Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 19, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 19, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE FARMERS’ MOVEMENT. ll,c Order of Patrons ol Muslmndry In. lowa. Its Else, Progress, Constitu tion, and Objects. Its Most Important Enterprise i The Waterloo Agricultural Works. From Our Otcn Correspondent* Waterloo, lllackbawk Co., In,, April 17,1879. In former letters from this point, I have en deavored to show tho foolhig of tho farmers of lowa toward monopolies, as indicated by tho grange movement. The aim of tho present let ter is to give a succinct account of tho rise, progress, constitution, and objects of tho or ganization, so far as they aro at present known. THE PATRONS OF JIUSRANDRV aro a secret order, consisting principally of farmers, united for tbo purpose of promoting tholr common interests, and resisting all forma of oppression. Tholr greatest relative strength Is in lowa and Minnesota, but tboro' aro several hundred lodges in Illinois, nnd tho order ia spreading rapidly iu Kansas aud Wiscon sin. Tho aggregate membership in tho Northwestern States probably exceeds 850,000, more than half of which number has boon added withlu tbo last twolvo mouths. Among tbo most prominent of the founders of tbo Petrous of Husbandry was MR. -n. P. KELLF.T. of Itasca, Minn., at prosont Secretary of tbo Na tional Grange, which has its headquarters at Washington, D. O. Tho idea was suggested by 6 similar society, of Scotch origin, tliat has for many years existed in North Carolina. Mr. Kel ley, with a few other gentlemen whoso interests woro identified with agriculture, mot in Wash ington in tho fall or winter of 1807, aud matured tho plan which is heroin explained. THE FIRST ORANGE was organized at tbo West soon after this, either in Jasper County, lowa, or at Itasca. ThoAdnma Grange, at Waufton, AJamakoo County, la., was second or third in the order of national prece dence.' The grange at Cedar Falla, of which the Hon. Pete Molindy, United States Marshal for lowa, and tho celebrated Jerry Bradley are members, is numbered ad the eighth. Washington fa tho banner county in re gard to number of granges, os it has over thirty. Blackhawk has more than twenty, and comes next in order. ORGANIZATION. Tbo F&trona of Husbandry aro organized as follows: SUBORDINATE OBANOES. First Degree .' Laborer (male); Maid (female). Second Degree: Cultivator (male); Shepherdess (fe male). Third Degree: Harvester (male); Gleaner (female). Fourth Degree ; Husbandman (male); Matron (fe male) • STATE OHANOE. Fifth Degree: Pomona (Hope). Composed of Masters and Past Masters of subordi nate granges, vrho arc entitled, ox oflicio, to tbo Fifth Degree, NATIONAL OBAKOE—COUNCIL. HAiiUHAU wwv^v*Mi Sixth Degree: Composed of Masters aud Post Mas ters of State Grange?, who are entitled, ox olllclo, to tbo Sixth Degree, amt meet annually. They constitute the National Orange. senate. (Seventh Degree: Ceres (Faith). Composed of members of tbo Council who have served ono year therein, who, after Uio expiration of their first year's service In tbo Council, oro entitled, ex offlelo, to tbo Seventh Degree, to be conferred at tbo next or any subsequent session of tbo National prango. All who have thus attained to this degree are thereafter members of tbo Scuatc, and entitled to loots and votes therein. All acts and resolutions originate in tho Council (Sixth Degree), subject to tbo approval or rejection of tho Senate (Seventh Degree). Tho Subordinate Granges In tbo District of Colum bia elect on Joint ballot, onco in two years, a delegate to represent eald granges in tbo National .Orange. Ho xnust bo cither a Master or o Past Master,* oud, on re ceiving the degree, ranks tbo same as a representative Of a State Grange. The Senate ot tbo National Grange, having tbo pow er, may confer degrees of the order which they have received upon such persons os they may deem worthy, and may delegate that power, except as to tbo seventh and last Degree, to ono of their number, to bo used for .the purpose of establishing the order in such parts of tbo United States whore it does not now exist; but tho degree .of Ceres, or Demeter, shall not bo conferred, un less in open Senate, at an annual meeting. /THE OBJECT OF TUB ORDER Is stated In tho following preamble, or declara tion of principles, which is prefixed to their printed plan of organization and thoirlawa: Human happiness is tho nemo of earthly ambition. Individual happiness depends upon general prosper ity. The prosperity of & nation is in proportion to the Value of Us productions. 7be soil is tho source from whence wo derive all that constitutes wealth; without it we should have no agri culture, no manufactures, no commerce. Of all tho materia} gifts of the Creator, the various productions pf the .vegetable world aro of tho first importance. Tho srt of agriculture is tho parent and precursor of all pets, and its products the foundation of all wealth. ' The productions of tho earth aro subject to the in fluence of natural laws, invariable and indisputable; iho amount produced will consequently be in propor tion to tho Intelligence of tho producer, and success will depend upon his knowledge of tho action of these laws, and tho proper application of their principles. Hence, knowledge is tho foundation of happiness. The ultimate object of this organization is for mu tual instruction and protection, to lighten labor by fllffußing a knowledge of its alms and purposes, ex pand the mind by tracing the beautiful laws the Qrsat Creator has established lu the universe, and to enlarge our views of Creative wisdom and power. To those who read It orlght, history proves that In pH ages society is fragmentary, and successful results of general welfare can bo secured only by general effort. Unity of action cannot bo acquired without discipline, and discipline cannot bo enforced without significant organization; hence wo have a ceremony of initiation which binds us in mutual fraternity as with a hand of iron ; but, although ita Influence in so powerful, its application la as gentle as that of tho jilkon thread that binds a wreath of flowers. • ornoEns. The officers of a Grange, either National, State, or BUbordlnrte, consist of and rank as follow*: Master, Overseer, Lecturer, Steward, Assistant Steward, Chap lain, Treasurer: Secretary, Gate-keeper, Cores, Pomo na, Flora, aud Lady Assistant Steward. It la their duty to see that the laws of tho order aro carried out. In the Subordinate Oranges, they shall bo choacu annually { iu the State Oranges, once in two years, and In the National Orange, once lu five years. All elec tions to bo by ballot. Tbo Master of tho National Grange may appoint Lecturers to visit State and Subordinate Granges for tho good of tho order, and Deputies to organize granges where no State Grange exists. Subordinate Oranges shall meet once each month, and may hold Intermediate meetings as may bo deem ed necessary for the good of the order. Where it Is convenient, weekly meetings are to bo held, expressly for lectures and discussions upon agricultural topics, AH business meetings aro confined to the Fourth De gree. MEMBERSHIP. It it) farther proscribed that “any person In*- forested in agricultural purouits,” of tbo ago of 1G yoxirs (fomalo), and 18 years (raalo), duly pro poned; elected, and complying with tbo rules and regulations of tbo order, “is entitled to mem-, borsbip, and the benefit of tbo degrees token.” Bo far a« tbo order baa spread, however, tbo membership baa boon generally confined to farm ers, or persona of olbor pursuits, in tbo small towns of tbo West, who own farms in tboadjobi- Ing country. A regular price of membership ia llxod, tho minimum being $5 for males and 82 for females. Current expenses aro paid by on asses xnout at certain stated periods. regulations. Tho order Is required to visit and care for that side. Any member found guilty of wanton cruelty to animals must bo expelled from tbo order. No plan of work can bo adopted by Stale or Subordinate Oranges without first sulTmittiiig It to, and receiving the sanction of, tiro National Grange. All