Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 7, 1873, Page 5

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 7, 1873 Page 5
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REASON AND TRUTH. The Srlrllu.il and Rational Processes Compared. Reason and Its Limits—Faith; Its Objects and Aims. JProf, Swing nt McViekor’s Thea tre, Yesterday. Tho following, ono of tho sorlos of discourses on “ Skepticism” now being delivered to tho congregation of tho Fourth Brushy toriau Church, worshiping in McVickor’s Thoatro, was preach ed yesterday morning by tho pastor, the Rov. JProf. Swing, to a vory largo audionco : Blessed nro (hoy that have not scon, ami yot have bo (loved—John 20 : 20, It has always boon to mo a grave question how much evidence ouo should expect or await in tho field of religious belief. What amount of proof It is manly to wait; what nbsonoo of proof is it that is sufllciont to coudomu ono of being credulous or superstitious aro questions difllcult of solution. And yol in an ago whoso tendency Is toward rationalism, tho question what should bo tho limit of this tendency is a practical aud almost momentous question. Reason may ho tho parallel of flro—a good servant, but a bad master. Tho flro that cheers tho heart, and around which grandfathers, and fathers, and mothers, and sisters gather in tho winter ovo, may bo before morning a lurid flame from which a hundred thousand citizens aro fly ing in terror and povorty. Many of the beautiful things of oarth havo a dark sido. Tho wind that tans tho chook on sultry days is tho samo that yesterday or to-mor row sweeps away a village or a forest In a single moment. Tho water which delights us in cas cade, and nvulot, and placid sea, is tho same that a fow days ago boat a vessel upon tho rooks and buried 600 hearts into tho sloop of death. Reason may thus bo a good servant, but a bad master. That it is a good ser vant, I havo no doubt, but whether llko a simple flro upon one’s hearth it will turn into a confla gration, or like a zephyr, will turn into a tornado, aro questions worthy of tho calmest thought and gravest solicitude. A priori, wo should think that reason would bo subject to change from a virtue to a vice. Lovo thus is exposed to peril. It lias its own hell of passion. Ambition has its extreme of recklessness; Religion has its mania; In dustry often works its-subject to death; and Pleasure itself becomes at last a pain ; its goal excess. Hence, standing amid those transitions of tho good to tho bad, wo may feel qnlto cer tain that Reason can overdo Its work and become a blindness to tho vory souls to. which it began as a light. , I do not eco any limits put to this hungering for evidence, and hence I fcarthatashumunlovo tosses itself about until it reaches the madness of Socialism or Mormouism, and as tho religious uontimont works itsolf up into a frenzy like that of tho Dervishes, or Fnfdrs of India, thus may Rationalism work beyond bounds, and, sotting out for a world of light, bring up at last to a world of darkness. As a servant, great and faithful has Reason boon. Oh, what errors and follies have dis solved at Us touch I All tho now impulse which Inventions rovoal in our day comes from tho ro- S unoration of reason in tho ago of Lord B&cou. [0 invited men to observe tho actual facts around them, and then raise inquiry whether .any bettor arrangement of facts could bo de duced. Aud mankind looked, and seeing a heavy wagon dragged up a steep hill, they used thoir reason. They saw. for the first time, tho folly of such transportation. They leveled tho hill. Afterward, they substituted a wooden rail for tho wagon ; afterward an iron rail; subsequent . Inquiry gave ub tho train of ears. It was tho satio emplojmeut of reason, tho eomo observation of facts, that transformed tho eicklo into a reaping-machine, and tho fingers of •poor children into a tpinning-jenny. Thus', all tho efflorescence of arts and sciences, and that covers our world to-dav ns tho grass covers :tho prairies, is tho outgrowth of humon reason quickened into llfo by tho nt»w Baconian philos ophy. Our republican government, tho growing democracy of Europe, tho freedom of slaves, tho emancipation of woman, tho decline of su perstition, arc all results flowing from tho use jnan has mado of his faculties in tho last cen- turv. » The whole world onco worshiped only themes, and znado no study of facts. Tho •words “they say,” wore all tho evidence man land wanted. They say that if you dlo unbap tizod you are lost. They say that any throo lands of loaves will euro a poisonous wound. They say there is a chemical agent that will transform stones into gold. They say there is nu Elixir of Life, of which having drunk, you will never die. Thus, a theory no matter whore or how it began its career, was always received as Inspired. There was no inquiry into its actual merits. If tho Church assorted that it hold in Us cathedral tho bones of Adam, or tho rudder of Noah's Ark, or tho nails of tho cruci fixion, there was no nubile disposition to go back of tho theory. All tho crowd longed for •Was to boo to soo those bones, that rudder, those nails. The investigation of facts and tho deduction of valuable lessons began under Lord Bacon, and was carried f orwarduy tho French and Amer icans and Englishmen. Wo behold now a re deemed world—a world from which tho bones of Adam, and the pieces of Noah's Ark, and tho sacred nails are almost gone, and into which has como tho freedom of man and wo pian, and tho reconstruction of religion. And this grand work of reason is still going forward, /removing chaff from wheat. In tho Protestant churches it is 'producing a groat brotherhood by exalting tho largo and de pressing tho small, and in tho Cntbollo Church it Is producing such revolts as that of DolUugor pna Hyaciutho, and is each year consigning to tho dust some old relio of tho garret or the brain. Now, this reason which is so grand a friend of mankind tuny also become a dreadful master. It may spread Uko tho firo from tho hearth, and become a dreadful conflagration, spread like a re ligious enthusiasm, which often becomes a howling insanity. This investigation into facts drove tho devout Hugh Miller Into insanity and suicide. Others It has led into atheism the most blank, for thoro aro boundaries over which reason cannot pass, and tho mind, having no other resources, coming to these limits, boats against thorn like an imprisoned bird. It will not do to shut the soul up to anyone path, bo it love or reason, or gain or ambition. Thoro must bo different paths so that tho brain weary of ono, or bafilod In one, may find rest in another. When in tho days of tho ascetics tho mind Lad turned its attention upon self-denial alone. It each year demanded greater severities, until after a generation had passed tho denial of yes terday was nothing to tho now torturo of to-day. Tho poor saints at last went for three or four days without food, and some reached tho' raro virtue of only ono meal a week. To tho mind wedded to only one narrow path, death sets in in its awful form of imbecility or madness. Itwlll always bo thus. Lovo, lived for, turns into mania. Riches, lived for, turn into poverty. There is a self-denial that becomes a consump tion, and a reserve that becomes ice. It is nob probublo that Nature