Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 9 Mart 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 9 Mart 1855 Page 2
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Kt Council of Centers, David Fish, Jericho. HU'I.LtNGTON, FRIDAY, MARCH 9, 185.'.. The Town of It )i r 1 1 n Rio 11. Town meeting opened on Tuesday nt the Town Hull at ten o'clock. (1. F. Edmunm whs chosen Moderator, who brought to the clmlr, strong lungsnot nn nntiiiHirtutit qualifioa tion in onrTown Hall amln elenr head, and made an excellent presiding officer. The reading of tho several reports win postponed till alter tho election of officers which win proceeded with forthwith. Tho following excellent lislnlTuwn Officers j wan clioscn. I Clerk and Treasurer John II. Wnrru.u. j Selectmen J. N. Povii.rov, M. I,. Cumin, I,. 0. Binr.t.ow. First Constable ami Oeersrtr of the Poor j SlVl'KI. Hl'.NTINCTON. Second Constable II. S. Wmii:. Listers Morton Cole, I.. M. llama, J. I). ALUs, Km.nr.MCK IUnl ev. Town Auditors Pini.o DooI.iiilk, A. II. II vswt.ll, S. M. Porr.. I'cncr tVrtrtM Si.lden Pati.i'.T. .1. Hi.vn- CIIAKP, FlIMIEItllK MaHMV. It r anil Jurors James Minima.. C. A. St.vvoiR, Wm. I). Ivinnsn. Sailer of Wright anil Measures- f). J, Varnkt. Inspector oj' Lialhcr.. W. Ai.i.kn. Pound AVrpcr ZeiicLon Birr. Strut Commissioners J, I). A1.1.1..N, Henry Loomis, N. Parker, Town Igent G. I', Euminus. Sextons Sami'si. Nichols, Jon I!. Forest, I C. Doxy, Wm.D. Harrington. Superintendents of Common Schools Ei.y. Joni-A Yucno, It kv . J. II Worcester, . I. S, Apav. Truster of I'nitcd Stairs- Deposit r'unil Willi vm (i. Snvvv, The report of tho Selectmen, a clear ami satisfactory document, followed. Tho follow ing in an abstract of thejiortion of it which hRsrcforcnec to the linaiiecB of the town. Abstrnct of Selectmen ltrioit lor Mil re h 18. ".",. treascry dei-a.tmi:.vt. Gross receipts urciirrcnt year, $l!,737 01 In Treasury last March, $330 99 Rce'dbal.T'nTaxnr'.)3, 2,094 91 ' on " 1834, 0,11'J 93 " I .Si. Deposit Fund. 1,4.53 30 " Fines A- costs Crim. Pro. ;!.0 ,",11 ' S.W.Tuylor amount paid by Town for him on Statocxtent, 1,.S0 71 " from other sources 300 fi Borrowed of dilfcrcnt Bank, 0,0011 00 $ IS, 737 01 PAYMENTS JIV THK TREASURER Orders drawn by Iluild. ing Committee, $7,''"0 99 v.UowaiicemadolastM.ir. (107 43 Interest on loans, 231 00 Selectmen's Orders, 7,237 "" Orders of Overseer "f l'oor. 2,740 82 Justice orders in Criui. Pros. 320 00 Treasurer's Salary. ..0 00 SIS.GOO .W fill, now in Treasury, POOR DEPARTMENT. Intimated expenses oT last March -Meeting, Actual cxjienses, 131 02 S3 ,01 10 00 2,073 20 20 71 Less, than estimated by KI"iises at Poor House, 1,307 01 In other parts or Town, 1,005 35 $2,073 20 The account for Wood alone is, 551 25 7l persons admitted at Poor House during tar discharged " " " " deceased " " " " buried at expense of Town, considered permanent Pauper, now in Poor House. TOWN AGENT FOR SALE OP I.IQUOIIS. The report of A. S. Dewey, Town Agent, shows a decreaso in sales of this ytur from thno oflast year by about $000. The prime cost or liquois (freight added,) purchased by Mr. Dewey, during year amounts to $3,371 72 ilow.inco for his servieesas ngent 400,00 $3,771 72 S.lSl 58 000 00 $3,781 58 Amount of sales, Cost of liquor on hand, Balance in favor Town, 0 80 Tho report of Mr. Dowey satisfactory. BRIDGES AND CULVERTS. Tho fragments of Bradley bridge have been S;s.thored together at different j.oints uud a nil of them is recommended. A bridge has been built on Potash Ilmuk it an expense of $25. largo Culvert has been built on f liuieh fareet, at a cost of fcl,23$ 03. Some outlay will soon bo necessary to sus tain the falls bridge. CRIMINAL DEPARTMENT. Amount of orders drawn by Justices 320 00 OKI1LRS DRAWN I.V SELECT MEN. To L. Underwood, State's Attorney, balance, i"7.73 ToN. P. Bowman, arrcftsand board, To 11. Paul, " To C. W, Reynolds, " To T E. Wales, State's Att'y., I...1. Tj J S. Adams, Clerk's bill. 151.74 155,50 111,00 17.59 22.20 .4703.82 fines and cuetscollcted and jmidin. $30.30 Accounted for by L. E Chit tenden, on settlement of his bill as Town Agent, 00 00 Mittimus's deemed collects bl, 150.00 530.30 f 173. 10 Jhl.tncc against tho Town, TOWN HALL. COXSlRlCilON ACCOUNT. Expended by Building Committee, $20,259. 14 ' " Selectmen as follows : To finish hascmont, 003.11 In repairs, 30.89 Gas Fixturrs, i.c, ic, 31S,00 Improvements by tenants, in parti tions, blinds, Ac , 101.37 Total, $27, 3357 Rooms aro all rented Amount of annual rents, $707.00 Blinds for the w indows recommended, STR EE 1' COM M ISSIONF.RS. The continuance of tlio system of expending mmioy raised fur high, way jiurjioses under n lmard of Street Commissioners, recommend ed. Tho present Grand List of tho Town is, $25,195 07 and less than lust year by about $1 200. The following is an estimate of the wants of theTroasury for the en suing year . In supjioit tho Poor, 3.000 00 To pav Seloctmcns orders outbUrul ing, 1 1 12 62 lo pay Ovciscer of poororlcrf, out standing, S22 0I To pay probablcallowaiiccs nt Town Meeting, v 1.000 00 1.000 00 I To pay Miscellaneous expenses, i To pay unexpected calls, To pay interest on United States Dc I posit I'und, To pay borrowed money, 071 72 ti.000 00 $14.130 38 FUNDS CONSIDERED AVAILABLE, i Due on Town tax of 1851, deducting abatements, actual nnd proba ' hie, $2,010 3d United S. Deposit l'uud, 1.252 10 Rents receivable, ono O'l Now in the Treasury. 131 02 4 023 48 I.eulng wholly iinproided fur, i0.5l'i00 Tho report goes on to say that the .Select men have made it iv point to search out mid close all claims for or ngnlnt the town, and were favorably disappointed tu the result of their investigations. The average number of Town paupers lias much exceeded that ol'last year, and the cxpenso of that department has exceeded that of last year hy nbjut 400. The Selectmen believe that no waste of pub lic money has occurred in the dojrii tment and give credit to the Overseer or the Phot and the manager of tho poor firm. fir faithful ness and good management. The farm build- ings are called "dilapidated old sin lis," and 1 repaiis are recommended The report declares that the Town acnt for the sale "of liquors has prudently and wisely discharged his duties. Tho diminu tion of, 900 in the amount of silos is attri butcd in great part to tho fact, that his foimer experience has enabled tho agent to bring the sales tho past year, more strictly within the scope and spirit ol the law. Ilii salary was reduced $100. The criminal department show a balance against the town, owing in part to thu fact that for tho most part of tho year tho liquor sellers escaped prosecution, while the expense of arresting n number ol intoxicated unn,w.is large. Of late however, the law has been enforced, many lines have been collected of sellers, and good order restored The Selectmen express their surpiise that in tho construction of so costly a building nn the Town Hall, unseasoned lumber should li.no been used at all. In conn qucneo of this glaring oicrsight, they hae been com pelled to expend about $50 lo make the rooms ei en tcnantablc, and many additional repairs arc still needed. The Street Commissioner' ale conniiuidcd for efficiency, nnd a continuance of thcMS tem, as 0110 of evident utility. i n-eoin-mended. Tho vaiious reports uf the Superintendents of Public Schools Iluihling Couiiuitieo, Street Commissioners, Town Agent, Oicrseor of the Poor e., were lead The interesting ! , and valuable report ol Kcv. .Mr. ruung, on ' the Public Schools was ordered to be printed in n pamphlet i A recess of an hour and a hall was taken i at noon. Meantime the ballot box was opened fur lotos for County Cumiiii-.