Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 6, 1873, Page 7

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 6, 1873 Page 7
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“THAT BOY.” The Spring-Yearning that Possesses Humanity. Longing for Farm-Life—How. Manifested. A Suggestion for Its Early Staged A Farm-School that ✓ Might Be. Life in the Fields, and Among the Kine—Maud Mul. ler & Co. Knthe spring, a livelier iris changes on the burnished • dove; tn tbo spring, a young man's fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love,— . and the cut of his new overcoat, especially the latter.' This, however, after he has passed that Embryo stage in which be has been known as THAT BOT. It is with that boy, and his aspirations in early spring, that wo havo now to do, however. He Is not so anxious about the wherewithal that be shall be clothed as his older brother, whose in cipient moustache is asnbject of anxious thought . and sleepless nights, but is quite willing to leave friij chances of attire to tbo same Beneficent Hand that arrays the lilies of the field, and is not a bit more troubled about the matter. than they are. In fact, his principal thought is to GET INTO THE COUNTRY, where store-clothes are at a discount, and bore feet are the fashion for every day but Sunday; where palm-leaf hats, consisting of a crown with out a bnm, or a brim without a crown,/ are in good taste, and there is altogether a general set ting-aside of all the prunes and prisms of polite society, and as near an arrival at a natural state of things as. has been possible since Adam first employed Eve as a tailoross. Who does not. re member him, 4. : THE COUNTRY-BOY, bare-footed,—those same bare foot covered with ecara of old scratches and stone-bruises; the nails, spoiled of any possible future shapeful . ness by constant* stubhings and splittings ; tbe bands hard with labor; the cotton shirt, with the neck unbuttoned, disclosing tbe bjure, brown* throat and chest; the dust-colored trousers, fringed around the bottom, reaching half-way to the ankle, and held by one old -.suspender; and the tattered palm-leaf hat, which serves fqr a* dipper, or a receptacle for country-plunder, as often as for its original purpose ? - • - . how the an-Boi, dad in English melton and cassimore, envies him! How he longs for the some freedom of attire and occupation! What visions of bird- nesting, swimming, boating, and gunning, are associated in his mind with the life of tbe coun try farmer’s boy; and how he longs-to got away to that visionary Paradise I Nor will he be satisfied that it is not all couldeur de rose until he baa made the experiment, and ascertained for htmafllf that what looks like all play has really a substratum of very hard work. We do not suppose that there is any such philanthropic individual; but our imagination readily supplies one, who could easily to these eager city-boys a chance to obtain some practical knowledge of country and form life. Of what inestimable value might it not be to, them in the future I How many men KEVEB OCTOaOW THOSE EATU.Y INSTINCTS, . and having, through years of toil in their pro fessions, commercial enterprises, and trades; accumulated a small fortune,—enough,' perhaps, with a moderate application to business, to in sure, them comfort for the rest of their lives, feel the old cravings return, and, utterly ignor ingthefaefcof the many years of. toil which it required for each to become .proficient in his specialty, imagine they are full-fledged farmers, and bury their little, hard-earned means in a sod which they have never learned to cultivate. “Why it’s nothing to be a farmer,” they argue. “Any man, with brains and proper mechanical aids, can plow, and hoe. and sow, and reap. For a. fanner -to become a business man, is, of course, very different. ‘ That needs a certain apprenticeship; but the reverse does not require any. Nature os assistant, and a little reading-up, are sufficient; so Mr. Merchant, Mechanic, or Professional buys a farm, stocks it, and taxes his city-bred family out. He stays on it from one to three years; seel the LA2TD QBOW LEAH AJTD BABBEK w under his unskillful management, in spite of bis attempted trial of new and magnificent the ories; in spite of all the wonderful fertilizers with which ne attempts to enrich it; in spite of all the new machines that are supposed to be the proper assistants in farming made easy. His boys, who were to be so much help, possibly learn to catch a pickerel by trolling, and sur reptitiously to handle a gun and frighten all the small birds off the place,—to the detriment of the fruit; hut never, by any chance, do the proper thing at the proper ‘ tune. The gentleman himself, of late years tamed to early rising, finds, after the.novelty of the undertaking has worn off, that the morn ings are chill, there is no newspaper at hand, ana it is cold business going out on an empty stomach to look after the farm-work, to handle the scythe, perhaps, or drive the mowing-ma chine, or, it may be, to use the'hoe when the com and potatoes require it. HIB EADX-WIFE, AK» DATIOHTEnS, meantime attempt to look after the chickens, and the first brood is generally squeezed to death by little Miss, 2 years old, out of pure love. The others came to grief in various ways; and, the first-year at least,, they ;buy their eggs and Thanksgiving tin-key. By the second year, the cares to which she has never been accustom* ed have used up Aladame’s health, the children' are running wild and practical help has to bo 'called in to assist in'poultry-yard, dairy, and ■ kitchen. , This is not always obtainable, and, even when it is, Hadamo does not like to resign altogether her privilege to command; and, upon one issue or another, there COMES A QUAKD and, unwilling to try a new, and to her a useless experiment, in making the butter come, or some theoretical remedy for pip in the chickens, which Madame (urged thereto by her book-taught husband]) insists upon having essayed, the help goes off in a huff, the batter is in statu quo, the chickens die for want of proper care, and Hadame wishes there had never been such a thing as a farm thought of. “ How much better to live in the city, where you can buy e verythlng,' without this continual fuss I” is her mental com ment; and, broken in health, mined in temper,, with shattered nerves, she hails with joy the suggestion of her husband, that He guesses ho wifi try and HTTT.T. his FA3UL” EThat motion is • seconded without a moment's hesitation; and tho few- dissenting 'voices are those' of the boys and younger girls, who have only sopn tho bright .Bide of things, enjoyed the fniy and freedom,'*and known nothing of the_hoxd work, • But onr friend found it much easier to ; buy that farm than to dispbse'pf it.' .When he Invested therein, it seemed as if every one wanted to buy a farm, and now it is all the other way,— each man. is anxious .to sell.