Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 7, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 7, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TXnMB or BCDSoniPTtON (rATASLR IK AHVAKGE). I »v;;.v;v.-:: 8 §:53 Partsof ayoar At tho samo rate. To prevent delay and mistakes, bo euro And give Post Office address ht full, Including State nnd County. Remittances nifty ho made cither by draft, osprosj, ate** ’ Office order, or In rofllstoro J loiters, nt our risk. ■ thumb to oitt sunsontnens. patty, delivered, Sumlny ojcpntod. SA cents per week. £)slly| delivered, Sunday Included, CO oouts per woo*. Address . TUB TRIBUNE COMPANY. Corner Madison and Dearborn-ste.. ClilcaßO, Hl* CONTENTS OF TO DAY'S TRIDUNE. FIRST PAGE-Washlngton, Foreign,. and- Now York Nowa-Tho lowa Tornado—Tho Weather—Mlsoob lanoooß Advertisements. SECOND PAOE-flaturday Night's Telegrams. THIRD PAGE-Chlcago to St.’Paul {’Ulster? of the OhU cago, Mllwankoo A St.. Paul Railroad— I Tho Brio In vestigation—Railroad Tlmo-Tablo—Advertisements; FOURTH PAGE—Editorials: Tho Atlantic 'lnvestiga tion; Mr. Curtis' Resignation;Tho Farmers' Move ment In lowa—Current News Paragraphs. FIFTH PAOR-ltoason and Truth ; Sermon by Prof. Swing—Evanston Mallors-Personal-Tho Farm and Garden—Markets by Tolegraph-AdvorUsomontf. SIXTH PAGR-Monotary and Commorelal. SEVENTH PAGE—Tho Oonrts-Hydo Park Itoms- Bmall Advertisements: Real Estate, For Solo, To 'Rent,'Wanted, Boarding, Lodging, ote. EIGHTH PAGE—Now York Letter—The Supremo Bench —The Eureka Tragedy—Auction Advertisements. - TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash avonuo, corner of Con gress street. Engagement of MoKoo Rankin. "Rip Van Winkle." M'VIOKKR'S THEATRE—MadIibn street/ between. State and Doarborn. Engagement of Miss Nollson.' '•* Romeo and Juliet." HOOLEY’S OPERA IIOUSE-Randolph street, be tween Clark and LaSalle. ."Fate." ACADEMY OF MUBIQ- Rallied street, aontb of Madison. " Chris and Lena; or Gorman Life on tho Mis iUitppl." • • • MYERS' OPERA HOUSE-Monroe street, between Mate and Dearborn. Arlington, Cotton A Kemble's Minstrel and Burlesque Troupe. 11 The Olookmakers* Hat." NIXON’S AJIPUXTiIE ATIUB - Clinton, botwoon IVMhhgton and Randolph atroola.. Wilder 4 Co.’i National Circus. BUSINESS NOTICES. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY...TIM..EXTRAOR dinar? drawing will tako nloco on tlu> 22d of April, 1678. Tho amount drawn U 81.200.W0. Thoro wllf bo only 16.C00 UolcotH and 3,097 priaos. J. 11. MARTINEZ A 00., Uankors, 10 Wall-gt.; frofli-offleo Boa 4,685, New York._ Uht '(tjjjtfa®# 'Q&Shwnc. Monday Morning, April. 7, 1873. 'After a general exchange of opinions, tho Railroad bills which havo boon debated for sev eral days by tho Legislature havo boon' referred to a select committee. This committee will con sist of thirteen members, who will probably bo named to-day. Gold closed in Now York on Saturday at % point which it has not reached sinoo tho Franco-German war. Secretary. Richardson is reported as saying that ho will not do. anything to influence the money market except to hasten the payment of the May-interest on the debt, if >t seemed advisable Like tbo President’s Civil Service rules, tbo irder forbidding Federal offlce-holdoM to fill dtato offices has its exceptions. It is honored in .the breach in Louisiana,'.’ahd.'in Virginia offi cials in tbo Custom-House ' at. Petersburg, who aro also city officers, aro told thoy need not pay any attention to it. Brigham Young iß'boliovod to havo mado an', enormous fortune out of tho various financial trusts he hold in the Mormon Ohurob. At the semi-annual conference yesterday, ho resigned two of the most important of thoso positions, and is boUovod to bo about to with draw altogether from tho business affairs of tho Church. The attendance at tho conference was smaller than usual. The Secretary of tho recant .Farmers’ Conven tion at Springfield officially informs tho State BegUlcr that a motion to reconsider the anti tariff resolution, passed on Wednesday, had been made, and laid oh tho table tbo samo day. Consequently) it was no longer before, tho Con vention ; and, under parliamentary law, another motion to reconsider could not bo entertained. Therefore, the action taken on tbo subsequent day by tbo few delegates who remained, aided by A. B. Meeker, of tho Joliet Iron Works, and tho Springfield politicians, was utterly nugatory and void. Tho Woman’s Bights women of Pennsylvania claim that they aus entitled to vote according to the terms of tho Constitution of that Stato, which gives the rights of citizenship to all V freemen.” They made up a case for the courts to tost their case and have boon defeat ed, the Supremo Court ruling that women are not froomon, and have no right to tho suffrage. A stop towards tho industrial equalization of tho sexes has been more successful in Arkansas, whore the Legislature has passed a bill giving male and female teachers of tho same grade the Bamo pay. 1 A now menace has boon added to the dangers threatening tho integrity of the Spanish Domin ion, which tho Government Los grandiloquently announced they mean to maintain. Tho dissen sions of tho mother, country havo infected tho Spaniards of Cuba, and thoy aro ou tho point of revolution. ■ Tho Cubans havo jnst won a groat victory in tbo capture of Manzanillo with a vast store of supplies. Tho Caplain-Gouoral appeals to Madrid for heavy reinforcements to awo tho Spaniards and. quell tho Cubans, but tbo Homo Government has its own hands full with tho Car lisle, who have severed railroad communication botwoon Madrid and Barcelona. Tbo havo over run all Catalonia, whore every church has boon turned to military uses. Tho Now York Tribune takes occasion to commend in tho highest terms tho action of tho Farmers’ Convention hold in Springfield, except as to tho resolution calling for tbo repeal of tho protective duties on iron, steel, lumber, and tbo materials which enter into tho construction of railroads, cars, steamships, sailing-vessels, and Agricultural Implements. ToJhia the Tribune replies, that “ it would not cose of tho groin-growers in tho argument Which it employs is, that tho railway com panies can afford cheap freights now, and to en able them to build their railroads cheaper would bo to put more money in their pockets without benefiting the people. This Is simply beg ging tbo question. Tho railroads claim on their side that they cannot afford oboapor rates on account of tbo groat cost of tbo mate rial which thoy use in constructing and oper ating thoir roads. Admit that thoy charge too much at the present cost of thoir roads, and that they should bo made to reduce their rates, then a reduction iu the cost of building and running thoir roods would enable them to make » still greater reduction in rates. ■ The differ ence In their expenses would bo apparent, and Ww ftrnwd t9( ohttsts tatwiUUoa ttcim, bo bottor founded tbon over. “On tho other hand,” continues tho JVftmno, “tho manufac luring bommunltlos which ore growing all over tho West would bo ruined.