-i'iiior. C. A. Seymour recoiled 123 lutes, no one t else being voted for. On re-asseinbling after dinner, the utc ' taken in the forenoou refusing to elect a I fourth lister, was re-considered. It was urged by several gentlemen that one of the listers should be out of tho village among the ! . farming portion of our citizens, and a fourth lister was accordingly chosen bv ballot on the ' third trial. j The Town refused to extend Union Street I 01 sell tho old poor huusj lot un College Street; instructed tho Selectmen lo jawed j at once to remove obstructions in the j ublic l highways by the Jtailroad Compniiie aji- Jiointed J. X. Pumeruy, Win. llriiiMii..id and i (U L. liarstow, a committee lo rtq.utt to an I adjoin nod meeting on certain jiropus. d alter- 1 . atiousof schooldistrietlines and authori the Selectmen to ojien jiait ol I.iko Snei t il' tl.o public coincidence seemed to demand it I The Town also ajipviqiriatcd two bundiid 1 dollars in aid ol the fire S )ei"ty, it haiin understood that an additional throe hundred dollars would be raised in the fire district, . and voted a tax or forty fho cents un the dol lar on the Grand list, to jiay npprojniitiunc and meet the cxjienses of the town fur the coming vear. 15" Vou.nu Men's Deiiviimi Sorii.ii A lurnc and intelligent audience assembled in the Town Hall Friday evening to hear Rev. 11. Winslow, 1). D., of Boston. His subject was '.Inrien. and Modirn Home." He com menced by describing his tour in Italy and his impression, when thegrc.it Dome ol St. Peter's hung in the air before him, and bis eves liist rested on tho Eternal City. He briefly touched upon the jirumiuent points in tlio History of Ancient Rumo and the causes I or her downfall, and described the principal remaining relics ol her greatness the ruins of tho Forum or Trajan ; the Pantheon ; tho Palace of Augustus C.Tsar ; the Collcsseum ; and the Triumphal Arch of Titus, fho v.on- ' dors of Modern Rome followed the t biinhes; 1 Catacombs; St Peteis ; a iluc.il c ntei t.iin , ment , worship in tin) Sistinc , Chapel ; Ki ' sing nl the J'opu's toe, or rather slij'jier ; and the Curniv.il. A Icctuie by so agreeable and truthful a narrator as Mr. Witisiow, onueh ' subjects, could not but be exceedingly inter esting. It was f.iiuiliir in stvlo, and quite lung; but the audience listened with unaba ted attention to the end, and went awaygrat i i lie J and instructed The nui-ie of the 1 ! u r . , liugton Cornet Band was a pleasant iiecom- I j j'Uiiiaiueiit. The band is really one of the be.-t in New Euglind, and bids lair soon to I I rank iibuvo the Dodworth's, iT it keeps on' inij'roviu us it has during the past voir. t the iluso, Mr. Hour, the President ol the Voting Men's Debatin Society, mado the . . agreeable announcement, that lectures from Rev. E. II. Chajiin, and Rev. II. AV. BVcher, might be expected in tho course of a few wicks, of which due tutie'o will be given. Illinois I.i'cislnllun. Tlio Chicago Journal thus discourse on the huty legislation of the Illinois Legisla ture . 'We venture the usocitioii that of the six hundred hills jiasced, not one or our immacu late representatives can tako the list of titles and explain a quarter of them, and st.ito what provisions they contain. "Tho session dimmed up thus; Tluce weeks spent for 'Bunkum' two weeks in a snow bank and one w eek to perfect and jqss six liunderd enactments'" That is worse than wo do in Vermont. I C'lnse of the Thirty-third Congress. I A very bad Congress, if not tlio worst one I ever saddled uj.on tho countiy, adjourned j about noon 011 Sunday. Few violations of 1 decency marked its closing hours und it bioke up in good temper. Tho principal bills jiend ing were disposed of as lullows, Tho Tariff reduction bill fell through. Tho Pacific Railroad bill also failed. Touccy's bill for tho protection of Officers in tho exe cution or tho Fugitive- Slavo Law, vvas lot in the House. The Collins steamer Ajqirojiria lion bill, after a veto, was attached to the , Navy Appropriation bill, witli tho omission of the clauto rejioalingtho permission for re scinding the contract on six months notice, uud passed. Tho Old Soldicis Bounty land bill re:cirod the President's signature. What was or vvas not contained in tho iiumc . rousaiueiidiiiciitsto the general upj rui'riation bill it is difficult to say, Tho country is to bo congratulated nn tho deeeaso of (he Congress which jnssod the Kaiiins-NobrasVii bill BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, SEARCH 9. 1855. i 7?' To tnr. Sr Ai.iivns Messenger. lo gravclyqiiolo our typographical blunder, two days niter wo had corrected It, was boil, and to stick Into tho quotation additional blun ders uf your own, was no httcr. CC7 Lh.ior Lvw in Canada. Tho Cana dian IIouso of Assembly, on tho 28th ult., in committee of the whole, adopted the Hist clause of a Prohibitory Liquor hill, which nflirins tho principles of the measure, by a oto of 41 to 25. Ditto in Dei. v.. am.. The Prohibiten Liquor Hill passed the Delaware Senate on tho 27th,utid is now n law It goes into effect on the 1st uf June. CJT A Subscriber in L'nderhill coiiiplatns that tlio l'rec l'rcss ofl'eb. 23d, did not reach there till March 1st, mid that it is frequent ly behind hand in tho tame way. Tho Mult is not with us. The paper is mailed regularly in season to reach Underbill the day of its dale. "tVo have no reason to suppose at pre sent, that tho liurlinglon Post Office is in fault, but thero are serious faults in tho mail sen ice lu the county and on this tide nf the mountain, cpeiially north of I ere, which call for a rciuedv. l2TA DnvocKATic Mass Meeting took place in Manchester. N. II., on the 27th. The pro- ces-ion was lour deep and half 11 mile Ion,; l-x-Coiernor Steele presided. Speeches were I mado denouncing the Know Nothing princl 1 pies 11s ungenerous unconstitutional, and de 1 signed solely for the aggrandisement of 1111 unscrupulous party. Tho nomination of 1 lialph Metcalf for tioiernur was spoken ol dcrisivelv, and tho most confident predictions wero mado of tho successor the Democratic I Party at the coming election. S2T Con.ni.ctui t Tho Whig StulQ ton vention of tho nutmeg State met in Hartford tho 28th ult. and re-nominated the whole ticket of last year. Itcsolutions wero adopted endorsing the American system, including in that system the doctrine of protection for American industry, and declaring tliat the rejie.il of tho Missouri Compromise had put an end tu all compromises on tho subject of slavery; expressing u determination to resist by all Constitutional means the admission into tho Union of more slave States ; expres sing disapprobation at tho course uf Imuic Toucey in the U. S. Senate ; condemning the ictn of the liitcrnnd Harbor mid trench Spo liation bills by tho President ; approving tlio Connecticut Prohibitoiy Liquor Law, and declaring the administration of franklin Pierce to be such as to cntitlo it to little respect E2r T'mk IY.htivk Si-ive Liw in Mrimi.a.n. Tho Legislature) of Michigan lias passed u la forbidding the use of any jail ur jiisun iifthe State for tho confinement of a fugitiu sl.nc Any sherifl' or keeper of a prison, violatliie, the law, is tu jiay $1000 and be imjirisoned one year. 