Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, March 30, 1873, Page 8

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated March 30, 1873 Page 8
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8 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TERMS Or BtJBSCBIPTION (PAYABLE D* ADVaKCE). Daily, by mail 312.001 Sunday 52.50 Tri-Weekly «.ol> I Weekly U.OO Parts of a year at the same rate. To prerent delay and mistakes, be sure and giro Poet ‘ Office address In full, including State and County. Remittances may bo made cither bydratt, express. Post Office order, or in registered letters, at our risk. TERMS TO CITY BUnSCMDUnS. Daily, delivered, Sunday excepted, 25 conts per week. Daily, delivered, Sunday included, 20 ccnte ircr week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Ccmer Madison and Dcarboru-aU.. Chicago, 111. Wht (£ljivcixjo Qfribmie. Sunday Horning, March 30, 1873, THE LATE SNOW-STORM. The snow-storm that visited Chicago on Tues day last was alike remarkable for violence and extent. ‘We do not yet know the limits of the area traversed by it; but we know enough to be able to state that that area was unusually wide. The storm was one of those general atmospheric movements which nearly belt the earth. It probably arose in the Arctic regions, beyond .Alaska, in the middle of the week preceding; and rushed steadily forward, in a southeasterly di rection. to Pembina, which place was reached early on Monday morning. Thenco it passed southeast to Chicago, after which it gradually veered round to the direction of due east, and then to the northeast, passing down the Valley of the St. Lawrence, and into the Atlantic Ocean, in which its path is lost to ns. The path of the storm-wave was about 150 miles broad, and its rate of progress was approximately 19 miles per hour. The reports of the United States Signal Ser vice Department enable us to trace out the path of this grand atmospheric wave with great ex actness ; and to see that tho snow-storm proper was immediately preceded, along tho entire lino, by rain and sleet, and was heralded, several hours in advance, by a low barometer. The last named fact shows that the phenomenon of the storm movement was simply a forward rush of a volume of air to restore an equilibrium; because the low barometer is well known to ho duo to a reduced air pressure, whatever may be tho jause. It is easy enough to understand tho rationale of the movement, and also to see that such movements generally deposit moisture; be cause the capacity of air for sustaining vapor increases more rapidly than tho measure of tem perature, and hence, tho meeting of two vol umes of air of unequal temperatures reduces tho sustaining power of tho resulting mixture. Xho liberated moisture falls in the shape of snow, if the cold is great enough to freeze it before it has had time to agglutinate into drops in tho descent towards the earth. But it is not so easy to understand why tho area of low ba rometer should thus shift steadily forward over & course of several thousand miles. The science of meteorology has not yet reached that exactness which will, enahlo us to predict the time and direction of tbeeo atmospheric movements; though it has informed ns of the general causes that produce them, and gives somo insight into tho conditions which indi cate periodicity, both of timo and place. But that science has been developed Bo far, within a few years past, that wo now know, approximately, the rate and direction in which these storms move ; and by the aid of the electric telegraph we can give or receive warning several hours in advance of the arrival of the atmospheric wave at a given place. Tho storm wave seldom travels more than forty miles per hour ; while the elec tric wave flashes along tho wires at tho rate of at least 16,000 miles per second. Hence tho value of the system of storm signals which has now been in operation in tho United States nearly two and a half years, and which gave to many of our readers at least twenty-four hours* notice of tho storm that Lnrst upon them with inch fury on Tuesday last. THE GOODRICH MURDER CASE. New York and Brooklyn are excited over a re cent murder in the latter city, the circumstances of which are scarcely loss mysterious than those surrounding tho famous Nathan murder. The victim was a man of means, named W. Vf. Good rich, who had gone to Brooklyn about a year be fore the time of his death, and erected a row of dwellings. Ho was a widower, but had a room fitted up in one of hia untenanted houses, where he lived. Last Frida/ morning, a week ago, his brother found him there dead, with two wounds on bis head, one apparently caused by a sharp instru ment and the other by a pistol shot. Tho brother bad called at tho house the day before, according to custom, but had found it securely locked and bzrrcd, and went away. Finding the same con dition of things on Friday morning, he forced an entrance. The murdered man had not been seen alive since tho preceding Wednesday, and it was concluded that ho met his death on Wednesday . evening. The first theory of death was suicide, but circumstances soon showed that this was un tenable. The position in which tho dead man lay, the character of the wounds, and many evi dences that there had been living people in tho room since tho death, afforded convincing evidence that Goodrich had been murdered. came tho theory that be had been killed by robbers, which was partially sus tained by tho disappearance of hie watch and other valuables. This was speedily abandoned, however, in favor of tho idea that he was killed by a woman or her friends. In tho room were evidences of the recent presence of a woman. Tnen it was discovered that a woman had been in the habit of coming to tho house. Tho brother of tho murdered man had himself kngwn a woman to be there. Others had seen a woman fitting on the stops, and entering the house with Goodrich. There were other circumstances showing that Good rich had maintained criminal relations with a certain seamstress named Lucille Meyers, a married woman who lived apart from her hus band. Lucille Meyers was arrested and is now in custody, though she declines to make any etatement except that she had been on intimate relations with tho murdered man ; that he had been in tho habit of visiting her house, and that be had there had an altercation a day or two be fore Lis death with a couple of men, from whom she separated him. There is another version of those relations which maintains that Goodrich had tired of his mistress, or,as the phrase is, “he shook her,” and was soon to bo married to a young lady in New York. It is sup posed that tho threatened desertion was the' cause, directly or indirectly, of tho murder. This fhcorr is sustained by the testimony of a 'friend of Goodrich’s, who says that the murdered man bad told him of his relations with a woman whom bo proposed lt to shake.”