Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 30, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 30, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

yearly, worth ut twelve and a half cents per pound, tlio sum or $187 60, us tho product of a single ncrc. Wo bclicvo tlio cstlmutoil product or each trco is n very high ono. Wlion the cost of labor und fuel is taken into the account) wo question whether n higher profit wouhl not ho reuliiod by netting out nit orchard or tlio most productive sweet apptts, or with an aero or tho best winter apples. Wis Imltc tho attention or landowners to tho importance of raising maplo groves, which must increase in value us timber becomes scarcer i anil wo liopo the subject ol' the luanuficturo or ma ple sugar will receive n carcl'ul examination. Country Gentleman. Ur.D Clover. It appeai9 to bo generally admitted that clover does best sown early in the spring on tho young wheat, livery farmer ought to'grow his own clover seed, mid sow it with an uiisearing bund. At least one fourth of tho nrable land on a wheat larm should bo annually seeded down with chirr. It does well, if the land is clean, sown with lurley. Wo know intelligent practical farm ers, in western New-York, who tow clover with barlev. even when tlicv intend to s iw wheat alter it tlio same jcar. Tim barley j straw, having a little clover iniscri with it, if eaten more readily by cattle; while the clot or roots, and what little herbage is turned under, , furnish uuitiioiiU for tho wheat erol'. We' will not say that this course will pay in all cases,but we will say that the average )ield ol wheat, other things heing equal, will gen- erally bo in proportion to the amount of clover grown and plowed under or consumed ! on tlio farm. Fieri clover is well adapted to our clim.itf. When properly cuiori, itiniikes a wiluabltf ha' for horses and liko the peas , and hcuns, though it impoverishes the soil but little, it furnishes manure licit in ammo nia. We consider twelve pounds to the ucro hone too much seed, lie carolul not to cover I the seed too deeply. As a general thing, w bury all small seeds too deep. The shallower the'hettor, so that light is excluded, and sufficient moisture is oht lined. One to two bushels of plaster per aero sown with tho I clover, will prove of much benefit to it ; unit I tho notion that it make tho etraiv uf the j wheat too rank, or elelajs its ripening is, we . believe, without much foundation in tact ' Certain it is, that some of the best wheat farmers in the country are in tho h ibit ol j sowing plaster on their wheat liulds fjr tin' i benefit of the clover. It has no cff.'Ct nil the I wheat, but proves of grc it value to the young clover. Tncro tiro tvu kinds ol red chiur. , tho small and large, or, mure prupcily. the j early and late kinds. The late kind grows large and coarse, and is well adapted for manuring purposes, and, as it tipcus at the samo time as timothy, it is considered porl'cr uble to tho small kind fur mixed bay. The small or early kind, however, is doubtless the most nutritious, und is the most pupular Country (Jcntliman. lUcckhi JJvrc 3vcss. JtUBLINGTOX, I'ltl DAY MAltCH.10. 1C35. Sccrcl OipnnUntfoiis. 'We grant that in despotic uiuntries wluie none aro allowed to discuss openlj" the prin ciples of tho government ur the conduct of tho rulers, tcerct political organizations aro jus tifiable. Yet even in those countries their cmduet should be in accordance witli the principles of natural justice and the lights ol man. Otherwise, they aro sure to become; only another form oT despotism none the less t r-al in kind for being conducted in secret. ltut in a country liko ours, where pditical discussion is as free as the air to evcrj one, they nro uncalled for. Truth und fair dealing ! havo no need of them. Open daylight and a clear field are all that they ask for. from feelings of this sort, and from a eon- j viction that till uttenipts to luain'ain a pal it- ' ieal organization of that character alluring as the notion ofgre.it success bj combined se cret cff.irt would beat first with many must s nn defeat themselves if let alone, vvc have hid hut little to .iy and to cire about the whole array ot Council.", grand Councils and ' lodges, Presidents, Cirand Prc-idcnts. de grees, sigusund symbols, oaths of secrecy and , oaths of obedience, which have danced befaro ' t'.c public eye fur bolue months past. In truth, rapid as has been tlio growth through- 1 out tho luidof Knuw-X'otiiing lodges, wo believe that way of doing tilings ia unnatural t.. tho American uiind,ui,d niu-t fouii lomu to an end. If there are any new and comiaen da'de doctrines to bo inculcated thev-must forsake hiding place-' and come out into open 'hijhglit and abide the brunt ol manly discus sion. If any ivjvv thing ought to he done, let all have the icasoiis fur duing it fairly pre sented and fairly weighed. If the novelty of an opposite course takes for a littlo while, it ( must gradually become di-pleasii.g to men of cmdor and bo abandoned for mi o'ii ami i imnly course, eucIi a n natural to an intelli gent and free people We see abundant indications that such a profess is already in uctivu pi ogress in the Know-Xothing order. Instead of that myo- tical air which was first given to till that was said about tho principle- and aims of the 1 "now order," (which to our view showed i that thero was a lack of definitencss in those j principles and aims, except perhaps the dc- i finite purpose of gathering n strong viti) sonio propositions uro now laid down which pioplo can begin to talk to. Hero and there , lodges aro reported as having become divided . and insubordinate, or us being abandon' d al together, and on every hand there is breaking out a sentiment m favor of casting a-ide wholly the scuct way of proceeding which, nt first a means of success, begins already to prove a burthen giievous to bo home. At a recent meeting in Trenton, X. J. of pcroona who favor the " Ameiiean" movement it was resolved that ' wo deem an open idatforiu and a distinct partisr.ii organiz ition essential to tlio success of the great American move ment." Tho I'hiludelpbi i .lwicncan fli'-nntr ' and tUcJersry City .Srniiit,pro'ninentlCnovf Xothing organs, are in favor of an open or ganization, and tho lloston Knmc-Solhing i and American Crusader, ti.o principal Knoiv- 1 Xothing paper of Xevv England, is out strong- ' y on tlio same sido. If the new party iswisi, it will heed tuch suggestions as these, which wo find in tlio hist number of the A'i.v:e- A'(l'AlN. Last week we told our leaders tlint wo be- licved in open fight aliovo-boird warfare in this American movement. In our opinion the time has come in which to speak and tut openly. When tho party was y uing and its members fciv, sccre-y both piotocti.il aid strengthened it. It is now ol ego and has got ns much if not more strength and lusti ness than any other party in tho countiy. It need fear nothing by open action. Yi'e must confess that tho ' free light" riuciplo i- II. o fairest und tho most manly. There is nothing about tho Amcricau paity that should sliamo us : nothing but what will hear scrutiny ; nothing hut tho sunlight will gild it vvi'tli now luster. llosides, wo injure ourselves in two ways. Olio of thesj we iiinUd ut last week, viz., tlio facility which it gives to puty hutks to enter our ranks and practice their old tricks '1 1 o other is that it prevents many eu.ij, con scientious, strong men, from joining u. Tho' don't liko this " working in t' c li.n!.," us they call it, It is not, siy t'icy, the honest old Ameiiean Tachion of doing tilings. Just couio out and battle npcn!j'til.c n, lice I field and we aro with you Your piimiples ! aro too good to be hid under a liuela.1 I My need not bo kept under lock and key. llring I them out und tl.uus.iml cvirvwhcro who now hold hack will bo with jou tc.ii til v- Such is public sentiment. Wo think it the duty, no less than politic for the American party to coino out ot iU ambush. Let us huvc open caucusscsund open nomination L.t uj meat with swinain iworj n.nl free tongues, Tiicre U nothing to bo lost by it, hut much to bo gained. 