Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 9, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 9, 1873 Page 2
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2 GEYSERS. The Mystery of the Geysers Explained. Bunsen's Theory—A Perfect Artifi cial Geyser. The Most Wonderful Region in tlio World. Prof. E. Andrews Before tlio Academy of Sciences. ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. A regular mooting of tho Chicago Academy of Sciences was hold last ovoniug at No. 0 Blx toQntJi direct; tho Vice-President, Dr. H. A. Tdihrison, in tbo chair. Oti motion, tho reading of tho minutes of tho preceding mootirig was dispensed with, and Dr. E. A. Androwe proceeded to exhibit tho working of a small but 'complete apparatus, illustrative of tho above pbonomonon, with an ample verbal explanation, which was listened to with groat interest. OETSERfI have boon known to exist for several centuries. A picture of tho groat goysor of Iceland has for generations been tbo wonder of oil tbo children who studied geography. It was considered not only tbo greatest natural curiosity of that island, but It has always ranked among the wonders of tho world. In CornoU’e Physical Schools, published in 1872 by D. Appleton * Co., tho author says of tho Iceland geysers: They are tho most remarkable hot springs known. All that should now be changed. .In less than five years it bos boon proved that at the bead watore of tbo Madison lUvor, a branch of the Missouri, there are a groat number of geysers, some of which throw up when la action mud and water to a height of more than 200 feet. Previous to 18G9 they wore kuown only to a few trappers. In tho summer of that year, Messrs. Cook and Folsom ascended the Volley of tho Yellowstone and crossed over tho ridge to tho Fire-Hole Elver, a branch of the Madison, which, with tho Jefferson and the Gallatin, unite at Gallatin City to form thoMia souri. The accounts they gave of tho wonderful Royocra in tho Valloy of tho Eiro-Holo prompted ■ Gon. 'Washburn to form a party to visit thorn in 1870. Liout. Doauo, of tho Second Cavalry, gavoft graphic and glowing account of thorn, and Mr. W. P. Langford published in tho May and . . Juno num bers of Saiiitcr'a Magazine illustrated papers, which at onoo mado tho world acquainted with those marvelous wonders. In 1871, and in 1872, United States Geologist Dr. F. V. Hayden and Col. J. W. Barlow, of this city, ono of Gon. Bhorldau’s staff, visited tho Uppor Yellowstone Valley, and mado moat valuable reports of this ; region. So impressed was Congress with tho importance of this mountain district that, by an net approved March 1,-1872, they formed it into a TUULIO PAUK, to bo hold and used ns such by the people of tho United States forever. The north lino of tho ; pork runs through tho junction ofGardner's River with the Yellowstone, and is to extend oast to a point 10 miles oast of tho most : easterly shore of Yellowstone Lake; thence duo south to tho parallel of latitude passing 10 miles south of the most southerly point of tho lake; thence west to tho meridian, passing IB miles west of thoi most western point* of MadlsouLako'; thence; north to tho latitude of tho junction of tho Gard ; nor and Yellowstone Rivers, and thoaco oast to the place of beginning. Tho park certainly em braces one of the most wonderful regions on the, globe; though of,course its natural curiosities are almost entirely different from, those of tho, Yosemlto Valley.' With a good map its location, .can be readily found, Yellowstone Lake is 7,427 foot above tho sea, and it is sur rounded by ranges of mountains from 10,000 to 12.000 foot high, tbo summits of which Ere covered with snow tho year round. During tho mouths of Juno, July, and August : tho air is clear and invigorating, with scarcely ever any storms, and tho thermometer frequent ly sinks as low as 20 degrees. As all our readers will want to visit tho Yellow stone Pork, tho question HOW TO GET THEUB .Isimportant. -Till tho opening of tbo Northern Pacific Railway up the Valloy of tho Yellowstone, ■tho journey must ho long, hard, and expensive. Two routes aro open to those who must go this •vear. First, go to Ooriuno, by tho Union Pacific Pailway 5 thonco you have nemo four or five days’ staging, night os well aa day, to Virginia City, Montana; thonco to Bozman ami Fort EIUb, perhaps a couplo of days moro. Thonco, by pack train, it will t&ko four or five days to reach tho foot of Yellowstone- Lake. But tho latter section of tho journey is through scenery that is worth almost uuy amount of labor and money to soo. Tho trail loads directly along tho Grand Canon of tho Yellowstone, where, for many ml leu, the river soothes and foams between perpendicular walls of rook hundreds of foot high. At the head of it are tbo falls of tbo Yellowstone, tho upper one' 125 feet high, and tho lower 850. Of course, they do not compare in height with those of tho Yoaomito, but they will over ho tho wonder and tho admiration of tho tourist. Ton miles above tho falls tho Mud Volcano is passed, having an orifice 25 foot lu diameter at tho top, and at eruptions spouting up an immense volume of mud and water 30 to *lO feet high. Visitors should romam around Yollowstono Lake, sot as it is in an amphitheatre of sploodid snow-capped mountains, for a week or two. Tho groat Qeyaor Basin on tho Five-Hole River is about 80 miles west of tho north cud of Yellow stone Lake. Of those goysors spouting water and steam 200 to 250 I'cot high, wo need not speak hero in detail. They aro moro than twice aa active as thoao of Iceland, and, of course, tho moro wonderful. As to the other route, tho Northern Pacific Railway will ho finished to tho Missouri by tho Ist of May. It will take from two to three days to roach the crossing of tho Missouri through Minnesota and Dakota. Wo aro not sure of tho timo thouco by steamer to Fort ■ Benton, say four or five dayu at least. Thonco to Helena and Fort Ellis it would roquiro two or throe days, perhaps moro. But during tho present summer tho lino will ho pushed far up the Yollowstono, and by tho close of the next season it will probably roach Bozman, within considerably loss than 100 miles from tho goysors. ntmsEN’s TiiEony. Bunsen suggested tho following explanation of tho phenomena, which Prof. Tyndall indorses; If a deep pit extend down into tho boated rocks, the water mlho deeper parts will require a greater heat to make it boil than that above, because it is under greater pressure. Suppose tho whole of tho water to bo brought nearly to tho boiling point, that below being, of couroo, hotter than that near tho surface. Now, if a belch of steam bo forced from some neighbor ing cavern into tho bottom of tho pit, it may lift tho whole column of water several foot, bringing every portion of it so much nearer to tho sur face. The water which, when lower down, was barely prevented by tho pressure from boiling, being now relieved of port of that pressure, would boll actively for a short time, cioatlug a great amount of steam, which might rush furiously up, carrying a good deal of water mingled with it into the air, and thus produce .an effect much like that actually observed in nature. Prof. Tyn dall illustrated this by a perpendicular iron tube, blx foot long, filled with water. Ho produced the effect winch ho desired by building a lire around tho middle of it, and thus causing tho ite&m and hot water to fly from tho top. It is evident, however, that this sort of erup tion would consist of. mingled steam, foam, and spray, and would bo very brief in its duration, (or it would take but a ramuto or two to blow off the steam and water of the upper half of tho nit; besides tho conversion of part of the water into steam would consume tho surplus heat, and Instantly lower tho temperature of tho remain der enough to arrest tho eruption. Now, Maj. Barlow, an eminent engineer of tho United Staton Army, after examining tho geysers of thoYollow ttouo, says that they play a solid stream of clear water, without break or foam, wblob, in some instances, Is sustained for half an hour or oven an hour, and that tho blowing off of steam comes at the close. In this respect, tho artiflol&l goyaer above ;he natural geyser, I 'i " , , ; HM /■ M -—Mi v 'Hi !