Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, March 26, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated March 26, 1873 Page 2
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2 MORMONDOM. The-Honey Ree, or Deseret— Efforts to Become a : State. . i Lake Timpanagqs—Southern Utah —Mountain-Storms—Ap proaching Spring. : The March Across the Plains—Years of Trial—Provisional Govern ment. Mines—Railroads—Southern Sil ver Sites—Mormon Laws. From Our Own Correspondent, Uxaii, March IS, 1873. The Territory of Utah Is called by tho Mor mons, DESERET. Tho reason for this Is found in tho first chap ter, third vorso, of “Ether,” In tho “Bookof* Mormon,” in tho following words: “And they did carry with thorn Deseret, which, by Interpre tation, Is honoy-boo; and thus they did carry with them swarms of boos, and all manner of that which wasupouthofaco of tho land, seeds of ovary kind.” Tho boo-hivo is tho favorite sym bol of tho Latter-Day Saints; and tho honey bee, they think, is typical of tho industry of a Mormon community. At all events, tho conven tional hoo-hlvo is a common omblom, and is as unliko anything in tho shape of a boo-hivo used In this country ns can well bo. On many of tho signs this emblem is painted, and the word Deseret looms up on all sides,—on hanks, stores, dwellings, newspapers, dining-rooms, and crack or-factorics. Ou many different occasions, there have boon efforts made to got Deseret admitted • into tho Union as a State ; but It is plain to everybody that this would indeed bo overdoing tho thing. Our Mormon brethren, no it is, stick to us as close as wax, and, if they wore admitted into tho Union, and had full charge of a State, there is no tolling how neighborly they would soon be come. Men’s wives would bo carried away by them, like mist before tho morning suu, and rrother biuoiiam would bo more popular than over. There is no olid to tho curiosity which ho excites in tho feminine breast, aud scores of ungainly Baiut 68S08 follow him about, with their hods ou their bocks. In all respects, Brigham is as “ awoot scentod a huckleberry ”• ns could bo scon in a summer’s day. Ho is so innocent that ho re minds mo of that pink of propriety, Slender, in “.Tho Merry Wives of Windsor.” Slender says to Sweet Anno Pago : “You aro afraid If you bco a boar loose, arc you not?” “Aye, Indeed, sir.” “ That’s meat: and drink to mo now. ’ I havo seen Backoroon loose twenty times, and havo taken him by thq chain; but, I warrant you, tho women havo no cried and shrieked at It, that it passed,' Hut women, indeed, cannot abldo ’em; they aro vary 111-favored, rough things.” This speech is so innocent, it would almost do for Brigham himsolf, and his attitude would ho' almost as graceful as that of Slender when woo ing Sweet Anno. Since seeing tho Mormons, I am convinced that tho fomalo form cau ho put together with as little graco as there is in au old-fashioned hand loom. THE GREAT SALT LAKE, orLakoTirapanagos, has boon known to tho Moxicaus for over 200 years. It la claimed that it waa circumnavigated, about forty years ogo, by a party sent out by tho Rocky Mountain Fur Company for that purpose; but-thisis extremely doubtful, as the men who said they bad circum navigated it reported thatnofrosh-wator streams emptied into it. Wo know this is false, as Boar, Weber, and Jordan Rivers pour tboir waters into it, besides several smaller'streams. Fremont, sailed upon it, and gave tbo first correct account of it. Ho was followed, years afterwards, by a party under Capt. Howord Stausbury, wbo com manded an expedition which thoroughly explored It, in 1850-’sl. There aro seven rocky islands iu the lake, which is 80 miles long audio wide, and It is quite a curiosity to strangers. In old times, the Indians bad a great many superstitions con nected with it, audit was supposed to bo the homo of a groat Mauitou, or fish-god, called by tho Shoshonios, Poyah-hapab. But this super stition iu connection with lakes is a very com mon one among all tho Indian tribes, and amounts to but little. UTAH LAKE jontainsfroeh water, and the Bivor Jordan con nects it with Salt Lake. Down in this direction, tho Territory is being opened and improved, ana there aro several fiuo towns and villages, oven as far south os St. George, which is in the south western corner of Utah. It is needless to say that tho Ulormons have everything their own way, “and their odious religion loavos a blight on tho whole country. ST. SEOROB is a short distance from tho Bio Yirgin, which is a tributary of tho Colorado. From this place to Los Angelos, in California, there is a good road, with many cottlomouts scattered along. Hero, too. there aro somo fine orchards, ana tho cli mate is delightful. This appears to bo the win tering-place of tho Mormons who have become old ana feeble, and who need recuperation. They scorn delighted whilo holding their relig ious mootings in tho little hamlets of tho nito rior, oud fool grateful if any high church-digni tary gives them a call. When somo knotty point of Mormon theology Is being unraveled, they lis ten.-with rapt attention, and have a knowing look that would do credit to a lot of sand-hill cranes assembled together in council. The most of these elders seem to have reached tho ago of tho Viceroy in “La Poricholo,” when, according to that high authority, “it is easier to commit a folly than to pierce tuo bull between tbo shoul ders.” THE STORMS IN THE MOUNTAINS of Utah are something awful. It may io a clear, . sunshiny morning, when, all at onco, the snow storm seems to break in the air, .and It Is impossible to see more than ton stops. The icy particles cut like knives when they strike tho lace. so that neither man nor boast can face tho blast. It blows all .day in this way and some time all night. Tho streams are drifted full of snow, and the cold weather freezes up nearly all of tho water. A more dismal and disagreea ble, not to say dangerous scone, it is impossible to find anywhere. Not nnfroquontly men are frozen to death in those storms, and their re mains ore found when spring opens, tho flesh liavibg been eaten off tho bones by tho wolves and' ravens., No house can bo made sufficiently tight to prevent tho snow from driving In through cracks and crannies, and frequently tho plaster ing overhead is covered with a thick coating of snow, which soon makes its presence known When the room becomes warm, and small rills commence miming down from tho coil ing. A man considers himself fortunate if tho whole plastering docs not come down in a solid mass. Elsewhere, snow-storms come down easily, and tho snow falls lightly: but hero it comes as if it had boon shot out or a gun, with noise enough to rouse tho Seven Sleepers, Mon And animals, under tho circumstances, hunt their holes in quick lime, and remain housed up fis long as tho storm lasts. Ho who has a good supply of provisions on hand is in big luck. Those storms put mo out of all patience, and remind mo of a story I hoard years ago about Jeff Davis and Oon. Twiggs. Some ono asked Davis if he know Oon. Twiggs. “ Yos,” said Davis, “ I know him; and I know him to bo tho d dost old' scoundrel now living.” Bolt Is with thoßo storms: I know them, and I know them to ho and so forth. hut spring is approaching, and about next June wo may expect some warm weather. The days are lengthening, and ice cannot last forever. This is satisfactory nows, as no ono can Imagine bow tlds winter-weather Baa been spun out, until it has become altogether too monotonous. It will bo a relief once moro to boo tbo roads fully open, and bo ablo to travel wherever a man may bo inclined. Most of the roods in tbo canons are filled with snow, and travel is entirely suspended. Borne of tho ava lanches that have occurred on tho