter Gabriel : three pounds of saved sal mon, two pounds of boiled mutton and onions, thrco slices of pork, six red herrings, six pounds of leavened biead, one choppin of meat, five choppins of strong beer." .Manner and Cut torn of the 15th Century.- Economical Illustration. A man who had purchased a pair of new shoes, finding the road to be rather a rough one, concluded to put tlie shoes under his arm and walk home bare footed. After a while ho stubbed his great toe, taking .tlie nail off as "clear as a whistle." " How lucky ! " ho exclaimed ; " what a tremen dous lick that would have been for the shoes!" Latest IVews BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. New York, Dee 2fi, 6 P. Mi A despatch dated N. O. Dec. 21st, fays the Cholera is increasing rapidly., There have been mapy deaths, and new cases aredaily multiply ing. On the ICth, 12 cars ocrurred at the Chari ty Hospital, out of which 7 have proved fatal and another was dying. The disease is believed lo be generated in the atmosphere. A Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Patriot says it is understood here now upon .llie most reliable authority, that should ,Mr. Clay's health admit, the Legislature cfKy. will certainly elect him lo Ihe U. S. Senate, to take his seat after the 4th of March next. The Southern telegraph lines have been in terrupted all day. House's line began working half an hour since, The Watdiington Union of Saturday has an elaborate and highly interesting communication from Ihe Quartermaster's Office at San Fr clsco, dated Sept. Ulh, froin J. S. Folsoin Ewj , which, though not so late as previous idtlces, throws some new light on the extraordinary do ings in and about the gold regions, and confirms some of the highly wrought accounts yet re reived. ' Energy. One of thr most remarkable instances of thr sne ers which attends well applied energy- and perse trrance ; itVihibltrd in the case of Dr. Djvjd JiTltl, ol Philadelphia, wilh whose advertisements ihe ret dersof the Register are familiar. The Doctor after spending many ears of his life in priciireand a care ful inrrsuirnlion of ihe origin and chsracler of diseas es, applied himself m the prepamtion ol remedies, and llie excellence ol his compounds i mealed by lha gjatrful .hanks of ihwwamU, who have proved Ihe, b neSmofhi skill and scientific kuowledge. His ate not mere quack nostrums, bul preparalions resulting

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