Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 6, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 6, 1855 Page 2
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lUccklji Im Jpvcss. IlL'iai.NGTON. FltlOAY A Pill's G. 1S55. Mr. llitnki niul Mr. Chandler. Mr. J. C. Pllr.it's lletlew ortlie speech of lion, J. It. Chandler on the political power of the Pope 1 neat pamphlet of 72 pages published by Edward W. Illnks A Company of Boston la before us. The origin of the book is on tills wise. Last December, lion. Mr. Banks member of Congress from Mas rachusctts, made a speech in defence of the propriety of the new ntid secret political or ganization, of which ho was understood to bo it member. Among other reasons for it ho gavo this one: that it is widely be lieved among his fellow citiicns that a pow erful influence is felt in the decision of po litical questions in this country from "obo dience to ccclosiasticnl direction in polit ical affairs," ond furthermore, ho sup posed it undcniablo "that the excrciso of temporal power over governments by the lloraish church, repeatedly exercised with in the lust thousand years, had ncer been disavowed or disclaimed by any Pontiff, or general council acquiesced in by the I'opo." In substance he said also, that allowing, us he cheerfully did, to every man tho right to a freo exercise of his religious fuith in this country, " if it bo true, that tho l'ope i held by ony men to be supremo in secular as in sacred affairs, that he can absolve men from their relations with others not of the true faith, it is not strange that men should hesitate in support of his followers." To this speech of Mr. Hanks a formal re ply was made, a few weeks after, by the Hon. J Ii. Chandler, a representative from Penn sylvania mid a member of the Human Catho lic church. The drilt of Mr. Chandler's reply was to show, that while it was not to he rfcnici) that the Romau Pontiffs had in fact dethroned Kings, and released subjects, and transferred their allegiance to suc ceeding monarch?, who might have been.du -posed by tho same authority, their power had not been exercised as of a right inhrrcnt in the spiritual offico of the Popo, but ns one conferred upon the Pope by monarchs for their own support, and approval by tho pcoplo for their own benefit, and further, to show that any such claim of power as was imputed to tho l'ope, viz : tlio right to inter fere in the government of other countiics, had been disallowed and denied (Mr. C. docs not quite venture to say by tho I'opts themselves) by cardinals, nnd by eminent bodies competent to say what the true faith aftho liomish church is on thu subject re Terreil to. The review of -Mr. Chanillei s speech hv " John Claudius Pitrat, a member of the University or France Ac. Ac, and formerly a Human Catholic Priest, ' is worthy of u careful perusal. He gives tho whole of Mr. Chandler's speech, and comments upun it sentence by sentence from beginning to end. His manner of dealing with tho subject it1 rather Frenchified, and therefore his ar- . gumeiit to our view, will not bo appreciated by American readers in general, us easily . ns it would have been, if he had separated tho main points of tho speech from the rest of it, and confined himself closely to them. He maintains with ability, that hon- est us Mr. Chandler may bo in his argu ment, the argument itself is entirely fallu- cious, and in reality docs nothing to break ' the forco of Mr. Hanks' chief proposition, 1 to wit, that an interference in tho tempo ral affairs of rulers and pcoplo had been ex-1 rreised boldly and often by the Popes, and the right to do so had never been disclaimed by them. We understand Mr. Titrat to con cede that " the dogma of the temporal power of the Pope is not held by the Catholic Church as a dogma separate, ilistmet from the dogma of the spiritual suprcmaiy of the Pope . but ho asserts that the exercise of the spiritual supremacy does confer an indirect temporal power substantially no different 1 in kind or degrco from what it would be iff tet forth as a distinct dogma, and of courso, that ull the evidence and argument of Mr. Chandler, does not touch the real point, si far as its practical bearing is concerned. The denials of cardinals nnd school men which Mr. Chandler quotes, nro in his ' view dodges, which Mr. Chandler would I more easily see if he had been bred to the priesthood, and thus had been made acquaint nl with the subtleties which mo resorted to by its members to disguise the real doctrines nnd purposes of the Papal Seo. Mr. Pitrat therofuro agrees to the main position ot Mr. Banks -as to the claims of Homanisra in times past, and so do we. Neither do weseo any ground to believe that uny special lessening of its claims has taken piaco in theso latter days, although they arc put forth less obtrusively than they once were. Wo agree also in considering I'o manism, in its essential character, to be a foe to free American Institutions. We say the 6amc of any thing which contains an element of despotism in its fundamental prin ciples or in its systematic practice. Wheth er it calls itself a (iovernment, u Church, n Party, an Order, a Society or anything i -lse, it makes no difference, in our view. Hut we do not consider a man an enemy to tho land and therefore proscribe him us a candidate- Tor office, simply because ho ad heres to fcomo system which has faulty and dangerous elements in it. The man is often bitter than the objectionable points of his religious or political faith would tend to make him. lie should bo judged of ns he n, not ns we fear he might laomi under some remote contingency. Beyond question evils have come front the amazing rapidity with which foreigners havo poured into our country, and especially from the onto with which they have been ad mitted by thousands to vote before they had acquired the faintest conception of tho du ties of an American citizen. Corrupt pol iticians havo turned to account the ignorance of tho masses, nnd the control exercised over them by their spiritual advisers, wo doubt not. Wo believe our present chief rulers ut Washington specially guilty that way, to their shamo be it spoken, because they no more telici e in Itomanisiu than we do, and for that and for other good reasons, wo will do all wo can fuirly, to turn them out of offico, and to get better men into their places, Thcto is however a despotism having a thousand-fold more influence in our country, and from which a thousand fold moro danger is impending than from any papal dictation. We moan tl.ut despotism which show, itself i.n tho principles und practices ot tho Slave, holding poicer. Nothing is plainer, too, than the ijforts of that very pvteir to avail ilulf of thenew organization of the day to imnase its already colossal shength in Iht nation. Will it succeed in soduin;. 1 Notice to Town Clcik. Tho Town Clerks in tho several town In iMa State, are requested to report to 1110 us rnrly ns lmsaible, the number of copies uf aitixn's I'.LmkxTb or AcuiCfuiKE ordered by the legal voters, at their list hiiiiuuI town M H'ting, to bo furnished to each town, agree, ably to .in Act pusNu,! ut the last ision of tho General AHsembl, entitled "An Ut to eicovrngr the study of Agricvlturr in Cum. mon Schools," STEPHEN ROVCi:. I'.vsi HtsKsiiiKK, .March 23, 1S05. The I,ntt Elections. 