mtt YOL. XXY1I WHOLE NO. 1.431. BURLINGTON, VT., FB3DAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1855. NEW SERIES, YOL. 9, NO. 31. ill ccklw JFrcc press. . ID J Prinlld at A'o. 6 CoHffle Slrr'l, Eiii!mi0oii, tt. h no. w. v oTTT. ntixr.nn T, Editors and PnornirTor.s. Terms of Subscription. For Village Subscribe!!, supplied by Dm Currier. 2 50 S 00 If naiil ttrirtlu In advance. For Mull Sub-crlbcrs, and thoso who take It nt the Onicr 2 00 If paid itnrtlv In advance, . 1 50 Vho pav net In advance lut before sit mouths, 1 7o After six month! 2 00 Interest chargeable- after the year's end. Term, of Subscription fin I)nll- I'lco Tie-!.. To Village subscribers, per annum, - - $5 00 1 a those who rrceuc It by Mail, for alt mouths 2 00 Ur per annum, ALVTATS IX ATIVAM C. i 00 TTfo subscription (topped until nil arrearages are paid, oxcept At the option of the publisher, or discontinued unless by positive orders. 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No advertisement can bo inserted gratuitously for charitable or other societies, public Institutions or coajpanies. Contracts for yearly advertising will not be dis continued, unless an order to that elTect Is left at the office, and when discontinued In less than a jenr.fAr price of a whole yrir vif le chirked. . r it t: i: i- r i; s BOOK &. JOB PRINTING OFFICE No. 0 College St., Burlington Vt. Hooks, PiMPltLCrs, lUmntu.n, Vkoouammes, niuruLinj. Hlavkk, Hilmikaiis, tJAnns, Ac neatness, accuracy and promptitude r.acvjuivu iu uuwi I lain nun dh.4.i.,-i ati -li G. G. BENEDICT, tUMMISSIONKH FOH THK STATE OF NEW YORK. Office, Free Press (lumiii, llurlinelon, t'trmont cT LTbenedict," COMMISSIONER FO.'t THE STATE OF VERMONT, IN NEW YORK. OFFICII 7(1 llnll Nfrid. Fire and Marine Insurance, .ETNA IN'SsUKA?."CK CO., or uvKTroiiD, conn-. cm'itai, 8 3 0 0,000; surplus 150,000. Connecticut Inaiiranco Co., OK UARTFOItll, CONN'. UtrliAL $ 200,0 0 0 senrtva c35,000, NORTH V.'ESTEltX IXSOKAXOE CO. OF OSWI-GO, N. V. CAPITAL $200,000 i Itoger William's Insurance Co., OF PROVIDENCE, R. I. CAPITAL 100,000. ISSUI1ASC K an amount nut exceeding 50,000 dulhusiu one risk, tiken by the subscriber, ns A'cut of tho above Cuiupauiea, at fjdr and nde quito rates. LIVE INSUItAN'Ui: will be effected in Joint etock t nd .Mutual Insurance Companies of the lirst t land ing. lturlingtou, Vt., September. nitK: dtf JOHN B. WHEELER, h k .i l v. s r .1 r t: a a i: x r , 13 PECK'S JICILIIISO, i:uiu,iNiTON vr.itjioNT. i'rtienlar attention given to tho purchase and t tie of Real Cstate,tho investigation nf J.ind Titles, 1 eajiu, Collecting ltcnts, Insuring, Pa in Tatoi, Lc, o., .lc. Adlntf Ijifc, Fire and Marine Insurance. O. P. D.WKV, Agent. Office, Morth-west corner of the now Town Hall- UUKMNUTON, - - - Vt. -May Hi. d.lvly AHorncv niid Oonnscllor nt Lmf, OFFIC'P. OVF.lt COMMERCIAL 1IASK, mmi.i.Nf.To.v. April 8, 1S55. dtf cTf.davey, ATTORNEY AND COU.VSIILLOH AT TAW ASM SOUCJTOIl .V ClIANCr.liY. I2T Office North-nest corner of new Town Hall. Ilurliiigton, . . - . - Vermont. Jlay 53d. d.lwly JH53I tiik 1833. DONCi; AA A EZOTEX, Notre llnme Street, M O.ITII I". A I, rv 1 3. H. DALY". AprMTJ. dA.wil M." OSTIIEIM, IMt-ORTUK Or Vf I N K S and LIQUORS, lit I'vosii Merer!, ( Two oi' Jram Cutntit .S'-,) .V i: XV . Y () It K . Hiy 1, lbSI. ibtntf ' picoiroie &z v , I (JENKRAL COMMISSION MBKOHASTS 1 ron tiii. sam (if I WOOL AXU LOL'XTltV rHOillLT.. NO 3GSTATKSTIinLT. i.s. rnuoToa, ( . , . 4. I . WOOD. 1 - IIOS rpUEY solicit con.Inmeitt, of all hinds of Coun L try Produce, fur which caU advances t ill be uide,and to tho salo and return, of which prompt attentiou will be given. KlU'EIlU.VCiV. M9iersHitehcouk,Cobb 1 Wiuslow, " K. F. FUtchor A Co., ,., ' Ulanchard.CouieriCo., f N0"0' " F. A V, Itlcc, J " O. N.BoyuiouriSon8,00'den.liurfc',.N'. 1 ' Cox A llubbcll, I'ot.dam.N. T.'. ' Molgii Wead, JIalono.N. Y. ; Ueeves A iStovcns, Cincinnati, Ohio. Hodges it O.vou, Hutiaud, Vt. " H. 11. Sowles, Esq., St. Alb.in,Vl. Bamucl Morgan, Ui., Vcrgunnia, VI, Mwlf O iiii.saBt'lit.UtN'. Y Ma 0 31,185 dtl New Engluiid Tyjic SiTlillKOTYIMi rOLWDK V, Established In IbH. JIOIJAItT .V; UOISSSIJiS, NO. C6 CO.VQRE33 STREET., E0S10K, MAso. EUctrotypin g (- Copy erj acid. uenuy h. uoBiur. JuoE.1'11 w. i:omi.. March 50, ISal. diuly ):l-ii-;;ti;:f;i. ins. OUDEI13 UKCEIVEU FOH .'lAHItl.KiU AD dress, Tarty, and builuna Copper-plate En. graved QjtJs. lbos. who already have engraved p'.iUa of their Cards, cau havo them neatly printed atsboil notice. lyApplyatthe HEE PRESS OFFICE, wlieic &ptcnnin efvariovt lytis cau be seen. Mcy 30. dlwir DAKCINO! F. J. FAIIII, t 1: a c a r. 11 o i' i) a .v c i . .;, ItutlHiid Vrimont. JS prepared to furnish Vtsrr. Hcsic, any num. Dcr of inasiclans to lull the occasion. HALL-ROOM dancing, U latest style, taughl'in all its branches. Oct. C, 1851 ntf M I S C E L L A N V . l.cctuict on Astronomy, lir rr.orisMiR John Piiii.M.v, b. d,, i? c.,A.e. Tlio term Astronomy is derived from two t tit tin words, Astra, n etitr, 11ml vnomv, a i scirnco ; atxl lilcnilly means tho science of tho Mnr. " It U a science," to iiuoto our . I'i lend Dick (who wu no relation nt nil of I Hij; Dick, thoii;li tho latter occiainnally 1 cm .ci I indiviJunli to see atarsj " wliicli liu, in all ac;es, engaged tlionttention of the poet, the philosopher and the divine, and hern tho subject of tlieir htiidy and admiration " j liy tlio wondi'otin di'eoi erica of the im I proied telescopes of mod"rn times, wo ascer tain that upwards of scleral hundred millions ' of BtarH c.iit, that am lininihle to tlio naked I eye the ncaiost of which is millions of mil I lions of miles IVum the K nth ; and as wo have ecry reason to suppose that every one i of this inconceiinhlo num'ier of worlds is poo I pled like our own, i coii"ider.tiou of this (act, and that wo arc undoiihtedly as superior I to these lioings. as wu are to tho rest ol man I kind, b (vliiilatul to lill tho mind of tho American with n duo s"nso of his own im- porUncc in tho sealo of animated creation. ' It is pumic-od that each of tho stars wo I see in the lleau'iis in a cloudless night, is n sun shining upon its own curvilinear, with light of Its own manufacture : and as it would ho absurd to suppoo its light and heat were lu.ido to Ijo diffused for nothing, it is pnsumed farther, that each sun, liko an old hen, is proided with a parcel of littlo chickens, in tho way of planets, which, shining hut feebly hy its rellcctcd light, aro to us imistbtc. To this opinion wo aro led, slo, hy reasoning Iroman.ilogy, on consider ing our own bolar system. 