■■■■■ G Professor Andrews* Explanation ot tho Natural Ooyaor. . .. O.—Geyser In action,.. , • ~ A/.—Mountains furnishing a supply of cold water. ... . x . 8. S. s.—Supply crevices or channels In tho rocks, through which tho water makes Its way to tho region of heated caverns. jl, //,—Rocks healed by volcanic action, which, in goysor regions, arc full of caverns. C.— -Cavern, with the supply channel entering Us top and tho outlet, 0, leaving it near tho bottom. In this cavern tho water la heated to the boillugpolnt. and tho steam, accumulating in (ho top, furnishes tho force for thopldyoftbo geyser. As tho pressure of tho steam increases it forces tho cold water back down tho supply chan nel 8, until it reaches some point L, whore tho pressure from tho further side of tho Inverted syphon equals that of tho steam. . Tho cold water, being no longer admitted to tho cavern, tho hot water In U bolls more and moro furiously, causing a rapid increase of tbo pressure of tho steam, thus forcing tbo hot water out with great velocity through tho channel O Into tho air, producing tho spouting or “ eruption " of tho geyser. When the water in tho cavern Is all driven out down to the level of tho point whero tho outlet O loaves it, tho steam escapes, rushing out with a loud roar, and relieving tho pressure, which kept hack tho waters of (ho supply channel 8. B. 8. Tho cold water, therefore, no longer meeting any resistance, rushes into tho cavern, cooling it off, and pulling an end to all tho eruptive phenomena. Everything now remains quiet, until tho water in tho cavern la again boated sufficiently to produce a now supply of steam, and thus sot in motion a now source of tho water Is hero represented as In tho mountains, because that seems to ho tho fact in nature. ,hut It la not necessary to the action of a geyser that tho sources of tho water should bo at any higher elevation than tho mouth of tho outlet, figured oomoa much nearer to Nature, for it throws for a considerable time Us stream of clear water, and then at tho close discharges its steam besides keeping its periodic times of eruption and repose with groat regularity. It would seem, therefore, that Bunsen’s theory, though ingeni ous, does not givo us tho true explanation of geyser activity. . remarks. The above description and diagrams oro from Prof. Edmund Andrews, of tho Clilcngo Medical College, to whom tho sclontiflo world is indebted for tho invention of a very simple apparatus by which every phenomena of tho geysers are ro . iroducod. It follows that his explanation s tho true one, and the mystery wuich has always boon associated with' thorn is therefore fully explained. It is proper that America, hav ing by far tho most wonderful geyser region in tho world, should, through one of her sclontiflo men, give to manldnd an explanation of tho moons which Katuro has adopted to produce them. The apparatus is exceedingly simple. | 1 c A s I 1 1 t Is i Explanation oftlio Artificial Goyser. JtJ— Reservoir of water representing the mountain supply of the natural geyser. . .. , a, S. S,— Supply plpo which should descend 3 or 4 feet, and then rlsoto tho holler. C. —Boiler representing tho heated cavern of tho natural geyser. The supply plpe“S. S, S. enters tho ’ top of It. X/,—Lamp for healing tho boiler. . „ , O.— Discharge pipe, which should leave the holler at tho lower part. Tho orifice ot the top of tho discharge pipe should bo considerably smaller than tho supply plj»o, if, S. S, (?.— I The Jot of water thrown during tho eruption. This opporalus has Its regular periods of eruption and repose. It first throws a steady stream of clear boiling water, and at tbo close follows it with a swift out-rush of steam, as in tho natural goysors of the Yellowstone. Tho reservoir. O may bo a common tin cup hold ing a pint or moro, with a cover soldered on tho top, and a small tin tuho entering on tho top from tho right oud leaving from tho bottom on tho loft. To those tubes attach n small India rubber tube, connecting tho ono on tho right with tho reservoir of cold water. ,I“° : upper end of that on tho loft should ho contracted hy having a very small glass tube ‘ fastened in tho ond of it, which will increase tho height to which tho water and steam aro thrown. Tho only uso of tho left-hand reservoir is to catch tho water aa- it falls back aft tho erup tion. Five dollars will pay for this aimplo ap paratus, and $lO would provide ono for overy school in tho land. It will not only ho a very interesting toy, but it explains perfectly ouo of the most wonderful, of Nature’s myatorioa,—of course, by tho genius of Dr. Andrews, a mys tery no longer. „ After Dr. Andrews had concluded, a low ques tions were put, and several short speeches made on tho subject hy gentlemen present, who all agreed that tho theory advanced was a complete and simple explanation of tho phenomena called Goysors: On motion, Dr. Andrews was appointed a com mittee, with powor to select associates, to pre pare a model Goyser anparatus to bo placed m tho now rooms of th'a Society. Tho meeting thou adjourned. Dr. Jayno’a Expectorant. There U good authority for stating that In this country ono adult out of overy six dloa of consump tion; Indeed, so prevalent and fotal has this disease become, that it Is dreaded as tbo groat scourge of tho human raco. Yet, lu tho formative stages, nil pulmo nary complaints may bo readily controlled by resort ing promptly to the Expectorant of Dr. Jayne, which soothes and strengthens tho bronchial tubes, allays In flammation and cleanses thorn and tho lungs of all impurities. It la a certain remedy for coughs and colds, which, whou left to themselves, frequently bring on pulmonary complaints; aud It cures bron chitis effectually If taken lu time, and tho directions strictly followed. It has maintained Its reputation as a curatlvo for over a quarter of a century, and If those who aro threatened with lung diseases, or any of tho symptoms of bronchitis or asthma, will at ouco give tuts standard remedy a trial, they will never regret it. Bold everywhere. Country Merchants. You have laid in your spring Block. Next thing, you want to sell it. Wo can help you. Our (or rather your) JHctorial Advertiser will dolt. Apparently published hy you In your own town. I'ullof pictures and adver- Uscmonln to “ hit" your business, You cauuot afford to do without it. The heat advotllfllng medium In ex istence, Call aim boo us, or send for samples. Pic torlal