charters and dispensations iasuo diroot from tbo National Grunge. Nbro persons having • tho four subordinate degrees, may re ceive a dispensation to organize a Subordinate Orange. The same number of Subordinate Granges can organize aßtulo Orange. Other rules relate to trivial matters of government, and have no general interest. Htato ami Bubor dhrnto Oranges cun have any code of laws that does not conflict with the constitution and rules of the Notional Orange. . Although tbo social objects of tboir order aro nuvJo prominent, its real alms and purposes ore deeper and farther-reaching. While looking after fbo moral and intellectual welfare of tbo former, it will look assiduously after HIS MATERIAL INTERESTS. This lias already boon done in many ways. Tho granges aro appointing “ middlemen" of their own, through whom an interchange of products is effected at a minimum cost. At many points they have purchased or leuod grain-elevators, and, as thoy lirvvo tho greatest share of thJ patronage, thoy are caid to run thorn profllnbly. At important grain points, where thoy litfvo not elevators. thoy frocpioutly employ a forwarding agent. Timgranges .also uulfoiu tho purchase of goods by tho car-load, In tho snlo of coal, and aro now turning tholr attention to co-operative stores. Homo of thopo Hohomop will succeed for a time, and othoro will fall because thoy nro inherently wo ale or vlelonary. But, wholhor they are por rnanout or not. tho moral effoot will bo folk in tho reduction or prices and tho equalization of profits. Tho most important entornriso which tho Patrons havo yot altomptod is tho WATERLOO AGRICULTURAL WORKS, built by ft joint stock company organized in August, 1872. Tho officers aro : Samuel Owens, President ; W. J. Ackloy, Vico President; 0. A. Farwoll. Secretary 5 H. M. Orittondou, Troasuror: llonry A. IIOWO, Qonsral Superintendent,—most of whom reside in this village. Tho Company not soolng its way cloarly to tho completion and operations of tho works, conceived tho plan of bringing tho farmers into tho corporation. Tho matter was brought formally before tho State Grange that mot at Bos Moines in January, and roccivod Us indorsement. The report of the Committee to whom tho mat ter was referred contains so much that relates to tho GENERAL OHJECTfI AND AIMS of tho Patrons of Husbandry, that it is given en tire : Your Committee, to whom was referred tho memo rial of tbo Waterloo Agricultural Works, would re spectfully report that wo have conferred with tho par ties representing those works, and It la represented to your Committee, and of tho foot wo have no doubt, that tbo citizens of Waterloo have subscribed JOO,OOO to the stock, and that parties out of tbo Slate have sub scribed $10,000: That tho Company needs a further addition to tho eapital, and could profitably use more than $200,000 as a manufacturing or working capital; That tbo Compauy desires to secure both tho capital and tbo co-operation of tbo Patrons of Iluebaudry, nud, In consideration of this, offers tho following ad vantages t /•fret— A fair nud reasonable ro>»r®»»ai.M«»u i»or an num on tbo stoii* utiLnunooil; .Second—The savings in purchasing Implements as wholesale dealers, cutting off tho commissions of agents nud retailors, which Is from 95 to 40 per cent; Third— Saving of freights nud ■ reduction of cost In repairs. It hi estimated that. In this last article alone, throo-fourthn of tbo expense may bo saved; Fourth—' Tho advantages accruing from keeping these expenditures within our own titato, and tho added mar ket for tho farmers’ products. Tho Company propose to submit these advantages to tbo consideration of tbo Orangers and members of tbo order, and to offer them the stock of tho Company, and propose tbo appointment of four Directors, who shall bavo la charge the Interests of all slock so sub scribed. Tho Company further proposes, with tbo consent of tho corporators, to change tho immo of Haiti works so that tho stylo shall ho, 11 Tho Htato-Qrango Agricultural Works of Waterloo.” Tbo Company only a«k that (ho State Orange shall recommend tho encouragement of this Industry to tho Grangers and members of tho order. Your Committee aro favorably impressed by (ho propositions of this Company, and regard tho encour agement of home manufactures ao of tho utmost im portance. They regard this ns tho promise of tho bettor day, when such establishments will exist in every part of tho State, and uro only sorry that wo havo not twenty ouch applications instead of ono. Tho Committee uollovo tho need of lowa at present Is a development of her resources, and an increaso of imputation and wealth consequent thereon, to bo main y brought about by encouraging manufactures hero, thus bringing tho consumer nml producer side by side, and solving forever this vexed question of transporta tion of bulky products of little value. What aro (lio facts 7 Wo export hides and Import leather, paying freights both ways. While flax Is u cheap and abundant product, wo pay for Its cultivation at a distance, burn tho corn (hat would feed tbo manufac turer, mid import our linseed oils. Wo export rags, waste other valuable material, burn nlruw. and import largo quantities of paper. Wo export wool and Import its products, burning coni, and paying freight both ways. Wo export cattlo and hogs in largo quantities, and import lard-oil, caudles, glue, soaps, hair, dried beef, cured hams, canned moats,—paying freights. With syrup and sugar* that aro grown from our soil and man ufactured at a profit, wo exhaust our soils to ralso wheat, give ono bushel for marketing another, and buy tho Cuban article, supporting the luxury of tho ship-owner, tho palaeo of tho importer, tho railway king, tho army of middlemen, grout and small, while our lauds, that wo know will produce sorghum and Imphce, and that wo believe will ralso tho best orllclo of sugor-bcol, aro annually sold for unpaid taxes. Wo buy llmo, cement, stucco, Innd-plnstcr, ilro-chy, fire brick, tile, nod all kinds of pottery and earthenware, with millions of dollars' worth of raw material under our foct; and, with all our wealth of milk product, wo do not mako tuo chcoso wo cat. Wo import starch at heavy expense, use com for fuel, and leave our potatoes to rot In tho ground. Wo expend annually hundreds of thousand of dollars for canned fruits, vegetables, and pickles, burning our corn to cook that canned at Klgln, Denton Hirbor, and Yarmouth. Wo buy our coopeiago, sash, doors, blinds, tubs, palls, baskets, and, above all, our agricultural implements, at enormous cost; pay tho pettifoggers for foreclosing mortgages to pay our indebtedness ou all of them; and then utter pitiful wails about hard times I * ‘ Tbo panacea for all thcso ilia is to bo found In tan neries,oil-mills, paper-mills, woolen-mills, iron-mills, meat-packlng-aud-curlng-houscs,glue-factories, checse factoncs,' buttor-factorioa, caudle-factories, sugar-fac toriea, llmc-kllns, plnatcr-inilln, potteries, manufacto ries of canned good*. plckloi, wooden-wares, cooper age, and the multitude of agricultural implements. Wo want all these, that wo may get tho articles wo consume at loss coat; that their producers may con sume our surplus food of ull kinds at bettor prices to us, and at less cost to them than it must boar to others like them who use it at a distance. Tho subjoined resolutions, offered for your consid eration, embody tho views of tho Committee: 1. Jtewtvedf That the Slate Orange strongly com mend to our order, and to tho citizens of tho State, the development of every manufacturing Industry that proposes a rcnflonohle return for investment; that tho encouragement of these industries, by tho purchase of lowa manufactures, cannotlw too strongly urged; that, by co-operation among producers, much may ho done to develop such Industries us may bo organized upon small capital, to tho benefit both of .individual pro ducers and organizations. 