Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 19, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 19, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TRIO4B or BUDfIOmpTIOH (PATAULB IK ADVAKOE). l S:«81 v.v.;::*§:Sß Parts of apoarat the same rate. To pravont delay and mistakes, be sure and give Post Ofl!ce address in full, Including Slate and County. .Remittance! may bo made ollhor by draft, sipross, Post Offloo order, or In registered loiters, at our risk. TRRUS TO CITZ SUOSOniOKIiB. Dill/. delivered, Sunday excepted. 25 cents per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday included, 30 cants per week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Comer Madison and Donthorn-sts.. Chicago, 111. CONTENTS OF TO-DAY'S TRIBUNE, FIRST PAGE—The Modoc War-MUoellinoons Tele grams -Advertisements. SECOND PAGE—Tho iFarmoiV Movement—'Tho Louis iana Battle—Tho Dartmouth College Caso—Judge Lawrence Indorsed by tho Chicago Bar —Nows Paragraphs. ’ THIRD PAGE—The Courts—Tho Liquor Question—Per* aonal Items—Tbo Abstract Oaso-Butchered Him self—Railroad Time Tablo—Advertisements. FOURTH PAGE—Editorials: Tbo Now Orleans Abbat tolr Decision; A Trades-Union Murder—Currant Nows Paragraphs—Tho Stale Capital. FIFTH PAGE—The Btato Capital [Oontluned]— Mar. kots by Telegraph—Advertisements. SIXTH • PAGE—Monetary and Commercial—Marino Matters. SEVENTH PAQE-Btnall Advertisements; For Sale, To Root, Wanted, Boarding, Lodging, oto. EIGHTH PAGE—Foreign Nows—Washington Matters— State Legislaturos-Mlsoellaneous Tolocrami—Auc tion Sales-Small Advertisements. TO DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. M’VIOKBR’S THEATRE—Madison street, between State and Dearborn. Ennagomont of Miss Nollson. Matinee, “As You Llko It.” Evening, “Romeoand Juliet.” , J AIKEN’S THEATRE—Wabaab avenue, corner of Con grass. EngagJtnoutof Stuart Robson. “Law In New York.” Afternoon and evening. DOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE—Randolph street, be tween Olark and Lallallo-et. “Allxo." Afternoon and evening. ACADEMY OF MUSIC-Hslitod street, south of Madison. Hnjngamont of Mr. F. 8. Cbanfrsu. **lH ti tbo Arkansas Traveler." Afloruoon and evening. MYERS' OBKRA HOUSE-Monrco stroot, between gt.ato nnd Dearborn. Arlington, Cotton k Kemble’s Minstrel and Burlesque Troupe. J* Romeo and Juliet.” Afternoon and evening. NIXON'S AMPHITHEATRE—CIinton, botvroon Washington and Randolph streets. Wilder k Co.’s National Circus. Afternoon and evening. BUSINESS NOTICES. MORE THAN THREE DECADES OF ACTIVE lorvtoein catering forth© public, have built up fortho American House, Boston, such an enviable reputation that Its proprietor (Lewis Rico) and tbo city may troll bo prondofit. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY. THE EXTRAOR dinary drawing will tako place on tbs 22d of April, 1873. Tho amount drawn Is $1,200,000. There will bo only 16.000 tickets nnd 3.C97 prizes. J. 11. MARTINEZ A CO., Bankers. 10 Wall-st.; I’oat-oißco Box 4,685, Now York. BATCHELOR'S UAlll DYE. THIS SPLENDID hairdyo Is tbo boatln tho world. Tho only truo and per foctdyc. Harmless, reliable, and Instantaneous; no disap pointment; no ridiculous Huts or unpleasant odor. Romo ales the 111 odocts of bad dyos and washes. Produces ith mediately a superb black or natural brown, and loaves tne hair clean, soft, and beautiful. Tho genuine, signed \V. A. Batchelor, bold by nil druggist*. CHARLES BATCH KLOH. Proprietor. N. Y. dtoigpff Qfeflntne. Saturday NConting. April 10, 1673. [SUNDAY TRIBUNE. Advertisers In tbo Sunday edition are requested to condense their favors, and hand them in at tho ofllco of publication to-day, as early as possible, in ordor to secure insertion and a proper classification. Tho bill levying $4,000,000 taxes for State purposes has passed the House. Congressman Cotton, of lowa, has informed ao Treasury' that ho will not accopt his back The House has voted to hold an adjourned session, to begin tho first Wednesday of De- cember next. How tho Pope really is, nobody outside the Vatican can discover. One dispatch assorts that ho loft his room yesterday and attended to busi ness for several hours ; another says ho is still in bed, although bettor. Capt. Williams has been censured by tho Hali fax Investigating Commission. Were it not for his bravery after the ship struck, tho certificate under which ho is allowed to sail would bo can celed altogether; as it is, It is revoked for two years. . Tho Keokuk Presbytery of tho United Presby terian Churob has suspended several of its com municants for tbo offense of joining secret so cieties, to-wit: “tho Granges, or Patrons of Husbandry.” Tbo suspended members intend to appeal to tbo lowa Synod, and, failing in that, to tbo General Assembly of tho Church. According to tho report of tho Superintendent of tho Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, 5,450,- 004 hogs were packed during tho last season throughout the country. This is an increase of 021,408 over tho winter before. There was au Increase in tho average weight of 7 3-10 pounds, and in tho aggregate not weight of 172,000,000 pounds. The Compromise Railroad hill went through tho House yesterday by a veto of 122 to 10. It then wont to tho Senate, and was referred, in duo order, to the Railroad Committee. That body, with Mr. Donahue in tho chair, agreed, by a vote of oto 2, to report the Donahue bill in its place, and appointed a sub-committee to pre pare some omondmouts that would Increase Us chances in tho House, whore it has boon once badly defeated. ••••-, Instead of tho indictments for usury which woro looked for from tho Now York Grand Jury, tho unexpected result of thoir deliberations is a recommendation that .tho Usury law ho so far repealed os not to apply to Now York County. Lord Mansfield onoo said titub human ingenuity know no device that could provent tho law from reaching usurers, hut this is not the report the Grand Jury have to make. When ever more . than legal interest was taken,.the bxcobs was so skillfully covered up as commis sions and other charges for services, that thoy could find no evidence directly inculpating any ono. * Tho Chicago produce markets woro lees active yesterday. Moss pork was in fair demand and 200 per hrl higher, closing at SIC.CO@IQ.G6 cash, and $17.10 seller Juno. Lard was more active, and 160 per 100 lbs higher, at cash, and $8.76@8.77% seller Juno. Meats woro very quiet, but stronger, at oj!j,@C)£o for shoulders, B%@Ss4o for short ribs, B%@Bs£o for short clear, and 10@l2o for sweet pickled hams.. Uighwlnos wore moro active and firm at 870 per gallon. Lake freights were dull and nominal at 160 -for corn to Buffalo, Flour was dull and easier. Wheat was moro active in op tions, and lower, closing at sl.lß^® tMH cash, and $1.20#0 seller May. Cora was moderately aotivo and a shade firmer, clos ing at 05@300 cash, and seller May. Oats woro in fair demand, and advanced closing it 28#®280 cash, and 29% c seller May. Rye was quiet and lo higher, at G7o. Barley was quiet and easier, at TOo seller tho month, and 750 for obbico car lots of No. 2. Tbo cattle trade was actiyo at Thursday’s prices. Hogs opened dnll aud lowot*, but closed firm at $5.20 @S.CO. Sheep steady. Marshal Packard and United States Attorney Beckwith, of Now Orleans, give Uio Republican version of the Colfax affair. It was a massacre equal in atrocity to that of Fort Pillow. Tho •whites wore tbo aggressors. Thoy attempted to ojcct tho parish officers by forco, and woro re sisted by tho negroes upon tbo order of tho Sheriff, who summoned thorn as a posse. No blacks woro killed until after tboir surrender, when they woro butchered without mercy. Thirty-four prisoners were shot and thrown into tho river. Hixty dead and twelve wounded blacks woro found on tbo grounds, and tbore are others in tho surrounding woods. Armed whito men aro still scouring tho country, and, in tho absence of Federal troops, no arrests could bo mado. Attoruey-Oonoral Williams has ordorod a judicial investigation to bo mado, and Gen. Emory has boon ordorod by tbo War De partment to givo any military aid that is askod for by tbo United States Courts. Mr. Dunoan Campbell tolls through four col umns of tbo JJurcau County Republican in order to provo that tbo decision of tbo Supremo Court in tbo Alton Railroad case logically loads to tboso conclusions : 1. That tho present Constitution of tho Btato confers uo additional powers upon tho Legislature in reference to tho regulation of tho obargoa of railroads constructed boforo said Constitution was adopted. 