** That 1b nob true, but supposing it wore—tho farmers claim that thoy aro ruined already. Is it worth while to keep thorn ruined in order that other people may tax thorn 60 to 70 per cent on their iron and stool, lumber and.naU, hardware and crockery, blaukots and carpels ? The Oliicago produce markets woro generally dull on Saturday, except wheat and provisions. Moss pork was in fair demand, and 10@16o per brl higher, closing at 815.G0@1C.C5 cash, and $16.76 seller May. Lard was moderately active, and 100 per 100 lbs higher, at $8.00@8.85 cash, and $8.60 seller Hay. Heats were dull and easier, at o@oKo. for shoulders, for short ribs, for short clear, and 11 for swoot-ploklod hams. Highwinos woro quiet and steady at per gallon. Lake freights woro Inactive, and nominally unchanged, at ICo for com to Buffalo. Flour was quiet and. un changed. Wheat was loss active, and higher, closing at $1.15^(3)1.18 cash, and seller Hay. Com was dull and a shade easier, closing at cash, and seller May. Oats woro dull and a shade Armor, closing at 23%@20>£0 cash, end 27%0 seller Hay. Bye was quiet and : unchanged, at Barley was dull and lo lower, closing at 76@800. Hogs woro in good request at substantially Friday’s prices, sales 'making at $6.80@6,Q5. , Tho cattle and sheep .markets woro quiet and without material change in values. •' Tho Now York Ilei'ald prints a communication in which tho writer ottrlbutoa Blmmcful cupidity to tho White Star Lino of steamships, which is attested by tho following circumstances; Of all tho prominent Atlantic steamship linos, tho White Star makes tho shortest allowance of timo for tho trip across tho ocean. Tho Inman Lino allows 28 days from tho day of departure from Liverpool to tho day of departure from Now York 5 tho National Lino, 21 days ; thu Will iams & Gulon Lino, 21 days ; tho Ouuatd Lino, 18 days; and tho Whlto Star Lino only 10 days. Tho timo is thus reduced by a now lino six • days from tho average allowance of tho otbor linos, and it is evident that tho Captains of tho steamers have instruc tions to make tho host possible time, in order to onahlo thoir steamers to leave port according to announcement. This practice enables tho Com pany, if thoy ore lucky, to save tho investment of tho cost of tliroo or four steamers. If they aro not lucky, os in tho caso of tho Atlantic, thoy lose a steamer, ond several hundred Uvea are sacrificed to this purpose of saving money. Tho same cupidity on tho part of tho Company Booms .to bo illustrated In tho short allowance of coal and provisions on board tho Atlantic. THE “ ATLANTIC ” INVESTIGATION. Tho official investigation into the causosof the Atlantic disaster does not place the seaman ship of Gapt. Williams or his crow in any more favorable light *, on tho contrary, it shows that, after, making radical, errors in his reckonings, and'having misgivings that ho was wrong, ho deliberately wont to sloop at a critical time, without giving orders for shore-soundings to bo taken—wont to sloop as coolly and with as little concern as if his vessel were lying at anchor in tho harbor of Halifax. From his own testimony before tho Custom-House officials, it is door that ho had no positive knowledge of his whereabouts, although ho had taken ob servations by tho stars and tho chronometer at 8 o’clock in tho evening and again at midnight. Ho did not oven havo a clear idea of tho speed of his vessel.' Tho whole business of determining his position seems to havo boon little hotter than guesswork, and then, after calculating a part and jumping at tho rest, ho wont to bod. If his calculation bod boon correct and bo bad full con fidence in it, even then hisloavingthodock would havo been an act of gross negligence and recklessness. It will bo remembered that ho said in bis first statement, and repeats it in his second, that at X o’clock on Monday ho behoved himself to be 170 miles from Cape Sambro, sail ing northward and westward at tho rate of from eight to twelve knots per hour. At mid night tho vessel bad made 122 miles, which left her 48 miles from Sambro. Ho thou retired, aftor leaving orders to be called at 3 o’clock, when ho intended to shift her course and wait until day light. But at 8 o’clock, if tho steamer was making twelve miles an hour, ho would havo boon within twelve miles of shore, vflhoh of itself should have kept him on dock, as ho admits that ho had never sailed Into Halifax harbor boforo, nor had any of his officers, except tho Third, over been thoro, and thoy all know that “the coast was an iron-bound and dangerous one.” Under such circumstances, the conduct of O&pt. Williams is simply incomprehensible, unless it may bo explained by ibo theory of utter recklessness and incompotoucy. It is tho universal practice among sea-going Captains, whoa thoy are approaching a coast, to remain upon deck, oven though they may he familiar with it; but boro was a Captain sail ing head on to a coast with which ho was en tirely unfamiliar, except that ho know it to bo an exceedingly dangerous one,—going to bod with misgivings about his ora calculations, wjion only forty miles away from it, and leaving orders to bo called, when, according to his own calculations, ho would havo boon hut twelve miles off. It is another instance of tbo general recklessness which prevailed among tho officers that tho Captain was not called as ho had ordered, at 8 o’clock, although, at 2 o'clock, Quartermaster Owens had cau tioned tho Second Officer against stand ing in so close to land, as, according to his calculations, thoy wore close on shore, and had mot with a rebuff for bis pains and an inti mation that he had bettor attend to his own business. Tho Captain was awakened by tho shook of tbo vessel as she struck tbo rock, and this was at 20 minutes past 8. Had ha boon called at 3, tho vessel, at the rate she was then sailing, would havo been at least four miles dis tant from tho fatal roof, and tbo disaster might oven then havo been prevented. But, with a reckless Captain asleep below, with an incompe tent officer on dock in charge of the boat and Us . thousand passengers, with only one man ou board who had a clear idea that thoro was something wrong but was not allowed to offer his sugges tions, tho