2. Jlfsohcd, That wo cordially recommend to tho fa vorable consideration of our order tho propositions of tho Agricultural Works of Waterloo, and recommend tho investigation of tho same, with a view to Investing therein. John Scott, of Story County; E. G, Miller, of Elackhawk County ; J. E. Jester, of Muscatine County ; J. W. Mouthy, of Jasper County ; J. M. Walkeu, of Polk County; Guar. Whither, of Hamilton County; L. D, Thaoy, of Grundy County. IN THE ARTICLES OP INCORPORATION, tho objoot of tho association is said to bo the manufacture and salo of agricultural imple ment, aud other goods and wares. Article 4 says: Tho capital stock of this Company shall bo (100,000, and may no increased to a sum not exceeding $300,000, by a vote representing three-fourths of the stock of this Company, at any regular or special meeting called for that purpose: each orlgiual stockholder having the privilege of taking a pro rata share of tbo increased stock within thirty days after notice of said increase. Bald stock shall be divided into shares of $25 each, and fractional shares may bo issued. Twenty per cent of tho stock subscribed su&U be paid each year, at such time as may bo required; and any party may, at any time, pay more than tbo said amount required, and tbo Secretary shall keep a record of tho time any payment shall bo made; and at tbo cud of each year, to-wit: on tho first Monday in February, 1873, and annually thereafter, a stock-dividend at the rate of 15 per cent per nuuum shall bo declared and mode to each stockholder upon tho amount actually paid Iu from tho time of such payment uulll u cash dividend can bo made, fitild shares shall bo doomed tiersouul properly, and cbullbotransferred only on tho looks of the Company by assignment and surrender of cortifieato or certificates, provided the stockholder is not indebted to the Company. Subscriptions to tho stock may bo mado lu work, labor, building-materials, machinery, lands, and other properly, for tho use of said Company, by contract with the olllccra having charge of the affairs of the Company ; but In no ciiko shall ouch contract bo for any higher price than the actual and real value in cash. TUB FARMERS HAVE BUHRCUIDCD LIBERALLY, though generally as individuals r&tlior than granges. Members of granges own about tlirco xourtua of. tbo stock, but quite a number of largo stockholders aro merely goutlomon-farmors living in Waterloo. Tho buildings of tho works stand near tho depot of tho Illinois Central Bail road. .They cost, with tbo'machinery, about $30,000, ana aro nearly ready for the beginning of operations. A few persons have raised tho cry of fraud, asserting that tho works would soon bo sold out under a first mortgage, and tbo farmers loft to whistle for their pay. But tho clamor seems to have at present subsided, and thoro is every prospect that operations will soon bo commenced, and agricultural machinery offered for enlo at rcasouublo rates before tho summer closes. Tho cohesive strength of tho granges Is in tboir OPPOSITION TO RAILROAD 3IONOPOLY. There will not bo much dissension in the order until something has boon accomplished in tbo way of bringing tho railroads to towns. Tho po litical aspoots of the case have already boon fully adverted to. Tbo Patrons profess to deprecate politics, although they are aware that not' much that they desire can bo obtained except through political moans. In nil their efforts in tho direc tion of Rtuto or National politics, they count largely upon tho co-operation of tbo workingmen hi tbo cities. FREE-TRADE has as yet been but Incidentally discussed among tbo fanners of Town, but tho sentiment lu its favor is strong and Increasing, THE PRESS. Newspaper organs of tho Patrons are spring ing up all over tho State. Tl\o recognized organ of tho State Grange is tho Homestead, published at DosMolnos, and edited by William Duauo Wilson. The county papers are torn with con flicting emotions, not knowing whether to yield allegiance to tbo party, or to the people whence comes their broad and butter. One of tbo most insane of those shoots is tbo Oazcllc. of Cedar Fails, edited by two Hnydors, which Is now en gaged in snarling at tbo bools of The Tribune. THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE; SATURDAY* APRIL ID, 1871 Tdon't know how bettor to characterize its man iigomont than to nno tho words of a rural friend, uttered In reply to some question about tbo edi tors: “Thereain’t two anidor brolhors In tho hull Northwest.*’ In which opinion tho editorial fraternity of tho Stale seem to fully concur. To tarmciK’ Clubs—lFlimiiclnl Circu lnr« HEanETAnt’s OmoBl) Kf.wauee, HI., April 10,107.1. / At a meeting of tho Central Committee of tho Illinois State Farmers’ Convention, which con slots of tho President, Rocretarv, Treasurer, and nineteen Vico Presidents, hold in Springfield on tho Sid day of April, Oou. li. F. Boss, J. B. Por tcrfiold, and Joshua Brown, wore appointed a committoo to doviso a plan lor raising funds to defray tho necessary expenses of tho Associa tion. Tho following is tho report of tho Com mittee : Tho committee to devise a plan for raking funds have had tho subject under consideration, and recom mend that each Farmers’ Club and Orange within tho Slate, that bon not already contributed for this pur pose, bo called upon to contribute 10 cents for cacb member of such organization. When payment has previously been made by any Oluli, Orange, or County Association for (bla purpose, that they only bo culled upon for Hitch a sum an will with such payment canal lb cents for each member. It la further recommended that all Associations boro after created, shall contribute a like sum for each member of tholr respective Associations, h, F. Ross, ’ T J. M. roinxntTED, V Committee. Joshua Dhown, ) Believing this to bo tho most equitable mode for raising tho necessary funds, and that none would refuse to contribute so small ft sum wero thoy awnro of tho amount of work dono by tbo Association, and of tbo work still to bo accom plished,—a work having for Its object not only tho prosont material bonollt of every farmer in tho Stale, but tholr secure and certain emanci pation in tho near future from tho thraldom of railroad monopoly, if it can bo successfully car ried out, tho Central Committoo would urgo ovory Farmers’Olub andQrongo in tbo State to give tbo matter their immediate attention, ««*i tortvard nil sums tlniH raised through tholr County Treasurer where thoy havo county or ganizations, aud county committees whore no county organization has boon formed, to Duncan Mackay. Treasurer of tho Stato Association, giving tho Secretary notice of tho same. Tho proceedings of tho Bloomington Conven tion aro bohig alutributod ,to such clubs and granges as havo already contributed thoir 10 cents per member. Others can havo them by applying to tho Secretary. Tho Committoo havo, by virtue of tbo power vested in them by tho constitution of tho State Association, appointed J. B. Porterfield, of Sid ney, Champaign County, Stato Purchasing Agent, who will, iu a few days, issue circulars to County Committees giving directions as to tho modo of dealing through liim with manufactur ers aud wholesale houses. By ordor of tbo Stalo Central Committee. S. M. Smith, Secretary. Transportation Convention* Tbo Central Committee of tbo Illinois State Farmers' Association have appointed two dele gates to tbo [Transportation] Convention, which will bo hold In Now*. York City on May C, and tho Executive Committee recommend that tbo Vico Presidents of tho Association take measures to send ono from each of their respective dis tricts. If wo hope to receive the full benefit of cbonp transportation, wo must onjlcavor to mako tliio movement national as well as local, and all tho Slates of tbo Northwest are strongly urgfed to bo fully represented in this, tho most Import ant convention, both to consumer and producer, over bold in tbo United States. Lot not only farmers' associations and granges send dele gates, but all other bodies having tho same groat object in view, viz., cheap transportation and tbo public good. S. M. Smith, Secretory. THE “CHASE ESTATE.” 