- His theoretical cultivation of the land has by no means Im prbvid it, and at last he ie glad to take a small percentage of the original value, and a mortgage in lieu of the bard cash which he invested in it. Eeturning to his old city-life, ho finds that ' - TTTH PT.ApE TTAS WEgK TTT.T.RT>, ’ that he has not more than a tithe left of the . hard earnings of previous years, and that, in stead ’ of the comfort which he might have secured for Ms old age. he has again to com mence, almost at the bottom of the ladder, the upward climb toward competency,—for tunate, ' indeed, if he. .ever again has a chance to get out of the. heavy harness of the dray-horse, and assume the lighter one of easy work or mere pleasure. That all this unfortunate experience might bo avoided seems simple enough, if. there could be found any farmer sufficiently, largo-hearted and broad-thougbted to try an experiment for the benefit of ms.species. Let such a’.one, , with . many acres to be cultivated, advertise his willing ness to take ; • ■ TWENTY OR aiOBE BOYS „ , ■ Upon his farm in the early spring, and keep them for six months or & year, letting their work pay for their board. This would be productive of a. certain eenso of obligation upon both sides, and he far more benenmal in ah educational way than if the boy’s father paid his board, and ho was left free to follow his own fancies. That the boy should remain the entire year, seems to bo almost & matter of necessity, in order that ho may fully realize what the gains and losses are which he must accept if ho wishes to become a practical farmer. Such in-, novation once made, if at all successful,—and there .is no reason why it should not bo, —• would at last, it may bo, become an estab lished custom, and all these restless, eager boys, who see in farm-life such an* easy, happy, ge nial way of getting along, have their fancied vo cation : ..*. . VERIFIED OB DISPELLED. ’ Granting that some of the labor must nec essarily be overseen, if not performed by ' men, still, in as far .as it was possible, the * whole matter should be given up to the boys, and it should bounder stood that they were positively to remain tbo stated time, no. matter bow soon they might be come 4tßUhmonized. Getting up before light to feed the stock would be‘all very nice for the first week or two, and then Tom, Dick, and Harry would begin to grumble, and roll over for another nap. Up they must get, however, —that* is part of farm life. Down into the bam, to food the horses and cattle, whore they are properly housed, look after the pigs; and then breakfast by candle-light, in order to take advantage of the earliest possible moment to bo oil to the labor of the fields. Supposing the old system of hand-plowing to have become obsolete, and the horse-plow alone used, he learns how to manage this thoroughly. ' THEBE MUST BE NO SHIRKING, even if it soon grows monotonous, and ho thinks he would almost, if not. quite, prefer to go to school. Then, whore it is necessary, tbo picking of stones and roots out of tbo ground is back breaking work, only exceeded by that of diguing and' picking up potatoes. Ho learns to plant properly, and there is a certain fascination in this ; but hoeing the com, or other vegetables that may require it, is by uo means poetical, but very prosaic, hard labor. There comes an occa sional rainy day, when, perhaps, he may get a chance to go trouting or pickerel-fishing; but too frequently horsos.have to be taken to the black smith’s to .be shod, gates need mending; there is a broken rake that requires a little home dentistry, and all the numerous small matters that must be attended to will prevent that pro jected excursion. Night-time finds the boy that was up with the lark, TOO WEARY TO CARE FOB ANYTHING * but to tumble into bed, and sleep the heavy, dreamless slumber of overtired youth. To look down on a hot summer’s day from an elevation where von are shaded from the blazing sun and caressed bv the wooing breeze, upon : the haymakers in the fields, is very delightful. There is music in the swish of their scythes, as they mow down the fragrant grass; ‘there is Picturesque beauty in the brawny, carelessly nlad sons of toil who are at work; and it may be that some unrecognized Maud Muller rakes after; while a subtle sense of luxuriant idleness takes possession of the lazy dreamer who gazes idly at tbo scene. Bat to bo a co-workefr would be QUITE ANOTHER THING, To be sure, mowing-machines have almost en tirely altered the facts of the foregoing sketch, and made the haying much less laborious ; but still it is.by no means play, even with all the as sistance of improved agricultural implements. Harvesting in general is, perhaps, the pleasant est part of-all the work; nut it must be attend ed to. and admits of no delay fora day’s gunning or fishing. “ Early and always,” must bo the farmer’s motto until the last spear of grain is garnered, the last specimen of fruit safe in bin or barroL Supposing, however, that the boys bayo borne the trial bravely, have learned that it is hard and constant work, and not play, but that now THE WINTEB HAS ABUTTED, with’ita season of rest and sport. Still, where the stock are sheltered in the winter, the farmer must rise early to supply their wants. In less favored districts, there is wood to be cut and drawn. There have been bucolic com-huakingfl and applo-parings during tbo fall, at which that boy may work if he. likes, but ho does not get much of the play. That is left for the elder brothers, who will also get .the benefit of the singing-schools, and seeing the girls homo, later In the season. For this, of courso, the boy does not care. He would rather snare a rabbit, shoot a partridge, or make a snow house, fort, or man, —not having yet reached the susceptible age. This is also his time for aoisa to school ; but bore he will find the* chief difference.' In place of a variety of teachers for 'different branches, there will bo a young man who is going through college, and bos been obliged to eke out the neceasary means by a year’s teaching. Ho needs to know his business thoroughly, and most decidedly, to be a muscular Christian, or, ten ohanoes to one, he is ignominiously. expelled by his scholars, or, if not, the little hoys will expend their time in learning how. to accurately discharge moist balls at the ceiling, to carve their names on desk and bench, to frolic and fight, and do all but learn their lessons; while the older ones in dulge in sly mischief, or uproarious mirth with the older girls. The little girls do not generally count for much, and are frequently kept at home by the weather, sewing patch-work as they sit by Mamma's side. (Granted, however, that the young man does keep order, and teaches both boys and girls to the beet of his and their ability, the average boy will not get the. education which would ho forced upon him in city schools. The student WHO BEALLY WISHES TO LEABN will do so. The farmer's boy who has the will and desire to acquire knowledge will overcome. . all hindrances; and our greatest men have been those who, in the face of all obstacles, including sometimes disheartening, enslaving poverty, have broken' every trammel, and, learning the first principles of science or statesmanship by a farm-house hearth, from books bought with the fruits of many hours of hard toil, have studied these during winter nights by the flick ering firelight, and have risen at last superior to the great mass, who, with every advantage of culture