1'iie Sour System is so called, not because wo helievo it to ha tho solosvstemof tho kind in existence, hut from its principal hodv, tho Sun; tho Latin name of which is Sol. (l'lius, w o read of Sol Smith, literally meaning tho Jim of Old Smith.) On a close examination of tho Heavens wo perceive numerous brilliant Ktais which shine with a steady light, (dif. fering from those which surround them, which aro always twinkling liko a dew-drop on a cucumber-- no,) and which, moreover, do nui im-auriu cunsuinuy tnosame relative tlis I tanco from the stars near which they are first I discovered. These are tho planets of the I Soi.vr Svctem, which hovo no light of their own of which tho Kartli, on which wo re side, Is '.one, which shine hy light reflected I am'ni.'"'''1',1. '"eh. regularly move , and through diUe;cWlfl.eJ.c,,jlt.'".t,;"ul8 of time to the time of a gciitlenian"namt tV,?9l.,v!;'r, who nourished about tho middlo of the ni I tecnth Century, it was supposed hy our I stupid ancestors that tho llarth was tho 1 center of all creation, being a largo flat body, 1 resting on a rock, which rc?tciton nnotlier , rock, and so on "all tho way down ;" and j that tho Sun, planets and immovable stars nil revolved about it oneo in twenty-four hours ! This reminds us of the simplicity of a child we oocu baw in a railroad-car, who fancied itxclf perfectly stationary, and thought tho fences, houses and fields were tearing past it 1 nt tho rate of thirty miles an hour ; and, I poking out its head, to seo where on earth they went to, had its hat a very nice one with pink ribbons knocked off and irrecov- erably lot. lint Copernicus, (who was n son of Daniel l'crnicus, of the firm of l'ernicus ! A. Co., wool-dealers. and who, was named Co. l'crnicus, out ol respect to Ins father s part ! ncrs) soon set this matter to right", and started the idea of the present Solar System, which, greatly improved tinco his day, is oc casionally called the Copernicant-ystem I!y this system wo learn that the Sunn stationed 1 at one Jocus (not hocus, :n it is rendered, I without authority, hy the philosopher Par tington) of an cllipo, where it slovvlj (;rinds ' oil turvuv ubullt 4 oli uilIm, vvbiln tlio planets, turninj- about their axes, revolve in elliptical orbits of various dimensions and different planes of inclination mound it, , Tho demonstration of this system in all its 1 perfection was lelt to Isaac New tun, an lm j fish Philosopher, who, peeing an apple I tumble duvvu from a trto, was led to think j tuereon with bucli gravity, that I10 finally I discovered tho attraction of gravitation, ' which proved to he the gvcat law ofNaturc ' ' that keeps everything in its place. Thus wo j I see that as nu apple originally brought sin 1 and ignorance into tlio world, the same Iruit I proved thcre.iltcrtlio cause ol vast knowledge and enlightenment , and indeed wo may doubt whether any other fruit hut 1111 apple, and a sour one at that, would havo prodm-cd these gnat results , for, had tho fallen fruit been a pear, an orange or a pouch, there is littlo doubt that New ton would have eaten it up and thought no moro on tho sub. joet. As in this world you will hardly ever find a man so small hut that he lias bomo nnn elo smaller than ho to look up-to and rovolvo around him, so in tho Solar System we find that the majority of the planets have one or moro smaller planets revolving about them. These Email bodies are termed secondaries, moons or satellites tho planets themselves being called primaries. H'u know at present of eighteen primaries, iz- Mercury, Venus, tho Karth, Mare, l'lora, A'esta, Iris, .Metis, Hebe, Astrca, Juno, Ceres, Pallas, llygeia, Jupiter, Saturn, llcrschel, Neptune, and another, yet un named. There aro distributed among these, nineteen secondaries, all of which, except our Moon, aro Invisible to th naked eye. VINLS. This beautiful planat may be scon either a littlo after sunset, or shortly before sunrise, according as it becomes tho morning or tho evening star, hut never departing quito AS 3 from tho Sun. Its day is about tivcnty-uvo minutes shorter than ours; lis year seven and a half months or thirty-two weeks. Tho diameter of Venus is 7,700 miles, and she rec'MVts from the Sun thrico as much lizht and heat as tho earth. I An old Dutchman named Stdirootci' spent 1 more than ten years in observations 011 this , planet, and liiully dicuovcrcd a mountain on 1 it twenty-two miles in higlit, but he never could dit-covcr anything on tho mountain, not enn n mouse, and finally died about as wise I ns when he commenced his studies. 1 Venus, in Mvthologv, wu. a (ioddess of . singular beauty, who became tho wifo of Vul ! cm, tlio blacksmith, and we regret to add, behaved iu tho most immoral manner after ' her mariiage. Thecelebiatod casn of Vulcan tj.Maiii.aud the consequent ecundal,is prob.c ' bly still fresh In tho minds ofour readers. Jty a large portion of society, however, sho was considered an ill-used and persecuted lady, i against whose high tone of murals and strict ! ly virtuouj conduct not a shadow ol tuspicion ' could be cast ; Vulcan by tho same parties 1 was considered n horrid brute, and they ull I agreed trfat it served ldia right when he lost I his case and had to pay the costs of couit. Venus still remains tlso uouachH 01 lioauty, and not a few of her proteges may ho found in California. With a few remarks upon tho Earth's Ha lellite, we conclude the hrst Lecture on As tronomy ; tho remainder of tho courso being contuined in a second lecture, treating of tho planets, Mars, Jurdtcr, Saturn and Neptune, the Asteroids, and tho lixed stars, which last, being " lixings," are, according to Mr. Chunes Dickens, American property. THK MuON. Ibis rceplendeiit luminary, liko 11 youth on the Ith 1 f July, has it. llrat riuurtcr, liko a ruined spendthrift its lust quarttr, and like an omnibus is occasionally full, and new. I he evenings on which it appears between these last ttuges uro Leautifully illumined by I its clear mellow light j 'lie) moon revrdve iu an elliptical orbit 1 about tho Earth iu twenty.ninu days tvvelvo hours forty-four minutes and three seconds., I tho time which dipts between ouo new I Maun and anothur. It was supposed by tho ancient philosophers thut tho Mocuwas u-udo j of ticcti cheese, an opinioa still entertained by the credulous and ignorant. Kepler and lyco llpiho, however, lirhl to tho opinion 1 thai It w as composed ol Ci.tv lotto Itus-M, the dark poitions of its mi'i. 1 1 being sponge I cake, 'ho light llane maipe Modi-mad-1 vuntes in eeli ui 1, mid tlio uss of Ind lIos-. 's fannus t Wri ;.e h iv demonstrate.! I tho absurdity (,r nil tl. - (.pici.iations by proving conclusively that tho Moon is mainly composed of tho lrro-saouicyanvrtl,of Ilduciitlon In Vermont. the tynniilti of potassium ' Up to tho latest Under tho above head, a writer for tlio dates from tho Atlantirt States, no one has Vermont Chronitk puts tho following ones succeeded in reaching tlio Jloon. Should any I .. . . ., .111., .,, one do so hereafter, it will probably be a tion'' cncl1 f"Uch,.ns we think, the .tit woman, ns tho sex will never censo maklnp on 1 excepted, must ho answered, substantially, exertion for that purposo as long as there is a man in it. I'pon the whole, wemay consider thoMoon an excellent institution, among the many wo enjoy under n free, republican form of gov ernment, and it is a Messed thing to rellect that tlio President of tho United States can not rro it, no matter how strong an inclina tion he may feel, from principle or habit, to do so. It has been ascertained beyond a doubt that tho Moon has noair. Consequently, tho common expressions, " tho Moon was gazing down with an air of benevolence" or with " an air of complacency," or with " an air of calm superiority," 010 incorrect and ob jectionable, the fait being that the Moon has no air at all. 