1 The election for a territorial legislature in Kanzaa appears to havo been carried by tho Slavery party, ns it was supposed it would be, and by another invasiou of Mlssouiians, such ns disgraced tho foimer election of dele gnto to Congress, Tho latest accounts fiom tho territory previous to tho election mention I the temporary encampments of hundreds of I Misourians who had como over to vote. Tho telegraphic despatches since the election, are not very full, but go to show that tho opera tions ol tho Slaveholders havo met w ith mtiro success. They slnto that in eleven of the eigh teen legislative districts.thc slavery ticket pre vailed by majorities varying from 200 to SOO, and that probably no anti-Slavery men are elected. On the north sidcof Kanzas river tho slavery ticket had a thousand majority ,w Inch, it is stated, is moro than tho whole number of legal Slavery votes in tho entire territory. Tho legal voters in tho territory numbered 2038, by the rocent Census. Wo wait for fuller information before commenting on tho affair. In Connecticut there is no election of Gov ernor by the people. In tho towns hoard from tho Knovv-Xothing nnd Administration candidates aro about " nip'and tuck " Whig Know-Xothingi nro elected to Congress in two districts, tho third being doubtful. For the Sonata nnd House ol Representatives tho Whigs and Know-Nothings have a decidod majority so far ob heard from, The Vote for Council of Censors. Perfect order prevailed at tho polls Tuos day, and tho election passod off quietly for Burlington. Apparently tho excitement was nut so intense us it has been at several Presi dential elections within our memory, and consequently tho volo thrown lulls bilow the full strength uf tho town hy some tux hun dred votes or so. The so culled Know-.Nothing ticket has an average majority of 27. Thu following is the vote . John S. Itobinsou, el Daniel Kellogg, u I Silas II. Hodges, l3 Andrew Tracy, ;i:) Horaco Eaton, ft Wui. Hcbard, 03 Geo. P. Marsh, U0 Lucius B. Peck, J3 Bliss X. Davis, (3 Worthington Smith, U3 Samuel A. Willard, gjj Kdward B. Sawyer, 3 Abraham Harding, g James M. Slado, 120 John W. Vail, J JO, David Fish, 127 Chas. S. Dana, J2i) David Hibbard, 1 Is Win. C. Wilson, 1 IS Thomas.Glccd, 110 John B. Hutchinson, 1 10 Nathaniel I'. Xclson, 110 Evelyn Pierpont, 110 Wm. W. Wells, 110 Lafayette Ward, 110 Thomas F. Hammond, 110 Giles Harrington, ; W. II. II Bingham, 7 Ililand Hall, : Erastus Fairbanks, I, F.lijah Cleveland, 2 Wm. C. Bradley, 2 George W. Benedict, 2 Nathan Smilie, 2 In addition to the above tho following per sons received ono vote each : Carlos Coolidgo, L. C. Kellogg, Samuel Adams, Edward Kirkland, Samuel S. Phelps. Portus Baxter, A. L. Miner, David Hibbard, Julius Converse, Levi Underwood. Xorman William James Davis, Charles Davis, Kdvv. C. Cahoon, John N. Pomeroy, William lley wood.Jr. Lukcs.P. Poland, Simiicl Swift, Edmund Weston, John Sawyer, Lawrence Iirainard, W. Hibbard, A. S. Keyes, Wm.C. Kittrcdge, F. B. Rcdfield, James H, Piatt, Jr. JohnSoragcn, L. E. Chittenden, .Mrs. K. L. Nichols, Bristol Bill, Salmon Wires, W. G. Shaw. Prosper Blackuian, Albert Pierce, L. B. Englesby, James 1. Cutler, Liuis De Gocsbriand, Chauncey Goodrich. In Colchester, 42 Know-Nothing tickets were voted entire. Tho names on the othi r ticket vary from 5 to 0 votes apiece Sevt tering 12. In Essex FG Know-Nothing ticket were voted, "and 29 " Liberal" ticketB. In 30 towns, in all parts of tho Stale, from which we havo returns, the Know-Nothing ticket for Council of Ccnors runs nhe.idnf all others by 1771 votes. That ticket is elected without doubt. Apparently not ono third of tho vote cf the State was cast. In several of tho larger towns hardly anybody but tho Know-Nuthings took the trouble to vote. In St. Johnsbury the voto was 102 for the K. N. ticket to 15 Scattering; In Danville 192 K. N. to 15 Scattering. In Woodstock 371 K. X. to 30 " Independent :" in Windsor 12S K. X. to 27 Independent ; in Brattle boro ISO K. X. to 13 for all others. In Montpelier and XorthCeld smart contests took place. In Montpelier tho total voto was -1C2, being 02 moro than tho voto for Governor in September last. The anti K. X. majority was 40. In Xnrthfield tho mdo pi'iidcnt ticket had 1 majority. I- it to lie Pence or Wnr 1 We find in tho full iluuils of the Atlantic's news, little reason to suppose that the death of .Nicholas will bring peace to Europo. Kos mil, in an interesting letter to the N. V. Times, says that peace is possible if England and France are such fools us to grant to Rus. eia tho opening of the Botphorus and tho D.ii-dani lies ; but that no peace which shall in tho slightest degree interfere with thu hereditary policy of Russia, aiming at free access to tho Mediterranean, can bo nego tiated, vhoeter sits on the thronoof the Czar. Another correspondent of the 7'imri has iufoi niation Irom 1111 official suurco that in thu interview between Lord Clarendon and LinU Napoleon ut Boulogne it was settled thut there should bo no pcaco until after tho rapture of Sebastopol". KmiMn Kniiprution. A correspondent who was ono of an emi grating party to Kansas last autumn, says thut spring is altogether thu best timo in tho year for settlers to go out them especi ally for familios and that all should possess eomo means of support for a while, and should cxpoct to meot tho privations and hardships of tho early settler's life. He fur nishes usn declaration mado by tho party of which he was u member, in which they speak highlv of tho country : but think the Massa chusetts Emigration Aid Company erred in not presenting tho difficulties of tho enter prise in a suflieiently strong light and that their arrangements for temporary accommo dations for new comers wcie not what they should have been. As tho declaration was niudo some months ago, and the illations of emigrating parties to tho Aid Societies havo been discussed frequently in the public prints, there seems to bono occasion to pi hit the paper at length. Tiik Fuxni.vi. or Judok Puem. The Chittenden County Court adjourned over Thursday, in respect to the memory of Hon. S. h, Piieli'S, and tho Bur attended his fune ral. Bishop Hopkins preached the sermon, w hich iiicluireiVan eulogy on the character of Judge PiiEirs, us a lawyer, jurist and states man. The tcrvices wcio impressive, nnd the concourse very groat. Tho Church in .Mid. dlobury was filled to overflowing, many being present from neighboring towns nnd other parts of tho State. BURLINGTON FllEE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 6, 1855. Z3' The Arte York Times ol Saturday , lias nnnrtlcloon " the United Stales and Mexico" which Is noticeable, mainly becauso wo find itwhero it is. Tho writer apparently np proves of tlioucquisition of the Mcsilla valley, considers tho Southern routo to tho Pacllic the most, if not tho only, foaslblo ono, und looks forward with pleasant anticipation, to the timo when the whole of Mcxbo shall ho "assimilated and united" to the United States. Why he should think that the nation which has already by violcnco robbed Mexico ofn portion of her domain, will "never ac quire dominion by forco or fraud," docs not appear. Ilo does think so, how ever. Pcihaps ho is right nnd perhaps not. In our humble opinion it is not desirable that more southern territory bo acquired, in nny way, to be eventually cut up into slave stutcs. Tho nrtlclo strongly resembles, in spiiit and tone, tho leaders of tho A'. 