2 JUSTICES’ FINES. How.Beautiful are tlie Oonsoiontioua Soruplos of J. Pis When Ricy-Resnlt in Retaining tho Finos They luDicf. in Their Own ■ . ■ Pockots. Another Specimen Brick to Add to the Pile of Magisterial De . * . linquonoy. A Law That Is Not Carried Out, Reports . TUat nro Never Made, nnd Money Tlint Is Never I’aid, statements of Tub Tribune, to an understand--' log of tbo abuses of tbo Constables doing busi ness in tbo city, may profitably loam, something as to tbo Justices. It is tbo writer's purpose to speak of Justices, as a class, not os individuals. Those people may bo dubbed tbo guides, pbilos ■> ophors and friends of the Constables, as thb Con stables are tbo right-band men of tbo Justices. Aa an individual man, and an American citizon, the average Justice may lay claim to bo consider ed tbo noblest work of tbo creaiio'b, but tho claim is oil bosh; tho Justice is only half a. man without his Constable. Tbo Justice and the Constable may bo considered equivalent to one man, aud in that light regarded as the ** noblest work.” The two, together, bbund into bho, indeed present a beautiful pldturo of tho moan material out of which noble works oro sometimes produced. This Is not so with regard - to all Justices and oil Constables; it would ba ton horrifying to think that out of tbo ninety odd Justices, and many hundreds of Constables, that grow wealthy on foes that can bo domdn ■trated to a certainty to be unequal to a decent living, tboro is not to bo found ono honest citi eon. Many people claim that Haines is honest, ~ that DoWolf is honest, that Walsh Is honest, and the venerable - hood ’ of' Austin ’ (s a staring protest that Us wearer’ is' honest, and the rustle Justices lay claim to bo; lot alone by reason of their few opportunities.- It Is to ho hoped that they will all turn out right' , aide up at tho bar of that other Justice where' the Bible tolls us wo shall have some day to! meet. And, meanwhile, The Tribune will give tho exceptions, if tboro beany, all the credit' . they can fairly ask, until found out. . ~ ‘ 'lmprimis, it woa shown, iu that expose of Banyon,Tast Saturday, thot aH the Justices, who , had tho.chonoo, bavo proved .themselves' willful and flelibqrato violators of the . law, 1 which Is . poarooly a first-class certificate of honesty. ' Sectmdis: ’lt is intended to proyo that most of them aro holding onto tho fines belonging to - tho It will bo well to suspend Judgment as to their* honesty, on tho second count of the indictment, ’ ’pntil tho 1 reader "gets through with the facta fbout to ..ho. sot forth, when-oaob immaculate Citizen can Judge for him or her self; promising ; only that whether wo make out a case that shall Convict certain parties of downright. robbery, or ‘ simply prove that a very influential class of ofti ' * oialtf ore holding money in default of a law to detect or relievo them, whichever term may bo preferred, tho writer will at least have placed ' pofore the people the facta connected with a itato of affairs that is intolorablo and abomina ble in . a .progressive community'; and which ' Jaws must, If necessary, bo enacted to romedy. ' . Everybody knows that tbo disposition of tho j .fines Inflicted under the State laws, for all sorts .. Of misdemeanors, baa boon a sorco of infinite . pother aud trouble. It was formerly tbo fashion : lb require such fines to bo paid to the School Fund, but the amount of money realized was so ' ndlouiously small, os compared to the fines ro oelvod, that reform was considered necessary. ‘Without inflicting on tbo reader a tedious his tory of how it came about, it is sufficient to say that, by the Public Laws of 1805, the whole of these fines became payable to tbo Law Institute of-Oook County, one-half to bo retained by the Institute, and tbo other half to be . paid over to tho School -Fund, - Email ,os tbo. amount was, previously, It has boon discovered by a representative of ' The Tribune to havo dwindled down under, tho reform to loss than ouc-fifth, of the original; Many of the Justices pretend that they have withhold payment, owing to conscientious scru . pies as to whether the law in question, being a . ipocial law, is now applicable^ ‘• ■Othors boldly lay claims to most of tho fines! .'lnsisting bn^‘thoir right to hold them for Court and other .costs, .and. this is tho im portant ■pointr-quietly .ignore the whole thing'. They pin- tholr-faitb -to that convenient-belief, non-committal. They have never refused to PV» they. But they bavo failed to report what they bavo' received, and gradually crown out of recollection. -, The fact is, there Is only one way of finding out whether a Justice has failed iu his dut7 or not, that is, by requiring him to report what • Bums he has received,.- Ho con ropovc ' or not lust os helikos; andif ho does \ o i 'report, who totpsay whether ;h'd is, or merely a man of- consclontioua d cnxplos ? Meanwhile , (neae persons arc gror; lßg rio if. . Bomo 0 f them ' being worth hund^ >aß - of thousands of dollars , m afow' .pijyjj of tins kind of light and Tooae sur^jaioh,—or rather want of sunorvis tbr there is no ono authorized by law to Took Into iboir accounts, os in England; tboro. •very magistrate’s account is overhauled by tbo Auditors of the Homo Office, and not. only ovory . cent by'tbera received paid over to tbo county to .. which it.belongs, but ovory cent that has boon Illegally ob&rgedto tbo,prisoner caused to bo re funded by-tbo rapacious-official. - . A B 'before. said, tbo only way of finding out • whether Justices are complying with tbo law, or • not, by. paying ovor their fines to somo proper po;«op Is, by tlioir first reporting that they have received such fines., The ovil is, they do not re port, The Secretary of tho Law Institute cun hardly go up to such and such a Justice; aud say, • .‘■‘Horo, hnud .ovpr those linos; Ikuow.you’vo 'got aomo." Tho Justice w'ouldprobably, if safely . §ble; kiot him out; or order a Constable to'look , 'after him in a fatherly sort of way those follow “ have. So.tbo quojtlon is: What’s to bo done? Lofpublip. opinion decide. The Tribune sets forth the facts. ' Tbo ovil will, soon right, itself; that ’is to say, if it .bo an evil, phen .a class of. men, bolding Impor tant ; positions Involving' ; tho liberty pf r tho citizen, are in practice Tosponsiblo to no * . bpdy for the lines they bnposo, if they report tp . nobody, and pay tbo money to nobody. It may be B negative sort of dißbondaty ; and of that ' tho people will form individual opinions. Tbo valuo of an occasional overhauling of a Justice's docket was demonstrated .by tbo.recent discovery of a Tribune reporter of Justice Bunyon’s ox :tfaordinary violation of tho law In tbo King case —that dockot which was so Jealously locked up ' from tbo prying eves'of the citizen’; that docket that disclosed such startling .proofs of lawlcss -• ness, by a man sworn to administer the law, tbo • -very first time it was looked into. / . i ''.There are ovor ninety Justices of . tho Peace in Cook County, to whom tho following circular „haa boon. sent, by tbo Treasurer of tbo Law' . Institute , ,i r. . Drab Sxnt Permit mo to call your attention., to tbq tbo law priutcil bduw, which require “■ you to pay over to mo curtain tines ami penalties imJ posed,and collected by you, ami make fall report ’to tno In regard to same from i time’.to time. .Kudosed find form for your report. Fill it up um\ return to Assistant Librarian at, or address to,..Mciflcago'Law ... Institute, Room 19, Now Olty Hall, Cblcago.” together . ' with the amount of such flues .and pcualtlcs. You fill please make such report as required by such law < ’ U your esrlloat convenience." All tines und-penalties ■ ire payable to tho Institute, except those V Incurred or’ . -Imposed in Incorporated towns or cities for- the viola tion,of the bylaws or .ordinances thereof,” aud also except those Imposed for, trespass to school lands. See PubUaLaws! lßos, page 124; also Oroea r Statutes, BdSd., page 707,; Youre respectfully, O. H, HOBTOH, • ; - Treasurer of Ohlcago Law luatliute. An Act In relation to certain fines and ponaltloa In. (look County.' - lit U enacted by lh*reopti q}'iht Utati Jitinoiij in th» General Atttvtbly : , \ .Beoilom 1. Thatallflnos and, ponalllo* that maybe tin posed by any Court or MagUtrf to In tbo County ol Cook, 1 and which byibelawsofthiaHtatebflooinoa.pnrt ortho ichool fund of said County, and all One* Imiioiod by any ■MogistratporCourtfor contempt in told County, shall hereafter be paid by tho officer roootTlng tbo same to the Treasurer of the Chicago Law Institute, one-half tburoof to bu held by bliu fur the Institute, and tho other lum to -' be paid over by him to tho County Superintendent of Schools of said Quanty foe school purposes, to be appUod by each Buperimouduutla the manner now provided by Maw for tbo disposition of dues aud penalties receivable lor school purposes. All snob fines aud penalties shall be payable to such Treasurer on tho tlrst Monday in January, April, July, and October la each year. ' . bgo. 9. The Troastmir of said liw Institute shall, upon - ‘ 'entering on tbo daUueof bis office, execute a bond In the , pcnslsumof 81.COC, with ono or mare sureties, lobe ap proved by one of the Judges of the Superior Court of DMeago, payable to the County Superintendent of Schools In Cook County and his successors la otlioo. for school purposes, conditioned that he will faithfully account for aniTvv OTsr til him all mnnavs which lumuhsMllMsd to reealre for school tmrpoMi trader and bjTTlrttto'br (ho pr p*awit iaStlWof tho Peaoool!olhor^la*Utr«to In tho Oouotjr of Oook, fehall ontor upon hie dooltol the title Of 1 owry oaoio qr. tnottor In. wlilonl ho mar lrapo*e knr lino'or jwnftlty.i jltha fcUtoraont of .tho 'otwtMo\ or “-oatiM of , aoUoh.v with tho .