'I ho existence of tho celebrated " Man in tlio Moon" has been frequently questioned by modern philosophers. Tlio wholo subject is involved in doubt and obscurity The only authority wo have for believing that such an individual exists, and lias been seen and spoken with, is 'ti fragment of an old poem composed by an ancient Astronomer of tho name of (loose, w hich has been handed dow n to us as follows ! "The man In the Moon, came down too soon To tnrpiire tho wsy to Norwich j Tho man in tho South, ho burncd'his mouth, Eating cold, hot porridge." Tho evidenco conveyed in this distich is however rejected hy tho sceptical, among modern Astronomers, who consider tho pas sago an allegory, Tho man in tho South," being supposed typical of tho lato John C. Calhoun, and tho "cold, hot porridge," al luding to tho project of nullification. I'ionccr Magazine. ltnsswood l'npcr. A number of tho Albany Journal comes to 119 printed upon paper made from basswood shavings alone, without any ndmixturo o( rags. It is not quite as white as the best of cotton paper, and rather moro brittle, but looks well and promises woll. Tho London Times has for somo time oOeroda standing re ward of 1,000 for tho production of paper from other material than rags, at a reduced cot. This invention seems liko to take the prize, and is, wo trust, to inaugurate & new era in paper uiakine. Tho Journal says of me in lieie J The Paper is mado from Pulp produced from Uasswood Shavings, of a peculiar form, thrown off by Mr. Beardsloe's planing ma chine, which Jias been improved to produco this result. It contains no mixture of rags, or other material whatever, nor sizing. It is from tho pure Wood alone. Tho paper fur nished ub was made at Sattorlce's mill, I.ittlo Fall's, under unfavorable circumstances. I Tho supply of Pulp was so small that tho nun nuu 10 ue served oy nand lnste.nl ol by guage pumps, tho consequence of which was, such irregular feeding ns to produce slightly irregular thicknesses oT paper The Paper has also been used, with perfect success, bj Mr. liavit, for transferring lino lino cngrav ings It lesult ttI.JU Mnn,t Iu atlalnuil by any other ordinary news paper. li.i. Mi. It, is not restricted to 11ms wood. lie lias made experiments which 1-ivo no doubt upon his mind that paper of a texture even superior to that which he I1.13 already produced from that wood, can ho produced from otllor iiati,. ..iv!o fan,,. I In nanal nbnn. dance. The Pulp is manufactured very cheaply, and by a very simple process known, of course, to himsell alone. It can bo packed In bugs in bales, uo oouipaotly 11a enttou.and sent us readily lo anv part of tho country or world, and at rates vvliich (if it shall prove available) must ultimately drive Kags entire ly out of tho market. Thus far, Mr. II. has only manufactured so much Pulp as was necessary for the prosecu tion of his experiments, Put ho purposes, as soon us arrangements can he perfected, to inter largely into tho manufacture of tho ar ticle lor market. It can bo used in any Pa per Mill, furnished ready for tho finishing engino, and capable oT producing a weight of Paper equal to tho weight of tlio Pulp used. This discovery, as timely as it is important, will provo of incalculable valuo to tho world. The necessity of somo such substitute for tho articles hitherto used in tho manufacture of Paper, hud become imperative. The demand had already outstripped the supply ; and the most serious difficulties were apprehended in the luturo. If Mr. lieardslco has discovered the needed substitute, he will havo done moro for the world than any living cotcmporary. .v simper 1'ncts. Tbero are sixteen million fifty thousand four hundred and sixty newspapers printed in the course of a year in tho city of Albany. This is three hundred and twenty one to each inhabitant, or moro than one to each person every woek-day in tho year. ' The man that don't take the papers' does not live in Al bany. Tho Pcoplo of tho Union spend in a year for newspapers fifteen million of dollars, or would if they all paid their dobts. Tho newspapers that they read if all put together in a continuous string, would reach more than ten times round tho world, and weigh seventy million pounds ! If they wero spread out to dry they would moro than cov er the whole District of Columbia liko a blanket. The origin ol nuuspapcrs is traced to Italy. The first in Kngland uppsarcd during tho reign of ' good Queen lless,' nt tho time of the Spanish Armada, It was named 'Ye Knglisho Mercuric,' imprinted at Iiondon, by Her Ilighness's jrinter 158S. Franklin's ' ilostou News Letter' was the first in Amcri ica. It commenced in 1704. A hundred years ago there were not moro than twenty fivo published in America, Albany Journal. Pin.ssv lvam.. liovernor Pollock was in augurated us (iovcrnor of Pennsylvania Jan, lUtii, In his iuaairural ho savs. civil and re ligious liberty, freedom of speech, freedom of too pices, find ireeuom 01 worship, aro tho birthrights of American citizens, which nn royal or pontifical edict can restrain or des troy ; and that when those rllitn aro assail ed by mad nuibltlon, or foreign influences, tho ballot will speak in thunder toucs to re buke tho.wrong. lie epeaks decidedly upon the necessity for tho sale of tho public works. In alluding to tho defeat of tho prohibition question, ho rccom mend tho passage of u stringent licenso law also a law to prevent liquor traffic on Sundays. Tho rejical ol tl.o Missouri Compromise, ho said, was a iolation of tho plighud faith and honor ol tho country, which had justly received a stern and merited lebuko. lie ndrocatcd the protection of American industry; iho Improvement of Hirers and Harbors ; a judicious Homsetead Hill; s re form in tho Naturalization laws, and the pre vention of tho immigration into this country of foreign paupers aud convicts. An lamiPjiAKi:. At about fifteen min utes before teveii o'clock on tho evening of Tui6day last, an unusual rumbling noiso was heard in this place, and in ncigboring towns. Tho building, in tho socond story of which our ollico is located, 6hook and swayed, and iciniudcd us of tho laborious tremor of a strong and heavily laden steamer as it etruc- glss throujhair over heavy swell of water I Tho croekeiy in one of our stores was shaken j so ihut it almost fell from tho shelves; and one I ofour neighbors informs us that bis door hell ruug lor hall a oiiiiuto. It was so itartling that chiln'ien, iu bomo instances no- havo heard turned, wero frightened, and souo of a larger growllfr no doubt, felt moro than- tr.ey ei pressed, buutquently, and until of. ternino o'clock," brilliant 11 t.inl .u-.ln.I witnessed in the heavens, upreu ling liketho bursting of tt bull on 'Jro inside. Tho light in such (Dm is veprti-ented" to havo been bo dazzling as moiuwilarilv to blind tho behold, cr Tho noiso aud shaking continued about lAiuueiuuB wero fifty seconds 1 no explosions vvcro in a nor- ' thorly direction Jan 20 l.JohnsOury Caltdoman, 111 tlio negative. 1110 questions arcasKeu to induce inquiry and investigation on tho important subject of common school educa tion in this State. No subject is more worthy of serious thought, or demands moro discreet action. 1. Is our school law, iu all its provisions and penalties, wisely adapted to tho establish ment and maintenance of a high order of common bchool education 2 Arc our school houses, with respect to location, dimensions, altitude, neatness nnd elegance, convenience and attractiveness, what tho health, improvement and happiness of the scholars demand ? " Hare our scholars a wise, judicious and uniform selection of text books, in every de partment with which thoy endeavor to ac quaint themselves ' 4 Are tho 3000 school districts in tho Stato provided with libraries, containing maps, charts, globes, largo dictionaries, Uizctccrs, and other books of reference, to aid tlio researches of advanced scholars 1 5. Aro all who aro entrusted with tho edu cation of our 100,000 scholars, qualified for the difficult, rcspoii'iblo and important scr vico upon which thoy havo presumed to cuter ! 0. Are tho schools of the Stato subjected to vigilant, thorough, discriminating, and com manding town supervision ' Is there in each town a legally constituted Hoard, who take thoovcrsight of teachers, scholars, books, and whatever relates to the schools, and see that all tho parties in interest do their duty 1 7. Is thcro nothing in our school law, school houses, stinted compensation, want of faithful supervision, and iu tlio comparatively low and depressed standard of education in the Stato, which induces many of our best teachers to go into other States, where aro better schools than in our State ; and which fill tlieir places with incompetent teachers from abroad ! 