Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, March 22, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated March 22, 1873 Page 2
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UNION STOCK YARDS. Report of tho Senate Investigating Committee. Capital Invested in the Tarda, and Profits Received. Complaints of Shippers of Stock Exam ined—No Serious Fault Found. Statistics ot Receipts nml Ship- incuts nt the Yards. Recommendation that tho Yards Bo Placed iUndor tho Supervision of tho Railroad nnd Warehouse Commissioners. Hon, John Early, President of the Senate : Tho Special Committee appointed to investi gate certain alleged abuses charged to oxist in tho f management of tho Union Stock Yards of Chicago, hog leavo to report to tho Honorable tho Senate the conclusions arrived at by tho Committee upon an investigation of all tho facts. The,charter under which tho Union Stock Yards wore incorporated was passed by tho Twenty fourth . Assembly, and approved by tho Governor, February, 1805. During that year the Company expended, as is shown by their books, and oxhibithereto attached, 64,700,000 in tho construction of » hotel building, a railroad track Connecting the yards with tho various lines of railroad centering iu Ohicago, and in tho prep nraOonbf 1 yards sufficient in capacity to accom modat'd tim demand, for yarding stock; and up to tblsjdafo, in making additions to the yards, thoro boa-boon expended a little over 82,000,000. ■: THE CAPITAL BTOOK OF THE COMPANY. . Is siyioo.ooo, and Is divided Into shares of SIOO each.? ' Of the stock, C,2G7 shares, or raoro than onc-bolf, Vrd owned by.persons living in Massa chusetts, -785 shares aro owned by persons living in How York State,-1,039 aro hold by tho Chicago, Burlington!* Quincy Railroiui;Company, and 1,000 shares,byiiio Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad Company. Tho remainder are owned by persons living la various other States. Tho hooka of tho Company show, and na will'also ap pear by reference to exhibit “A,” that • , THE RET RESOURCES OF THE CO3IPANY, for tho eight years of tho existence of the Stock Xnrtfs, upon tlio actual investment, havo not reached 1 per cent, but for tho last flvo years annually'a dividend of 10 por cent has boon do dared. To complete tho financial history of tho yards tho land, 842 acres, purchased for stock yards purposes, and now owned by tho Company, lias .norousod largely in value, aa tho City of. Chicago strotohod out toward It, and must neces sarily continue to increase in value, and will ultimately add immensely to tho wealth of tho corporation; blit from this source tho Company receive no additional rovouuo, and therefore it ought not to bo taken into consideration in de termining tho profits of tho business of tho Stock Yards. >VHY THE COMPANY WAS ORGANIZED.. At the time of tho organization of tho Union Stock Yards, and lor years before, there had beep conducted by individual enterprise four separate Stock Yards, known and designated as tho Oottago Grove', Michigan Southern, Lake- Shore, and Fort Wayne Stock. Yards. It was be lieved aud urged os a reason for tho consolida tion of thoso yards with tho Union Stock Yards that tho latter would afford advantages to tho producers or shippers of stock which could not So realized under tho old system, by ’bringing tho seller nnd buyer into im mediate contact: that it would sorvo to xnako -tho market bettor aud steadier; that tho facilities which which would bo afforded by tho Union Stock Yards would bo ampler and hot ter. It had boon questioned by some whether it were boot to effect tho consolidation, and thoro aro still those who preferred tho old system who urgbd upon your Committee tho propriety of first determining tho issiio thus presented. Your Committee therefore prosecuted an inquiry which was intended to. prove tho affirmative of tho propositions advanced by those who favored consolidation, or, failing In that, to establish tho contrary to ho true—for it might; bo possible that ALL TUB ABUSES COMPLAINED OP hod tholr origin in tho now system, and tho set tlement of that question would determine all tho others. They availed themselves of tho experi ence and observation of mon who woro familiar with,the old system, and thoso generally familiar with tho now,, and men, too, yvlioso iutorcstfl would lead them to select tho host, and tholr tes timony herewith submitted, and marked “ B," goes to establish by apropondoranco tho first two of tho propositions submitted. And if tho duty of your Committoo had ended with a determina tion of tho question aa to whether tho Union Btobk Yards or Chicago wore a benefit to tho producers ot largo, as compared with tho old sys tems,- they should unhesitatingly commend them, for now tho seller moots face to face with tho buyer, and thoro aro no fluctuations in tho mar ket of which tho most inexperienced cannot bo advised at once—two essential elements in tho prosperity of tho producers of stock, and tho absence of which under tho old system rendered them a prey to sharpers and tricksters. But tho settlement of this question to tho satisfaction of your Committoo left unsettled OTHEH CHARGES which had hocn preferred, aud which they now boliovo had their origin in abuses which woro Independent of. and might possibly exist under, any system. Tho visit of your Committoo to tho - Stock Yards was made on tho Bth of March, Instant, and It was with a view of satisfying themselves of tho truth or falsity of any and all of tho charges made against their management. It became their duty first, then, to determine whether THE WEIOUTS AND MEASUBEB OP'FEED * issued to shippers doing business with the Stock Yards woro snort, as had boon alleged. They therefore had several of tho baskets filled with' com, and caused them to ho weighed, and they wore found, when filled full, to weigh a good bushel. But your Committee observed lu this connection that tho scales with which tho corn was weighed woro not standard, and that none ouch woro kept in any of tuo food barns, and wbllo they believe tho baskets when properly filled would hold a bushel, yet they further believe that there Is cause or com plaint, as the tostimomy marked “B“ will show, against those employes of the Company who are Immediately charged with tho issuing of tho food, and that it docs happen that SHORT WEIGHT AND MEASURE, ollhor from carelessness or overworn, is meted out to consumers. It is duo to tho truth, how ever, ns appears from the testimony made a part of this report, that tho Committee should state that Mr, Sherman, the Superintendent of tho yards, is not directly to blame for this, ns It‘will bo soon that those persons who complain most assort that ho always corrects abuses of any kind when brought to his knowledge. But this does not lesson tho abuse which certainly exists, and which needs prompt and salutary correction. Your Committee next made a personal examina tion of THE CONDITION OF THE TARDfI, tho had condition of which at times It waft charged gave greatest cause of complaint, and found them to bo in a very dirty and disagreea ble shape, Tho bogs which wore soon iu some of tho cattlo-pons wove wading through tho filth four or fivo luchos deep, and com thrown to thorn would be worthless an food, and the shrink age, too, upon, tho hogs in thin condition must, materially lesson their value. Tho, testimony taken with reference to tho condition of the pent) does not vary but littlo, and iu to tho offoot that for Bovoral months in tho year tho cattlo-pons nro very muddy and dirty, This fact is attrib uted to various causes, but, whatever tho cause, bo It insufficient drainage, or a lack of help to clear tho pons, the cause should ho removed, and the yards put into good shone, and so kept. It (s said by the management that THE BAUD FREEZE OF LAST WINTER, and Us long continuance, rendered It Impossible to police tbo pons and clean them out as was their habit, and that tho thaw coming on so sud denly, the largo accumulation of dirt made it, Impracticable to placo all tho pons in good con dition under two weeks. This statement goes somewhat to mitigate the condition in which tho Committee found tho pons, but it does not answer all tho allegations hy patrons of the yards on this point, who wore before the Com mittee and gave their testimony. Tho question of mOH FRIGES CHARGED FOR FEED— hay” snd corn—and for yardage, was a grievance complained of, and widen commanded the atten tion of your Committee, and was duly considered. The price now charged farfcMUwfl Jiw fcwa for four years past 990 a* ton. I Itlwlll.bo sboh, by jrofotOnoo to tftblo •marked.