27"Tho Sentinel bajs, "At no priori of our Republic havo tho people been uallud upon to moot such encudes as havo combined ngaiast end ovcrvvhcliiied tho stciling dcni... cr.cy or tho North :.o; lor those who havo combined against and overwle li.icl the democracy are tho priplc thimsilv s Consul Hopkins nml the (ioiernmcnt r Paraguay. Tho N. V, Evening Vost takes quite nn interest in tho quarrel between Consul Edward A. Hopkins, and tho government or l'utaguay. It has published at length the official correspondence between tho parties, ns given in tho Semanario, tho official paper of 1'araguay, The Consul complains to the (lovcrnincnt of divers indignities. Tlio Soldier Silvero assaulted tho consul's brother " Don Clo mcnte,'' und when informed that ho had struck the brother of the Consul, and that he could have him beaten, added insult to in jury. Tho Vaiikee citiicn, John Peterson, not having his passport properly signed.l'oiinil t'msinio rejected. At the person of tlio Consul, orange peel has been thrown hj the Paraguayans, and sand has been hulicioui.lv cast at 1 1 i in . Ho und his friends havo also received from tho populace the entmnobgieal appellation ui carcamams, or wood-lice. On the other band tho Minister of l'urci.iii All'.iirs asserts that Mr. Hopkins "lia placed . the Paraguayan town is a pitiful light," ' that ho has maltreated the pconti entrusted 1 to his charge, that be has been eiigtged in smuggling, und thut he robbed a neighbor nT his mil fence. To wind up, we have the ro ' position of Mr. Hopkins to establish .m Agii cultural School near Asuncion. That bounty ' lound his seminary, lie " demands" of the j government a largo tract of land, live thou j sand dollars in money, exemption from taxes, and in addition that the State paper, the Simanario, bo placed wo quote from tho Consul's notL "under the practical direc tion of my brother, Don Clemento,ns it would by that means pay in a very short time its expense ,hy an increased!' circulation, Iio.k r j ii jour cuculleney'tf adtiiiiiihtratiuii al mad, . and I'm uisliing the means for maiij ogticiil tui.il publications which do not exist in tho . Spanish langu.ig'', nnd after some v cars w ould ! forward this country more than nny nil er American State, cither Spanish or Portu guese, t will ho responsible for his punc tuality. Ills knowledge in his profession is complete in all that is requir. d in the man. ngement of a piinting office. He has not his equal for tliis object." 'Ibeso boons the government did not grant and does not seem likely to. The S'mniiaiio says, the attempt ol the Consul " tempts its .arision and pity. ri.c Vost thinks Hop- , kins "about the most unpopular American in South America, and that bis usefulness, if ho ever possessed any, ns an officer ol tho Cnitcd States government, or of thu United States and Paraguayan Xavigation Com ..ny, is piettj much at an cinl." Vote for Council ot Ceii-m-. Of the votes cast fur Council of Censors in llurlington, David Fish had 127, C. S. Dana 1 1211, Jumca M. Slado 120, William C. Wilson and David Hibhard lit! each; and the ic- ! maindcr of the names on the so called Know- Xothing ticket ll'J each. That ticket has an I average majority of 27. The votes on the other ticket range from 83 to 01 i Horace i'-vton and Daniel Kellogg 94 each, Goo. P. March, 1'0 &c. There was a long array of . sc.itteiing votes. Wo shall give the vote ' moro fully next week. In Colchester tho Knuw-Xuthing tiektt averaged about 13, C. S. Dana receiving dj ' votes, the highest. Nine votes were thrown ! Tor Ceo. P. .Marsh and 10 for Sam'l. A. Wil laid. In IN.-ex the K. X". ticket hid S'i votes; the j other ticket 23 votes. (TUkv. Henrt WaI'.o lltFCiim, is to lc( turo in tho Town Hall, in llurlington, next Tuesihij evening. 'Ihe priviledge of bearing Mr. li.'ccbcr is not afforded everyday or every ar in this part of the country, and doub'- le-is manj' of our countrj' readers will avail tbeinschcs of this opportunity. It w ill pay to hear him. Sec advertisement. j"Wc call attention to Mr. tisemcnt or Agents wanted. age s adver- 5,r-I'ovv.v Meiti.no. The 1'recmcn uf Ilnr gtou to tho nuinbcv of a dozen or so.a-s'm- lii blcdinthoTownllallTucsd.iyforeiioon.pi'.rsu- intto tlieaeljuurnment of theT'ov.n Mtetingt f March Ctli, to hear the report of a committee 1 on tlio proposed alterations of the buundary linesof certain School Districts in thcLasltin i rtiaii of the Town. Tho Coinmittc-o im ported and their report was accepted unJ adopted. i '1 i.e subject of a rc-ailjiistnicnt of the School , Di-tiict lines of the whole town was then re ferred to the Selectmen, with directions to re- , poit on tho same nt u future meeting. I Tho meeting then adjourned to tUothiid Monday in July, shortly previous to which j time it is to bo hoped that due notice of I tho meeting will in sumo way bo given to tho public. Vvc supposo that not twenty cm- ztns were aware that n Town Meeting was to bo held M-uay. Tl o object of tho proposal re-adjustment of , tl.o School District lines, is to aid the j roper officer in the listing and assc-sment of taxes on certs in lots of real c-tato now lying in two or mor distiicts. The Selectmen announced that they wuuld meet ut the Ton n Hall, on tho tlii i d Monday in April, to give a hciring to ti ns." who arc interested in the matter. Cooking by f!n-. We had the plc.ie.mc yesterday, in company with several otbrr gentlemen, of witucssiii; the proec-s of cooking Ly gis, with the new patent Oven ol' Messrs Blodgett ,t Sweet. 1 be f.-,poi intents were conducted by Mr. C. F. Sf.vL i.iiii.'j, Superintendent of the llurlington Gas Light Co. and were highly satisfactory. The apparatus was simple : u perforated gas the Xebr.isk.i bill ; that it was entirely duo pipe Liking t'ie place ut tl.c fire, in a small to thu ICiiow'-X'othing oiganization and thut sheet iron stove, inside tho oven. The gas t that order owed nothing of its strength in passed through a test meter, and was Con- that Stato to the Anti-Xehratku feeling, will sULied at tl.o rate of one cubic foot in 21 min- 1 do well to ponder tho following fimu tho Bos utes. Wo saw a dozen biscuits of common j ton Dee, the Knovv-Xolhing Organ ut Massa size, baked thoroughly in 81 minutes. The cost cbusctts, on tho subject of tho ga-for this operation, at "1 mills pcr fost, was 1 1 U-10 mills, or less than one cent and two mills. We saw ulio six pics baked in 25 Uiinuics, consuming ton feet of gas, cost 3 cents Other things were baked, with equally favor.ibleiesults. Ofeourso tho pos sibility oT cooking by gas, has never been doubt. d. Tho solo question has been ono of econoinj-. It is claimed, and for aught wo can tec, rightly, that with Blodgett tz Sweet's oven, gas can bo us.'d for cooking, with a more simple apparatus und smaller consump tion ol' g is, than by any other method, and that in cities whero wood is doar und gns comparatively cheap, it will ho found to havo tho merit oT positive cionomy, to 6ay noth ing oTthe great saving in the matter of labor, trouble, dirt, ic. Thochcapcst cooking bj gas, which wo have noticed hitherto, was re cently described by the Boston Journal. Pies were buked by a ptitcut apparatus, costing Its d dlar', in 21 minutes, at a cost of four cents nnd six mills for gas, at 31 mills a foot. For cheapness, then, the experiments of j'es. tcrelay boar off the rah.".. They deserve atten tion. 