2 . That tho question of tho roosouablonoss of a charge mado by a common carrier, or tbo justice of a (Recrimina tion, is a judicial question to bo' determined by an examination of tbo facts boforo a jury, and canuot bo determined arbitrarily by tho Gonoral Assembly, llaving established those poiuts to his satisfaction, ho says: What should wo do under such circumstances 7 I can sec no better plan than to amend tbo Supremo Couit by electing Judges from timctotlmo who will not deny to tho pooplo Uio benofito of their Const Button upon tho subject of railway reform, through depriving Its provisions of constitutional force, by deciding so as to allow them only tho forco common law has had for cculurlos. Wo havo not heard anybody dispute tbo two points which Ur. Campbell is at such prodigious pains to establish. His multiplication of words upon thorn, as well as tbo conclusion which ho roaches, calls to mind tho caso of tho chap who took a run of two milos in order to jump ovor a precipice. Tho Bureau Comity Republican is rathor cautious in indorsing Mr. Campbell's extraordinary production. It says that 11 it is deserving of particular attention at this time." THE NEW ORLEANS ABATTOIR DECISION. Tho rocont decision of tho United States Su premo Court, in tho caso of “ Tho Crescent City Livo-Stock Lauding and Slaughter Company,’’' constitutes another valuable addition to tho precedents already furnished by the decision of that Court, in questions involving State rights, and tho extent to which the Federal Govern ment may interfere with thoso. rights. Soroo time since, tho Legislature of Louisiana passed an act for tho incorporation of an abattoir com pany, under tho title named above. Tho incor porators woro granted tho privilege of tho exclusive right of butchering cattlo for tho markets of Now Orloans; and private slaughter houses, within tho area of tho Parish of Now Orleans, wore prohibited under severe penal ties. An extraordinary and perhaps infamous monopoly was thus created, and tbo aggrieved butchers of Now Orleans, whoso business intor , eats woro thus summarily invaded, contested tho validity of tho act boforo the Supromo Court of tho Btaio, which gave its indorsement to tho aot. Tlio ease was then taken to tho Supromo Court of iho United States, which has practically affirmed tho decision of tho lower Court, by re fusing to tako jurisdiction of purely Stato affairs, tho Chief Justice and Associates Field, Bradley, and Swayno dissenting. The decision of tbo Court, while it indirectly sustains this monopoly, does not turn upon this point. Tho question of monopoly was not be fore tho Court at all, as is assumed by tho Mis souri Democrat and some other journals. Tho question which really inspired tho decision was ono involving tho jurisdiction of tho Federal Government in tho matter. Tho Court decided, that tho Stato Government was clothed with am ple power in the premises, and that its action could not be invalidated by iho Federal Govern-* meat. In settling this question, tho interpreta tion of the three now amendments to tho Constitution was involved; and al so tho question whether those amendments changed tho previously-existing relations between tho Stato and Federal Governments. Tho Court has decided that they have not. Tho butchers of Now Orleans, liko Mrs. Bradwell of this city, brought thoir suit under those amend ments, claiming that, by virtue of them, they, as citizens of tho United States, had certain rights and privileges which tho State was pow erless to contravene. Tho Court declared that tho business of tho butchers, and tho claim of Mrs. Bradwell to practice law, did not come within tho scope of those amendments, but that the State, and tho State only, was competent to docido them, and that such decision was final. Of the this decision thoro can bo no donbt. /The constitutional amendments, beyond tboir cutoppal of the' Slates from enslaving tho negro or depriving him of tho privilege of the elective franchise and tho other rights of white mou, cannot inter fere with State rights. Any other interpretation of* thoso amendments would bo glaringly in conflict with historical facts. If tho Federal Government can dictate tho manner in which slaughtering shall ho conducted in a city, or grant tho right to prac tice law in Stato courts, or establish womau suffrago, then it can grant or exclude at its own option any other civil right guaranteed by tho statutes of any Stato, and tho Federal Govern ment thus becomes absolute in its jurisdiction, and Stato Governments only exist or exorcise thoir powers by its sufferance. The Court in its decision very clearly condemns tbo theory that it was tho intention of tho framers of tho Four teenth Amendment to bring tho entire domain of civil rights, heretofore belonging to tho Slates, within tho power of Congress, and says s Such a construction, followed by tho reversal of the Judgments of the Supreme Oourtof Louisiana In thcao cmos, would constitute this Court a perpetual censor upon all legislation of tho States on tho civil rights of its own citizens, with authority to nullify such ae It did not approve as consistent with thoso rights us thoy existed at tho thus of the adoption of this amendment. Tho argument, wo admit, la not always tho moat conclusive where it draws from tho consequences urged against tho adoption of a particular construction of an Instrument. Hut when, es in tho cmo heforo ns, thcao consequences are so serious, so far-reaching and pervading, so great a departure from tho structure aud spirit of our Insti tutions; whoa tho effect Uto fetter and degrade tho Stato Governments by subjecting thou to tho control of Congress lu the oxerolao of powers heretofore uni versally ceded to thorn of the most ordinary and fun damental character; when, In fact, It radically chang es the whole theory of tbo relations of the State and Federal Governments to each other, and of both tUw Gvwwffwtlft .ttltw,)., tluirguawt tiu THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SATURDAY, APRIL 10, 1873. forco that la irresistible In tho absence of language which expresses this purpose too clearly to need construction. Wo are convinced that no such result* wore Intended by tbo Congress which proposed those omondraonts, nor by the Legislatures of the Slates /itch ratified them. Tito principal value of this decision grows out of tho fact that It clearly and unmistakably de fines tbo province of tho constitutional amend ments, and will Uoroaftor put a qulotus upon tho thounaud-and-6no