and education, never got above the dead level of ordinary existence. So it wonld seem that it is neither the time nor the accessories, bat the man. or rather the boy with the spirit of the man, that is needed to make eventually a diplomatic or scientific leader. FOB THE AVEBAQE BOY, however, it is evident that the better the educa tional advantages which he can obtain, the more probability there is of his making a ripple on,tho sea of life, if he cannot be a huge, submerging wave; ana the majority of boys, whether in town or country, are only average boys, and make on ly average men. - So it is evident that the em bryo farmer must forego certain advantages that are ' open to the sons of city resi dents. . Therefore wo hold it desirable that the boy who thinks he would like to bo a fanner should have a chance to tiy the life thoroughly, and in all its phases. If he really has a vocation lor it, then all minor difficulties will be surmounted, and ho will, no doubt, grow up to be a good, true, practical agriculturist, a benefit to the world at large, andArproprietor of broad, well-cultivated fields, — THE BIGHT MAN IN THE EIGHT PLACE. If not, however, the work will soon disgust him. Twelve months of it will be a sufficient purgatory for the memory of it to prevent his rushing in after-years into those gloomier depths whence, if he escapes at all, it will be in a scattered and otherwise distressed condition. - WHO WILL ACT UPON OUB HINTS ? Who will Indulge the eager, unsatisfied long ings in these young hearts for a season in tho country, confirm tho vocation, or dispel the illu sion',—thus doing a world of good in noth ways ? "With all duo respect to agricultural colleges, this would make the best primary school at least; and, if the advantages of one can but be secured, why the latter is, of course, the neces sary institution. Think of it, fanners, and try it. It may not prove so awkward an undertaking as it looks! Let tho boys work tho first year for their board; and .then, to those who have the true vocation, and do not get disgusted by that time and wish to" return to city-life, give some small wages the second year to encourage them. ■Who will give the boys a chance'? Effects of a Dry, Cold. Winter* Prof. Shaler has a communication in one of our scientific periodicals of the winter of 1871-2rrone of the driest and also one of the coldest on record. The snow-fall was light, and the ground froze to almost an unprecedented depth; being sufficient throughout the whole of New England to involve the roots of tho vegetation ana the forests. The tree which suffered most was tho arbor-yito, more than half of those having died, and the rest being in a critical condition. The rod -cedar was likewise a great sufferer, as also the yellow and white pines; indeed, all the con ifer® in New-England have been injured to a greater or less degree. The greatest damage was experienced in candy soils. The only change in animal life noticed by Prof. Shaler is the comparative scarcity of snakes, which he considers to be a very decided feature. Tho Professor contenda that a slight addition to the degree of the drouth and the cold might have made such ravages with our forests aa to have modified the climate and brought about a series of changes as great as those which mark th* different geological formations of tho past. * THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, APRIL 6, 1873. LONDON. The Ministerial Crisis—Mr. Glad stone—How the Irish Mem bers Vote. The Atlantlc-Cable Monopoly—Evan gelical Cyrus and His “Ring.” How the Markets Are Worked by the “City Editors.” The "Works of the Bronte Sisters and of Lord Brougham. From Our Oien Correspondent, London, March 15,1873. MINISTERS, PARLIAMENT, AND PEOPLE. Mr. Gladstone is once more testing his popu larity. Whoever may be Premier, and whether the dissolution of the House of Commons comes just after Paster, or later in the autumn, (he real settlement of the confusion brought about by the rejection of the Irish University bill lies in the decision of the people as to the merits of Mr. Gladstone. 80 strongly marked are his characteristics that yon ore compelled either to. adore him or to detest him. I have never found anybody who said “he rather liked him,” or “he didn’t care much about him.’’ If ho Is a man of eloquence, he is eminently practical as well. His budgets; bis treaties of commerce; his Reform bill; the disestablishment of the Irish Church; the great Irish Land bill; the encouragement of the King dom of Italy; the policy of conciliation towards the United States; those things all testify to his capacity for legislation. It was the instinctive recognition of his individual prominence which led all the Liberal side of the House to give him such a cheer as they did when he glided into his seat on the evening on which he announced his resignation. There was no little feeling in the cry, and the discontented Radicals who had voted against him looked spe cially humble. Without being uncharitable, I suppose I may say that, of the English Radicals, only one of the opposition votes was really on the merits of the question, viz.: The vote of Mr. Fawcett. And really Mr. Fawcett is possessed* with so strong a personal antipathy to Mr. Glad stone, that even with him the merits of the dis pute are obscured. The Irish Roman Catholics, who voted en bloc, against the Ministry, wore compelled to do so by their Bishops. The com munication existing between fifty or sixty mem bers of the House of Commons and the Irish Hierarchy is becoming too much for thopatieuce of quiet Protestant members, who never dream of referring to their Vicar or Rector before they venture upon a vote. Directly an important question is before Parliament, you hear what the Bishop of some Irish Diocese has pronounced about it. Irish members catch you by the arm, and insist upon reading you extracts from private letters detailing the Episcopal opinion. The reasons for or against never enter into their minds; the only dispute is as to what the heads of their priesthood have said. That known, they are as docile as- Bishop Dupanloup was when the Pope’s infallibility was declared. If Imperial interests did not softer thereby, it would be a grateful relief to allow these gentle men a Parliament of their own at Dublin, where thfey could be priest-saddled to their heart’s con tent. AN ELECTION I If an election really takes place, we shall find Scotland returning about the same number of Lib erals as now'; Wales the same. Ireland will not alter her representatives in many instances, save, perhaps, by increasing the number of Home Bulers, who, at all events, would not bo Conservatives, but in England, the Conservatives may gain forty or fifty seats. This does not give Mr. Disraeli a majority, but the new House would no doubt yield him a fair trial, and the Marquis of Salis bury would again be tormented by seeing a Con servative Ministry purchasing support by orig inating Liberal measures. A STOBY OF THE CEISIS, known to be authentic, is to the effect that, be fore the vote on the second reading of the Uni versity bill was taken, half-a-dozen of the “ rebels ” on the Tory side—Legitimist Tories, who hate Disraeli—communicated