ill-fated vessel was steered into swift destruction. Every suspicion of danger was thrown to tho winds. Every warning was disre garded, and, as if death itself wore at tho holm, the Atlantic was steered midway between tbo two lights, which must havo boon visible for boars to any one who had eyes, full upon tho rooks only two or throe hundred foot away Jim Ww fIWWW vtf bon-bouutl shore. It Is 'riiE elite AGO DAILY TRIBUNE: MONDAY, APRIL 7, 1873. a pitiful, miserable story, at best—a terrible sacrlllco of life by rocklossnoaßs and ignorance unparalleled in navigation. Was there over be fore a more wretched confession made by tho commander of on ocean-going vessel than Copt. Williams makes when ho says : I am now ratlsflod that when X went Into tho chnrt room I wan mistaken In (ho locality, of tho ship. Oho must hnvo boon further northward and westward than I thought, I know tho coast was an Iron-bound and 'dangerous one. If I had breni Bounding regularly from 12 to 8 o'clock, 1 would hnvo been on deck, and tho ehlp would not havo gone ashore. There woro throe Quartermasters, and tho Hocond and Fourth Officers on dock. Had thoy boon onorgotlo, thoy might, I think, havo scon that thoro was something ahead, nnd, If orders had boon given to rovorso tho engines, tho calamity might havo boon avoided. ■Why should ho make such errors iu reckoning when ho had boon taking observations all tho evening ? If bo know the coast was dangerous, why did bo not toko tho precautions which soa- Captains usually take? Why was ho not on dock sounding, as ho should havo boon ? Why wore not his throe Quartermasters, and tho Soo oud and Fourth Officers onorgotlo aud on tho look out ? Why whoro not tho engines reversed ? Why was ho not called, as ho had ordered? Those are tho questions which every onowlll ask, but thoro is no answer to them yet. Thoro can bo no answer to them except iu tho acknowledgment of a hoodlossnoss as cruel as it was fatal. Those are not tho only questions which tho public will ask. The Cap tain and crow aro not tho only responsible par ties. Why was the Atlantic allowed to sail with but ton days’ coal, when sho should have hod a supply for eighteen ? Why was she out of pro visions, or with only enough for ono day longer ? Why was her crow mado up of vagrants picked up at Liverpool, instead of 'experienced and trusty soamau? Is this tho usual man ner in which tho 'White Star steamers are fitted out for an * ocean voyogo ? Those questions must bo answered also. If tho other boats aro officered, manned, coaled, and provisioned as tho Atlantic was, their destruc tion mity happen at any time. Thoro is nothing In the testimony of tho officers of the Atlantia which relievos this disaster from tho stigma qA gross ignorance and criminal recklessness. By his own statement, Capt. Williams should bo forever... dioqtt(fiffiß3' l ''TYoitr-ivJ3ailiug another steamer.' *“ s v \ j .. - \ f ' MR. CURTIS’ RESIGNATION.-. 9 Tho protonso of reforming tho Civil Service has boon abandoned altogether by tho Adminis tration. While this has boon ovldout for somo timo to thoso who have observed tho nomina tions mado by Gon. Grant, tho resignation of Mr. Goorgo William Curtis as a member of tbo Advisory Board of tho Civil Service must bring it within tbo comprehension of tho most loyal partisans. When tho first report of Mr. Curtis’ resignation became public, it was announced from Washington, in a semi-official fashion, that bo had resigned on account of poor health. The explanation was immediately pronounced false by tho Now York Evening East, on tho authority of Mr. Curtis himsolf, and now comos tho toxt of tho lottor of resignation, which contains a blunt statement of tbo reason Mr. Curtis has withdrawn. Tho lottor is as follows: West New Brighton, n. Y,, March 18. Mr Dear Sir ; As tho circumstances under which several important appointments havo boon recently made soom to mo to show on abandonment both of tho spirit and tho letter of tho Civil Service regulations, I respectfully resign my position ns a member of tho Advisory Board of tho Civil Service. In so doing I beg to assure you of my warmest wishes, and of tho contin uance of my roost earnest efforts for tbo success of your Administration. Very respectfully and truly yours, Gsorob William Curtis. Hi# Excellency the President. Mr. Curtin baa resigned in JuaUco to himself, and, at tbo same time, in sheer despair. It was his efforts more than thoso of any other Individ* ual which led to the creation of this Board, and it was for the purpose of retaining him and others Uko him, who believed in the necessity for reforming the Civil Service within the Bo pnblican party, that tho Philadelphia Convention introduced a resolution into its platform which committed tho party and the present Administra tion to this reform. Tho pledge of tho party in its convention,' tho pledge of President Grant in his various messages, tho pledgo of tho Admin istration press, and tho pledge of Mr. Qoorgo William Curtis and his follow-members of tho Board, that tho Civil Service should bo reformed according to tho rules that had boon adopted, havo all boon disregarded, and Mr Curtis finds himself forced to retire with the mortifying confession that “ both tho spirit and tho letter of tho Civil Service regulations have boon abandoned.” It is with a doleful sort of lament that ho concludes his pointed epistle to tho President with assurances of “the warmest wishes” and tho continuance of his “ most ear nest efforts ” for the success of [tho Administra tion. It is perfectly evident that Mr. Curtis looks upon it as a forlorn hope. Gen. Grant's first appointments after the election indicated that ho intended to fulfill tho pledge to reform tho Civil Service, and to bo governed by tho regulations that had boon laid down and approved by him. Tho appointment of tho Deputy-Postmaster at Philadelphia In accordance with tho rulo of promotion, and in spite of tho efforts of Senator Cameron, Gov. Hartrauft, and other Penn sylvania politicians to secure tho place for ono of their number, was regarded as a signal of hopo that tho President had turned over a now loaf, and proposed to mako tho virtues of his second Administration compensate for tho errors of tho first. This appointment was received with expressions of satisfaction byiboindnpnnd ont prose, uua u nna jjumiea uutas a fit rebuke to Cameron and his tribe. It was not long, how ever, before tho resignation of Postmaster East man, of Chicago, offered another occasion for testing tho genuineness of President Grant’s new policy. ThoDoputy at this point waskuown to bo one of tho most oUlciont and capable