follios necking to bo legal ized by hanging on to tho Fourteenth Amend ment. Court declares that “ tho existence of laws In tho States where tho nowly-omancl ■ patod nogrooa resided, which dlHorimlnotod with gross unjustico and hardship against them as a class,” was tho cud sought to bo romodiod by tbo amendment, and adds: If the Hlalofl did not conform their laws to Its re quirements, then by tbo fifth section of Uio article Congress was authorized to enforce It by aultablo leg islation. Wo doubt very much whether any action of a Slate not directed by way of discrimination against the uogro rnco ns a class, or on account of (heir race, will ever bo hold a cause within Uio purviewof this provision. It la bo clearly a provision for that race and that emergency that a strong coao would bo neces sary for lla application to any other. This is not only judicially but historically tmo. Tho framers of tho amendment, tho Con gress which passed it, and tho Legislatures which ratified it, all understood Us mooning alike. Tho wholo people of this country know that its intent was to invest tho nogro with tho rights of tho whito man and mako him a citizen, with tho same privileges and immunities that whito men on joy, and* that it had uo power to in terfere with municipal regulations, iTowovor un just in themselves, or with previously-existing Btato rights, and only had binding forco wbou tbo Btato sought to deprive «iho nogro of bis rights. It is only recently that any other construction has been placed upon it, and that people bavo sought to override tho acts of Btato Governments by ap peal to tho provisions of this amendment. Tho decision, tboroforo, is not only of importance as defining tbo real scope of tbo constitutional amendments, but it is timely in mooting tho emergencies which aro constantly occurring in tho relations of tho Southern Statos to tho Fed eral Government. It has long been needed os a check upon tbo centralizing tendencies of tho Oovoramout, and upon tho determination of tho Administration to enforce its policy and to main tain Us power oven at tho expanse of tho con stitutional prerogatives of tho States. Tho Su premo Court has not spoken a moment too soon, or any too boldly, on this subject. A TRADES-UNION MURDER. Tho murderous spirit that actuated tho riotous iron-puddlors at Knlghtsvillo, Ind., has boon found among tho shoemakers of Cincinnati, who aro associated under tho generic name of tho Knights of St. Crispin. At an inquest hold in that city on Wednesday ovor tho body of a man named Michael Reardon, it was shown, beyond reasonable doubt, that tho mau had boon boatou to death by this association. His offense was that of earning an honest living for himself and that of lus family in a manner that was not pleasing to tho craft .of which ho had onco been a member. Tho evidence showed that Reardon had twico associated him self with tho Knights of St. Crispin, and had twico loft them because ho could not keep up with tho dues and assessments without de priving his family of tho necessaries of life. Hia widow testified hoforoLiho Coroner’s jury that her husband “ loft tho Crispins twico be cause they extorted so much money Jio could not afford it.” After abandoning tho organization ho wont to work in a “ scab ” shop,—that Is, for ; a firm that did not employ union mou. There upon tho Crispins expelled him, as they had a right to do. But their rancor did not stop at this. Somo timo after, Reardon was attacked on tho street, about 10 o’clock in tho night, by two ruffians, ono of whom ho recognized os a man named Graco, n prominent member of tho order of Crispins, and another whom Reardon had not tho opportunity of recognizing. Graco was a largo, powerful man, and ho seized Reardon by tho arms in such a way as to render him helpless. Then Graco and his companion pummolod, and kicked, end choked their victim to thoir hearts’ content. Reardon crawled homo, where ho modo a dying statement to his wife, and, about 2% o’clock on Tuoaday morning, expired from tho effects of tho blows and wounds which ho had received. Tho man had boon literally mauled to death. Reardon himself attributed his death to tho Crispins. Ho at first concealed from his wife tho extent of his injuries, and, m his dying statement, told hor that ho had dono so because “ho didn’t want to give tho Crispins that much satisfaction as to send for a doctor.” Tho man Graco had attacked Reardon a fow days before, without provocation, and had then given him a sovoro beating. It does not appear that there was any personal controvoray between Reardon and Graco. On tho contrary, a brother of Reardon, who still remained a member of tho Crispin Society, and who was not on good terms with tho murdered man, testified that ho had hoard a wish expressed in tho society meetings that Michael Reardon might bo made to loavo Cosgrove’s shop. Tho deceased and his wife believed both attacks to have boon prompted by tho Crispins as a moans to foreo Reardon out of tho “scab'” shop back Into tho union. All tho circumstances point lu iho samo direction. Tho attack was mado by two men, and was of a na ture to indicate that thoro was no intention to murder Reardon, but to boat him sufficiently to teach him and others like him that they could not safely disregard tho regulations of tho craft. If tho riot in Indiana and tho murder of Michael Reardon in "Cincinnati arofollowod, as they should ho, by tho prompt punishment of tho malefac tors, tho trades-unions may bo taught to aban don somo of their present rules and practices. If tho associations did not actually ordor tho at tacks, tho customs which thoy maintain led to thorn, and avo responsible for thorn. They assume despotic power not only ovor thoir own members, hut also ovor thoso who do not belong to thoir societies. Thoy dictate to thoir members where thoy shall work, and where thoy shall not work. They say to all men who refuse to join thoir combinations, that thoy shall not work at all. This Is class-tyranny of tho moat absolute kind. Doing opposed to law, it can only ho maintained by mob violence or midnight assas sination. If this country Is good for anything, it is because it protects every man in the right to earn his broad by any honest moans which may suit his own inclinations. When tho trades unions declare that men may labor at suoh tasks, la such places, and for such time only as thoy may diotato, thoy array themselves against jus tice, and can only hopo to ouforco their dictum by riding over and riding down tho rights of thoir fellows, lu dofianoo of every law, human or di vine. So far as tho unions are combinations for advancing the interests of thoir ol&ss In a lawful manner, they may he, and generally are, useful agencies. But when thoy become organized eon* spiracles against tho Hfo, liberty, and property of all tnou who do not .recognize their behests, thoy aro outlaws, and it Is tho duty of govern ment to regard and treat thorn in that light. THE NEW RAILROAD AID LAW. Tho State Sonato on Wednesday passed a bill which will probably bo fruitful of trouble should it become a law. Tho now Constitution peremptorily prohibits tho subscription or dona tion of any money or bonds or other devices In aid of any railroads or canals by any munici pality in tho State. This Constitution became tbs law on tho BtU of August, 1870. Unfortunately, perhaps, tho Constitution provided that the prohibition should not apply to subscriptions authorized by popular vote of such municipali ties taken before tho adoption of tho