has exempted reason from this law. Indeed, wo know that God has said to it what Ho has said to tho sea: “Thus far shall thou como, and no further. Hero ehalt thy proud wave bo stayed.” What tho analogy of things might load us to suspect, tbo actual events of tho world reveal, namely: that thoro is a following of roasou that loads to an eclipse of all faith and to a death of tho soul. Unless wo are as God, knowing all tilings, thoro will bo boundaries which wo cannot pass. Tho difference between man and Deity must He hi tho extent of their moral and mental confines. God is the world: man is an island upon its bosom. Tho only difforonco between man and tho Creator is time extent. Lot God bo coextensive with tbo universe. Man is only a bird in a cage. Hence bis lovo. his liberty, his locomotion, his knowledge, ami his reason aro limited. b ’ Our physical llmltallona tvo nil willingly admit. ’ aa “ l 0 H ‘ ! ' rl n Imt we make no effort to go thither. Wo confoaa onr imprisonment upon earth. \Vo confoaa tho 160 moro or Idas pounds that chain ua to this plonot, nud upneo wo do not atrugnlo to go away from thlaahoro hut move to a,Si fro upon It and leave tho pianola to tho enjoyment of tholrown iCitizona. With equal roalgnatlonahould wo oon- Jooo that reason has l a world, In which wo may ynoTo, but that thoro la to It also a boundary %?hich it way not pass. * In this oxbomlty, in thla limitation, wo ahould pot only bless God that He has given us so much freedom, so wide an island, but that Ho has given us other resources, so that the happiness ■denied us In ono path may bo found in some •other. Wo should no moro complain that God .limits our logic than that He limits our sight or locality. When tho day la fair tho eye can look twenty miles over the blue lake or sea—ana instead of attempting to gaze aorosa the Atlantic vro feel dollgbtcil with beauty outsoul can gather from that score of watery miles. In this dilemma of limited sight, and limited love, and limited freedom, and limited reason, wo cannot do otherwise than yield with aeon tented shul, and bless God that Ho thought us worthy of oyon an island world. Life is full also of other thlngo than reason, and for the ignoring Of this principle comes tho unhappiness of many a gifted mind. To those who cio nothing but reason, tho way will often seem very dark. Tho mind feeding only upon the visible consumes itself. Perpetual argu ment is n consumption. It draws tho blood away from tho heart, and cheek, and Ups, and oyo. and drives it all to ono corner of tho brain, A groat part of our days and hours must bo spent amid tho assumptions of tho soul, In answering what may ho caUed its instincts. Thomas was not so beautiful a char acter as that would bo which should loan upon a Redeemer and upon a holy life without tho Irre sistible pressure of demonstration. Blessed aro thoao who have not soon and yet hoHovo, for there should bo something in tho soul Itself that would load it to pioty ovon when tho proof woro not such os tho gross touch could handle or tho bodily oyo soo. Tho snino Deity that planted-reason in tho soul planted also natural tendencies of action, and faith, and hope. Reason is a.grandpart of man, but it is only a part. Tho child roaches for tho llowors, or puts Us arms around its mother's nook, not by any command of reason, hut be cause tho Qod who fashioned tho logical faculty hod other blessings for tho soul. Ho is not a limited maker, but a glorious, generous being , infinite in goodness 5 and when, in later years, the world unfolds to us its varied beauty by day and night, it is not because of any logical faculty wo possess, but because tho soul is broader tban Its reason. Reason is only ono of tho threads in its sacred fabric.' When friendship speaks its hind words to mo, or' music invades mo with its ponsivouoss, it neither comes from any ronrou or goes to any reception of logic, but ft passes from soul to soul at Oio command of Qod. It is tho soul’s nature. When tho sunlight falls upon tho vineyard or orchard, their fruits grow purplo or crimson; and so when tho boauty of uaturo or musio foods upon tho soul, it is transformed into happiness. Tnio Is all wo know about it. But this wo know, there is no moro of logic in tho human joyf uluoss than on tho purplo grapes. Blessed aro they not who all Ufo long demand that they soo tho print of tho nails and of tho spoar, but who go to religion by a vision of tho spirit, and by wounds not ii\ tho hands or sido of mortality, but by tho longings aud tho sorrows i of tho spirit. Tho chief work of llfo is not to build np tho argument for religion, hut to gather its joy aud hopes. Of course it may bo all a dream. It is always possible that death may bo an eternal sloop, and Qod a chemical action—possible for reason so to think; but reason is not always to bo tmtod, for tho soul lias other faculties, aud In this crisis I would rathor command a doubting looaon to tho roar of tho human march, and call to tho front tho host ideal, tho host hope of tho soul. All humanity has always dreamed of a future life. Now, this dreamful nature is as much a navi of tho soul as its logical faculty is. Man’s longings aro just as divino as Ills reason; not as exact as mathematics, hut ns truthful in tuo grand result. Tho reasoning power is defective. If yon will follow carefully tuo load of logic it will load ua to doubt tho existence of God, and ovon of a ma terial world. The promise that a Qod of infinite goodness would not create a world full of suffer ing. and permit 000,000.000 of beings to pass Caen generation through all forms of sin and sor row. But such a phenomenon occurs. "There fore thoro 1b no God of goodness. Thus, In many instances, tho logical facul ty reveals its unfitness to moot tho noed of ail hours. It is unablo to llnd a premise, and houco is unablo to draw a conclusion. . If Archimedes bad a place to act as fulcrum of a lover, ho could movo tho earth out of its orbit; but, fortunately, thoro was no fulcrum for his lover, and no place upon which ho could stand. Thus reason fails utterly, often for want of a major promise; and, for tho most part.* hero tho soul comes In with its drift and swoops away all need of logio natural impulse. Ngnk Tho confessedly hotter character oranrth, — tho character that loads in virtue and uffllcacy and all moral beauty,—l moan, of coursA tho character of woman,—draws its superiority. It is said, from acting by a divine instinct, ratnor than by any rationalism. When she pursues tho right, it is not from any philosophic weigh ing of tho welfare of self or society, such os , would influence Franklin, or PufTomdorf, but from tbo color of hor soul, from an impulse quick as lightning. Why should wo all suppose that when God had xnatlo tho logical faculty, Ho ceased from nts luboro, «md left man to tho mercy of that instrument ? Facts are against it, for much of human happiness comes from tho natural tastes of tho soul, ami woman's great ness comes ohiolly without tho help of promise and conclusion. Mon have confessed to mo that they loved church music,. loved the ideas of a liberal re ligion, loved to tbiuk.of. boavou, and Loped to moat tbolr loved friends there, but could not find tho proof of anything. - They have tried long and well, and aro often beautiful characters in mind and