with Mr. G. Hardy, in whom they believe, and said.they would vote against the Government if he would promise them that, under no circumstances, would the Conservative leaders form a Government with the present House of Commons. Mr. Hardy promised for himself, and said he believed ho could promise for his distinguished friends. So the “ rebels ” voted, and to-day they are indignantly asking how Hr. Disraeli coold dare to think, even for two or three hours, of forming an Ad ministration before an appeal to the country. THE ATLANTIO-CABuE MONOPOLY. Mr. Cyrus Field is over here, working heaven and earth to fasten together a hard monopoly of telegraph companies against the interests of the fubllc. There has been another Westminster alace Hotel dinner, and fresh hursts of laugh ter at the joke that some people might still con sider that combination to secure exorbitant charges was not what was looked for when special opportunities were afforded to the evangelical Gyrus and bis friends. Never, certainly, was there a “Ring” so audacious. They have flung off disguise. They openly say they are establishing the Globe Com pany in order to dress up prices, and bring their power to bear down competition, wherever it may arise. I have seen Mr. Field, with tears in his eyes, describe, in days past, to sympathetic groups, his nightly prayers to “ Almighty God” for the success of the cable ; and I remember reading a metaphor of bis in a speech delivered on yoor side of the Atlantic, in which he spoke of the “still small voice ”of the Deity being beard in it. Mr. Field has not quite dropped all that sort of thing t even now, for he put on hia ticket of invitation the words tl Sans JHeu, rien ;” but hia colleagues roar with mirth at his professions. The one idea now is, to make the “ Globe ” conduce to the sole advantage of Field & Co., let who will go to the walk WOBKING THE MABEET. Wonderfully has the market been managed during the last few days. There are the golden promises ,as to the new “International, alias the “ Globe” Company, above mentioned, and then the breakage in the '65 cable. The shares have varied as much as 10 per cent in a couple of hours. The news of the accident was pub lished on the morning of the appearance of the new Company. The of the Globe in clude men who are masters in the art of com pany-nursing. And then there are the cixr ahtict.es. Since the development of joint-stock enter prise in England, I observe that distrust has arisen in the minds of city people as to the entire impartiality of tho personages who are known as "city editors.” Each daily paper has an office in the City of London, in the close neighborhood of the Stock Exchange, to which a gentleman, named “ the city editor,” goes every day, and in which ho sees people, and where, late in tho evening, he writes his‘/city article ” for the next morning's issue. ' It is impossible, I am afraid, to believe in the independence of everybody. If you listen to stock-brokers, purity exists only hero and there. Not that tho services rendered are ostentatiously displayed. There is a deal of ingenuity. It is not after the German fashion. Not long since, I heard a “city editor” of Berlin declare he had made .£2O 000 sterling within tho previous two months, simply by expounding tho advantages of particu lar joint-stock schemes. “Do yon mean,’ said I “ that they have paid you that money down ? Ho smiled in pity of my ignorance. “No, no!’ ho observed; “they don’t give us money, but they allot ns shares, and then, as the shares come out at a-promuim through our eloquence, we sell and pocket the difference.” Ho thought it was “ Quixotic,” he added, to object to such arrangements. . , _ _. , In London, things are not so nnhluahingly done. But it is, nevertheless, a fact, that un biased criticism Is rare. Against the near Cable Company, a dead set has been made. Even be fore it appeared, the public wore warned; and now the Times (whoso city article is the least to he defended upon of any journal in England}, day after day, inserts letters, or offers remarks, which- are as much in the interest of alessrs. Field & Co. as were those in the last number of the Observer , a paper which is owned by one of the Directors of the Globa Amalgamation Com pany. A favorite policy with the uncertain city writer is in suppression. Not often does he come out, as this week towards the new Cable Company, with direct denunciation. Suppression; and ju dicious thrusting to the front, are his favorite means. Thus you will usually see, in certain journals, particular stocks named first, when there has neon any favorable movement, as though all the interest of the day’s proceedings was m the fate of that one description of invest ment. When a fall has occurred, no mention is made of the stock. You will see this kind of thing continually, for example, with the Atlantic i Great Western stock. People behind the scenes laugh at the fact, but the public are often so misled by it as to feel in the end much more inclined to weep than to feel amused. KEW HOOKS. An illustrated edition, in seven -volumes, of “The life" and Works of Charlotte Bronte and Her Sisters,” is being brought out by Smith & Elder. The fourth volume contains “The Pro fessor,” which was written before either “ Jane Eyre ”or “ Shirley,” but was not pub lished until .after the authoress’ death. The pleasant preface will not bo forgotten by those of your readers whoso memories go back as far as 's6,—the date at which the Bov. A. B. Nich olls consented to the publication. In it, “ Currer Bell ” set out how she had determined her hero should work his way through life as she had seen real living men work theirs, but that the publish-, ors wanted something more imaginative. “ In deed,” she wrote, “ until an author has tried to dispose of a manuscript of this kind, be can never know what stories of romance and socia bility lie hidden in breasts he would not have suspected of casketing such treasures. Men in business are usually thought to prefer the real. On trial, the idea will be often found fallacious. A passionate preference for the wild, wonderful, and thrilling, the strange, startling, and bor rowing, agitates divers sonis that show a calm and sober surface.” The publishers smiled, but they did not contradict, and, to this day, would prefer a Miss Braddon to a Uiea Austen Messrs. Black, of Edinburgh, have just com pleted a series of eleven volumes, containing the works of Lord Brougham. The last volume has a chronological list of Lord Brougham’s publi cations, and a general index.- In connection with the > index, it may be interesting to notice hero Lord Brougham’s own ideas as to the plan upon which such a work should be con structed.- This is gathered from a note of in structions forwarded to the publishers several years ago, in connection with his speeches, as follows: “A bools and an index are to be made on opposite principles. A good book cannot be too concise; a good index can hardly be too pro lix. Bepetitions ore to be avoided in the former; in the latter they should abound. For, as one man’s memory takes hold of one tag of a sub ject, and another man’s of another, so you must have all the tags possible in your index, that all may lay hold of it. Nay, the same man will re member a thing differently, according to the va rious views with which he consults the index at different times.” A foe-simile of the note containing these remarks is ap pended to this volume. The handwriting is much more distinct than in some notes which I have of his, written at a later date. Lord Brougham, it may not be remembered, lies at Cannes. A monument has been raised above his grave, consisting of a plain cross of granite of the country, 22 feet nigh, exclusive of the base. It is placed upon the grave, the ground for lihich, with a large space around, has been given to the family of Brougham in perpetuity by