'I bis i right ; tho catching or ne groes is the cxclusnc business of the federal government, and it shuuld build itsown slaie pcn. In consequence of this law, a move ment ha heen made by the glare-catchers for the erection of a slave jirison in Michigan by the United States. The pmjiositiou is nn insult which will do little to stoi "liglta. tion" at present. STPostaiii; Una,. In tho Scnato on Tues day, the House bill, modifying the rates of postage, requiring tho prc-pajmcnt of letters, always by stamps, and tho registration uT valuable letters was considered and jiassed. Senate, on Friday, appro- CyTho U juiated $0,000, extra coinjii'iisation to lion Geo. P. Marsh, l.ito minister to Constaiiti- "ojde, and $18,n00 each to Messrs. IVmlle- j ' ton and Sebenck. late ministers to Peru nnd lira .i I. EIT 1'iiosi the P.vtiuc. Tho Star of the West arrived nt New Vnrk on Sunday, with $090,000 in gold and California dates to the 9th of February. No U.S Senator had been elected by the California Legislature. 'Iho whole number of lives lust by the terrific ex jdosion oT the steamboat Pearl, on Sacramento river, jtovcs to have been sixty-seven, out of ninety-seven persons on board, nearly bairof whom wero Chinamen. The funcra' or the lata King of the Sand wich Islands was celebrated w ith jioinji on the 10th of January. The new king says that , foreigners shall be welcome to his shores as long as they behave themselves and respect the rights of the natives, and no longer. .Mussiii'liiisrll niul Vermont! Wo are inclined to think that a cjmjiiri son of tho annual reports of tho State ex penses ol theso two States would not bo unin- I tercsting to our readers. Vnr.sioNT. Mvts.vcnin.Tis rori'i.Ailu.v. . 311,120 094,490 Lr.isiiL.iTiv r. rxi-ENsis. $12,079 6901,499 ' LXECUIIVB iMi JCDICIAKT ExroSLS. 37,7 IS run nil: insane. 92,191 00,917 12.977 02, 1 9 500 5,G2 2,050 319 000 2,400 015 FuB eOllK-LLTUIIVL SOCILTUS. lOR MILITARY EXTlNSIS loit sr.vTi; LimivRV. ion nnvr, nt'jiu, and iilim. Ij.fOfi IIIK NnVSI'APKRS IOR 1 tu!SLT CRT. 5,017 TOTAL tf.VTl: tXPLNSLS. $105,111 $2,201,930 liuttand lcrald. Tcm pel mice .llee'tiiig. 1 11 '"eeung o. mo i.xecutive oommit eo of tho Vermont State leinpcraneo Sncietv, I hidden at Castleton, 011 the 3th und 14th of j February, present Alduco Walker, Chester Spcm'cr, J. H. Patterson, Josujih Perkins, ' II. 1'. Leavitt, and Ziniri Howe, it was re solved, as soon us a suitable person can I bu procured, to employ an agent and keep 1 1 i m constantly in Iho field. To defray tho expenses of such agent und such other ex I jienses as " tho Committee may judge neces I sury and pruper," it was ulso resolved to I iiiaKounassessmeut ufoiio-half ofone jier rent on tin-two hundred and fifty thousand Dol j I.11' Fund, Though this Fund lias become available agreeably to tho tcnuo ol tho sul ecription, it is expected that ell'iits will bo continued to raise the sum to not less than live hundred thousand, as may easily bo dono, especially as in a considerable jsntion ol' tlio Stato very littlo has yet been nccouidithcd. The Committee regard it us of tho liist im portance that our present excellent prohibi tory liquor law, thoutfh not perfect, should bo strictly enforced. Tho best ol laws aro use less unless, executed. The oxample of the Minor of New Yorkshovvs how much depends, ujvon the faithful execution of law, and should siiuiui.uo an oiucers to 00 vigilant 111 ler forming their duty. In cases uflaiceny, u , iiuo ami cry is luiineuiateiv inailo, ana every I ono is ready to aid in "letecting tho thiol. I This circuiustunco nluno gucs far to prevent tho commission of crime. So it should bo j whenever our liquor law i violated. W hen mis vuiiii, iu i.u mei e-.ieu, iiiiuai, aiiuu be much less frequent than larceny law' .nay' ,0 il. m ?' executed ' ... . .. ... ... That tho throughout tho State. Ihu Cuiiiiuittee would respectfully recommend tbut tho tcveial Counties, through their resjioctivo organiza tions, mako special arrangements to scenic this result. They would also suggest thu expediency, among other things, of the Coun ties emjiloj ing (at their own cxjienso,) ublo legal advisers to aid iu thi work Teinjie ranco men und thu friends of tho law must see to its Isenig executed. 'Iho newsjiajiers thloughout tho State will jdcuso copy tho foregoing. ZIMRI HOWE. Sr'ietary of thr Committee .llcli'ololnicloul 'ruble n V v H o r . t , 1 ii o si ! s n s Ton li mii Anv, 155, Locality Jlitrlinitttin, ime Mite fiom .fiJtf Vhniijtaiu l unit 230 Jul nlinr it, ill. T11EKM0M1.TH1 Iitir. in. M. S.11. lpMiirMl Jims. 1 1'MM ftllllllf I Whl. Wttr. Wt't!nr. 1 S'J.W 1 " .10 , ' .2S 1 " . I "111 I Inlr. l'ulr. I ulr. O.11.I) . Clnir. I'h-nr. ( lour I'loii.ly. t'loiUT. Vnlr. lair. Clmr. lair. Win l'ulr. I num. I'loiiily. (Wi.l). Cl.-u.ly. CI..11 1). ClMl If. ri.,u.ii-. CI-nr. t.,lr. Fulr. , 1'alr. Inlr. l'lr. X. S..W. W..N, m:..n. NW..X. M1..S. NII..N. N..NH. Ml'..S. S..N. Ml. fi:..s. s. N. N. .N. S..W. W..N. Mr. M1..N. NW..W, M1..X. N. a, in 22 J 4 a s 1,-15 2 -in e-'Ji -is .20 1 -ti 2 1 a " ,01 " .6.1 8 ' 5J n 17 11 r.o a.i as an a 1 ai a 2 0: 11 lo' 1.1 11 10 12 la 13, 2i) 11 ao n aa inj 32 17i 32 1st 2'J 191 2J e.uj- O.03 " .SI " .14 1 ao.ii ! .in , 21.02 I " .O'l . " 1 SO " .ts I ' .70 I " .07 ! " "'I " .IS I 0.1.1 O.01 1 2J 20 ill 21 2.1 I 3J 22' 21 1 as S O 213 I ID .1 21-3 12 S 2') & 17 11 21 8 2.1 IH 51 12 27 0 " .70 10 W..SW. " .31 I MV. " .61 ! NW. .10.00 . MV. ro.02 o.oi .llran lO.r.l 20.01 I .ho mean tcniirntnto uf I'ubrunry, 1S50, nut H,b2e cjMcr than tho avctoge for rdiiunry of the t prcecllti 17 yemp, but 0.3 f warmer thnn robru 1 rry 18.W. The coMcfit l'cbrunry In the 13 constu. tire jrcara, was that of 18H9, tlio moan of which "n! 12.3 c 1 "-"'1 l'eb., 18 13, was vcrjr ncnrli-nculdi nn4 tho impact Kelt, was that f Hie, tho tcm- fieraturc htlng JM . I - . 'Iho aicrngo tMiir.rn.tuic ror tho H 'onu wn 50. Jl - . The thermometer was lowest on tlio Cth, being 21 below rcrii nt tunrlro, and mis ss low only twice In the preceding t" years, nainety, 011 tho 25lh of January, 181 1, when It itoml nt 21 and Jan. 11, 18IS, when It itoud at 23 - . Tho temperature at noon of the Cth day,wn 1C m" lower by scleral degs. than had been ex prrienced in tho proceeding 17 years, and tho mean tomperaturo of tho whole day was l'.'", which was 4i s colder than ths mean of any day ia tho 17 year. The bake became entirely frozen oicron tho 5th which was two d.is earlier than tho atcragc tboo of closing ; the crossing has been fafc and good since. Tho eurfaco of the l.ako when It doted was U feet below extreme high.wnter luaik. Tho fall of snow during tho month, ha been only 1 iliehc", but from the 15tti to the end of tiiemonth, tho sleighing was "juile good. The tall ol water in IVb., 1S3.1, was but little more than half tho u-unl amount fr IVb., which, for llvenr. aicra.s 1.72 inches 1 1 .t ill", i iii i. e.n.ss.j t oiineil ol Crnsnrs '1 hp Tiebcls. 3ln. Uoliolt I hae hastily cxaitilnul willi eon. -iduahlc Interest the scleral tickets for the Council of Consoi inserted in -.our bsuo ol' last nock, us well us our utnaiks on that subject. It'ie appa rent that tho people lcg.ud the ejection as of kcoi. dary eonsciucnee. They seem not di-postd to con sldcl thu l'('1uisitiiin in tho counilntiou, in the election of members to tl e legislatuic, of men most noted for wisdom and liltlic, to haw ai. apj liea tlon In the election of tho Council t f Censors. This is decidedly wrong. The Council of Cenois, as long as our constitution reipllu ucli a body, should be of men emphatically the mostdi.tiu gui-hed in in. tellect, in wisdom and constitutional knowledge. If tlio oouMitutlou is perfect mid caiiuoi be made bet ter, let us dlspcuso wllh the Ulllo i r.,r,v op.