231 Deacon Stbfxt, Doston, April 10, 1673. To the Editor of 'The Chicago Tribune; Sin: I liavo received, within tho last two mouths, many letters from tho West, written by people who, either hy marriage or descent, aro connected with tho two Chaco families of Now England, which descend from Aquila and Thomas Chase, brothers, grantees of Hampton In 1G33, or from William Chase, who came over in Gov. Wintlirop’H Hoot in 1030, and settled afterwards at Yarmouth, whore ho died. Tho descendants of Aquila and Thomas com prise tho Chaco families of Maine, Now Hamp shire, and tho northeastern part of Massachu setts. Tbo doocomlnnta of William bavo boon found in Southountorn and Central Muasacbiißotts, and in llhodo Island. Thoro is no reason to boliovo that William Chnso, of Yarmouth, was any relative-of tho lulor settlors of Hampton; and all tbo efforts which have boon made by myself and others interested in genealogy have failed to identify him with thorn, or oven to find him • mentioned In any English records. The family of Aqnila ana Thomas Chase aro de scended from Thomas Ohaso, who was living at Oheslmm, in Buckinghamshire, in 1510; and wore found by tho lato Mr. H, O. Homorly, an American gentleman long resident In England, and a distinguished professional antiquarian, who was employed by mo to search tho early English records. Tho result of his researches, together with some genealogies of ‘the family collected by rao, I contributed to the Heraldic Journal of October, 18G8, and, at tho request of some of tho name, I reprinted tho article in a small pamphlet. Both tho. Journal and tho pamphlet can ho found in tho principal public libraries in tho West by thoao who may ho kind enough to road them, and savo themselves the task of writing, and myself that of answering uneasy letters about tho “ Ohaso inheritance." Thoro lies in my tUio a trunkfull of news paper-cuttings, letters, and attempts at Eng lish goneologtes, which were received and put away by my father, in 1818, of tor tho same old story had been cleverly elaborated by tho press reporters of that period, raauy of whom aro tho editors of to-day. Thoro was no truth in tho story then; thcro is none now; thoro never has been any truth in it, and thoro never will ho. The author of it is not certainly known, but ho has at any rate long slept iu his grave. The bubble was pricked, iu 1817, by tho lato Mr. Theodore Chiioo, of Boston, who, wearied by im portunity, caused Messrs. Baring Bros. & Co. to make sufficient investigation to provo that tho story was a simple invention. After twenty-live years of quiet, tho original story, that thcro was an estate iu tho English chancery courts awaiting decision as to tho rights of heirs by tho namo of Chase, some of whom had long ago emigrated to America, has boon revived at a convention of Ohaso heirs whore each present oooms to have contributed something of circumstance, and whoro commit tees wore appointed. Tho story has at last at tained such dimensions that it occupies tho whole page of a broadside, the production of a Mr. John F. Chase, a very misinformed, hut I doubt not very sincere man, who Iras boon, and is still, tho “huunicuo committee" of tho convention. I quote an extract from tho broadside: Richard, tho brother of William (01i?.bo). was Aide to tho Duke of Wellington. Tho estate was Hied In the Chancery Court Iu 17JU, uml It woo through tho efforts of this Richard, who was a thorough-golup wan. that tho matter who put through, and judgment nlvoa lu favor of tho heirs. By tins statement, Bichard Obnso, tho older brother of William, who cumoovcr iuWiutlirop’u Hoot in IG3O, succeeded, as ho had become Aide to tho Buko of Wellington, created Dulco in 1814, in getting n hill lllod in 1710, eventually put through. Mr. John F. Ohaso omits to ulato whether this gentleman, whoso length of (Lays ho thus shows to havo oxcooclod 200 years, bo ntill livings but ho does “call upon all tho Chase heirs to contribute liberally," and, in order that tho said heirs “chaU gat value for what they contribute to tho Ohaso fund, tho Committee, by considerable expense, havo obtained the orig inal coat-of-arms and motto," which “anyone of tho Chase family wishing a picture," cun havo sent them by remitting their subscription to him. Tho coat of arms bo gives is a copy of tho cut furnished by mo for tbo Jhrahilo Journal of October, 18ii3, with tbo motto, “ Ne cede malia," has boon hit upon since thou for tho occasion, possibly by llioimrd, mi that rule of conduct by which ho attained such remarkable ago. In conclusion, Mr. Editor, I auk tho favor of your columns for tho insertion of this loiter, which may, I trust, roach the eyes of many of tho Chaso kindred resident in tho Northwest, and enable them to dismiss from their thoughts a silly fabrication which has caused much money and time to bo waited during tho last thirty years, by Tory marry people who could ill afford either. I shall bo glad, bowovor t to boar from any and all Chases who can furnish tboir genealogies, however btiof. for publication hereafter, I urn, sir, your obodlout servant, George B. Chase. LIBERAL VICTORY. Winona, 111., April 18, 1073, To the Editor o/ The Chicago Tribune: Sir : A warmly-contested olty election, bold boro on Tuesday, tbo 10th, resulted in tbo de feat of tbo straight Republican ticket,—tbo Lib erals electing tho Mayor, and all but one Alder man, by a small gain ovor tbo Liberal majority of last year. THE LOUISIANA BATTLE. Origin and Oliaraoter of tlie Diffloul- tios in Grant Parish. Further Particulars of the Fight at Colfax. Tho New Ortwins Press of lloth Parties iu Favor of tho State llcliiff Ho mantled to Federal Ilulo, IScauino of Invents* From the Kcio Orleans Picayune, April 10, In order that our renders may bo informed of tbo origin and character of tho tragical events, which within tho past ton days havo transpired In Middle Louisiana, wo prosont a succinct re sume of tho foots, ns wo bavo learned and un derstand them. Tho parish of Grant, on Bod Blver, has a pop ulation, whlto and black, of about 4,500, which is nearly equally divided. In tho election of Nov. 4, tho doolorodrotum of tho Forman Board, composed of men of high character, and in pos session of all tho returns, shows tho voto to havo boon : For Governor, filcEnory (Fusion), 514 ; Kel logg (Cad.), 405. For Legislator, J. 11. Hadnot (Fusion), 522 ; W. Ward (Cad.), 038. For Par ish Judge, W. A. Loo (Fusion), 522 ; J. Osborn (Cad.) 404. For Clerk of Court, B. 0. Cogistor rPuslpn'V ?C. Walkor,fßad.>. RRil And for fauonrn, D. w. snaw (1 usloiO, 060 ; O. Nash (Itnd.i, 408. Hadnot took bis seat in tbo Louisiana Legisla ture, and Ward was admitted Into tbo Bayonet Legislature. Tbo Lynch Cotnrning Board, so-called, bad no returns, and in ibis case did not assume to de clare tbo election of tbo parish officers. Kel logg, however, undertook to appoint men to what bo called vacancies, but they did not qualify according to law, and allowed tbo timo stipulated by law to pass. Kellogg then commissioned offi cers who bad really boon elected, both Copub- Hcan, white and colored, except tho Parish Judgo, a Copublican, who iiad nb’oady qualified. It seems that Ward and other Radicals, boiug dissatisfied at not having all tho offices, camo down to Now Orleans. and remon strated with Kellogg. Getting no satisfac tion, thoy returned, breathing threatonings, organized an'armed company of negroes and took violent and forcible possession of tbo Court-Houso at Colfax, a. small village on the river and tho county scat of Grant Parish, and drove out tho Sheriff, Nash. Tho Sheriff thou attempted to collect a posse comitatus to recover possession of tho public building thus lawlessly seized. A mass-mooting of tho white people was proposed to express In a quiet way thoir condemnation of this high-handed outrage, but in consequence of violent demonstrations of tho armed negroes under Capt. Ward, Register, Flowers, Brantley, Snowdon, Calloy, Show, Green, etc., tho assembly was given up. Tho posso failed to tako tho building or to disperse tbo mob. Throats wore mado'by tho ringleaders of organized negroes against those who- woro obnoxious—who had urged Kellogg to commis sion men not Republicans, or who become con spicuous in tho effort to stop thoir lawless pro ceedings. Tho negroes of Grant, having had thoir minds poisoned against tbo white people by tho indus trious inculcations of a few scalawags and car pet-baggers, malignant and bad men, wero head ed by a turbulent and daring follow. Ward nud his gang had a short time before killed two of thoir own color with small provocation. Having occupied tho village as a military post, thoy be gan to threaten tho lives of thoir political oppo nents, gave some of them a short timotolouvo tho placo on pain of death, shot at others, broke open and gutted dwolltng-uousos, driving women out, and robbing a female school teacher of her