the town of Cannes. The epitaph consists of the following single record: HKTOICUS BBOUGHAM. NatOP, MDCCLXXVm. Docesait, MDCCCLXVIH. EVOLUTION'. A Discovery by Dr. ISuecbner* Sjlazdwood, m., April % 1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune : Sib : The intelligent foreigner is again among us, notebook and pencil in hand. This time it is the learned German scientist, Dr. Buechner, who communicates to the Gartenlaube the re results of his observation upon American pe culiarities at an. evening party. These, accord ing to a late number of the Nation, are, that “ The ladies, in the round dances, moved with a more gliding step than do their sisters in Ger many. And this fact he explains by those laws of race which gave the Indian his crafty, silent footfall as he approached the slumbering village in order to murder the innocent inhabitants. 1 ’ Not only America, but the whole civilized world, is indebted to the thoroughness of German scholars for the solution of many problems, that, in all probability, would otherwise have remain ed in mystery unto this day. As a people, we have hospitably welcomed to our shores foreigners of every rank and degree, except, perhaps, His Serene Highness of Hech lonburg’s ex-convicts, and have got onr reward in various ways and degrees, from “ American Notes” to ‘‘Spiritual Wives,” but one such “ find ” as Dr. Buechner atones for many pre vious disappointments, and will, for a time, cause us to infuse a heartiness into the welcome which will be extended to the gentlemen who arrive from foreign parts with eye-glass on the alert, and note-book convenient; which after events may show to have been hasty and ill-ad vised. . "We are certainly indebted to Dr. Buechner for a discovery which native scholars would have overlooked to. the end of time, perhaps. It is true that the learned Doctor ignores the beer, and kraut, and Gemueihlichkeil, which, to the un scientific mind, would have *some weight in'ac counting for the fact that - the belle of the Doctor’s native land is usually a creature of less ethereal mold than her trans-Atlantic sisters, who, as a school-girl, is, of the writer’s owir knowledge, given to the consumption of the succulent slate-pencil and the promiscuous pickle, and whose step would naturally have some relation to her pounds avoirdupois. It is also, of course, just possible that some of the ladies who came within the range of Dr. Buechner’a spectacles were descendants of the old Knickerbockers, who came over in ships as broad-bottomed ana unwieldy as themselves ; but I do not wish to say anything that would have a tendency to detract from the value of the learned Doctor’s deductions, for I am firmly persuaded of the vain© of the theory which he advances, and beg hnznble leave to offer one or two illustrations in its support, which have hitherto been a source of considerable mental anxiety to mo, before the key was offered for their unraveling, by the opportune arrival of the intelligent foreigner. ‘ 2r.Why do American ladies exhibit such an in satiable craving to obtain hair which has be longed tb some one else; and why do a great many of them bedaub their features with hide ous pigments ? There is not a mother’s daugh ter of them that is contented with the quantum of hair Nature gave her. How shall we explain this startling fact? Evidently not otherwise than by those subtle laws of descent which make her inherit, in a modified form, the passion which possessed her ancestor. io require the hair of his foes. Nor is this all. The descend ants of chieftains, who were usually promoted to their elevated station by reason of their suc cess and diligence in accumulating the much- ■ •prized cranial coverings of other people, may probably be traced by their ex ceptionally full assortment of switches, frizzes, etc. The intelligent student of Evolution will not need to be told that, as the fierce warnor hideously begrimed himself with inharmonious pigments when he went forth to conquer and de stroy, so the intangible, but inexorable, laws of inheritance and descent lead the fair one of our day to seek the adventitious aid of liquid rouge and Bloom of Youth, ere she sallies forth to ball or party, with intent to commit havoc in the sus ceptible material usually found wearing broad cloth at such places. Seriously,.the theory of Evolution commands the respectful attention of those even who do not agree with its conclusions ; but the laugha ■ ble blunder of so learned a man as Dr. Buechner suggests io the cantious student the inquiry: If these gentlemen make each sad work when they venture upon ground with which we, the unscientific, are acquainted, with how many grains of salt shall we receive their conclusions when, they wander among the and labyrinthodom, where they-have us at a disad vantage, and then invite us to upset some of our most cherished convictions, which, however mis taken, are pretty strongly rooted ? I am, yours faithfully, - C. C. Cornell. UNATTAINED. If .I could only know— I, Bitting here this weary winter morning. And watching aimlessly the flakes of snow That wander through the air in vague forewarning— If I were only sure That you would weep with any real sorrow, If in their gathered whiteness cold and pure These flakes should lie upon my grave to-morrow— I would not count if sad To loose my little bold upon yon living. And win in dying whet I never had, And what, at«s I yon havs not for the giving. -Jtarji E. Eradkyin Ou April Scribner. THE LAW OF STORMS. The "Whirling Movement, and Its Causes. How to Tell the Direction of a Storm- Centre, Observations of the weather during the past few years have established our knowledge of the important meteorological fact that all our storms are accompanied by the phenomenon of . . The fact is now much more widely known than its cause. The accompanying diagram will ena ble our readers to understand the latter. r y / y * jjf. # Jw / / « / 'I i\\ I f \\ : / \\ < ; \ \ Aa stated in The Xbxbvse of Sunday last, tho secondary cause of a storm is a reduced air pressure over any particular part of the earth’s surface; which is indicated by a depression of the mercury in the barometer within that region. Hence the central district of a storm is tech nically called “ AJf AEEA OF LOW BABOSIETEB.” Towards this region, the surrounding air rush es in to restore an equilibrium; and that rush of air is known as wind. The resulting circular motion, around the central point, is due to the ro tation of the earth upon her axis, from west to