mountain sides have been of tho most fearful character, and men and animals hove boon mvupt into eternity by scores. TUB MARCH OP THE MORMONS from Council Bluffs, la., or from Winter Quar- ’v } torflj as thfly call Fldronfco, Neb./waßjonoof con siderable Interest. They wore organized on tho Elkhorn Blvor, about eighteen miles west of companies of hundreds, fifties, and tons, ‘Each fifty had a" blacksmith-ana wagon-maker, with tools for shooing animals and repairing wAgons. Throe hundred pounds of breadsluffs-woro provided for each person, and each able-bodied man had n good gun and 100 rounds of ammunition. Many cows froro worked In the yoke. , Each family look a supply of seed-grain and implements of agriculture, and every wagon vtas carefully Inspected to boo that all was right. Pics and poultry were not forgotten, and wont sailing along 6u ilio atom of tho nralrlo-schoQn ors« A strict-guard was maintained, and each night tho wagons wore formed Into a corral, with tho animals Inside. But little hunting was allowed, os there was danger of men losing them selves; and thus no person was lost, and hut tow accidents occurred, and all of those wore of a-trivial nature. On Saturday afternoons, tho trains halted; and, at that tlmo, baking, mending, horso-shoolng, and re pairing wore carried on. Sunday was a day of roat, when prayers wore offered up and ortho dox Mormon sermons preached. Tims they traveled across tho plains and ovor tho moun tains, and finally reached tho Valley of tho Groat Salt Lake. For about throo years after their arrival hero, DAILY RATIONS WERE ISSUED to each head of family, varying from ono-half to throo-quarters of a pound to each Individual, according to tho amount on hand; In 1850; thoro was a good harvest, and no necessity to continue tho system of rationing. This wont on until 1855, when most of tho crops woro destroyed by grasshoppers and drouth, and they woro again obliged to issue rations. In the winter of 1865-’fl, groat numbers of their cattle died, and thoro was considerable suffering. In all thoso times of scarcity, measures woro taken to supply thoso who woro tumble {to furnish thorasolvos. Fast-days woro proclaimed in nil tho congrega tions, on tho first Thursday of oach month, and tho fuod saved in thatwny was distributed among the poor. It is said that thousands of persons who had an abundance of broad put thoir fami lies on rations, so as-to save tho samo for thoso who could not otherwise obtain it. Thoso wise regulations prevented any ouo from perishing with hunger, and no ono Buffered to any groat extent. During this season of enforced absti nence from food, tho people woro remarkably healthy. Tho Provisional Government of tho “Stato of Deseret” was organized in March, 1819, and A STATE CONSTITUTION was adopted by a convention. A delegate was scut to Congress, with a petition for tho admis sion of Deseret into tho Union. A Governor, and all the necessary officers for carrying on tho now State, woro duly elected. But Congress did not soo fit to admit tho Stato, nor has it yet soon fit to do so. The Utah Territorial Legislature, in Decem ber, 1855, passed an act providing for tho hold ing of another convention, which convention adopted a Constitution under tho old n&mo and stylo of the “State of Deseret.” Congress again refused; and,'in 1862, tho sumo farce was again enacted. It would scorn as If this ought to havo boon sufficient, but it was not, aud again, ou tho 20th of January, 1872, tho Legislative Assembly of Utah passed an act authorizing an election to bo bold for tho purpose of* electing delegates to a convention for tho formation of a Constitution aud Stnto Government. The Governor vetoed tho hill. Tho Mormons, however, wont on with tho election; tho delegates, assembled in dun time, and adopted a Constitution, which was rat ified by tho people. A Representative to Con gress and two United States Senators were duly elected; but tho scheme would not work, and Congress again refused to admit Dosorot to tho sisterhood of States. THE MINERAL POSITION of Utah is by no moans well defined, now and rich mines being frequently found. Tho belt of country known an tho Big and Little Cotton wood,'American Fork, West Mountain, Tooele, and Ophir raining districts is exceedingly rich in silver ore, aud several of tho miuos aro well worked. This portion of tho Territory occupies a superficial area of about 600 square miles, sit uated in tho Wasach range of tho Rooky Moun tains,—tho range running through tho Territory in a southwesterly direction. That portion known as the Cottonwoods and American Fork is tho richest yet discovered. Tho Oqulrrn range of mountains, west of Salt Lake, also contains several districts, among which may ho mentioned the Tintic and West Mountain. Rods of ligneous and bituminous coal have boon found in tho foot-hills, and somo far up on tho sides of tho mountains. Those bods aro quite valuable, though the quality is not of tho first class. Tho silver mines yield load ore mixed with silver (argentiferous gale na), and, in smelting it, tho workmen are fre quently attacked with load-palsy, utterly wreck ing their systems, and rendering them more helpless than children. To own a mine is one thing; to work it is another. Tho Inigo silver bricks to bo soon at tho express-office aro most cheering sights, but wo do not know wbat days and nights of toil it took to got them out, nor how maiiy poor wretches had tholr frames shat tered in so doing. tub nojiheii of hatxjioads ■ being built in Utah Territory in something aston ishing, and, if somo parties do not got badly bit ten, it will bo still more astonishing. Every canon thinks it must bavo its own railroad, and small narrow-gauge roads eoem to fairly bristle all ovor tho laud. How they are to bo made to pay, is a thing that nobody can understand. But their projectors are sanguine, and, if you wish to bo thoroughly bored, got ono of thorn started on tho thomo of narrow-gauge railroads. Bights of way and subsidies aro/ of course, things they fully appreciate and understand 5 and they oau prove to you how very valuable a uarrow-gaugo road will be to Hog-Eyo Canon, whore there is as yet no house built, auduothing whatever in pros pect ; and they will assure you that if you put your money therein, it will ho the host paying in vestment ovor known. They aro pushing a road down toward Piooho, which is just ovor the lino, in Nevada, and groat things aro expected therefrom. Tho Piooho Mining District has indeed proved a big thing, and a great quantity of silver has boon taken out. It is fu an exceedingly barren section, and it is almost a wonder how tho minors manage to got alo-g. If a road should bo built to Piocho, ij might possibly pay; at all events, several aro trying to got there, and each is endeavoring to outstrip the others. Specu lation is rife on every hand; but those now men find it quite difficult to deceive tho old miners of tho Pacific Slope, and very, few of them have as yet piado fortunes. It is funny enough to soo now fully and heedlessly TUE “riLOIUMS ” FROM THU EAST, • as tho Montanians call tho greenhorns, fall into big mining schemes, and now poor they find themselves at tho end of tho.year. For a good, solf-coucoitod mining fiat, give mo nn Eastern man who never saw an ounce of silver ore be fore bo came to the Territory, «nd who now, af six months' experience, thinks ho knows more than an old MO-or., On the whole, tho mines in Utah HAVE NOT YIELDED VEIIY WELL, and a great many men have been disappointed. Labor is very dour and scarce, and, without it, the boat mine in tho world is of but little value. A happy feeling in apt to come over n man’s mind upon finding a find bod of ore ; but, af ter it is found, days and days of honest, hard