Constitution. Under this latter clause, there was a grand hurrying-up of tho votes by towns and counties before the Btli of Au gust, 1670, on which day the municipalities of Illinois had subscribed in aid of railways au aggregate sum of not loss than $16,000,000. Of this sura there have boon issued to the railways local bonds amounting to $18,600,000, bearing interest at rates ranging from 8 to 10 per’ cent per annum, and having twenty years to run. Tho annual charge for interest on tho bonds already issued, taking the average at 0 per cent, is $1,216,000. Tho burden of this tax is already severely felt,' and tho expected benefits to result from the railroads have, iu most eases, not boon realized. From one million to one million and a half of those bonds,-though voted before Aug. 8, 1870, have not boon issued, because the rail roads for which the aid was intended have not been constructed. Tho fail ure to construct has proceeded from disorganization or worthlessness of tho compa nies, or chango of routes. Tho hill which passed tho State Sonato on Wednesday authorizes any city, town, or county which voted donations or subscriptions Of bonds to any railroad corpora tion, in cases whore such railroad has not been built, to subscribe such stock and issue such bonds to any other railroad corporation. Tlio condition is, that such other railroad corporation shall construct a lino of railro&d in or through such municipality. Any railroad company de siring to obtain such bonds shall apply to tho authorities of such county or town, and if a ma jority of* the legal voters shall assent thereto, thou such original subscription shall bo trans ferred to tho other railroad applying therefor. This act is full of danger.' It shows tho perti nacity with which private corporations seek to plunder tho public. Tlio fact that these mill ions and a half of bonds are lying unissued iu tho various town and county treasuries has not escaped tho observation of those railroad har pies. They sought tills legislation two years ago, and now seek it again. Tho legislation is extra-constitutional. It sooks to make that which the Constitution prohibits legal. It authorizes now subscriptions in aid of railroads. A subscription in aid of tho ABO BaUroad cannot bo converted into a subscription in favor of tho E F G Railroad. Tho people voted in August, 1870, in favor of subscriptions to dis tinct railroad corporations, having distinct linos and routes. How can tho Legisla ture declare that such subscriptions wore voted for other railroads having other name and titles, 'and having other routes and termini? The Constitution limits tho issue of bonds to those voted for specifically beforo tho Bth of August. Tho Constitution did not legalize tho fuinro issue of bonds for rail road purposes generally. The acts of tho Legis lature never authorized tho voting for or tho is sue of bomja to railroads generally. Tho notice of tho election proscribed tho name of tho rail road corporation to whom tho bonds woro Issued, and there was no moro power to issue such bonds to any other corporation than thoro was to givo them to tho Emperor of China, nor can this power bo now given. This very point is an adjudicated question determined by tho Supreme Court of the United States. In a case taken up from this State (il Farsh vs. Fulton County, 10 Wallace), whore a county under tho law of the Legislature voted a subscription of bonds to a particular railroad company, and that company changed its name before the is sue of the bonds, though it remained practically tho same company, and actually completed and maintained tho road intended to ho aided, the Supremo Court of tho United States hold that tbo issue and tho delivery of bonds to one corpora tion which bad boon voted to another was void, and tho holders of tho bonds could not compel the payment thereof. Tho Court hold that tho issue of the bonds was authorized by tho vote of tho people, and that vote could not bo tortured or construed into giving authori ty to issuo bonds to any other corporation. Can tho Legislature in 1873 declare that, whore tho people of any town or county voted In 1870 to donate bonds and tax themselves for twenty years to aid one railroad, they voted, in fact, to Hsuo tho bonds to any other railroad that might apply for them ? This hill proposes nothing less than authority to make a now subscription, and Is peremptorily prohibited by the Constitu tion. Tho issue of those bonds will be extremely un fortunate, because it is absolutely certain that their ultimate payment will bo resisted. Wo have already a case of refusal to pay county bonds, and the interest thereon, hi Macoupin County ; and iu otbor counties there is a restive ness under these railroad aid debts which current events are by no moans abating. When tho men who are taxed to pay tho Interest on those bonds, uud taxed inordinately for transportation by tho railroads built with their money and credit, dis cover that thoro is a legal escape from liability, tho probabilities aro that they will tost it, and avoid payment if they oan. It is wrong for tho Legislature to authorize tho issue of any bonds whose legality is iu question, thus enabling sharp practitioners to palm them oIT on innocent purchasers, and involving tho latter In pecuniary loss or ruin. NOTES AND OPINION. There is being printed in many papers a list of Congressmen classified as 41 Guilty ” or 44 Inno cent ” of the salary-grab, according to their re corded voles on that question. This classifica tion will not do. There aro none innocent, no not one, except a certificate of Treasurer Spin ner oau be shown. These certificates wilt bo in demand, next year ; and no other sort of a cer tificate will answer. —'Tho Indianapolis Journal (Horton) says : Wo should like to see our cotcmpurarlcn keen the Eosslble dodgo of leaving the money undrawn till af ;r tho next election, und taking it thou, fresh in the minds of tho people. It is a mutter worth an occa sional reference, to keep popular attention awake. —Tho use of money in elections has been called to tbo attention of the Grand Jury at Buf falo, N. Y. We quote from tho Courier; Judge Charles Daniels, in his charge to tho Grand Jury, now in session in this city, a few days ago, took occasion to remind that body that tho expenditure of money for political purposes was p matter that ro qulrad toYwigatlou. Ix 9 a aid be bad mips to bo* Havo that a large amount of money had lioen spent in the last political campaign, in violation of tlio law,and It was not omy within tbclr power as a Grand Jury, hut it was their duty to institute a searching investiga tion, that tho law might ho enforced and tlio offenders brought to Justice. Ho said that obout a year ago tho oaso of Thomas ,T, Hizor vs. tho Ilopuhflcan County Committee was tried before bun, In wblcfi It Incidentally appeared In evidence that ten thousand dollars had been expended for politi cal purposes In tho campaign three years before. Prosecution in this coso was hatred by statute of limi tations else the attention of tlio Grand Jury would have boon called to tho matter then, He cautioned tho Jury that they must now give tho matter tho at tention it deserved, Inasmuch as it had bocoino a ser ious ovil, and If they refused to act In tho premises bo assuredly would taho tho matter In hand. Indeed ho should hold them until they had exhausted the means of information within their reach. On Monday and yesterday several prominent political gentlemen were