■mount.*! flno'ahd data-of, Jmlftinnut add, twj-moot. thoroof, which dookftl thill Lokoptopcn at nil times for fmbllo injuootlon. And ovory Juitioouf tho IVaao, Mag itrnlo, or olhor nflloo, who may rooolro my ruoli lino or pontlly. shall, on tho tint Monday In January. Aiirll, July, and Ootohor in each year, tunbo a repot t in wrUinß to thoTroasurorof said liiiUlnto, thoftllfg tlmamnuutof all flnoeand nenalllna roonlrod, together with thotltln tiidnalnroof the enuso. tho date of tho Judgment, and tho collection thereof, and ho shall, under his hand and •oal, certify the same to bo truo and correct. Any Justice of tho Pcaeo, Magistrate, nr other ollloor who shall noglnot or fall to i. niaho ■ tho • entries on his docket f required bt this act, and ovory Jnstlno of tho Peace. Maglilrato, or other qfllbor who shall neglect or fall to make tho report required by this soollou, or who shall make a false report, or who shall neglect or fall to pay over to said Treasurer tho amount of the lines and penalties received by him.at tho tlmoor times herein required, shall bo doomed guilty of a misdemeanor, ami may he Indicted, and upon conviction shall ho punlahod by a lino of not loss thanJlfty toor moto than live hundred dollars. And tho said OhlosntTLaw Institute may also bavo and maintain an action of dobt in any Court of com petent Jurisdiction, acraioit any Justice of tbo Poaco. Magistrate, or other othcor, to recover tho amount of all linos and-penalties received by him, and. in addltlun .thereto, tbo aura of(llvo dollars for, oaob ami ovory day moh Justice of tbo Peace, Magistrate, or otbor ollloor shall negloqt to make tho report borsln required, or to pay over the amount of such tines or penalties. HKO. 4. All linos, penalties, and judgments, recovered by virtue of tho provisions of this aotfora violation of tho saras, shall bo duokotod, reported, paid over, end ills. Soteu of In tbo saiuo maimer aa is boruiu provided for tho nos and penalties In said first section mentioned, and any violation of tho provisions of this section, shall bo Bunlshod In Uko manner us Is provided for tho violation of 00. 9of this not. ' Sr.O. 6. All aota or parts of aote, Inconsistent with tho provisions of this not. are hereby repealed, and this not shall bo doomed a public act, and snail be construed lib* orally for tho detection of fraud, and shall tako olfoot from and after Its passage. Approved Fob. S3, 18C/. Of tho ninety, tho following only bavo re ported, In accordance with law: Jonathan Marsh, reported once, in Juno, 1872, and never since. - ' J. 0. Adams bos reported regularly. Henry Lester, reported Juno, 1872, only, never having boon board from but on that occasion. J. W. Parson; same. Max Eborbarat; same. Loland Moody, paid some fees, and reported in July. 1872. but not since. Charles EUtboldt; the same. David Walsh paid a lump sum of S2OO in July, 1872. John Flynn mado a return iu September, 1872. William Draper; tho same. Henry Eoffoli; the same. And tbo following have paid . once only: Charles Woidorbold, Clark Holbrook, Guy 0. Sampson, Hyde Park; Henry Wolf, Calumet; and Honk Kaufman,- North Chicago. By comparing those names with tho following lisb'of Chicago-Justices, the reader will form a tolerably good idea of who are obeying tho law in ibis city: Abg. H. Banyon.Max Eborlmrdt, Calvin D'Wolf, ; Batidford 0. Hinsdale, Noel. B. Borden, Charles J. Haines, Charles B. Daggett, John Van’t Woud. Henry 9. Austin, Daniel Scul ly, David Walsh, A. D. Bturtovant, Owen Dough erty, Robert 0, HammiU, Henry A. Kaufman, Francis Rollo. 1 D’Wolf fairly and squarely refuses to report or to pay; oh' tbo - ground that , tbo statute under which the circular was issued,-being special, was repealed by tbo Constitution of 1870. ‘The logical consequence is that bb will keep tbo fines. ; A Hyde Park Justice argues that; suppose bo fines, say. tWonty men, and only ton of them pay up, the fines of- those ton shall go to pay tbo costa of tbo whole twenty. The logical effect of this la that the' Justice is accountable to nobody but himself for the fines. Mr. Haines says ho is willing ‘to pay, but bo does hot know who is authorized by law to re ceive . the .money. If ovory Justice acts on tills ground, the logical consequence is that a con siderable sum of money will be lost before tbo question can bo decided to tbo satisfaction of those gentlemen. Mr. Eoully admits bis liability, and will pres ontly'payup. Wo aro not aware what particular obstacles other individuals'of the genua Justice may have found in tbo way of payment, but tbo average Justice declines on general principles, or simply, makes no return. ' . Whatever may bo thought of tbo character of tbo transaction, there can bo llttlo doubt that, wo havo shown a very undesirable stato of things to oxlst. It seems that, no matter bow trifling tho advantage to bo obtained, reputedly bouora ablo men will stain thoir bands to gain it. If tboro is a law; in tbo voluminous acts of the Legisla ture, that can bo construed so as to onablo our most trusted officials to ovado responsibility, or defraud the people, it is not ono nor a dozen that will Lo found to avail tbomselvos of it, but tbo entire crowd will strain ovory nerve to bo first. Theso Justices, aa a class, are a disgrace to civilization ; and thoso of them who > havo striven to bo Just, tbomselvos confess that they havo failed, and that tho noods of the office aro too strong for thorn. ' It is not too much to say that those Justices need reforming, and that this little fino business may turn out to be tbo least among tholr of fenses. DEATHS ATO) BERTHS. Ten Thousand One SLundred and Flfty.Six; of tho Former, and. 8,001 of tlio Latter, in Chicago During tho Year EndlngJlarch 31. The Board of Health hold its regular meeting -yesterday. r Tbo wookly morality, as shown by tborppbri of tbo Sanitary Superintendent, was' 150, —80 males and. 70 females. There wore 23 deaths by convulsions, and 11 . each by small pox and consumption; ' There was a decided in crease oyer tho numbor of deaths in the preced ing week; though the total was loss than for tho corresponding .week last yoai.. Tho total in crease was among persons under fivo, nearly all born In tho city. Tho highest death rato was in tlie Sixteenth Ward, and tbo lowest in tbo Twelfth. Tboro aro now 20 bouses infected with small-pox or varioloid. The Finance : Committee submitted the fol lowing estimates for tbo year, fixed at tbo -low est possible"amount, and excluding tbo scaven ger work* the amount of which could not bo as certained at present : Salary of members, $3,000; *. salary ' of Sanitary Superintondont, $2,600; Health Officer, $2,400; Secretary and two clerks, $3,900; Sanitary Inspectors, $8,000; 18 sanitary police, $10,200; removing dead - anir malt*. $5,600; disinfectants aud vaccine virus, $1,100; Small-Pox Hospital, $600; printing, stationery, and incidental expenses; $3,500; de ficiency,’ $4,500. Total, $51,600. ’ ' . It was approved. ’ The total number'' of deaths last year was 10,156—aa follows: January, 507'; February, 632; March, 745 -‘April, 750; May, 630; Juno, 810; July, 1,373 ; August, $1,551; Soptomboi, 989; October, 741; November. 050 ; December, 709., Of theso 5,051 wore males aud 4,605 fe males ; 8,441 wore under 1 year; I,427under 2, and 504 under 8. 