1. Herald, and would strike no ono ns out of place in tho columns of thnt paper. Wo believe il would bo decidedly for tho ndvnntago of readers of tho Times, if tho principal editor could soon return to his editorial post. SyS.vi) F.VT.n.tiv. Tho second daughter of John McDonald, a girl about ten years old, was drowned nbovo tho bridge nt Wi nooski Fulls, whilo attempting to cross the river on the ice, about four o'clock P. M. yesterday. A numerous crowd immediately gathered nround tho spot, and tried every means in their power to recover the body, but up to this morning nil efforts had proved unavailing. A number of men aro nt work cutting through thaico and dragging the bod of tho river. It is u very laborious operation and not un mixed with danger, und is wo fear to prove a fruitless labor. Tho current is strong and lias quito likely carried tho body over tho fulls. Only tho day before, a lad broke through tho ico in nearly tho s.imo placo, but was rescued from a watery grave, by the timely aid of Messrs. Duncan. Money Mutter. The money market is comparatively easy in tho cities. Money is obtained without difficulty on Cist class paper, nt G to 7 per cent and is likely to become moro plenty. In the Boston stock market there was, gener ally speaking, a gain during the mouth ol March. Vermont and Canada gained HJ. Vormontand Massachusetts 0 Ogdensburgh 1st mortgage bond, 3 per cent. 5583 shares ol Vermont Central stock were sold last month ut from $2J to $3 a share. It stands at 2 now. Vermont und Canada 00. Of Rutland and I'lissuinpsie stocks there havo been no sales for sometime, ermunt Cen tral 1st mortgage 7's stand at 45, 2d do. nt 22. Hull-,, J lt mortgage 7'iii;0J,2d do. 34, 3d do. 10. The Ogdensburgh Kail oad Co. has resumed payment on its lira mort gage bond, and it strikes us us hlh term iUot tho Vermont Central was doing tho same. The net surplus revenueof thu United States in tho various sub-treasuries, 011 the 20th ult. w as $21,455,523 54. Tho value or mer chandise and specie imported into New York during tho month of March, 1855, was 10,173,057, some sir millions less than in March 1851. Tho Bank of England has just declared a half yearly dividend of 4 per cent., reserving a surplus of .0,018,134. This is a pretty good return to stockholders, in a country where the usual rato of interest is not over 3 per cent. Gold is accumulating in Eng land, from largo receipts from this country and Australia. Tho coin and bullion held by the Bank of England on tho 10th March was JL13,C21,520, equal to to $OS,107,COO, showing a gain of $7,295,125 ,, 7 Wceks. S"Tiie Maine Lvw- has passed tho X. V. C 1. 1 I i 1. , kj1-11.11.1-, .1 u-ij i.iiu majority, ii nas j been amended in that body and goes back to 1 tho Assembly for concurrence iu tho amend ments. Its passago may bo considered a fixed fact. C" A DisvrrotNTMEST Posipoxemext or Mr, Beecufr's lecture. Thelccturo by Rev. II. W Becchcr before tho young men's de bating society, so widely advertised during the week past, for Tuesday evening last, we aro sorry to say, is indefinitely posponcd. Tho disappointment was a serious ono not only to tho young men who havo been at much expense in tho matter and to our own citizens, but to many from neighboring towns whom tho notice of tho failure of tho lecture did not reach in timo to prevent their coming out. Tho blamo of this disappointment does not reel on the young men of the Deba ting society. .Mr. Beechcr's engagement to come was positive, and tho time set was his own. On Saturday a despatch, and on Monday evening a latter, camo to announce, that at tho present stage of a revival in his church he folt it his duty to remain for the prcsont in Brooklyn. We think Mr. Beecher should cither havo given earlier notico of the non-fulfillment of hisengagomcnt, orclso havo kept his appointment. Hiinuili " OutrnRC"." We shall never hear the last of Spanish ' Outrages" upon tho American (lug, us long as Cuba remnins tho property of Spain, nnd tho tribo of Cuba.seizers is ns numerous as at present. The solicitudo uf these gentle mo n for the honor of our country is so ex treme, their watchfulness for any slight on tho part of Spain so untiring, and the clamor mado when a bono of contention is discovered, so tremendous, that trouble of sonio sort is always found to bo brow, ing in their direction, nnd a dust kicked up, through which it is difficult for men of ordinary penetration to discover tho truth. Two " outrages" have taken tho placo of tho Black W nrrior affiir, recentlv settled. The American Steamship Eldorudo has been twice fired ut, and compelled to heavo to and show her papers by n Spanish Frigate, and Mr. Thompson, United States v ico-consul at somo small Cuban port has been brought to Havana a prisoner, for having placed tho arms of tho United States abovo his offico, tho Spanish authorities refusing to recognize U. S. Con sular Agents on tho Island. On theso sub jects, especially on tho Eldorado affair, as wo aro informed by tho Washington correspon dent!, tho Cabinet is in a stir. The Presi dent and threo of his Cabinet aro all for fighting, or iu other words for " full and im mediate satisfaction," satisfaction a la Grcytown j but Mnuy nnd dishing obsti nately hold back. If tho President carries the day doubtl v.c gunpowder will be burnt somewhere, Cincinnati. There seems to l.c no lajk of excitement in Cincinnati. On mon day tho municipal election took placo. A ten iblo riot occurred in 0110 ward, iu which a party nf " Americans" seized tho ballot boxes, which it is supposed contained u majority 01114' nicht or German anti Know Xothingvotes. In the struggle the K. X's took aounnon from tho foreigners, turned it upon them nnd fired. Several were killed and a Dr. Brown badly wounded. Tho excito ment concerning the fugitive slave girl Rosetta, is also high. After being discharged by tho judge she was seized again by tho U. S. Marshall, At last accounts sho was secret ed from the authorities and the Murshull had been committed to prison for contempt of rourt in refusing to produce her. Tho Cincinnati Columbian says " Nineteen lugi tivo slaves passed through this city last week, on the underground railroad ; fifteen ofthem were one Jot." .'literally Election. The Semi-Annual Elections in tho Literary Societies of tho U. V. M. holden March 28, resulted in the chulco of tho following officers, IMil Slgmit Nil. President, THOMAS SCOT!' 1IUCKI1AM. t?cr VrlM'ltnt, I . X . O A M ! . Srcntaryt It. W. L.v.no. I'm I versify Institute. Prtttdtnt, II. IlENltY POWEIIS. lies Prllditnl, It. C. Town. Secretary, It. B. Per nr. Religious Inquiry. Prtndvit, THOMAS R. ROBERTS. 17ce Prmdtni, Azno A. Smith, titcrrtary, George O. Rom.vsov. EF"M.UNE L.vw Axn II.vue.vs Corits in Sr. Alii.vns. Mrs. Catherine Dillon has been u notorious offender against the liquor law in tho vilhigo of St. Albans. Her husband has been in jail thero for some time in default of a fino imposed last December for breach of tho law, which fino his better half refused to pay though sho had funds enough to feo lawyers in nbundanco in her own cases. A week or two sinco Mrs. D. was convicted of her third offenco, und was sentenced by Jus tice Bradley to threo months imprisonment in tho County jail and to pay n fino of $100. On the trial Madame D. abused tho witnesses and told tho Court repeatedly that she would not pay a cent nor havo un appeal. Sho uf tcrwnrds however altered her mind, sent for n lawyer, who gave notico of an appeal, which was refused by the justice 011 tho ground thut tho time prescribed by the law, (two hours from tho rendering of tho decision, within which notice must be given ifat nil,) hud lapsed. A writ of Habeas Corpus wus accordingly prayed out und Mrs. Dillou brought before .ludgu Peck on .Monday of last week. II. ,V liovcc. States' Attorney and II. (i. LI-,u appealed against, mi l II. R. Ileardsly, A. t) .Hi, am! W . . hi!u for the prisoner. 