8. Are the $200,000 annually spent to edu cate tho rising generation expended to tho best advantage ! Temperance in Vermont. Wo surrender a largo portion of our space to-day to the interesting and valuable report of tho Central Comraitteo.drawn up by Judgo IIovvo of Cistloton and presented at the re- It will bo seen from the history of tho Teui pcranco movement in this Stato, embodied in it, that Vermont passed tho first prohibitory law enacted, tho Maine law not oxcepted. Tho wholo report will well repay perusal. We commend it to tho careful attention of our readers. Vermont Stntc Tciiipcrniicu Socictj. Annual Report of the. Ilxccutiic Committee. Something moro than a quarter of a centu ry has now elapsed, sinco action and energet ic measures wero commenced in tho great temperance reformation. To too what has been done, the progress mado, and whcio we arc, and tu encourage us in our onward course, It may ho prulitablo, briefly to sur vey me grouniinver which we nave passeu. Previous to this work being commenced, alcoholic drinks wero used in great profusion on most all occasions, and under almost ull circumstances. They had como to bo rcg.ird only sanctioned, but eneouf:igeil1jy 'ili..? Tavern-keepers were required, under a penal ty of three dollars and being deprived ol tlieir license, to ' bo furnithed with suitable ic frcshiucnts, provisions and accommodations for travellers." The lieeuso to keep tavern cariicd tho right to sell all kinds ot alcholic drinks, to bo consumed on the premises, and tlio word "refreshments" was intended to include them Public sentiment was univer sally in their favor They were to ho found iu all our dwcllines, in our houses of public entertainment, iu our stores, our work-shops in nil places ol business and ol puuuc resort and in our fields. Laboring men thought they could wurk better ami lasto when invigorated by rum. Professional men and scliolars, even, leu into a somewhat similar mode of thinking. Kacli imagined himself, while under the influence of intoxicating drinks, a great deal brighter and wiser. From early infancy to the cud of life, all wero continually exjiosed to acquire intemperate appetites and habits. Intoxica ting beverages wore freely used in fami lies, at tho moetings of friends, iu social cir cles, and at all public gatherings. They indeed lormed a sort of circulating medium of small chango, very current, eager ly sought for, always plenty, by which nu. mcrous obligations wero readily discharged. Small favors and neighborly kindness wero most always cancelled, to the eniire satisfac tion of tho creditor, by n clasof rum. They also, moro or less, entered into the considera tion of most business transactions. They were used to make bargains, as earnest, to hind bargains, and, not unfrequently, to break up bargains. Under such circumstances, was it strange that the American pcoplo should bo called ,ns they really were, a nation of drunkards ' What else could ho expected I Indeed it is a matter of astonishment that they wero not worao, rather than better. There was how ever ono favorable circumstance, ono limit to total inebriation ! Though ho was regarded a hero, who could drink the most and carry it olT; strange as it may seem, to get beastly drunk aud tall Into the ditch, was always considered, especially hy tho better part of community, disreputable and vulgar. The poor wight therefore who unfortunately mis judged as to his powers of endurance, was oltcn unwittingly exposed to tho gibes, jeers anil tricks of thoughtles and mischievous boys. Such wore tho customs and habits of this great people; to which, u strange apathy and iudiflerenco very generally prevailed. Hut wo havo great reason to rejoice and be thankful, that thcro were good men nnd true who looked out upon this dark sceno with deep emotion, lhey saw us on tho road to ruin ' They becamo alarmed ' They felt that something must bo dono to arrest us iu our downward course Thoy determined to exert all their powers to effect u reformation, to change public sentiment, and also tlio habits and customs of tho country. This was a great vvoik. To most minds it appeared im practicable. And to those less firm, less cn ergctio and less persevering, the obstacles in tho way would have pnncd overwhelming The first thing was to convince tho poopla, that, when in health, they could live without rum ; that it was not only not necessary, but positively injurious. This was a bold step. Many and long were the arguments used to establish these propositions. To Bccuro the advantages of concentrated effort, and as a means of promoting tho objoct in view, Temperanco Societies wero formed. On becoming members, each subscribed tho following pledgo . " Tho members of this So cioty. behoving that tho uso of intoxicating ccesary, but hurtful ; and that tho practice wi piuu, 111 iieatii!,ia nuiuuiy liuuu- is tho cause of formiug intemperate appetites and habits, and that whilo it is continuod. tho evils of intemperance can never bo pro- vonted, do thercforongroo that wo will ab- stain from tho uso of distilled spit its, except as a medicinoi in case of bodily infirmity, and that 111 all suitablo ways wo will discountcn- aneo tho use ofthem, by those over whom we have influence and m tho community It'will be observed that notwithstanding tho preamble to this pledge recognizes tho broad principle, that " tbu uso of intotica. tin" liquors, is, lor persons iu health, uot only unnecessary but hurtful," tho pledgo is only " to abstain from tho use atdistilhd spir. , " T,lll,nu xnurtmt.inlJ ,!1, tl.a ih.n prevailing habits and customs, it may appear strange that fermented liquors vvcro not also Included, lint wlien it is considered how difficult ttie tusk to pernuadenicii to give up long cherished habits, to relinquish forever a lavoritopcverago ano. to cnect n cnango in their opinions and sentiments, it will bo seen that the pledge, though imperfect, was prob. ably the best that could bo'adoptod, It was no ccjsary, in some degree, to conform to public sentiment. Snnething must bo presented
tint would bo accepted. A pledgo, moro sttingont, would, quilo likely, havo been very generally rojectcd. To procuro subscri bes to this jiledgo even, was no oasy task. But tho pioneers in this great cnterpriso took the pledgo nnd went tj work. Much, very milch was accomplished. Hut tlio longer they tolled, and tho further they progressed, the moro manifest becamo tho defects of their pledgo. True, tlio useof distilled spirltswas diminished, while that of fermented liquors seemed to increase. After some eight or ton years experience, it becamo perfectly obvious, that to sccuro tho object in view, a more comprehensive pledge must be adopted. In 1830, tho pledge to ab stain from tho uso of all intoxicating drinks, vas introduced and took tho placo of tho firmer pledge. Strango as it may scorn, itany, on this occasion,vvho had been zealous advocates of tho temperanco cause, tho 1110 nent thoy saw their wine, beer and cider iu dinger, deserted tho temperanco ranks, never tu return. They wero good temperance men, solong as they might freely indulge in their f.ivirito beverage Like tho rum-drinker, whtn that was included in tho pledge, they also wero against us. Tho action of the Legislature chows to some extent, tho progress in tlio temporuneo cauie. In 1K37, petitions from all parts of thuStato, numerously signed, were