** No. I,'* that tho average price tor bay during thiitUmo bee boortaborU ©l9 a toh.m tlis Chicago nlarkot, and It commands that price now. Up to about the Ist of March of this year, for four years past, tho Company havo .charged $1 a bushel for corn. It is now, and since about the Ist of March, sold for 80 cents a bushel. Tho average price of corn in tho Chicago market for tho same period has boon about 67 ■cents— boo table marked “No. 2.” Tho Company havo boon charging and receiving during tho last winter more than donblo th 6 amount which they paid for corn. Tho evidence is that com could no and wqs bought nfc from (12 to 45 cents a buehol in the market, and tho Company charg ed for tho .> same corn, nml for tho lauor.in feed- ing It, 81 per bushel. Tho evidence in, however, that llttlo or no - complaint would bo made at tho price of food if good, clean, dry pens wore famished--in which to feed it. a suggestion op the committee. Your Committed would suggest that tho Stock Yard Company should charge a specific sum ovor and above tho current market pricedof forngo, fEom which tho aamo amount of rovouuo may bo derived for miming expenses an Is now from tho inflexible scale of prices established by them.. The quality of food, of which some complaint was made, was found to bo good now and in tho past, with exceptions which aro worthy ot attention. THE rniGE CHARGED FOR YARDAGE Ib behoved not to ho unreasonable, except on fihoop, on wldch tho Company now charge nor bond 8 conts. Six cents, it is thought, on thin class of stock would bo sufficient. Thoroworo received in tho Stock Yards about 780,000 head of cattle last year, 8.000.000 of hbgß, 104,000 head of sheep, and' about 10,000 head of horses. Tho Stock Yards Company ro colvo as yardage on all Block which ohangos bauds in tho Stock Yards as follows s Cattle. 25 cents por head ;• hogs, 8 conts a head; shOop tho samo, aud for horses 70 cents por day, which includes food and oaro of them. Tho Company furnish water and wolghngo free of charge, aud if stock Is hot sold in the yards no yardage is charged. Tho amount of stock received last year at tho yards, of cattle, ouo-hnlf wore sold in tho yards, and tho other half shipped to tboEaßtam mar kets. Of hogs, 2,000,000 woro sold in Ohicago, and tho remainder woro shipped through to other ■ markets. Tho-'sheep'aro all sold'in Chicago. Since tho opening of tho Union Stock Yards there havo boon received iu thorn 0,209,607. cnttlo, 13,872,127 hogs, 1.070,001 sheep, 27,270 horses. The receipts of tho last year woro largely iu excess of any preceding year, and at times tho capacity of tlio yards woro insufficient to accommodate tho stock received, from which fact It Is believed to ho NECESSARY TO EXTEND THE YARDS to moot tho growing demand. The delays in tho yards of tho shipment of stock to tho East had boon attributed to tho influence of tlio managers of tho Stock Yards, and your Committoo submit the testimony of parties who aro cognizant of tho facts, from which-there seems to,bo no ground whatever for tho charge. Tho whole blame is attached to tho railroad companies, whoso linos load out of tho yards ,to tho East, arid tho reason assigned Is tho want of rolling stock. It is in ovidonco that stock remains in tho yards on an average but ouo day. Wo call attention to tho testimony attached, from which much information can ho gained, hut which is not relevant to tho questions touched lu this report. ' IN CONCLUSION, ?our Committoo recommend that the Snperin ondout of tho yards shall cause to bo placed in each of tho feed-barns attached to tlio yards standard scales, on which' any customer shall, if ho desires, havo his food weighed: that a suffi cient number of men. bo employed to do all tho .work well that tho Company aro or may bo called upon to perform; that tho cause of the filthy condition'.of the yards at times bo ascertained,' and such stops ho taken as will put them into a condition such as ia demanded by tlio interests of tho producers of stock for whoin those yards aro intended to servo, and for which service they pay. Tho Superintendent shall also cause to bo' printed’ notices,* sotting out tho rules of tho Company nnd tho rights .. of tho • customers, . and . asking • all persona who may ho aggrieved to moko.tholr complaints known 19 him. Thoso notices shall bo posted, and so kept posted In all public places in and around tho yards. Aud finally, to tho end that' thoso recommendations may ho carried out, your Committoo further, recommend the passage of a bill, which they havo prepared and herewith submit, placing tho Stock-Yards of tho State under tho supervision of tho Board of Rail road aud Warehouse Commissioners. A Bill for an act to enlarge tho duties and powers of tho Board of. Railroad and Warehouse Commission ers, Suction 1. Be it enacted by the Peoplo of the Stale of lUiMis, represented in the General Assembly, That in addition to (bo duties now imposed upon the Board of Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners, it shall bo and is hereby made their duty nt least four times a year, and oftoncr If required so to do by tbo Governor, to moke an examination Into tho condition and work ings of. tho Union Btock-Yards at Chicago, and shall re port to the Governor such facts as may bo disclosed touching abuses which need to bo corrected. Tbo property, records, and accounts of tho Union Stock- Yards shall at nil proper times bo open to inspection nnd correction by said. Commissioners, who aro em powered to administer oaths and take tho testimony of any officer, agent, or employer of said Company, or of onoothor person, concerning the management of tho said Slock-Yards, aud shall have power to compel the attendance of witnesses. Should any officer, agent, or employe of .said Company refuse to make any report required to "furnish Information under this act, or hin der or obstruct the said Commissioners In tbelr duty, shall forfeit and pay a sum of not less than SIOO, nor more than fS.OOO, to bo collected in an action of debt in the name ami for thouso of tbo people of tbo State of Illinois, and they shall bo liable for a like penalty every ten days until each report as Is required ahull bo by them made, or such hindrance or obstruction is re moved. PRESIDENTIAL PLEDGES. To the Editor of The Chicago i'rtbnne Bin: I subjoin a few samples of Presidential pledges: ’ . ■My efforts in tho future will bo directed to tho res toration of good feeling between tbo different sections of our common country.—Grain’s Last inaugural , 'Witness Louisiana, with whoso lamoutnblo history your readers aro familiar. To tbo restoration of our currency to its fixed value, na oorax>arod with tho world’s standard of gold, and, if posslblo, to par with It Grant's Last Inaugural, Witness'tbo payment of debts that aro not duo, and tho dishonor of those that aro. Wit ness BoutweU’s: disgraceful. bargain with tho Syndicate, his claim to Ibsuo more debt duo bat not paid, and his- buccossful effort to dopreciato this Irredeemable currency 5 per cent tuo last year. Witness the spoudlngof 813.000,000 more; mouoy iu Grant's lost year than in Johnson's last, and tho appropriation this year of 820,000,000 more by a demoralized gang of Congressmen, -with their arms up to tho shoulders in tho National Treasury. Witness tho navy, with an officer to every four men, and not a vessel lit to go to eon; yet costing moro ovary your than it cost in 1813, when it so glori ously defeated England on her own element. Witness tho army, with au officer to every sovou men and a half, detailed to polico duty in a Btato whoso pooplo have boon deliberately cheated out of their votes, yet costing more than over before during peace.. , c • ■ Our superiority of strength and advantages of civili zation ought to make us lenient toward tho Indian. Tho >rroUf<u already iuflictod upon him ohould bo taketi into account.