men in tho service. Ho was entitled to tho placo when Mr. Eastman resigned by tho samo rules that led to tho promotion of tho Philadelphia Deputy. Gon. Grant ohoso to ignore thorn in this ease, and made a political appointment, which has resulted in tho dismissal of many of tho host xnou in tho Chicago Post-Offico, and filling their places with politicians. Tho broach of rules in tho ooso of tho Chicago Post-Oilico led to inquiries in re gard to tho observance of tho rules at Philadel phia, and it wos discovered that the Deputy Postmaster there was promoted simply because ho was a member of tho “Grant eliquo of Philadelphia, end a personal friend of tho President. It be came evident at this point that tho President proposed to observe tho Civil Service rules where they suited his convenience, and Ignore them where they did not. Another gleam of hopo was offered when tho order was issued that State and municipal officers could not hold Pod oral offiocs at tho samo timo. But, in its imme diate application to Louisiana, it was found that , this order would require 09 many members of tbo Kellogg Legislature to resign as to loavo that Interesting body without ft quorum, and bo it was quiotly allowed to go by default. (Tlibn followed the most notorious doOauco of tbo Civil Service rules and the public welfare. Casey, the X’rosldout’s brother-in-law, was reap pointed Collector at Now Orleans, In the face of the gravest public odium and Congres sional condemnation. Tbo Rev. Npwman, tbo Chaplain of tbo Senate, was proffered tbo place of Inspector of Consuls, at a largo salary, to enable him to make a pro- Jootod pleasure-trip about tbo world, Iloldon, of North Carolina, was appointed Post master at Raleigh, though ho had formerly boon impeached as Governor of tbo State for mal feasance In office, removed from bis place, and disqualified thenceforth from holding any office under tbo State Government. United States Marshal Sharpe was appointed Naval Officer of tbo Port of Now York, Instead of promoting tho next in command, and in direct insult to Mr. Curtis, who was first appointed ono of a Com mission to designate tho proper man, and tbon not consulted. This chain of appointments fully justifies Mr. Curtis in concluding that tho purpose of reform ing the Civil Service has boon abandoned, and his resignation was tho only alter native for an honorable man. But, unless placed on tbo ground of moro politeness, tho concluding sentence of Mr. Curtis 1 letter is shal low and meaningless. Ho can scarcely hope for tho success of an Administration which has thus flagrantly disregarded tbo most Important of its pledges. Tho Nation says that “Tbo trouble with Gon. Grant is that ho docs not understand what Civil Service Reform, or reform of any kind, moans. 11 Though not complimentary, this Is a mild way of putting it. It is moro probable that tho promises of reforming tho Civil Service, which liavo boon so coolly broken, woro bold out as a device to retain tho support, ponding tho olootion, of such men as Mr. Curtis, and such Journals as tbo JVatfon and the Now York Even ing Post, without any real intention of fulfilling thorn. \THE FAEMEH3’ MOVEMENT INIQ-WAf " J □jo fanners of lowa ro- BolvoUt-hati£.,thpy-anrtd s oblain ony relief from .-present oppression, and any security for tho fu- Ittjrp, they cannot depend on any political party for that purpose, but must select public officers themselves. On tho -29 th of March, delegates roprosoutiugabouttwontygrangesof tho Patrons of Husbandry mot nt Waterloo, lowa, and, after disposing of othorbasiuoss, unanimously adopted the following preamble and resolution : ■Whereas, The interests of tho farmers havo been be trayed and sold out by all parties, wo now deem it ex pedient to look after our own interests, therefore Jlaolml, That wo will support D. W. Adams, of Al lamakee Oounty, for Governor, and James Wilkinson, of Tama Oounty, for Lieutenant-Governor, at tho next State election. A. Brownell, President. Jeremy Beasley, Secretary. This action will probably not stop at Waterloo, —very suggestive name, by tbo way. Tho en tire farming community of that Stato is, or will bo, organized in local granges, and, whether they adopt tho two persons named by this Con vention or others, it is pretty certain that they will havo candidates of their own for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor at tho election next October. Tho reason they give for this action is concisely expressed in tho statement that “ Tho interests of tho farmers havo boon betrayed and sold out by all parties, and wo now doom it expe dient to look after our own interests.” No man can havo his business attended to so well os when ho looks after it himself; and that one-half tho population of tho country can do their own nominating and their own voting bettor than they can havo it done for thorn by others is equally true. What is right and necessary in lowa, is equally so in all other States. In lowa, thoro is a State election this ypor, at which a Oovomor and Legislature havo to ho chosen, and there’can ho no moro appropriate time than this for them to shako looso from all parties and see what they can do for thomsolvos. Tho .war closed nearly eight years ago, and sinco that tlmo thoro has not boon an armed hand raised against tho Government, nor a seri ous expression of hostility to tho Union in any part of tho country. During tho war, tho country, among its other burdens, was afflicted with a depreciated currency, and by such taxes as never hod boon hoard of in 'modern times. Tho depreciated currency, having at all times an uncertain value, led to tho wildest specula tion, and this speculation was largely In tho way of building railroads. Tho recent disclosure of tho moans whereby a corporation consisting of a fow persons, calling themselves tho Credit Mo bllior, managed to gobble the ’money, bonds, lauds, and other assets of tho Pacific Bailway Company, for a time startled the whole country, but tbo surprise is woariug off as it becomes -known that precisely the same system has boon carried out in building many thousands of other railroads, especially in tho Western States. AU this robbery has boon rendered possible, and has been fostered and encouraged by tho legislation of Congress, and of tho States, and by tbo direct complicity and co-operation of many of tho lead ing men of both parties, including officials of all ranks. During tho war, without attracting any es