jewelry and effects, nud oven rilling tho coffin of Judge Rutland’s dead babe, ana flinging its body in tho middle of tho highway. Thoy pick eted tho country for miles, seizing horses and firearms, and breathing threatening and slaugh ter, sought to inaugurate a reign of terror, to drivo out thoir political opponents and white people, and to become masters of all they sur veyed. For a period these semi-barbarians hod mat ters all thoir own way. But tho white people, whom thoy had thus menaced, attacked and out raged in organized lawlessness, fortunately es caped to a safe distance. Sheriff Nash got together a poseo of armed men, to tho number of 150, and returned to Colfax. Tho negroes meantime had fortified their ground with breast-works and x>roparod tho Court-House for defense. When called on, last Sunday, to surrender tho Court-House and disperse, they refused, and a fight followed. Tho result was, tho entrenchments woro taken, tho Court-House was burned, and a number of negroes killed. Colfax io no longer a prey to tho political desperadoes and marauders. Unfortunately tho authors and conductors of thia nefarious business have so far escaped tho condigu punishment they deserve. Tho people of Louisiana are worn out with usurpation. Patience may cease to bo a virtue, when it becomes established that thoro is euro danger to tho plotters and managers of hlgh-hanucd oppression, thou affairs maybe freed from pesti lent and fraudulent interference. For the negro victims wo feel sorry, and tbo occasion of this trouble is greatly to bo deplored. Tito Fight* From the Kuo Orleans Tim*, April 10. From Hr. R. G. Hill, of Marshall, Texas, who reached 'towu Tuesday, at 1 p. m., by steamer Southwestern, (from Rod River,) which laid at Colfax two hours on Sunday morning, wo gather tho following information: “ The trouble in Grant Parish, La., camo to a rather bloody termination last Sunday, 13th Inst., and as I happened to be one of the passen gers on tho steamer Southwestern, I am enabled to give you some account of tho light. ' '‘Sunday night, shortly after dark, tho boat loaded at a wood pile about a mile above Colfax, Grant Pariah, and a young follow, armed to tho tooth and very much excited, came aboard and' requested tho Captain to land at Colfax and take some wounded whito men to Alexandria, about 25 miles farther down tho river. 11 On arriving at Colfax, wo found about 100 armed men on the bank, and most of tho passen gers, myself among tho number, wont auhoro to view tho ‘battle-ground,’ for our young friend, who camo aboard at tho wood-pilo, informed us ‘ that if wo wanted to boo dead niggers, boro was a chanco, for thoro woro a hundred or ho scatter ed over tho village and tho adjacent fields,’ and ho kindly offered to guide us to tho soono of 'ac tion. “Almost as soon as wo got to tho top of tho landing, euro enough, wo began to stumble on ihom, moot ot tUom on Uiolr tacos, ami, as I could boo by tho dim light of tho lanterns, rid dled with bullets. “One poor wretch, a stalwart looking follow, hod been in the burning Court-House, and as ho ran out with his clothes ou fire, had boon shot. His clothes to his waist were all burnt off, and ho was literally broiled. “Wo camo upon bodies every few stops, but tho sight of this follow, who was burned, added to tho horrible smell of burning Hush—tho ro malnn of thoHo who woro shot in the Court-Homo, which wan still on fire—Hlokenod most of un ami caused a general cry of ‘ Lot us go back.’ “ I counted eighteen of tho misguided darkeys, ami was informed that they wore not one- fourth of thq number killed; that they woro scattered hero and thoro in tho fields around the town, be sides several in ami around tho burning Court- House. This, however, was probably an exag geration. “To show how terribly incensed the people woro against tho negroes, I relate tho following incident!): “ Wo camo across oao negro whoso clothes woro smoking, mid who had probably boon in tho fire. Bomo of our party remarked that ho wan allvo. Instantly one of our iniidos whipped out a six-shooter, saying, i I'll finish tho black dog.’ Of course wo remonstrated, and ho put away his weapon. Homo one stooped doryii and turned the negro over. Ho was utilf and cold. “ A few minutes afterward wo came ou a big black follow, who was reclining on his elbow, and, to all bis appearances, alive. Tho man with tho six-shooter hit him a fierce kick with his boot, and thou stooped down and examined, him, say ing. ‘Oh, he’s dead as U—l!’ It was so; tho darkey died that way—in a reclining position, “ When wo onmo buck near the landing tho boat’s orow were earning aboard tho two wound ed white men, a Hr. Ilauuot and another whoso name I did not learn. . “ In a store-house near the landing woro some twenty or thirty negro prisoners, all huddled to gether in a corner, with a strong guard over them. 1 asked one of tho guards if 1 could havo some talk with tho negroes, but was rather roughly refused. “air. Hadnot was wounded in tho abdomen; not seriously, however, for I was Informed by one of tho surgeons who had him iu charge, that ho’extraotod tho ball, and that bo did not think his intestines wore out. The other while man bod a flesh wound in tho shoulder. “Several other white men had Blight flesh wounds in dtfToront parts of thoir bodies. “ Tlio two wounded men, tho surgeon, and a aon of Air. Hadnot, oamo down ns far ns Alexan dria, whore wo lauded early on Monday morning. “ It appears that a storm has boon gathering in Grant Parish for tho post two weeks, and threo or four days ago tho negroes got too nu merous for tho whites, and they wero compelled to seek rofngo In tho surrounding country. Meanwhile tho negroes plundered tho town, ami throw tip rudo fortifications ail around, boosting that thoy would drive evorywhito man-out of tho parish. Cut tho white men had not boon idle all tho timo, and had been reinforced from tho ad joining parish, and Sunday morning, headed by tho Sheriff of Grant Parish, thoy advanced in a body toward Colfax. On arriving there thoy sent In a flog of truco, asking tho negroes to surren der, but at tbo same timo, if they meant to light, to tako caro of thoir women and children. “Tho negroes refused to como to terms, and tho whiles ohargo'd tho breastworks, whereupon tho negroes retreated and took rofngo in tho Court-alouso, from which thoy kept an incessant firing for eomo time. “ .Finally a negro was bribed by tho whiles to sot lira to tho Court-llouso, which was done suc cessfully,-and after vainly attempting to extin guish tho flames tho negroes bung out'a white flag in token of surrender. “Two white men. Mr. Hadnot, and another whoso namo I could not loam, immediately ad vanced, and on reaching the door of tho Court- Houso wore shot down, oud tho negroes rushed out in a body. “ Tho whites, who woro now terribly Infuriat ed, fired into tho mass as they came out, and fol lowing thorn up, killed them wherever thoy could find them, and /or a short timo. as far as I could learn, no quarter was given, hut finally tho Bhor iff got tho men under control and tolerable order was restored. “Tbo number of negroes killed will probably amount to between twenty-five and thirty. Tho Sooplo wero go AXflftoU over the events of the ay that nothing very accurate oould bo gath ered from any of them. Some said a hundred, and tho lowest number I hoard mentioned was forty or fifty. “The negroes had Improvised several rudo cannon out of old cast-iron pumps. Those woro loaded to tho muzzle with slugs of thoir own manufacture. I was shown several of tho bul lets, and thoy bad the appearance of boiug made in a w