required to testify, Iml, tho statements made before tho Grand Jury being court secrets, wo cannot favor onr readers with tho facto brought out In tho lunulal tloni —Tho only way is to tako money out of poli tics as far as possible. Make ofilcos worth loss money, and people will not ho so anxious to got them or to pay so much for them. As long as they aro sure to make a fortune out of tho legit imate proceeds or out of tho stealings, they can afford (o spend largo sums to get them. If a county olllco will yield a man from $60,000 to SIOO,OOO. in two years, ho enn make money by giving $25,000 to got it. —lndianajiolis jVet os. —Thoro woro many porsohs who could not bo liovo that so shameless a thing os traffic In pub lic offices could really bo attempted, and much loss that our member of Congress [E. D. Bock] could bo a parly to, or oven cognizant of, such scandalous doings; and tbo Commercial was bo voroly censured by some persons for co-operating against tbo abuse. But Binco the return of the Bald member with tho $6,000 extra-salary grab in his pocket, .... it is some satisfaction to know that tho Bopublicans of tho District are not liable to tbo repetition of them.— Toledo Commercial. —Up to last Saturday night only four Senators and ton Boprououtativoa have canned their baok- Sto be returned to tho Treasury. Tho amount wood by those fourteen gentlemen is $60,817, showing tho average of back-pay to bo a little over $4,000. Lists floating around of those who have refused tho back-pay contain many names in excess of tho fourteen; but for aUovor.lbis number tho funds still remain in tho hands of tho Sonato and tho House, subject to order of tbo mrabbors.— Buffalo Cornier. —Now tho Democrats, according to their share of representation in Congress, have partaken of tho spoils. It does not become them to chide Republicans. As a party, tho Democracy never had tho chance to rob tbo country that tlio Re publicans aro Improving. Tho manner In which they got away with tho revenues of Now York City shows their capacity. It Is certainly not in significant. Tho words Tammany Ring aro as ill-flavorod as those of Credit Mobillor. Tlio fmbllo apprehension about tho Democracy Is tho toop that holds tho Republican organization to gether.— Cincinnati Commercial, —Dunnoll is a thrifty member of Congress from Minnesota. Ho wanted to build him a house this spring, but did not like to voto for tho back Balmy grab which would put tho raoaus fordoing so in-his pocket. Ho therefore lob bied foribo bill in all tho stages of itapucosgo, voting “ whore it would do most good ’* on col lateral questions affecting it, and reserving his final voto on its passage till ho was certain it was safe, then recording his name among tho uoes. Tho same afternoon ho telegraphed to his homo in Minnesota to “ commence hauling sand,” and his building operations aro now pro gressing finely.— Milwaukee M'ws. —Tho habit of calling Congressmen thieves for many years has had its effect. They begin to believe they are so regarded, and, surrounded by corrupt influences continually in tbo City of Washington, they have acted like thieves, and go homo richer in purse, but poorer in morals.— Monroe fWia.) Sentinel. —Tho Now York Evening Post calls-good men to witness tho spectacle of “ a Sonato, at Albany, full of Republicans, deliberately incorporating legislation for persons into a fundamental law, some of which persons are tho nominees of tho old ring, and somo of whom stand charged be fore the public with tho foulest and meanest swindling of which a man can ho guilty. Tlio Republican party, which promised us reform, throws tho shield of its protection over tho old roguery and tho old rogues.” —Alleging tho inability of cultivated gentle men like Charles Francis Adams to lead tho masses, tbo Louisville Courier-Journal says; “Wo need a brilliantly-educated ruffian,—a he roic, statesmanlike, high-minded, and honest blackguard,—a blatherskite with courage and real genius for public business.” —it Is announced by tho Philadelphia Press that, by a disgraceful trick of tho last Legisla ture of Pennsylvania, tbo voto on tbo now Con stitution cannot bo opened and counted except by tho next Legislature, which moots in January, 1874. Thus, if tho voto is taken in August, as is proposed, it cannot bo taken until January, and therefore the provisions against fraudulent elections will not go into effect until after tbo next election. This will provide the way for an other sot of legislators os unworthy as those who havo just returned to their homes, and post- Sono for another year tho reforms so urgently omanded. —Tho Republican party of to-day is not tbo compact, earnest body of national men that Abraham Lincoln bold to tho fulfillment of a mighty work. That work achieved, and tho grandest of successes attaching to it. tho party as a party was fastened upon by the vilest of mankind, and they grew in power as it grow in strength.— Galesburg ( III .) Free Frees. —To expunge all that is wrong, wrong must bo spoken of when it occurs, and a diversity of opinions, if duo thought is given them, will strengthen tho movement by showing whore this opinion is erroneous and that correct. Wo want deliberation; wo want singleness of pur* pose; wo want decided action—not ono thing to day, another to-morrow—to make headway against tho oppressor. — Yorkmllo (III.) Decora. —lt may not bo generally known, nor tho fact thoroughly appreciated at Springfield, but the people are in earnest—ln dead earnest—in tho revolution they have undertaken, and before the wave of righteous indignation which has boon raised, a politician or an ofllco-sookor will bo os the feather in a tornado. Legislators at Spring- Hold must bo equal to tho emergency, and find a remedy for tho evil of which the people com plain, or they will go down forever before tho storm of popular wrath.— l y eoria (III.) Demo crat. —Tho farmers will never accomplish any good for themselves so long as they are tied to tho tail of any political party—no matter what party it may bo. Let them sot up for themselves and run tho machine awhile in their own interests. Let 4< Free Trade and Farmers’ Rights ” rule awhile, and see how it will work. It will put an end to tho rule of State, and county, and township cliques—but never mind that; things can't bo any worse than tboy are. Let some of tho fat.pigs bo pulled off the teats and give tho others a chance awhile. Lot tho farmers fire their bullets straight into tho ballot-box every time they got a chance— and tor men of their own selection. Don't leave tho matter to tho lawyers, or tho ofllco-holdors, or tho railroad mon, or the manufacturers, or anybody ulao, however niuu ihoj umy utk. Go at every wrong, or outrage, or oppression, with the ballot, in dead earnest. That’s tho only way to accomplish anything,— lioek Island (III.) Argus. —lf thD railroadn understand their own inter ests, and are governed by common sense in shaping their policy, they will souk uu alliance with tho farmers, rather than to attempt to cany out n policy in violation of law and in conflict witli tho public sentiment. Tho farmers must and will insist that tho railroads shall obey the laws of tbo State. tho name ns individuals—be yond that, thoro is no cause of hostility between tho railroads and tbo farmers, but, uu tho con trary, thoro is ovory reason for u cordial co-oper ation to proem s the repeal of tho tariff.