pecial attention, and under the general plea of making any sacrifice to save the country, there was begun and carried Into execution tho most oppressive system of taxation that was over at tempted in modem days. No person objected to taxation, no matter however severe, whou tho object was to procure revenue. For this pur pose, tho people boro without murmurs tho (axes levied on their lauds, their incomes, their sales, their productions; everybody contributed his foe for a license to do business, and to purchase a stamp ovory time ho wrote his name. Nobody objected to paying a tax on his tea, coffee, or sugar, because those taxes all wont into tho Treasury to moot tho expense of tho war. But when tho war was over, when tho million of men of both sections woro drawn from tho field and tho camp, and again became producers; whou peace again smiled upon a tranquil and united people, it was found that tho most onerous of all tho taxes woro those which yielded no revenue, but had been levied to pro tect a small *but privileged class. There was a protest. There was a demand that, os tho Gov ernment had boon restored to a peace standard, tho taxation should bo reduced accordingly. But from 1805 to 1870, though tho country has been in a condition of profound tranquillity, tho legislation of Congress, and of tho States, and the political contests, and tho controversies of parties, have boon conducted on tho hypothesis, that tho Boholllou is still In progress, and that nothing short of tho most lofty and self sacrificing patriotism con carry tho Union safely through tho perils by wblchit Is environed, lu Congress, bills to reform tho revenue laws woro postponed and burled In order to have _ fierce debMoa upon authorizing tUe President at his discretion to take military possession of any State, eject Us Government, and rulo it by a Military Board. OongroHS, when appealed to to reduce tho tariff, answered back, that It bad no time to attend to such matters; that it was necessary to protect tbo Union by election laws which would provont tho people choosing Joff. Davis for President, and thereby re-establish ing slavery. State Legislatures and Gov ernors sbico 1606 have boon elected, not upon issues affecting tho local Interests of thoir people, but upon questions of loyalty,—that is, whether they woro In favor of ro-onslaving tho blacks, acknowledging tbo inde pendence of the. Confederacy, or submitting to an armed rebellion, which had not a soldier, or a musket, or a dollar, or a friend on oarth. Legis latures, elected upon tho issues of a war long since terminated forever, elected Senators, and tho people have elected Representatives, who havo boon flgbtijigtho war over again in Congress, and dealing in Credit Mobilior, falsehood, bribes, and subsidies in private. Corporations havo overrun tho country; have seized State and municipal governments; have placed whole counties, towns, and States under long mort gages to build tbolr railroads; havo stolon tho proceeds of tho bonds, and, while tbo white people of tho country have boon deluded with an imaginary battle to main tain the freedom of tho blacks, they have them selves boon delivered into a bondage that will grind them to death if they do not rise against it and throw it off. In a contest of emancipation from this thraldom, tho farmers of lowa aro right In resolving to place no moro confidence in any party, but “to look tboir own interests 11 by hereafter selecting their own law-makers and other public servants. THE CANADA PACIFIC RAILWAY. The unreasoning bitterness of party strife la well illustrated by the discussions now going on in tho Canadian newspapers in relation to their Pacific Hallway. Prompted by a laudable desire to bind their Atlantia and Pacific provinces in one groat and compact nationality, Parliament last year authorized tho Ministry to grant a charter to build a Canadian Pacific Bailway. A bonus of $80,000,000 and some 50,000,000 of acres of land was to ho given to tho Company in proportionate installments as tho road was finished. In accordance with this act of Parlia ment, two companies, one hooded by Sir Hugh Allan, and tho other by Senator McKenzie, tho loader of tho Opposition, applied for tho charter. As might have boon anticipated, as Sir Hugh and his party wore tho friends of tho Govern ment, they secured tho franchise. Tho Toronto Globe and tho entire Opposition Immediately at tacked tho Government with tho greatest bit terness. They throw out some intimations of bribery and corruption; but their main and gravest charge is that tho Government hao sold out Canadian interests to an American company. They claim that Sir Hugh will build tho jjroad to tho foot of Lako Superior, and thence con nect with a road on tho south shore, and use that and tho Northern Pocifio lino to tho Bed Blvor of tho North. Tho Company would thus se cure a connection between the eastern and wost omßootions of their lino that in all winters would bo open for tho transit of their trains, an 1 at a very reasonable cost; while to build tho six or seven hundred miles through tho uninhabitable country north of Lako Superior would absorb all tho moans placed at tho disposal of the Com pany, and, when completed, it would not bo profitable to operate tho road daring tho winter months. The country north of Lako Superior has always boon reported os composed of grauito ridges and isolated knobs, with almost impaaso blo swamps between them. Geologists toll us that all tho soil was swept from it by icebergs and other causes in ’ tbo drift poriod. It is now claimed that a plateau has boon found from 50 to 100 miles north of Lako Supe rior that affords a fine location for tho road. Bat what of tho climato? A gentleman who has boon spending tho winter nt Silver Islet writes to a friend that daring tho entire month of December tho morcury did not got as high as zero. Ho says, Jan. G: The winter thus far baa been remarkably pleasant. Tbo mercury baa Indicated 23 ° and 80 ° below zero, which sounds cold, but wo do not fool it as you might think. Tho trouble is that wo are in constant danger of being frozen unless wo are very watchful. Muffle up as wo will, and with our foot, hands, and body as warm as toast, if tho lip of our nose is exposed for oven & fow minutes it loses sensation and, borrows tho translucent appearance of a wax candle. Then be ware of tho return to feeling ]. I happened to bo walking with a lady one cold day to tbo Post-Office, a distance of probably 200 yards. Thinking thoro was something unusual about my nose, I asked my fair friend to observe. Taking off her veil, she informed mo that 1 was bitten. As sho is naturally of a gay and festive turn of mind, I thought of course she was Joking; hut when I returned to my office tho sad reality stared mo in tho face: my