—tfmnt'tf Jaibl Inaugural, ■ Witness tbo Modoo war, which even tho Indian Bureau charges on its own subordinates. Wit ness, too, tho following from tho Piooho fCal.) Jfccord, - of; Jan. 30. bub u little moro than u month before tho delivery of tho President's promises s' • A train of annuity goods for the Indians arrived yes terday forenoon. The savages will certainly roccivo, or bo offered, all they are entitled to of these goods, for, If what we inspected In u sample of the whole lot, wo don’t believe any one but u wretched, nuked Indian would accept them oh a free gift. The blankets nro made from the very ref use of tbo woolon factory, nro scarcely dose enough In texture to bold oats, and wouldn’t bo used by white men fur horse blankets. Wo are satletlcd tbo original, cost could not have boon over |‘J a pair, and lulrinfltcnlly they nro nut worth as much us it huu cost to bring them hero. , If .this is the kind of civilizing iullueuco wo are to exert In dealing with the aboriginals, tho best hope In their behalf of thophllantropUt must be fur their early ex tinction, Bnch treatment la outrageous and disgrace ful to tho Government, Tho goods aro consigned to u Z.Q. Ooblelgh, Placho," Tho Indiana uro clamor ing for their goods, but Acting Agent liihullh should peremptorily decline to receive them If they nro all ns worthless as the portion wo saw. Wo will guarantee him against censure if ho will send on ’ to Washington, and bang up iu tho Capitol for puhllo Inspection, pyoporly labeled, a'sample of thouu flimsy • patches or log wool called blankets. If wo propose to pay the lu dlumi for giving up their huuting-groumls, lot us do so. —Tho Mlnnoapullsuqwspaporial min'd is al| tore up ovor tbo tux list for liouuonlu County. Tho County, Commissioners.ordered tho Auditor, to lot it to tho lowest bidder. Tho Tribute bid 10 cents per description, tho Times 7 X A* Tho Au ditor quoted the law, which says "thoro shall hereafter lo allowed tho sum of 10 cents,” oto, lie emphasized tho " shall, 1 ' and held that ho was not allowed to award It at any loss sum, and accordingly gave it to the A’cwa at 10 cents, This was in accordance with a bargain made by tho JVfetos last fall, whereby the flows supported Au ditor Scheffer, Tho Tribune offered to take 10 cents if It was forced on it, and give 0 conts per description to some charity, hut tho Auditor was indexible. Tho law said “ shall,” and "shall ” it to with that official. THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE/ SATURDAY, MARCH 22, 1873. CHICAGO CHRISTIAN UNION! ' First Annual Report of the Society. ‘ An Independent, TJnscctni’lnn, Unimrtisan Association, Objects of tbe Society, and What It Has Accomplished. Tho first annual report ot tho Chicago Chris tian Union has boon published, and ia substnu tlally as follows: This society was organized eight days after tho great fire of Oct. 0,1871, to extend encouragement, relief, aud aid to tho young moo of Chicago, largely thrown out of their situations and homed by that calamity. While ample provision wan made for all other classes of sufferers, the wants of tho young men did not scorn to come within tho scopo of any of tho existing relief organizations. Vet thousands of thorn wore without' tho. menus of subsistence, utterly unable to obtain employment, and, with their social and religious counocllohH so rtidoly severed, wore in great dan for of physical and spiritual demoralization. Other houeamls wore leaving (ho oity to sock their fortunes elsewhere. To put a slop to this general exodus, to Induce our young men to stand oy our stricken but undaunted city, to relievo them in their, distress and need, and especially to aid them to help themselves, tho Gnrlstlan Union was first established. Tho inspiration for such a movement came from William 11. Baldwin, President of tho Benton Young Men’s Christian Uuiou, and a member of the Belief Committee from that city. At his- auggeetion, a mooting of gentlemen was held nt hln private house on Oct. 17, to consider tho practicability ofsuch an association. After addresses favorable to the now movement had been made by various gentlemen present, Mr. Baldwin staled that Gcorgo M. Pullman, Esq., had authorized him to announce that he would glvo 13,000 towards such an enterprise. Much en couraged by this net of liberality, nml Inspired by (he prospect of usefulness opening out before them, tho meeting decided unanimously to oitcut n permanent organization, under the imuio of tho Chicago Young Men’s Christian Union. A constitution and by laws were also' adopted, and tho following board of officers elected: David A. dago, President; Charles Unll, Vico President; W, F. Coolbtuigh, Treas urer; O. W. Wemlto, Corresponding Secretary; John 11. Roberta, Recording Secretary; L. T. Chamberlain, George M. Pullman, l. L. Coburn, Samuel Collyer, George W. Montgomery, W. A, Stanton, Gcorgo B. Carpenter, It was furthermore resolved that tho now association should bo independent, unsecta rlsn, mid uuparllsan In Its character. Tho general objects of tho Society wore slated to bo: Pint— To furnish tho young men of CUlcogo a placo of resort, whore they will moot agreeable companions, and where tho inlhicnccs will bo beneficial and ele vating. . AVcond—To maintain a free reading-room and li brary, famished with tho leading nowopapera nnd periodicals, mid a collection of entertaining and in structive books. Third—To encourage physical culture by opening a gymnasium na soon ob practicable. fourth—To pro vide opportunities for eolMniprovc mont and healthful recreation at llttlo or no oxponno. Fifth— To pivo Itn mcrabem an opportunity of doing good by engaging in charitable nnd benevolent work. Sixth— To aid them In getting good boarding-places, and to tiflelst them in getting employment. NemHA—Especially to seek out, old, and encourage the young men of this city in tholr present despoudenoy and need, and to lend a helping baud to tbe thousands who come to our city, strangers iu a strange place. Tho objects nnd 'claims of the Union were first brought before the public l>y a mass meeting in Stand ard.Hall, Oct. 20,1871, at which addressee were made by tho Revs. Robert Collyer, David Swing, C. ,W. wondto. and Dr. Flanders, nnd a collection of over 1800 token up. Much enthusiasm prevailed at this meeting, and the movement ms successfully Inaugu rated. Pleasant rooms wore soon after engaged at No. 812 Wabash avenue, and made attractive to tho members by means of pictures, games, a piano, tbo current periodical nnd newspaper literature, nnd a library of nearly 3,000 volumes, received from Eastern friends, through tho Boston Y. M. Christian Union. Free evening classes foe. instruction in Gorman, French, vocal music, English literature, Shakspoaro. and other branches were also established, aud so well appreciated that tho rooms were often uncomfortably crowded with a largo number of members in attend ance. ; In common with other organizations, during tho ter rible winter succeeding tbo fire, tbo Union devoted Its special attention to tbo work of relief. Early appointed tho depository of tbo supplies forwarded by tbo Boston Young Men’s Christian Union, and other Eastern societies. It was enabled to take a prominent placo among tho relief associations of tbo oily. From Its two relief depots, ono on tbo South and tho other on tho West Bide, thoro were distributed supplies amounting to nearly 1,000 eases and barrels merchandise, containing ovor 160,000 counted articles, valued ot $176,000. This work was mainly performed by committees of tbo lady members of tbo union—aid be ing extended to nearly 10.000 needy applicants; a uouy Tree Coffee Inn, tbo first of its kind In Chi cago, has been established by tbo Union nt No. 163 Monroe street, and hj now in successful operation. This Is a humanitarian Institution, designed to fur nish a good meal at Just what it actually costs to pre pare and sorvo' It, aud thus to supplement tho slender resources of clerks, laborers, ap prentices,. sowing women, errand boys, ami tho public generally, while It tends to discourage saloons where cheap faro Is offered as a lure to intemperance. A course of eleven Sunday evening services for tho young people of Chicago was held in Standard Hull during tho winter, nt which clergymen _ from seven .different denominations officiated. Three mass-meetings were also held during tbo winter, and addressed by prominent ministers and laymen. Tbo rooms of tbo society nroving too small for its rapidly-iucroasing membership, larger quar ters woro engaged at No. 753 Michigan avenue, which wore opened to tbo public in May. A branch has boon opened at No. 205 West Madison street, corner of Green street, and with gratify ing results. Tbo Union now sustains two establishments, both liberally supplied with boohs, papers, and magazines; while iq the classrooms adjoining tbo library, ou both tlyx South and tbo West Bide, free evening clasßs ero bold lu Gorman, French, bookkeeping, English literature, Sbaknpcaro, and tbo drama, vocal music, prospective drawing, and other branches. Two literary societies moot weekly for essay and debate, and courses of lectures on Eng lish literature, art, and astronomy aro given by able Instructors. These classes and lectures aro very largely attended. In but little over one year from its inauguration, the membership of tbo Union has risen to more than 1,000, tbo average daily attendance being about 400. Eighty life members have, been secured. Including somo of tbo most