. ■Whatever may be the final outcome of the complicated circumstances of the murder, it is tiroady evident that “ there was a woman at the ,o:tom of it.” It is clear that the deceased Goodrich had been criminally concerned with the woman who haa teen arrested, and that his death is in some way the result of those rela tions. The probability is that ho had tired of the woman, endeavored to shako her,” as ho phrased it, and thus brought about a desire for revenge which resulted in a violent death, and the disgrace which attaches to the social crime that frequently haa this sort of termination. The Goodrich cass is by no means exceptional. It is one of a familiar class. It is similar in general characteristics and resnlt to that of Col. Crittenden, who met his death at the hand of Laura Fair, who assumed the right to kill him upon desertion as among those rights which he delegated to her when he deserted his own wife and family to live with her. It belongs to the same category as that of Fisk, whoso death was directly brought about by hia association with a bawd. Its moral is not different from that found in the death of George Watson, who was shot by hia victim, Fanny Hyde,—a woman whom one jury haa failed to convict, and who will prob ably never he convicted. The sudden and violent : death of Goodrich, whether murdered by Lucille Moyers or at her instigation, is un doubtedly the result of the scandalous aud crim inal relations which ha had with, this woman during his life. Tho public excitement incident to a mysterious death, or tho public indignation felt toward the murderer, is too apt to conceal tho most useful lesson contained in coses of tho Goodrich kind. Every man who deserts his own wife and family, or who sets at defiance tho moral restraints which surround tho scxnal relation, may, sooner or later, expect some terrible denouement and some frightful punishment. This punishment is‘ not always a violent and sudden death. The crime is not always followed by shooting. It re sults sometimes in pecuniary ruin, but oftenest in exposure and disgrace, which are frequently more bitter than death itself. The doctrine of retributive justice nowhere assorts itself aa for cibly as in cases where purity of life is sacrificed to the gratification of lust. Tho very foundation of society rests upon the sanctity of the mar riage relation. When this sanctity is violated, tho trespasaora place themselves over a danger ous mine which will explode sooner or later. AN AMERICAN DODGE ABROAD. A year or more ago, a very entertaining book of fiction, called the “ Dodge Club Abroad,” was published. It professed io jpvo the sayings and doing of tho members in foreign countries. Air. Anson Green Phelps Dodge, a son of William E. Dodge, of Now York, the Bulatrodo of tho evan gelical importing business, some time ago went to live in Canada, and engaged in tho lumber trade. In 1572, ho renounced his allegiance to the United States, and, upon application, was by special statute made a subject of the Queen. A few months later, he became a candidate for the Canadian Parliament, and was elected in the District of North York. Ho was elected as an Opposition member, but, upon the meeting of Parliament, declared for tho Ministry. At an early day after tho meeting, he ventilated his patriotism by declaring that “ It was astonishing to see the unanimity of opinion in the city of New York in favor of constitutional monarchy and British institutione.” He disclaimed all desire for Canadian independence or annexation, and expressed tho hope that “ When any annexation took place, we of , Canada would annex, and not be annexed to the United States.” This Air. Dodge is a remarka ble member of a remarkable family. The founder of tho family was one Anson G. Phelps, a merchant of New York engaged in the metal trade, and who was renowned for his commercial success and hia piety. He had several daugh ters; one married a man named James, who has resided since in Liverpool, another married W. E. Dodge, and another married James Stokes. The firm-namo has boon, in the United Slates, Phelps, Dodge & Co., and in England, Phelps, James & Co. Tho partners are the sons-in-law of- the elder Phelps, and their sons. This firm has been distinguished in American history for its ability io sell imported metals cheaper than any other house, and for the extreme piety of all its members. Mr. W. E. Dodge, Sr., is tho President of a Young Men’s Christian Association, is a loading member of the Presbyterian Church, and one of tho promoters of tho Evangelical Alliance. The house of Phelps, Dodge A Co. has lately been accused of defrauding the revenue by false invoices, giving false values to its imports. As this house gets its goods through its own firm in England, the false invoices must have been made out by its own members in England; must have been received hero by ito own mem bers ; and must have been preaented-at the Cus tom-House attested by the oaths of its own members. Tho real invoices, showing the real values, must, of course, bo in the possession of the firm. The frauds, therefore, if there were any, involved forgery, tho suppression of the real papers and tho presentation of false ones, tho whole attested by perjury on the part of somebody. The Custom-House not withstanding tho fact that Mr. Dodgo was a loading Republican, were forced to stop this business; they estimated tho fraud upon tho revenue at $500,000. Phelps, Dodge A Co. were extremely unwilling to have a trial; they, there fore, offered to compromise by paying 6270,000. Finally tho offer was accepted, and tho Dodges, Jameses, all tho uncles, brothers, sons, sons-in-law, nephews, Ac., of the Pholps- Dodge family were let free from prosecution.. Mr. Dodgo, of Canada, is a member of this family. His extraordinary performances as a member of the Canadian Parliament has drawn unusual attention to him, and ho is getting a thorough ventilation. It has been developed, and has been charged upon him, that ho iesorted to the most remarkable devices to get elected Among other things, ho was a loud and vehe. meut defender of religion, and appealed io tho religions support. On the ovo of his election he caused to he printed and circulated a letter, purporting to have been written by “ S. A. Clark, D. D.,” brother of Bishop Clark, to the Honorary Canon Ramsay, M. A., of New Market. The