work aro necessary to got it out, and got it , transported to tho mills. There is an old say ing in California, that it “takes a silver mine to work a gold mine.” This tmo in fact. It takes a great outlay of money to work a mine, as many a man’s bitter experience baa proved to him. The Mormons seem to bo pretty well satisfied with tho failure of tho I'rolinghuyi'ou bill to become a law 5 and it proves to them, more clearly than over before, that tho United States Government IH UTTERLY POWERLESS "s to do anything with thorn. It is deplorable to bo obliged to admit this fact, but it is tho truth \ nud thoro is no knowing to what lengths those people will now go. Brigham Voung is’ now moro powerful than over, and his hateful laws scorn moro firmly bound upon the necks of tho people than heretofore. Or course, It makes little difference to people in tho eastern portion of tho nation wlmt kind of laws they have out hero; but, to those who are obliged to live in this section, It does make a groat deal of difference; ami it is most galling to an American citizen, not a Mormon, to be nndor tho sway of these bigots and evil-doers. I hope tho day will come when this dreadful tyranny will bo removed, and when every man can got equal aud.oxnct justice, irrespective of religious creeds and beliefs. Tho day must come when Church and State wilt bo separated hero, and when juries can bo made up .outside of tho infiuoueo of religions fanaticism. But tho Mormons have frequently declared that it was beyond tho power of, tbo United States to interfere with tho community, and late events seem almost to prove this statement. —ThoNowark (N. J.) t/imrunZsays tlio following is related as a -positive fact In connection with tho action of the Houato on tbo Air-Line Bnilrond .bill: “An ox-Oovornor of Now Jersey mot a Senator who voted ‘ No ' on No. 1) bill, and said j ‘ Senator, they say you got 620,000 for your vote. If you didn't you’re a fool 5 if you did you're a knave.’ Wo are not udriuod whether tho Sena tor said anything in reply.” THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIRtJNE: WEDNESDAY, MAIICIt 26, 1873. 1 • - 1 . r : 7 : 1 i BOSTON, The Sumner-Oensure Topic— Mrs. Julia Ward Howe and Mi\ Whittier. The Groat Bazaar of the Nations— A Little Radical's. Blunder. A Froo Gift to tho Radical Clnh—Tho Itnllroml-l'lglit Man, and His Steam Enterprise. Opening of the Public Library on Sundays—The Rev. W. H. H. Murray as a Liberal. From Our Oten Correspondent, Boston, March 17, 1873. The groat toplo of conversation In Boston society, ho th social and political, just now, is TJIE SUMNER-OENSURE AFFAIR. Up at tho State-House, whore tho fight is going od, crowds of Indies flock in to listen to tho fiery discussions. Thoso, to a woman nearly, throw In thoir sympathies with those who aro working for tho repeal of tho consuro-voto. They sit up in tho galleries, and look down with fiercest indignation or smiling approval as tho sentiments of tho speaker jar or Jinglo with thoir own. :« MRS. JULIA WARD HOWE has created a little excitement by signing tho petition that was circulated by tho friends of the repeal, and then coming out with a decisive speech for tho other side. When questioned as to her change of base, her answer was, that, when she signed tho petition, she had not suffi ciently considered tho subject; that, upon hear ing tho speeches upon the other side, she had soon reason to reconsider a hasty opinion. This, of course, moots with a good deni of sharp criti cism, especially from her own sox,who accuse her of inconsistency, inconstancy, and kindred weak nesses. As Mrs. Howo must have fully counted this cost of criticism in this sudden change of her mind, her judges should glvo her the credit of ono great quality of strength, whatever weakness they may accuse her of, — and that is, of courage. She is too wiso hi tho world’s ways and human uaturo not to know what to expect in her change of position, and so, in this change, she has certainly shown her self as plucky a little woman ns ovor mode a blunder. And, of real downright pluck,—pluck to face a whirlwind of accusations,—much may ho forgiven. Ouo of tho foremost workers in the repeal attempt is JOHN O. WHITTIER. lie came up from Amcshury into tho wild March weather, which ho usually avoids ; and, day after day, his tall, spare figure could ho soon hurrying up and down Park stroot, and around those bleak comers, on his great friendly er rand. Before this is in print, tho result of this great orraud will no doubt bo decided. Another topic of great interest seems to ho the coming * RAZAAR OF THE NATIONS, whore wo are to see Music Hall turned into foreign streets,• with houses, pagodas, and pa vilions, aud tho Hcalhon Chinee in the original, together with tho various other foreign repre sentatives ; whore wo» aro to oat olia-podrida in tho Italian restaurant, partako of coffee ip a French oafo, or stop to buy fruit, Eastern fashion, from tho panniers of a donkey, while wo listen to tho strcot-musicians, or near a muezzin shout tho call for prayer from a min aret GO feet high. Imagine nil this undor the roof of tho Mubio Hall I Wo thought the acme of all Fair-projects had boon attained when tho Boston Xhofttro, from outer corridor to stage, was turned into that scene of enchantment wboro tho Aro do Triompho rose in flowers, aud whore tho ' tri-color of Franco floated from every booth and {stall. But, in view of this Bazaar-project, tho French Fair sinks into insignificance, and the Homeop athic Fair, which wo thought only second to tho Frouoh Fair, goes out like a candle. Those wore tho result of talent. This is a stroke of genius. After the Jubilee, last summer; after tho groat Coliseum, which hold several towusful of people without a crowd,—wo came to tho con clusion that uo other undertaking would over so much as approach it, But, as tho last beam of tho Coliseum falls, we hoar tho click-claok of the workman’s hammer in tho erecting of that Uttlo uow world which is to como into existence on the 2Sth of April. People who wore sick of tho very namo of Fairs, with their endless labor and shameless extortions, albeit for “acause,” seem to “take” to this original development with groat interest. Of course, everybody knows tliat this famous undertaking is being carried on by tho XOtJNO men’s CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, for tho purpose of paying tho debt on their new building. But all outsiders seem to bo interest ed, if not to help, to onjoy the novel entertain ment. And, in this connection, here is a pretty good story of ono of tho outsiders, tho exact truth of which I can vouch for, as well ns tho fact that It has never before found its way into newspaper columns: Tho outsider in the present instance is a young woman who is nn habitue, not of Evangelical associations, but of B&dical resorts, such as Horticultural- Hall mootings, and Chostnul-atroot parlors. ■Wishing for somo information of, and concern ing } tho great Bazaar, she is directed to tho As sociation Booms, and arrives at tho door just as a daily prayor-mcotlng is over, whoro she is mot by the departing crowd. She gathers her self up in disgust or “ such a horrid crowd of men, you know.” and rushed into a neighbor ing shop, with the question if that is tho Young Men’s Christian Association building 5 and. on being assured that it is, puts another question: “ Is it proper for a lady to go into tho rooms ?” “ Oh. yes,” isiho reply, given with somo as tonishment. “ You’re auro it la perfectly proper ?” sho in sists. “ Cortaiulyl” with an access of amazement. After this double assurance, she ascends tbo stairs, still with some inward trepidation as to tbo propriety,—! have her own statement for it,— and, at last entering tho