-nr, peptennlally, of choosing a Council of Cci sor, and unitedly rcnue.t tlic touncil now to be elected to icc'mmcn 1 their abrogation. l!ut as many may bo of opinion that such a step would he inipolith), and ' others that a jruision f r alteration and an end i ments of the constitution is impoitant.let thst rjues i tion be loi the mature cohsideinlion of the Council, ilenec the necessity of electing men to the Council I possessing sound and di. eliminating minds, men who 1 lao been tried and arc generally known thiough j the State for their undoubted qualif-catlons. In looking at the different tickets you have published, the one from the Xpmt pf fa' -Igf" voiitiiin, in almost every name, those who lime hem scUeted and haw held important offices as ilovcriior, Julgcs and nieaibcrs of Congress. They ale known by all our peoldo who inteiest theniscUes in stale ' alfaiis, in piouilncnt men. Wllh -ucli tuen for a I Couueil of Cei.-ot, we may rest assuud no ullcia- tionswill be prope-cd other than such ns will be just an! proim tile of the best interests i ftho.Mate. 1'ioin pcr-on.il aciu llnt-mee with most of the grntle men ountii in tuo ticket, 1 can, aiiaoo wtin pleas- uro rceonmicn 1 It lo the freemen a. worthy then support. J. run int. riti'i. ri;i ss.j The I'odiceps It uhiicnllis, .Vejjr,, tl'hlori. : l'lesuuiilig that your leadci s, as well as tuyclf, will be interested with a rim ittis, I wish to say to them i word respecting ono whie'h 1 have recently reecii ed. Un Friday oflast week, Mr, CM. House, of iex, brought me a bird, which ho found alive in tho road, ubo-it 2 mile up the U'inooski, lrom ll-scx Junction, but nt a con siderable distance from the river. Ileing unable to rise upon its wing, it was eaily taken by the hands, and as no one was certain what to eall it, ho very kindly brought It to inc. I pon examination, I find It to bo a (iKKIU:, the '..i.Vryiv IluhirUU'.ot I.itham I think, which is a rale species in thi nrt of tl o world. It belongs to the order of Lobe. footed birds, which is intermediate bitwein the VVadirs and tl.c Web. footed, having broul membranes along tLe sides of the toe, and, while it is ono of the gieatest of swimmels, it belongs to that family i f blld which ore emphatically called Dam, The total length of this specimen is 17 inches. Tho general color abov e is black, beneath gra'lsh whlte,thc feathers both oil the back and holly hav ing a silky lustre. The posterior part of the head uppcar& calaiged by a putfof feathers. The bill is slender and pointed, and measures 2i inches along tho gape. It is of a daik horn color along the ridge, but lighter below and yellow on the , ides at tho bao. Tho color of tho primary win ' feathers is dark brown, with tho shafts black. secondaries mostly while, with shafts brown. The tarsus U very much flattened, and that and the feet hao one side black and the other grccuih jelkw. The nuilsare

fiat and broad, like tho r.allsof the human finger. It is entirely destituto uf a tail, us ale all the species ot the genus I'odiceps. These birds aro eutircly aquatic, being baldly f nble to mote at all upeli land, and it has b.en slid that they aro not ablu to liso upon the wing from the land. '1 lie specimen which 1 have describe,! wasa female. It ajincarcd to be healthy, and no wound was found upon It in skinning. It j-tehubly became fatigued by flying, nnd, finding no water in which tu alight, uttlcd down upon the miow. It had a sprightly look, but was.tuite poor, baling not .1 visible .article ol fat about 11. The intestines wore nearly empty, excepting the gizzird, which was crammed completely full of down and leathers, , plucked lrom its own body. I On the whole, il Is a veiy singular bird, and must appear exceedingly graceful and beautiful upon Iho water. 1 was informed that sumc who saw tt,cillcil It a Mut lltn, but very mpiopeily. The Mud lien belong to anotlnr ordi r ol birds, tho VYadeis, and to the genus llallits, and ate genenilly knr wn aider I tho name of Halls, as CTapj'cr Itol), Virginia l'all, ' ,lc. T hoy lire not nbo.f..ole.l, and walk well upon land. 1 1 make this public acknowledgement of my .bll. 1 gallons to Mr. IIouso for his favor, with tl.o hoje j that others, who may meet with rare, or other he I interesting, objects ia tho lino of our Xatuial His. I tory, may bo induced lo follow his example. Z. TlIOMl'r-ov , lhnlington, March .", Itsaa, 1 Iron tiii: rner: rniss tsiisi.rcns'fc, Maich 3, liv.v. Mrssi.s. luors 1 Ono would think from read. 1 ing your accounts of the "IM10 Mishaps," occasion, od lately by your village boys coasting in tho stieets Tltb their little sleds, breaking of arms and j kcads, aad Hooting lhe solid inn of Uurliiigti a, tnat the iraiuos ol your using genoiaiton wrio rath I er flimsy aOalrs. Hepeud upon il that le re wo n.e , different timber for beys frames gcneiully, as wit. 1 ne ,u, j-lnK leap of to of Mr. Harmon's In.,., , lu, Flla d , j oml , t.,,r ., I They were In a culler behind ft ruiuwuy boise, tLe "' " J1" " pnlli-r slruclf lhe f.ti.1 n..t of 1I10 brl.l.'t. ...ol ... . entter struck tnccuu post of tlie hrlUge, ami sti t pel, The boy, kej t on, but went oiiiWc of the J bridge, over the r ck, an! struck on the sell c( I just twenty fotl lower and Ihlity. eight lu a slialght line from where, they started. Uf course, being a 1 city man, .vou might lidnk tho boy, limbs h, is hi I least broken. Ve.l a hi! el it, th ) M'l.iiubl.ii o 1, I bank about tho iuteke-tt, and lhe only i,Lpi i,J,i ' injury they had received, was tl.st tlx ir tenq er as badly riled at the piopcc! of ha. ing to t:. hoi n foot, and some littlo misgivings as lo what inch father would lay to thorn for letting the lioisc run away Tbat'i tho kind of Umber lo ur it's the 1 eliropest ia the long run tv niiiiKscosiii'.MB rjr Tin: nun: rnis. Letter liliin l.iiglond. NO. XVIII. The A'cio Houses of Parliament. tiOMiox, January 25, 1K55, It would budiflicult to find on the earth a sjiot of equal dimension so crowded with histo ric Interest toevcry ono who claims an Anglo Saxon lineage, ns that jiortion of the City of Westminster a hundred rods square, Jiorha s which includes tho Abbey and the Houses of Parliament. Ho who vail take a stranger through the Courts, yards, cloisters, and in tcriois comprised within that small area, connect each foot ol ground, each groin and buttress, each Inscription and device with its ajqaopriato scenery in history, art, litera ture, and religion, ortray with detail and circuinstanco the transaction which the walls have witnessed, and recall tho words to which tlio roofs have echoed, mut he u master of English History. Ho must begin fir back " bol'oro.thotiinooriuind" in the words or an old writ, when " tlio King's Palace at 'cstiuintcr was htiilded and edified by and nigh unto the Monastery and Abbey of St. Peter or Westminster," nnd further still nt tho time when that Abbey was itself builded and edified, and ho must only stop with that stono which per haps a moment ago was swinging upwards over tho heads oT Lords and Commons in de bate. Although tho student or English Histor will remember many occasions when Parlia ment was in early times summoned to other jilaces than Westminster and will account for this by considering that its original duty was to attend upon tin: hing and givo him aid and counsel in tho high concerns or the realm yet it was generally convened here where thu King for tho most part kejit his Court. It should also be borno in mind tbut not only thu " High Court of