soul, hut they lack just ono element, and it is a desired one,—that spirituality which overwhelms all things with a sentiment, just as wo grasp tho beauty of tho springtime, without • any shadow of proof. Thoro is no logic that will move that spring is any more beautiful than December. If you will attempt any rationalism upon it you will find that, like Archimedes, you have ho place for your lovor or yourself. You cannot get a Major promise: but tho moment you turn your cheek to its soft air or your eyo to its springing grass, you deeply fool that spring is all bedecked in beauty and is a reflection of Paradise. But wliy should God order his springtime to come to us without logic, and ilirill our heads with its beauty, and leave noble minds to woop because they canuot find tho rationalism of re ligion. Ho will not leave spring to on instinct and immortality to a logical despair. Both worlds, this and tho next, aro designed by tho Creator to ho felt by tho soul beyond tho dictates of pure reason. Tho difficulty with us all is not that rea son is too powerless, but that our spirituality id too feeble. Strong as to musio or nature, it is weak as to religion. Virtue with its strict laws is not pleasing enough to oompol a culture of tho. religious sentiment. .As . a dark cloud roaches up from tho horizon and. lays its wet, heavy hand upon tho face of tho sun and throws a world of loveliness into shadow and mist so that avossol is wrecked upon tho rocks, and tho groans of breaking hearts minglo with tho groans of tho dark waters, so the wickedness in the heart clouds tho soul’s (spirituality, and makes the miud stumblo in tho midst-of argu ment when Us truo path was that of a divine in instinct. Thoro is a sentiment in tho soul called love of homo. It seems distinct—well defined. Lot that sentiment. bo tortured by exile or migration5 let.homo sioknoss como, and in nu in stant tho sky and land ore swept of all charm, and thoro is no logic that can prove that tho most beautiful garden is not advert. Tho sight of tho sun sickens. Tho world, that onco was full, is emptied. "Wo no longer see any reason for tho existence of tho human race. The rose has no fragrance, a song is a discord. All this because a dark cloud has reached upward from tho horizon and darkened a noblo sentiment. I believe God. and Heaven, and future blessedness would all stand revealed in a mid summer light and beauty, were it not that sin has reached tip its black form and has draped that sun of spiritualism over tho human world. I do not know what is to becomo of ns all unless wo confess tho oxlutonco of an Inner souso that gives us hopo of Heaven Just as it gives us lovo of nature or homo, unless wo confess that there are flowers of affection as well as of argument. Wo shall want reason to holp us escape tho superstitious of our fathers. Wo shall all need it to holp us away from tho reap ing of groin with a casokuifo and from tbo hang ing of witches ; to holp us away from tho holy bonos of tho saints, from tho holy rolios of Noah's Ark, and from tho damnation of Infants and tho enslaving of men—need reason to holp us away from tho wagon-road and load us to tho flying train 5 to holp us abjure men’s articles and oloavo to tho Sermon upon the Mount, hut thoro must ho other aids confessed in our career. Thoro must bo hours when wo must say, " Como thou, oh I ray soul, nso to tho height of thy God, and thy hopes, and thy lovo. Leave powerless reason on tho ground along with thy uumoving face and thy rude utensils of earth, and look upon God and eternal life from tho grand opon sky of tho soul. ” As in deep sorrow tho hands cover tho fuco, so as to shut out tho ' world from the sight, and, as tho whole form bonds downward, uooause all outside Is a mockery, so In religion tho bunds may hide tho faco of argument, and may hid tho thorn and nail marks and spear point away, and from tho world within elaborate a bosom full, not of grief, hut of joy. The hands may bo flung over the senses In gladness. % „ Blessed those who, not having soon, believe, who have accepted of religion, not by being overwhelmed by evidence, but by being over whelmed by an Inner longing. Hardly blessed aro those whom death or fear of boll hare frightened into a subscription to a THE CHICAGO DAILY TIUBUNE: MONOA creed 5 but blessed those who, In life’s youth and peace, and with tho argument only half mado out, notwithstanding all mystory, have yet bowed at Jehovah’s altar in a worship aris ing, not from fear, nor from logic, but from puri ty within. It may bo that tho murderer on tho scaffold gtfty find Christianity and forgiveness. It may but I sympathise deeply with Dr. Ryder when ho says no does not soo how a murderer can, by a fow prayers, bo wafted to tho bosom of Jesus. But the confessions of that awful hour soom too muoh llko tho signature of a contract obtained while tho chief party is In durance,—a signature sot aside in onou court. Blessed aro those who await not tho compul sion of soino terrible hour, but who, in tho power of manhood or womanhood, go to Qod by a calm, swoot Impulse, as human and as divine as that which fills our souls when wo sook tho friendships and joys of earth. Wo cannot suc ceed in this world without confessing tho powers, reason, and spiritualism. Tho former, alone, is atheism. Tho latter, alone, is insanity. Both combined aro earth aud hoavon growing to gether, llko flowers that minglo thoir colors and porfutno. It in spiritualism that noods special attention In this ago. Reason is already crowned, but spiritualism is in rags and dust. But she is tho Cinderella of the house. Alt tho rags will fall from hor some day ami rovoal a raiment of matchless beauty. Along tho Pacillo road there aro rough-looking stones that promise Hltlo. But polish thorn, and lo I tho depths of tho sea aro in thorn, with floating moss and growing fruits in crystal fields. But tho soul is bettor than a moss-agate, relish up its spiritualism, and in infinite depths you will behold a crystal sea with both tho ulosboUqosb of man and radi ance of Qod. EVANSTON MATTERS. Tho sohool election of District Ono, on Satur day night, resulted in tho choice of tho follow ing gentlemen for tho Educational Boards John E. Miller, William Blanchard, G. E. Purington, Andrew Shuman, Isaac B. Hitt, and A. W. Wood. It was also docidod that school should bo hold forty weeks- in tho ensuing school year; a tax of 2)£ por cent ho levied to moot current ex penses, and of 1 por cent to defray past imlobt-. educes. Tho Treasurer reported tho oxpouso ’ for teachers during tho last year was $5,081.25, and for gonorat expenses, $760.00. Tho present attendance in tho different depart ments is 110. Tho caucus to nominate Trustees favorable to tho Wotor-Works was hold on Saturday night. W. N. Brainard, Esq., was called to the chair, and A. L. Bewail mado Secretary. Hr. E. B. Taylor mado n motion, which was carried, that a committee bo appointed to nominate six Trustees. Tho Chair appointed E. S. Taylor.G. H. Mann, T. O. Hong. E. A. Qago, and Henry Oakos. Nominatfons were mado for Village Clerk, tho election resulting in tho oboico of Charles K. Bannister. The squabble for Police Juotico resulted in tho ohoico of 000. M. Huntoon. Tho Committco to nominate six Trustees reported tho following named persons, who woro