'CD' A SiNCtL.vn Event. In Langdon N. II. on Sunday last. Bonjamin and Botsey Elivcll, aged &7 and 81 ycurs, both sickened l und died tho samo day, within six houis of i rueii other, and were both buried in tho same coffin. They had lived together for in out sixty years, ana in aeain nicy wcro I m t e!iided Both vv etc apparently in good he iltb on Saturday BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 30, 1855. S t a I f V c r m o n t DY STEPHEN ROYCK, GOVHIlNOIt. A 1MIOCLAM ATIOX. At tho close of tho Winter, and tho ap proach of Spring t bel'oro tlio Husbandman liogins the I i''nr ul' seed-lime, it well becomes a Ulitiati.ni People to s"t up.irt u period ol common time, in which to devoutly ncknovv lerigc their dependence on Cud fur all the Spiritual and Material lllessiir's of life i to thoughtfully contemplate His Mercies, and tho le.sous thev aru designed to teach ; to biing before us in strict review, our national and individual "ins ; and tnaslt a continuance of Heaven's blessings. In accordance with the dictates ol' intellj- i gent Lhntian sentiment ; nml m accoruinco with a hallowed custom of our fathers, 1 ap point I'iiiiivv, Tin: Sixth D.vv or Antlt. si xr, to bo observed hv thu good people of this State, as a dav of 'sobiim l'.W, 11LMIL1A T10X, AND PltAYCIl. On tho nppiiinted day, a decent respect for religions duty and common custom, enjoins us to ahst.iin'friuii unneccssaiy labor, festivi ty and uiiiiHement. Let u, as devout worshippers, assemble in nur linusi's of wursbip, and tlier with united voices, nllur thanks to Almighty Cod, fur the prevalence uT true lleligiun In oiirliml; for tlio rout ruling intlueuecs of Divine I!ev elation in our Keligiiui. l.tws and Customs : tor le- I ligious and tivil liTi'dom, which consists in ooeitience to pin-l iiws; nml lur tho pruleC' li.,,, ,.0'.....l...l ,.. III... I.l...,w I i,r.iwHv Let tin thank t!n I iiv . r uf nil i-u,i,l. t lint health, with ft. vv exception-, prevails through nil our tow ns; that iiitirnalioii.il pc.ieo and i domestic traniiiiilitv continue uiibrukin ; that 1 war and bloodshed are lar removed Iron, us; , and that nil over our State, Churches and I School-houses thickly alternate, diffusing moralitv und know Icd'go alike to all, lilting iiir population to net the uspolisiblc pait ol citizens of a lie public With unfeigned humility and hearty re pentance, let tho ) ooplo pi.iy tho Almighty that thou'lighm of the liibfo may enlighten j tlio consciencu of every man, divesting it of superstition, idolatry and human control in matters of laith. luk,tbi I.,V,shlt,rr, and those w bo mlminister I thnl.-iws: nml th.it .mr N'.,ti., toil l.p-Mntnrn may adopt a permanent policy of lessening' the sphere and inlliienco of the system of Hu man ilondngc in our mid-t. That our people may justly value tho rice of their civil and religious lrccdum and may guard it witli jealous care. That intern) eriineo with its unnumbered woes m.iv i.e inorniiiio hv Divinotiid, hv self, denial, and by the operation ul'good laws. That our institutions of Learning and Char ity may bo prospered ; that pence and health may continue ; and tliat tlio husbandman m,lv go forth to his labor witli hope, trusting i' Providence lor tho lrmts of u timely harvest. I I'inallv-, let us so ah-tain from indulging hodilj' nppuitc, und tho bad de-ires uf the heart, uppro.ii bingour Maker in poverty of spirit, that we may keep a I'.vsr acceptable 1 to the Lor). litcin underlay hand and the cal of the State, j at J'.at llnkshire, this ticenty-nith day of March, in the j(nr tf our Lout one nm sand tight hum! ml and Jity-Jicc, and of the ' Iadtpcndincc of tin L'aitid Motes, the see- cnty -ninth. tiy toe (juveinor. sn;piii:x koyci: Cii.vvxclv H. Havocs, Secretary. A Profitable .lllid-tcr. It is announced that tho famous JJlacK Warrior difficulty with Spain i- arranged. The Spanish (iorcrntuent lias acknuwlcdgi'd that the Cuban Authorities exceeded their proper powers, bus agreed to p.iv' a suit- j able indemnity, and piomi"s to puni-h the iff 'lidiur: unieer Among the things made clear by the Ustcnd e'orrespiindtnce is the fact that the Spanish government had been all the time anxious to come to a scttluiaut, hut that Mr. Soule I'onstai.tly posciud it ; thut lie withheld fur i long time from the Spanish Minister a eopv of a dispatch from Mr. Marcy, stating the grotindsof the demand, although Mr. Marcv expressly authorized l.im to give a copv, and uhsequently directed him to. 'lhcSauisli Mitust r cnmpl.unal that he had nothing to net upon, und said that "unless the objee tions to the communication of Mr Cilderon oould be mudo known in writing, he rcullj ilid not see what he could bo c.iocted to do about it." After two further communica tions from Mr. More'y, urging him to lace the dispatch before the Spinieh Ministiy, Mr Soule complied. Fortunately after furnish ing the Spanish government with tho demand from our own, Mr. Soulo took himself out of tho way. Tho result of tho two operations was a prompt offer of settlement. Tho Xevv York Post icmaiks : What may l avebcen Mr. Smile's motive- in keeping that elip.itch from the knowled -o I of tho Spani-h government, is a questiun i.noiit which tlicio can no nut ono eq inion. Ho feared it would result in a peaceful ad justmc'iit of our controversies with Spain, and would defer, if not prcvi i.t, that collision ol the two govi rmncnts from which it was ex pected that Cuba was to l.ceomo the prej- of tho cis-Atlantio eombut.int. Ho was attend- J lug conference- at 0tcml, and, in c, injunc tion with Messis. lluchanau nnd Mason, i writing piratical lettci to Washington about t the necessity oT seizing Cuba, while ho had i in ids pocket instructions which, if he had I obeyed them, would, as tlio event has roved ' unit as he had good reason to know, have ended all our iiiHicumcs with the bp.iiusli crown m a rortuight. ... ;-Iun Moiivi. o,- nn. Xivr IUMrsmni: KLEaio.s.-Thoso who maintain that the recent administration downfall in Xcw Hump - sniro in no way jesiincei uoni tuc asrogo Ol The Dee alludes to the growing unpopu Unity of tho President in his own State, bo. i foro ho thievv tho weight of his influence in favor of tho Xcbr.iska bill, and savs J "lint r.ir tl.nf .,t v.,..- li.,,.,.!.:,,. thou , , i,i. , , "'i'-""-, ough by greatly diminished majorities, mid have stood by tho President in spito nf would Ins s.'cond-elus e.fUnccs, which were not of s5t 'Ar- v .""oomiuu w luusy it ii iiiej.iraoiu UlnCC. breach bectvveeu him and the oldest of his 2. Letters postpaid should bo despatched, liiend.-i Lveii II im shire, however, charged with tfia alditional postago duo at could not jut up with such an insult. Strung tho prciuid rate, uccoiding to distance, c as vvas her dcsiio to remain in tho ndminis- i tablisbcd by s lid act, cx.-cpt whero tlio otitis tratiou paity, oho could not uphold so Qa. ' siou to p.iy'tho effect amount is known to grant a violation of faith. Tlio popular vote bavo been 'intentional, when they should ho .... ,luo , u uuuifti iniiicaiiuii oi mo nimnicr oi men who lelt tho democratic ol the number ol men who lelt tho democratic lurty becausj of the .Nebraska bill's passage, Gov. Laker received at least 30CO more vot.s than Gcu. Picico would have got, had he been u candidate lor any office II'C moral ot ti e rvevv llnmrs urn cine. . ., .. 