spacious reception room, she discovers tbo nature of tho departing crovra, and the fine point of her ownblnmlor 1 In what category of uninstructod heathen the as tonished shop-keeper put this young woman, is one of the unanswerable questions. But it will doubtless yet transpire, for tho joke is too good a ono to keep, that, in Puritan Bouton, any per son should ho found so ignorant of the. nature of a Young Men's Christian Association an to doubt tho propriety of a lady’s entering. And, now I have turned tho subject upon THE RADICALS, I might as well toll another good joke. There ban been a groat deal of opposition, first and last, amongst some of tho old-fogy members of thojladical Chib, to tho newspaper-reporting of what in said thoro. ]lut tho youngor members always carry tho day on tho nowspanor-sfdo, and tho romilt has boon a world-wide celebrity to the Club, of which colobrity tho older momboru, on tho opposition side. wovo quite aa fond as tho youngor, though they wore by no moans willing to admit that reporting had anything to do with it,—no doubt supposing that thoir orphlo sayings In a private parlor hccamo atmospherically transmitted, or reached In private whisper across tho ocean to such men as Thomas Hughes and Prof. Tyndall, though Thomas Hughes’ letter, printed In one of our dailies two years ago, protesting against shutting -out the reporters from tho Club, and thereby do prlvingdlatant friends, like himself, from tho dis cussions, might have nettled that point, ono would think. But last year tho opposition culminated in an attack made by ono of tho. older essayists. I can't do bettor than to quote tho words ot “ Warrington ” at that time on this very matter s “At tho lladical Club which mot at Dr. Bartel's, a hermit from tho wilds of Brookline road an essay on tho esoteric and tho exoteric, which was mainly an onslaught on tho reporters and tho press. Tho boat things in it wore tho things which re porters have preserved of tho sayings of Plato, Goethe, Byron, and others. The essayist him-, seif, whoso name I shall notv divulge, is known principally by his renderings of German litera ture. His appearance as a reformed reporter was not unexpected, but I do noLfchink his essay was very well received. Tho general judgment seemed to bo, that it was not yet tirao fcojtraiigle tho press, or drown its editors and writers.” This tolls Iln own story,—Dr. Hodge being tho hermit whom “Warrington” moans us to guess uudor his quizzical mush of words. Thoro was a Alqeßua, good deal of soro fooling at tho tlmo, and diroqtly after this onslaught, J amongst tho reporters,' who felt that thoy had boon treated very cav alierly in bolus invited by ope portion of tho Club. to be called names and generally attacked by the other. portion. But alt tho same the newspaper reporting seemed to go on, until this winter, when tho newspapers find that thoy have had enough of tho Club, —that it in a stale sub ject: and, presto I tho reports-and tho report ers disappear, and what tuo- hermit fought for ho hassot as a froo gift,—not' as* tho result of his onslaught, but in tho order of well, lot us quote Darwin, and say, Of NATURAL SELECTION. . It remains to bo soon how the select little cir cle will relish tho boon of privacy ns a froo gift. If they had only known how things would havo turned out, thoy might havo saved themselves a groat deal of unnecessary anxiety. Amongst other matters of Interest and people of interest just now, Is Mr. John A. Oolo mauandhls GREAT STEAM ENTERPRISE. which is eventually not only to do all our housd heating, and perhaps cooking, but to put out all tho fires. By tide system, wo shall .bid farewell to tho dust and ashes of coal In our domicils ; all we aboil havo to do will ho to turn a key, ns wo turn a goa-koy, and, from tho grand main source down-town, instead of • down in our collar, there will flow into our radiators ns little or os much steam an wo shall desire for our house-boating. Mr. Coleman, It will bo re membered, Is the man who had tho • FIGHT WITH A RAILROAD, which ho told so graphically in tho Atlantic, last autumn, that everybody who road it felt that tho comipg man, as a defender of human right against human might, was amongst us. In an approaching issue of the Atlantic. Mr. Coleman will toll tho second part of this story,—his fight with tho Judges. It is said to bo vorv spirited and interesting. Tho hero of those battles looks the hero,—looks as If ho might have gone through' tho struggle just as ho tolls it,— from first to last, have sot his face like a Hint against the injustice and tyranny which mot him, sure of winning in the end. Ho is a tall. broad-shouldered, muscular Christian, with a firm-sot upper lip and a square jaw; which physical Indications at once convoy to tho quick observer the fact that hero is a man who is not to bo imposed, upon with Impunity. Together with this physical superiority, Mr. Coleman has a mental power which, as any ono who has road his Atlantic article can testify, is of no ordinary quality. A practical engineer in his earliest training, his present career, while yet a young man. shows pretty clearly what his future success will bo. THE OPENING OP THE PUBLIC HORARY ON BUN- DATS is a groat subject' for congratulation with tho Llborola. And, going into tho spa cious rooms, with their perfect ventilation, one is at a loss to discover where tho mischief which tho stricter religionists'are so fearful of can got in. If one felt over so wickedly disposed outside, cutting around the inevitable cold, windy comer which is always the site of a well-regulated, prosperous church, his angry passions would bo sure to evaporate in side those cool, still corridors, whore not a word is spoken to break tho meditative silence. Such names on tho petition for opening ns James Freeman Clarke, Edward Everett Halo, and “Adirondack” Murray, tho great Park-strdot preacher, show tho estimate of tho intelligent portion of tho community upon tho matter. His Orthodox brethren, however, are beginning to look suspiciously upon Mr. Murray as having Radical tendencies. Ho is certainly very liberal in his leanings,—very unlike his predeces sors in tho Park-street pulpit, who have always boon of tho most Evangelical odor. Hut Mr. Murray drives his horses ; wears his cut away coat and low-, felt hat in anything hut priestly stylo; and now and then, of a Sunday, doctrines his audience with such words as these: “Don’t talk to mo of creeds. I don’t care any thing about creeds. For God’s sake, when*l die, don’t pub a Westminster Catechism under my pillow. Give mo something tangible.” And this something tangible is Christ and His teach ings. And so tho Public Library gets open for tho hard-working mechanic, and tho world moves out of its old Puritan ways hero, under just such breakings from old bonds, and such lean ings towards liberal things. , Gaketu. M’OREGOR, IOWA. The Monona Murder—'JTlio I'ontmafl teruliip—A Mysterious’Jragcdy— lce. McGnEOOii, lowa, March 23, 1873. To (he Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bin: A horrible murder was committed at Monona, X 3 miles from this placo, yesterday afternoon, by the keeper of a low doggery, named Blagdeon, or “ English Bill.” It scorns that, from tho ropoatod rows that took placo thoro, tho more respectable people of tho town had tried to have tho placo suppressed, and somo injudicious E arsons had threatened to “ clean tho thing out.’, ate in tho day, a respectable farmer, named Grigaloa, living near town, wont thoro iu