Advertising and Printing Company, Nos. 6to 0 Michigan avenue, Chicago, o ° Millinery Opening. Hewcs & Prescott, milliners, No. 238 Wabash avenue, havo their opening to-day and to-morrow. All the la dles are expected to bo present, regardless of wind and weather. All the now spring styles, and muny novel ties, will be on exhibition there, ami, ns nil liwlio.i are Interested in these nice things, all who full to bo there will mlia o good opportunity. Change of Time, The Michigan Central night train for Indianapolis, LjulavlUe, and Cincinnati, via Pern Head, now leaves the Great Central Depot, foot of Lake street, ut 9:10 p. in, instead of 6:16 p. in, as heretofore. A sleeping cur la run through to Indianapolis. —■Wo understand that tho Governor of Georgia has issued invitations to tho Governors of twen ty-two Western and Southern States and tho Mayors of 158 cities, together with tho members of the Ooramittoo on Water Linos of Congress (Mr. Wiudom, of Minnesota, Chairman) to lake part in tho deliberations of tho convention to bo hold in Atlanta on tho 20th of May, to lake into consideration tho subject of water coinniunlca * tlon with the ocean through tho Btuto of Geor gia. THE CHICAGO DAILY tf’RlifUNE: WEDNESDAY, APRIL 0, 1873. TUB PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Electing: of tlio Board a£ Education— Cancellation of tlio Dearborn School licasc—AVliat Shall bo Bono With tlio School Lunda ?—Changes of Text JBouUa llccommcndcd—KcMiffnations and Appointments. Tho Board of Education hold a mooting yes terday evening, President King in tho Chair. Present, Inspectors Stone, Hosing, Wells, Wilco, Hombloton, Trussing, Sheldou, Ilichborg, Gog gin, Calkins, Bishop, Runyan. Mr. Wilco offered a resolution for tho opening of n north and south fourteen foot alloy through tho Jones school lot, which was adopted. Tho Committee on Finance recommended tho payment of bills to tho amount of $1,707.51, and was so ordered. yho Committee on the School Fund property reported a resolution, which was adopted, re questing tho Corporation Counsel to prepare the necessary papers for cancelling tho lease made to Band & McNally of tho Dearborn School lot, . on certain* terms agreed on, tho lot to bo here after sold, if tho Board so decide. This led to a discussion, in which several of tho members expressed themselves in favor of soiling all tho school lands not used for .school purposes, and investing tho proceeds in city 7 per cent bonds. It was agreed that that would bo a morQ-profl-tablo oporation' for the school -funcTtban to lease the land for tbo low amounts inevitably received. Tho same Committee reported in favor of sell ing tho 101 acres of school lands near tho Sharp shooters’ Park, and that tho dork proceed to ad vertise for bids. Tlio report was agreed to. Tho same Committee reported in favor of deal ing in tho same way with some land in thou w yi See. 11, 87,14. on tho Calumet River. It was agreed to. Tho Committee on Text Books and Course of Instruction, reported recommending only tho following changes iu books used in tho schools : Dalton’s Physiology instead of Huxloy’s & Youman’s; Bowen’s or Pony’s Political Economy—tho pupil toclioosowhlch ho pleases— in place of Waylaud’s; Boise’s Iliad instead of Owens’: Dalton’s Physiology in place of Hux ley and Youmaun’fl in tho Normal School. Tho Commiltco recommend that all pupils above tho primary grades bo required to provide them selves w'ith school dictionaries, and those of the higher primary grades with primary dictionaries. The report was laid over for a month under tho rules. , „ „ , Tho resignation of Anna E. Dushnoll, Sarah M. Gibbs, Obarly E. Hutchings, and Louise IT. Dunning wore accepted. Miss Lula A. Lank was appointed German teacher for tho Lincoln School. M. Campbell, Kittle O’Brien, Gertrude, M. Ten ney, Mrs. O. 8. Johnson, Mrs. M. Smith, Caro line H. Horrick, Lizzie T. Ambrose, Hattio E. Winogar, Clara A. Allen, Joanna A. Fitzgerald, Joanna E. Powell, Bessie V. Pippar, Viola Williams, Emma B. Walt, Lizzio Powers, Mary Ball, Mrs. E. J. Dowoy, Emily 8. Morriman, Myrtilla Oolbort, Loulso O. Wright, Miunio M. Hanna, Mary A. Miller, • Lucy A. Christian, Jen nie Thompson, Martha D. Bnaso, E. Hattorman, Rose O. Kollnor, Mrs. M. C. Hanning, Francos C. Shipman, Mattio Howard, and Alicia Alkon wore confirmed. Partial certificates woro ordered given to Sara M. Smith, Lizzie H. Patterson, Mary E. Bakor, Mrs. Ellen A. Campbell, Zilnha A. Vundoreook, Eloiso O. Randall, Maggie T. Gill, aud Emily A. Williams. Tho summary of attendance for March shows that 32,218 children woro enrolled; 20,820 woro belonging, and 27,031 woro lu dally attendance. Miss Maggie Sullivan was appointed First As sistant at the Pearson Street School. A resolution authorizing tho immediate pur chase of Chambers’ Cyclopedia aud Thomas’ Biographical Dictionary for tho Washington School, and for tho other grammar schools from time to timo, from tho Burr fund, was adopted. The Board thou adjourned. SANITARY MATTERS. ' The Board of Health held a regular mooting yesterday afternoon. Tho Sanitary Superin tendent reported that there wore 035 deaths in March, 817 males and 298 females. There wore 81 deaths hy convulsions, 00 by consumption, 31 by puerperal fever, 11 by pneumonia, and 35 by small-pox. Tho mortality hy Words was as fol lows i Second Ward, 1; Third, 22; Fourth, 10 ; Fifth, 81; Sixth, 40; Seventh, 83; Eighth, G3; Ninth. 51; Tenth, 22; Eleventh, 21; Twelfth, 18; Thirteenth. 15; Fourteenth, 15: Fifteenth, 87; Sixteenth, 19; Seventeenth, 33; Eighteenth, 29; Nineteenth, 0; Twentieth, 4. Tho most marked feature of tho mortality in tho Increase of puerperal diseases nud tho decrease of small pox. Generally, tho health of tho city is good. During the mouth 103 cases of small-pox wore 10 S£o number of deaths last week was 149—83 males and 01 females. This is 7 less than for tho preceding week. There wore 23 deaths hy convulsions, 10 hy pneumonia, and 8 by small pox. Tho moan dally temperature was 40 de grees, while for tho same week in 1873 it was 39. Tho range of temperature was 59, and it is sur prising that the mortality was not higher. Tho highest doath-rato was in the Sixteenth Ward, anil tho lowest in the Thirteenth. Tho decrease in small-pox Is slight, but during tho same week last year there wore 22 deaths. The scavenger contract was lot to Alexander 8011, at GUO a day. Dr. Heed was ro-oloctcd Health Officer. A Queer Tragedy in Colorado. A tall, ungainly Kentuckian who turned up as a school teacher m El Faso County, Oul., and dls- Kuatod the more intelligent settlors by bin hubit of spelling God with a small “ g,” became desperately enamored of a young woman of tho neighborhood, and, in trying to account for her coldness, concluded that an old, decrepit man living with her father had forestalled him. In furiated by this thought, ho wont to her house with a revolver, tired one shot at tho girl and another at tho wondering old chap, but missed them both, and, disgusted with iris poor marks manship, put Ino pistol's inu'/.vdo m his own month, and placed tho last bullet whore "it would do tho most good." WASHINGTON, A Ninety-Year Old Oapito- lian. 1-1 is Recollections of the Capital City. From Our Oion Correspondent., Washinoton, April 2, 1873. INTERESTING REMINISCENCE. To talk with a man 89 years of ago, who has pansod all