'lhc question turned on whether the two hours had really elapsed be fore tho notice of appeal was given. On this point the testimony wus directly lontrudic tory.the witnesses who swore it was less than two hour", having a little advantage iu res pect uf numbers, and those who swerc it was over three hours, nu ndvuntuge in respect of respectability. The Judge after sjveral days rendered his docisiou, tefuiing to discharge the lady from jail. Wn have the above facts mainlv Irom the St. Albans 1 riaun.., .. , , " ,. wo believe, 11 new om St. Albans is to con. gratul.itcd on a three mouths riddance uf its worst riniiseller. y Cvn.viiivn I.c.MiiiR, can, it appears, como iu fico under tho recipioiity treaty only in the shape of raw material. The instructions of tho secretary oT the Treasury stute, that tho following articles are to be considered us manufacturer of tcood, and therefore nur admissible to free entry, namely Beams, board", planks, joits, shingles, laths, lasts, staves, hoops, headings, musts, spurs, knee, canes, palings, pickets, posts, rails, rail-ties, or any other artiule uf wood, entered under tho designation oT timber or lumber, or otherwise, if fully manufactured and fit for use as imported, or otherwise, or manufactured in whole or in part by planing, turning, or any process of manufacture other than hewing or sawing. STCoNsi'Mrriov or Gomiaxii Silver. Tho Bankers Magazine for March computes th it from 40,000,000 to 50,000,000 of the precious metals is used in tho arts every jear. A great deal of this, in progress of time will come again into usj, from melting up of old plate and small articles. But all that goes into processes of gilding and plating an immense amount must be irrecoverably lost. Such uses seem to us to be greatly on tho in crease. We doubt whether tho increased amount left in form of coin is ut all iu pro. portion to the increase of production from the mines doubtful whether it is half of it. Another dangerous fraud has been detect ed in the Sub-Treasury office, Xew York, in the reducing proccs-, which is effected by filing or cutting off iibout one-half of the raised rim of the periphery of the double ea gle and then rcmilliiig the edge. The ab straction nf gold is about equal to $1 50. This clipping bus boon detected before in the smaller gold pieces, but this is the first dis covery of double eagles which have been rob bed in this way . CCiuv. Tho recent execution of Pinto, suspected of treason nnd complicity in a plot to shoot Concha, the Governor General, pro duced much excitement at Havana. Popular feeling was at 6ueh u pitch that the governor general had not been seen in public since tho event, and the body of the executed man, in stead of remaining exposed for twelvo hours, us customary, wus remuved in three The vindictive conduct of the governor general is severely ccmured, since he, upon the refusal of the ministers ofwur to sign the death war rant, ujon tho ground of informality, con. vened a council of four, which being divided on the question, by his casting vote lie seulcd tho futo of the accused. Pioto met his fate heroically. His last words on tho scaffold wero, " Friends, I die innocent. I nui 11 Spaniard." lie wasu man of wealth nnd high standing iu society. Spain fears trouble in Cuba, and is greatly increesing her military forces there. The .lsi'ij brought word that a battalion of ma rines 6ailed from Cadiz, Spiin, tho ?th, fur Cuba, and that 5,000 men will he sent thero in May. Tho army of Havana will be aug mented to 30,000 men rCrl'iio. Caiii-okma Tho steauuhip Daniel Webster arrived t New Orleans on Monday, with 0110 week later nuvs from Cali fornia. Xono of tho bankers had resumed pav ment.und it wus probable that nono would hut Pago, Bacon A Co. us two more failures haTo taken placo sines tho previous steamer sailed The excitoment, however, had somewhat subsided. The supreme coin t has decided that persons inclosing land iu the mining region could lot hold it ugiinst miners, The Daniel Webster on its outward pas sago wus brought to by shols from a Spanish sloop-of-vvar, an officer from which Iwarded tho steamer, and after examining her pap-rs, permitted her to proceed oil her voyage. nr Senator Wilson or Mae.ichuselt Inn published un explanation of hi emirs nn Iho bill to authorize Oregon to form u Slate Government, during tho last hours of Iho session, Hosuys that if lio hud not spoken us hudid, that his associates of tho North would hnvc been held up Iu lhc jcoplo (,r thu South 111 tho attitude of forcing 11 voto upouthublll.it lluiiSuuduv, wilhoutgiv. mg their Senators time to examine theineas. uro. The vxplunut'on is n.nslderi'd s ili.li,,.. tory by the N. V T.ii.uo- which r. r,i. ,, i , Bcvero rebuke ol Mr 1 ,11 Tl. .S,M livid Republican sivk that the in.iei.Mtv of such frequent explanation,, and repwition, ofhisirced on theslavcry question suggists that the Senator has yet fully to possess the moral confidence of the people Mctcorologlcul Tnlilf. n r n 0 r . 1 . 1 11 11 r s u s . For .Maiuii, 1835, locality llurtinctm, ens mite "d JSC nt elite 1I1 1. Tusiistosts.uiti'; linroiti. 1'rcvalHtijr 1 xl,'a.H lira ur w UK.. YVmllnr. XV stir. 25 Sa.W SK...NW. 1 44 at ' 31 3.1 31 41 ',11 s. so 1 11, sr. I I'nlr. lair. I'nlr. CI n y. rlr. I Clear. Clcir Cl.,u ly. I'nlr, I (sir. I'nlr. 4-t.lr. I C'louJjr. tlu.) , I air. Cl,jii,l)r. , talr. fr. I'nlr. Cl.nr. Inlr. I'alr. ' Hlr. 1 K.iir. , Inlr. Cloulr. I Clnillj'. l'Alr. Clrftr. i Cluii'ly. .SS 1 .M I 1 .70 ' .2.1 ' .'J.' 1 ,M I ' .07 I ' .21 ' .:s ' .cs ' .CI ' .77 1 .0:1 I ' ,31 1 1 .OS ' H..N. N..MV. . XV. NW. S. B..N, N. N. X. SXV..XH, a. XV ...w. NXV..SII. si 2.V , 2D SS 10 11. 11 la1 5J 27 I ! I S3 CO , 21 n; is 11 29 IS 11 1 a' bo

40 ; 3.1 31 3(1 41 I 31 O.fil O.ol 0.20 O.ol 17 24 j 41 1 SS 1 ,5J IS 3 t 4U .11 15 21 3S 1 52 JO' 21 I 3S 11 . 21 2 ! 31 IS 22, 11 3J I 21 ar 11 I 31 31 I 2l! 22 I 24 ' IS I 2S' 12 30 I 28 ! 2S 20 I S3 1 n , 21 1 34 I ij I 21 20 I 32 , 25 I S, 2V 45 33 ; 30 30 41 40 31' 37 63 I 42 Mcnn 21,(M ,53 SXV..VV. " .on NW..S. " .M 1 S..X. " .79 I NVV..N. " .SO i NK..VV. " .111 I fi. 21. CO VV..XVV. 29.11 1 NVV. " .13 , 6VV..W K. " .13 SK..N, " .27 1 NW..VV. " -32 I XV. " .n ' a. " .42 S. 21.45 , The uican temperature of .Mnreh, lsj.', in" 5.T1 colder thnn the average for .March, of llio preced ing 17 years, and 5,12 colder tlisn March IbSI. The coMc!t March in tho 18 consecutive tumoral tbatof lbll, the mean of which was 55.30 e , and March 1M3 and 1847, were very nearly a cold, their temperatures being 2S.CC 0 nnd 23. "3 0 . Tho vrarmcst March in the period above mentioned was tbat of 1842, the tempera turo of which was 35.80 s . The average mean temperature of March fur the 18 consecutive years is 30.77 e. The thermometer was lowest on the let day being 1 0 below icro In tho morning, ami highest m 3Ut day being 53 0 at one o'clock, I'.ange of the ther mometer 57 0 . TLo great cold In March la the IS years, was Iu 181C, when the thermometer was 14 0 below zero on tbq 1st day of the month. Tho greatest heat In March, In the abovo period, waa C7 In 1845 on tho 3 lit day. The height of tho barometer thi mouth La, been very nearly the earn? n In February, although it would appear from the tabic to havo been much lower. Heretofore tho heights have been given without any correction on aecount of tho expansion iT tho mer cury by heat. This month nil tho observations are reducedtothe freezing point of water. XVhenabaro meter Is kept In a room at a temperature of about 70 e , It riading, will averago about 0.11 In. above r tpie height .it the rtandard tcinpeiatureof 32 - . 'Ihe fait oTinoF- in M.,reh naioutitcd alti.gcthrr U : ir.cIivH. 1 he .K-ighiug at the heglnliiag ol the I mouth, wan totcrable, but thero was lio good tlclgh. ing after tbo sixth. There was no rain in the month, and the wholo nuiount of wntor was only 0.72 Inch, less thnn in any Match Iu tho proceeding 1 7 years, excepting March 1851. when there was only O.o7 in. The average for March U l.'JH iu. Tho lake has been entirely covered with ice du ring tho whole month and tho passing good and safe In all directions. Last year tho crossing on thu Ico become un.afe about the middle of March. ('Iiilti'iulcn County Court. .Xr-itu. Ith, 1855. This Court Jl-uor. PrXK prerlding has been In gaged on the fourth trial of the term. Mttggt r Piatt was tiled on Wednesday latj verdict fur Plaintiff. 