—A'cica neo (//?.) Independent, —Already wo have had numerous instances, and (hoy tiro still ocaurring throughout tho South, and sometimes also at tho North. In which elections are as absolutely controlled to bring about the desired results as an army Is controlled by the commanUer-lu-ohiof. If tho next Prosid nt is elected by tho free votes of (ho people, tiio predictions of many of our most moderate and sagacious statesmen will ho falsi fied.—Oalceston (Tex.) News. —Wo think it bettor to kill tho Indians, Tho only way to deal with them now lu to keep them on reservations, and the only way to keep them on reservations is to about them ; at any rate, to shoot them whenever they venture to sot fool outside the limits assigned them. To a groat many kind-hearted hut impracticable people our S repositions sound harsh, unohrlstlanliko, and omouiao; but, then, those folks cannot scorn to understand that wo are talking about demons. Nor would wo bo understood as recommending that tho Government embark in tho enterprise of ontormiimtiug Indians either us a pas time or tv business; nothing of tho sort. Wo would not by any means have Indians shot when they aro behaving themselves; hut wo de sire to bo understood as saying that the only way to make Indians bohavo is to shoot them whan they do not behave. That is all.—Jlfifumu kee Sentinel. A Default In ir Treasurer* New York, April 18.—A Columbia (fl. 0.) despatch states that James M, Allen, Treasurer of Greonvillo County, was arrested yesterday, olmrgod with being a defaulter to tbo amount of $40,000. received for taxes. ' THE STATE CAPITAL. Passage of the Compromise Railroad Bill in tho House. The Senate Committee Vote to Sub stitute tho Donahue Rail road Bill. The General Tax Bill. Passed in the House. Work on the Appropriation Bills in the Senate. TUo School Fund—The West Side Park Bill. The House Votes for an Adjourned Ses- sion Kent December, Soteial Dhpatehto The Chicago Tribune, PAB99AOE OP THE RAILROAD RILL. Springfield, April IS.—Tbo Railroad bill passed tho House this morning, yeas 122, nays 10. Tlioro was no dobato. Tho voto was os fol lows: , YEAS, Alexander (Craw-Graham, Orondorff, _ r . Granger, Pun field, Alexander (Mont-Grant, Plnnoll, goracry), Grey. Plowman, Anderson, Grldfoy, Pollock. Armatrong(Gnm- Hart, Race, . Harvey, Ramey, Armstrong (La Hawes, Rankin, Salle), Henry, Ray, D allow, Herrington, Rico, gffWoy, , % Uerllng, Rogers, Bishop (Edgar), Hite (Madison), Rountree, Übbon(Ucliuu7),lllMriiii, swngo, ninbofy, Holies, Sawjir Bocock, Hollonbaok, Bosnian, Booth, Jaquoss. Scott, Branson, Jessup, Sonne, Bryant. Johnston, Shaw, Bullard, Jones, Blierldan, Casoj, Krmn, Shumway, Oassedy, Lauo (Hancock), Smith, Carpenter, Lane (Dowllt), Soule, Chambers, Lemma, Starr, Collins, Loomis, Stewart (Winne- Connolly, Maun, bago), Crawford, Masslo, Stewart (UoLoan), Cronkylto, McAdams. Streotor, CuUortou, McDonald, Stroud, Darnell, McGoe, Taggart, Davis, McLaughlin, Thomas, McPhorran, Thornton. Dewey, Menchnui, Tlllaon, Dolan, Mlddlecotr, Truitt, . Dalt#, Mitchell, Vlrden, Dunham, Moore (Marshall), Walker, Lfuor, Mooro (Adams), Warner, iomor, Moose, Woyman, Flanders, Moffett, Webber, Forth, Mtilvauo, Woiuhclmor, Freeland, Neville, Wood, Freeman, Nulton, Mr. Speaker. Golden, Oakwood, Gordon, Obcrly, * KAYS. Bradwcll, Jackson, . Sherman, Condon, Olesou, Washburn, liny, Quinn, TVobulor. Hopkins, ABSENT on NO* VOTING. Dresser, Leltzc, Snow, Easley, Lomax, Swan, Halplu, Marsh, Sylvester, Hite (St. Clair), Morrison, Westfall, Immure, Newton, Wick, James, Poltzer, Wicker, Lewis, l>yutt, Wymoro—2l. Of thoso, luHCoro and Poltzor wero hi their Boats, but oblivious to wlmt was going on. Hr. Poltzor woko up half an hour after,, to find out, bo had not votod, and asked loavo to bo recorded In tho affirmative. 'Westfall and Morrison could not okplaiu thoir votoa, and got znad and would not vote, which was quite foolish for men of thoir ago. The bill now gooa to tho Senate. It is difficult to prophesy its fato. but probably it will bo swallowed whole, if the friends of tho Donohue bill fall to substitute it. Tho following is -tho hill os it passed tho House: A Him, for an act to prevent extortion ond unjust dis crimination in (berates charged for the transporta tion of passengers and freights on railroads in this State, and to repeal an act entitled "An act to pre vent unjust discriminations and extortions in tho rates to bo charged by tho different railroads in this 'Stato for the transportation of freights on said roads,” approved April 7, A. D. 1871. Section 1. Jle it enacted bn the People of the State of Illinois, represented m the General Assembly, If ony railroad corporation, organized or doing business in this State, under any act of Incorporation, or general law of this State, now in force, or which may hereafter bo enacted, or any railroad corporation organized, or which may hereafter bo organized under the laws of any other State, and doing business in this State, shall charge, collect, demand, or receive more than a fair and reasonable rate of toll or compensation for tho transportation of passengers or freight, of any de scription, or for tho use and transportation of auy railroad car upon Us track, or any of tho brandies thereof, or upon auy railroad within this Stato which has the right, license, or permission to use. operate, or control, tho same shall be dcomod guilty of extortion, and upon conviction thereof shall bo dealt with os hereinafter provided. Bro, 9. If any such railroad corporation aforesaid shall make any unjust discrimination in Us rates or charges of toll, or compensation, for the transporta tion of passengers or freight of auy description, or for the use aud transportation of any railroad car upon its said road, or upon any of tho branches thereof, or. upon auy railroads connected therewith, which It has tho right, Ucousc, or permission to operate, control, or use, within this Stato, tho same shall bo deemed guilty of having violated tho provisions of this act, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be dealt with os hereinafter provided. Bko. 8. If any such railroad corporation shall charge, collect, or receive, for tho transportation of any passenger, or freight of any doscrlptiou, upon Its railroad, for auy distance, within this State, tho same, or a greater amount of toll or compensation than is at tho same time received for tho transportation, in tho same direction, of any passenger, or like quantity of freight of tho same class, over a greater distance of tho same railroad, or If it shall charge, collect, or receive, at any point upon Ita railroad, a higher rote of toll or compensation for receiving, handling, or delivering freight of tho same class and like quan tity, than It shall, at the same time, charge, collect, or receive at auy other point upon the same railroad; or if it shall charge, colloot, or re ceive for tho transportation ■of • any passenger, or freight of auy description, over its railroad, a greater amount as 101 l or compensation than shall, at tho same time, bo charged, collected, or received by It for the transportation of any passenger, or like quantity of freight of the same class, being transported In tho same direction, over auy purlieu of tho same railroad, of equal distance; or if It shall charge, collect, or re ceive from any person or persons a higher or greater amouhtof toll or componaatlon than it shall, at the same time, charge, collect, or receive from any other portion or persons fur receiving, handling, or deliver ing freight of tho same class and like quan tity, at (ho same point upon its railroad ; or if it shall charge, collect, or receive from any person or persons, fur