oodon mould. Thoy woro oblong in shape, with a rough, uneven surface. None of those cannon woro fired, however. “ Tho negroes woro Instigated by a white man and a negro named Ward, —tho latter a desperate rascal, it is said. Both of those escaped. “Calhoun loft tho neighborhood n few days before tbo affray. “ Although a very sad occurrence, this I think will bo productive of good results to tho pooplo of this State, for it will call tho attention of tho authorities of Washington to tho fact that mat ters are becoming serious boro, as well as In other places throughout tho South. “ In Marshall, Harrison County, Texas, about two weeks ago, a school-teacher by the namo of Flanagan was Bbot In cold blood by a negro po licemen. When I loft Marshall, throe or four dags ago, thoy had Just concluded his prelimin ary examination, and Judgo Wilson bad reserved bis decision. The opinion was, however, that ■White, tho negro, would bo admitted to bail. “ In Harrison County tbo negroes outnumber the whites, almost threo to ono, and tho white pooplo aro compelled to pay a school-tax to edu cate tho * niggers,’ for, of course, there aro hardly ton tax-paying negroes in tho county. “Flanagan was an intelligent man, and a graduate of Dublin University, Ireland. “ Hundreds of instances to illustrate tho diffi culties tho Southern pooplo aro laboring under could ho cited, and no observing Northern mau can como hero and not sympathize with them. “c. a. n.” Last night a detachment of United States troops loft for tho econo of conflict, and will probably arrive to-morrow morning. „ Commands will bo stationed in various locali ties along tho Rod River, and it is thought that thoro will bo no further demonstration on the part of tho negroes. Comments of tlio Now Orleans .Press* From the Xcio Orleans Ttoics (Anti-Administration), THE GRANT PATHS!! CONFLICT. The trouble in Grant Pariah haa culminated, as it is likely to culminate in other parishes, if the negroes, led on by white conspirators, band themselves together in support of usurpotion. In such a contest the colored politicians cannot maintain themselves, and if they undertake to dooido questions of right by physical force, and to violate the laws of warfare by firing on Hags of truce, they will certainly bo doaltwith as Gen, Sherman ana President Grant suggests, when a like treachery on the part of the Modoo Indiana is up for consideration and punishment. Tuoro has already been bloodshed and there Is likely to bo more, and for that bloodshed the re sponsibility must rest on those who by fraud and force have falsified the popular verdict rendered in the November election, and placed the negroes in an attitude of political hostility to their white neighbors. It is clear that unless measures are adopted to satisfy the reasonable demands of the tax-payors of the State, the existing do facto Government cannot long sustain itself. 'With such results in Grant and Colfax,—ominous names,—with a like lihood of similar outbreaks all along Rod River, in St. Helena, in Ouachita, in Claiborne, and iu St. Mary, and with so respectable a demonstra tion as that at Odd Fellows’ Hall the other evening in this city, it must bo apparent to tbo most heedless observer that the hearts of the people are sot against the existing rule, and that nothing but compromise or overwhelming force can give it oven a passing tolerance. The people believe that they have boon cheated out of a liberal reform triumph, and are iu no condition to look with favor on the aggressive details of Radical strategy. Should the Federal Government directly intervene and assume con trol of the affairs of the State, no objections would bo raised by the people on the score of cen tralism. To bo saved from plunder and local op pression would bo so groat a blessing that tbo tax-payers of Louisiana would hall with a hearty welcome tbo hand that delivered them, oven if it hold a sword and woro cov ered with a mailed gauntlet. Their present rule is doubly intolerable, for it moans at once confiscation and degradation. They can not boar it, and unless by some adjustment it is rendered more tolerable, the Modoc porallol will bo repeated in many of our interior, parishes. Such conflicts may bo prevented by the Federal soldiery, but not by the metropolitan brigade or any State militia that can bo raised. Exasperat ed beyond measure, tho people will not submit to what they consider as a base imposition, if the men whom they pay for bettor service are made tbo agents of their oppression. By tbo difllcultioshow taking shape, tho in dustrial as well ns tbo political condition of tho State will bo seriously deranged, and, if they are not spoodilysotilod, confusion worse confounded must ensue. From the Keio Orleans Jicpubllcan ( Administration }, , ■. COLFAX MAB3AOHK. Referring to another column for tho only do tails known, wo can glvo no other name to this nortoutlvo act. A portion of the pooplo who be lieve that tho existing State Government iu law ful, assemble to maintain tho local officers in possession. Tho pooplo of other parishes in vade with arms and intervene in the local con troversy ; they drive tho undisciplined combat ants into a building, sot it on fire, and shoot down from 80 to 100, with a loos to the assault ing party of two men wounded. Tho world will loam all tho facto, ami will characterise this act according as authentic investigation may justify. It is thus that our political strife has culminated iu bloodshed, wo shall not exasperate fooling nor unsettle public judgment by violent words, or by assigning re sponsibility whore wo may think it belongs. Tho consequences of tho deed are too signal. Homo of those poor, ignorant laborers have gone to tludr account. Thoro will bo no further dllfi cully in keeping thorn from tho polls. The sur vivors may exorcise with fear and trembling a right which it required blood to gain and has required blood to maintain. They may oven emigrate whore those rights will bo respected. Those violent men who shot down tho laborers of tholr fields about a few miserable parish ofil cos have not yet soon tho cud of tholr unhappy act. Thoro is a power elsewhere greater than tholr own. Thoro is n spirit elsewhere ns Intol erant us their own. Thoro are severe laws and terrible penalties to which an appeal may bo made. Tho Injury to tho production of tho country, to the Imninoos Interests of the city, to that confidence hotwoon tho landlord ami tho laborer which will result from this act of violence, are dreadful to contemplate. Tho reopening of that bloody ohusm into which so much Ims Loon cast that is precious may ho apprehended, and all the nubile interests of Louisiana may uulTor beyond the possibility of contemplation. ‘ This event has mmlo a crisis in our political condition. The attack on tho Btato credit lias boon successful. Tho obligations of tho Btato are unsalable. Tho administration of city affairs Is equally impotent with that of the Btato. Thoro must ho a solution of this crisis, hut un armed occupation of tho State cannot produce it. In our uoliof. thoro is a class determined to admin ister tho State and City Government, or defeat their administration by any others. Wo believe this class to bo in the electoral minority in the State. Those who differ with us may, perhaps, Apply tho name candid expression of distrust to ourselves. Tory well. Wo' have been always billing to nbido by tho full and fair voto of the State, but wo aro not willing that tho poll and publication of tills vote shall be loft to tho In iluonco of fraud, force, or terror, ■whether coming from ono party or tho other. There Is but ono authority sufficiently powerful and impartial to conduct a fair election In Louisiana. To this authority wo aro willing to submit, and this authority there is nono will daro resist. But at this moment there Is no authority for the intervention of tho Federal Government. Tho Governor may, and no doubt will, ask for troops to protect from “domestic violence. n Ho may, perhaps, ho conscientiously of opinion, from demonstrations In this city, that a special force should ho established hero. Tho commandant of local