hla life on ono spot, and has a good memory for all tho incidents respecting it, is In itself instructive. If your acquaintance should chauco to have passed all hlo life on the site of tho Capital City, and is able to recollect dis tinctly events between 1707 and 1870, you will converse with him with perhaps greater satisfac tion than with tho oldest denizen of any other town in America, because his experience will span tho entire personal life of tho nation. There aro In Washington several old men who RECOLLECT OEN. WASHINGTON, Ono of them is Nobio Hurdle, of Georgetown, living nt No. 17G High street, who is said to ho HO years old, and to have a grandchild past 10. Another, Christian Hines, -1 wont to see a few days ago, who was 89 years of ago, and was au object of curiosity for. rolio-huntors and people who wish to ask questions on old sites and points of interest. At tho ago of 82, ho published, at his own oxponeo, a pamphlet of 00 pages, entitled “Early Bccollootiona of Washington City }” but ho woo in very straitouod c iron instances, and tho little book was RoT remunerative,' so that much which ho might havo committed to print was al lowed to go to waste. Ho had a clear apprehen sion, however, that, in his remarkable old ago oud keen memory, Providence had loft him some dignity worth living for in being of uso to the future historians of tho city. This conscious ness lightened up his Taco, and scorned to give increased tenacity to his memory, for ho would sometimes make flights of reminiscence, im pelled by tho strong doairo of giving help to literary folks, by which results woro obtained aa satisfactory to himself as to lus hearers. A VISIT. Ono Mustering Sunday I sought the old man’s tenement, on Twentieth street, between H street and Pennsylvania avenue. It was tbo last piece of property which he re tained out of a largo portion of the block which had belonged to his family, and hero ho bad at tended to an old furniture and junk-store as long as ho was able about, but had finally boon driven by rheumatism and Increasing infirmities to tbo upper-story, where bo resided in a lonely way withhis nicco, who was very deaf, and who shared the solitude and gave him some little help. The lower portion of the storo was filled with everything quaint under the sun. and the loft whoro tho old man lived consisted of three rooms, without carpets or plostor, two of which woro forward of a partition which divided tho loft crosswise, and in one of those forward rooms Mr. Hines slept, and in tho other had his frugal meal cooked. Ho lived almost wholly up on his pension of a few dollars a quarter, re ceived from tbo Government for his services in tho War of - : 1813, which .ho entered as a private. . and . became a Lieutenant at tbo time of the Battle of Bladens bnrg, in which bo was engaged. In tho same company appear tho names of tho Boallo, Millers, Milbuma, bhephorda, Goldaboroughs, <iad many other families well known in Washington. CHRISTIAN JUNES was a fine-looking old man, and, old as ho was, thoro was another brother, aged 93, resident in ■Washington, who, ho said, was in ranch hotter health and memory than himself. This brother lived on Eleventh • street, near S. There wore thirteen children in the family, whoso common father had boon an emigrant from Germany to I’eiuioylvania. and, bylhia partial knowledge of the English language,. was recommended to an emigrant Captain as a proper person to procure a. vessel-load of people to come out to Maryland. With thoao emigrants, tho older Hines settled in Montgomery County. Md., about thirty years before tho Revolution. Ho was, therefore, in Montgomery County when Craddock's army marched through it from Georgetown to Frederick. Christian Hines was brought up in Georgetown, which ho describee as “ pretty ranch of a rand-hole ” before tho Capitol was built on the other side of Rook Crook. Ilia FIRST RECOLLECTION < is.that of going, with aomo of tho neighbors and his mother, to boo tho President's House, which was then just rising above tho basement story. Ho recollects that some cakes wore bought for tho children at a bake-house, kept in a small frame building, which relied forcustom upon tho laborers who wore building tho White House. At 1-4 years of ago, ho was put in a clothing store which a Georgetown merchant established at Groeuloaf’s Point; and of this episode ho jives a very complete account. Ho passed but one ioubo between Georgetown and the President's, except two well-known blocks called tho Six and Seven Buildings. Tho road led byF street to Eleventh, and thence across to the* Island. There was not a - single house on the Avenue, from tho President's to tho Oapitol. Many acres of elegant forest tress bordered tho Avenue, on what is now tho promenade side. An insecure causeway crossed Tiber Crook, with berries growing in the marsh close to tho bridge ; and tho old man remembered tho sweetness of those berries more than any of .the prospects which might have boon supposed to touch Ins imagination in tbo Government town. Across tho bridge ho plunged into tho woods, and thou, emerging, ho saw that a vast plain of old Holds extended to tho rivor, with a few of the fruit trees of old farms standing up at places in it: and there were no houses in all tho view, except somospeculative edifices called tho “Twenty Buildings,” au old mansion, and some farmers shanties, already condemned. SETTLING TOE TOWN.’ Tho store being a failure, young Hines went to school, next door to the house of tho Rev. Stephen, Balch, in Georgetown, uutil ; l7U3. At this time, business got to bo relatively brisk In Washington, and many strangers moyod in. Some settled at tho Navy-Yard ; a few about tho Capitol: but tho most about tho Treasury Office, and along 3? street, beyond tho Treasury, as far as St. Patrick’s Church. Tho 3? street neighbor hood got tho most settlors; and, to anticipate tho removal of tho Government from Philadelphia, Mr. Hines’ father, and his intimate friends in Georgetown, hold a meeting, and selected a snot for their future residences m Washington. They then removed from their largo, two-stonr log house and frame-attachment, and squatted near tho Observatory. They had difficulties in get ting water, as there wore but few pumps. A part of tho family began to, work cutting timber m tho white-oak slashes oh tho lilghor grounds of Washington, to build tho Navy-Yard wharf. The roads wore wretched, and tho boys hud to haul tho chips from tho snot where tho timber was cut to their (Detank house. Mr. Hines remembers with perfect distinctness tho vessels discharging furniture, etc., for tho Government edifices, at Lear o'Wharf on liber Crook; and carta wore so scarce that his father a was impressed to remove boxes of books, papers, etc. Ho remembers that many of tho boxes wore marked “ Joseph Nourso, Register. At this time, Mr. Hines remembers the north wing of the Capitol just nisrxo out op tiir onouxD, and the President's House half a-otory high, and tho only place between, with anything hko tho apneavanco of a village, was middle P street. Whore tho General Post-Office stands, ihoro wore a few laborers* shanties huddled around a groat bulk of a hotel, called Blodgett's. There was no ouo street opened across tho city. There Washington’s statuo now stands, at “Tho Oir clo," was tho placo for cock-fights and semb racos, whore tho laborers working on tho public buildings used to bavo ahlllolah fights with the Idlers of Georgetown, At tho election be tween Jefferson and Adams, hold at Buter’a Tavern, Georgetown, there was a good deal of fighting and disputing in tho rain and mud, and Lieut. Potor, son of Robert Peter, who was a Lieutenant in tho regular army, and a con nection of Washington, sot ono or his men to fighting with a Georgetown rough, by which tho wounded soldier was made blind by tho othorman