following is tho remarkable letter: Elizabeth, July 22, 1872. Bkv, akd Deab Sib Hearing that one of my dear est friends, A. G. P. Dodge, i* a candidate for Parlia mentary honor? jp your country, I cannot deny myself the -pleasure of urging upon you the important c ],4mH be baa upon your personal friendship and the entire confidence of your people, He is as uni versally beloved by all classes, especially the poor, as any man -who luw lived among us. Before going finit to rhe was a vestryman in St. John’s for be tween tdx and seven years, and did more for our par ish than any man in it. He was a princeJj giver to all good objects, anil aided the churches cl all denomina tions in the place with that broad hberality which so distinguishes him. The ophan asylnm In this place, to which ho contributed over {20,000, will ever he a monument to his generous Christian char acter. Mr. -Dodge wM {or years President of onr Xoung Men's Association, and w tb his own means established the large library and readingsrooma of the Association, and so good wort in this town was with out hia helping hand. One of ths important theolog THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, MARCH 30, 1873. leal seminaries of Ibo country was largely sustained by hia aid, and ha assisted in the formation and was a liberal patron of several of the noblest charities and scientific societies of our neighboring great City of New York, His name is in all the churches, and his acts of kindness and philanthropy were entendod to many places and people all over the United States. Ho Is certainly worthily folio Ting the footsteps of his father, the Hor. ‘William E. D*»dge, who is known as the most prominent lajman in the great Presbyterian Church of America ; a second Peabody; President of the Chamber of Commerce of New York, the highest position a merchant hero can fill. It was a source of sorrow for ns to lose Mr, Dodge, and your community may well be proud of him as a representative of*your people in Parliament. A man of more liberal, broad, Christian views cannot bo found. He was the friend of all denominations, and none speak ill of him. An energetic, earnest life for the good of others, and noble aud high alms ere his life's record. Wo can hardly say enough in his praise. The great business of the firm, his wonderful success, and the patriotic devotion he fsels for Canada, often expressed to mo, all his friends here appreciate. You could not find a better candidate for bringing aud press ing forwai *.l every good measure. I hope he wIU bo valued as he should be by bis now fellow-countrymen. Trusting that you will aid him as ho deserves, with great respect, very truly yours, S. A. Class, D. D. To this letter was appended one from Canon Ramsay, acknowledging its receipt from “ my friend, the Rev. 8. A. Clark, D. D.” aud advising Bodge to publish it. This was signed “ Septimus J. Ramsay, M. A.” It is now shown that Mr. Dodge wrote the Clark letter himself, signing that gcptleman’a name to it; that Canon Ramsay never received any such letter; never heard of Dr. Clark ; and his first knowledge of the use of hia name by Dodge was sovc» .1 months afterward. Both let ters, therefore, were forgeries, and Dodge haa been denounced with having published them, of course knowing the fact. Mr. Dodge haa, in Parliament, explained that he had writ ten authority from Dr. Clark to write what he pleased, and to attach Clark's name to it, and that the letter purporting to have been written by Canon Ramsay, was in fact written by some other Ramsay. This explana tion has hardly elevated Mr. Dodge in the esti mation of his now countrymen, and Dodge’s picture of Dodge, as the “univcraally-beloved of all classes”; “ a princely gri er to all good ob jects”; “hia geaeroua Christian character”; hia Presidency of “the Young Men's Association”; bis support of the “ Theological Seminary,” and liberal’ patronage of the “noblest charities”; that tf his name is in all the churches”; that ho is following in the footsteps of hia father, the “ most prominent layman in the great Presby terian Church of America; a second Peabody,” is regarded as & cool piece of impudence. But Mr. Dodge is receiving some delicate home thrusts, which to a more sensitive man would bo uncomfortable. A report of a recent debate on railroad monopolies is thus reported; air. Dodgo then referred to tho speech of a Liberal member who bad preceded him, and declared that ho could almost have believed that that gentleman be longed to the Legislature of the State of lllinoiu, which was worse than all else ; and not to so honorable and noble a body as tho House of Commons of tho Do minion of Canada, air. Dodge took his seat amid gen eral applause from tho Tory benches. Ha was followed by Mr. Charlton, who is another of the three members of Parliament who are Americans by birth. Mr. Charlton declared that Canada was In debted to the United States for many things,—among others, for freedom from Imperial taxation, for the possession of numerous inventions, for the nu merous and valuable productions of her liter ary men, and for vast sums of money invested In Canadian enterprises; but tho last tad \ A gifts wo had received from the United Slates was a Dodge, and forthia we never could be too thankful. Mr, Dodge bad brought to his recol lection some lines of Sir Walter Scott: * * Breathes there a man with soul so dead. That to himself has never e&ld, This is ray own. my native land J” “Iteeems,” says Mr. CharUon, u that «roch a sou animates the body of a man who breathes at this mo ment on the floor of the House of Commons, and I for one do not feel like trusting him. ilia conversion is too sudden and his zeal is too great.” Mr. Charlton then defended the Legislature and the State of Illinois, and proceeded to detail some of the adtnirablj features of the Illinois Constitution, among which were the provision for minority representation, the abolition of the functions of the lobby through the prohibition of legislation upon private bills, and the admirable pro vision for preventing the formation ol railway monopo ica. This Mr, Anson Grcon Phelps Dodge, the de nationalized American, will probably have a lively time serving as ,; a loyal subject of my Queen,” in the Dominion Parliament. THE EIGHTS CP MAEBIED MEN. There is no question that the woraan’s-rights movement has extorted very important conces sions from law and society. The Supremo Court of this State has recently given a decision which recognizes the progress that has been made as fully as Mies Emily Faithful! herself could ask, though it is not as radical as Miss Susan B. An thony or Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton would probably have demanded. Judge Thornton has distinctly defined the right of a married woman to bo sued for her, .own slan ders. Such a conclusion comprehends a full recognition of separate property and individual responsibility, of which it is the natural sequence. Tho case was one in which Janet Raison had sued John Martin for damages on account of slanderous words that had been used against her by Margaret Martin, his wife. At common law, the husband would have been liable; the Supremo Court has now decided that, under tho Illinois statute of ICG9, the husband’s liability has ceased.. The action must bo against tho wife, and t' o damages, ii any, must bo col lected out of her separate estate. Marriage, under the common law, gave the husband tho undisputed conti ol of his wife and her possessions. Any property which she might have at tho fane of marriage became his in law ; be was entitled to the fruits of her labor, tho rents and profits of her real estate, and absolute dominion over her po.aonal property. Under a statute of this State, passed in 1861, a married woman became entitled to tho separate owner ship of any property which she possessed at the time of contracting the marriage, and of all property which she should acquire in good faith after marriage from any person other than her husband- In ISC9, a law was passed by the Illinois Legislature providing that a married woman shall bo entitled to receive, use, and possess her own earnings and sue for the same in her own name, free from the Interference of her husband or his creditors. Justice Thornton holds, and with him the majority of the Supreme Bench, that those statutes materially change tho temporal relations of husband and wife, and that tho former can no longer bo held liable for tho debts which his wife may contract, nor for the damages which she may indict with a tdanderous tongue. The principle of common law which determined the husband’s liability was that the wife brought him all her worldly possessions, acquired cither before or after marriaj/e; that tho husband was entitled to all her earnings; and that, if she had no property and earned no money, she still brought him the wealth of affection, and the material assistance of rearing a family, and tho comforts and joys of domestic life. It was con sequently held that the husband assumed an important debt to his wife, and that he became Uable for the necessaries of life, the reasonable debts she migat contract, and the responsibilities she might Incur while under his control. A hus- band could, under thcso circumstances, bo sued for damages on account of slanders uttered by bis wife, and the victim could get judgment against him. Justice Thornton holds that the ancient land marks of the conjugal relation have been effaced by the statutes mentioned, and that man and wifo are now distinct entities in law. They may have separate legal estates, contracts, debts, and in juries. It is simply the duty of the courts to protect the sanctity of the marriage relation, so that the statutes cannot bo construed as a prac tical divorcement. Otherwise, the husband and wifo must appear separately, must euo and be sued apart, and that neither of them can be hold liable for tho torU of tho other. They remain bound by a solemn contract to mutual respect, to tho samo house hold, and to the same affection, forbearance, and intimacy as heretofore. But as tho wifo may now own her own furniture, her own books, her own paintings, and her own coupon bonds; &s she may acquire her own real estate, and dispose of her own earnings; as she may go into busi ness on her own account, enter into partnership with a third party, and, in all legal matters, as sume an independent attitude; os she may enter upon any in life in rivalry with her husband, it is hold that the husband can no longer bo accountable for her actions, or re sponsible for injuries she may commit. She must pay her own debts out of her own proper ty, and she must suffer tho consequences of her own slanders, her own assaults, and her own batteries. No one will undertake to question tlie reason ableness and justice of this decision. The law was provided as a protection for innocent and hard-working women against tho abuses of worthless husbands, that were possible under the old order of things. It turns out that it also acts as a protection for innocent and hard-work ing husbands against tho acts of reckless wives, given to extravagance and slander. Tho pro tection in ono casois quite as just as in tho other. There aro those who believe that it would have boon bettor to preserve tho identity of husband and wife in tbo close unity *o£ mar riage according to common law, but they will bo partially satisfied at to be judicially de clared that wha*t is sauce for tho goose is likewise sauce for the gander. A law similar to that prevailing in this Stato for tho protection of married women has been proposed in tho British Parlia ment, but has been received with doubt and mis giving. Tho English journals speak of it as an effort to incorporate marriage under tho firm uamo and title of Man and Wife (Limited). English notions are conservative, and in no other relation more so than in that of marriage. They have been accustomed to regard tho hus band in the light of general sponsor for tho good behavior of his wifo. Ho has been bold accountable in law to this extent. The conserv ative English husbands may feel more reconciled to tho new departure, however, when they learn that tho proposed change in tbo marital rela tions will likewise relieve them from their old responsibilities for tho gossip of the sewing 10- ciotioa. It may still bo felt that the construction which the Illinois Supreme Court has put upon the law may bo productive of numerous and easy frauds in tbo way of rapid transfers of prop erly and debts between husband and wifo. The marriage relation affords special facilities for fixing the ownership of property whore it may be moat convenient for the time being. * The law, however, must take cognizance of these along with other frauds, and their possibility cannot affect tho clearly logical conclusion that tbo husband is not held responsible for tbo debts or injuries of his wife when ho has ceased to control her property, earnings, and business speculations. COOKERY. An important want of the American people is good cookery. The American restaurants set tables loaded with indigestible faro. In the American hotels, all dishes are apparently cooked in the same ntensiL The American boarding house has achieved a national, if not a world wide, reputation, for the total depravity of its