forces may bo author ized to determine whether a proclamation of martial law, ami tho consequent installing of a military Mayor aud provosts, may bo proper. This wo can not foresee. But wo may say this s That if Congress, in regular or special session, shall, upon review of our political events aud position, decide to remand lids State to a territo rial condition, and enact an enabling law by which a now and general election shall bo hold for State aud Federal ofllcoa, wo will cheerfully abide by its arbitrament, assured that (ho polls will bo kept open and tho ballot pure. This groat concession wo would make in tho sincere .i t *,kat tho present Slate Government in strictly legal, but to demonstrate our devotion to tho interests of tho Btato and tho poaco of tho Uniou. Will our opponents say tho same ? THE DARTMOUH COLLEGE CASE. To the RUtor The CMcapo Tribune: Sm: In your issue ot the Cth Inat., commenting upon Gov. Bovoridgo’a apooch, you tnado some incidental allnsiona to tho Dartmouth College caao, in which It waa etatod that tho queatiou aroao out of tho fact of iho Legislature of Now Hampshire imposing a tax upon tho Collogo whon It wna exempt by Ito charter. Upon reference to tho history of that case, I find thot this woa not tho basis of tho ault. Thia case boa so much Influonco in tho ponding railroad controversy that 1 propose to givo a full statement of it, and show, from tho princi ple there recognized by tho highest tribunal of tho country, that there is literally no other re dress for tho grievances conceded to exist ex cept in tho modo pointed out by our Supremo Court in tho Chicago & Alton Bailrond case. In 17G9, Dr. Whoolock, having before that, by hia own funds and tboao raised by donation, established a Charity School, which had boon in operation from 1754, obtained a charter or letters patent from the King of Groat Britain, establish ing a corporation to oonniet of twelve Trustees cmd no more, to bo called tho "Trustees of Dartmouth College; ” to have perpetual exist ence as ' such corporation, with power to hold and dispose of lands, goods, etc., for tho uso of tho College, with tho ordinary powers of corpo rations ; tho Trustees to apply tho funds of tho College in their discretion to tho support of tho President, tutors, otc., and to havo tho right to fill vacancies in their own body... Dr. Whoolock was declared in tho letters r patent to ho tho founder, and was thereby appointed President with tho right to namo his successor by will. All powers of government and snporintoudonco of tho College woro vested in tho Trustees. After tho College had been in operation nearly fifty years, and tho colony bocarao a State, the Legislature of Now Hampshire, in 1810, passed certain acts for changing tho name, converting tho College into a University; reorganizing tho governmental power by adding nine Trustees to tho existing Board, without its consent; and all made subject to a Board of twonty-fivo Over seers, to bo appointed by tho Governor and Council of tho Stato. Tho reorganization having boon consummated under theso acts, tho old Trustees brought an action of trovorin tho Stato Court, to recover tho books, records, common seal, oto., of tbo corporation, alleging a wrong ful conversion of thorn. For tbo plaintiffs, it was contended that theso acts woro in violation of tho provision of tho Constitution of tho United States which, de clares that no Stato shall pass any law impairing tbo obligation of contracts. That tiiu corpora tion was not a public corporation, in tho oxorciso of political powers, but private. That its char tof was a contract with tho corporators, which, tho King would havo boon powerless to rovoko, alter, or amend, and tbo Legislature of Now Hampshire was merely subrogated to tho samo rights possessed by tho King. The Superior Court of Now Hampshire, prob ably unconsciously affected by popular fooling, disregarded theso views; held it a public cor poration; its property public property, and that tho Trustees had no greater interest in it than any other individuals; that thoir office was a public trust like that of the Governor, or a Judge, and that tho Trustoos had no moroi con cern in tho property of tho College than tho Governor bad in tho property of tho Stato, or than Judges. had in tho fines they imposed upon culprits. Tho acts woro hold valid. There upon a writ of error was suodout of tho Supremo Court of tho United States, to which Court tho case was takon. It was thou argued, upon both sides, by tho most learned and gifted law yers in tho union—Mr. Webster appearing as tho junior counsul for plaintiffs in error. In his arguments tho wholo current of English law was examined by that mind of infallible logic, and ho clearly demonstrated that, by tho English law, such institutions, unless otherwise specially con stituted by their charters, woro private elee mosynary corporations, over whoso property, members, and franchises, tho Crown has no con trol, oxcopt by duo process of law, for acts in consistent with thoi&clmrtors. Tho opinion of tho United States Supremo Court was delivered by tho greatest of American Judges,—Chief-Justice Marshall, in 1819, —in which ho sustained tho positions of Mr. Wobstor; hold tho corporation to bo private, and not a pub lic ouo, with political powers : that its charter was a contract within tho moaning of the Federal Constitution, and without a reservation of tho right to alter or amend it, was as inviolable, by Stato laws, as any contract wholly between private individuals. Since that decision, it hoe boon tho settled law of this country that all corporations, organized for business purposes, are to bo doomed private, although tho business may bo of a quasi public nature; that their charters aro legislative con tracts; and, whon accepted, aro beyond tho power of a tsloto Government, either by consti tutional or statute ouaotmout, to revoke, alter, ox* amend, unless tho powor to do so is expressly reserved. Tho doctrine of tho Dartmouth College case has boon often reiterated by tho Supreme Court of tho United' States, and applied to bridge aud railroad corporations. And, in a recent ease, that Court said, with much emphasis, that if anything could bo considered as settled by that Court, it was that -theso charters wore contracts within tho moaning of tho Constitution, and os ouch inviolable. Xhooo judgments aro para mount and binding upon tho utato Courts; havo not been, and cannot, without a political revolu tion, bo reversed by the tamo Court which gave them, or abrogated by anything Congress may do; Even an amendment of .tho Constitution itself could not legitimately pndo tho past. . This state of tho law was woll understood at tho Umo tho various charters woro granted to railroad.corporations in this State. It would Imvo boon competent to havo reserved tho right to revoke, alter, or amend j nut it was not doomed good policy lo do so. ‘ Capital must bo solicited. It was; and invested hi corporate, stock and bonds, upon tho faith of Just such charters as woro granted. Those considerations being present, to the: mind of our Bunromo Court, it could not Ignore thorn, or, by yielding to popular clamor, bo guilty of the reprehensible conduct of soiling up its opinion against that of the Supremo Federal Court in a matter where tho decisions of the lat ter aro binding authority upon all tho Stato Courts, To affirm the judgment of tho MoLoan Circuit Court would havo boon thus refractory, and after long delay would have resulted in certain reversal by tl o United States Supreme Court. OurSupromo Court,acting upon the only feature of tho question within tho Stato jurisdiction, evidently took this view of tho matter—that when persons apply for or ac cent a railroad charter, they impliedly uudor tnko to faithfully perform all tho duties imposed by law upon' common car riers; that law. as in all other cases of contracts, outerlng Into mid forming a part of tho contract itself. Thoao duties attach bv foroo of the common law. Ills competent for tho Legislature to proscribe tho manner of their enforcement aud the consequences of their vio lation—which It can easily and