presented to (ho (iencral Assembly, asking for "a law prihlhltii'g tho making nnd vending of ar deat spirits, and also asking for tho " repeal, orrevision of tho then existing license hws." Tbn, as now, tho constitution was. by the advocates of rum, plead in bar to tho restric tive policy. Tho petitions, with tho consti tutional question, wero referred to a select committee. That committee made a Some what labored report. They camo to tho con clusion, that " the Legislature bad tho right to prohibit tho traffic in ardent spirits," but thoy doubted the expediency of passing nny such law. Something however had been giined. The subject had been brought beforo tho Legislature, and tlieir attention called to it. In IS.1S nnd in 1839 similar petitions and memorials wero numerously presented. They wero referred to committees, but, like those of 1837, resulted in no legislative cnactmont. They served however to contiutio tho agita tion oT the subject. And tho committeu of 183!) asked leave of tho House, to hold their sessions iu the legislative hall, during the re cess of tin House. This was refused. The first law in this State, that can bo con strued as having any rclcrcnco to thotcmper- jmp flm' '(cis piVseaiMteiJriinig1 ft4tL hod of civil authority of tho several towns," to license houses of publio entertainment, to bo described in their licences as temperance houses." Persons receiving theso licence, wero prohibited from " selling, furnishing, or sullcrinij to bo sold, or furnished, upon their premises, any spiritous liquor whatev er." Hy this act, an important point was gained It permitted the keenin" of temner- I ance houses, which, beforo its enactment, could not bodBtlsst without tho , Solution of j law and incurring its pcnaltie" . In 18 12, a law was passed confining the I time for granting licences to tho terrasoftho I courts, eo that no licences, cxco t for keeping 1 temperance houses, could bo procured during I tho loco" I In 18 11, tho license system was revised, a now act pished, and all" former laws repealed This act took the business ol granting licn- 1 .n (V.,,., 11. r.,,,i, 1 ...... ;,r,. 1 r '.1. - u"t,k iu 1 is, tiii'i i'iutiiie'1 i,ji mu ail' nuai election 01 county commissioner, to whom the sob) power of granting licences , A'i'.s.C'iUuitted,...T)iey were authuiir'd to li- , iell lor medicinal, chemical 1111J mechanical purposes only," v that they might continiio the general license sj stem as before, or they might restrict the sale, to those purposes, as they; might think proper. This act mado a distinction between inns and taverns. The former were temperance, the litter, tippling houses. The eoiuiiiiioncrs could grant li cences to both, or to neither of them as they chose. The comiuNsioiK rs were eleded by tho voter. 111 town and Ircemen s meetings I'his act was Tar in advance of anything be- 1 loru. Ithrilli.ht lbi feninnr.inn,, nnMinn lore, it brjuglit the temperance oucstion every year, to tho ballot-box, uud forced its consideration upon the wholo community. This operated very favorably in promoting temperance principle. To this system, there wero, however, oh. jections. Uno wa, a want of uniformity among tho counties, In some, licence) were gra nted, whilo iu others, the salo was re stricted. Tho former Monopolized tho rum trade, and supplied tho latter Though the consumption of alcoholic drink.", under the operation of the law, was diminished, still it was so easily evaded, that it proved inefii cent in accomplishing the object desired. In IS Id all previous laws on thin subject were repealed. Tho business of granting licenses was restored to tho courts. Hy the provisions of the law of tli.it year, on tho first Tuesday of March annually, all voters in town and Ircemons' meetings, throughout tho State, were called upon to vote license, or no license." In case tho State went for license, it was made imperative upon the Judges to licenso all who should apply, who sustained a good moral character, 011 their paying therefor, tho sums required hy the law. If tho State went no license, tho Judges were only authorized to grant licenses to sell for medicinal, chemical and mechanical pur poses, and to such persons onlv, who should ho approbated by tho boards ofVivil authori ty. Thcso hoards were also authorized, asiu 1841, to licenso inns and victualing houses, in which tho sale of wiuo and ull distilled spirituous liquors was prohibited. This law was nn improvement upon tho ono repealed, and remained on tho statute book till 1850. Four years in succession, the voters, in town and freemen's inectingi, throughout tho entire State, expressed their opinions on this question, at the ballot box Lvcry year the voto was against licensing. Iu Is Is, owing to a mistake, tho voto was proclaimed the other way In 0110 town, giving a largo majority against licensing, the constable returned that majority in favor of it. Tho voto of tho Stato was so nearly balanced, that this mistake gavo a majority of a very few votes in its favor. Tho natural consequences followed. During this year, the Stato was flooded with rum. In 1850, an act wns pushed, lepoalin; nil former laws, and providing for tho salo of in tosieating liquors for medicinal, chemical mil mechanical purposes only, and, with tho exception of cider, prohibiting their salo fur all other objects. 'Hun is believed, to bo the first absolute prohibitory law enacted by any of tho States. It takes precedence of tho Maine Lv.v, which was pissed iu 1851. It was not however cquul to that law, because it wanted its stringent piovUions to insure its execution. This law was also repealed in 1852 and .1 now one pissed, entitled " an act to prevent the sale of intoxicating liquors for the pur poso of drinking." This liw, as originally iassed, was moro stringent than the Maiuo law All persons wero prohibited from manufacturing, soiling, furnishing, or g'ving away any spirituous, or intoxicating liquor, cxceiit tho manufacturer of cider, who was nrrmitleil tu niuko and boll tin same in uuaii- I titiea of not less than five nllous, for mcdi- 1 cinal, chemical, mechanical, and culinary purposes only. Tho timo of this act's going into operation was ubmilted to thofreomeu 1 Tho act was lo tako cfl'oot ou tho second 1 Tuesday of March, 1953, unless a majority of ' tho freemen, nt meetings to bo holden in , every town in tho Stato fur that purpose, voted, " no " In that caso it was to tako effect on the first Monday ol December !ol- 1 lowing, whic.i would bo after another session I of tho General AsscmLly, This act was in tonded. by Iti friends, to eoouiiilish tho ob ject of its enactment, It was so etriugent and so comprehensive in its provitious, that it waked up an opposition, not oucouutc-rcd hi nnv nrnvlnufi law. The lines between its i friends and its opponents were distinctly i drawn. Tho votaries of Bacchus vvcro most thoroughly aroused ThcyViw their G'od in danger, .'heir strongct champions took tho field, and tho State vv.s proluibly, never be foro so thoroughly canvassed. No argu ments, no means wero spared to defeat the law, by delaying Its taking effect, till otter another session of tho General As'ombly. Hut tho voto was taken, Tho result wns n decided majority in favor of tho law's Inking effect at tho earliest period. Though lolled, tho opposition to tlio law was continued. Iu ldo3, tho LorisUturo passed on act, which very much crippled tho Ltw of 1852. By that act, a construction js given to tho word1, ' giro away," which, in many cases, defeats tlio enforcement of tho law Tho repeal of tho 23rd and 23th Sec tions, known ns .ho Minor amendments, was, to say the least, unfortunate. At