chosen by acclama tion : Horaann G. Powers, Wilson Phelps, Charles J. Gilbert. L. J. Gage, William Blan chard, and O. A. Willard, after which tho caucus adjourned. Tho Bight Rot. H. F. Whitohouso, tho Bishop of Illinois, will mako a visitation to St. Mark’s Church on Wednesday noxt, tho oth inst., at which time tho rito of confirmation will bo ad ministered. Tbomombora of tbo "BollSociety,”connected with tho Baptist Church, propose, on Thursday evening next, to give a public ontortalnmont in tho church, consisting of readings, recitation, and dialogues. Tho Overseer of tho Poor has, during tho year last past, relieved 17 families and 21 individuals. Tho total amount expended and charged to tho county during tho timo above noted is 8554. Tho Bov. L. T. Chamberlain, of tho Now Eng land Church, Chicago, will looturo to tbo young ladies of tho college Friday afternoon. Sub ject: "Henry Taylor and Philip Van Artovoldo." Tho following appears in tho Evanston Index and noods.oxplanatiou : " Tho person who got a warrantee deed from a saloon under tho Barnes House, will please deliver it to tho owner." A Union Communion Sorvico of tho Presbyteri an. Congregational, and Methodist socitios woro hold in the church of tbo latter last evening. Prof. H. 0. Wood will lecture on astronomy at Lynn's Hall this evening. Tbo looturo will bo Illustrated by maglo-lantom views. A regular communication of Evan's Lodge this evening. All are invited to attend. Tho Evanston Index has enlarged its eizo, and is full of goodsuggostions and information about Evanston. Building is vory activo in all tho Evanstons this spring. Many 0141 houses aro being enlarg ed ana remodeled. An unprecedented growth predicted for this season. , Dr. S. McChewioy, of Chicago, will looturo at tbo Methodist Church next Thursday evening. Subject: “ Tho Massacre of St. Bartholomew.” PERSONAL. Dr. M. D. Phelps, Toronto, is at tho Shorman House. Dr. C. 8. McKnight, Providonco, B. 1., is at tho Bhorman House. Henry A. Chaney, of tho Detroit Tribune, was at tho Gardner yesterday. Dr, G. M. Lambert and family, Chippewa Falls aro at tho old Briggs House. Fred Erhy permitted Baton, of tho Briggs House, to pay for his dinner yesterday. For tho first tirao since January 10, J. W. Pres ton, Esq., made hie appearance at tho Board of Trado on Saturday. Ho has almost outirely re covered from his illness. Owing to tho extremely wot weather of yester day, tho Decorating Committee did not hold a hicoting. Tho few members present adjourned to the call of tho President. Among tbo arrivals at tho Anderson European Hotel yesterday, wore John Stracham, tho fa mous hog-aoUor, of Mineral Point, Wis. 5 John Howell, of Clinton. lowa, and J. F. Osman, of Detroit. Among tho arrivals at tho Tromont House yes terday wore tho following: E. J. Bassett, Hart ford ; J. Hart, Now York; A. J. Langford, Col orado 5 J. W. rlightingal and family. Washing ton ; E. W. Novlns. Toledo ; W. L. Taylor and B. M. Myros, New York, Among tho arrivals at tho Gardner House yes terday wore tho following: U. B. F. Schock, Bal timore 5 J. B. Calhoun, Cedar Rapids; D. Davies, Now York 5 Walter Kattio, St. Louisl Jacob Dunn and family, Now York 5 Samuel Gardiner, Washington; G. G. Griswold, St. Paul. Among tho arrivals at tho Mattoson House yesterday wore tho following: Charles 0. Clements, San Francisco ; Louis Prango, Bufr falo 1 D. B. Powers, Kansas 5 J. Jlusbaum, Poona; W. G. Butts, Now York : A. Laustrum and wifo, Galesburg; F. K. Tinoll, Boston; Henry G. Smith, Rochester. N. Y,; J. Keller, Columbus ; D. M. Goodwin, Minneapolis. Among, tho arrivals at thoold Briggs Honso yesterday, wore the following: 11, J. Burleson, Iowa; &. Stnnghtlon, Winona; E. W. Smith, Bloomington; 0.8. Southwell, Canada; D. Colo, Detroit; 0. G. Carmichael, Grlnnell; L. B. Starkweather, Rockford; Elkina, “ tho artist,” Yokohomo. Among the arrivals at tbo Sherman House yes terday, were the following s J. Chance, U. 8. A.; J. R. Fitch and wife, Now York ; Goo. E. Hall, Cleveland; W» H. Laugdon, Milwaukee *, Geo. 8. Sharp, Idaho; Frank Oboe, Boston: 11. M. Sloan, Now York; diaries A. Keeler, Milwau kee; J. W. Howes, Minneapolis; L. 0. Hotch kiss, New York; G. E. Laturop, Montreal; E. Wackorhagon, Racine. Last evening, at Doty Rhinos' billiard hall, a largo sale of hogs was made. Mr. John Btrachan, of Mineral Point, Wia., purchased 60,000 hogs from Mr. John urabor, at G cents nor pound, to bo delivered between the Ist and 10th of July, according to the rules of the Board of Trade. It is behoved that the sale will bo commmmatod to-day by tbo production of money ou both sides. Ohauncoy Rose is planning a $50,000 residence In Torre Haute, Ind. Col. James W. Burnos, of Platte, Mo., has purchased a place at tit. Joseph, and removed thither. Mrs. L. A. Cary, the new Postmistress at Ash tabula, Ohio, is a new-comer in that village, and a sister of Senator Stewart, of Nevada. O. H. Dorranco, now of tho Kansas Pacific, is to bo tho next Superintendent of tho Leaven worth, Lawrence & Galveston Railroad. Judge Edwin B. Loland, of Ottawa, 111., de clines to bo a candidate for Supremo Judge, vice Lawrence, but will accept a ro-olootion in tbo (now) Sixth Circuit. DosMolnos loses the following, who will go to Chicago: F. W. Palmer, T. F. Withrow, George C. Tiolionor, A. S. Kisuoli, Frederick Gotchol, and William 11. Lehman. Ex-Gov. Frederick Smyth will soon occupy his now mansion at Manchester, N. H., near tho Falls of Amoekong. Tho buildings have boon throo years in construction, and aro said to con- Blltuto tho fluent rosldonco-proporly in Now Eng land. Judge David M. Woodson, of OarroUon, 111., from 1819 to 1807 on tho honoh of tho First Cir cuit, a member of tho Constitutional Convention of 1818, and of the Legislature in 18(19, declines to bo a candidate for the Supremo Dench (vice Thornton), but will bo a candidate lu tho (now) Eighteenth Circuit. THE FARM AND GARDEN. Seeding: to Grass—Sccdluff with tlio Dorn Crop—Anions’ the Spring* Grains —ClimnUty of Seed to tho Acre—Wliy tho Crop fl'alls—Cider and Oldor-Vlno gnr-Wlio Will Manufacture tho Ap paratus 7—Tho Currant and Its Cul ture—A Wonderful Discovery In ICo -oiird to tho Destruction of Insects— ploro xauralmgs Wanted. . From Our Agricultural Correspondent, Champaign, HI., April 5,1573. SEEDING TO GRABS. Maror 90, 1873. I have 900 acres near Pootono, In Will County, that I wish to Deed to llraothy-grana. Blmll I boo<l It Ibis spring op next fall; and can I barrow It In on the stubble; and bow muob seed to tho aero 7 D. W. If in grahi-atubblo, sow at once, about 0 quarts of clean seed to the aero; and, as soon as the land ia in condition to put on the team, roll it» but koop off tho harrow. Some persons seed tho stubblo after harvest, but, of lato, tho long, dry autumns have boon discouraging. Cross-seed may bo sown with any of tho spring grains; but tho harrowing should bo completed before sowing tho grass-seed, unless a light barrow Is used, in cose tho season is a dry one; but tho rolling shook! not bo omitted. It tho crop of spring groin la very heavy, tho grass will make bat feeble growth; and, should tho harvest bo fol lowed with hot, dry weather, tho young plants will bo liable to suffer, if not killed outright. SEEDING WITH CORN. I liavo soon a good stand of grass sown in tbo corn-field. This