culinary character. Even in onr wealthy homos, where there is a commendable pride in the menu, there are painful deficiencies and short comings. American housekeepers seem to take it for granted that, if a cook is high priced, ho must bo a good cook, and that if his cookery is only expensive, it must bo excellent, when the reverse is nearly always the case, as Prof. Blot in his lecturing tour con clusively showed. Americans have very little ides of the hidden properties of bones, and the resources which are concealed in the waste of the table. How many Amer ican cooks can take the roast of to-day and place it upon the table to-morrow, so that it shall give no sign of over having been on the lablo before, and, perhaps, oven place it on the table for a third time, without its being recognized ? To do this requires genius. The successful cook must bo an artist; for cooking is one of tiie arts. If painting, which gratifies the eye, and music, which pleases the ear, are dig nified with places among the arts, certainly any thing which tickles the palate belongs there also. But our cooks, instead of being artists, are plodders. They move within a little circle of traditions and routine, and cook from recipes. Thcycando a few things pretty well, bnt failinan emergency. They learn only what has boon taught them. This is not art. Art is progres sive. It ia always reaching out for new combi nations and effects. In tbo hands of a cook who is truly great, very slight and apparently unim portant materials are capable of being worked into tbo most novel and delightful effects. The real artist of the skillet is continually devising now forms and making now combinations. In two dishes alone, beef a la mode and beef a la flammandc , it is astonishing bow, with meat, a few vegetables and spices, a great cook will make dishes fit to serve a King, for it is not nec essary that these two dishes should always bo the same ; on the other hand, they are capable of almost endless variety. With soups and salads and eggs, there is no limit to the com binations which an artist can make, Wo are still in the very infancy of soups and salads, and have as yet no idea of the possibilities lurking in them which future genius will develop. A work on German National Cookery has re cently been published, which is creating consid erable excitement in Europe. In England, an effort ia being made to adapt it to the national kitchen, and the experiment* is worth trial in this country. Americana have an unworthy pror Judice against German cookery, which is founded ■upon the fact that two or three of their dishes have a peculiar embarrassment or riches, — like caviar, saner kraut, Bamberger, hand cheese, and some varieties of sausage. There is no danger, however, that these dishes will ever become naturalized, and it is as absurd to obiect to German cookery because it includes . theeo dishes, as it would bo to object to French cookery because some Frenchmen eat horse flesh, frogs, and snails. Every national menu has its monstrosities. Tho American baa boiled salt codfish, hash, and greasy pastry. There is great richness and variety, however, in Ger man cookery, and many of their dishes com bine both excellence and economy. The work in question gives directions cot only for making soups,—which may ho called cosmopolitan.—but also for soups to ho oaten in Lent, and milk, wine, and fruit soups, which ore unknown hero. Wo hardly need mention that delicious com pound of eggs and beef-tea, tho bouillon of the French, which tho Germans have fairly appro priated to themselves. Tho lover of fish will find in this volume how to dress trout and cels in jelly os well as tho secrets of fish ragout, cut lets, and heignets,—combinations which would strike an American cook dumb with astonish ment,—as well as tho sauces made from mussels, cray-fish, oysters, and sardines. In tho cooking of game, German genius is transcendent. In the stuffing of game, there is nothing which can sup ply tho place of tho chestnut, which is in very common use. In stuffing a turkey, for instance, the cook is recommended to boil, peel, and pound two pounds of chestnuts, and to mix them with a force-meat of calf’s liver, onion, eggs, spices, Ac. Boast goose is also stuffed with chestnuts and prunes, half-stewed and mixed with apples. Thor© is something fairly Horatian and delightfully fresh and breezy in pigeons cooked in vine leaves, partridges covered with vine loaves and rashers of bacon, poultry in jolly, and chickens slumbering in asparagus. Who that has over eaten an artis tic German game pastry, —that concentration of all delightful flavors, —garnished with vegetable arabesque and mosaic, washed down with a bottle of Sauterne and succeeded by a Berlin pancake and fromago do Bris, can over forget his sensations ? In salads, the German uses every known vegetable and almost every known fish, and yot, in our crude culinary endeavors, wo havo not got beyond lobster, chicken, lettuco, andcclery ealads.olthoughealods are almost indispensable in this climate, In the spring months. Tho American lovers of beer would undoubtedly find much enjoyment in beef stowed in it and agreeably flavored, and it certainly would need no education to Icam to eat tho Klosao, those little balls of eggs, bread, coarsely-ground corn, meat, and fish, which are sometimes (propped into soups, and impart such delightful flavors to them. In puddings, pasties, and farinaceous dishes, no cooks in the world, not even tho French, can surpass tho Gormans* Their number is legion, and from tho plain coffee-cake up to the eighteen-egged Suster cake, there is not one on the list which is not perfect in its way and delightful to tho taste. . Americana have taken kindly to German beer, German wines, German literature, German music, German art, and Gorman Gemuetlichkcit, and wo believe that with the exception of a few of the more pronounced dishes, which grow out of the necessities of German climate, that they will find little difficulty in taking the beat part of German cookery and adapting it to their kitchens. We have no distinctive cookery of our own except a distinctively bad one, and it is time that the peculiarly American maladies of dyspepsia and indigestion were checked by the adoption of bolter dishes. Wo havo already transplanted many English and French dishes. Give tho Germans a chance. VILLAGE SCANDAL. It la a commoA remark that Chicago was set forward ten yeara by the fire. The mingled town and Tillage aspects are gone, with thobuild inea of the early day that hold the latter character In the centre of the city. The