poor little nose was as white as an iceberg and about as bard, A glauco at tho map will show that tho line of tho railway must run at least two degrees above Silver Islet, or nearly to the fiftieth degree of north latitude. Par from the modifying influ ences of tho lake, can any one doubt that 40 de grees below zero, tho freezing point of mercury, would often bo reached? and perhaps for many weeks together that would bo highest figure the spirit-thermometer could indicate. ' That cer tainly would bo a cheerful country for fallway passengers to pass through. Only arctic animals over pass tho winter in those forbidding regions. The Financier notices a proposition rondo to tho County of Leavenworth, Kansas, by John son A Clements, starch manufacturers, to oroot a oom-fltaroh factory there, provided tho county in its corporate capacity will do tho following things: 3. To give them $30,000 in cash, 3. To give them five apociflcd acres of land in tho Olty of Loa von worth, on which to erect buildings, 3, To exempt their land, buildings, machinery, and Improvements of every klud from all city taxation and assessments. 4. To construct, 11 in such manner as Johnson & Clements may direct, 11 a suitable track and switch con necting tho factory with tho railroad, at tho expense of tho county. 6. To glvo them “ satisfactory security (personal or otherwise, as they may deem host) that said money will bo promptly paid over.’' The Financier thinks that It was an oversight that Johnson «fc Clements did not ask tho county to furnish tho com to make tho starch of. Hav ing required tho county to furnish tho land, build ings, and sido tracks, and to oxompt tho prop erty from ordinary taxation and special assess ments, it was certainly gross carelessness not to havo stipulated for tho com. It might havo boonwoll to provide, also, that tho Oity of Leavenworth should pay tho wages of tho op eratives for tho first five years. The Leavenworth Commercial favors this scheme, on tho groujul that tho factory will ex expend SIOO,OOO per annum for corn, and thus furnish a homo market for that important staple. Unfortunately, Messrs. Johnson & Clements do not stipulate to expend •yen on? ttoUnr jet wuuun <o; oom, Jta wJm that tbo people of Leavenworth and vicinity may realize ail that they expect from tbo oontom plated Btnroh factory, they should require John son A; Clements to give bonds that they will buy SIOO,OOO worth of com per annum. Then, If there is no market for the starch, they can tlirow it Into tho Missouri Rlvor, but Leavenworth and the agricultural.community will bo enriched by tho constant purchases of Johnson & Clements. And thus tho groat doctrine of protection to homo industry would receive a now illustration. A bill has recently boon passed by tho Lowor Uoubo of tbo Now York Legislature which will furnish for tho State of Now York a statute In tended to operate llko tho “ Suspect act” recent ly adopted in England. Tho first section of tho hill provides that, if any person shall bo charged °n oath with being a professional thief, burglar, piokpockot, forger, or counterfeiter, or shall havo boon arrested by the police authorities iu any placo whatever whoro thoro is a gathering of people, fow or many, and if It can.bo proved that each a person was thoro for an unlaw ful purpose, aud has boon convicted at any previous thno of ‘ tho crimes named, ho shall bo doomed a disorderly person, and punished as such. Tho second section pro vides for tho right of Issuing tho writ of habeas corpus and rohoaring tho ovidouco. Somo such legislation as this is noodod in ovory largo city, whoro tbo police authorities havo positive knowledge that thieves and pickpockets aro mingling in with crowds of people for tho ex press purpose of plying thoir Illegal avocations, and yot aro powerless to prevent them. It would very materially interfere with tho opera tions of this class of scoundrels la Chicago and ovory other largo city ha tbo country. A writer in the Minneapolis Ti'ibune, giving his views on nationalism in the secular press, says that Bichard Smith, of the Cincinnati Gazette , “is Ironically called Deacon because of his extreme impiety.” Such is fame I Mr. Smith has boon an oraolo of the Presbyterian Church (Old School) somo twonty-flvo ycora, evi dently to very little purpose. A dispatch in a lato issue of The Tbidune says: “ Foreign loiters report that Sir Bartlo Frore failed in his mission to tho Sultan of Zan zibar, against tho carrying on of. tho slavo traffic.” A koy to tho causes of this failure may bo found in the following extract from a recent letter of Moncnro D, Conway to the Cincinnati Commercial, in which ho says : Tho French Consul Rooms to b&vo so far espoused tho Interest of tho slave-traders that a majority of the dhows that coma In with men and women kidnapped on tho coast float the tricolor, and no cocapo examina tion from tho British ships. I have not heard of the United Statos flag being employed in any such vlto service; hut it Is said our Consul has preserved a stiff silence on the matter, and that a letter of Instruction which camo from Washington after the arrival of Sir Barilo Froro, addressed to tho Captain of the United Slates gunboat Yontic. was so manipulated in the translation that when tho Sultan road It bo expressed htmsolf highly pleased with Its contents, and at once declined to acccdo to any ono of tho English proposi tions for tho suppression of either tho slavo trade or slavery. ITo did not conceal his delight at being sup ported in this perilous course by both Franco and America. Is it net about time to Investigate tho Consol at Zanzibar, who thus deliberately uses bis in fluence to porpotuato tho horrors of tho African slave-trade, and to thwart tho efforts of tho civilized powers engaged in breaking it up ? Oar Government is too seriously compromised to pass this matter over lightly. Lot us have tho full text of tho letter of instructions to this Con sul, that it may bo known who is responsible for this high-haudod proceeding. It 1s due to tho people of this country that tho Government sot itself right, and correct tho impression which prevails in England that tho United States has deliberately instructed its consular representa tive to binder tho humane mission of Sir Bartle Froro. Tho heirs of tbo late Rembrandt Poalo have presented tho celebrated picture, “ Washington Before Yorktown,” of tbolr distinguished ances tor, to tho Mount Vernon Association. As tho picture would readily bring SIO,OOO, tbo gift is a most liberal one, and, as it is virtually a donation to tbo people of tho United States, it should bo properly