111c i.uun men njjoumeu 10 rrmay on account inc ueaili 01 ox-juclgo rnelps, of Vliddlebury . On Friday .Iit r .Wru was tiled; verdict for Plaintiff. On Saturday, Monday nnd Tuesday, Ihtl v Sty. inour was tiled, verdict for Plaintiff. 7!ron 1 Cultrn lin is now oil trial. This is tho first clusc on the calcudar of Friday last. It is presumed that the Court will not sit on Friday Fast day. On Monday nevt, Judge Pierpoint will take up tho calender of causes In which Judge Peek cinnot sit, and finish it both law and jury cases wbenJtidgo Peek's calender will be resumed. lcoRRr.sro.vrFs.ee or ins i-ticr. rsrss.J l.rttcrs from Knglnnil. NO. XXIII. ' The Death of Xicholas I.0XI10.V, March 9, 1S35. Tho death of tho Emperor Nicholas of Hus- sia, occurring at 6uch a momentous crisis. 1 seems moro liko tho sudden transition of a J talc, than un actual event iu human life. At t first it was difficult to believo the fact. Its I announcement was first made in Parliament j by Lord Clarendon, and was received with an itiiliflercnco which nothing but incredulity J can explain. Even after the fact becimecer I tain, the alleged occasion appeared quite I inadequate to the startling nature of the oc currence. Dark whispers of foul plots, of treason und assassination, were easier to be credited, than the announcement that a man of whom only jiatcrday it might have been said that " he made the earth to tremble and did shako kingdoms," that ono or such phy. sic.il pre-eminence that bis people trembled when tlioy looked at him nnd almost wor shipped him as a domigoil, ehould so suddenly havo fallen : above all that a Russian Tm pcror should, though suddenly, yet so quiet ly, so entirely in the coursu of nature, have breathed his last in his own palace, sur rounded by his family and attended by minis ters of religion this seemed indeed incre dible. Hut it wus truo. In tho midst of his ambitious schemes, in nil tho pride, the mad ness of his power, just after ho had deter mined to concentrato all tho strength of his vast dominions upon the project which he and his ancestors had long hugged to their hearts ot making the City of Constantino the Capi tal of llussia, he is smitten, find yields. The moral is a terrible ono. No language seems adequate to its expression, but that fearful figure of Imi til, which represents the dead moving out of their graves to meet the fallen king n his coming, and insulting liim with ! .i..,, v . .? it 1 the taunt "Art thou also become xveak as I we t" Think you that no other despot read, I this moral! What thoughts, suppose you, I mien iiiu unuu 01 i.ouis .apiucon as in moody 1 silcnco and with troubled brow ho paced his Chamber in Palis last hunday' Nicholas was the fifteenth sovereign of tho House of Humanou". He was bom of the Emperor Paul and Maria Princess of Yur tcmbcrg in 179(1, and by tho exclusion of an elder brother succeeded to tho throno in 12.). His reign was inaugurated in scenes of opposition und revolt. To his firmness and con ra go in quelling tho insurrection of tho Imperial Guurdo shortly after his acces sion, ho owed half of the strango personal in tlucnco which bus sinco kept millions in awe of hint. It is related that whPo he was haranjueing tho rebels, a soldier four times stepped from tho ranks to shout him, and four times slunk back irresolute from his majestic presence. As the nsult of a war with Persia provoked by tho Shah Mirza, extensive territories on Iho Caucasus und on the South-vvcaterii shore of the Caspian wiro added by Nicholas to the domain of llussia, InlS23 anl t'n following year lio wrested largo provinces from Turkey. Hy hisappurent moderation in a subsequent treaty with tho Sultan, hy his energy iu developing tho in tern il icsotirces of his country, by tho wis dom with which hu managed bis foreign re lations, und by tho over mastering weight of his personal character, Nicholas gained, if not tho admiration, certainly the respect of Europc.'is one of its foremost sovereigns. How later xeuis Imxc revealed his dark ambition, bis imperious and tyrannical will, his pas sions, and his cruelty, every render known, Thu Itomanoff family have been noted for the tcirible violence ul their passions, n kind of inherent maluly lo which many of them have mvisl iheir ,1, ul,. How much truth llii ic m is lw in toe ,isi i li.ui that the evi nia of thu list tew mouths bad quickened to 11 fatal exi'ilciiii nt this hereditary tendency in the organization ol Nicholas, it is iuiossiblo now to know with certainty, A distingiiishd English phytlijan, iiiquuinted with Hie Cxar'i temperament, had predicted to Iird Palmers-ton that he would not llvo to be sixty ycursof ngo, It Is reported that when he heard or tho accession of Sardinia to tho Western Alliance, ho gave way to n pa roxysm of rngo which alarmed thoso about him. Milch good has tilvvays been nsaibed to the Inllucnco of tho flinprcss Alexandra, his wife, in tempering his pissluns and ex cesses. This lady, the siter of the reigning king of Prussia, is represented to be an ex cellent and beautiful woman, her benignity nnd tho sweetness of her disposition present ing a strong contrast to the characteristic traits of tho family to which sho is nllicd. Nicholas leaves four sons, tho lirnnd Dukes Alexander, Constantino, Nicholas, nnd Michael ; their respective names, nnd it is said their characters, precisely corresponding to those of tho four sons of l'uul, Ono man, tho Ihnpernr's death has relieved Francis Joseph of Prussia. There is n ro- port that when Nicholas saw his end np proaching ho telegraphed to his brother-in-law at Ucrlin, expressing Ids nssurancc thut the King would not forsako his own nephew and his (tho Kmperor'e) children in the perils which might be heforo them : report also says that u corresponding promiso wns roturncd to the Emperor. However this may bo, the King of Prussia will certainly breath froer now that ho is no longer over awed by the terrible figure of his brother-in-law at St. Petersburg!!, nnd diplomatists are already counting upon Ii is cooperation with tho Western Powers. The great question which every ono imme diately connocts with tho Kmpcror's death is whether it will conduce to tho establishment of peace. The only facts upon which an cs timato'ean now bo made nro these. Tho present Kmpcror of Jlussin, Alexander 11 the eldest son of Nicholas, is a man of pa cific temper and views, and is tho head ol the so called (Vcrmarparty in llussia, wlioo principles are moderate nnd conciliatory. It was ut ono timo feared, as Alexander was not " born to tho Emperor" according to ono interpretation of the law of succession, (that is, was born before Nicholas came to tho throno,) that tho second sjii, the (fraud Duke Constantino, a man of like pissiuns w ith his father, violent, ambitious, ami uggressivc, would succeed to the empire. In the peace able and uppiir-iitly cunlirmed succession ul Alexander, there is much ground for hop-. The now Emperor how ever 1ms issued a mun ifesto declaring his intentiou to carry out his father's pluns. It can burdly bo expected that liussin would concede one point which tho allied would insist upon In nny negoci iitions for peace, namely the dismantling ol Scbustopol. The great hope of tho west now is that by taking advantage of the demoral ization of the Hussion forccB consequent up on tho Emperor's death, Sebastopol may be captured and