tendency ia to the metropolitan in every thing,—buildings and their uses, stores and their occupants. And vil lage notions are passing away with them. Even advertisers cease to insist on locations “ at easy distance from the Post-Office,” and a mile of onr present area seems less than four or five blocks a few seasons ago. We are getting to bo a com munity of strangers. No one expects to know and nod to half the audience at church or theatre, and, as to knowing one’s neighbors, that baa become a lost art. One of the few lingering traces of the old transparent town life, where everybody know everybody else, is presented in the raids on local neighborhoods and church congregations that have become a staple with the Chicago Times. Imagine the possibility of such journalism in any of tbo older cities. What Kew York or Philadelphia journal would give apace to the gossip of sewing-societies, mite societies, church-choirs, sociables, prayer-meet ings, baptisms, Sunday-schools, and veatry rooms, rehashed into printed scandal and'spiced with malice ? Who would think of making a newspaper topic of deacons, doreasca, sopranos, class-leaders, sextons, trustees, organists, and the boys andgirla of the congregation ? Itbolongs to the worst class of newspaperenterprise of small towns, whore everybody knows everybody else, and the stranger that is within his gates. Al though wholly contemptible, it is not very harm ful, because Chicago ia now of so largo a growth that, were the caricatured •presentments more life-like than they are, the descriptions could not be fitted with names by one in ten of the regular attendants in any of the con gregations thus assailed. It would have been different a few years ago, when an active reporter could have ascertained in a ten minutes’ research what our leading citizens had for dinner, who ate with his knife, who chews tobacco, and who lends money at 2 per cent a mouth. But such enterprise was not then dreamed of. The affliction cannot last long. Chicago baa outgrown neighborhood gossip. Wo trust the church congregations will take this view of. the matter, and sit for their pictures calmly. Mr. Casaubon, the learned pundit of "Mid dlemarch," Bpcnt most of his life in collecting the materials for a work to bo entitled “ The Key to All Mythologies.” Unfortunately, he died before all his memoranda wore finished, and tho amiable Dorothea, his literary executrix, after yainly striving to master tho index to his vast accumulations, gave up in despair. 80 tho Key to All Mythologies was lost. The American sculptor, Story, has supplemented the work of the lamented Casaubon, to some extent, in a paper which ho has contributed to tho Fortnight ly Review, which is just now making something of a sensation in England. It is entitled “A Conversation with Marcus Aurelius.” Mr. Story falls asleep over tho Meditations of the dead Emperor, and has a vision and a conversation on the religious beliefs of the ancient world. Wo 'give place to this rather remarkable paper in to-day’s Tribute. There are some passages in ifc which will, perhaps, give offence to some readers , but it is altogether a high-toned and reverent production. Tho Meditations of Mar cus Aurelius were once translated into Italian by a Roman Catholic Cardinal, who dedicated it, on the titla-page, to his own soul, “that it might blush redder than his purple at sight of the vir tues of this heathen.” A PEEP INTO LITERARY WORKSHOPS. BI PBOF. WILLIAM MATHEWS, OF THE U>TVELSITY OF CHICAGO. flow shall we write ? Shall wo, who cam our livingwith tho pen, jot down our first thoughts in tlie first order that occurs to us, or shall wa, before wreaking them upon expression brood over them like a hen ovor her eggs, and, when wo have put them on paper, blot, prune, touch, and retouch our sentences, with the utmost care ? That literature, though it requires pecu liar talents for its successful prosecution, is also to bo regarded as an art , which exacts a certain degree of acquired skill, will bo admitted by all. Unlike the other arts, however, it has no appren ticeships, no recognized schools of instruction, no grades of teachers or scholars, but is lerrnod and practised by every man in his own way, with no bints or helps but such as his own brain or chance observations may afford him; and hence a peep into tho workshops of those whom tho world has honored as masters of the art, —a glance at their methods of producing their mag ical effects, —may be both pleaaaiit and profit able. There are some literary advisors, of high repute, who denounce all blots, eras ures, and alterations. “Write as you talk,” says John Neal. Unfortunately, his success docs not commend his counsel. No writer has shown more conclusive ly by his failures that a merciless pruning of tho vine is necessary to its fruitfulness. Neal has abundant talents, even genius; but Washington Irving would make more of a Scotch pebble by its brilliant* sotting than Neal by hia method of tho crown jewel of tho Emperor of all tho Bua sias. A Never think of mending what you write,” says Cobbott; “lot it go; no patching.” “Endeavor,” says' Niebuhr, “never to strike out anything of what you have once written down. Punish yourself by allowing once or twice something to pass, though you see you might give it bettor.” “Write, write, by all means,” says another. “ Take, if you will, the first subject that comes to your hand; but be sure to treat it in tho first mode that comes into your head. By pursuing this process, you will soonest arrive at tho art of thinking with your own thoughts. Celerity best disperses tho valor' of the brain, and rallies ideas into shape and service. • * * As to the modes of explaining your subject, lay aside your pen, drop the design of authorship altogether, go back to your ordinary walking and talking, aud endeavor to content yourself therewith, if you feel within you the stirrings of a moment’* hesi tation on this head. ‘Second thoughts are best,' is a beggarly adage, the invention of tho timid, the refuge of the weak, the parent of universal scepticism. How can that claim to be tho birth of your mind, which is the production of deliberate selection, and of which you may never determine whether it shall be born at all ? And what right have you to offer to the world wisdom which has need to be criticised and sifted beforehand ? GanganelU says truly that a man might often find at the nib of his pen what ha goes a great way in search of, —and I main tain that no man who writes from pure lovo of writing, ahculd be allow ed to hold a pen, if he require to travel for its illustrations much beyond its nib. I should like to