search of a comrade who had ridden to town with him, and, as ho approachod tho placo, tho kcopor was on his guard, and shot him with a shot-gun, when not more than ton foot fromjiim, tho whole charge of shot entering his breast, killing him instantly. Hlagdoon was arroatod, aud, but for tho firainosß of Silas Egbert and a fow others, would have been lynched. Tho Republicans of this placo arc urging tbo appointment of Mr. Comsit as Postmaster, In Elaco of Mr. 8011, who has boon politically bo eadod by tho President, Tho citizens of thin placo bavo no fault to And with tho retiring Post master, and only fool that Mr. Comsit will bo one every way as well qualified to perform tho duties of tbo office. While writing this, tbo report comes that a man has boon found floating among driftwood and ice in the river, about two miles abovo hero, with his throat cut, and other marks of violence bn his person. Ho was well dressed, of medium size ; a middle-aged man; had a silver watch in his pockot, but nothing on by which to ascertain hie name, or whoro from. There haa boon no in quest as yet. Tho weather is pleasant, but rather cold. 100 still hongs hero, but is badly demoralized. THE PUNISHMENT OF MURDER. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sm s Why is it that our clergy, as a general thing, are so clamorous for tho bloody code ? Those boralds of tho gontlo Jesus—that Jesus who never uttered a syllable approving tho tak ing of human life aa a punishment— ono would expect to bo tho last to call for tho old Mosaic ukase of ‘.‘A life for a life.” As on instance how tho most adverse texts of Scripture ore used by clergymen to onforco'thoir notions, tho sermon of the Rev. Mr. llelmor on Sunday evening was remarkable. His theme was Cain, tho first murderer; and, in some way, from that bo drew on Instruction in favor of capital punishment. JJow. Cain was not put to death by God, but separated from his follows; and, to prevent his follow*nion from killing him, Qod put a mark on him, and threatened seven-fold vengeance upon any ono who should kilt him. . Not much capital punishment doctrine hero. That so candid and able a man aa Mr. Holmor could fall into such a lino of deduction, seems singular. 1 1, for ono, havo long boon opposed to tbo death-penalty. The arguments of its advocates seem to mo fallacious, and tho secret of tho de sire for its infliction to bo in tho natural fooling of vongoauce in ease of murder. That the restraining effect of executions on crime is a vagary, is proved by tho fact that, in each of tho recent executions in this oity ami In Now York, murders wore committed within a single day thereafter; within cannon-shot of tho scaffold. Tick Triuunb of this morning, to my mind, struck tbo right note, and for tho first time, to my'notice, has the thought been clearly nut forth, “ that at present, and until wo abolish the pardoning power, tboro is no tmob thing as im prisonment for life.” Wo must have tbo death-penalty for murder till wo can imprison for lifo. Lot us take away tho pardoning powor'from tho Executive in case of murder; and, until wo can do that, lot mur derers hang, say I. Cuivex. Uuioaqo, March 24,1673. v CORONER'S JURY FEES. Chicago, March 21,1673. To the Editor of The Chicago IHbune: Sm : In last Sunday’s Issue of tho Chicago Times appeared an article In regard to Coroner’s jury foes, stating that tho jury at a Coroner’s Inquest hold at tit. Luke’s Hospital donated tho foes, amounting to sl2, to that Institution ; and that tho amount had not boon paid over. For tho Information of the public, 1 would stato that not a cent of tho jury foes passes through my hands, but thoy are to ho collected from tho Countv Treasurer, first making application to tho County Commissioners, who order their pay ment. .This law went into effect on 'tho first Monday of December, 1872. Joim Stephens. Coroner of Cook County. WASHINGTON. The Senate Debate on Cald> Conkling Throwing Laurels on Schurz. A .Landmark—Uprooting’ of a Federal Mausoleum, From Our Own Correspondent, Wabiiinotoh, March 21, 1873. Tho President, in Lis last remarkable message, assumed that nil nations wore about to have republican forms of government and to speak the same language. That is, wo presume, they will all decline the verb 11 to steal,” but none of them will decline tho corresponding substantive. Tho United Slates Senate is now spending two weeks of dialectics going round about tho case of a small person named CALDWELL, to see if they cannot pow-wow him into respecta bility, Democrats and Republicans agree that there is a want of jurisdiction some whore. A more scrupulous body of men never got together than tho Sonato, if tho scruples are to benefit a scoundrel. They will stand onddiscovor precedents and terrors In tho act of kicking him out, onoughto make all Pan demonium amused, as if a play had boon gotten up for tho solo delectation of thoso imprisoned spirits. Tho fight is between Mr. Morton and Mr. Conkling, tho blacksmith and tho hatr-drossor of the Sonato. Mr. Morton would not go to'the extremity of expelling Mr. Caldwell; there ho has his scruples I Ho would placate him by va cating him. Mr. Conkling would go to tho ex tremity of anointing him with oil; for his cup runneth o’er. • Tho other day, while they wore fussing about it, liko a eot of hypocrites and comedians, tho wind wont tearing over tho Senate, rattling tho glass, and In tho noiso all seemed to hoar Old Nick saying j “Hal ha I You’re rhino I You’ro rainol" It takes a man a long time to know that he is dead, and this is what is tho matter with a former Senator of tho United States, ouo of tho pioneers of wickedness in that once noble body,— JAMES HARLAN, an emigre from lowa, To reassure himself of existence, ho has bought, with the $30,000 ho took from Durant «k •Co., a controlling interest in an uncompensating publication called tho Chronicle, one of tho or gans of tho lobby which maintains a precarious existence hero, going into torpidity iu tho sum mer to'reverse tho conditions of tho alligator, and in winter scaly, brazen, aud rapacious. But the moral corpse of a Senator cannot bo said to take a now existence upon itself- by play ing tho opcctro of tho highwayman. Half-shorn, melancholy, men tally iu hell, tho ghost of Har lan still permeates tho air of Washington, seek ing, with tho frantic eagerness of tho -dving Falstaff when ho fingered tho coverlets, to *pufi tho ragged curtain of tho Republican party over his nakedness. Ho does not know that tho Re publican party, liko tho Democratic, is a corpse above ground, oxhalin* nothing, but flavoring tho wind j and no hoart’o-ooso, nor dandelion, nor catnip, nor sunflower, iu tho nosegay, makes a more decided odor than “Exhortation Jim.” Col. Henry S. M’Comb told mo distinctly that Harlan not only received SIO,OOO, but about $30,- 000 from tho Pacific Railway interest. 