smearing his eyes with mud; and Mr, Hines re members him led about tho streets of George town by a boy for years. QUCEII INKUHOfI. There wore no druggists’utoroa in tho city, and but fow groceries, ana ft coarse country-fair was bent up on tho present Smithsonian grounds. Tho first tavorn in tho city was Detz’u, in an old two story frame between Thirteenth and Fourteenth streets, with a swinging blaok-horso sign. After ths oamo Ithodos, Queen’s, Davidsons, and TunnouUfl's, —tlio first of whioh was at tho cor ner of F and Fifteenth, the noit two on tho Avenue, and Tuuuoclllt’s on Capitol Hill. Mr. Illues HAW OEN. WABIIINOTOH twice,—tho taut limo hi 1708. when he oroeaoa tho Potomac from tho Virginia alioro on ivforry-- boat, noarthoprosontAquoductbrldgo,and wolkcd down Water street, Georgetown, through rows of citizens uncovered liko himself. Ho bowed to them ns ho passed on. TUo Georgetown Col* logo boyo woro all formed in a lino, in uniforms of blue coats and rod waistcoats, Washington was escorted by tho volunteers of Georgetown, and as ho crossed Hook Crook bridge, to enter the house of his nophow. Thomas Peter, tho vol unteers fired compllmomarv volleys. At another • time, Hi*, lllnoa remembers Washington coming up tho X’olomao in a mill-boat, and disembarking in Hock Crook, whoro there woro soml-clronlar stops loading up tho. hank to Peter’s house, whoro ho made his homo in the city, and which is still standing, Mr. Hines remembers JOHN ADAMS in a lino of men aiding to pass buckets of water to ami fro from tho burning of the llrst Treasury building. Ho remembers , JEFFERSON. ' as if it woro ' yesterday, riding his horso through tho city, wearing his hat down over his oyos, and* with a bluo clolh doublo-broaatcd coat w.m gilded buttons. During Joltorson’s flrot town,’a freshet in tho Potoraao, and a sudden torrent of rain, which lasted a wholo day, so roused tho Tiber Crook that it iloodod Pennsylvania avenue from tho Capitol gato to Sixth street, and mado ft river on tho south side of the Avenue. Laborers on Iho Capitol building, wishing to got to their homos, attempted to wade tide torrent, and woro carried off their foot and floated down tho stream, where they caught in tho bushes and branches of trees, and hold on perilously through (ho wholo night. Mr. Jefferson rodo down to tho epot on horseback, and offered sls a head for each man saved, and tho use of his horse to anybody who would npiko tho vonturo to res cue them. • ' . Mrs. Hines remembers Mil. MADISON, with his hair powdered on all occasions, walking up P street, when Secretary of State, from his residence to the White House* whoro ho kept his office. Ho re members . . KB. UOMDOB . walking from tho western part of iho'clty to tho White House, while 'Secretary of State, limping a little, and with his loft side always foremost. Ho remembers tho General Poot-Ofllco when it m liopt in tiio War-Offlco building, along with the Patent Office ; and has soon . Mr. Gideon Granger outer his boarding-house in tho “ Seven Buildings.” In 1853, Christian Hines, and his brother, Matthew Hines, took advantage of tho lattor’a conQuomont .toms house, to jot down together, from their united memories, oil tho early houses aud families in tho Capitol. Matthew Hines died in 1803, aud bis brother, with pious industry, re corded their reminiscences. THE MUST ROADWAY made on tbo Avenue was by cutting down the bilahoa and briers with scythes, and carting gravel, chips of freestone, and refuse from the now buildings to make a footway. The footways were made first, and tbo middle of the street filled and lev eled afterward, until tbo whole resembled ouo of the array-roads made in Virginia during tbo War. Four rows of trees wore planted down tbo Ave nue in 1801, and Mr. Jefferson was frequently there, looking at an old man named Buntiu sot ting* out the ■ Lombardy poplars, Jefferson was fond of golug-to the snot wuoro all the improve ments wore modo,.andbia poplar-trees lasted for very many years 5 : but it was rumored that they would not procreate, being female trees only. Ho remembers the forest-trees growing in beau tiful clusters on tbo site of Wolckor’s restau rant, and baa passed through noble virgin groves in various ports of the city. Tftß TIUER CHEEE, now almost entirely filled in, was then a largo sheet of water, clear and deep,—groat syca more trees extending their roots . be neath the banks; and ho has soon scows laden with marblo and limostono towed up tho'creek and fastened to tho roots. Wild docks would settle whore tho Centro Market now Blonds, so oloso to tho shore that people used to throw stones at them; and ho has seen flat bottomed boats, at hlgli-tldo, towed acrosspart of tho President’s grounds; and. at such times, DAVID BURNS farm and house lay off liko an island m the I dolugo. Mr. Hinos does not clearly recollect ! that ho over saw Davy Bums, tho owner of the farm on which tho most important,., wart of Washington was laid out. Ho is satisfied, how ever, from hearing people talk about Burns former condition, that ho had boon poor, and,, like tho majority of tho people of tho ..region, was fond of ardent spirits, and often took too much. His jug bad boon knosm to oomo with much regularity to Georgetown to bo filled with whisky; and this faot lod to much uunolgh-; borly comments, when, after some years, tho farmer’s flue daughter, Marcia, rode over to tho burgh to have her dresses fitted. Barns farm extended from tho present Van Ness man sion to tho Mausoleum, whore ho was afterwards buried (on H street, near Ninth), and thence to tho Contro Market, on tho Tiber. It therefore included tho site of tho now State Deportment, Winder’s building,'the Corcoran Art-Gallery, tho White House, the Treasury, tho most valuable lands afterward built over by Corcoran and others, tho Centro Market-House, Willard s • Hotel, and tho most valuable part of tho Avenue. LOCALITIES. Mr. Hinca romombora tho exocutioa of Mc- Girk, a wife-murderer, at the foot of Capitol Hill, early in Jofforson’a Adminiatration; and bo attended the firat play over acted iu the city, where J oaopU Jefferson and Junius Brutus Booth acquired much of their art, Tho play was given in the aboil of Blodgett’s unfinished hotel,—that Blodgett who had proposed to Jefferson to habil itate a whole street with houses.