east. It is easy to calculate that THE VELOCITY OF BOTATION at the equator, 24,900 miles in 24 hours, Is 17.3 miles per minute, while at the pole it is nothing. In the latitude of 40 degrees it is 13# miles; in the latitude of 45 degrees it is 12# miles,per min ute. The earth carries the atmosphere along with it, and the velocity of the atmosphere at any point is the velocity of that point, which de creases with an increase in the latitude. It is evident that. If a mass of air at any point be moved northward or southward, from any cause, it will preserve for a time the eastward velocity of the ’point from which it started; just as a stone thrown from the window of a moving rail road car is carried forward by the impetus of the train. Hence, a mass of air moving south ward, in thin hemisphere, will lag behind in the rotation, while the lelative motion will be faster than that of the surface if it move northward, * because of the change in velocity of the surface due to the latitude. Now suppose the top line of our diagram to represent the parallel of 45 degrees of latitude, and the length of the horizontal arrow indicate the motion per minute on that parallel. Let the lower line represent the parallel of 40 degrees; then the length of the arrow near it will indicate the Telocity of the air there per minute. In each case the surface, and its superincumbent air, moves in the direction of the arrow. If an area of low barometer be at C, nearly midway be tween these two parallels, the air will move to wards that area from every point of the com pass ; and the result is indicated in the diagram, where the dotted lines show the tendency, and the full lines show the direction, of the actual movement. A mass of air coming from the north at N, moves eastward with a velocity 12% miles per minute, while the storm-centre moves 12% miles per minute. Hence, * THE MOVING AXE DRAGS BEHIND at the rate of % mile per minute, or SO miles per hour, and takes the direction of the . ar row, towards the circumference of the small circle, instead of dts centre, at 0. Simi larly a mass of air moving northward, from S, has an initial velocity of 13% miles per minute, or SO miles per hour greater than that of the centre of the storm; and moves in the direction of the arrow from S, instead of the dotted line. Simi larly, we may show that the same deviation oc curs in the case of the air coming from every di rection towards G ; and the consequence is that the air moves round the centre of the area of low barometer, in a direction contrary to that of the hands of a watch that is Hid with its face upward: - THE VORTICAL MOTION resulting from this rush from all directions to wards a storm-centre is even more decided than indicated by the diagram, which only rep resents the secondary tendency. The central rush is opposed, or counteracted, by tfie elasticity of the several volumes of air as they approach each other; and their impetus carries them around in the direction of the movement already established, so that the whirl extends nearly as far from the centre as the distance from which the winds blow. AU the air that tends towards the storm-centre moves round it, in an approximate circle; in just the same way that water courses round in a funnel, for a similarreason, and in the same di rection, the only difference being that the cen tral column of air moves upward, while the cen tral column of water In the funnel moves down ward. A knowledge of these facts enables us not only to tell the direction of the storm-centre, but OFTEN TO KNOW WHETHER it is approaching towards os, or receding, or is passing ns at a harmless distance. If we face the wind the storm-centre will always ho on the right hand; or if wo tnm so that the wind blows from left to rightwe shall face the storm-centre. If, at the same time, the mercury in the barom eter continues to fall, we may be sore that the vortex is approaching us; while, if the barome ter rises, we may count on its having passed by. The genera! direction of the movement of the centre is from west to east; but it may depart several points from the cardinal line; The preceding generalizations of position ap ply to the Northern Temperate Zone. A little consideration will help ns to understand that, in the Southern Temperate Zone, the direction of the rotary movement Jb the opposite to that of storms in this region; the winds blow round the vortex the same way that the hands of a watch move. In the Torrid Zone, within what are technically known as . the “ nOLDBUMS ” (the limits of true cyclone action), the difference between the lengths of the successive parallels of latitude is so small that the conditions of rotary motion are present bnt feebly, and not at all on the equator. It is evident that this knowedge is of much greater practical value OS THE WATEB than on the land; added to which, B f orma move with more regularity on the ocean than onshore, the motion not being interfered with by irregu larity of surface. On land our theoretical circle often become a an irregular ellipse, but on the ocean the circular form la very nearly preserved. The mariner may avoid serious damage, and perhaps total loss, by a knowledge of these facts of storm motion, by steering as nearly as may be away from the vortex. This may be accom plished by keeping the starboard side to wind ward, and getting out of the track if the storm centre be moving towards the first noted place of the vessel. Some of our ocean-going seamen are already educated up to a knowledge of these facts, and an appreciation of their value; and* there can be no doubt that a more thorough dissemination of the principles of storm science will result in a material diminution in the an nual percentage of loss by shipwreck. TENNYSON'S LAST ODE. Translation of the 'Same for the million. Tennyson's recent address to the Queen has been carefully translated for the Golden Age from the original tongue, and as its corps of translators have had the assistance of several eminent scholars and clergymen, together with two public libraries, and seven biographical and other dictionaries, they believe that the follow ing rendering faithfully deciphers the stupen dous rebus. But, in the interest of hieroglyph ics and other antiquarian learning, the editor of that journal respectfully announces that he will not close his columns against any other proposed solution. Farther communications on the sub ject should be written in a plain hand, and ad dressed in simple Greek to Box 2848, Now York: AIiFUEZ) TZS>*TSON’S SPEECH. Tour Boy alHighness. I have addressed to 70a a poem 'which my stupid and bewildered friends (including perhaps yourself) think I ought to explain in .prose. It begins by calling you loyal and royal; by which I mean, clearly enough, that you are every inch a woman and a Queen. Then, as proof of the loyalty of your people, I make a touching allusion to the sickness which the Prince of Wales caught in playing billiards in his eDirt-sleeves at Sandringham, and to the stunning way in which the whole nation cele brated ins recovery. I say, for instance, that London roll’d one tide of Joy thro’ all Her trebled millions. This is not a misprint for “ troubled millions.” I