110 re ceived this, not, as Durant says, because he was popular,—for he is ah awful pllltoawOrlcllynmn; made up of common raotro, tho oolloclion-box. and tho performance called amongst merchants’ clerks “ knock-down,”—but because ho was handv, and a natural adopt at oflicial grand lar ceny. lio in not only dead ; ho is huriod, oxoopt ns to tho wingod memory of himsolf, which contin ues to buz/, liko tho associations of a windmill. Lot Carl Schurz and other honorable gentle men bo no more offended at this daily prison blast from tho oxtiuct Harlan, than if they wore passing Purgatory, and thoro “gibbered* at tho bars something which was articulate, and ma licious, and unhappy, and no more. CONRLINO ON QUIDDITS. Roscoo Coukliug has in rule tv speech upon tho unlawfulness of punishing burglary. Hib thoa ry is, that, when a Noah Glaypolo, like Caldwell, Imß onco got into tbo Sonato, thoro bo must, bo entertained aa one of Ibo family, because tho people who “piped” tbo lloubo at tho.State Legislature wore tho legitimate authorities, and shoved him into tbo window ns a noat lit. Ho haa only to atay there aixyoars, and take an inventory of the pinto and spoons; and this is, after all, tho legitimate sphere of a Senator in our day. Tho lobby electa tho Senator, and tbo Senator passes out tbo spoons to tho Central Pacltlo, and other enterprising confederates. It is queer to seo tbo straits tboao men are at to drag tbo world to theft* level. After a man . like Carl Schurz has served the party on its own torms, and delivered addresses as men deliver lectures, outside of his own bailiwick, they think it no dishonor to produce tho contract and seek to confound labor with corruption. Conkliug’a filau of debauching public discrimination is o make it appear that bribery and toil aro .tbo same, felony and compensation. His answer to tbo charge that bo took SIO,OOO to accomplish his election in that used in every boozing-kon and crib in tbo country : “ You aro a liar.” Sucli in a Senator of tho United Staton in placo of Silas Wright and William H. Seward. All this accompanied with a sensual look at tbo trimness of hie log, as if it wore another's prop erty ; with a voice nasal and singsong, such as Is acquired by being hearkened to by itn pro prietor ; and with a strut which is the country actor's in tho role of Joseph Surface. The object of tho whole is to acquit a pal who has boon shoved in at tbo window of the Senate to deliver up tbo spoons. Trump. THE REMOVAL OP A SHRINE. Amongst tho local landmarks of tho District of Columbia.which havo boon recently obliterated in tbo leveling processes of tbo now corporation, aro the mound and stono to mark tho centre or tbo ten miloß square, sot up by Andrew Ellicott, in 1791. Qou. Babcock said ho thought it was moroly tbo base of a derrick to hoist things to tho Washington Monument. Tho other landmark was the Van Ness Mauso leum, in which was buried David Burns, tho Scotch farmer who owned the ground on which tho most popular part of Washington stands. This fine old rolio was taken down Inst week to give room for a now alloy. It stood between the Church of the Ascension and an Orphan Asy lum, on II street, near Ninth, —the ground for both of which was presented by Mrs. Van Noes, or Marcia'Burns, daughter of the Scotch farmer aforesaid. Ah to this family there in a quaiut tale which may bo worth tolling: ' David Buvim was a farmor at tho river-side ho- Jilnd tho President's Mansion, who had boon fortunate enough, under tho law of primogeni ture prevailing in tho Province of Maryland, to inherit his father's property, to tho exclusion of bin Idn. lie was a positive old follow, and an noyed Washington very much when the Presi dent sought to “locate tho Capital Oily upon his farm. The obstinate Mr. Burns, as Washington called him, will' bo tho subject of portraiture ofton’in the future, stickling for the most ex travagant terms for bis ground, and paying little relative respect to tbo opinion of tho General, whom bo believed to bo of eminence obioily on tbo score of having married tbo rich widow Ouatls. Bums had a daughter, as well, whoso prospec tive wealth in Washington city-lota was to mako another man historic. This was Marcia Burns, a fairly-educated, fair-looking, eloar-hoadou young woman, tho only child of the crusty David, when tho Congressmen settled on tho aguoish site of tho now olty, and found tho distances too magnificent for patience, they sought relief from poor lodgings by visiting tho Oarrols, Calverts, Taylors, Laws, rotors, Lloyds, Keys, and oth ers; and immediately there was a courteous con test for tho hand ami fortune of Davy Burns’ child. Tho Congressmen filled tho long, low. ouo-slory-and-gurrot farm-house of plights, and tho most assiduous and good-looking of them all was John P. Van Ness, of Now York, They all besieged Miss Marcia Burns, and she follow ed tho rule of choosing trumps when In doubt. She beamed upon tho handsome Dutch member. John P. Van Nohh was now past 80, and tho eon of a celebrated Now York uutl-Fodoralist, Judge Peter Van Ness. His father was a sup porter of Aaron Burr against tho Livingston and Clinton interest; and William P. Van Nobs, lus brother, 11 that talented man, of dark and indig nant spirit," ns Jahoz Hammond says, was Burr’s second in tho dud with Hamilton, and afterward secreted Burr in the family homo of Tho older Van Nobs sent Aaron Burr, recently United Btntos Senator, ‘ to sound ' tho' young woman Bums, and ascertain tho degroo of hor worldly wisdom and hor father’s worldly pros pects. - Burr,. always plastic In .match-makings,. reported in an exalted strain upon Miss Marcia’s strength of mind and probabilities, and thus Columbia County, Now York, and tho District of Columbia, united thoir loading families. Tho groom had boou educated at Columbia College, Now York, and was of such equal spirits, that, till death, ho retained all hio popularity In Washington, and “ filled all tho high offices that tho citizens of Washington had tho power to bestow upon him.” Ills brido was equal to hor alliance, and kopt a tender memory m Washing ton long aftor hor obstinate father was, laid m tho Cavo of Moopolah. For a llttlo time the bridal party inhabited old Burns* cottage, still standing at the foot of Seventeenth street. Next, Mr. van Ness built a two-story brlok houso at the comor of Twelfth and D streets. Tho city lots selling well, and money being unstinted, Van Nobs next orooted, right beside old Burns’ cottage, a groat brick mansion, still perfect, ■ ami Inhabited now by Thomas Green, tho son-in-law of tho older Bltcbio. tho celebrated Blobraond editor. This groat houso was designed by -Maj. I/Enfaut, tho designer of Washington City, and it cost about SCO,UOO, up wards of half a contury ago. Tho country-place of tho bridal couple was meantime “Tho Olobo.” situotod in Virginia, not many miles from Wash ington. wboro they possessed 1,000 acres, part of which is now owned by Colob Cushing. In 181)5 tho mansion on “ Tho Globe ” burned down. After Van Ness bad boon a Bonk President, Militia Commander, and what not, bo dlod sev eral years after his wife, who bad boon a devout Episcopalian, and somewhat notable for hor local charities. Ho had provided for a tomb unrivaled in tho Now World, a copy of a tomplo of Vesta, wboro tho Burns and tho Von Nobs alliance should bo monumentally in urnod. This tomb wotf constructed of stone, and was an open dome, with stone pillars, and a deep vault beneath It, 8 fo ?,t in depth, with throe tiers of colls, six colls to tho tier. Mr. Edward Clerk, architect of tho Capitol, told Col. W. H. Philip, who ro contly removed and sot up tho Mausoleum, that it was tho only tomb atrictly monumental in tho country, and that tho material in it, and tho fashioning of them, would cost, at the pres ent timo, $a4,000. Thoy took tho structure down, and have sot it up, precisely an it was,’ in Oak Hill Comolory, Georgetown. Underneath it they found sovon bodies, viz.: 1. David Burns, —a.fow bouos, and a -skull and tooth, and tho relics of an old-fashioned winding-shoot, which wrapped tho defunct around and around, as if afraid ho might got out of it, as out of some other bad bargain. Tho undertaker of tho latter part of the .nine teenth contury looked at this winding-sheet as if ho wore stumped at last. It was too much for him. well. 2. Mrs. Burns, wifo of David. On this lady history is silent. 3. Gon. Yon Ness. A fino old body, who sued tho Government of tho United States for violat ing its agroomont with tho original proprietors of Washington in tho matter of soiling to private purchasers lots near tho Mall, 110 was boatou, although he had llogor B. Tanoy for counsel. •I. Marcia Van Ness, heiress of Washington. 5. Mrs, Ann E. Middloton, only child of John P. and Marcia Vau Nosh ; married Arthur Mid dleton, son of & signor of tho Declaration of In dependence; oho died in childbirth, and Middlo ton married for his second wifo a daughter of Gon. Bontovolia, of Homo. G. Gou. Montgomery, a relative of tho family. . 