know where originality is to bo found, if it be not in a man's first thoughts, or truth, save in tho spontaneous tes timony of his faculties for discerning it ?” There is force in these suggestions; no doubt there are persons with intellectual idiosyncrasies, for whom this is tho best advica that could be given. Some writers cannot correct. They exhaust their ardor in tho tint creative act, and every addition is a weakness. There are others, again, who by long practice acquire at last a facility by which they can dash off sentences and chapters with marvelous ease and rapidity. Sir Walter Scott waa a writer of this class. He never know what it is to bite tho nails for & thought or ah expression, nor did ho ever waste a moment with the file. Ho wrote in a whirl wind of inspiration, and was so hurried along, that his brain resembled a high-pressure engine, the steam of which is perpetually up, every time he entered his study imrl lifted a pen. Gifted with a prodigious memory,— a memory that held everything with a viae-liko grasp—a vivid imagination, a fluent pen, and a spirit th&rcourted difficulties instead of quailing before them; he needed only an incident or a tradition to start with in any of hia novels; and when ho had laid down “ the keel of a story,” it grew under hia hands like a ship under tho hands of a thousand carpenters. The second and third volumes of Waverly ho dashed off in three ?*eeka, and a half dozen weeks sufficed to produce the whole of Gwj Zlannering. “I havfc often been amused,” he says, “ with the critics distinguish ing some passages as particularly labored, when tho pen passed over the whole as fast as it could move, and tho eye never again saw them, except in proof.” A wondrous talent this; yet it must be admitted that Scott waa an incorrect writer Scotticisms and awkward peculiarities of phraso abound in his writings, and his poetry is often as slovenly as his proae. Ho wrote with a wonderful concentration of mind ; but this taxed hia brain fearfully, and at last destroyed it. Byron wroto with equal rapidity. Ho had a volcanic brain, and threw off The Corsair in ten days, and The Bride of Ahydos in four days. While his poems wore printed, he added to and corrected them, but never recast them. “ I told you before,” he writes, “ that I con never recast anything. I am like the tiger. If I miss the first spring, I go grumbling hack to my jungle again ; but if Ido it, it is crushing.” It was his custom to write out his first ideas as they come, and continue till the afflatus was over, when, finding hia blood cooling in reaction, he would sot himself critically to work, and retrench, and pare, and modify os liberally as ho had written. When writmg bis Bon Juan in Italy, he used to sit up far into tho night, with his brandy and water, —hia later substitute for the glorious Hippocrene of his first efforts, —and write away till the cock-shout of light summoned him to bed. Tho next day waa usually spent in cutting down tho produc tion of the night to one-half tho number of stan zas, polishing, and otherwise improving tho work. Byron’s writing, though swift, waa not easy; it was hard and harassing, and, aided by brandy, it bowed him, “ gray and ghastly,” into tho grave at the early age of 37. Syd ney Smith waa another rapid writer. Writing as he talked, with tho dash of & man of keen wit and high intelligence, he never stopped to round off or polish his periods,—never altered or cor rected. Indeed, he was so impatient of this, that he could hardly bear tho trouble sven of looking over what he had written; but would frequently throw down the manuscript on the table as soon as finished, and sav, start ing up and addressing hia wife: Thor© it is done; now, Kate, do look it over, and put in dots to the i’s and strokes to tho t’a.” It is said that Fenolon wrots his Telemaque'in three months, and there were not ton erasures in the original manuscript. Gibbon, who was so lOrg in hitting the keynote in the first chapters of his immortal history, sent tho last three quarto volumes uncopied to the press ; and the same copious readiness attended Adam Smith, who dictated to hia amanuensis while ho walked about his study. Dr. Johnson, in counselling- voting writers, ad vise a them to train their minds to start promptly for it is easier to improve in accuracy thar in speed. Robert Hall used to lament that he wrote eo slowly and laboriously that he could write but little, while that had a stiffness from which his spoken style was free.' Whatever the advantages of deliberate composition, no man of sense will pretond that ihe Horatian rule, 2?onum prematur in annum, is of universal application. Thackeray has shrewdly suggested that a man who thinks of putting away a composition for tan years before civing it to the world, or eierclaing his own matnra Judgment npon it, ebonid first be snr# of the original strength and duration of the work; otherwise, on with-, drawing it from the crypt, ho may find that, like some small wine, it has lost what flavor it ones had, and, when opened, is only tasteless. Again it must be admitted that even to be unpleasantly hurried is not always and purely an evil In writing for the press. Hundreds of persons can testify that hurry and severe compression from an instant summons that brooks no delay have a tendency to furnish tho flint and steel foi eliciting sudden scintillations of originality,— originality displayed at one time in the pic* turosqno felicity of the phrase, at another in the thought or its illustrations. IVho docs nol know that to improvise is, sometimes, in effect, to bo forced into a consciousness of creative energies that would else have slumbered through life? Such was tho case with tho “ Wizard oi tho North, - ' Sir Walter Scott. “I cannol pull well in long traces,” ho used to say, “when tho draught is far behind mo. I love to heal the press thumping, clattering, and banging in my ear; it creates tho necessity which almost always makes mo work beet.” Do Quin coy remarks that tho same stimulation to the creative faculty occurs even more notoriously in musical improvisations; aud all groat executants on tho organ have had reason to bemoan their ability to arrest those sudden felicities of im passioned combinations, and those flying ara besques of loveliest melody, which tho magnetic inspiration of the moment has availed to excite. Bat, while some wiitora dash off their best thing* at a heat, aud others, like Campbell, tho poet, dawdle too much over their compositions, and only weaken them by tho excessive use of tho fllo, for most men the rule is absolute, that great labor is the price of excellence. The