destroyed by tho Allies. Ac cordingly as soon an the intelligence of the ue.mi iu"icnoias reaelicu Tuns, n iliiqiutch was sent to the Crimea urging on with all possible ha6to tho prosecution of the siege works. A temporary suspenshn nf the con ferences nt Vienna is the result of the events of the past week. Nothing further than this can bo said respecting the prospects of) peace. They are anxiously discussed, but 110 I one seems quite satn-ticil 01 the ccrtuinty ol a prosperous issue. v 0 can only wait in hope. It appears that Louis Napoleon renllv in tended to go to tbo Crimea, and was upon tho point of setting out when tho intelligence ofNicholas' death roached him. A little military glory and the taking ofSobastopol would confer no little glory on him.as ho thinks, would serve to vindicate hit lineage, and to strengthen his hold upon Franco : at least that must bo the tenor of his imperial cal culations. Your Chronicler, Gsirrnn. tcos.Rr.sro.Tr.Esjce; or tiik rnr.r. rr.tss.J Letters from the South. NO. III. Acccsii, On., March 1C, 13S5. The winter has been unusually severe in tbislatl tudoas woll asat tho Xorth, For four weeks im mediately following Christmas, the weather was re. markably mild and pleasant. Rut the storm tf Ihe 21st of January, which was so gcueral and destruc tivo throughout the United States, produced a great change. It consisted of rain attended by thunder and lightning, with violent wind, and the mercury fell 37 degrees in the course of a few hours, from C5 to 28 above scro. From that time until Ibc first of this month, the weather continued to be what is considered Intensely cold, with very little intermls. sion. Tho Cth of February, which waeiae cold day at tho North, was no niore than cool here, and the 7th was quite wnria and spring-like, followed Inthc evening by a terrific thunder storm. The last three days of February wero the coldest of the season. On the morning of tho 2Cth was seen the only fall of snow, which might very easily havo been mlsta ken for a white frost. On the 27th the mercury was observed at ID degrees above zero, the lowest point It has reached during the winter. March has necn thus far quito wnrm, the ther mometer nt times tndienting summer heat, nnd veg etation, somewhat delayed by tho extremo cold, is now rapilly progressing. It Is, however, a very windy month, which renders the dust of the city al most insufferable, and fires In the country very dangerous, owing to the prKtico of building in small openings in the forest. Winter in this climate, bat a strange monotony to one accustomed to tbo variety ofn colder climate. There is no change in locomotion frcra wheels to runners; no exchanee of brown and barren fields fr wavy drifts, or of snndy streets ftr creaking , ' r muracrs, ana tippets, and ; n0 kat'ng'. " ,MJ.'"S' t Tb,c Mm du" brown, assumed by :,aturo with the firt frost of Autumn, continues until Spring, and the cuslimscf the pcoplo are nearly tho same as In summer. Hut tho mildness of tbo weatherand theenrly dawn (f spring, are ample compensation for this monotony, Various kinds of plantation work nro earriid on duringtho winter with little interruption frciu cold. Preparation, for the Springcropfollows immediately the dUpositioli of the harvest. Picking cotton Is hnrdly over nt tho first of winter, then follows gin ning it, tlicu killing nnd curing lacon for the year, then clearing, fencing and ploughing for tLe cent. Ing season. This order, however, Is net always cb seried, as ginning the cotton is often delavid as late as this month. It may bo gratifying to give la detail tbo process of ginning cotton, which Is simply separating it froia its seed. Cotton grows in small balls or pods, each ball containg a certain number of seeds enrclopcd in cotton, XV hen tho plant is rlpo this ball bursts opeu, and the cotton may then be picked, and ne cessarily the seeds with It. A giu consists of somo forty or fifty circular saws which torn on one common axis, about one inch apart. A scries of ribs, equal in number to the taws, aro placed in an incline position, partly over and partly before the axis of the saws, and be tween these tne saws turn. Over the ribs Is a ro. eclver Into which the cotton Is thrown. XXl.enthe saws turn, tho teeth, which are very fine, act as books to draw the cotton through. A cylindrical brush placed directly back of the saws removes the cotton from the saw teeth, and throws it out back of the gin Into another room, where it falls like Hakes ol snow, and looks liko so touchdown. The seeds fall through the libs In front of the gin, and are used to plant and for manure. Horse-power Is a p. plied to move It very swiftly, and while It Is In mo. tlon, the cotton In the receiver is constantly revolv Ing, Only one man Is required lo feed It, and two or thrse horses or mules to turn it. Il is very Inju. rlous to the health to feed a oolloo gin, aud often causes fatal lung diseases, The cotton Is now ready to bale, Ibe last opera, tlon In preparing It for market. This Is dono byau means of an Immense screw which prtsies four hun drel ui.Js of cotton lulu a hale of eight or Un cubic feet. I'loughin Is the principal hu.lnr.s ul till. month, Ilioujh ...on- plaMinL- Is ilol.l on 1 1..- Mil. land. A vny light plou.h i.u.id lii the sandy soil, drawn by one horse, which ruts shout three or four Inches . . iii. II Io..iuider,d Injurious to plough deeisiT. ..ihesoUl.,.,,,, , .ufier. greally Irom dry weather. Iho ltt.ttitui -,..l. ,i.-.i. . 1 , , ,, v """' I mucky, cay. oil. ud require mu.h deeper plough, ing . pLuugn worn is comparative. ly easy, as there arc no hills or stones to obstruct the plough, which Is alwavs much lighter thnn the northern ploughs. There havo occurred two or three hall ttorras within s few days. One yesterday, the most re markable that has l-?cn known for many seats. It fell fur about two minutes, In pliccs varying frim tho site of robins to geese eggs, causing a amusing display or sucking Ice by old and v louts truly, Uojl'litlilaN connnsrosnciiK or tiik rum runs, I'rom the .tinker City, .NO. V. P11H..V I'l'l.l ill A , March I, 1853. Whether llir.MS, Dohkas A Co., lako the Free Press, or whether their ngont In this city frequents tho Finnklln Institute anl leads it thero, I cannot presume to say. Indetl, I am not sure thattheex traordlnnry cold with which we wero visited during tho last month, was r.ol n r-rtceiiccrttd arrange ment i ono thing is certain, that Immediately, even on Ihe next day, after that number of the above mentioned journal arrived in which were ceitain remarks of jour correspondent, Intimating the propriety of a summary and disgraceful dismissal of King Frost, with his ritlnue, we seemed to be sul dculy and unexpectedly transported as far north as into her majesty's dominions, and having a taste of vigorous Canadiin weather. Efnow fell abundantly, and sleighing, for a few days, was fine. Every one who could afford It, nnd very many who couldn't, treated themselves and their friends to a ride. Kn joyment of that sort however, is somewhat highly Savored ol tho mint, when a sleigh to carry two, with a pair of horses, commands tho moderate sum of twenty dollars an hour. There was no "hard times" on Chestnut street then. Hut this was of short duration. Tho snow was quickly worn through, warmer breezes came, tho freezing gas meters and water pipes needed no moro care, nnd all parties, satisfied thnt winter was not obsolete, was glad when it was gone. At Spring advances, business inaniearure revives. JJuildin is'rccminenccd In various quarters of the city, and an Impression prevails, now that Congress has dissolve J, and the worst Is known, that the crisis Is past. Pesides, Pennsylvania