1. , .,, , i ------ on is, that men will no , however strong beir party hclirgs, allow themselves to bo pressed beyond a ceitam point to the support of u disagrccal lo iriiicilo. Mr. Picico know that tlio Nebraska bill would I encounter gie.it opposition Ho said that it would, in conversation, tiao and again ; but ho alwujn added, thut it would not take a year to set tho matter right by which ho meant what others would havo railed wrong, Thirteen mouths havo passed away sinco ho mado the remark, und tho Democratic party is worse oil' than ever, us a cor.scqtieiico of tho Vuhraskn tltl's introduction. Anil tl-.n i end is not yet, Tho Picsident is destined to I bo beat everywhere'. Thero will bo no re- flon 1,1 'f 61 cxvnnoiioi siaiciyanci , , , , , , f , . . . mu re poiiiaiioii oi national ouniriiuuu. jn,.,, t respect u con-clcntious publlo opinion " Trtrn-l'tiltiiie. Wo must plead Ignorance in reply to tho questions of our filcnd "O," in another column (on tlio outside). Mr. Coinstock is no " friend" or acquaintance even of ours, ntul we know nothing personally or his claimed discoveries. It seems, however, that tho committee ut tho N. Y. Stuto Agricultural Society considered thein "itnportant tn them selves." The Country Gentleman reveals what it says is " tho whole secret" in a re cent number, ns follows . Wo havo heard Mr. Comstock "diseloso tlio disclosures " 1'or six long weary hours wo listened, expecting everv lainuto to bear tho profound secret rcvcalcii. Alter thn Pro fessor concluded, wo had to ask him, in good faith, what, in ail the array of incoherent words wo had been listening to, bo considered his secret, lly much questioning we got tit it. It appears to bo this. Tho point ol union between tho roots and stem of tho pi Hit, and which in trees is usually called tho collar, tho Professor has discovered to ho the " .vat of life." If tho trco bo nlanteri too deep, the scat of life changes its location, coining up to tho surfi' c, whilo the pirt of the stem between the old scat of life and thu new, throws out roots, tuul the original roots , u)1 t,0v,wj rl)rmcd from them, decay. This is the whole secret. Tlio Professor says sumo good things against idanting too deep. that may bo worth $'2, hut which will bo lound in' any treatisn on fruit culture. Tho pretension that tuc potato disease, tho wheat weevil, tho yellows and curl in the peach, it.!., are duo to a violation of Mr. Coinstock's law, is the sheerest humbug, In f.ict there is no such linkers il law us lie pretends to huvodiscovcicd. The People's indorsement. It is feared that the Administration will hardly h ive a working majority on tlio Nc- braska titives sue in the next Ilouso of Kepresen Xcvv Hampshire, has 1 itely added three to the opposition. The members already elected St.lml (INL Ml'MlltMlAND TW tSTV-IIIHEK ai'ti-Xebraska, to tieinty-tighl Xebraska men. -piieb.! arc Irom eighteen States. laghty-thrce ,,. , , , . ,r ,. " l'nt itivei ' I'O chosen. If tho Adininistiatioti gets thirty or these it will do well, and if it gets them all it will lack over twenty votes of a majority. The Washing tun correspondent ol the X". '. Conner savs: " Wo in iv allow t'ie Administration in the v. holo House, lif'tj-nino members, or enough to call the jo. is and nays That i.s a privi lege vvMeli i-.i, . "t to I.e dctii-'d t .'l's ei so fond of Liking t1. iv-puii-i'.ilii v u the democracy boasts of being"' So much for t lie lopuhir ni probatioii of the Xebr.isk.i bill. C.ilifoini.i mid Au-liiiliiiu Vcw-. We have received lilesof California pipers, by the ieorg" Law. The San l'ranci-coditc. aro of tho 1st in-t. The monetary levulsion I in that city and throughout tho State is no li,;bt afl'iir. The excitement appears to b ! if anything, on tho increase. The confidence of the community in all tlio binks.nppear.s to have been seriously impaired, and a period of great commercial distress in mercantile circien . . . , . , , . . , by e'orrespondents ol tho Xew York papers, that it is owing solely to the fact th it no li idy pretends to pay or attempts to enforce collections, that numerous failure of nn r e'uints have not already occurred. Over ir and a half million of money was drawn from the nanKing hoii-is during the run previous j to their suspension. Among all tl.c cstab- I lishtnonts which suspended, the huusu of) Wells, Fargo ,t Uo., is the only one that has I resumed its business operations ; but it was presumed that Page, liacon & Co., with the as-istaneo which had been tendered tbrin, would shortly be eniblcd to take their stand among the solvent bankers. As fur the others Adam- - Co., Itobiiisou fc Co., Wiight's Lxch-iige liank, und Head A; Co., of Sacra mento there was very little hope of their ever cuiprgiiig from tho vortex, the former and th" ' - ntj b.r the benifit of the in-idvent net. Amid all the ruinous prospects in the new State a ray of hupo bad beamed upon the reuple. "1 lie lung looked fur rain had cunie, ! ad extended throughout the .-'tat.', and wuull enable tlio miners to wash out the ilirt which had been thrown up in iinai.nse! lilts in all tho mining districts. In unci ciunty alone (LI Dorado) it was slid that i d,rt enough hod teen h-aped up during the dry season to Hash out eight millions rj dot. I tars. , Australian d-.tcs ate to tho 0th oT January. . Martial law was proclaimed at I5illir.it on I Cth oT December, but revoked in Torty-cight hours. Ihe diggers were nieto than onco brought into collision with tho militaiy, many lives wcro lost on both tides, nnd u number ot persons more ur loss wounded. It i- reported that tho conduct of the military dining tho late liots was very merciless. Thero is no account of how- tho affair ended. The official account of the rencontro with tlio gold diggers at Dall.irat, states that the military, nearly 300 in number, stormed and took an extensive barricade, nnd put the " robcls" to flight with a loss of thirty dig gers killed und many wounded. A meeting of 1000 miners had been held. They protested against their injuries, and expressed their fixed determination, in the event of the gov ernment lefusing to immediately withdraw t'ie military Trom all the diggings, to use every just means within their power to obtain their rights. It is evident that a revolution in Australia a possibility. The Xevv l'ostnl A rrniifcnirnt, On and after next Sunday. April 1, 1855, according to the Act of Congress passed ' .'larcu o, toon, postage must he prepai'l on I nil letters passing tlirough the mails, except ' ly ,cttcrs n(MrcsS(,,, tn h,es ,,vom, ,ho limUs f)f t,,0 VnitedStatcs. In answer to a ; (.0lmminicJtj0 fr()m Ml. yonhr t,lu ,,,,. , Ma,u.ror y.w Vnlk. m.kin. inquiries con. teriiing the application of the law in certain cases, the, following reply was inadi by the Assistant Post-Muster General Post OincF. Drp.vm.vrNT, ) ArroiNTMTNT Ouici:. .March 22, 1855, J Sin : Your letter of the 20th inst. is re ceived. In answer. I am directed by the Post master General to inform you 1 provision for unpaid inters to places within 'ho United States, on the s.uno or day follow. j. uio act oi oil .lurch, IS53, making no ,ns nni' fl" "P""' tetter or letters being tlllt llltll a l'lt. (ItTli'tl. till) Tlflllmn.li.. II.... .'r.. j ".'...: - - i "i pis-, up cousiucuousiv- in ins oiuee a i list of the samo, stating that they are held I i for rnttage. If not attended to, such letters j must be returned monthly to tho Dead Letter ! iroitci tno samo ns lotteis wholly unpaid. 3. It s rroner to forward a letter when 1 3. It is proper to forward a letter win icqur.tcd. in writing. When forwarded, i additional pestngo should bo charged if tl ' letter, contrary to its address, has been mi , FPnt. f it has been sent according to its ai lien lorwarded, no bo charged if tho ss, lias been mis ..... ..!.'.. ... ., .l ...... . I, IIH, U.VH P.I.I IH1IIIU I! I I UM I .l-, i.., r. i.i : i . i i ..ivrp, nun iiii.il im iiiuueu, n liiusi ut- 1'ii.irKl'U with additional postago at the prepaid rite, according to distance, established by the act I e.f March 3, 1855, aforesaid. 4 Shin ictteis. as thev cannot !m nrft.wud and aro not suj posed to ho embraced in the new nct.willcontitiue to be despatched ogrce ably to tho provisions of the filtccnth section or tho act ot March 3. 1625. I am. respectfully, Vjur olc!-..t scrv-nt. HOKATIO KING, T Jlnt Assistant roitmaiterOeneril. Isaac V, Fowim, Postmaster. Xcv Yotk C3T Titer. At Boston a 'm- dnyf ng.v, nu Irishman, who applied for a licenso to sell ardent spirits, being questioned s, tho Boaul of Excise as tu his moral fitness Tor tho trust replied, " Ah, sure, it is not much character a man needs to sell rum " Dcnth of Hon. Snniucl S. Phelps. Tlio-iicnlth of Judgo Pnr.t.ra has been less (Inn than usual, rorsovcral wcoks past. Sineo a week ago last Saturday, when ho returned from attending court nt Hutland, ho had been confined to his room, and mostly tn his I bed. Serious nlnrni, howovcr, was not ex