is dono after tho corn baa bad ono cultivating, then sown, and tbo wbolo rolled. Tbo corn-crop, in that ease, was out up aud shocked for food. In tbo seeding of timothy grass, a groat deal depends on tbo condition of tbo soil at tbo timo of seeding, and for somo days thereafter. This seed will grow at a very low tomporaturo, and bonco early seeding is desir able, as it will bo loss liable to injuryfrom drouth. Then, again, tbo seeds aro very small, and, If deeply covered, tboy will not germinate, or, if they do, it is not possible for tbo delicate plant to forco its way to tho surface. When wo bar row in tbo seed, wo must of necessity cover a largo portion of it too deeply 5 for ibis reason, tbo surface should bo niccdy prepared, and tbo sood pressed in with the roller. QUANTITY TO THE ACHE. Many farmers insist upon sowing a peck to tbo aero; but, if tbo soil is in good condition, and tbo sood good, half of that quantity is abun dant. Of Into years, it has boon my endeavor to bavo tho land so thoroughly prepared that tbo sood will all grow, and tliroo or four quarts is abundant. In sowing, tbo condition of tbo soil must bo taken into consideration. Usually,

stubblo-land in tbo spring is in good condition for tbo sood to gormlnato, and yot a percentage' is lost in tbo stubble by lodgment; but tbo stubble, acting as a mulch, protects tbo young plants until tboy bocomo well rooted. way tub crop fails. Tho catch of grass la sold to bo uncertain, and many people lay down specific rules in regard to tbo timo of seeding, and yot that bos loss .to do with tbo result than tbo condition of tbo soil. I have bad good success in midsummer, and bavo loss faith in tbo particular timo. Incase of a dry season, like tbo throe past ones, my early seeding has proved tho best 5 but, in case of a wot season, wo may sow on stubble in August with assurance of a* good catch. Any person, with a moment's reflection, can see that a seed so email as tills will not stand a hot sun and dry soil at first, but must bavo timo to become estab lished. In too many cases wo have depended too much on arbitrary rules, rather than look at tbo facts that make tho oouditions favorable or unfavorable. omen AND CIDER YINEOAR. Galena, 111., March 18,1873. I have been very much interested in your essay on Older and Older Vinegar. I have read and reread it, and beg your indulgence while I Inquire if a novice, with some moans, but no experience, might undertake tbo said business, expecting to succeed; and. if not, will you give mo such information as will enable mo to do so 7 Tbo codling-moth is so destructive bore that it is impossible to keep our apples with profit through (ho winter. Can you toll mo whore a suitable grater mid press can bo bad, aud tbo price. I can got power boro (ouo-horso I presumo is Biifilcicnt). You write as one who knows whereof ho affirms, which Is the kind of information I sock. lam willing to pay for infor mation which will lead mo to success. The boiling of cider to prevent fermentation, in the opinion of some, injures tuo flavor; and somo think, if, say, S pounds of chopped raisins bo put into 40 gallons of cider, It will effectually chock fermentation, and givo it a more agreeable aroma. Yours, T. Hallktt, Tho making of cidor and cidor-vlnognr can not bo fully taught in an essay, for many rea sons, —ono of which is, that all apples aro not equally valuable, and tbo varieties vary largely: fqr instance, tho Snow apple makes a pleasant cider, but it is light, and would not keep long; while tho .Little ilomanito gives a rich, heavy body to cider and vinegar. ono can make flrst-daas cider without considerable experience, and tbo samo is true in regard to cidor-vinogar, nor is it possible to lay down rules that ono could follow implicitly. Ono might givo rules how to make a common pork-barrel; yet a per son learning ruch rules would need to go through something of' an apprenticeship In order to succeed. In short, cidor-making and vinegar-making aro trades that must bo learned tho same as any other trade. Since writing tho essay in question, tbo writer has made considerable progress in insuring a uni form article of tho first quality, in both cider and cidor-vinogar. Tho malting of cldir-yiuogar on tho farm is simple, but requires time—ordinar ily two years. At tbo end of the first year, the same cider is decanted into another cask, or, maybe returned to it if required, after all the settlings have boon washed out, and, when ready for market, must bo decanted again, so that it will bo clear. Riley or cloudy vinegar will not clear itself without the use of isinglass, and few Sooplo know how to apply it; but, in Ibis case, care is taken in tho racking off, this will not bo required. To make good cider, none but sound apples should bo used, and tho rotten or wormy part must bo loft out. The boiling of older injures tbo flavor, and is not rccommoudod In the essay. Tbo making of older and cidor-vinogar ought to bo practically taught at tbo Industrial Farm, as it is important that almost every farmer in the State should bo familiar with this branch of business, os it is about tho only manufacturing process, except the making of butter and cheese, that is commoted with rural labor : but, thus far, no attention towards a successful effort has boon given to it. Tills is duo, at least, to tho 5 per cent of the students who intend to go back to the farm. There is a rapidly-growing demand for good cider and cidor vinogar, and tho knowledge how to make them should bo widely diffused. “Tho Form and Oardon ” has given no little space to this topic, aud will continue to throw light on it from a practical stand-point. I have a grater that was made Fast, bnt had to undergo some changes to fully please mo. It will grate throe to four bushels of apples per minute.' with tho aid of two horses, and will cost about 950. Any person who would like to make them foi sale could have this for a pattern, Srovldod that it could bo returned in mo for tho season of work. A carpenter got ono up on what ho called an improved plan, after seeing this wprk | but it bad only about ouo-foarth Its capacity. Tho cost was some S2O. A good ono cannot bo made for that sum. I have soon somo of tbo high-priced patented graters, but I would cot exchange this one for any other that I have soon. My press is also simple, yet powerful, pressing 50 •bushels at a pressing. The screw and irons aro made at Oalosburg, and tho wood wprli should bo made on tho farm, which can bo done by a good carpenter. The grinder, press, aud vats should not cost S2OO. CURRANTS. Chicago, March 38, 1879. I have from time to time road your letters In Thu Triuunb, but do not remember seeing anything about currants or curraut-plautiug. If it would not be too much for an entire stranger to ask, you will confer a favor by enlightening mo as to the variety to sololeot for ordinary purposes. Some friends have given mo permission to take 41 cuttings" from their bushes, hut 1 am not quite cur tain that 1 understand pruning well enough to per form this operation in such mamior as to leave tho old bushes what our insurance friends would call an “expectation of life,’’ Finally, how deep shall I plant these cuttings, and how prepare tho soli,—a black loam 7 Very respect fully, J. H. K. Tim raoet valuftblo v&riotloa aro