—on tho Poot- Oflico hill, in 1802. Hines and tho boys sucked 'their way into tho hotel by getting into tho baso ‘inont. and removing loose boards from tho iloor. I asked tho old gentleman to tell mo how tho stono from Acquia Crook was raised up Capitol Hill. Ho said that it was taken as far up tho •Tiber Crook in scows as possible, and' then run up a sort of platform railway,—tho hoisting be ing douo from tho summit. Tho Potomao channel was formerly on tho Vir ginia side of Mason’s Island, and on that oido an emigrant-vessel direct from Europe landed pi. ieugors in- tho early days, many of whom gavo respectable families to Washington. Mr, Ilinos keeps iu his room tho portraits of LOUENZO AND DOW, whom ho kuow vory well, nud sow Lorenzo's grave many ft tirao, hi. Holraeads burying ground, at Twentieth and Boundary streets, tho bodies from which woro removed within my own memory. Ho has hoard Lorenzo preach in tho old Hall of lloprosontatlvoa, many Congressmen listening. Mr. IHucb remembers ton old and now ostmet grave-yards on tho sitoof Washing ton,—ono ot which, Pearce’s, covered a, part of Lafayette Square, and was an attachment of an apple-orchard. Pearce won a saddler ot George town, and a teacher beyond, tho Lantern Branch. Where his old farm-house and orchard stood, tbetlnost part of Washington is now established. Jenkins’ form adjoined tho Patont-Oaico site. Punk’s property,—the house built of small im ported Holland brick,—covered Observatory nil . Mr. limes listened at Decatur's window, with other persons, in ISI9, and hoard tho low, DYING OTIOAN9* of that gallant Bailor. “With tho poor pooplo of Washington," ho said, “ Decatur was uot as popular aa with tho rich: yot there was a certain austerity about him. Ho would light duels, but ho was bravo enough without that. • • Mr. lliuca 1 family bought a farm from Dr. Thornton, tho architect of tho Capitol, and had to forfeit it for want of funds to mako tho final payments, Tho farm stood out near tho foot of Meridian Hill. Ho also invested,with his brother, SDUO in tho Potomac Canal Company, and lost it; and dug a spadeful of earth at thoLutlo Palis with tho spado John Qulucy Adams had just used. Ho romombors Adams aoisa in to swnr, as ho was no it, near tho present Monumont arounds : and there is a tradition that tho Presi dent onco had his garments stolen while swim ming, and was compelled to got to too Executive Mansion in a somewhat undignified state of uudouosß. , _ ....... 110 remembers when Qcn. James Wilkinson had his headquarters on tho Observatory Hill, and also tho arrival of tho first steamboat at the olty wharves, tho stages run ning to ProdoricUtown, us they do no louger, and tho maintenance of a regular sail-ferry over the Potomac at Georgetown. .The old gentleman showed mo a bountiful etching of JOHN ItANOOLPH, who hail bought a lot ami put up a houao on tho lliuea properly, —which house burned down at» torwavd.—aud staled that a lady had madetoo ploturo uy improving tho opportunity of han dolph’a daily trip along tho Avonuo. lie ia rep resented with long, bony logs aud thighs. ana shallow cheat,—a more sholoton,—and nding a splendid blooded animal, whoso BioolmoM w m strong coutraut to Ids inoagronoaa. ll ft «uol|.m,H cup lu pulled down over his eyes, Ilka' * groon patch *, but ho rides UUo a natural vlr giuia hunter. Such woro Homo of' tho recollections_of thin foohlo, stalwart old man, aut f oio mo, with a high black oravat, veins largo f o°my moving in tho huuda amUhroat, ' dant hair, and gray whlolwiii of a healthy hue. Ho looketl poor; but not in need,—poor ohlolly iu daya, which Lo couulod without approhoußlon, Baying* "Tho Almighty moanu tooondformo Y«rw m»m» iWW J u WAlu« A TERRIBLE-TRIaL. The liorrtcaiix Troppmann Convicted by III* Own Child* Paris (Sfarr.h 10) Corretpnndeneeof theKtio York World. The trial of tho Bordeaux Troppmanu has ended in a verdict of gnlltv, with extenuating clrcumHtancoa \ consequently Manou has boon sentenced to tho hulks with hard labor for life. Tastons farra-houao la an Isolated dwelling in tho midst of Landed, a region of Franco which closely resembles worth Carolina, true, ven geance and not cupidity would seem .to havo armed the murderer's P?, vcr f y A«>n everywhere about Taatous. Tho 10th of April Slanou’s two sous informed tho neighbors that murders had boon committed. . . Tho neighbors wont to Tastons, and found, near tiro bam Amaud Manou and her daughter lying on tho ground with tholr skulls fractured on the other side of tho dwelling, sixty foot from it, Amend Manou lay. face to tho ground, with two deep fractures in the back of her head. In tho chamber on tho right of tho entrance door were tho two daughters of Joan Manou (tho accused), ono 1» years tho other 11 months old. They, too, had boon murdered by blows on tho head, which had fractured the skull. Evi dently. tho perpetrator of those crimes deserved death. Joan Manou was guilty or Innocent of them: wore ho tho assassin, no satisfaction short of forfeiture of his llfo would bp deemed ade quate ; wore ho innocent, imprisonment in tho hulks with hard labor for llfo would bo gross cruoltv and rank injustice. . - Tho strongest evidence against the accused was that of his oldest son, a child 8 years old. Such evidence was naturally received with sus picion, which was heightened when tuo Jury hoard the child's school-master and comrades ,swear that no allusion whatever had been made to murders in his presence s..which incredible testimony w«r instantly rebutted by the curate, who swore tho child’s comrades and tho public generally often talked to tho child on tho nub foot. Furthermore, tho child when asked how .ho explained with rare and precocious intolli , gonco tho plan of tho house, confessed ho had soon it .in <m-Illustrated paper. Tho French judicial papers say t It is impossible to depict this confrontation of Manou and his child. Judicial annals cannot present a more dramatic scone. Tho presiding Judge had the utmost dlfllculcy to maintain silouco in tho audience, which at every lustuut was thrilled and indiguaat. Hero Is tho scono : Presiding Judge. Do you recognize your father ? Do you love him well ? A. Yes. • Q. Where is your mother ? A. Bho is dead. Q. You Said a man killed her ? A. Yes; ho wore a cap : he did not go near brother; that is my chest; X did not see blood on tho cheat; I did not hoar mother cry, but she did cry. Q. How do you know sho cried ? No answer. Q Did the man wear wooden clogs ? A. Yea. Q. Was ho dressed liko your father ? A. Ho was like father. Q. What was his name ? A. I dou’t know. Q. Was not his name Manou ? A. I did not say so, • Q. Did you toll tho examining magistrate that tho man shook yohr brother and called Maro ? A. Yes. • Q. Wore you afraid of that man ? A. No. (After a pause)— Yes, I was. Q. Did you protend to sloop ? A. Yes. Q. Why did you protend to sloop ? A. Because I was afraid. Q. Of whom? A. That man. Q. Was ho tall ? A, Liko father. Q. Whom was ho like ? A. Father. Q. Was ho not your father ? A. I don t know. Q. Hod you heard your father quarrel with your mother ? A. No. , ~ , Q. Did ho not wish to put his trousers behind tho mill ? A. No. . Q. Did ho not put them behind tho mm ? A. YO q. Did hb kiss you ? A. No; ho said nothing to o!°What did ho say to your. brother ? A. Ho said, 4< Maro, aro you asleep ?” Brother was asleep. Q. You would not lie ? A. Oh, no. Q, You wont hoforo tho examining magistrate. Your father asked you if ’twas ho who was m thohouso? A. No. Q. Did yoalovo well your mother, grandfather, and sisters? A. Yes. , . . T 6. Who dressed you In tho morning? A. I. Q. Who dressed your brother? A. I. Q. Was it in tho morning you saw tho man ? A. In tho night. , O. Did you not say ono day you should like to bit your father with a stick ? A. Because ho killed mother and grandfather. (Sensation.) Q. Are you very sure 'twaa indeed he ? A. 1 dou’t know. . .... ~.. ~ Q. Why did you sharpen a knife to Kin uimr A. Because ho had killed grandfather, grand mother, and my sisters. Q. You say’twas not him, Didyou-rccogmzo tho man you saw ?. A. Yes; his uamo was Ma nou. ~ Q. 