Parliament" but the Supremo Courts of Judicature, wero parts of tho King's Council, and hence wero summoned lo sit in tho King's Palace. From the Confessor to Henry VIII, Westminster was a royal residence. Parliament and the three public Courts, of Exchequer, King's Bench, and Common Pleas sat in diflcrcut njiartmeiits of tho "King's Palace at West miii'ti r." Accordingly when Henry began lo iaiiey the oil lalaco somewhat too uld fashioned and ruinous lor bis magnificent court, and chose rather to fix his residence nt Whitehall (then Vuik Place) it littlo far ther down tho river, u P.iiliaiiientary grant extended tho limits of the Palace of West minster so ns tu include Whitehall. These facts will servo to explain the fiction by which tho new Houses of Parliament aro lulled thu " New Palace of Westminster." And now as the visitor crosses the street from Poets' Corner and stands in front of tho most magnificent sj.cciuicn oT ornamented Architecture in the world, what part will bo most desire tu see ' Which loom does ho expoet t.i enter with the nio-t thrilling asso. ciatiutis' And which w ill lie be luot Jiroud of having visited' Will it bo that gorgeous chamber of tho Lords with its gilded and jewelled throne, its rich einU'izoiiry, its fres coes and storied jimuels ' Or will it not rather be the other chamber, less brilliant hut hardly less impoMng in its dark curved oak than the former in ilsgilding, the cham ber where a coronet is never een, where lawn never rustles, but vet wheiu the leal iioblemcii of England Invo wrought out the most glorious jia-:iges in her history. An enthusiastic friend in America writes mo that bo thinks ho should feel almost in spired, if he could stand where Hampden, the Pitts, Burke, fox, and Canning jTonounced their great speeches. You must not under stand me us intimating that a visitor can now isee the identical House of Commons where -!- I ...,l..u i,, tlm bistorv of KlICllsll liberty were fought This House in which the ''Humous had sat ever sinco Edward VI . was alinu.st entirely destroyed by lire in 1''34, Remembering that tho Reform Bill had been previously jmssed, and that with the exeeju tion of tlio Corn Law agitations there has been no great national contest suite that time, our chief interest as Anglo Saxons, gathers round that old chajiel ofSt. Stephen, in which the Common s it nearly three cen turies. Tho Commons first sat ns a sejiarate body in the Chapter Huuso of Westminster Abbey. lhcre is an old story that they onco got so , noisy as to disturb the good Dean, and that he unceremoniously turned theia out of Ins house, speaker and all. At the dissolution! of monasteries, tho chnjiel or St. Stephen which had been original! v built by that mon arch and bad long existed as part of a inon- I astio establishment, was lilted up for the Commons. At tlio time of the union with Ireland in 1800, tho room was not large enough to accommodate tho 100 now- mem bers, and the whole sido walls wero taken down. Ever after this enlargement, the chamber is described as small and indifferent ly lighted. The ecntro or the room being taken up with tho tahle.nnd members' "green benches," rising'in tiers one above another no 111 ticia uiio iuu, nuoiiier el around three sides, tho wbolo is said to liavc presented tuo close and bustling appearance of a workshop. The clamor became general after n time, that tho Houses of Parliament were 11 disgrace to the nation, nnd when the lire or 1?3I destroyed the House nfCoinmons, the oj jiurtutiity was eagerly embraced fiir urging the entire reconstruction or the Palaeo. After much debate, tho measure was adop ted, and thu "Now Pal ice," an edifice so richly decorated, as to bo thought by some out of good taste is the result. The build ings.iro by no means finished, and cannot be ' f,,r many years to come, but tho Lords and Comiuon have oecuj ied their new chambers since 1 1-4 tj . V'oir Chronicler. Gun run, NO. Xl.V 1jNiioN, fob. 10, 1 !s55. To f Edacr rf tt Vrtt Vrts 1 When nn English Statesman is sjaikcn cf! ns "leader or tho House," either or Lords, or Commons, you aro not tosuj.joso that this is 1 I a mere complimentary epithet. Tl.o Minis- 1 try. a? 1 navu neiuie sini, are iiirectly con-, e'erned in legislation ; theyallliavo seats in! Puiliainent ; they introdueo and advocate their measures ; and Tarnish information to ! the IIouso respecting mattcis under their contiol. Now tho leader in each House is the ndvorato of the Government, tho mouth jiicee of the Administration. A beads of Depailincts, lhe several ministers aro their own advocates in tho House of which they aro members, but colloctivelv as tho Minis. try they aro represented in each IIouso by a "leader." The duties of leader of tho IIouso of Commons are I llinium and responsible. 1 He must not only be 11 man iu whom his col league ran confide, ns possessing a judgment ' ..1. 1..1. ...:n ...... !. ,.. ,i,i - ' """""" , requires great delilwration. If this tarifl in j Reeouiit, and a jiromj't and eoiiiinouding clo- i corporation jirevuiis, I shall move sis an quence tu warm or to conciliate opposition, amendment to tho bill tlio French Spoliation ! but ho must be master or every subject vhi-li 1 11 ,?''! oinebody else will move to tack on r 11 . Tit in,. !.. 1 ., ... "'0 Hirbor nnd River bill, nnd another to in , comes up Tor debate. lhi. i.lfico inheres .11 , fnjmn M, ,,, fr ,,, ,f , no sj.ciiil dejiiituiiut uf Ihogouriiui'int , It . you establish thislprcced nt vnu w ill find every is a matter of iirr.ingninent in each Cabinet. nnaginiMo measure tumbled incongruously ' Inasmuch n its lal-. ne so exacting as to ; "P011 Scnato at the ibsa ol t'-e s 'ssion. , , . . , .1 ,1 , ,.r adding, if pu.si'de, to t'ie eonfusi m which " ' I1"''1" ''"!. '"'. . generally pievuils nt that poiisl. 1 would other ullies-, and jat as no t abinct .Muiistoi' j ns Utiul v nil the dunes repealed, as receive anv s il 11 v .n such, it was nine pro- witness tlio i-ime'tnicnt of such sections as i.ivd to e'.u.stiti.le the leadership of t'.c those relating to lhe tariff in this bill . , X ,:, . Mr. .Vwuid, ol N . believed that bv Hons.- ol (.nmii.nu. a iccognized ollieo or t- j ,uPmit,jnR , ,lla rw .,,ei.io, 1)f lej-hdahoi, self, with a salarj annexed to it, but the ne f,le thu Ilixi'e the precedent to Tjrce up- 1 measure was not earned The Prrmier is 011 tho country any mo isure they may jdeasc alwavs leader oftho House In which ho sits. ' WdJolin llussell liiis led the lower IIouso in threo rnjiacltics, nn First Iird of thoTrca sury, ns Homo Secretary, nnd ns President of tho Council ;Sir Robert Peel and Mr Dis raeli (pronounced l)l;rtvcll) as Chancellor or the Etcher,,,..- n.,,i m. ! t t'.....t Meei-eio,!. t.. ,t -". ( i i t i h i 1 Tho geiitlcnieii from Virginia and Vermont Seeretary. n tho now Cabinet, Lord Pal ttijt0B,u tlllt ,,, ', lhl.m Hu,tMom merston will lead the House of Commons, ' of tho turiir w ill sweeji their sheeji from the and Eirl Granville, tho Lonl. declivities) of their mountain. I have Intimated above that none r llrr Another objection to the bill wn that it MileiK.'. .l, I.... . i .1 vvas sirung upon tho House with nfive or six Majesty s advisers receive fb.ry in that j days .'r tho ei'l or tho seS,i,m, ,J t,o man capacity. It is also well known to you that I uhictiirers have no time to remonstrate. I Members or Parliament do not draw tuiv jiay bavo a letter lrom a manufacturer ol bicliro Troin Government. As officers or Slatcjiow ' !";.,tu 0,r I"'l"s,l "tuting that this chango will ever, Ministers have amjdo salaries. The ''ffr" jladgei-Whal's bichromate or j.