cited, his illness bring attributed mainly to the effects or it cold Ho had Liltliful medi cal caro and attendance, and hopes were en tertained or his soon recovering Ids ordinary decrco oT health. On I'riduv and Saturday, his symptoms appeared less f ivoruble, though without any very markod change. A little nftor noon on Sunday, ho had a Tainting turn, alter which ho rested until nearly two o'clock, when ho ngiin complained of Taint nest, from which ho wns relieved by restora tives. Soon after, however, n Tow minutes licToro two o'clock, he fiintod onco more, and was quickly beyond the reach nrnid. He had conversed readily, up to nearly tho last moment oT his lire, with those who wcro in constant attendance upon him. Ho died at last without n struggle. J hero remained on his countenance an expression ol' pcrTect screiiencss and composure. His disease was iiitroccesion of rheumatism. Hon. Savilh. S. Pnr.U'S was horn nt Litch field, Conn., .May 13, 1703. He dlod March 25, 1855 and was, consequently, nearly six-tj'-two years of ngo. lies graduated ut Yale College, in 1311, and in the ensuing winter commenced tlio study oT Law at tho Litchfield Law School, under tho tuition of Hon. Tapping Hecvc and Judgo dould. In the following spring ho removed to this place, continuing bis profes sional studies in tho officoofHon. Horatio Sejmonr. Ho served in the wnr of 1K12, in the ranks, at llurlington and Piattsburgh, and was subscquontlj- appointed Paymaster in the service, try President Madison. At the close of bis term of service, he re turned to Middlobury, and was admitted to tlio bar in 1814. lie continued in the en joyment of an cxlensivo und successful prac tice until his election ns n .Judged the Supreme Court of this State. In 1831. He had previously served (in 1827) asa member of the Council nf Censors tho address put forth by this council having been written by him. Ho was also chosen and served as a member of the lgislalative Council in 1831. Asa jurist nnd ndvocatc. it is well known, ho had few equals in Xovv Lngland. Ho was continued on the Supremo Bench, by successive re-elections, annually, until 1838, when ho was elected a Unite'd States Sonator for six years from tlio Ith of March following. At tho closo of this term, he was re-elected for tlio term ending March 4, 1851. In January. 1853, he was appointed by Gov. Fairbanks to fill tho vacancy occasioned by death of Senator I'pham, and served thr.'Ugh the remainder (if that session. We need hardlj- speak of tlio reputation of Mr. Phelps both us Senator and Judge. His decisions are among the richest legal treason.- of the State. Xono to ho found in our llejorts, are, wo believe, esteemed more highly, lioth fur their clearness nnd forco ot language, and for their through analysis and scrutiny of the case in all its bearings. As a Senator, his influence was alvvajsgroat, and with a single exception, wo doubt whether Xevv Kugland has ever sent bis equal in ubilitj- and power, to the higher brunch of Congress, Since tho closo of Ids public caicer, he has sought enjoyment in the quiet of home, and in the peaceful and healthful occupations oT tho farm. int. uiiuu i,iii gic.iuy mount nib loss. Ite w ill Iw lamented throughout the nation, as uneorits ehict men. Xor will they suffer his memory to perish, during tho years to come. Middtehury Register. peOUUKSI'UMiKVCK os tiik rnr.B ri'PSS.J Letters Irom ilnctniul. xo. xxu. English Taxes on Knoiclrdgr. London. Feb. 20, I855. To th' r.ilitnr thr Frit 1'rt't : Perhaps jou may have heard of a Society in Kugland for promoting tlio repeal ol " V'arfj on Knowledge," and though you had read bjilnej' Smith's enumeration oT tax able articles from tho hoy's tup to the old man's grave clothes, jou wcro startled ut the mention oT taxes on Knowledge. Perhaps v-.iu wondered if in Kugland a man's know 1'dge ,i, keit miller the Inspection ol the I'evenue Officers, and iTsu, whether the duty una iinpo-ftl according tn tho ntuouitt or tho value of knowledge whether pedants in gowns and wigs who do nothing, ur poor wi-o men who save the cite-, were rated highest and whether the object of fixation was to increase tlio revenue, or di-e'ourage tho production of tho taxed commodity. And if you bad ever read in history of the I ruinous or'inr.imous " Six Acts" oT (ico. Ill's reign, wherein jou found " that it is expe dient to restrain the small publications which i uo from the press in great numbers and at alow price," or if you had heard that a " noble lord" had said in Parliament that " ho could sco no possible good to bo derived to the country from having statesmen at the loom and politicians at tho spinning-jenny," you might perhaps havo considered it as set tied that taxes wcro imposed on knowlcdgeae a useless and pernicious luxury Hut this is not quite tho meaning ut toxes on knowledge as understood by Messrs. Cob don, Bright, and Gibson, tho founJers of the society. By taxes on knowledge aro meant tho excise duty on pajicr, tho import duty on furcign books, the " security system," and tho newspaper stamp and advertisement taxes. The History oTan English newspaper com mencing with ths manuT.icturo or the paper and ending with tho last perusal of the stamped and printed broad-sheet, would pre sent us unfavorable an asrect oT English laws as could bo selected by England's worst j enemy Such a history would revive ut every successive stago an unnecessary, vexatious, and discouraging interference on tho part of government witli a branch of trade on which ! tho vitality of a nation depends an inter-' ferenco vv liich nuj" or may not havu been at ouu nine cvpcuicnt, nut vviucn is now op prcssive. First the paper mnkcr is so ham pi'icd and burdened hy the Inland nevenuo demands und tho enormous exciso duty OT20 ji.-i t-iii, nun jiiiutui rags can uo oiponca, maac into tuner in a lorcign country, ana sent homo loaded with the import duty, and yet undcrlid tho home manufactured paper. Next, the printer is subjected to a minuto surveillance . ho too is under the eyo ofln land 1'cvcnuo officials . he must go through numerous j ttty but expensive formalities be fore ho is ulloived to open bis business . and ! '.' th l,rinter of a nwsPaP we pWma ' fac'e n scoundrel, ho must take oath that he Is worth i.400 ovor und above all his debts, i J e I . ....- auu nnu i wo securities to mo amount ol i-iuu each in anticipation of libel suits. This is what is called tho " Security System." As for tho Stamp Act, that was never po pular in America, and has long been odious at homo. In tho latter part of Queen Anne's reign tho Tory leaders wcro so annoyed hy criticisms and exposures in tho numberless small issues of the timo, that a stamp duty ot a penny was atnxoa to them in order to diminish their circulation, This law went into forco on the 1st of Aug. 1712. In the " spectator" of tho previous day Addison wroto . " This is the day on which many cmiucnt authors will probably publish their last words. A sheet of blank paper that must havo this new Imprimatur clapt upon it before it is qualified to communicate any thing to the public, will make its way in tho world very heavily," In 1776, again in 1789, and again in 1797 an additional half penny was added to the existing stamp duty, uud from 1515 to 1S30 the stamp duty was up to 4d. In 1F3i3, it was roduced to Id, where it has remained not siuce. Aenir ling to the newspap. r stamp Act every periodii'.)