tho Hod and and tUo White Patch,—the former being tho . APftIL 7, 1873. favdrlto with the grower of thin fruit* and it in seldom that oven that delicious 'White Dutch in found in tho market. Tho dealers in currant-plants have ft long Hat,—among thorn Victoria,Cherry,La Yomftlllritoj Oaudin, oto.; but those have no attraction to tho market gardener. Guttings aro made of 1-year-old wood, and are planted about 4 Inches dean. Tho fruit la homo on tho 2-year-old wood, ana this would Indicate tho proper modo of pruning. Remove tho old wood from tho Inside of tho bush, or stool, and you will have tho largest fruit. From Itoo or 4 Inches, and sometimes moro, of now wood Is pushed beyond tho living wood, and this gives fruit tho second year, but tho crop Is much loss than from the shoot that come up from tho bottom* annually. In growing currants for market, (ho rows should bo 8 foot apart, and plants sot 4 foot in tho row. Tho currant needs plenty of looso manure, which servos as a mulch to koop tho ground moist. Tho plant bolng a native of a cool, moist climate, wo must provide this condi tion as near as possible. The abundance of other fruit in tho summer market, such as tho strawberry and the raspberry, has seriously af fected tho market-value .of, as well as tho mar ket-demand for, tho currant. Tho mammoth clusters of currants are produced lu a deep, rich soli, rather moist, but well drained, carefully prauod, and well tilled in the early part of tho Booaou. A WONDERFUL INVENTION. Hero is a now and wonderful invention. Oiircullo, wood-boror, locusts, and all otbor Insoclfl bo destructive to fruit-trees, successfully prevented from committing tbelr ravages on orebarur, Tbo tender vino and ornamental tree alike preserved. In root, body, branch, and bud, from the attack of any kind of vermin or Insect, by—-’s new nud useful process for preventing tho borer or other insects from injuring fruit trees, shade and ornamental trcco, shrubs, and vinos. Patented Sept. 13,1885. Thin re markable Invention has boon tested lu tho most thor ough manner, and baa in every Instance given tbo moat conclusive proofs of Its merits. In no case bus It failed to prove itself a perfect and complete protec tion against ravages of tbo various kinds of insects that for years have boon preying upon all kinds of fruit and fruit trees. Thoro boa boon a groat lack of potty humbugs for tho past year, and wo hail tho above as a re lief from the general stagnation. Through tho long summer days, and tho dull monotony of winter, the patont-hoo-bivo-nmn, tho troo-pod dlor, the map-man, tho non-oxplosivo-011-mau, the medicine-man. tho philanthropist with tho lightning-rods, have mado thoir visits so far be tween that dullness has bocomo chronic. What has bocomo of ihoao mon ? Is a conundrum noc easily solved. Somo persons have tho idea that thoy havo given up tho business, while others, equally well-informed, suppose that thoy nro planning somo now thing that shall ho worthy of thoir past fame. Whatever thoy oro pursuing at present, no doubt wo shall boo thorn all again in duo time. Wo ought to havo boiuo now plant or sood, somo now farm-gate, a fow moro patent chums, or at least a patent hen’s nest. It is too bad that wo lose tho eloquence of mon ; do como back, gentlemen, to while away an hour, and thus roliovo us of tho tedium of monopolies. JIUUAL. Five Whites and Ttvo Indians Killed* .From the Leatomcorth Times, March 28. Last evening William Holland, of tbo Engi neer Corps, arrived at Leavenworth from two southwest frontier, and brought tbo nows of serious depredations. Ho reports tho killing of ilvo Indians on tho Oimmaron, and two wbito men on Medicine Lodge Crook. From all appearances, tbo bodies of tbo whites had boon without life for a week previous to their discovery. Quo was recognized as tbo corpse of Cant. Griffin, who kopt a rancho west of Wichita. His body was identified by bis wooden log. His scam bad boon taken, which is evidence that Indians killed him. Griffin bad boon employed as a guide at Camp Supply, and was returning to tbo settlements wbon killed. Tho ground near tho spot wboro ho was found was strewn with tbo shells of exploded cartridges, showing that bo and bis comrades resisted the Indian attack. Mr. Holland reports that ono of tbo Indian bodies found on tuo Cimmaron was that of Big Mouth, tbo Arrapaboo Chief who visited this city last month, and paid a visit to tbo Morris school. It is thought by Holland that tho Indians were killed by tbo traders along tbo Cimmaron selling whisky to tbo rod.mou, aud that tho In dians in retaliation killed tho whito men. Big Mouth and his party gnvo evidence against somo traders in tho United Staos Court at Topeka about four weeks ago. BigMoutb’sloss is generally regretted, because bo was recognized at tbo agency as a useful aud Soaaeful Chief, and ono whoso Influence in tbo Iroction of poaco on tbo frontier was valuable. Our information from tbo southwestern country is to tbo offoot that tbo traders aro carrying on on extensive traffic in liquor with tho Indians, and vory serious trouble with tbo tribos Is likoly to be the result. MARKETS BY TELEGRAPH. Forolg-n Markets* Liverpool, April s—ll a, m.—l r lour, 27a Cd. Winter wheat, 12a 2d; spring, 1180123 2d; white, lls 3dolla 7u; club, 11s Bd©lls lOd. Corn, 37s 3d. Pork, CGs. Lard, 39s Cd. Liverpool, April 6—1:30 p. m.—Broadatuffs quiet and unchanged. London, April 6—3 p. m.—Consols—Money, 92# ; account, 03; 6-20s of ’CS, 94#; 6-20s of ’O7, 93#; KMOs, 89#; now 6s, 00# • Edo, 60#. Linseed oil. 93s 6d. Turpentine, 49b©43s Cd. Pams, April 6.—Rentes, 55 franca 97 centimes. Liverpool, April 6.—Colton quiet; middlings up lands, 9#@9#d ; middling Orleans, 9#d. Sales, 10,- 000 bales: American. C.OOO bales; speculation and export, 2,000 bales. April delivery from Savannah or Charleston, 9#d;' March and April shipments from Now Orleans, 9#d, Brcadatuffs quiet; rod winter wheat, 120 2d; flour, 27s Cd.; corn, 37s Sd. Beef, 78s Cd. Cheese, 70s ; Cumberland middles, 38s 6d; short rib middles, 9Qa Cd. Antwerp, April s.—Refined petroleum, 40#s. Plttsburtfli Oil Market* rrrTflnonait, April 6.—Crude potrohum quiet and unchanged. Refined quiet and weak, with a down ward tendency—nominally 15#o spot, 15#o seller Anrll, lust half; .Philadelphia delivery, 10c; spot, 19#o soilcr April! last half; seller May, last half, 19# 0. Now Tork Dry Goods Market* New York, April 6.—Tho dry goods business was rather quiet to-day, with tho agents and jobbers. The market for cotton goods was fairly active and steady on all best makes. Benins and ticks are in good demand from first hands, and prints, percales, and ginghams are in fair request. Fancy dross goods are quiet, but plain fabrics aro active. Glased cambrics aro jobbing at Bc. Shawls and woolens aro dull. Foreign goods move slowly, except colored Orleans cloths and inilcr hos, which are brisk. Dry goods imports for tho week, $2,104,000. The Produce Markets* NEW YORK. New Yens, April s.—Cotton— Higher with bel ter demand; middling uplands, 19#o; sales futures 8,000 bales; May,lo#@lo#o; Juno, 19 11-lC@lo#o ; July, 19#®200; October, 17#c. BnEADSTurrs—Flour dull and heavy; receipts, 9,000 brla; super Western and State, 10.1500,05 ; common to good, $0.0007.00 ; good to choice, $7.0508.35 ; white wheat extra, $8.60010.60; extra Ohio, $7.20010.60; Si. Louis, $7.60012.76. Rye flour and corn meal un changed. Wheat—Very dull and unchanged; re ceipts. 