the last session of tho Legislature the committee, to whom the subject wni referred with much caro and labor, prepared a bill in addition to, and in amendment of, tho pro sent law. Its provisions wero judicious. Tho mondments wero very necessary, and commended themselves to all, friendly to tho law, Without them, some portions of it cannot bo enforced with safety. No appre hensions wnro entertained, but that they would readily pass both branches of tho Le gislaturo. The Sonato passed them. Hut " horrible diclu," thoy vvcro defeated in tho Houso ! We can vra t another year. Hut the labors of that committee, must not be lost. The friends of prohibition must seo to It, that no such f.iiluro occurs next year. If it bo real ly intended, " to prevjnt the'saloof intoxica ting liquors for tho ptirp isi of drinking," why not perfect the law so that tho objoot may bo at onco utt lined ' In tracing tho progress of tho temperanco reformation, tho Washington movement do serves particular notice. Previous to this, there was but littlo liopo and hufllttlo don for inebriates. Tho doctrino seemed to be. that their caso was hopeless, and that all ef forts to savo them wero useless, lliey wer.; treated as lot Hut tills organisation. which, remarkable as it may seem, originated in a drunken debauch in the city of Baltimore, adopted a different principle. They wont to work to reform the drunl'ard. This was a novel feature in tho reformation and no Ices novel than interc'Ig, to behold inebriates risingupand cxe.ting all their energies in reforming the brethren. By kindness, by cntronty and hy perseverance, tncy accom plished a great deal. Though not always successful, they certainly did much good. They gnvo a now impetus to tho temperanco movement, and convinced tho public that thoso who have been regarded as lost may bo saved Tho Sons of Temperance arc also worthy of especial notice. They too have been active nnd very successful In ii"l lneoilaien. Takin" tlio ndvnntogo or combined effort and ,1 " r -r their operations, they have auorded most efficient aid in executing tho law, and in carrying forward tho temperance reform. The year that has just c'osed has its his tory. Though short, it is important. The alterations made in the law in 1S33, took ef fect January 1, 1851. Tho law being thus shorn of half its terrors, evil doers took courage Tho sales may havo diminished, but it is believed that a brisk business has been going on in giving away. It is well understood how tho law may now bo evaded, and all who choose improve tho opportunity. Tho 12th section lias been decided by ono of tho Circuit Judges, unconstitutional. Ac tions of assault and battery and false impri sonment havo been sustained, beforo is court, ngainst judicial and executive officers, for endeavoring tu enforce it. Thus by tlw action of tho legislature and tho judiciary, the tables have been completely turned. The officers of tho law, instead of being exposed to puni-hment lor neglecting to cniorde it, have actually been subjected to tho payment uf damages and costs for having honestly en deavored to perform their duty 1 Tho cunn. tho law. ono quarter of tho Siate, has become a dead 1 letter, ."so 0110 cnooses to expose himself to tho 1 nyinent of damages n il costs and the vexation of lawsuits, by baardingan attempt to enforce it. One of thoso cues is to bo carried to ihn Supremo Court I ir revision, and we feel con li lent that that tribunal will eutain the law in that particular, as it has dune, in ail others submitted to its consideration. If we add tho loss, iu the House, of tho Senate amendments, the shady side if tho year's Ill I... history will be complete There is however a sunny side. Tho cir cumstances all being considered, the result of the last September election, may bo regarded as a bright spot in the picture. it was no common time. 1 ho excitement occasioned by tho repeal of the Missouri Compromise was intense and ovcrrid everything, serious apprehensions w re entertained as to the re sult in reference to the temperance question. Notwithstanding this, tho Senate, vvliich is tl.o better representative of tho popular sen timent, vvcro almost unanimous in its favor. I hi House was moro equ illy divided, lhey rejected tho Senate amendments by a sm ill majority. S ill it is insisted by many unci ligent gentlemen, who had an opportunity lo form u correct opinion, that had the voto been taken earlier in tho session, they would h ive been adopted. Their loss w .s owing more to tho want of consideration, tliun to hostility to tho restrictive policy. The (jovernor, in h'u message, camo out decidedly in favor of " the prohibitory y tern," and urged its continuance Ho says " if amendments iu tho present law are at tempted, they should bo mado with no view to weaken the policy of prohibition." Ilo udds, " nor would I counsel hesitation in carrying out that policy, from any fear that tho legislative power to enact prohibition to its present extent, will bo judicially denied." Hero is an expression in favor of the constitu tionality ot tho law, of groat value Coming from the sourco it does, from ono who has long been nt tho head of our judiciary, it must havo great weight, and go far in putting that question forever at rest. This certainly con trasts most favorably with tho executive message of the year before, in which a con trary doctrino was held. The last, though not least important event of tho year was tho result of tho Novemlior election in New York. This was no small victory. Nearly four hundred and seventy thousand combatants wero engaged. Tho rej sources employed wero immense. Tho conflict long and severs. Every inch of ground wan contested, and the triumph of moral principlo euhlirae In this result, Vermont has no ordinary interest Ever sinco wo adopted tlio policy cf prohibition, wo havo been ox coeduiitly unnoyod by tho liquor hop uf New York, located nlong upon tho lino of tho State. From this nuisance wo may now reasonably expect soon to bo relieved, by that State passing a law similar to our own. If, in refcrene" to tlio temperanco nuestlon, wo compare tho stato of society in 1825 with tho nrcscnt. we shall pcrcoivo that a great work has been dono nnd a groat revolution ' effected. True, it has been a work of time and of toil, yet wo havo reason to bo thank ful and to rojoico that so much has been ac complished. Still thero is work to be per IVrmcd, and that work is required at our bands. It appears to your committeo, that our first business should bo, to secure tho amendments and additions to the law, necessary to insure its execution and render it efficient. Tho means necessary to accomplish this object, should bo considered at the present meeting. Zimri Howe, Joseph Steele, Clll.STtRSrlNCIFl, J II, Patterson, Aidace Walker, II. O. Higlet, Jaxis IUrreit Executive Committee. C3T BrvstsoTov Co. Covrt. John Phelps pi. . llaUingi. This notorious ' sheep ense,' as it iscvlled, upon which thcro have already been throe trials, and bills of costs made, amounting probably to not less than threo thousand dollars, lias again been got hack into court, for tho reason that ono ot tho jurors disclosed tho verdict boforo tho def liverunce thereof in court, aud also, that tho ofiiccr having charge of tho said jury advised and interfered with their deliberations and look a very active part iu tho muic, Thovcr- diet, last June term, was $30 and costs for i plaintiff about ono cent of verdict to ono i hundred cents of cost I li. W. Bhickmer, Esq. -ns appointed clerk I of tho court, in placoof Henry Kellogg, tho present incumbent Argus. Now Publications. Putnam's Moxtiilv for