! containing n-ws, if published ofteiier than onco in 2d days, must havo a government stamp affixed to it I ntil within .i inn' f.iiF (iiiiii, lid llm 11..II...1 alieeta nf eneli .. cuu.ouoi u paper nan 10 no .cm 10 u.o in- land llovenuc office in Somerset House Tor this purpose You may be suro that there havo boon plenty oT schemes Tor ovading tlio law, as well as numberless open transgressions oT it, and that tho peoplo aro ready to counte nance both j 5,000 copies ot tho samo edition oTnn unstamped newspaper wcro onco found in the Post Offico at tho same time. From its very origin, the " tax on news" has been combated by tlio patriot-statesmen or Great Britain by Krsklno, M ickintosh, Kussoll, Brougham, and tho whole Keform party. When the Penny Cyclopedia was published by the Society fir tho diffusion or tiscTuI knowledge, Lord Brougham stated that it railed to reach ono largo class ot per sons Tor whom it was Intemled, tho pjircst agriculturists, becauso it contained no news. The way to reach bucIi peoplo with agrictil ural knowledge, ho said, was not by ab stract teachings nn the subject, but by en listing their interest in agricultural news, in detuils which would carry somo personal in terest with them as connected with neighbor, or district, or somo well known rami. Tlio last oT these taxes on knowledge the advertisement duty was repealed in July 1853. Previous to that time, every separate advertisement, whether long or short, whethcratinouncing that a plain cook wanted a situation, or that a noblo Lord wanted to Bell nn estate, was subject to a tux ol Is. OL At ono time this tax was as high as 3s. Cd. Up to 1853, tlio revenue annually Trom ad vcrlisement taxes was 175,000. Xovv notice ono Tact. During all tho strug gles Tor securing theso successive relaxations of Gov eminent restrictions upon tho Press, tho Press itself lias always been the most stubborn enemy to tho reform. At the first hint of any Parliamentary agitations on the subject, Parliament has invariably been over whelmed with remonstrances Trom tlio Press. Tho reason is obvious. Tho long established papers which have lived through these heavy restrictions, and tnved under them, have se- cured a monopoly oT patronago which they could not retain under a freer system. It is well known to you that a vast amount ofcap. ital has been sunk in attempts to ctiiblisl now journals under tho old oppressive system ofnowspaper taxes. Accordingly from tho very outset, tho Press has resisted every measure not onlj' for the entire abolition but even Ibi tho reduction of these taxes, as an outrago on its own "vested rights '" A few days ago, Mr. Gladstone, (late Chan cellor of the Exchequer,) gavo notice of his intention to introduce a bill doing away witli tlio stamp duty and the "security system," abolishing Custlcreagh's "six acts," nnd making newspapers chargeable with postage. And now it is worth while to watch tho mo tions oT tho Press. How its porcupine bris tles rise ' How fiercely it attacks tlio "ene mies oT the Press !" How zealous Tor the Tree transmission of news, so long a privilege of tho poor I As n sort of salve for these martyred jour nals which havo filled the kingdom with their cries, tho bill provides that for a period of ten years to come, nny newspaper weighing less than four ounces, may be slamp'd, and transmitted freo through the Post Offico du ring seven days after its publication. The Times considers this as a clause especially intended for its overthrow, and piteous are its complaints against the iniquitous meas ure. Tho favorite argument against tho repeal of the stamp duties, tho same winch was originally used for justifjing Government re strietions, and the samo which has always been brought against any abatement of the-c restriction, is that without such a restraint, the country will bo flooded with cheap, low, and immoral publications; whereas now, the pennj- stamp securing freo retransmission of the beet journals, tho poorest people may read them at second hand. Tho favorite il lustration is tho Xewspaper Pres of the United States ; by quoting recent extracts from the Herald, and making capital out of the unsynipatbizing tono of the American Press with tho fortunes of England in the war, the impression is conveyed that such a Press would bo a curso to tlio land. To such arguments j'ou can easily reply for j-our-s.dves ; they need no comment from me. There are two things, however, which in justico to the English Press, should not puss unnicntioncd. I think I have already had occasion to speak of tlio wonderful ability displayed in tho conduct of the principal morning papers. Indeed this is almost the only wonder in London which has not become fimiliar to mo. I can pass with acocknej''s indifference under the dome of St. Paul's ; I have ceased to make a marvel of tho roof of Westminster Hall, or of Henry VII's Chapel. 1 havo evon become familiar with gas at noon time ; but a morning paper is still a new won der every day. An able speaker on nn im portant subject closes his speech after mid night: tho next morning at 5 o'clock, not only every word of that speech is in print, hut two or three long leaders besides, discus, sing every point it contains, and in thoirele- i gant and luminous stylo, apparently indica- ting as much elaboration as the Tamous "Panegyric" of antiquity. ; An erroneous iin pression ns to the number oT newspaper readers in England is deduced , fiom the returns of the number of copies pub lishcd. The price of n London daily is 5d. 1 amounting to about $30 a year. Of course none but the really wealthy can afford such a sum for a newspaper. Accordingly one copy is mude to do tlio service of half a doz. en. In the first place, every becr-shop, coT-Tee-house and luncheon-mom, in every villngo or town, is supplied with tho dailies. When i tho workman steps into a coffee-houso to get i a "cnop ana glass ot aie, no orders tne I imes or tho Chronicle: even the carter who gives his dray a breathing timo while be 1 smokes a pipo and drinks his beer from a pew. ter mug, expects to 6eo tho "latest news from j the Crimea." And mind you, these English workmen don't swallow their glasses as if ' they knew tho strong arm of tho Maino Law , was over them; thsy take it leisurely, and read betwoon smacks. Then again, a daily i paper is not an ephemeris: it is not allowed I to die for many days. In every News Vcn- ! ders shop, you 6co advertised "Vesterday's papers at half-price. A very largo num. bcr of to-day's issue, including almost all taken by publicans and victualcrs, many by merchants and private persons, will go by tho evening mail into tho country, to be read and retransmitted day after day. The expense is thus divided among a Urge number of per. j persons, and tho paper goes freo of post for ten days Thore is still another wayof getting a sight of a new spaper. Any one who can afford to add a penny to the prico ot bis breakfast, may have the paper brought to his own lodg ings and left for an hour. This is "taking in" a paper. There are establishments all over the city for letting out papers in this way. After all.theso different plans for enabling a poor man to snatch up a newspaper and read, as it were, while running, do not ena bis him to appropriate half its usefulness He neds it as a resource for his quiet hours, and as an element of culture in his family. Your ChronicUr, GstrriTn. In Sullivan county, Ohio, ono of the indidates for county clerk was pledged to i i e . i. . . , . . i . ,. . ,.ifc . . . l. . givo one-ball' the proceeds of the offico to thu widow or tho late clerk, and tho other iirom :sea, in tlio event oTbis election, to marry tho widow Bounty Lund under the Aft n! March :id, IH.,.