effectually do. But It must, iu every case, bo a judicial question, In this way no question as to impair ing tho obligation of contracts need arise. It is not Impairing, but enforcing, an obligation im plied by tho acceptance of tho charter. Puelious. JUDGE LAWRENCE. His Indorsement by n Largo Number of Members of tbo Chicago liar. Tlieir Lottor to tho Judgo, and His Reply Thereto. Giiioaoo, April 10,1073. C^GauSla: 11, Beau Sir : Tbo undersigned, members of the Bar of Chicago, have road with groat pleasure your lottor of tbo 7lb Inst., addressed to tbo Bar of tho Fifth Judicial District, lu which you have consented to bo a candidate for re-election to the Supremo Bench of this State, lor that consent wo doslro to express to you our sincere thanks; for wo hollovo that your ro tiromont from that Bench would bo a public calamity. And, further, wo gladly embrace this opportunity to testify that wo esteem you a learned lawyer, a just Judge, aud a righteous man. Wo regret that wo aro not residents of your district, for thou wo might bo ablo to do more than express our groat regard for you. Wo aro, dear sir, yours with ostoom, Jcaso 0. Norton, John P. Wilson* Grant Goodrich, Jeremiah Lcaimncr. • George Pay-son, M. B. Rich W Wm. F. WhitchoußO,, James J. Noble. Robert Horvoy, E.O. Mason. f 5* D. J. Schuyler. • aUoy, ?bS; B y.S.t F.L.OI.aS, Gc?rgl V W&, n’ v* t? ?, John J. Cooper! ?*A N *i? ib * bnrd » James Lcddy, * J. A. Hunter, so Jnild i r w* 3wM k ?r* ll * mata Roberts, R. W. Smith, i-ifissu, Qeo. F. Bailey! AbaV Elllolt AnlbohV, D.D.H„^S 1 * n ' E. A. Slorra, \v. 0. Ooudy, E. Jamieson, M. F Tul«v ™ler DuilcV, IN. SUtai* JP'llf’ Wm. Mclilndiy, Jolm noodbildue, Paul Cornell. ?Vm H - m“ Ul1 ’ '■ Sawiilo™ rShar SiSSST* ' ?■ t J? ck “ lt > 0. M. Harris, Ira Scott, u. P. Ayer Julius Rosenthal, J. 11. Kuowlton, A. M. Fence, E. A. Otis, Isaac O. Wilson. Tima. Horae, Joseph E. Smith, P. L. Sherman. Maaou D. Loomis, E. W. RussolL L- 11, Blsbeo, e. Walker. S. K> I J' , bb»n, Norman ihutomr, S m i “•i? 01 #®,’. Hobort T. Uncolm. Mariam! L. Forking, f. T. Howo Edward B. Evans, John N. Jewett. ?; ( ir Q i^ v ? r ' James Lane AUeo, V*i W \? ™ op ' Lawrence PrwjdfooL James Q. Roberts, x V** Whittier, Henry Q. Miller. J. V. Lo Moyne, * L. 8. Hodges, I rodcrlo Ullmann, > s. B. Qooklna. • Francis Adams, Geo. 0. Campbell, Joseph PflrshlJig, 11. 8. Steele, % Walter Burnham, Goo. L. Paddock. Thomas O. Frost, E, Van Rurcn. H. L.Lowili, * J.H. Sleeper, J. B. Vaughan, Adolph Moses, T. L. UumphrevlUo, . Israel Holmes, Nelson Mouroo, John B. Adams, A* H, Gordon, p, b. Abercrombie. M. J. Dunne, F. 11. Kales, Walter B. Scales, O. H. Horton, Guanos T. Adams,. Cornelius Vanachaack, Theo. G. Beaver, O. W. Stanford, 9,' ??* John L, Thompson, 0. B. Wells, o. W. ColcUourT John Johnston, Jr. William Hopkins, ; Henry T. Rogers, George 0. Ido. Samuel Appleton, Gcorgo L. Harding, D. L. Shoroy, H. N. Eldrldgo, Horace F. Waite, George Sawin, Ira O. Wilkinson, Charles E, Towne, Q. A. Follansbse, O. K. A. Hutchinson. J. W, Ohlckering, Galkbdubo, HI., April 17,1873. The Hon . Jesse O. Xorton ami others, Chicago, III,: Gentlemen j Your letter bearing dato tho 10th iust., and assuring mo of your gratification, that I am a candidate for re-election to tho Su premo Court, has boon duly received. Tho ox prooelonfi of respect- and oonfldouco contained in. itglvomothio sincorost pleasure. Tho fact that nearly all tho members of tho Bar of this Judicial , District havo united in a request that I would b» again a candidate, and tho deslro for my re-oloc tion expressed in your letter, and in others that I havo rocoivod from lawyers living in different portions of tho Stato, show that the labors of tho Court aro not unappreciated by the profession. Whether I am re-elected or not, those assurances of the esteem of tho Bar will always bo remem bered by mo as a just cause of pride and a source of tho highest gratification. I am, gentlemen, with tho sincorost regard, your obedient servant, 0. B. Lawbenoe, NEWS PARAGRAPHS. Tho Boston streets aro to bo widened around tho now Fost-Oifioo. » —Goorgo Williams, contractor on tho Bode Island Bapids, sustained a loss of from SB,OOO to SIO,OOO by tho going out of tho ico at Hampton. —Tho comploto lilo of tho Charleston (S. O.) Conner, for seventy years, at as bought by O. A. Spofford for $2,250, for tho Congressional Library. —A Illiodo Island papor contains tho informs* tlon that tho people of Tivortou got tirod of their female School Committee in one year’s trial, and last week elected a now board com* poasod wholly of mer. —Ono of tho corpses picked up at tho Atlantia wreck had on a quiltod vest, and in every dia*. mond of tho quilting thoro woo a sovereign, thora being in all about eighty, equal to SIOO. —lt is reported that Moses Bollgman has • formed an organization of English and German capitalists, and will shortly start a now bank, hero with a paid-up capital of .£3,000,000, or $15,000,000 in round numbers.— San Francisco Fast. —Spirit of Salroy Gamp I Can it bo that tho sin of that friend of Mrs. Harris has reached tho noblo dames of England ? Yet hero wo road of a mooting to bo hold at tbo house of Lord Shaftesbury to consider what stops may bo taken to lesson tho growing consumption of spirits in society, and especial!y among ladies 1 —Some pestilential follow in Troy. N. Y., has been misdirecting bis inventive faculties by put ting into tho. toy-shops of that city a patent bcan-alingor. Tho beans aro buried with great violence, so much so that they crash througli plate-glass windows with ns much oaso ns pistol millets, and citizens walk tho streets with fear and trembling. But tho small boys aro Jubilant. —A company of Chicago capitalists will com-- monco tho work of building a hotel at Waukesha at a very early day. They have been thoro for tho past week, and Imvo bought a quarter sec tion of laud adjoining that village on tho south,, and have also bargained for ouo of those cura tive springs. Tho Spring-village Inhabitants - think tho Chicago gouts moan business.—jV/ii tcaukco Sentinel. —Tho sous and daughters of Portsmouth, Now Hampshire, resident iu different parts of tho country, aro bidden to oorao homo on tho ap proaching Fourth of July, to celebrate that Na tional Festival by a grand reunion. Iu 1853, in response to a Uko invitation, they camo flocking from all directions, and tho event was bno of uovor-to-bo-forgottou enjoyment. —An indication of tho’onormous growth of railroad traffic is found iu tho fact that ot. present thoro is actually a “car famine,” iJu»- loadbig roads finding U impossible logot thoir ordoru.for freight cars filled at tho overcrowded* factories. Tho Lake Shoro A Michigan South-• orn, wo understand,'have given contracts for 0,090 additional cars, while tho Now York Con tra! is anxiously awaiting a reinforcement of • 1,500. —Nashua, N. n., sends us another of its nice little dog stories, a family there, residing near the railroad, having permitted a little daughter, 5 years old, to play about tho yard iu comnain* with a Newfoundland'dog. Tho other day the child escaped from tho yard and wont upon tho track just as a train was coming. Tho dog saw and appreciated the danger, and quickly seized the little girl by her dread, pulled her back upon tho sidewalk, and stood over her till the train had passed. The little miss scolded and kicked, but ho did not let hop up till tho danger had passed, when ho trudged on behind her aa though nothing had happened. —W. W. ihtchio, of Memphis, sends to tho' Appeal of that city, over his own signature, tho following touching narrative of domestic afilio i«?ia if, aro thoso of your readers who do not believe In poison, just lot them, if they have boys, bit© one with a dog, and lot another out ft handful of poach seed, and If they do not have two ftrat-rato funerals, then they will havo 18OT i V l -!" 1 In tho wlnUr or blb ln / tIIQU °% son, and in juub- one year from that time ho died with, hydrophobia; and on yesterday week my second, “ , ‘ a .° Uly i BO0 * ato llla doublo-handaful of wo“d d< ’ c(mUy buri6d a ‘ El “' V

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