VOL. XXVII WHOLE NO. 1,4,40. BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 1855. NEW SERIES, VOL, 9, NO. 40. lOccliln Jfrcc Dress. I'rinltd t A'. C CalUgt Stitit, iVIm-lo, Vi, oco. iv. a- r.71:, HK.Vr.lUCT, Editors a:.-d 1'iiornaior.s. Tciras of Subscription. Tor Village Eulscrlbers. supplied by the Carrier, . - S. 50 If paid ttrittty In adrance, - . 2 CO Tor Mail Subscriber', and those who tako tt t the Office, 2 no If paid itricth In advance-, . - . 1 50 Who pay not In adraneo but bolero six month! , 1 75 After six months, ..... 2 00 Interest chargeable after tho year's tnd. Term-.-ol Hit Inscription for Dully Tree Tick". To Vln,' subscribers, per milium, ... $500 Co thevjwhorccelvo It by Mall, for tlx month 2 00 lQ. per annum, ..... 4 00 AETIAIS IX AIlVANCK. l"2T No subscription stopped until all arrearage aro paid, except at the option of tho publisher, or discontinued unlets by posltlro orders. 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Jlf Ilarllngton, Vt., Septombcr. .alu, tvri:s:."i, Attorney and t'oiiiiMHtir nt !-:nv, officvover commercial i1a.xk, uuki,in;t, April 8, 1855. dtf JOHN B. WHEELER, HEAL EST ATB AG EXT, I TOWX HALL, nuni.ixr.TON IlKMOXT. ' Particular attention gircn to tho pureha-e and le of Heal Estato, the iarostlRatlun of ljmd Titles, Leasing, Collootlng Konts, Insuring, I'aylug Tales, Ac, io., Ae, '1,tK,I New England Type ash STEUEOTYIM'. I'OUNlMt V, Established lu 1821. noil art fc r:o3snix, NO, 66 CONGRESS STREET., liOsTO.'.-, MA!-. Electrotyping Type Copperfared . nsxiir n. iiobart. joiti n w. noraisi.. .March .5, 1854. dlwty iDliTiMl-ionKravsuUs ORDERS RECEIVED l'OR .MAltRI.MlE AD dress. Party, an 1 Uu.lncst Cupper-ploto Ea rrared Cards. Thoso who alroady have cnjraicd plates of their Cards, om have them neatlyprintcd at.lioit notice. n?Apply at tho 11EE l'ltllsa 01TICE, where nicimcns ofvariiui tyln can be seen. May30. dltf SPRINGFIELD PiMTMi l.'K .OJHMXY, juvrrAcn'RERS or HOOK A .VI) NKWS INK, OF IIIK r.C3T QVAUIV, ASH AT IOWLbT TCICES Order nuir be Adilresn-i'.Ki ft. w. iiiiMimt r, narlln-tiin, Vl racocrosc u .&. GENERALUOMMISSlO'i MI.KCHAiNTS FOR Tilt M IT WOOL AXD COl'XTHV ThOoVCr, NO 156STATi:hTt:r.LT H.t. raocroa, j HOST 'S x r voop, ) q-s-HEV solicit consignment, nf allklndsof Ceuii X try Produce, for which cash advances will he teals, and to the aU and roturas ot vtica rruiupt atlentlcn "ill to i;iven. UEFBRENXE3. Messrs. Hitchcock, Cobb A YV'intlovO R. F. Kletcuer A Co., Clanchard, Convene A Co., ' V. Hico. Cantos. " O, K.noytnour A ons.Odonsburi;, coi x uuuoch, I'ul.Jaia, N. v.; Mains A Wcad, Malouo, N, V. Ileeros A .stovon., Cincinnati, Oslo. " Hodges A Oweu, Rutland, Vt, ' II. U, riowlos, l.aq., bt, Atbans.Vt. Samuel Morgan, Eli,, Verjonne, Vt. ' P. V. Lankton, A?cnt, Ojotvsr chuv.N V Match 11, 154. dif DAKCIXU I J . PAHS, r. r i: a c it i: n t r i i i .v , lliitliinilt ...... Vi-iiiitiiit. ISpropiredtnfurulili Dam'-k Mrsic, any uuiu b irof inuiiclani lu suit the oca don, IUI.L-UOOM danclus.tailateitstjle, taught .lu fJI its branches, Ut.C, 1851 "If POETRY. rott tun t art: mess. voices or :;ioht. Th.ro nro genllo volitt bieathlng bircit music in tho night, There arc har s whoso chords are sllrertd Ily rays cf pile moonlight. Then soft .Holtan uhispcrs Ilreath o'er tho wooded hill, And echo In tho peaily stones That sleep In yonder till. Sweet voices from tho filccdly stars, That smllo above the shy, And music fioui tho coral ddls That 'neath tho eccan He; There's music In the aiuriu'ilng winds, Or sighing of tho breeze, As thoy sin a iiioarnful raqnloro, And weep among tho trec3. There aro many voices stealing O'er tho bosrn of your lAo, When tho waves arc lightly dancing, And glassy bubbles buak. T'jcre's music from the spirit hud J l'er angd watchcts ctmie, And whisper round tl.c steeping foitai Of thuso they lute ut heme. Mctlilnks I see thun as they como Tneir Angel winga they fold, And fiem their lVthcr's home on high. They bring their harps of gold j They strike tho st rings, un J sncctcst strains Of music fdl the nir, And some whoso harps I've heard on earth, Arc tuned more sweetly there. ' Xls In the silent hour of night, When stars arc in tho sky, When strains of music All the air, And gentle breezes sigh; hen nil 1 lovo are lulled to rost, Aud Angel whispeis gi'en, That 1 wuuld tune my golden lyre, And pass aw.iy to Iloavcn. SUSIE. Alhan r. N. Y. LINE P. to a scicnnrtLt: vender ov secis' or ma craw. , I ' r.ocvD thun' to sell mi. P,rc fellur I how I pity you sccii a wet day us this is ' treken round the struts vut as a warf rat ' With plenty ot umbrcllirs under vuur mm na narray one over jour head cause you naint I P'ikapa jour Orr tui ycu WOuU bounder ono ot cm Ami the hamllo might ccras off whero It'e piuM An l then youM linvo to f pit 01 it to li.akc it etictt. Xokotly hui a Niruhmaa wouM luvo toyU up mch a tjUsiDtrE : liuiJy ever thlnkg of !.$. a1 a numbrella When ho cau get ono by just sti'ppinj into a ncntry. Vou inu't be greener than the grtciu'ttt in your lot. IN.ro feller! I thiuk I ief you up t-j Worcester IJ,ohar'Cil Incurable Untin uinbrclieis ! La ! La ! .My pity'd turneil to scorn p'-fi cnderloua fool. Thp woiM had once a lUuk of Honest Uut that has busted long and long ago, The pruclduit oltiln a. precaib uj living, And jn.ry man's graLLin ltr himself, l.uiti' uiubrclleri ! Ule.ir cut ta0-ainuihn I'lo lit a id a nidiot3 putnttiuici dangerrus, ALdjou'ro one of tho darkest de a vaunt ! Cot lini.!i..ni.a tnrA4I Atn JilSUELUNV. ." mtJt (WAV' A ritagc Adventure. Tiom a 'Voitern ?an:r. la the fill of I was traveling cast- ward ill a stig the m lantailib. ciic i fruai 1'ittsiiur over My l'ollow-pis'sonjroTS were two guiitlvtnen nnd a lady, l'lio elder Ren tljiiun's appe.UMi.ee intc'r;sted mo exceed inglv. In jeara, he Njeiii"'l ii'iout tliirty in air ami manner, ho was calm, dignilied, anil pulishcd, and the cnntoiir of liis leitnres was tingul.tily intelleetual. lie converged. Ireely on dill. runt tej'ies, until the road bc eamu more ahrupt and precipitous ; nut on sav directing his attention to tho threat alti tude of a pieeipiee, on thu vcro of which our co teli wheels were leisurely rollinj", theie caino a in H'ked elianp! of his counte nance. UWeycs lately lilUl with tliu light of intelligence, beciinu wild, restless and aii.iour tlio moiitli twitched sjusiuoJically, end the forehead wns h.aded with a cold icrspir.ilion. With a di'irp. convulsive shud- tier, lie turned nisgao irom wie Ki""y and clutching my arm tigmiy wiiu uoin nis hands he hung to me, ike , . ro wnuig nu n " Leo the cologne, said the lady . handing mo a battle, with the instinctive goodness of her v turbed look, and assumed thu placid, tpaiet diguitv that 1 had lirtt noticed. with a bland smile a ol thu head to our fair companion, " ami eomo explanation to my Icllow traveller, also ; and, perhaps, I cannot better acquit myself of thu double debt than by recounting the cause of my recent agitation. , " It may pain jour leeungs, ueueaiciy linked tho ladv. On tho contrary, it will relievo tlicin," was tho respectful reply. Hating tiguilied our several desires to hear more, tho traveller thus proceeded : At the ago ol eighteen,! was lignt ot heart. H'ht of foot, and, 1 fear, (ho smiled A liht nf head. A lino property on tho bank of tho Ohio acknowledged mo the solo owner. 