prominent and influential citizens of Chicago. - A. gymnasium has been established in connection With the West Sido rooms, and Is already largely at tended. Ou tbo South Sido, tbo gymnasium, lately known as Kormendy’s, baa been opened by tbo Union, and is now in successful operation. This lost measure baa-proved very popular among tbo members, while tbo rules and regulations enforced place these establishments under tbo proper Influences amt restraints. Tbo employment bureau of tbu Union is now under- Eolug a thorough reorganization, and will soon, It Is oped, becomo ouo or tbo leading agencies lu Us be nevolent effort. | Tho following extracts, made from tho reports of tho Committees of tho Board of Government, presented at tbo annual mooting of the society, Oct. 17, 1872. aro given to show moro fully tho operations of tho union during tho past year: Tho sources of income of this society uro Ha annual memberships at $1; subscription tnomborchlpa at $5, and life memberships at SIOO. In addition, it depends very largely upon tuo donations of Interested friends, and the proceeds of various entertainments given in its behalf. During the past your, tlio Union liaa received very material aid from foreign sources, and Ibis Committee returnu itu heartfelt thunk* (o the Doatnu Y. M, Chris tian Union, and other donorh at tlio Unat, who have contributed bo generously to m euitport. Tho rooms or tho society proving 100 small for Us rapidly increasing membership, larger, and very nl tractive quarters, were engaged In the now building, No. 758 Michigan avenue, near Twenty-second street, and opened to tho public by n dedication and house* winning in May, at which aotuo COO persons were present. Boon after Us organization, llio largo attendance of Indies nt tho meetings and classcn of tho Union, and the noble Bcrvlco rendered by them in its various branches of work, mudo it tmperntivo that they should be admitted to momborzhln and full omisUlyof right in tho society, lly a unsnuriona vote of tho mombors present, at the third qimtyrly meeting of tho Union, the necessary modittcwtoi'tP tothlumid weroutndo in tho constitution, amTOiODtuuoof tho society changed to tho Chicago Christian Union, under which title it has since been Jncoi '-orated. For tho ttrst nine viputba of U» Malory, tho Union was under tho gunon\ supervision of its Correspond* lug Secretary, llov. C.*)V. who dovoted u targe share of his time and to Us in* torents. Much credit is also Ihnjsoll, for bin cUUdeucyi general enthusiasm iQ George N. Carpenter/ itaA, tomleut of tlio Unlou> Tho claim of tho and support of tho citizens general usefulness In the turn, rests upon tho followiagjHll aims and methods s - /.TSP". .-V I'irnt, It is absolutely uasocWHmj nud unpartJs’an ja its character. MaHlhe no w count of nice, ortWUef, tt welcomes all nllko to tho circle of Us fellowship,-urni tho enjoyment of its privileges. f IdouUfylng Christianity with nprlghtnosn of plmrac tor and u noble life, tho Union omloavors to supply early dondeuc ca in education, to assist tbo needy, to reform tho erring, and to tucrmo mental and spiritual culture among its inomhcis. Aeronti—lho Union cmibucratcs Its service to a class too lunch iioglocloa by llio philanthropy mid religion nld t c youu ß men and young women iu our Tho Union lo an offspring of Ohlcngo’s great calamity, ana porhapa tho Aval cheering Institution that, in tho urgency of our material need, tho demands of tho spirit wore not overlooked by our citizens r that tho reconstruction of the outward city was lo bo ac companied by tbo resurrection of Us mental and moral oulturo, The receipts have amounted to $5,850,C0. and tho disbursements for rout, salaries, roller and aid, o£o.j to. $5;772:n9. IA plan to secure a per manent Income l}aa bionbogiui. Xfifo monibnr .ships , aro "to bo solicited,' the members paying slod—ono-hklf to bo a contribution to tho per manent timd, and tho other half to bo used for current expenses. Tho permanent fund consists of .tho. 85,000. paid -by- Air. Pullman, and some other Bums. ... , . Tho'prbaoht membership of tho.Union consists, of 82 llfo, 77 subscription, nnd 625 annual mem bers; Tho library consists of over 1,800 volumes. Thoro are also 82 monthly magazines, 80 week lies. and 25 dailies. - .Tho relief ‘department has boon closed. Its special aim was to supplement tho larger work of tho Relief and Aid Society by* Booking tlio bolter .class of sufferers. Acknowledgment Is made of contributions received from tho Bos ton Young Mon’s Christian Union, amounting to 785) cftsos, containing ovor 120,000 articles. valued at $160,000; from tho Rov. Robert Collyer, of nearly 100 eases of merchandise from tho Brook lyn Union, Rochdale Mills, Chicago Relief nnd Aid Society,-010. Tho'supplies woro distributed os follows: To tho Chicago Relief and Aid So ciety, 00 cases: to the Good Samaritan Society, 15 cases j to the Soldiers’. Homo, Woman’s Hos pital, Protestant Orphan Asylum, end other In stitutions and societies, 78 cases; to private in dividuals: 71 oases. Tho balance of tho stock was distributed directly from the Union depots, affording relief to 8,374 individuals. Adding to tho amount tho estimated number helped by tho goods dispensed through tho other channels enumerated above, tho grand total of persons aided by tho Union supplies will roach 10.000. . . Especial thanks aro tendered to H. W. King, Esq., O. O. Gibbs, Col. Hammond, and W. 11. Baldwin..E. L. Bpraguo, and others, of Boston. Tho Holly Tree Inn la reported to bo a groat BTiccoß. Seven hundred dollars woro expended In furnishing it, moat of which is now being re funded. AMERICAN NUNS IN ROME. Throe Southern Iloilo* Taking tho Home {Feb, OT) Correnvondtnce of the New York Sun, 1 have just learned that throe American ladioS .woro received on tho 10th lust, at tho Convent of tho Presentation. In conventual phraseology, receiving moans taking the whito voil. During their lifo- in tho world those ladies woro Miss Clara Devine, a native of Savannah, Ga., and Miss Alice Furlong and Hiss Mary Fonolon, both of Now Orleans. For nearly two years these young women woro associated at tho schools of tho French Bisters of tho Sacred Heart on tho Piuoian Hill. In thoso famous schools ladies representing almost. every civilized nation con gregate, ana our own Republic has now several of nor worthy daughters imbibing culture and gracofrom thoso fountains of learning and virtue. Two of tho nowly-rocolvod Stators, tho Misses Dovluo and Fonolon, woro wrapt in tho enjoy ment of a Continental tour when they paid a casual visit to tho Convent of tho Sacred Iloart. It was merely ono of tho lions which absorbed their interest wbilo in tho City of tho Sovon Hills. Tho visit made, tho light-hearted American girls returned to tholr, hotel to prepare for tho opera at tho Argentine, and plan tho programme of tho morrow. During tholr visit to tho French Sisters, Misses Dovino and Fonolon promised to call oomo other day, and at an earlier hour, In order to boo tho schools in working order, aud bo introduced to several of tholr countrywomen wh6 woro bolus educated there. It was this second visit which probably shaped tho des tiny of tho young and buoyant tourists. They were captivated by tho excellent discipline of tbo institution, by tho manners of tbo pupils, and the bouevolonco of tho nuns in charge. Tho American girls thenceforth called often at tho .Convent dr tho" Sacrod Heart. Miss Dovino was accompanied by her lather, and Miss Fonolon by hor brother during tholr European travel, and those gentlemen while preparing -to loavo Romo woro urgently pressed by tho daughter end sister to consent to. ‘ tholr becoming pupils of tho French Sisters for at least tho period of Blx months.’ Mr. Dovino calmly’succumbed to his daugtor’B entreaties; but Mr. Fonolon, who Is of thoTroabylorian Church, ns .strongly protested against his Bister’s wish'. Mr. Fcuolon’s father and' brothers, aro Presbyterians, his mother and sisters Roman , Catho- Ics. • Through Mr. Bovine's . persuasion. Mias Fonoloirs brother somewhat reluctantly consented ‘to negotiate with tho French nuns for his sister’s six months’ tuition and board at their convent. Thoso eix months woro extended to a yoar, wlion. about tho annlvorHary of their entrance into tuo schools of tho French nuns, a econo was presented in tho Convent of tho Presentation which proved that throo young American ladios bad closed their accounts with thn world— .that. Clara Dovino, Alice Furlong, and Mary Fonolqn had devoted tholr young lives to the cold, solemn cloister. In describing tho reception of tbo postulants