prompt ness of conception and quick master-touch of the fino writer are acquired only after years of toil; it is tho experience of the veteran, ac complishing with ease what seamed impossible to the raw recruit. By years of incessant prac tice and painstaking, tho delicate instruments of the mind become at last so lubricated, and so fitted to their work, that, when the steam is up, it performs its task with tho promptness and pre cision of a machino. As Pope says: True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, As they move easiest who have learned to dance. Shenstone has finely said that fino writing is the result of spontaneous thoughts and labored composition. If we look at the first draught* of tho great works that have immortalized thoii authors, we shall find that they are often com paratively slight and imperfect, like the ruda chalking for a masterly picture. Ten long years elapsed between the first sketch of Goldixnith’a Traveler and its final completion. Twenty lines in a day he thought a brilliant feat, and B shop Percy tells us that not a line in all hia poems stands as ho first wrote it. Young, ridiculing haaty composition, counsels authors to “writa and rewrite, blot out, and write again,” adding; Time only can mature the lab'rlng brain. Time is the father, tnd tho midwife pain: The same good sense that makes a man cxcsl. Still makes him* doubt be ne'er has written well. Downright Impossibilities they seek: What man can be immortal in a week ? Cowper, a vigorous but moat painstaking poet, declares that “to touch and retouch is tho secret of almost all good writing, especially in verse." Burns was another hard worker with tho brain. Easily as his verao seems to have dropped from his pen, it was really the product of much toil. He was fastidious to a fault in perfecting his phrase and rhythm. “ Easy composition, but la borious correction,” is his own characterization of his mode of writing. Even the poet Moore, whoso verso is so singularly mellifluous, liquid, and facile, has remarked that “ labor ia tho parent of all the lasting wonders of the world, whether in verso or atone, whether poetry or pyramids.” Of Shelley, Medwin, his biographer, tells us that he practised tho severest self-criticism, and that his manuscripts, like those of Tasso at Fer rara, wore so full of blots and interlineations as to be scarcely decipherable. Campbell was so scrupulously fastidious as to nicety of expres sion, that, in ridicule of the rareness and diffi culty of his literary parturition, especially when the offspring of his throes was poetical, one of his waggish friends used gravely to assert that, on passing his residence when he was writing Theodoric, he observed that tho knocker was tied up, and the street in front of tho house covered with straw. Alarmed at these appear ances, he gently rang the bell, and inquired anxiously after tho poet's health. “Thank you, sir,” was the servant’s reply, “ master ia doing as well as can he expected.” “Good heavens! as well os can bo expected! What has happened to him?” 14 Why, sir, he was this morning de livered of a couplet!” Bur&o bad all his principal works printed once or twice at a private press before handing them to his publisher. Sheridan not only watched long and anxiously for a fine idea, but turned it over an.d over on the literary anvil, and rewarded himself for the toil by a glass of generous port. Gray wrote fastidiously; so did Pope, and Akinside, and Addison. Charles Lamb’s most sportive essays were the result of intense brain-labor; be used to spend a week at times in elaborating a single humorous letter to a friend. It ia curious, considering the mercurial tharacter of tho French, with what weari some care and slowness many of theil authors have written. Malherbe, the fathci of French poetry, composed with prodigious care and tardiness,* and racked his brain unceasingly to correct what he had produced. Moliero passed whole days in fixing upon a proper epithet for rhyme. Bousscau’s works, which so charm us by their simplicity and ease, were witten with almost incradiblo pains. Ha eat in full dress always, like Handel at the organ, and wrote on the finest gilt-edged paper, with extreme fastidiousness and care. On the other hand, Dr. Johnson’s Rambler papers, the stylo of which ia so elephantine, cumbrous, and labored, were thrown off with the utmost rapidi ty, and. sent in hot haste to tho press. Buffon wac another spruce and trim author, who, from title-page to colophon, wrote in bag-wig and ruffles, and has left tho well-known saying that “genius is patienco.” Evou Borangor’a light, chirping verse, which seems os spontaneous aa tho twittering of a sparrow, was the result of intense labor, the author bestowing weeks and months upon a single song, to give to it that ap pearance of ease and simplicity which aided .po much in witching the reader. On the whole, the result of our peap into the workshops of literary men is not to proposses ua in favor of rapid writing. The boat writers do not time themselves like race-horses, and tho boast of facility which we sometimes bear from young writers, Instead of being creditable, only shows “a pitiful ambition in the fool who makes it.” Tho veins of golden thought do not lie upon the surface of the mind; timo and patience are required to work the shafts, and bring out the glittering ore. “Ie temps n'epargne pas C 5 gu’on fait sans lui t —Tima spares nothing pro duced without his aid,” says Boiloan. It is a literary as well as a physiological law, that longevity demands a long period of gestation. An elephant is not prolific, but its offspring out lives whole generations of the inferior animals whoso incubation is of moro frequent occurrence. Half the failures that occur in literature are due, as th y are due in art, in business, in every kind of pursuit, to self-conceit in tho aspirant, loading him to despiso labor, and to fancy that his slightest effort is sufficient to win success. It ia an ago of improvisation that wo live in,—of im promptu reform, impromptu legislation, Im promptu iir-ention, literature, philosophy. Tha volubility and vehemence of extempore elor quence in the pulpit, the cut-and-thrusfc style of criticism in magazines and reviews, the labor? saving, hot-houio schemes of education, so laucb in vogue, indicate, by their popularity, tha spirit of the a£e. All is steam, electricity, rail? road rush. 41 Who bHaII deliver me from tha Greeks and Bomans?” cried in agony the classic ridden Frenchman. “Who will deliver us froa* those annihilatora of time and space ?” cry

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