1 1 was hastening hoiiiutn enjoy it, anddclight- I ! cd tu get freelrom a collego life. The month was October, thu nir bracing, and mode of i on I'vance a stage coach liko' this, only moro j cumbrous. Tlicothcr passengers wero lew only thrco in all ono an o.j grey-neauei nlantir of Louisiana, his daughter, a joyoui II ono an o'J grey-headed . . i : . I !....... I new itching creature about i-jtcutccii, and ; his son about ten years of ago. I They wero just returning fioni fiance, of 1 which country the lady disconised in terms ' so clucpMunt as to absorb my euliro uttcntioii. j The father was taciturn, but tlio d lughtcr, ua-lus by nature, and wo soon bccuiuesu mutually l leased with c.idi other she a talker, and 1 as the liatncr, that it was not until a sudden 11 ish ol lightning ami heavy dash of ram against tho window elicited an exclamation from my charming companion that 1 knew how tho night passed us. Pres- ' cntlv there came a low ruml ding sound, and ..I.. 1 t'l -n sjveral trcuiendoas peals of thunder aicoiiipained by succetsivo Hashes ol light ning. The lain descended in torrents, and an angry wind began to howl and moan through tho forest trees. Hooked Irom tho window of our vehicle The night was dark as cbjny, but tho light ning showed tho danger ol our road; Wo were on tho eugo of a fearful precipice 1 could seo at intervale, hugo jetting rocks far away duvvn its side, und thu sight made mo suliutous lor the safety of my fair companion. I thought ol thu mere liairuroaatns mat wero hctwicn ua and eternity i a single littlo rock in tho track of our coach wheels a tiny bil lot of wood a stray root of a tempest-torn tree rcstivo hoiscs, or careless driver auy ufthv.i.0 might hurl us float our sublunary eiietciico with tlio speed of thought, 'Tisft perfect tciupest," oUeived tho hdy ris I withdrew my U-ad fiom thu win .low. " How I love u sudden etorm ! tl.cio is something so grand among tho winds when fiiilylooso ninoiig tho hi Is. I never in c.iuiiteied a night liko this, but llyron's magnificent description of a thundor storm in tlio Jura n-curs tu my mind, Uutatowo uii thu mountain vet I ' Yes, wo have begun the ueeont." " hit said to he dangerous !'' "Ily no moans," 1 loplicd iu as easy a ' tono ns 1 could assume. I " 1 only wish it wus daylight, that wo I i.iijjit enjoy tho mountain scenciy. liut what's that ''' and alio covered her eyes from tue giaro of a slict of lightning tliat illiuni. i,.t d tin tugged mountain with brilliant , i.t n-lly !' 1 int.r p. -ui of crushing thun- I ' , li.s.aniiv tin i i.i n , llieru was u very Iiiiiio of i.i in coming dov u ut each thunder burst, und with (he ifi-ep luoaning oran an- html breaking cut ujkiii our tars, I found the I coach hud roiue to a dead halt ki.itnH n n unit! on ins lace, uuu uu ruun . , - , , , ,.r..t. i i. . . ....... .....h. " . q .. .cw. u .. ::, . n n ., .. ..dlmt it was not nn- alter tue urcaiuui occurrc.-n. .... a .,. w,(0,0 j.rimUn army t0 wear .ymljola U win, entire traveiscd the mountain, 1 '" V " "", ; 8 n ? mourning for n.ur weeks. At Vienna and dcccrnled into tho country beneath, wl ' " " " news caused much agitation, and tho Eu.i b it his I Z luit! res relaxed fioiu their perl s""lc9' ' "Un will I er goad .ro rur of Aus,rU oriit.rj . , acUnuwl,,S Louise, my lie.uitirul follow traveller, be. caiuo na pale UK njhes. Sho fixed tier search ing eyes on mino with n look oranxiousdrcad. ntiil turning to her rather, hurriedly re marked " We nro on tho mountains." " I rcckonwo nro," was tho unconcerned reply. H ith instinctive activity I put my head through tlio window and called tho driver but tho only answer was tho morning of nn anitnil borno past inn by the swift wings of tho tempest. I seized the handloof the door, and strained in tain It would not yield a jot. At that Instaiico, I felt a cold hand on uiino,Hiid heard I.nuiso'e voice faintly artic ulating in my car tho lollowing appalling words " The coach is hting moved bacbcarrls .'" Never shall forgot tho fierce agony with which I tugged ut tho coach door, and called on the driver, in tones that livaled the Inrco of tlio blast, whilst tho dreadful conviction was burning nu my brain that the coach lias ttting moucl backwards i What followed was of such a swift occur rence that it seems to mo liko a frightful dream. 1 rushed against tho door with nil my force, but it withstood my utmost efforts. On side of our vehicle wan sensibly going down, down, dowi. The moaning of the agonised animal becamo deeper, and I know from his desperate plunges against the traces that it was one of our horses. Trash upon crash of hoarse thunder rolled over themoun tiin.and tit id shouts of lightning played around our dented carriage, us if in gleo of our misery. Ily this light 1 could see for a moment only lor a moment the old planter standing erect with his hand on his son and daughter, his eyes raised to Heaven, and his lips moving like those of one in prayer. I could see Louiso turn her ashy cheeks to wards mo, as if imploring protection ; nnd I could soo tho bold glance of tho young boy tlishing deiiitico at tho descending car riage, the war uf elements, and tho awful danger that surrounded him. 'lbeio v. ..s a roll a desperate plunge, as of an animal ill thu last throes of dissolution a harsh, grating jir, a sharp, piercing scream of mor tal tcrrur, and I had but time to grasp Louise firmly round the waist, and seize the leather fastening attached to tho coach roof with tho other, when we were precipitated over tho precipice. I can distinctly recollect preserving con sciousness, for a low seconds of time, and how rapidly my breadth was being exhausted, but uf that tremendous decent I soon lost all lurther knuvvledgo ny u ooncus-ion so violent that 1 was instantly deprived ot sense and inntlun 1I1U Liaitt-t s,,. - ; ' for a niinutc or to us thoy did when wo were on tho mountain ; he pressed his hand acro-s his forehead, as if in pain, and then reuined his interesting narrative : On a low couch, in a humble room of a small country house, I next opened my eyes in tills world ot lignt aim Biiaue, joy anu sor- row, of mirth and sadness. (Jentla hands I soothed my pillow, gentle feet glided across ! my chamber, and a gentle voice hushed for a ! time till my rjucstioning. 1 was kindly at 1 tended bv a fair young girl about fifteen, w ho refused lor a length of time to hold anydis 1 courso with me. At length, one morning linding iiieelf sufficiently recovered to sit ! up, 1 insisted on learning the result of the accident. 1 ' Von wcro discotcred,' said she, 'sitting , on a ledge of rocks, amidst the brandies of , a shattered trcj. clinging to tho rooforyour 1 broken coach with ono hand, and to tho in- seiiMblu lorni of a lady with tho other.' I ' And the lady,' I gasped with an eainest- nes that caused her to draw back and Much. ' She was saved, sir, by the means that sacd vou the friendly tree.' ' Arid her father and brother !' 1 impa tiently demanded. W e fmnd tlioia both crushed to pieces, at the bottom ol tho precipice, a great ways below where my father and uncle Joe found tho ladv. We buried their holies in one grao close by tho clover patch, down in our meadow ground.' ' l'oor Ijuise ' poor orphan ! Go pity you!' I muttered in broken tones, utterly unconscious that I had a listener. 