a Roman papor Bays : “Tho cohoes of. sacrod music might still ho supposed to huger around tho products of tho little conventual sanctuary, for on tbo foregoing Sunday awoofc voices woro chanting tho appropriate hymns on tho occasion of tho profession of flvo other foreign ladies, who, on that auspicious day,'sacrod to tho name of Jesus, took tho heroic vows of perpetual pov erty, chastity, and obedience, pronounced by Him to bo tuo ‘bettor part.’ Tho nun pro fessed [irrevocably dedicates herself to Godin the religious lifo. Tho nun received hut enters on a probationary term of two years, at tho ex piration of which aho either assumes tho black voil, should she feel assured of bor vocation, or withdraws again into tho world to Borvo Goa in that stato which best may pldaso him. Tho convent-boll had Just tolled tho ‘ Angelas, * which bade tho small congregation pros trate themselves in prayer to utter tho response of the Blessed Virgin to tho angelic salutation, and to beseech- of her motherly love to guard and pray for them ‘ now and at tho hour of their’ death,’ when a E recession formed by littlo girls, bearing at ita oad a rich and massive cruciflx, began to wend its way from tho reception room to tho chopol. Tho brilliant hues of tho littlo ones’ droascs'of bluo and whitoj over which flowed a long whito veil crowned .by wreaths of flowers, contrasted not unpleasantly witu .tho grave and somhro garb of tho Siotora procoding tho postulants, whoso rich apparel far outshone oven tho .fashion, gayoty, and rangnificouco of ball-room wardrobe. They passed to tho foot of tho altar and knelt while the appropriate prayers woro said by tho Bishop, Monaiguor FiiUppi. Throughout tho imposing coromouy tho choir, led by our illustrious Coppaloni. sang appropriate pieces. Aftor tho necessary rites had boon performed, tho postulants withdrew from tho chapel, tho choir chanting ‘ln Exitu Israel do Egypt' dur ing their obsonco.. In. a few minutes thoy ro tm’uod divested of tho gay drosses In which they first appeared, being now robed in black gowns of coarse sorgo and wearing whito linen veils. Tho Itovorond Mother and ono of tho Sisters boro tho cinctures, beads and crosses with which tho Bishop was to Invest them, and for which thoy Joyfully sacrificed tho bracelets, chains, and ornaments of precious metal which had graded their persons on tho first entrance. To tho usual question pnt to each by the Bishop, ‘ What seek you my daughter?’ both answered that 1 thoy desired to outer tho lifo of tho clois ter; Tho Bishop then turning to tho Reverend Mother, nskod hor whether she had mado tho usual inquiries, and whether sho was satisliod with tho postulants, and rospoding in tho affirma tive, ho proceeded to invoht both with tho Insig nia of tholr religious reception. Ami .covering tholr heads with tho while veils, ho prayed that that might bo an outward omblom of tho Jnward purity of tho lives that they hod chosen, Tho choir then began a joyful anthoml” Many American ladies and gqntlomon woro present at thou© coromouioH, and, among them a fow personal acquaintances of tho nowly-rocolvod Bisters. _ ■ . Old Judge W., of —•, ia tho Old Dominion, Ih a character. 110 was. a lawyer, legislator,. Jildgo, and loading politician among the old-tlmo ■\Vhigtt of blessed memory; but, aluolliko them,* bin glory departed, and, like nmny others of his confreres, lias gone “whero the woodbine twiucth." . Notwithstanding tho loss of property and tho too free use of apple-tack, ho imtiu tnlnod tho dignity of ox-Judgo. dressed neatly, enaried a gold-headed cane, and when ho had taken more than his usual 'allowance of the fa vorite beverage, ho wna very plena at such times, always attending church, and sitting near tho stand as erectly ns circumstances would admit, . and responding fervently. On quo occasion a baptist brother was holding forth with energy and unction on tho evils of tho times, omlmono of hie (lights ho exclaimed, “ Show mo a drunkard! ” Tho Judge rose to his foot, and, unsteadily balancing hlm boU on his cane, said Holomhly, “ Hero I am. sir; hero I am! ’’ Tho older, though a good deal nonplussed by tho unexpected response, man aged to go on with his discourse, and, soon warming up to hla work, again called out, “ Show mo a hypocrite I Show mo a hypocrite 1 Show mo ft hypocrite 1” 'Judge W, again rose, and reached forward across a seat which Intervened, touched Deacon D. on .the shoulder with his cane, and sold, “Deacon D.; why don’t you re spond, sir? Why don't you respond? I did whew they called mo! ” : Curator, Mr. 0, P. lifting i-lniinofl, and m Juuo hint, Mr. ;d Ucuoral Suiioriu \ to tho.pood-wIU Iro, cnldfi.ffooi' Jta tciul ami moril euU llur feature' tu its Senators Cameron and Howe, and several prominent gentlemen, expect to start on an ex tended Southern trip on Monday, the 21th hint. They will visit In tboir journey all tho principal cities from lUohwoud to Now Oilcans, Wlilto Veil. A Clinracfcr* THE LIQUOR QUESTION. Defects in the Present Daws— More Legislation ' ’Wanted. An Appeal by the Temperance Bureau to the Legislature of Illinois, To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sint Tho ordor-loving pooplo of tho State liavo watch od with nomo anxiety to boo what ac tion, if any, would bo taken by tho present Gen eral Assembly upon tho liquor question. - Tho net passed at tho last session, “ Providing against tho evils resulting from tho Bale of in toxicating liquors,” was protective only bo far as tho evils had accomplished tholr work, and woro capable of being oatlmatod in monoy-dam agos. Tho law loaves tho trafilo in intoxicating liquors froo to accomplish all tho evils possible, and incident to ■ It, guarding it with tho legal sanction of a license law, and laying upon socie ty, or individuals who may bo damaged, tho har den of proof to show damages in oaoh particular case. It forced injured parties, wives and fami lies of drunkards, to Incur tho 'enmity of their husbands, and to ilght battles with organized liquor-doalors which society con confesses itself unable •to gain. Consequently, wo designate those provisions of tho law ns unwiao which' shift tho burden of its execu tion from the oxocutivo shoulders of tho consti tuted authorities of society to tho weakest and most fragile members of It. Bo far, it fails la tho most essential requisites of a good and wlso law, viz.: to shield tho rights of tho weakest from tho aggressions of tho strongest members of society. • Tho principle that underlies this law, “to pro toot sobioty from tho evils of intoxicating liquors,” was fully sustained at tho last election. It is tho same principle which underlies all crim inal and protective legislation, and is as old as law itself. It only. remains to docido tho most practical method of carrying it into effect. From tho reports received and statistics gath ered by this ofllco sinco the law wont into effect, wo. deduce tho following conclusions, viz.: That tho beneficial effects of tho present law have boon chiefly observed In tho country towns and small villages, whoro it has boon com paratively oasy to collect evidence, aud prove violatious of it. In such places, raouy of tho ovlls of tho tradflo have boon. abated, and tho ordor-loving portion of tho community aro warm in ita praise; but, in most of tho largo towns and cities, tho diilloultlos of obtaining proof, tho want of courago or strength in Injured parties to undergo tho ordeal of a court or law, and tho organized resistance before adverted to, aud, above all, tho want of oxocutivo officials whoso duty It is oxnrossoly mode to oxecuto tho law. hayo - prevented tho realization of tho ardent hopes of its friends, aud of tho principles upon winch it is founded. Cases frequently arise where the husbands, in receipt of largo wages, have constantly snoot tho outiro proceeds at tho saloons, leaving their wives and families to starve, or subsist on char ity; and yet it Las boon found to bo impossible, in most cases, to prove that tboso husbands aro drunkards, or in tho habit of getting Intoxicated, sufficiently to found an action oh the fifth section of tho* law. Tho liquor-dealers may tako all tholr earnings, unless. drunkenness is proved, and incur no liability. To this extent the law protects tho rum-sollor. moro than any other business is protected. Again, tho families of drunkards aro in a state of continual fear of personal violonco, and, in many eases, dolicato women have boon thrust out of doors all night, and othonviso inhumanly treated; yet tho law offers no remedy. Also, in case death results immediately from intoxication, no damages can bo recovered by.the surviving hoirs and widows. And so cases might be multiplied showing that nine-tenths of tho evils caused by Intoxicating liquors aro totally unprovided for. Tho Ohio statute, of which ours is a copy, with eomo Interpolations, discountenances tho salo of liquor to bo drank upon tho promises; and by this means, whenever efficiently enforced, cuts off many of tuo evils of tbo traffic. Thus tbo State's Attorney for Noblo County, in that State, has boon enabled to roport that “ There Is no place </i that county for the sale of Intoxicating liquors, and no criminals.” Ono of tho wisest provisions of tho Ohio Consti tution prohibits tho granting of licenses to sell intoxicating liquors,—thus refusing to legalize or indorse a groat evil, as it is acknowledged to bo by nearly all men, except liquor-dealers, or tboso pecuniarily interested in the profits of tho business.