meant to astonish the world by the announce ment that nine millions of people (or three Lon dons in one) cheered Your Majesty on that oc casion ; which it was easy for them to do, of course, by poetic license.. Nor was this all. There was another feature of that celebration, namely: what I finely style Thunderous lightnings striking under Bea From sunset and sunrise of all thy realm. That is, there came by submarine telegraph (at £1 per word) congratulatory dispatches from India and Australia in the East, and from Can ada and Nova Scotia in the West. Perhaps you will be puzzled by the allusion to That true North whereof we lately heard A strain to shame ns, “ Keep you to yourselves; So loyal is too costly 1 friends—your love Is but a burthen: loose the bond and go.” The “true North” is Canada, and the “strain we lately heard to shame us” is the doctrine of the London Times that Canada costs too much to the British Government, and ought to be an empire by itself. Tour Highness,that sentiment is bosh 1 The Times , in uttering it, does not speak Her voice And moaning whom the roar of Hongonmont, Left mightiest of all peoples under heaven; or, in other words, does not represent the con victions of that Britannia who, since the battle of Waterloo, flatters herself that she has been mistress of the world. With subtile irony, I then proceed to ask if England is really Some third-rate isle half lost among her seas 7 This question arose in my mind on reading a speech by Wendell Phillips, who said that Eng land had wink to a third-rate power. Let not your Majesty be deceived by that fanatic. Would the trebled (or the troubled) millions of London shout, “God save the. Queen of a third-rate power ?” The question is its own to answer, and is enough to quench Father Burke himself. My next point is against those who say that, while Englishmen at home are loyal to the mon archy. yet. when they live in the distant colo nies, they desire independence,—just as the un grateful Americans did under George XU. I met this accusation. by showing that we who were bom and brought in England, but who have sent onr sons and daughters to and Melbourne, and Montreal, have sent them tnith ernot to bo part of a new nation, but only U) make world-wide the glory of the “ tight Httto isle; ” or, as I poetically state it, The loyal to their crown Are loyal to their own for sons, who love Our ocean-empire with her boundless homes For ever-broadening England, and her throne In one vast orient, and one isle, one lslo» That knows not her own greatness. I then change the key-note of my "harp, and say (or in words to that effect), your Highness wuldo me the honor to accept this book of poems—not on its own account, but because your fate husband, the Prince Consort, was. very fond of these legendary tales, particularly King Ar thur, to whom I once did myself the honor to compare him. This compels me to explain that the King Arthur whom I have herein described is very different from the mythical personage whom wo have heretofore associated with tha.t name—yes, far higher in intellect and mosals than the Bound-Table hero of whom you hawo read in the history by Geoffrey, of Monmouth, or in the re told Arthurian legends translated from the Nor man-French by Sir Thomas Malory, whose 'Welsh name I prefer to spell in the old * style, -.** Mal leor,” so that people may be puz zled with my learned allusions. The early and rude traditions of King ‘Arthur and his knights—stories which were often lewd and low—l have invested with a pure ami high mean ing, using them to illustrate the struggles be 'tweeu the carnal and the spiritual nature of men, or, as the poem itself phrases it. Shadowing Sense at war with Soul. Finally, asaperoration, Takerarblessing—in blank verse. your Majesty a good government under Mr. Gladstone. True, the signs of the times are portentous—to a conserva tive like myself. I have nothing but denuncia tion for wliafc I call wordy tmcklings to the transient hour. by which I mean the subserviency of the press, as when it panders to Canadian independence; 1 despise Fierce and careless looseners of the faith. and if Huxley, and Darwin, and Tyndall, and other revolutionists against religion, think that shoe fits them, let them put it on; X inveigh against . Art with poisonous honey stolen from France, in which I include the whole catalogue of French abominations, from new adaptations of stage plays to new fashions of ladies* dresses: I grieve that the laboring classes present to us a threat ening problem, uttering A groan and not a voice, as witness the portentous strike in South Wales; I animadvert on the unhappy fact that the edu cated classes are selfishly devoted to their own interests, and that the ignorant multitude are thus left in unchecked possession of the govern ment ; or, as I more delicately expressed it in the accompanying copy of verses, That which knows, hut careful for Itself, And that which know* not, ruling that which knows To its own harm. But, notwithstanding all these drawbacks on our Conservative prosperity, the prophets who predict the final triumph of the Oppoaition—and particularly the triumph of such Badicals as Sir Charles DQke, Mr. Bradlaugh, and the rest— are simply scared at their own shadows. So, although the tale of King Arthur keeps constantly pointing to some great and final '"dis aster which shall happen - In the West Where an of high and holy dies away. nevertheless yonr Royal Highness rnay avert this threatened calamity if yon will simply stick to yonr Crowning common-sense. and reject the vagaries of all who toll you to “Go West.”- [Cheers and applause, during which the hard takes hia seat.] —Proprietor of Store (by way of a lecture after bestowing gratuity)—“ Now, my man, one-half of mankind's misery is caused by rum; steer clear ■'< it, andyouH be all right. Think of Ore number of people it has thrown from affluence into the most abject poverty!” Incorrigible Wretch—“ Tea, poverty ia a dre’fulthing,be cause when a fellow’s money’s all gone, what’s he goin’ to do for a drink ?” GERMANY. How President Grant’s Inaugural la Eeceived by the Ger * man Press. The American Executive the Most Ad* vanced Idealist of the Age. Shall We Hare Eternal Peace, a Uni* yersal Republic, and a Uni versal language! Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribune. Dbssdzk, March 11,1573. The German papers publish a synopsis of President Grant’s inaugural address, with rather unfavorable comments. They seem to ridicule the President's ideal and progressive political philosophy * and it is quite evident, from the general tone of the articles, that these German writers are envious of the good fortune which gave to our country a PBOFousn pouncAt, phtlosopheb when we least expected him. It seems Germany baa labored under the impression that the habit ual silence of our National Executive was an indication of barrenness of ideas. 