'Cod pity her, indeed,' said the young girl' witli a gush of heartfelt sympathy. ' Would you like to sec her1' she added. I found the nrplnn lnthed in tears, hy tho grave ol her mine 1 ktimrud. sue received inn with sjiTowful sweetness of mnnti'T. I ' , ,. ,nii,m li ,l,i.ulin. , J t(J wi ,,,' iof, Illlt acquaint you, that at last I succeeded J !. , . ' in . r - .. ,.,. ; tho sunny South, and that twcUo months bio night, she secludes herself in her room to solitary praver. As for me, added the uumc mint tu tuu iixiniii, " " .."v, ...... accident has reduced mo to the condition oTa physical coward at tho sight of a mountain precipice.' ,..., ,,aJ attcdeJ t0 tb0 recital of tho story ' liut tlio driver, nsncu our passenger, , , ,,.: , wl,nt illlMmo nr ,B ' driver ! or did yuu never learn tho reason of ' his deserting his post!' 1 ' His liodv was iound on tho road, within a few steps of tho spot whero tho coach went our. no nau been struct: aeau. uy too samo flishof lightning that blinded the rcstivo horses.' l.c C'b.ss Itnilroml. "Thero was a moral lu that dream." The "Milliard liard," during one of his of mcnics a potu, baid . It seemed to uicas thouzh I had been slid- deuly aroused from my slumbers, I looked i . . , . , . .ir !- .,. . . r arounu uuu louuu uiynvii in inu cciuru ui a gaycroAd. The liret sensation that 1 ex perienced was that of being homo along with a peculiar gentle motion, 1 looked around and found that 1 was in a lung train uf cars w hich wevu gliding mcr a railway, and seem ed to bo many miles in length. It was com. posed of many cars. Etery car opened ut tho top, was tilled with men and women, all giily diessed, nnd happv, all laughing, talk ing and singing. Thu peculiarly gentle mo tion of tho cars interested inu. There was no irnithiL'. such ns wo hear on a railroad, I They uunod on without theleast iarorsouud. Hits I say, interested mo. 1 looked oer the 1 ., i . i . . .., side, und to my surpriso found tho railroad and cars niado of glass, Tho glass wheels inovod over tho glass rails without tho least noiso or oscillation. The soft motion pro duced a feeling of exrjuieitu happiness I was happy! It seemed as if everything was at rest within. 1 was full of peace. WLilo 1 was wondering over this circum. 6t.iuee u new eiliht attracted sty gaze, All along tho road on oithcr side, within a foot of the truck, were laid long lines of coflins.and each lontaincd a corpse, drcssjd for burial, with its whito I'aco turned upwards to tlio light. Tho sight lilU-d mo with horror; 1 veiled in agony, lint could make no sound. The gty thtong who wcrcoround mo only re doubled their s nging and laughter ut tho eight of my ugouy, und wo swept on, gliding with i;lass w hulls over tho glass railroad, ovo r) moment coming nearer to tho bcud in tho road. fr, far iu tl.o dUtuilu'. 'Wliu arc these!' I criodat last, rotating to tho dead in tho coffins. 'These aru tho persons who mado tho trips beforo us,' was the reply of ono of the gay est person near mo, 'What trip!' 1 asked, 'Why, tho trip weuro now- making, Tlio trip uu this glass railroad,' was tho untvvir. Why do they lio along tho road, each ono in his col&u!' I was answered with a whisper and tv liaK laugh which froze uiy blood : 'They were dashed to death at tho end of tho lailroad,' said tho person whom 1 ad dressed. Vu'i know tho railroad terminates iu an ubvss which is without bottom or lucnturu. it is lined w iui poiuvcii tucks, .is c.icu cur arrives at tlio end, it nn cipitates its luissen. geis into tho abyss. They nro dashed to pieces against tho rocks, and their bodies ure brought here end placed in the coffins us a C "lll 1 lU U IIIC UIIIIM l , , nit... ,v.t- warning to other passengers, b it, wo aro so happy on tho gla but nounorulnds lass railroad. I can never deseribo tho horror with which thoso words inspired mo. 'What is tho namo of tho glass railroad!' I asked. Tho person whom I addressed replied in tho same strain : 'It is vory easy to get into tho cars, but very hard to get out. For, once in these cars, everybody is delighted with tho soft gliding motion, Tho cars movo so gently! Yes, this is a railroad of habit, nnd with glass wheels wo aro whirled over aglass railroad to a fath omless abyss. In a lew moments no'll ha there, and they'll bring our bodies and put them in the coffins us a warning to others, but nobody will mind, will they?' I was choikcd with horror I struggled to broatho, mido frantic efforts to leap from the cars and in tho struggle awoko. I knew it was only a dream, and yet whenovcr I think of it, I can seo that lonj trait, of cars move gently over tho glass railroad. I can sco cars lar ahead, as they arc turning tho bend of tho road, while, the laughing and siuging of tho gay and happy passengers resound in my cars. I again sco those cold faces of tho dead, with their glassy eyes uplifted, and their froz en iiands upon their shrouds, It was a Imrrihlo dream. And tlio bard's changing features nnd bright ening eye n Meited tho emotion which had been aroused by tho very inomory of tho dream. It was, indeed, a horrible dream. A long train of glass cars gliding over a glass rail way, freighted with youth, beauty and music, while on cither hand are stretched tho vic tims of yesterday gliding over tho railroad of habit to the fathomless abyss "There was a moral In that dream." Reader, aro you uddictcd to any sinful hab it t lireak it off ere you dash against tho rocks. Geo. Lippard. Rlrnnings from the Intc lingllsli Papers. THE DEATH OF THE CZAR, ivarecly had authentic intellignncc. readied Kngl.ind that Nicholas was seriously indis posed, when a second despatch announced that ho was dead. This first notification was telegraphed from Berlin, by Lord John Rus sell, and stated that tho Lmperor had been tuddenly attacked by a fit, of an npoplcctic nature ; that ho bail been given over by bis physicians, and had calmly taken leavo of his family, in view of his approaching end. Three hours afterwards dispatches readied Paris, stating, that at noon of tho same day the Czar Nicholas oxpirod. As before men tioned, L jrds Clarendon nnd l'almerston in formed the Parliament of tho event ; and by flllir rjl,r,5florl Itnil-; li tntol II.T(,r,rt ,n rrt ceivcd with duo solemnity. It appears that tho Emperor first com plained of oppression of the head nnd chest, lie had heforo been subject to such a feeling His physicians were immediately called, and their experienced eyes foresaw that this at tack was likely to bo his list. They had in deed been attending him, during somo days, for an nttack of inlluenzi, to which symptoms of pulmonary ufijctton had supervened. From tho first moment of his final seizure they held out no hopes of recovery. St. I'eteusiii-rg, March 2d, 6 A. M. Tho Kmperor has calmly received Irom Dr. Mundt the communication that atrophy of the lungs is probable. Ho only ohsered": ' And when shall I becamo paralyzed!' Tho physicians did not gio a precise answer. Tho Emperor then said to Dr. Car rel 1 : ' When shall I suffjeato!' Ho lias taken tho last sacraments. Ho has taken leac of his wifo and children, whom he blcssol separately, as also bis grand children, in a linn vnie., in lull piw. session of his intellect, perfectly calm and wit!i great presence ol mind. ins tiuio is otill otion, but luublc ha already been ad iniiiisti'rid The Empress keeps up and shows resignation. Six hours alter tho dato or the above, that is to say shortly after noon of Triday March - I, ho expired. Tho Emperor's last words were