- '• •Wo regard tbo granting of legal authority to thousands of saloons in all our largo cities to deal in those dangerous beverages, as an alarm ing precedent, and fraught- with evil to every cit izen. In most cases, these places aro tho rosort of 'loafers, gamblers, vagrants, thieves, and criminals, and aro haunted by tho most disor derly and non-produoiug element of society';- in othors, they are glided palaces of vico and dissi pation, attracting tho moat respectable citizens to ruin and moral degradation; in all, they min ister to depraved sensual appetites, encourage idleness, manufacture criminals, squander tho earnings of honest industry, disturb tho poaco, and entail misery upon the families of all classes of society. - • - It becomes, then, a gravo question, whether tbo body politic, by its supremo governing power, -should,-in tho alightcst degree, legalize and pro tect so groat an oyil. Aro they not derelict to duty when they thus iguoro tho highest interests of tho masses, and grant licenses to mon to tempt their brothor-mon to wrong ? Tho rovouuo derived ia ono argument advanced In favor of granting licenses. Dow stands tho account ? - The municipal authorities of Chicago, have received for tbo current year, for licenses, about $128,000 ; from fines for violations of liquor-ordinances, about $-1,000 ; total, $132,000. On .tbo o.thor eldo, at least ono-hnlf of tho ex pense of’ COO police is caused by tho saloons, $280,000; ono-ualf of tbo annual expense of the Criminal Court, about $25,000-; one-half of tho annual expense of feeding and caring for prison ors, about $5,000 ; one-half of nmmnl pauper and insano expenses, 600,000. Ono-hulf of thoso expenses aro directly chargeable to tho sale of intoxicating liquors, and wo nave a grand total of 6410,000, Deducting tho amount received from licenses and finobjandwo have a balance of ■627B,ooo.against tho license' system. In the uamo of tho lax-pnyora of Chicago, wo protest agaist a revenue which costs tho people nearly $3 for every dollar received. If wo should take Into account tho value of laborers’ earnings spent in these saloons in Chi cago annually, from $12,000,000 to $16,000,000, wo have an appalling balance against tho llconso system. It might also ho homo in mind that tho sales of liquor in tho tiinto of Illinois oqual in amount the value of capital stock of all tho roilronds in tho State: that ovary year $140,000,- 000 of capital is drank up, and tho vacuum thus created supplied by foreign capital..- The power of regulating tho traffic iaanotjior reason why licenses aro granted; yet fow at tempts to regulate it, or to revoke licenses, aro over made in cities. Tho power of rovokatiou is placed in the l hands of executive officers who' Holdom exorcise it, although proof of violation of liquor-ordiuaucoa in numberless cases is undis puted. Tho regulation of liquor-selling by moans of licenses is a delusion, Tho essence and value of all laws regulating or providing against tho ovils of tho salo of intoxicating liquors, rests entirely upon thomeans adopted to execute them. Tho best of laws will remain a dead letter with out a proper executive power, removed from tho influence of political considerations, to enforce it.. Especially is this tho puso in cities, whore vied/ ignorance, and crime''congregate sonic limes with sufficient force to tako possession of all departments of tho Oily Qovornmont, or to secure tho non-onforcoraont of laws obnoxious to them ; therefore wo suggest tho propriety of enacting laws similar in ccopo and .operation to thoso enacted by Massachusetts, Now York, and sister titatos, for tho enforcement of similar laws. Tho following oxtraota from a letter received from Dr. McFarland, upon tho operation of tl.o now law In Jacksonville and that portion of tho tiiato, contain manly and noble utterances, show ing its defects. *We cannot improve upon thorn: Ah our law now in, every 'man can coll liquor who can give the bond required by tho law, It wan doubtless supposed that pobnlblo penalties. arising out of tbopromißuuoua nalo of liquors, would dolur men from placing themselves lu ouch roopouslblllthw, «im tljuo tho’number of nullrrs would have limit* But, practically, thla is found of no force whatever, with a wise understanding of what thoHo penalties amount to, men rush forward (deign these bonds just as nu merously oa men ore found who wish to non. Our ex perience 18, that tho iHSIcr and hla bondsmen ore from the same nodal class, and closely bound from commu nity of Interest ; yet the bond cannot bo disputed us not pecuniarily good. . , ' , There is with ua, bh the consequence of thin nlato of thluga, no limit whatever to tho auto of intoxicating liquors, except tho limit of demand. Just us noon ua a man of • curtain class Undo ho can make a living by; Ibo cany work of dealing with liquor, he goci (tilo it, ■ Eton If ho can only make half a living ,iu:tliat-wny, ho attaches It lo some other buainesH. Wo lluifl have nearly op quite 40 —34 some time oho, by ftclunl count—places where liquor Is openly-sold, bo obies agents and many more not to no reached in enumeration. And this In a city of 10,0001nh&bl(ftn(R, -professing especial distlnotlon-for sobriety and InlollW gcjico. The penalties under the present law amount to Just nothing. They are mainly based upon a childish idoa that tUo-Inebriate's wife will, as a groat abiding rule, put herself In the way of bin,appetite, or has tho nervo to open n quarrel both with mm and Hie man who feeds this appetite,—a stop which not ono woman In ton Ihouiaml has tho inclination to do, oven If sbo measures all tho powers she fans got to confront, and has tho Stale nominally to light her battle for her. It la tho old difficulty attending tho offense of wife-beat ing; tho wife pays half tho penalty, and only gets Iwaton the more, Tho only eases in our knowl edgo where this has boon attempted—not more than, ono or two—have been whoro tho wifo has a domestic quarrel on hor hands, and gocn into this as n .means of moro annoyance and eplto. Tho truly wise Intonttonod wifo chooses rather “to boar tho ills eho Imslbanllyto others that she knows not of, 1 ’ eho valuta what littlo ponco she has with a man sometimes kind, too much to convert that man Into a perpetual enemy, whether drunk or sober, Tho present law 1a cowardly In the extreme. Tho vigilant and unbending publlo prosecutor Is bade to stand back, and delegate his stern duty to a few spirit-broken women, and abused and defrauded chil dren. A contest which should bo directly between tho publlo and tho offender, bo ho seller or drinker, is consigned over to bo fought out over tho domestic hearth, with tho odds fearfully ogainat tho fcobto party that maintains tbo right.. This point would bo fruitful of illustration, but it Is too suggestive to roqulra mure. I bcltovo tho law of tho last General Assembly utterly, teorthlcsa, If tho aim Implied In its Utlo Is considered. Reverse tho meaning of its. Utlo and tho law as an end, would bo first-rate. It Ims plainly quadrupled tho amount of intemperance in this community, and dono everything legislation could do, short'of giving premiums to the moat enterprising liquor seller, to mako tho traffic respectable. I uollovo no legislation Is worth anything wu!6h does not unre servedly put tbo traffic in Intoxicating liquors uuder (ho control of men who hold to temperance aq a prin ciple, that tbo hand of this principle may hold a grasp on it so firm as to bo Irresistible; that It may hold cvcryealo under record, as to who bought, how much was paid, by whoso medical order, Ac., Ac., Hold al cohol ss a mechanical agent, as a poison, or an a medi cine, as you ploaso; but let us know who sold, who bought, now much, and for what purpose; but, abovo all, let a temperance principle, under full control from tho power of any individual, preside at tho top. What has boon tbo