1 According to tbo registers of births 8.091 chil dren wore bora hero last year: First Ward, 1; Second, 17; Third, 312; Fourth, 220; Fifth, 887; Sixth, 781:' Seventh, 834; Eighth, 833; Ninth, 702; Tenth, 253 -.Eleventh, 842; Twelfth,/ 803;. Thirteenth,--218- Fourteenth, 372; Fif teenth, 1,234; VBixteouth, 529; ■ Seventeenth, 340;. Eighteenth, 204: Nineteenth,‘72; Twenti eth, 53., Of those children 4,200 .wore males, and. 3,885 females.. . . , During, tbo year 553 patients woro admitted to tbo BmaU-Pox Hospital, of whom 096 woro dis charged, and 145 died. ’ RAILROAD NEWS. / • AN EXPLANATION. " Got. Washburn's veto of tbo Milwaukee & St. Raul Railroad Company's bill to change the loca tion of the projected bridge over the Mississippi afcXaOrouso has occasioned a rumor that tho St. .Paul and Northwestern Companies have ox • changed railroads between L&Orosso. and ’Wino na. Tho citizens qf LaCroaso fully, believe tho story, They ucod uot bo olarmcd/howovor, for it Is entirely without- foundation. Still, it hag on, air of, probability. The St. Paul Company’s lipos extend' southward to LaCrcacont, nearly opposite La Crosse, hut. there being no bridge or adequate ferry facilities, tho road is, practi cally. . & stub Uuq. -For this reason the . Northwestern could have no present de sire for it. Tho out-oil- road from Winona Junction to Winona, servos their purpose admirably, and they ; have no in tention of relinquishing it, though to do so would very greatly oblige tho Milwaukee & fit. Paul Company. When tho tunnels in Mon roe County are completed, next June, tho North western, will have a continuous lino of their own from Chicago to Winona; and, boiug only four miles distant from LaCrosso, at the nearest point, it is thoir intention then to run a branch into that city, aud there connect with the South ern Minnesota Railroad, over tho bridge soon to bo built; The foundation for tbo rumor so widely circulated, lies In the fact that, ponding tho com pletion of their respective through systems, tho rival companies have agreed upon an Interchange of track privileges, which gives to each a through route for passouger aud freight trains between Chicago and Winona. Tins and uothiug more. TUB OUIOAQO A PACIFIC, Tbo Chicago & Pacific Railroad Company ex pect to out thoir first nwiaouaor train on the THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY, APRIJ. % 1873. road, ibis wook, running from Chicago to Wyoming Station, a distance bf ,20 4-10 miloa frotn Obfcbgo.- Tbo track-laying 1b progressing at tbo rftto of throe-quarters of a mile por tiny/ and It will not bo long, at this rate, until wo bavo tho Chicago & Pacific'ongineawbltitling through Elgin. Good woatbor for ft fow wdoks will flbow groat progroHß In this enterprise. Bur voy« arc bolng made In Elgin,' and It is now not unlikely that tbo route will bo oslnbllßbod through the city Instead of south, as talked of Into. A now Biirvoy was mado this week/ coming in on Nortli Blroot, near tho Kimball House, and croßaing tbo rivor, leaving tbo city by what is • called tho Taylor Greek route. Thin lo probably tbo' boat route for company and city in tho end, though; perhaps, tbo moat expensive.— Elgin Gazette. 'TUB TUKP. Tho Turf, Cl rid mill s'nnn on tho Dex ter vnrlc Club July nlcnllm;. Tho last, numbor of that moat oxcollout sport ing journal, tho Turf, Field, and Farm, coulaiuu tho following editorial ronmrka on tho'Dortor Pork Olub’o programme : ' Wo publish thin week tbo programme of the Dexter Park Club, of which F, Tucker in President; A. B.’ Gago, Treasurer, end Joseph Calm’ Simpson, Secretary. It in a mngnlQcont programme, giving twenty-two races of nil classes in the short period of four days. Iho meeting will begin July ], and con tinue Uto 9d. 3d, nnd 4th, Tbo aggregated purees is $40,000, and tho monby Is eo distributed as to give tbo greatest satisfaction to tbo owners and broeders of fine stock. Each day. tboro will bo running as welt trotting contests. And tbo running (rack ■ls separata from tho trotting track, tbo former being within (bo latter, mid about ono hundred and fifty yards short of a mile. Tho difference is .so small as not to affect tbo interests of sport. To make the horses run a full milo, the only thing necessary is to start, them ono hundred and fifty,yards back of tho Judges’ stand. Dexter Park possesses many advan tages, It is near tbo Union Stock Yards, enabling owners,to unload their horses within a short distance of tho track. All tho railroads running into Chicago arolncloßO proximity to tho entrance of tho Park; a largo nud flno hotel stands within a stone's throw of the grounds, and a bank, telegraph office, blacksmith shop, oud other conveniences oro within a few min utes’walk of tho gate, Tho people of Chicago enu reach tho course by canTigo, and horse, ond steam cars. Tho trotting track is ono of tho boat lu tho country, having boon laid out and constructed on tho, most approved sclontlflo principles. Tho stablos oro roomy and wall ventilated, nnd tho trotters aro kept separate from tho’runners. Tbo managers of Dex ter Park are llvo men, nnd they have tho confidence of tbo community. Strangers who contemplate visiting Chicago nt tho time of tho mooting announced wIU bo glad to loam (hat tho hotels now iu course of. erection will bo finished and lu running order by tho Ist of July; and these hotels, wo aro assured, will (ako rank among tbo finest iu.tho world. Tho great fire Interrupted only temporarily tho woßpcrity of Chicago,' Wo see In tho programme of ho Dexter Park, Club evidences of that energy and foresight which mado old Chicago (ho metropolis of the great Northwest. Tbo now Chicago, impelled by the same resistless force, and guided by the same wls- : dom, Iseuro lo outgrow even the wild dreams of tho future of that Chicago, which tho fire, driven to mad ness by tho autumu wind, reduced to ashes. Not until they struggled with adversity did tho people realize the full extent of tholr power. Tho July meet ing at Doxtcr Park can fail of being a magnif icent success. ' " . - i THE TRANSPORTATION QUESTION. Elizabeth, N. J., March 28,1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sir: I own 1,400 acres in Jasper County, Inch, and the adjoining lands yield TO to 80 bushels of com to thehero. On tbo Ist of July last, com was worth on tbo land 42 cents a* bushel, and tbo price of a freight-car’ to Now York was SOO. The railroad advanced tbo price in September to $l6O, and recently to $205 a c&r, and corn has boon depressed in price to 18 cents. Now, if tho railroads can do a fair business .at S9O, they rob tbo farmer of 24 cents a bushel. Had my land bootf cultivated in corn, at 75 bushels to the ooro, my crop would bavo been 105,000 bushels, and they tako frdm mo over -$25,000. Every farmer in Illinois, Indiana, aud Ohio is deeply- interested in cheap transporta tion.., Tbo difroronoo between S9O a car aud S2OO will make a difference in the valuo of every aero of those throe States of more than $100; but call it only SSO and tbo loss in tbo value of real estate is ovor $3,000,000,000. I have talked with one of tho oldest employes of tbo Now Jersey Central Bailroad, who has been tholr main bookkeeper for nineteen years, and bo says a train of freight-cars can ’ bo run at a cost of $1 a milo, or a little loss. If bo is cor rect, S9O a car from Chicago .will pay S6O profit, which ought to pay for tbo wear and tear of tbo car, and leave a handsome profit. Thirty cars for a locomotive Is not a heavy load. From Chi cago to Now York is 000 miles, and, at S9O a car, tbo profit on each train is SI,BOO. By a state ment of tbo railroads in this day’s Now York Herald, endeavoring to justify an increase of double tboir present pay, it appears that they employ five clorks to each postal car, and re ceive 10 cents a mile, and now want S3 .cents ; which our Postmaster-General thinks too much' by 10 cents. But, allowing them 40cohts a mile, with five clerks tp pay. dolly on each car, they, would make more than that by bringing our corn and wheat to market alO cents a mile. This op pression has become intolerable. L George Weed. FIRE STATISTICS. At a regular meeting of tho Police and Fire Commissioners hold yostorday afternoon, Presi dent Mason occupied' tho chair,' Commiespaors Wright and Sheridan' being also present. Fire Marshal Williams submitted bis report for tbo month of March, showing tho following items of interest: There had keen during tho month, 89 fires, with tho appended causes: Accident, 1; carelessness, 8; gas explosion, 2; lamp explo sions, 8; powder explosion,' 1; defective chim ney, 3; foul chimney, 1; ovor-boatod stove, 2; ’ ovor-beated steam-pipe, 1; Incendiarism, actual and supposed, 6; sparks from chimney, 8; chil dren playing with matches, 1; unknown, 7. Tbo total numbor of false alarms was 8; valuo of buildings