spoki'ti in tlio French language. Ad. dro-sing tho Empress, he said . ' Tell Frede rick (the king of Prussia) to continue at tached to 1'aissia, ns ho has hitherto been, and never to furget his father's words.' It is said that a few days before bis death, the Czar succeeded in clfecting n conipleto reconciliation between his two eldest sons, Alexander an I Constantino, who wero at va liance. The Emprcfs, though much attected by the death of her husband, is, nevertheless, better than might h.no been expected after ths shock she has received. At llerlin on tho announcement of the death of tho Czar, tho wholo court put on for tho uf the nicnt ol tho services rendered with noblo eagerness by tlio Emperor Nicholas, during a time of unfortunate trials, tho Nicholas re giment of cuirassiers shall always preserve that name as a eomcnir in tho Austrian army.' At Paris tho ballad singers were ar rested by the police for chanting verses dis. respectful to tho dead Czar. In England, every demonstration of joy followed the an nouncement ol the Emperor's death. At the theatres the managers caiuc boforo tho cur tain and announced tho news, which was re ceived in most instances with tumultuuus cheering. Somo of tho poonlo wero disan luiiited that tho authorities did not ring tho church bells, Tho fatal illness of tho late Enireror Nicho las is surprised to havo been very much ag gravated, if not chiefly occasioned, by his great mental cxruoinont. v nen lie received tho intelliccuco that Sardinia had abandoned her neutrality and openly joined tho Western alliance, ho was so overcome with passion that he raved with impotent tagc. His first idciwasto imprison all Sardinian subject residing in Russia, and soizn their property and ships. It was witli difficulty that Ins minister of state, tho venerable Nessclrodo, disiuaded him In. in publicly exhibiting his i I.... 'pi... i"....i Mini"., Hiiti-. jitiri(ui, inu piiUAyniii J.lBtU lor a cons.dcruiiio inn;, ami leius wero enter taiued that Lis leaeon w u!d he wholly de throned. The ciapiess, in her dclicato state of health, received such a shock from seeing the lit of paisiuii that the Czar exhibited, tliat sliu was noligeu to UUc to her nod. A despatch Irom St. Petersburg savs : 'The decomposition of tho body nf the E npi neror Nicholas is so rapid, that tho lying in state becomes impossible. A letter that appeared iu tho London Times, nvir the signature of Granville, a pliybiehn of some eniinciic-', had attracted much notice. Dr. Uramille had once been Lord Paluicrston's medical attendant, und iu 1S49 had rcr-ldid in a medical opacity nt St Petersburg, whero ho had medical introduC' tionsto tlio Imperial Court. In tho month of July, 1853, ho addressed a confidential letter to Ijord Palmcrstun, and which ho (Granville) now reproduces in tlio Times. In that letter he states that liavinz formed a careful prognosis of tho stato of health of tho Emperor Nicholas, ho had come to tho con clusion tliat ha would dio suddenly, in tho S'Jth ear of his ago. At an interview with Lord Palmcrstan, February 23d, 1S51, Palmerston asked Doc tor G, if ho still adhered to his opinion and prediction! Granville replied that boforo July, 1S55, when tho Emperor would bo 59 yuaisofugo, tho event anticipated would happen. Let but it few rov ors6s ovortako him, and his death, liko that of his brothers, will bo sudden.' It has provod so. Ainu, Inkcriuaun und Balaclava (says thu Dr,) shook tl.o mighty brain. Eupatoria coin plctod tho stroke, nnd anticipated tlio prog nosis by only n lew weeks. Tho Policy of the Sou- Crar. fioui t'aa London Morolo- Chroaiole. ' Although tho prosent Einporor is known to ho a uiudorato, prudent, and, to a certain extent, unambitious man, ho cannot aud dare not swervo from tho hereditary policy of hl uneestors. Ho cannot nnd dure not concede uu iota more than was conceded by his father, us regards tho present crisis, Tho wondrous I prestige that ulmost be.itiliud bis father docs . not environ biiu -, mid ho tcrbiinly is not i likely to cominciico bis reign by exhibiting I symptoms of weakness, and thus risking1 to excite tho ill-will of tho Pan-ilus-ian party nnd tho army, both of which liavo boon fana ticiscd to tho utmo t pitch. t' Nor will Prussia stand idly by. If sho yielded submissive and reverential deforenco to tho lato Czar, alio will doom it a holy duty to vivify in tho son tho sentiments of the father. Prussia, for tho tima being, will be moro Russian that ever, from tlio simple fact that alio considers tho son's individuality less povvorful nnd sccura than that of tho father.
' Tho present Czar cannot nnd will not con codo moro than tho lato monarch. How, then, is his accession to act favorably In tho Conferences for ponce, unless tho Western Powers concede to him infinitely moro than they seemed disposed to concede to his father infinitely moro than is compatible with the honor nnd futuro socurity of Franco and England ! tFrora the London Times. Tho tono of thn manifesto of tho Emperor Alexander nn his accession to his throne, proves very littlo ns to tho courso of policy ho may really intend to pursue. Hu an nounces his determination to regird the wid faro of his empire, including Poland nnd l'in Hnd, ns ' insepvrablo from it nnd ho pro. misos to maintain this ompiro ' ono and indi. visihlo' nt tho highest standard of power and glory, and tu accomplish in his own person tho incessant wishes of Peter, Catherine. Alexander, nnd Nicholas. As tho address of a young sovereign who has just ascended tho throno, and whoso first object is to conciliate tho affection and respect of his penpln. this declaration is perfectly natural ; and a Prince suspected of moderation is perhaps moro tempted to resort to such expressions than one who has already established a reputation for vehement nnd undiscriminating patriot ism. It may bo inferred from tlio tono of this address, that war rather than penco animates with its spirit the Russian nation. So far ns wo aro acquainted with tho mani festo, tho whole text of which has not yet nuchel ii, it ci-UilTiii all'ui m t i tin hoped for termination of the present contest; but, if it could be supposed tliat the Emperor Alexander II. means to pursue the objects which havo already embroiled his predecessor with the greater part of Europe, ho would scarcely have taken this mode of declaring such nn intention. I T tills contest iH still to bo carried on. do. pend upon it it will lead to a convulsion in Europe, and, we may add, m Russia, which no man will bo tho master of, and the conso quenccs of tho war may shake tho founda tions of that empiro. On every account, therefore, wo believe it now to be tho oOv ions nnd paramount interest of Russia to ,''- mask ..!' m-ib'--- ; V rr"u,l' iy n,c" ctfptlhg ttioso conditions which have already been framed by the other cabinets of Euro p"o and by giving thoso guarantees which are now more than ever required to protect the, independence of tho East.' Journal of tho Siccc Feb. 19. Tho drying winds continue find thcplatoiuto tho south of Sebastopol can bo traversed easily on horse or foot, even at the bottom of tho ravines. With this fine weather the good spirits and energic of our men havo returned. The 'renehes aro dry ; tho men get all they want; provisions are abundant. The nrogrcs of the railroad U extraordinary. It !s already completed out to tho entrance uf tho village ot Kadikni, to-morrow it will havo passed through it on its way nut tu the pl.it'.' iu, and n Wednesday it vvil' be, in nil prohibility, uul fur the 'transport of a cargo of shot and shell out so far from llilik lava in the intervals of the workmen's- labour. Feb. 21. In company with two orti vr- I had a long inspection of Sebastopol to-day fioiu tlio gruund tieiiind tlie I rc.icl, pusitiuii, and I must say the result was bv no mems gratifying. 