tho transportation of ony freight upon Its railroad, u higher or greater rato of toll or compensation than It shall, at tho same time, charge, collect, or receive from any other person or persons, for tho transportation of tho like quantity of freight of tho same class, being transported from the sumo point, lu tho same direc tion, over oaunl distances of tho same railroad; or if It shall charge, collect, or receive from any person or persons, for (ho use aud transportation of any railroad ear or cava upon Its railroad, for any dis tance, tho same or a greater amount of toll or compen sation than Is at tho came Umocharged, collected, or received from any poraoit or persons, for tho use and transportation of. any railroad car of tho same class or number, fora like purpose, being transported In tho same direction, over a greater distance of tho sumo railroad; or If it shall charge, collect, or receive from any person or persons, for tho use and transportation of any railroad car or cam upon ita railroad, u higher or greater toll or compensation (bun it slmli, at tho same time, charge, collect, or receive from any other person or persons, for tho use and transportation of any rail road car or cars of tho same class or number, for a like purpose, being transported from tho same point, ta the same direction, over an equal distance of the sumu railroad; all such discriminating rates, charges, col lodions, or receipts, whether mado directly, or by means of any rebate, drawback, or other shift or eva sion, shall be and taken, against such railroad corporation, uu prima facio evidence of (ho unjust dis criminations prohibited by the provisions of this act, aud it shall bo not|deomedaßutllcioutoxcnso*or Justifica tion of cuch discrimination on tho part of such rail road corporation, that tho railway station or point at which it shall charge, called, or roedvo the same or less rales of toiler compensation, for tho transfer of such passenger or freight, or for the use aud transpor tation of scull railroad car tho greater distance, than for the shorter distance, is a railway station or point at which there exists competition wlth.ony other railroad or moans of transportation. This section shall not bo so construed so as to exclude other evidence tending to show auy unjust discrimination lu freight and passen ger rates. ThO provisions of this oodlon shall extend and apply to auy railroad, tho branches thereof, and any road or roada which any railroad corporation has Uie right, license, or permlaslou to uae, operate, or control, wholly or in part within this afatp: Provided, however, that nothing herein con tained shall bo so constructed as to prevent railroad corporations from issuing commutation, excursion, or thousand-mile tickets, gs the name aro now issued by such corporations, Sko, 4. Any such railroad corporation guilty of extor tion, or guilty of making any unjust discrimination as to passenger or freight rates, or the rates for the uso and transportation of railroad cars,-or In receiving, handling or delivering freights, shall, upon conviction thereof, bo fined ta any gust not Ini than nr'. 1 ! 00 ' "" r . "loro lh«u $5,000,' for tli< not fw? lul * or tbo aocond olfcnHfl S!olw?,i , iS M ’ 000, . , ! or mor ° lhlra fW,OOO, aud for tm 1101 lcM , ll '" n 4*0,000 nor mom Hum lloii tb n , ™f l^n V .° r T.'!',' ,, f ll,lcnl »"»»«» and oonvlo vSiil ihSu!,jlf 1 b ' lo “ ® u “ ofriJ.OOO: fia. iVm tbo riplil Ift "riSi -UaU. Rro.C. The flues hereinbefore provided for mav ba recovered In an notion of debt. in tho nnmo of Uionool plo of the Slate of Illinois, and tlioro may bo several counts Joined In tho onino declaration as to extortion nud tinjunl discrimination, ond db to panaongor aud frplßlit rales, and for llio n.o and ln.n“»rtat“S of railroad cars, and for receiving hand- JJJ® °? W?* frolghlit, If, upon thu trial of any cause Instituted under (Ida act, tlio jury shall find for tljo people, they shall assess and return with their ver dict, the amount of the flue to bo Imposed upon tho defendant, at any mm not less than SI,OOO ncr more thau $.1,000, and the Court shall render judgment ac ;°y,a s'Sft! “'J* 1 > r dull find for lliopcoplo. and that the defendant baa been once before convicted of a violation of'tho provisions of this act, thoyahoU return inch finding with their verdict, and shall as- Besa, and return with their verdict the amount of the flno to bo Imposed upon tho defendant at any sum nnt less than $»!oOO nor more than $10,000; aud tho Court shall render Judgment accordingly • and If tho Jury shall find for the people, and that the defendant has boon twice bo fore convicted of a violation of tho provisions of thin act, with respect to extortion or unjust discrimination, they shall return such finding with their verdict, ami shall BBsotia and return with their verdict, tho amount of the fine to bo Imposed upon tho defendant, at any aumnot loss thanslo,ooo, nor more than $20.000: and m like manner for every subsequent offense and con vlcllon, such defendant shall bo liable lo a fine of $23.- 000: Jrocidca, that lu all cases under tho provtslous of this act, a preponderance of evidence in favor of tho people shall bo sulflciout lo authorize a verdict aud judgment for tho people. Seo. O. If any railroad corporation shall, In viola, turn of any of tho provisions of this act, ask, demand charge, or receive of any person or corporation, any extortionate charge or charges for tho lrac»pvrt**ioa of any passengers, goods, merchandise, or properly, or for receiving, handling, or delivering freights, or shall make any unjust discrimination against any per son or corporation its charges therefor, tho person o* corporation so offended against may, for eocb offense, recover of such railroad corporation. In any form o i action, throe times tho amount of damages sustained by tho parly aggrieved, together with costs of suit and a reasonable attorney’s fee, to bo fixed by the Court Where the same la board, on appeal or otherwise, and taxed as a part of the costo of tho coco, * Sec. 7. It shall bo the duty of the Railroad aud Warehouse Commissioners to personally Investigate and ascertain whether tho provisions of this act are violated by uny railroad corporation lu this State, and to ylsit thoi various stations upon tho lino of each rail road for that purpose, as often os practicable s ond whenever the facts, In any manner ascertained by said Commissioners, shall, lu (heir Judgment, warrant such prosecution, it shall bo the duty of said Commissioners to Immediately cause suits to bo commenced ond prosecuted against any railroad corporation# which may violate tho provisions of this act. Such suits andjirosccnllous maybe Instituted In any county In this State, through or Into which tho lias of tho railroad corporation sued for violating this act may extend. And such railroad and warehouse Com missioners ore hereby outhorlzod, when tbo facte of the case presented to them shall, lu their ludgmont. warrant the commencement of such action, to em ploy counsel to assist tho Attorney General In con ducting such null on behalf of the State, No such suits commenced by said Commissioners shall be dis misses, except said railroad and warehouse Commis sioners and tho Attorney General shall consent thereto. Seo. 8. The Railroad and Warehouse Commissioner# ero hereby directed to make for each of the railroad corporations doing business In this Stato, as soon as practicable, n schoaulo of maximum ratos of charges for tho transportation of passengers and