and-contents. $541,871; loss on building, $0,890; loss on goods, $24,096; total loss, $34,880;. total insurance, $307,400; insurance ovor loss. $160,654. Tbo Firo Warden’s report was also submitted, showing that tboro bad been 288 violations of tbo fire ordinance in tbo North Division, 116 in tbo South Division, and 400 in tbo West Divi sion, and, out of this total of 804, 694 bad boon complained of by citizens, and oiuy llfteon suits brought against offenders. Tbo Board ordered the report placed on fiio. Tho monthly pay-rolls woro audited, and tbo Board adjourned. . < “THE-HOLINESS MOVEMENT.” “Tho Holiness Movement" is the title of a remarkable theological dissertation on Holy Ghost power, which appeared in tbo local col umns of tbo Jbitmai lust evening. Tho writer shrewdly inquires: “Oannot tbo churches at tain tbo Holy Ghost power which marked tbo preaching of tbo Disciples and St. Paul ?” and/ without pausing for a satisfactory reply, goes on to slnto that Mr. A.'M. BUUnga, President of tbo West Side Gas Company, baa Just turned ovor to tbo Bov. Mr. Kiunau, a distinguished evange list, tbo church formerly uuod by the Second Adventists, on South Qroou, be tween Madison aud Monroo streets. The building, however, may prove to bo too small for such “ holiness movements” ns-will bo con ducted tboro, and a tent capable of holding about 4,000 pooplo has boon secured. In tbo event of tboro being any warm weather this year, this tent will bo pitched on a vacant lot. at tbo cornor of West Randolph affd Ada stroots, there to remain, and daily mootings will be con ducted in it for tbo benefit of ovorj’body. Tbo writer of tbo artiolo says ho is authoritatively in formed that tbo gas circles which know, Mr. Billings will shortly know him no more, and that bo will dovoto bis wealth to tbo furtherance of the now movement. HOW THE MONEY GOES. The Board of County Commissioners met yes terday afternoon. In tho absence of President Hiller, Commissioner Bogno was called to the Chair. It proved that there was absolutely no occasion for holding a mooting other th&u that tho Commissioners might audit their own pay roll for tho quarter ending March 81, and vote themselves ,eaoh $5 per day for sessions of the Board and for committee work, tho whole amounting to $2,728.80, precisely one-half- of which sum they are entitled to by law. There fore, tho short session of yesterday cost Cook County $1,301.15, plus $5 for each of tho Com missioners who spent live minutes in voting themselves twice their lawful compensation. The.only members voting against this barefaced imposition wore Commissioners Boguo, Clough, and Singer. Having accomplished the lofty pur pose for which, they assembled, tho Board ad journed until Monday next, bub Commissioner Ashton, at whoso motion yesterday's “ session ’’ was hold, did not leave tiro building until he had received an order on tho Treasurer and drawn his hard-earned cash. . THE, RAILROAD QUESTION. Opinions Irom .Vhrlous Quarters. ' —— I. I .'- \ . judoes and laws. •*• , v. From the Jtoeltfrfd (///.) Jkptafer. ” The .Register protests emphatically against the encroachments of tho groat corporation!! ana monopolloiwwhlch aro seeking-to-control aud. govern .tho oouutnr. It lias faithfully pointed > out tho peril arising from! xal]ro4d. inirirfuoH.amV • money power. It lias favored the radical remedy for those dangers, the resumption of*tliontato t>f jurisdiction over,railroads as tho ■ public high" .ways of tho'day. Nothing short of this Willfully moot tho'ovil arising"from putting all mbfttln'bf rapid intercommunication and transfer Into tho possession of private corporations. No tlnhor .lug of tarifts can copo with tho ovih. As Mr. Auatno clearly.pointed out Ih Massachusetts. tho other day, tho State must control tho use of its highways in the interest of ( the publio sufficient* ly to thwart ariy monopolies too strong for re sistance by private individuals. - Being thus thoroughly identified with the pub lic In our desire to have this groat question set tled for tho public advantage, wo regret any mis taken movement In the conflict. Tho Inst de pendence of thoptibllo before revolution Is a Just and impartial judiciary. When oases are ■ brought before Uid."Courts, woi'miist* .know that they will bo decided justly. The Supremo Court of this Stale is a Court of unsuspected and in corruptible integrity. Its' rocoutTlocleiou has been fiercely assailed, because it was not what tho publio demanded. "Wo have examined that decision, and, in oommon with some of tho best jurists of tho country, wo regard it awtbomost toniblo blow which \ railroad monopolies have yet received. It marks some parts of a recent act of tho Legislature as unconstitutional be cause they are unconstitutional. This was shown clearly long before tho trial began. Sometimes acts aro passed which are meant to bo unconsti tutional hysomo of thiolrlondoatadvocatoa.’ Wo : boliovo that tho present plan of tho railroads Is to secure tho passage of Unsound anti-railroad bills. But tho Supremo Court has indicated • pointedly tho principles on which an effective anti-railroad Jaw cau bo mado, and pronounces for the people and against tho railroads on tho main.points at issue. . Now., certain men aro fostering an agitation* designed to change tho occupants of the Supremo Bench for others pledged.to make every decision in a certain direction, whether it In law or not. ‘•Lotus have Judges who will decide always against tho railroads,” is tho cry. On tho con trary, wo want Judges' who will -decide, justly ;■ then wo want Legislature? *who mean to make just hud sound laws against those over bearing monopolies. It Is.tho worst of blunders.' to make tho election of a Judge a bribe for his giving certain decisions.- The man who can bo pledged in advance to decide a cause for one side,' is tho easiest man ou earth for tho railroads to bribe afterwards tb botray.liis'plcdgos and give his decision ou their side.. This battle is not to bo won for tho people through a degradation of tho Supremo Court by packing it as politicians pack a caucus. It must bo won by honest and thorough legislation enforced by wise and just Judges. Such Judges wo have. Already tbclr recent decision is quoted in tho nation as d de cision for, the popplo and against monopolies.- In this particular case, the railroad won because the' law was left, either carelessly or Intentionally, defective. But tho decision announced prin ciples which are of tho utmost value to tho people. Now lot not tho people stultify them selves by deposing men who Jiavo had tho .cour age and tho conscience to toll tho truth about an 111-made and unconstitutional act of tho Legis lature.- • ' FREIGHTS. AND FARMERS* INTERESTS. From the' Fulton (III.) Journal, - In 1860 and 1601 tho oxtiemo'low price of farm products, aud tho hard .times , resulting there-- from, made the ’ agricultural interoste' realize more thoroughly tho groat cost,'as compared .with the value, of transporting the prude mate rial to market, and considerable, fooling was manifested ogainst tho exorbitant rates. There wore several reasons why the popular demonstra tions mado at that time resulted, in no" ‘ benefit to tho parties in whoso interests they wore gotten up. No doubt tho result was duo partly to tho .war. 1 In tho excitement whlcli followed its commencement, and tho high prices obtained for everything, tho transportation con troversy was lost sight of, and tariffs increased instead of being s reduced, and oven now when all kinds of farm products aro at zero Tn prices, tho railroad rates are much higher than they wore in 1860 and 18G1. . . _ But tho leading reason why tho popular demon stration of twelve-years ago did not result in any benefit was the fact that many of the most active men in the movement wore those who had no real Interont with tho producers and their prac tical success, but woro of that class who do not .act from principle, but ore always found ready to' join any movement that gives show of sue -0388, in tho hope that -they may ride into power -on the crest of ,tho popular wave.. Those gen tlemen ore always ro'nayto load in any such or ganization. and equally as J roady to'assist in : directing its machinery, or ; manipulating its re sults, in tho interest of the host bidder , in tho market, and, as the - woU-nrinngod-corporations aro always in a position to; furnish: those gents with material aid, wo, the people, ascertain when it is too late that wo havo boon the victims of misplaced confidence." - ' , The excessive, freight ; tariffs, .warehouse charges, inspection frauds,.and other taxes lov lod upon the farm products of the country in their transit from the. producer, to tho consumer, and the low prices of tho products when at mar ket, have lashed tho ontiro producing interest into a general; but needed, excitement,; Primary mootings are being hold, and organizations ef