4,000 bu; No. 2 Northwest, $1.02; rod Western, $1.85. Ryo unchanged. Barley Sulct. Western delivered, sl.lO. Mult quiet, oru dull and heavy; receipts. 12,000 bu; now mixed Western, 03#®03c; old mixed Western, afloat, 03#o « old mixed western, In store, 09©03#0, Outs firmer and In moderate demand receipts, 12,000 bu; now mixed Western, 61®640; white Western, G2053u. Clover Seed— Firm; prime, $8.02#, Timothy, $3.6009.76. Baas—Dull at 10020 c. Hat—Quiet. Hors—Dull. Leather— ln moderate request at 28091o; Orinoco, 27@28#0. Wool—ln fair demand; pulled, 440; domestic fleece, 220270. Groceries— Coffee dull; Rio. 16#0190. Sugar in demand and steady. Molasses firm at 07076 c. Rico more active and firmer; 808#o. Petroleum—Crude, 9#o; refined, lo#o, Turpentine— Dull and nominal. Provisions— Pork a shade firmer; new mess, $17.12 @17.26: prime moss, $16.76010.76. Beef firm and un changed. Out meats In moderate request; shoulders, 7o; middles firm; long clear, 009 l-10o; short clear, Oo; do May, o#o, Lord firmer; Western steam, 8#o; kettle, o#©o U-ICo. Butteu— Finn; Western, 18030 c, Cheese— Steady; 120170. Whisky— Lower at Ole. CINCINNATI. Cincinnati, April B.—Bueadstufes— Flour dull and lower at $7.4007.06. Wheat steady at $1.0901.09. Corn firm at 99040 c. Rye quiet at 790830. Oats firm at 900 930. Barley quiet aud unchanged. GnoaEntßS—Steady. Oils— Steady, Boas—Dull and lower at 140. Butter—ln fair demand at lower rates. Cheese—ln fair demand aud firm. Provisions— Quiet, Pork nominally unchanged, Lard very finny ; steam, B#©B#o ; kettle, B#oß#e. Bulk meats hold: Shoulders ut 0#o; clear rib sides. 8#o; clear, fl#o, Bacon quiet; shoulders firm at 0#o; clear rib sides,Oo; sales clear at o#o, whisky— Quiet at 800. ST. LOUIS. , Bt, Louis, April 6.— Breadstuff*- Flour dull, nut unchanged, wllb small order business Wheal dull and drooping; No. 2 Chicago spring ut $1.18; No. 2 soft lowu ollcrod at $1.90; only $1.25 bid. Corn dull ami drooping; No. 2 mixed, 99#0, oast track; 49j in sacks, Oats quiet hut unchanged; No, 3, 27#@2So, cast track 5 930 In sacks. Barley firm ; only sample sold. Ryo dull and drooping; nothing doing. Whisky— Nominal at 870. Provisions— Pork quiet at $10.75 ; nothing done : offerings very light, Ifcicou quiet; only Jobbing aud order biislnoflfl; nUouldorp, O.k’QDJtfc; clear, Lard Arm at Bc. lions—Steady at $4.H0Q5.35, Cattle— Firm ami active; Texan, 2050} native cows and bclfora, 2*®4ifo; stock aloora, fair to choice fat Aloora. 4>f®oc. MILWAUKEE. Milwaukee. April b.—Uriui)btuffs— Flour quiet and unchanged. Wheat in fair demand | prime wo, 1 Milwaukee, $1.27# ? No. 2 do. sl.lß. Oivta rjtifot and wonk } No. a, 200. Corn dull and market unsettled ; No, 2 mixed, lUjfo, Rye In fair demand nt lower rnlca ; No. 1, flOjio. Barley In fair demand ami Arm ; No, 2 spring, 700. Receipts— Flour, 2,000 brla; wheat, 10.000 bn. Shipment*— Flour, 7,000 brio ; wheat, 8,000 bu. BUFFALO. Buffalo. April fi.—Nothing doing, market gener ally without change. LOUISVILLE, woisnuE, April s.—BniunsTUfFS—Flour dtill, but unchanged. Grain unchanged In every respect. I'novißiONs— Quiet and steady; mesa pork, $17.00. Bacou—Shoulders, 7o; clear sides, o@S)Jno; cicnr, o#®3?;|c; plain hams, cured h:min, nil packed. Bulk Rhouldc!rß,o?-(o; dear rib eldofl, |B*tf®Bi<o; clear B?£®B#c { bulk ham:<, 10‘<e, loose. Lard—Choice leaf In tierces, o#®3*£o; kegs 0#@10o; prlmo Btoam, Bif®B*4c. ‘ whisky—Firm at fifl®B7e. NEW ORLEANS, Nnw Orleans, April C.— Groceries— Sugar dull; common, 7o; good fair, 8‘£o; prime, 9,'tfo. MolnMes dull; common fermenting, 45®C0a; prlmo formenting, 54®00e. Coffee dull; ordinary, 170f 17),<0 ; fair, 180 IBWO * good, 18tf@19*(c; prime, 1B;«310,Lo ; clock in Am hands, 100,034 huge. Others unchanged. Cotton— Sales, 4,800 bales good ordinary, Ifljtfc; low mixed, 18c ; middlings, 10018*^0; middling Or leans. 10'fo. Receipts, 2,003 bales. Exports—Quant, 1,725 bales. Stock, 107, 313 balcn. OSWEGO, Oswkoo, N. Y., April fi.—Wheat quiet. Corn lower ; Western, 58000 c. Oats * hold State nt 40c. BALTIMORE. Baltimore. April s.—Hubadstuffs— Flour un changed. Wheat firm and steady; Western rod, $1.7001,83 ; amber, $1.0003.00. Corn—mixed West ern quiet and Arm at 01c. Oats Armor; mixed West ern, 40017 c ; white, 48c. Ryo steady nt 85093 c, Provisions— Dull. Mess pork, $17.00017.50. Racon —Bhouldrn, 7#®7J£o l rib aides, oV®U)tfo; dear rib, 0# ®o?fc; sugar cured bams, 12j<;®lhc. Lard, Butter— Very Bcarcc, and wanted. Whisky— Quiet and Armcr at 00 wc. MEMPHIS. Memphis, April s.—Cotton— Quiet and unchanged good ordinary, 10#c; low middling, 17*f(fjlSr, Re ceipts, 1.305 bales; Hhipmouts, 2,153 bales. Stock, 45.895 bales, Brkadstupfs— Flour dull but nuebaugod. Corn meal Armor, nt $2.50®2.53. Corn buoyant but unset tled, at 65®57#c, Oats scarce and Arm, at 41®42c. BRAN—Active, at $10.0901(1.30. Provisions— Bacon In fair demand and advanced; 7?iC, lOc, Lard—l'tiiio ketllo rendered, B#o o#c; rcOnod, B#o‘Jc. Mcim pork scarce and Arm, nt $15.50. TOLEDO. Toledo, April B.— Breadstuff*— Flour quint and unchanged. Wheat steady; No. 8 while Wabnsb, $1.70; amber Michigan, npot, $1.93#; seller May, $1.87#; Boiler June, $1.70; No. 2 red, seller May, $1.07)2. Corn n shade higher; high mixed Bpot 39#0 : seller July. 44c; low mixed, 39# c, Gain quiet ami unchanged; No. 2nt 33c. Clover Seed—s4.7o. Receipts—Flour, 1.000 brla ; wheat, 2,000 bu ; com, 9.000 bu ; outs, 1,000 bu. Shipments—Flour, 900 hrla; wboat, 3,000bu; com, 7.000 bu. CLEVELAND. Cleveland, April s.—Ureadstuits—Flour quiet and unchanged. Wheat quiot nml uuchimgcd ; Halos No. 2 red winter et $1.02: No. Irod winter hold at |1.70. Corn quiot and unchanged, at 44@45c. Pouk— Steady. pKxnoLCUM—Refined steady and firm; car lota, 10c; Ohio State teat, 21?£®2!>c. LADIES’ GOODS Ckm. Oossage & Co. (Successors to Ross & Gossane). Having re-established our DRESSMAKING Department under new, experi enced, and highly competent management, we are prepared to execute orders promptly, in the most skillful and artistic manner. We open, THIS MOBMiNG, an attractive assortment of SPRING COSTUMES. Llama Lace Sacques and Points; Choice Spring Silks, at $1 per yard; Hew Colors in Empress Cloths, Cashmeres, Camlets, Poulards, Pongees, Poplins, Mohairs, Silk Treve than Cloths, Japanese Brocades and Stripes, with full lines of other new and popular Fabrics, now on exhibition. We shall open at our former location, on State-st., in May, with largely-increased and im proved premises, and a stock unexcelled in stylo and quality in this section. 235 & 237 WEST MADISON-ST, DRESS GOODS. fiOLDEH OPPORTUNITY BEYOKD DOUBT GABSOI, PIBIE I GO., No. 329 West Madisou-st., Aro soiling Drocs Goods and Silks cheaper thou they can bo bought oUowhcro. Japanese Silts about half price. Black Ground White Stripe Silks, all silk, at 73 and DO cts. Colored Stripe Silks at SI.OO, very cheap. Elegant nunlity Grey Stripe Silks, $1.20, really worth $1.75. Black, all silk, Gros-graius at SI.OO, good sight ly goods. Better and richer (innlitics Black Lyons Orcs grains at sl.lO, $1.25, $1.50, and $1.75, very cheap goods. Richest and finest makes of “Guinots," “Fon- sons," and "Bonnots." Black Gros-grains from 75 ots. to $1.50, per yard helow tho market price. Rich quality Silk and Wool Epinj'liiics, choice shades. 