February, is received, and for salo by L A, Fuller. It U cm. bcllished with a portrait of tho author of Cuba. Its leading articlo Is on diplomacy nnd cannon balls. Mr. Sparrow-grnsi fur nishes a socond cpistlo on living in tho coun try. Israel Potter to continued nnd brings F.tlian Allen on tlio stage. Tlio progrcai of our political virtues is severely handled, in an articlo which we presumo is from the caustic pen of ono who has in previous numbers de monstrated tho short-comings of Franklin Pierce and tho iniquities of tho Nubraski p"rlidy. Tho editorial notes aro indepon b' i ilisciiiuinating and readable as uuual, an ' tho number is a fair ono. rASNV r ern AOl.v. Messrs. II. Long i , Brother, New York, announce that they havo in tho press and will publish in a handsome 12mo volume, tho Life and Beauties of Fanny Fern, la addition to tho Biography of Fan ny Tern, from her earliest chlld'onl to the present period, tho work will contain nuiuor- j ous sketches, which have never been her'to- 1 foro published in book form consisting 0' Fanny's earliest productions, and all stamped I with those peculi uitiM which have given to ! her productions so great a succ-'ss. Judgi i from all her previous publications, and the interest taken in her personal history, the 1 furthcoming volume cannot but provo a suc cessful issue Tnr. Dailt Monitor. A neat little volume I containing a portion of Scriptun.un anecdote and a vero of a hymn fur every day In the year. Hy Rev. John Allen, with un intro duction by Hcv. F. N. Ivirk, of B)ston. For sale by S. 11. Nichols. Duly Ltrr. or Preecptsand Prescriptions for Christian Living by tho llev. John Cum ming, D. D., oT London. This is another of the excellent nnd pleasant works of tho cole, bratcd Dr. dimming. It contains no dis quisitions upon points of Theology, or elabo rate expositions of truth but is a series of reflections, intended to act upon tho mind and hearts of thoso who are busy by day and very weary nt oventido, richly charged with pray, cr, praise and thanksgiving, and suited to cheer nnd strengthen the Christian in his daily walk. For salo by Nichols. C'oiiiith Copper Mine. In the winter of 18 17 8, a " fox hunter," in Corinth, Vt., drove a fox to his den, in " Piko Hill," and in pursuing his " re searches" for Reynard, the hunter discovered what ho supposed to bo copper ore F.lated with his discovery, ho made exertions to in terest some ono to make experiments. Ho finally succeeded in enlisting one Mr. Bailies, of New York, to engage in the enterprise, but owing to somo reverses of fortune he "failed up," and the work was suspended. In the fall of 1833, after the work was re commenced at tho Vershiro mine, our fox hunter carried a few i-pccimcns of the ore to the Vershire miners, ami it was then pro nounced valuable Mcs-rs. Lumbard o: Goddard then joinod tl.o lionior ... ,i.lili,4 fll et llPl pol 1 Uldl t S. They traced the vein over ti e summit of Pike Hill, and becoming fully satisfied that it was v.'ilu ibln, the purchased tho Hill, paying for the same SI, '100. La3t spring thev opened tin mine, and soon found all tho encourage ment they anticipated. Some sixty to one hundred tons of the ore have been transported to the smelting cump-my, at New Haven, in a fractured state, and it i iViitinf to yield about fifteen per rent of pure copper A i-ru-hing machine i- to be eroc" -d at t' i miv in the spring, and the wolk ",i.l i'1 e intinueil witn vigor. Tin vein is about eleven fc -t in thickness, the ore being similar to that of the Vershiro mine, but yielding a larger per eent. I'lie cnterptise bids fair to become ono of the most profitable of the kind, which has ever secured attention in this state, .orth field Star. A IIevctiii'L CovirLiUENT. During the re. cent illne-s of Jon ithan Yale Clark, ono of tho oldest and most esteemed citizens of Pittt-tield, a poor old man came all tho way Irom tho mountain, and thrust hi j head in a"t the door, ami inquired of the daughter in at tendance. " Is Yulo Clark here!" Ho is. "Is ho sick1" Ho is. " Is h rry sick'" He is considered dangerous. " Well, I I don't Uvr ulio uou be. but 1 stopped to tell ye, that you ought to lay him on cushions of velvet, and taico tne nest care ot nun during the rest of his days for his kindness to the poor." Boston Traveller. iTTT" rho Springfield Republican says; ' Tho doctrines of the new American party, which is swallowing up all tho old parties, lead directly to Protection. Preference for American labor, for American goods, for American men, over the labor, tho goods and the men ot other countries this is tho whole spirit ot tho American party and it is equal ly tho wholo doctrino and principlo of pro tection. The two aro too thoroughly identi fied to bo separated and if tho American par ty is to triumph, American policy must triumph with it. It is this view of the inevi table results of the new and grand political moveme it, that, more than any other, gives us such hope in tho future, nnd enables us to regard with a calm philosophy tho sometimes unjust, tho often awkward steps by which tho movement goes forward,' Anvicn to Hvrrers CIruis. 1st. When you ehav o a man don't put your fingers in his mouth. We saw a barber the other day take a customer by the lip as a oordwniner would handle n shoo tap. It Is awful to think of, 2d. Before dressing a man's hair observe how he has been in the habit of adjusting it If it was" parted on both sides," andfriZ2led," depend upon it ho won't thank you for doing it up in " soap looks," and " vvisa wersa. If ho wants his hair " got up" in a new style, he will tell you so. Lastly, when you would remove your clippings from a gentle man's whiskers, use your brush, and don't blow on him for if you do, ho will probably blow" on you, and "sarvo you right." Wo make no charge for the above hints, but if duly improved they will save many a barber tho loss of tome of his best customers. lloston Post. A Certain Ccre ron Scrotcla. Nicholas Longworth, tho famous millionaire and wine grower of Cincinnati, publishes tho following euro for scrofula : Put two ounces of aquafortis on a plate, on which you have two copper cents. Then add four ounces of clear, Btrong vinegar. Put cents and all in a large mouthed bottlo, and keep it corked. Begin by putting four drops in a teaspoouful of rain water, and apply it to the sore. Make the application three times a day, with a soft hair pencil, or swab of soft rags. If very painful, put moro water. As the sore heals apply it weaker. 1 request editors, in all parts of the Union, and abroad, to copy this, and to republish it quarter-yeariy ; it may save many lives. N LONGWORTH. Cincinnati, Ohio, Nov, 18, 1854. E?" " Well, Siiubo, is your master a good fall und makes money once den in tho spring he sell all tho hides of the cattlo that dio for want of hay, and dus make money vice" ES Tho best thing togivo your enemy it forgiveness to your opponent, tolerance Id a friend, your heart to your child, i good example to u father, doferencosita joiir mother, conduct that will mako her proud of, her eon to yourself, respeet-yta' all men, charity to God, obedience. " farmer '" " Ees sah, he bcrv good farmer ' great munoer oi uiojjijnewijs in ff'WinK w"g ho mako two crops in ono year r" ' How is attack: Iranjidftelylrer3hr.etog of Jhe tbat.Sausbo;" " Why, ho sell his hay in the tiegeof SUliitra, leeytvtrototiralgrtly. AG11I CUiLT.UItAL. Waste I.iNu. " Much lias been written upon this subject, yet more remains to bo said beforu our farmers will understand Its importance." Sucli was the thought that crossed our mind while pushing our way through a swamp in New Hampshire, a few days since There it was a level of land of one hund red acres, embossouicd among tho hills and there wero wo, up to our oyes in grass, and yet ihcltcred from the burning sun by a growth of alders. Tho Mu j.int, and high men low grasses, (we discard Litin nn:l uso su-'i nvn"s r.s the firmer UI r ci'iise) lit . '1 vr : " ' v ' i -or V 1 rv I ' ' -r . - j I ri 1.