-itaslil Lord Chancellor receives i'10,000 annually, j Mr. Seward 1 don't know. Hie presumji and .1,000 in uddition us Speaker or tho tion, therefore, is, that Senators nio ignorant, IIouso of Loids. 1 he first Lord of the Trc.v I l""1 It illustrates my argument, that in this sury, tl.o Chancellor or tho Excbcouer. and ' the four Secretaries or State, receive cacl . - - U'5,000, the Iird Pi ivy Seal uud Iho Preti ; dent oT tho Council, each 2,000. With icrcrcnco to tho Constitutional j.rin j cijdo by which a Member oT Parliament on ! receiving a Stato ofiice must bo re-elected, it ) ajipears that Sir George Gray, formerly Colo, nial Secretary, will not vacate bis scat. '1 ho I reason assigned is that liu retains tlio office of I "ono of Her Majesty's principal Secretaries of State," (it is under this title that they re I ccive oflico Trotn tho Queen), and bis trans Tcr from one department to another is mcicly a matter of arrangement, and not a new ap pointment Your Chronicler, GntrriTU. Congress. Tho proceedings in Congress, Wednesday, wero important. The Senate passed the Navy Discipline Bill, as well as the Mail Steamer Appropriation Bill, both of which have jm'scd tho IIouso. Tho Steamer Bill provides lor the carrying of tho trans-Atlantic mails In the Collins lino of steamers until April, 18G0, at tho rato of $33,000 for tho round trip. The right to givo six months notice for a tormina- ! tion of tho contract vvas relinquished. The Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bill, with a modification of tho tariff, vvas mado the order nf tho day for yesterday. Tho nomina tion of Winfield Seott a Lieutenant General ol'tbn .trmy 0!' the L'uited State was unani mously confirmed In the House a number ol unimjiortant bills wero passed. Tho Senate bill granting one hundred and sixty acres oT land to per son, who bavo served in tho wars since 1790, and to the widows anl orphans of deceased soldiers, was passed 135 to 3'J. Tho bill, as amended, provides lands Tor persons of all grades, including Indians, who have served on land or sea,not less than four teen days, in tho wars since 1790. Tho widows or minor children to receive the benefit in case of tlio death oftho persons ''entitled. The widows of officers and the soldier of the revolutionary war to bo entitled tu the benefit of this net, ns likew ise tho volunteers nt thu invasion of Pittsburgh, in September, 1SI1, and tUo chaplain who served in the several wars. It is stated that, if the bill becomes a law, it will throw into market some two hundred million of acres oT land. N ii'hiugtnn Item. motion to repeal the fugitive Slave 1. 1... .r. o r S! .... 1 law, made by Mr. Sumner, oT Massachusetts, received nine votes in tlio scnatool thcl'iiUcd States, a Tew nights since. The names or these nine Senators arc, Rr.iiuard, uf Vt., Chase, of Ohio, Coojier, of Pa., Pcssendcn, or Me., Gillette, of Cnun., Sunnier, nnd Wil son, of Mass., Seward, of N. V., and Wado of Ohio. Mr. foot, of Vt., was absent on 1 account of sickness, or his name would doubt- J less have been in the list. 1 The bill for the incrcaso of tho army pro j viues ror a new brigadier general, who'is not I yet ajipointcd. Iho senators united in re I commending their retiring associate, Gcneial Shields of Illinois, but the president took no I action, two and a quarter millions dollars j were impropriated to meet tho cost of this increase. ' The bill to give ICO acres of land to all old ! soldiers of the country, who have not been voted any heretofore, will uso up in hundred I millions of acies. I The salaries of tho judges of tho supremo court have been raised to $7,500 for the chief and $7,000 for tho nssociato justices, which is nn addition ol $2,500. bunday morning, Benton roni'd to answer to his name in the House when called, saying lint liA rrnt nn nr.mnm lir, ami tlml lU .au. that ho was an ex-member and that the ses sion that day was a lilicl on the Sabbath, Some contusion followed this episode, when the sneaker pro tern., Mr.Orr, told the gentle man he was out of order. Mr. Benton I am not a menibei. The Speaker Then, if the gentleman is not a member, tho eloorkcejier will juit him out. lOiiuiauguter loiiovvcil, with exclamation I of Pretty good" " That's the talk. Tho old Missouri.!!, vvas less pious in bis ejaculations 01 joy over the vcw ol the Collins , Senate shall in this manner endorse the irreg steamerbi . "Give tho President my res , ular action of the House, and if the President pects, sir. said bo to a mutual j kicnd ; he Bjiall affix his signature to a measure thus did right, sir. and if I was President I w ould e.lrI.ied, all I can say is, that I shall question keep a pile ol blank vetoes a hand, ready to all my former conclusions. I do not say how stop the acts of this d d rascally ton- 1 s,,a,j act, j ,all consiucr when tho time cress, and somethin. moro of the same emphatic sort Tho president has retained nnd pocketed several internal improvement und harbour i ,,,, .1 . 1 , . I lolls nisnti- Ihem these rt lull,,, I n.iir Flats and St Mnrr'a Miehl to the S. higiin : and it is believed, also, the Savannah River, not withstanding bis approval, last year, of tho Capo fear River improvement. Nearly everything which it was cxiee'ted would be acted on by Congress was disjiosed of, cxecit Mr Evanses hill to settle the claims of the revolutionary officers, which lailed of the President's signature. Mr I'piiam of Massachusetts, from she in vestigating committee on tho Smithsuni in insstitutiuii, made a report to tho huuso ,l0. cidedly against the management ijF tho insti tution. The rcjiort is 11 very strong document. Mr Wittu of Pa., made a minority i'e, u't on the other side. The Turin" (Jiieslioii in Tungics. 'I he modification nf the Tariff aj jiarenth got its quietus iu tho Senate on Thursday night. It will be remembered that the IIouso had affixed it to the General Ajijimpriatloo Bill. Tho debate in tho Senate was a long and active one partly on the altera'ions themselves, and the lack or time to under stand thuir bearing, and partly on tho mode of bringing tho measure forward Tho dis. cussion was kept up till nearniidnigbt, when a vote was taken on an amendment uueted by Mr. Clayton, to strike off all relating to tho Tariff Bill. Ayes 24, Nays 21. Wo give tho essential points of the debate, as reported. SENATE. WAfiiiNOTON, March 1, lSoi. Tho General appropriation hill having been taken up, Mr. Clay ton, of Del., objected to - ZocUrll licrTh a propyl tion to chango tho wholo tariffs.vstom trough in tho last threo days oftho session, whicl tne inn, necauso 01 its incorporation ot n ;bt days of tho session, which needs a month's consideration. Tho IIouso 0 Rejirefent itives has been entirely changed in character by tho latn tremendous) political re volution, 1 amagiinst forcing a meisun up. on the coulilrv in this manner. This is e.ir. rj ing preceucnts u.o lar or my acquiesceneo 1 Mr, Loujicr, of Pa. This land provision . . as tlio condition that they will furnish llic means to carry on the government I or one, i I will stand hero until Sattutiay night nt 12 o'clock to resist thisiniasiiro lrom the IIouso of Hcpresen tallies. I believe tho Iron Inter cbi is paramount to any other as regards pro- tection, and this Interest Is Injured morotban any other bv this modification of the tariff. "cty legislation Senators elon know w ha , t icv aro eiouii. u ic t 1112 1 uo Know. 111c inn win crusn tnc iron interest 01 too coun try. Railroad