1 ho inner part oi ino town itsell seemed perfectly untouched tho white houses sliuno liriehtlv and freshly in the sun. and the hells of a Go'thic Chapel were ringing out lustily in tho frosty air. There was, however, n re- arkable change in the look of tho city since I saw it last there wero no idlers and no women visiiuoin tlio streets, and, inlce.1, there was scarcely a person to bo soen who looked liko a civilian. Outside the city, at tho verge of tho good houses, tho ore. rests on great w alls of earth piled up somo 10 or 12 feet, and IS or 20 feet tlucit. lnoenieu ai regm.ir intervals witn em brasures, in which you can just detect the black dots which are the throats of cannon. Thoso works are ol tremendous strength. For the most part there is a very deep nnd broad ditch in front of them The trenches, batteries, earthworks, and redoubts nil about tho citadel (tho North Fort) are on an aston ishing scale of magnitude, and indicate an intention on tho part of the I!u.ii.:n, to fall back on the north side when wo occupy tl.c south side of tho placo M ijor-ljcncral Jnnc is said to have declared the position was nut so strong as he enp-'cted to find it from thu accounts ho had heard, but it is only to tho eye of a pfaciic.-d engineer tliat any hiLrn, nf weakness appear, for the earth is furrow ed ns far almost as tho eye can reach by enormous banks, pierced with embrasures. Tho heights over the sea hiistlo with low batteries, with tho guns couciinnt und jut peering over tho face of tho cliffs, Vait as these works arc, tho Russians aro busy strengthening thorn. Not less than 3,01111 men could have been empluyed to-day on the ground about the citadel. Feb. 23d. Wo are to havo a hotel at Bal aclava. H is to bo conducted by Mrs. Scacole, late of Jamaica. I suppose the lady calculates on a liberal share of patron ago when excursion visitors como nut to the 6iego in the summer. The usual " three weeks hence" is now fixed upon for the re opening of our fire. FKiini'inv, 21,4 A M, I was woke up shortly after 2 o'cluck this morning by tho commencement of one of tho most furious cannonades vre bare heard since the siego be gan. The wholo lino of the Russian batte ries from our left opened with incoiieeivablo force and noise, and the Inkcriuaun batte ries began play'"! on our light ; but the French were most uiposcd to the weight of this most terrible fire, which shook tho very earth, and lighted up tho skies with inces sant lightning flashes forun hour and a half. LTnder cover of it a very strong sortio has been made, and lor half an hour tho musket ry rolled incessantly with volume and vigor enough for a general action, I Lave just this moment returned in tho dark, both physically and mentally, and I am unabln to discover what was dono by all this sound and lury. I fear to have, tore port some heavy losses, fur it is impossible that so much gunpowder and ball could havo been thrown away. Tho r wing of tho shot and shell was terrific a continuous scream, like that of a locomotive whistle hear I in th deptlH of a tunnel Tho Slnnitcur contains tho otlici.il reports of the attack by th Russians on Eupatoria, Fobruavv 17th. Tlio Russian forco amount. ed to 2i,0IW men. The bvttlo lasted sis hours and cost the Uiusians ,'00 U1U1 and 2"flO wounded, according to somo ac-onnts, while correspondents who walked over tho field estimate tho loss of tho Russians at SOO i ;ii i i V,,n . i.i i i-,i, p..., sn " an,i,C. "T',-JcJ' anJ 01 ,h0 r"rks S0 Nor Bad. A correspondent of tho Cincin nati Times, from Curlingtoa, relates tho fol. lowing : "I am hero reminded ("peaking of cheese) of a littlo uneodoto tho stagn driver told mo yesterday. Wo wore passing an old farm housj with an untidy yard, and dilapidated out-buildings, whon ho said ; ' A Boston man got offu pretty cuto speech to the owner of that rUce t'other day,' What was it I' I asked. 1 Why he called nt the house to buy choet, but when he came to look at tho lot, ho con cluded ho didn't want 'em, they were so full of skippers.' So he made un excuse, and was going uvvay, when tho farm.T said to him . ' Look horo, Mister, how ean I get uiy cheeses duwn to Boston Iho cheapest ' The gentleman looked nt tho stuff a mo ment and saw thu uiiggots squirming, und suid ' Well, 1 don't know , lot 'cm bo a day or two, and you can drive 'em right down ' News from .Major Jack Downing, PRIVATE DISPATCHES TO OEX. PIERCE. V'( ti h g-o'n ti ti Cinrrsjs if thy call for it. Aboard tho Fillihtntor schooner Two Pollies, off the Hula in tho Wall," near tho mid. die of March, I forgot tho day of tho month, 1855. Devr OtNErML ; Wo nro scuddin round here nnd holdin on to tho slack, waitln for more help to como up, and you may depend oii't Cuba's got to tako it. "Wo don't never give up tho ship. A fa-t littlo clipper jest como along, going to Baltimore, nnd tho skipper slid ho'd tako my de?patchcs to you in three days. And you can send to mo by tho skipper jour notions about things: for bo's only gum to stop long enough to wood up, ami then bo's comin strait back tojino us. Ilo mado me promise, to bold on nnd not tako Cuba till ho como, for ho was very earnest to be in nt tho death. That Cubi's a lino country Wu'vo been having a glimpse at it oneo in awhilo with our spy-'l.mcs, through tho " hnlo in thn wall" and ruun I the corners, and it's raly a fino country ; 'twould do your heirt good to look at it. And you shall h ivo a chance be fore long, for it's got to comn down ; it's got to nucklo. and no mistake. I'vi got my com mission to go ahead from Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Mason and Mr Souloy. And tho nub nf tho wholo thing is, wu'vo got to take Cubi if wo h ive the power ;' and I know wo have, as Silly Giloi slid to her sweetheart. Siys bally, s ij-s s!ie, 'yoush.int kis mo unless vou arc stranger that 1 am, and 1 know jou bj.' Jet beforo wo eoino out Is"oby tho papers that Louis Napoleon was a notion of goin to tho Crimea to see Sebastopol fall ; and so I thought may be you might liko to como out hero and see us tako Cuba. Now- If you du, jest say tho word, and tell mo in your letter what day you will bo down on the pint of I'loraday, and I'll bear up with the Two Pol lies and tako vou oil'. Vou uius n"'t feel hurt because I did n't (Oaio to Washington to sco you boforo start ing on this cruio ; but the lact was I hadn't time, Our country was in so much dan ger it wouldn't do to wait. Our Congress in Ostcnd went over tho wholo ground and ex amined it carefully, and come to the conclu sion that it was' neck or nothing with us. Wo must have Cuba or our whole country would go to rack and ruin, and ' the Cnion can never enpy repose nor possess reliable security us long us Cuba is not embraced within its boundaries.' 