75 cta„ well worth $1.20. Finest quality Coshmeres, new shades, 90 cts., price elsewhere $1.25. Choice now shades in host Rouhaix Poplins, 35 cts., worth 45, Handsome shades in all-wool Crottones, at 40 and 50 cts., regular value 05 and 80 cts. Plain, Figured, and Striped Mohaiis and Pop lin Alpacas at 37 1-2 cls„ cheap. Wo defy competition in Black Alpacas, Mohairs, and Brillinnlines. Bargains on tho Cheap Press Goods tables nt IS, 21). and 25 eta HAVANA LOTTERY. Royal Havana Lottery, THE GREAT Eiti’aordinary Dramg of AM 22. Only 1(1,000 Tickets, will* 2.00T Tull Prizes. (Ono Prlco to orory 7 Tickets). IPrizoof $600,000 1 Prize of lno.tAW IPrizoof fio.ooo 8 of 425,000 M.IHW •4 of SIO,OOO 40,000 ia of 46,(100 ai.thio 463 of 4600 831,600 And 1,007 amallor Prizes, amounting t0........... 165,QQJ Wholo amountdrawn .......... $1,200,000 Prlco of TlcUotu In Citvrunoyi Whole, Halves, Quarters, Fifths, *!Vmth«, Twonllouli, 4160,10. $15.00. $07.60, SBO.OO. 916.00. $7.60. Wo aro now prepared to fill orders. . . . ■d«.» Topiovout losa by mall, remit registered letter, Poit Money Order, ..repress. TaVIAJH AOO., Hankers. ItJ WaH-st., N. Y. P. U. Afaw**. Uo* 4i«. HOUSEKEEPING GOODS; HonsteM Goods! FSMjßSfa^Clj. State and Twcntictli and Madison and Markct-sts,, Will, on MONDAY, APRIL 7, open tlioir Spring assortment of Bleached Damasks, in Sootoh, Irish; Barnsley, and German manufacture, new pat terns; Lawn Dice and Damasks; Tur key Reds and Toiloonots; Fine Sets Cloths and Napkins to match; 5-Band 3-4 Single and Double Damask Nap kins; 5-8 and 3-4 Fringed Napkins, oval and round Doylies; Colored Centre Napkins; Buff, Whito, Fink, Green, and Rod, and Red Bordered Fringed Cloths and Napkins; Red Bordered and White Doylies, square; _ Tray Cloths, plain and fringed; Victoria Cloths, all sizes and colors; Knotted Fringed Damask Towels, whito and colored borders; a line of Damaskand Dice Towels at cost, a great bargain; Huok and Honey Comb Towels; Bluoh & Bro. Turkish Bathing Towels; Pat ent Dusters, Cotton Terry, Blay, Dow las, and Butchers’ Linens; Sheeting, Pillow, and Shirting Linens, all widths and qualities; a fine line of the celebrated Barnsley Sheetings; choice styles of Printed Shirting Linens, a popular and.scarce article; Birdseye and Nursery Diapers; Crashes, Huok, and Glaoo Towelingo. • And a complete assortment of Marseilles Quilts, in White, Buff. Pink, and Blue, all sizes; Crib Quilts. Croat variety; Gorman, Alh ambra, Oriental, Honey Comb, and Oroon ot Quilts; Marseilles Mats, whito and color ed, &0., &o. The largest, cheapest, and hand somest selection ol’liincn Goods they have yet offered in the markot. FOR SALE. GREAT JOII’TT SALE sirai-ira rai cmsioii SZBZETEE 3 , Consisting o( the ENTIRE WOODLAWN HERD I Of Win. B. Dodge, and a largo draft from Uio GLEKT FLORA HEED, AT WAUKEGAN, Itt., ON WEDNESDAY, APRIL 0, 1873. Tho subscribers announce that tlioy will bold n pabllo sale at Waukegan, 111., Wednesday, April ol 00 bond of highly and brpcl CATTLE, and 100 nuro-brod OOi'SWOLD SHEEP, mostly Imported, being tbo entire Wondlawn horn of Wll.B. BODQE, and a larco number of tho most doslr* ablo animals from tbo Olon Flora hord of tho Olon Flora ytonk-lirooding Association. Wo bavo no Hesitation In saving that wo bollovo this sals will comprise tbo largest collection of lint-class "took— show ntiimnls and prize winners on both sides of tho At* lanKo—ever offered In this country at publlo sale. Waukegan la Sis intlen tint tb of Cbloans, on MllwankdS Division of N. W. 11, 11. Trains leave Chicago at Ba. m. nnd9:4sn. m.. and return fntlmo for all trains leaving Chicago that evening. Kale wilt commence at 10 m. «harji.^^ m, Lake Op., _IH • jD/<4 PAItiCS, Pros’t. ■\VnHUoj REMOVALS, msiumsia, Real Estate Office, To 88 East WasMngton-st,, Between Dcarlioni nml Clnrk-sfa. REMOVAL. On and after Mayl, tho Chicago Agency of the MASSACHUSETTS MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO, will occupy tho Basement Office, Mb, 170 LaSallo-st., Bryan Block. EEISBIE & RARPLEYE, General Agents. IF!L3S33^!3:o>'^7 r -^3lii. .A.. BXBOLLA Hus removed to his now nml noat Harbor Shop, 12 7 Dear* burn-st., Speed Block, 8d door nnrthoant conior if Maul* aon-at., wliuroho will ho most happy toeoo hie old friend* anil nmioßi, aud as many more as will favor him with a call. . REMOVAL. Wo will roniovo May I to tbo spacious stores now being orootid for us at Nos. 44 and 4ti South Wator-sfc, Wo are now odoring our stock of fancy grocorlos, groon and drioijl fruits, ote., at reduced prices, to save moving sarao. Btoro now occupied by us to rout. M.OIIAFF & CO., BO and 6! Markot-jd^ FINANCIAL. LAPSLEY & BAZLEY, J3BOK33KS IN STOCK PRIVILEGES, N«. 47 KxclmttKO Place, N. Y. SHOO and commission will purchase a lirat-clAss contract, giving you tho privilege of culling or delivering It. «., bo fiur *rUißc" or “abort”) 100 shares of any active mock, atony timo In SO or 60 days. *125 and commission will purchase an A 1 contract (samo lima and terms as stocks) on *50,000 American gold coin. No further risk or outlay Is lucurrod beyond tho amount you docldp to risk. A I n&mos oa «U contract negotiated. her further particu lars, write for our “ Explanatory Circular," just Issued, wltli practical lllustratinmi. Wo refer to Messrs. How boo, nilbrotb.6 Co., and Messrs, bcott, Strong *» Co,, Now York. Heal Estate Loans. Money to loan la wins of .SO,OOO and upwards on lm pro«d I ,rop u r.y.»l.r^in,Mo ) ml i .. WATEnMA CHEMICAL BATHS. Vergnes’ Eleotro-Ohemioal Baths, Permanently curing thousands of imtlonts yearly. Rs* tnbllshcd in Now York, Parts, Hendon, ami nt No. 7M Wabash-av. Povcrjoool Uhoinna'Diu. Paralysis hclstl ca» Neuralgia, and nil Ner.-ons and (Jhronlo Diseases, thuro is nothing to equal tills treatment. Ksiraots mer cury ami otlior imlmmoim snhrttoood from tho system. Particulars, with rotoranoaa of tno ulghort oharaotnr, given at tho 011100 and VDsldonoo. «0u Wabaslwir. Note.—This treatment ia entirely imlllco otlior Elootrl* eni Paths given In tnU nltv. t t | t , MISCELLANEOUS, .caution i aA.Tj'rioasr j • IBOIOiHi’rS KUTa’lCiltai. Parties wishing to buy tho*t» cclobralod UitiorA ami do* 1 fcJrouaof obtaining tho genuine article, nro cautioned • , J4;uliißt tho hnllntlcma nml ocuniorff'lta olTord In tho American markets by unscrupulous Individuals, hut oa»l --jr* recognized by tho poor way In which they inniraliy uro guit up, and principally by th?lr vile Lute, whPut the gon- I jdnoartlulo, though a Stomach Hitlers. 1* vort palatable I and ploasunl to ovury rollucd ta*lo,and has uuthfng of the | .hop. Ix. O. Box No. 1023. *No. <lti JiHifrly-wt.. X. V. rsCAFPOLD. -t 'PUEkDOM OATK.S wilt And AHNER GATES at No. i A! Hlnuwnst., near West Km! of Twanty-soooml-st. 1 js n TIIIC •BREAKFAST, LUNCHEON, DINNER AND , *.»r* hUI’PifiItTAULU, LEA. & PERRINS' Woi’ccstersliii'G Sauce IK INDIMPENHAHLU. , JOHN DUNCAN’S SONS, NmvVyi k, • Agouta tor tho United bute«. !t ~~ i¥OTIOE. To tho property-holder* of Snuthweslom-av. i Thom v.lll bo a inerting unf.limday, April 7. At ‘ i{; I /-.bout getting water ami «a« on ih"»\£lUVfe/Al* 'SJ™ 1 . 0 ' ■i ;o r.)i|u?<tun to bo at I'Kls.l). DlHlNtillhf 1 7itf Wait .iaahmtt-tl., fkUUUUnio. ll 5

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