tnterjriso has diverted too much labor to that interest, and ton littlo is Iclt in atrrieulture. Prices uio too Lied. We aro taripini; the treasury at both end. I 1 don't object to tho .rofuscncesof expenditure ivvheu jiroper, bill 1110 treasury must ho kcih full. This bill, lessening tho'duties, willde plete the treasury. I Mr. Wilson I nm siek or this talk about ' protection. Wo nave bad Buiieombo speech I es enough to-night about tl.o labor of the I country. Ever thing that bus been said on I tho fcul'joct for twenty years past has biienro 1 peated. All the predictions about danger i lrom tho want ol protection have been falsi fied. I shall support this bill, becauso I be I licve it will subservo the interests oT myovvn ! Stato, us well as those oT tho country. Mr. Brodlicad Hero was a combination of pro-slavery and abolitionism pro-slavcrv and ! Know NotliingiFin. IIo congratulated his I Southern friends ujion their now ally in be half of free traele. His friend from Massa chusetts intimated that the idea of protection ' was to be abandoned. It was a long time since such an idea had come from tbatquar 1 ter. Ho would remind the Smator that the 1 slave trade origin ited in Massachusetts ns i well a free tr.ulo notions. Ho could under stand why the Senator from Massachusetts 1 was in fiver or free trade. Thcslavo projicr 1 ty of the South is worth about fourteen bun I dred millions ol' dollars. If a direct taxa 1 tion be resorted to, a great J'art ol that bur i then will fall on the slave State. Massachu setts corporations luiei:nt rich by protection. Now M10 wants iivcmuus ami wool ireo, aim tu net this she is" willni2 to civo Southern; Railro ids their i on free. I won't say any thing a1',, ut Imiz'iiiir, but these things look queerlv. 'lhe iiri.Migiiuent upon tho Civil and Diplomatic bill is in bad taste and at a bad time. Mr. Brown 1 am glad to find that Mas sachusetts has taken the right ground ujsn tho subject of free trade. I hopo by-and-hye she will ho right on slavery also. Mr. Clayton the proposition isa blow nt the great agricultural and manufacturing interests oTthe country. Under the recipro city treaty of last year you have injured the agricultural interest so "that to-day a great agricultural assemblage hero tell us that if they cm bavo no protection, there shall bo no prntcctinn. Thero are 300,000 farmer, enouj-h of them to put down all your mer chants and manufactures. I bavo only to sav, beware of the dav when you meet tluso men in battle arr.iv. ; Mr. Hurler When gentleman talk of agricultural interests, 1 want to know what agricultural interest they mean. I have a constituency ol' rice and cotton growers. We j don't ask anything from government. The ( doctrine of protection will, within ten years, bo pcricctly loathsome, .lust alter tnc war, prutcclio may have been needed; but our manufactures uncc established, the necessity I beri.l'nc ie.ih...1 ..i, i-r.itoetinn IS but t. IX- i,, 0110 ;uUmt f.,r the support ofunother. . M , - --..,. .V . . :.. .!.:., a ucro is some agricultural iiuerese 111 uus ' country besides that of Delaware. Mr. "Clayton 'lhero is also some agrietil- tural interest in tho country besides South ; t.aroiiiia. ' Mr. Douglas (dem.) ur 111 I am Tor a ! reduction of tho tariff to a simjdo revenue ' ' standard. 1 am a free trade men, but 1 j ! erirmnt into fur stu-b n mensim, as this. I Illinois is una tif tho largest wool crovvini htates 111 the Union, feo ut the vv estcrn the machinery almost stopped, and going to Statis. You ask me to go, under thc.c cir- j ncertaiu the cause, ho found Mr. B. be ruinst.inccs, for a reduction ot the wool tlutv . ,. . . . - . Irum 30 to ti per cent. If this bill was right 1 'V"D t,ie C0V ul lwo wl,ci:ls ln 11 stale of ln in itself, I would'nt vote for it, because it is sensibility, with bis body mangled and near revolutionary in its character. If vou' can 1 ly every rib broken, get tin into an niipruj.riation bill, what ., e't von eel tl,..,.,i 'lleii.. to break through ' '' nl .At 11 meeting o tbce safeguards, and uppropritition bills will oe ovcrwueimeu. Mr. Seward leeiuncd I bavo never resor ted to any factious contrivaneo to carry any 1 measures, however imjiortunt they may bo to humanity. The Senator from South Carolina asks 1110 what I should say if the next House j of Rej resentativcs should send in a bill for ' ! the repeal of the fugitive Slav claw' I hope they will ;and I believe they will also require ' 1 the restoration of the Missouri line, and pro- 1 i,ib,i:,. aC.i .,.... : i.. !'..:. :. t',.. 1 !inco j ,,ave b Congress, I have resisted 1 ' ., .. - 0 . ... tho tackinj of measures together, and Sena- tors will bear mo out in the statement that when 1 have been asked to concur with proji- j ositions to introdueo a bill to rejical the Fugi tive Slave act under another bill, 1 have tini fnnnly refused. (" Yes, ye," from several j Senators.) I now tell these gentlemen that iT they over-throw the rules which are made for the preservation of the rights of the mi norities, bv modifying the tariff under the cover of u ccncr.il appropriation bill It the comesaind those who establish this precedent must iuko tnc consequences winch win natu- 1 rally How therefrom. j 'llic question was then taken on Mr. Clay- 1 ton's amendment, proposing to striko out all . relating to Hie tariff in the bill. Yeas 24, i nays 21. ' Art ol Congress. Hie following are the more imjiortant acts jiassed at the last session of tho Thirty-third t Congress The Consular end )iplonatic Ihll nn at- . tempt tu bring our system of representation abroad into a degree of consistency. Thri ouil of Claims Dill It "establishes a tribunal fur the adjudication of private claims. It will dniibtbs savo the national legislature a erreat deal uf time, and if vro. I pcrly carried into effect will sccuro a great! degree of nmiptitudo and justice in tho dis- I 1 osilioli of claims I I ho Bill fiir the K'orfaiitzattoirnfthcyai i, creating 11 retired list, and tho bill unerasing the army to the extent nf two regiments ol iulantry and two of cavalry, and providing fur the appointment of mi additional brigadier-general, involving an expense of two uiilliuus and a half. The Uounty Land Uill, granting one hun dred and sixty acres of Land to every man who has served in any of the wars of lhe United States sinco 179ib Tlio Ttias Creditors' Hill, apptopriating fs7 .760,000 for tho jsiyment ol" e'reditors ol Texas ho'eling bonds or other evidences of debt for which the revenues of the Republic were pledged. The Ship Passenger's Bill supplies additi onal securities to tho health and comfort of tho emigrants who crowd to our shores; and the Shifiirrecl. Bill ftimishcs new and valuable facilities for rescue in cases of ship wreck. The Bill for tho construction of a Line of Telegraph from the Mississippi to the Patitic, at tho cxjienso of the grantees, giving a, right of way two bundled feet in width, and put ting tho samo under tho protection of the giirvernment. 