result In Chicago? A few convictions bavo boon obtained under tbo law, and a fow indictments are pending for violations' of its criminal provisions. Those provistono bavo boon so narrowed by judicial construction or legislation, that not ono caeo. in a thousand can over bo proven to tho satisfaction of tho court; and tills construction has boon adopted for tho solo reason,'as declared by tho Judges, that licenses are granted. At tho present time, thoro aro 2,CGO saloons licensed to soil intoxicating liquors in this city, or about ono saloon to evory sixteen voters at tho last oloction. As soon as tbo Boason of active employment opens, oudmon begin to cam wages, we look forward to a plentiful crop of murders and crimes .of violence, originating in those places. Tbo first fruits woro reaped yesterday on tho death of ouo citizen and a murderous attack on another. Thoro aro about ono-thlrdmoro saloons now in oxistonco than over before hi this city,* and tbo oyils flowing therefrom aro not loss,—a bad com mentary unon tho license system of tho now law, although the liquor laws wove never bettor en forced than since it came into operation; what littlo thoro is of them. Gan wo hang murderers on .roso-busboß. or dam tbo Mississippi with bales of cotton ? •• In conclusion, wo appeal to tho Legislature to respond to the earnest erica and heart-throb* binge of tbo people throughout tbo country, craving greater. purity of character in its ’public servants, tbo enforcement of law, and the enactment of just, wise, and practical laws which shall protect every member of socie ty from the oppression or rapacity of tho strong and tyrannical. The late messages of onr two Governors recognize those demands t and tho passage, at tho late sessions, of temperance laws In tho Statcß.of Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut. Now York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, - Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, lowa, and last, but not least, Illinois, and tbo City of Chicago, which has lately roamrmod in her Council tbo Sunday liquor ordinances na .being essential to tho peace and good order of tho city, aro indica tions of an aroused public eoutimont upon these ?uostions of vital interest. Illinois una been oremoat in tho work of constitutional reform, adapting" Lor fundamental laws to the spirit ana progress pf tho. ago, and thus sotting an example which has been generally commended and re spected by other States; so wo boliovo that, In tbo- temperance reform,—tho greatest of tho reformatory questions of tho day,— by tho oxorciso of practical wisdom, and tho enactment of laws founded upon immutable principles of justice and right, tempered with sympathy and mercy for tho frailties and temp tations of her citizens, Illinois may. rightfully take tbo load in establishing protective laws which shall defend society at largo, and Its humblest constituent, from tho terrible effects which inevitably follow tho unrestrained license and gratification of tho appetites of the drunk ard. -It is duo to tho dignity and integrity of tho position which sho occupies in tho -heart of tho Great Northwest, to plant herself upon such foundations o£ law and ordor.au shall uiauro her. moral greatness, tbo perpetuity ,of her institu tions,'tbo happiness and welfare of her people, . and realize tho nobio Christian truth of Fonco on earth and good will to men." ■ ' T’EMrEBANCE Bureau. Chicago, March 21, 1873. THE SYRACUSE TRAGEDY. A Little Girl Kenton to Death xvltli an Iron liar—Her murderer JMcots with. Speedy Punishment* From tho Syracuse (.V.y.) Journal, March 18. . The victim of this most cold-blooded of mur ders is Ida Boeocrans Spencer, an adopted daugh ter of Mr.-Bobert 11. Spencer, -residing on tho comer of Fitch and Dudley streets, and was only 11 voani of ago. She was a bright, attractive looking child, and was greatly beloved by her adopted parents. Tbo murderer was a young man named Albert Koolor, who was in tbo employ of Mr. Spencer. His ago was 21 years; and in personnel' was about fivo foot four inches in height, fair complexion, dark' bluo oyos, dark hair, slim of . build, and weighing about 125 to 140 pounds. The murder was committed at tbo residence of Mr. Bpouoor yesterday afternoon between 2 and ‘8: o’clock. At. tbo time tbo murder was done tUoco-woro in the House Mrs. Keeler, mother of Mrs. Spencer; Mrs. Spencer, mother 'of Mr. Spencer, two aged ladles, the victim, and Albert Keeler, the murderer—Mr.' Spencer hav ing boon absent from homo in Kansas, ami Mrs. -Spencer having started for Oswego about half an hour before tbo murder. At tbo* time of * tho murder tho two. old- ladies (ono of whom is troubled with palsy, and tho other being deaf), wore iu tbo sitting-room off from tho kitchen, iu which tho wicked deed was committed. They had juut oaten dinner, and, a few moments be fore tho dood was committed, Koolor, who is a nephew of Mrs. Spencer, and who had been liv ing with Mr. Spencer for several weeks post, was in tho room with ,tho old ladies, caring -for tho • firo. -oto. Ho remarked while iu tho room that ho was going to try his hand at housekeeping to-mor row, and would go and make a pudding. With that ho passed out into tho kitchen, whom tho girl Ida was engaged in clearing off tho dinner tablOr-dVhat occurred for tho next few moments will probably never bo known. After being in tho -kitchen for a few moments, the attention of Mrs. Koolor was attracted'by something falling iu tho kitchen. She got up and wont to tho door, and on looking into Upp idtehon, saw the child lying on tho floor, audsho called to Mrs. Spoucor. Together they wont to tlio child and found her gasping and groaning, mid that blood wos pouring from a gaping wound on the fprohoad. Mrs. Spencer wont to tho win dow and screamed to Mrs. Nichols, who lived next door. Mrs. Nichols, hearing the screams, hurried over to tho house, and on entering tho kitchen, her very blood was chilled at tbo sight which mot hor oyc». Lying on tho lloor wtia.tho little girl Ida, and hanging over hor was Mrs. Koolor trying to rouse hor up. Tho girl was lying bn her right side, hor head was near the stove, tho foot pointing toward tho wood shed door. Bho. was barely alive when Mrs. Nichols arrived, and died noon after. Around tlio room was spattered blood, and ono of tho doors of a cupboard lay on tho lloor, having boon tom from its bingos. Near tho hood of tho child on the lloor was an iron claw-bar, covered with blood and hair, with which the dood of blood had boon committed. Nowa of tlio murder soon spread and tho neighbors Hooked to tho Uouso. Information was sent to tho Police Ofiloo, and iuodteal aenlittanco summoned, tho latter being of no avail, however. On learning of tbo murder nil whs bustle at tho Police, and tho fact that tho murderer had escaped, called for tho efforts of tho whole force to assist in his appre hension. On visiting tho premises, and hearing tlio statement of tho old ladies and Mrs. Nichols, who saw Koolor loavo tho house Just before tho doed was discovered, tho identity of tho murder er was at onco established, when last soon Koolor was going in tbo direction of Delaware street towards tho city; Instantly measures woro taken lo prevent bis leaving'‘town by rail, and telegrams wore boingpropnrod to send iu various, directions, when information was received that a young man had boon run over at tho wost olid of tlio dopst, tho description of whom corresponded with that of tho mux dor or. Procuring tho as- Blstanco of n young man who wits personally no* quaiuted with Keeler, tho police proceeded to tho undertaking rooms of J. it M. Ilyau, to wbloU’ place tho body had boon convoyed. On viewing tho body of tho young man, it wftfl at ouco pronounced to bo that of tho murderer Koolor, by tbo young man, whoso aßHortloha of Identity wore subnonucutly confirmed by otborn# Tho whereabouts of Kcoler from tho tlmo tho jnwrtiOT was committed up to tbo tlmo bo was Klllod have not yet transpired, but It is probablo that ho, after leaving tbo honno, secreted him solf eoraowhoro In tbo word in tho immediate vi cinity of tho depot, for as tho d;4O freight trftln wna crossing West etroot, going cast, ho wan Boon to mako a rush to got upon tho rear end of tho cabooso. In attempting to got upon tho platform of tho cabooso bo missed bio footing, and was whirled forward and thrown to tho ground Just in front of tho brako bat of tho rear truck. Tho thickuofls of his clrcst pre vented his body from passing under tbo bar, and bo was Bbovod along tho planks Boveral fcot, when by nomo moans ho was thrown clear of tho whoola. Tho accident was obnorvod by several, who hurried