fected all over tho country.' All this means bus- 1 inesa. In an agricultural country like this wo are all interested in tho direct. success of tho farmer. Hence tho very general sympathy of the people in the discussion of questions relat ing to their welfare. But now, as heretofore, wo find patriotic gentlemen who are only too willing to sacrifice their own private in terests, and give their valuable time to : tho good of the dear people. And when the time’ comes they will bo found equally willing to direct the' whole movement, asfar as .thoy-aro.able l .to the interests of tho highest bidder for their valuable services. . • Wo are led to these thoughts by noticing, among.tho prominent, speakers aud loaders at our farmers* mootings, a number of dead-beat politicians, educated railroad men, old right-of .way men, persons who havo been .elected to the ■Legislature to do the. work of tho railroads, aud as many as two or more railroad Directors. Prom statements mado by some of thom.ou authority, it looks very much as if thoy woro already trying to make.this righteous and necessary movement appear ridiculous. To illustrate: Tho statement has been mado -by one of these gentlemen at.a number of farmers' gatherings, and is now being talked throughout the country, aud believed in by many who have n6t given tho subject a thought,'that grain cau be carried from Pulton to Now York by railroad at G cents per bushel. • ' Lot us see. A train of twenty cars, which is a‘full average one, will carry, say, 20,000 pounds, or 333>tf bushels to the car, making G.GGG bushels, which at G cents per bushel would bo only SIOO for the ontiro train to-Now York, -a distance of 1.100 miles. r Tho actual running expenses of . such a train will bo about as follows, ,tlio calcu lations being based upon-the assumption that each employe is paid on the basis of 100 miles fora day’s work: Engineer, $-10.70; fireman, $18.70; conductor, $33; two brakesmen. $37.40; coal, SICG; oil, packing, Ac., $16.20; total, $302.30, which loaves $97,70 to pay the in terest oh the investment, wear etui tear, and other losses for running a train costing.' $29,000, 1.100 miles. Tho following is the cost of the train: . ' One locomotive, $12,000 ; 20 freight’ cars, $16,000 ; one caboose, SI,OOO. Under tho best circumstances tho wear and . tear on tho train cannot bo loss than S2OO, in running this , dis tance. But suppose an axle in broken, aud one freight car wrecked, tho road will bo at a loss of SBOO, besides tho cost of tho groin. In this es timate wo havo not taken into account any of the expenses in keeping up the business manage ment of tho road, the cost of tho road-bod, tho wear and tear of tho iron, and tho interest ou tho vast Investment, but only tho actual running expenses of tho ono train through to Now York. If willbo soon by the estimate that tho road re ceives but little more than enough to run tho train through with tho best kind of luck, and with ho delay or accidents. ’ ' Lot it bo understood that wo aro not making an argument; for tho railroad side of thq ques tion, but merely exhibiting figures to show that it is possible wo aro being misled by some of our would-be loaders. , It is claimed by tho educated, calculating agriculturist, that grain can bo cairiod by rail road at 1 cent par ton por mile, and afford a fair profit to tho road. This would bo about 80 cents por bushel for corn, and 38 cents for wheat from this city to New York. During tho season of navigation on tho lakos, and whllo competition is brisk, tho lowest ruto from boro to Now York has been about 45 cents per bushel. Iu tho winter it runs up to 65 or. GO cents. It will bo aeon, therefore, that tho rate fixed by our learned would-be loaders is only about a fifth of tho rato admitted to bo proper by. the observing, calcu lating agriculturist, and about one-tenth tho rate now charged by tho carrying corporations. ’ : We think the rales now charged are,from 60 to 80 por cent more than they -should bo, and ot least so far are directly oppressive to the pro ducing class, aud tho wrong should be romoaiod. But. do not lot us make ridiculous figures* or allow others to make them for us. Wo know* that all tho.farmoru want are fair rates, aud, ' when oiico ailjiistod, no olass will pay them more 'readily. Will It bo doiio ? , " Xu some future articles wo propose to show that the. v groat hopb s of tho asHcnltiirist Is in water ukvigatloh,.father than Iu ' THE POLITICAL REVOLUTION. . 'x From the Clinton (III.) Hcamer, Tho farmers of tho Wont, iu endeavoring to •protect themselves against tho extortions of tho , monopolists, have, without clearly understand ing It, Inaugurated a political revolution. There .must bo a complete revolution iu tho politics of tho country before they can gain tho end they aim at. when'wo use. tho word politics, wo do not attach to it tho same meaning at) do tho par tisans, but moan.what it really is,—tho principles of government. .... wo say thoro must bo a complete political revo lution, because tho principles upon which tho government of tho country aro now conducted cannot, by their'very nature, afford tho relief sought by farmers. , . . Thoy aro fighting against tho principle of mo nopoly—that system of laws which gives io tho fow a groat advantage over tho many—a system of special privileges—tho creation of a financial or commercial aristocracy—tho enjoyment of rights by a fow that aro not granted to tho many. ; Tho tariff, which by levying prohibitory duties upon articles of foreign manufacture, destroys corapotiliou and enables tho American manufac turer to fix such prices as ho pleases upon his own goods, is a gigantic monopoly that robs tho Sooplo of millions of dollars yoarly. It Injures io farmer by preventing him - from exchanging his grain' for cheap manufactured articles, by making him pay double pricofor his implements, hia clothing.' aud His groceries. It also injures him by mailing tho . railroads pay au increased prico for thoir iron rails, and all metals used in (ho manufactnro of locomotives, cars, and other machinery, lima compelling them to ebargo higher rates of freight than thoy would if thoir investments wOro not so largo. ■The system of subsidizing linos of vessels sailing under tho American flag is another mon opoly, for it gives them privileges that aro not enjoyed by all the .people. The Government does not pay tho farmer for developing tho re sources of tho country, increasing its wealth and furnishing food for tho nation ; yet tho farmer Is as useful to tho publio as tho sailor, and fully as deserving of encouragement. It La a discrim ination iu favor of ouocTaas against another. Tho financial system of tho country Is another monopoly, for its workings places tho control of tho money in tho hands of a favored fow, and makes it possible for them to combiuo against tho many aud doprivo thorn of tho necessary moans of carrying on business. The Govern ment pays ono class of debtors in gold and an other class iu currency, thus again making a die-, crimination. Tho bondholder, , who furnishes tho Qoveriimeut with funds at a big shave, is paid-off in gold; whllo tho farmer, who fur nishes food for its army and navy, is paid in grooubacks. Tho of paying Government officials larger salaries than is paid by private individuals for tbo samo labor, is another species of mou-: opoly, for it croatos a privileged class ; and it has become so universally regarded as snch that offices aro looked upon not as positions of trust, but ns a means of amassing wealth, and officers aro regarded as lucky individuals,—favorites of fortune. —and tho fnnuorhas tho satisfaction of paying heavy taxes for their support. Tho system of subsidizing railroad companies by largo tracts of land, is another species- of monopoly, for it gives to them privileges that are nob granted to all. Tho farmer, who makes tho wilderness to bloom as a garden, performs as. groat a work of internal improvement, and is as much a publio benefactor as tho builders of railroads, which would bo worth nothing woro it not for tho farmers. All those monopolies must be overthrown be fore tho farmers can oxpcct permanent relief from the burdens under which thoy now suffer. Tho laws must bo mado so that all are equal as citizens,—tho farmor'aud manufacturer placed upon tho samo level, so far as the benefits of the Government aro concerned. To accomplish this thoro must bo a