'Twas your father, because you said you wantod'to kill him?. A. Yes. 0. Why did you Hay you did nob believe twas bo? A. Yes, Twaa Iio: that was tho reason I wished to kill him, to hit him with a stick; yes. Tho French judicial paper soya: This caused deep emotion. This dramatic interrogatory was conducted with admirable skill, care, and pru dence by tbo presiding Judge. What benefit tho study of Grooulcaf on Evidence, especially-his remarks on questions, would do Frenchmen 1 Manou. Question this child and ask him who ordered him to say all those things ? Tho Child (earnestly). Nobody. Manou. Was it not Catherine Boyrls i ■ Child. No; Catherine Boyris has never talked to mo about anything. Presiding Judge—Did your schoolmates talk to you about it ? A. No ; it was, indeed, father I eaw in my chamber. . . O Why did you not toll tbo Mayor so at onco ? A. I was afraid father would kill mo; ' Q. Why were you afraid your father would kill you’? A. Because I said 'twas ho. Q'.'Did you talk of that to your school-mates ? A. Yes; nobody told mo to Hay tboso things ; I am very sure ho put tho trousers on tho chest. Q. Do you love your father? A- Yea. O Whv thou did you wish to strike him with a stick ani stab him with a knifo ? A, Because Twas ho. (Prolonged excitement). .... Such is tho evidence adduced in Franco in trials for murder I Tho presiding Judge put this ex traordinary question to a witness : You havo told us that you had a deep affection for Manou and that you give ovidonco most un willingly against him : very well; now, do you holiovo Manou to bo innocent ? (Profound si lence In the audience). ’ Witness (making a painful effort)—No, I be lieve him to be guilty. (Inexpressible impres sion on audience). incidents o£ Blsraell’s Career. lIJB ESTIMATE OF “VIVIAK OHE7.” Doscribin}? hla first book, “Vivian Grey, in a profaco to an edition published when ho bad reached years of mature manhood, Mr. Disraeli 8a l?Ao hot and hurried a sketch as over was Douuod. hut like its subject—for what is youth but a sketch?—a brief hour of principles un settled, passions unrestrained, powers uudovel oped, and purposes unexecuted. Ilfs QUARREL WITH O’CONNELL. Disraeli's quarrel with O’Connell forma tv no table event in his career. Speaking at Taunton, bo recanted his Radical faith, and mode O’Con nell the special subject of attack, using with un sparing profusion the epithets, “ iuoouaiory, “traitor, “liar in action and word," &o. Shortly after, O’Connell, in tho course of ono of his Conciliation Hull addresses, retorted on ms assailant. Tho following is tho llual and moat piquant passage of O’CounoU’s pungent attack s “There is a habit of underrating that groat and oppressed nation, tho Jews. They aro cruelly persecuted by people calling themselves Christians. ... I have the happiness to te acquainted with some Jewish families in London* and among them moro accomplished ladles or more humane, cordial, high-minded, or bettor educated gentlemen I never mot. It will not oo supposed, therefore, that when I speak of Dia raoli as tho descendant of a Jew I moan to tar nish him on that account. They woro once tho chosen people of God. There wore miscreants among tuora, however, also, and It must certain ly bo from ono of those that Disraeli descended, lie professes just tho qualities of tho impoultont thief who died upon the oross, whoso namo I voriU believe must have boon Disraeli. lor might I know tho present Disraeli isi descended from him. and with tho Impression that ho is, I cow forgive tho heir-at-law of tho blasphemous thief who died upon tho cross." . Disraeli was greatly irritated by this attack, sent a challenge to CTCounoll’a sou Morgan, and made a bitter reply l» the London Times. 1118 ATTITUDE DURING OUII CIVIL WAR. It is obeorvod of Mr. Disraeli that ho was the only public man in England who had over'kola considerable otUolal station who did not either nrodlot or publicly desire, tho success of tho Euitberu Confederacy. Many— and among thorn tho vary foremost of tho Liberal statoHmon—wore betrayed into utteringexprosblonsduringthe’war which they would have given much to revoke after tho &U of Richmond and th° Loo. Mr. Dloraoll ovoldod this onor. Hia ollouoo woo tokon in most K tlon of his bsllof equally In J ln tho desirability of tho victory of tho Union. UIS IOKAI, 0» A STATESMAN. . During ono of his Juvoullo candidatures ot Wyoombo, Hr. Diarooll made tho following ro murks, which uoom to contain and compress tho plan of bio political life, and form an ingenious apology for political incorißlntonoy: “Tho truth is. a statesman ifl tho creature of bis ago. ibo child of circumstances, tho oroaturo .of bis times. A statesman is osHontiinly a prac tical character, and when bo 1b called .upon to take ofllco, boianottoinnmrowbnthla.opinloua might or might not bavo been upon this or that Bubjoct \ bo fB only to ascertain tho needful' and tho beneficial, and tho most; fcanlblo manner lu which affairs are to bo carried on ; I laugh at tho objections against a man that at a former period of his career ho advocated n policy diffor out to hiu present ono. All I eook to ascertain is. whether his present -policy ho just, neces sary, expedient; whether at the present moment ho is prepared to serve tho country according to its present necessities." THE FARMERS’ MOVEMENT. Resolutions of Various Associations* MiLronn, ill. Tho following resolutions wore adopted by tho Milford Farmers* Club, at a mooting on March 28 1 WimnßAß, Several manufacturers of farm-implo mrnts have, in reply to n solicitation for prices of Im dumcnU by thu dozen or otherwise, by our Secretory, gnored our Club ami refused bur muuoy, by referring us to tholr agents or middlemen, aud passed wltU silent contempt our appeal for priors to correspond with tbo prices of produce, assuming a dictatorial, aud, In soma instances, n compulsory attitude, similar to that of most railroad companies; therefore. Jlcsolvctl, That tbo farmero of this Club pledge them selves, and tbeir influence, In nil honorable ways, against all mannfocturors aud tbeir implements that .refuse to cell direct to fanners’ clubs, and at rales ns low ns to middlemen, and that correspond lu a liberal degree with Iboao of produce at tbo time of such sales; that, if wo are forced to purchase Implements of such manufacturers, wo do it under a solemn protest, and only because wo cauuot do otherwise. Jleiolted. That tho farmers of this Club use as far as -roßßlhloi their old plows, drags, corn-planters, and other machines, and, when not In use, send thorn to tholr neighbors, and keep on sending aud using, until manufacturers concede us.our right to buy our imple ments direct of them, or where wo plcaeo, and that our money will go as far with them as that of parties who never follow or uso tho implements in tho field. WELLINGTON, ILL. Tho Wellington Farmers’ Club, on tho 29th inst., adopted tho following resolutions: Jletolced, That tlio present system of protective tariff fosters moneyed monopolies. J{aolvcd, That wo vote for no person for any office whatever, who docs nut favor tbo Intercuts of the la boring and farming