-,. Pension- Omcr., March 5, 1855. Tho act entitled "An act in addition to cerhiln acts granting bounty hind to certain officersnnd soldiers vvhobn've been engaged in tho military sorv ien nf tho United States," approved March 3d, 1855, entitles each of the surviving persons in tlio rollowing classes to a certificate or warrant Tor such quantity ofland ns shall make, in tho whole, witli what ho luaj havo heretofore received, one hundred nnd sixty acres, provided ho shall havo served a period not less than fourteen dajM, nnd shall establish siid service by rccoru evidence, to wit 1. Commissioned and non-commissioned officers, musicians, nnd privates, whether of the regulars, volunteers, rangers or milita, who were regularly mustered into tho service of the United States in any ut the wars in which this country has been engaged since 1700. 2. Commissioned and non-roinmissioned officers, seamen, ordinary seamen, marines, cicries, anil iiinusmcii in tun navy in any oi said wars Millitia, volunteers, nnd Stato troops of nny State or Territorj called into inillitnrv' servico, and regularly mu tercd therein, and whoso services have been naid by tho United States. 4, Wagonmastersand teamsters who havo been employed, under tho direction of compe tent authority, in tnno ol war, in the trans portation of military stores ni,d supplies. 5. Officers and soldiers of tho revolutionary war. 0. Chaplains who served witli tho aruij- in tho several wars of this countrv. 7, Flutilla-iuon who scrvot in tho war of 18 12. Eich ol'tho surviving persons in tho rollow ing classes aro entitled to a like quantity of land, without regird to tho length of service, provided bo wns legulirly mustered into servico, and shall establish the same by record evidence, to wit . 1. Officers and soldiers who have been actuallj- engaged in tiny battle in any of the wars in which tills countrj- has been engaged. 2. Those volunteers who served ut the invasion of Piattsburgh in September, 1814. ,T. The volunteers who served it t tin: battle of King's Mountain in the revolutionary war. 4. The volunteers who served at the battle oTXickojick against the eonrederated savages nf tho South. 5. Tho volunteers who served at the attack on Lewistown, in Delaware, by tho British tlect, in the war ol m i u:: t t i . it.:. . extends to all Indians who have served tho ' United States, in any of their wars, the provi sions of this and nil tho bounty-land law s heretofore pass 'd, in tlie same manner, and to the - lino extent, as if s,ij,l Indian- had been white men. Where tho service has been rendered by a substitute, bo is the person entitled to tho benefit of this act, anu not his employer. In tho event of tho death of any person who, if living, would bo entitled to a certifi cate or warrant asaTorcsaid, leaving u widow, or, il' no widow, minor child or children, such widow, or, iT no widow, such minor child or children, is entitled to a certificate or warrant lor the s una quantity of bind ucb deceased poisons would be entitled to receive under the provision of said net, if now li'ing. A subsequent marriae u ill not impair the right of any widow to such warrant, iT .).- he a widow at the time of her application. Persons within tho ago of twenty-ono jears mi the 3d day of March, 1-5'), uro deemed minors within the intent and meaning of raid net. To obtain tho benefits of tin- act, the claim ant must make a declaration under oath, sub stantially according to the forms hereto an- 1 ncxed. The signature of the applicant must ' be attested, and bis or her peronal identity estaMi-lied by the affidavits of two witnesses, , whose residences must be given, and whoso , credibility must I e sustained by the ccrtifi- I rate of the magistrate befuro whom tho op- i plication is verified. X'o certificate will bo deemed sufficient in any ease, unless tho facts are certified to bo within the personal knowledge of the magis trate or other officer who shall sign the cer tificate, nr tho names and placesof rc-idence of the witnesses by whom the facts are estab lished be given, or their affilivits, properly authenticated, bo appended to the certificate. The official character and sign-ituro of tlio magistrate who may administer the oath must bo certified by tho Clerk of the proper court tif record of his cuuntj. under the seal of the court. Whenever the certificate of the officer who authenticates tho signature of the magistrate is not written on the same sheet of paper which contains tho signature to bo authenticated, the certificate must beattaebed to said parcr by a picco of tape or ribbon, tbo i'urds of which must pass under the official seal, sons to prevent uny piper from being improperly attached to tf.c certificate. Applications in behalf of minors should be mado in their nanus by their guardian or next friend. Where there arc several minors entitled to the same gratuity, one may make the declaration. Tho warrant will be'i-sued to all jointly. In addition to proof oT servico, as in other cases, the minor must prove the death of his father, that no widow survives li tin , and that he and those bo represents aio the only n.iuor childern of the decea-ed. If a party die before the. issue of a warrant to which ho would Lo entitled, if living, tlio right to said war.'ant dies witli him In such case, the warrant becomes void, and should bo cancelled, and tho party next entitled in right of tho servico claimed should make an application ; and if thero bo no such party, tlio grunt lapses under tho limitation of tho bomficiaries to tho bounty. If tho claimant dio after the issue oT the" warrant, the title thereto vests in his heirs at law in the samo manner as real estate in tho place of the domicilii oT tho deceased, and can only bo assigned or located by said heirs. Applications mado by Indians must bo au thenticated according to the regulations to bo prescribed by tho Commissioner of Indian Affairs. L. P. WALDO. Connii'ssianrr of Pensions. Goon Slccestio.v. Tho Providence Jour nal makes tho following excellent practical suggestion . " Tho excellent results of the absenco of Mr. Soulo, and tho non-arrival of his success sor, furnish u bint which should not be lost upon tho administration of our domestic uf fairs. Xovv that Congress has adjourned, if the President iiiul sciotaries would leave Washington nnd let tho subordinate otliccrs attend to their proper duties without inter ference, and without reference to the next j complished.u great deal oT lung delav-cd justice election, a great de.il of hu-incss might bo uc I renuercu, nnu a great iic.u oi miscluel pre vented. The samo principle might be nro titiibly extended to the army Withdraw Tiom tho frontiers tho troops 'which aro con tinually getting into trouble with the Indians, and send out in their place some judicious, sensible men, with n few thousand dollars worth of presents, agricultural implements, seeds, ic. and wo should save an iuimeu.se amount of money, prevent u great deal of wickedness, und do moro to udvanco the cause of civilization than could be accom plished hy a dozen Indian wars of extermina tion." The Hcul Oldr.iav.Vs5. An old hunker politician was braginc; tho other day, "that ho had never sei atched a ticket, swallowed all the platforms, and" raising bis voice, "never had been tinctured with any anti-slaveru heresy !" " vv in you keep yourgoo.t nature, my hard semi-annual pension, tho 16th inst., and r. friend, if 1 tell you a story t" asked a Free, turned tho samo afternoon by tho same con "''Blaze away ! hit whom it au; '" said the ""-making between 7 and 15 mile, try hunker. ! Mr. VTysun was ono of the first who Well, then, " said tho freesoiler, "when- ever I hear any of you hunkers brag of your life-long devotion to slavery, it always puts mo in mind of the two rival tavern-keepers I read of when young. "Tho story is," that sotuowhero in Southorn Toland there had been an old tivcrn-stand, whoso signboard was the picture nf an ass as largo as life It enjoyed at ono timo a well deserved and widcly-knewn reputation asa good inn, and great was its custom. "In the course of time, however, a rival sprung up immediately opposite, and, what was worse, its tavorn sign was also an ass. "The old tavern lost its custom rapidly, which did not increase tho love of tho old publican for his rival. All manner of tnoaus woreres.vt .'