'Iho Postage Bill, fixing the postage for a distance less than threo thousand miles at threo cents, nnd over at five, providing that all letters shall bo prepaid, and after next iiccemiier vvnn stamps, anil that ,ailli m r(.Rcred . ..,, u ,' r.i.. ,r iiccemiier vvnn stamps, and that letters con- An uct to secure tha right of citizenship to children of citizens of the Cnited States horn out of the limits thereof. JxTA letter to tho Commercial Adrertiser, in speaking of the lasts acts of Congress, savs ' I hi- bill granted Com. Perry twontv thouMiid ibillars for sen ices in negotiating tho Jap'ii treaty. I his was agreed to 'lhe Scnato alsj uM ivnil lareexm, co'oponsaii .ii tu Geo P. Marsh for Ins euia seivices ,16 Minister 0 I unstnnlin 4e, uud lo R. II. ScbeiK'k fi r 1 1 seniie in making ir ;itie in South. Aiaein a i ho restut vvas, tho j ro is ion for Mr ioh''iiek was nude, and t' at inr Mr Marah rejected, without the le 1 t reason for tho discrimination Iho next Congress will riiliry this wrong. The Sormli wouM bavo adhered to Ihelr amendment bad tht.ru been limo for further conference. ITILUS AT IIO.Hi: AM) AllltOAO. Mai.nk Law in Bcrlini-ton. On Thursday Inst, Win. Conncrs, who hndliecn eo Ittcd to Jail In default of $20F fr violation of the liquor law, eiid tho cash and was released. On Saturday be was arrested again, tried before Justice Ilulleiibcck, foun 1 , guilty and liio il $10 and costs. A'tinrNT on tin; Km vni) Ro.vn. I'y I a line from the Troy and Canada Junction Telegraph office we learn that tho mail train for Boston Tuesday morning 0.1 the Rutland and Burlington Railroadvvus thrown from tho track near Clarendon in conscqueiico of ono of tho driving wheels coming off. One pas senger ear was thrown down the embankment, rolling over throe times boforo reaching the bottom, Tho car was badly broken, but fo far ns heard from no ono wns stnovsly injured. f irk in WiLLisro.s. The dwcllirgbousa of Mr. Enoch Tyrrel,on what is known astlio Anson Byingtou farm, in Williston, took fire about ten o'clock on Thursday evening last, from the burning out of a stovepipe, and was entirely consumed. Part of tho furnituru was saved. No insurance. Mvine Law in HavTTi.rnORo. Tl.o public buuscs in Brattloboro, wero visited last week by the proper authorities from the keeper of one, " tho Revere,'' it hundred dollars worth of liquor was taken nnd be was fined $20 and costs. Tho keeper of " the American" vvas also fined $100, and eosts.for unlawful selling. By way or showing proper resentment for this Interference, all threo of the hotels were voluntarily closed by their kecjicrs, and travellers wero forced to Tall back on jiust-foibler" fur their hoises, and the hospitality of tho citizens fur shelter for themselves. In consequence of this stato or things a meeting ofcitizens vvas called ,and fivo private bouses wero thrown open for tho temporary accomodation of strangers, which soon brought tho hotel keepers to their senses arid the Houses are ojien again. Ditto in C.vrot. A man named Osgood, in Cabot, was convicted or threo nffenccsv against the liquor law, a week or two since, and fined S30, and costs, 'lhero seems to ho room for further jirecccdings of tho same soit in that town, as we learn that sinco then 0110 Mark Shaw, of Cabot, went to a drunkery kept by a man named Smith, and procured liquor enough to mako him drunk. He went homo across lots and on his way bad to climb a fence, nvcr which lie pitched into a snow bank and never rose again alive. Hi body was found the next morning, partially frozen at tho extremities. In Snri.no.N, on Sunday t lie ISth ult , one Win. Jlaig, a Scotchman and a deserter from the British Army some time since, a man of steady habits for the most j'lirt, com menced drinking, and finding his appetite strongand the ditEcultyof satisfying it great, resorted to ojdum to such a degree that tho sleep, which ho uo doubt hoped to get by it and thereby find relief, proved to bo a sleep that knew no awaking. Mr. IIirvm Si'raiut, of Wallingford, Rutland Co., was killed on .Monday of last week. Ho was driving an ox team drawing a sled loaded with log. The harness on oncof the oxen broke, and the load was thrown upon the team and driver, instantly killing the latter. He leaves a wifeand two children Mr.. Ira BLAsiiritLn of Willianmille. Windham Co , was killed in a grist mill in 1 that villa, last week. Another man noticed the Stockholders of the Bank of Lyndon holden on Feb. Ctitli, tho following persons were elected Directors : E. B. Chaso, S. M. Hoyt, S. W. Slade, Lucius Denison, John M Week, Joel Fletcher, Jr., and Win. B. May. Tho Directors subsequently elected E. B. Chase, President, and Edward A. Cahoon, Cashier. Wmii: Matle Sigar. A Vermont farmer says the following is a sure method of clari fying sugar ' Filter all your sap before boil ing, through a hopper or box of sand, which ho is satisfied will tako out, not only all tho stains derived from leaves, tubs, crumbs of bark, but all other coloring matter that can prevent the sugar from being pure whi'e. The Hoisr. of Mr. Morse, in Morgan, Orlc.ius Co., was totally consumed by fire on Tuesday of last week, before light in tho morning, the family escaping through a win dow witli nothing but their clothes. The Store of W. Bucklin, Cuttings ville, Rutland Co., was recently enterod, and $1,000 worth of goods were carried off. No certain clue to the burglar. In Montpelier, on Mundsy of last week, Mr. Rice, conductor of tho freight train, while in the act of coupling cars, was caught between the hunters, which so crush ed bis arm that it is feared amputation will be necessary. Tue lOLlorri.NG resolutions were unan imously adopted at a Temperance Conven tion held in Irasburgh some time since. Jlttvltf'i That we learn with pleasure that tho toeen of Uurlington lri of late been diligent In pros ecuting violations of the Liquor Law, thereby .-el. tine a roblc example for other towns. llt'ili'il. furthr. That it is with deep regret tha we- learn that Mor.tpolier,'the Capita! of the Slate, is shamefully derelict In its duty to said Law and to the cause of Temperance ; anl that we advise tho the Ireomen of Orleans County to consider, whether it would not benefit the Tcmperanco cause tore. movo the Capitol te liurlinglon where tho .Atmoi. phcie is more free lrom the perfumes of Alcohol IvosstTii, ill a letter from London ly the Biltie to a g.ntleminin NewYo k, thus sums iiji the Kuropra! news 1 A small ministerial change here in men. not In policy; England's absoluto nudity of inherent weakness ; England's aristocracy decaying fast ; tho British Empire drifting towards, u revolution scarcely to bo prevented any more. 2 lsoiiaparto eiriftod from fully to lully and to fill .1. No patching up cf peace possible, though every lody bo bent on It. 1 The theatre of war'soon to bo trans, ferred to tho interior ur Europe, and the eon test generalized. Tut OvRDiNEti property case has been docided by tho Circuit Court at Washington The court makes a decree to tho effect that tho awards were obtained by Goorgo A. Gar diner by means or raise swearing, forgery, and fraud, and were, thcroforo null and void ; that his. estate is indebted to the United States in tLe sum of $123,750, with interest frora the I6th of May, 1S51 , that Corcoran & Rigs, should bring into court, on tl.o fourth Monday or March next, the stocks and securities in their hands, amounting to $S9, 000, being part or the funds ohtained by Gar diner under said awards, and also an ad mitted luhnco in cash of $3,737 4t5 Mn Bf.nto.n's house, in Washington, was destroyed by fire on tho 27th ult., with tho data and notes for tho seceind volume or hi Thirty Years in the Senate, together with other iuijuruiit documents, manuscripts, books, Ac- The loner ten thousand of New York City have been gre.tlv stirred recently by a pistol Eghl between .1 number of noted pugi lists, in a dri.iki. g 'iop on Broadway. Se.1110 twetilj 6bots nee' fcr.'d Three of Iho row dies received bullets in il fl. rent jeirtsuf t' cir bodies, but at the list ace ni'i il wis fesred that nil would eurriro