Is somewhat more equjblo In oharactcr than her oastcrn neigh bns. The slow plodding Dutch nnd German char acter of many of her Inhabitants, Is less easily ex cited than that of the Yankee, nnd does not suffer him to rush si readily Into extravagant and insc cure speculations, and henco he Is not so liable to severe reverses. To bo uro this cautious spirit may ho too prevalent, so th.it often the Yankee has tho advantage. Hula him In inc way and he nourishes in nnothor. Cut off ono resource nnd ten sho, t from the stump, while If the Dutchman fails, he uiily Miixki, hi- I'ii'P, and looks s.jirowful : once j on his back, he lies thete till somo kind friend helps bltn on bis legs again, The prosperity nnd greatucss of Pennsylvania has been thrust upon Ler, not achieved by herself. Pos sessing n fertile soil, varied and unlimited mineral wealth, watered by numerous noble streams, In a central pisition, with every rcsruico tl at could be desired, she has amassed wealth, and gained power, but not so rapidly as her neighbors, cither in the north or west. XVhen Kcw Kngland became too straight for her sor.is, they went westward, to the plains ef tho great valley, and, although in a mens, uro ubiquitous, generally encamped north and west of lhc Ohio. XVithln n few years they '' 'tis covered that thero Ii a " Iiauce for business" 1,1 too lfy .sloiio Eftute, and the mingling of Iho tno clement' has 1 roved mutually beneficial. Put a Yankee and a Pennsyh anian together, nnd they make a most excelteut combination. Activity and strength, adaptation and perssicrat.cc, aro united, and tbo result has been an improvemtnt upon cither. Let a Xew Kngland man come to Pcnnsvl vania, and without Intruding himself upon those w',n "horn ho comes in contact, bido his time, and he may have as much wealth, and honor, and in flucn-o as he can crave ; but if ho Is unwilling to wait and act cautiously, he will be very like a loco motive which leaves without hitching to Its; train. The Nebraska Bill nnd the Know-Nothings have each had their share in waking up the Rip Van Winkles of this State. Even tho old farmers among the Alleghanics, who aro said to have voted for General Jackson, ever since tho days of Hickory tree., wero reached by thnt universal groan which rolled through the north, when Douglas' iniquity was accomplished, nnd whose cchrcs havo not yet ceased auioug tho XVhllo Mountains, and thought it timo to havo a new president. What will be tbo re sult, I will Icavo to the conjectures of yonr Atlc- ghanian correspondent, who is doubtless better ac quainted with tho worklngof tbopclitical Kalcidos cope than I am. There is room enough for humbug and moonshine here, anl ono or two autcdotee which havo rccmtly been circulating privntcly, are too good to keep, certain gentleman of this city, whoso name shall be sacredly withheld, aspires to bo enrolled among those who have distinguished themselves, as foun ders of many of the blessings enjoved by rbiiadel phlans, and moreover, having a paelon for science. lectures occasionally, upon " Metallurgy, Chemical ly anu .jciaiiurgicauy considered." in a recent lectuic upon "Sodium, Potassium, Ammonia and ho orXtr alkatmdi" observing, in one of his experi ments, the naptba, in which his potassium had been sept, volatilised, and rising in the receiver. " La. dies and Oentlemen" exclaimed the lecturer with enthusiasm, "Ladies and Gentlemen, I have the pleasure to exhibit before you this evening, for the first timo, tho xapor of cijcen "' The sanio indivl dual, entering, not long after, a drug store, Inquired . i'u., -- ,)ua jugin i ' "tetany prepared, sir," wns the answer, "but, if ycu will mention the quantity, wo will fix it immediately." Whereupon the druggist directed his assistant lo pour eei tain proportions of nitric nnd hydrochloric news XV bat," interrupted tho Profcssor,,"what's tbat 1 Is that the way you make It ! Is 'e gallons 01 tnoso acids at homo, sir." "What do you do with them," meekly inquired the man of lhc pestle. " Analyse minerals, ii' ."' was the reply. Cut this letter is always too long. Ecforo I close, permit me to ask your neighbor, the Rutland UrraU, to put down In the next tablo of the com. paratlvo expenditures of Vermont ond Massachu set's, tho amount each State has paid recently for Superintendnnce of Common Schools, nnd also the assistanco granted by each State within tho last thirty or fifty years, to the Collegiate institutions within tl eir respective limits, and tbllge, Yours, Ac, - Exici-Tiov .it Pi.AiT!nirioii. The Platts burgh flipuHican gives the followingaccount of the execution of Centrev ille, convicteil of the violation and murder of his vvifo's sister, which took place at the Clinton Prison on Wednesday of last week. At 10 o'clock A. M., Centrcvillc partook of a light breakfast, and at balf.past 12 ho bad his hair dressed, after which ho drcsed himself in the suit which had been prepared for him Heforo leaving tho prison, he inquired of Under Sheriff Warren how long he should be detained in tbo vard, and on heme told not longer than bowishorl. ho ,.;, ho wished it through with as soon as possil lo after his priests had got through with their exercises. Ilo then shook bands with hit fcllow-prisonors, and taking an arm of each of bis spiritual advisers, walked firmly to the scaffold, whero all threo kneeled, and after fivo minutes spent in praxcr, again arose. Mr. Hay, District AttorJov, haxing read tho death warrant, tho Sheriff asked him if lio had anything to say. He then proceeded to warn the people to tako heed of their evil xvajs, and hoped ho should meet them all in heaven. He said it was a good thing for him tha ho had been taken and put iu fail, fur God bad sent him a good friend, who had given him good advico that ho hud repented, and had been forgiven, that ho had been tried by a Court and Jury and found guiltv, and they knew that in must be guilty that u great many persons had been to him to get his confession, but bo considered it nono of their business, that he hud confessed to his priests, and that Christ did not require him to confess to evil men, who would uiuke licht ofit. Having concluded, ho was asked bv the Sheriff il ho was through; to which r'uther llernard replied, that ho whs. Prayer was again offered, and the con detuned having kissed tho crucifix, the priests iouk leave uuu retireu During the time the rone was bcim? adiusted to his neck ho shook bunds witli Mr. Warren uud askil him to pull down the cap over his ey.s. Til being done, the tat 11 1 signal wus givi'ii, .lo 1 iu a brief moment all wn over. AI1I11M12I1 there was a slijht contraction uf the lower Ii bs ut one time, nnd although I",1'"'"'"" '. ' l"r ..i-ii or eilit I 'ulml";'' " l "pinion ol Ihe plivncians ' Mini ulli.nu ti li, t.si.i b-... l...t !.!- .1 1. ' .' . , ' ' " and othi'is who um lw,Ue nim,.