freight and cars on each of said railroads ; and said schedule shall, in all suits brought against auy such railroad corpora* tlous, wherein Is in auy way Involved thd chorgcs of ony such railroad corporation, for tbo transportation of any passenger or freight or cars, or unjust discrim ination in relation thereto, ho doomed and taken, in all courts of this State, as prima fuclo ovidoucc£r<nt the rates therein fixed are roaslnablo maximum rates of charges for the transportation of passengers and freights and cars upon the railroads for which said schedules may have hocu respectively prepared. Said Commissioners shall, from time to time, and as often as circumstances may require, change and revise said schedules. When any schedules shall have been made or revised, as aforesaid, It shall bo tbo duty of said Commissioners to cause publication thereof to bo mado for three successive weeks, la somo public newspaper published In the City of Chicago, in this Stato. All such schedules, purporting to no printed and pub lished as aforesaid, shall bo received aud held, In all such suits, as prima fade tbo schedules of said Com missioners, without further proof than the produc tion of tho paper in which they wore published, to gether with toe certificate of tho publisher of said pa per. that tho schedule therein contained Is a true copy of the schedule furnished for publication by said Com missioners, and that It has been published the abovo specified time: and any such paper, purporting to have been published at said city, and to bo a public newspaper, shall bo presumed to have been so publish ed at tho dale (hereof, aud to bo a public newspaper. fieo. 0. All printed books and pamphlets purporting to be thoannnal reports of tho “Itallrord and Waro . house Commission,” to tho Oovcrnor, shall be received and held, In all proceedings under the provisions here of, aa tho reports of said Commission, without further proof, aud tuo rejiurta of said Commission* are hereby mado prima facio evidence of tho truth of the state ments therein contained, for all purposes under this act. Bzo. 10. In all cases under the provisions of (Ills set. tlio rules of ovldonco shall bo the same as in other civil actions, except as hcrelnbeforo otherwise pro vided. All lines recovered under the provisions of this act shall be paid into the County Treasury of the county in which the suit is tried, by the person coUcct lug the same, in the manner now provided by law, to bo used for county purposes. Tbo remedies hereby given shall bo regarded aa cumulative to tho remedies now given by law against railroad corporations, and this act shall not be construed as repealing any statute giving such remedies. Suits commenced under tbo provisions of this act shall have precedence over all other business, except criminal business. Bsa. 11. Tho term “ railroad corporation,” contained in this act, shall bo deemed and taken to mean all cor porations, companies or individuals now owning or operating, or which may hereafter own or operate any railroad, in whole or in part, in this Stato; and tbo provisions of this act shall apply to all persons, firms and companies, and to ell associations of persons, whether Incorporated or otherwise, that shall do busi ness aa common carriers upon any of tbo lines of rail ways in this State, (street railways excepted), the same as to railroad corporations horcluboforo mentioned, Sko, 19. An act entitled “An act to prevent unjust discriminations and extortions in tho rates to be charged by tbo different railroads in this Stato for tho transportation of freight on said roads,” approved April 7, A. D. 1871, is hereby repealed, but such repeal shall not affect or repeal any penalty incurred or right accrued under said act prior to tho time this net takes effect, nor any proceedings or prosecutions to enforce such rights or penalties. ADJOURNMENT. Tho resolutions relative to adjournment wore taken up this morning, -when Mr. Caasody op posed their consideration until tho Railroad bill was disposed of. Mr. Rradwoll wanted tho tiroo fiiod. Air. Moflltt thought they should wait un til they could soo their way clear. Mr. Hawoa thought it would bo foolish to fix tho timo with in the noxt two weeks. Mr. Oborly boliovod it was timo enough to fix tho adjournment when they wore ready to go homo. Mr. Inscoro could boo no necessity for an adjourned session; it would bo useless, ineffectual, and expensive. Tho most acceptable thing to tho people that tho Assembly could do was to adjourn sine die. Tho people would rojoico, would throw up their hats when they know they had parted to moot no more. Mr. Grey boliovod they should not fix tho timo for a sino dio adjournment, but should work on until everything essential was accom plished, and they should go homo and novor come hack. Mr. Johnston would liko personally to go homo, but his judgment and his constitu ents demanded an adjourned session to finish up tho business prepared. Thoy could nob, without jeopardizing legislation, decide to adjourn in one week. Mr. Axolundor, of Montgomery, said they had boon hero oil winlor trying to pass a Railroad bill, somo port-one thinking they could, by a master stroke of policy, astonish the peo ple by railroad legislation. Ho thought thoy should fix tho timo for adjournment. Mr. Ann strong, of Ormutyj moved to lay tho whole thing on tho table, and it was so laid. Subsequently, Mr. Haines offered a resolution, stating that a largo number of bills wore before tho llouso which would bo lost to tho Blato (much loss, indeed), and would occupy tho timo of tho Twenty-ninth General Assembly, if tho Twonty-oighth did not dispose of them, there fore thoro should ho an adjourned session. Why should this Legislature anticipate tho work of tho Twenty-ninth General Assembly ? Why not tako in tuo Thirtieth also, or finish up legislation for tho noxt ton years. It was a lamo argument, ami would not have amounted to anything wore it not backed up by tho potent iulluenco of $5 a day. Air. Grey presented a substitute expressing tho sonuo of tho Houso that mi adjourned session was Inex pedient, Air. Johnslon moved to table the sub stitute, and it was tabled —D Ito 37. Tho Uawes resolution was adopted—9l to 11. This indicates tho touo of tho House, and tho Sonato is proba bly in tho saino frame of mind. There is no doubt that tho poor people will havo ninety days raoro of Ihoso legislators, tinkering at their laws, upsetting them at an ex pense of 81,009 a day. Tho names of tho men who, in cold blood and of malico aforethought, voted to perpetrate this fraud upon their constituents, will bo found elsewhere. It Is a blacklist that should bo closely scanned, as each map has voted himself guilty of potty larceny for every day of tho oxtra session. There is no need of tho mooting. Thoro was reason for a second session of tho last Legislature, In that laws hud to bo mode to conform to tho now Constitution, but that session should not bo a precedent. •It looks as If an annual session of tho Legislature was coutom- P.* a in future, In violation of the Constitution, which expressly provides for a biennial session, aud,ineaso of emergency, tho Governor could convene a special session to con sider subjects specified in tho call. Tho Houso was afraid to trust tho Governor, knowing very well that ho would find no emergency, simply because none could exist. TUB BOnOOIi FUND. Much bard fooling baa boon created In tbe Senate oyw tbe tffo-mill aebool tax. Tbo Ip-

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