1 sent you a despatch last fall about tho dllilisul our Congress at Ostcnd, whero wo took up the ulfiirs of England and Franco nnd j,...iu . but finally concluded wo couldn't inako anything out ol that business yet, nnd should have to wait a little longer. Well, then them threo S.'s Souley, Sickles nnd Sanders said thero was one thing wo rouW du : we could tako hold ol that Cuba business und finish it up brown. And, for fear that Louis Napoleon might have spies round us there at Oateiid, wo concluded it was best to hitch a little further oQ". So we went over to Ax-le-Shupplc and finished up tho business. The upshot was, wc concluded we would have Cuba by hook or by crook ; and that Mr. Souley should go right back to Old Spain and tell tlio Queen so. If she'd a mind to give it up rpjictly and make no fuss about it, hu might promise to give her somethin pretty handsome in the way of money ; wo didn't caro nuthin about that, as we've got plenty of money to home. If she rcluscd and tuld Mr. buuley to mind his own business, uud wc shuuldu't havo Cuba no how, then we told Mm lie mustn't bo mealy-mouthed, nor minco matters, but pick a ipiarrel the best way he could and clear out. Well, Mr. Souley went back to Madrid witli a still' upper lip and begun to dicker with thu Queen's spokesman for a bargain, some lliiu in this way . Soutxv. Oh, now I think of it, there's that little Island ol Cuba ovor thero near our cu.ist; we'd liko to havo that littlo islmd, if if s all the same to you. I epose jou've no ob jections : it isn't t.ic least usu iu the world to vou, and it might be some little account to us. bj, il you say so, we'll jest mark Cuba down on the map uf tho Cuitud States Sl-oKLsMAX. Not by a jug full, Mr. Souley. Cu'.'.i is tho mast v.ilu vble patch of ground wo ve g'jt. Cant sparo it no how. SjI'LLV. Oh, nonsense ; it's no income at all tu you, and uothin but a bill of expense. It's so near to us wo miirht look altir and may bo make souiethiti out ui it ; but it's no uiuiro use to you than thu tilth wheel of a coich. 1 guess we'll consider it ours. Sl'OKLSMA.N. 1 gUCSS 'UU WOllt. 1 tell JOU wo cant spue Cuba no liovv. It's tho pride of thu bpunish kingdom and tho gem ol the Queen sum'. n. Suvllv. Well, but, my dear sir, we would not in i list pacing you quite a handsome oiiui tor it; a hundred millions, if you say so, We wont scriuip about tho piicu. crot.L-M.v:v. mere is no puce iu it. v.irry your hundred millions to some other market It jou want to buy honor with it. 1 tell yuu the honor ol Old Spain has no price. Soi'LLV. liut. my dear sir, you don't con sider what a wonderful deal ot help a million would bo to you. Vou must remember you uro getting u good deal behindhand. Vou'vu no income baldly and yuu ure u good deal iu debt. Only luok at it ; u hundred millions will enable jou to pay off your debts, und make internal improvements, and build rail roads und telegraphs all ovor the country, so that you can spru"C up and live comfortable und get ahead in tho world. Say thu word nnd tho hundred millions is yours, hrostsiiAN. Offer your hundred millions to some beggar who wants it. Thu ancient nnd proud kingdom of Spain is no beggar, sir. I'll thank you sir, not to insult me. Sovm I don't intend any insult, sir; but I'll bo frank and plain witli you, The fact is we must have that island, It is abso lutely necessary for the safety and welfare of tho United States, Our country can't get along without it. SroKreiiAN. That's your look out, not mino. Soi-iA-v. Well now, Mr. Spokesman, you know your peoplo out there in Cuba have for a louz tiinu been insultiiur. our lolks, search ing their vessels, and firing into their steamers, and sometimes ketcliiug our people und shooting 'cm or putting 'cm in dungeons, There's a long account of these things that you must settle right up, pint blank, or suf ter the congruences. 1 hero's threo hundred thousand dollars you'vo got to pay for stop ping tho steamer Black Warrior and u great many other things as bad as that. Theso matters havo got to ho settled right up, or Cuba's got tu stand in tho gap. SroKtsiiAN. Can't help that. If you've got any accounts to scttlo we'll leave it out to a third party to say how wo shall settle. Wo don't owo you a cent for tho Black War lior. Sho broke our laws and we lined her six thousand dollars; and then wo give hack the lino after ull, when we might kept the vessel. And you aro so ungratclul as not to thank us for it. Socuv, 1 won't stan this foolery no lon ger. Leavo it out ! No, wo know- how- to setllo our own business best. Now, sir, you'vo got to settlo all accounts right up, and fix thiius about Cuba 60 wo shant never havo 1 any moro trounie, or eiso give us in vuo island to manage in ourown way. Xow'.l'm ugom to giio jou jest two week to think of tills nu&IUCeS und give mo j-ouriviiswci , am if it isn't settled by that time I shall clear out und go home, and then you'll hear thun dcr. Good by, iir. That Souley's a smart feller, Gineral. He talked right up to cm, and was n't afearcd. Well, ho waited till tho two weeks was out, and no answer did n't come : and then ho slat iound and "picked up bis clothes, and locked up his trunks, and cloared out. Then ho come ovor vvhoro wo had been waiting for him and told us hovr tho business stood. He said old Spain refused to giro up Cuba and re I'u sod to settle, und ho hud got tho quarrel in such a shape now that wo could carry it on any way to suit ourselves. And now, said Mr, Souley, what's to bo dono next ' Wal, rays I, Mr. Souloy, you've only jest got to look ut tho instructions drawn up by our Congrcts at Ax-lo-Shapplc, and signed by you uud Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Mason, ami you'll sco tho courso is marked out us plain as a b c. Jest open tho doekymcnt and read Cuba is as necessary to tho North Amer ican Republic aiuuy of its present members).' ' Tho Union can never enjoy reposo nor poi son roli till.) security as long as Cuba is not embraced within its"houndarics.' ' But if Spain, deaf to tho voico of her own interest, nnd actuated by stubborn prido and n falso senso of honor, should refuse to sell Cuba to tho United Stntes,' what then 1 Self-preservation is the first law of nature with States as vvcli as with indlvi luals.' Matters nnd things being thus and so ; ' then, by every law, human nnd divine, wo hull bn justified in wresting Cuba from .Spiin, if wo possess tho power.' Thero, s.iya 1, thorn's your chnrt, ns plain ns tho nose on a man's face ; and nil we've got to do Is to go ahead. So wo all put our heads togother to draw up a plan of the cam paign, and we was n't long about it. It was finally concluded tliat Sinders should go and stir up tho Southern division, headquarters New Orleans ; Sickles should take c'lirzc nf tlio centre wing, headquarters at Wasliinu ton, and a branch nt New York i and I should go as fast ns poiblo ' down V. ist,' heidnuar tors Dnwninjiilln, and fit out a naval force that would put Cuba throush. And here I am, (jiiiier.il. nnd vou uuy depend on't the work's got to bo done. Hut now I must ask you, ("moral, what in I bunder Mr M ircy means by bickin' end lillin' so 1 have je6 got nome of ! ' 't New- York papers by an outer-bound vessnl. nnd one of the first tilings I seo is .Mr. Mir cy's letter to Mr. Souley, dated 13th of No. veuiber, an I it is so Tull of milk nnd water It in ikes nn! f.iirly slek. I was always a little afraid Marcv w.is an old f"gy. but I did think hu had a little luor" back-bone than bo shows in this letter. He's nn christian, nn I he's