-, -.- , ----. . .. ' . ! com f 1. ioov, and t)uis d a'roj .1 "vr I ..f e . . . . 1 .,.,. - r . rj,jnT w-it-m. Nul'.ine his sinci irrft'rr : -in. ui lurcKb gruwm sio'io wiltiin reacn 01 .ici on tho spot, sar generations of a!d nnd wild grass Twenty .vein ir,co t'.e scytho gathered the gras In th" mor n, "n parts of tho swaups, hut t'-o alcr Ins sridually ! come an army of occupatl jii, find es"rted his right 1 the whole territ-irv. Thi is hut one of tho mtnv intnple Piousmt'a of ners in Nw Hnzlanil aro in lik" conditim AUny not In eq'ially a fi'i-fl!' with the ease mention '. yet most irs r.ipaLl rf 'ii-n Thr" aro comn loea.lt ti"s, which, Mr ( p resnt, sbon'.l rrmin ns ntur" has left thorn, but ninMn.'- of t'i low land of Now England can lie mvle rriiri,atlr.- Sit lo viiiv rtrn'tiertl farin-rt. -md count the cost ot turn n t"H unsis it v mn jnt ovtr the way rnrn tho house notv yield- .1. mu ,-.u i' 10 vipir, in.u it lei iiie pice: of land, whoe beauty shall charm tho eve. and win products shall be weilth. Is It to no drained are nushes to be cut ftrostumps to be pulled f Make Tour estimates, and then upon tho other side count tho valuo to be received. It is a simple process and will co't hut a few minnt'-s of observation and calculation. Our word for it. you will put in the spade, the axe, nnd the mattock at once. Tho dry sumrasr has riponed the com and your harvest is out of the way. Strike then, at the swamp, and make it what we think it will ho, thn most remunerative land in your possesion. Journal of Agricultuv, lurr.ovEHENT or Permanent Meadows From the constantly increasing price of hay, farmers aro beginning to give the subject of the improvement of crass land nnd cenna. I nent meadows their earnest attention, and ' confidently look forward to the speedy intro duction of under draining, irrigating, and toi-dreeo!n pormnncnlmwwi li &n ATtent 1 altogether improbable but for our well known I og ahead habits. ! Tho practice of under drainininz meadows will appear ridiculous to somo who have nev er witnessed the great improvement in the quality and quantity of tho hay produced by it. Under draining lies at the very founda tion of all improvement of meadows. Irriga. tion and top-dressing are comparatively use less on any meadow surcharged nine months of the year with stagnant water. There aro hundreds of thousands of acres which now produco nothing but coarse innutricieui herbage, which by under draining would be come tho most profitable land on the farm, And much of such land is so situated that it could be irrigated with very little trouble or expense A dam no a natural stream, and cutting a few artificial ditches aro in many eltuations all that are necessary to irrigate a largo meadow. The English farmers are far behind those of several countries of Europe, in irrigation, but they are very far in advance of American Agriculturists, while, from their moist climate, the advantages of irri gation would be supposed to be less than in our dry, hot, short seasons. Thero are but few farms in .England on which there is not a permanent meadow, more or less artificially watered. And tho immensu quantity of fod iIt r---cei o- tu -so lands m-..,-i-.rv 'elps t- i: p 'in -.nu .":ej',e tlio lt.r. ? upl.- v "' 'as ot the farms the An excellent food r.irappte trees, proved by vi. perienco in and about Northampton, where good apples predominate, is the following: Sprinkle all about under the Ire4 iu April, three pecks of asbes 1 mix.d with two quartd of salt and the same of lime It restores the fruit to the original plump perfec tion, and roots out all gnarled and knotty sped I mens. Spngjittd Rep. i It is well known that our fruit growers in this county and vicinity suffer mere in the quality than in the quantity of their fruit. Apples are produced in this region in abun. dance, but they are smaller and more imper fect than those of the s line varieties grown in the better cultivated portions of Maisachu. setts. Tho ahoro preventive costs but littlo and is easily applied ; ashes and liuioare pro duced in sufficient abundance, and salt is com paratively cheap. Will not our farmers bear this in mind and test its virtuosi We have no doubt that with proper care in the culti vation o the apple, as good a quality of this delicious and indispensable fruit can be pro duced in Windham County as in almost any other section of New England. Eagle. A CnEap Stcmi Pcller. "Wo noticed a very simple contrivance for pulling stumps, which Mr Edf-erton says works very well in. deed, It is so simple in its structure, that wo commend it to thoso wishing anything of tho kind. It consists of n log of strong tim ber, from 10 to 12 inches In diameter at the large end, nnd 3 to 10 at the smaller, and about 10 to 20 feet long. To tho larger end is attached a very heavy chain, about three feet long, with a very large and strong book nt the free end, whilo at the other there is a ring sufficiently Urge to slip over the larjer end of the log or lever. To the small end of the lever a yoke of cattle is hitched. The manner of using it is as simple as the machine and acts on the principle of some tooth-hook of the dentist, Tho large hook is caught hold of some of the stronger roots, and the cattle are then driven round the stump eo as to wind up the short heavy chain, and then continue on In even tenor of their way, till tho stump gives itself aDd surrenders its po sition, Thus Ibey are removed easily and rapidly. A Thief Cacout. The Chicago Tribune says that in Chicago a few days ago, a young Uernian who had rented a small house from a countryman of his, found that a thief had been at his wood pile in the night, and car ried off every stick of wood. He speedily replenished his stock of fuel, and loading n old pistol with a heavy charge of powder and a thick paper wad, ingeniously fixed it Iu such a position that the opening of the door would cause It to be discharged. The very first night after ho hud arranged his thief de tectorne was aroused by the report of the pistol Rushing to tho woodshed be found there lying upon tho ground, groaning and bleeding, his own landlord, worth thousands of dollars ! Tho wad had slightly cut his face, and he tho't himself mortally wounded. After being assistod to his feet, and enlight ened as to the extent of his wound, he expres sed himself heartily ashamed of his conduct, and promised to maks abundant restitution fot bis former theft. (7 Tho tax of Nicholas Lougwortlt & of Cincinnati, amounts this year ta,$p0g2S That is the amount he has paidjnto ihi treasury this year as the tax upceiljjt proper ty. It is a fortune within itsalfg. ir-S. 3 y Gen. Scott has giv&t SyghafieiRiojji nnd thonght to tho miiParj raoeisirSs of tbs S. cr R s: 1 Lrimoa, and expresses to(j ccpinjou, wair ine email Rusrtafficuri!toivowiaa a tigftC ous .aslaultroulf have Ee-tactd U.Ttraf blunder. b thinks it dlScult to fttrievs. Th?" Ruasith rgat soidicrf are- thtt tst rfroop in JhwiJrUl--tlAycTr.31y but pfriph, unv lesstordefetE tD rJtriati 21a. inclines-tcj tho .opm-ta&iJho allies cannot now send tueJi u frsoBdwncoorjtrqops to tlio 'Crimea ns. "to ctVauxe success neither jau tbey raise the ecg0arrd"3o-mbnrk nithoat jmmcoao loss of monanj oil iliKtnatexiaLs ipf 'war in camp, xcejt-'ib weapon9 in their bands..