revolution,—not necessa rily a bloody ono, for many revolutions have boon peaceably made by patience and persis tence. But it must necessarily’be a political revolution to bo successful, notwithstanding tho alarm of tho partisans at the idea of Its taking such a character. It must bo a fight between those who oppose tho principles of monopoly and those 'who uphold them, and tho sooner the combatants take thoir places, that much sooner will the real work bo commenced.' Lot tho revolution go on 1 TEE NEW “ IRREPRESSIBLE CONFLICT.” From (he Ullca (*V. y.) Herald. It la hero, aud wo can not dodge it. The noxt great national question to bo decided io tho respective rights of tho people and tho railroad corporations of tho country. We think tho lat ter are indirectly forcing tho issue, just as our slavoholding friends forced the. issue between slavery aud freedom. For years, the railroad corporations have ex erted a strong influence over legislation, and many of wisest and best men havo felt no small degree of alarm at thoir incroasi'jr power ■and generally aggressive attitude. ’'Steadily the popular indignation has boon aroused, and recently ono of tho States which has suffered most from railroad monopoly, Now Jersey, has taken important strides toward freeing herself from such tyranny in tho future. The people of tho groat West aro especially indignant at what they consider tho extortionate and domineering practices of the railroad companies. Every where, it is beginning to bo seriously asked t Shall .the railroad companies rule tho country, or shall tho people, through the General Gov ernment, control and regulate tho railroads in tho interests of justice and of commerce be-, tweeu tho States ? What, power to legislate ;on tho subject does tho Constitution give Congress ? How far may it go to “ promote the general wel fare "—the groat object for which govotnmoats aro maintained?. .These aro questions which, sooner or later, must receive practical answers. Tho time for such answers appears to bo drawing near. The people, as matters have been going; for some lime, will nob delay much longer; the railroad companies, by thoir defiant attitude and appa rent disregard for tiic publio convenience, aro precipitating tho issue, and Congress will bo compelled to act in obedience to the popular will. In this contest, tho railroad corporations may ■ root assured thoy will fare second-best, -They will bo shorn of many of thoir privileges, ana bavO thoir powers so hampered and Teat rioted as to render them comparatively harmless. With’ a strong and almost universal sentiment against tho corporations, tho people will find moans through tho Government to cub the lion's claws and make him “roar as gentle as a sucking dove.” ■ >. i... - » ; Tho President’/) Son* From the Fcio York Tribune, It is to be hoped that the report is not true, which comes from Chicago, that Gon. Grant has assigned his. son Frederick to tho staff of Gon. Sheridan as aide-de-camp, with tho rank and pay of a Lieutenant-Colonel of • cavalry. This is a placo always reserved in every army for ofliccrs of distinction aud merit, who have won tho right to it by faithful aud arduous service. There is a manifest and glaring-im propriety iu giving it to a young gentleman who ranked very low in his class at West Point, and who, uinco his graduation, which was noto riously made possible only by favor, has never dono ono hour’s honest service in his profes sion. ‘ lie has already had all of pleasure aud honor which his uniform could.give him ; hav ing passed more than a year in travel and amusement in Europe and in this country, was recently announced with some parade in tho Administration papers, that ho was to bo ordered io his - regiment, and to enter at once upon active service. But if it bo true that ho has received this sudden and undeserved promotion to a post which could bo properly bestowed only upon ono of tho many veterans in the army, tho appointment will make a painful and injurious impression upon the officers to whom it Is at once an injury aud an affront. 11 really seems as if the President know what ho meant wheu ho gave notice in his mem orable inaugural that ha regarded his second election as a sufficient answer to all criticism. Vom tho Ac io York Sun, Young Grant is a Second Lieutenant in a regiment of cavalry. His place la with his com pany wherever thoy may bo. Thoro is nothing either iu the young man’s character or in his an tecedents to justify any favoritism toward him; but his father being President, ho is put upon Sheridan's staff, and instead of fighting Indians, attends bulls and dinner parties iu Chicago, and instead of drawing a Lieutenant's pay of $1,600 a year, draws that of aLioutonaut-uoloncl, about $3,600. This aot of favoritism to Ills own son is gen erally regarded as discreditable to President Grant, because it saves his boy from tho fatigues and exposures to which other young men, his comrades, aro subjected, aud shows a disposition I to grasp after more of the public money for one of his family. It is a misfortune that tho President of tho United States should ho so ill advised, aud should allow hlmsolf to he led into courses that bring dishonor upon his high office. From the Few 1 ork Herald . Second Lieutenant Frederick Dent Grant has boon assigned to Lieutenant-General Sheridan’s staff, with tho ostensible rank of Lioutouaut- Colonel. Wo buddoso that all tho old armr -officers who commanded divisions and 60rpa dtu£ .IngTUo.wor will bo careful in saluting the sup?}. ribr>rauk of tho gallant youth who has lout istripped them. ! i r'i \ 1 ;, ■ ; From tht For ; II (i It is common enough for-the [softs of royal bouses to receive officoit which they are flagrant ly and notoriously Incompetent 'to do" tho duties' of. Tho solecism of a boy who happens to ho olno a’Prince becoming a Colonel at 10 years old amla.Marshal . at.lo, .is-too familiar In Eu;, rope to bo remarked as a solecism except by American satirists, who fondly fancy that their country, In virtue of having no royal house, is relieved from* this' patented absurdity. —The nows wo printed : yesterday-from Chicago will dissipate tide fond imagination! Mr. Frederick Grant, who was graduated at tho foot of his class at West Point a year or two ago, and who but for being tho son of his father would pretty dearly not have graduated at all, has spent tho interval, while nis regiment was on duty on tho Plains, in junketing Europe with General Sherman. This young gentleman had now been raised to tho rank, .either full’or by brevet, of Liontonant-OolonOl, over the heads of several hundred officers his seniors, and as signed- to ,tho -duties, and- consequently to tho pay and emoluments, of tho higher rank. It can n6b'fdX r amoniont bo protended that a pro ceeding so ontiroiy without precedent is explica ble bn any ‘theory 'of the young gentleman's merits. Ills standing at West Point shows that bo learnt ns little os possible of his .-business there, and ho certainly has not boon In the way .of learning more since ho loft there. His pro motion is a direct injury, and a direct insult as well, to all tho officers who stood between it and him, and who woro bolter entitled to it than ho. It is a direct .sotting at naught of all tho traditions < aud. usages of tho'army. It shows . that tho second administration of Gon. Grant Is to bo'marko'd by tho same sor did greed. that alone signalized his first. .In its downright defiance of a military proscription which bas.alwnys had tho forco of positive law in tho army, and iu its cynical contempt for pub lio opinion, this act scorns to us tho most out rageous—though that is a bold word—of all tho official actions of President Grant. There is something almost admirable, of its land, in tho impudence whibh could inspire it. It -is a naked and shameless attempt to push tho professional fortunes of hia sou at the ex pense of tho discipline of the service in which ho also was reared, so that ho cannot plead Ig norance of Its traditions, and at tho expense of the country of which hb Is tho' Chief Magis trate, .Tho officers of tbo/War Department havo shown a greater sense of decency in tho at tempt thoy havo mado to conceal this scandalous thing. Of course, tho young gentleman who baa had those honors thrust upon ulm is nob blamtv blo. Ho is rather pitiable for being prevented from, acquiring a knowledge of bis profes sion in tbo gradual way in which alone he can bo loarnt. It is his foolish father who io alone to blamo, and who has shown in this instance only a trifle more shamelessly than ho has shown in many instances before how littlo ho values tho fiubllo