'What a mis take ! All at once, the silent man speaks, not to his own country alone, but to the world; and he unmasks himself as the MOST ADVANCED IDEALIST OF THE AGE. That portion of his message in which he pro claims his faith that “The Great Maker is pre paring the world to become one nation, and that armies and navies will be no longer necessary,'* is intensely interesting. He is far ahead of such men as Immanuel Kant, as regards his hope for a speedy realization of the two great desiderata for the complete happiness of men. He already sees, with the eye of his ideal mind, the grand consummation of political and social perfec tion : ETERNAL PEACE AND A UNIVERSAL REPUBLIC. Kant believes this consummation possible only when all strife and discord cease within tLo sev eral States; when men become, not only equally free, bat also equally wise; and when all nations are of equal influence and power. But these considerations are too insignificant to figure in the calculations of one Philosopher-President. Ho believes that “com merce, education, and the rapid transit of thought and matter by telegraph and steam, have* changed everythingand that, conse quently, the world is almost; ripe for the grand experiment. Of course, the immaterial fact that corruption, fraud, egotism, bribery, and all manner of social and political immorality have never been so rampant, .barefaced, and shameless, as at the time of the inditing of that memorable message, • * CUTS NO FIGURE In the case. The American Bepublic t “as guid ing star to all other countries, is in itsolf quite sufficient to accomplish the magnificent purpose. " Oh 1 great delight, m To understand the spirit of the age. To mark how, ere our time, a sage has thought. And what improvement on his work we wrought. Now, for the first time, men of all parties will begin to understand and appreciate THE BENEVOLENT SPIRIT which caused the sale of arms to France, and the Sere latency of the present administration In the t. Domingo policy. The sale of arms was ener getically carried out in the face of all opposi tion, merely because our progressive Adminis tration thought it expedient to inaugurate the world's disarmament by a hasty sale of moat of onr deadly weapons,—these instruments of of fense and defense not being needed on the eve of eternal peace. The policy with reference to St. Dpmingo is another outgrowth of the same advanced political philosophy, as that favored country is selected as the fust link in the great chain of annexation, which, out of the Republic of the United States of North America, will pres ently create the “ Beepuhlica Universalis.” It is not by any means strange that moat of the writers on the science of moral and politics? philosophy differ from President Grant.” EOT EVERT CENTUBT gives birth to a superlative statesman. One noted writer on the science of politics says .* “Not until every people and every State have lost their peculiarities, will a World-State bo possible, ana then—the world’s history will be at an end.” Another argues that, “ According to the lain of Nature, it is impossible, that the several na tions on the globe should not be radically dif ferent ; and that it would be an unnatural con dition of things if each people did not form a separate State. As the wolf and the lamb can not lie peaceably together, so it is impossible that brotherly love can always reign between all the States.’* Feuerbach believes that a universal State would be THE QKAVE OF HAJfKUfD. Schelelemacher is of a similar opinion. R. Y. Mohl ‘ History and Literature of Po litical Science ”) writes: “ Every sensible man must at once perceive that a universal World- State is a ridiculous fancy.” H. B. Oppenheim ( u System of the Law of Nations ”) thinks that The rights of men can not be protected or developed by removing national landmarks; but that the plurality of States, and the competing efforts of each nation ality, are necessary conditions to the develop ment of progressive ideas.” Grant’s master-mind will speedily dispose of these, and all similar doubts and objections, though they may Beemineumoun table to ordinal} statesmen. Ancient and modem writers have always believed a universal language. a psychological mFossißiimr. They have even claimed that the mental pecu- j liarity of each people, as displayed in its mother- { tongue, would do one of the greatest obstacles [ to a universal State, and that every people fears [ no misfortune more than the ruin and loss of & its language. The President settles the whole j question by simply asserting that “The Groat Maker is preparing the world to bocomo one j nation, speaking one language Perhaps his j faith is so strong, and his hope so sanguine, that i he expects a universal language will be created I in the same sudden and miraculous manner in which originally the tongues were confused at the building of the Tower of Babel. The fact r that there are millions upon millions of men i whom the civilizing Influence of Christianity has [ as yet not affected, and that several heathen r nations may refuse to be annexed and merged is f the Universal Republic, will, of course, not ; chaise the views and policy of the Washington h Philosopher. HZ OITZBS A COMPLETE BZ3IZDT, |I for these seeming difficulties in thftt passage of hia inaugural which, in touching upon Indian £ affaire, simply recommends that, if the Indians *< refuse to be civilized. they should be ©xtenain- i ated. In whatever direction we turn, from what* ;> ever standpoint we may argue the question, , we find the President leagues upon leagues nr ADVANCE 07 ALT. COMPETITOBS. I-,' Even Prof. Bluntschli, ono of the most pro* fe* gressive expounders of political science, does [| not begin to come up to the advanced position || of President Grant. The great American philoa* j| opher stands alone in his glory, solitary and I: 1 alone upon the verypicket post ox ideal political I!- philosophy. No man, alive or dead, can hold a fj candle to him in progressive ideas. He is de* hi termined that the lamb and the wolf shall Ha f down together; and, if Congress will only obey the recommendations of his message, and pass h the necessary laws, “ tending towards the ends | indicated,” the President, as 'he assures the 2 co on by, will encourage and support those meaa* I urea, and the H anßAcuxona theto will be uoxe. $ The invaluable blessing thus bestowed may at | first only fall upon Son Domingo, hut the rest of H the world will speedily follow. E. Jusseh. 5 The Natural Duration of r*if c* According to Prof. Faraday, the crime of sni- | dde is very common m this age of the world for * he intimates that all who die nnder 100 yearn of .‘1 age maybe charged with self-murder; that & Providence, having originally intended m.n to P live a century, would allow him to arrive at % that advanced period if he did not kUI himaelf by § eating unwholesome food, allowing himself to be | annoyed by trifles, giving license to passion, 8 and exposing himselTto accident. Flourinad- f; vaacedT thetheory that the duration oflife is fl measured by the time of growth. When once | the hones and epiphysis are united the body P grows no more, audit is at 20 years this union is F effected in man. The natural termination at life £ is five removes from the several points. Man. I hemg 20 years in growing, llvea, or should, t I tunes 20 years; the camel is 8 years in growing, I and lives 5 times 8 years; the horse is syears in I growing, and lives 25 years; and so on with » other animals. ! 7