(i thl,"ui' via. remold to I . . ,, , . ' iiiu ceu, aim ui n u ciotK 111 the evening delivered to a commit lee of six poisons foV luu-rmeut Centrcvlllo was tastefully urrnved In n suit of spotless whitewhite pantaloons, whilo sack coat reaching to tho knees, with tho sb'cxcs drawn together nt th" wrists with blick ribbons, xvhito cap, whlto socks and black shoes. lli manner was cool and col lected, evincing great self-possession, und wo trust the Christian's hope. Outside the yard wasussemblcd nn immense) multitude of people, but owing to the ndmiru bio arrangements ol the Slu riff and his dcpn ties.ctcrything pasted off with decency and in order. (From the N. Y. Kvenlog Post. The ?lrsis. Hopkins, nnd the f.'overnmcnt ol I'liriiEiiuy. Clement E. Hopkins, Esq., tho brother of Mr. Consul Hopkins, lias sent us'a letter in relation 1 1 tho difficulties existing between bis brother nnd the government of Paraguay, which we cheerfully publish, both ns a mat ter 01 justice to tlicso genucmen hum matter of Interest to our renders. Tho writer of thin letter is tho eentleninn who had tho difficulty with Silvcro, in which the quarrel with tho government had its origin. lie denien nil the charges maus against lum by President Lopez in the whole nnd in de tail, and sajsthut Mr. Marcy is satisfied with their conduct and intends to sustain them. They havo moved tho company's fac tory down the river to Corrientes, and be yond tho jurisdiction uf Lopez, where, Mr Hopkins nssurcs us, they aro " doing well." To the Editor of the Evening Post . .Sir : I have seen in jour lato issue", a Feries of translations from the Sema-norio ,lnsos, nn iinoiixmous sheet, without the. slightest pretension to character, published at Asuncion, Auniguay. These publications reflect strongly, not only upon tho official but personal character of my brother, Mr. Edward A. Hopkins, and myself, and should I rctuin to South America without noticing them, it would appear that 1 had nothing to S'iy that eoull rebut their testimony In South America, vrherc tho character or thu despot of Paraguay and hjs anonymous news paper are woll known nnd appreciated, it has not been necessary for citliT my brother or mvself to say one word in our own defenco ; but in the United States, whci'O the people are accustomed to somo little o.ecency and liberty of speech, and where the en ors ' t"ft press are so easily and promptly co.rcjte-o , to let such statements as those you have given to the public pass unnoticed, wouk' he tbo surest way to convince the public of the.'r truth. I do not propoe to occupy your epaco with n specific contradiction ot each and every of the charges of tho Scmanario. Tho official correspondence which you have pub lished f jeaks for itself, and "clearly shows that the whole difficulty was brought about by President lxipez himself, who, jealous ot our commercial enterprise had determined to oust 11s from tho country nt all hazards. He refused to grant redress for the outrage committed upon me, which was demanded respectfully in ft personal interview by my brother, n'nd roferrcd him to n vviitten communication to Secretary K.ilcnn. Hence resulted the correspondence which gave I.opez 11 chance to cover tho con sul with abuse, and make such grave charges ns eould not bo pasncdover in silence by him, and to which his position required an emphat ic reply. liiusuwho undeistand the despotic sway of President .or.pz.and who arn familiar will, j the cringing servility shown by tho natives 01 inui iii-siurreu miscaiicu ucpuuiic, to all whom he desires to favor, have not tho least doubt that the soldiers Silvero was ordered to insult any American lie might meet whilst on his mission, (us bo was ooligcd to pass our country establishment,) in order to bring about the very circumstances that af terwards happened. It was more accident that tbo outrage was committed upon mo, and it is folly to supposo that a gentlcmau in a very infirm state of health, as I was at the time, and a lady, should amuse themselves by galloping into the midst of a herd of semi wild cattle, at the risk of their lives. In tho remarks of the anonymous editor of the Scmanano, it is charged that all our misfortunes, the closing of our industrial es tablishments, tho sale of our slaves, tho withdrawal of my brother's exequatur, 4c, resulted from tho "exaggerated demand, based upon an accusation most solemnly proved falso for tho punishment of tho sol dier Silvera." The soldier is defended and exonerated throughout, nnd yet, in the face of this, stares tho damning luct that, not withstanding the accusation was " most so lemnly proved false," President Lopci ordered that innuccnt soldier to received the almost incredibly rcvero unishmcnt of 300 palos at camra, which means that he ran the gaunt, let of three hundred sticks' Ibis fact speaks for itself. The insult was premeditated ; and all that followed was baaed upon the deli berate determination of President Lopez to rid tho countiy of every American in it. And ho had no sooner seen my brother and other American civilians, well' bexond his border, than ho issued a decree closing tho river Pa. ruguay to all vessels of war, in order to ex clude likewise tho American surveying steamer Watcrwitch, Lieut. Com. Thos.'jef ferson Page, notwithstanding ho had pre xiously expressed the greatest friendship for that commander, and the warmest interest in the scientific expedition ho was prosecuting. I wish only to remark further, that although it is well known in South America that President Lopez is the editor of the Sc manario, and writes every line in it, commu. mentions nnd nil, and certainly with no small share of ability, in his peculiar line, yet it is published anonymously; has never been re cognised ns the official organ of tho govern ment, though it is the only print in the coun try ; and its statements 'are regarded iust about as much as those of such paper's as ' Life in Boston,' tho ' Whip,' tho 4 Flash,' and other similar shoets printed in thiscoun- Testimony, supported by incontestiblo proofs and affidavits of American residents in I araguay, sufficient todieprovo every serious charge mado by President Lopez against my brother nnd myself, have long since been for warded to Mr. Marcy, nnd urc now on file in tho State Department, and aro of such a na ture us to completely satisfy our government of tho justice of our cause. 1 trust, sir, that your sense of justico to your fellow conntrymcn, who have been un doubtedly injured by tho publication you huxo made, will induco you to give to this commiiiiicatioii a prominent position in tho Evening Post. itespcctfully, jour obedient servant, Cum. E. HorKiNs. New iork, March l!55. IT V.MS AT IIO.II II AM) AHItOAI). Tut weather was stormy in snots on Sunday night und Monday. In Montreal it snowed hard for fifteen hours. At Ozdcns- burgh the Enow storm was severe, and at Syracuse they bad the worst storm of the scai-un, with heavy snow. Iu ISurlincton it was only high wind. A r'nrruvN, who resides in the aris. tocratic portion of Skinner's Lane, was seen to fall.Fridayafternoon.intoabascraentnret on College Street. Ho lay thero doubled up and motionless, and was thought by some to bo dead. On being elevated from his low position by some philanthropic persons, it was discovered that ho had previously been ' elevated" in a different fashion, and that instead of dead he was doad drunk. Soon, with a man at each wing and under tho escort of teeond Constable White, he tot tered to jail, and will in due timo have an opportunity to discloss whero he obtained his " tire water." Cxitio.v. Wo understand that a large quantity of counterfeit bank bills, taken from offenders by a former States Attorney, and stowed away in a garret among old pa pers, havo within a day or two been raked out by some youngsters, and are now In ao. tivo circulation among tho juveniles of our village. Ofcourse frora the hands of boys who play with them, these bills may easily reach the hands of scamps, who," will attempt to pass them, Essn Jinctiox Tho Hotel at the Junction, so long known as "Stanton's," has passed into tho hands of W. Kimbxil, the obliging and attentive station master at that place. ll will keep a good house Messrs, A. N. and 1). P Suuires. are milin. . rangments lot-let u new pu.r ult on the ...b lte ot the one Mum lust wiimr .... ... Idi.gtout' "Uiily Emigrant AU Co",lkU'.v -Mr n-xt meeting ut r....t....i:. ,. : 1,., . " """i"-"ir .vprii mm, to arm a comranv to emigrate to Kauias, provided a sufficient number are disposid to go.