community. HUSOATIKE, IA. Tho Kuecatino County Industrial Convention, bold on April 0, adopted tbo following (among other) roBolutioQB: Reached, That while wo look upon (ho railroads of our State as one of tho most useful agencies in de veloping our Industries, and aiding us onward la pro gression, wealth, and improvement, yet wo are nob willing to bocomo their vassals, nor cfotho thorn with power and prerogatives above tiioso claimed by royalty Itself, but believe they should bo governed byafolr and Just system of laws and regulations, receiving tho same fostering protection ns any other branch of in dustry, and paying their Just and equitable share of taxation, Uko other kindred associations. That wo will vote lor no man to represent us in tho next Legislature who will not solemnly pledge himself to uso every means in his power toward getting such a bill passed ns will establish a fair and equitable prorata tariff of faros and freights on railroads in this State, and as sessing all such property on tbo same common basis as tho private citizen's, Imposing heavy tinea in oil cases where extortion or exorbitant charges are demanded, In violation of law. Jteaolccd, That wo look upon all railroads as common carriers, and, ns such, amenable to all tbo laws govern ing Uko associations; and that it is tho duty of our Legislature to make suitable provisions to enforce all lawa and statutes made to govern and control such companies, and protect tho people In tboir rights; and, if tho companies persist In their unlawful course, it shall bo tho duty of tho constituted authorities to de clare their franchises forfeited. Heaolved, That wo recommend tho passage of a law making it b misdemeanor for any county or State offi cor, member of tbo Legislature, Judge, or any person holding publiooffloe, tooccopt a freo pass from any railroad in tho Stale, while holding office. Jteaolved, That wo look with alarm and suspicion on tho persistent course pursued In tho various courts of tho Slate In tho rendering of docieiono in open ’.violation of tho laws of tho State, and tho Constitution on which all those laws bto based, as both alarming and revolutionary, and that our Judges are hereby notified that tho people require those they have elevated to tho bench for tho purpose of adminis tering tho laws shall do so with regard to Justice and Impartiality. , . Jleaolved, That wa will never vote for any man whoso name is identified with tho Credit Mobillcr swindle or tho lato Congressional steal. Including thoso who accented tho pay without voting for it, and con sider such men bettor fitted for a cell in tho Tcnltcn tlary than a scat in tho halls of Congress. Jleiotved, That wo fully sympathize with our brethren In Illinois, and tender them our best wishes and thanks for the bold and consistent course tboy hove pursued in battling with oppression and monopoly; and wo sincerely hope they will persevere in tho noblo course till they gain tholr rights as farmers. ATLANTIC & GREAT WESTERN CANAL. Convention oS Governors at Atlanta* Atlanta, Ga., April, 1873. To the Governor of „ , . Dear Sib : I bad tho honor, in November last, of calling tho attention of tho Governors of many of tho States to tho importance of tho Atlantic <L Groat "Western Canal. By this work it is pro )Oßcd to connect tho Tonnoasoo Bivor, and hrough that river tho entire system of inland navigation of tho West, with the Atlantic Ocean at Savannah and Brunswick, Georgia. I thonin vitod tho Governors of many of tho Western States to moot at Atlanta for the purpose of con sidering and discussing tho stops to ho taken for the accomplishment of this grand enterprise. Owing to unforeseen circumstances, however, that mooting was unavoidably postponed. Since thou tho interest felt in Congress,, and among the people generally, in increasing tho moans of cheap and easy communication' by water, between the groat producing and consum ing sections of the country, has deepened and widened. . In my judgment tho time has come for a moot ing, such as tho one mentioned, in order that tho advantages of the proposed enterprise may bo more thoroughly discussed and understood, and some definite plan of action for its accomplish ment matured. ' * • " " My object in addressing you this communica tion is to earnestly and cordially invito you to unite in a Convention of tho Governors of tho Southern, Western, anfl Northwestern States; to he hold for tho purpose mentioned, at Atlanta, Ga., on tho 20th day of May next. ■ As the proposed canal will run in most of its length through this State, it would seem proper for mo os tho Executive thereof to take tho in- itiative in this matter. . t . Tho advantages to result from the enterprise under consideration are so obvious that a more reference to them hero is doomed all that is nec essary. It is in fact the only lino of water com munication between tho Atlantic seaboard and tho West, which can bo constructed at a reasona ble cost, oud which would ho unobstructed at all seasons of tho year. . The boat moans for securing cheap transpor tation to meet the rapidly developing resources of tho country is a question which should engage tho thoughtful attention of ' statesmen. It is, • moreover, my earnest desire that citizens of other States occupying oflicial positions should visit our State, examine for themselves tho facilities that can ho" afforded for tills groat resource of trade, and at tho same time enjoy tho hospitality of our people. Such a visit would, in my opinion, conduce in no small degree to a complete restoration of harmony and good feeling between all sections of our common C °lint y should not suit your convenience to bo present in person at tho convention mentioned, may I ask that Your Excellency wul do us tho honor to Bond such a delegation thereto as will represent your own wishes and tho iutorenf* or y °l enclose herewith a copy of tho report sub mitted to Congress by the Committee on Com merce, to which I would respectfully Invito your ° a ffopliig an early and favorable re sponse to this communication, I am Your Excellency's obedient servant, James M. Siiirn, Governor of Georgia. —A very patient mathematician hoohoen in the habit of nasting away for toforouoo all items ro lathiu to vast English oatatou which have fallen to American holm. Ua footed up four years’ accumulations tho other day, and found the ag gregate exceeded by $130,000,000 tho appralood vahio of Groat Britain. lie didn’t count tho Geneva award either. ' Beware of females with throe arms. They have no right to such a profusion of limbs, and carry them for no good purpose. A man in a' Now York stage, the other night, felt a hand groping in his pocket on tho side next to a well dressed woman. At tho samo time, a neat, R iovo(l hand rested on her lap on the same Blue, and seizing this as she was leaving tbo vehicle, bo pulled bor arm olf. —A correspondent oi tho Now York Tvnea aaya an American lady, who waa wearing tho Empress Eugenio’s seven-row uocklaoo of pearls aud diamonds i “Tbo lady was very bocom iugly dressed in whlto corded silk and clouds of tulle. Tbo only objection criticism could venture upon was that sbo soomodtoo con scious of bearing tho weight of £40,000 worth jewelry on her shoulders, aud pushed pride to tho point of humility, Inasmuch us sbo though* herself an accessory to her pearls.”