violated the Scripter, fir he has put bis hand to tho plough ami looked bark lies 'ems now to bo for smoothing over matters : thinks may be our country could manage some bow or other to get along without Cuba ; don't know but w hat old Spain means to do the thing that's about right after all : better dicker a little longer with her in n friendly kind of way ; better not do anything to af front her; keep things quiet till Spain gets in the right mood, and then, if sho wont sell us Cuba, perhaps she'll settle and pay up. Now. I II tell vou what 'tis Gincrnl, our Eurup Cabinet don't swallow no such milk and water stuff as that. What's got into Mr. Marcy' Last year he told Mr. Souley to de mand" three hundred thousand dollars for the Black Warrior, right down on tho nail, and not to parley about it. But now- lie quivers and shakes one way and 'tothcr like a leaf in tho wind. I'm afraid Mr Marcy is getting old. And there's poor L'nclu Joshua, post master uf Downingvillo, I I'.ud bo's getting old and tiresum, to. When I pot bomu to Downingvillo and told the family I was going to fit out the Two Pollies and be off the next day to tako Cuba, L'nelo Joshua was struck all of a heap. Says he, 'Major, I hog of you not to go into any of that lillihiistoring business; it's next akin to piracy, and ther's the neutrality laws dead again you. too.' Oh no," says I, l'ncle Joshua, I ain't go ing to undertake any of your low lillinuster ing ; I'm only jest going out to tako Cuba m. in-fasbion, bt cause our country cant get along w itliout it, and self-preservation yuu know is the first law uf nater, and because old Spain keeps insulting of us and won't pay up.' But don't you see, .Major." says Uncle Joshua, 'if you go to take Cuba, you arc ma king war upon Spain ; and you can't do that according to tho Constitution. Nobody in this country has any power tomako war but Congress,' liut you're mistaken there. Uncle Joshua.' says I. 'Didn't Mr. Polk inako war upon Mexico 'No. bv no means,' said Undo Jo-hua. 'If you will look bick and read the doekvincnts of them days, you will find it reads, 'U'licrc asvvar crij between this loutitry and Mexi. co.' You seo that war como itsi'ff. Hut you havo no right to make war upon Spain" or Cuba unless j on get your authority from Congress Wal. uncle, 1 have got rnv authotity from Congress,' savs I. 'what mure do vou want ' 01, nu.' saVs l.e ; 'Congress ba'nt declared war. because it would be in the papers, and I should a seen it. liut I don't mean your lazy Old Fogy Con gress to Washington.' s.ivs"l ; '1 mean our Eurup Congress,' And then I took the dockyinent out of my pocket nnd showed it to him, signtd by Mr. Buchanan, and Mr. Mujii. and .Mr. boulcy. At (ir-t he was thunderstruck, and couldn't s iv nothin. Ihen he lull back on to the con. stitution agin, fast as he always does, and said ho did'nt believe our Congress over thero ii Euiupvvuseonstitution.il Then he reach ed up to the shelf and took down the old con stitution, con red with uioriocco leather, that Gincr.il Jackson sent him moro than twenty tear ago, anil he put on his specta. clcs and looked it all over Irom beginning to end, and said he could'ut find nolliiu about any Congiess in Hump. But it you call vuur meeting over thero in Eurup a Congress,'' s.iys he, 'I should like to know where you find jour authority in the Constituiiun to m.iko war upon Spain or to go lillibustui in about Cuba. Why, Uncle Joshua,' savs I, 'we find it in that clause whore it saj-s 'take the respon sibility.' ' 'Thero !' said Cousin S.irgeant Joel, who had been listening all tho timo without say ing a word; there, undo,' says ho, "1 knew j-ou would find the authority in tho Constitu tion somewhere. Thut's ono of tho amend ments to the constitution that was added by Gineral Jackson, you know, and thereforo it wimr be right ' Then Sargent Joel turned to me, and savs ho' 'Major, I've been round and notified the whole company of the Downingvillo militia, nnd they are all ready, armed und equipped as tho law directs, n'nd will alt be aboard to morrow at ten u 'clock. They aro full of grit, and roadv to swallow Cuba alive.' I hain't got near through my story, Gine ral, for I wanted to tell yuu inure abuut fit ting out tho Two Pollies, and about tho crew, and the sogers, and the marines und the boss. marines, and the lige, but I shan't have room in this despitcb, and the little clipper that's vvnitin for me to finish wrilin, has gut a smart wind nnd wants to be oil", If I don't see you standin on the pint or Floriday as wc go by, 1 shall take it lor granted that you have con cluded not to go out to seo us tuko Cuba ; but if I sco ii man standin there and svviugin his hat, 1 shall know its yuu, und we'll bear light ui with tho Two Pollies and tako you off. 1 remain vour old friend, and Minister Gineral at large, and Rear-Cominidiiro of tho Ciltbubtcr-Qcct, Major Jack Dowmno. Masiek and Sciioi-vr. A learned peda gogue at Nantucket, usedctery morning to read passages in tho Bible, und expound the same us ho proceeded, in order that, by ask ing questions us to liovv iiiuchthey remember ed ol l lii ej comments, bo miglit ussertainwho wero the bright boys of the school. On ono occasion ho read Irom tho l-jokof Job, thus. " Thero was a man in tho land of Uz, and his naiuo was Job, who feared God, nnd eschewed evil.' Eechevvcd evil; that is, he eschewed ciil'as I do tobacco ho would havo nothing to do witli it." With this very clear und forcible elucidation of tho word " eschew," ho proceeded, until u number of lereeswere read und commented on iu a similar clear and intelligible manner. Alter u long interval, when tho young mind had timo to digest' its food, tho podv go uo c tiled upon one of tho j-oungor boys, un3 tho following dialoguo ensued : Who was the man who lived in Uz." "Job." " Was bo a good man!" " Yas." What did he do!" " lie chciced tobacco, ichtn nobody else would have nothing to do tcith it !'' was Bob Holmes' answer. Tho boy was permitted to tako liu scat ! 11 TV.Ia. ..lint nrn vnil ilnlnir in that bof!" said a schoolmaster. " Ho wanted to kuow if you take ten from seventeen, how many will remain ; so I took ton of his applet to show him, and now ho wants 1 should pivo Vm kick." " Well, why dou't you do it!" T UlVt I ' ! JifW " ---- . .' Cos. sir. ho would forget Aoie many is Ifft," AGllTCULTIJllAT Milch Cows nnd Calves. It is impossible to ehoos n suhjot of more general interest to tho agricultural commu. nity thin that nf milch cows! for, though thero is only n portion of American farmers who devote their farms principally to the dairy business, yet every rural homestead hn its cows, and every resident in tho country should be interested in their management. This is our excuso for so soon again referring to milch cows in tho Rem!.. Tho best time for cows to "come in," de pends much on circtimstinco'. Usually, where rows nro kept for the dairy, in the North Eistern and Wcstsrn Stntea, about thn middle of April, is considered best; though, w-'iere the r-ilves nro raise-l for the butcher, in tho nelghb-irhnod nf cities, when early veil commands a high price, it will be profi table to have them come in earlier. Of the treatment nf cows previous to calv. in2. we h ive previously written. If the cow is iu aheilthy rendition, littl" trouble will be experienced in r-'lvlng. After the row Ins r.ilvod sho should have