. 'o to retriovo the sinking for tun of t' oi l tavern. As a last retort, u proprietor f 11 upon tho idea that ho lost his custom on account id the imit iti m ut the sign. Iloat onco set to vvoik to carry out I his notion, und to inform the pu he icli of ' tlio two " is tho ol I i eta' lis A tavern To I j ..rt'..... ti.. i t.,. . . , do so must i fl' i'timllv, he bad p tinted in largo letters uver me i;ii tue-o woids hike LIVlSTIlKKKVI.Ol.il (iUl.V :''- Vic, ork Kve Post Gnvi'nvoii Mrrr.vi.r, oTXcw Hampshire, Is decidedly nn Antl-Xebrakaite. In a letter written before his election, he says " I ntn decidedily opposed to th farther extension of slavery. I deem the Missouri Compromise, so called, to havo been a solemn compact be twoen the Tree and tho slavehobling States, and as solemnly and morally binding upon lmth, ns tn-itles nro binding upon foreign nations ; nnd that tho passage. oT tbr Knn-s.is-Xebraska bill, so Tar as it repeals that ConipruiuNn, wis a violation oT tho com pact, and a great wrong ut on tho Tree States, und that they will be Tolly justified in not vp'ioing an aequiesceneo therein, awl in in- histllltr ltrtfta- ,, .,n.....ll 1 tn..n 1 ...lA.,llAn ' Fjr " From nn inlinuto ncriuiintanco and political association with Jundo Doughs, we led justified in stating that be neither desires nor would receive the tho nomination Tor tho next presid. ntial term." Washington ,f'n tinrl, Chiralry Hark. Douuhlarr l!ow wow. Chivalry Stand upon jour hind leg Doughface (Stands up.) Chivalry Boll over and you shall havo this bone. Doughface n over.) Chiratni Hull back again. Dmghfarc (liolls back again ) Chi nlru (Puts the bono in his pocket ) Doushfare -.Keep j-our old bono It fm"lls bad. " Poi'fl.vn SovtitUoNTv" IN Kji.nzv;, A man nimcd Canti il, who lives at Indcpen donee, Kims is, nctually supposed ho had n right in this Tro" country to paint his own wagon to please bis own fancy, So bo bad the woids " Kansas Freo State," painted on ids wagon in big letters. This excited tho indignation oT Popular Sovereign Otbo Hill, who junifcd up in the forward end of the wagon and attacked Cdntril with a knife. He was, however, prevented from doing much injury to tlio man, so ho contcnt ud bimscir witli cutting tho covering oT tho wagon to pieces Cantrill had Hall arrested, and upon trial it was fully proved that Hall had threatened to kill Cantrill. The Justice, however, examined Cantril as to his political opinions, and finding him in favor of keeping Slaverj out of Kansas, fined him thirteen dol lars, and lit Hall go free ITH.MS AT IIO.lIi: A.M) AHROAI). C. F. Dvvt.r, Eq., oT this place was ai'l"""' Treasurer of tho University oT Vermont, by tho Corporation at their meet ing 1 i-t winter. Ho bus recently fitted up the room- formerly occupied by the Burling tin I.veeiuu, on the corner of Church and College Streets, for his office, and removed thither tho books and iron safe, which con stitute the material part of the Collego Trea sury. Tho University will have a careful and faithful manager of its pecuniary affairs in Mr. Davey. At the recent session of the Rutland County Court, Martin. Leach plead guiltj' to n charge of suborning Charles Lee to commit perjury, and was sentenced hy Judge Peck to be confined in State Prison, at Windsor, for the period of seven j-cars. Sevin divorces were granted at the 1 ite ses-ion of tho Supreme Court in lluthnd County. In six of tho cases it wns tho in- I jureu iiusoana wuu mauo mo application lor the divorce. i Lienor. Liw in Middlf-dcrt. On i Thin selny of last week, as wo learn from tho ! P.egisier. F. C. Fletcher, of Middlobury, wa6 ' lined $30 and costs for selling liquor generally and cider in particular, and for kecr ing a gru i eery without license. Ho appealed. On Friday, part of a keg of rum was taken from ! Xichol.is O'Brien. Ho was also found guilty of mnttten e.ffences against the law, and fined ijltIO and costs. On Saturdaj', Geo. I.angivorthv' was arranged for offences against ' the liquor law, and keej ing a grocery with i out license. He pleaded guilty, and was fined , 30 and costs. Fvtvlitils. On Thursday, tho 22d inst., Mr. Xewtll lsaUliekler, ot Bethel, was killed instantly by being run over by a train of cars. On the same dav-, a French bov-, aged 17 or li years, named Lewis Newell, Jr accidentally fell upon his n.e, at West Derby, and eut himself so severely that ho died in about half an hour. An " Ornament il Treo Association" is in process of formation in St. Albans. Its object is to induce tho people to set out nu merous -bade trees in that village, and tt is a good object. Thu UutlanJ Herald, notices the de cense of tho Vcrgennes piper and says, " To die is gain." Hon. Leunard Sauceant was elected County Commissioner for Bennington County on tho Oth inst. One hundred Piattsburgh volunteers met at Yergenncs, on the 15th inst., in order to adopt measures to secure Bounty Land. Trouble liko capital, is two-thirds borrowed. A new Sieam xirake. has been lately I -I tried on tho Michigan Southern Railroad. The trials are said to havo been very satie i factory. 'Ihe engineer said he could stop the train in running 300 feet though going at 25 miles an hour that ho was satisfied , that trains can be stopped by it in one third oT the time and one thirl oT the distance, usually required. Gov. Clirk oTNevv York in a special message to the Legislature, recommends the I imposition of tolls on the railroads of th I siMC' 10 ram nl3 u-e Lanal lunJ- Ena a hill has oeen introduced, requiring tho seve ral railroad which compete with the canals, excepting the Ogdensburgh, to pay on all freight but cattle, horses, fresh meat, and butter and cheese, two-tbirds of the amount of toll j er mile us iT tho same had Wen transported the same number oTmiles on the canal. Tho Ogdensburgh road is required to pay one half canal toll, according to nu'uber of miles. Uinv Snow. Barnutn advertises one which is to take pi ice at bis museum in New York next June. Prizes aro to lie given for fatness, for fineness, for twins, for triplets, (three at a birth,) and for quarterns (four ut a bittb ) lor the latter a prize of -50 is offered. Twenty-one premiums amounting to over jflOOJ in cash are announced. It is open to all children under five years from all parts of tho woild, and cradles will be provided for 100 babies. The taste and delicacy of such an exhibition is at least questionable Asi WvujN.uf Rockingham, Vt.,aSol. dierand Pensioner ortheKevolution.aged 101 years, wont on foot and alont, to procure his drevva pension, and has drawn from Uncle Sam's chest tho snug little sum oT $3,52S. Ilis pension certificate bears date of June 10, ISIS, and signed J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War. Tun C'ANAPiAjf Mailt, brought by the Cunard steamers, hcrctoTore forwarded from Bosten tu Montreal via Vt. Central Railroad, now go by way of Porthnd and the Grand Trunk Railway. Rev. J. R. Graves, an estimablo and talented Baptist clergyman, was found dead by tho nvid side, near Columbus, Ky., last week, with a bullet-holt in hit head. Pos sibly bo was mistaken for a Yankeo school master. The Mormons I aie built a steamer to ply upon the Great Silt Lake, and her ma chinery is to b, tak- n out Irom St Louis in tho Spring I tab Tcrrilorj-;now hat a popu latioii or -10,000, and that "nf Silt Lake City is 12,000