7. Gov. Cornelius P. Van Nohb, ox-Collector of tho Port of Now York, Chief Justice and Gov ernor of Vermont, aud for nine years Minister to Spain. 110 was tho father of Mrs. Judge Boosovolt, of Now York City, and of Lady Ouso loy, wifo of Sir William Ousoloy, Secretary of tho British Legation, who was married at tho Vau Nobs mansion. The square on which tho Mausoleum stood sold for $160,000 not many years ago, and tho proceeds wont to tho Bentovolio alliance. Tho hoira of John P. Van Ness wero throo, In equal parts: 1. OnoHhird to Mrs. Philip, whoso sou is W. 11. Philip, Esq., of Washington City. 2. Ono-thira to Gov. 0. P. Vau Nosh. 8. Ono-third to tho hoira of Judge W. P. Van Ness, Burr’s friond. Of this celebrated estate, there aro still many lots in tho possession of tho hoira of tho above. This matter is probably as now in Washington as iu Chloagu. G.VTiI, To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune : Sin: Ido not wish to quarrel with Mr. Justin McCarthy, or to accuse him of willful misrepre sentation ; but I do object to what you wore, pleased to call “ hie vivid sketch of the squalid wretchedness of the English farm-lahoror,"who, ho says, drags through his whole life with only wages enough to keep body and soul together; who hardly over oats moat, except a miserable fringe of rusty bacon now and then; and who hardly over knows how to road. The above sketch is eo unfair, and so inconsistent with fact, that, for the sake of truth, I think it ought to bo refuted. It is true that it is not the custom, either in the cities or coun try of England, to have moat and' potatoes throe times a day; but it must not bo forgotten that the miserable 'class of wretches described by Mr. McCarthy are called ■in -five times every day to five good and 'substantial meals, and, in the summer time, are furnished with as much home-brewed ale 'as their squalid wretchedness may require. Having traveled through, and resided in, the rural districts of England, 1 know that, ns a general thing, the farm-laborer has at least one meat-dinner every day. With regard to wages, I will only add that $2.50 to $3 j)or week is about the average wages received by farm-hands, in addition to board ; and, when wo consider the comparatively low price of clothing, etc., this will bo equal to $5 here, winch is about, the. average compensation received by farm-laborers in this country. Yours most respectfully.- J. Goulpen. ■ Cuioago, March 23, 1873. All liiimouito Elon£2ro» From lh4;Mtichiaa (Me.) Union. For thirty years or more edgings and refuse wood had boon accumulating in close proximity to the saw mills in Whitney viilo. The piles wore of immense proportions, one pile alone covering an-acre and twenty to thirty foot deep. By care ful and low estimate this one pilo contained 10,000 cords I The mill owners have long desired to got rid of the edgings, but never have soon the time when they felt like affording the risk to apply fire. This winter snow, ice and water being favorable, after trenching and ditching and using all precautionary measures, fire was put into the mountain of wood Fob. 21. Some people became alarmed, anticipating a swoop of the mills and of the whole town I Word came to Machias for help. The fire department dis patched ono of their engines and men to'care forit. The engine,qt_ Whitney vilio was put in readiness. All day Monday the pilo shrunk before the flames and all night careful watch was had. The wind was favorable, so that 'by; Tues day nickt the fire had. made its conquest; the groat pile had nearly disappeared and no damage .occurred to tho mills or property of any kind. The hose was not wot, m met no work, only watch was needed. By the removal of this pile of combustible material tho mills are more val ualJo and tho whole town is freed from ’a' groat exposure by Are, which might occur most des tructively in a summer's ;lrouth. A warm-hearted, philanthropic old gentleman, who is a member of the Homo Mission, wan standing on ono of the wharves yesterday after noon, after completing his customary daily task of distributing n few thousand tracts to tho ear nest and reflecting fishermen, ’longshoremen, shanghai agents, and hoarding-house-runners who frequent that part of tho city, when Ida meditations woro interrupted by a gentleman brushing hastily by in tlio direction of tho water. Ho was uoavlly burdened with a coil of hemp rone, two bars of pig iron, a double-barreled shot-gun, a can of nltro-glycorino, and other requisites for successful suicide, and closely followed by a largo squad of newspaper-reporters. Tho old man calmly approached, while the desperate man was perfecting his final arrangements, and re monstrated with him on tho impiety of his de sign, Tho wretched mon was visibly impressed with tho counsels of this good person, particu larly with tho assurances that tho Goat Island question was now extinct, that tho Infernal school investigations would ultimately have an end, and that life would again become endurable iu tho city. Giving Ids extensive apparatus In charge of an expressman, tho poor follow took tho arm of tho good old gentleman and returned to his homo. During his absence ids mother-in law and several of ala wife’s cousins had arrived for a six months’ visit, and the street car company had made uu opening for a $*5,000 suit by run ning over his dog. This simulo Incident of Kindorhook, -whore' subsequently' Irving wrote a part of bia Knlokorbodkofs’ Jliatonr, and Mar tin Van Boron raised cabbages ana smiled on Naluro. ENGLISH AGRICULTURAL LABORERS. Snell Is Idfo, From Iho S an Francisco llulUtin, everyday Hfo In Ban Francisco verifies tho truth that ovary cloud has a silver lining, and tho sun* Bhlno of loy shall break through tho darkest night of adversity. THE NEW ARGONAUTS. Exploration* ot tlio Far West. Ono of tho latest acts of tho Forty-second Congress Was tho appropriation of $75,00*0 to oon tliino and reorganize tho United Hlatos Geologi cal Survey of tho Territories under tho control of tho Department of tho Interior. In order to ascertain tho character of tho change and 'the nature and amount of work to bo rtono during tho coming season, a reporter of tho TrWunt called on James T. Gardner, chief geographer ol tho Survey, who Is at present in tho city, and oh* tained from him tho following facts: Tho exploring expedition Is to ho known as tho “United Stales Geological and Geographical Survey of tho Territories under tho Department of- tho Interior,” and it is proposed to map out tho topography and geology of tho Hooky Moun tain region and tho country west of it; to Inves tigate thoir resources, and to distribute"- tho knowledge oblainod by moans of maps, photo graphs, and illustrated reports. Tho work‘this year will bo in Colorado. During last year -tho Yollowstono park region and tho country to tho south of itworo partially examined with refer ence to thoir geological features. Further examination of this region has boon post poned because of tho dinicully of access to it on account of tho hostile Indians infest ing it, and because of tho trouble and expense attending transportation thither until tho completion of tho Northern Pacific Ilailroad. Tho sciontltlo corps of tho expedition comprises about twenty mou, consisting of the chief geologist and jils staff, tho chief geograph er ancf staff, and the natural history department. Tho chief geologist, who ie nlrt) tho chief of tho survey, is Dr. F. V. Hayden, Who has boon ex ploring tho country embraced In tbo survey for about twenty yours, sometimes at bis own ex pense, sometimes partly aided by tho Govern ment, and, during