some warm bran slnns, nnd be circfully attended to. The first milk nucht to be driwn out of the bag before the rilf is nllowed to suck i nnd n ft c wards if thn b 12 becomes hard, as lory frequently happens, it is advisable to draw not as much of the milk from the b'tg ns possMc. previ ous to letting the calf suck In this way, from the c-ilf butting tho udder and dnw'ng the milk out clean, acureis speedily effected. If. however, the udder should bo much in- Aimed, it should, in addition to drawing out the milk, ho well rubbed with buttermilk nnd castile snip. In some districts it may bo the best econo my to sell off the calves when a week or ten dav-s old, or even to cut their throats ns soon ns they aro born the milk proving more val uable to convert into choose nnd butter, thun into veal. Surh, however, is not the case when good veal sells, as it docs here, nt from six to ten cents per pound, unless the butter should command nn unsuallj' high and exor bitant prico In fattenini calves for the butcher, they should be Fiickled regularly ; bo tied up in a dark, clean st ible, nnd have a little fresh clean straw thrown under them every day. Much depends un their being kept clean, dry anil quiet. In suckling them, let tho strap remain round their necks so that you can manage them more easily Take them away ns soon ns they have had their fill, and do not ht them run ahnut the cow stable or yard. If they are kept clean they will not bo trrubled with lice. If they should, give them a littlo sulphur; itwill'lioth purily tho blood and rid them of tho parasite. The rate of in crease in growth, dependsmuch on the bTted, and un the food of the cow. When six weeks ol I, unless the cow be very well kept, tho calf seldom gets as much milk ns it could assimilate. As a gener il thing, therefore, it does not pay to keep fatting calves till they are two months old. For reattng calves, of course a different treatment is necessary. Health and the development of muscle, rather than the ac cumulation of fat. are desired, and more light and exorcise should bo allowed. If fed by band, after the first two or three weeks, a littlo skim milk and linseed tea might be economically substituted for a portion of tho fresh milk But, whatever you do, let them have nhundant nourithmcnt. If starved when young, they will never make good animals After, ns beforo parturition, tho main dif ficulty with cows is cutivcncss. A feed of mangle w urtzel, or two pounds of oil-cake meal made into a warm lnusti, will be fuiiui the best preventative. Tho increase of milk will pay lor the oil-cake, while the increased health und strength of the cow will be puro gain, and will tell well in the milk pail during the summer. It is absolutely essential that cows bo milled clean ut all times, but es pecially is it necessary immediately after c.ilv ing Srr.niE.NS, iu tho Bjok of the Farm, savs "lor my part. 1 never see n man milking a cow, without being impressed with , 1 "V"- a,cow,' w.",,0l "V" '""l1 , V" ldca ,,,.u 1,0 " ,u."ur!,,,"i:l", V d'Jcs. not belong to him. Cer ai I ,f' " ''J1 mL'n' .cr.uip omcc w men linlj-, there uacnciors, or husbands of strong-minded, but weak wriited wouii n, that aru fit to milk or have auv thing to do with a cow. Wu have known cows that would not suttr a man to milk them without tlnii- legs wore tied ; yet thoy would be as quiet as a lamb, while a woman, with her s ilt hands, kind words and jacily ing in tuners, performed the operation. Ru ral X. YurArr. Wiivt FaRIieiis can" do if they try. They can raise better crops, and get mure for them if they try. They can make more manure, und make their land richer if they try Thev- can raise better sheep and horses, hy selecting tho best breeds, to propagate from if they try. Thev c.in plow deeper, pul verize more thoroughly, and get greater and better crops if thy try. They can do, lis jl thorough tanner in Addison County t., has done, raise eleven head of three years old steers, weighing 17,"o) lbs. and receive, in cash down, $733 lor them, an average of nearly i- per head if they try Thoy can raise more th.ir. one hundred bushels ot corn per acre, as Judge Colhurn, of Springfield, Vt., has done, and get $100 per ncre forth crop, and a 15 premium to boot, from tha Stato Ag. Society if they try. Brush up geer up heads up, brother Farmers, of Washington County, und of every other coun ty in thcStatc, Vi'ho'll try ! Watchman. Indian Corn 01 late years it seems to be the univrrsal practico among tho best far mers to plow deeplj-, to manure highly, and to cultivate on a flat surface without billing. If corn is hilled, the roots must often he laid baro to tho scorching sun. Crowding tho hills at less distances apart than 3 or 3 feet is at the expense of the crop, tho ears being then smaller or fewer on a stalk. Many pre fer fall-plowing to plowing in tho spring; while soma think that the nearer the plowing is to tho timcof planting, the better the crop. Somo soak their seed in a solution of salt petre, somo iu a solution of tar with salt, und some in copperas-water, rolling the seed iu plaster wh.-n the liquid iu which it has been steeped is poured off, Corn should bo cultivated and iioed three times ut least, and not at all after tassding out. It cars better with hills at3 or 31 feet apart than nearer- Tarring the seed und rolling in plaster will save it from the attacks of birds, Jcc, till tho earth soaks tho tar out Some think they have saved it from the attacks of worms by planting pieces of cob with the corn, and suppose that the worms busy them selves with the piths of the cobs. Ashes, plaster, ioiidrcttc, hen-houso or dove-cot droppings, guano, well rotted yard manure, hog-manuro, und other such things are all highly spoken of as fertilizers, harrowed in, or put in the hill, or put on the first hoeing. Guano should be well mixed with muck or earth as its iinniediato contact with the seed will generally kill it. Country Gentleman, CitANcrvniE Varieties or 1'iivits. Mr- A. Moss, ofl'redonia, N. Y., sajs ; " I havo nn applo tree which produces more kinds of fruit, in a manner somewhat different from tho or dinarj course of lature. It was grafted and hears'Greening apples. Tho stuck was a com mon rod sweet apple. Tho tree it thrifty, and boars from ten to twclvo bushels of apple overy other year. Trora half n bushel to one bushel will lw sweet, not as largo but nearly the color of Greenings, hut moro golden when ripo, which is earlier than the Greenings. ThesJ sweet apples aro excellent, and grow interspersed on different epure on the same limbs with tho Greenings. A few apples on this tree aro found part swoct and part tour. Hard Times Avoxo Stock. Owing to tin drouth of last summer, and the soveritv of the past winter, hay and all kinds nf fodder ure scarce throughout the country. In northern Ohio, it it eaid that many farmers are buying corn shipped from the south and west by railroad, to help them to koep their itock through. Some aro obliged to " browse ;" the hay being all continued. One farmer inMontvillo, Geauga Co., has lost 23 hoad . . . . .".. " I I .. orcittlo in a short vvliiio; anu a lurgu num ler nf persons ure losing more or leu aUick. In Bristol, Trumbull Co., ono farmer had Just 25 cattlo und moro or less are djtng in every town iu the country. A farmer in I Windsor, Athtabula Co,, who hat a larg 1 stock, hailott the whole ot tuem,