to tbo npot, but tho man woo past human help, hlu neck In nomo manner being broken, and after a few gasps bo coasod to llvo. Tbo body wan taken up and convoyed to llyan’s, and Oorouor Dallas notified. Bbortly after tho above occurred, nows of the horrible tragedy be came known, and tho swift nuulahmont of tho murderer, tho whoroaboutß of whoso dead body being learned caused crowds to repair to tho un dertaking rooms, full of that morbid curiosity peculiar to such' eases. Tbo general excite ment who conbldornbly augmented by tho ar rival at Uyan'a of tbo body of tho murdered child, wbicli took place about 5 o’clock. For several hours tho rooms wore besieged by largo crowds, all anxious to loam every particular of tho bloody deed. ‘When our reporter vlnilod tho above locality, ho found four dead bodies, sido by side, all of whom had mot with violent deaths within thirty-six hours, and wero Uioho of Henry Smultz, William Kingsley, Albert Koolor, and Ida H. Sponcor. Tho wounds upon tho head of tho child wore of a fearful nature. Across tho forohoad whs a torriblo gash, an inch In width and thrA in length. Across tho top of tho bond was a similar wound, whllo hi front of this and halfway botwotui tho two was a third ono. Each blow of tbo cruel iron bad crushed in tbo skull, which was literally broken into atoms. No other wounds appear on tho body, and upon tho face rested a smiling expression. Tho body of Koolor lay within a few feet of his victim, and presented a Striking contrast to that of tho murdered innocent. Upon tho chest ap peared a largo blaco and blue place made by tho brako bar. wlUch bad crushed in tho cheat at that point, tho riba and breast bona being also crushed and broken. Along tbo back wore largo abrasions of tlio akin, caused by hlu being shoved along in front of tho truck. On his faoo rested a villainous expression,strongly tinged with animal propensities. A post-mortem examination of the body of tho little girl was made this morn ing by Dr. Plant, which revealed tho fact that her person had not been violated ns was assorted on all aides. Tho wounds showed for themselves that they woro produced by somo round instrument like a bar of iron. Either of tho throe wounds would bavo produced death, from their, torriblo nature. From tbo naturo of tho wounds and their posi tion on tho akull, it would seem probablo that tho child wan in a stooping posture when the* first two blows woro struck, and that the third was given after oho fell to tho floor. Tho iron claw-bar with which tho deed was committed was about two and a-balf foot in length, an inch and ono-quartor in diamotor, with a claw on ono ood, and weighs from four to six pounds. It is covered with blood and hair, and is a murderous looking instrument. Tho caitßo of this horrible deed will probably never bo known. Keeler, elnco his residence at Mrs. Spencer’s, baa boon on apparently good terms witbbis victim. Whether ho attempted to ravish her person, which she resisted, or whether they had some sudden quarrel, in which ho struck hor down, are eublocts for theorizing, but tho true motive of tho deed wUldoubtloss remain ; a mystery forever. Sufficient, bowevor, for the public m tbo fact that tho murderer mot with prompt and deserved punishment, through other than mortal hands. Koolor had a mother icsid ing somewhere oast in this Btato. He also had a brother, whoao whoroaboutß wo bavo boon un able to loam. Hlb ago la said to bo about 21 years. SNOW-BOUND. Ineffectual Attempt of a Train from St* John to ICencli IBaJilnx—fi'lvo Days on (ho ltoa<l»—Fifteen Foot of Snow and n, RghlnUcib Storm* From the SL John (iV, 1).) Xeice, March 0. About 12>£ this morning, tho train which left bero bo Monday last for Halifax got bock to this city. Tho passengers on board, many of whom returned to this city, and tbo officers and em ployes havo passed through dangers and dilfi oaltios to xvhicli tho history of railroading in this province scarcely famishes a parallel. From one of tho ofQcora who was on board tho train our reporter has gathered tho following particu lars of their five days’ experience on Tautramae Marsh and vicinity: The express train for Halifax loft Sackvillo on Monday afternoon last, between *1 and C o’clock, being about two hours behind timo. At this time tho wind was beginning to blow freshly, with indications of a storm. While crossing tho Trantramor Marsh, and within about two miles of An Lae Station, tho squall struck tho train. Those on board nay they never experienced any thing so sudden and terrific. Tho train was al most immediately brought to a standstill, tbo fury of tho storm u,nd tho quantity of snow clog ging tho wheels so that it was impossible to ad vance or go backward. After several ineffectual attempts to start tho engine, all bauds saw that from the fury of tho storm they must make tho most of tho circumstances Jn which they woro placed, and tho fireman proceeded to clear tbo boilers. In doing this tbo engineer and fireman woro so coinnlotbly enveloped in snow and ico from’tho escaping steam and tho pelting snow, and so benumbed and exhausted from tho cold, and from their exertions, that they woro forced to draw their fires and creep into tho box. After getting thawed out they made thoir way with tho greatest difficulty to tho passenger mid mail cars. Tills they had to •do by fooling their way, tho storm raging with such resistless fury that they could seo nothing before them. . In tho passenger-cars tho wind was so torrifio that no fires could bo kept up, and tbo lino snow sifted through over)* crevice and drifted into tho cars to such an extent that they soon be came untenable, and tho only place of refuge loft was tho mail-car. This was protected from tho storm by tbo passage-way through it, which, 'when morning came was drifted half full ol snow. There wore about twenty-five male pas sengers on hoard tho train, and four female. one married lady, two unmarried ones, and a colored girl. Those woro made ns comfortable ns possi ble under tho circumstances, and, after the Aral great fury of tho storm had snout, they succeed ed in keeping on n fire. Nearly everything with in tho car had boon used ns fuel except tho mail boxes, and it was thought that those would have to bo sacrificed, but Conductor Cannon and Mr, Blizzard, tho postal clerk, determined to moke an attempt to reach tho ongino ami got some coal. This thov succeeded m doing, after which tho inmates of ’the oar wero made moro comfort ablo. Previous to this an attempt had boon mad© by one of the employes to reach tho fence, in order to procure fuel, but ho lost his way, and being unable to seo tlio cars or tho fence, became be wildered, and, with difficulty, made his way back to tho train, being guided only by tho shouts of •those on board, which could scarcely bo hoard above tho din of tho elements. When tbo morning dawned, nothing could bo more cheerless than tho prospect which pre sented ÜboU. Tho iuniatoß of tho postal car had to shovel tholr way out of it, tho snow being nearly as high as tbo door. They had no provision on board but a barrel of crnckoro, which had boon opened and tho contents dis tributed during tho night, but as they had neith er butter or water, it was impossible to oat the n., Tho ladies exhibited tho greatest coolness umV courage in tbo trying position in which they woro placed, and not a murmur escaped thoir lips at the privations they endured. At groat personal risk Conductor Cannon and Postal-Clerk Bliz zard tramped through tho utorm to BuokvilJo, and reported their condition, and a force was sent out to clear the track. Tho freight-train from Truno, in ohargo of Oouductor Alliughum, bail also worked well down toward tho snow-bound train, and communication was thus re-establish ed. The enow ut Brown’s Out. between Au Lao and Amherst, was reported by Conductor Alliug ham to bo two foot deep, and at Port Lawrouco t was from lon to fifteen foot deep. • Croat praise is duo to Oouductor Cannon for his unwearied and kindly efforts to provide for tho comfort of tho passengers and employes of tho train. When tho storm had somewhat abated, ho wont to Colo’s Islam), a distance of about a mllo and a half, and procured *a team, convoyed the lady passengers to the house of a farmer named Pattorson, whore they were most kindly treated, and provided with food and rout. Ho thou procured other teams and sent them forward to Amherst. Itosidonts in tho vi cinity stato that no ouch atom as that of Mon day last has boon experienced there for ton. years, and tho railway employes say that no drifts havo previously formed whore they wore compelled to ouduro such a night of danger and discomfort.