service in comparison with tho private in areata of hlmsolf ana his family, and his twou . ty-ouo relations in office. It is this foremost man iu tho salary-grab, who lately signed SIOO,OOO into his private purse, aud who now grabs tho placo ana salary of a Lieutenant-Colonel for his son. from/ whom dullards hope and demagogues protend to hope a “reformed civil service, in which promotion shall go by merit and not by favor. NEWS PARAGRAPHS, The Quincy (111.) Rink, coating $17,000, sold, last week, for 3376. —Dubuque iu talking about a hotel and opora- Uoubo to covor an entire • block, and to coat $175,000. •' —The Lewis Tunnel, on-the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad, 4,000 foot long,. waa completed last week.Monday. It was bored through hard sandstone. ' The location of. the machine shops of tho Detroit & Bay City and Jackson. Lansing & Sag inaw Railroads have boon practically settled m favor of Wouona. The Morgan Envelope Company, of Spring field, Moss., are to deliver 5,00U,00u of the now postal cards on tho lat of May. Tho law colls for 100,000,000 for tho first year. attempted murder of Byron . Wright, ot Oodar City, lowa, has boon let out on bail of $2,000, and is not to bo found. —The Jury of inquest, over tho bodies of tho victims of the recent fire at tho St. James Hotel, 1 Montreal, rondorod a verdict of the severest cen sure ou the present aud post management of tho Fire Department. —Now Orleans is about to riso-ln her might and crush her canine clement. So many of her babies have -' boon obowod within a brief apace of time that popular indignation is at fo vor-hoot. —Tho LaOrosso Republican says It is current ly reported that tho Milwaukee & St. Paul Com pany have traded .their road ou tho'west side of tho Mississippi Bivor, between L’aCrosao aud Winona, with tho Northwestern for tho “ cut-off.” —The Ligonlor (Ind.) Banner haa boon formed by, a reliable person [that tho Baltimore & Ohio and Canada Southern -will bo locatod at Ligouior* and that tho.two oompauios will, build and oporato a double track from that point to Chicago. ’ '' • —Tho usual spring convention of tbo repre sentatives of .Western and. Northwestern trans portation companies haa. not yet been hold, but tho. rates for carrying wheat from all points on tho Upper Mississippi and Bt. Croix 'itiVers to Duluth, Milwaukee, and Chicago has boon fixed at prices* ranging from 12 cents to 16 cents per bushel.- —Tho total out of logs in Maine, tho past win- will roach nearly 450,000.000 foot, of-which tho Penobscot Ilivor’take's tho lead, the out on those waters being foot. Tho cut of this whiter with the old logs on hand amounts to over 51)0,000,000 foot, showing a falling oil as compared with the logs on hand lasfyoar at this time of 180,000,000 feet. , —A- junior who violently Assaulted a frcsliman at Now Havon[ Ct., because ho refused to give up a “beaver” hat'that 'ho' wore, was" promptly ox pollod by tho govorping - board, and; tbo rule has sinco been ostublisbod that 'any attempt at “hazing” or similar outrages committed upon students will bo followed by,tbo immediate ex pulsion of the offender. —Tho officers of tho Boston & Albany Bail road have, in view* of thefts of cigars committed by freightmon in decided to quadruple tho tariff on tobacco. It is a now idea in morals to compensate one’s self lev tbo thefts of clerks by extortion from tho pockets of, tho gen-, oral public: but, as it is a very profitable ouo, it r will no doubt fiud general acceptance with corpo •ratlons. . ; . • . —Ex-Gov. Bony, of Now* Hampshlro built a tannery at' Bristol, N. :H., in 1826. It took’ twelve barrels of cider and one barrel of rum to build it, and -throe, extra . gallons to put tho ridgepole on.' The result was thoro was so much spirit infused into tho undertaking that it cul minated in a fight, and ouo man had his log broken. Upon this Gov. B. formed a temperance; society, among tho employes of tho lanyard, and has kept it up over since. —Thoro were throe murders on tho lino of tho Alabama «fc Chattanooga Bailroad. on Sunday wook,fcwo.of which occurred at Meridian.- Freight Conductor Tom Peoples shot and killed ox-Oou ductor George Mooch. J. Guthrib, tho telegraph operator at Meridian; shot and mortally wounded Capt. Estes. Boad-Mastor on tho A. & O. Boad. At Collinsville, a negro shot and killed a white man. —A man from Loon County was arrested and fined in Bryan City, Texas, for carrying con cealed weapons. who had upon his person, when searched, two six-shooters, one derringer, a pair of brass-knuckles, throe* “tons” and a pair of “ sevens ” (a poker “full”), together with one of tho lorgost'kuivoß the editor of tho Bryan Appeal over caw. and seven or eight morphine powders. In extenuation of' tills extraordinary outfit, ho pleaded ignorance of tho' laws aud fashions of civilized society, and was released by paying a minimum fiuo. -The Pullman car “ Macon,” attached to tho Hannibal & St. JooExpress, coming west Thurs day night, caught flro between Ouilliootho aud Utica, qnd was* entirely destroyed. Tbo train stopped as soon as tho flro was discovered, but tho flames spread so rapidly that all efforts to. save tbo car were fruitless. The passengers had just time to escape into tho car forward. Tho Macon was ouo of the oldest aud poorest of the Pullman codchos and was worth'about SB,OOO. Dianna or llonoy-Dow* From the Oakland (Cal.) Transcript, Tho Alta slates that 8. Braunau, Jr., road au article on manna and houoy-dow before tho Acad emy of Science, elating that bonoy-dow had fall en In California twice in tho last decade, viz. 18(13 and 1873. If Mr. Braunau was posted on what ho was writing about, lie would not have ooullnod tho falling of honey-dew to tho'years mentioned. It falls nearly every year iu tho Sacramento valley. Tho Indians gather it in large quantities, and tho honey-bees till their hives with tho rich manna. We have soon bails of tho mauna as largo as apples gathered by the squaws, and not couUuod to any particular years either—though it falls moro extensively some years than others. We Imvo soon tho oak loaves dripping with tho precious saccharine matter. In 1800 it was very abundant lu tho Sacramento valley—more so than In 1862. Iu 1808 It also fell in abundance. - Mr. Braunau \vas f> probably in tho country only .In the two years mentioned, and that accounts for hla wonderful discovery. 'CHANGES IN THE PUBLIC LAND LAWS. Xtaaniiffo of Tltroo Dllln of Importnnca . lo Mcttlorn on tlio Pablto I.ntKls—»En» courngomcnt to Orotv Tltnbur on -'fho T/GHtorn PrnlricN-aAinomlmont V* tho BQoiucatvml Act—l'lio Itltfbt to Xmmilor I'ro-UiiijuloiiM or XDomo- KtVIUIHt Correspondence of Itie Kexo Yorie mi . ti< Tribune, inroo imlß raoro Important to sotlloro on tho public lauds of tho United Btaloa than any that bavo boforo panwod bluco tho llomoHUmd act bocarao laws during tho last hours of tho hoh aion of Opngroßfl jimfc olosod. Tho flrat ia an act to encourage tho growth of timber on Wontom pralrloß, and la.tho first moaouro of tho kind that haa over boon adopted by CongroßH. Tho fpllpwipgiH its fall text! Re ft ernicf«f, ; That any person who, ehatl plant, pro* tecl, and keep In a healthy growing condition for flvo years, 40 acres oftlmbor, tho trees thereon not being more than eight foot apart each way, on any quarter* section of any public lamia of the United States, shall bo entitled to a palout for Ibo whole of said quartcr aoctiou at the expiration of said flvo ycaro, on making proof of such fact by not loss than two credible wit nesses} provided, that only one-quarter in any section shall bo thus granted. Beo. 2. That tho person applying for the benefit of this act shall, upon application to the Register of tho Land OlUcoln which ho or she is about to make such .entry, moke alUdavk before' said Register or Receiver ■that said onfry is made for tho cultivation of timber, and Upon filing Bald "nflhlavlt with said Register ami Receiver, oud on payment of $lO, ho or she ahull there* upon bo permitted to outer the quantity of land specified: Provided, however,. That no certificate shall bo given or patent Issue therefor until the expiration of at least flvo years from tho duto.of ouch entry; and if at tho expiration ’ of such time, or at any time within three years there after, tho person making such entry, or If ho or she ho dead, his or her heirs or legal representatives, shall Erovo by two credible wltnMccs that she, or they are planted, and for not less than five years have cul* tlvatcd end protected such quantity and character of timber as aforesaid, they shall receive tho patent fot ' such quarter-section of laud. Seo. 3, That