some periods, sololy by Gov ernment opproprintlons. In 1871. tho definite mapping out of tho geological amt natural his tory features of this far-woalorn region began. The. roßixlts are comprised in a series of aunual roporto made to Congress, and in tho distribu tion of tho collections of geological, botanical, mlnoralogical, and natural history specimens, by moans of tho Smithsonian Institution, to tb« various educational institutions in tho United States. By tho recent act of Congress the in vestigation of tho geographical features of thd country is to bo added to tho work formerly done. • Moreover, by-tho plan ns now deter mined on, it is intended to carry on a connected exploration of tho country, instead of, as for merly, a series of disconnected surveys of par ticular localities. The principal objects of tbo scheme are, first, tho obtaining of an accurate topographical map of • the colftntry; second, tho careful mapping of its geology, and, third, tho investigation of tho connection of those with our mineral and agrioultinal resources. Ono gentleman of tbo party devotes dmnßolf, almost exclusively, to investigating the agricultural resources of the regions surveyed, noting the kind of soil, tbo meteorological conditions, tbo existence and provalanco of destructive insects, Ac. By moans of tho Claronco King exploring expedition tbo Arizona diamond-fields fraud was exposed. Tho Story, as told by Hr. Gardner, is an interesting ono. The finding of tho place which was kept a secret by tho originators of tbo Bchorao, de pended on tbo geographical, while tho discovery of its fraudulent was duo to tho geo logical knowledge of tho region obtained by tho survey. Another point in favor of expeditions hko this is tbo following: Tho coal of tho country occurs in a very different kind of- rock than tho Pennsylvania coal, and it is of the utmost importnnoo to nave tho coal beds determined and mapped out. It is proposed to start tho expedition as soon ns tho woathor will permit. Tho general plan of tho expedition will bo to continue its work of explo ration and tho collection of specimens for five or six mouths, and to arrange and classify tha specimens obtained; to proparo maps of tho ro gtou traveled over, and to make out tho reports during tho remainder of tho year. Tho , head quarters of tho survey aro at Washington,-whore there is a building devoted to its purposes. About 15,C00 conics of thoroports aro distributed annually throughout tho country by members of Congress, and many pholograpbii of scenery uu J natural objects are sent to institutions of iug m tho United Btatos. “ MELONS.” , Another of Bret Unvtc’s lUoroes. Tho following bit of description inßcotllartc’a beat vein is from bis last book of sketches: Ilia ago was about 7. 110 looked older, from tho von crablo whiteness of his head, and it was impos sible to conjecture ids size, no hp always wore clothes apparently belonging to "somo shapely youth of 19. A pair of pantaloona that, when sustained by a single suspender, completely equipped him, formed his ovory-day suit. How, with this lavish snporiiuity of clothing, ho man aged to perform tho surprising gymnastic fonts it has boon my privilege to witness, I have never boon able to toll. His “ turning tho crab,” aud otbor minor dislocations, woro always attended with success. It was not an unusual sight at any hour of tho day to flud Melons sus pended on a lino, or to sco his vonernblo head appearing above iiio roofs of tho out-houeoa. Stolons knew tho oxact height of ovbry fence iu tho vicinity, its facilities for scaling, and tbo possibility for soizuco on tho othor side. His moro peaceful andquiotoramusomonts consisted in dragging a disused boilor by a largo string, with hideous outcries to imaginary fires. Melons was not gregarious iu his habits; A fow youths of his own ago sometimes called upon him, but they eventually bocamo abusive, aud thoir visits woro moro strictly predatory in cursions for old bottles aud junk, which formed the staple of McGinnis’ court. Overcome by loneliness ono day, Melons inveigled a blind harper, into tbo court. For two hours did that wretched man prosecute his unhallowed calling, uurecomponsed. and going round and round tho court, apparently under tho Impression t that it was somo othor placo, whilo Melons surveyed him from an adjoining fouco with calm satisfac tion. It was tho absence of conscientious mo tives that brought Melons into disropnto with his aristocratic neighbors. Orders woro issued that no child of wealthy and pious parentage should play with him. That mandate, ns a mat ter of courso, invested Melons with a fascinating interest to thorn. Admiring glances woro cast at Melons from nursery windows. Baby-fiugera beckoned to him. Invitations to tea (on wood and powtor) were lisped to him from aristocratic back yards. It was ovldont ho was looked upon as a pure and noblo being, untrammelod by tlu conventionalities of parentage, and physically ns woll as mentally oxaltod above them. ■ Ono afternoon an unusual commotion pre vailed in tbo vicinity of McGinnis’ court.. Look ing from my window, I saw Melons perched on tho roof of a stable, pulling up a ropo by which one “Tommy," an infant Solon of an adjacent and wealthy house, was suspended in vain tho female relatives of Tommy, congregat ed iu the back yard, expostulated with Melons; iu vain tho unhappy fattier shook bis lists at him, Soouro in Ins position, Melons redoubled hie ex ertions, and ut last landed Tommy on thereof. Then it was that tho humiliating fact was dis closed that Tommy had boon acting iu collusion -with Melons. Ho grinned delighted back ut hie .parents, as if “by merit, raised to that,bad em inence.” Long boforo the ladder arrived that was to succor him ho became tho sworn ally ol Melons, and, I regret to say, incited by tho same audacious boy, “chaffed" his own * llosh and blood below . him. Ho was eventually taken, though, of courso, Melons escaped. But Tom my was restricted to tho window after that, and the companionship was' limited .to “Hi, Melons I "and “you, Tommy 1" and Melons, to all practical purposes, lost him forever. I looked afterward to see somo signs of sorrow on Melons’ part, but in vain ; ho buried bis grief, if ho had any, somewhere in his ono voluminous garment. English Sloopiiiig-Cnrs* , For tho first time in tho history of tho country a sleeping-car was run on a British railway in tho month of February, 1873. No ono will ha surprised to learn that tho affair was vastly in ferior to those in such general use in America. Tlio London News gives a description of tho single car thus far in use; it is DO foot long, about half tho length of, a “Pullman Bleeper.” One end is devoted to a luggage compartment, the other to an ordinary second-class compart ment. The part devoted to sleeping arrange ments Is 18 foot in length, in two saloons, ouch giving accommodation to. throe passengers. There is apparently no partition or curtains be tween the beds, so that, unless there is a party of throe to take a compartment, ono or more of tho beds must be unoccupied, provided tho travelers are at all particular about their sleep ing companions. The most singular thing about this single sleeping-car, owned by a company that operates more than 800 miles of railway is, that it is not proposed to mu' it regularly, but only when It has hoou specially Bespoken, It is In teresting to lo&rn that tho doors of tho car open in such & way that tho occupant of either bod may go out without stopping over anybody; but to do so ho is obliged to dismount at t}ie foot ol his own bod, as tho three mattresses touch each other at tho side and till up tho whole space bo> tween tho sides of tho oar.

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