appreciated by tbo public. Aside from tbo danger of its being destroyed by fire, it is tbo place of all others in which tbo picture should bo deposited. It will add greatly to tbo interest of a visit to Mount Vernon. In addition to tbo portrait of Washington, aro those of Gens. Lafayette, Hamilton, Lincoln, and Count Rochamboau, to whom Washington is represented in tho act of giving orders. Tho design of it is to show Washington’s decision of character as illustrated by an incident given to tho artist by 001. Forest, a member of Wash ington’s military family, who was present when it occurred: Washington, with his Generals, having surveyed the' ground and decided on tbo spot, rode to his tout, took a hasty moal, remounted with his staff and rodo back to tbo ground, whero ho found- nothing done. In a voice unusually loud, ho called to Ool.’Homan, Chief Engineer, who rodo up to him, startled and pale. “ Sir,” said Washington. “ did I not order tho en trenchments to be begun hero? If they aro not begun Intcnmluutcs, 1 shall know tho reason why,” In ton minutes there wore two hundred men at work. Obiof Justice Marshall said of it: I have nover aeon a portrait of that great man which oxhibltcd so perfect a resemblance of him. Tho likeness In features Is striking, and tho character of tho wholo face Is preserved ana oxhibltcd with won derful accuracy. It Is more Washington htmstl/ than any portrait of him I have over soon. It seems hard to imprison a man who had but just escaped with his life from tho torriblo wreck of tho Northiloot, yot such an occurrence recent ly happened iu England. One of tho survivors of tho Northiloot committed a burglary two or throe years ago and bad managed to keep him-' self but of tho hands of tho authorities. It oc curred to him that, having become somewhat of a hero by reason of his success in getting away from tho sinking vessel, tho authorities, proba bly, would not bo so hard-hearted as to trouble him for bis past offenses, and so, in an unfortu nate moment, ho allowed his name to appear in connection with an appeal for tho survivors of tho Northiloot. Tho police at once pounced upon him, and ho was convicted and sentenced to fifteen months’ imprisonment. ' Tho incident, is only another proof iof : tho truth of. the old adage that tho man who' is' bora to bo banged will never bo drowned. Patriotism la oil very well in its way—Mr. Herbert Spencer is inclined to regard It as a bias —but it certainly can bo carried too far. Ono Squire Montoith, a farmer living in the western part of Now York, Is a living illustration of this possibility. Ho has lately become the heir to tho title and estates of tho English Earl of Mar, de scending to him on his mother’s side. But Mon telth persistently refuses to oeanmo tho title, which is not altogothor unroaaonablo, but also to receive tho ronts and emoluments attached to tho Earldom, which certainly is unreasonable. Ho continues his farming, and hla greatest an noyance is said to bo tbo tltlo which tho English noblemen aro trying to fix upon him. This ap pears to bo an excess of patriotism, and, for a greater wonder, Montoith is said to bo married, and his wife submits to it. Tho announcement Is made by tho Now York World that tho citizens In a certain neighbor hood of tho city—around Fiftieth street and Madison and Fourth avenues—aro contemplating tho organization of a vlgllanco committee, and it Is Intimated that several of the professors at Co lumbia College bavo determined to tako on active part In tho movement. Tho necessity which Isurgod for this summary process of self-protection is the continued acts of violence and bold highway robberies that aro unchecked by tho police. lu connection with this announcement, tho some journal makes an exhibit or tho murders and assaults committed lu tho city since the first day Qt tho your, Tboro.li flowed* u Inter?ol of throo 'days without tho occurrence of sorao brutal case of hilling, and oil ooino days as many os half n dozen shooting and stabbing affrays aro chronicled. It Is only tho more notorious cases that aro spread abroad, but tbo calendar shows numerous in stances of fatal assaults which are na horrible in ovory way as thoso that havo attracted more general public attention on account of tho social positions of tho parties, Tho mont notable fea ture of tho exhibit Is that tho police havo not apprehended tho criminals in moro than ono-half tho cmor, ond that some of tho assaults aud murders havo escaped their attention altogether. Tho sentiment Is becoming very general that 11 is not safe to walk tho streets alono, and It is not unlikely that tbo formation of a vigilance" committoo in one section of tho city will bo Iml* tatod In other quarters. NOTES AND OPINION. Connecticut election to-day. Tickets: _ Ilcy.ttbiiinn, Dnno-'ratfa Governor Homy P. Unven... Ohhs.lt. Tmjcraoll. Lieut. >(/oroi > nor M oiino. L, QrlHWold..O* ’-iriw O Bill Secretary of SUiteJohn M. Hall LUrviu U. Santror Treasurer David I'. Hlcliok...Wm. K. Ibnnoiul Comptroller .... i. John T. Rockwell.. Alfred 11, Goodrich Viet, ' • tiTF'™ - B, Komlall. m' ~ K ol!? if I!" , ! “n ,ra E ‘ Engllsli. Jh !.i)l«rkwo«lhur.,liiiill!l A. Bill. <—William T. Mlnor,.Wm. 11. Binmra. Tlio Prohibilioniala havo a ticket headed by Honry D. Smith, of Southington, for Qovomor • and for Congroaa, Third District, liliaha W* Palmer ; Fourth, W. W. Porldns. Congress Yoto of Connecticut for Governor, 1872 s Jow oil, Republican, 40,103; Hubbard, Democrat 44,603 j dlUclto, Prohibition, 1,649 ; Ilnrrlaon’ Labor Reform, 399 ; JowoU’s majority over all| 28. In Novombor, for Grant, 69,318 ; Grooloy, 45,000 ; scattering, 410, —Ohio election to-day ; For delegatee to Con stitutional Convention, and for municipal and township officers. —Michigan election to-day : For a Justice of the Supreme .Court, two Begonia of tho Univer sity, County Superintendent of Schools, County Boardof Supervisors, city and;villago officers, etc. Judge Isaac P. Ohristlancy, who has boon fif teen years on the bench, has no opposition. The ticket for Begonia are : Republican. Edward 0, Walker* Andrew OUmlo denominated. —As a matter of history wo copy from th. Washington oorrospondouoo of tho Administra tion organ, ns follows : : S r O , o SS, l t ,g ?, do f o ““ S 1 Cnlilwoll. made on the 10th and 20th of lost mouth, appears In a apodal number of tho Conpresaionat Record to-day. Tho re-* vision has been exceedingly thorough. Many passnars: do not appear at all, and others still cannot ho recog nized by those who listened to its delivery. Tho dos ing portion of tho argument is further enlivened by seven insertions of 4ho word “ laughter,” in brackets. —Senator Adolbort Amos announces himself a candidate for Governor of Mississippi, and for ro-oloctlon to tho Bouato. —Tho cumulative plan of voting as applied to borough elections hi Pennsylvania, adopted, last year, at the urgency of Mr. Duckalow, in hopes that tho method might grow In favor, has now boon abolished by act of tho Legislature. —Tho Bock Island Union (late Postmaster) > argues thus on tho salary steal: The cost of living Is not ono of tho increased ex penses of Washington, It Is no more than It was a few years ago. But thcro are expenses incumbent on aspirants for this position which appear fast incroas-. ing, ond yet aro not connected with tho coat of living. In somo cases It Is tho cost of bribery to socuro an election. In nearly all cases It coats, “In an honest way,” a good deal to ho elected to Congress .Those oro “tho increased expenses” for which members of Congress want Increased pay to moot. It has probably been reflections on the cost of getting into Congress that made many men ran tho risk of getting out of it, and in a hurry, by voting for this Infamous and vary appropriately termed “ salary-steal.” Their salaries, In view of those expenses, are not remunerative, and probably no amount of salary would ho.remunerative to a majority of members; and that is a proper objection to this last increase. Tho lato Postmaster at Bock Island knows what ho is talking about, and may yet giro valu able testimony of wbat ho knows. —The Utica Herald, whoso editor (Ellis H. Boborts, ox-M. 0.) has gone to Europe to think over tho salary-steal, and how ho may dispose of. it “ without ostentation,” says: If tbo Congressman who ref uses tho back pay covers it Into tbo United States Treasury*, his constituents get no greater share of tho benefit than tho district whose Congressman took tbo (3.000 for his own benefit. la ihoro any equity in this 7 The question recurs, “What will bo do with It?” —lf tho people of Madison and Oswego send a rogue to Congress and ho steals from tho Trea sury $5,000, tho people of Oneida will have to shoro in tho loss. All this is undeniable, bub wbat Is tho remedy ? Our neighbor [the Utica Herald} thinks bo has discovered it. If one member of Congress steals, every member of Congress must steal, to make taxation equal! All will at once discover a high moral tone in this doctrine—an inexorable sense of justice.— XJlica Observer. —The Troy Times has somehow picked up a few facts about tho attempt of Congressman Roberts (Ellis H.) of Utica, to induce tbo loading Republicans of tbo House to join him in a formal refusal to take tho back pay. “Tho proposal,” it says, “was much discouraged by the gentle men, and tho result of bis endeavors in that di rection was abortive. One of those gentlemen thus solicited, and who then declared that *Ho should take his share and invest it for his old ago.’has since drawn tbo money and covered it back into tbo Treasury.” Can not tbo Times or tbo Utica Herald favor n curious public with tbo names of those loading Republicans who throw cold water on Ellis’ virtuous project for a self-denying ordinance ?— Springfield Republican. —Henry Wilson’s conscience has pricked him. Ho drew his back pay, but, not wishing to buy iuto a lawsuit, ho has returned tho money. Ana. yet ho is not happy.— Cincinnati Commercial . —Tho Jackson Clarion wants a now name for Colfax County in that State. Suppose it bo called “ Apollo,” whoso name is associated with tho most renowned lyres of classic antiqui ty?— Cincinnati Enquirer. —ln tho act to apportion tho Congressional representation of Tonnessoo, passed by tho last Legislature, tho following extraordinary section occurs: “That in tho ovont of a tie vote between candidates for Congress, no ouo receiving tho highest or greatest number of votes, the Governor shall de termine Iho same by giving the casting vote , and ifcsub tho cortlilcato of election accordingly.” This modo of settling a tie vote certainly posses os merit of novolty. Wo don’t think chat any thing Uko‘it exists In any other State.—Louis ville Courier-Journal. ’■ —Tho time is coming fast when railroads will have to drop their character of private enter prises, to bo-directed solely for private ends, and bo bold, if not as highways, at least as some thing widen owes a duty to public interest and tho sacrifices of the people for them, which gives tho.public some power to direct or limit loir direction.— lndianapolis Journal. ' Tho tariff papers of Chicago aro tiring to fool tbo farmers on the question whether or not railroads cost more to build them on account of tho tariff on railroad iron and machinery, and whether this increase of cost has not something to do with high freights on tho roads. The tariflUos want to persuade tho farmers that the higher tho duty on iron and supplies generally, tho cheaper such commodities can bo afforded, and thoreforo that tho duty has nothing to do with tho high freight. To carry out their theory those tariff papers ought to arguo and try to persuade farmers that the more freight they pay for carrying their grain to market tho bettor it is for them,for don’t high freight compel consumers to pay more for tho grain, and is not high prices tho farmer’s want ? Wo don’t doubt there aro farmers in Illinois, as in other places, foolish enough to behove what those tariff papers toll them, repugnant as what they say is to common sense as it is to common honesty. Tho fact that tboro is such a tariff in existence as wo have in this country, is tho best proof that tbo greater number of farmers credulously believe that the more a thing costs tho cheaper it la, and tho loss {irico they got for their productions tho bettor it s for them. Where such ignorance is bliss, ’tiu Indeed folly to bo wiser; and whore people aro so credulous as to bollovo nonsense, ’Us in vain to talk sense to them. Tho tariff papers seem to understand such people thoroughly.— Dubuaue Telegraph, .—The sentiment already awakened on'thls subject [tho salary steal] is so strong that retribution is not likely to stop with tho punish ment of tho guilty, Tho people will not be content with calling their plunderers to account. Already tho ory of “repeal” is hoard. Tho in creased salary is too high, and must ho reduced —tho blot upon honest legislation Is too block and must bo wiped out. Tills is tbo way opinion is tending. It may, or may not, arise so high as to enforce Its decrees. Hut its throatoniugs aro ominous, and all who aro in peril should toko ♦lwoly owning.— payenyort QmM, Democrat* Duane Doty. Andrew M. Finch,

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