if, at nay time after the filing of said affidavit, and prior to the issuing of the patcutforeald land, it shall bo proven, after duo notice to tho party making such entry and claiming to cultivate such tim ber, to the satisfaction of tho Register df tho Land OiHco that such person has abandoned or failed to cul tivate. protect, and keep In good condition such tim ber, then, and in that event, said laud shall revert to the United States. Seo. i. That each and every person who, under the provisions of an net entitled ** An Act to secure home steads to actual settlors on tho public domain,” ap - proved May 20, IOC‘2, or any amendment thereto, hav ■lnga homestead an said publlo .domalu, .who. at the end of tho third year of his or bor residence thereon, shall have had under cultivation, for two years, one acre of timber, tho trees thereon uot being mure than eight feet apart each way, and In a good thrifty condi tion, for each and every sixteen acres of said home stead,'shall, upon due proof of said fact by (wo credi ble witnesses, receive bis or her patent for said home stead. . * Beo, 6. That no loud acquired under Uio provisions of this act shall, in any event, become liable to tho satisfaction of'any debtor debts contracted prior to tho Issuing of patent therefor. Beo. 8. That tho Commissioner of tho General Land Olllco is hereby required to proparo and Issue such rules and regulations, consistent with this act, os shall bo necessary and proper to carry Us provisions into effect; and that tho Registers and tho llcccivcrs of tho soveraVLand Ofllccs shall bo entitled to receive tho same compensation for any lands entered under tho provisions of this act that they aro now entitled to re ceive when tho samo quantity of laud is entered with money. Beo. 7. That tho fifth section of tho act entitled “ An act In addition to an act to punish crimes against tho United States, and for other purposes," approved March 3,1857, shall extend to all oaths, affirmations, and affidavits required or authorized by this act. Tbo second of thoso bills relates to soldiers’ homesteads and its object is fully explained in its preamble: Wiieheab, By act of Congress entitled “An act to enable honorably-discharged soldiers oud sailors, their widows and orphan children, to acquire homesteads on the public lauds of the United Stales, I 'approved April 4,1872, and by tbo amendment thereto, approved Juno 6, 1872, It la provided that said soldiers and Bailors, their widows and orphan children, shall havo tho right to enter homesteads of ICO acres each upon what aro called and known as “ double minimum 1 ' lands, or lauds within tho limits of railroad land grants; and Wueueas, Many soldiers and sailors had, prior to tho pa&sago of said act and the amendments thereto, entered homesteads within said limits, not exceeding 80 acres each, and are unable, under tho terms of said act and amendment, and tho rulings of. tbo General Land Office, to avail themselves of the advantages of entering ICO acres of said “doubleminimum" land; and, ' wnxnEAQ, Such discrimination against tho pioneer soldiers and sailors la unjust ; therefore, JJe it enacted, etc., That See. 2 of tho act entitled “ An* act to amend an act relating to soldiers and sailors' homesteads," approved Juno 8, 1873, bo amended so as to read os follows: That any person entitled under the provisions of tho foregoing sections to enter a homestead, who may havo heretofore entered under tho Homestead laws a quantity of land less than ICO acres, shall bo permitted to enter so much land as. when added to tho quantity previously entered, shall not oxcood ICO acres. Tho last of those measures Is of especial im portance to colonies which bavo settled or aro about to settle upon the public lands. Under tho present law a pro-omptor is not allowed to soil or.aliouato in any way any portion of his homestead until ho has scoured a full title to It, after a residence of five years. lu several of tho Western States and Territories colonies havo boon formed and towns built up boforo any of tbo inhabitants havo resided on tboir pre-emp tions more than two or threo yoara, out they havo not boon allowed to sot apart any of their lands, ovon for public purposes. Tho law re ferred to gives them this privilege. Its text is as follows: , lie it enacted. *to,, That any person who has already settled or hereinafter may aotlto on the public lands of the United States, either by pro-cmpllon, or by virtue of the homested law or any amendments thereto, shall have the right to transfer by warrantee, against ills or her own acts, any portion of bis or her said pre-emption or homested for church, cemetery, or school purposes, or for the right of way of railroads across such pre emption or homestead, aud the transfer for such pub lic purposes shell in no way vitiate the right to com plete aud perfect tho title to thoirpro-emption or home steads. A Word to tho Ladies of Now York. 3’o the Editor of the Xcw VorJi Tribune: Sib : An omorgoncy involving tho delicacy and horior of my box makos it my duty to submit tho following facts to tho ladies of this city: Nearly two years ago, at tho request of a friend who baa perfect confluence In her truth' and purity, I accepted an invitation from Victoria Avoodbull to rido with hor in Central Park. Tho .result was-an impression that sho was cither in sane or tho hapless victim of malignant spirits. Fof sho calmly informed mo that several distinguished -editors, clorgymon, aud lady authors .of this city, eomo of thorn my personal friends, and all of thorn raodolri. of domestic purity and virtue, not only ’hold her opinions on free lovo, hut practised ac cordingly, and that it was only, a lock of moral , courage which prevented their open avowal of such opinions. I concealed all this, excepting from a fow personal friends, beoauco it is cruelty aud a disgrace to any porsous of delicaoy and refine ment, especially to ladies,' to havo their names and characters publicly subjected to inquiry as •to such, praoticos. Since that interview, this woman or hor associatos havo boon carrying out a plan for malting money by maligning or threat ening conspicuous persons of such purity and sensibility that it would bo oxpootea they or thoir friends would pay largo sums rather than cotno in collision with such antagonists and thoir filthy weapons. Such an operation carried out in Now York would extend indefinitely. Tho proper way of mooting this ovil is to secure tho onforcomout of an existing law, by which au ofticor of the Btato, aud not tho person assailed, muy prosecute any who circulate aspersions of character which they cannot prove to do true, it being made, in such cases as this, a penitentiary offense. When such a law is' well executed, and when imprisonment for lifo, without powor of pardon in any human hdnds,' shall bo tho penalty for murder, thou tho present exasperating surges. of society will do assuaged, and tho dovo and ollvo branch ap pear. American women' possess a power littlo appreciated or exorcised: for it is- certain that there is no beneficent law which thoy would unito in asking to havo onaotod or enforced which would not readily bo granted. For this reason tho influence of tho ladles of this city is besought to secure in this conspicuous caso tho onforcomout of the penalty for tho most oruol slander that many havo already suffered, and whloh is still threatened to others. Tho officers of law whoso duty it is to abate this ovil aro at hand, and thoir ear can bo reached by 'many a woman whom thoy rospoot. A t tho samo time, .Our clorgymon can bo entreated to lend thoir co operation by teaching'from tho pulpit 'Xwhal many do not know) that helping to circulate as- Eorsious of character which thoy cannot prove to o truo is a violation both of the Decalogue and of civil law. Oathabine E. Beeoueq. New Yobs,- March 28, 18711. Xlluclior* When the apodal messcngera arrived to Inform Bluchor that Napoleon had oacapod from Elba, and that hia services would bo immediately re quired in the field, they wore aatouiahod to find him literally running round and round a largo room, the lloor of which was covered with aaw duat, and in which ho had immured himself, under the delusion that ho was an elephant. Tor the time, it lyaa feared that Bluchor waa hopoloaaly insane, or that ho waa ao far Buffering from the delirium tromoua that hia active co operation iu tho anticipated campaign would bo impoßsiblo; but when tho urgent news waa brought him, ho at onco recovered hlmaelf, and proceeded to give hiu advice in a perfectly sound state of mind, tho touo of which was thus, as by a sudden shook, restored to him.